The Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995

Link to law: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1995/539/made/data.htm?wrap=true
Published: 1995-02-28

Statutory Instruments
1995 No. 539

FOOD
The Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995

Made
28th February 1995

Laid before Parliament
9th March 1995

Coming into force
1st April 1995

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, the Secretary of State for Health and the Secretary of State for Wales, acting jointly, in relation to England and Wales, and the Secretary of State for Scotland in relation to Scotland, in exercise of the powers conferred by sections 5(6), 6(4), 16(1)(b), (c), (d), (e) and (f), (2)(a) and (3), 17(1), 19(1)(b), 26, 37(2), 48(1) and 49(2) of, and paragraphs 5(1), (2)(a) and (3), 6(1)(a) and 7(1) and (2) of Schedule 1 to, the Food Safety Act 1990(1) and of all other powers enabling them in that behalf, and the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretary of State, being Ministers designated(2) for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972(3) in relation to the common agricultural policy of the European Community, acting jointly, in exercise of the powers conferred on them by the said section 2(2) and of all other powers enabling them in that behalf, after consultation in accordance with section 48(4) of the said Act of 1990 with such organisations as appear to them to be representative of interests likely to be substantially affected by the Regulations (in so far as the Regulations are made in exercise of the powers conferred by the said provisions of the said Act of 1990) hereby make the following Regulations:—

PART IPRELIMINARY

Title and commencement

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995 and shall come into force on 1st April 1995.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

“the Act” means the Food Safety Act 1990;

“animals” means the following food sources namely—

(a)
domestic animals of the following species: bovine animals (including buffalo of the species Bubalus bubalis and Bison bison), swine, sheep, goats and solipeds; and

(b)
farmed game;

“carcase” means—

(a)
in relation to bovine animals, sheep, goats, solipeds and farmed game, the whole body of a slaughtered animal after bleeding, evisceration, removal of the limbs at the carpus and tarsus, removal of the head, tail and udder and flaying; and

(b)
in relation to swine, the whole body of a slaughtered animal after bleeding and evisceration, whether or not the limbs at the carpus and tarsus and the head have been removed;

“cold store” means any premises, not forming part of a slaughterhouse, cutting premises, a farmed game processing facility or a farmed game handling facility, used for the storage under temperature controlled conditions of fresh meat intended for sale for human consumption;

“contravention”, in relation to any provision of these Regulations, includes a failure to comply with that provision, and “contravenes” has a corresponding meaning;

“country of destination” means the relevant EEA State to which fresh meat is sent from another relevant EEA State;

“cutting premises” means premises used for the purpose of cutting up fresh meat intended for sale for human consumption;

“cutting up” means—

(a)
cutting fresh meat into smaller than half carcases cut into three wholesale cuts; or

(b)
removing bones from fresh meat;

“disinfect” means to apply hygienically satisfactory chemical or physical agents or processes with the intention of eliminating micro-organisms;

“EEA Agreement” means the Agreement on the European Economic Area(4) signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992, as adjusted by the Protocol(5) signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993;

“EEA State” means a State which is a Contracting Party to the EEA Agreement but, until the EEA Agreement comes into force in relation to Leichtenstein, does not include the state of Liechtenstein;

“examine in detail” means to examine by making multiple deep incisions into lymph nodes;

“farmed game ” means wild land mammals which are reared and slaughtered in captivity, excluding—

(a)
“mammals of the family Leporidae; and”

(b)
wild land mammals living within an enclosed territory under conditions of freedom similar to those enjoyed by wild game;

“farmed game handling facility” means any building, premises or place, other than a slaughterhouse, used for the purpose of slaughtering farmed game the flesh of which is intended for sale for human consumption;

“farmed game meat” means meat obtained from farmed game;

“farmed game processing facility” means premises, other than a slaughterhouse, used for the purpose of dressing farmed game the flesh of which is intended for sale for human consumption;

“final consumer” means a person who buys fresh meat—

(a)
otherwise than for the purpose of resale;

(b)
for direct transport to, and consumption on, premises either in his ownership or under his personal supervision or in the ownership or under the personal supervision of a person employed by him; or

(c)
for cooking on premises either in his ownership or under his personal supervision or in the ownership or under the personal supervision of a person employed by him for sale as take-away food for consumption off those premises;

“fresh”, as applied to meat, means all meat, including chilled or frozen meat, which has not undergone any preserving process and includes meat vacuum wrapped or wrapped in a controlled atmosphere;

“health mark” means a mark of a kind set out in Schedule 12 and applied in accordance with regulation 11 and that Schedule;

“the Humane Conditions Regulations” means the Slaughter of Animals (Humane Conditions) Regulations 1990(6) and the Slaughter of Animals (Humane Conditions) (Scotland) Regulations 1990(7);

“inspector” means a person appointed in accordance with regulation 8(2);

“lairage” means any part of a slaughterhouse used for the confinement of animals awaiting slaughter there;

“licensed”, in relation to any slaughterhouse, cold store, cutting premises, farmed game handling facility or farmed game processing facility, means licensed under regulation 4, and “licence” has a corresponding meaning;

“livestock unit” means 1 bovine animal or soliped, 3 swine or deer or 7 sheep or goats;

“low throughput”—

(a)
“in relation to a farmed game processing facility,” means a throughput of animals whose meat is intended for sale for human consumption of not more than 3,000 farmed deer or farmed wild boar carcases each year at a rate not exceeding 60 each week;

(b)
“in relation to a slaughterhouse,” means a throughput of animals whose meat is intended for sale for human consumption of not more than 1,000 livestock units each year at a rate not exceeding 20 each week; and

(c)
“in relation to cutting premises,” means a production of not more than 5 tonnes of fresh meat intended for sale for human consumption each week;

“manure pit” means a pit which is used to collect or contain dry sheep manure and which is situated beneath a self-“cleaning” open mesh or grating-type floor in a sheep lairage;

“meat” means all parts of animals which are suitable for human consumption;

“mechanically recovered meat” means finely comminuted meat obtained by mechanical means from flesh-bearing bones apart from—

(a)
“the bones of head; and”

(b)
the extremities of the limbs below the carpal and tarsal joints and, in the case of swine, the coccygeal vertebrae,

and intended for establishments approved in accordance with Articles 8 or 9 of Council Directive 77/99/EEC(8) on health problems affecting intra-Community trade in meat products, as amended, and includes mechanically separated meat;

“occupier” means a person carrying on the business of a slaughterhouse, cutting premises or a cold store (either together or separately) or a farmed game processing or farmed game handling facility, or the duly authorised representative of such a person;

“offal” means fresh meat other than that of the carcase, whether or not naturally connected to the carcase;

“OVS” means official veterinary surgeon, being a veterinary surgeon designated by the Minister under regulation 8;

“OVS room” means a room or rooms, suitable, sufficiently large and adequately equipped, capable of being securely locked and under the control of an OVS, for the exclusive use of the OVS and inspector;

“OVS” facilities" means suitable and sufficient facilities under the control of the OVS and inspector;

“packaging”, in relation to fresh meat, means placing wrapped fresh meat into a receptacle and “package” shall be construed accordingly;

“premises” means any slaughterhouse, cutting premises, cold store, farmed game handling facility or farmed game processing facility;

“relevant EEA State” means an EEA State other than Iceland;

“slaughterhall” means that part of a slaughterhouse in which animals are slaughtered or the bodies of slaughtered animals are dressed;

“slaughterhouse” means any building, premises or place (other than a farmed game handling facility) for slaughtering animals the flesh of which is intended for sale for human consumption, and includes any place available in connection therewith for the confinement of animals while awaiting slaughter there;

“third country” means a country which is not a relevant EEA State;

“veterinary officer” means a veterinary officer of the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food;

“viscera” means offal from the thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities, including the trachea and oesophagus;

“wild game”, “wild game meat” and “large wild game” shall have the meanings ascribed to them by Article 2(1) of Council Directive 92/45/EEC(9) on public health and animal health problems relating to the killing of wild game and the placing on the market of wild game meat;

“wrapping”, in relation to the protection of fresh meat, means placing in material which comes into direct contact with such meat, as well as the material itself.

(2) Except in so far as the context otherwise requires, any reference in these Regulations to a numbered regulation or Schedule shall be construed as a reference to the regulation or Schedule bearing that number in these Regulations.

(3) Nothing in these Regulations shall be construed as derogating from the provisions of the Animal Health Act 1981(10) or of any order under that Act.

Exemptions and saving for existing licences

3.—(1) These Regulations shall not apply—

(a)to premises where fresh meat—

(i)is used exclusively for the production for sale of meat products, meat preparations, minced meat or mechanically recovered meat;

(ii)is cut up or stored for sale from those premises to the final consumer; or

(iii)is used exclusively for carcase competitions;

(b)to a cold store which handles only fresh meat which is packaged;

(c)to fresh meat intended for exhibition, special studies or analysis provided that such meat is not used for human consumption and, except in the case of such meat used for analysis, it is destroyed after such exhibition or special study, as the case may be;

(d)to fresh meat intended exclusively for sale to international organisations;

(e)to fresh meat intended for uses other than human consumption; or

(f)to any person engaged in any activity described in this regulation, or to any vehicle used for the purpose of any such activity.

(2) Subject to regulation 5, nothing in these Regulations affects the validity of a licence issued under the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1992(11).

PART IILICENSING OF SLAUGHTERHOUSES, CUTTING PREMISES, COLD STORES, FARMED GAME HANDLING FACILITIES AND FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES

Issue of licences

4.—(1) No person shall use any premises as a slaughterhouse, cutting premises, a cold store, a farmed game handling facility or a farmed game processing facility unless those premises are licensed by the Minister.

(2) Subject to paragraph (10) below, the Minister on an application made to him under this regulation—

(a)shall license the premises to which the application relates—

(i)as a slaughterhouse if he is satisfied that the premises comply with the requirements of Schedules 1 and 2 or as a low throughput slaughterhouse if it was in operation on or before 31st December 1991 and he is satisfied that it complies with the requirements of Schedule 5, and (in either case) if he is satisfied that the method of operation in those premises complies with the requirements of Schedules 7 to 10 and that there is no significant risk either that facilities for inspection under Schedule 10 will be denied or that any fresh meat or blood rejected under that Schedule will be used for human consumption;

(ii)as cutting premises if he is satisfied that the premises comply with the requirements of Schedules 1 and 3 or as low throughput cutting premises if he is satisfied that they comply with the requirements of Part I of Schedule 5, and (in either case) if he is satisfied that the method of operation in those premises complies with the requirements of Part I of Schedule 7 and Schedule 11;

(iii)as a cold store if he is satisfied that the premises comply with the requirements of Schedules 1 and 4 and that the method of operation in those premises complies with the requirements of Part I of Schedule 7 and Schedule 14 or as a cold store storing frozen meat if he is satisfied that it complies with Schedule 15;

(iv)as a farmed game handling facility if he is satisfied that the premises and the method of operation in those premises comply with the requirements of Part I of Schedule 6 and paragraphs 3 to 5 of Schedule 8;

(v)as a farmed game processing facility if he is satisfied that the premises and the method of operation in those premises comply with the requirements of Part II of Schedule 6 or as a low throughput farmed game processing facility if it was in operation before 31st December 1991 and he is satisfied that it complies with the requirements of Part III of Schedule 6, and (in either case) if he is satisfied that the method of operation in those premises complies with the requirements of Schedules 7, 9 and 10 and that there is no significant risk either that facilities for inspection under Schedule 10 will be denied or that any farmed game meat or blood rejected under that Schedule will be used for human consumption; and

(b)shall refuse so to license those premises if he is not so satisfied.

(3) Each application for a licence under this regulation shall be made in writing to the Minister by the owner or occupier of, or a person proposing to occupy, the premises to which the application relates.

(4) The Minister shall notify the applicant in writing of his decision on the application.

(5) If he refuses a licence, he shall notify the applicant in writing of his reasons for refusal.

(6) A licence in respect of any premises shall be subject to the condition that, save in accordance with regulation 10 or 15, no significant alteration shall be made

(a)to the premises or the equipment in the premises otherwise than by way of repairs and maintenance; or

(b)to the method of operation in the premises,

without the Minister’s prior agreement in writing.

(7) In granting a licence in respect of any premises the Minister may make it subject to conditions as to the species of animal which may be slaughtered or processed there.

(8) In granting a licence in respect of low throughput premises the Minister may make it subject to conditions—

(a)as to the maximum limits to throughput;

(b)as to the persons to whom meat from the premises may be sold or supplied.

(9) In granting a licence in respect of a cold store the Minister may make it subject to the condition that fresh meat shall be stored only in one or more specified storage chambers or that the cold store shall store only fresh meat which is packaged.

(10) Where the Minister has granted any premises a temporary derogation in accordance with Council Directive 91/498/EEC(12) in respect of one or more of the requirements specified in Schedules 1 to 6, those requirements shall not apply to the premises until 1st January 1996 or until any such earlier date as the Minister may specify.

(11) A slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility first in operation after 31st December 1991 shall not be licensed as low throughput premises unless it has been approved in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 16 of Council Directive 64/433/EEC on health problems affecting intra-Community trade in fresh meat, as amended and consolidated by Council Directive 91/497/EEC(13).

(12) Where the Minister—

(a)has refused a licence; or

(b)has granted a licence subject to a condition,

his notification under paragraph (4) above shall state the right of appeal under regulation 6 and the time allowed for appealing.

Revocation of licences

5.—(1) The Minister may revoke a licence granted by him in respect of any premises and, where appropriate, require the withdrawal of the equipment for application of the health mark if, after an inspection of, or any inquiry into, the operation or structure of the premises and a report by an OVS or veterinary officer, he is satisfied that—

(a)the conditions of hygiene at those premises are inadequate and the occupier has failed to take the necessary measures to make good the shortcomings within such period as the Minister may specify;

(b)any requirement of these Regulations as to hygiene has not been complied with and inadequate or no action has been taken to ensure that a similar breach does not occur in future;

(c)any condition attached to the licence in accordance with regulation 4(6), (7), (8) or (9) has not been complied with;

(d)the premises no longer fall within these Regulations—

(i)because the business carried on at the premises has ceased to be or include the slaughter of animals or the handling or storing of fresh meat; or

(ii)because they have become exempt under regulation 3; or

(e)any of the requirements specified by the Minister in a temporary derogation in accordance with Council Directive 91/498/EEC has not been complied with.

(2) The Minister shall give the occupier of the premises notice in writing—

(a)of his decision to revoke the licence;

(b)of the date on which the revocation is to take effect;

(c)of the reasons for revocation;

(d)of his right to appeal under regulation 6; and

(e)of the time allowed for appealing.

(3) In paragraph (2) above “occupier”, in relation to a proposed revocation by virtue of paragraph (1)(d)(i) above, where the premises are vacant, means the last person known to the Minister to have carried on at the premises business for which the licence was granted or his successor in respect of that business.

Appeals

6.—(1) Where the Minister—

(a)has refused to license any premises; or

(b)has granted a licence subject to conditions; or

(c)has revoked the licence of any premises,

the owner or occupier of, or a person proposing to occupy the premises may, within 28 days of being notified of the Minister’s decision in accordance with regulation 4(4) or 5(2), appeal to a Meat Hygiene Appeals Tribunal.

(2) The provisions of Schedule 21 shall apply in respect of the constitution, appointment of members, remuneration of members and staffing of a Meat Hygiene Appeals Tribunal.

(3) Where on an appeal under paragraph (1) above a Meat Hygiene Appeals Tribunal determines that the grant of a licence should not have been refused, that unreasonable conditions have been attached to the grant of a licence or that a licence should not have been revoked, the Minister shall give effect to the determination of the Tribunal.

(4) Without prejudice to sections 9 to 13 of the Act, where the Minister has exercised any of his powers under paragraph (1) above, a person who, immediately before the exercise of that power, has been using the premises in question for a purpose not allowed because of its exercise may continue to use them for that purpose, subject to any reasonable conditions imposed by the Minister for the protection of public health, until the time for appealing has expired and, if an appeal is lodged, until the appeal is finally disposed of or abandoned.

Animals not intended for sale for human consumption

7.—(1) A person may use any slaughterhouse or farmed game handling facility, or cause any such premises so to be used, for the slaughter of an animal the meat derived from which is not intended for sale for human consumption if—

(a)one of the emergency slaughter conditions is satisfied; or

(b)neither of the emergency slaughter conditions is satisfied but the private kill condition is satisfied.

(2) The emergency slaughter conditions are—

(a)that the animal has incurred an injury whilst in transit necessitating its slaughter;

(b)that the animal is slaughtered by reason of the provisions of regulation 21 or, in Scotland, 11 of the Humane Conditions Regulations (animal in pain etc).

(3) The private kill condition is that it is not intended that meat derived from the animal shall be sold for human consumption.

(4) No person shall use any slaughterhouse or farmed game handling facility, or cause any such premises so to be used, for the slaughter of any animal whose meat is not intended for sale for human consumption unless the case falls within paragraph (1) above.

(5) An animal whose meat is not intended for sale for human consumption may only be slaughtered in a slaughterhouse or farmed game handling facility if it is slaughtered in a different room or at a different time from any animal whose meat is intended for sale for human consumption.

(6) The operator must take appropriate steps to prevent contamination of fresh meat in a slaughterhouse or farmed game handling facility in consequence of the slaughter there of an animal whose meat is not intended for sale for human consumption.

(7) Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (6) above, the slaugtherhall must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after such an animal has been slaughtered in it.

(8) Meat from an animal falling within paragraph (1)(b) above must be stored separately from meat intended for sale for human consumption.

(9) The carcase of an animal falling within paragraph (1)(b) above many only be dressed in a slaughterhouse if the animal was slaughtered there.

(10) Such a carcase must be dressed in a different room or at a different time from carcases of animals whose meat is intended for sale for human consumption.

(11) The operator must take appropriate steps to prevent contamination of carcases of animals whose meat is intended for sale for human consumption in consequence of the dressing.

(12) Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (11) above, the slaughterhall must be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after the dressing.

PART IIISUPERVISION AND CONTROL OF PREMISES

Supervision of premises

8.—(1) The Minister may designate veterinary surgeons as OVSs and shall, in relation to any premises, appoint one or more OVSs, in each case to be an authorised officer of the Minister authorised to act in relation to the examination and seizure of meat, to provide the health certification of fresh meat and to be responsible for the following functions in relation to those premises—

(a)the ante-mortem health inspection of animals in accordance with Schedule 8;

(b)the post-mortem health inspection of slaughtered animals in accordance with Schedule 10;

(c)where appropriate, the examination of the fresh meat of swine and horses for trichinellosis in accordance with paragraphs 12 and 13 of Part IX of Schedule 10;

(d)the health marking of fresh meat in accordance with Schedule 12; and

(e)securing the observance of the requirements of Schedules 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15 and 17.

(2) The Minister shall, in relation to any premises, appoint such number of other persons to act as inspectors in relation to the functions specified in paragraph (1) above as are necessary for the proper performance of those functions.

(3) The Minister may not appoint any person to be an inspector unless that person is—

(a)a registered medical practitioner;

(b)a Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons;

(c)the holder of a qualification specified in paragraph 3 of the Schedule to the Authorised Officers (Meat Inspection) Regulations 1987(14); or

(d)the holder of a certificate or other qualification in fresh meat inspection obtained in the United Kingdom or another relevant EEA State which the Minister has confirmed in writing as adequate for appointment as an inspector under these Regulations.

(4) An inspector shall act under the supervision and responsibility of an OVS and, in relation to the function specified in paragraph (1)(a) above, shall only make an initial check on animals and assist with purely practical tasks.

Revocation and suspension of designations of OVSs

9.—(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) below, the Minister may, at any time, revoke or suspend the designation of any person as an OVS if it appears to the Minister that the person in question is unfit to perform one or more of the functions of an OVS under these Regulations.

(2) Where the Minister revokes or suspends a designation under paragraph (1) above, he shall, as soon as possible, give to the person whose designation has been revoked or suspended a notice in writing of the reasons for the revocation or suspension and shall afford him an opportunity of making representations in writing to the Minister with regard to the revocation or suspension or of being heard by a person appointed for the purpose by the Minister.

(3) A notice given under paragraph (2) above shall inform the person to whom it is given—

(a)of his right to make representations in writing;

(b)of the manner in which and the time (not being less than 21 days from the giving of the notice) within which such representations may be made;

(c)of his right to be heard; and

(d)of the manner in which and the time (not being less than 21 days from the giving of the notice) within which he may apply for an opportunity to be heard.

(4) In the event of the designated person making any representations (whether orally or in writing) under paragraph (3) above the Minister shall reconsider whether that person is unfit to perform one or more of the functions of an OVS under these Regulations and shall reconsider, as soon as practicable, his decision to revoke or suspend the designation under paragraph (1) above in the light of those representations.

Powers of OVSs and veterinary officers

10.—(1) Where it appears to an OVS that in respect of any premises—

(a)any of the requirements of these Regulations as to hygiene is being breached; or

(b)adequate health inspection in accordance with these Regulations is being hampered,

he may, by notice in writing given to the occupier of the premises—

(i)prohibit the use of any equipment or any part of the premises specified in the notice; or

(ii)require the rate of operation to be reduced to such an extent as is specified in the notice,

and the occupier shall comply with the notice.

(2) A notice given under paragraph (1) above shall be given as soon as practicable and shall state why it is given.

(3) If it is given under paragraph (1)(a) above, it shall specify the breach and the action needed to remedy it.

(4) Such a notice shall be withdrawn by a further notice in writing given to the occupier of the premises as soon as an OVS is satisfied that such action has been taken.

(5) So long as such a notice is in effect, the licence in respect of the premises shall be treated as being altered by the addition of the requirements specified in the notice and the other provisions of the licence shall be subject to those requirements.

(6) Subject to paragraph (8) below, an OVS, or a veterinary officer may subject any animal or any carcase or meat in any premises to such examinations (including the taking and analysis of samples) as he may reasonably consider to be necessary for the protection of public health.

(7) Subject to paragraph (8) below, an OVS, veterinary officer or inspector may, by notice in writing given to the occupier of any such premises, state that he requires to examine an animal, carcase or meat specified in the notice on the premises.

(8) The powers conferred by paragraphs (6) and (7) above are not exercisable in relation to any animal, carcase or meat not intended for sale for human consumption.

(9) Once a notice under paragraph (7) is received, the occupier shall detain the animal, carcase or meat until such time as he is informed in writing by the OVS or veterinary officer (as the case may be) that the result of the examination has been obtained.

(10) A veterinary officer may at any time give to an OVS such reasonable directions as he may consider necessary so as to ensure that the OVS performs his functions under these Regulations, and the OVS shall comply with any such directions.

(11) A person who is aggrieved by a decision of an OVS pursuant to paragraph (1) above may appeal to a magistrates' court or, in Scotland, to the sheriff.

(12) Section 37(3) to (6) of the Act shall have effect in relation to an appeal under this regulation as they have effect in relation to an appeal under that section but with the omission

(a)of the references to appeals for which provision is made by regulations under section 37(2); and

(b)of subsection (5)(b) and the word “or” immediately preceding it.

Inspection and health marking

11.—(1) The Minister shall arrange for

(a)ante-mortem health inspections and post-mortem health inspections to be carried out at every slaughterhouse in accordance with Schedules 8 and 10 respectively; and

(b)post-mortem health inspections to be carried out at every farmed game processing facility in accordance with Schedule 10.

(2) Where fresh meat intended for sale for human consumption—

(a)has been passed fit for human consumption following ante- and post-mortem health inspections: and

(b)complies with the requirements of these Regulations,

it shall be marked in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 12.

(3) No other meat shall be so marked.

(4) No person shall remove, or cause or permit to be removed, from a slaughterhouse or a farmed game processing facility any blood or any carcase or part of a carcase or any offal intended for sale for human consumption or any offal from a slaughtered animal intended for sale for human consumption until it has been inspected in accordance with these Regulations.

(5) The health mark shall be applied by persons acting under the responsibility of an OVS, and no other person shall apply the health mark or possess or use the equipment for applying the health mark.

(6) The equipment for applying the health mark and any labels on which the health mark is printed shall be kept under the responsibility of the OVS.

(7) No person shall use any mark so resembling a health mark, or in such a way, as to be likely to suggest that the product has been produced in accordance with these Regulations.

Notice of operation of licensed premises

12.—(1) Subject to the provisions of these Regulations, no person shall operate any licensed premises to produce fresh meat for sale for human consumption unless he has notified the Minister, in accordance with paragraph (2) below, of the day on which and the time and place at which they are to be operated.

(2) The notification referred to in paragraph (1) above shall be given to the Minister—

(a)if the operation is to be the slaughter of farmed game, not less than 72 hours before the time of slaughter;

(b)if the operation is to be any other description of slaughter, not less than 24 hours before that time; and

(c)for any other kind of operation, not less than 24 hours before its commencement,

unless the Minister has agreed with the person required to give the notice that he will accept notice of a shorter duration, in which case the notice shall be of the agreed duration.

(3) Where it is the regular practice in any licensed premises to operate at fixed times on fixed days and written notice of this practice has been given to and accepted by the Minister, this shall, as respects any operation in accordance with such practice, be regarded as adequate compliance with paragraph (1) above;

(4) Paragraph (1) above does not apply to the slaughter of an animal where by reason of injury or by reason of the provisions of regulation 21 or, in Scotland, 11 of the Humane Conditions Regulations it is necessary that it should be slaughtered without delay.

(5) In that case the person who but for paragraph (4) above would have been required to give a notice under paragraph (1) above must inform the Minister of the circumstances.

(6) The information must be given as soon as reasonably possible.

(7) It may be given after the animal has been slaughtered if it is not reasonably possible to give it before.

PART IVCONDITIONS FOR THE MARKETING OF FRESH MEAT

General conditions

13.—(1) No person shall sell fresh meat for human consumption unless—

(a)it has been obtained from licensed premises;

(b)it comes from an animal which has been subjected to an ante-mortem health inspection in accordance with these Regulations, which, following such inspection, has been passed as fit for slaughter for human consumption and, where appropriate, is accompanied by a certificate in the form set out at Schedule 20;

(c)it has been prepared under hygienic conditions in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 7;

(d)it comes from the body of an animal which has been subjected to a post-mortem health inspection in accordance with Schedule 10 and which has shown no evidence of disease or other abnormal condition, except for traumatic lesions incurred shortly before slaughter or localised malformations or pathological changes, and it is established that these do not render unfit for human consumption those parts of the carcase or offal not affected by such lesions, malformations or changes;

(e)it has been given a health mark in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 12;

(f)it is accompanied during transportation by a commercial document or by a health certificate in accordance with regulation 14;

(g)if it has been stored in a cold store, it has been stored in accordance with Schedule 14;

(h)if it is wrapped or packaged, it has been wrapped or packaged under hygienic conditions in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 13;

(i)if it is frozen, it has been frozen in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 15;

(j)if it has been transported between licensed premises, it has been transported under hygienic conditions in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 17; and

(k)if it is mechanically recovered meat, it has been handled in accordance with Council Directive 77/99/EEC.

(2) No person shall sell for human consumption—

(a)without prejudice to paragraph 6 of Schedule 12, fresh meat which has been treated with natural or artificial colouring matters;

(b)fresh meat which has been treated with ionising or ultra-violet radiation;

(c)fresh meat from male swine used for breeding or cryptorchid or hermaphrodite swine unless such meat has undergone one of the treatments specified in Council Directive 77/99/EEC and such meat bears a special mark in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 1 of Schedule 12;

(d)fresh meat from uncastrated male swine of a carcase weight (excluding the limbs at the carpus and tarsus and the head) exceeding 80 kg unless

(i)an inspector has tested it for pronounced sexual odours and declared it not to have such odours; or

(ii)without prejudice to the requirement in paragraph 1(1) of Part IX of Schedule 10 for boar meat with pronounced sexual odours to be declared unfit where an inspector has detected such meat to have pronounced sexual odours, it has undergone one of the treatments specified in Council Directive 77/99/EEC and bears a special mark in accordance with the requirements of paragraph 1 of Schedule 12; or

(e)fresh meat from animals to which tenderisers have been administered.

(3) Subject to paragraph (4) below, no person shall consign or sell for consignment to a relevant EEA State for human consumption—

(a)fresh meat obtained form the body of an animal referred to in regulation 18(2);

(b)fresh meat produced, cut up or stored in premises to which the Minister has granted a temporary derogation, while that derogation is in force;

(c)fresh meat produced in a low throughput slaughterhouse or in a low throughput farmed game processing facility; or

(d)fresh meat cut up in any low throughput cutting premises.

(4) Paragraph (3) above shall not apply to meat—

(a)forming part of a traveller’s luggage and not intended for resale; or

(b)meat sent as smaller packages to private persons.

(5) Paragraphs (1) and (2) above shall not apply to fresh meat imported from a relevant EEA State or a third country, but fresh meat so imported shall be handled and transported in accordance with these Regulations.

(6) Paragraphs (1) and (2) above shall not apply to fresh meat which was obtained, cut up or stored prior to 1st January 1993 provided it is handled in accordance with these Regulations and, except in the case of fresh meat obtained, cut up or stored in premises which, immediately before 1st January 1993, were approved under regulation 4 of the Fresh Meat Export (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1987(15), it is not consigned or sold for consignment to a relevant EEA State.

(7) Without prejudice to regulation 23 of the Food Hygiene (Markets, Stalls and Delivery Vehicles) Regulations 1966(16) (transport of meat), paragraph (l)(j) above shall not apply in relation to the transportation of any fresh meat from any licensed premises on sale direct to the final consumer to a retailer in Greater Britain.

Transport documentation

14.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2) below, the occupier of licensed premises shall ensure that fresh meat is accompanied during transportation from the premises—

(a)by an invoice or delivery note containing the following information—

(i)the name and address of the consignor and the consignee;

(ii)the approval number of the premises from which the meat is to be transported;

(iii)the date of issue of the document and a number enabling it to be identified;

(iv)a description of the product transported; and

(v)the total quality despatched; and

(b)in the case of fresh meat intended for consignment to a relevant EEA State which

(i)is obtained from a slaughterhouse situated in a region or area subject to a prohibition or restriction under the Animal Health Act 1981; or

(ii)will be transported through a third country in a sealed vehicle, by the health certificate referred to in Schedule 16.

(2) Paragraph (1) above shall not apply where the fresh meat is being transported from licensed premises direct to the final consumer or to a retailer in Great Britain.

(3) Any person other than those referred to in paragraph (2) above who receives fresh meat direct from any licensed premises shall keep the invoice or delivery note for a period of at least one year from the date of receipt.

PART VADMISSION TO AND DETENTION IN SLAUGHTERHOUSES AND FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES OF ANIMALS AND CARCASSES

Alternative accommodation for certain animals

15.—(1) An OVS or an inspector acting under the supervision of an OVS may require the accommodation or alternative methods of operation and facilities referred to in paragraph 1(d) of Schedule 2 and paragraph 1(n) of Part II of Schedule 5 to be used for—

(a)the slaughtering and dressing of any animal which is brought into a slaughter-house and which is known to be, or suspected of being, diseased or injured;

(b)the dressing of any slaughtered and bled animal which is brought into a slaughter-house in accordance with regulation 18.

(2) So long as any requirement to use alternative accommodation in such circumstances, or to prohibit the entry of a dirty animal in the circumstances set out in paragraph (3) below, is in effect, the licence in respect of the premises shall be treated as being altered by the addition of that requirement, and the other provisions of the licence shall be subject to that requirement.

(3) An inspector or OVS—

(a)may require the detention in a lairage, or prohibit the slaughter, of any animal which in his opinion is so dirty as to be likely to prevent hygienic dressing operations if it is taken into the slaughterhall at that slaughterhouse; and

(b)may require the occupier of the slaughter-house to clean the animal before presenting it to an OVS for an ante-mortem inspection.

(4) In the case of a slaughtered and bled animal which is brought into a slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility in accordance with regulation 18 or paragraph (1)(g) of Part I of Schedule 6, an inspector or OVS may give notice that in his opinion any such animal is so dirty as to be likely to prevent hygienic dressing operations if it is taken into the slaughterhall at that slaughterhouse or the dressing room at that farmed game processing facility, and if such notice is given the occupier of the premises shall not take the animal in.

Period of time for keeping an animal in a lairage and removal of an animal from a slaughterhouse

16.—(1) No person shall keep or permit to be kept in any lairage for a period exceeding 72 hours any animal intended for slaughter unless—

(a)the OVS gives his consent to it being kept in a lairage for a period exceeding 72 hours, which consent shall only be given in exceptional circumstances; and

(b)it is isolated from animals in respect of which no such consent has been given.

(2) In this regulation “lairage” means any covered part of a slaughterhouse used for the confinement of animals awaiting slaughter there, but does not include any field, pasture or other open lairage forming part of any slaughterhouse or otherwise.

(3) No person shall, unless directed by an OVS or a veterinary officer, remove from a slaughterhouse an animal intended for slaughter if it is intended that meat from it shall be sold for human consumption.

Conditions on the admission of diseased or injured animals

17.—(1) No person shall send an animal which he knows or suspects to be diseased or injured to a slaughterhouse unless he has given the occupier of the slaughterhouse reasonable notice of his intention to send it.

(2) No person shall bring into, or permit to be brought into, a slaughterhouse any animal which he knows or suspects to be diseased or injured unless

(a)he has already ensured that it is accompanied by a written declaration signed by the owner or person in charge of it containing the information specified in Schedule 18; and

(b)that declaration is handed to an inspector or an OVS as soon as is practical after the animal’s arrival at the slaughterhouse.

(3) The occupier of the slaughterhouse shall ensure that on arrival at the slaughterhouse the animal—

(a)is slaughtered without delay following ante-mortem inspection; or

(b)is taken without delay under the direction of an inspector or the OVS to that part of the lairage provided for the isolation of diseased or injured animals.

Conditions on the admission of dead or slaughtered animals

18.—(1) No person shall bring into, or permit to be brought into or to remain in, a slaughterhouse the body of an animal which has died unless—

(a)it died in transit to the slaughterhouse; and

(b)it is removed from the slaughterhouse immediately following the carrying out of any necessary examination performed under the Animal Health Act 1981.

(2) No person shall bring into, or permit to be brought into, a slaughterhouse the slaughtered body of an animal, unless

(a)it has been bled;

(b)the animal has undergone an ante-mortem inspection by a veterinary surgeon;

(c)the animal has been slaughtered as a result of an accident or because it was suffering from a serious physiological or functional disorder;

(d)the body of the animal has not been dressed;

(e)the body of the animal is accompanied to the slaughterhouse by a certificate in the form set out in Schedule 19; and

(f)the body of the animal is transported to the slaughterhouse in a container or vehicle under hygienic conditions and, if it cannot be delivered to the slaughterhouse within one hour of slaughter, it is transported there in a container or vehicle under hygienic conditions in which the ambient temperature is between 0°C and 4°C.

(3) Paragraph (2) above does not apply to the slaughtered and bled body of farmed game if it comes from a farmed game handling facility and the occupier of the facility has performed in relation to the body the duty imposed on him by Part I of Schedule 6.

(4) Paragraphs 3 to 5 of Schedule 8 apply to an ante-mortem inspection under paragraph (2)(b) above.

(5) On arrival at the slaughterhouse the certificate which paragraph (2)(e) above requires to accompany the body of the animal to the slaughterhouse must be given to an inspector or OVS.

PART VIADMINISTRATION, PENALTIES AND ENFORCEMENT

Records of Inspections

19.—(1) The Minister shall keep in respect of individual licensed premises, where appropriate, a record, for the purpose of compliance with the provisions of Council Directive 91/497/EEC, of the results of—

(a)ante-mortem health inspections; and

(b)post-mortem health inspections.

(2) The Minister shall retain the record of such an inspection until the end of the period of one year commencing with the date of the inspection to which it relates.

Duties of occupier

20.—(1) The occupier of any licensed premises—

(a)shall keep a record adequate to show the number of animals received into, and the amounts of fresh meat despatched from, the premises during each week;

(b)shall take all practicable steps to secure compliance by any person employed by him or by any person invited on to the premises with the provisions of these Regulations;

(c)shall ensure that an OVS, inspector or veterinary officer is provided with adequate facilities so as to enable him to carry out his duties under these Regulations and that he is given such reasonable assistance and access to records as he may from time to time require for that purpose;

(d)shall take all necessary measures to ensure that, at all stages of production, the requirements of these Regulations are complied with and carry out checks (including any microbiological checks the Minister may require) on the general hygiene of conditions of production in his establishment to ensure that equipment and, if necessary, fresh meat, comply with the requirements of these Regulations;

(e)shall keep in permanent form a record of the results of those checks and make it available to the OVS or inspector upon request;

(f)shall keep in permanent form a record of the results of water testings on the premises and make it available to the OVS for inspection upon request;

(g)shall ensure that the health mark is properly applied as provided for in regulation 11 above, and that any labels on which the health mark is printed are used properly;

(h)shall ensure that the OVS or inspector is notified immediately when any information at the occupier’s disposal reveals a serious health risk; and

(i)shall, in the event of a serious risk, ensure that fresh meat is withdrawn if it has been obtained under or stored in conditions similar to those which produced the risk and is itself likely to present the same risk.

(2) The occupier shall retain records required to be kept under this regulation until the end of the period of one year from the date of the check.

(3) The occupier of licensed premises shall arrange or establish in consultation with the OVS a staff training programme to train staff to comply with hygiene requirements appropriate to the operations that they perform on those premises.

Offences and penalties

21.—(1) If any person contravenes—

(a)regulation 10(1); or

(b)regulation 12(1),

he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(2) If any person contravenes—

(a)any other provision of these Regulations; or

(b)a condition imposed by the Minister under regulation 6(4),

he shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable—

(i)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum; or

(ii)on conviction on indictment, to a fine or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or both.

(3) Neither paragraph (1) nor paragraph (2) above applies to anything done or omitted by the Minister.

(4) No prosecution for an offence under any of the provisions mentioned in paragraph (1) or (2) above shall be begun after the expiry—

(a)three years from the commission of the offence; or

(b)one year from its discovery by the prosecutor,

whichever is the earlier.

Application of various sections of the Act

22.  The following provisions of the Act shall apply for the purposes of these Regulations as they apply for the purposes of section 8, 14 and 15 of the Act and, unless the context otherwise requires, any reference in them to the Act shall be construed as a reference to the Regulations—

section 2 (extended meaning of “sale” etc.);

section 3 (presumption that food is intended for sale for human consumption);

section 20 (offences due to fault of other person);

section 21 (defence of due diligence);

section 33 (obstruction, etc. of officers);

section 36 (offences by bodies corporate) subject to the modification that a reference to a body corporate includes a Scottish partnership and a reference to a director includes a partner in Scottish partnership; and

section 44 (protection of officers acting in good faith)

Enforcement

23.  These Regulations shall be enforced and executed by the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in relation to England and by the Secretary of State in relation to Scotland and Wales.

PART VIIMISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTARY

Fresh meat from Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands

24.—(1) No person shall sell for human consumption fresh meat produced in a place to which this regulation applies and intended for consignment to a relevant EEA State, unless it was produced at premises in that place which, if these Regulations had effect in that place, would qualify for a licence under regulation 4 and be entitled to apply the health mark described in paragraph 1 of Schedule 12.

(2) No person shall sell for human consumption in Great Britain fresh meat produced in a place to which this regulation applies unless it carries a health mark applied in accordance with legislation having effect in that place and correspondence to the provisions of Schedule 12.

(3) The places to which this regulations applies are Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands.

Revocations

25.  The Regulations specified in Schedule 22 are hereby revoked to the extent specified in column 3 of that Schedule.

Amendments

26.—(1) For regulation 4A(a) of the Food Hygiene (Docks, Carriers, etc.) Regulations 1960(17), there shall be substituted—

“(a)the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995;”.

(2) For regulation 2(b)(iii) of the Food Hygiene (Markets, Stalls and Delivery Vehicles) Regulations 1966(18) there shall be substituted—

“(iii)to which the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995 apply;”.

(3) For regulation 3(2)(b)(ii) of the Food Hygiene (General) Regulations 1970(19) there shall be substituted—

“(ii)the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995;”.

(4) In regulation 3(2)(e) of the Food Premises (Registration) Regulations 1991(20), for “1992” there shall be substituted “1995”.

(5) In the Meat Hygiene Appeals Tribunal (Procedure) Regulations 1992(21)—

(a)for paragraph (2) of regulation 1 there shall be substituted the following—

“(2) Any reference in these Regulations to a Chairman or Secretary shall be a reference to the Chairman or Secretary appointed for the purposes of regulation 6 of, and Schedule 15 to, the Poultry Meat, Farmed Game Bird Meat and Rabbit Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995 or regulation 6 of, and Schedule 21 to, the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995,”;

(b)for regulation 2 there shall be substituted the following—

“2.  These Regulations shall have effect for the purpose of proceedings before a Meat Hygiene Appeals Tribunal (“the Tribunal”) relating to the refusal to license any premises, the grant of a licence subject to conditions or the revocation of the licence of any premises under regulation 4 or 5, as the case may be, of the Poultry Meat, Farmed Game Bird Meat and Rabbit Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995 or under regulation 4 or 5, as the case may be, of the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995.”.

(6) In regulation 2(1) of the Meat Products (Hygiene) Regulations 1994(22), in the definition of “final consumer”, for the words “for his own consumption” there shall be substituted the words “otherwise than for resale”.

(7) In paragraph (a) of Schedule 2 to the Meat (Hygiene, Inspection and Examination for Residues) (Charges) Regulations 1995(23) the words “the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1992” shall be replaced by the words “the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1995”.

Angela Browning
Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
28th February 1995

Cumberlege
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Health
24th February 1995

Hector Monroe
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Scottish Office
27th February 1995

Gwilym Jones
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Welsh Office
24th February 1995

Regulations 4(2)(a), (i), (ii) and (iii) and (10) and 8(1)(e)

Schedule 1CONSTRUCTION, LAYOUT AND EQUIPMENT OF SLAUGHTERHOUSES (EXCEPT LOW THROUGHPUT SLAUGHTERHOUSES), CUTTING PREMISES (EXCEPT LOW THROUGHPUT CUTTING PREMISES) AND COLD STORES—GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.  All slaughterhouses, cutting premises and cold stores shall have—

(a)a clearly defined boundary;

(b)at places readily accessible to the work stations and sanitary conveniences, suitable facilities, that is to say—

(i)an adequate supply (provided otherwise than by taps operable by hand) of hot and cold running water, or pre-mixed running water at a suitable temperature, and sufficient supplies of soap or other detergent for the cleaning and disinfection of hands by persons handling fresh meat; and

(ii)an hygienic means of drying hands;

(c)in rooms where work on fresh meat is undertaken, suitable and sufficient facilities, situated as close as possible to or readily accessible to the work stations, for the disinfection of knives and other hand tools, such facilities to be adequately supplied with water which shall be maintained at a temperature of not less than +82°C;

(d)adequate space and facilities for the efficient performance at any time of inspections required by these Regulations;

(e)equipment and fittings—

(i)of a durable, impermeable and corrosion-resistant material (which may not be wood except in rooms where only packaged fresh meat is stored) not liable to taint fresh meat and of such construction as to enable them to be kept clean and disinfected;

(ii)if to be used for handling, storing or transporting fresh meat, so constructed that fresh meat and the base of any receptacles containing such meat do not come into contact with the floor; and

(iii)with such surfaces as are likely to come into contact with unpackaged fresh meat kept smooth and clean;

(f)facilities for the hygienic handling and protection of fresh meat during loading and unloading;

(g)suitable and sufficient receptacles with closely fitting covers for collecting and removing all waste and fresh meat not intended for human consumption;

(h)suitable refrigeration equipment to enable the internal temperature of fresh meat to be maintained at not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts, +3°C for offal and −12°C for frozen fresh meat, such equipment having a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of fresh meat;

(i)water, that is to say—

(i)a sufficient, clean and wholesome supply of hot and cold water, or water premixed to a suitable temperature, available at an adequate pressure and in each case meeting the requirements of Council Directive 80/778/EEC(24);

(ii)the separation of any other water so that it may be used only for the purpose of fire fighting or the operation of refrigerators or steam boilers, and so that pipes carrying such water shall be arranged so as not to allow any such water to be used for any other purpose; and that all such pipes shall be clearly distinguished from those used for water which is clean and wholesome and shall present no risk of contamination to fresh meat; and

(iii)if water is stored, fully covered tanks to contain it, which tanks shall be of such construction as to enable them to be emptied and kept clean;

(j)satisfactory drainage fitted with gratings and traps for solids, which shall be maintained in proper working order; save that, in rooms provided for the cooling or storage of fresh meat, gratings and traps shall not be required;

(k)an arrangement of rooms so that—

(i)there are suitable, sufficient and adequately equipped changing rooms for persons working in the premises to change their clothes and wash their hands and sanitary conveniences, separate from any part of the premises which at any time contain fresh meat;

(ii)there are wash basins available with an adequate supply (provided otherwise than by taps operated by hand or arm) of hot and cold running water, or pre-mixed water at a suitable temperature;

(iii)clean protective clothing is stored separately from other clothing;

(iv)the surfaces of the walls and floors of such rooms are smooth, washable and impermeable; and

(v)any room in which a sanitary convenience is situated shall not communicate directly with any room or area in which any fresh meat is being produced, cut up, handled, worked on or stored or any room referred to in paragraph 1(h) of Schedule 2 or paragraph 1(c) of Schedule 3;

(l)sufficient and adequately equipped showers which are for the use of persons working in the premises and are situated near the rooms where such persons may change their clothes; save that such facilities shall not be required in any cold store in which only packaged fresh meat is handled and stored;

(m)satisfactory and hygienic facilities for the disposal of solid and liquid waste;

(n)suitable facilities for the storage of detergents, disinfectants and similar substances; and

(o)adequate protection against the entry of insects, vermin and birds.

2.  Every room in any slaughterhouse, cutting premises or cold store in which fresh meat is produced, worked on, handled or stored and any area in such premises through which fresh meat is transported shall have—

(a)floors and floor surfaces of impermeable, rot proof and non-slip material, which shall be so constructed and kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable them to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected and, subject to paragraph 3 below, shall be laid in such a way as to facilitate the drainage of waste water by directing the water towards the drains;

(b)interior wall surfaces faced with a smooth, durable, impermeable and washable material (which shall be of a light colour) to the following heights—

(i)in any of the rooms referred to in sub-paragraphs 1 (c), (d), (g), (h), (j), (k) and (l) of Schedule 2, up to a height of not less than 3 metres or the full height of the room whichever is lower;

(ii)in any rooms used for the cooling or storage of packaged fresh meat, up to a height of not less than the usable storage height; and

(iii)in any other room in which unpackaged fresh meat is handled, up to a height of not less than 2 metres

save that in cold stores erected before 1st January 1983, the interior walls of rooms where only frozen fresh meat is stored may be made of wood;

(c)rounded angles between floor and wall surfaces; save that in rooms of any cold stores in which only frozen meat is stored it shall not be compulsory for such angles to be rounded;

(d)doors and door frames of a hard wearing, corrosion-resistant material or, if made of wood, with a smooth, impermeable covering on all surfaces;

(e)a ceiling, or where there is no ceiling the interior surface of the roof, which is so constructed and finished as to minimise condensation, mould development, flaking and the lodgement of dirt, and which shall be kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable it to be thoroughly cleaned;

(f)insulation materials which are rot proof and odourless;

(g)suitable and sufficient means of ventilation to the external air (except in the case of a humidity-controlled or temperature controlled chamber) including, where necessary, adequate means of steam extraction; (all ventilation systems to be kept at all times in good working order); and

(h)adequate artificial lighting throughout the slaughterhall and workrooms; which lighting shall not distort colours and shall be of an overall intensity of not less than 220 lux; save that at places where inspection of fresh meat is normally carried out the overall intensity shall be not less than 540 lux.

3.  In rooms used for the storage of chilled or frozen fresh meat the directing of water towards drains in accordance with paragraph 2(a) above is not required.

4.  In rooms used for chilling or refrigerating fresh meat a device with which water may easily be removed is sufficient.

5.  In rooms used for freezing fresh meat, waterproof and rot proof flooring is sufficient.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(i) and (10), 8(1)(e) and 15(1)

SCHEDULE 2CONSTRUCTION, LAYOUT AND EQUIPMENT OF SLAUGHTERHOUSES (EXCEPT LOW THROUGHPUT SLAUGHTERHOUSES)—ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS

1.  In addition to the general requirements contained in Schedule 1 each slaughterhouse shall have—

(a)a means of controlling access to, and exit from, the premises;

(b)a suitable and sufficient lairage which—

(i)shall be adequately lit so as to enable the inspection of animals; and shall be so constructed that its walls and floors are of impermeable, durable and, in the case of floors, non-slip material and shall be so constructed and kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable them to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected;

(ii)shall include facilities for watering the animals and a lockable pen or pens with separate drainage in which animals which are diseased or injured, or suspected of being diseased or injured, may be isolated from other animals;

(c)a suitable, sufficient and suitably equipped slaughterhall for the slaughter of animals and dressing of slaughtered animals;

(d)a suitable, sufficient and separate slaughterhall for the slaughter and dressing of any animal which is diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured, where such animals are received at the slaughterhouse, which shall be capable or being securely locked; save that such a room shall not be required if—

(i)the animal is slaughtered after completion of the slaughter of animals which are not diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured and steps are taken to prevent contamination of fresh meat;

(ii)the premises are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected under supervision of an inspector or OVS before being used again for the slaughtering of animals which are not diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured; and

(iii)suitable and sufficient facilities are provided for the introduction of the body of an animal which is diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured into the slaughterhall in a manner which will not prejudice the hygienic operation of the slaughterhouse;

(e)a suitable system of overhead rails for the hygienic dressing and further handling of carcases; save that such a system shall not be required for the dressing of carcases where such a process can be carried out hygienically in a cradle or other equipment suitable for this purpose;

(f)a clear separation between the soiled and clean working areas of the building so as to protect the clean areas from contamination;

(g)suitable and sufficient facilities, capable of being securely locked, for the isolation of fresh meat requiring further examination by an inspector or OVS; such facilities to be refrigerated so as to enable the requirements of paragraph 1(q) of Schedule 9 to be complied with and to be provided with a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of fresh meat;

(h)a separate room or rooms capable of being securely locked for the retention of fresh meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption, unless—

(i)such meat is removed or destroyed as often as may be necessary and in any case at least once daily and the quantity of such meat is not sufficient to require the provision of a separate room or rooms;

(ii)suitable, sufficient and lockable receptacles with closely fitting covers are provided which are capable of being securely locked and which shall be used only for holding fresh meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption and are clearly marked to that effect;

(iii)any receptacles or chutes used to transport such meat are so constructed, installed and maintained as to avoid risk of contamination of fresh meat intended for human consumption;

(i)a suitable and sufficiently large refrigerated room or rooms for the cooling and storage of fresh meat, which room or rooms shall be equipped with corrosion-resistant fittings which prevent such meat from coming into contact with the floors and walls; and if used to store fresh meat already cooled, shall also have a recording thermometer or recording telethermometer;

(j)subject to paragraph 3 below, a suitable and sufficient room and facilities for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines; save that such a room and facilities shall not be required if—

(i)stomachs and intestines are removed unopened from the slaughterhall immediately after the post-mortem inspection and taken to the room or facilities referred to in sub-paragraph (h) above; or

(ii)the closed circuit mechanical equipment referred to in paragraph 3 below is provided;

(k)a suitable and sufficient room for the dressing of guts and tripe if this is carried out in the slaughterhouse; save that where a room is provided in accordance with sub-paragraph (j) above for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines, that room shall also be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the dressing of guts and tripe provided such dressing can be carried out in a manner avoiding cross-contamination;

(l)a suitable and sufficient room for the preparation and cleaning of offal (other than the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines and the dressing of guts and tripe) and which includes a separate area for handling heads at a sufficient distance from other offal, if these operations are carried out in the slaughterhouse other than on the slaughterline;

(m)a suitable and sufficient room or place for the wrapping and packaging of offal if this is done in the slaughterhouse; save that preparation, cleaning, wrapping and packaging of offal may take place in the same room provided the requirements of paragraph 2 of Part II of Schedule 13 are observed;

(n)a suitable room for the storage under hygienic conditions of wrapping and packaging material where offal is wrapped or packaged in the slaughterhouse;

(o)a suitable and sufficient room for the storage of hides and skins unless they are to be collected and taken away daily;

(p)a suitable and sufficient room or rooms for the storage of horns, hooves, fat and other waste material unless these are to be collected and taken away daily; save that where a room is provided in accordance with sub-paragraph (o) above for the storage of hides and skins that room shall also be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the storage of horns, hooves, fat and other waste material;

(q)a room suitably equipped for carrying out an examination for trichinellosis where such examination is carried out in the slaughterhouse;

(r)an OVS room;

(s)a manure bay save that, where sheep are slaughtered, a manure pit may be used if manure is stored within the boundary of the slaughterhouse and the receptacles referred to in sub-paragraph 1(g) of Schedule 1 are insufficient for holding such material; (such a bay or pit to have impervious walls and floors and to be drained into suitable outlets);

(t)a suitable and separate place (which may be situated outside the boundary of the slaughterhouse) and adequate equipment, for cleaning and disinfecting vehicles used for the transport of animals;

(u)a suitable and separate place (which may be situated outside the boundary of the slaughterhouse) and adequate equipment, for cleaning and disinfecting vehicles used for the transport of fresh meat.

2.  In the case of the slaughterhouse where swine and other animals are slaughtered, and a separate room for the slaughter and dressing of swine does not exist,

(a)the slaughterhouse shall, where this takes place, contain suitable and sufficient accommodation for the scalding, depilation, scraping and singeing of swine;

(b)such operations shall be performed at a different time from the slaughter and dressing of other animals or in a place which is separated from the slaughterline for other species either by an open space of at least 5 metres or by a partition at least 3 metres high;

(c)similar separation shall be required between the sections of any slaughterline for swine in the event of any bends in that line bringing subsequent operations into the vicinity of the section used for scalding, depilation, scraping and singeing.

3.  The room and facilities referred to in sub-paragraph 1(j) above shall not be required in any slaughterhouse in which the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines is carried out in the slaughterhouse by means of closed circuit mechanical equipment which has a suitable system of ventilation and which satisfies the following requirements, that is to say—

(i)the equipment is installed and arranged in such a manner that operations for separating intestines from the stomach and for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs can be carried out hygienically and the equipment is located in a special place which is clearly separated from any exposed fresh meat by a partition stretching from the floor to a height of at least three metres and surrounding the area where these operations are carried out;

(ii)the design and operation of the equipment effectively prevents any contamination of fresh meat;

(iii)an air extractor is installed in the equipment which eliminates odours and any risk of aerosol contamination;

(iv)the equipment contains a device for ensuring the closed-circuit evacuation of the residual water and the content of stomachs to the slaughterhouse drainage system;

(v)the routes followed by stomachs to and from the equipment are clearly separated and at a suitable distance from the routes followed by other fresh meat;

(vi)stomachs are removed from such equipment in a hygienic manner immediately they have been emptied and cleaned; and

(vii)staff handling stomachs do not handle, or have access to any other fresh meat.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(ii) and (10) and 8(1)(e)

SCHEDULE 3CONSTRUCTION, LAYOUT AND EQUIPMENT OF CUTTING PREMISES (EXCEPT LOW THROUGHPUT CUTTING PREMISES) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS

1.  In addition to the general requirements contained in Schedule 1 all cutting premises shall have—

(a)suitable and sufficient refrigerated rooms, provided with a recording thermometer or recording telethermometer for each room for—

(i)the storage of fresh meat; and

(ii)the separate storage of packaged fresh meat;

(b)a room for cutting up fresh meat and for wrapping fresh meat in accordance with the requirements of Part I of Schedule 13, such room to have a recording thermometer or recording telethermometer;

(c)a separate room or rooms capable of being securely locked for the retention of fresh meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption, unless such meat is removed as often as may be necessary, and in any case at least once daily, and the quantity of such meat is not sufficient to require the provision of a separate room or rooms; in such circumstances suitable, sufficient and lockable recepticals with closely fitting covers to be provided which shall be used only for holding fresh meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption and to be clearly marked to that effect; any chutes used to transport such meat to be so constructed and installed as to avoid any risk of contamination of fresh meat which has been declared fit;

(d)a suitable and separate room for the packaging of cut fresh meat; except that cutting, boning, wrapping and packaging of fresh meat may take place in the same room provided the requirements of paragraph 2 of Part II of Schedule 13 are observed;

(e)a suitable room for the storage under hygienic conditions of wrapping and packing material where such operations are carried out in the cutting plant;

(f)an OVS room; and

(g)a suitable place, (which may be situated outside the boundary of the cutting premises) and adequate equipment, for the cleaning and disinfection of vehicles used for the transport of fresh meat.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(iii)and(10) and 8(1)(e)

SCHEDULE 4CONSTRUCTION, LAYOUT AND EQUIPMENT OF COLD STORES—ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS

1.  In addition to the general requirements contained in Schedule 1 every cold store shall have—

(a)a suitable system of overhead rails for the handling of carcases and wholesale cuts, except in any cold store in which only packaged fresh meat is handled and stored;

(b)sufficiently large chilling and refrigeration rooms, which are easy to clean, with adequate means and procedures to enable the internal temperature of fresh meat to be maintained at not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts, +3°C for offal and –12°C for frozen fresh meat;

(c)a recording thermometer or recording telethermometer in or for each storage area;

(d)OVS facilities; and

(e)except in any cold store in which only packaged fresh meat is handled and stored, a suitable place, (which may be situated outside the boundary of the cold store) and adequate equipment, for the cleaning and disinfection of vehicles used for the transport of fresh meat.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(i) and (ii) and (10), 8(1)(e) and 15(1)

SCHEDULE 5CONSTRUCTION, LAYOUT AND EQUIPMENT OF LOW THROUGHPUT SLAUGHTERHOUSES AND LOW THROUGHPUT CUTTING PREMISES

PART 1GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.  All low throughput slaughterhouses and low throughput cutting premises shall have

(a)a clearly defined boundary;

(b)at places readily accessible to the work stations and sanitary conveniences, suitable facilities, that is to say—

(i)an adequate supply of hot and cold running water, or pre-mixed running water at a suitable temperature, and sufficient supplies of soap or other detergent for the cleaning and disinfection of hands by persons handling fresh meat; and

(ii)an hygienic means of drying hands;

(c)in rooms where work on fresh meat is undertaken, suitable and sufficient facilities, situated as close as possible to or readily accessible to the work stations, for the disinfection of knives and other hand tools, such facilities to be adequately supplied with water which shall be maintained at a temperature of not less than +82°C;

(d)adequate protection against the entry of insects, vermin and birds;

(e)equipment and fittings

(i)of a durable, impermeable and corrosion-resistant material (not being made of wood) not liable to taint meat and of such construction as to enable them to be kept clean and disinfected;

(ii)If to be used for handling, storing or transporting fresh meat to be so constructed that fresh meat and the base of any receptacles containing such meat do not come into contact with the floor;

(f)suitable, sufficient and separate receptacles with closely fitting covers for collecting and removing all waste and fresh meat not intended for human consumption;

(g)a suitable and sufficient room or rooms capable of being securely locked for the retention of fresh meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption, unless—

(i)such meat is removed or destroyed as often as may be necessary and in any case at least once daily and the quantity of such meat is not sufficient to require the provision of a separate room or rooms;

(ii)suitable and sufficient receptacles to be provided which are capable of being securely locked and which shall be used only for holding fresh meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption and are clearly marked to that effect;

(iii)any receptacles or chutes used to transport such meat are so constructed and installed and maintained as to avoid any risk of contamination of fresh meat intended for human consumption;

(h)subject to paragraph 2 below, suitable refrigeration equipment to enable the internal temperature of fresh meat to be maintained at not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts, +3°C for offal and –12°C for frozen fresh meat; such equipment to have a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of fresh meat;

(i)subject to paragraph 2 below, a suitable and sufficiently large refrigerated room or rooms for the cooling and storage of fresh meat, equipped with corrosion-resistant fittings which prevent such meat from coming into contact with the floors and walls;

(j)water, that is to say—

(i)a sufficient, clean and wholesome supply of hot and cold water or water premixed to a suitable temperature, available at an adequate pressure; and in each case meeting the requirements of Council Directive 89/778/EEC;

(ii)the separation of any other water so that it may be used only for the purpose of fire fighting or the operation of refrigerators or steam boilers, and so that pipes carrying such water shall be arranged so as not to allow any such water to be used for any other purpose; and that all such pipes shall be clearly distinguished from those used for water which is clean and wholesome and shall present no risk of contamination to fresh meat; and

(iii)if water is stored, covered tanks to contain it of such construction as to enable them to be emptied and kept clean;

(k)satisfactory drainage, fitted with gratings and traps for solids, which shall be maintained in proper working order; save that, in rooms provided for the cooling or storage of fresh meat, gratings and traps shall not be required;

(l)a sanitary convenience; the room in which the convenience is situated shall not communicate directly with any room or area in which fresh meat is being produced, cut up, handled, worked on or stored or any such room as is referred to in paragraph 1(g) or Part I of this Schedule;

(m)adequate space and facilities for the efficient performance at any time of inspections required by these Regulations;

(n)access to suitable, sufficient and adequately equipped facilities where persons working in the premises may change their clothes, not being any part of the premises which at any time contain fresh meat; and

(o)OVS facilities.

2.  The equipment and rooms referred to in paragraphs 1(h) and (i) above are not required where fresh meat is removed from any low throughput slaughterhouse within 24 hours of slaughter for delivery to cutting premises or butchers' shops and can be taken there within one hour.

3.  Every room in any low throughout slaughterhouse or cutting premises in which any fresh meat is produced, worked on handled or stored shall have—

(a)floors and floor surfaces of impermeable, rot proof, non-slip and durable material, which shall be so constructed and kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable them to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected; (such floors shall be laid in such a way as to facilitate the drainage of water);

(b)interior wall surfaces faced with a smooth, durable, impermeable and washable material (which shall be of a light colour) to the following heights—

(i)in any of the rooms referred to in sub-paragraph 1(g) of Part I of this Schedule, and in sub-paragraphs 1(b),(e),(f),(g) and (i) of Part II of this Schedule, up to a height of not less than 3 metres or the full height of the room whichever is lower;

(ii)in rooms used for the cooling or storage of fresh meat, up to a height of not less than the usable storage height;

(iii)in any other room in which unpackaged fresh meat is handled, up to a height of not less than 2 metres;

save that in premises erected before 1st July 1991 such interior walls of rooms where only frozen fresh meat is stored may be made of wood;

(c)doors and door frames of a hard wearing, corrosion-resistant material or, if made of wood, with a smooth, impermeable covering on all surfaces;

(d)a ceiling, or where, there is no ceiling the interior surface of the roof, which is so constructed and finished so as to minimise condensation, mould development, flaking and the lodgement of dirt, and which shall be kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable it to be thoroughly cleaned;

(e)insulation materials which are rot proof and odourless;

(f)suitable and sufficient means of ventilation to the external air (except in the case of a humidity-controlled or temperature controlled chamber) including, where necessary, adequate means of steam extraction (all ventilation systems to be kept at all times in good working order); and

(g)adequate artificial lighting throughout the slaughterhall and workrooms; which lighting shall not distort colours and shall be of an overall intensity of not less than 220 lux, save that at places where inspection of fresh meat is normally carried out the overall intensity shall be not less than 540 lux.

Part IIAdditional Requirements

1.  In addition to the general requirements contained in Part I of this Schedule each low throughput slaughterhouse shall have—

(a)a suitable and sufficient lairage which

(i)shall be adequately lit so as to enable the inspection of animals; and shall be so constructed that its walls and floors are of impermeable, durable and, in the case of floors, non-slip material and shall be so constructed and kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable them to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected;

(ii)shall include a lockable pen or pens, or other suitable means and facilities, to enable animals which are diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured to be isolated from other animals;

(b)a suitable, sufficient and suitably equipped slaughterhall for the slaughter of animals and dressing of slaughtered animals;

(c)a suitable system of overhead rails for the hygienic dressing and further handling of carcases; save that such a system shall not be required for the dressing of carcases provided such a process can be carried out hygienically in a cradle or other equipment suitable for this purpose;

(d)a clearly separated area in the slaughterhall intended for the stunning and bleeding of animals;

(e)a suitable and sufficient room and facilities for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines; save that such a room and facilities shall not be required if—

(i)stomachs and intestines are removed unopened from the slaughterhall immediately after the post-mortem inspection and taken to the room or put in the receptacles referred to in sub-paragraph 1(g) of Part I (save that where there is a significant delay between slaughter and post-mortem inspection stomachs and intestines shall be placed in suitable and sufficient facilities, and protected from the risk of contamination, whilst awaiting post-mortem inspection); or

(ii)the closed circuit mechanical equipment referred to in paragraph 3 of Schedule 2 is provided;

(f)a suitable and sufficient room for the dressing of guts and tripe if this is carried out in the slaughterhouse; save that where a room is provided in accordance with sub-paragraph (e) above for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines, that room shall also be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the dressing of guts and tripe provided such dressing can be carried out in a manner avoiding cross-contamination;

(g)suitable and sufficient facilities capable of being securely locked, for the isolation of fresh meat requiring further examination by an OVS or inspector; such facilities to be refrigerated so as to enable the requirements of paragraph l(q) of Schedule 9 to be complied with and to be provided with a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of fresh meat; except that refrigeration facilities shall not be required where fresh meat is removed from any low throughput slaughterhouse within 24 hours of slaughter for delivery to cutting premises or butchers' shops and such transportation can be completed within one hour;

(h)a suitable and sufficient room or place for the wrapping or packaging of offal if this is done in the slaughterhouse during slaughtering operations, save that preparation, cleaning, wrapping and packaging of offal may take place in the same room provided the requirements of paragraph 2 of Part II of Schedule 13 are observed;

(i)a suitable and sufficient room or place for the preparation and cleaning of offal if this is done in the slaughterhouse during slaughtering operations;

(j)suitable facilities for the storage under hygienic conditions of wrapping and packaging material where offal is wrapped or packaged in the slaughterhouse;

(k)a suitable and sufficient leakproof facility for the storage of hides and skins unless they are to be collected and taken away daily;

(l)a suitable and sufficient room or rooms for the storage of horns, hooves, fat and other waste material unless these are to be collected and taken away daily; save that where facilities are provided in accordance with sub-paragraph (k) above for the storage of hides and skins, those facilities shall also be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the storage of horns, hooves, fat and other waste material;

(m)a manure bay, save that, where sheep are slaughtered, a manure pit may be used if manure is stored within the boundary of the premises and the receptacles referred to in paragraph (f) of Part I of this Schedule are insufficient for holding such material; (such a bay or pit to have impervious walls and floors and be drained into suitable outlets); and

(n)a means of introduction of the body of an animal which is diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured into the slaughterhall in a manner which will not prejudice the hygienic operation of the slaughterhouse, save that such a means of introduction shall not be required if—

(i)the animal is slaughtered after completion of the slaughter of animals which are not diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured and steps are taken to prevent contamination of fresh meat; and

(ii)the premises are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected under the supervision of an inspector or an OVS before being used again for the slaughtering of animals which are not diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(iv) and (v), 8(1)(e), 15(4) and 18(3)

SCHEDULE 6OPERATION AND CONSTRUCTION OF FARMED GAME HANDLING FACILITIES AND FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES

PART IGENERAL REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO FARMED GAME HANDLING FACILITIES

1.  The occupier of every farmed game handling facility shall ensure that—

(a)farmed game intended for slaughter there undergoes adequate veterinary inspection;

(b)the Minister is informed at least 72 hours in advance of the date and time on which farmed game is to be slaughtered in such premises;

(c)the premises have a suitable place for gathering farmed game where anti-mortem health inspections can be carried out;

(d)the premises have suitable and sufficient accommodation, facilities and equipment for the slaughter of farmed game and for the bleeding and handling of the bodies of such animals;

(e)farmed game animals are subjected to ante-mortem health inspection in accordance with Schedule 8 not more than 72 hours prior to slaughter;

(f)after shooting or stunning, the bodies of farmed game animals are bled in an approved manner;

(g)the bodies of slaughtered farmed game are hung as quickly as possible after bleeding and are transported as soon as practicable under satisfactory hygiene conditions to a slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility for the purpose of dressing and post-mortem inspection; and are accompanied during transport to the slaughterhouse by the certificate referred to in Schedule 20; and if the bodies of slaughtered farmed game cannot be transported so as to reach the slaughterhouse or farmed game processing ability within one hour of slaughter, they are transported there in a container or vehicle in which the ambient temperature is maintained at between 0°C and + 4°C;

(h)the equipment used for the slaughter and bleeding of farmed game is of a durable, impermeable and corrosion-resistant material not liable to taint the meat;

(i)the equipment referred to in sub-paragraph (h) above is cleaned and is infected in accordance with paragraph 3(d) of Part I of Schedule 7; and

(j)ensure that all equipment and implements which come into contact with farmed game are kept in a good state of repair and all fixtures, fittings and equipment are kept clean.

PART IIGENERAL REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES

1.  The farmed game processing facility shall have—

(a)a clearly defined boundary with means of controlling access to and from the premises;

(b)at places readily accessible to the work stations and sanitary conveniences, suitable facilities, that is to say—

(i)an adequate supply (provided otherwise than by taps operable by hand or arm) of hot and cold running water, or pre-mixed running water at a suitable temperature, and sufficient supplies of soap or other detergent for the cleaning and disinfection of hands by persons handling fresh meat; and

(ii)an hygienic means of drying hands;

(c)in rooms where work on farmed game meat is undertaken, suitable and sufficient facilities, situated as close as possible to or readily accessible to the work stations, for the disinfection of knives and other hand tools, such facilities to be adequately supplied with water which shall be maintained at a temperature of not less than +82°C;

(d)adequate space and facilities for the efficient performance at any time of inspections required by these Regulations;

(e)equipment and fittings

(i)of a durable, impermeable and corrosion-resistant material (not being made of wood) not liable to taint meat and of such construction as to enable them to be kept clean and disinfected;

(ii)if to be used for handling, storing or transporting farmed game meat to be so constructed that farmed game meat and the base of any receptacles containing such meat do not come into contact with the floor; the surfaces of any equipment and fittings which are likely to come into contact with unpackaged farmed game meat to be kept smooth;

(f)facilities for the hygienic handling and protection of farmed game meat during loading and unloading;

(g)suitable and sufficient receptacles with closely fitting covers for collecting and removing all waste and farmed game meat not intended for human consumption;

(h)suitable refrigeration equipment to enable the internal temperature of farmed game meat to be maintained at not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts, +3°C for offal and –12°C for frozen farmed game meat, such equipment to have a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of farmed game meat;

(i)a suitable and sufficiently large refrigerated room or rooms for the cooling and storage of farmed game meat, equipped with corrosion-resistant fittings which prevent such meat from coming into contact with the floors and walls; where a refrigerated room is used to store farmed meat already cooled, it shall also have a recording thermometer or recording telethermometer;

(j)water, that is to say—

(i)a sufficient, clean and wholesome supply of hot and cold water, or water premixed to a suitable temperature available at an adequate pressure; and in each case meeting the requirements of Council Directive 80/778/EEC;

(ii)the separation of any water so that it may be used only for the purpose of fire fighting or the operation of refrigerators or steam boilers, and so that pipes carrying such water shall be arranged so as not to allow any such water to be used for any other purpose; and that all such pipes shall clearly be distinguished from those used for water which is clean and wholesome and shall present no risk of contamination to farmed game meat; and

(iii)if water is stored, fully covered tanks to contain it which tanks shall be of such construction as to enable them to be emptied and kept clean;

(k)satisfactory drainage, fitted with gratings and traps for solids, which shall be maintained in proper working order; save that, in rooms provided for the cooling or storage of farmed game meat, gratings and traps shall not be required;

(l)an arrangement of rooms so that

(i)there are suitable, sufficient and adequately equipped rooms for persons working in the premises to change their clothes, and sanitary conveniences, separate from any part of the premises which at any time contain farmed game meat;

(ii)clean protective clothing is stored separately from other clothing;

(iii)surfaces of the walls and floors of such rooms are smooth, washable and impermeable; and

(iv)any room in which a sanitary convenience is situated shall not communicate directly with any room or area in which farmed game meat is being produced, cut up, handled, worked on or stored or in any such room as is referred to in sub-paragraph (s) below;

(m)sufficient and adequately equipped showers which are for the use of persons working in the premises and are situated near the rooms where such persons may change their clothes;

(n)suitable facilities for the storage of detergents, disinfectants and similar substances;

(o)adequate protection against the entry of insects, vermin and birds;

(p)a suitable and sufficient room for the dressing of carcases of farmed game;

(q)a suitable system of overhead rails for the hygienic dressing and further handling of carcases; save that such a system shall not be required for the dressing of carcases where such a process can be carried out hygienically in a cradle or other equipment suitable for this purpose;

(r)suitable and sufficient facilities, capable of being securely locked, for the isolation of farmed game meat requiring further examination by an OVS or inspector, such facilities to be refrigerated so as to enable the requirements of paragraph 1(q) of Schedule 9 to be complied with and to be provided with a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of farmed game meat;

(s)a separate room or rooms capable of being securely locked for the retention of farmed game meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption, unless—

(i)such meat is removed or destroyed as often as may be necessary, and in any case at least once daily, and the quantity of such meat is not sufficient to require the provision of a separate room or rooms;

(ii)suitable, sufficient receptacles with closely fitting covers shall be provided which are capable of being securely locked and which shall be used only for holding farmed game meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption and are clearly market to that effect;

(iii)any chutes or receptacles used to transport such meat are so constructed and installed and maintained as to avoid risk of contamination of farmed game meat intended for human consumption;

(t)a suitable and sufficient room and facilities for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines; save that such a room and facilities shall not be required if—

(i)stomachs and intestines are removed unopened from the dressing room immediately after the post-mortem inspection and taken to the room or receptacles referred to in sub-paragraph (s) above; or (ii) the closed-circuit mechanical equipment referred to in paragraph 3 of Schedule 2 is provided;

(u)a suitable and sufficient room for the dressing of guts and tripe if this is carried out in the premises; save that where a room is provided in accordance with sub-paragraph (t) above for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines, that room shall also be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the dressing of guts and tripe provided such dressing can be carried out in a manner avoiding cross-contamination;

(v)a suitable and sufficient room for the preparation and cleaning of offal (other than the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines and the dressing of guts and tripe) and which includes a separate area for handling heads at a sufficient distance from other offal, if these operations are carried out in the premises other than on the dressing line;

(w)a suitable and sufficient room or place for the packaging of offal if this is done in the premises; save that preparation, cleaning, wrapping and packaging of offal may take place in the same room provided the requirements of paragraph 2 of Part II of Schedule 13 are observed;

(x)a suitable room for the storage under hygienic conditions of wrapping and packaging material where offal is wrapped or packaged in the premises;

(y)a suitable and sufficient room for the storage of hides and skins unless they are to be collected and taken away daily;

(z)a suitable and sufficient room or rooms for the storage of antlers, hooves, fat and other waste material unless these are to be collected and taken away daily; save that where a room is provided in accordance with sub-paragraph (y) above for the storage of hides and skins, that room shall also be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the storage of antlers, hooves, fat and other waste material;

(aa)an OVS room;

(bb)if the bodies of slaughtered farmed game are received from other premises, a suitable and separate place (which may be situated outside the boundary of the premises), and adequate equipment, for cleaning and disinfecting vehicles used for transporting the bodies of slaughtered farmed game;

(cc)a suitable and separate place (which may be situated outside the boundary of the premises) and adequate equipment, for cleaning and disinfecting vehicles used for the transport of farmed game meat;

(dd)satisfactory and hygienic facilities for the disposal of solid and liquid waste;

(ee)a clear separation between the soiled and clean working areas of the building so as to protect the clean areas from the contamination; and

(ff)a room suitably equipped for carrying out an examination for trichinellosis where such examination is carried out in the premises.

2.  Every room in which farmed game meat is produced, worked on, handled or stored and any area through which farmed game meat is transported shall have—

(a)floors and floor surfaces of impermeable, rot proof, non-slip and durable material, which shall be so constructed and kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable them to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected; (such floors shall be laid in such a way as to facilitate the drainage of waste water);

(b)interior wall surfaces faced with a smooth, durable, impermeable and washable material (which shall be of a light colour) to the following heights—

(i)in any of the rooms referred to in sub-paragraphs 1(p), (r), (s), (t), (u) and (v) above up to a height of not less than 3 metres or the full height of the room whichever is lower;

(ii)in any room used for the cooling or storage of farmed game meat, up to a height of not less than the usable storage height;

(iii)in any other rooms in which unpackaged farmed game meat is handled, up to a height of not less than 2 metres;

(c)rounded angles between floor and wall surfaces; save that in rooms of any premises in which only frozen farmed game meat is stored such angles need not be rounded;

(d)doors and door frames of a hard wearing, corrosion-resistant material or, if made of wood, with a smooth, impermeable covering on all surfaces;

(e)a ceiling, or, where there is no ceiling the interior surfaces of the roof, which is so constructed and finished so as to minimise condensation, mould development, flaking and the lodgement of dirt, and to be kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable it to be thoroughly cleansed;

(f)insulation materials which are rot proof and odourless;

(g)suitable and sufficient means of ventilation to the external air (except in the case of a humidity-controlled or temperature controlled chamber) including, where necessary, adequate means of steam extraction; (all ventilation systems shall at all times be kept in good working order); and

(h)adequate artificial lighting throughout the workrooms; which lighting shall not distort colours and shall be of an overall intensity of not less than 220 lux; save that all places where inspection of farmed game meat is normally carried out the overall intensity shall be not less than 540 lux.

3.  The occupier of every farmed game processing facility shall ensure that the requirements of Schedule 7 are observed.

PART IIIGENERAL REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO LOW THROUGHPUT FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES

1.  All low throughput farmed game processing facilities shall have—

(a)a clearly defined boundary;

(b)at places readily accessible to the work stations and sanitary conveniences, suitable facilities, that is to say—

(i)an adequate supply of hot and cold running water, or pre-mixed running water at a suitable temperature, and sufficient supplies of soap or other detergent for the cleaning and disinfection of hands by persons handling fresh meat; and

(ii)an hygienic means of drying hands;

(c)in rooms where work on farmed game meat is undertaken, suitable and sufficient facilities, situated as close as possible to or readily accessible to the work stations, for the disinfection of knives and other hand tools, such facilities to be adequately supplied with water which shall be maintained at a temperature of not less that +82°C:

(d)adequate space and facilities for the efficient performance at any time of inspections required by these Regulations;

(e)equipment and fittings—

(i)of a durable, impermeable and corrosion-resistant material (not being made of wood) not liable to taint meat and of such construction as to enable them to be kept clean and disinfected;

(ii)if to be used for handling, storing or transporting farmed game meat, to be so constructed that farmed game meat and the base of any receptacles containing such meat do not come into contact with the floor;

(f)suitable an sufficient receptacles with closely fitting covers for collecting and removing all waste and farmed game meat not intended for human consumption;

(g)subject to paragraph 2 below, suitable refrigeration equipment to enable the internal temperature of farmed game meat to be maintained at not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts, +3°C for offal and -12°C for frozen farmed game meat; such equipment to have a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of farmed game meat;

(h)subject to paragraph 2 below, a suitable and sufficiently large refrigerated room or rooms for the cooling and storage of farmed game meat equipped with corrosion-resistant fittings which prevent such meat from coming into contact with the floor and walls;

(i)water, that is to say—

(i)a sufficient, clean and wholesome supply of hot and cold water, or water premixed to a suitable temperature, available at an adequate pressure, and in each case meeting the requirements of Council Directive 80/778/EEC;

(ii)the separation of any other water so that it may be used only for the purpose of fire fighting or the operation of refrigerators or steam boilers, and so that pipes carrying such water shall be arranged so as not to allow any such water to be used for any other purpose; and that all such pipes shall clearly be distinguished from those used for water which is clean and wholesome and shall present no risk of contamination to farmed game meat; and

(iii)if water is stored, in fully covered tanks to contain it, which tanks shall be of such construction as to enable them to be emptied and kept clean;

(j)satisfactory drainage, fitted with gratings and traps for solids, which shall be maintained in proper working order; save that, in rooms provided for the cooling or storage of fresh meat, gratings and traps shall not be required;

(k)a sanitary convenience; the room in which the convenience is situated shall not communicate directly with any room or area in which farmed game meat is being produced, cut up, handled, worked on or stored or in any such room as is referred to in sub-paragraph 1(q) below;

(l)adequate protection against the entry of insects, vermin and birds;

(m)a suitable and sufficient room for the dressing of carcases of farmed game;

(n)a suitable system of overhead rails for the hygienic dressing and further handling of carcases; save that such a system shall not be required for the dressing of carcases where such a process can be carried out hygienically in a cradle or other equipment suitable for this purpose;

(o)suitable and sufficient facilities, capable of being securely locked, for the isolation of farmed game meat requiring further examination by an OVS or inspector; such facilities to be refrigerated so as to enable the requirements of paragraph 1(q) of Schedule 9 to be complied with and to be provided with a drainage system which avoids risk of contamination of farmed game meat except that refrigeration facilities shall not be required where farmed game meat is removed from any low throughput farmed game processing facility within 24 hours of slaughter for delivery to cutting premises or butchers' shops and such transportation can be completed within one hour;

(p)a suitable and sufficient room or rooms capable of being securely locked for the retention of farmed game meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption unless—

(i)such meat is removed or destroyed as often as may be necessary, and in any case at least once daily, and the quantity of such meat is not sufficient to require the provision of a separate room or rooms;

(ii)suitable and sufficient receptacles with closely fittings covers shall be provided which are capable of being securely locked and which shall be used only for holding farmed game meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption and are clearly marked to that effect;

(iii)any chutes or receptacles used to transport such meat are so constructed and installed and maintained as to avoid risk of contamination of farmed game meat intended for human consumption;

(q)a suitable and sufficient room and facilities for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines; save that such a room and facilities shall not be required if—

(i)stomachs and intestines are removed unopened from the dressing room immediately after the post-mortem inspection and taken to the room or receptacles referred to in sub-paragraph (p) above (save that where there is a significant delay between slaughter and post-mortem inspection stomachs and intestines shall be placed in suitable and sufficient facilities, and protected from the risk of contamination, whilst awaiting post-mortem inspection); or

(ii)the closed-circuit mechanical equipment referred to in paragraph 3 of Schedule 2 is provided;

(r)a suitable and sufficient room for the dressing of guts and tripe if this is carried out in the premises; save that where a room is provided in accordance with sub-paragraph (q) above for the emptying and cleaning of stomachs and intestines, that room shall be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the dressing of guts and tripe provided such dressing can be carried out in a manner avoiding cross-contamination;

(s)a suitable and sufficient room or place for the wrapping and packaging of offal if this is done in the premises during dressing operations, save that preparation, cleaning, wrapping and packaging of offal may take place in the same room provided the requirements of paragraph 2 of Part II of Schedule 13 are observed;

(t)a suitable and sufficient room or place for the preparation and cleaning of offal if this is done in the premises during dressing operation;

(u)suitable facilities for the storage under hygienic conditions of wrapping and packaging material where offal is wrapped or packaged in the premises; save that preparation, cleaning wrapping and packaging of offal may take place in the same room provided the requirements of paragraph 2 of Part II of Schedule 13 are observed;

(v)a suitable and sufficient leakproof facility for the storage of hides and skins unless they are to be collected and taken away daily;

(w)a suitable and sufficient room or rooms for the storage of antlers, hooves, fat and other waste material unless these are to be collected and taken away daily; save that where a facility is provided in accordance with subparagraph (v) above for the storage of hides and skins, that facility shall also be regarded as suitable and sufficient for the storage of antlers, hooves, fat and other waste material; and

(x)OVS facilities.

2.  The equipment and rooms referred to in sub-paragraphs 1(g) and (h) above shall not be required where fresh meat is removed from any low throughput farmed game processing facility within 24 hours of slaughter for delivery to cutting premises or butchers' shops and such transportation can be completed within one hour.

(3)  Every room in which farmed game meat is produced, worked on, handled or stored and any area through which farmed game meat is transported shall have—

(a)floors and floor surfaces of impermeable, rot proof non-slip and durable material, which shall be so constructed and kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable them to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected; such floors shall be laid in such a way as to facilitate the drainage of water;

(b)interior wall surfaces faced with a smooth, durable, impermeable and washable material (which shall be of a light colour) to the following heights—

(i)in any of the rooms referred to in paragraph 1(m), (p), (q), (r), (s) and (t) above up to a height of not less than 3 metres or the full height of the room, whichever is lower;

(ii)in any rooms used for the cooling or storage of farmed game meat, up to a height of not less than the usable storage height;

(iii)in any other room in which unpackaged farmed game meat is handled, up to a height of not less than 2 metres;

(c)doors and door frames of a hard wearing, corrosion-resistant material or, if made of wood, with a smooth, impermeable covering on all surfaces;

(d)a ceiling, or where there is no ceiling the interior surface of the roof, which is so constructed and finished as to minimise condensation, mould development, flaking and the lodgement of dirt, and which shall be kept in such good order, repair and condition as to enable it to be thoroughly cleaned;

(e)insulation materials which are rotproof and odourless;

(f)suitable and sufficient means of ventilation to the external air (except in the case of a humidity-controlled or temperature controlled chamber) including, where necessary, adequate means of steam extraction; (all ventilation systems to be kept at all times in good working order); and

(g)adequate artificial lighting throughout the workrooms; which lighting shall not distort colours and shall be an overall intensity of not less than 220 lux; save that at places where inspection of farmed game meat is normally carried out the overall intensity shall be not less than 540 lux.

4.  The occupier of every low throughput farmed game processing facility shall ensure that the requirements of Schedule 7 are observed.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(i), (ii), (iii) and (v), 8(1)(e) and 13(1)(c)

SCHEDULE 7HYGIENE REQUIREMENTS IN RELATION TO STAFF, PREMISES, EQUIPMENT AND IMPLEMENTS

PART IREQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE IN ALL PREMISES

1.  The occupier of any premises shall keep them, or cause them to be kept, in such a state of cleanliness and otherwise so conduct them as to prevent the risk of contamination of any fresh meat in the premises or, in the case of any slaughterhouse, of any blood intended for human consumption, and in particular shall—

(a)ensure that, subject to paragraph 3 of Schedule 9 and sub-paragraph 2(a) of Schedule 11, the premises and any plant, equipment, machinery or implements contained in them are not used for any purpose which is not properly connected with the preparation and storage of fresh meat, and that instruments for cutting up such meat are used solely for that purpose;

(b)ensure that fresh meat and the base of receptacles which contain, or may at any time contain, such meat do not come into contact with any floors, doors, columns, pillars or any other surfaces of any room;

(c)ensure that fresh meat requiring further examination by an inspector or OVS or rejected as unfit for human consumption is handled and transported in a manner avoiding contamination of fresh meat which has been declared fit for human consumption;

(d)ensure that fresh meat or blood intended for human consumption does not come into contact with any fresh meat requiring further examination by an inspector or OVS or rejected as being unfit for human consumption or the inedible by-products of the slaughtering of animals;

(e)ensure that tanks containing water used in the premises are kept fully covered and maintained in a clean state;

(f)where the premises are supplied with water which is only suitable for the purpose of fire fighting or the operation of refrigerators or steam boilers, ensure that any such water is not used for any other purpose;

(g)ensure that all detergents, disinfectants, pesticides and rodenticides used in the premises are of such a kind and are used in such a manner as not to affect the fitness of any fresh meat;

(h)ensure that all equipment and implements which come into contact with fresh meat are kept in a good state of repair and all fixtures, fittings and equipment are kept clean;

(i)ensure that sawdust or any similar substance is not spread on floors;

(j)cause the interior surfaces of any room or other place in which fresh meat or by-products are produced, cut up, handled, stored or packaged, and any room used for the retention of such meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption, to be cleaned and disinfected as often as may be necessary to maintain them at all times in a satisfactory state of cleanliness and in such condition as to prevent the absorption of any blood, refuse, filth or other offensive matter; and ensure that, in any event, the wall and floor surfaces of any room in which fresh meat is produced or cut up shall be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected when such operations are completed for the day;

(k)cause the changing rooms to be kept clean;

(l)ensure that any vehicles referred to in paragraph 1(t) and (u) of Schedule 2, paragraph 1(g) of Schedule 3 and paragraph 1(bb) and (cc) of Part II of Schedule 6 for which he is responsible are thoroughly cleaned and disinfected after use in the place provided for such purpose;

(m)cause every sanitary convenience, and the room in which it is situated to be kept clean and every sanitary convenience to be maintained in efficient working order and to be provided with an adequate supply of toilet paper held in a suitable fitting;

(n)ensure that all washing facilities are kept clean and in good working order;

(o)cause a clearly legible notice requesting users to wash their hands after using the convenience to be affixed and maintained in a prominent position near every sanitary convenience;

(p)take all reasonable steps to ensure that no waste, whether solid or liquid, is deposited or allowed to accumulate in premises;

(q)ensure that receptacles (other than manure bays or manure pits) which contain blood, manure, garbage, filth or refuse are kept covered with closely fitting covers; and

(r)ensure that rodents, insects and other vermin are systematically destroyed.

2.—(1) No person shall engage in the handling of fresh meat if he is suffering from or suspected of suffering from, or is the carrier of, any disease or condition which may render a person liable to contaminate fresh meat, or is wearing a bandage on the hands or forearms other than a waterproof dressing protecting a non-infected wound.

(2) As soon as any person engaged in the handling of fresh meat or blood intended for human consumption becomes aware that he is suffering from, or is the carrier of, such disease or condition he shall forthwith give notice of the fact to the occupier or person in charge of the premises.

3.  Every person engaged in slaughtering animals or working on or handling fresh meat shall—

(a)wear footwear and light coloured overalls or other suitable clothing, including covering for the hair of the head, and, where necessary, the neck; all of which articles shall, unless disposable, be easily cleanable, reserved exclusively for the use of persons slaughtering animals or working on or handling exposed or wrapped fresh meat, clean at the commencement of every working day and renewed during the day as necessary.

(b)keep as clean as may be reasonably practicable by thorough and frequent washing, in such a manner as to avoid any risk of contamination of fresh meat or blood, of all parts of his person or clothing which are liable to come into contact with any fresh meat or blood, and, in particular, shall wash his hands with hot water and soap or other detergent frequently during the working day and each time work is started and resumed and shall wash his hands and arms in such manner immediately after contact with animals or fresh meat which he knows or suspects to be diseased; and shall not use the same disposable towels more than once to dry hands and arms;

(c)keep any open cuts or abrasions on any exposed part of his person covered with a suitable waterproof dressing;

(d)ensure that all equipment and implements which come into contact with fresh meat are cleansed and subsequently disinfected in water at a temperature of not less than +82°C—

(i)prior to commencement of work;

(ii)frequently during the course of each working day.

(iii)immediately after any contact with fresh meat known or suspected to be diseased;

(iv)before re-use after any break in work; and

(v)at the end of each working day;

(e)before being engaged to slaughter animals or work on or handle unpackaged fresh meat, obtain a medical certificate certifying that there is no objection on public health grounds to such activities and produce every such medical certificate on request to an OVS or to a veterinary officer, and any other person liable to come into contact with any fresh meat shall wear the appropriate clothing and footwear described in sub-paragraph (a) above.

4.  No person shall—

(a)urinate, defecate or spit except in a sanitary convenience;

(b)bring into or keep in any part of the premises containing fresh meat any article liable to prejudice the maintenance of hygiene or the proper performance of the functions reserved for that part of the premises;

(c)wipe down any carcase or any offal;

(d)use tobacco (including snuff) in any part of the premises which may contain fresh meat or blood intended for human consumption or while he is handling any such meat or blood;

(e)change his clothes in any part of the premises which may contain fresh meat;

(f)take any fresh meat or blood intended for human consumption, or any item of equipment which might come into contact with such meat or blood, into a room or other place which contains a sanitary convenience;

(g)bring into, or permit to be brought into or remain in the premises, any creature (other than one of the species referred to in regulation 2 or a working dog); or bring any working dog or permit any such dog to be brought into or remain in any part of any premises used for the production, cutting up, handling or storage of fresh meat or for the storage of blood intended for human consumption.

5.  Every person entering licensed premises shall, before handling any fresh meat or blood intended for human consumption, thoroughly wash all parts of his person that may come into contact with such meat or blood and change into clean clothing and footwear as provided by sub-paragraph 3(a) above.

PART IIADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE IN ALL SLAUGHTERHOUSES AND FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES

1.  The occupier of every slaughterhouse and farmed game processing facility shall ensure that—

(a)receptacles provided for holding blood intended for human consumption are clearly identified and used for no other purpose;

(b)any scalding tanks are emptied and washed out as often as is reasonably necessary and thoroughly cleaned at the end of each working day;

(c)pithing rods, if used, must be capable of being cleansed and disinfected and be kept cleansed between use on each animal;

(d)prior to post-mortem inspection carcases or offal do not come into contact with each other and, during chilling, carcases are so hung as to allow air to circulate between them at all times.

(e)the lairage is kept clean;

(f)the contents of every receptacle containing blood, and waste and every manure bay are removed from the slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility as often as may be necessary to prevent a nuisance and in any event at least one in every 2 days and, after the contents have been so removed, the receptacle or bay is thoroughly cleaned before being used again; save that the contents of manure pits may remain in the slaughterhouse more than 2 days provided that the contents are kept dry, the lairages are operated in a hygienic manner and the pits whenever emptied are thoroughly cleaned before being used again;

(g)hides, skins, horns, hooves, swine’s bristles and fat not intended for human consumption are collected and taken away daily unless they are stored in the room or rooms provided for the storage of such products, and by-products of slaughter not intended for human consumption are removed from the premises as often as may be necessary to prevent a nuisance;

(h)fresh meat rejected as being unfit for human consumption is removed as soon as possible to the room or receptacle provided for the retention of such meat in a manner which avoids any risk of contamination of fresh meat which is intended for human consumption and such accommodation is kept locked except when it is necessarily opened for the reception and removal of unfit meat or at the request of an OVS or inspector for the purpose of the examination and seizure of such meat.

2.  In a slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility no person shall—

(a)when stirring any blood intended for human consumption, permit his hand or other part of his person to come into contact with such blood;

(b)inflate in any manner the carcase or any part whatsoever of any animal intended for human consumption; save that this shall not apply in the case of the slaughter by the Jewish method of animals intended as food for Jewish persons provided that any organs so inflated are not intended for human consumption; or

(c)use any equipment that has been used in a knacker’s yard.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(i) and (iv),8(1)(a),11(1)(a), 13(1)(b),15(3)(b) and 18(2)(b) and (4)

SCHEDULE 8ANTE-MORTEM HEALTH INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS

1.  Subject to paragraph 2 below, animals intended for slaughter for sale for human consumption shall undergo ante-mortem health inspection at the slaughterhouse before slaughter and such inspection shall take place—

(a)not more than 24 hours after arrival; and

(b)not more than 24 hours before slaughter; and

(c)at any other time, if required by the OVS.

2.  An animal to which the provisions of regulation 21 or, in Scotland, 11 of the Humane Conditions Regulations applies shall not be subjected to an ante-mortem health inspection in accordance with paragraph I above if it is not reasonably practicable for such an inspection to be carried out before it is necessary for the animal to be slaughtered in compliance with those regulations.

3.  The ante-mortem health inspection shall be made under adequate natural or artificial lighting.

4.  The ante-mortem health inspection shall determine—

(a)whether the animals are showing clinical signs of a disease which can be transmitted through the fresh meat to humans or animals or whether there are any indications that such a disease may occur;

(b)whether they are showing clinical signs of a disease or disorder which would be likely to make fresh meat unfit for human consumption;

(c)whether they are injured, fatigued or stressed; and

(d)whether there is visible evidence that substances with pharmacological effects have been administered to them or that they have consumed any other substances which may make fresh meat unfit for human consumption.

5.  Animals shall not be slaughtered for the production of fresh meat for human consumption if they—

(a)show any of the conditions mentioned in sub-paragraphs (4)(a), (b) and (d) of this Schedule;

(b)have not been rested for an adequate period of time, which, for fatigued or stressed animals, must not be less than 24 hours unless an OVS or, in the case of a farmed game handling facility, a veterinary surgeon has determined otherwise; or

(c)have been found to have any form of clinical tuberculosis.

6.—(1) An animal which shows any of the conditions mentioned in sub-paragraphs 4(a) or (b) of this Schedule shall be taken to and kept in that part of the lairage provided for the isolation of animals which are diseased or injured or suspected of being diseased or injured.

(2) Unless, following a subsequent ante-mortem health inspection, an OVS passes the animal as fit for slaughter for human consumption, he may require that it shall be slaughtered and dressed in the room or alternatively using the method of operation and facilities referred to in sub-paragraph 1(d) of Schedule 2, or in the case of low throughput slaughterhouse, after the completion of slaughter of all other animals for the time being in the lairage.

7.  In the case of a live animal imported into the UK from a relevant EEA State, the OVS shall make such examination as may be required in order to meet the requirements of Council Directive 90/425/EEC(25) concerning veterinary and zootechnical checks applicable in intra-Community trade in certain live animals and products with a view to the completion of the internal market.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(i) and (v) and 8(1)(e)

SCHEDULE 9SLAUGHTER AND DRESSING PRACTICES— REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE IN SLAUGHTERHOUSES AND FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES

1.—(1) The occupier and persons engaged in the handling of fresh meat shall ensure that—

(a)animals brought into the slaughterhall of any slaughterhouse are slaughtered without delay;

(b)in any slaughterhouse where both swine and other animals are slaughtered, swine are slaughtered and dressed in a separate room or alternatively using the method of operation referred to in paragraph 2 of Schedule 2;

(c)in any slaughterhouse where both farmed game and other animals are slaughtered, farmed game is slaughtered and dressed in a separate room or at a different time from other animals;

(d)fresh meat is adequately protected from the risk of contamination at all stages of the slaughtering and dressing process and during storage and despatch, and in particular that—

(i)bleeding and dressing processes are not carried out on the floor and no carcase or offal comes into contact with the floor;

(ii)during the dressing process adequate precautions are taken to avoid the risk of discharge of materials and fluids from the alimentary tract, urinary bladder and uterus of any animal; and

(iii)offal is removed from the carcase in such a way as to avoid contamination of the offal or the carcase;

(e)bleeding is completed without delay and all blood is immediately swilled down a drain via a suitable trough or collected in a clean receptacle provided for that purpose and, if intended for human consumption, is so kept as to remain readily identifiable with the carcase from which it was collected until the carcase have been inspected in accordance with Schedule 10;

(f)the following are discarded immediately after slaughter—

(i)in the case of sheep and goats, the head, including the tongue and brain, if no part of it is intended for human consumption;

(ii)the penis if it is not intended for human consumption, and an inspector or OVS is satisfied that it shows no pathological symptom or lesion;

(g)without prejudice to paragraph 1(j) of Schedule 2, paragraph 1(e) of Part II of Schedule 5, paragraph 1(t) of Part II of Schedule 6, paragraph 1(q) of Part III of Schedule 6 and sub-paragraph (n) below, and subject to the requirements of regulation 11, the stomachs and intestines of slaughtered animals are removed from the slaughterhall or in the case of a farmed game processing facility, from the dressing room, unopened, and in such a manner that they do not come into contact with the floor, as soon as possible after they have been separated from the carcase and that they are not opened or cleaned in any part of the premises which contains blood intended for human consumption or any fresh meat other than stomachs or intestines;

(h)slaughtered animals are dressed in the following manner—

(i)in the case of bovine animals, solipeds and farmed deer, by the removal of the hide or skin, (save that the head of any bovine animals under six weeks old and the head of any deer not intended for human consumption need not be flayed provided they are handled in a manner avoiding contamination of fresh meat and that the OVS is satisfied that the heads can be satisfactorily inspected), the tonsils, the horns or antlers (which shall be removed at the time of flaying), the head (save that where retention of the ears on carcases of bovine animals is necessary for any certification purpose removal of the ears may be delayed until completion of that certification), the viscera (save that the lungs, the heart, the liver, the spleen and the mediastinum may remain attached to the carcase by their natural connections), the genital organs (subject to sub-paragraph (f)(ii) above), the urinary bladder, the feet up to the carpal and tarsal joints and, in the case of lactating animals or animals that have given birth or are in advanced pregnancy, the udder; the kidneys shall be removed from their fatty coverings and their perirenals capsules;

(ii)in the case of swine, by the removal of the tonsils, the hair and bristles (where the bristles are removed by using a debristling agent the carcase must immediately afterwards be rinsed in water which is clean and wholesome) or the skin, the claws, the viscera (save that the lungs, the heart, the liver, the spleen and the mediastinum may remain attached to the carcase by their natural connections), the genital organs (subject to sub-paragraph (f)(ii) above), the urinary bladder, and, in the case of lactating animals or animals that have given birth or are in advanced pregnancy, the udder, the kidneys shall be removed from their fatty coverings and their perirenal capsules;

(iii)in the case of sheep and goats, by the removal of the skin, the head, the viscera (save that the lungs, the heart, the liver, the spleen and the mediastinum may remain attached to the carcase by their natural connections), the genital organs (subject to sub-paragraph (f)(ii) above), the urinary bladder, the feet up to the carpal and tarsal joints and, in the case of lactating animals or animals that have given birth or are in advanced pregnancy, the udder; the kidneys shall be removed from their fatty coverings;

(i)during the flaying of any cow the teats are not excised and are left intact for removal with the udder from the carcase;

(j)no incision is made into the substance of any udder except by or on the direction of an inspector or OVS;

(k)there is no contact between the external surfaces of the skin of any animal and any offal or flayed or partly flayed carcase and there is placing of the unskinned head of any bovine animal under 6 weeks of age, deer, sheep or goat in any room containing fresh meat;

(l)every hide and skin is removed from any part of the slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility containing any fresh meat or containing any blood intended for human consumption as soon as possible after it has been separated from the carcase, every such hide and skin being removed in such a way that it does not come into contact with the floor;

(m)evisceration is carried out immediately after flaying or depilation as appropriate and completed—

(i)not later than 45 minutes after stunning; or

(ii)in the case of religious slaughter, not later than 30 minutes after bleeding; or

(iii)in the case of the slaughtered and bled body of an animal brought into a slaughterhouse in accordance with regulation 18(2) no later than 3 hours after slaughter, or

(iv)in the case of the slaughtered and bled bodies of farmed game brought into a slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility in accordance with sub-paragraph (e) of Part I of Schedule 6, no later than 3 hours after slaughter.

(n)subject to sub-paragraph (g) above, the organs and viscera of any animal are so kept as to remain readily identifiable with the carcase until that carcase has been inspected in accordance with Schedule 10, and any samples required for residue tests under the Animals, Meat and Meat Products (Examination for Residues and Maximum Residue Limits) Regulation 1991(26) have been taken, and the head and feet of any animal are kept available for inspection in the slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility until an OVS or inspector authorises their removal;

(o)carcase of solipeds, bovine animals over six months old and, subject to paragraph (2) below, swine over four weeks old are split lengthwise through the spinal column before being submitted for inspection in accordance with Schedule 10 and any other carcase or the head of any animal is split lengthwise if an inspector or OVS considers it necessary for the purpose of carrying out the inspection prescribed in Schedule 10;

(p)slaughtered animals are dressed and treated in such a manner as not to prevent or hinder inspection in accordance with Schedule 10 and in particular no carcase is cut up and, subject to sub-paragraph (f) above, no part other than the hide or skin of any slaughtered animal is removed from the slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility until the inspection prescribed in Schedule 10 has been completed and any samples required for residue tests under the Animals, Meat and Meat Products (Examination for Residue and Maximum Residue Limits) Regulations 1991 have been taken, and no action is taken which might alter or destroy any evidence of disease or contamination before inspection;

(q)subject to paragraph 3 of Schedule 11, fresh meat is placed without undue delay in a refrigeration room and is brought progressively to an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases, half carcases, half carcases cut into three wholesale cuts and quarter carcases and +3°C for offal, and is subsequently kept constantly at or below that temperature; save that fresh meat shall not be required to be so refrigerated where—

(i)it is removed from any slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility within 24 hours of slaughter for delivery to cutting premises or butchers' shops;

(ii)such transportation can be completed within one hour; and

(iii)provided it is kept under hygienic conditions before removal from such premises;

(r)meat resulting from trimming of the sticking point, rejected as unfit for human consumption under Schedule 10, Part IX paragraph 8, is removed;

(s)no implement is left in fresh meat; and

(t)where back bleeding ensues upon the slaughter of an animal, the pleura are not completely detached from the carcase until an inspector or OVS authorises their removal.

(2) To take account of technological requirements, or where carcases are intended for the production of traditional pig products or cuts, the OVS may authorise the submission for inspection of carcases of swine not split in half.

(3) In sub-paragraph (1)(q) above“refrigeration room” means a room such as is mentioned—

(a)in paragraph 1(i) of Schedule 2;

(b)in paragraph 1(i) of Part I of Schedule 5;

(c)in paragraph 1(i) of Part II of Schedule 6;

(d)in paragraph 1(h) of Part III of that Schedule.

2.  In any slaughterhouse—

(1) where bovine animals, sheep, goats, solipeds or farmed deer are slaughtered and dressed following the slaughter of swine, the occupier shall ensure that thorough cleaning and disinfection of the slaughterhall takes place following the slaughter of swine; and

(2) where other animals are slaughtered and dressed following the slaughter and dressing of farmed game, the occupier shall ensure that thorough cleaning and disinfection of the slaughterhall takes place following the slaughter of farmed game.

3.  Large wild game may be dressed in a slaughterhouse provided that—

(a)any carcase of such game is skinned in a room separate from that reserved for fresh meat, or at a different time; and

(b)any such slaughterhouse is granted a special approval for the purposes of Council Directive 92/45/EEC.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(i) and (v), 8(1)(b) and (c), 11(1)(a) and (b) and 13(1)(d) and (2)(d)(ii)

SCHEDULE 10POST-MORTEM HEALTH INSPECTION REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE IN SLAUGHTERHOUSES AND FARMED GAME PROCESSING FACILITIES

PART IGENERAL REQUIREMENTS

1.  At every slaughterhouse and every farmed game processing facility, the carcase and offal and, where appropriate, the blood of each slaughtered animal intended for sale for human consumption shall be inspected without delay by an OVS or inspector acting under his supervision, and any such OVS or inspector shall have regard to—

(a)the age and sex of the animal;

(b)the state of nutrition of the animal;

(c)any evidence of bruising or haemorrhage;

(d)any local or general oedema;

(e)the efficiency of bleeding;

(f)any swelling, deformity or other abnormality of bones, joints, musculature or umbilicus;

(g)any abnormality in consistency, colour, odour (such as pronounced sexual odours) and, where appropriate, taste;

(h)the condition of the pleura and peritoneum;

(i)any other evidence of abnormality.

2.  The inspection shall include—

(a)visual examination of the slaughtered animal and the organs belonging to it;

(b)palpation of the organs referred to in Parts II to VII of this Schedule and, where considered necessary by an inspector or OVS, the uterus;

(c)incisions of organs and lymph noted as specified in Parts II to VII of this Schedule; and

(d)any additional incisions or examinations that an inspector or OVS considers necessary.

PART IISPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR BOVINE ANIMALS NOT LESS THAN SIX WEEKS OLD

1.  In the case of bovine animals not less than six weeks old the inspection shall include—

(a)visual examination of the head and throat for which purpose of the submaxillary, retro-pharyngeal and parotid lymph nodes shall be examined in detail, examination of the external (masseter) cheek muscles shall be carried out in which at least two deep incisions on each side shall be made and the internal (pterygoid) cheek muscles in which at least one deep incision on each side shall be made; all incisions shall be made parallel to the mandible from its upper muscular insertion, and visual examination and palpation of the tongue, having been freed to permit a detailed visual examianton of the mouth and fauces shall be carried out;

(b)visual examination of the trachea and lungs, for which purpose palpation of the lungs shall be carried out; the bronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes shall be examined in detail and where the lungs are intended for human consumption, the trachea and the main branches of the bronchi shall be opened lengthwise and the lungs shall be incised in their posterior third at right angles to their main axes;

(c)visual examination of the pericardium and the heart for which purpose the latter shall be incised lengthwise so as to open the ventricles and to cut through the intraventricular septum;

(d)visual examination of the diaphragm;

(e)visual examination and palpation of the liver, the hepatic and pancreatic lymph nodes for which purpose the gastric surface of the liver and the base of the caudate lobe shall be incised to examine the bile ducts;

(f)visual examination of the alimentary tract, the mesentery, the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes for which purpose the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes shall be palpated and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, examined in detail;

(g)visual examination and where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, palpation of the spleen;

(h)visual examination of the kidneys and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the kidneys and examination in detail of the renal lymph nodes;

(i)visual examination of the pleura and peritoneum;

(j)visual examination of the genital organs except the penis if it has been discarded in accordance with paragraph 1(f)(ii) of Schedule 9;

(k)visual examination and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, palpation and incision of the udder of a cow and its lymph nodes for which purpose, where the udder is intended for human consumption, each half of it shall be opened by a long deep incision as far as the lactiferous sinuses and its lymph nodes shall be examined in detail and such incisions shall be carried out in such a way that they do not contaminate meat.

PART IIISPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR BOVINE ANIMALS LESS THAN SIX WEEKS OLD

1.  In the case of bovine animals under six weeks old the inspection shall include—

(a)visual examination of the head and the throat for which purpose the retro-pharyngeal lymph nodes shall be examined in detail; the mouth and fauces shall be examined and the tongue shall be palpated;

(b)visual examination of the lungs and trachea, for which purpose palpation of the lungs shall be carried out, the bronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes shall be examined in detail and where the lungs are intended for human consumption the trachea and the main branches of the bronchi shall be opened lengthwise and the lungs shall be incised in their posterior third at right angles to their main axes;

(c)visual examination of the pericardium and the heart for which purpose the latter shall be incised lengthwise so as to open the ventricles and cut through the interventricular septum;

(d)visual examination of the diaphragm;

(e)visual examination and palpation of the liver and the hepatic lymph nodes; visual examination of the pancreatic lymph nodes and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the liver and examination in detail of the hepatic lymph nodes;

(f)visual examination of the alimentary tract, the mesentery, the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes for which purpose the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes shall be palpated and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, examined in detail;

(g)visual examination and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, palpation of the spleen;

(h)visual examination of the kidneys and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the kidneys and examination in detail of the renal lymph nodes;

(i)visual examination of the pleura and peritoneum; and

(j)visual examination and palpation of the umbilical region and the joints; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the ubilical region shall be incised, the joints opened and the synovial fluid examined.

PART IVSPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR SWINE

1.  In the case of swine the inspection shall include— (a) visual examination of the head and the throat for which purpose the submaxillary lymph nodes shall be examined in detail; visual examination of the mouth, fauces and tongue;

(b)visual examination of the trachea and lungs, for which purpose palpation of the lungs and of the bronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes shall be carried out and where the lungs are intended for human consumption the trachea and the main branches of the bronchi shall be opened lengthwise and the lungs shall be incised in their posterior third at right angles to their main axes;

(c)visual examination of the pericardium and the heart for which purpose the latter shall be incised lengthwise so as to open the ventricles and to cut through the intraventricular septum;

(d)visual examination of the diaphragm;

(e)visual examination and palpation of the liver and the hepatic lymph nodes; and visual examination of the pancreatic lymph nodes;

(f)visual examination of the alimentary tract, the mesentery and the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes for which purpose the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes shall be palpated and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, examined in detail;

(g)visual examination and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, palpation of the spleen;

(h)visual examination of the kidneys and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the kidneys and examination in detail of the renal lymph nodes;

(i)visual examination of the pleura and peritoneum;

(j)visual examination of the genital organs except the penis if it has been discarded in accordance with paragraph 1(f)(ii) of Schedule 9;

(k)visual examination of the udder and supramammary lymph nodes; and, in the case of sows the supramammary lymph nodes shall be examined in detail; and

(l)visual examination and palpation of the umbilical region and joints of young animals; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the umbilical region shall be incised and the joints shall be opened.

2.  An investigation for cysticercus cellulosaeshall be carried out which shall include examination of the directly visible muscular surfaces, in particular at the level of the thigh muscles, the pillars of the diaphragm, the intercostal muscles, the heart, the tongue and the larynx; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the abdominal wall and the psoas muscles shall be freed from fatty tissue.

3.  If an abscess is found in the carcase or in any organ of any swine, or if an inspector or OVS has reason to suspect the presence of any such abscess, he shall require the carcase to be split through the spinal column if it has not already been so split and shall examine in detail such of the following lymph nodes as he has not already so examined; superficial inguinal, supramammary, cervical, prepectoral, prescapular, presternal, sublumbar, iliac, precrural and, if he considers it necessary, the popliteal.

PART VSPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR SHEEP AND GOATS

1.  In the case of sheep and goats the inspection shall include—

(a)unless the head, including the tongue and brains, is to be excluded from human consumption, visual inspection of the head after flaying and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, examination of the throat, mouth, tongue, retropharyngeal and parotid lymph nodes;

(b)visual examination of the trachea and lungs, for which purpose palpation of the lungs and of the bronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes shall be carried out and where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the lungs and examination in detail of the bronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes;

(c)visual examination of the pericardium and the heart; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the heart;

(d)visual examination of the diaphragm;

(e)visual examination and palpation of the liver and the hepatic nodes; and visual examination of the pancreatic lymph nodes; the gastric surface of the liver shall be incised to examine the bile ducts;

(f)visual examination of the alimentary tract, the mesentery and the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes;

(g)visual examination and where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, palpation of the spleen;

(h)visual examination of the kidneys and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the kidneys and examination in detail of the renal lymph nodes;

(i)visual examination of the pleura and peritoneum;

(j)visual examination of the genital organs except the penis if it has been discarded in accordance with paragraph 1(f)(ii) of Schedule 9;

(k)visual examination of the udder and its lymph nodes;

(l)visual examination and palpation of the umbilical region and joints of young animals; where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the umbilical region shall be incised and the joints shall be opened.

2.  Where an inspector or OVS has reason to suspect that a suppurative condition exists in the carcase of any sheep or lamb he shall—

(a)examine by palpation as well as by observation such of the lymph nodes as are readily accessible; and

(b)in the case of a sheep, examine in detail such of the following lymph nodes as he has not already so examined; prescapular, superficial inguinal, precrural; and, in the case of a lamb, examine in detail such lymph nodes if he has found evidence of disease in the course of visual examination or palpation.

PART VISPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR SOLIPEDS

1.  In the case of solipeds the inspection shall include—

(a)visual examination of the head and, after freeing the tongue, the throat for which purpose the submaxillary, retro-pharyngeal and parotid lymph nodes shall be palpated and, where considered necessary by an inspector or OVS, incised and visual examination and palpation of the tongue, having been freed to permit a detailed examination of the mouth and the fauces shall be carried out;

(b)visual examination of the trachea and lungs for which purpose palpation of the lungs, the bronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes shall be carried out and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary the lymph nodes shall be examined in detail; and where the lungs are intended for human consumption the trache and the main branches of the bronchi shall be opened lengthwise and the lungs shall be incised in their posterior third at right angles to their main axes;

(c)visual examination of the pericardium and the heart; the latter shall be incised lengthwise so as to open the ventricles and to cut through the intraventricular septum;

(d)visual examination of the diaphragm;

(e)visual examination and palpation of the liver and the hepatic lymph nodes; visual examination of the pancreatic lymph nodes; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the liver and the hepatic and pancreatic lymph nodes;

(f)visual examination of the alimentary tract, the mesentery, the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes; and where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes shall be examined in detail;

(g)visual examination and palpation of the spleen;

(h)visual examination and palpation of the kidneys, and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the kidneys and examination in detail of the renal lymph nodes;

(i)visual examination of the pleura and peritoneum;

(j)visual examination of the genital organs of stallions and mares except the penis if it has been discarded in accordance with paragraph 1(f)(ii) of Schedule 9;

(k)visual examination of the udder and the supramammary lymph nodes; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the supramammary lymph nodes shall be examined in detail;

(l)visual examination and palpation of the umbilical region and joints of young animals; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the umbilical region shall be incised and the joints shall be opened; and

(m)for all grey or white horses, an examination for melanosis and melanomata; the attachment of one shoulder shall be loosened to allow examination of the muscles and the prescapular lymph node, and the kidneys shall be examined after splitting by a longitudinal incision which exposes both cortex and medulla.

2.  An investigation for glanders shall be carried out by means of careful examination of mucous membranes of the trachea, larynx, nasal cavities, sinuses and their ramifications, after splitting the head in the median plane and excision of the nasal septum.

PART VIISPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR FARMED DEER

1.  In the case of farmed deer the inspection shall include—

(a)visual examination of the head and throat; the submaxillary, and retro-pharyngeal lymph nodes shall be examined in detail; and where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, visual examination and palpation of the tongue, having been freed to permit a detailed visual examination of the mouth and fauces;

(b)visual examination of the trachea and lungs for which purpose palpation of the lungs shall be carried out; the bronchial and mediastinal lymph nodes shall be examined in detail; and where the lungs are intended for human consumption the trachea and the main branches of the bronchi shall be opened lengthwise and the lungs shall be incised in their posterior third at right angles to their main axes;

(c)visual examination of the pericardium and the heart; where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary the latter shall be incised lengthwise so as to open the ventricles and to cut through the intraventricular septum;

(d)visual examination of the diaphragm;

(e)visual examination and palpation of the liver, the hepatic and pancreatic lymph nodes; the gastric surface of the liver shall be incised to examine the bile ducts;

(f)visual examination of the alimentary tract, the mesentery, the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes; and, the gastric and mesenteric lymph nodes shall be palpated and where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, examined in detail;

(g)visual examination and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, palpation of the spleen;

(h)visual examination of the kidneys and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, incision of the kidneys and examination in detail or the renal lymph nodes;

(i)visual examination of the pleura and peritoneum;

(j)visual examination of the genital organs except the penis if it has been discarded in accordance with paragraph 1(f)(ii) of Schedule 9;

(k)visual examination of the udder and the supramammary lymph nodes;

(l)visual examination and palpation of the umbilical region and joints of young animals; and, where an inspector or OVS considers it necessary, the umbilical region shall be incised and the joints shall be opened; and

(m)the feet, if an inspector or OVS considers it necessary.

2.  Where an inspector or OVS has reason to suspect that a suppurative condition exists in the carcase and viscera he shall carry out a visual examination and palpation of such of the lymph nodes as are readily accessible and examine in detail such lymph nodes if he has found evidence of disease in course of visual examination or palpation.

PART VIIIADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS WHERE TUBERCULOSIS IS SUSPECTED

Where an inspector or OVS has reason to suspect that any part of the carcase or offal of any animal is infected with tuberculosis, he shall, in addition to carrying out the provisions of the preceding Parts of this Schedule—
(a)in the case of any carcase, require the carcase to be split, examine the vertebrae, ribs, sternum, spinal cord and, if he considers it necessary, the brain, and if a lesion of a kidney is visible or suspected, incise the kidney;
(b)in the case of the carcase of any bovine animal, soliped or farmed deer, examine in detail the following lymph nodes (being lymph nodes not already examined by him in accordance with the provisions of Parts II, III, VI or VII of this Schedule), namely, the superficial inguinal, prepectoral, presternal, suprasternal, xiphoid, subdorsal, intercostal, prescapular, iliac, sublumbar, ischiatic, precrural and popliteal, those lymph nodes which are least likely to show infection being examined first; and
(c)in the case of the carcase of any swine, examine in detail the following lymph nodes (being lymph nodes not already examined by him in accordance with the provisions of Part IV of this Schedule), namely, the superficial inguinal, cervical, prepectoral, prescapular, sub-dorsal, sublumbar, iliac, precrural and, if he considers it necessary, the popliteal.


PART IXINDICATIONS OF UNFITNESS FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION

1.—(1) If upon inspection of any carcase an inspector or OVS is satisfied that the animal was suffering from any of the following diseases or conditions, he shall regard the whole carcase and all the offal and blood removed or collected from it as being unfit for human consumption—

Actinobacillosis (generalised) or actinomycosis (generalised)

Anaemia (advanced)

Anthrax

Blackleg

Botulism

Bruising (extensive and severe)

Brucellosis (acute)

Caseous lymphadenitis with emaciation

Caseous lymphadenitis (generalised)

Cysticercus bovis (generalised)

Cysticercus cellulosae

Cysticercus ovis (generalised)

Decomposition (generalised)

Emaciation

Enteritis (acute)

Fever

Foot and mouth disease

Glanders

Jaundice

Lymphadenitis (generalised)

Malignant catarrhal fever

Mastitis (acute septic)

Melanosis (generalised)

Metritis (acute septic)

Abnormal odour associated with disease or other conditions prejudicial to health or pronounced sexual odour

Oedema (generalised)

Pericarditis (acute septic)

Peritonitis (acute diffuse septic)

Pleurisy (acute diffuse septic)

Pneumonia (acute septic)

Pyaemia (including joint-ill)

Rabies

Salmonellosis (acute)

Sarcocysts (generalised)

Septicaemia

Swine erysipelas (acute)

Swine fever

Tetanus

Toxaemia

Trichinellosis

Tuberculosis (generalised)

Tuberculosis with emaciation

Tumours (malignant with secondary growths or multiple)

Uraemia

Viraemia.

(2) An inspector or OVS shall reject as unfit for human consumption any stillborn or unborn carcase and any immature carcase which is oedematous or in poor physical condition, together with any offal or blood removed or collected therefrom.

2.  An inspector or OVS shall reject the blood of any animal as unfit for human consumption if he is satisfied—

(a)that the animal was affected with any infectious condition; or

(b)that the blood is contaminated by stomach contents or other extraneous matter.

3.  An inspector of OVS shall, in determining for the purposes of this Part of this Schedule whether tuberculosis is generalised, take into account the sum of the evidence of disease and the character of the lesions throughout the carcase and, in particular, shall regard evidence of any of the following conditions as satisfactory evidence of generalised tuberculosis—

(a)military tuberculosis of both lungs with evidence of tuberculosis elsewhere;

(b)multiple and actively progressive lesions of tuberculosis;

(c)widespread tuberculosis infection of the lymph nodes of the carcase;

(d)diffuse acute lesions of tuberculosis of both the pleura and peritoneum associated with an enlarged or tuberculous lymph node of the carcase;

(e)active or recent lesions present in substance of any two of the following: spleen, kidney, udder, uterus, ovary, testicle, brain and spinal cord or their membranes, in addition to tuberculosis lesions in the respiratory and digestive tracts; and

(f)in the case of a calf, congenital tuberculosis.

4.—(1) Where an inspector or OVS is satisfied that a carcase or offal is affected with tuberculosis other than generalised tuberculosis with emaciation, he shall reject the following parts of the carcase and offal as unfit for human consumption—

(a)any part of the carcase infected with localised tuberculosis and any other part contiguous thereto;

(b)the head including the tongue, when tuberculosis exists in any lymph node associated with the head or tongue; save that where in a particular lymph node or nodes the lesion is small and inactive and the lymph node is not enlarged, he may regard the head or tongue, or both, as fit for human consumption after the removal of the affected lymph node or nodes and the surrounding tissue; and

(c)any organ or viscera when tuberculosis exists in the substance, or on the surface thereof, or in any lymph node associated therewith.

(2) An inspector or OVS shall reject any part of a carcase and any offal or blood contaminated with tuberculosis material as unfit for human consumption.

5.  An inspector of OVS shall regard either of the following conditions as satisfactory evidence of generalised caseous lymphadenitis for the purpose of this Part of this Schedule—

(a)multiple, acute and actively progressive lesions of caseous lymphadenitis; or

(b)multiple lesions of caseous lymphadenitis which are inactive but widespread.

6.—(1) Where an inspector or OVS is satisfied—

(a)that a carcase or offal is affected with caseous lymphadenitis or any other suppurative condition; but

(b)that the condition is not generalised nor associated with emaciation, he shall reject the following parts of the carcase and offal as unfit for human consumption—

(i)any organ and its associated lymph node, when the condition exists on the surface or in the substance of that organ or lymph node; and

(ii)when it does not so exist, the lesion and such of the surrounding parts as he may think proper having regard to the age and degree of activity of the lesion.

(2) For the purposes of sub-paragraph (i) and (ii) above, an old lesion which is firmly encapsulated may be regarded as inactive.

7.  Where an inspector or OVS is satisfied that any part of a carcase or any offal is affected with a localised infestation of cysticercus bovis, he shall reject the following parts of the carcase and offal as unfit for human consumption—

(a)the part of the carcase or offal so infested; and

(b)the remainder of the carcase and offal unless he is satisfied that they have been kept in cold storage at a temperature not exceeding –7°C for a period of not less than three weeks or at a temperature not exceeding –10°C for a period of not less than two weeks.

8.  An inspector or OVS shall reject as unfit for human consumption meat resulting from trimming of the sticking point.

9.  Where an inspector or OVS is satisfied that the whole or any part of a carcase or any offal is affected by any disease or condition other than one mentioned in paragraphs 1 to 7 above or that it is contaminated, he shall reject as unfit for human consumption the whole carcase and the offal or such lesser part thereof as he may think appropriate to the circumstances of the case.

10.  Where an inspector or OVS is satisfied that a part of a carcase or any offal is affected by a slight localised infestation by a parasite not transmissible to man, he may at his discretion reject as unfit for human consumption the part of the carcase or offal so affected together with the tissue immediately surrounding it.

11.  Where the blood or offal of several animals is collected in one receptacle an inspector or OVS shall reject as unfit for human consumption the entire contents of that receptacle if fresh meat of any of the animals from which the blood was collected or the offal obtained is declared unfit for human consumption.

12.  Fresh meat from horses shall be examined for trichinellosis and shall be rejected as unfit for human consumption if so affected.

13.  Where the Minister so directs, an OVS or an inspector shall examine fresh meat from swine for trichinellosis and shall reject as unfit for human consumption fresh meat so affected.

14.  Without prejudice to paragraph 13 above, where the Minister so directs, fresh meat from swine not examined for trichinellosis shall be subjected to cold treatment in accordance with Annex 1 to Directive 77/96/EEC(27).

Regulations 4(2)(a)(ii) and 8(1)(e)

SCHEDULE 11REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE IN CUTTING PREMISES

1.  In this Part of the Schedule—

“the appropriate receptacles” means the receptacles referred to in paragraph 1(g) of Schedule 1 and paragraph 1(f) of Part I of Schedule 5; and “the refrigerated room” means the room referred to in paragraph 1(a)(ii) of Schedule 3 and paragraph 1(i) of Part I of Schedule 5.

2.  The occupier of the cutting premises shall ensure that—

(a)any of the following at (i) to (vi) below is cut up,prepared or, if unpackaged, stored (as the case may be) in the case of (i), (ii) and (iii) below, in a separate room from, or at other times than, unpackaged fresh meat and in the case of (iv), (v) and (vi) below, separately from unpackaged fresh meat—

(i)poultry meat,

(ii)farmed game meat from animals of the family Leporidae,

(iii)wild game meat,

(iv)minced meat prepared with the addition of spices or similar substances,

(v)meat preparations, and

(vi)meat products,

and that any room used for such operations is thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before being used again for the cutting up, preparation or storage of fresh meat;

(b)the products (other than fresh meat) referred to in sub-paragraph (a) above are cut up, prepared or, if unpackaged, stored (as the case may be) separately from each other;

(c)without prejudice to paragraph 3 below, as soon as fresh meat intended for cutting up enters the cutting premises, it is placed in the refrigerated room provided for the reception and storage of such meat awaiting cutting and maintained there at an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases, half carcases, half carcases cut into three wholesale cuts and quarter carcases and +3°C for offal;

(d)without prejudice to paragraph 3 below, fresh meat is brought into the cutting room as and when required, that it remains in that room only for the minimum time required to carry out the necessary cutting up operations, and that on completion of cutting up, wrapping and packaging such meat is transferred without undue delay to the refrigerated room and there maintained at an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for cut fresh meat and +3°C for offal;

(e)fresh meat entering the premises is checked and, if necessary trimmed and the work stations for this task are equipped with suitable facilities and adequate lighting.

(f)without prejudice to paragraph 3 below, cutting up does not take place until the fresh meat has reached an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases, half carcases, half carcases cut into three wholesale cuts and quarter carcases and +3°C for offal, that during cutting up, wrapping and packaging such meat is kept at an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts and +3°C for offal, and, with the exception of low throughput cutting premises, that while cutting up is taking place the temperature of the room does not exceed +12°C;

(g)any splinters of bone and clots of blood are removed from fresh meat during cutting up;

(h)no carcase, offal or cut fresh meat is wiped down;

(i)fresh meat obtained from cutting up and not intended for human consumption is collected in the appropriate receptacles as it is cut up;

(j)no implement is left in fresh meat; and

(k)in the case of fresh meat from bovine animals, obvious nervous and lymphatic tissue is removed and collected in the appropriate receptacles and not used for human consumption.

3.  Notwithstanding anything in paragraph 2 above or paragraph 1(1)(q) of Schedule 9—

(a)fresh meat may be cut up without first being chilled subject to the following conditions:

(i)the fresh meat is transferred directly and without risk of contamination from a slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility to cutting premises within the same group of buildings;

(ii)cutting up takes place without delay; and

(iii)as soon as cutting up, wrapping and packaging are completed the fresh meat is placed immediately in the refrigerated room and is brought progressively to an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for cut fresh meat and +3°C for offal;

(b)fresh meat of bovine animals, sheep and swine may, after having been placed in the refrigerated room, be cut up before reaching an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts and+3°C for offal, provided—

(i)such meat is transferred directly and without risk of contamination from the slaughterhouse to cutting premises within the same group of buildings;

(ii)cutting up takes place, in the case of fresh meat of bovine animals, within 48 hours from the end of slaughtering operations or, in the case of fresh meat of sheep and swine, within 20 hours from the end of slaughtering operations;

(iii)as soon as cutting up, wrapping an packaging are completed the fresh meat is placed immediately in the refrigerated room and is brought progressively to an internal temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts and +3°C for offal; and

(iv)the time between the fresh meat entering the cutting room and being placed in the refrigerated room does not exceed 60 minutes.

Regulations 2, 8(1) (d), 11(2) and (7) and 13(1)(e) and (2)(a), (c) and (d)(ii)

SCHEDULE 12HEALTH MARKINGS

1.  Subject to paragraph 2 below, the health mark shall consist of an oval mark 6.5 cm wide by 4.5 cm high containing in legible form in letters 0.8 cm high and figures 1 cm high the following information—

(a)on the upper part, the letters “UK”;

(b)in the centre, the approval number of the premises;

(c)on the lower part, the letters“EEC”;

and in addition, for fresh meat from boars and male swine used for breeding or cryptorchid or hermaphrodite swine, the oval mark shall be covered along the main diameter by two parallel straight lines as evident as the external edge of the mark with a distance apart of at least 1.0 cm.

2.  In the case of the fresh meat referred to in Regulation 13(3) the health mark shall consist of a square mark 5.5 cm by 5.5 cm containing in legible form in letters 0.8 cm high and figures 1 cm high the following information;—

(a)on the upper part, the letters “UK”;

(b)in the centre, the approval number of the premises; and

(c)on the lower part, the letter “N”.

3.—(1) Carcases weighing more than 65 kg shall have the health mark applied legibly in ink or hot-branded on each half carcase in at least the following places external surface of the thigh, loins, back, breast and shoulder.

(2) Other carcases shall have the health mark applied in ink or hot-branded in at least the following places—on the shoulders and on the external surface of the thighs.

4.  Livers (including sliced livers) of bovine animals, swine and solipeds shall be hot-branded with the health mark unless they are packaged and all other offal, unless it is wrapped or packaged in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 13, shall have the health mark applied in ink or hot-branded; save that, in the case of bovine animals under three months old, and swine, sheep and goats, health marking of tongues and hearts shall not be compulsory.

5.  Cuts from carcases marked with the health mark and which do not bear a health mark shall have that mark applied in ink or hot-branded unless they are wrapped or packaged in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 13.

6.  No colour shall be used for marking fresh meat in accordance with this Schedule if it would be contrary to the Colouring Matter in Food Regulations 1973(28).

Regulations 2, 8(1)(e) and 13(1)(h)

SCHEDULE 13WRAPPING AND PACKAGING OF FRESH MEAT

PART 1WRAPPING

1.  The occupier of any premises shall ensure that—

(a)any material for wrapping fresh meat does not cause a deterioration in the organoleptic characteristics of such meat or transmit to it any substance harmful to human health;

(b)subject to paragraph (2) below, only transparent and uncoloured wrapping material is used except where the wrapping material used conforms to the requirements of sub-paragraph (e) below;

(c)the wrapping operation is carried out immediately after cutting and in a hygienic manner and that wrapping material is not re-used for wrapping fresh meat;

(d)cut fresh meat, other than cuts of pig belly and pork fat, is wrapped in accordance with sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) above unless it is transported hanging up;

(e)wrapped fresh meat is packed in accordance with the requirements of Part II of this Schedule, save that where the wrapping material used fulfils the requirement of packaging in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1(a), (b) and (c) of Part II of this Schedule, it does not in addition require to be packaged; and

(f)all fresh meat wrapped in commercial portions intended for direct sale to the consumer bears a reproduction of the health mark on the wrapping material or in a clearly visible label affixed to the wrapping material.

2.  Paragraph 1(b) above does not apply in the case of frozen meat intended to be used without further processing as a raw material for the products referred to in Council Directives 77/99/EEC and 88/657/EEC(29).

PART IIPACKAGING

1.  The occupier of any premises shall ensure—

(a)that any material used for packaging fresh meat is strong enough to protect the meat during the course of handling and transport and does not cause a deterioration in the organoleptic characteristics of the meat or transmit to it any substance harmful to human health;

(b)that any material used for packaging fresh meat is not re-used for this purpose unless it is made of a non-corrodible and impervious substance which is easy to clean and has been cleaned and disinfected prior to re-use for packaging meat;

(c)that every package bears the health mark either on the package or on a clearly visible label affixed to the package or wrapping material which fulfils the requirements of paragraph 1(f) and Part I above;

(d)that the health mark includes the approval number of the cutting premises or, in the case of offal which is wrapped or packaged in a slaughterhouse, the number of that slaughterhouse;

(e)that the health mark is applied in such a way that it is torn when the package is opened;

(f)that labels are serially numbered.

2.  The occupier of every slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility in which offal is prepared, cleaned, wrapped and packaged in the same room in accordance with paragraph 1(m) of Schedule 23, paragraph 1(w) and Part II of Schedule 6 and paragraph 1(t) of Part III of Schedule 6 and the occupier of all cutting premises in which fresh meat is cut up, wrapped and packaged in the same room shall ensure that the following conditions are observed—

(a)the packaging and wrapping materials shall, during storage, be enclosed in a protective cover under hygienic conditions in the separate room provided for this purpose; and such a room shall not be connected in any way with rooms containing substances which might contaminate fresh meat;

(b)the room in which packaging and wrapping materials are stored shall be free from dust and vermin and such material shall not be stored on the floor;

(c)packaging material shall be assembled under hygienic conditions before being brought to the room where fresh meat is packaged;

(d)the place in which fresh meat is packaged shall be sufficiently large and so arranged that the hygiene of operations is assured;

(e)packaging and wrapping material shall be brought to the room hygienically and shall be used without delay and persons who handle fresh meat shall not handle packaging unless it is non-porous and corrosion-resistant; and;

(f)immediately after wrapping and packaging, the fresh meat shall be placed in the refrigerated room referred to in sub-paragraph 1(i) of Schedule 2 or sub-paragraph 1(a)(ii) of Schedule 3 or sub-paragraph 1(i) of Part I of Schedule 5 or sub-paragraph 1(i) of Part II of Schedule 6 or sub-paragraph 1(h) of Part III of Schedule 6.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(iii), 8(1)(e) and 13(1)(g)

SCHEDULE 14STORAGE OF FRESHER MEAT-REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE IN COLD STORES

1.  The occupier of the cold store shall ensure that fresh meat is—

(a)kept at a constant internal temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts, + 3°C for offal and -12°C for frozen fresh meat;

(b)handled, loaded, unloaded and stored in an hygienic manner and, in particular, that it is loaded and unloaded under cover;

(c)adequately protected during storage from the risk of contamination including taint;

(d)identifiable as to origin while it is being stored; and

(e)made available for inspection on request by an inspector or OVS.

2.  The occupier of the cold store shall ensure that—

(a)where unwrapped fresh meat or fresh meat wrapped only in stockinette is brought into the cold store for freezing it is not stored on wooden pallets and that during freezing it is suspended from either a rail system or suitable frames of a material resistant to corrosion;

(b)unfit meat is not stored in the same room as other fresh meat;

(c)unpackaged fresh meat is stored separate from, or at other times than, packaged fresh meat; and

(d)unpackaged fresh meat is stored in a separate room, or at other times than, unpackaged pountry meat, farmed rabbit meat, wild game meat, minced meat, meat preparations, meat products or fresh meat originating from premises operating under a temporary derogation granted by the Minister in accordance with Council Directive 91/498/EEC.

Regulations 4(2)(a)(iii), 8(1)(e) and 13(1)(i)

SCHEDULE 15FREEZING OF FRESH MEAT

1.  The occupier of any premises at which fresh meat is to be frozen shall ensure that fresh meat intended for freezing—

(a)is frozen without delay (which shall not preclude an initial period of stabilisation where appropriate);

(b)is frozen in a hygienic manner, by a rapid method, using suitable equipment; and, in the case of a slaughterhouse or cutting premises, in rooms in the same premises where it was produced or cut up (as the case may be)

(c)is frozen so that it reaches an internal temperature of -12°C or lower and is not stored at a higher temperature thereafter; and

(d)is stamped legibly before freezing so as to indicate the month and year in which it is frozen or a label is attached to it after freezing indicating this or, if fresh meat is packaged or wrapped, the packaging or wrapping in which it is placed after freezing is marked clearly and visibly in such a way as to indicate this.

2.  The occupier of any cold store shall ensure that fresh meat intended for freezing in a cold store comes directly from a slaughterhouse, farmed game processing facility or cutting premises.

Regulation 14(1)

SCHEDULE 16HEALTH CERTIFICATE

1.  The health certificate which will accompany the fresh meat shall be issued by the OVS at the time when the fresh meat is loaded into the means of transport in which it is to travel.

2.  The health certificate shall be provided by the Minister and shall correspond in form to, and contain the information specified in, the model in the Annex to this Schedule. It shall be expressed at least in English and, if appropriate, in the language of the country of destination.

ANNEX

Regulations 8(1)(e) and 13(l)(j)

SCHEDULE 17TRANSPORT OF FRESH MEAT—REQUIREMENTS APPLICABLE TO OCCUPIERS OR PERSONS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT OF TRANSPORT

1.  Subject to paragraph 1(q) of Schedule 9, fresh meat shall be loaded at a temperature of not more than +7°C for carcases and cuts, +3°C for offal and –';12°C for frozen fresh meat and shall be transported in vehicles so designed and equipped that such meat is maintained at those temperatures throughout the period of transport.

2.  The interior surfaces of vehicles used for the transport of fresh meat and any other parts of the vehicles which may come into contact with such meat shall be so finished as to enable them effectively to be kept clean and disinfected and shall be constructed of material resistant to corrosion which does not cause a deterioration in the organoleptic characteristics of the meat or render it harmful to human health.

3.—(1) Vehicles used for the transport of fresh meat shall be provided with efficient devices for protecting the meat against the entry of insects and dust and shall be watertight.

(2) Where such vehicles are used for the transport of carcases, half carcases, quarter carcases and unpackaged cut fresh meat they shall be equipped with fittings of material resistant to corrosion for hanging the meat fixed at such a height that fresh meat cannot come into contact with the floor except that fittings for hanging such meat shall not be required where the meat is transported by aircraft in which suitable facilities resistant to corrosion have been provided for hygienically loading, holding and unloading the meat.

4.  Vehicles used for conveying live animals or any substance which may be detrimental to, or contaminate fresh meat, shall not be used for the transport of such meat.

5.  Fresh meat shall not be transported in the same vehicle at the same time as any other product likely to affect the hygiene of such meat or to contaminate it unless it is transported in such a manner that it will not contaminate the meat; and packaged meat shall not be transported in the same vehicle and at the same time as unpackaged meat unless an adequate physical separation is provided so as to protect unpackaged meat from packaged meat.

6.  Stomachs shall be scalded or cleaned and feet and heads skinned or scalded and depilated before being transported in a vehicle containing other fresh meat.

7.  Fresh meat shall not be transported in vehicles which are not properly cleaned and disinfected.

8.  Carcases, half carcases, wholesale cuts of half carcases and quarter carcases, other than frozen fresh meat packaged in a hygienic manner, shall be suspended throughout the period of transport except where such meat is transported by aircraft in which suitable facilities resistant to corrosion have been provided for hygienically loading, holding and unloading fresh meat; other cuts and offal, other than the viscera, shall be hung or placed on supports if not placed in packages of material resistant to corrosion; and the supports shall be clean and corrosion-resistant and packaging shall meet the requirements of Schedule 13.

9.  The viscera may only be transported in strong, clean and impervious lidded containers or packages which may only be re-used after being cleaned and disinfected.

SCHEDULE 18

Regulation 17(2)(a)
MODEL DECLARATION TO ACCOMPANY AN ANIMAL FOR SLAUGHTER KNOWN OR SUSPECTED TO BE DISEASED OR INJURED

SCHEDULE 19

Regulation 18(2)(e)
CERTIFICATE UNDER REGULATION 18(2)

SCHEDULE 20

Regulation 13(1)(b)
CERTIFICATE OF ANTE-MORTEM HEALTH INSPECTION AND SLAUGHTER OF FARMED GAME

Regulation 6(2)

SCHEDULE 21MEAT HYGIENE APPEALS TRIBUNAL

1.  Each Tribunal shall consist of a Chairman or a Deputy Chairman and two other members.

2.—(1) The Chairman or Deputy Chairman shall be an independent person appointed by the appropriate Minister.

(2) One member shall be a person nominated by the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, who shall not be a member of the State Veterinary Service nor an OVS.

(3) One member shall be a person whom the Minister considers to be representative of the interests of licensed premises.

3.  Each Tribunal may be serviced by a secretary and such other staff as the Minister may appoint.

4.  The terms of appointment and the remuneration of the members, secretary and other staff of a Tribunal shall be determined by the Minister.

Regulation 25

SCHEDULE 22REVOCATIONS

(1)
(2)
(3)

Regulation revoked
References
Extent of Revocation

The Food Premises (Registration) Regulations 1991

S.I. 1991/2825

Regulation 3(2)(c)

The Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1992
S.I. 1992/2037

The whole Regulations

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)
These Regulations revoke and replace the Fresh Meat (Hygiene and Inspection) Regulations 1992. The Regulations give effect to Council Directive 91/497/EEC (OJ No. L268, 24.9.91, p.69), which amends and updates Directive 64/433/EEC on health problems affecting intra-Community trade in fresh meat to extend it to the production and marketing of fresh meat, and in part to Council Directive 91/495/EEC (OJ No. L268, 24.9.91, p.41) concerning public health and animal health problems affecting the production and the placing on the market of farmed game meat and Council Directive 92/45/EEC (OJ No. L268, 16.6.92, p.35) on public health and animal health problems relating to the killing of wild game and the placing on the market of wild game meat.
The Regulations transfer responsibility for their execution and enforcement from local authorities to the Minister.
The regulations do not apply to premises where fresh meat is used exclusively for the production of meat products, meat preparations, minced meat and mechanically recovered meat or to premises where fresh meat is cut up or stored for sale to the final consumer from those premises, to premises used for carcase competitions or to cold stores (subject to specified restrictions); fresh meat intended for exhibitions, special studies or analysis, or for sale to international organisations; and fresh meat not intended for human consumption (regulation 3).
Slaughterhouses, cutting premises, cold stores, farmed game handling facilities and farmed game processing facilities must have a current licence issued by the Minister. Such a licence will be issued only if the premises comply with the prescribed requirements as to structure and hygiene (regulation 4). There are different structural requirements for low throughput slaughterhouses, cutting premises and farmed game processing facilities (regulation 4(2), Schedule 5 and Part III of Schedule 6). The slaughter of farmed game at a farmed game handling facility is permitted subject to certain conditions (regulation 4(2) and Part I of Schedule 6).
A licence may be refused (regulation 4) or revoked (regulation 5), with a right of appeal to a Meat Hygiene Appeals Tribunal (regulation 6). The procedural rules in respect of an appeal are prescribed in the Meat Hygiene Appeals Tribunal (Procedure) Regulations 1992.
Slaughterhouses and farmed game handling facilities may not be used for the slaughter of animals not intended for human consumption except in specified circumstances (regulation 7(4)).
There will be veterinary supervision of all licensed premises. The Minister will appoint designated official veterinary surgeons and inspectors to supervise licensed premises (regulation 8). The Minister may revoke or suspend the designation of an official veterinary surgeon who is deemed to be unfit to perform his duties (regulation 9).
Official veterinary surgeons and veterinary officers of the Minister may prohibit the use of equipment or the use of part of the premises or reduce the rate of operations and a person aggrieved by such a decision may appeal (regulation 10).
The requirement to apply the health mark continues to apply to fresh meat produced in all licensed premises. The Minister is now required to provide the health marking equipment and to arrange for the mark to be applied to fresh meat which has been passed as fit for human consumption (regulation 11(2)). Times of operation of licensed premises are controlled (regulation 12).
Fresh meat may not be sold or offered for sale for human consumption unless it has been obtained from licensed premises, has met the hygiene requirements specified in the Schedules and is accompanied by a commercial document or health certificate (regulation 14).
The requirement for a health certificate to accompany fresh meat intended for export to another member State is replaced by the requirement to have a commercial document which shall accompany all fresh meat produced in a licensed premises (regulation 14).
An official veterinary surgeon or an inspector can in certain circumstances prohibit the slaughter or the dressing of an animal in a slaughterhouse (regulation 15), and an official veterinary surgeon may permit an animal to be kept in a lairage in exceptional circumstances for more than 72 hours (regulation 16). Conditions are laid down regarding the documentation to accompany a diseased or injured animal to a slaughterhouse (regulation 17); similarly, specified conditions must be complied with before a dead or slaughtered animal is brought into a slaughterhouse or farmed game processing facility (regulation 18).
The Minister must keep records in respect of inspections (regulation 19), and the occupier of licensed premises must also keep specified records (regulation 20).
A Compliance Cost Assessment in relation to these Regulations has been placed in the libraries of both Houses of Parliament and copies can be obtained from the Meat Hygiene Division of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Government Buildings, Hook Rise South, Tolworth, Surbiton, Surrey KT6 7NF.


(1)
1990 c. 16,“the Ministers” is defined in section 4(1) of the Act. Section 6(4) was amended by the Deregulation and Contracting Out Act 1994 (c. 40), section 31 and Schedule 9, paragraph 6.

(2)
S.I. 1972/1811.

(3)
1972 c. 68.

(4)
OJ No. L1, 3.1.94, p.1.

(5)
J No. L1,3.1.94, p.571.

(6)
S.I. 1990/1242.

(7)
S.I. 1990/1240.

(8)
OJ No. L26, 31.1.77, p.85 ammended by Council Directive 92/5/EEC, OJ No. L57, 2.3.92, p.8 & 9.

(9)
OJ No. L268, 14.9.92, p.35.

(10)
1981 c. 22.

(11)
S.I. 1992/2037.

(12)
OJ No. L268, 24.9.91, p.105.

(13)
OJ No. L268, 24.9.91, p.69.

(14)
S.I. 1987/133; to which there is an amendment not relevant to these Regulations.

(15)
S.I. 1987/2237.

(16)
S.I. 1966/791.

(17)
S.I. 1960/1602.

(18)
S.I. 1966/791.

(19)
S.I. 1970/1172.

(20)
S.I. 1991/2825.

(21)
S.I. 1992/2921.

(22)
S.I. 1994/3082.

(23)
S.I. 1995/361.

(24)
OJ No. L229, 30.8.80, p.11.

(25)
OJ No. L224, 18.8.90 p.29

(26)
S.I. 1991/2843.

(27)
OJ No. L26, 31.1.77., p.67.

(28)
S.I. 1973/1340.

(29)
OJ No. L382, 31.12.88, p.3.
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