Pensions Act


Published: 1952-07-21

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Pensions Act
PENSIONS [CH.43 – 1





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

PENSIONS


CHAPTER 43

PENSIONS

LIST OF AUTHORISED PAGES

1 – 4 LRO 1/2008
5 – 8 Original
9 – 10 LRO 1/2008
11 – 12 Original
13 – 18 LRO 1/2008
19 – 29 Original



ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION

1. Short title.
2. Interpretation.
3. Pensions and gratuities charged on Consolidated Fund.
4. Grants of pensions.
5. Permanent Secretary’s pension on retirement after forty years.
6. Gratuity.
7. Permanent Secretary’s accelerated pension.
8. Gratuity.
9. Pensions for service wholly within the group.
10. Pension where other service is not within the group.
11. Pension when other services both within and not within the group.
12. Officers transferred to other public service.
13. In case of severe injury officer compelled to quit service before

completion of pensionable period may be given gratuity or pension.
14. Gratuity may be granted to an officer who may be constrained from

infirmity of mind or body to leave the public service.
15. Abolition of office.
16. Unlawful to grant pension to public officer under normal retiring age

except on medical certificate.
17. Termination of appointment in the public interest.
18. Person to whom pension may be granted before attaining the normal

retiring age liable to be called upon to fill other offices.
19. Re-employed pensioners.
20. Circumstances in which pension may be granted to transferred officers.

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STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

21. Provisions of Act apply to certain persons transferred from the service
of The Bahamas before its enactment.

22. Pensions of persons transferred to service of approved authorities.
23. Pensions of persons transferred to public service from approved

authorities.
24. Computation of service.
25. Officer retiring before qualifying for pension.
26. Gratuity in case of death of officer.
27. Other gratuities.
28. Decision of Governor-General final in question of claim to pension or

gratuity.
29. Payment of pensions and gratuities, without abatement or deduction.
30. Retired Governor may not accept directorship, etc., of a company.
31. Safeguarding rights to pension or gratuity of persons serving in armed

forces, etc.
32. Secondment to approved authorities.
33. Secondment to public service.
34. Exercise of powers by the Governor-General

FIRST SCHEDULE — Scheduled Administrations.
SECOND SCHEDULE.
THIRD SCHEDULE — Approved Authorities.


PENSIONS [CH.43 – 3





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

CHAPTER 43

PENSIONS

An Act to repeal and re-enact with amendments
the Pensions Act.

[Commencement 21st July, 1952]

1. This Act may be cited as the Pensions Act.
2. 1In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,

the following expressions have the meanings assigned to
them, that is to say —

“appropriate Commission” shall have the meaning
assigned thereto in Article 123(4) of the
Constitution;

“approved authority” means —
(a) any one of the public authorities, boards or

corporations specified in the Third
Schedule to this Act;

(b) the proprietor of any registered
independent school which is for the time
being in receipt of grant-in-aid under the
provisions of the Education Act;

(c) The Bahamas Red Cross Society; and


1 The relevant provisions of Act No. 8 of 1964 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8

of 1964, s. 11), of Act No. 3 of 1972, from 1st January, 1970 (22 of 1974, s. 10) and of
Act No. 22 of 1974 from 30th October, 1974.

10 of 1909
28 of 1952
2 of 1956
50 of 1957
68 of 1959
11 of 1963
8 of 1964
43 of 1964
11 of 1969
3 of 1972
22 of 1974
E.L.A.O., 1974
12 of 1989
30 of 1996
8 of 1997
28 of 1998
8 of 2001
23 of 2001
4 of 2007
5 of 2007

Short title.

Interpretation.
8 of 1964, s. 2

22 of 1974, s. 2.

3 of 1972, s. 2.

Third Schedule.

Ch. 46.

CH.43 – 4] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

(d) 2any other authority or association, whether
or not a body corporate, designated by the
Governor-General by order under this
section as an approved authority;

“contract officer” has the meaning assigned thereto
by section 2 of the Public Service Act;

“other public service” means public service not under
the Government of The Bahamas;

“pensionable emoluments” —
(a) in respect of service under the Government

of The Bahamas, include salary and any
allowance declared by any enactment to
be pensionable but, save as aforesaid, do
not include personal allowance, house
allowance, the estimated value of free
quarters, any fee paid out of the
Consolidated Fund or any other
emoluments whatever;

(b) in respect of other public service, mean
emoluments which count for pension in
accordance with the law or regulations in
force in such service;

“pensionable office” means —
(a) in respect of service under the Government

of The Bahamas, any public office declared
by the Governor-General by order to be a
pensionable office;

(b) in relation to other public service, an office
which is for the time being a pensionable
office under the law or regulations in force
in respect of such service;

“public officer” means the holder of any public office
to which he has been substantively appointed,
but does not include a contract officer, a
temporary officer or an officer on probation;

“public service” means —
(a) service in a civil capacity under the

Government of The Bahamas or any other
country or territory in the Commonwealth;


2 See Subsidiary Legislation.

11 of 1969, s. 2.

11 of 1969, s. 2.

11 of 1969, s. 2.

22 of 1974, s. 2.

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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(b) service under the East Africa High
Commission, the East African Railways
and Harbours Administration, the East
African Posts and Telecommunications
Administration or the East African
Common Services Organisation;

(c) service which is pensionable —
(i) under the Overseas Superannuation

Scheme;
(ii) under any Acts relating to the

superannuation of teachers in the
United Kingdom;

(iii) under a local authority in the United
Kingdom or in The Bahamas;

(iv) under the National Health Service of
the United Kingdom; or

(v) in a Colonial University College;
(d) any other service which the Governor-

General has determined to be public
service for the purposes of this Act;

(e) except for the purposes of computation of a
pension, gratuity or other allowance, and of
subsection (3) of section 4 of this Act,
service in respect of which a pension may
be granted under the Governors’ Pension
Act 1957, or any Act amending or
replacing that Act;

(f) service as the holder of the office of
President, Vice-President, Justice of
Appeal, Registrar, officer or servant of the
Court of Appeal for Eastern Africa
established by the Eastern Africa Court of
Appeal Order in Council, 1961; and

(g) service in the service of the Interim
Commissioner for the West Indies;

“repealed Act” means the Pensions Act 1909;
“scheduled administration” means —

(a) the Government of any territory, or any
authority mentioned in the First Schedule
to this Act;

(b) the Government of Ceylon, in respect of
any officer appointed to service under that
Government before 4th day of February
1948;

Corrigenda
19/12/1974, O.G.
Supp. Part II.

10 of 1909.

First Schedule.

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STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(c) the Government of Palestine, in respect of
any officer appointed to service under that
Government before the 15th day of May
1948;

(d) the Government of the Somali Republic, in
respect of any officer appointed to service
under the former government of the
Somaliland Protectorate before the 26th
day of June 1960;

(e) the Government of Cyprus, in respect of
any officer appointed to service under that
Government before the 16th day of August
1960;

(f) the East African Common Services
Organisation, in respect of any person
deemed to have been appointed or
appointed to service as President, Vice-
President, Justice of Appeal, Registrar,
officer or servant of the Court of Appeal
for Eastern Africa by or under the Eastern
Africa Court of Appeal Order in Council,
1961; and

(g) the Interim Commissioner for the West
Indies in respect of any person deemed to
have been appointed or appointed to
service as a Judge, Registrar, officer or
servant of the British Caribbean Court of
Appeal by or under the British Caribbean
Court of Appeal Order in Council, 1962;

“service in the group” means service in the public
service under the Government of The Bahamas
and under a scheduled administration or
scheduled administrations.

3. There shall be charged on and paid out of the
Consolidated Fund all such sums of money as may from
time to time be granted by way of pensions or gratuities in
accordance with this Act to persons who have been in the
public service of The Bahamas.

4. 3(1)(a) Subject to the provisions of this Act it
shall be lawful for the Governor-General to grant to any public
officer holding a pensionable office under the Government of The
Bahamas who has been in the public service under the
Government of The Bahamas for five years or more on


3 Subsection (1) of section 4 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11).

Pensions and
gratuities
charged on
Consolidated
Fund.

Grants of
pensions.

1964, s. 3.

8 of 1964, s. 3.

PENSIONS [CH.43 – 7



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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

his retirement a pension at the rate of one-seven hundred
and twentieth of his pensionable emoluments in respect of
each completed month of his pensionable service.

(b) Save when the Governor-General in any special
case otherwise directs, this subsection shall not apply in the
case of any officer transferred to or from the public service
under the Government of The Bahamas from or to other
public service except for the purpose of determining
whether such officer would have been eligible for pension
or gratuity and the amount of pension or gratuity for which
the officer would have been eligible, if the service of the
officer had been wholly service in public service under the
Government of The Bahamas.

(2) An officer to whom a pension is granted under
this Act may, at his option exercisable on a day not later
than the day preceding the officer’s retirement, be paid in
lieu of such pension, a pension at the rate of three-fourths
of such pension together with a gratuity equal to ten times
the amount of the reduction so made in the pension:

Provided that an officer who has exercised his option
before the day preceding his retirement may revoke this
option on or before, but not later than, the day preceding
his retirement.
Maximum pension.

(3)(a) 4 Except in cases provided for by paragraph
(b) of this subsection, a pension granted to an officer under
this Act shall not exceed two-thirds of his highest
pensionable emoluments at any time while in public
service under the Government of The Bahamas.

(b) An officer who has been granted a pension in
respect of other public service shall not at any time draw
from the public funds of The Bahamas an amount of
pension which, when added to the amount of any pension
or pensions drawn in respect of other public service,
exceeds two-thirds of his highest pensionable emoluments
at any time in the course of his public service:


4 Subsection (3) of section 4 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11).

50 of 1957, s. 2.

8 of 1964, s. 3.

CH.43 – 8] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

Provided that where any officer receives in respect of
some period of public service both a gratuity and a
pension, the amount of such pension shall be deemed for
the purpose of this subsection to be —
(i) where the right to commute any part of a

pension in return for the payment of a
gratuity has been deemed to have been
exercised, the amount if that right had not
been exercised or been deemed to have
been exercised;

(ii) in all other cases, four-thirds of its actual
amount.

(c) Where the limitation prescribed by the preceding
paragraph operates, the amount of pension to be drawn
from the public funds of The Bahamas shall be such
amount as the Governor-General shall determine in order
that it may be determined with due regard to the amount of
any pension or pensions to be drawn in respect of other
public service.

(d) For the purpose of this section where any
increase in pension is granted to or in respect of a pension
or allowance granted under this Act and the grant of the
increase is subsequent to the date of the grant of the
pension or allowance or where any comparable increase in
the pension or pensions is drawn in respect of other public
service, whether or not that increase is governed by any
instrument having the force of law, such increase granted
or drawn shall not be taken into account.
Right to benefits of Act not absolute.

(4) No person shall be considered to have an absolute
right to the benefits of this Act, or the superannuation or
other allowances hereby provided for, but the same shall be
considered to be granted only in consideration of good and
faithful service during the time on which they are to be
calculated and shall be withheld by the Governor-General
where any public officer has been found guilty, after due
inquiry by the Governor-General, of disgraceful conduct, or
of gross dereliction of duty, or has been found on like
inquiry indebted to the Government of The Bahamas for any
public money which has come to his hands either legally or
illegally; and may be withheld in whole or in part by the
Governor-General whenever so requested by a

Corrigenda
19/12/74.

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LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

resolution of the House of Assembly or where any public
officer has in the opinion of the Governor-General not
performed his duties to the satisfaction of the Government;
and the other provisions of this Act shall be subject to the
provisions in this subsection contained.

5.5 (1) Notwithstanding subsections (1), (2) and (3)
of section 4, it shall be lawful for the Governor-General to
grant to every person who, after the coming into force of
this section, holds the office of Permanent Secretary, and —

(a) has served in the public service for a minimum
period of forty years; or

(b) has served in the public service for a minimum
period of twenty-five years and at least ten of
those years as a Permanent Secretary,

on his retirement from that office a pension at a rate of one
seven hundred and twentieth of that person’s pensionable
emoluments in respect of each completed month of
pensionable service as if that person had served for a
period of forty years, save that the pension payable to that
person pursuant to this subsection shall not exceed two
thirds of the highest pensionable emoluments paid to that
person during his period of service in the public service.

(2) For the purposes of this section, the term
“Permanent Secretary” includes the Secretary to the
Cabinet, the Financial Secretary, the Commissioner of
Police and the Commander, Defence Force.

6.5 A person to whom a pension is payable under
section 9 shall be granted in addition to such pension a
gratuity equal to ten times of one quarter of that person’s
pensionable emoluments.

7. Notwithstanding subsections (1), (2) and (3) of
section 4 and sections 5 and 6, it shall be lawful for the
Governor-General to grant to a person who —

(a) during the period 1st July 2000 to 30th June,
2002, holds the office of Permanent Secretary;
and


5 Section 5 is deemed to have come into force on 1st April 1999 by 5 of 2007.
5 Section 6 is deemed to have come into force on 1st April 1999 by 5 of 2007.

Permanent Secre-
tary’s pension on
retirement after
forty years.
28 of 1998, s. 2.

Gratuity.
28 of 1998, s. 2.

Permanent Secre-
tary’s accelerated
pension.
36 of 2000, s. 3.
23 of 2001, s. 3.

CH.43 – 10] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

(b) has served in the public service for a minimum
period of twenty-five years and at least eight of
those years as a Permanent Secretary,

on that person’s retirement from office, a pension at a rate
of one seven hundred and twentieth of that person’s
pensionable emoluments in respect of each completed
month of pensionable service as if that person had served
for a period of forty years, save that the pension payable to
that person shall not exceed two thirds of the pensionable
emoluments paid to that person during that person’s period
of service in the public service.

8. A person to whom a pension is payable under
section 7 shall be granted in addition to such pension, a
gratuity equal to ten times of one quarter of that person’s
pensionable emoluments.

9. 6(1) Subject to the provisions of this Act,
where the other public service of an officer to whom this
section applies has been wholly under one or more
scheduled administrations and his aggregate service would
have qualified him had it been wholly service in the public
service under the Government of The Bahamas for a
pension under this Act, he may, on his retirement from the
public service, be granted in respect of his service in public
service under the Government of The Bahamas a pension
of such an amount as shall bear the same proportion to the
amount of pension for which he would have been eligible
had his service been wholly in public service under the
Government of The Bahamas as the aggregate amounts of
his pensionable emoluments during service in public
service under the Government of The Bahamas shall bear
to the aggregate amounts of his pensionable emoluments
throughout his service in the group.

(2) In determining for the purposes of this section
the pension for which an officer would have been eligible
if his service had been wholly service in public service
under the Government of The Bahamas —


6 Section 9 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11).

Gratuity.
36 of 2000. s. 3.

Pensions for ser-
vice wholly with-
in the group.
8 of 1964, s. 4.

PENSIONS [CH.43 – 11



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[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(a) his pensionable emoluments shall be determined
by reference to the pensionable emoluments
enjoyed by him at the date of his retirement
from the public service except that where the
officer is not serving under a scheduled
administration at that date, the date upon which
he was last transferred from the public service
under a scheduled administration shall be
deemed to be the date of his retirement for the
purposes of this paragraph;

(b) regard shall be had to the condition that pension
may not exceed two-thirds of the highest
pensionable emoluments enjoyed by him at any
time during his public service;

(c) no period of public service under a scheduled
administration or under the Government of The
Bahamas in respect of which no pension or
gratuity is granted to him by that administration
or Government, as the case may be, shall be
taken into account.

(3) For the purposes of this section the aggregate
amount of an officer’s pensionable emoluments shall be
taken as the total amount of pensionable emoluments
which he would have received or enjoyed had he been on
duty on full pay in his substantive office or offices
throughout his period of service in the group:

Provided that —
(a) in calculating the aggregate amount of his

pensionable emoluments, no account shall be
taken of any service under a scheduled
administration or under the Government of The
Bahamas in respect of which no pension or
gratuity is granted to him by that administration
or Government as the case may be;

(b) where service in a civil capacity otherwise than
in a pensionable office is taken into account as
pensionable service, the officer’s aggregate
pensionable emoluments during that service
shall be taken into account to the same extent as
that service is taken into account as pensionable
service.

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STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(4) Where an officer entered the public service
under the Government of The Bahamas prior to the first
day of January 1963, his pension may be calculated as
though none of the scheduled administrations under which
he has served had been included in the First Schedule to
this Act, if this should be to his advantage.

10. (1) 7 Subject to the provisions of this Act,
where the other public service of an officer to whom this
section applies has not included service under any of the
scheduled administrations, and his aggregate service would
have qualified him, had it been wholly service in public
service under the Government of The Bahamas for a
pension under this Act, he may on his retirement from
public service, be granted in respect of his service in public
service under the Government of The Bahamas, a pension
of an amount equal to the pension for which he would have
been eligible under subsection (1) of section 4, if there had
been no qualifying period and if he had had no other public
service.

(2) Where the officer is not in public service under
the Government of The Bahamas at the time of such
retirement, his pensionable emoluments for the purposes of
the preceding subsection shall be those which would have
been taken for the purpose of computing his pension if he
had retired from the public service and been granted a
pension at the date of his last transfer from public service
under the Government of The Bahamas.

11. 8 Where a part only of the other public service of an
officer to whom this section applies has been under one or
more of the scheduled administrations, the provisions of
section 9 shall apply; but in calculating the amount of
pension, regard shall be had only to service in the group.


7 Section 10 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11).
8 Section 11 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11).

First Schedule.

Pension where
other service is
not within the
group.



8 of 1964, s. 5.

Pension when
other services
both within and
not within the
group.



8 of 1964, s. 5.

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12. 9 Sections 9, 10 and 11 of this Act shall apply
only in the case of an officer transferred to or from public
service under the Government of The Bahamas from or to
other public service.

13. It shall be lawful for the Governor-General to
grant to any public officer who, although he has not
completed a period of service which would have entitled
him to a pension, is compelled to quit the public service by
reason of severe bodily injury, occasioned without his own
default in the discharge of his public duty, a gratuity not
exceeding three months’ pay for every two years of
service, or a pension not exceeding ten-sixtieths of his
annual salary.

14. It shall be lawful for the Governor-General to
grant to any public officer who is constrained from
infirmity of mind or body to leave the public service before
the completion of the period which would entitle him to a
pension, such sum of money by way of gratuity as the
Governor-General may think proper, but so as that no such
gratuity shall exceed the amount of one month’s pay for
each year of service.

15. (1) If a public officer holding a pensionable
office who has completed the period of service which
would qualify him to receive a pension under the
provisions of subsection (1) of section 4 of this Act, is
compelled to leave the public service of The Bahamas in
consequence of the abolition of his office, or for the
purpose of facilitating improvements in the organisation of
the department to which he belongs, by reason of which
greater efficiency or economy can be effected, he may be
granted a temporary pension at the rate of one-seven
hundred and twentieth part of his salary in respect of each
completed month of such of his service which is
pensionable under the provisions of this Act or any other
Act, subject to the condition that he shall be liable to be
recalled to the public service of The Bahamas as provided
in section 18 of this Act:

Provided that, if such public officer is not qualified
for other employment, or if there is no reason, in the
opinion of the Governor-General, to expect that he can be
shortly re-employed in the public service of The Bahamas,



9 Section 12 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11).

Officers trans-
ferred to other
public service.

In case of severe
injury officer
compelled to quit
service before
completion of
pensionable peri-
od may be given
gratuity or pen-
sion.

Gratuity may be
granted to an of-
ficer who may be
constrained from
infirmity of mind
or body to leave
the public ser-
vice.

Abolition of of-
fice.


22 of 1974, s. 3.

2 of 1956, s. 2.

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a pension (or, if he is eligible to elect under the provisions
of subsection (2) of section 4 of this Act, a reduced pension
and gratuity) may be granted to him free from the above-
mentioned condition.

(2) If a public officer holding a pensionable office
who has not completed the period of service which would
qualify him to receive a pension under the provisions of
subsection (1) of section 4 of this Act, is compelled to
leave the public service of The Bahamas in consequence of
the abolition of his office, or for the purpose of facilitating
improvements in the organisation of the department to
which he belongs, by reason of which greater efficiency or
economy can be effected, it shall be lawful for the
Governor-General to grant him a gratuity not exceeding
three months’ salary for every completed two years of such
of his service which is pensionable under the provisions of
this Act or any other Act.

(3) 10 Any public officer who is compelled to leave
the public service of The Bahamas in consequence of the
abolition of his office or for the purpose of facilitating
improvements in the organization of the department to
which he belongs, by reason of which greater efficiency or
economy can be effected may, in addition to the benefits
which may be granted to him under subsection (1) or (2) of
this section, be granted a gratuity of one-third of his annual
pensionable emoluments at the date upon which he leaves
the said public service.

16. 10 (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, no
pension shall be granted to any public officer except on his
retirement from the public service in one of the following
cases —

(a) a case referred to in subsection (1) of section 15
of this Act;

(b) a case referred to in section 17, 20 or 21 of this
Act;

(c) any public officer attaining the age of sixty
years;


10 Subsection (3) had effect from 30th October, 1974, (22 of 1974).
10 Subsections (1), (2), (3) and (4) had effect from 30th October, 1974, (22 of 1974).

22 of 1974, s. 3.

Unlawful to grant
pension to public
officer under
normal retiring
age except on
medical certifi-
cate.
22 of 1974, s.3.
8 of 1997, s.2.
4 of 2007.

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(d) on medical evidence to the satisfaction of the

Governor-General acting in accordance with the
advice of the appropriate Commission that an
officer is incapable by reason of some infirmity
of mind or body of discharging the duties of his
office and that such infirmity is likely to be
permanent.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in
subsection (1) of this section, any public officer may retire
at any time after attaining the age of fifty-five years or on
completion of thirty years service in a pensionable office,
whichever is the earlier.

(3) Subject to the provisions of Article 115 of the
Constitution, the Governor-General, acting in accordance
with the advice of the appropriate Commission, may
require any public officer whose appointment in a
pensionable office is confirmed on or after the thirtieth day
of October 1974, to retire from the public service at any
time after the officer attains the age of fifty-five years and
any public officer who is so required to retire shall retire
accordingly.

(4) Every public officer shall, upon attaining the age
of sixty-five years, retire from the public service.

22 of 1974, s. 4.

22 of 1974, s. 4.

22 of 1974, s. 4.
8 of 2001.
4 of 2007.

CH.43 – 16] PENSIONS





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17. Where a public officer’s service is terminated on

the ground that, having regard to the conditions of the
public service, the usefulness of the officer thereto and all
the other circumstances of the case, such termination is
desirable in the public interest, and a pension, gratuity or
other allowance cannot otherwise be granted to him under
the provisions of this Act, the Governor-General may, if he
thinks fit, grant to such officer such pension, gratuity or
other allowance as he thinks just and proper, not exceeding
in amount that for which he would be eligible if he were
suffering from some infirmity of mind or body likely to be
permanent.

18. 11 With the exception of persons entitled to
pensions under the provisions of section 20 or 21 of this
Act, every public officer to whom a pension shall have
been granted before he shall have attained the age of fifty
years shall, until he has attained that age, be liable to be
called upon to fill in The Bahamas any public office or
situation under the Crown for which his previous public
service may render him eligible; and if he shall decline,
when called upon to do so, to take upon himself such office
or situation, or shall decline or neglect to execute the duties
thereof satisfactorily being in a competent state of health,
he shall forfeit his right to the pension which has been
granted to him.

19. If any public officer to whom a pension has been
granted under any Act is appointed to another office in The
Bahamas, the Governor-General may either,
notwithstanding the provisions of any law prescribing the
remuneration of such other office, reduce such
remuneration in view of the pension which the officer is
receiving, or may order that the pension granted to the
officer shall cease and that, if the officer subsequently
retires in circumstances in which he may be granted a
pension, he shall be granted, in lieu of his previous
pension, a pension computed as if the periods of his service
in The Bahamas had been continuous, and that such
pension shall be based on his pensionable emoluments on
his previous or final retirement from the service of The
Bahamas, whichever are the greater:

Provided that if, on his previous retirement, he was
paid a gratuity and pension, the gratuity to be paid to him


11 Section 18 had effect from 30th October, 1974 (22 of 1974).

Termination of
appointment in
the public inter-
est.



50 of 1957, s. 3.

Person to whom
pension may be
granted before
attaining the
normal retiring
age liable to be
called upon to fill
other offices.
22 of 1974, s. 5.

Re-employed
pensioners.

PENSIONS [CH.43 – 17





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

on final retirement shall be reduced by the amount of the
gratuity already paid.

20. 12 No pension shall be granted under the
provisions of this Act to any public officer who has been
transferred to public service except on his retirement from
the public service —

(a) on or after attaining the age at which he is
permitted by the law or regulations of the public
service in which he is last employed to retire on
pension or gratuity or, if no age is prescribed by
the said law or regulations, he retires on or after
attaining the age of fifty; or

(b) in any other circumstances in which he is
permitted by the said law or regulations to retire
on pension or gratuity:

Provided that paragraph (b) of this section shall not
apply in the case of a female public officer who retires for
the reason that she has married or is about to marry.

21. (1) Subject to the provisions of subsections (2)
and (3) of this section, the provisions of this Act relating to
the grant of a pension shall apply to a person to whom the
provisions of section 13 of the repealed Act apply as if
such person had been transferred from the public service of
The Bahamas to employment in the service of any of the
scheduled administrations after the coming into operation
of this Act, unless such person was in receipt of a pension
under the provisions of the repealed Act at the date of the
coming into operation of this Act in which case the
provisions of the repealed Act shall continue to apply.


12 Section 20 had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11).

Circumstances in
which pension
may be granted
to transferred of-
ficers.
8 of 1964, s. 7.


Provisions of Act
apply to certain
persons trans-
ferred from the
service of The
Bahamas before
its enactment.



68 of 1959, s. 8.

CH.43 – 18] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008


(2) A person to whom the provisions of this Act

apply under subsection (1) of this section, who had
ultimately retired from the service of the Crown or the
service of any other of the scheduled administrations prior
to the date of the coming into operation of this Act and
who was not, at the date of the coming into operation of
this Act, in receipt of a pension under the provisions of the
repealed Act shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, be
entitled to a pension under the provisions of this Act with
effect from the date of the coming into operation of this
Act.

(3) A person who becomes entitled to the benefits of
this Act by virtue of subsections (1) and (2) of this section
shall cease to be entitled to the benefits of the repealed Act.

22. 13 (1) Whenever any public officer holding a
pensionable office under the Government of The Bahamas
ceases to be the holder of such office by reason of his
transfer with the consent of the Governor-General to the
service of an approved authority, and such person
subsequently retires from the service of the approved
authority in such circumstances that, had he remained a
public officer, he would have been eligible for pension
under the provisions of this Act, then in any such case the
following provisions of this section shall have effect.

(2) Any pension payable to any such person as is
mentioned in subsection (1) of this section by the approved
authority to whose service he has been transferred shall be
calculated and granted to him in respect of his total service
under the Government of The Bahamas and with such
approved authority taken together and such total service
shall be reckoned as continuous service for pension
purposes.

(3) There shall be payable out of the Consolidated
Fund upon the warrant of the Minister of Finance to an
approved authority as a contribution to every pension paid
in accordance with subsection (2) of this section, such
amounts as would have been payable to the person
concerned by way of pension under this Act, if such person
had retired from the public service and if he had been
granted a pension under this Act upon the date of his
ceasing to hold a public office.


13 Section 22 had effect from 1st January, 1970 (22 of 1974, s. 10).

Pensions of per-
sons transferred
to service of ap-
proved authori-
ties.
3 of 1972, s. 3.


PENSIONS [CH.43 – 19





[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(4) The Governor-General shall not consent to the
transfer of a public officer to the service of an approved
authority under this section unless he is satisfied that such
approved authority has established or will establish in
respect of such officer a pension scheme not less
favourable to such officer than the scheme applicable to
him under the provisions of this Act.

23. 14 (1) Whenever any person employed by any
approved authority in pensionable circumstances is
transferred with the consent of the Governor-General to
any pensionable office under the Government of The
Bahamas, the service of such person under that approved
authority shall be reckoned for the purposes of this Act to
be pensionable service under the Government of The
Bahamas and as continuous service for the purpose of
computing his pension under this Act.

(2) The Governor-General shall not consent to the
transfer of any person to pensionable public service under
the provisions of this section unless and until the approved
authority from which he is transferred has made
satisfactory arrangements with the Treasurer for the
reimbursement to the Consolidated Fund of such
proportion of the cost of any pension or other benefit
granted to that person under the provisions of this Act as
the length of his service with that approved authority shall
bear to the total length of his continuous service with such
authority and under the Government of The Bahamas taken
together.

(3) A pension granted to any public officer under
the provisions of this section shall be in full satisfaction
and discharge of any right to pension which such officer
might otherwise have had if he had not been transferred to
public service.

24. 15 (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act,
service in respect of which a pension or gratuity may be
granted under this Act must be unbroken service.

(2) Subject to the provisions of subsections (3) and (4)
of this section, in computing the period of service in respect of
which an officer may be granted a pension or gratuity under
this Act, the whole period of public service of such



14 Section 23 had effect from 1st January, 1970 (22 of 1974, s. 10).
15 Section 24 had effect from 1st July, 1967 (11 of 1969, s. 1).

Pensions of per-
sons transferred
to public service
from approved
authorities.



3 of 1972, s. 2.


Computation of
service.
11 of 1969, s.
11 of 1969, s. 3;
22 of 1974, s. 6.

CH.43 – 20] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

officer, including any part of of such service in an office
not being a pensionable office, but excluding any period
during which such officer served as a contract officer or
was on leave without pay, shall be taken into account:

Provided that for the purpose of determining the
eligibility of an officer to the grant of a pension or gratuity
under this Act, based upon the length of service of that
officer, any period of service excluded under the foregoing
provisions of this subsection shall be taken into account.

(3) Where a subordinate police officer or a
subordinate officer transfers (or before the first day of July
1967), transferred from the relevant service to service in an
office under the Government of The Bahamas, his period
of service in the relevant service shall be taken into
account in relation to the grant of a pension or gratuity
under this Act if at the date of his retirement he is
otherwise eligible for pension or gratuity thereunder:

Provided that where at the date of his transfer as
aforesaid any such officer was entitled to retire on pension
under the provisions of the relevant Act, the pension or
gratuity to be awarded under this Act in respect of his
period of service in the relevant service shall be calculated
at the rate to which such officer is entitled under the said
provisions.

In this subsection the expression —
“relevant Act” means —
(a) in respect of a transfer effected before the first

day of July 1967 —
(i) in relation to a subordinate officer of an

industrial school, section 9 of the
Industrial Schools (Subordinate Officers)
Act;

(ii) in relation to a subordinate officer of the
Prison Department, section 7 of the
Prisons Act;

(b) in respect of a transfer of any subordinate officer
effected on or after that date, subject to Article
121 of the Constitution, section 13 of the Public
Service Act;

(c) in respect of a transfer of a subordinate police
officer effected whether before or after that date,
the Police Act;

12 of 1989, s. 2.

23 of 1964.


Ch. 208.

Ch. 39.

Ch. 205.

PENSIONS [CH.43 – 21





[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

“relevant service” means —
(a) in relation to a subordinate officer of an

industrial school, service in the industrial
schools of The Bahamas;

(b) in relation to a subordinate officer of the
Prison Department, service in the Prison
Department; and

(c) in relation to a subordinate police officer
service in the Police Force;

“subordinate officer” has the same meaning as in
section 11 of the Public Service Act;

“subordinate police officer” means either —
(a) a subordinate police officer as defined in

subsection (1) of section 2 of the Police
Act; or

(b) a police officer to whom the provisions of
paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section
66 of that Act apply.

(4) Where an officer has been deemed pursuant to
section 36 of the Public Service Act (now repealed) to have
left the public service and in respect of his public service
has been granted a gratuity under that section, no account
shall be taken of any period of service of such officer
served prior to the first day of July 1964, for the purposes
of computing the period in respect of which a pension or
gratuity may be awarded to such officer under the
provisions of this Act.

25. 16 (1) Where any public officer holding a
pensionable office, having completed not less than ten
years of service in the public service, retires from that
service at an age other than that at which or in
circumstances other than those in which he may be granted
a pension under the provisions of this Act or, in the case of
an officer to whom section 13 of the Public Service Act
applies, under the provisions of that section in respect of
such service, the Governor-General may, if he thinks fit,
grant to such officer in respect of each year of such service
a gratuity amounting to four per centum of his pensionable
emoluments.

(2) For the purposes of this section the expression
“public officer” shall be deemed to include a temporary
officer.


16 Section 25 had effect from 1st July, 1967 (11 of 1969, s. 1) save for the amendment
made by 22 of 1974.

Ch. 205.

15 of 1890.

11 of 1969, s. 3;
22 of 1974, s. 7.


Cap. 39

Officer retiring
before qualifying
for pension.


22 of 1974, s. 7.

CH.43 – 22] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

26. 17 (1) Where any public officer dies while in
the public service of The Bahamas, it shall be lawful for
the Governor-General to grant to his legal personal
representative a gratuity of an amount equal to the
pensionable emoluments of such officer at the date of his
death:

Provided that in the case of the death of an officer
referred to in section 16(2) the amount payable under the
foregoing provisions of this subsection shall not be less
than such amount as would have been payable to that
officer as gratuity had he exercised, immediately before his
death, the option to retire provided in that section.

(2) Where any payment is made by the Government
in respect of the death of such an officer as aforesaid under
the provisions of any law relating to workmen’s
compensation, the amount of any gratuity granted under
the provisions of this section shall be reduced by the
amount of such payment.

27. 18 (1) A gratuity calculated in accordance with
the provisions of the Second Schedule to this Act may be
granted under this section by the Governor-General if in
any case he thinks fit, to any person who retires from
employment in the public service of The Bahamas in the
circumstances set out in that Schedule but to whom a
pension or gratuity may not otherwise be granted under the
preceding provisions of this Act.

(2) Where any person other than a public officer
dies while in the public service of The Bahamas, the
Governor-General may grant to his legal personal
representative a gratuity of an amount not exceeding the
annual salary of such person at the time of his death where
such person was employed for a period of not less than five
years, and where such person was employed for a period of
less than five years a gratuity of an amount not exceeding
one-half of the annual salary of such person at the time of
his death, and, in relation to any such person as aforesaid
whose employment in the public service was of a casual
nature, for the reference in this subsection to annual salary
there shall be substituted a reference to an average annual
wage such as is mentioned in paragraph 2 of the said
Second Schedule.


17 Section 26 had effect from 1st July, 1967 (11 of 1969, s. 1).
18 Section 27(1) had effect from 1st July, 1967 (11 of 1969, s. 1).

11 of 1969, s. 3.
12 of 1989, s. 2.


Gratuity in case
of death of
officer.

12 of 1989, s. 2.

Other gratuities.
11 of 1969, s. 3.
Second Schedule.

22 of 1974, s. 8.

Second Schedule.

PENSIONS [CH.43 – 23



––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(3) Notwithstanding anything in this Act, no person
who is awarded a gratuity under this section shall be
entitled to a further gratuity under any other section of this
Act.

28. If any question arises in any department of the
public service as to the claim of any person for pension or
gratuity under this Act such claim shall be inquired into
and decided upon by the Governor-General and his
decision shall be final.

29. All pensions and gratuities, granted under this
Act, shall be paid to the person entitled to receive the same,
without any abatement or deduction whatever.

30. (1) It shall not be lawful for any person who has
held office of Governor and has retired from Her Majesty’s
Colonial Service or Her Majesty’s Overseas Service to
accept a directorship or any similar position of or in any
company operation in The Bahamas without first obtaining
the permission of the Secretary of State.

(2) The Governor-General may suspend the
payment of any pension payable to any person who acts in
contravention of subsection (1) of this section.

31. Any period for which a public officer absent on
leave from The Bahamas has, with the consent of the
Governor-General, served with Her Majesty’s armed
forces, or in any other capacity connected with the state of
war, may be counted as service on full pay for the purposes
of any Act relating to pensions or gratuities.

32. (1) 19 The Governor-General may, with the
agreement of any approved authority and the consent of the
officer concerned, second any public officer holding any
pensionable office under the Government of The Bahamas
for service with that authority upon such terms and
conditions and for such period not exceeding two years at a
time as he may think fit.

(2) Whenever any public officer is seconded for
service under this section, he shall not by reason of such
secondment cease to be a public officer and the provisions



19 Section 32 had effect from 1st January, 1970 (22 of 1974, s. 10).

Decision of Gov-
ernor-General fi-
nal in question of
claim to pension
or gratuity.

Payment of pen-
sions and gratu-
ities, without
abatement or de-
duction.
Retired Governor
may not accept
directorship, etc.,
of a company.

Safeguarding
rights to pension
or gratuity of
persons serving
in armed forces,
etc.

Secondment to
approved
authorities.
3 of 1972, s. 4.

CH.43 – 24] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

of this Act shall continue to apply to him during the period
of his secondment as if he were the holder of the office in
the public service of The Bahamas which he was holding
immediately before the date of his secondment:

Provided that no such officer shall be entitled to any
salary or allowances as a public officer during the period of
his secondment.

(3) It shall be a condition of any secondment of a
public officer under this section that the approved authority
to which he is seconded shall pay into the Consolidated
Fund monthly during the period of secondment a
contribution towards the prospective pension entitlement of
the officer calculated at the rate of twenty-five per centum
of the pensionable emoluments of the officer concerned
immediately before the date of this secondment.

33. (1) An approved authority may second a person
holding a pensionable office under that approved authority
for service in the public service upon such terms and
conditions and for such period not exceeding two years at a
time as it thinks fit.

(2) Whenever a person employed by an approved
authority is seconded under this section, he shall not by
reason of the secondment cease to be employed by that
approved authority and his conditions of service under the
approved authority shall continue to apply to him during
the period of his secondment as if he were the holder of the
office under that approved authority, which he was holding
immediately before the date of his secondment:

Provided that no person seconded from an approved
authority under this section shall be entitled to any salary
or allowances as an employee of the approved authority
during the period of his secondment.

(3) It shall be a condition of any secondment of a
person under this section that the Minister of Finance shall
by warrant under his hand pay to the relevant approved
authority’s pension fund monthly during the period of
secondment a contribution towards the prospective pension
entitlement of the person concerned calculated at the rate
of twenty-five per centum of the pensionable emoluments
of the person concerned immediately before the date of his
secondment.

30 of 1996, s. 2.

Secondment to
public service.



PENSIONS [CH.43 – 25



––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

34. The Governor-General shall exercise the powers
vested in him by this Act in accordance with the provisions
of paragraph (2) of Article 123 of the Constitution.

FIRST SCHEDULE (Section 2)20

SCHEDULED ADMINISTRATIONS
Aden.
Antigua.
Barbados.
Basutoland.
Bechuanaland Protectorate.
Bermuda.
British Guiana.
British Honduras.
British Solomon Islands Protectorate.
Brunei.
Cayman Islands.
Commonwealth Caribbean Regional Secretariat.
Crown Agents for Overseas Governments and Administrations.
Dominica.
East African Common Services Organization.
East Africa High Commission.
East African Railways and Harbour Administration.
Eastern Nigeria.
Eastern Region of Nigeria.
Employing Authorities under the Overseas Service Act, 1958.
Employing Authorities under the Overseas Superannuation
Scheme.
Falkland Islands.
Federation of Malaya.
Federated Malay States.
Federation of Nigeria.
Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.
Fiji.
Gambia.
Ghana.
Gibraltar.
Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
Gold Coast.
Grenada.
Hong Kong.
Interim Commissioner for the West Indies.


20 The First Schedule had effect from 1st January, 1963 (8 of 1964, s. 11), except for

the amendment made by Act No. 3 of 1972, which had effect from 1st January, 1970 (22
of 1974, s. 10).

8 of 1964 s. 9
EL.A.O., 1974.

Exercise of
powers by the
Governor-Gener-
al

8 of 1964, s. 10.

3 of 1972, s. 5.

CH.43 – 26] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

Jamaica.
Kenya.
Kenya and Uganda Railways and Harbours Administrations.
Leeward Islands (before 1st July, 1956).
Malayan Establishment.
Malayan Union.
Malaysia.
Malta.
Mauritius.
Montserrat.
Nigeria.
North Borneo.
Northern Nigeria.
Northern Region of Nigeria.
Northern Rhodesia.
Nyasaland.
Overseas Audit Department (Home Establishment).
St. Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla.
St. Helena.
St. Lucia.
St. Vincent.
Sabah.
Sarawak.
Seychelles.
Sierra Leone.
Singapore.
Somaliland Protectorate.
Straits Settlements.
Swaziland.
Tanganyika.
The West Indies (Federation).
Tonga.
Trinidad and Tobago.
Turks and Caicos Islands.
Uganda.
Unfederated Malaya States.
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Virgin Islands.
Western Nigeria.
Western Pacific High Commission.
Western Region of Nigeria.
Zanzibar.

PENSIONS [CH.43 – 27



––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

SECOND SCHEDULE (Section 27)21
1. (1) A gratuity may be granted under section 27 of this

Act to any person who retires from employment, whether
pensionable or not, in the public service of The Bahamas where
such employment has subsisted for a period of not less than five
years and such person retires or is required to retire —
(a) (i) in the case of a male on or after attaining the age of

fifty-five years;
(ii) in the case of a female —
A. who was in the employment of the Government of The

Bahamas before the thirtieth day of October 1974, on
attaining the age of fifty years;

B. who enters the employment of the Government of The
Bahamas after the thirtieth day of October 1974, on or after
attaining the age of fifty-five years; or

(b) on medical evidence referred to in paragraph (e) of
subsection (1) of section 16 of this Act; or

(c) upon termination of his employment in the public interest
on the ground mentioned in section 17 of this Act.
(2) The amount of gratuity payable to any person in the

circumstances mentioned in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph
shall not, where the employment in question is an employment
of emolument, exceed an amount equal to such proportion of the
annual salary (including any pensionable allowance) payable to
such person at the date of his retirement as is specified in the
following rates, that is to say —

(a) where such person has completed five years or
more of such employment but less than ten years one fourth;
(b) where such person has completed ten years or more
of such employment but less than fifteen years two fourths;
(c) where such person has completed fifteen years or more
of such employment but less than twenty years three fourths;
(d) where such person has completed twenty years or more of
such employment but less than twenty-five years four fourths;
(e) where such person has completed twenty-five years or more
of such employment but less than thirty years five fourths;
(f) where such person has completed thirty years or
more of such employment six fourths.



21 The Second Schedule had effect, save for the amendment made by 22 of 1974,
from 1st July, 1967 (11 of 1969, s. 1).

11 of 1969, s. 4.

22 of 1974, s. 9.

CH.43 – 28] PENSIONS





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS [Original Service 2001]

(3) The amount of gratuity payable to any person in the
circumstances mentioned in subparagraph (1) of this paragraph
shall not, where no salary or other emolument is payable in respect
of the employment of that person, exceed the following rates, that is
to say —

(a) where such person has completed twenty years or
more of such employment but less than thirty years $350.00;

(b) where such person has completed thirty years or
more of such employment but less than forty years $600.00;

(c) where such person has completed forty years or
more of such employment $800.00.

2. A gratuity may be granted under section 27 of this Act to
a person in the circumstances mentioned in subparagraph (1) of
paragraph 1 of this Schedule whose employment is of a casual
nature, that is to say, of a kind not requiring the services of that
person on a full-time basis, and in such cases the gratuity shall
be calculated at the rates specified in subparagraph (2) of the
said paragraph 1 of this Schedule, but so that for the reference to
annual salary in that subparagraph there shall be substituted a
reference to the average annual wage paid to such person during
the period of three years next preceding the date of his
retirement.

PENSIONS [CH.43 – 29



––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
[Original Service 2001] STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

THIRD SCHEDULE (Section 2)22

APPROVED AUTHORITIES

The Bahamas Broadcasting and Television Corporation.
The Bahamas Development Corporation.
The Bahamas Electricity Corporation.
The Bahamas Information Service.
The Bahamas Telecommunications Corporation.
The Central Bank of The Bahamas.
The College of The Bahamas.
The Department of Tourism.
The Gaming Board of The Bahamas.
The Hotel Training Council.
The National Insurance Board.
The Racing Commission.
The Bahamas Agricultural Corporation.
The Hotel Corporation of The Bahamas.
The Water and Sewerage Corporation.
The Bahamas Development Bank.
Bahamasair Holdings Limited.


22 The Third Schedule had effect from 1st January, 1970 (22 of 1974, s. 10) save in

respect of authorities added by Statutory Instruments. And see also Subsidiary
Legislation, Pensions.

3 of 1972, s. 6;
S.I. 82/1974; S.I.
86/1974; S.I. 23
of 1975; S.I. 25
of 1975; S.I. 82/
1976; S.I. 31/
1977; S.I. 34/
1977; S.I. 54/
1977; S.I. 33/
1979; S.I. 21/
1980.

S.I. 25 of 1975.

S.I. 82 of 1974.
S.I. 82 of 1976.

S.I. 23 of 1975.
S.I. 86 of 1974.

S.I. 31 of 1977.
S.I. 34 of 1977.

S.I. 54 of 1977.

S.I. 33 of 1979.

S.I. 21 of 1980.

Related Laws