Sexual Offences Act


Published: 1991-08-02

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Sexual Offences and Domestic Violence Act
SEXUAL OFFENCES [CH.99 – 1





LRO 1/2010 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

SEXUAL OFFENCES AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

CHAPTER 99

SEXUAL OFFENCES

LIST OF AUTHORISED PAGES

1 – 18 LRO 1/2010


ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION

1. Short title.



SEXUAL OFFENCE

Definitions

2. Interpretation.
3. Definition of rape.
4. Definition of sexual intercourse.
5. Definition of abduction.

Summary Sexual Offences
5A. Voyeurism.
5B. Sexual intercourse in a public place.
5C. Sexual intercourse with an animal.
5D. Indecent assault.

Indictable Sexual Offences
6. Rape.
7. Procuration.
8. Prostitution and disclosure of AIDS.
9. Restriction on conviction under section 7 or 8.
10. Sexual intercourse with a person under fourteen years.
11. Sexual intercourse with a person between fourteen and sixteen years.
12. Sexual intercourse with a person suffering from a mental disorder.
13. Incest.
14. Sexual intercourse with a dependent.
15. Sexual assault by spouse.
16. Sexual intercourse with minor of same sex.
17. Indecent assault.
18. Saving as to liability for rape in cases of defilement, etc.
19. House holder, etc., permitting defilement of young person on his premises.

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20. Forcible taking or detaining of person with intent.
21. Unlawful detention with intent to have sexual intercourse.
22. Abduction of unmarried person under sixteen.
23. Abduction of unmarried person between sixteen and eighteen.
24. Special provision as to abetment in cases of abduction.
25. Special provisions as to abduction.
26. Sexual harassment.


General Provisions
27. Powers of court where sexual offence committed.
28. Mandatory reporting of suspected abuse of minors.
29. Offences under this section to be indictable offences.
30. Saving.





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LRO 1/2010 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

CHAPTER 99

SEXUAL OFFENCES
An Act to amend the law relating to sexual

offences and to make provision in respect of related
circumstances involving parties to a marriage.

[Assent 29th July, 1991]
[Commencement 2nd August, 1991]

1. This Act may be cited as the Sexual Offences
Act.


SEXUAL OFFENCE

Definitions
2. In this Act —
“abetment”, “administer”, “attempt”, “consent”,

“imprisonment”, “indictment”, “intent”, “pre-
mises”, “prison” “public place” and “threat” have
the meanings respectively assigned to those
expressions under section 4 of the Penal Code;

“adult” means a person eighteen years of age or more;
“minor” means a person under eighteen years of age;
“sexual offence” means any offence under sections 6

to 14 or section 16 of this Act.
3. Rape is the act of any person not under fourteen

years of age having sexual intercourse with another person
who is not his spouse —

(a) without the consent of that other person;
(b) without consent which has been extorted by

threats or fear of bodily harm;
(c) with consent obtained by personating the spouse

of that other person; or

9 of 1991
10 of 2000
S.I. 36/2005
24 of 2007
29 of 2008



Short title.
24 of 2007, Third
Sch.

Interpretation.

Ch. 84.

Definition of
rape.

CH.99 – 4] SEXUAL OFFENCES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2010

(d) with consent obtained by false and fraudulent
representations as to the nature and quality of
the act.

4. For the purposes of this Act, “sexual
intercourse” includes —

(a) sexual connection occasioned by any degree of
penetration of the vagina of any person or anus of
any person, or by the stimulation of the vulva of
any person or anus of any person, by or with —

(i) any part of the body of another person; or
(ii) any object used by another person,

except where the penetration or stimulation is
carried out for proper medical purposes; and

(b) sexual connection occasioned by the
introduction of any part of the penis of any
person into the mouth of another person,

and any reference in this Act to the act of having sexual
intercourse includes a reference to any stage or
continuation of that act.

5. (1) A person is guilty of abduction of another
person who, with intent to deprive any person entitled to
the custody or control of that other person, of such custody
or control, or with intent to cause that other person to be
married to, or to co-habit or have sexual intercourse with,
any person —

(a) unlawfully takes that other person from the
lawful custody, care or charge of any person; or

(b) detains that other person from returning to the
lawful custody, care or charge of any person.

(2) The custody, control, care or charge of a person
by a parent, guardian or other person shall be held to
continue, notwithstanding that the first-mentioned person is
absent from the actual custody, control, care or charge of
the parent, guardian or other person if the absence is for a
special purpose only, and is not intended by the parent,
guardian or other person to exclude or determine such
custody, control, care or charge for the time being; but a
person is not guilty of abduction by taking or detaining a

Definition of
sexual
intercourse.

Definition of
abduction.

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person unless he knew or had grounds for believing, that
the person so taken or detained was in the custody, control,
care or charge of some other person.

Summary Sexual Offences
5A. (1) Any person who —
(a) surreptitiously observes including by mechanical

or electronic means; or
(b) makes a visual recording of a person,

in circumstances that give rise to a reasonable expectation
of privacy, commits an offence if —
(i) the person is in a place which a person can

reasonably be expected to be fully or
partially nude, to expose his or her genital
organs or other intimate parts or to be
engaged in explicit sexual activity;

(ii) the person is fully or partially nude, is
exposing his or her genital organs or other
intimate parts or is engaged in explicit
sexual activity, and the observation or
recording is done for the purpose of
observing or recording a person in such a
state or engaged in such an activity; or

(iii) the observation or recording is done for a
sexual purpose.

(2) For the purposes of this section, “visual
recording” includes a photographic film or video recording
made by any means.

(3) Any person who knowing that a recording was
obtained by the commission of an offence under subsection
(1) prints, copies, publishes, distributes, circulates, sells,
advertises or makes available the recording or has the
recording in his possession for the purpose of printing,
copying, publishing, distributing, circulating, selling or
advertising or making it available, commits an offence.

(4) Subsection (1) does not apply to a peace officer
who is acting in the course of his duties.

(5) A person who is guilty of an offence under this
section is liable on summary conviction to a term of
imprisonment of three years.

(6) No person shall be convicted of an offence
under this section if the acts that are alleged to constitute

29 of 2008, s. 2.

Voyeurism.
29 of 2008, s. 2.

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the offence serve the public good and do not extend
beyond what serves the public good.

(7) For the purposes of subsection (6) —
(a) it is a question of law whether an act

serves the public good and whether there
is evidence that the act alleged goes
beyond what serves the public good, but is
a question of fact whether the act does or
does not extend beyond what serves the
public good;

(b) the motives of an accused are irrelevant.
5B. (1) Any adult who has sexual intercourse with

another adult in a public place (whether male or female), is
guilty of a sexual offence and liable to a term of
imprisonment of two years.

(2) Notwithstanding the commission by any person
of an act which amounts to an offence under this section or
sections 5C or 16, that person is not guilty of the offence if
he committed the act under restraint, duress or fear.

(3) No prosecution of a person under the age of
twenty-one years shall be commenced for an offence under
this section or sections 5C or 16 without the consent of the
Attorney-General.

5C. (1) Any person who commits an act of unnatural
connection with any animal is guilty of an offence and
liable to a term of imprisonment for five years.

(2) An offence under subsection (1) is complete
upon penetration.

5D. (1) Any person who —
(a) indecently assaults any other person;
(b) does anything to any other person with the

consent of that other person which, but for
such consent, would be an indecent
assault, such consent being obtained by
false and fraudulent representation as to
the nature and quality of the act,

is guilty of an offence and liable to a term of imprisonment
of three years.

(2) It is no defence to a charge of an indecent
assault committed on a person under sixteen years of age,
to prove that the person consented to the act of indecency.

Sexual
intercourse in a
public place.
29 of 2008, s. 2.

Sexual
intercourse with
an animal.
29 of 2008, s. 2.

Indecent assault.
29 of 2008, s. 2.

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Indictable Sexual Offences
6. Any person who —
(a) commits rape;
(b) attempts to commit rape; or
(c) assaults any person with intent to commit rape,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for life.
7. Any person who —
(a) whether by electronic means or otherwise —

(i) procures or attempts to procure any person
under eighteen years of age to have
unlawful sexual intercourse, either in or
outside The Bahamas, or with any other
person;

(ii) procures or attempts to procure any person
to become, either in or outside The
Bahamas, a common prostitute;

(iii) procures or attempts to procure any person
to leave The Bahamas with intent that he
may become an inmate of or frequent a
brothel elsewhere;

(iv) procures or attempts to procure any person
to leave his usual place of abode in The
Bahamas with intent that he may, for the
purposes of prostitution, become an
inmate of or frequent a brothel either in or
outside The Bahamas;

(v) by threats or intimidation, procures or
attempts to procure any person to have
unlawful sexual intercourse either in or
outside The Bahamas;

(vi) by false pretences or false representations,
procures any person to have any unlawful
sexual intercourse either in or outside The
Bahamas; or

(b) applies, administers or causes to be taken by any
person any drug, matter or thing with intent to
stupefy or overpower, so as thereby to enable
any other person to have unlawful sexual
intercourse with such first-mentioned person,

is guilty of an offence and liable to a term of imprisonment
of fifteen years.

Rape.
29 of 2008, s. 3.

Procuration.
29 of 2008, s. 4.

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8. (1) Any person who —
(a) knowingly lives wholly or in part on the

earnings of prostitution; or
(b) in any public place persistently solicits or

importunes for immoral purposes,
is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for five
years.

(2) Any person who knows that he is infected with a
virus causing, or known to cause, acquired immune
deficiency syndrome (commonly known as “AIDS”) and
who has sexual intercourse with any other person, with the
consent of that other person but without disclosing the fact
of the infection to that other person, is guilty of an offence
and liable to be detained for a term of five years in such
place and under such conditions as may be specified by the
court before which he is convicted; and, while so detained,
he shall be deemed to be in legal custody.

(3) It shall be a sufficient defence to any charge
under subsection (2), if it is made to appear to the court
before which the charge shall be brought that the person
with whom the person so charged had sexual intercourse
knew, or had reasonable cause to believe, before sexual
connection was occasioned, that the person so charged was
so infected.

9. No person shall be convicted of an offence
under section 7 or 8(1) upon the evidence of one witness
unless such evidence be corroborated in some material
particular by evidence implicating the accused person.

10. (1) Any person who —
(a) has unlawful sexual intercourse with a person

under fourteen years of age, whether with or
without the consent of the person with whom he
had unlawful sexual intercourse; or

(b) attempts to have unlawful sexual intercourse
with a person under fourteen years of age,
whether with or without the consent of the
person with whom he had unlawful sexual
intercourse,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for life.
(2) Notwithstanding the provision of section 96 of

the Penal Code, it is no defence to a charge under this
section that the person did not know or believe or had not

Prostitution and
disclosure of
AIDS.

Restriction on
conviction under
section 7 or 8.

Sexual
intercourse with
a person under
fourteen years.
29 of 2008, s. 5.

Ch. 84.

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the means of knowing that the other person was under
fourteen years of age.

11. (1) Any person who —
(a) has unlawful sexual intercourse with any person

being of or above fourteen years of age and
under sixteen years of age, whether with or
without the consent of the person with whom he
had unlawful sexual intercourse; or

(b) attempts to have unlawful sexual intercourse
with any person being of or above fourteen years
of age and under sixteen years of age, whether
with or without the consent of the person with
whom he attempted to have unlawful sexual
intercourse,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for life.
(2) It shall be a sufficient defence to a charge under

this section if it is made to appear to the court or jury
before whom the charge shall be brought that the person so
charged, being a person not over the age of twenty-one
years and not previously convicted of the same offence,
had reasonable cause to believe that the person with whom
he had sexual intercourse was of or above sixteen years of
age.

(3) No prosecution of a person under the age of
twenty-one years for an offence under this section shall be
commenced without the consent of the Attorney-General.

12. (1) Any person who —
(a) has unlawful sexual intercourse with any person

who is suffering from a mental disorder, whether
with or without the consent of that person, under
circumstances which prove that the accused
person knew or had reasonable cause to suspect
that, at the time of the commission of the
offence that the person with whom he had
unlawful sexual intercourse was a person
suffering from a mental disorder; or

(b) attempts to have unlawful sexual intercourse
with any person who is suffering from a mental
disorder, whether with or without the consent of
that person, under circumstances which prove
that the accused person knew, or had reasonable
cause to suspect that, at the time of the
commission of the offence the person with

Sexual
intercourse with
a person between
fourteen and
sixteen years.
29 of 2008, s. 6.

Sexual
intercourse with
a person
suffering from a
mental disorder.
29 of 2008, s. 7.

CH.99 – 10] SEXUAL OFFENCES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2010

whom he attempted to have unlawful sexual
intercourse was a person suffering from a mental
disorder,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for life.
(2) In this section, “mental disorder” means severe

subnormality or subnormality within the meanings
respectively assigned to those expressions under subsection
(1) of section 2 of the Mental Health Act.

13. (1) Any person who, knowing that another
person is by blood relationship his or her parent, child,
brother, sister, grandparent, grandchild, uncle, niece, aunt
or nephew, as the case may be, has unlawful sexual
intercourse with that other person, whether with or without
the consent of that other person, is guilty of the offence of
incest and liable to imprisonment —

(a) if he is an adult who commits the offence with a
minor, for life;

(b) if he is an adult who commits the offence with
another adult; for a term of ten years; and

(c) if he is a minor who commits the offence with
another minor, for a term of two years.

(2) Any person who, knowing that another person is
by blood relationship his or her parent, child, brother,
sister, grandparent, grandchild, uncle, niece, aunt, or
nephew, as the case may be, attempts to have unlawful
sexual intercourse with that other person, whether with or
without the consent of that other person, is guilty of an
offence and liable to imprisonment —

(a) if he is an adult who commits the offence with a
minor, for life;

(b) if he is an adult who commits the offence with
another adult, for a term of four years; and

(c) if he is a minor who commits the offence with
another minor, for a term of six months.

(3) Notwithstanding the commission by any person
of an act which amounts to an offence under subsection (1)
or (2), that person is not guilty of the offence if —

(a) he committed the act under restraint, duress or
fear;

(b) he did not consent to the commission of the act;
or






Ch.230.

Incest.


29 of 2008, s. 8.

29 of 2008, s. 8.

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(c) at the time of the commission of the act, he was
the spouse of the person with whom the act was
committed.

(4) In this section, any expression importing a
relationship between two persons shall be taken to apply
notwithstanding that the relationship is not traced through
lawful wedlock; and “brother” includes “half-brother” and
“sister” includes “half-sister”.

(5) No prosecution of a person under the age of
twenty-one years shall be commenced for an offence under
paragraph (c) of subsection (1) or subsection (2) without
the consent of the Attorney-General.

14. (1) Any adult who —
(a) has unlawful sexual intercourse with his

dependent child, whether with or without the
consent of the child; or

(b) attempts to have unlawful sexual intercourse
with his dependent child, whether with or
without the consent of the child,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for life.
(2) In this section —
“dependent child” means a minor who is not related

by blood to the alleged offender but —
(a) is his adopted child, step-child, foster child or

ward;
(b) has been treated by him as a child of his family;
(c) is being maintained, either wholly or partly, by

him;
(d) is in his actual custody; charge or control; or
(e) in relation to which minor he holds a position of

trust.
15. (1) Any person who has sexual intercourse with

his spouse without the consent of the spouse —
(a) where there is in existence in relation to them —

(i) a decree nisi of divorce;
(ii) a decree of judicial separation;
(iii) a separation agreement; or
(iv) an order of a court for the person not to

molest or co-habit with his spouse, or any
other order made under Part II; or

29 of 2008, s. 8.

Sexual
intercourse with
a dependent.
29 of 2008, s. 9.

Sexual assault by
spouse.


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STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2010

(b) where the person has notice that a petition for
judicial separation, divorce or nullity of
marriage has been presented to a court,

is guilty of the offence of sexual assault by spouse and
liable to imprisonment for a term of fifteen years.

(2) No prosecution of a person under the age of
twenty-one years shall be commenced for an offence under
this section without the consent of the Attorney-General.

16. (1) Any adult male who has sexual intercourse
with another male who is a minor, whether with or without
the consent of that other male, is guilty of a sexual offence
and liable to imprisonment for life.

(2) Any adult female who has sexual intercourse
with another female who is a minor, whether with or
without the consent of that other female, is guilty of a
sexual offence and liable to imprisonment for life.

16A. (1) Any person who produces, whether for
the purpose of publication or not, any child pornography, is
guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for life.

(2) Any person who —
(a) receives or disseminates for the purpose of

distribution or sale any child pornography;
(b) possesses any child pornography;
(c) intentionally causes or incites any person under

the age of eighteen to be involved in
pornography,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for a
term of twenty years.

(3) In this section, “child pornography” means —
(a) a photographic, film, video or other visual

representation whether or not it was made or
transmitted by electronic or mechanical
means —

(i) that shows a person who is, or is depicted
as being, under the age of eighteen years
engaged in explicit sexual activity; or

(ii) the dominant characteristic of which is the
depiction, of a sexual organ or the
buttocks of a person under the age of
eighteen years; or

29 of 2008, s. 10.

Sexual
intercourse with
a minor of same
sex.
29 of 2008, s. 11.

Child
pornography.
29 of 2008, s. 11.

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(b) any written material or visual representation that
advocates sexual activity with a person under
the age of eighteen years.

(4) It is no defence to a charge under subsection (1)
that the person did not know or believe or had not the
means of knowing that the person depicted in the
representation that constitutes child pornography was
under eighteen years of age.

(5) It shall be a defence to a charge under this
section that the representation or written material that is
alleged to constitute child pornography was intended for an
educational, scientific or medical purpose, save that any
dissemination or publication of that representation or
material was at that time for any such purpose.

17. (1) Any person who —
(a) indecently assaults any other person;
(b) does anything to any other person with the

consent of that other person which, but for such
consent, would be an indecent assault, such
consent being obtained by false and fraudulent
representation as to the nature and quality of the
act,

is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for eight
years.

(2) It is no defence to a charge of an indecent
assault committed on a person under fourteen years of age,
to prove that that person consented to the act of indecency.

18. Nothing in any of sections 10 to 14, 16(3) or 17
shall exempt a person from liability to punishment for rape
or for an attempt to commit rape.

19. Any person who, being the owner or occupier of
any premises, or having or acting or assisting in the
management or control thereof, induces or knowingly
suffers any person under sixteen years of age to resort to,
or be in or upon the premises for the purpose of co-habiting
or having unlawful sexual intercourse with any person,
whether with any particular person or generally, is guilty of
an offence and liable to imprisonment for ten years:

Provided that it shall be a sufficient defence to any
charge under this section if it is made to appear to the court
or jury that the accused person had reasonable cause to

Indecent assault.

Saving as to
liability for rape
in cases of
defilement, etc.

House holder,
etc., permitting
defilement of
young person on
his premises.

CH.99 – 14] SEXUAL OFFENCES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2010

believe that the person so induced or suffered was of or
above sixteen years of age.

20. Any person who, by force, takes away or detains
any other person of any age against his will, with intent to
marry or co-habit or have unlawful sexual intercourse with
him, or to cause him to be married to or to co-habit or have
unlawful sexual intercourse with another person, is guilty
of an offence and liable to imprisonment for fourteen
years.

21. (1) Any person who detains any other person
against his will —

(a) in or upon premises with intent that that other
person may co-habit or have unlawful sexual
intercourse with another person, whether any
particular person or generally; or

(b) in a brothel,
is guilty of an offence and liable to imprisonment for two
years.

(2) Where any person is in or upon premises for the
purpose of co-habiting or having any unlawful sexual
intercourse, or is in any brothel, another person shall be
deemed to detain him in or upon the premises or in the
brothel, if with intent to compel or induce him to remain
therein that other person withholds from him any wearing
apparel or other property belonging to him, or, where
wearing apparel has been lent or otherwise supplied to him
by or by the direction of that other person, that other
person threatens him with legal proceedings if he takes
away with him the wearing apparel so lent or supplied.

(3) No legal proceedings whether civil or criminal
shall be taken against a person who was in or upon any
premises or brothel as mentioned in subsection (2) for
taking away or being found in possession of any such
wearing apparel as was necessary to enable him to leave
the premises or brothel.

22. Any person who is guilty of an abduction of any
unmarried person under sixteen years of age is guilty of an
offence and liable to imprisonment for two years.

23. Any person who is guilty of an abduction of any
unmarried person being of or above sixteen years of age
and under eighteen years of age is guilty of an offence and
liable to imprisonment for two years:

Forcible taking
or detaining of
person with
intent.

Unlawful
detention with
intent to have
sexual
intercourse.

Abduction of
unmarried
person under
sixteen.

Abduction of
unmarried
person between
sixteen and
eighteen.

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Provided that it shall be a sufficient defence to any
charge under this section if it shall be made to appear to the
court or jury that the person so charged had reasonable
cause to believe that such unmarried person was of or
above eighteen years of age.

24. Any person who, knowing that any of the
offences mentioned in sections 19 to 23 has been
committed in the case of any person, or otherwise abets the
unlawful detention of the person, or otherwise abets the
execution of the intent with which that offence was
committed, shall be deemed guilty of that offence.

25. For the purposes of the sections of this Part
relating to abduction —

(a) it is not necessary that the taking or detaining
should be without the consent of the person
taken or detained, and it suffices if the person is
persuaded, aided or encouraged to depart or not
to return;

(b) it is not necessary that there should be an intent
permanently to deprive any person of the
custody or control of the person taken or
detained;

(c) a taking or detention is unlawful unless some
person entitled to give consent to the taking or
detention of the person taken or detained, for the
purposes for which he is taken or detained, gives
consent to the taking or detention for those
purposes;

(d) a person having the temporary custody, care or
charge of another person for a special purpose,
as his attendant, employer or schoolmaster or in
any other capacity, can be guilty of abduction of
that person by acts which he is not authorised to
do for such special purpose, and he cannot give
consent to any act by another person which
would be inconsistent with such special purpose;
and

(e) notwithstanding the application of the general
provisions of Book I of the Penal Code with
respect to mistake of law, a person is not guilty
of abduction of another person by anything
which he does in the belief that he is entitled by
law as a parent or guardian, or by virtue of any
other legal right, to take or detain the other
person for the purposes for which he takes or

Special provision
as to abetment in
cases of
abduction.

Special
provisions as to
abduction.

Ch. 84.

CH.99 – 16] SEXUAL OFFENCES





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detains him; but this rule shall not be construed
to exempt a person from liability to punishment
on the plea that he did not know or believe or
had not the means of knowing, that the other
person was under sixteen or eighteen years of
age, as the case may be, nor to exempt a person
from liability to punishment for abduction if he
took or detained the other person for any
immoral purpose.

26. (1) Any person who —
(a) being a prospective employer importunes or

solicits sexual favours from another person —
(i) in the terms or conditions on which he

offers, to that person or any other person,
employment or admission into any
institution; or

(ii) under a threat of rejection (whether
implied or otherwise) of any application
made by that person or any other person
for employment or for admission into any
institution, or of causing such rejection;

(b) being in a position of authority over, or being a
co-worker of, another person in any place of
employment or any institution, importunes or
solicits sexual favours from that other person
under any holding out, promise or threat of the
grant or imposition of any favour, benefit,
advantage or disadvantage, as the case may be,
at the place of employment or institution; or

(c) importunes or solicits from a person in a
position of authority in any place of employment
or any institution, any favour, benefit or
advantage, or the forbearance from the exercise
of any right, power or duty relating to that
authority under any holding out or promise of
sexual favours,

is guilty of the offence of sexual harassment.
(2) Any person who is guilty of the offence of

sexual harassment is liable to a fine of five thousand
dollars or to imprisonment for two years or to both such
fine and imprisonment.

(3) In this section, “prospective employer” means
any person who —

S.I. 36/2005.

Sexual
harassment.


SEXUAL OFFENCES [CH.99 – 17





LRO 1/2010 STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS

(a) is in a position of authority in any place of
employment or any institution; or

(b) is authorised to act on behalf of a person
mentioned in paragraph (a) for the purpose of
employing personnel for a place of employment
or admitting persons into an institution.

(4) No prosecution of a person under the age of
twenty-one years shall be commenced for an offence under
this section without the consent of the Attorney-General.

General Provisions
27. (1) Where, on the trial of any sexual offence

against a person under sixteen years of age, it is proved to
the satisfaction of the court that the offence has been
perpetrated, caused, encouraged or favoured by his father,
mother or guardian, or by any other person having custody,
care, charge or control of him, it shall be in the power of
the court to divest such father, mother, guardian, or other
person having such custody, care, charge or control of all
authority over him, and to appoint any person or persons
willing to take charge of him to be his guardian until he
has attained eighteen years of age, or any age below this
as the court may direct, and the court shall have the
power from time to time to rescind or vary the order by the
appointment of any other person or persons as guardian or
guardians, or in any other respect.

(2) Where a person is convicted of a sexual offence,
the court before which he is convicted may in lieu of, or in
addition to, any penalty which may be imposed, make an
Order (in this section referred to as a “psychiatric
assistance Order”) requiring the person so convicted to
attend a psychiatrist, for psychiatric assistance during such
period specified in the Order as the court may determine.

(3) Any person who fails to comply with any of the
provisions of a psychiatric assistance Order is guilty of an
offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of five
thousand dollars or to imprisonment for six months or to
both such fine and imprisonment.

28. (1) Any person who —
(a) is the parent or guardian of a minor;
(b) has the actual custody, charge or control of a

minor;
(c) has the temporary custody, care, charge or

control of a minor for a special purpose, as his

29 of 2008, s. 12.

Powers of court
where sexual
offence
committed.

Mandatory
reporting of
suspected abuse
of minors.

CH.99 – 18] SEXUAL OFFENCES





STATUTE LAW OF THE BAHAMAS LRO 1/2010

attendant, employer or teacher, or in any other
capacity; or

(d) is a medical practitioner, or a person registered
under the Nurses and Midwives Act as a nurse
or midwife, and has performed a medical
examination in respect of a minor,

and who has reasonable grounds for believing that a sexual
offence has been committed in respect of that minor, shall
report the grounds for his belief to a police officer as soon
as reasonably practicable.

(2) Any person who without reasonable excuse fails
to comply with the requirements of subsection (1) is guilty
of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of
five thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term of two
years or to both such fine and imprisonment.

(3) No report made to a police officer under the
provisions of subsection (1) shall, if such report was made
in good faith for the purpose of complying with those
provisions, subject the person who made the report to any
action, liability, claim or demand whatsoever.

29. Unless otherwise provided under this Act, an
offence under the provisions of this Act is punishable on
indictment and the provisions of Book I of the Penal Code
mutatis mutandis apply in respect of any such offence as
they apply in respect of any offence punishable under Book
III of the Code.

30. (1) Nothing in any of the provisions of this Act
shall be construed as having the effect of authorising the
imposition in respect of any criminal offence of a penalty
severer in degree than the maximum penalty that might
have been imposed for that offence at the time when it was
committed.

(2) The provisions of this Act do not in any way
derogate from or limit the provisions of section 90 of the
Penal Code.



Ch. 225.

Offences under
this section to be
indictable
offences.
Ch. 84.

24 of 2007, Third
Sch.

Saving.
S.I. 36/2005.
24 of 2007, Third
Sch.

Ch. 84.