Judicial Matters Amendment Act

Link to law: http://www.gov.za/documents/judicial-matters-amendment-act-7
Published: 2003-07-10

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Judicial Matters Amendment Act [No. 16 of 2003]


Government Gazette
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA

Vol. 457 Cape Town 10 July 2003 No. 25196
THE PRESIDENCY No. 1000 10 July 2003 It is hereby notified that the President has
assented to the following Act, which is hereby published for general information:–
No. 16 of 2003: Judicial Matters Amendment Act, 2003.


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Act No. 16,2003 JUDICIAL M.4’ITERS AMENDMENT ACT. 2003
GENERAL EXPLANATORY NOTE:
[ ] Words in bold type in square b ackets indicate omissions from existing enactments. Words underlined with a solid line indicate insertions in existing enactments.
(English text signed by the President.) (Assented to 4 July 2003.)
ACT To amend the Insolvency Act, 1936, so as to insert a definition of Minister; to enable the Cabinet member responsible for the administration of justice to determine policy for, and further regulate, the appointment of curatores bonis, trustees, provisional trustees and co-trustees by the Masters of the High Courts; to amend the Administration of Estates Act, 1965, so as to provide for the appointment of a Chief Master of the High Courts; to amend the Companies Act, 1973, so as to enable the Cabinet member responsible for the administration of justice to determine policy for, and further regulate, the appointment of liquidators, provisional liquidators, co-liquidators and provisional judicial managers by the Masters of the High Courts; to amend the Close Corporations Act, 1984, so as to enable the Cabinet member responsible for the administration of justice to determine policy for, and further regulate, the appointment of liquidators by the Masters of the High Courts; and to provide for matters connected therewith.
B E IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, as follows:- Amendment of section 2 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 2 of Act 16 of 1943, section 1 of Act 6 of 1972, section 1 of Act 27 of 1987, section 4 of Act 57 of 1993, section 1 of Act 157 of 1993 and section 1 of Act 49 of 1996 5
1. Section 2 of the Insolvency Act, 1936 (hereinafter referred to as the Insolvency Act), is amended by the insertion after the definition of “messenger” of the following definition:
“ ‘Minister’ means the Cabinet member responsible for the administration of justice;”. 10
Amendment of section 5 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 4 of Act 16 of 1943, section 1 of Act 99 of 1965 and section 1 of Act 101 of 1983
2. Section 5 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (2) of the following subsection:
“(2) After the publication of a notice of surrender as aforesaid in the Gazette the 15 Master may, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint a curator bonis to the debtor’s estate, who shall forthwith take the estate into his - her custody and take over the control of any business or undertaking of the debtor,
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as if he orshe were the debtor, as the Master may direct, including any business the debtor is licensed to carry on in terms of the Liquor Act, [1928] 1989 (Act No. 27 of 1989), but subject in every case, mufatis mutandis, to the provisions of section [seventy] 70.”.
Amendment of section 18 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 11 of Act 16 of 1943
3. Section 18 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (1)
“(1) As soon as an estate has been sequestrated (whether provisionally or finally) or when a person appointed as trustee ceases to be trustee or to function as such, the Master may, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint a provisional trustee to the estate in question who shall give security to the satisfaction of the Master for the proper performance of his or her duties as provisional trustee and shall hold office until the appointment of a trustee.”.
Amendment of section 19 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 11 of Act 50 of 1956, section 5 of Act 99 of 1965, sections 46 and 47 of Act 97 of 1986 and section 5 of Act 122 of 1993
of the following subsection:
4. Section 19 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (6)
“The Minister [of Justice] may by notice in the Gazette amend the said tariff A of the following subsection:
and rules,”.
Amendment of section 54 of Act 24 of 1936
5. Section 54 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection ( 5 )
“(5) If at any meeting of creditors convened for the purpose of electing a trustee, no trustee is elected and the estate is not vested at the time of that meeting in a
of the following subsection:
provisional trustee, the Master may, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint a trustee and if he or she does not so appoint a trustee, the Master or the insolvent with the Master’s consent, may apply, at the cost of the estate, to the court by petition to set aside the sequestration and the court may make such order thereon as it thinks fit.”.
Amendment of section 57 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 17 of Act 99 of 1965
6. Section 57 of the Insolvency Act is amended by- (a ) the substitution for subsection (4) of the following subsection:
“(4) If the Master declines, for any reason mentioned in subsection (l), to confirm the election of a person who was elected as trustee at a meeting mentioned in subsection (2), or to appoint a person so elected, he - or she shall act in accordance with the provisions of subsection (1) and thereupon, if the person whose election the Master declined to confirm or whom the Master declined to appoint, was elected as sole trustee, or if two trustees were elected and the Master did not appoint both or one of them, the Master shall, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint as trustee of the estate in question any other person who is not disqualified from being a trustee of that estate.”;
(b) the substitution for subsection ( 5 ) of the following subsection: “ ( 5 ) Whenever the Master considers it desirable, he or she may>
accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint a person not disqualified from holding the office of trustee who has given the security mentioned in [sub-section (2) of sectionfilftr-six] section 56(2) as a co-trustee with the trustee or trustees of an insolvent estate.”: and
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(e) the substitution for subsection (7) of the following subsection: “(7) Any person aggrieved by the appointment of a trustee or the
refusal of the Master to confirm the election of a trustee or to appoint a person elected as a trustee, may within a period of seven days from the date of such appointment or refusal request the Master in writing to submit his reasons for such appointment or refusal to the Minister [of Justice].”.
Amendment of section 62 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 19 of Act 99 of 1965
7. Section 62 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (2)
“(2) When a sole trustee has vacated his e office or has been removed from office, has resigned or died, the Master shall convene a meeting of the creditors of the estate in question for the purpose of electing a new trustee, and in the meantime the Master may, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint a provisional trustee for the preservation of the estate.”.
of the following subsection:
Amendment of section 63 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 12 of Act 50 of 1956 and sections 46 and 47 of Act 97 of 1986
8. Section 63 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection
”( 1)bis The Minister [of Justice] may by notice in the Gazette amend the said (1)bis of the following subsection:
tariff B.”.
Amendment of section 95 of Act 24 of 1936
9. Section 95 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection (4)
“(4) Any creditor claiming to be entitled to share in the said distribution shall make written application to the Master for payment of his or her share, and the Master may pay out to such creditor or may hand the money to the trustee, if any, for distribution among the creditors entitled thereto, or, if there is no trustee, may, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint a trustee on such conditions as he or she may think fit to impose for the purpose of making such distribution.”.
of the following subsection:
Amendment of section 98A of Act 24 of 1936, as inserted by section 2 of Act 122 of 1998
10. Section 98A of the Insolvency Act is amended by- ( a ) the substitution for paragraphs (a), (b), (c) and (d) of subsection (2) of the
“(2) (a) In order to ensure that the balance of the free residue is applied in an equitable manner, the Minister [of Justice] may by notice in the Gazette determine maximum amounts which shall be paid out in terms of subsection (1) in respect of- (i) paragraph (a) , any or all the subparagraphs thereof or any single
(ii) paragraph (b) or any single scheme or fund, and different maximum amounts may be so determined in respect of different schemes or funds.
(b) In order to take into account subsequent fluctuations in the value of money, the Minister [of Justice] may from time .to time supplement, amend or withdraw the relevant maximum amounts by like notice in the Gazette.
(e) The Minister [of Justice] may at any time replace a notice referred to in paragraph (a) with a new notice issued under the said paragraph (n).
following paragraphs:
employee; and
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id ) The Minister [of Justice] shall not exercise the powers conferred upon him or her by paragraph (a ) or (c), unless he or she-
(i) has caused to be published in the Gazette a draft of the proposed notice, together with a notice inviting all interested parties to lodge with the Director-General: Justice and Constitutional Development in writing within a period of 60 days from the date of the publication of the notice any representations that they may wish to make in connection with the proposed notice; and
(ii) has caused to be forwarded to the National Economic, Development and Labour Council established by section 2(1) of the National Economic, Development and Labour Council Act, 1994 (Act No. 35 of 1994), a copy of such draft.”; and
(b ) the substitution for the words preceding paragraph (a ) of subsection (6) of the
“(6) The Minister [of Justice] may, after consultation with the National Economic, Development and Labour Council established by section 2(1) of the National Economic, Development and Labour Council Act, 1994, by notice in the Gazette exclude from the operation of the provisions of this section a category of employees, schemes or funds specified in the notice-”.
following words:
Amendment of section 153 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 21 of Act 62 of 1955 and sections 46 and 47 of Act 97 of 1986
11. Section 153 of the Insolvency Act is amended by the substitution for subsection
“( 1)bis The Minister [of Justice] may from time to time by notice in the Gazette (1)bis of the following subsection:
amend the said Third Schedule.”.
Substitution of section 158 of Act 24 of 1936, as amended by section 46 of Act 97 of 1986
12. The following section is substituted for section 158 of the Insolvency Act:
“Regulations and policy
158. (1) The Minister [of Justice] may from time to time make regulations not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, prescribing- (a) the procedure to be observed in any Master’s office in connection with
(b) the form of, and manner of conducting proceedings under this Act; (c) the manner in which fees payable under this Act shall be paid and
(2) The Minister may determine policy for the appointment of a curator bonis, trustee, provisional trustee or co-trustee by the Master in order to promote consistency, fairness, transparency and the achievement of equality for persons previously disadvantaged by unfair discrimination.
(3) Any policy determined in accordance with the provisions of subsection (2) must be tabled in Parliament before publication in the Gazette.”.
insolvent estates;
brought to account.
Substitution of section 158bis of Act 24 of 1936, as inserted by section 13 of Act 50 of 1956 and amended by sections 46 and 47 of Act 97 of 1986
13. The following section is substituted for section 158bis of the Insolvency Act:
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“Minister [of Justice] may amend First Schedule
158.bis. The Minister [of Justice] may by notice in the Gazette amend the First Schedule.”.
Amendment of section 2 of Act 66 of 1965, as amended by section 2 of Act 79 of 1971, section 35 of Act 47 of 1997 and section 2 of Act 20 of 2001 5
14. Section 2 of the Administration of Estates Act, 1965, is amended by the
“(1) Subject to subsection (2) and the laws governing the public service, the substitution for subsection (1) of the following subsection:
Minister- ( a ) shall appoint a Chief Master of the High Courts, who shall, as such, be the 10
executive officer of the Master‘s offices and exercise such supervision over all the Masters as may be necessary in order to bring about uniformity in their practice and procedure;
(b) shall, in respect of the area of jurisdiction of each High Court, appoint a Master of the High Court; and 15 may, in respect of each such area, appoint one or more Deputy Masters of the High Court and one or more Assistant Masters of the High Court, who may, subject to the control, direction and supervision of the Master, do anything which may lawfully be done by the Master.”.
Substitution of section 15 of 61 of 1973, as amended by section 1 of Act 111 of 1976, 20 section 2 of Act 59 of 1978 and section 4 of Act 35 of 2001
15. The following section is substituted for section 15 of the Companies Act, 1973 (hereinafter referred to as the Companies Act):
“Regulations and policy
15. ( 1 ) The Minister may make regulations- 25 (a) providing for the conduct and administration. of the Companies
Registration Office and prescribing the practice and procedure to be observed therein;
(b) prescribing the practice and procedure to be observed in the office of the Master in connection with the winding-up and judicial manage- 30 ment of companies;
(bA) providing for the reproduction of any records in the Companies Registration office or the office of the Master by microfilm, microcad, miniature photographic process, the conversion into electronic format in such a way as to allow such records to be 35 reconverted without changing their original contents or any other process deemed suitable by the Minister;
(bB) providing for the use for official purposes and the admissibility in evidence in any proceedings, whether in a court of law or otherwise, of any reproduction contemplated in paragraph (bA); [and] 40
(c) providing for the keeping and preservation of any records, or any reproduction thereof contemplated in paragraph (bA), in the Compa- nies Registration office or the office of the Master, the removal from such offices and preservation in any other place of such records or reproductions and prescribing the circumstances under which any 45 such records or reproductions may be destroyed;
(cA) prescribing how records required under this Act to be kept by a company may be kept, and prescribing the circumstances under which any such records may be destroyed;
(d) prescribing the procedure to be followed with respect to any matter in 50 connection with the winding-up and judicial management of compa- nies;
(e ) prescribing the form and the contents of any return, notice or form provided for by this Act;
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prescribing when an additional copy or copies of documents to be lodged under the Act shall require to be lodged and whether such additional copy or copies shall be in the form of a copy or copies certified in the manner prescribed or shall be in duplicate original form: 5 in consultation with the Minister of Finance, prescribing the matters in respect of which fees shall be payable and the tariff of such fees; providing for a table of fees, subject to taxation by the Master, which shall be payable to a liquidator as remuneration; prescribing a tariff of remuneration payable to any person performing 10 on behalf of a liquidator any act relating to the winding-up of a company, and prohibiting the charging or recovery of remuneration at a higher tariff than the tariff so prescribed; in consultation with the Minister of Finance, prescribing the remu- neration and allowances of members of the standing advisory 15 committee and its standing sub-committees and the conditions upon which such members are appointed; as to any matter required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed by regulation; and generally, as to any matter which he e considers it necessary or 20 expedient to prescribe in order that the purposes of this Act may be achieved.
(1A) (a) The Minister may determine policy for the appointment of a provisional liquidator, co-liquidator, liquidator or provisional judicial manager by the Master in order to promote consistency, fairness, transparency and the achievement of equality for persons previously
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disadvantaged by unfair discrimination. (b) Any policy determined in accordance with the provisions of
paragraph (a ) must be tabled in Parliament before publication in the Gazette. 30
(2) Any regulations made under subsection (1) may prescribe penalties for any contravention thereof or failure to comply therewith not exceeding a fine [of one hundred rand] or imprisonment for a period of six months or both [such] 3 fine and such imprisonment.”.
Substitution of section 368 of Act 61 of 1973, as substituted by section 28 of Act 83 35 of 1981
16. The following section is substituted for section 368 of the Companies Act:
“Appointment of provisional liquidator
368. As soon as a winding-up order has been made in relation to a company, or a special resolution for a voluntary winding-up of a company 40 has been registered in terms of section 200, the Master may, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint any suitable person as provisional liquidator of the company concerned, who shall give security to the satisfaction of the Master for the proper performance of his & duties as provisional liquidator and who shall hold office until the appointment of 45 a liquidator. ” .
Substitution of section 374 of Act 61 of 1973
17. The following section is substituted for section 374 of the Companies Act:
“Master may appoint co-liquidator at any time
374. Whenever the Master considers it desirable he or she may> 50 accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint any person not disqualified from holding the office of liquidator and who has given security to his a satisfaction, as a co-liquidator with the liquidator or liquidators of the company concerned.”.
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Amendment of section 377 of Act 61 of 1973
18. Section 377 of the Companies Act is amended by the substitution for subsection
“(3) Subject to the proviso to subsection (l), if for any reason a vacancy is not filled as provided in this section, the Master may, in accordance with policy 5 determined by the Minister, appoint any person as provisional liquidator or as liquidator to fill such vacancy.”.
(3) of the following subsection:
Amendment of section 429 of Act 61 of 1973
19. Section 429 of the Companies Act is amended by the substitution for subparagraph (i) of paragraph (b ) of the following subparagraph: 10
“(i) appoint, in accordance with policy determined by the Minister, a provisional judicial manager (who shall not be the auditor of the company or any person disqualified under this Act from being appointed as liquidator in a winding-up) who shall give such security for the proper performance of his or - her duties in his capacity as such, as the Master may direct, and who 15 shall hold office until discharged by the Court as provided in section 432(3)(a);”.
Substitution of section 10 of Act 69 of 1984, as amended by section 2 of Act 38 of 1986 and section 4 of Act 22 of 2001
20. The following section is substituted for section 10 of the Close Corporations Act, 20 1984 (hereinafter referred to as the Close Corporations Act):
“Regulations and policy
10. (1) The Minister may make regulations- providing for the conduct and administration of the Registration Office, and prescribing the practice and procedure to be observed 25 therein; prescribing the practice and procedure to be observed in the office of the Master in connection with the winding-up of corporations; providing for the reproduction of any records relating to corporations in the Registration Office or the office of the Master by means of 30 microfilm, microcard, miniature photographic process, the conversion into electronic format in such a way as to allow such records to be reconverted to their original form without changing their original contents or form or any other process deemed suitable by the Minister; providing for the use for official purposes and the admissibility in 35 evidence in any proceedings, whether in a court of law or otherwise, of any reproduction contemplated in paragraph (c); providing for the keeping and preservation of any records, or any reproductions thereof contemplated in paragraph (c), in the Registra- tion Office or the office of the Master, the removal from such offices of 40 such records or reproductions and the preservation thereof in any other place, and prescribing the circumstances under which such records or reproductions may be destroyed; prescribing how records required under this Act to be kept by a corporation may be kept, and prescribing the circumstances under 45 which such records may be destroyed; prescribing the procedure to be followed with respect to any matter in connection with the winding-up of corporations; prescribing the form and the contents of any return, notice or document provided for by this Act; 50 prescribing when an additional copy or copies of documents to be lodged under this Act shall require to be lodged, and whether such
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additional copy or copies shall be in the form of a copy or copies certified in a defined manner or shall be in duplicate original form; with the concurrence of the Minister of Finance, prescribing the matters in respect of which fees shall be payable, the persons by whom and to whom the fees shall be payable and the tariff of such fees: providing for a table of fees, subject to taxation by the Master, which shall be payable to a liquidator as remuneration; prescribing a tariff of remuneration payable to any person performing on behalf of a liquidator any act relating to the winding-up of a corporation which the liquidator is not required to perform personally, and prohibiting the charging or recovery of remuneration at a higher tariff than the tariff so prescribed; providing for the appointment by the Registrar in specified circum- stances of an inspector to investigate the affairs of a corporation, for the powers of an inspector in conducting any such investigation, for the duty of any member, officer, employee or accounting officer of a corporation to make available books and documents in his or her custody or under his control and to afford such assistance as an inspector may require in connection with any such investigation; for reporting by an inspector to the Registrar; for the making available by the Registrar of any such report to other persons; for the admissibility of any such report as evidence in legal proceedings; and for defraying the expenses of, and in connection with, any such investigation; as to any other matter required or permitted by this Act to be prescribed; and generally, as to any matter which he or she considers it necessary or expedient to prescribe in order that the purposes of this Act may be achieved.
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(IA) (a ) The Minister may determine policy for the appointment of a liquidator by the Master in order to promote consistency, fairness, 1 30 transparency and the achievement of equality for persons previously disadvantaged by unfair discrimination.
(b) Any policy determined in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (a ) must be tabled in Parliament before publication in the Gazette. 35
(2) Regulations made under subsection (1) may prescribe penalties for any contravention thereof or failure to comply therewith, not exceeding a fine [of R3001 or imprisonment for a period of six months or both [such] 2 fine and such imprisonment.”.
Amendment of section 74 of Act 69 of 1984 40
21. Section 74 of the Close Corporations Act is amended by the substitution for
“(1 j For the purposes of conducting the proceedings in a winding-ur, of a subsection (1) of the following subsection:
corporation, the-Master shall, in accordanck with policy determine: by the Minister, appoint a suitable natural person as liquidator.”. 45
Amendment of section 76 of Act 69 of 1984, as amended by section 14 of Act 38 of 1986
22. Section 76 of the Close Corporations Act is amended by the substitution for paragraph (b) of subsection (3) of the following paragraph:
“(bj if the person so nominated as sole liquidator has not or if all the persons so 50 nominated have not been appointed by him or her, he or she shall& accordance with policy determined by the Minister, appoint as liquidator or liquidators of the corporation concerned any other person or persons not disqualified from being liquidator of that corporation.”.
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Short title and commencement
23. This Act is called the Judicial Matters Amendment Act, 2003, and comes into operation on a date fixed by the President by proclamation in the Gazette.