The Plant Protection Products Regulations 1995

Link to law: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/1995/887/made/data.htm?wrap=true
Published: 1995-03-22

Statutory Instruments
1995 No. 887

PESTICIDES
The Plant Protection Products Regulations 1995

Made
22nd March 1995

Laid before Parliament
27th March 1995

Coming into force
17th April 1995

The Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretary of State, being Ministers designated(1) for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972(2) in relation to the common agricultural policy of the European Community, acting jointly in exercise of the powers conferred on them by the said section 2(2), and of all other powers enabling them in that behalf, hereby make the following Regulations:

Title, extent and commencement

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Plant Protection Products Regulations 1995, shall apply in Great Britain and shall come into force on 17th April 1995.

Interpretation

2.—(1) In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

“the 1985 Act” means the Food and Environment Protection Act 1985(3);

“active substance” means any substance or micro-organism, including a virus, having general or specific action against harmful organisms or on plants, parts of plants or plant products;

“animals” means animals belonging to species normally fed and kept or consumed by man;

“approval” in relation to a plant protection product means an administrative act under these Regulations by which the Ministers, following an application submitted by an applicant, approve the placing on the market or use of that plant protection product in the whole or any part of Great Britain and “approved” shall be construed accordingly;

“the Commission” means the Commission of the European Communities;

“contravenes” includes “fails to comply with”;

“the Directive” means Council Directive 91/414/EEC concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market(4), as amended by Commission Directive 93/71/EEC(5), Commission Directive 94/37/EC(6), Commission Directive 94/79/EC(7) and Council Directive 94/43/EC(8);

“the EEA” means the European Economic Area established under the EEA Agreement;

“the EEA Agreement” means the Agreement on the EEA signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992 as adjusted by the Protocol signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993(9);

“EEA State” means a State which is a Contracting Part to the EEA Agreement but until the EEA Agreement comes into force in relation to Liechtenstein does not include the State of Liechtenstein;

“the environment” means water, air, land, wild species of fauna and flora, and any interrelationship between them, as well as any relationship with living organisms;

“harmful organisms” means pests of plants or plant products belonging to the animal or plant kingdom, viruses, bacteria and mycoplasmas and other pathogens;

“integrated control” means the rational application of a combination of biological, biotechnological, chemical, cultural or plant-breeding measures whereby the use of chemical plant protection products is limited to the minimum strictly necessary to maintain harmful organisms below levels above which economically unacceptable damage or loss would occur;

“International Organisation for Standardisation” means the institution of that name founded in 1947 and currently having its headquarters at 1 Rue de Varembe CP 56, 1211 Geneva 20, Switzerland;

“International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry” means the institution of that name founded in 1919 and currently having its headquarters at Bank Court Chambers, 2-3 Pound Way, Templars Square, Cowley, Oxford OX4 3YF;

“the Ministers” means the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretary of State acting jointly;

“new active substance” means any active substance which is not an old active substance;

“old active substance” means any active substance which was on the market—

(a)
in Austria, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and, in so far as Liechtenstein is an EEA State, Liechtenstein, on or before 1st July 1994;

(b)
in other States within the EEA, on or before 26th July 1993;

“placing on the market” means any supply, whether in return for payment or not, within Great Britain, including importation into Great Britain from outside the EEA, other than a supply for storage followed by consignment from the EEA or disposal, and “place on the market” shall be construed accordingly;

“plants” means live plants and live parts of plants including fresh fruit and seeds;

“plant products” means products derived from plants in the unprocessed state or having undergone only simple preparation such as milling, drying or pressing, but excluding plants themselves;

“plant protection product” means an active substance or a preparation containing one or more active substances, put up in the form in which it is supplied to the user, intended to—

(a)
protect plants or plant products against all harmful organisms or prevent the action of such organisms;

(b)
influence the life processes of plants, other than as a nutrient (for example, as a growth regulator);

(c)
preserve plant products, in so far as such substances or products are not subject to provisions of Community law on preservatives;

(d)
destroy undesired plants; or

(e)
destroy parts of plants or check or prevent the undesired growth of plants;

“preparation” means a mixture or solution composed of two or more substances, of which at least one is an active substance, and which is intended for use as a plant protection product;

“the relevant competent authorities” means the competent authorities of the member States(10), other than the United Kingdom, as defined in a list of addresses published by the Ministers from time to time;

“residue” in relation to a plant protection product means one or more substances present in or on plants or products of plant origin, edible animal products or elsewhere in the environment and resulting from the use of that plant protection product, including its metabolites and products resulting from its degradation or reaction;

“substance” means any chemical element and its compounds, as they occur naturally or by manufacture, including any impurity inevitably resulting from the manufactur-ing process;

“the 1986 Regulations” means the Control of Pesticides Regulations 1986(11).

(2) In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires—

(a)any reference to a numbered regulation or Schedule shall be construed as a reference to the regulation or Schedule so numbered in these Regulations;

(b)any reference to a numbered Article shall be construed as a reference to the Article so numbered in the Directive; and

(c)any reference to a numbered Annex shall be construed as a reference to an Annex so numbered of the Directive.

Prohibitions

3.—(1) No person shall place on the market any plant protection product unless—

(a)it has been approved under regulation 5, 7, 8 or 11; and

(b)it is placed on the market in accordance with any requirement or condition which is specified in the approval.

(2) No person shall use any plant protection product unless—

(a)it has been approved under regulation 5, 7, 8 or 11;

(b)it is used in accordance with any requirement or condition which is—

(i)specified in the approval or in any extension of use granted under regulation 10; or

(ii)required by the approval or extension of use to be on the labelling;

(c)it is used in accordance with the principles of good plant protection practice; and

(d)whenever possible, it is used in accordance with the principles of integrated control.

(3) No person shall place on the market any new active substance unless he has made an application for the inclusion of that active substance in Annex I in accordance with regulation 4(1) and has lodged with the Ministers a declaration that the active substance is intended for use in a plant protection product(12).

(4) Paragraphs (1), (2) and (3) above shall not apply to any plant protection product or active substance which is approved under regulation 9.

(5) Nothing in these Regulations shall impede the production, storage or movement within Great Britain of a plant protection product intended for use in another EEA State, provided that—

(a)the product is authorised by the competent authority of that EEA State for use in that EEA State; and

(b)the inspection requirements laid down by that EEA State in order to ensure compliance with Article 3(1)(13) are satisfied.

(6) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene paragraph (1), (2)(a) or (b) or (3) above shall be guilty of an offence.

Applications concerning active substances

4.—(1) Any person who applies for the inclusion of a new active substance in Annex I shall submit to the Ministers, the relevant competent authorities and the Commission a dossier which satisfies the requirements of Annex II, together with a dossier complying with Annex III on at least one preparation containing that active substance.

(2) Where any active substance has been included in Annex I, any person may make an application for variation of the conditions subject to which the active substance was included(14).

(3) Any person who applies under paragraph (2) above shall submit the application to the Ministers, the relevant competent authorities and the Commission.

Standard approvals

5.—(1) Subject to the following provisions of this regulation and to regulation 6, the Ministers may approve, for a period not exceeding ten years, the placing on the market and use of any plant protection product.

(2) The Ministers may renew an approval granted under this regulation after verification that the requirements of regulation 6(2) to (7) continue to be satisified.

(3) Where an application for renewal of an approval granted under this regulation has been made, the Ministers may renew the approval for a provisional period while they undertake the verification mentioned in paragraph (2) above.

(4) Without prejudice to regulation 11, an applicant for approval of a plant protection product under this regulation shall submit with his application—

(a)a dossier satisfying, in the light of current scientific and technical knowledge, the requirements set out in Annex III; and

(b)for each active substance in the plant protection product, a dossier satisfying, in the light of current scientific and technical knowledge, the requirements set out in Annex II.

(5) By way of derogation from paragraph (4) above, and without prejudice to the provisions of regulation 15(1) to (4), an applicant for approval of a plant protection product under this regulation shall be exempted from supplying the information required under paragraph (4)(b) above (except for that identifying the active substance) if the active substance is already included in Annex I at the time of the application, taking into account the conditions of inclusion in that Annex, and does not differ significantly in degree of purity and nature of impurities from the composition registered in the dossier accompanying the original application for inclusion of the active substance in Annex I.

(6) An approval granted under this regulation shall specify the requirements and conditions relating to the placing on the market and use of the product and such requirements and conditions shall include all those necessary to comply with regulation 6(3)(a) to (e).

(7) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene any requirement or condition of an approval granted under this regulation shall be guilty of an offence.

General requirements for granting of standard approvals

6.—(1) The Ministers shall not approve a plant protection product under regulation 5 unless the requirements set out in paragraph (2) to (7) below are satisified in relation to it.

(2) The active substances of the plant protection product shall have been included in Annex I at the time the approval is granted and any conditions laid down in that Annex shall have been fulfilled.

(3) Having regard to current scientific and technical knowledge and upon the appraisal of the dossier submitted for the approval of the product, it shall have been established (pursuant to the uniform principles provided for in Annex VI) that, when used in accordance with regulation 3(2) and having regard to all normal conditions under which it may be used and the consequences of its use, the plant protection product—

(a)is sufficiently effective;

(b)has no unacceptable effects on plants or plant products;

(c)does not cause unnecessary suffering and pain to vertebrates which are to be controlled;

(d)has no harmful effect directly or indirectly on human or animal health (for example, through drinking water, food or feed) or on ground water;

(e)has no unacceptable influence on the environment, having particular regard to—

(i)its fate and distribution in the environment, particularly contamination of water (including drinking water and ground water); and

(ii)its impact on non-target species; and

(f)can be used in such a way that any provisional maximum residue levels determined by the Ministers under paragraph (7) below or by the Commission under Article 4(1)(f) are not exceeded.

(4) The Ministers, pursuant to the uniform principles provided for in Annex VI, shall have determined the nature and quantity of the active substances of the plant protection product and, where appropriate, any toxicologically or ecotoxicologically significant impurities and co-formulants, applying methods which, until harmonised methods have been adopted under Article 4(1)(c), they have determined are appropriate.

(5) The Ministers, pursuant to the uniform principles provided for in Annex VI, shall have determined the residues of the plant protection product, resulting from approved uses, which are of toxicological or environmental significance, by applying appropriate methods in general use.

(6) The Ministers, pursuant to the uniform principles provided for in Annex VI, shall have determined the physical and chemical properties of the plant protection product and shall have adjudged them to be acceptable for the purposes of the appropriate use and storage of the product.

(7) The Ministers shall have determined provisional maximum residue levels for the agricultural products referred to in the approval and shall have notified them to the Commission.

(8) The Ministers shall ensure that compliance with the requirements set out in paragraphs (2) to (7) above is achieved by official or officially recognised tests and analyses carried out under agricultural, plant health and environmental conditions relevant to the use of the plant protection product and representative of those prevailing where the product is intended to be used in Great Britain.

Provisional approvals

7.—(1) The Ministers may, to enable a gradual assessment to be made of the properties of new active substances and to make it easier for new preparations to be made available for use in agriculture, approve, for a provisional period not exceeding three years, the placing on the market and use of any plant protection product containing a new active substance which is not included in Annex I, provided that the conditions specified in paragraph (2) below are satisfied.

(2) The conditions mentioned in paragraph (1) are—

(a)a dossier on the active substance has been submitted in accordance with regulation 4(1) and satisfies the requirements of Annexes II and III in relation to the projected uses;

(b)the Ministers have established that the active substance can satisfy the requirements of Article 5(1) and that the plant protection product may be expected to satisfy the requirements of regulation 6(3) to (7).

(3) When the conditions specified in paragraph (2) above have been satisfied the Ministers shall immediately inform the relevant competent authorities and the Commission of their assessment of the dossier and of the terms of the approval, giving at least the information provided for in Article 12(1).

(4) If, following the examination provided for in Article 6(3) of a dossier submitted under regulation 4(1), it is decided, in accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 19(15), that the active substance does not satisfy the requirements specified in Article 5(1), the Ministers shall withdraw the provisional approval.

(5) If, on expiry of the three year period mentioned in paragraph (1) above, a decision has not been taken concerning the inclusion of the active substance in Annex I, a further period may be provided for in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 19 to enable a full examination to be made of the dossier and, where appropriate, of any additional information requested in accordance with Article 6(3) and (4) and the Ministers shall extend the period of the provisional approval accordingly.

(6) The Ministers shall ensure that compliance with the requirements set out in regulation 6(2) to (7) is achieved by official or officially recognised tests and analyses carried out under agricultural, plant health and environmental conditions relevant to the use of the plant protection product and representative of those prevailing where the product is intended to be used in Great Britain.

(7) An approval granted under this regulation shall specify the requirements and conditions relating to the placing on the market and use of the product and such requirements and conditions shall include at least all those necessary to comply with regulation 6(3)(a) to (e).

(8) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene any requirement or condition of an approval granted under this regulation shall be guilty of an offence.

Emergency approvals

8.—(1) In special circumstances the Ministers may approve, for a period not exceeding 120 days, the placing on the market and use of any plant protection product not complying with regulation 6 for a limited and controlled use if such a measure appears necessary because of an unforeseeable danger which cannot be contained by other means.

(2) An approval granted under this regulation shall specify the requirements and conditions relating to the placing on the market and use of the product.

(3) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene any requirement or condition of an approval granted under this regulation shall be guilty of an offence.

Approvals for research and development

9.—(1) No person shall carry out any experiment or test for research or development purposes involving the release into the environment of a plant protection product which has not been approved under regulation 5, 7, 8 or 11 unless an approval for trial purposes has been granted by the Ministers under this regulation in respect of that product.

(2) Subject to paragraph (3) below, any person who wishes to obtain an approval under this regulation shall submit an application to the Ministers before the commencement of the experiment or test, together with a dossier containing all the available information, so as to permit an assessment to be made of possible effects on human or animal health or the possible impact on the environment.

(3) Paragraph (2) above shall not apply if the Ministers have granted the applicant the right to undertake certain experiments and tests and have determined the conditions under which the experiments and tests have to be undertaken.

(4) An approval granted under this regulation shall specify the requirements and conditions relating to the release into the environment of the product, which shall include a specification of the controlled conditions for carrying out the test, the quantities and area or location in respect of which the approval shall apply and any conditions imposed under paragraph (5) below.

(5) If the proposed experiments or tests referred to in paragraph (1) above are liable to have harmful effects on human or animal health or to have an unacceptably adverse influence on the environment, the Ministers may either prohibit them or permit them subject to such conditions as they consider necessary to prevent those consequences.

(6) This regulation shall not apply to experiments or tests covered by Part B of Council Directive 90/220/EEC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms(16).

(7) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene—

(a)paragraph (1) above; or

(b)any requirement or condition of an approval granted under this regulation,shall be guilty of an offence.

Extensions of approved use

10.—(1) Official or scientific bodies involved in agricultural activities or professional agricultural organisations and professional users may apply to the Ministers for the approved use of a plant protection product in Great Britain to be extended to purposes other than those for which the approval of that product was granted.

(2) The Ministers shall grant an extension of the approved use of a plant protection product when they consider that it is in the public interest and if—

(a)the documentation and information to support the extension have been submitted by the applicant for extension;

(b)the Ministers have established that the conditions referred to in regulation 6(3)(c), (d) and (e) are satisfied;

(c)the intended use is minor in nature; and

(d)users are fully and specifically informed as to instructions for use.

(3) An extension of use granted under this regulation shall be for such a period, not exceeding the period for the approved use of the plant protection product, as may be specified in the extension and shall specify the requirements and conditions relating to the the extended use of the product.

(4) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene any requirement or condition of an extension of use granted under this regulation shall be guilty of an offence.

Mutual recognition of approvals

11.—(1) Where—

(a)a plant protection product has been authorised under the Directive to be placed on the market and used in another EEA State, and

(b)all the active substances contained in that plant protection product are included in Annex I,any person may apply to the Ministers for approval of that plant protection product under this regualtion.

(2) An applicant for an approval under this regulation must substantiate the comparability requirement with documentary evidence.

(3) To the extent that they are satisfied that the comparability requirement has been complied with, the Ministers shall not require the repetition of tests and analyses already carried out in connection with the authorisation of the plant protection product in that other EEA State and shall grant the application.

(4) An approval granted under this regulation may specify conditions resulting from the implementation of other measures in accordance with Community law, relating to the conditions for distribution and use of plant protection products intended to protect the health of the distributors, users and workers concerned.

(5) An approval granted under this regulation may also specify conditions by way of restrictions on use which arise from differences in dietary patterns and are necessary in order to avoid exposure of consumers of treated products to the risks of dietary contamination in excess of the acceptable daily intake of the residues concerned(17).

(6) An approval granted under this regulation may, with the agreement of the applicant, specify modifications in the requirements or conditions of use subject to which the plant protection product was authorised in order to render any non-comparable agricultural, plant health or environmental (including climatic) conditions irrelevant for the purpose of satisfying the comparability requirement.

(7) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene any requirement or condition of an approval granted under this regulation shall be guilty of an offence.

(8) In this regulation “the comparability requirement” means a requirement that the agricultural, plant health and environmental (including climatic) conditions relevant to the use of the plant protection product must be comparable in Great Britain.

Provisional restrictions and prohibitions

12.—(1) Where the Ministers reasonably consider that a product which they have approved, or are required to approve, under regulation 11 constitutes a risk to human or animal health or the environment, they may provisionally restrict or prohibit its sale or use in Great Britain and shall immediately notify the holder of the approval or the applicant (as the case may be), the relevant competent authorities and the Commission of such action, giving reasons for the decision.

(2) Article 11(2) shall apply following the notification mentioned in paragraph (1) above.

Applications, reviews, revocations and modifications

13.—(1) An application for approval of a plant protection product under regualtion 5, 7, 8 or 11 shall be made to the Ministers by or on behalf of the person responsible for first placing it on the market in Great Britain.

(2) For the purpose of any application for an approval under these Regulations or for an extension of use under regulation 10—

(a)the applicant shall have a permanent office within the EEA;

(b)the application shall be in English;

(c)samples of the preparation and of its ingredients shall be provided if requested by the Ministers.

(3) The Ministers may review an approval granted under regulation 5 or 7 or an extension of use granted under regulation 10 if there are indications that any of the relevant requirements are no longer satisfied.

(4) When reviewing an approval or extension of use under paragraph (3) above the Ministers may require the holder of the approval or extension of use to submit further information necessary for the review and the approval or extension of use may, where necessary, be extended for the period necessary to complete the review and provide such further information.

(5) Without prejudice to any decision already taken pursuant to regulation 11, the Ministers, in relation to any approval granted under these Regulations or extension of use granted under regulation 10—

(a)shall revoke the approval or extension of use if it is established that—

(i)the requirements for obtaining the approval or extension of use are not or are no longer satisfied; or

(ii)false or misleading particulars were supplied concerning the facts on the basis of which the approval or extension of use was granted;

(b)may revoke the approval or extension of use if it is established that any requirement or condition which is—

(i)specified in the approval or extension of use; or

(ii)required by the approval or extension of use to be on the labelling,is not or is no longer satisfied;

(c)may revoke the approval or extension of use at the request of the holder of the approval or the extension of use, who shall state the reasons for such a request.

(6) Where the Ministers revoke an approval or extension of use under paragraph (5) above, they shall immediately inform the holder of the approval or extension of use of such revocation and may grant a period of grace for the disposal, storage, placing on the market and use of existing stocks, of a length commensurate with the reason for the revocation, without prejudice to any period provided for by a decision taken under Council Directive 79/117/EEC prohibiting the placing on the market and use of plant protection products containing certain active substances(18) as amended(19) or to Article 6(1) or 8(1) or (2).

(7) Without prejudice to any decision already taken pursuant to regulation 11 and subject to paragraph (8) below, the Ministers, in relation to any approval granted under these Regulations or extension of use granted under regulation 10—

(a)shall modify the approval or extension of use if it is established that on the basis of developments in scientific and technical knowledge the manner of use and amounts used can be modified;

(b)may modify the approval or extension of use at the request of the holder of the approval or the extension of use, who shall state the reasons for such a request.

(8) The Ministers may modify an approval or an extension of use under paragraph (7) above if it is established that the relevant requirements continue to be satisfied.

(9) In this regulation “the relevant requirements” means—

(a)in the case of an approval granted under regulation 5, the requirements of regulation 6(2) to (7);

(b)in the case of an approval granted under regulation 7, the requirements of regulation 6(3) to (7);

(c)in the case of an extension of use granted under regulation 10, the requirements of regulation 6(3)(c), (d) and (e).

Notification of information on potentially dangerous effects

14.—(1) The holder of any approval of a plant protection product granted under these Regulations or the holder of any extension of use of a plant protection product granted under regulation 10 shall immediately notify the Ministers, the relevant competent authorities and the Commission of all new information on the potentially dangerous effects of that plant protection product, or of residues of an active substance contained in that plant protection product, on human or animal health, ground water or the environment.

(2) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene paragraph (1) above shall be guilty of an offence.

Data protection

15.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2) below, the Ministers shall not make use of any information provided in accordance with Annex II by an applicant for approval of a plant protection product under regulation 5 or 7 for the benefit of any other applicant for approval of a plant protection product under regulation 5 or 7.

(2) The Ministers may make use of such information in the circumstances provided for in Article 13(3).

(3) Subject to paragraph (4) below, the Ministers shall not make use of any information provided in accordance with Annex III by an applicant for approval of a plant protection product under regulation 5 or 7 for the benefit of any other applicant for approval of a plant protection product under regulation 5 or 7.

(4) The Ministers may make use of such information in the circumstances provided for in Article 13(4).

(5) The Ministers, following examination of an application for approval of a plant protection product under regulation 5 or 7, shall inform the Commission of instances where they consider that an active substance as included in Annex I has been produced by a person or manufacturing process other than those specified in the dossier on the basis of which that active substance was first included in Annex I and shall transmit to the Commission all relevant information regarding the identity and impurities of that active substance.

Duplication of experiments

16.—(1) Notwithstanding regulation 5(4), and without prejudice to regulation 11, where an active substance has been included in Annex I—

(a)any person who intends to apply for approval under regulation 5 or 7 of a plant protection product containing that substance, and who intends to use that plant protection product in an experiment involving vertebrate animals, shall enquire of the Ministers—

(i)whether approval has already been granted for that plant protection product and, if so,

(ii)as to the name and address of any holder of a previous or existing approval,and shall supply evidence that he intends to apply for approval on his own behalf and that the other information specified in regulation 5(4) is available;

(b)the Ministers, if satisfied that that person intends to make such an application, shall provide him with the name and address of the holder or holders of previous or existing approvals and at the same time inform the holders of those approvals of the name and address of that person.

(2) The holder or holders of previous approvals and the person intending to make the application shall take all reasonable steps to reach agreement on the sharing of information so as to avoid the duplication of testing on vertebrate animals.

(3) Where a person requests any information with a view to inclusion of an old active substance in Annex I, the Ministers shall encourage holders of such information to co-operate in the provision of the requested information, with a view to limiting the duplication of testing on vertebrate animals.

(4) Where a person who intends to apply for approval of a plant protection product and holders of previous approvals of the same product cannot reach an agreement on the sharing of information, the Ministers may direct that person and holders of previous approvals located within Great Britain to share the information with a view to avoiding duplicative testing on vertebrate animals and determine both the procedure for utilising information and the reasonable balance of the interests of the parties concerned.

(5) Any person who—

(a)fails to make enquiries as required in paragraph (1)(a) above; or

(b)fails to comply with a direction made by the Ministers under paragraph (4) above,shall be guilty of an offence.

(6) Any person who causes or permits any person to—

(a)fail to make enquiries as required in paragraph (1)(a) above; or

(b)fail to comply with a direction made by the Ministers under paragraph (4) above,shall be guilty of an offence.

Confidentiality

17.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2) below, where an applicant for the inclusion of an active substance in Annex I or an applicant for approval of a plant protection product so requests, the Ministers shall treat any information submitted by that applicant as confidential to the extent that in the opinion of the Ministers that information contains industrial or commercial secrets.

(2) The Ministers shall not treat as confidential the information specified in Schedule 1 and, once the application has been granted, the Ministers may make that information available to any person for inspection.

(3) If subsequent to the request mentioned in paragraph (1) above the applicant discloses any information which is confidential by virtue of this regulation, he shall inform the Ministers accordingly.

(4) This regulation is without prejudice to the provisions of the Environmental Information Regulations 1992(20).

Packaging

18.—(1) No person shall place on the market a plant protection product unless the packaging of that product satisfies the following requirements—

(a)the packaging must be so designed and constructed that its contents cannot escape (unless special safety devices have been prescribed);

(b)the materials constituting the packaging and fastenings must not be susceptible to attack by the contents, or liable to form harmful or dangerous compounds with the contents;

(c)the packaging and fastenings must be strong and solid throughout so as to ensure that they will not come apart and will safely withstand normal handling;

(d)containers with fastening devices must be so designed that the container can be repeatedly refastened so that the contents cannot escape.

(2) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene paragraph (1) above shall be guilty of an offence.

Labelling

19.—(1) No person shall place on the market a plant protection product unless—

(a)the labelling of the packaging in which the product is contained satisfies the requirements specified in paragraphs 1 to 6 of Schedule 2; and

(b)he has complied with any requirement made by the Ministers under paragraph 7 of that Schedule.

(2) Any person who contravenes or causes or permits any person to contravene paragraph (1) above shall be guilty of an offence.

Seizure and disposal of plant protection products

20.—(1) Where there has been a breach, in relation to any plant protection product, of any prohibition, requirement or condition imposed by or under these Regulations in relation to that plant protection product, either of the Ministers may seize or dispose of the plant protection product and anything treated by it or require that some other person shall take such remedial action as appears to that Minister to be necessary as a result of the contravention.

(2) If any plant protection product has been imported into Great Britain in contravention of these Regulations, either of the Ministers may, by notice in writing served on the person appearing to him to be the owner, the importer or the person in charge of the product, require that it shall be exported from Great Britain within such period as that Minister reasonably may determine.

General offences

21.—(1) Where in relation to an application for an approval under these Regulations, an application for an extension of use under regulation 10 or a requirement or condition specified in such an approval or extension of use, any person—

(a)makes a statement which he knows to be false in a material particular;

(b)recklessly makes a statement which is false in a material particular; or

(c)intentionally fails to disclose any material particular,he shall be guilty of an offence.

(2) Where in relation to an application for an approval under these Regulations, an application for an extension of use under regulation 10 or a requirement or condition specified in such an approval or extension of use, any person causes or permits any person—

(a)to make a statement which he knows to be false in a material particular;

(b)recklessly to make a statement which is false in a material particular; or

(c)intentionally to fail to disclose any material particular,he shall be guilty of an offence.

(3) Any person who—

(a)intentionally obstructs an officer in the performance of any of his functions under regulation 24;

(b)fails to comply with a requirement made or direction given by an officer in the performance of his functions under regulation 24; or

(c)in purporting to give information required by an officer for the performance of any of his functions under regulation 24—

(i)makes a statement which he knows to be false in a material particular;

(ii)recklessly makes a statement which is false in a material particular; or

(iii)intentionally fails to disclose any material particular;

shall be guilty of an offence.

(4) In this regulation “officer” shall have the same meaning as provided for in paragraph 1(c) of Schedule 2 to the 1985 Act, as read with regulation 24.

Penalties

22.—(1) A person guilty of an offence under regulation 3(6), 5(7), 7(8), 8(3), 9(7), 10(4), 11(7), 18(2), 19(2) or 21(1) or (2) shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction, to a fine of an amount not exceeding the statutory maximum; and

(b)on conviction on indictment, to a fine.

(2) A person guilty of an offence under regulation 14(2), 16(5) or (6) or 21(3) shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine of an amount not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(3) Where an offence under these Regulations which has been committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in any such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence and be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

(4) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, paragraph (3) above shall apply in relation to the acts and defaults of a member in connection with his functions of management as if he were a director of the body corporate.

(5) In paragraphs (3) and (4) above references to a “body corporate” include references to a partnership in Scotland and, in relation to such partnership, any reference to a director or other officer of a body corporate is a reference to a partner.

(6) Proceedings for any offence under these Regulations may be taken, and the offence may for the purposes of the jurisdiction of the court to try the offences be treated as having been committed, in any place in Great Britain.

(7) It shall be a defence in proceedings for an offence—

(a)under section 8(b) of the Protection of Animals Act 1911(21); or

(b)under section 7(b) of the Protection of Animals (Scotland) Act 1912(22)

(each of which restricts the placing on land of poison and poisonous substances) for the person charged to show that he acted in accordance with an approval granted under these Regulations and, where appropriate, an extension of use granted under regulation 10.

General defence of due diligence

23.—(1) In any proceedings for an offence under these Regulations it shall be a defence for the person charged to prove that he took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of paragraph (1) above, a person is to be taken to have established the defence provided by that paragraph if he proves—

(a)that he acted under instructions given to him by his employer; or

(b)that he acted in reliance on information supplied by another person without any reason to suppose that the information was false or misleading,

and in either case that he took all such steps as were reasonably open to him to ensure that no offence would be committed.

(3) If in any case the defence provided by paragraph (1) above involves an allegation that the commission of the offence was due to an act or omission by another person, other than the giving of instructions to the person charged with the offence by his employer, or to reliance on information supplied by another person, the person charged shall not, without leave of the court, be entitled to rely on that defence unless within a period ending seven clear days before the hearing, he has served on the prosecutor a notice giving such information identifying or assisting in the identification of that other person as was then in his possession.

Enforcement

24.—(1) Section 19 of, and paragraphs 1(c), 2 and 4 to 9 of Schedule 2 to, the 1985 Act (enforcement powers) shall have effect for the purposes of these Regulations as they have effect for the purpose of that Act and as if—

(a)any reference in that section, or in those paragraphs, to that Act or a Part of it were a reference to these Regulations;

(b)any reference in that section to a pesticide were a reference to a plant protection product; and

(c)any reference in that section to an offence under section 16(12)(a) of that Act were a reference to an offence to which this regulation applies.

(2) This regulation applies to any offence under regulation 3(6), 5(7), 7(8), 8(3), 9(7), 10(4), 11(7), 14(2), 16(5) or (6), 18(2) or 19(2).

Service of documents

25.—(1) Any document required or authorised under these Regulations to be served by the Ministers on any person may be served—

(a)by delivering it to him or by leaving it at his proper address or by sending it by post to him at that address;

(b)if the person is a body corporate, by serving it in accordance with sub-paragraph (a) above on the secretary of that body; or

(c)if the person is a partnership, by serving it in accordance with sub-paragraph (a) above on a partner or a person having control or management of the partnership business.

(2) For the purpose of this regulation and section 7 (which relates to the service of documents by post) of the Interpretation Act 1978(23) in its application to this regulation, the proper address of any person on whom a document is to be served shall be his last known address, except that—

(a)in the case of service on a body corporate or its secretary, it shall be the address of the registered or principal office of the body;

(b)in the case of service on a partnership or a partner or a person having the control or management of a partnership business, it shall be the address of the principal office of the partnership;

and for the purpose of this paragraph the principal office of a company registered outside Great Britain or of a partnership carrying on business outside Great Britain is its principal office within Great Britain.

(3) If a person to be served under these Regulations with any document has specified to either of the Ministers an address within Great Britain other than his proper address (as determined under paragraph (2) above) as the one at which he or someone on his behalf will accept documents of the same description as that document, that address shall also be treated as his proper address for the purposes of this regulation and for the purposes of section 7 of the Interpretation Act 1978 in its application to this regulation.

(4) In this regulation “secretary”, in relation to a local authority within the meaning of the Local Government Act 1972(24) or the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973(25), means the proper officer within the meaning of that Act.

Transitional provisions

26.  Schedule 3 shall have effect.

Disapplication

27.—(1) Where the placing on the market of any plant protection product is, or under Schedule 3 has become, subject to the prohibition specified in regulation 3(1), the provisions of the 1986 Regulations which concern approvals authorising the sale, and supply, of pesticides shall not apply in relation to that product.

(2) Where the use of any plant protection product is, or under Schedule 3 as become, subject to the prohibition specified in regulation 3(2), the provisions of the 1986 Regulations which concern approvals authorising the use of pesticides shall not apply in relation to that product.

(3) The Farm and Garden Chemicals Regulations 1971(26) shall not apply to any plant protection product to the extent that regulation 19 applies to it.

(4) The Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 1994(27) shall not apply to any plant protection product to the extent that it is approved under these Regulations.

(5) In this regulation “pesticides”, “sale”, “supply” and “use” have the same meanings as in the 1986 Regulations.

Angela Browning
Parliamentary Secretary,
Ministry of Agriculture,
Fisheries and Food
22nd March 1995

Hector Monro
Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, Scottish Office
21st March 1995

Regulation 17

SCHEDULE 1NON-CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION

1.  The name and content of the active substance and the name of the plant protection product.

2.  The name of other substances which are regarded as dangerous under—

(a)Council Directive 67/548/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the member States relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous substances(28) as amended(29); and

(b)Council Directive 78/631/EEC on the approximation of the laws of the member States relating to the classification, packaging and labelling of dangerous preparations (pesticides)(30) as amended(31).

3.  Physico-chemical data concerning the active substance and plant protection product.

4.  Any ways of rendering the active substance or plant protection product harmless.

5.  A summary of the results of the tests to establish the efficacy and harmlessness to humans, animals, plants and the environment of the active substance or the plant protection product.

6.  Recommended methods and precautions to reduce handling, storage, transport, fire or other hazards.

7.  The methods of analysis referred to in regulation 6(4) and (5) and Article 5.1.

8.  Methods of disposal of the product and of its packaging.

9.  Decontamination procedures to be followed in the case of accidental spillage or leakage.

10.  First aid and medical treatment to be given in the case of injury to persons.

Regulation 19

SCHEDULE 2LABELLING

1.  The packaging containing the plant protection product shall be marked clearly and indelibly with the following information—

(a)the trade name or designation of the plant protection product;

(b)the name and address of the holder of the approval and the approval number of the plant protection product and, if different, the name and address of the person responsible for the final packaging and labelling or for the final labelling of the plant protection product on the market;

(c)the name and amount of each active substance expressed as provided for in Article 6 of Directive 78/631/EEC and in particular paragraph (2)(d) of that Article; the name must be as given in the list contained in Annex I to Directive 67/548/EEC or, if not included therein, its International Organisation for Standardisation common name. If the latter is not available, the active substance shall be designated by its chemical designation according to the rules of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry contained in the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, 1979 edition(32);

(d)the net quantity of plant protection product given in legal units of measurement;

(e)the formulation batch number or some means of identifying it;

(f)the particulars required under Article 6 of Directive 78/631/EEC, in particular those mentioned in paragraphs 2(d), (g), (h) and (i), 3 and 4 of that Article and information on first aid;

(g)the nature of any special risks for humans, animals or the environment, by means of standard phrases selected as appropriate from those given in Annex IV;

(h)safety precautions for the protection of humans, animals or the environment, in the form of standard phrases selected as appropriate from those given in Annex V;

(i)the type of action of the plant protection product;

(j)the type of preparation;

(k)the uses for which the plant protection product has been approved and any specific agricultural, plant health and environmental conditions under which the product may be used or should not be used;

(l)directions for use and the dose rate, expressed in metric units, for each use provided for under the terms of the approval;

(m)where necessary, the safety interval for each use between application and—

(i)sowing or planting of the crop to be protected;

(ii)sowing or planting of succeeding crops;

(iii)access by humans or animals;

(iv)harvesting; and

(v)use or consumption;

(n)particulars of possible phytotoxicity, varietal susceptibility and any other direct or indirect adverse side effects on plants or products of plant origin together with the intervals to be observed between application and sowing or planting of—

(i)the crop in question; or

(ii)subsequent crops;

(o)if accompanied by a leaflet, as provided for in paragraph 2 below, the sentence Read accompanying instructions before use;

(p)directions for safe disposal of the plant protection product and of the packaging;

(q)the expiry date relevant to normal conditions of storage where the shelf life of the product is limited to less than two years;

(r)whether or not the product is restricted to a certain category of user.

2.  The requirements specified in paragraphs (l), (m) and (n) of paragraph 1 above may be indicated on a separate leaflet accompanying the package if the space available on the package is too small and in such a case the leaflet shall be regarded as part of the label for the purposes of these Regulations.

3.  In no circumstances may the label of the packaging of a plant protection product bear the indications non-toxic, harmless or similar indications.

4.  Information to the effect that the plant protection product may be used when bees or other non-target species are active, or when crops or weeds are in flower, or other such phrases to protect bees or other non-target species, may be given on the label if the approval relates explicitly to use during the season for bees or other specified organisms and presents minimal risk to them.

5.  Labels shall be in English.

6.  At any time the Ministers may require additional phrases to be clearly and indelibly marked on packaging where this is deemed by them to be necessary for the protection of human beings, animals or the environment.

7.  The Ministers may require any of the persons referred to in paragraph 1(b) above at any time to provide them with samples, models or drafts of the packaging, labelling and leaflets referred to in this Schedule.

Regulation 26

SCHEDULE 3TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Application of these Regulations and of the 1986 Regulations to relevant plant protection products

1.  Notwithstanding regulation 3(1) and (2) and subject to the remaining provisions of this Schedule—

(a)these Regulations shall not apply; and

(b)the 1986 Regulations shall continue to apply,

to a relevant plant protection product.

Effect of Annex I decisions on the placing on the market and use of relevant plant protection products which are not approved pesticides

2.  Where in relation to a relevant plant protection product which is not an approved pesticide it is decided under Article 6(33)—

(a)that the relevant active substances of that product should be included in Annex I, or

(b)that any of the relevant active substances of that product should not be included in Annex I,the placing on the market and use of that product shall become subject to the prohibitions specified in regulation 3(1) and (2).

Effect of a refusal to include an active substance in Annex I on relevant plant protection products which are approved pesticides

3.  Where, in relation to a relevant plant protection product which is an approved pesticide, it has been decided under Article 6 that any of its relevant active substances should not be included in Annex I, the Ministers shall notify the pesticide approval holder of that decision and shall take the action described in paragraph 5(1) below.

Effect of a decision to include active substances in Annex I on relevant plant protection products which are approved pesticides

4.—(1) Where, in relation to any relevant plant protection product which is an approved pesticide, it has been decided under Article 6 that its relevant active substances should be included in Annex I, the Ministers shall notify the pesticide approval holder of that fact and the pesticide approval holder shall, as soon as reasonably practicable, and in any event not later than three months after that notification, or such longer period as the Ministers may determine and notify to the pesticide approval holder, make an application for an approval of the relevant plant protection product under regulation 5.

(2) After having submitted an applicaton under regulation 5, the pesticide approval holder may continue to place on the market and use the relevant plant protection product until such time as the Ministers notify him of their decision to grant or refuse an approval under that regulation.

(3) Where the pesticide approval holder fails to provide adequate information to enable the Ministers to consider the application, the Ministers shall notify him of that failure and the pesticide approval holder shall, within such reasonable period as may be specified in the notification, submit further information to the Ministers to enable them to consider the application.

Revocation of pesticide approval

5.—(1) The Ministers shall, at the same time as they notify a pesticide approval holder of a decision mentioned in paragraph 3 or 4(2) above, revoke the pesticide approval.

(2) The Ministers may, if any pesticide approval holder fails to comply with a notification given under paragraph 4(1) or (3) above, revoke the pesticide approval.

(3) Where the Ministers revoke a pesticide approval under sub-paragraph (1) or (2) above, they may revoke that approval—

(a)completely;

(b)in the manner specified in sub-paragraph (4) below; or

(c)in the manner specified in sub-paragraph (5) below.

(4) When revoking an approval in the manner mentioned in paragraph (b) of sub-paragraph (3) above, the Ministers shall—

(a)subject to sub-paragraph (b) below, revoke that approval in so far as it authorises the advertisement, sale, storage, supply and use of that product; and

(b)in the form of a provisional approval granted under regulation 5 of the 1986 Regulations for a period not exceeding two years commencing with the date of that revocation, authorise—

(i)the storage of that product by any person; and

(ii)the advertisement, sale, supply and use of that product by any person other than the pesticide approval holder or the pesticide approval holder’s employees or agents.

(5) When revoking an approval in the manner mentioned in paragraph (c) of sub-paragraph (3) above, the Ministers shall—

(a)subject to sub-paragraphs (b) and (c) below, revoke that approval in so far as it authorises the advertisement, sale, supply, storage and use of that product;

(b)in the form of a provisional approval granted under regulation 5 of the 1986 Regulations for a period not exceeding one year commencing with the date of that revocation, authorise the advertisement, sale, storage, supply and use of that product by any person; and

(c)in the form of a provisional approval granted under regulation 5 of the 1986 Regulations for a period, not exceeding two years following the end of the period of provisional approval granted under sub-paragraph (b) above, authorise—

(i)the storage of that product by any person; and

(ii)the advertisement, sale, supply and use of that product by any person other than the pesticide approval holder or the pesticide approval holder’s employees or agents.

Effect of revocation on the placing on the market and use of the product

6.—(1) Where the Ministers have revoked a pesticide approval in relation to any plant protection product under paragraph 5(1) or (2) above completely, the placing on the market and use of that product shall become subject to the prohibitions specified in regulation 3(1) and (2) forthwith.

(2) Where the Ministers have revoked a pesticide approval in relation to any plant protection product in the manner specified in paragraph 5(4) above, the placing on the market and use of that product shall become subject to the prohibitions specified in regulation 3(1) and (2) on the expiry of the period of the provisional approval granted under paragraph 5(4)(b)(ii) above.

(3) Where the Ministers have revoked a pesticide approval in relation to any plant protection product in the manner specified in paragraph 5(5) above, the placing on the market and use of that product shall become subject to the prohibitions specified in regulation 3(1) and (2) on the expiry of the period of the provisional approval granted under paragraph 5(5)(c)(ii) above.

Notifications

7.  Any notification given by the Ministers under this Schedule shall be in writing.

Interpretation

8.  For the purposes of this Schedule—

“approved pesticide” means a pesticide which is the subject of a pesticide approval;

“pesticide approval” means approval of a pesticide given under regulation 5 of the 1986 Regulations;

“pesticide approval holder” means any person who holds a current pesticide approval;

“relevant active substance” means an active substance which has the same chemical composition as an active ingredient(34) contained in a relevant plant protection product which is an approved pesticide;

“relevant plant protect product” means any plant protection product—

(a)
which falls within the scope of the 1986 Regulations(35); and

(b)
at least one of whose active ingredients is an old active substance; and

“advertisement”, “sale”, “storage”, “supply” and “use” have the same meanings as in the 1986 Regulations.

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Regulations)
These Regulations, which are made under section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972, implement in Great Britain Council Directive 91/414/EEC (OJ No. L230, 19.8.91, p.1 to be read with corrigenda published in OJ No. L170, 25.6.92, p.40) concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market (“the Directive”), Commission Directive 93/71/EEC (OJ No. L221, 31.8.93, p.27), Commission Directive 94/37/EEC (OJ No. L194, 29.7.94, p.65), and Commission Directive 94/79/EC (OJ No. L354, 31.12.94, p.16), each of which amends Annexes II and III to the Directive, and Council Directive 94/43/EEC (OJ No. L227, 1.9.94, p.31) which establishes Annex VI to the Directive.
Directives 91/414/EEC and 93/71/EEC were extended to the European Economic Area (“the EEA”) by Decision No. 7/94 of the EEA Joint Committee (OJ No. L160, 28.6.94, p.1), which amended the European Economic Area Agreement (see Decision 94/1 ECSC, EEC; OJ No. L1, 3.1.94, p.1).
The Directive (as extended to the EEA) establishes an authorisation system whereby plant protection products (defined in the Directive as active substances and preparations containing one or more active substances intended inter alia to protect plants against harmful organisms) may not be placed on the market and used in the territory of an EEA State unless they have been authorised under the Directive by that EEA State (or, subject to qualifications, by another EEA State). The Directive (as read with adaptations set out in Decision No. 7/94 of the EEA Joint Committee) establishes uniform rules on the conditions and procedures for authorisation, including rules on the mutual recognition of authorisations between EEA States. The purpose of the system is to ensure that wherever they are placed on the market and used within the EEA plant protection products are effective without causing harm to human or animal health and without adversely affecting plants and ground water or the environment in general.
Before a plant protection product can receive a standard authorisation all its active substances must be included in Annex I to the Directive although the Directive allows provisional authorisation of a product in advance of such inclusion.
The inclusion of active substances which were on the market of EEA States on or before 26th July 1993 (or, as far as Austria, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden and, in so far as Liechtenstein is an EEA State, Liechtenstein are concerned, on or before 1st July 1994) are subject to a rolling review programme operated by the European Commission in conjunction with the member States of the European Community, although in transitional provisions set out in the Directive EEA States are permitted to authorise the placing on the market of products containing such substances until they have been reviewed; whereas inclusion of a new active substance in Annex I requires an application by the person intending to place it on the market.
The Directive also permits authorisations for short periods in the event of emergency and authorisations for releasing plant protection products into the environment for trial purposes. Authorisations are for fixed periods and in the case of standard authorisations they may be renewed on expiry. They may also be modified, or their range of application may be extended, in certain circumstances. Authorisations are subject to special requirements and conditions determined by the EEA State granting the authorisation, the breach of which would occasion automatic revocation. Authorisations carry a general requirement to notify the authorising EEA State of new information on the potentially dangerous effects of the authorised plant protection product or of residues of its active substances.
The Directive additionally provides certain data protection and confidentiality safeguards for holders of authorisations (whilst providing in certain circumstances for the release of information to other applicants and for the inspection of information by the public) and makes provision for the sharing of information between applicants and holders of previous authorisations of the same plant protection products with a view to limiting the duplication of tests on vertebrate animals. In addition, it prescribes requirements for labelling and packaging with which plant protection products must comply if they are to be placed on the market in the territory of an EEA State.
The Regulations incorporate the provisions of the Directive described above by providing for the establishment of the authorisation system in Great Britain, under the operation of the Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Secretary of State jointly (“the Ministers”). In the Regulations authorisations are described as approvals. The Regulations impose a prohibition on the placing on the market and use of plant protection products unless they have been approved by the Ministers under the Regulations and are placed on the market and used in accordance with any conditions or requirements specified in their approval (regulation 3(1) and (2)). Persons intending to place new active substances on the market must apply to the Ministers for such substances to be included in Annex I (regulation 3(3) and 4(1)).
Applications for standard, provisional and emergency approvals of plant protection products and applications for approval of plant protection products already authorised under the Directive for use in another EEA State are made to the Ministers by the persons responsible for first placing the products on the market in Great Britain (regulations 5 to 8, 11 and 13). Similarly, applications for approvals for trial purposes are made to the Ministers (regulation 9). The provisions of the Directive concerning extensions of the range of application of approved plant protection products and the provisions requiring the notification of potentially dangerous effects of approved plant protection products are respectively incorporated in regulations 10 and 14.
The data protection, information-sharing and confidentiality provisions of the Directive are set out in regulations 15, 16 and 17 and Schedule 1 and the provisions concerning the labelling and packaging of plant protection products are set out in regulations 18 and 19 and Schedule 2.
The Regulations confer enforcement powers on officers (who for specified purposes may be officers of local authorities) authorised by either of the Ministers, including powers to seize and dispose of plant protection products in the event of a breach of a prohibition, requirement or condition imposed by or under the Regulations, to enter on land and to effect certain other controls (regulations 20 and 24). The Regulations make such breaches a criminal offence (see regulations 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 16, 18 and 19), create certain other types of offence (regulation 21) and prescribe penalties and defences (regulations 22 and 23).
The transitional provisions and those specifying the extent to which the Control of Pesticides Regulations 1986 (S.I. 1986/1510) will continue to apply are contained in regulations 26 and 27 and Schedule 3.
A compliance cost assessment has been prepared and a copy has been placed in the library of each House of Parliament. Copies of the compliance cost assesment and of a list of competent authorities of the member States of the European Community, to whom certain information and documents are required under the Regulations to be forwarded, can be obtained from the Pesticides Safety Directorate of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, Room 308, Mallard House, Kings Pool, 3 Peasholme Green, York YO1 2PX.


(1)
S.I. 1972/1811.

(2)
1972 c. 68; the enabling powers conferred by section 2(2) were extended by virtue of section 1 of the European Economic Area Act 1993 (c. 51).

(3)
1985 c. 48; sections 16, 18, 19 and 25 were amended by the Pesticides (Fees and Enforcement) Act 1989 (c. 27).

(4)
OJ No. L230, 19.8.1991, p.1 (to be read with Corrigenda published in OJ No. L170, 25.6.92, p.40).

(5)
OJ No. L221, 31.8.93, p.27.

(6)
OJ No. L194, 29.7.94, p.65.

(7)
OJ No. L354, 31.12.94, p.16.

(8)
OJ No. L227, 1.9.94, p.31.

(9)
The EEA Agreement came into force on 1st January 1994 (see Decision 94/1 ECSC, EEC; OJ No. L1, 3.1.94, p.1). Protocol 47 and certain Annexes to the EEA Agreement were amended by Decision No. 7/94 of the EEA Joint Committee, which came into force on 1st July 1994 (OJ No. L160, 28.6.94, p.1). Council Directive 91/414/EEC and Commission Directive 93/71/EEC (whose entry into force predated the entry into force of the EEA Agreement) were added to Chapter XV of Annex II to the EEA Agreement by item J in Annex 3 to that Decision (p.44), thus extending these Directives to the EEA.

(10)
By virtue of Part II of Schedule 1 to the European Communities Act 1972 “member”, in the expression “member State”, refers to membership of the European Communities.

(11)
S.I. 1986/1510.

(12)
Under Article 3(4) it is also provided that no person shall place any active substance on the market unless it is classified, packaged and labelled in accordance with Council Directive 67/548/EEC, which is implemented in Great Britain by the Chemicals (Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply) Regulations 1994 (S.I. 1994/3247).

(13)
Under Article 3(1) EEA States must prescribe that plant protection products may not be placed on the market and used in their territory unless they have authorised the product in accordance with the Directive.

(14)
Article 6(5) provides for the adoption of legislation specifying the procedure for setting and varying conditions of inclusion of active substances in Annex I.

(15)
Article 19 establishes a procedure for the adoption of legislation by the Commission under the Directive.

(16)
OJ No. L117, 8.5.90, p.15.

(17)
Under Article 5(2) an acceptable daily intake can be taken into account for determining the inclusion of an active substance in Annex I.

(18)
OJ No. L33, 8.2.79, p.36.

(19)
Amended by the Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Hellenic Republic to the Economic Communities (OJ No. L291, 19.11.79, p.17); Commission Directive 83/131/EEC (OJ No. L91, 9.4.83, p.35); Commission Directive 85/298/EEC (OJ No. L154, 13.6.85, p.48); Council Regulation 3768/85/EEC (OJ No. L362, 31.12.85, p.8); Council Directive 86/214/EEC (OJ No. L152, 6.6.86, p.45); Council Directive 86/355/EEC (OJ No. L212, 2.8.86, p.33); Council Directive 87/181/EEC (OJ No. L71, 14.3.87, p.33); Commission Directive 87/477/EEC (OJ No. L273, 26.9.87, p.40); Council Directive 89/365/EEC (OJ No. L159, 10.6.89, p.58); Commission Directive 90/335/EEC (OJ No. L162, 28.6.90, p.37); Council Directive 90/533/EEC (OJ No. L296, 27.10.90, p.63); Commission Directive 91/188/EEC (OJ No. L92, 13.4.91, p.42).

(20)
S.I. 1992/3240, which implements in Great Britain Council Directive 90/313/EEC on the freedom of access to information on the environment (OJ No. L158, 23.6.90, p.56); these Regulations provide for a general right of disclosure of information relating to the environment which is held by (inter alia) Ministers of the Crown (other than information capable of being treated as confidential) and specify certain requirements which must be observed in responding to requests for disclosure of such information.

(21)
1911 c. 27.

(22)
1912 c. 14.

(23)
1978 c. 30.

(24)
1972 c. 70.

(25)
1973 c. 65.

(26)
S.I. 1971/729.

(27)
S.I. 1994/3247.

(28)
OJ No. L196, 16.8.67, p.1 (OJ/SE 1967 p.234).

(29)
The relevant amending directive of the European Community is Council Directive 79/831/EEC (OJ No. L259, 15.10.79, p.10).

(30)
OJ No. L206, 29.7.78, p.13.

(31)
There are no amendments relevant to these Regulations.

(32)
Prepared by J Rigaudy and S P Klesney, published by Pergamon Press. ISBN 008-022-3699

(33)
Article 6 makes provision for the adoption by the Commission or (in certain circumstances) by the Council of the European Communities of decisions that active substances should, or should not, be included in Annex I.

(34)
See regulation 2(1) of the 1986 Regulations.

(35)
See regulation 3 of the 1986 Reguations.
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