When used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings, respectively, unless it clearly appears from the context that some other meaning is indicated:
(1) ASSOCIATION. A savings and loan association subject to the provisions of this chapter and a federal savings and loan association incorporated pursuant to an act of Congress known as the Home Owners' Loan Act of 1933; provided, however, that the administrative provisions of this chapter shall not apply to federal savings and loan associations.
(2) BOARD. The Savings and Loan Board.
(3) CAPITAL. The aggregate of payments on accounts by members, plus dividends credited to such accounts, less redemption and repurchase payments.
(4) COMBINATION HOME AND BUSINESS STRUCTURE. A building or buildings, including residences for not more than four families, which is used in part for business purposes. The residential use of such a building must be substantial and permanent, not merely transitory. The business use may predominate.
(5) COMMISSIONER. The Savings and Loan Commissioner.
(6) DIRECT REDUCTION LOAN. A loan repayable in consecutive monthly installments, equal or unequal, beginning not later than 60 days after the date of the advance of the loan, sufficient to retire the debt, interest and principal within 20 years; provided, however, that the initial loan contract shall not provide for any subsequent monthly installment on an amount larger than any previous monthly installment; and, provided further, that in the case of construction loans the first payment shall not be later than six months after the date of the first advance. Any such loan is an amortized loan.
(7) GROSS INCOME. The sum for an accounting period of the following:
a. Operating income;
b. Real estate income;
c. All profits actually received during such accounting period from the sale of securities, real estate or other property;
d. Other nonrecurring income.
(8) HOME. A dwelling or dwellings for not more than four families. A property does not cease to be a home because of the incidental use of it for minor business purposes so long as the principal use of the property is for residence purposes. A home on a farm is a home.
(9) HOME LOAN. A real estate loan when the security is home property.
(10) HOME PROPERTY. Real estate on which there is located, or will be located pursuant to a home loan, a home or a combination home and business structure.
(11) IMPAIRMENT OF CAPITAL. That the assets of an association do not have an aggregate value, in the judgment of the board of directors or the commissioner, equal to the aggregate amount of liabilities of the association to its creditors and members and all other persons.
(12) IMPROVED REAL ESTATE. Real estate, other than land in a state of nature or wild land, on which there is a structure or an enclosure which is cultivated, reclaimed, used for the purpose of agriculture in any form or otherwise occupied, made better, more useful or of greater value by care so as to produce an enjoyment thereof.
(13) INSURED ASSOCIATION. An association insured by the Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation created under Title IV of the National Housing Act.
(14) MEMBER. A person owning an account of an association, evidenced by a membership certificate issued in the name of such person, or a person borrowing from an association and holding a membership certificate issued in the name of such borrower.
(15) NET EARNINGS. Gross income for an accounting period less the aggregate of the following:
a. Operating expenses;
b. Real estate expenses;
c. All losses actually sustained during such accounting period from the sale of securities, real estate or other property, or such portion of such losses as shall not have been charged to reserves, pursuant to the provisions of Section 5-16-17;
d. All interest paid, or due but unpaid, on borrowed money; and
e. Other nonrecurring charges.
(16) NET EARNINGS AVAILABLE FOR DIVIDENDS. Net earnings for an accounting period less amounts transferred to reserves as provided in Section 5-16-17.
(17) OPERATING EXPENSES. All expenses actually paid, or due but unpaid, by an association during an accounting period, excluding the following:
a. Real estate expenses;
b. Interest on borrowed money; and
c. Other nonrecurring charges.
That portion of prepaid expenses not apportionable to the period may be excluded from operating expenses, in which event operating expenses for future periods shall include that portion of such prepaid expenses apportionable thereto.
(18) OPERATING INCOME. All income actually received by an association during an accounting period, excluding the following:
a. Real estate income; and
b. Other nonrecurring income.
(19) OTHER REAL ESTATE LOAN. A real estate loan when the security is improved real estate other than home property.
(20) PARTICIPATING VALUE. The aggregate of payments by a member on an account, plus dividends credited thereto, less redemption and repurchase payments thereon.
(21) REAL ESTATE EXPENSES. All expenses actually paid, or due but unpaid, in connection with the ownership, maintenance and sale of real estate, other than office building or buildings, by an association during an accounting period, excluding capital expenditures and losses on the sale of real estate.
(22) REAL ESTATE INCOME. All income actually received by an association during an accounting period from real estate owned, other than from office building or buildings, excluding profit from sales of real estate.
(23) REAL ESTATE LOAN. A loan on the security of real estate, evidenced by any form of instrument, whereby a lien is created upon such real estate for the benefit of another person or whereby title to real estate is conveyed to another person, in either case as security for the payment of an obligation to such person, or whereby title to real estate is conveyed to another person as trustee for a third person, as security for the payment of an obligation to such third person.
(24) THE REGULAR LENDING AREA. The county in which the home office of an association is located and the counties of the state or adjoining states immediately adjoining and abutting on such county and any additional area within 50 miles from the home office.
(Acts 1939, No. 459, p. 616, §1; Code 1940, T. 5, §211; Acts 1959, No. 590, p. 1477.)