Animal Contagious Diseases Act


Published: 1963-01-19

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Animal Contagious Diseases Act
ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES [CH.246 –1


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES
CHAPTER 246

ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS


PART I
PRELIMINARY


SECTION

1. Short title.
2. Interpretation.


PART II
OFFICERS AND THEIR DUTIES


3. Appointment of officers.
4. Inspector’s power of entry.
5. Seizure of animals.
6. Apprehension of offenders.
7. Wrongful removal.


PART III
DISEASED ANIMALS AND INFECTED PLACES


8. Notice of disease to be given.
9. Penalty for neglect.
10. Slaughtering diseased animals.
11. Compensation to owners.
12. Experimental treatment.
13. Minister may prohibit importation.
14. Notice to owners of infected places.
15. Report to Minister.
16. Notice to occupant.
17. Area of infected locality may be extended or curtailed.
18. How area described.
19. Declaring a place free from disease.
20. Order of Minister to supersede that of local authority.
21. Transit.
22. Removal from infected places.
23. Vessels, etc., to be cleansed.
24. The Minister may cause cleansing to be done.
25. Premises to be in sanitary condition.
26. Refusal to comply with orders of the Minister.

CH.246 – 2] ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

PART IV
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES


27. Neglect to give notice.
28. Offences.
29. Penalty.
30. Penalty for unlawful importation of animals, etc.
31. Liability of officers of companies.
32. Conviction within certain period.


PART V
MISCELLANEOUS


33. Regulations.
34. Expenses.

ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES [CH.246 –3


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

CHAPTER 246

ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES
An Act for the prevention and control of contagious and

infectious diseases in animals.
[Assent 23rd May, 1962]

[Commencement 19th January, 1963]

PART I
PRELIMINARY

1. This Act may be cited as the Animal Contagious
Diseases Act.

2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires —
“contagious” means communicable by close contact

or inoculation;
“foreign animals” means animals not already

introduced into The Bahamas, outside of
quarantine stations;

“infectious” means communicable in any manner;
“infectious or contagious disease” includes in addi-

tion to other diseases generally so designated
glanders, farcy, maladie du coit, pleuro-pneumo-
nia contagiosa, foot and mouth disease, rinder-
pest, anthrax, Texas fever, hog cholera, swine
plague, mange, scab, rabies, tuberculosis, acti-
nomycosis and various ovina;

“infected place” means a place declared to be infected
under the provisions of section 14 or 15 of this
Act;

“inspector” means an inspector appointed under
section 3 of this Act;

“Minister” means the Minister responsible for Ani-
mal Diseases;

“other officer” means an officer appointed under the
provisions of section 3 of this Act;

43 of 1962
G.N. 7(39)/1964
E.L.A.O., 1974

Short title.

Interpretation.

E.L.A.O., 1974.

CH.246 – 4] ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

“regulations” means the regulations made under the
authority of section 33 of this Act;

“vehicle” means a means of conveyance provided
with wheels, tracks or runners used for the
carriage of persons, animals or goods on land;

“vessel” means ship, boat, barge, lighter and water
craft of every kind however propelled.

PART II
OFFICERS AND THEIR DUTIES

3. The Governor-General, acting in accordance
with the advice of the Public Service Commission, may
appoint such inspectors and other officers as are necessary
to carry out the provisions of this Act.

4. An inspector, other officer or peace officer may,
at any time, for the purpose of carrying into effect any of
the provisions of this Act or the regulations, enter any
vessel, aircraft, vehicle or thing used for the carrying of
animals, but shall if required, state in writing the grounds
on which he has so entered.

5. Where an animal infected or labouring under
any infectious or contagious disease, or suspected of being
so affected is in any place, or in any vessel, aircraft,
vehicle or thing used for the carriage of animals, any
inspector, other officer or peace officer may seize the
animal and report the seizure to the Minister or to any
magistrate having jurisdiction in the island or district in
which the place is situated or in which the vessel, aircraft,
vehicle or thing is at the time of the seizure.

6. (1) Where a person is seen or found committing
or is reasonably suspected of being engaged in or
committing an offence against this Act, an inspector or a
peace officer may, without warrant, stop and detain him;
and if the name and address are not known to the inspector
or peace officer and such person fails to give them to the
inspector or peace officer, the inspector or peace officer
may, without warrant, apprehend him; and the inspector or
peace officer may, whether so stopping or detaining or
apprehending the person or not, stop, detain and examine
any animal, vessel, aircraft, vehicle or thing to which the


Appointment of
officers.
E.L.A.O., 1974.

Inspector’s
power of entry.

Seizure of
animals.

Apprehension of
offenders.

ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES [CH.246 –5


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

offence or suspected offence relates, and require the same
to be forthwith taken back to any place wherefrom it was
unlawfully removed, and execute and enforce that requisi-
tion.

(2) If any person obstructs or impedes or assists to
obstruct or impede an inspector or peace officer in the
execution of this Act or of any Order or of any regulation,
the inspector or peace officer may without warrant
apprehend the offender.

(3) A person apprehended under this section shall
be taken with all practicable speed before a magistrate and
shall not be detained without a warrant longer than is
necessary for that purpose.

(4) An inspector shall forthwith make a report in
writing to the Minister and a peace officer shall forthwith
make a report in writing to his superior officer of every
case in which he stops or detains any person, animal,
vessel; aircraft, vehicle or thing under this section and of
any proceedings consequent thereon.

(5) Nothing in this section shall take away or
abridge any power or authority that a peace officer would
have had if this section had not been enacted.

7. Any inspector or peace officer may require that
any animal or thing removed out of an infected place in
violation of the provisions of this Act be forthwith taken
back within the limits of that place, and may enforce and
execute such requisition at the expense of the owner of
such animal or thing.

PART III
DISEASED ANIMALS AND INFECTED PLACES

8. (1) Every owner of animals and every breeder of
or dealer in animals, and every one bringing animals into
The Bahamas shall, on perceiving the appearance of
infectious or contagious disease among the animals owned
by him or under his special care, give immediate notice to
the Minister and to the nearest veterinary inspector of the
Department of Agriculture of the facts discovered by him
as aforesaid.

Wrongful
removal.

Notice of disease
to be given.

CH.246 – 6] ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(2) Any veterinary surgeon practising in The
Bahamas shall, immediately on ascertaining that an animal
is labouring under an infectious or contagious disease, give
similar notice to the Minister and to the nearest veterinary
inspector.

9. Every owner of animals who neglects to comply
with section 8 of this Act shall forfeit his claim to
compensation for any animals slaughtered in accordance
with the provisions of this Act, and no such compensation
shall be granted to him.

10. The Minister may, from time to time, cause to
be slaughtered animals suffering from infectious or conta-
gious diseases or suspected of being so affected, and
animals that are or have been in contact with or in close
proximity to a diseased animal, or an animal suspected of
being affected by infectious or contagious disease.

11. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section the
Minister may in his discretion order compensation to be
paid to the owners of animals slaughtered under the
provisions of this Act.

(2) The compensation payable under this section for
an animal slaughtered under the provisions of this Act shall
not exceed the market value that animal, in the opinion of
the Minister or some person appointed by the Minister,
would have had immediately before slaughter if it had not
been subject to slaughter under the provisions of this Act
except that such compensation shall not exceed —

(a) in the case of horses, one thousand dollars for
purebred animals and three hundred dollars for
other animals; and

(b) in the case of cattle, three hundred dollars for
purebred animals and twenty-five dollars for
other animals, and if the sale of the carcass is
unlawful an additional amount for purebred and
other animals equal to the value the carcass
would have if the sale were lawful, such value to
be determined by the Minister or by some person
appointed by the Minister for that purpose.

(3) Compensation shall not be paid under this section
whenever the owner or the person having charge of the


Notice to be
given by
veterinary
surgeon.

Penalty for
neglect.

Slaughtering
diseased animals.

Compensation to
owners.

5 of 1987, Sch.

5 of 1987, Sch.

ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES [CH.246 –7


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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

animal has been convicted of an offence under this Act in
relation to such animal, or whenever the animal being a
foreign one was in the judgment of the Minister diseased at
the time of entering The Bahamas.

(4) Whenever the Minister in his discretion has
ordered the payment of compensation under the provisions
of subsection (1) of this section, such compensation may
be withheld in whole or in part if as a result of information
received by him he is of the opinion that the owner of the
animal or the person having charge of the animal has been
guilty of negligence in the care of the animal and the
disease can be directly attributed to the poor care of the
animal.

12. Notwithstanding anything in this Act, the Minis-
ter may —

(a) reserve for experimental treatment any animal
ordered to be slaughtered under this Act; and

(b) authorise any of his officers or servants to make
post mortem examinations of animals that have
died, or are supposed to have died, from
infectious or contagious disease; and to dig up
carcasses of such animals for the purpose of
investigation.

13. The Minister may, from time to time by Order,
prohibit the importation or the introduction into The
Bahamas, or any part thereof, or into any particular ports
thereof, of animals, or of flesh, hides, hoofs, horns, or other
parts of animals or of animals’ semen or of hay, straw,
fodder or other articles, either generally or from any place
named in the Order, for such period as he deems to be
necessary.

14. Whenever an inspector finds or suspects
infectious or contagious disease of animals to exist, he shall
forthwith make a declaration thereof under his hand, and
shall deliver a copy of such declaration to the occupier of
the place where the disease is found; and thereupon the
same, with all lands and buildings contiguous thereto in the
same occupation, shall be deemed to be an infected place
until otherwise determined by the Minister.

15. (1) Whenever an inspector makes such a declara-
tion of the existence or suspected existence of infectious or
contagious disease of animals, he shall, with all practicable
speed, send a copy thereof to the Minister.

Experimental
treatment.

Minister may
prohibit
importation.
E.L.A.O., 1974.

Notice to owners
of infected
places.

Report to
Minister.

CH.246 – 8] ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(2) If it appears that infectious or contagious disease
exists, the Minister may so determine and declare, and may
by Order prescribe the limits of the infected place.

(3) If it appears that such disease did not exist, the
Minister may so determine and declare, and thereupon the
place, comprised in the inspector’s declaration, or affected
thereby, shall cease to be deemed an infected place.

16. Whenever, under this Act, an inspector makes a
declaration that constitutes a place an infected place, he
may also, if the circumstances of the case appear to him so
to require, deliver a notice under his hand of such
declaration to the occupiers of all lands and buildings
adjoining thereto, or any part thereof respectively which
lies within one mile of the boundaries of the infected place
in any direction; and thereupon the provisions of this Act
with respect to infected places shall apply to and shall have
effect in respect of such lands and buildings as if the same
were actually within the limits of the infected place.

17. The Minister may, from time to time, by Order,
extend or curtail the limits of an infected place beyond the
boundaries of the place where infectious or contagious
disease is declared or found to exist.

18. The area of an infected place may, in any case, be
described by reference to a map or plan deposited at some
specified place, or by reference to townships, settlements,
farms or otherwise.

19. The Minister may, at any time, upon the report
of an inspector, by Order, declare any place to be free from
infectious or contagious disease; and thereupon, and from
the time specified in that behalf in the Order, the place
shall cease to be deemed an infected place.

20. An Order of the Minister relative to an infected
place shall supersede any order of a local authority
inconsistent with it.

21. Unless such movement is prohibited by the
Minister, the provisions of this Act with respect to infected
places, shall not restrict the moving of any person, animal
or thing on highways through an infected place, if such
person, animal or thing is not detained within the infected
place.

Where no
infectious
disease.

Notice to
occupant.

Area of infected
locality may be
extended or
curtailed.

How area
described.

Declaring a place
free from disease.

Order of Minister
to supersede that
of local
authority.

Transit.

ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES [CH.246 –9


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22. Whenever, under this Act, a place has been
constituted an infected place, no live animal, nor the flesh,
head, hide, skin, hair, wool or offal of any animal or any
part thereof, nor the carcass nor any remains of any animal,
nor any dung of animals nor any hay, straw, litter or other
thing commonly used for and about animals, shall be
removed out of the infected place without a licence signed
by an inspector, until the said place has been released by
Order of the Minister.

23. (1) Every person carrying animals for hire or
reward to or in The Bahamas shall thoroughly cleanse and
disinfect in such manner as the Minister, from time to time,
directs all vessels, aircraft, vehicles, or things used by such
persons for the carrying of animals.

(2) The Minister may cause any such vessel,
aircraft, vehicle or thing to be detained in such place as
seems meet until it is so cleansed and disinfected.

24. When the person using a vessel, aircraft, vehicle
or thing for the carrying of animals, fails to cause the same
to be so cleansed and disinfected within such time after
being notified so to do as the Minister directs, the Minister
may cause the same to be cleansed and disinfected at the
expense of such person.

25. All yards, stables, sheds or other premises used
by any person for the accommodation of animals shall be
maintained in a clean, comfortable and sanitary condition,
and shall be subject at all times to inspection by inspectors
acting under the authority of the Minister, and the Minister
may, when he deems such action necessary, order the
cleansing and disinfection in a satisfactory manner of the
said yards, stables, sheds or other premises.

26. In the event of any person refusing or neglecting
to carry out the orders of the Minister given through an
inspector in regard to such cleansing or disinfection, or in
the event of such person neglecting to maintain his yards,
stables, sheds or other premises for the use of animals, in a
clean, comfortable and sanitary condition, an inspector
may condemn the said premises as unfit for use; where-
upon the said premises shall not be used for the
accommodation of animals until such time as the orders of
the Minister in regard thereto have been satisfactorily
carried out.

Removal from
infected places.

Vessels, etc., to
be cleansed.

The Minister
may cause
cleansing to be
done.

Premises to be in
sanitary
condition.

Refusal to
comply with
orders of the
Minister.

CH.246 – 10] ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

PART IV
OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

27. Every person who —
(a) neglects to give notice as required by this Act of

any facts discovered or perceived by him
indicating the appearance or the existence of
infectious or contagious disease among animals
owned by him or under his special care, or who
conceals the existence of infectious or contagious
disease among animals;

(b) turns out, keeps, or grazes in any place any
animal, knowing it to be infected with or
labouring under any infectious or contagious
disease or to have been exposed to infection or
contagion;

(c) brings or attempts to bring into any place, any
animal known by him to be infected with or
labouring under any infectious or contagious
disease;

(d) sells or disposes of, or puts off, or offers or
exposes for sale, or attempts to dispose of or put
off any animal infected with or labouring under
any infectious or contagious disease, or the
meat, skin, hide, horns, hoofs or other parts of
an animal infected with or labouring under any
infectious or contagious disease at the time of its
death whether such person is the owner of the
animal, or of such meat, skin, hide, horns, hoofs
or other parts of such animal or not;

(e) throws or places, or causes or suffers to be
thrown or placed on land, in any stream, canal,
navigable or other waters, or in the territorial
waters of The Bahamas, the carcass of an animal
that has died of disease or has been slaughtered
as diseased, or as suspected of disease;

(f) without lawful authority, or excuse, digs up or
causes or allows to be dug up the buried carcass
of an animal that has died or is suspected of
having died from infectious or contagious
disease, or that has been slaughtered as diseased
or as suspected of disease;

Neglect to give
notice.

Keeping diseased
animals.

Selling or putting
off such animals.

Throwing
carcasses onto
places on land,
into the sea or
other waters.

Digging up any
such carcasses
when buried.

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(g) moves, or causes or allows to be moved any
animal, hide, skins, hair, wool, horn, hoof, offal,
carcass, meat, dung, hay, straw, litter or other
thing in violation of the provisions of this Act
with respect of infected places;

(h) fails to comply with the requirements of any
order made under the authority of this Act or the
regulations in respect of the cleansing and
disinfecting of vessels, aircraft, vehicles or things
used by such person for the carrying of animals,

shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and shall be
liable on summary conviction to a penalty not exceeding
one hundred dollars.

28. (1) Every person who refuses to admit any
inspector, other officer or a peace officer into any place, or
any vessel, aircraft, vehicle or thing used for the carriage of
animals or who obstructs or impedes the execution of any
Order made under the provisions of this Act or the
regulations, shall be guilty of an offence under this Act and
shall be liable on summary conviction to a penalty not
exceeding one hundred dollars.

(2) An inspector or peace officer may, without a
warrant, apprehend any person who offends against
subsection (1) of this section and take him forthwith before
a magistrate to be dealt with according to law.

(3) A person apprehended under this section shall
be taken with all practicable speed before a magistrate and
shall not be detained without a warrant longer than is
necessary for that purpose.

29. Any person who fails to comply with the
provisions of this Act or the regulations for which failure
no specific penalty is provided shall be liable on summary
conviction to a penalty not exceeding one hundred dollars.

30. (1) Where an animal, animals’ semen, hay,
straw, fodder or other articles are imported or introduced
into The Bahamas contrary to the provisions of any Order
or regulation made in pursuance of this Act, such animal,
animals’ semen, hay, straw, fodder or other article shall be
forfeited to the Minister and may be forthwith destroyed or
disposed of as the Minister or any person authorised by
him in that behalf directs.

Unlawful
removal of any
animal.

5 of 1987, Sch.

Offences.

5 of 1987, Sch.

Apprehension of
offender.

Penalty.

5 of 1987, Sch.

Penalty for
unlawful
importation of
animals, etc.

CH.246 – 12] ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(2) Every person who imports or introduces, or
attempts to import or introduce, any animal, animals
semen, hay, straw, fodder or other articles into The
Bahamas, contrary to the provisions of any such Order or
regulation, shall be liable on summary conviction to a
penalty not exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars for
every animal so imported or introduced, or attempted to be
imported or introduced by him, and a penalty not
exceeding one hundred dollars for any other offence under
this subsection.

31. (1) Where a person convicted of an offence
under this Act is a company or other body (whether
corporate or incorporate) the president, chairman, and
every director and every officer concerned in the
management of the company or other body shall be guilty
of the like offence unless he proves that the act constituting
the offence took place without his knowledge or consent.

(2) Every offence against this Act, the regulations or
against any Order and every cause of complaint under this
Act, may be prosecuted and tried either by a magistrate
having jurisdiction in the place in which such offence or
cause of complaint was committed or arose, or by a
magistrate having jurisdiction in the place in which the
person charged or complained of happens to be.

32. A person shall not be convicted of any offence
under this Act unless the offence was wholly or partly
committed within one year before the charge or informa-
tion was laid.

PART V
MISCELLANEOUS

33. The Minister may, from time to time, make
regulations for any of the following purposes, that is to
say —

(a) for subjecting animals to quarantine, or for
causing the same to be destroyed upon their
arrival in The Bahamas or for destroying any
hay, straw, fodder, animals’ semen or other
articles whereby it appears to him that infection
or contagion may be conveyed, and generally for


5 of 1987, Sch.

Liability of
officers of
companies.

Place of trial.

Conviction
within certain
period.

Regulations.

Quarantine.

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regulating the importation or introduction into
The Bahamas of animals in such manner as to
prevent the introduction of any infectious or
contagious disease into The Bahamas;

(b) for the keeping separate, treatment and disposal
of, and dealing generally with animals affected
with infectious or contagious diseases, or sus-
pected of being so affected or that have been in
contact with animals so affected, or suspected of
being so affected, and for the prevention of the
spread of infectious or contagious diseases;

(c) for segregating and confining animals within
certain limits, for establishing districts of inspec-
tion or of quarantine and for prohibiting or
regulating the removal to or from such parts or
places in The Bahamas as may be designated in
such regulations, of animals or of meats, skins,
hides, horns, hoofs or other parts of any animals,
or of hay, straw, fodder, animals’ semen or other
articles likely to propagate infection;

(d) for purifying any place, vessel, aircraft, vehicle or
thing and for directing how any animals dying in
a diseased state, or any animals, parts of animals,
or other things seized under the provisions of this
Act, are to be destroyed or otherwise disposed of;

(e) for causing notice to be given of the appearance
of any disease among animals;

(f) for requiring notice of the appearance of any
such disease among animals;

(g) for prohibiting or regulating the holding of
markets, fairs, exhibitions or sales of animals;

(h) for declaring any place, vessel, aircraft, vehicle or
thing in which animals are exposed for sale or are
placed for the purpose of transit, to be infected,
and for declaring the same to be no longer
infected;

(i) for the slaughtering of animals as provided for
by this Act;

(j) for requiring proof of the fact that animals
imported into or passing through The Bahamas
have not, at the time of their embarkation, been
brought from any place or locality where any
contagious or infectious disease is, at the said
time, in existence;

Separation.

District of
quarantine.

Purification.

Notice of disease.

Requiring notice.

Prohibiting
markets.

Declaring market
etc., infected.

Slaughtering
animals.

Proof as to
animals
imported.

CH.246 – 14] ANIMAL CONTAGIOUS DISEASES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(k) for exempting certain contagious and infectious
diseases from the operation of certain specified
sections of this Act, and for dealing with the said
diseases as may seem necessary and advisable;

(l) for the purpose of defining the limits of any port
or place within The Bahamas at which animals
may be landed;

(m) for preventing the removal, without a licence
signed by an inspector or other officer appointed
pursuant to section 3 of live animals, or the hide,
skin, hair, offal of any animals or any Part
thereof, the semen of any animal, the carcass or
any remains of any animal, any dung of animals,
and any hay, straw, litter or other thing
commonly used for or about animals, out of an
infected place;

(n) generally for carrying out the objects of this Act.
34. All expenses approved by the Minister and

incurred in administering this Act shall be paid out of the
Consolidated Fund by warrant in the usual manner.

Certain
exceptions.

Preventing
removal of
animals.

Expenses.

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