Section .0100 ‑ Fertilizer Standards

Link to law: http://reports.oah.state.nc.us/ncac/title 02 - agriculture and consumer services/chapter 48 - plant industry/subchapter b/subchapter b rules.html
Published: 2015

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SUBCHAPTER 48B ‑ FERTILIZER

 

SECTION .0100 ‑ FERTILIZER STANDARDS

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0101          THE FERTILIZER SECTION

The Fertilizer Section has the responsibility of inspecting

and testing fertilizers and liming materials that are used by North Carolina

consumers to ensure proper composition and labeling.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660; 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. March 1, 1994.

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0102          CHLORINE

GUARANTEE

The maximum chlorine guarantees permitted for tobacco plant

bed fertilizers shall be as follows:

(1)           for fertilizers with nitrogen guarantees up to and

including six percent, one‑half of one percent chlorine;

(2)           for fertilizers with a nitrogen guarantee above six

percent, one percent chlorine.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0103          MAXIMUM CHLORINE GUARANTEE

The maximum chlorine guarantees permitted for field crop

tobacco fertilizers shall be:

(1)           For fertilizer with nitrogen guarantees up to and

including four percent, a maximum chlorine guarantee of two percent is

permitted;

(2)           For fertilizer with nitrogen guarantees greater

than four percent, a maximum chlorine guarantee not more than one‑half of

the respective total nitrogen guarantee is permitted.

The maximum chlorine guarantee permitted in tobacco top

dressers shall be two percent.  All tobacco fertilizer shall carry a maximum

chlorine guarantee.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0104          TOBACCO FERTILIZERS

Fertilizers manufactured or sold for tobacco must be branded

as tobacco fertilizer including tobacco plant bed fertilizer and top dressers.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0105          PLAIN OR UNBRANDED BAGS

If fertilizer is sold in plain or unbranded bags, the grade

of the fertilizer shall be shown on the tag in the same size type as that of

the brand name and the grade shall be included either as a part of the brand

name or shall immediately precede the guaranteed analysis.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0106          LABELING LIQUID COMMERCIAL FERTILIZERS

All tanks or other containers of liquid commercial

fertilizer for direct application to the soil shall have attached, in a manner

approved by the Commissioner of Agriculture, a label showing the following:

(1)           the name and address of the person guaranteeing

registration;

(2)           the brand;

(3)           the grade;

(4)           the guaranteed analysis in the order and form

required in 106‑660 of the General Statutes of North Carolina.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0107          MATERIALS INFLUENCING COLOR OF

FERTILIZER

When any non‑fertilizer material is added to mixed

tobacco fertilizer which influences the color of the finished product, such

material shall be declared on the application for registration in such

identifying terms as "iron oxide", "lamp‑black",

etc., and the package shall be marked "Artificially Colored" in

conspicuous letters comparable to other lettering on the bag, the size of such

letters to be approved by the Department of Agriculture.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0108          BORON‑FERTILIZER MIXTURES

Boron may be used in fertilizers up to but not exceeding .1

percent without making any claim or guarantee for boron, but if used in excess

of .1 percent, the amount used shall be claimed and guaranteed.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0109          BORON INVESTIGATIONAL ALLOWANCES

The following investigational allowances shall be permitted:

 

Investigational Allowance

Boron Guarantee                                                 (Below

Guarantee)

Percent                                                                    

Percent

 

Up to .019                                                                             .005

.02 to .029                                                                             .010

.03 to 10                                                                                                .015

.11 to .20                                                                               .03

.21 to .30                                                                               .06

.31 to .50                                                                               .09         

.51 and above                                                                      .12

 

History Note:      Authority G.S. 106‑673;

                          Eff.

January 1, 1985.

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0110          BORON PENALTIES

The penalties for deficiencies of boron below the

investigational allowance shall be as follows:

(1)           up to and including .03 percent boron, three

dollars ($3.00) per ton;

(2)           exceeding .03 percent and including .06 percent

boron, five dollars ($5.00) per ton;

(3)           exceeding .06 percent boron, ten dollars ($10.00)

per ton.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0111          MICRO‑NUTRIENT PENALTIES

For deficiencies beyond the investigational allowance, there

shall be imposed a penalty of five dollars ($5.00) per ton for each deficient

element; however, the maximum penalty shall not exceed ten dollars ($10.00) per

ton for micro‑nutrients.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0112          REPORT REQUIRED AND METHOD OF

REPORTING

Each manufacturer or firm having fertilizer registered in

North Carolina shall report to the Commissioner of Agriculture the tonnage of

each grade of fertilizer shipped to each destination in the state.  This

information may be reported by either of the following methods:

(1)           by sending to the Commissioner a copy of the

invoice or order minus price quotation, on each shipment of fertilizer in or

into this state, within 30 days after shipment is made;

(2)           by submitting a monthly summary; such summary to be

submitted by the 15th of the month following summary period.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. April 1, 1997.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0113          REGISTRATION OF FERTILIZER-PESTICIDE

MIXTURES

(a)  Fertilizer-pesticide mixtures may be registered for

sale and use with the Plant Industry Division and Food and Drug Protection

Division provided:

(1)           Both the pesticide and the fertilizer

grades are approved for use and sale in North Carolina;

(2)           The mixture is approved by the Plant

Industry Division; and

(3)           The directions for use are printed on the

label.

(b)  Fertilizers-pesticides may be mixed for direct

application at the farmer's request without registering the mixture provided as

follows:

(1)           The mixing of the pesticide with fertilizer

is not prohibited by the pesticide label and the fertilizer contains a minimum

of 20 percent primary plant nutrients, Nitrogen (N), Available Phosphate

(P2O5), and Soluble Potash (K2O).

(2)           The product is delivered directly to the

point of application and not stored.

(3)           The consumer shall be issued an invoice

showing the analysis of the fertilizer and the trade name of the pesticide as

well as the net content of each.

(c)  Any fertilizer-pesticide mixture sold in bulk shall be

covered with a tarpaulin or other covering to prevent spillage or dusting while

in transport.

(d)  Any fertilizer-pesticide mixture sold in bags shall be

in multi-wall bags which will prevent dusting, spillage, or otherwise losing

content of the bag.

(e)  Nothing in this Rule shall prohibit the Board of

Agriculture from refusing to register or approve any fertilizer-pesticide

mixture or denying a farmer's request for a fertilizer-pesticide mixture for

direct application.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. June 1, 1994.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0114          SPECIALTY FERTILIZER‑PESTICIDE

MIXTURES

Any specialty fertilizer containing a minimum of 20 percent

plant food may be sold in a mixture with pesticides under the following

conditions:

(1)           Each formulation shall be registered as provided in

2 NCAC 48B .0113;

(2)           Each formulation shall be of such pesticide and

fertilizer combination as to be in agreement with sound practice and

application in these respective fields;

(3)           The products shall be labeled and intended for use

only as specialty fertilizer mixtures; i.e., for noncommercial crop use;

(4)           The formulations, claims and labeling are subject

to approval by the Commissioner of Agriculture or his duly designated agent;

(5)           Products shall be offered for sale in a maximum bag

size of 80 pounds, and sizes of the registrant's choice when the amount is less

than 80 pounds.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. April 1, 1997; January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0115          COMPLIANCE WITH LAWS

In addition to complying with the provisions of this

Section, all mixtures of fertilizer‑pesticides, landplaster‑pesticides

or fertilizer‑landplaster‑pesticides shall be registered

respectively under the two or three laws (Chapter 106, Article 56, North

Carolina Commercial Fertilizer Law; Chapter 106, Article 8A, Sale of

Agricultural Liming Materials and Landplaster; and Chapter 143, Article 52,

Pesticide Board) accordingly as the respective ingredients of the mixtures

covered by 2 NCAC 48B .0108 and 2 NCAC 48B .0113 come under the purview of

these laws, and shall comply with these laws and rules and regulations

thereunder.  Example:  A mixture of boron (a fertilizer) and copper‑sulfur

(insecticides), and landplaster would require registration under each of these

three laws.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. January 1, 1992; October 1, 1987.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0116          LABELING OF FERTILIZER‑LANDPLASTER‑PESTICIDE

MIXTURES

The labeling required respectively by G.S. 106‑661,

106‑92.5, and 143‑443, also applies in combinations accordingly as

the components of the respective mixtures covered by this Chapter come under

the purview of each of these laws.  All of the labeling of these mixtures shall

be affixed to bags, packages, or other containers in a permanent manner such as

printing on the bags or pasting or gluing printed labels on the bags.  All labeling

of fertilizer‑landplaster‑pesticide mixtures shall be in such size

print as to be readily legible under usual conditions of sale and use; shall

show prominently the name of the crop or crops for which they are recommended

and shall carry directions for use which are in conformity with directions for

use which are required for the respective pesticides when these pesticides are

used separately or with inert carriers (pesticides not mixed with fertilizers

or landplaster).

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. October 1, 1987.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0117          BAG REQUIREMENTS

For safety in handling, all pesticide‑landplaster‑fertilizer

mixtures shall be sold in multi‑wall paper bags or other containers which

will prevent all dusting, sifting or other leakage.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0118          LABELS

Labels for all regulated products shall be supplied

immediately upon request to ascertain their compliance with the law.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106-673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

02 NCAC 48B .0119          DATA

Data to substantiate claims are requested when questions

arise regarding the ability of a product to perform as claimed.  Data shall be

developed from tests conducted under conditions identical to or closely related

to those present in North Carolina.  If such data are not available,

registration is refused.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. April 1, 1997; June 1, 1994.

 

02 NCAC 48B .0120          REFUSAL OF REGISTRATION

Registration is refused on fertilizer products when the

Commissioner finds that the product will not supply needs of a plant when used

according to directions.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. April 1, 1997.

 

02 NCAC 48B .0121          APPLICATION FOR REGISTRATION OF

FERTILIZERS

(a)  Each application for registration of any fertilizer

shall include the:

(1)           net weight;

(2)           brand;

(3)           grade;

(4)           name and address of the person guaranteeing

registration; and

(5)           sources from which nitrogen, phosphate, and

potash are derived in mixed fertilizers.

(b)  Each application for registration of any fertilizer in

addition to the information contained in Paragraph (a) of this Rule, shall

include a guaranteed analysis showing the percentages of primary plant nutrients

and chlorine in the following order and form:

(1)           tobacco fertilizers:

(A)          total nitrogen (N)                                                                 X

Percent;

[breakdown of nitrogen (N) is optional]

(B)          available phosphate (P2O5)                                              X

Percent;

(C)          soluble potash (K2O)                                                          X

Percent;

(D)          chlorine (maximum)                                                           X

Percent;

(2)           fertilizer materials:

(A)          total nitrogen (N)                                                                 X

Percent;

(B)          available phosphate (P2O5)                                              X

Percent;

(C)          soluble potash (K2O)                                                          X

Percent;

(3)           specialty fertilizers, manures and

fortified mulch:

(A)          total nitrogen (N)                                                                 X

Percent;

(B)          available phosphate (P2O5)                                              X

Percent;

(C)          soluble potash (K2O)                                                          X

Percent;

(4)           organic fertilizers:

(A)          total nitrogen (N) (see  02 NCAC 48B .0122)                X

Percent;

(B)          available phosphate (P2O5)                                              X

Percent;

(C)          soluble potash (K2O)                                                          X

Percent.

(c)  Immediately following the guarantees for primary plant

nutrients, the following plant nutrients, if used, shall be listed on the

application and guaranteed by percentage of each in elemental form, with the

following minimum guarantees:

                Element                                                                                                 Minimum

Concentration, %

(1)           calcium  (Ca)                                                                                                        1.0000

(2)           magnesium (Mg) (see  02 NCAC 48B .0132)                                                0.5000

(3)           sulfur  (S)                                                                                                               1.0000

(4)           boron  (B)                                                                                                              0.0200

(5)           chlorine  (Cl)                                                                                                         0.1000

(6)           cobalt  (Co)                                                                                                           0.0005

(7)           copper  (Cu)                                                                                                          0.0500

(8)           iron  (Fe)                                                                                                                0.1000

(9)           manganese (Mn) (see  02 NCAC 48B  .0132)                                               0.0500

(10)         molybdenum  (Mo)                                                                                             0.0005

(11)         nickel (Ni)                                                                                                              0.0010

(12)         sodium (Na)                                                                                                          0.1000

(13)         zinc  (Zn)                                                                                                               0.0500

Sources of these elements and proof of availability shall be

provided to the Commissioner upon request.

(d)  A person shall not make any guarantee or claim for a

secondary or minor plant nutrient not listed in Paragraph (c) of this Rule.  "Secondary

plant nutrient" means calcium, magnesium, and sulfur.  "Minor plant

nutrient" means the other elements listed in Paragraph (c) of this Rule,

commonly known as "micronutrients".

(e)  A person shall express potential acidity or basicity as

equivalent pounds per ton of calcium carbonate, if acid forming or nonacid

forming potential is guaranteed.

(f)  Where no determination of available phosphate for

organic phosphates is made, total phosphate shall be guaranteed, except as

provided in Paragraph (g) of this Rule.

(g)  Where unacidulated mineral phosphates or basic slag is

used, both total and available phosphate, as well as degree of fineness, shall

be guaranteed.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. January 1, 2007; June 1, 1994; January 1,

1992; December 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 48B .0122          ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

(a)  A person who distributes a natural organic fertilizer

which is not a mixed fertilizer shall identify the fertilizer material by its

commonly accepted name (e.g., sewage sludge, tankage, etc.) in the

registration, labeling and sale of such fertilizer, and shall not use any other

name to identify the fertilizer material.

(b)  For an organic fertilizer, at least 15 percent of the

total nitrogen must be water insoluble nitrogen.

(c)  If an amount of nitrogen is specifically designated as

organic, then at least 60 percent of the nitrogen must be water insoluble or

slow‑release.  Coated urea may not be included to meet the 60 percent

requirement.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B.0123           LICENSE FOR GRADES NOT REQUIRING

REGISTRATION

Any person desiring to manufacture or distribute fertilizers

not required to be registered shall first secure a license from the Commissioner in the amount of

one hundred dollars ($100.00).

 

History Note:        Filed as a Temporary Amendment Eff. July

7, 1989 for a Period of 180 Days to Expire on January 2, 1990;

Authority G.S. 106‑660(d);

Eff. January 1, 1985;

Amended Eff. January 2, 1990.

 

02 NCAC 48B .0124          SMALL PACKAGE GRADE NUMERALS

(a)  Grade numerals on packages of less than 25 lbs. may

appear in numerals of not less than one‑quarter inch in height, except as

provided in (b) of this Rule.

(b)  Where the largest letters in the brand name on a

package of less than 25 lbs. are less than one half inch in height, the grade

numerals shall be printed in numerals at least one half as large as the letter

of the brand name.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1985.

 

02 NCAC 48B .0125          NATURAL ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

To label or claim a product as natural organic fertilizer,

it must conform to the definition found at G.S. 106‑657(14).  In addition

to the physical manipulations permitted under that definition, such products

may also be physically manipulated by ashing or hydrolysis.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0126          NATURAL INORGANIC FERTILIZERS

To claim or label a product as natural inorganic fertilizer,

it must be a mineral nutrient source that exists in or is produced by nature

and may be altered from its original state only by physical manipulation.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0127          NATURAL FERTILIZERS

To label or claim a product to be natural fertilizer, it

must be a substance composed only of natural organic and/or natural inorganic

fertilizer materials and natural filler.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0128          NATURAL BASED FERTILIZERS

To label or claim a product to be natural based, it must

contain at least 50 percent by weight of natural materials and contain at least

50 percent of all primary nutrients derived from natural materials.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0129          ORGANIC BASED FERTILIZERS

To label or claim a product to be organic based, it must

contain at least 50 percent by weight of organic materials and contain at least

50 percent of all primary nutrients derived from organic materials.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0130          USE OF "PERCENTAGE"

The term "percentage" by symbol or word, when used

on a fertilizer label shall represent only the amount of individual plant

nutrients in relation to the total product by weight.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0131          MANIPULATED MANURES

(a)  Manipulated manures may contain whatever organic

bedding or other materials needed to follow good dairy barn, feedlot, poultry

house, etc., practice in order to maintain proper sanitary conditions, to

conserve plant food elements in the excreta, and to absorb the liquid portion

without the addition of other material.

(b)  If other ingredients are added, they shall be specified

on the principal label of the container.  If the added ingredient exceeds the

amount of manure, it shall be the first ingredient listed on the principal

label and the words "manure," "cow manure," "sheep

manure," etc., shall be in type smaller than that used for such added

ingredient.  When the packaging of a product features the picture or name of an

animal, manure of that species of animal shall comprise more than 50 percent by

weight of the material in the container.  Manures containing more than 30

percent by weight acid insoluble ash (sand) shall be labeled "sheep manure

and sand," or "dried sheep manure, sand and other inert

materials," etc.  Manures containing more than 50 percent by weight acid

insoluble ash shall be labeled "sand and sheep manure," or

"sand, other inert matter, and sheep manure," etc.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.

 

 

 

02 NCAC 48B .0132          MAGNESIUM/MANGANESE GUARANTEES

Each application for registration of any fertilizer for

which magnesium or manganese is guaranteed shall include a guaranteed analysis

in the following form:

 

(1)           total magnesium                                 

water soluble

magnesium                  X Percent; or

(2)           total manganese                                  X

Percent

water soluble

manganese                   X Percent.

 

History Note:        Authority G.S. 106‑660(a); 106‑673;

Eff. January 1, 1992.