For the purpose of chapters 7869 to 7899, the following terms have the meanings given them unless another intention clearly appears.
"Actual favorite" means a horse that has the lowest win odds as determined by the most amount of money wagered on that horse to win.
"ADA" means the Americans with Disabilities Act, United States Code, title 42, section 12101, et seq., as amended.
"Added money" means the amount an association adds to the nominating and starting fees in a race.
"Age" means the age of a horse as computed from the first day of January in the year in which the horse is foaled.
"Allowance" means a specified amount of weight that may be subtracted from a horse's starting weight based upon that horse's past performance, money won, sex, or apprentice jockey as they relate to the conditions of a race.
"Also-eligible" means a horse officially entered and appearing on the overnight sheet, but not permitted to start unless the field is reduced by scratches at scratch time below a specified number.
"Alternative facility" means a facility licensed by a state or provincial racing regulatory agency that utilizes a pari-mutuel central processing unit that is electronically linked to a Minnesota class A facility for the purposes of facilitating pari-mutuel wagering.
"Association" means the holder of a Class B or D license.
"Authorized agent" means a person duly appointed by an owner or trainer to act on their behalf in racing matters.
"Break" means the act of a harness horse altering either its pacing or trotting stride.
"Breeder" of a thoroughbred horse means the owner of the dam at the time of foaling.
"Breeding place" means the place of birth of a horse.
"Claim" means the act of attempting to purchase a horse from a claiming race.
"Claiming authorization" means approval granted by the commission to a person that is not licensed as an owner to claim a horse from a claiming race.
"Commission" means the Minnesota Racing Commission.
"Commission veterinarian" means a licensed veterinarian appointed by the commission pursuant to Minnesota Statutes, section 240.04, subdivision 4.
"Condition book" means the publication issued by the association advertising races for upcoming racing days.
"Coupled" means two or more horses grouped together for wagering purposes.
"Course" means the track over which horses race.
"Day" means 24 hours ending at midnight.
"Dead heat" means two or more horses crossing the finish line at exactly the same time.
"Declaration" means the act of withdrawing an entered horse from a race.
"Disqualification" means an order of the stewards or commission which revises the order of finish in a race.
"Entrance fee" means a fee set by the association which must be paid in order to make a horse eligible for a stakes race.
"Entry" means, according to its context, either:
the act of entering a horse to race;
a horse eligible and entered in a race; or
two or more horses that are entered in a race and which are coupled for wagering purposes.
"Equipment," as applied to a horse, means whips, riding crops, blinkers, tongue straps, muzzles, hoods, nasal strips, nose bands, shadow rolls, martingales, breast plates, bandages, boots, plates or toe grabs (shoes), sulkies, head poles, safety reins, cornell collars, and all other paraphernalia that is or might be used on or attached to a horse while racing.
"Field" means, according to its context, either:
the entire group of horses in a race; or
the highest numbered horse within the capacity of the totalizator, and all horses of a higher number grouped together for wagering purposes.
"Fine" means the imposition of a monetary penalty upon a license holder by the stewards or commission.
"Foul" means any action by a horse, jockey, or driver which interferes with another horse, jockey, or driver in the running of a race.
"Gait" means any of the ways a horse may move by lifting the feet in different order or rhythm, and specifically in harness racing, trotting or pacing.
"Grounds" mean the entire area used by the association to conduct a race meeting, including the track, grandstand, stables, concession areas, and parking facilities.
"Guest racetrack" means a licensed racetrack which receives broadcasts of races by television from another licensed racetrack.
"Heat" means one of a number of events to determine the ultimate winner of a race.
"Horse" includes filly, mare, colt, horse, gelding, and ridgling.
"Host racetrack" means a licensed racetrack which broadcasts its races by television to another licensed racetrack.
Lapped on break.
"Lapped on break" means a harness horse that is breaking stride at the finish line and is even with an opponent, or the breaking horse's nose is at least opposite its opponent's hind quarters.
"Licensed racetrack" means a facility licensed by a state or provincial racing regulatory agency and which conducts live horse racing.
Live racing day.
"Live racing day" means a racing day assigned by the commission on which pari-mutuel betting is conducted on horse races run at a licensed racetrack including approved simulcasts.
"Maiden" means a horse which at the time of starting has never won a race on the flat in any country on a recognized racetrack, or that has been disqualified after finishing first.
"Meeting" means the entire period for which a license to conduct racing has been granted to any association by the commission.
"Mixed meet" means a racing day or series of racing days on which the racing of more than one breed of horse occurs.
"Morning line" means the projected approximate win odds of each horse printed in the official program prior to wagering.
"Nerved" means any procedure whereby any nerve or nerves of a horse have been removed or desensitized.
"Nominating fee" means an amount set by the association which must be paid in order to make a horse eligible for a stakes race.
"Nomination" means the naming of a horse or its foal in utero to compete in a specific race or series of races, eligibility for which may be conditional upon the payment of a fee at the time of naming.
"Nominator" means the person in whose name a horse is nominated for a stakes race or handicap race.
"Official" means the act of the stewards declaring the results of the race final and authorizing pari-mutuel winnings to be paid out.
"Owner" means any person or entity possessing all or part of the legal title to a horse.
Pari-mutuel central processing unit.
"Pari-mutuel central processing unit" means the computer system by which all pari-mutuel wagers are recorded and the calculation of odds and payoffs is accomplished. The pari-mutuel central processing unit must be located at a licensed racetrack or alternative facility.
"Photo finish" means the equipment and cameras used to aid the placing judges in determining the exact order of finish in a race.
"Place" means either the position in which a horse finishes a race or more specifically, finishing second in a race.
"Pool" means the total amount of money bet in each form of pari-mutuel wagering.
"Post position" means the starting position assigned to a horse for a race.
"Post time" means the time set for the arrival of horses at the starting point in a race.
"Presiding official" means an official of the commission appointed by the director of pari-mutuel racing, presiding over races conducted on approved televised racing days.
"Program" means, according to its context, either:
an entire day's racing schedule; or
the official publication of a day's races.
"Purse" means the amount of money to be paid the participants of a race.
"Qualifying list" means the tabulation compiled by the stewards of horses that must perform in qualifying races before being eligible to be entered.
"Race" means a contest among horses for purse, stakes, premium, or wager for money, run in the presence of racing officials of the association and the commission. The following are categories of races:
"Allowance race" means a race, other than claiming, in which certain conditions are drafted.
"Claiming race" means a race in which any horse entered may be purchased in conformity with the rules of the commission.
"Conditioned race" means an overnight event to which eligibility is determined according to specified qualifications.
"Handicap race" means:
in thoroughbred or quarter horse racing a race in which weights to be carried by the entered horses are adjusted by a handicapper for the purpose of equalizing their respective chances of winning; or
in harness racing the assignment of post positions of entered horses for the purpose of equalizing their respective chances of winning.
"Invitational race" means a race restricted to horses asked to race by the association.
"Matinee race" means a race where an entrance fee may be charged and where the premiums, if any, are other than money.
"Match race" means a race between two or more horses, each the property of different owners, on terms agreed upon by the owners, and approved by the commission.
"Overnight race" means a race for which entries close 96 hours or less before the time set for the first race of the day on which the races are to be run.
"Purse race" means a race for money or other prize to which the owners of the horses engaged in the race do not contribute an entry fee.
"Qualifying race" means a non-pari-mutuel wagering race in which a standardbred horse must compete to establish or reestablish its eligibility to enter a race on which pari-mutuel wagering will be conducted, or a race for the purpose of qualifying drivers and/or to improve a driver's eligibility to move up in class.
"Race on the flat" means a race over a course in which no jumps or other obstacles are placed.
"Restricted race" means a race required pursuant to Minnesota Statutes, section 240.29.
"Stakes race" or "sweepstakes race" means a race to which nominators of the engaged entries contribute to a purse, and to which money or any other award may be added.
"Time trial" means a race against time for the purpose of establishing a performance record.
"Mixed race" means a race conducted between two or more different breeds of horses. In the case of harness races, mixed race means a race conducted between trotters and pacers.
"Early-closing race" means a harness race for a definite purse to which entries close at least six weeks preceding the race.
"Racing day" means a day assigned by the commission on which racing is conducted. Racing day includes a televised racing day.
"Recall" means the starter declaring that the field be assembled for a restart prior to the word "go" being given.
"Recognized racetrack" means a racetrack where pari-mutuel wagering is authorized by law, or which is recognized by the American Quarter Horse Association, the United States Trotting Association, or the Thoroughbred Racing Association.
"Ruled off" means the act of barring a licensee from the grounds of an association and denying the licensee all racing privileges.
"Scratch" means the act of withdrawing an entered horse from a race.
"Scratch time" means the time set by the association for the closing of applications requesting permission of the stewards to withdraw from a race.
"Simulcast" means a televised race transmitted or received by an association on a racing day when pari-mutuel wagering is conducted.
"Single-breed meet" means a racing day or series of racing days on which the racing of one breed of horse occurs.
"Stable area" means that part of the grounds that contains the barn area, tracks, and paddock.
"Start" means the beginning of an officially recognized race.
"Starter" means, according to its context, either:
a horse whose stall door of the starting gate opens in front of it at the time all of the horses are dispatched in a race; or
the official whose duty it is to give the starting signal at the beginning of a race.
Starter's schooling list.
"Starter's schooling list" means a tabulation of horses compiled by the starter that are ineligible to be entered until they have demonstrated their ability to the starter that they are capable of performing in a satisfactory manner at the starting gate.
"Starting fee" means an amount, specified by the conditions of the race and set by the association, that must be paid in order to start in a race.
"Stewards' list" means a tabulation compiled by the stewards of horses that are ineligible to race due to poor performance, ownership by a suspended or nonlicensed person, or for other reasons that might affect the integrity or welfare of racing.
"Supplemental fee" means a fee set by the association that must be paid at a prescribed time to make a horse eligible for a stakes race.
"Suspended" means that all privileges granted by the commission are temporarily withdrawn.
"Sustaining fees" mean fees which must be paid periodically, as prescribed by the conditions of the race, in order to keep a horse eligible for that race.
Televised racing day.
"Televised racing day" means a racing day assigned by the commission on which pari-mutuel betting is conducted on separate pool and/or commingled pool wagering and only on horse races run at racetracks outside of the state which are broadcast by television to a licensed racetrack.
"Totalizator" means the system by which pari-mutuel activity including selling and cashing of tickets, compiling of wagers, and displaying of pari-mutuel information is accomplished. The totalizator must be electronically linked with a pari-mutuel central processing unit.
"Track" means the course over which races take place.
"USTA" means the United States Trotting Association.
"Walkover" means a race in which there are not two or more horses of separate interest sent postward.