Provincial Tax Regulation Process Act

Link to law: http://www.gov.za/documents/provincial-tax-regulation-process-act
Published: 2001-12-10

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Provincial Tax Regulation Process Act [No. 53 of 2001]


Government Gazette

REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
Vol. 438 Cape Town 10 December 2001 No. 22918
THE PRESIDENCY
No. 1319 10 December 2001
It is hereby notified that the President has assented to the following Act, which is hereby published for general information:–
No. 53 of 2001: Provincial Tax Regulation Process Act, 2001


Act No. 53,2001 PROVINCIAL TAX REGULATION PROCESS ACT, 2001
(English text signed by the President.) (Assented to 4 December 2001.)
ACT To regulate an intergovernmental process that must be followed by provinces in the exercise of their power in terms of section 228 of the Constitution to impose taxes, levies and duties, and flat-rate surcharges on the tax bases of any tax, levy or duty imposed by national legislation; and to provide for matters connected therewith.
B fol1ows:- E IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, as Definitions
1. In this Act, unless the context indicates otherwise- “Budget Council” means the Budget Council established by section 2 of the 5 Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations Act, 1997 (Act No. 97 of 1997); “Commission” means the Financial and Fiscal Commission established by section 220 of the Constitution; “financial year” means a period beginning on 1 April in any year and ending on 3 1 March in the following year; 10 “MEC for Finance” means the Member of the Executive Council of a province who is responsible for finance in that province; “Minister” means the Minister of Finance; “national economic policy” includes the tax policy for the Republic as determined by the national government; 15 “prescribe” means prescribe by regulation in terms of section 7; “provincial tax” means a tax, levy or duty, or a flat-rate surcharge on the tax base of a tax, levy or duty that is imposed by national legislation, which a province may impose in terms of section 228 of the Constitution.
General principles 20
2. (1) A province may not exercise its power in terms of section 228 of the Constitution to impose a provincial tax m a way that materially and unreasonably prejudices-
(a) national economic policies; (6) economic activities across provincial boundaries; or 25 ( c ) the national mobility of goods, services, capital or labour.
(2) Before imposing a provincial tax, a province must follow the process provided for in this Act to enable it to comply with-
(a) subsection (1); and (b ) the principles of co-operative government set out in Chapter 3 of the 30
Constitution.
Introduction of provincial tax
3. (1) If a province intends to impose a new provincial tax, the MEC for Finance in the province must submit particulars of the proposed provincial tax to the Minister.
4 No. 2’918 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 10 DECEMBER 2001
Act No. 53,2001 PROVINCIAL ’rAx REGULATION PROCESS ACT, 2001
(2) The submission contemplated in subsection (1) must, unless the Minister has by notice in the Gazette granted an exemption-
(a) set out the reasons for the imposition of the proposed provincial tax; (b) give particulars on the proposed provincial tax’s compliance with section
(c) identify and, where appropriate, describe- 228(2)(a) of the Constitution; 5
(i) the tax base; (ii) the desired tax rate;
(iii) the persons liable for the tax; and (iv) any tax relief measures or exemptions; 10
(d) specify- (i) the tax-collecting authorit), if an authority other than the South African
(ii) the persons responsible for remitting the tax; (iii) the methods and likely costs of enforcing compliance with that tax; 15 (iv) the compliance burden on taxpayers; and (v) procedures for taxpayer assistance;
to determine- (i) the amount of revenue to be collected on an annual basis over the three 20
(ii) the economic impact on individuals and businesses residing in the
(iii) the economic impact on hdividuals and businesses residing in other
(iv) the impact on economic development in the province; cf) give particulars of any consultations conducted by the province, including
consultations with other provinces; and (6) give particulars of any consultations between the province and the South
African Revenue Service and such other collecting agent contemplated in 30 section 4, regarding the administration of the proposed provincial tax.
(3) The Minister may consult any other organ of state or interested persons on the
(4) On receipt of a submission contemplated in subsection (l), the Minister must- (a) distribute copies of the submission and other provinces’ comments on such 35
submission to members of the Budget Council for discussion at the next meeting of the Council or such other subsequent Council meeting as may be determined by the Minister in consultation with the MEC for Finance concerned; and
(b) refer a copy of the submission to the Commission for comment. 40
Revenue Service is to be designated;
(e) give particulars of, and describe the estimation methods and assumptions used
financial years following the introduction of the tax;
province;
provinces; and 25
submission contemplated in subsection (1).
(5 ) The Minister must, at such intervals agreed with the Budget Council, indicate to the Council progress on the evaluation of I:he submission.
(6) If the Minister, after having considered the comments of the Commission and having consulted with the Budget Council, is, on reasonable grounds, satisfied that the proposed provincial tax will not be in br’sach of section 228(2)(a) of the Constitution, 45 the Minister must-
(a) notify the province concerned in writing of that view; and (6 ) by not later than 90 days after this notification contemplated in paragraph (a )
or such other later date agreed with the members of the Council, introduce a Bill in Parliament to regulate the proposed provincial tax as required by 50 section 228(2)(b) of the Constitution, including by determining the- (i) tax base on which such provincial tax may be levied;
(ii) rate band within which a province may impose such provincial tax; and (iii) collecting agent for such provincial tax, if it is not the South African
(7) If, despite the submission contemplated in subsection (2)(b), the Minister, after having considered the comments of the Commission and having consulted with the
Revenue Service. 55
6 No. 22918 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE. 10 DECEMBER 2001
Act No. 53,2001 PROVINCIAL TAX REGULATION PROCESS ACT, 2001
Budget Council, has, on reasonable grounds, reservations about the constitutionality of the proposed provincial tax, the Minister must-
(a) notify the MEC for Finance concerned in writing of those reservations and
(b) submit a report on the matter to the Budget Council and both Houses of 5 refer the proposed provincial tax back for its reconsideration; and
Parliament. (8) If, after reconsideration by the MEC for Finance concerned, the proposed
provincial tax fully accommodates the Minister’s reservations, the Minister must deal with the proposed provincial tax in terms of subsection (6) , and if it does not, the Minister must either- 10
(a ) deal with the proposed provincial tax in terms of subsection (6); or (b) refer it to the Constitutional Court for a decision on its constitutionality.
(9) If the Constitutional Court decides that the proposed provincial tax is constitutional, the Minister must deal with it in terms of subsection (6).
Collection of provincial taxes 15
4. (1) The South African Revenue Service is the collecting agent for a provincial tax, unless the Minister has, in the national legislation contemplated in section 3(6), designated another person for that purposl-.
(2) Despite subsection (I), a province may not impose a provincial tax unless it has concluded an agreement with the South African Revenue Service or any other 20 designated person to collect a provincial tax.
Introduction of provincial tax money Bill
5. (1) A money Bill providing for the imposition of a provincial tax must be introduced in the provincial legislature only on the date when the relevant province’s annual budget is introduced in that provincial legislature. 25
(2) Despite section 3( 1), if a province intends to impose a provincial tax that is already regulated in terms of the Act of Parliament contemplated in section 3(6)(b), the MEC for Finance in that province must, when introducing a money Bill in respect of such provincial tax for the first time, submit, onliy to the provincial legislature, the particulars contemplated in section 3(1). 30
(3 ) The particulars to be submitted to a provincial legislature in terms of subsection (2) must only contain the information corttemplated in section 3(2)(a), (2)(d)(iii), (iv) and (v), (2)(e)(i), (ii) and (iv) and (2)(g).
Transitional provisions
6. (1) Any provincial tax imposed by a province prior to 1 April 2002 is deemed to 35 have been imposed in accordance with this Act.
(2) Despite subsection (l), any draft amendment of an Act of Parliament relating to such provincial tax may be introduced only after the Minister has been consulted on the contents of such draft amendment.
laid down by or under this Act be followed before the introduction of an amendment contemplated in subsection (2).
(3) The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, determine that specified procedures 40
Regulations
7. The Minister may, by notice in the Gazette, make regulations regarding- ( a ) anything which must or may be prescribed in terms of this Act; and 45 (b) any matter which is necessary to prescribe for the effective implementation of
the provisions and objects of thi:; Act.
8 No. 22918 GOVERNMENT GAZE’ITE, 10 DECEMBER 2001
Act No. 53,2001 PROVINCIAL TAX REGULATION PROCESS ACT, 2001
Short title and commencement
8. This Act is called the Provincial Tax Regulation Process Act, 2001, and takes effect on a date determined by the President by proclamation in the Gazette.