Land Revenue Act, 2034 (1978)


Published: 1978

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Land Revenue Act, 2034 E
1
Land Revenue Act, 2034 (1978)
Date of Authentication and Publication
2034.9.18 (2 Jan. 1978)
Amendments:
1. Land Revenue (First Amendment) Act, 2040
(1983) 2040.7.13 (30 Oct. 1983)
2. Administration of Justice (Fourth
Amendment) Act, 2043 (1986) 2043.7.24 (10 Nov. 1986)
3. Land Revenue (Second Amendment) Act,
2045 (1988) 2045.6.26 (12 Oct. 1988)
4. Land Revenue (Third Amendment) Act,
2046 (1989) 2046.7.11 (27 Oct. 1989)
5. Finance Related Some Nepal Acts
(Amendment) Act, 2047 (1990) 2047.8.27 (13 Dec. 1990)
6. Administration of Justice Act, 2048 (1991) 2048.2.16 (30 May, 1991)
7. Land Revenue (Fourth Amendment) Act,
2049 (1992) 2049.9.8 (23 Dec. 1992)
8. Land Revenue (Fifth Amendment) Act,
2054 (1997) 2054.8.26 (11 Dec. 1997)
9. Republic Strengthening and Some Nepal
Laws Amending Act, 2066 (2010)1 2066.10.7 (21 Jan. 2010)
1 This Act came into force on 15 Jestha 2065(28 June 2008) and "Prasasti" and the word "Kingdom"
has been deleted.

2

Act Number 25 of the Year 2034 (1978)
An Act Made to Provide for Land Revenue
Preamble: Whereas, it is expedient to amend and consolidate the provisions
relating to collection and recovery of the land revenue and to make some
additional provisions on cultivation of land;
Now, therefore, be it enacted by His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram
Shah Dev on the advice and with the consent of Rastriya Panchayat.
Chapter -1
Preliminary
1. Short Title, Extent and Commencement: (1) This Act may be called
as the "Land Revenue Act, 2034 (1978)."
(2) It shall extend throughout Nepal.
(3) It shall commence in such District and on such date as may be
specified by Government of Nepal, by a Notification published in the Nepal
Gazette. 2
2. Definitions: Unless the subject or the context otherwise requis, in this
Act,-
(a) "Land Revenue Office" means the office established pursuant to
Section 3.
(b) "Land Revenue" means the land revenue and any other revenue
similar thereto required to be paid by a land owner to Government of
Nepal pursuant to the prevailing Nepal Law, and it also includes any
2 Notice regarding the date of commencement mentioned at the last page.


3
fee (penalty) payable for non-payment of the land revenue within the
time-limit referred to in this Act.
(b1) 3 "Land Revenue Officer" means the Chief Land Revenue Officer, 4........., Land Revenue Officer or in-charge of theLand Revenue
Office as may be appointed by Government of Nepal to exercise the
powers of the Land Revenue Officer pursuant to this Act.
(b2)5 "Government land" means a land in which road, street, railway and
governmental building, house or office is situated, and this term
includes forest, jungle, river, stream, canal, lake, pond and bank
thereof, canal, ditch, barren, uncultivated or other land, steep, sandy
land under control of the Government of Nepal and also land as
specified as a government land by the Government of Nepal upon
publishing a notice in the Nepal Gazette from time to time.
(b3) 6 "Public land" means a road, well, water bank, pond and bank
thereof, cattle exit, pasture land, graveyard, grave, inn, rest house,
shrine, religious pray land, monument, temple, junctio , sewerage,
open public place, exhibition and fair place, public entertainment
and sports place that has remained in use since anci nt time and
belong to the public not to any individual, and also a land as
specified as a public land by the Government of Nepal upon
publishing a notice in the Nepal Gazette from time to time.
(c) "Year" means a fiscal year.
(d) "Prescribed" or "as prescribed" means prescribed or as prescribed in
the Rules framed under this Act.
3 Inserted by Fourth Amendment.
4 Deleted by Fifth Amendment.
5 Inserted by the Fifth Amendment. 6 Inserted by the Fifth Amendment.

4
Chapter - 2
Establishment of Land Revenue Office
3. Establishment of Land Revenue Office: (1) Government of Nepal
shall, 7as per necessity establish the Land Revenue Officer in each District.
8(1a) The Land Revenue Officer may delegate any or all of his/her
powers to any officer level employee subordinate to him/her subject to the
exercising of such power under his/her general supervision and control.
(2) The Revenue Office and Funds and Collection Offices
maintained at the time of commencement of this Act shall ipso facto be
converted into the Land Revenue Office after the commencement of this
Act.
(3) After the commencement of this Act, the Land Revenue Offices
shall carry on the functions started by the Revenue Office or Fund and
Collection Office, immediately at the time of commenc ment of this Act
which are yet to be completed.
4. Devolution of Functions of Land Administration on Land Reform
Officer and Land Revenue Office: (1) The Land Administration Office
and Land Administrators maintained at the time of commencement of this
Act shall ipso facto be converted into Land Reform Office and Land
Reform Officers respectively after the commencement of this Act; and the
functions under the Act relating to Land, 2021 (1963) shall be carried out
by the Land Reform Office or Land Reform Officer under that Act, after
the commencement of this Act.
7 Amended by Fourth Amendment.
8 Inserted by Fourth Amendment.


5
(2) After the commencement of this Act, the functions under the
Lands Act, 2021 (1963) started by the Land Administration Office or Land
Administrator under the Land Administration Act, 2024 (1966) at the time
of commencement of this Act which are but yet to be completed shall be
carried on by the Land Reform Office or Land Reform Officer pursuant to
the Lands Act, 2021 (1963), after the commencement of this Act.
(3) The functions other than those referred to in Sub-section (2)
having been started by the Land Administration Office or Land
Administrator pursuant to the Land Administration Act, 2024 (1966) at the
time of commencement of this Act which are but yet to be completed shall
be carried out by the Land Revenue Office pursuant to this Act, after the
commencement of this Act.
5. Land Revenue Office to carry out functions to be carried out by
Revenue Office, Fund and Collection Office or Land
Administration Office Pursuant to Other Nepal Law: The function
to be carried out by the Revenue Office, Fund and Collection office or
Land Administration Office pursuant to other Nepal Law prevailing
immediately at the time of commencement of this Actshall be carried out
by the Land Revenue Office subject to Section 4 after the commencement
of this Act; and the functions to be carried out by the In-charge of the
Revenue Office, Fund and Collection Office or Land A ministrator shall
be carried out by the In-charge of the Land Revenue Office and references
to such office or authority made in those laws shall be deemed to refer to
the Land Revenue Office or In-charge of the Land Revenue Office.




6
Chapter- 3
Register and Registration of Land
6. Registration of Land: (1) The Land Revenue Office shall register each
land within the District in such a manner as may be prescribed.
(2) In maintaining a registration book for the pur ose of Sub-section
(1), it shall be maintained according to the landowner registration record
prepared in the land survey and measurement in a place where such survey
and measurement has been done and according to the records maintained in
the Land Revenue Office or the records received from the Land Reform
Office or other offices in a place where the land survey and measurement
has not been done.
Provided that, in respect of the land to which any other person is
entitled because of death of the registration holder or transferrable of title
by such holder, the Land Registration Office shall as per necessity dispatch
a mission to register the land in the name of such person entitled to the land
and maintain up-to-date records (inventory).
9(3) In maintaining the land registration book pursuant to Sub-
section (2), each Land Revenue Office may require the concerned land
holders to furnish such details as prescribed and it shall be the duty of each
land-holder to provide the details so required.
7. Special Provision Relating to Registration of Land: (1) In
maintaining the registration book pursuant to Sub-section (2) of Section 6,
in cases where the survey measurement of any land hs been omitted in
doing survey under the Land (Survey and Measurement) Act, 2019 (1962),
the Land Revenue Office may, with the consent of the Survey Department
9 Inserted by Fourth Amendment.

7
and on the 10recommendation of the prescribed committee get the survey
measurement of that land done and register it accordingly.
11(1a) Notwithstanding anything contained in other Sections of this
Act, if Government of Nepal deems it necessary, it may, by notification
published in the Nepal Gazette for a commission or committee comprising
one chairperson and a maximum of four members in order to resolve any
problem arisen in respect of registration of the land belonging to any
person, class or area and make decision on the registration of land; and the
functions, duties and powers of the commission or committee shall be as
specified in the mode of formation of 12such commission or committee.
13(2) In cases where any land surveyed and measured prsuant to the
Land (Survey and Measurement) Act, 2019 (1962) has been omitted only to
be registered, the Land Revenue Office may, on the recommendation of the
prescribed committee, also register such land by making necessary inquiry
into the previously existing registration, land revenue as well as possession
of that land.
14(2a) …………..
(3) In the event of differences in the name, surname, address, age of
landholder 15or name, surname of his or her father, grand-father, husband or
father-in-law, plot number, area or type of the land or dual registration, the
Land Revenue Office may hold necessary inquiry and maintain the
registration by correcting such matter.
10
Amended by Fourth Amendment. 11
Inserted by Fourth Amendment.
12 Amended by Fifth Amendment.
13 Amended by Fifth Amendment.
14 Deleted by Fourth Amendment.

15 Inserted by Fifth Amendment.

8
7A.16 Same Landowner Indication Number can be given: The Land
Revenue Department may make necessary provision in a manner that the
same landowner indication number may be given to all lands in his or her
name within the State of Nepal.
8.17 Registration, Transmission, Dakhil Kharej and stricking out the
Record: (1) The Land Revenue Office shall carry out the functions of
registration, transmitting and crossing off the records of a deed pursuant to
the prevailing laws.
(2) For the purposes of setting out the amount in adeed to be
registered, the prescribed committee shall determine the minimum
value of the land within the concerned area.
(3) In registering or transmitting the land based on the deed of
compromise executed pursuant to the laws in force, the Land Revenue
Office shall register or transmit such a land only when the previous
registration, record or Numbari of the concerned land is verified.
(4) If an application is made by the concerned person for the
registration of the land owned by a person for the public purposes, the
Land Revenue Office may cross off the name of that person in relation
to that land, on the recommendation of the prescribed committee.
(5) In the event of alteration in the records of the land subject to
tenancy or to action of ceiling, the Land Revenue Office has to give a
notice thereof to the Land Reform Office.
16 Inserted by the Fifth Amendment. 17
Amended by Fifth Amendment.

9
8A.18 To up-date Survey and Map: (1) If the survey and map has to be
amended in accordance with the registration set pursuant to Sections 7 and
8, the Land Revenue Office has to write to the concer ed 19Maintenance
Survey Section; and after it has been so written, the 20Maintenance Survey
Section has to make necessary amendment to the survey and m p.
8B.21 To Withhold or Release House and Land: (1) If any house or land has
to be withheld owing to dispute thereof or for any other reason, the Land
Revenue Office may withhold such a house or land.
(2) If any office, court or government office writes to withhold
any house or land or to release the withholding of any house or land
pursuant to the laws in force, the Land Revenue Office shall withhold or
release such a house or land as so written.
(3) If any bank, financial institution established pursuant to the
law in force or local body writes to withhold any house or land or to
release the withholding of any house or land in the course of its
financial transactions, the Land Revenue Office shall withhold or release
such a house or land as prescribed. In so withholding or releasing the
withholding, the Land Revenue Office shall collect the fees as prescribed,
in the case of a bank or financial institution.
Chapter -4
Provisions relating to Recovery of Land Revenue
9. Power to Recover Land Revenue: (1) It hall be the function, duty and
power of the Land Revenue Office to recover the land revenue.
18 Inserted by Third Amendment. 19 Amended by Fourth Amendment. 20 Amended by Fourth Amendment. 21 Inserted by Second Amendment.

10
(2)22 Notwithstanding anything contained in Sub-section (1), the
Government of Nepal may, by publishing a notice in the Nepal Gazette, so
delegate powers to any government office or local body to collect land
revenue used to be collected by the Land Revenue Office.
(3)23 The local body has to credit to its fund the amount of land
revenue collected by it pursuant to Sub-section (1).
10. To Pay Land Revenue: The land holder of each land in respect of which
the land revenue has to be paid to Government of Nepal has to pay such
land revenue of that land each year as may be determin d pursuant to the
prevailing Nepal Law.
10A.24To Determine the Rate of Land Revenue: Notwithstanding anything
contained in Section 10, the Government of Nepal may itself determine the
rate of land revenue to be paid by the landowner each year pursuant to this
Act or so specify that the local body may determine th rate of land
revenue.
11. Time Limit for Payment of Land Revenue: Each land holder has to
pay the land revenue required to be paid by him no later than the 25last day
of Jestha (about mid June) 13 each year.
12. Exemption from Land Revenue: Any land holder who pays the land
revenue no later than the last day of Magha (about mid February) for a year
shall be exempted from five percent land revenue payable for that year.
13.26 Fee to be levied in Event of Non-payment of land Revenue : In the
event of payment of the land revenue no later than the Fifteenth day of
Ashad (about mid July) of the year after the expiry of the time limit as 22 Amended by Fifth Amendment. 23 Inserted by First Amendment. 24 Inserted by Fifth Amendment. 25 Amended by First Amendment. 26 Amended by First Amendment.

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referred to in Section 11, the land revenue along with Five percent fee shall
be recovered.
14. Inventory of Land in Respect Whereof Land Revenue is Due: The
Land Revenue Office shall, no later than the 27last day of Ashad (about mid
July) prepare such inventory of the land in respect whereof the land revenue
has not been paid and remained due even within the time limit 28referred to
in Section 13 as may be prescribed; and 29if any government office or local
body has collected land revenue, the government office or local body shall
prepare such an inventory and forward it to the Land Revenue Office within
that period. In cases where the land in respect whereof the land revenue as
mentioned in that inventory has remained due 30has to be auctioned off, the
Land Revenue Office shall, no later than the 31last day of Ashwin (about
mid October), publish a notice in the specified places.
15. Power to Withhold Land in Respect Whereof Land Revenue is
Due: The land of a land holder in respect whereof the land revenue
specified in the inventory as referred to in Section 14 is due may be
withheld by the Land Revenue Office unless and until the remaining land
revenue is paid up or the land is auctioned off to recover the arrears.
Provided that, the land holder may cultivate the land so withheld as
usual.
16. To Auction Off Land: (1) The Land Revenue Office 32may Auction off
as prescribed, the plot of land out of the land in respect whereof the land
revenue specified in the inventory as referred to in Section 14, in order to
recover the land revenue. 27 Amended by First Amendment. 28 Amended by First Amendment.
29 Amended by Fifth Amendment.
30 Amended by First Amendment. 31 Amended by Third Amendment. 32 Amended by First Amendment.

12
(2)33 In cases where any land has to be auctioned it offpursuant to
this Section, the act of such auction shall be started 34from the month of
Mangsir (about mid November).
(3) If no one agrees to buy the land while auctioning it off pursuant
to Sub-section (1), the ownership of such land shall devolve on
Government of Nepal; and the land of which ownership has devolved on
Government of Nepal may be sold and disposed off as prescribed.
Provided that, in spite of devolution of ownership of such land on
Government of Nepal, the tenancy right of the tenant over that land shall
remain existing.
(4) Any amount remaining surplus by deducting the arr ars of land
revenue and a fee of Fifty percent thereof from the proceeds of the auction
made under Sub-section (1) shall be refunded to the concerned land holder.
(5) The monitoring of and other provisions vis-a-vis the land of
which ownership has been devolved on Government of Nepal pursuant to
Sub-section (3) shall be as prescribed pending the sale and disposal of that
land.
(6)35 Notwithstanding anything contained in this Section, in cases
where the land revenue is paid from the Sixteenth day of Ashad (about last
day of June) to the completion of auction sale of the land, the Land
Revenue Office shall recover the land revenue as well as the fee to be set by 36Ten per cent per annum from such land holder.
33 Amended by First Amendment. 34 Amended by Third Amendment. 35 Amended by First Amendment. 36 Amended by Third Amendment.

13
Provided that, the land revenue shall be recovered by charging
Thirty Five percent fee on the arrears of the land revenue prior to the
commencement of this Sub-section.
17. Power to Extend Time-limit for Payment of Land Revenue: (1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in Section 11, if Government of Nepal
thinks that there exists a situation in which the land revenue of any District
or 37any part of a District or of any person cannot be paid in any year within
the time-limit as specified in that Section, it may, b notification published
in the Nepal Gazette, extend the time limit for payment of the land revenue.
(2) In cases where the time-limit has been extended pursuant to Sub-
section (1), actions referred to in Section 13, 14, 15 and 16 shall be taken
only after expiration of the extended time-limit in 38any part of the District
where the time-limit has been extended and in such cases, the time-limit
shall be set by adding according to time-limit of the number of days so
extended to the time-limits as referred to in these Sections for taking out
various acts and actions.
18. Provision of Receipt: The Land Revenue Office or 39the government
office or local body recovering the land revenue has to provide a receipt of
the recovered land revenue to the payer of the land revenue.
19. Provision Relating to Recovery of Land Revenue of Land Beyond
Ceiling: Pending the transferable, by sale or disposal, of the land beyond
ceiling allowable under the Lands Act, 2021 (1962) after its being acquired
by the concerned authority, the land revenue of the land subject to
ownership and possession of the existing land holder shall be recovered
37 Amended by Finance Related Some Nepal Acts (Amendt) Act, 2047 38 Amended by Finance Related Some Nepal Acts (Amend t) Act, 2047 39 Amended by Fifth Amendment.

14
from that land holder in a manner that land revenue has to be paid to
Government of Nepal as usual.
Provided that, the land shall not be auctioned for arrears of land
revenue in respect of such land but the arrears of land revenue shall be
deducted from compensation to which the land holder is ntitled.
Chapter - 5
Provisions Relating to Remission of Land Revenue
20. Remission of Land Revenue in Cases of River Cutting or Land-
slide: (1) If any land subject to land revenue is corded by the river or
stream, or becomes silted or affected by landslide or is covered with
landslide and becomes incapable of yielding major cr ps, the concerned
landholder has to make an application setting out details threof to the Land
Revenue Office in such format and within such time-limit as may be
prescribed.
Provided that, in the case of the land having standing crops, the
crops should not be harvested prior to holding inquiry pursuant to Sub-
section (2).
(2) The Chief of Land Revenue Office has to hold inqu ry into the
matters set down in an application made pursuant to Sub-section (1) by
visiting the spot in person or dispatching a mission within Thirty days. If, in
holding such inquiry, it appears to grant remission of the land revenue for
that year, the Land Revenue Office has to ascertain by how much
percentage of the land revenue has to be remitted, remit the same and give
information thereof to the Land Revenue Department within Seven days.
(3) If it appears from the inquiry as referred to in Sub-section (2) that
any land has become useless forever, the Land Revenu Office shall make a

15
submission to Government of Nepal to cross off the inv ntory of that land,
and Government of Nepal shall, if it deems reasonable, order the Land
Revenue Office to cross off the inventory of that land.
21. Remission of Land Revenue in case of Non-yielding of Crops
Owing to Drought or Other Natural Calamity: (1) If the 40major
crops are destroyed in any area in any year owing to drought or hailstone or
grass hopper or flood or any other natural calamity, the Land Revenue
Office may, if it deems it necessary to remit land revenue fully or partly,
upon holding necessary inquiry, make a submission, along with its opinion,
to Government of Nepal.
(2) If submission is made pursuant to Sub-section (1) or if
Government of Nepal comes to know such situation in any manner, 41........................... Government of Nepal shall remit such land revenue as
may be deemed necessary.
Chapter -6
Provisions Relating to Functions, Duties and Obligations of
Collecting Land Revenue
22.42 Power to exercise the powers pursuant to this Act: In recovering
land revenue pursuant to Sub-section (2) of Section 9, any government
office or local body may, pursuant to this Act and the Rules framed under
this Act, also exercise all powers available to the Land Revenue Office,
other than the power to auction sell land.
40 Amended by Third Amendment 41 Deleted by Finance Related Some Nepal Acts (Amendnt) Act, 2047 42 Amended by Fifth Amendment.

16
23.43 To bear amount in question of loss and damage: If Government of
Nepal or anyone else suffers from any kind of loss r damage as a result of
any act committed by the person collecting the land revenue in contrary to
this Act or any other prevailing Nepal Law in collecting the land revenue
knowingly or with ulterior motive, the person designated in the recovery of
land revenue has to bear the amount in question of such loss and damage or
other liability. If the amount of land revenue so collected is subject to loss
and damage, action shall also be taken against him or her pursuant to the
laws in force.
Chapter -7
Provision Relating to Cultivation of Land
24.44 Prohibition on Registration or Cultivation of Public or
Governmental Land: (1) No one shall register in his or her name or
cultivate, or cause to be registered or cultivated, any governmental land or
public land.
Provided that, nothing contained in this Sub-section shall be
deemed to prevent the making provision by the Governm nt of Nepal
of a public land for public purposes and a governmetal land for any
purpose that the Government of Nepal deems appropriate.
(2) Where any person has registered any public land or
governmental land in his or her name and cultivated it prior to or after the
commencement of this Section, such registration shall ipso facto be void.
The Land Revenue Office or an authority specified by Government of
Nepal shall cross off the registration of such land standing in the name of
any person.
43 Amended by Fifth Amendment 44 Amended by Fifth Amendment

17
(3) The concerned Land Revenue Office shall regist r the
governmental land and the public land and update the records as prescribed.
25. Prohibition on Cultivation or non-registered Land not Registered:
No one shall cultivate or cause to be cultivated the land which has not been
registered.
Provided that, this Section shall not be deemed to prevent such land
from being cultivated after the committee prescribed pursuant to Section 26
has given approval to cultivate the land or after th land has been sold and
distributed in accordance with the prevailing Nepal l w relating to
resettlement.
26. Cultivation of not Registered Land by Obtaining Approval: (1)
Approval has to be obtained from the prescribed committee to cultivate any
not registered land.
(2) Application has to be made to the prescribed committee for
approval to cultivate the not registered land.
(3) Only those persons who have not any land of their own up to the
prescribed ceiling as tenants or land holders shall be entitled to make
application pursuant to Sub-section (2).
(4) Subject to this Act and the Rules, the prescribed committee
framed under this Act and other prevailing Nepal law may grant approval to
the persons as referred to in Sub-section (3) to cultivate the not registered
land.
(5) In granting approval by the prescribed committee pursuant to
Sub-section (4), the terms for cultivation of such land and the fee therefor
shall be as prescribed.


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Provided that,-
(a) Nothing contained in this Section shall empower such
committee to grant approval to cultivate any land
prohibited from being cultivated or registered pursuant
to 45Sub-section (1) of Section 24.
(b) The prescribed committee shall not grant approval to
any person to cultivate any land incapable of being
registered as cultivated presently in the name of such
person for any reason.
(c) If more than one person makes an application for
approval to cultivate any land, approval shall be
granted according to the priority as prescribed.
(6) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Section, if settlement
is to be made in the land of any area, Government of Nepal may get the
land within the specified ceiling sold and distributed pursuant to the
prevailing Nepal law relating to resettlement.
(7) In granting approval by the prescribed committee o cultivate the
land or selling or distributing the land for settlem nt pursuant to Sub-
section (6), the prescribed committee or the concerned authority shall get
such land registered.
(8) The Land Revenue Office shall implement the decision or order
made by the concerned committee or authority under this Section in such
manner as prescribed.
45 Deleted by Fifth Amendment.

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Chapter -8
Miscellaneous
27. Recovery of Arrears from Jimidar: The land revenue remaining due
from the Jimidar (trustee of land) at the time of abolition of Jimidari shall
be recovered according to the Jimidari records as a governmental due
pursuant to the prevailing Nepal law.
28. Punishment to a Person who Causes Obstruction and Hindrance
in Recovering and Collecting Land Revenue: The Chief of the Land
Revenue Office may impose a fine of up to Five Hundred Rupees on any
person who causes obstruction and hindrance in recovering and collecting
land revenue.
29.46 Punishment to a Person who Registers or Cultivates
Governmental or Public Land: Any person who registers or cultivates
a governmental land or public land shall be punished by the Land Revenue
Office with a fine of One Thousand Rupees to Ten Thousand Rupees, and
such a land shall be made barren.
29A.47 Punishment to a Person Who Submits False Details: If any person
submits false details with mala fide intention in connection with the
functions and proceedings of the Land Revenue Office pursuant to
Prevailing Law, such person shall be punished by the Land Revenue Office
with a fine upto One Thousand Rupees while deciding such matter.
30. Punishment to a Person Who Cultivates Land Without Approval:
Any person who cultivates or causes to be cultivated ny land not registered
without obtaining approval pursuant to Sub-section (4) of Section 26 shall
be punished with a fine of a sum not exceeding ten-fold of the amount of 46 Amended by Fifth Amendment. 47 Inserted by Fifth Amendment.

20
land revenue in question from the very year of cultivation of the land under
the prevailing Nepal Law, and the In-charge of Land Revenue Office shall
confiscate that land, and the land so confiscated shall be dealt with as
prescribed.
31.48 Appeal: An appeal may be made to the Court of Appeal against any
decision made by the Land Revenue Office under Sections 7, 8, 8B., 28, 29
and 30.
Provided that, no appeal may be made to the Court of Appeal
against any decision made by the Land Revenue Office raising the
issue of entitlement and ordering that the issue has to be settled by the
court.
32. To Have Such Powers as of the Court: While taking actions pursuant
to this Act, the In-charge of the Land Revenue Office shall have such
powers in respect of taking statement, issuing summons in the name of the
parties, procuring evidences and getting documents produced as the court is
entitled to exercise under the prevailing Nepal Law.
32A.49Departmental Action: If it appears that actions to be carried out by the
Land Revenue Office pursuant to this Act have been carried out in a mala
fide manner, departmental action shall be taken against the concerned
Officer or employee.
32B.50 Power to void acts and actions: If it is learnt, by a petition of anyone or
from any source, prior to the making of a complaint in the court, that a
serious error has been made by the Land Revenue Officer in making
transfer and transmission of land pursuant to this Act and amending the
details as set forth in Sub-section (3) of Section 7, the Director General of 48 Amended by Fifth Amendment. 49 Inserted by Fourth Amendment. 50 Inserted by Fifth Amendment.

21
Land Revenue Department may void that decision and may decide again
pursuant to law.
33. Power to Frame Rules: Government of Nepal may frame Rules in order
to accomplish the objectives of this Act.
34. Power to Remove Obstruction: If there occurs any obstruction in the
implementation of this Act, Government of Nepal may, b a Notification
published in the Nepal Gazette, issue necessary orders in order to remove
such obstruction.
35. To be Inoperative and Repealed: The following Nepal Laws shall be
inoperative in the Districts where this Act has commenced, and the said
Nepal Laws shall ipso facto be repealed after this Act has commenced
throughout Nepal.
(a) Land Administration Act, 2024 (1967),
(b) Land Revenue (Special Provision) Act, 2018 (1962),
(c) Land Revenue (Remission) Act, 2019 (1963),
(d) Madesh Malko Sabal,
(e) Pahada Mal Sabal

22
Date of commencement of the Act and Districts
(1) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 27 Districts from 2035-1-1 (14 April, 1978)
the Nepal Gazette, 2034-12-14 (27 April 1978):
Ilam, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Udyapur, Saptari, Siraha, Sindhuli, Dhanusha, Mahottari,
Sarlahi, Rautahat, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan, Bhaktapur, Lalitpur, Kathmandu, Nawalparisi,
Rupandehi, Kapilvastu, Dang, Surkhet, Banke, Bardia, Kailali and Kanchanpur.
(2) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 5 Districts from 2035-4-1 (16 July 1978)
the Nepal Gazette, 2035-2-30 (12 June 1978):
Panchathar, Dhankuta, Ramechhap, Tanahun and Mustang.
(3) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 6 Districts from 2036-1-1 (14 April 1979)
the Nepal Gazette 2035-12-6 (19 March 1979):
Dadeldhura, Tehrathum, Kavrepalanchowk, Dhading, Palpa and Myagdi.
(4) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 3 Districts from 2036-8-15 (1 Dec. 1979)
the Nepal Gazette 2036-8-17 (3 Dec. 1979):
Makawanpur, Nuwakot and Kaski.
(5) It was specified to commence the Act in Rasuwa District from 2038-5-1 (17 Aug. 1981) the Nepal
Gazette 2038-5-1 (17 Aug. 1981).
(6) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 3 Districts from 2040-4-1 (17 July 1983)
the Nepal Gazette 2040-4-1 (17 July 1983):
Salyan, Baglung and Bhojpur.
(7) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 3 Districts from 2041-4-1 (16 July 1984)
the Nepal Gazette, 2041-4-1 (16 July 1984):
Gorkha, Gulmi and Syangja.
(8) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 3 Districts from 2043-4-1 (16 July 1986)
the Nepal Gazette 2043-3-9 (23 June 1986):
Parbat, Arghakhanchi and Darchula.
(9) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 2 Districts from 2045-4-1 (16 July, 1988)
the Nepal Gazettes, 2045-3-27 (11 July 1988):
Lamjung and Khotang.
(10) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 2 Districts from 2046-4-1 (16 July 1989)
the Nepal Gazette, 2046-3-26 (10 July 1989):

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Doti and Taplejung.
(11) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 5 Districts from 2047-4-1 (10 July 1990)
the Nepal Gazette, 2047-4-1 (16 July 1990):
Okhaldhunga, Sindhupalchowk, Manang, Jajarkot and Phuthan.
(12) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 2 Districts from 2048-4-1 (17 July 1991)
the Nepal Gazette, 2048-4-1 (17 July 1991):
Accham and Baitadi.
(13) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 2 Districts from 2051-4-1 (16 July 1994)
the Nepal Gazette, 2051-4-1 (16 July 1994):
Bajura and Dailekh.
(14) It was specified to commence the Act in the Sankhuwasabha District from 2052-5-1 (17 Aug.
1995) the Nepal Gazette, 2052-5-1 (17 Aug. 1995).
(15) It was specified to commence the Act in the Solukhumbu District from 2053-7-1 (17 Oct. 1996)
the Nepal Gazette, 2053-7-1 (17 Oct. 1996).
(16) It was specified to commence the Act in the following 8 Districts from 2054-5-1 (17 Aug. 1997)
the Nepal Gazette, 2054-4-30 (14 Aug. 1997):-
Rukum, Rolpa, Bajhang, Kalikot, Humla, Mugu, Dolpa and Dolakha.
(17) It was specified to commence the Act in the Jumla District from 2056-8-15 (1 Dec. 1999) the
Nepal Gazette, 2056-8-13 (29 Nov. 1999).