The Limitation (Northern Ireland) Order 1989

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Introductory Text

PART I INTRODUCTORY

1.Title and commencement
2.Interpretation

PART II ACTIONS OF CONTRACT AND TORT AND CERTAIN OTHER ACTIONS

3.Part II subject to Part IV
4.Time limit: actions founded on contract, etc.
5.Time limit: actions on certain loans
6.Time limit: certain actions founded on tort
7.Time limit: actions for personal injuries
8.Time limit: actions in respect of defective products
9.Time limit: actions under Fatal Accidents (NI) Order 1977
10.Dependants subject to different time limits
11.Special time limit for negligence actions where facts relevant to cause of action are not known at date of accrual
12.Overriding time limit for negligence actions not involving personal injuries
13.Time limit for recovering contribution
14.Time limit: actions for an account
15.Time limit: actions founded on instruments under seal etc.
16.Time limit: actions upon judgments and for arrears of interest on judgment debts
17.Time limit: successive conversions and extinction of title of owner of converted goods
18.Time limit: theft
19.Savings (Part II)

PART III ACTIONS TO RECOVER LAND, ACTIONS IN RESPECT OF MORTGAGES OR CHARGES AND CERTAIN OTHER ACTIONS

Actions to recover land

20.Part III subject to Part IV
21.Time limit: actions to recover present interests in land
22.Time limit: actions to recover future interests in land
23.Cure of defective disentailing assurance
24.Possession of one co‐parcener, etc., not to be possession of others
25.Administration relates back to death
26.Extinction of title to land at expiration of time limit
27.Equitable estates in land and land held on trust

Actions to recover settled chattels
28.Actions to recover settled chattels

Actions to recover arrears of rentcharges, conventional rents and annuities charged on personal property

29.Time limit: rentcharges
30.Time limit: conventional rent
31.Time limit: annuity charged on personal property

Actions in respect of mortgages and charges

32.Time limit: incumbrancers claiming sale of land
33.Extinction of title of mortgagee to mortgaged land at expiration of time limit
34.Time limit: redemption of land
35.Extinction of mortgagor's title at expiration of time limit
36.Time limit: principal money secured by a charge on land or personal property
37.Time limit: interest on mortgage etc.
38.Extinction of right of mortgagee etc. to debt at expiration of time limit for action to recover land etc.
39.Extinction of right of mortgagee etc. to debt secured by mortgage or charge on personal property at expiration of time limit
40.Time limit: certain personal rights in or over land
41.Extinction of personal right in or over land at expiration of time limit

Actions in respect of trust property

42.Time limit: trustees etc.
43.Exclusion of actions against trustees in cases of fraud or retention of trust property

Actions in respect of the estates of deceased persons

44.Time limit: personal estate of deceased persons
45.Actions against personal representatives

PART IV EXTENSION AND EXCLUSION OF TIME LIMITS

Interpretation
46.Interpretation (Part IV)

Disability

47.Persons under a disability
48.Extension of time limit: disability
49.Extension of time limit (disability): cases under Article 11(3)(b)

Discretionary Power of Court to Override certain Time Limits

50.Court's power to override certain time limits
51. Court's power to override time limit: actions for defamation or malicious falsehood.

Mediation
51A.Extension of time limits: mediation

Acknowledgment

52.Fresh accrual of acknowledged right: actions to recover land
53.Fresh accrual of acknowledged right: action by mortgagee to recover land
54.Fresh accrual of acknowledged right: action by incumbrancer claiming sale of land
55.Effect of acknowledgment: action to redeem mortgaged land in mortgagee's possession
56.Fresh accrual of acknowledged right: action in respect of personal right of support etc. in or over land
57.Fresh accrual of acknowledged right: action to recover debt
58.Fresh accrual of acknowledged right: action claiming personal estate of deceased person
59.Acknowledgments: formalities
60.Acknowledgment: effect on persons other than maker or recipient
61.Exemption of acknowledgment from stamp duty

Part payment

62.Fresh accrual of right on payment: action by mortgagee to recover land
63.Fresh accrual of right on payment: action by incumbrancer claiming sale of land
64.Effect of payment: action to redeem mortgaged land in mortgagee's possession
65.Fresh accrual of right on payment: action to recover debt
66.Fresh accrual of right on payment: action claiming personal estate of deceased person
67.Payment: formalities
68.Payment: effect on persons other than maker or recipient
69.Appropriation of payment in respect of debts
70.Effect of endorsement of bill of exchange

Fraud, concealment and mistake
71.Postponement of time limit: fraud, concealment or mistake

PART V MISCELLANEOUS AND GENERAL

Art. 72 rep. by 1996 c. 23
72A.Actions for recovery of property obtained through unlawful conduct etc.
72B.Actions for recovery of property for purposes of an external order
72C.Actions for exploitation proceeds orders
73.New claims in pending actions
74.Application to the Crown, etc.
75.Savings (general)
76.Transitional provisions, amendments and repeals

SCHEDULES

SCHEDULE 1
ACCRUAL OF RIGHTS OF ACTION TO RECOVER LAND

Accrual of right of action: present interests in land

1.Where the person bringing an action to recover land, or...
2.Where— (a) any person brings an action to recover any...
3.Where— (a) any person brings an action to recover land,...

Accrual of right of action: future interests in land
4.The right of action to recover any land is, where—...

Accrual of right of action: certain tenancies

5.(1) Subject to paragraph (2), for the purposes of this...
6.(1) Where— (a) any person is in possession of land...

Accrual of right of action: forfeiture or breach of condition
7.(1) A right of action to recover land by virtue...

Right of action not to accrue without adverse possession
8.(1) No right of action to recover land is to...

Settled land and land held on trust for sale: effect of beneficiary's possession
9.Where— (a) any settled land, within the meaning of the...

SCHEDULE 2
TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

1.Nothing in this Order affects the operation of section 10...
2.It is hereby declared that a decision taken at any...
3.Notwithstanding anything in Article 59(4) or in the repeals made...
4.Article 74(2)( c ) is to be treated for the...
5.In relation to a lease granted before the commencement of...
6.(1) Nothing in this Order affects any right or title,...
7.(1) Nothing in this Order— (a) enables any action to...

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