Precursor Chemicals Act


Published: 2007-04-23

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
Precursor Chemicals Act
PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 1





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

CHAPTER 228A

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS


LIST OF AUTHORISED PAGES
1 - 25 LRO 1/2008


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION

PART I - PRELIMINARY

1. Short title.
2. Interpretation.

PART II - ADMINISTRATION

3. Functions of competent authority.
4. Monitoring and control.
5. Identification of specified chemical substances.

PART III - GRANT, REFUSAL, SUSPENSION AND
REVOCATION OF LICENCE OR PERMIT

6. Application to engage in prescribed activity.
7. Application for permit to export or import specified chemical

substance.
8. Grant or refusal of licence or permit.
9. Non-transferability and validity of licence or permit.
10. Grounds for refusal to grant licence or permit.
11. Restriction.
12. Suspension of licence.
13. Revocation of licence or permit.
14. Appeals.

PART IV - REGISTERS

15. Register to be kept by competent authority.
16. Records and register to be kept by holder of licence or permit.

PART V - COMMERCIAL DOCUMENTS AND
SECURITY

17. Notification of changes, etc.

CH.228A – 2] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

18. Commercial documents.
19. Forwarding of import permit to exporter.
20. Endorsement and return of export permits following import.
21. Seizure and detention of improperly documented or

undocumented consignments.
22. Storage and delivery following import.

PART VI - OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

23. Offence of unlawfully engaging in prescribed activity.
24. Offence of unlawful possession of specified chemical

substances.
25. Offence of using postal service for transporting specified

chemical substances.
26. Offence of making false or misleading statements, etc.
27. Offence in relation to supply or acquisition of specified

chemical substances.
28. Offence of aiding and abetting commission of offence.
29. Offence of threatening, etc. an authorised officer.
30. Offence of failure to keep records and documents.
31. Presumption as to manufacturer of package.
32. Presumption relating to samples.
33. Offence by body corporate.

PART VII - ENFORCEMENT

34. Powers of entry, inspection and seizure.
35. Vehicles, etc. may be seized and detained.
36. Arrest without warrant.
37. Search warrant.

PART VIII - GENERAL

38. Power to limit stock.
39. Schedules.
40. Regulations.

FIRST SCHEDULE (Sections 2, 19 and 40) — SPECIFIED

CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES
SECOND SCHEDULE (Section 16) — Information to be included in

register kept by holder of licence or permit
THIRD SCHEDULE (Section 39(3)) — CONSEQUENTIAL

AMENDMENTS


PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 3





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

CHAPTER 228A

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS

An Act to provide for the monitoring and control
of precursor chemicals and other chemical substances
used or capable of being used in any type of illicit
transaction involving narcotic drugs and psychotropic
substances or other substances having a similar effect
and for matters connected therewith or incidental
thereto.

[Assent 16th January, 2007]
[Commencement 23rd April, 2007]

PART I - PRELIMINARY

1. This Act may be cited as the Precursor Chemicals
Act.

2. (1) In this Act unless the context otherwise
requires —

“authorised officer” means —
(a) any officer of the Customs Department, an

immigration officer and the Port Controller
or any of his subordinate officers;

(b) any member of the Royal Bahamas Police
Force or the Royal Bahamas Defence Force;

(c) any person authorised by general or special
order under section 25 of the Dangerous
Drugs Act;

(d) every officer of the Department of
Agriculture and Fisheries who is appointed a
fisheries inspector pursuant to section 3 of
the Fisheries Resources (Jurisdiction and
Conservation) Act;

(e) any person or class of persons designated by
the Minister as an authorised officer for the
purposes of this Act,

and includes any other person acting in aid of an
authorised officer in the discharge of his duties;

2 of 2007

S.I. 34/2007.

Short title.

Interpretation.

Ch. 228.

Ch. 244.

CH.228A – 4] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

“competent authority” means —
(a) in relation to the issuance of licences to

engage in a prescribed activity and the
inspection of such prescribed activity, the
Public Analyst; and

(b) in relation to the issuance of permits to
import or export the specified chemical
substances, the inspection and disposal of
such specified chemical substances, The
Bahamas National Drug Agency constituted
by the Minister in the Ministry of Health;

“customs transit” means the procedure whereby a
specified chemical substance is transported under
customs control from one customs office to
another within the same customs territory or as an
inter-territorial customs operation;

“distribution” means the transfer of a specified
chemical substance from one person to another;

“export” means to take or cause to be taken out of The
Bahamas or the waters thereof;

“import” means to bring into or cause to be brought
within The Bahamas or the waters thereof,
otherwise than in transit or by trans-shipment;

“in transit” includes any occasion on which any
specified chemical substance remains on board an
aircraft, ship or other form of transport;

“licensee” means the holder of a licence granted under
this Act;

“manufacture” means the processes whereby precursor
chemicals and other chemical substances are
obtained including the refining, formulating,
preparing, mixing, compounding and
transformation of such precursor chemicals and
other chemical substances into other precursors or
other products;

“Minister” means the Minister responsible for Health;
“other chemical substances” include substances such

as solvents, reagents or catalysis that, though not
precursors, can be used in the production,
manufacture or preparation of narcotic drugs,

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 5





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

psychotropic substances or other substances
having similar effects;

“precursor chemical” means any substance which —
(a) can be used in any of the chemical processes

involved in the production, manufacture or
preparation of narcotic drugs, psychotropic
substances or substances having a similar
effect; and

(b) incorporates its molecular structure into the
final product making it essential for those
processes;

“preparation” means the process and result of
obtaining precursors, other chemical substances,
narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances or other
substances having a similar effect;

“prescribed activity” means —
(a) in relation to precursor chemicals, the

production, manufacture, preparation,
distribution, importation or exportation of
any such chemicals;

(b) in relation to other chemical substances, the
importation, manufacture or exportation of
any such chemical substance in significant
quantities;

“production” includes the extraction of precursors
from natural organisms;

“specified chemical substance” means —
(a) a precursor chemical listed in Table I of the

First Schedule;
(b) any other chemical substance listed in Table

II of the First Schedule;

“trans-shipment” includes the customs procedures
whereby precursors or other chemical substances
are transported under the control of customs from
one customs office to another within the same
customs territory or as an inter-territorial customs
operation.

(2) For the purposes of this Act, an amount of a
chemical substance shall be regarded as a significant
quantity if the use thereof exceeds such quantity as the

First Schedule.


First Schedule.

CH.228A – 6] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

Minister may by order prescribe in relation to the use of
that specified chemical substance.

PART II - ADMINISTRATION

3. For the purposes of this Act, the functions of the
competent authority shall be —

(a) to carry out the monitoring, control and
investigation of any prescribed activity;

(b) to advise the Minister generally on, and keep
under review, matters of policy relating to
specified chemical substances which are being, or
appear likely to be, misused;

(c) to ensure the application of a surveillance system
on any movement of specified chemical
substances into or out of The Bahamas;

(d) to grant licences in respect of any prescribed
activity;

(e) to grant export or import permits in respect of any
specified chemical substance;

(f) to assist in promoting public awareness of the
potential illicit use of specified chemical
substances in the manufacture of narcotic drugs
and psychotropic substances or other substances
having a similar effect and in fostering
understanding of the control and monitoring of
such substances;

(g) to provide to any foreign competent authority
information relating to the commission of an
offence whether in or outside The Bahamas; and

(h) to perform such other functions pertaining to the
monitoring and control of specified chemical
substances as may, from time to time, be assigned
to it by the Minister.

4. Except under and in accordance with the
provisions of this Act and any regulations made hereunder,
no person shall engage in any prescribed activity.

5. (1) Subject to subsection (2), all specified
chemical substances imported into The Bahamas shall be
identified by the names and digital classification under
which they are listed in the Harmonized Commodity

Functions of
competent
authority.

Monitoring and
control.

Identification of
specified
chemical
substances.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 7





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

Description and Coding System as used by the Customs
Department and such names and digital classification shall
also be used in statistical records and documents pertaining
to the importation, exportation, transit and trans-shipment
of such specified chemical substances.

(2) Where the names and digital classification
mentioned in subsection (1) are not available, the specified
chemical substances imported into The Bahamas shall be
identified by their scientific names.

PART III - GRANT, REFUSAL, SUSPENSION AND
REVOCATION OF LICENCE OR PERMIT

6. (1) Any person who proposes to engage in any
prescribed activity shall, subject to section 7, apply in the
prescribed form and manner to the competent authority for
a licence to engage in such prescribed activity.

(2) An application under subsection (1) shall be
accompanied by the prescribed fee and such information or
document as may be prescribed or as the competent
authority may require.

(3) The competent authority shall, upon receipt of an
application under subsection (1), cause to be carried out an
inspection of the premises where the prescribed activity is
to be carried out.

7. (1) Any person who proposes to export or import
a specified chemical substance shall, in addition to
applying for a licence under section 6(1), apply to the
competent authority in the prescribed form for a permit to
export or import such specified chemical substance.

(2) A separate application shall be made in respect of
each specified chemical substance to be exported or
imported.

(3) An application under subsection (1) shall be
accompanied by the prescribed fee and such information or
document as the competent authority may require.

8. (1) Where an application is made under section 6
or 7 for a licence or permit, as the case may be, the
competent authority may —

(a) subject to subsection (2), grant the licence or
permit; or

Application to
engage in
prescribed
activity.

Application for
permit to export
or import
specified
chemical
substance.

Grant or refusal
of licence or
permit.

CH.228A – 8] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

(b) refuse to grant such licence or permit on any of
the grounds specified in section 10.

(2) The competent authority may impose such
conditions as it considers necessary on the grant of a
licence or permit to achieve the objectives of this Act.

(3) Where the competent authority refuses to grant a
licence or permit under subsection (1), it shall inform the
applicant in writing of such refusal stating the reasons
therefor.

9. (1) A licence or permit granted under section 8(1)
shall —

(a) not be transferable; and
(b) be valid only for the period specified therein.

(2) A separate permit shall be granted in respect of
each specified chemical substance to which an application
relates and such permit shall be valid for one shipment
only.

10. The competent authority shall refuse to grant a
licence or permit under this Act —

(a) where the issue of the licence or permit would not
be in the public interest;

(b) where an application contains or is based on a
false or misleading representation or information
which is false in a material particular;

(c) to an individual who —
(i) is under the age of eighteen years;
(ii) is an undischarged bankrupt; or
(iii) has previously been convicted of an offence

prescribed by the Minister (hereinafter in this
section referred to as a prescribed offence);

(d) to a body corporate —
(i) in respect of which a resolution has been

passed for voluntary winding up or an order
for winding up has been made by a court of
competent jurisdiction;

(ii) if a receiver has been appointed to manage
any of its assets;

Non-
transferability
and validity of
licence or permit.

Grounds for
refusal to grant
licence or permit.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 9





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(iii) if that body corporate or any of its directors
has been previously convicted of a
prescribed offence;

(e) if in the opinion of the competent authority the
applicant is not a fit and proper person, having
regard to the interest of security, to be granted a
licence or permit; and

(f) where the security arrangements at the premises
or place where a prescribed activity is to be
carried out or is being carried out, are
inappropriate or insufficient.

11. The competent authority shall not issue a permit
having a retrospective effect.

12. (1) The competent authority may suspend a
licence for a breach of any provision of this Act or any
regulations made hereunder or of any condition subject to
which the licence is granted.

(2) Where the competent authority suspends a licence
it shall notify the licensee in writing —

(a) stating the breach which gave rise to the
suspension;

(b) requiring the holder of the licence to remedy the
breach;

(c) stating the time within which the breach is to be
remedied; and

(d) stating that the licence is to be returned within a
specified time to the competent authority.

(3) The licensee may, upon remedying the breach, so
inform the competent authority which shall, if it is satisfied
that the breach is remedied, endorse the licence
“reinstated” and forthwith return the licence to the licensee.

13. (1) The competent authority may, subject to
subsection (2) —

(a) revoke a licence or permit if it is satisfied that —
(i) the application for the licence or permit

contained any false or misleading
information in any material particular; or

(ii) changes in circumstances have occurred
which justify such revocation;

Restriction.

Suspension of
licence.

Revocation of
licence or permit.

CH.228A – 10] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

(b) revoke a licence if —
(i) the licensee has failed to comply with a

notice under section 12(2) requiring the
licensee to remedy the breach specified in
that notice within the time so specified; or

(ii) a change has occurred in the security
arrangements implemented at the premises
on which a prescribed activity is carried out,
including a change in the persons under
whose supervision the prescribed activity is
carried out.

(2) The competent authority shall, before revoking a
licence or permit, inform the licensee or the holder of the
permit of the reason for the proposed revocation and shall
afford the licensee or holder of the permit an opportunity
within such period as may be notified to him to show cause
why the licence or permit should not be revoked.

14. A person aggrieved by the decision of the
competent authority to refuse to grant a licence or permit,
to suspend a licence or to revoke a licence or permit may
appeal to the Supreme Court in accordance with the rules
of court.

PART IV - REGISTERS

15. The competent authority shall keep a register or
registers in which shall be recorded —

(a) the name and address of each licensee or holder
of a permit granted under this Act;

(b) the purpose for which such precursor chemicals
have been imported or exported;

(c) any request for information made by a foreign
competent authority; and

(d) such other particulars as may be prescribed.

16. (1) Every licensee or holder of a permit granted
under section 8(1) shall keep or cause to be kept a register
containing the particulars set out in the Second Schedule.

(2) An entry contained in a register referred to in
subsection (1) shall be duly amended on the authority of
the competent authority that issued the licence or permit.

Appeals.

Register to be
kept by
competent
authority.

Records and
register to be
kept by holder of
licence or permit.
Second Schedule.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 11





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(3) The register and all books, records or other
documents kept under this section relating to entries
therein shall be kept for a period of at least five years after
the end of the calendar year of the last entry in the register.

PART V - COMMERCIAL DOCUMENTS AND
SECURITY

17. Where, in relation to any licence or permit
granted to any person pursuant to section 8(1), a change
occurs in relation to any matter which may be prescribed
pursuant to section 40(1)(o), the person shall, within
fourteen days of such change, give notice in writing to the
competent authority containing full particulars of the
change and shall, if so requested by the competent
authority, return the licence or permit to the competent
authority.

18. Every commercial document, including an
invoice, cargo manifest or a customs transport or other
shipping document, relating to any prescribed activity
involving a specified chemical substance shall include —

(a) the name, the quantity and the description of that
substance as listed in the First Schedule;

(b) the names and business addresses of the exporter,
the importer and the supplier; and

(c) the name and registration number of the vessel
used in transporting the specified chemical
substance.

19. Where the competent authority issues an import
permit under section 8(1), the importer shall, as soon as
practicable after its receipt, forward a copy of the permit to
the exporter named in the permit.

20. (1) Within fourteen days after the entry into The
Bahamas of a consignment to which the import permit
relates, the competent authority shall cause a copy of the
relevant document to be returned to the appropriate
authority in the exporting country with an endorsement
specifying the quantity of each specified chemical
substance actually imported.

(2) In subsection (1) “relevant document” means a
document issued by an agency of the Government of the
exporting country or territory permitting the export of the
specified chemical substance.

Notification of
changes, etc.

Commercial
documents.

First Schedule.

Forwarding of
import permit to
exporter.

Endorsement and
return of export
permits
following import.

CH.228A – 12] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

21. (1) Where in relation to the import of a specified
chemical substance to which this Act relates —

(a) the competent authority has reasonable grounds
to believe that the import permit or export permit
in respect thereto is false, or has been obtained by
fraud or wilful misrepresentation of a material
particular; or

(b) the competent authority has not issued an import
permit therefor or has not received a copy of the
export permit issued by the authority that
exercises comparable powers in the country from
which the specified chemical substance is
exported to The Bahamas, the Comptroller of
Customs shall detain the consignment until the
integrity of the consignment is certified by the
competent authority.

(2) Where pursuant to subsection (1), the competent
authority —

(a) certifies the integrity of any consignment, the
Comptroller of Customs shall forthwith proceed
to process the release of the consignment to the
person lawfully entitled to it;

(b) is unable to certify the integrity of any
consignment, the Comptroller of Customs shall
seize and hold the consignment and only forward
the consignment to The Bahamas National Drug
Agency as the competent authority after
arrangements have been made with this agency.

(3) The Bahamas National Drug Agency as the
competent authority shall, on receipt of any specified
chemical substance which is seized pursuant to subsection
(2)(b), make arrangements for the disposal of such
substance in the prescribed manner.

22. Every specified chemical substance shall —
(a) on importation, be kept at a customs transit shed

in accordance with the prescribed time for the
storage of such chemical substances at the
expense of the importer; and

(b) be de1ivered or taken from the customs transit
shed only on production of a customs release by a
person authorised in that behalf.

Seizure and
detention of
improperly
documented or
undocumented
consignments.

Storage and
delivery
following import.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 13





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

PART VI - OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

23. (1) Every person who —
(a) engages in any prescribed activity without being

licensed to do so; or
(b) exports or imports any specified chemical

substance without a permit to do so,

commits an offence and shall be liable on summary
conviction to a fine of fifty thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term of three years or to both such fine
and imprisonment.

(2) Every person who —
(a) engages in any prescribed activity involving any

specified chemical substance knowing that such
substance is intended to be used in any type of
illicit transaction involving narcotic drugs and
psychotropic substances or other substances
having a similar effect;

(b) knowingly organizes, manages or finances any
activity referred to in paragraph (a),

commits an offence and shall be liable, on summary
conviction to a fine of fifty thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term of three years or to both such fine
and imprisonment.

(3) Any person charged with an offence under this
section, if he holds a licence or permit under this Act, shall
produce the licence or permit within such time as the court
may direct, and if he fails to do so he shall be guilty of an
offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of five
hundred dollars:

Provided that it shall be a defence if he had
such a licence or permit and he shows that it has been lost
or stolen.

24. Every person who has in his possession contrary
to the provisions of this Act, any specified chemical
substance commits an offence and shall be liable —

(a) on summary conviction to a fine of fifty thousand
dollars or to imprisonment for a term of three
years or to both such fine and imprisonment; or

(b) on conviction on information to imprisonment for
a term of ten years.

Offence of
unlawfully
engaging in
prescribed
activity.

Offence of
unlawful
possession of
specified
chemical
substances.

CH.228A – 14] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

25. (1) A person commits an offence under this Act
if that person —
(a) encloses in or with any letter, parcel, packet or
other matter sent by post, any specified chemical
substance; or
(b) uses for the transportation of any specified

chemical substance any mail bag or mail van,
aircraft, vessel or other conveyance used for the
carrying of mail.

(2) A person who is convicted of an offence under
this section shall be liable —

(a) on summary conviction —
(i) in the case of a first offence, to a fine of forty

thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a
term of two years or to both such fine and
imprisonment; and

(ii) in the case of a second or subsequent offence
to a fine of one hundred thousand dollars or
to imprisonment for a term of five years, or
to both such fine and imprisonment; or

(b) on conviction on information to imprisonment for
a term of ten years.

(3) In subsection (1) —
(a) “mail bag” has the meaning assigned to it in the

Post Office Act; and
(b) “post” includes a private courier service.

26. Every person who —
(a) for the purposes of obtaining, whether for himself

or for any other person, the issue or grant of any
licence or permit under this Act, makes any
declaration or statement which is false or
misleading in any particular;

(b) furnishes to an authorised officer or other person
performing any duty in relation to this Act, a
document which, to his knowledge, contains
information which is false, inaccurate or
misleading in any particular;

(c) knowingly utters, produces, or makes use of any
such declaration or statement or any document,

Offence of using
postal service for
transporting
specified
chemical
substances.

Ch. 300.

Offence of
making false or
misleading
statements, etc.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 15





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

including any record or entry in a register
containing any false declaration or statement;

(d) falsifies, obtains by fraud or amends without
authority, any information contained in a register,
licence or permit;

(e) fails to make a report, or falsifies any report
required pursuant to this Act,

commits an offence and shall be liable on summary
conviction to a fine of forty thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term of two years, or to both such fine
and imprisonment.

27. (1) A person who is granted a licence or permit
under section 8(1) shall not supply to or acquire from
another person any specified chemical substance unless
that other person is also the holder of a licence or permit,
as the case may be.

(2) A person who contravenes the provisions of
subsection (1) commits an offence and shall be liable on
summary conviction to a fine of forty thousand dollars or
to imprisonment for a term of two years or to both such
fine and imprisonment.

28. (1) A person commits an offence if —
(a) in The Bahamas he aids, abets, counsels or

procures, the commission of an offence against
this Act;

(b) he procures the commission at any place outside
The Bahamas, or participates in or conspires to
commit any offence punishable under the
provisions of any corresponding law in force in
that place; or

(c) does any act preparatory to or in furtherance of
any act which, if committed in The Bahamas
would constitute an offence against this Act.

(2) A person who commits an offence under
subsection (1) shall be liable on summary conviction to a
fine of forty thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term
of two years or to both such fine and imprisonment.

29. Any person who threatens, assaults or obstructs
an authorised officer acting in the execution of his duties
under this Act, commits an offence and shall be liable on

Offence in
relation to supply
or acquisition of
specified
chemical
substances.

Offence of aiding
and abetting
commission of
offence.

Offence of
threatening, etc.
an authorised
officer.

CH.228A – 16] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

summary conviction to a fine of twenty thousand dollars or
to imprisonment for a term of one year.

30. Every person who fails to keep any register,
records or other documents required by this Act to be kept
commits an offence and shall be liable on summary
conviction to a fine of twenty thousand dollars, or to
imprisonment for a term of one year or to both such fine
and imprisonment.

31. In any prosecution for an offence against this Act,
proof that a package containing any article to which this
Act applies bore a name or address purporting to be that of
the person by whom it was manufactured or packaged is, in
the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof that the
article was manufactured or packaged, as the case may be,
by the person whose name and address appears on the
package.

32. If in any prosecution for an offence against this
Act it is proved on behalf of the prosecution that a sample
which was taken from any specified chemical substance
possesses particular properties, it shall be presumed, until
the contrary is proven, that the whole of such substance
possesses the same properties.

33. Where an offence under this Act or any
regulations made hereunder which has been committed by
a body corporate is proved to have been committed with
the consent or connivance of, or be attributable to any
negligence on the part of, any director, manager, secretary
or other officer of the body corporate, the director,
manager, secretary or other officer of the body corporate as
well as the body corporate shall be liable to be proceeded
against and punished accordingly.

PART VII - ENFORCEMENT

34. (1) For the purposes of this Act, an authorised
officer may, at all reasonable times during business hours
enter the business premises of any licensee or any person
reasonably suspected of being engaged in a prescribed
activity involving any specified chemical substance and
inspect any such substance, the labeling and storage
thereof, and any book, document, permit, certificate or
record or things found thereon.

(2) An authorised officer may, during the course of
an inspection pursuant to subsection (1) —

Offence of
failure to keep
records and
documents.

Presumption as
to manufacturer
of package.

Presumption
relating to
samples.

Offence by body
corporate.

Powers of entry,
inspection and
seizure.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 17





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(a) seize and detain any specified chemical substance
found on the premises which he reasonably
believes is being used in contravention of any
provision of this Act;

(b) take samples of any substance found on the
premises in order to determine the type of
substance.

(3) Where any specified chemical substance is seized
and detained under subsection (2) (a), the authorised
officer shall store or cause the substance to be stored in the
prescribed manner, and the substance shall be disposed of
in the manner prescribed.

35. (1) Where an authorised officer has reasonable
cause to suspect that any vehicle, aircraft, vessel, article,
enclosure, container or other storage facility, device or
apparatus (hereinafter referred to as “specified equipment”)
is being used or has been used in the commission of an
offence against this Act, the authorised officer may,
without warrant, search the specified equipment and if that
search reveals evidence that the specified equipment is
being used or has been used for the commission of any
offence as aforesaid, the authorised officer may seize and
detain that equipment.

(2) Where any specified equipment is seized pursuant
to this section and —

(a) any person is convicted of an offence against this
Act; and

(b) the court is satisfied that —
(i) the person owns the specified equipment

used in the commission of the offence;
(ii) the owner thereof allowed it to be so used; or
(iii) the circumstances are otherwise such that it

is just to do so,

the court shall, upon the application of the Attorney-
General, order the forfeiture of the specified equipment.

(3) On the application of the Attorney-General before
a Magistrate’s Court, the court may order the forfeiture of
the specified equipment if the court is satisfied that —

(a) the specified equipment has been abandoned; or

Vehicles, etc.
may be seized
and detained.

CH.228A – 18] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

(b) the circumstances in which the specified
equipment was seized give reasonable cause to
suspect that the specified equipment was being
used or has been used for the purpose of
committing an offence against this Act, and that it
is otherwise just to do so.

(4) Where the Attorney-General proposes to apply
for forfeiture of any specified equipment under subsection
(3), he shall give to any person who, to his knowledge was
at the time of the seizure the owner thereof, notice of the
seizure and the intention, after the expiration of thirty days
from the date of the notice, to apply for forfeiture thereof
and of the grounds therefor, so, however, that notice shall
not be required to be given under this subsection if the
seizure was made in the presence of the owner or any
servant or agent of the owner.

(5) Any person having a claim to any specified
equipment seized under this section may appear before the
court on the hearing of the application, notice of which
shall be served upon him by the Attorney-General and
show cause why an order for the forfeiture should not be
made.

(6) Where, on the hearing of an application pursuant
to subsection (3), no person appears before the court to
show cause as mentioned in that subsection, the court shall
presume that the specified equipment has been abandoned.

(7) If, upon the application of any person prejudiced
by an order made by the court under subsection (2) or (3),
the court is satisfied that it is just to revoke that order, the
court may revoke it upon such terms and conditions as it
deems appropriate, and, without prejudice to the generality
of the foregoing, shall require the person to pay in respect
of storage, maintenance, administrative expenses, security
and insurance of the specified equipment, such charge as
shall be imposed by the appropriate government agency
and approved by the court, not exceeding one and a half
times the value of the specified equipment as determined
by the court.

(8) An application to the court under subsection (7),
for the revocation of an order shall be made within thirty
days of the date of the order.

36. (1) An authorised officer may, without warrant,
arrest any person where the authorised officer has

Arrest without
warrant.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 19





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

reasonable grounds to believe that the person has
committed or is committing an offence against this Act.

(2) Where an authorised officer arrests a person
under subsection (1), he shall produce his identification
card for inspection to that person unless it is not reasonably
practicable to do so.

(3) Where a person is arrested under subsection (1),
an authorised officer shall immediately bring or cause the
person to be brought to the nearest police station.

37. (1) Where a Magistrate is satisfied by information
on oath by an authorised officer that there is reasonable
ground for suspecting —

(a) there is in the possession or under the control of
any person on any premises in contravention of
the provisions of this Act or of any regulations
made hereunder —
(i) any specified chemical substance to which

this Act applies;
(ii) any document directly or indirectly relating

to or connected with any transaction or
dealing in any such substance which, if
carried out would be an offence against this
Act; or

(iii) any document relating to a transaction or
dealing carried out or intended to be carried
out in any place outside The Bahamas which
would be an offence against the provisions of
any corresponding law in force in that place;
or

(b) that an offence against this Act has been
committed on any premises in relation to such
specified chemical substance,

the Magistrate may grant a search warrant in accordance
with subsection (2).

(2) A warrant referred to in subsection (1) shall
authorise the authorised officer named in the warrant, at
any time or times within one month from the date of the
warrant, to —

(a) enter the premises mentioned in subsection (1) if
need be by force and seize and detain any
document mentioned in that subsection or
specified chemical substance; or

Search warrant.

CH.228A – 20] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

(b) detain anything that the authorised officer
believes, on reasonable grounds, will afford
evidence as to the commission of a criminal
offence.

PART VIII - GENERAL

38. (1) On or before the prescribed date in each year,
the Minister shall determine the maximum quantities of
each specified chemical substance which may be
manufactured or kept as stock by each person to whom a
licence or permit is granted under this Act in the conduct of
that person’s business during the following year.

(2) The Minister may, on an application made by a
person to whom a permit is granted, amend any quota
determined pursuant to subsection (1) and any such
amendment shall be forthwith notified in writing to each
person to whom a permit is granted.

39. (1) The Minister may, by order, amend the First
and Second Schedules.

(2) Where the First Schedule is amended pursuant to
subsection (1), a report thereof shall be made to such
persons or organisations as may be prescribed.

40. (1) The Minister may make regulations for the
purposes of giving effect to the provisions of this Act, and
in particular, but without prejudice to the generality of the
foregoing, such regulations may contain provisions in
relation to —

(a) the adoption of international standards and
recommended practices for the monitoring and
control and storage of specified chemical
substances;

(b) the form of application for a licence or permit
under this Act;

(c) the fees payable in respect of any such licence or
permit;

(d) the keeping of records, books, electronic data or
other documents in respect of specified chemical
substances that are required to be kept under this
Act;

(e) the furnishing of information with respect to
specified chemical substances;

Power to limit
stock.

Schedules.

Regulations.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 21





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(f) standards of composition, strength, concentration,
potency, purity of quality or any other property of
any specified chemical substance;

(g) the method of production, preservation, testing,
packaging or storage of any specified chemical
substance;

(h) the premises, processes or conditions for the
manufacture, sale or supply of any specified
chemical substance;

(i) the qualifications of persons engaged in the
production, preservation, testing, packaging,
storage, selling, supplying or otherwise dealing in
any specified chemical substance;

(j) the labeling, packaging, size, dimensions, fill and
other specifications of packages, and the
transportation, delivery, sale, supply or other
dealing in any specified chemical substance;

(k) the powers and duties of authorised officers in
relation to the enforcement of the Act and the
regulations;

(l) the detention and disposal of any specified
chemical substance;

(m) the taking of samples of specified chemical
substances;

(n) the exemption, on such terms and conditions as
may be specified, of any person or class of
persons or any specified chemical substance from
the application of all or any of the provisions of
this Act;

(o) the matters of which the competent authority is to
be informed when a change occurs in relation
thereto; and

(p) any other matter required by this Act to be
prescribed.

(2) Notwithstanding section 25(e) of the
Interpretation and General Clauses Act, regulations made
under subsection (1) may provide for the imposition of
penalties on summary conviction to a fine of ten thousand
dollars or imprisonment for a term of six months or to both
such fine and imprisonment.

(3) This Act applies throughout The Bahamas.

Ch. 2.

CH.228A – 22] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

FIRST SCHEDULE (Sections 2, 19 and 40)

SPECIFIED CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES

TABLE I. Precursor Chemicals
HS NAME SYNONYMS
291430 1-Pheny1-2 Propanone
293290 3, 4-Methylenedioxyphenyl

1-2 propanone


292429 -acetylanthranilic acid
and its salts



293940 Phenylpropanolamine its
salts, optical isomers,
and salts of its optical
isomers salts



293290 Isosafrole and its optical
isomers

1, 2-Methylenedioxy
4 propenyl benzene

293290 Safrole Allylecatechol
Methylene Ether

293960 Lysergic Acid
293940 Ephedrine, its salts,

optical isomers, and
salts of its optical
isomers



293960 Ergometrine and its salts Ergonovine and its alts
293960 Ergotamine and its salts Ergonovine and its

salts
293990 Piperonal ********
293940 Pseudoephedrine its salts,
optical isomers and salts
of its optical isomers.

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 23





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

TABLE II. Other Chemical Substances
HS NAME SYNONYMS
292249 O-aminobenzoic and its salts Anthranilic Acid and its

salts
280610 Hydrochloric Acid Muriatic Acid
Hydrogen Chloride
280700 Sulfuric Acid Hydrogen Sulfate
281420 Ammonia (anhydrous or in

aqueous solution)


281520 Potassium Hydroxide Caustic Potash
281511 Sodium Hydroxide Caustic Soda
283230 Sodium Sulfate Disodium sulfate
283640 Potassium Carbonate Soda Potash
283620 SodiUm Carbonate Soda Ash, Washing
284160 Potassium Permanganate
290110 Hexene -Hexane
290220 Benzene
290230 Toluene Methylbenzene
290241 Xylenes O-Xylenes, m-Xy-
lenes, p-Xylenes
290312 Methylene Dichloro-methane
290911 Ethyl Ether Sulfuric Ether,
Ethyl Oxide, Diethyl
Ether
291441 Acetone Propanone
291412 Methyl Ethyl Ketone Butanone
291413 Acetic Acid Isopeopilacetone
291521 Acetic Anhydride Acetic Ether, Acetic

Acid, Ethyl Ether
291531 Ethyl Acetate
291633 Phenylacetic Acid and
its salts
293339 Piperidine
Isoperpyl Alcohol



CH.228A – 24] PRECURSOR CHEMICALS






STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2008

SECOND SCHEDULE (Section 16)

INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED IN REGISTER KEPT
BY HOLDER OF LICENCE OR PERMIT

1. In the case of a natural person the full name and
private address of the holder of permit or licence or if
holder is a company, the full name and residential address
of each director.

2. The date of grant of permit or licence.
3. The name of every precursor chemical or other

chemical substance, popular name and digital classification
under which it is listed in the Harmonized Commodity
Description and Coding System (HS).

4. The main activities being conducted by the holder
of the permit or licence.

5. The amount of any precursor chemical or other
chemical substance produced, manufactured or prepared.

6. The amount of any precursor chemical or other
chemical substance received from other person or body.

7. The amount of any precursor chemical or other
chemical substance imported.

8. The amount of any precursor chemical or other
chemical substance used to manufacture or prepare other
products.

9. The amount of any precursor chemical or other
chemical substance distributed internally.

10. The amount of any precursor chemical or other
chemical substance exported.

11. The quantity of existing stock.
12. The amount of any precursor chemical or other

chemical substance lost through accident, pilferage or other
means.

13. Transactions referred to in paragraphs 4, 5,6 and
7 shall include the following information —

(a) the date of the transaction;
(b) the name, address and registration number of

each party to the transaction and those of the final
consignee if not one of those parties;

PRECURSOR CHEMICALS [CH.228A – 25





LRO 1/2008 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(c) the name, amount and form of presentation of the
precursor chemical or other chemical substance;

(d) the means of transportation and identification of
the transport company.

Related Laws