As used in this article, the following words shall have the following meanings:
(1) HEALTH CARE FACILITY. A hospital, nursing home, ambulatory surgical center, outpatient surgical facility, ambulance service, rescue squad, paid fire department, volunteer fire department, or any other clinic, office, or facility in which medical, dental, nursing, or podiatric services are offered.
(2) HEALTH CARE WORKER. Physicians, dentists, nurses, respiratory therapists, phlebotomists, surgical technicians, physician assistants, podiatrist, dialysis technicians, emergency medical technicians, paramedics, ambulance drivers, dental hygienists, dental assistants, students in the healing arts, or any other individual who provides or assists in the provision of medical, dental, or nursing services.
(3) HEPATITIS B VIRUS (HBV) INFECTION. The presence of the HBV as determined by the presence of hepatitis B(e) antigen for six months or longer or by other means as determined by the State Board of Health.
(4) HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) INFECTION. The presence of antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus as determined by enzyme immunoassay and Western Blot or the presence of the HIV infection as determined by viral culture, or by other means as determined by the State Board of Health.
(5) INFECTED HEALTH CARE WORKER. A health care worker infected with HIV or HBV as defined herein.
(6) INVASIVE PROCEDURES.
(a) Those medical or surgical procedures characterized by the digital palpation of a needle tip in a body cavity or by the simultaneous presence of the health care worker's fingers and a needle or other sharp instrument or object in a poorly visualized or highly confined anatomic site.
(b) Invasive dental procedures shall include those that provide the opportunity for an intraoral percutaneous injury to the dental health care worker and could result in the blood of the health care worker coming in contact with the blood or mucous membrane of the patient as adopted by the Board of Dental Examiners in rules developed pursuant to Section 22-11A-70.
(c) These procedures shall not include physical examinations; blood pressure checks; eye examinations; phlebotomy; administering intramuscular, intradermal, or subcutaneous injections; needle biopsies; needle aspirations; lumbar punctures; angiographic procedures; vaginal, oral, or rectal exams; endoscopic or bronchoscopic procedures; or placing and maintaining peripheral and central intravascular lines, nasogastric tubes, endotracheal tubes, rectal tubes, and urinary catheters.
(Acts 1993, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 93-846, p. 57, §1.)