National Environmental Management Laws Second Amendment Act

Link to law: http://www.gov.za/documents/national-environmental-management-laws-second-amendment-act
Published: 2013-12-18

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National Environmental Management Laws Second Amendment Act 30 of 2013
Please note that most Acts are published in English and another South African official language. Currently we only have capacity to publish the English versions.
This means that this document will only contain even numbered pages as the other language is printed on uneven numbered pages.
Government Gazette
REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
Vol. 582 Cape Town 18 Dcember 201 No. 37170
THE PRESIDENCY No. 1019 18 December 2013 It is hereby notified that the President has assented to the following Act, which is hereby published for general information:–
Act No. 30 of 201 : National Environmental Management Laws Second Amendment Act, 201

2 No. 37170 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 18 DECEMBER 2013 Act No. 30 of 2013 National Environmental Management Laws Second Amendment Act, 2013
GENERAL EXPLANATORY NOTE:
[ ] Words in bold type in square brackets indicate omissions from existing enactments.
Words underlined with a solid line indicate insertions in existing enactments.
ACT To amend the National Environmental Management Act, 1998, so as to amend certain definitions; to adjust the timeframes for the preparation of environmental implementation plans and environmental management plans; to provide for the process and procedure for submitting environment outlook reports; to promote or facilitate the mainstreaming of integrated, environmentally sustainable and sound management considerations into business processes, practices, technology and decision-making across the economy; to enable, as appropriate, the use of spatial tools, norms and standards and environmental management instruments in decision-making as an alternative to environmental authorisation procedures; to empower the Minister to restrict or prohibit development in specified geographical areas; to empower the Minister or MEC to develop norms and standards for activities, sectors and geographical areas; to clarify when the Minister is the competent authority; to identify the Minister as the competent authority where the MEC is usually the competent authority and a Cabinet decision stipulates that the Ministermust be the competent authority for activities related to a matter declared as a national priority or matters related to such national priority; to empower the Minister to take a decision in the place of theMEC under certain circumstances; to allow for the transfer of rights and obligations relating to an environmental authorisation; to provide legal clarity on the applicability of section 24G to the unlawful commencement, undertaking or conducting of a waste management activity under the National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008; to provide legal clarity on the options available to the competent authority in processing a section 24G application, to increase the administrative fine and to provide for criminal investigation and prosecution in certain circumstances; to further provide for exemptions under certain circumstances and to clarify that there will be no exemptions provided from obtaining an environmental authorisation; to provide for the consideration of adopted environmental manage- ment instruments when considering an environmental authorisation application; to provide for emergency situations and to distinguish between an ‘‘incident’’ and an ‘‘emergency situation’’; to provide for the power and the circumstances under which an environmental management inspector may, without a warrant, seize any mechanism of transport; to insert provisions to regulate products which have a detrimental effect on the environment; to provide for all regulations to be tabled in Parliament before promulgation; to add provisions regarding the delivery of documents; to consolidate all offences and penalties under the Act; and to correct
(English text signed by the President) (Assented to 14 December 2013)
4 No. 37170 GOVERNMENT GAZETTE, 18 DECEMBER 2013 Act No. 30 of 2013 National Environmental Management Laws Second Amendment Act, 2013
or delete certain obsolete provisions; and to provide for matters connected therewith.
BE IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, asfollows:— Amendment of section 1 of Act 107 of 1998, as amended by section 1 of Act 56 of 2002, section 1 of Act 46 of 2003, section 1 of Act 8 of 2004, section 60 of Act 39 of 2004, section 3 of Act 44 of 2008, section 1 of Act 62 of 2008 and section 4 of Act 14 of 2009
1. Section 1 of the National Environmental Management Act, 1998 (hereinafter referred to as the principal Act), is hereby amended—
(a) by the substitution for the definition of ‘‘activities’’ of the following definition:
‘‘ ‘activities’, when used in Chapter 5, means policies, programmes, processes, plans and projects identified in terms of section 24(2)(a) and (b);’’;
(b) by the substitution for the definition of ‘‘commence’’ of the following definition:
‘‘ ‘commence’, when used in Chapter 5, means the start of any physical implementation in furtherance of a listed activity or specified activity, including site preparation and any other [activity] action on the site [in furtherance of a listed activity or specified activity] or the physical implementation of a plan, policy, programme or process, but does not include any [activity] action required for the purposes of an investigation or feasibility study as long as such investigation or feasibility study does not constitute a listed activity or specified activity;’’;
(c) by the substitution for the definition of ‘‘Department’’ of the following definition:
‘‘ ‘Department’means the Department [of Environmental Affairs and Tourism] responsible for environmental affairs;’’;
(d) by the substitution for the definition of ‘‘Director-General’’ of the following definition:
‘‘ ‘Director-General’ means the Director-General of [Environmental Affairs and Tourism] the Department;’’;
(e) by the substitution for the definition of ‘‘environmental assessment practitio- ner’’ of the following definition:
‘‘ ‘environmental assessment practitioner’, when used in Chapter 5, means the individual responsible for the planning, management [and], coordination or review of environmental impact assessments, strategic environmental assessments, environmental management [plans] programmes or any other appropriate environmental instruments intro- duced through regulations;’’; and
(f) by the substitution for the definition of ‘‘specific environmental management Act’’ of the following definition:
‘‘ ‘specific environmental management Act’ means— (a) the Environment Conservation Act, 1989 (Act No. 73 of 1989); (b) the National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998); (c) the National Environmental Management: Protected Areas Act,
2003 (Act No. 57 of 2003); (d) the National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act, 2004
(Act No. 10 of 2004); [or] (e) the National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act, 2004
(Act No. 39 of 2004); (f) the National Environmental Management: Integrated Coastal Man-
agement Act, 2008 (Act No. 24 of 2008); (g) the National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act
No. 59 of 2008); or
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(h) the World Heritage Convention Act, 1999 (Act No. 49 of 1999), and includes any regulation or other subordinate legislation made in terms of any of those Acts;’’.
Amendment of section 11 of Act 107 of 1998, as amended by section 7 of Act 14 of 2009
2. Section 11 of the principal Act is hereby amended by the substitution for subsections (1) and (2) of the following subsections, respectively:
‘‘(1) Every national department listed in Schedule 1 as exercising functions which may affect the environment and every [province] provincial department responsible for environmental affairs must prepare an environmental implementa- tion plan within [one year of the promulgation] five years of the coming into operation of thisAct, and at [least every four] intervals of not more than five years thereafter. (2) Every national department listed in Schedule 2 as exercising functions
involving the management of the environment must prepare an environmental management plan within [one year of the promulgation] five years of the coming into operation of this Act, and at [least every four] intervals of not more than five years thereafter.’’.
Insertion of section 16A in Act 107 of 1998
3. The following section is hereby inserted in the principal Act after section 16:
‘‘Environment outlook report
16A. (1) The Minister must within four years of the coming into operation of the National Environmental Management Laws Second AmendmentAct, 2013, prepare and publish a national environment outlook report for the Republic and at intervals of not more than four years thereafter. (2) An MEC must—
(a) prepare and publish a provincial environment outlook report which must contain the information determined by the Minister in terms of subsection (4); and
(b) within four years of the coming into operation of the National Environmental Management Laws Second Amendment Act, 2013, submit the report to the Minister and at intervals of not more than four years thereafter.
(3) A metropolitan or a district municipality may prepare and publish a municipal environment outlook report which must— (a) contain the information determined by the Minister in terms of
subsection (4); and (b) be submitted to the Minister and MEC within four years of the coming
into operation of the National Environmental Management Laws Second Amendment Act, 2013 and at intervals of not more than four years thereafter.
(4) The Minister must, for the purposes of the environment outlook reports contemplated in subsection (2) and (3), by notice in the Gazette, determine— (a) the procedure for compiling the report; (b) the format; and (c) the content of the report. (5) The Minister must prescribe the process for the submission,
evaluation and adoption of the environment outlook report. (6) The relevant organs of state must co-operate with the Minister or
MEC by furnishing the Minister or MEC with information required for inclusion in a national or a provincial environment outlook report. (7) The Minister may, at the request of a province, assist with the
preparation of a provincial environment outlook report. (8) The MEC may, at the request of a municipality, assist with the
preparation of a municipality’s environment outlook report.’’.
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Insertion of section 23A in Act 107 of 1998
4. The following section is hereby inserted in the principal Act after section 23:
‘‘Mainstreaming environmental management
23A. (1) The Minister may, with a view to promote or facilitate integrated, environmentally sustainable and sound management, provide for— (a) the guidelines on the development, content and use of voluntary
organisation or sector based instruments; and (b) the circumstances under which such instruments may be submitted to
and considered by the Minister. (2) Such instruments must, at least—
(a) integrate environmental considerations into decision-making; (b) provide for the implementation of best environmental practice; (c) promote the progressive adoption of environmentally sound technol-
ogy; or (d) promote sustainable consumption and production, including, where
appropriate, eco-endorsement or labelling. (3) In his or her consideration of such instruments, the Minister may—
(a) as appropriate, engage with the organisation or sector concerned, as the case may be, on the content and use of its instrument if the organisation or sector concerned, as the case may be, requires the Minister to endorse or approve such instrument; or
(b) endorse or approve such instrument.’’.
Amendment of section 24 of Act 107 of 1998, as substituted by section 2 of Act 62 of 2008
5. Section 24 of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution in subsection (2) for paragraphs (b), (c) and (d) of the
following paragraphs, respectively: ‘‘(b) geographical areas based on environmental attributes, and as
specified in spatial development tools adopted in the prescribed manner by the [environmental authority] Minister or an MEC, with the concurrence of the Minister, in which specified activities may not commence without an environmental authorisation [by] from the competent authority;
(c) geographical areas based on environmental attributes, and specified in spatial [development] tools or environmental management instruments, adopted in the prescribed manner by the [environmen- tal authority] Minister or an MEC, with the concurrence of the Minister, in which specified activities may be excluded from the requirement to obtain an environmental authorisation from the competent authority; [or]
(d) activities contemplated in paragraphs (a) and (b) that may [commence without] be excluded from the requirement to obtain an environmental authorisation from the competent authority, but that must comply with prescribed norms or standards[:]; or’’;
(b) by the addition to subsection (2) of the following subparagraph: ‘‘(e) activities contemplated in paragraphs (a) and (b) that, based on an
environmental management instrument adopted in the prescribed manner by the Minister or an MEC, with the concurrence of the Minister, may be excluded from the requirement to obtain an environmental authorisation from the competent authority:’’;
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(c) by the insertion after subsection (2) of the following subsection: ‘‘(2A) (a) In accordance with the risk averse and cautious approach
contemplated in section 2(4)(a)(vii) and subject to paragraphs (e) and (f), the Minister may by notice in the Gazette prohibit or restrict the granting of an environmental authorisation by the competent authority for a listed or a specified activity in a specified geographical area for such period and on such terms and conditions as the Minister may determine, if it is necessary to ensure the protection of the environment, the conservation of resources or sustainable development. (b) Where the Minister has exercised his or her powers in terms of
paragraph (a), the competent authority must— (i) not accept any further application for an environmental
authorisation for the identified listed or specified activity in the identified geographical area until such time that the prohibition has been lifted; and
(ii) deem all pending applications to have been withdrawn. (c) The exercise of the Minister’s powers in terms of paragraph (a)
does not affect the undertaking of activities authorised by means of an environmental authorisation prior to the prohibition or restriction becoming effective. (d)Where the prohibition or restriction affects the exercise of a power
that an MEC has in terms of this Act, the prohibition or restriction contemplated in paragraph (a) may be published in the Gazette after consulting the MEC concerned. (e) The Minister may by notice in the Gazette—
(i) lift a prohibition or restriction made in terms of paragraph (a) if the circumstances which caused the Minister exercise his or her powers in terms of paragraph (a) no longer exist; or
(ii) amend any period, term or condition applicable to a prohibition or restriction if the circumstances which caused the Minister to exercise his or her powers in terms of paragraph (a) have changed.
(f) Before the exercise of his or her powers in terms of paragraph (a), the Minister must— (i) consult all Cabinet members whose areas of responsibility will be
affected by the exercise of the power; (ii) in accordance with the principles of co-operative governance set out
in Chapter 3 of the Constitution, consult an MEC who will be affected by the exercise of the power; and
(iii) publish a notice in the Gazette inviting members of the public to submit to the Minister, within 30 days of publication of the notice in the Gazette, written representations on the proposed prohibition or restriction.’’;
(d) by the insertion in subsection (5) after paragraph (bA) of the following paragraph:
‘‘(bB)laying down the procedure for the preparation, evaluation and adoption of the instruments referred to in subsection (2)(c), (d) and (e), including criteria or conditions to be included in such instruments;’’; and
(e) by the substitution in subsection (10)(a) for subparagraph (i) of the following subparagraph:
‘‘(i) develop or adopt norms or standards for— (aa) a listed activity or specified activity contemplated in subsec-
tion (2)(a) and (b); (bb) any part of the listed or specified activity referred to in item
(aa); (cc) any sector relating to item (aa); (dd) any geographical area relating to item (aa); or (ee) any combination of the activities, sectors, geographical areas,
listed activities or specified activities referred to in items (aa), (bb), (cc) and (dd);’’.
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Amendment of section 24C of Act 107 of 1998, as substituted by section 3 of Act 62 of 2008
6. Section 24C of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution in subsection (2) for the words preceding paragraph (a) of
the following words: ‘‘The Minister must be identified as the competent authority in terms of subsection (1), unless otherwise agreed to in terms of section 24C(3), if the activity—’’;
(b) by the substitution in subsection (2) for paragraph (a) of the following paragraph:
‘‘(a) has implications for international environmental commitments or relations, and where— (i) it is identified by the Minister by notice in the Gazette; or (ii) it is an activity that takes place in an area protected by means
of an international environmental instrument, other than— (aa) a conservancy; (bb) a protected natural environment; (cc) a proclaimed private nature reserve; (dd) a natural heritage site; (ee) the buffer zone or transitional area of a biosphere reserve;
or (ff) the buffer zone or transitional area of a world heritage
site;’’; (c) by the deletion in subsection (2) of paragraph (b); (d) by the insertion after subsection (2A) of the following subsection:
‘‘(2B) (a) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this section, and in the event of the Minister not being the competent authority, the Minister must be identified as the competent authority where a Cabinet decision stipulates that the Minister must be the competent authority for activities related to a matter declared as a national priority or matters related to such national priority. (b) Notice must be given by the Minister in the Gazette approximately
90 days prior to the Cabinet decision referred to in paragraph (a). (c) The notice referred to in paragraph (b)must as a minimum contain
the following information: (i) The proposed decision to be considered by Cabinet and its rationale; (ii) the approximate date of the consideration of the proposed decision
by Cabinet; (iii) the proposed date on which the decision will come into effect; (iv) the proposed time-frame for which the Minister will be the
competent authority, where appropriate; (v) the activities contemplated in section 24(2)(a) or geographical areas
contemplated in section 24(2)(b); and (vi) any transitional arrangements that may be applicable to applications
for environmental authorisations that already have been or are being processed.
(d) Once Cabinet has made the decision referred to in paragraph (a), the Minister must publish the decision by notice in the Gazette.’’; and
(e) by the addition of the following subsections: ‘‘(4) In accordance with section 125(2)(b) of the Constitution,
whenever an MEC fails to take a decision on an application for an environmental authorisation within the time periods prescribed by this Act, the applicant may apply to the Minister to take the decision. (5) The applicant must notify the MEC in writing of the intention to
exercise the option in subsection (4) at least 30 days prior to the exercising of such option.
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(6) The application contemplated in subsection (4) must, at least, contain all the documents submitted to the MEC in order to enable the Minister to take a decision. (7) Before taking a decision contemplated in subsection (4), the
Minister must request theMEC to provide him or her with a report within a specified time period on the status and causes of delay in the application. (8) After having received the report referred to in subsection (7) or in
the event that no response or no satisfactory response or cooperation is received from the MEC within the specified time period the Minister must, where appropriate— (a) inform the applicant in the event that the MEC had complied with
the relevant prescripts; (b) assist the MEC in accordance with section 125(3) of the Constitu-
tion to fulfil his or her obligations under this Act; or (c) direct the MEC to take the decision and such other steps as the
Minister may deem necessary within a specified time period. (9) In the event that the MEC fails to take the decision within the
specified time period or in any other manner fails to comply with the directive contemplated in subsection (8)(c), the Minister must take the decision within a reasonable period of time. (10) The Minister must, simultaneously with the submission of the
annual report contemplated in section 40(1)(d)(i) of the Public Finance Management Act, 1999 (Act No. 1 of 1999), submit a report to Parliament setting out the details regarding the exercise of the power referred to in subsection (8) during the previous financial year.’’.
Amendment of section 24E of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 3 of Act 8 of 2004
7. Section 24E of the principal Act is hereby amended by the substitution for paragraph (c) of the following paragraph:
‘‘(c) provision is made for the transfer of rights and obligations [when there is a change of ownership in the property].’’.
Amendment of section 24F of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 3 of Act 8 of 2004 and amended by section 5 of Act 62 of 2008
8. Section 24F of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution for the heading of the following heading:
‘‘[Offences] Prohibitions relating to commencement or continuation of listed activities’’; and
(b) by the deletion of subsections (2), (3) and (4).
Substitution of section 24G of Act 107 of 1998, as substituted by section 6 of Act 62 of 2008
9. The following section is hereby substituted for section 24G of the principal Act:
‘‘Consequences of unlawful commencement of activity
24G. (1) On application by a person who— (a) has commenced with a listed or specified activity without an
environmental authorisation in contravention of section 24F(1); (b) has commenced, undertaken or conducted a waste management
activity without a waste management licence in terms of section 20(b) of the National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act No. 59 of 2008),
the Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC con- cerned, as the case may be, may direct the applicant to— (i) immediately cease the activity pending a decision on the application
submitted in terms of this subsection;
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(ii) investigate, evaluate and assess the impact of the activity on the environment;
(iii) remedy any adverse effects of the activity on the environment; (iv) cease, modify or control any act, activity, process or omission causing
pollution or environmental degradation; (v) contain or prevent the movement of pollution or degradation of the
environment; (vi) eliminate any source of pollution or degradation; (vii) compile a report containing—
(aa) a description of the need and desirability of the activity; (bb) an assessment of the nature, extent, duration and significance of
the consequences for or impacts on the environment of the activity, including the cumulative effects and the manner in which the geographical, physical, biological, social, economic and cultural aspects of the environment may be affected by the proposed activity;
(cc) a description of mitigation measures undertaken or to be undertaken in respect of the consequences for or impacts on the environment of the activity;
(dd) a description of the public participation process followed during the course of compiling the report, including all comments received from interested and affected parties and an indication of how the issues raised have been addressed;
(ee) an environmental management programme; or (viii) provide such other information or undertake such further studies as the
Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC, as the case may be, may deem necessary.
(2) The Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC concerned must consider any report or information submitted in terms of subsection (1) and thereafter may— (a) refuse to issue an environmental authorisation; or (b) issue an environmental authorisation to such person to continue,
conduct or undertake the activity subject to such conditions as the Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC may deem necessary, which environmental authorisation shall only take effect from the date on which it has been issued; or
(c) direct the applicant to provide further information or take further steps prior to making a decision provided for in paragraph (a) or (b).
(3) The Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC may as part of his or her decision contemplated in subsection (2)(a), (b) or (c) direct a person to— (a) rehabilitate the environment within such time and subject to such
conditions as the Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC may deem necessary; or
(b) take any other steps necessary under the circumstances. (4) A person contemplated in subsection (1) must pay an administrative
fine, which may not exceed R5 million and which must be determined by the competent authority, before the Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC concerned may act in terms of subsection (2)(a) or (b).
(5) In considering a decision contemplated in subsection (2), the Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC may take into account whether or not the applicant complied with any directive issued in terms of subsection (1) or (2).
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(6) The submission of an application in terms of subsection (1) or the granting of an environmental authorisation in terms of subsection (2)(b) shall in no way derogate from— (a) the environmental management inspector’s or the South African
Police Services’ authority to investigate any transgression in terms of this Act or any specific environmental management Act;
(b) the National Prosecuting Authority’s legal authority to institute any criminal prosecution.
(7) If, at any stage after the submission of an application in terms of subsection (1), it comes to the attention of theMinister, Minister for mineral resources or MEC, that the applicant is under criminal investigation for the contravention of or failure to comply with section 24F(1) or section 20(b) of the National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act No. 59 of 2008), the Minister, Minister responsible for mineral resources or MEC may defer a decision to issue an environmental authorisation until such time that the investigation is concluded and— (a) the National Prosecuting Authority has decided not to institute
prosecution in respect of such contravention or failure; (b) the applicant concerned is acquitted or found not guilty after
prosecution in respect of such contravention or failure has been instituted; or
(c) the applicant concerned has been convicted by a court of law of an offence in respect of such contravention or failure and the applicant has in respect of the conviction exhausted all the recognised legal proceedings pertaining to appeal or review.’’.
Amendment of section 24M of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 8 of Act 62 of 2008
10. Section 24M of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution for subsection (1) of the following subsection:
‘‘(1) The Minister or MEC, as the case may be, may grant an exemption from any provision of this Act, except from the provision of section 24(4)(a) or the requirement to obtain an environmental authorisation contemplated in section 24(2)(a) or (b).’’; and
(b) by the deletion in subsection (4) of the word ‘‘or’’ at the end of paragraph (b), the insertion of the expression ‘‘; or’’ after the word ‘‘parties’’ at the end of paragraph (c) and the addition to that subsection of the following paragraph:
‘‘(d) the activity is of national or provincial importance and is aimed at preventing or mitigating serious harm to the environment or property.’’.
Amendment of section 24O of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 8 of Act 62 of 2008
11. Section 24O of the principal Act is hereby amended by the substitution in subsection (1)(b) for subparagraph (viii) of the following subparagraph: ‘‘(viii) any guidelines, departmental policies, and [decision making] environmental
management instruments that have been [developed or] adopted in the prescribed manner by the Minister or MEC, with the concurrence of the Minister, and any other information in the possession of the competent authority that are relevant to the application; and’’.
Amendment of section 28 of Act 107 of 1998, as amended by section 12 of Act 14 of 2009
12. Section 28 of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution for subsection (4) of the following subsection:
‘‘(4) The Director-General or a provincial head of department may, [after consultation with any other organ of state concerned and] after having given adequate opportunity to affected persons to inform him or her of their relevant interests, direct any person who [fails to take the
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measures required under subsection (1)] is causing, has caused or may cause significant pollution or degradation of the environment to— (a) [investigate, evaluate and assess the impact of specific activities
and report thereon] cease any activity, operation or undertaking; (b) [commence taking specific reasonable measures before a given
date] investigate, evaluate and assess the impact of specific activities and report thereon;
(c) [diligently continue with those measures; and] commence taking specific measures before a given date;
(d) [complete them before a specified reasonable date] diligently continue with those measures; and
(e) complete those measures before a specified reasonable date: Provided that the Director-General or a provincial head of department may, if urgent action is necessary for the protection of the environment, issue such directive, and consult and give such opportunity to inform as soon thereafter as is reasonable.’’;
(b) by the substitution in subsection (5) for paragraph (e) of the following paragraph:
‘‘(e) the desirability of the State fulfilling its role as custodian holding the environment in public trust for the people; and’’;
(c) by the substitution for subsection (7) of the following subsection: ‘‘(7) Should a person fail to comply, or inadequately comply, with a
directive under subsection (4), the Director-General or a provincial head of department [responsible for environmental affairs] may take reasonable measures to remedy the situation or apply to a competent court for appropriate relief.’’; and
(d) by the deletion of subsections (14) and (15).
Amendment of section 30 of Act 107 of 1998, as amended by section 13 of Act 14 of 2009
13. Section 30 of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution for the heading of the following heading:
‘‘Control of [emergency] incidents’’; (b) by the substitution in subsection (1) for paragraph (a) of the following
paragraph: ‘‘(a) ‘incident’ means an unexpected, sudden and uncontrolled release
of a hazardous substance, including from a major emission, fire or explosion, that causes, has caused or may cause significant harm to the environment, human life or property;’’; and
(c) by the deletion of subsection (11).
Insertion of section 30A in Act 107 of 1998
14. The following section is hereby inserted in the principal Act after section 30:
‘‘Emergency situations
30A. (1) The competent authority may on its own initiative or on written or oral request from a person, direct a person verbally or in writing to carry out a listed or specified activity, without obtaining an environmental authorisation contemplated in section 24(2)(a) or (b), in order to prevent or contain an emergency situation or to prevent, contain or mitigate the effects of the emergency situation. (2) The request from the person referred to in subsection (1) must at least
include, where known— (a) the nature, scope and possible impact of the emergency situation; (b) the listed or specified activities that will be commenced with in
response to the emergency situation;
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(c) the cause of the emergency situation; and (d) the proposed measures to prevent or to contain the emergency
situation or to prevent, contain or mitigate the effects of the emergency situation.
(3) The competent authority may direct the person to undertake specific measures within a specific time period in order to prevent or contain an emergency situation or to prevent, contain or mitigate the effects of the emergency situation. (4) The verbal directive referred to in subsection (1) must be confirmed
in writing at the earliest opportunity, which must be within seven days. (5) Before making a decision contemplated in subsection (3), the
competent authority must at least, where information is available, consider— (a) the nature of the emergency situation; (b) the information contained in the request referred to in subsection (2); (c) whether the emergency situation was caused by or the fault of the
person; (d) the principles in section 2; (e) the risk of the impact on the environment as a result of the emergency
and the costs of the measures considered; and (f) the risk of the impact on the environment of the emergency situation,
prevention, control or mitigation measures and the post-event mitiga- tion or rehabilitation measures that may be required.
(6) If the competent authority decides not to issue a directive provided for in subsection (1), the activity cannot commence or continue in the absence of an environmental authorisation. (7) In this section ‘emergency situation’means a situation that has arisen
suddenly that poses an imminent and serious threat to the environment, human life or property, including a ‘disaster’ as defined in section 1 of the Disaster ManagementAct, 2002 (Act No. 57 of 2002), but does not include an incident referred to in section 30 of this Act.’’.
Amendment of section 31J of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 4 of Act 46 of 2003
15. Section 31J of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution in subsection (1) for the words preceding paragraph (a) of
the following words: ‘‘An environmental management inspector, within his or her mandate in terms of section 31D, may, without a warrant, enter and search any vehicle, vessel or aircraft, or search any pack-animal or any other mechanism of transport, on reasonable suspicion that that vehicle, vessel, aircraft[ or], pack animal or other mechanism of transport—;’’; and
(b) by the substitution for subsection (2) of the following subsection: ‘‘(2)An environmental management inspector may, without a warrant,
seize a vehicle, vessel, aircraft, pack-animal or any other mechanism of transport or anything contained in or on any vehicle, vessel, aircraft [or], pack-animal [that may be used as evidence in the prosecution of any person for an offence in terms of this Act or a specific environmental management Act] or other mechanism of transport— (a) which is concerned in or is on reasonable grounds believed to be
concerned in the commission of an offence; (b) which may afford evidence of the commission or suspected
commission of an offence; (c) which is intended to be used or is on reasonable grounds believed to
be intended to be used in the commission of an offence; or (d) which, on reasonable grounds, is being utilised in a manner that is
likely to cause significant pollution, impact or degradation of the environment,
in terms of this Act or a specific environmental management Act.’’.
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Amendment of section 31N of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 4 of Act 46 of 2003 and amended by section 7 of Act 44 of 2008 and section 20 of Act 14 of 2009
16. Section 31N of the principalAct is hereby amended by the deletion of subsections (1) and (3).
Amendment of section 31Q of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 4 of Act 46 of 2003
17. Section 31Q of the principal Act is hereby amended by the deletion of subsection (2).
Repeal of section 34A of Act 107 of 1998
18. Section 34A of the principal Act is hereby repealed.
Amendment of section 34H of Act 107 of 1998, as inserted by Act 14 of 2009
19. Section 34H of the principal Act is hereby amended by the addition of the following subsection, the existing section becoming subsection (1):
‘‘(2)Where a competent authority is of the view that a more severe penalty could be considered than those penalties referred to in section 49B, the competent authority may request the National Prosecuting Authority to institute the criminal proceedings in the High Court.’’.
Insertion of section 39A in Act 107 of 1998
20. The following section is hereby inserted in the principal Act after section 39:
‘‘Prohibition of certain products
39A. TheMinister may from time to time regulate, prohibit or control the production, sale, distribution, import or export of products that may have a substantial detrimental effect on the environment.’’.
Amendment of section 44 of Act 107 of 1998, as amended by section 2 of Act 56 of 2002
21. Section 44 of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the deletion in subsection (1) of the word ‘‘and’’ at the end of paragraph
(aA) and the insertion after that paragraph of the following paragraphs: ‘‘(aB) dealing with the production, prohibition, control, sale, distribu-
tion, import or export of products that may have a substantial detrimental effect on the environment;
(aC) relating to the procedure and criteria to be followed in the determination of an administrative fine in terms of section 24G;
(aD) relating to the procedure to be followed when oral requests are made in terms of section 30A; and’’; and
(b) by the insertion after subsection (1) of the following subsections: ‘‘(1A) Any regulation made under subsection (1) must be made after
consultation with all Cabinet members whose areas of responsibility will be affected. (1B) Until such time that the regulations made under subsection (1)
have come into effect, the existing standard operating procedure, adopted by the Minister for determining administrative fines in terms of section 24G, applies.’’.
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Amendment of section 47 of Act 107 of 1998, as amended by section 5 of Act 8 of 2004 and section 11 of Act 62 of 2008
22. Section 47 of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution for subsection (2) of the following subsection:
‘‘(2) The Minister must, [within] 30 days [after promulgating and publishing] before the final publication of any regulations made under this Act, table the regulations in [the National Assembly and the National Council of Provinces, and an MEC must so table the regulations in the relevant provincial legislature or, if Parliament or the provincial legislature is then not in session, within 30 days after the beginning of the next ensuing session of Parliament or the provincial legislature] Parliament.’’;
(b) by the insertion after subsection (2) of the following subsection: ‘‘(2A) An MEC must, 30 days before the final publication of any
regulations made under this Act, table the regulations in the relevant provincial legislature.’’; and
(c) by the deletion of subsection (3).
Amendment of section 47D ofAct 107 of 1998, as inserted by section 11 ofAct 46 of 2003
23. Section 47D of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the deletion in subsection (1)(b) of the word ‘‘or’’ at the end of
subparagraph (ii) and the insertion in subsection (1) after paragraph (b) of the following paragraphs:
‘‘(bA) by faxing a copy of the notice or other document to the person, if the person has a fax number;
(bB) by e-mailing a copy of the notice or other document to the person, if the person has an e-mail address; or
(bC) by posting a copy of the notice or other document to the person by ordinary mail, if the person has a postal address;’’; and
(b) by the substitution for subsection (2) of the following subsection: ‘‘(2) A notice or other document issued in terms of subsection (1)(b),
(bA), (bB), (bC) or (c) must be regarded as having come to the notice of the person, unless the contrary is proved.’’.
Repeal of section 48 of Act 107 of 1998
24. Section 48 of the principal Act is hereby repealed.
Insertion of sections 49A and 49B in Act 107 of 1998
25. The following sections are hereby inserted in the principal Act after section 49:
‘‘Offences
49A. (1) A person is guilty of an offence if that person— (a) commences with an activity in contravention of section 24F(1); (b) fails to comply with any applicable norm or standard contemplated in
section 24(2)(d); (c) fails to comply with or contravenes a condition of an environmental
authorisation granted for a listed activity or specified activity or an approved environmental management programme;
(d) commences or continues with an activity in terms of section 24(2)(c), (d) or (e) unless he or she complies with the procedures, criteria or conditions specified by the Minister or MEC in any regulation made under section 24(5)(bB);
(e) unlawfully and intentionally or negligently commits any act or omission which causes significant pollution or degradation of the
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environment or is likely to cause significant pollution or degradation of the environment;
(f) unlawfully and intentionally or negligently commit any act or omission which detrimentally affects or is likely to detrimentally affect the environment;
(g) fails to comply with a directive issued in terms of this Act; (h) fails to comply with or contravenes any condition applicable to an
exemption granted in terms of section 24M; (i) fails to comply with section 30(3), (4), (5) or (6); (j) contravenes section 31(7) or (8); (k) fails to comply with or contravenes a compliance notice issued in
terms of section 31L; (l) discloses information about any other person if that information was
acquired while exercising or performing any power or duty in terms of section 31Q(1);
(m) hinders or interferes with an environmental management inspector in the execution of that inspector’s official duties;
(n) pretends to be an environmental management inspector, or the interpreter or assistant of such an inspector;
(o) furnishes false or misleading information when complying with a request of an environmental management inspector;
(p) fails to comply with a request of an environmental management inspector.
(2) It is a defence to a charge in terms of subsection (1)(a) to show that the activity was commenced or continued with in response to an incident or emergency situation contemplated in section 30 or section 30A, as the case may be, so as to protect human life, property or environment: Provided that— (a) in the case of an incident, the response is in compliance with the
obligations contemplated in section 30(4) and was necessary and proportionate in relation to the threat to human life, property or environment; and
(b) in the case of an emergency situation contemplated in section 30A, the response is in compliance with a directive issued in terms of section 30A.
Penalties
49B. (1) A person convicted of an offence in terms of section 49A(1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f) or (g) is liable to a fine not exceeding R10 million or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 10 years, or to both such fine or such imprisonment. (2) A person convicted of an offence in terms of section 49A(1)(i), (j) or
(k) is liable to a fine not exceeding R5 million or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 5 years, and in the case of a second or subsequent conviction to a fine not exceeding R10 million or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 10 years, and in both instances to both such fine and such imprisonment. (3) A person convicted of an offence in terms of section 49A(1)(h), (l),
(m), (n), (o) or (p) is liable to a fine or to imprisonment for a period not exceeding one year, or to both a fine and such imprisonment.’’.
Substitution of certain expressions in Act 107 of 1998
26. The principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the substitution for the expression ‘‘Minister of Minerals and Energy’’,
wherever it occurs, of the expression ‘‘Minister responsible for mineral resources’’;
(b) by the substitution for the expression ‘‘Minister of Water Affairs and Forestry’’, wherever it occurs, of the expression ‘‘Minister responsible for water affairs’’; and
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(c) by the substitution for the expression ‘‘Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism’’, wherever it occurs, of the expression ‘‘Minister responsible for environmental affairs.’’.
Amendment of Schedule 3 toAct 107 of 1998, as substituted by section 8 ofAct 8 of 2004 and amended by section 25 of Act 14 of 2009
27. Schedule 3 to the principal Act is hereby amended by the substitution for the wording in the sixteenth row of the third column of the following wording:
‘‘[Sections 24F(1) and (2), 24G(3), 28(14), 30(11), 31N(1) and 34A(a), (b), (c) and (d)] Section 49A’’.
Amendment of Table of Contents of Act 107 of 1998
28. The Table of Contents of the principal Act is hereby amended— (a) by the insertion after item 16 of the following item:
‘‘16A. Environment Outlook Report’’; (b) by the insertion after item 23 of the following item:
‘‘23A. Mainstreaming environmental management’’; (c) by the substitution for item 24F of the following item:
‘‘24F. Prohibitions relating to commencement or continuation of listed activities’’;
(d) by the substitution for item 24G of the following item: ‘‘24G. Consequences of unlawful commencement of activity’’;
(e) by the substitution for item 30 of the following item: ‘‘30. Control of incidents’’;
(f) by the insertion after item 30 of the following item: ‘‘30A. Emergency situations’’;
(g) by the insertion after item 39 of the following item: ‘‘39A. Prohibition of certain products’’; and
(h) by the insertion after item 49 of the following items: ‘‘49A. Offences 49B. Penalties’’.
Short title and commencement
29. (1) This Act is called the National Environmental Management Laws Second AmendmentAct, 2013, and all the sections of theAct, except for sections 3, 4, 5 and 14, come into operation on the date of publication of thisAct by the President in theGazette in terms of section 81 of the Constitution. (2) Sections 3, 4, 5 and 14 take effect on a date 12 months from the date contemplated
in subsection (1) or on a date fixed by the President by proclamation in the Gazette, whichever is the earliest.
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