Insolvency Practitioners Rules 2012

Link to law: http://laws.bahamas.gov.bs/cms/images/LEGISLATION/SUBORDINATE/2012/2012-0082/InsolvencyPractitionersRules2012_1.pdf
Published: 2012-07-31

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EXTRAORDINARY

OFFICIAL GAZETTE
THE BAHAMAS
PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY

NASSAU 3P1 July, 2012 (A)

S.I. No.

82

83

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE

The Insolvency Practitioners' Rules, 2012

The Foreign Proceedings (International
Cooperation) Liquidation Rules, 2012

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INSOLVENCY PRACTITIONERS' RULES, 2012

Arrangement of Rules

Rule

PART I-INTRODUCTION 2
1. Citation ....... ...... .......... ............................ ... ... ....... .. ... .............................................. 2
2. Interpretation ..................... .............. .... ...... ..... .. .......... .. ... ........ ................ ... .. .......... 2
3. Application of Rules ........... ......... ......................................... ..... .... .. ...................... 2

PART 11-APPOINTMENT 0}4' OFFICIAL LIQUIDATORS 3
4. Professional qualification .............................. .. ........................ ....... ................. ...... 3
5. Residency requirement.. ............................ ..... .. .................................................... .4
6. Independence requirement. ................................................. .. ..... .. .......... ... .... ... .... . .4
7. Insurance requirement. .. .. ... .......... ........ ....................................................... ... ........ S
8. Foreign practitioners ................................ .. ................. ............... ........... .... .. .......... . 5
9. Transitional provision ....... ......... .................... .... .. ....... .................... ....................... 5

PART Ill-OFFICIAL LIQUIDATOR'S REMUNERATION 6

10. Introduction ...................................................................... ... ................................... 6
11. Basis of remuneration ...................................................... ...................................... 6
12. Consideration of remuneration by the liquidation committee .. .................. ........... 6
13. Application to the court ................................. .. .......................................... .. ... ....... 7

PART IV-RATES OF REMUNERATION 7

14. Remuneration ................. ....... .... ............ ....... .... ....... ..... .... .... ...... ....... ......... ............ ?

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OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL
AND MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS

S.I. No. 82 of2012

COMPANIES ACT
(Chapter 308)

INSOLVENCY PRACTITIONERS' RULES, 2012

In exercise of the powers conferred by section 252 of the Companies Act, Ch.
308, the Liquidation Rules Committee makes the following Rules-

( .

PART I-INTRODUCTION

1. Citation.

These Rules may be cited as the Insolvency Practitioners' Rules, 2012.

2. Interpretation.

(I) The words and expressions defined by section 183. of the Companies Act,
Ch. 308 as amended by the Companies (Winding up Amendment) Act,
2011 1 and the Companies Liquidation Rules, 20122 shall have the same
meaning when used in these Rules.

(2) The expression "qualified insolvency practitioner'' means a person who is
qualified in accordance with rule 4 to accept appointment by the court as
an official liquidator of a company.

(3) An individual rule may be cited using the abbreviation "IPR" (Insolvency
Practitioners' Rules) .

3. Application of Rules.

(1) Part 11 of these Rules shall apply to every appointment of an official
liquidator made by the court on or after the commencement date,
irrespective of the date on which the liquidation commenced.

(2) Part III of these Rules shall apply to every application made to the court
by an official liquidator on or after the commencement date for an order
approving payment of his remuneration out of the assets of a company in
provisional or compulsory liquidation, including a liquidation under the
supervision of the court.

'No. 53 of20ll .
'S.l. No. of2012.

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(3) Part IV of these Rules shall apply to remuneration earned for work done
on or after the commencement date.

PART 11-APPOINTMENT OF OFFICIAL LIQUIDATORS

4. Professional qualification.

(1) The court shall take into account the following guidelines when
considering whether a person has the necessary qualifications and
experience to accept appointment by the court as a official liquidator of
any company-

(a) he is licensed or has passed the professional examinations required
to be licensed to act as an insolvency practitioner in a relevant
country prescribed in sub-rule (4);

(b) he is' licensed as a prof-essional accountant by an approved institute,
is in good standing with such institute, maintaining twenty hours of
continuing professional education in restructuring or insolvency
each year;

(c) he has been appointed by the court as an official liquidator of a
company at any time within the five years immediately preceding
the commencement date;

(d) he is admitted to practice as a counsel and attorney of The Bahamas
Bar and is of five or more years standing and has relevant
experience;

(e) he is a current member in good standing with the relevant
professional body; and

(f) the court is of the opinion that he is a tit and proper person to be
appointed an official liquidator.

(2) The expression "relevant experience" shall mean work experience in
connection with-

( a) the restructuring or liquidation of businesses, whether solvent or
insolvent;

(b) the investigation of the affairs of any business;

(c) a forensic accounting exercise, including in each case work done
outside The Bahamas; or

(d) acting as counsel and attorney to liquidators respecting company
liquidations.

(3) The court in determining whether any person is fit and proper to act as an
insolvency practitioner, shall take into account (inter alia);

(a) whether the person is solvent and in good financial standing;

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(b) whether the person is in good standing with his or her professional
bodies;

(c) whether the person has adequate office facilities, staff and systems
in place to enable insolvency work to be delivered to a high
standard;

(d) any previous disciplinary frndings or pending investigations by a
professional body, regulator or similar body; and

(e) any conviction, decision, sentence or judgment (including criminal
and civil court decisions) involving such person.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (a) of sub-rule (1), the relevant countries
are-

(a) England and Wales;

(b) Scotland;

(c) Northern Ireland;

(d) The Republic of Ireland;

(e) Australia;

(f) New Zealand; and

(g) Canada.

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (b) of sub-rule (I), ''approved institute"
means an institute, society, association or other body approved by the
Council of the Institute established pursuant to section 5 of the Public
Accountants Act, Ch. 364.

5. Residency requirement.

A qualified insolvency practitioner shall not be appointed by the court as official
liquidator of any company unless-

( a) he is resident in The Bahamas; and

(b) he, or the firm of which he is a partner or employee, holds a trade
and business licence which authorises him or his firm to carry on
business as professional insolvency practitioners.

6. Independence requirement.

(1) A qualified insolvency practitioner shall not be appointed by the court as
official liquidator of a company unless he can be properly regarded as
independent as regards that company.

(2) A qualified insolvency practitioner shall not be regarded as independent if,
within a period of three years immediately preceding the commencement
of the liquidation -

(a) his;

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(b) his partner; or

(c) the firm of which he is a partner or employee,

has acted in relation to the company as its auditor.

(3) Before acting as an official liquidator, the insolvency practitioner must be
satisfied that any relationship referred to in paragraph (2) would not
impair his objectivity as insolvency practitioner.

7. Insurance requirement.

(1) Nothing in these Rules shall prevent the court from making an order in
respect of a particular company that its official liquidator shall-

(a) procure professional indemnity insurance covering him in respect
of the negligent performance or non-performance of his duties to
the company with a limit of coverage in excess of $500,000 in
respect of each and every claim or with an aggregate limit in excess
of$1 million; or

(b) procure the issue of a security bond to cover acts of fraud or
dishonesty committed by the official liquidator or any of his staff,

in which case the premium shall be paid out of the assets of the company
as an expense of the liquidation.

(2) An insolvency practitioner who has professional indemnity insurance
complying with the policy limit specified by the approved institute shall
continue to be treated as being compliant with this rule until its expiration,
notwithstanding that the aggregate limit under such policy is less than $1
million.

8. Foreign practitioners.

(1) A foreign practitioner who meets the independence and insurance
requirements of rules 6 and 7 may, where the court considers appropriate,
be appointed by the court as an official liquidator of a company jointly
with a qualified insolvency practitioner (but not as sole official
liquidator).

(2) A foreign practitioner need not meet the residency requirement of rule 5.

9. Transitional provision.

The appointment by the court of any person as official liquidator of a company
made prior to the commencement date shall not be invalidated by reason of the
fact that the appointee is not a qualified insolvency practitioner and does not
meet the residency, independence or insurance requirements contained in these
Rules.

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PART Ill-OFFICIAL LIQUIDATOR'S REMUNERATION

10. Introduction.

(1) Subject to sub-rule (2), an official liquidator and his agents are not entitled
to receive any remuneration out of the assets of the company in
provisional or official liquidation (including a liquidation under the
supervision of the court) without the prior approval of the court.

(2) An official liquidator may receive a payment on account, the amount of
which shall not exceed eighty percent of the remuneration sought in the
report and accounts. prepared in accordance with rule 12(2).

(3) In the event that the amount of remuneration approved by the court is less
than the amount paid on account, the official liquidator shall forthwith
repay the balance to the company.

11. Basis of remuneration.

An official liquidator may be remunerated on the basis of -

(a) the time spent by him and his staff upon the affairs of the
liquidation;

(b) a percentage of the amount distributed to creditors and/or members
of the company;

(c) a percentage of the amount realised upon the sale of the company's
assets (net after deduction ofthe direct costs of sale);

(d) a fixed fee; or

(e) a combination of some or all of the above.

12. Consideration of remuneration by the liquidation committee.

(1) An official liquidator may not make an application to the court under rule
13 without first-

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(a) seeking the liquidation committee's approval of the basis of his
remuneration and the amount of the remuneration for which he
intends to seek the court's approval;

(b) if there is no liquidation committee, convening a meeting of
creditors and/or contributories in accordance with CLR Order 8 at
which the official liquidator proposes a resolution approving the
basis of his remuneration and the amount of the remuneration for
which he intends to seek the court's approval; or

(c) complying with the requirements of any international protocol (in
so far as it relates to the official liquidator's remuneration) which
has been approved by both the court and a foreign court.

(2) The official liquidator shall prepare a report and accounts containing all
the information reasonably required to enable a creditor or contributory to
make an informed decision about the reasonableness of the proposed basis
of remuneration and amount for which the official liquidator intends to
seek the court's approval.

(3) If the official liquidator seeks to be remunerated on a time spent basis, his
report and accounts shall provide full particulars of the work done, the
staff engaged and the hourly rates applicable to each grade of staff.

(4) The official liquidator's report and accounts shall be provided to the
liquidation committee or, if there is no committee, sent to the creditors
and/or contributories with notice of the meeting.

13. Application to the court.

(1) An application by an official liquidator for approval of his remuneration
shall be made by summons in CLR Form 16 and shall be served on-

(a) each member of the liquidation committee; or

(b) counsel to the liquidation committee, if a counsel and attorney has
been appointed by the liquidation committee with authority to act
generally.

(2) An application under this rule may be made ex parte if there is no duly
constituted liquidation committee in existence.

(3) An application under this rule shall be supported by-

( a) the report and accounts provided to the liquidation committee or
meeting of creditors and/or contributories (as the case may be);

(b) an affidavit stating the the outcome of the liquidation committee's
consideration or the outcome of the creditors and/or contributories'
meeting; and

(c) a copy of the remuneration agreement or a copy of the document
which evidence the terms of the remuneration agreement.

PART IV-RATES OF REMUNERATION

14. Remuneration.

(1) It is the responsibility of the liquidation committee and the official
liquidator to negotiate and agree the basis upon which he and his firm will
be remunerated and the applicable scale of hourly rates, percentage rates
or fixed fees, as may be the case (referred to in these Rules as a
"remuneration agreement").

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(2) Subject to paragraph (3), the terms of every remuneration agreement shall
comply with the requirements of these Rules.

(3) Any remuneration agreement made and approved by the court prior to the
commencement date shall continue to be valid and enforceable
notwithstanding any non-compliance with these . Rules, unless and until
the court orders or approves its replacement or amendment.

( 4) In the event that -

(a) the official liquidator and the liquidation committee fail to agree
upon the terms of a remuneration agreement; or

(b) there is no liquidation committee, in the absence of a resolution
approving the official liquidator's remuneration agreement passed at
a creditors' meeting or a contributories' meeting (as relevant),

the official liquidator shall apply to the court pursuant to rule 13 for an
order approving his proposed remuneration agreement.

Dated the 31'1 day of July, 2012.

Signed
MICHAEL BARNETT

Chairman of Liquidation Rules Committee
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