Judicial Matters Amendment Act

Link to law: http://www.gov.za/documents/judicial-matters-amendment-act-0
Published: 2003-01-17

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Judicial Matters Amendment Act [No. 55 of 2002]


Government Gazette
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

Vol. 451 Cape Town 17 January 2003 No. 24277
THE PRESIDENCY No. 113 17 January 2003 It is hereby notified that the President has
assented to the following Act, which is hereby published for general information:–
No. 55 of 2002: Judicial Matters Amendment Act, 2002.


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Act No. 55,2002 JUDICIAL MATTERS AMENDMENT ACT. 2002
GENERAL EXPLANATORY NOTE:
[ ] Words in bold type in square brackets indicate omissions from existing enactments. Words underlined with a solid line indicate insertions in existing enactments.
(English text signed by the President.) (Assented to 30 December 2002.)
ACT To amend the Magistrates’ Courts Act, 1944, so as to further regulate the rescission of judgments; to amend the Stock Theft Act, 1959, so as to repeal certain obsolete provisions; to amend the General Law Further Amendment Act, 1962, so as to make further provision for access to children under custodianship; to amend the South African Law Commission Act, 1973, so as to effect a change of name; to further regulate the appointment of members of the Commission; and to further regulate requirements in respect of the reports of the Commission; to amend the Companies Act, 1973, so as to further regulate the examination of directors and others during and after the winding-up of a company; to amend the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977, so as to bring certain provisions in line with the Mental Health Care Act, 2002; to amend the Attorneys Act, 1979, so as to authorise the Attorneys Fidelity Fund Board of Control to enter into contracts for the provision of professional indemnity insurance cover; and to further regulate payments to and refunds from the Fidelity Fund; to amend the Correctional Services Act, 1998, so as to effect a technical correction; to amend the Mental Health Care Act, 2002, so as to amend a definition; and to provide for matters connected therewith.
E IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, as B follow^:- Substitution of section 36 of Act 32 of 1944
1. The following section is hereby substituted for section 36 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act. 1944: 5
“What judgments may be rescinded
36. a The court may, upon application by any person affected thereby, or, in cases falling under paragraph ( c ) , suo rnotu- (a) rescind or vary any judgment granted by it in the absence of the person
against whom that judgment was granted: 10 (b) rescind or vary any judgment granted by it which was void ab ar-igine
or was obtained by fraud or by mistake common to the parties; ( c ) correct patent errors in any judgment in respect of which no appeal is
pending;
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(d) rescind or vary any judgment in respect of which no appeal lies. ( 2 ) If a plaintiff in whose favour a default judgment has been granted has
rescind or vary such.judgment on application by any person affected by it.”.
Substitution of section 3 of Act 57 of 1959
2. The following section is hereby substituted for section 3 of the Stock Theft Act, 1959:
“Absence of reasonable cause for believing stock or produce properly acquired
3. (1) Any person who in any manner, otherwise than at a public sale, acquires or receives into his & possession from any other person stolen stock or stolen produce without having reasonable cause [, proof of which shall be on such firstmentioned person,] for believing, at the time of such acquisition or receipt, that such stock or produce is the property of the person from whom he orshe acquires or receives it or that such person has been duly authorized by the owner thereof to deal with it or dispose of it shall be guilty of an offence.
( 2 ) Inthe absence of evidence to the contrary which raises a reasonable doubt, proof of possession as contemplated in subsection (1) shall be sufficient evidence of the absence of reasonable cause.”.
Substitution of section 1 of Act 93 of 1962
3. The following section is hereby substituted for section 1 of the General Law Further Amendment Act, 1962:
“Failure to comply with order of court relating to access to children or to notify change of address of parent having custody of child
1. (1) Any parent having [the sole] custody, whether sole custody or not, of his minor child in terms of an order of court, who contrary to such order and without reasonable cause refuses the child’s other parent access to such child or prevents such other parent from having such access, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine [not exceeding two hundred rand] or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year or to such imprisonment without the option of a fine.
( 2 ) Any parent having [the sole] custody, whether sole custody or not, of his e minor child in terms of an order of court whereby the other parent is entitled to access to such child shall upon any change in his or her residential address forthwith in writing notify such other parent of such change.
(3) Any person who fails to comply with the provisions of subsection (2) shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine [not exceeding one hundred rand] or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding three months.
[(4) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in a y other law, a magistrate’s court shall have jurisdiction to impose any penalty prescribed by this section.]”.
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Act No. 55.2002 JUDICIAL MATTERS AMENDMENT ACT, 2002
Amendment of section 1 of Act 19 of 1973, as amended by section 1 of Act 49 of 1996
4. Section 1 of the South African Law Commission Act, 1973, is hereby amended by
‘‘ ‘Commission’ means the South African Law Reform Commission [established by section 21 referred to in section 2(2).”. 5
the substitution for the definition of “Commission” of the following definition:
Substitution of section 2 of Act 19 of 1973
5. The following section is hereby substituted for section 2 of the South African Law Commission Act, 1973:
“Establishment of Commission
2. There is hereby established a body to be known as the South 10 African Law Commission.
(2) As from the date of the commencement of the Judicial Matters Amendment Act, 2002, the Commission referred to in subsection (1) shall be known as the South African Law Reform Commission.”.
Amendment of section 3 of Act 19 of 1973, as amended by section 1 of Act 85 of 15 1984, section 4 of Act 18 of 1996 and section 4 of Act 42 of 2001
6. Section 3 of the South African Law Commission Act, 1973, is hereby amended by the substitution in subsection ( ] ) ( a ) for subparagraph (ii) of the following subparagraph:
“(ii) [six] not more than eight persons who appear to the President to be fit for appointment on account of the tenure of a judicial office or on account of 20 experience as an advocate or as an attorney or as a professor of law at any university, or on account of any other qualification relating to the objects of the Commission.”.
Amendment of section 7 of Act 19 of 1973, as amended by section 3 of Act 85 of 1984
7. Section 7 of the South African Law Commission Act, 1973, is hereby amended by 25
“(2) The Commission shall [annually not later than the first day of March] within five months of the end of a financial year of the Department of Justice and Constitutional Development submit to the Minister a report on all its activities during [the previous] that financial year.”. 30
the substitution for subsection ( 2 ) of the following subsection:
Substitution of section 10 of Act 19 of 1973
8. The following section is hereby substituted for section 10 of the South African Law Commission Act, 1973:
“Short title
10. This Act shall be called the South African Law Reform Commission 35 Act, 1973 [, and shall come into operation on a date to be fixed by the State President by proclamation in the Gazette].”.
Substitution of long title of Act 19 of 1973
9. The following long title is hereby substituted for the long title to the South African Law Commission Act, 1973: 40
“To establish a South African Law Reform Commission and to provide for matters incidental thereto.”.
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Act No. 55, 2002 JUDICIAL MATTERS AMENDMENT ACT. 2002
Amendment of section 415 of Act 61 of 1973
10. Section 415 of the Companies Act, 1973, is hereby amended- (a) by the substitution for subsection (3) of the following subsection:
“(3) No person interrogated under subsection (1) shall be entitled at such interrogation to refuse to answer any question upon the ground that 5 the answer would tend to incriminate him or her and shall, if he or she
, does so refuse on that ground, be obliged to so answer at the instance of the Master or officer presiding at such meeting: Provided that the Master
question to so answer after the Master or officer presiding at such 10 meeting has consulted with the Director of Public Prosecutions who has jurisdiction.”; and
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(b) by the substitution for subsection ( 5 ) of the followine. subsection: L
“(5) Any incriminating answer or information directly obtained. or incriminating evidence directly derived from, an interrogation in terms I 15 of subsection (1) shall not be admissible as evidence in criminal proceedings in a court of law against the person concerned or the body corporate of which he or she is or was an officer, except in criminal proceedings where the person concerned is charged with an offence relating to-- (a) the administering or taking of an oath or the administering or
(b) the giving of false evidence; (c) the making of a false statement; or
making of an affirmation;
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(d) a failure to answer lawful questions fully or satisfactorily.”.
Amendment of section 417 of Act 61 of 1973, as amended by section 9 of Act 29 of 1985
11. Section 417 of the Companies Act, 1973, is hereby amended- (a ) by the substitution in subsection ( 2 ) for paragraph (b) of the following
“(b) Any such person may be required to answer any question put to him or her at the examination, notwithstanding that the answer might tend to incriminate him [, and any answer given to any such question may thereafter be used in evidence against him] or her and shall. if he or she does so refuse on that ground, be obliged to so answer at the instance of the Master or the Court: Provided that the Master or the Court may only oblige the person in question to so answer after the Master or the Court has consulted with the Director of Public Prosecutions who has jurisdiction.”; and
paragraph:
(b) by the addition to subsection (2) of the following paragraph: “IC) Any incriminating answer or information directly obtained. or
incriminating evidence directly derived from, an examination in terms of this section shall not be admissible as evidence in criminal proceedings in a court of law against the person concerned or the body corporate of which he or she is or was an officer, except in criminal proceedings where the person concerned is charged with an offence relating to- ( i ) the administering or taking of an oath or the administering or
(ii) the giving of false evidence; (iii) the making of a false statement; or (iv) a failure to answer lawful questions fully and satisfactorily.“.
making of an affirmation;
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Act No. 55,2002 JUDICIAL MATTERS AMENDMENT ACT, 2002
Amendment of section 77 of Act 51 of 1977, as amended by section 10 of Act 33 of 1986, section 9 of Act 51 of 1991, section 42 of Act 129 of 1993 and section 3 of Act 68 of 1998
12. Section 77 of the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977, is hereby amended by the substitution in subsection (6) for paragraph (a) of the following paragraph: 5
“(a) If the court which has jurisdiction in terms of section 75 to try the case, finds that the accused is not capable of understanding the proceedings so as to make a proper defence, the court may, if it is of the opinion that it is in the interests of the accused, talung into account he nature of the accused’s incapacity contemplated in subsection (l), and unless it can be proved on a balance of probabilities that, on the 10 limited evidence available the accused committed the act in question. order that such information or evidence be placed before the court as it deems fit so as to determine whether the accused has committed the act in question and the court shall direct that the accused- (i) in the case of a charge of murder or culpable homicide or rape or a charge 15
involving serious violence or if the court considers it to be necessary in the public interest, where the court finds that the accused has committed the act in question, or any other offence involving serious violence, be detained in a psychiatric hospital or a prison pending the decision of a judge in chambers in terms of section [29(l)(u)] 47 of the Mental Health Care Act, [1973 (Act No. 20 18 of 1 9 7 3 ) I w ; or
(ii) where the court finds that the accused has committed an offence other than one contemplated in subparagraph (i) or that he or she has not committed any offence- (aa) be admitted to[,] @ detained [and treated] in an institution stated in the 25
order [in terms of Chapter 31 as if he or she were an involuntary mental health care user contemplated in section 37 of the Mental Health Act, [1973 (Act No. 18 of 1973)] 2002 [; or
(bb) be treated as an outpatient in terms of section 7 of that Act, pending discharge by a hospital board in terms of section 29(4A)(u) of 30 that Act or an order that he or she shall no longer be treated as an outpatient],
and if the court so directs after the accused has pleaded to the charge. the accused shall not be entitled under section 106(4) to be acquitted or to be convicted in respect of the charge in question.”. 35
Amendment of section 78 of Act 51 of 1977, as amended by section 11 of Act 33 of 1986, section 9 of Act 51 of 1991, section 43 of Act 129 of 1993 and section 5 of Act 68 of 1998
13. Section 78 of the Criminal Procedure Act, 1977, is hereby amended by the substitution for subsection (6) of the following subsection: 40
“(6) If the court finds that the accused committed the act in question and that he or she at the time of such commission was by reason of mental illness or [mental defect] intellectual disability not criminally responsible for such act- (a) the court shall find the accused not guilty; or (b) if the court so finds after the accused has been convicted of the offence 45
charged but before sentence is passed, the court shall set the conviction aside and find the accused not guilty,
by reason of mental illness or [mental defect] intellectual disability, as the case may be, and direct-
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(i) in a case where the accused is charged with murder or culpable homicide or rape or another charge involving serious violence, or if the court considers it to be necessary in the public interest that the accused be- (au) detained in a psychiatric hospital or a prison pending the decision of a
judge in chambers in terms of section [29(1)(u)] 47 of the Mental Health Care Act, [1973 (Act No. 18 of 19731 2 0 0 2 ;
(bb) admitted to [,I @ detained [and treated] in an institution stated in the order [in terms of Chapter 31 and treated as if he or she were an involuntary mental care health user contemplated in section 37 of the Mental Health & Act, [ 1973 (Act No. 18 of 1973), pending discharge by a hospital board in terms of section 29(4A)(a) of that Act;
(cc) treated as an outpatient in terms of section 7 of that Act pending the certification by the superintendent of that institution stating that he or she need no longer be treated as such;] 2 0 0 2 ;
(dd) released subject to such conditions as the court considers appropriate; or (ee) released unconditionally;
(ii) in any other case than a case contemplated in subparagraph (i), that the accused- (nu) be admitted to [,] & detained [and treated] in an institution stated in
the order [in terms of Chapter 31 and treated as if he or she were an involuntary mental health care user contemplated in section 37 of the Mental Health &Act, [1973 (Act No. 18 of 1973), pending discharge by a hospital board in terms of section 29(4A)(u) of that Act;
(bb) be treated as an outpatient in terms of section 7 of that Act pending the certification by the superintendent of that institution stating that he or she need no longer be treated as such;] 2 0 0 2 ;
(cc) be released subject to such conditions as the court considers appropriate; or
(dd) be released unconditionally.”.
Insertion of section 40B in Act 53 of 1979
14. The following section is hereby inserted in the Attorneys Act, 1979, after section 40A:
“Insurance contracts for purpose of professional indemnity to practi- tioners
40B. The board of control may enter into a contract with a company or scheme contemplated in section 40A(a) or any company carrying on professional indemnity insurance business in the Republic for the provision of group professional indemnity insurance to practitioners to the extent and in the manner provided for in such contract.”.
Substitution of section 43 of Act 53 of 1979
15. The following section is hereby substituted for section 43 of the Attorneys Act. 1979:
“Contributions to fund by practitioners
43. (1) (a) Subject to the provisions of this section, every practitioner, practising on his @ own account or in partnership, shall, annually when he or she applies for a fidelity fund certificate, pay [the amount of R20, or such greater amount as may be fixed by the board of control from time to time,] to the fund-
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(i) such amount as may be fixed by the board of control from time to time in respect of the cost of group professional indemnity insurance arranged by the board of control pursuant to the provisions of section 40B; and
(ii) such other non-refundable amount as may be fixed by the board of control from time to time.
(b) Any practitioner referred to in paragraph (a) who commences to practise on or after 1 July in any year shall in respect of that year pay half of the contribution which is payable in terms of that paragraph for that year.
[(2) When the board of control or a society on behalf of the board of control gives notice in writing to any practitioner who is liable to pay a contribution referred to in subsection (l), that the amount of the fund, including the investments thereof, and after deduction of the amount of all unpaid claims and other liabilities outstanding against the fund, is R1 000 000, or exceeds that amount, such practitioner shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (3), as from a date determined by the board of control and specified in such notice, no longer be required to pay the annual contribution referred to in subsection (1).
(3) When the board of control or a society on behalf of the board of control gives notice in writing to a practitioner referred to in subsection (2) that the amount of the fund, including the investments thereof, and after deduction of the amount of all unpaid claims and other liabilities outstanding against the fund, is less than R1 000 000, the provisions of subsection (1) shall, as from a date determined by the board of control and specified in such notice, again apply in respect of uch practitioner, and any notice referred to in subsection (2) shall lapse.]
(4) A practitioner who applies under section 42 for the first time for a fidelity fund certificate [while the provisions of subsection (1) do not apply to a practitioner referred in subsection (2) by virtue of the provisions of the latter subsection,] shall pay [a single contribution of R50] to the fund[: Provided that the provisions of subsection (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis in respect of such practitioner]. in addition to any contributions payable in terms of subsection (1). such single non-refundable contribution as the board of control may determine.
( 5 ) [Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (2), the] The board of control may require a practitioner in respect of whom the fund has been applied as a result of any of the circumstances referred to in section 26, to pay [the] an additional annual contribution [referred to in subsection ( l ) ] to the fund of such amount and for such period as the board of control may determine.
(6) (a) A practitioner who is not in possession of a fidelity fund certificate and who intends to commence to practise on his own account or in partnership, shall, before commencing so to practise, give notice of such intention to the secretary of the society of the province in which he or she intends to practise, and he orshe shall thereupon become liable to pay to the fund the amount of the contribution referred to in [subsection (1) or (4), as the case may be] subsections (1) and (4).
(b) Any practitioner who is in possession of a fidelity fund certificate but who intends to commence to practise for his &r own account or in partnership in the area of jurisdiction of any provincial division other than that in which he or she usually practises for his e own account or in partnership, shall give notice of such intention to the secretary of the other society concerned.
(7) All contributions payable under this section shall be paid to the society, and every society shall remit the contributions to the board of control within seven days of receipt thereof.”.
Substitution of section 44 of Act 53 of 1979
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16. The following section is hereby substituted for section 44 of the Attorneys Act, 1979:
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“Board of control may refund contributions in certain cases
44. If any practitioner in respect of whom no claim has been made under this Act or in respect of whom such claim has not been sustained, dies or ceases to practise, the board of control may in its discretion, if it is satisfied that no claim is likely to be made, pay to him or her, or his estate, 5 a sum not exceeding the aggregate amount of his -r contributions to the fund made prior to the date of commencement of the Judicial Matters Amendment Act, 2002.”.
Amendment of section 45 of Act 53 of 1979, as amended by section 3 of Act 80 of 1985 and section 20 of Act 87 of 1989 10
17. Section 45 of the Attorneys Act, 1979, is hereby amended- (a) by the substitution in subsection ( 1 ) for paragraph (d) of the following
paragraph: “ (d) premiums payable in respect of contracts of insurance entered into by the
(b) by the substitution in subsection (1) for paragraph (h) of the following paragraph: “ ( h ) in the discretion of the board of control. the premium or any portion
thereof payable in respect of [a professional indemnity] group insurance policy of any kind taken out in favour of practitioners;”. 20
board of control in terms of [section] sections 40 and 40B;”: and 15 --
Amendment of section 81 of Act 111 of 1998, as amended by section 30 of Act 32 of 2001
18. Section 81 of the Correctional Services Act, 1998, is hereby amended by the deletion of subsection (4).
Amendment of section 1 of Act 17 of 2002 25
19. Section 1 of the Mental Health Care Act, 2002, is hereby amended by the
‘’ ‘State patient’ means a person so classified by a court directive in substitution for the definition of “State patient” of the following definition:
terms of section 77(6)(u)G or 78(6)(i)(aa) of thk Criminal Procedure Act:”. 30
Short title and commencement
20. (1) This Act is called the Judicial Matters Amendment Act, 2002. ( 2 ) Sections 12, 13 and 19 take effect on a date set by the President by proclamation