Land (Survey and Measurement) Act, 2019 (1963)


Published: 1963

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Land (Survey and Measurement) Act, 2019 (1963)
Date of authentication and publication
2019.12.30 (12 April 1963)
Amendments
1. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(First Amendment) Act, 2024
2024.7.6 (23 Oct.1967)
2. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(Second Amendment) Act, 2029
2029.6.5 (21 Sept. 1972)
3. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(Third Amendment) Act, 2033
2033.7.4 (20 Oct. 1976)
4. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(Fourth Amendment) Act, 2035
2035.5.21 (6 Sept.1978)
5. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(Fifth Amendment) Act, 2036
2036.8.5 (21 Nov. 1979)
6. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(Sixth Amendment) Act, 2046
2046.7.11 (27 Oct. 1989)
7. Administration of Justice Act, 2048 2048.2.16 (30 May 1991)
8. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(Seventh Amendment) Act, 2049
2049.6.28 (14 Oct. 1992)
9. Land (Survey and Measurement)
(Eighth Amendment) Act, 2056
2057.3.7 (21 June 2000)

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10. Republic Strengthening and Some Nepal
Laws Amendment Act, 2066
2066.10.7 (21 Jan. 2010)

Act number 51 of the year 2019 (1963)
An Act made to provide for survey and measurement of lands
Preamble: Whereas, it is expedient to make arrangements for the survey and
measurement of lands and for determining their grade in order to maintain cordial
relations between people of different classes, communities or regions in
……Nepal1 and to maintain convenience of the citizens of Nepal generally;
Now, therefore, His Majesty King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev has
enacted this Act in accordance with Article 93 of the Constitution of Nepal.

1. Short title, extension and commencement: (1) This Act may be called
as the "Land (Survey and Measurement) Act, 2019 (1963).”
(2) This Act shall extend throughout Nepal.
(3) This Act shall come into force immediately.
2. Definitions: Unless the subject or the context otherwise requires, in this
Act:
(a) "land" means all categories of land, including those with buildings,
gardens, trees, factories, lakes, ponds etc.;
(a1)2 "survey and measurement" means the act of collecting data related to
landowners and tenants, preparing maps of lands, ascert ining the
area of lands, categorizing the grades of lands or registering lands
1 Amended by the Republic Strengthening and Some Nepal Laws Amendment Act, 2066.
2 Amended by the Eighth Amendment.

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with the field book on the basis of maps or records, and this terms
includes the act of carrying out an aerial survey, stablishing
controlling points for survey and making cadastral survey at various
scale (Man) and publishing maps;
(a2)3 "registration record" means the landowner registration record so
prepared on the basis of the map and field book prepared following
the survey and measurement of a land as to clearly indicating, inter
alia, the landholder, tenant, plot, area and type or grade of the land;
(a3)4 "border" means a border line determining the boundary between two
different pieces of land;
(a4)5 "plot" means a piece of land that has boarder in all four sides and has
similarity in right, possession and grade in each place;
(b)6 "landholder" means a person who has right to be a landowner of/in a
land in accordance with the prevailing Nepal law;
(c)7 "tenant" means a person who cultivates a land belonging to other
landholder through the labour of him or her or of his or her family
after getting the land for cultivation on any condition;
(d)8 "Patuwari" means any persons who maintain records of lands or
homesteads and recover land-revenue or other tariffin accordance
therewith;
(e) "government land" means the land where there exit roads, railway,
government building or office and this expression also includes
forest, shrubs, jungle, river, streams, Nadi Ukas, lake, pond and
3 Inserted by the Sixth Amendment. 4 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment. 5 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment. 6 Amended by the Second Amendment. 7 Amended by the Second Amendment. 8 Amended by the Second Amendment.

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ridge thereof, main canal (Nahar), water course (Kulo), (Barron)
Ailani, Parti and other types of land, Bhir, Pahara, Dagar, shore
(Bagar) which is under the control of Government and such other
lands as a Government land as prescribed by Government of Nepal
by a Notification in the Nepal Gazette.
(f)9 "public land" means and includes roads, wells, water conduits,
shores, ponds and banks thereof, exits for chattels, pa ture lands,
graveyards, burial sites, inns, Pauwas, Dewals, religious meditation
sites, memorials, temples, shrines, Chowk, Dawali, sewerage,
Chautaro, lands where fairs, markets and public entertainment or
sports sites are located, which been used publically but nor
personally since ancient times, and such other lands s prescribed to
be the public land by the Government of Nepal, by a notification in
the Nepal Gazette; and
(g) "prescribed" or "as prescribed" means prescribed or as prescribed in
the rules framed under this Act.
3. Power to make survey and measurement of lands: (1)10 The
Government of Nepal may issue an order to make survey and measurement
of lands in all or any places within……Nepal11.
(2) The prescribed authority shall carry out the function as referred
to in Sub-section (1).
(3)12 Any station may be established on any land and any
means/equipment of survey may be used, without any control, for the
purpose of making survey and measurement of lands.
9 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 10 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 11 Amended by the Republic Strengthening and Some Nepal Laws Amendment Act, 2066 12 Amended by the Second Amendment.

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(4) 13 After the issuance of the order as referred to in Sub-section (1),
the General Survey Office (Naapi Goswara)14 responsible for making
survey and measurement shall give a notice to the Land-Revenue Office15
in the concerned district, indicating the date of cmmencement of survey in
the area to be surveyed and measured, and for the provision of records
required for that act.
(5) 16 If it appears or is informed that there is any mistake or error
in the act done by the authority making survey and measurement,
ascertaining the area thereof and making entry or registration in the field
book, the survey officer shall make necessary examin tion and make, or
cause to be made, necessary correction prior to the distribution of
landownership registration certificates pursuant to Sub-section (1) of
Section 8; and departmental action shall be taken against the employee who
makes such a mistake or error knowingly.
(6) 17The prescribed authority shall update, as prescribed, the map
records prepared upon survey and measurement made pursuant to Sub-
section (1).
3A.18 General duties of Jimidar, Patuwari: (1) Within the time-limit
specified by the Land-Revenue Office19 in the concerned district, the
Jimidar, Patuwari shall prepare records setting out detailed description of
the lands the records of which are in his or her custody including the plot
numbers of lands and hand over the same to the concerned Land-Revenue
Office20.
13 Amended by the Second Amendment. 14 Amended by the Sixth Amendment. 15 Amended by the Eighth Amendment 16 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment. 17 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment. 18 Inserted by the Second Amendment. 19 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 20 Amended by the Eighth Amendment.

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(2) If the act of making survey, mapping or establishing control
point locations commences in the concerned area of their area21 (Mauja),
the Jimidar, Patuwari or their representatives shall make presence and
assistance as and when so required by the survey team22 from the
commencement of that act to the end thereof.
3B. 23 Details to be provided: The Land-Revenue Office and concerned body
shall provide such records and other documents as required for the survey
and measurement to the concerned General Survey Office or Survey Office
prior to the commencement of the survey and measurement.
4. 24 Method of determining area of land: (1) In determining the area of
land surveyed and measured, the area shall be determined at the rate of Ten
Thousand square meters equal to one hectare, and in preparing registration
record, the record shall state both hectare and square meters. In so
mentioning square meters, up to Two digits after decimal point of square
meters shall be mentioned.
(2)The Land Revenue Office shall convert the area of the land, of
which registration record has been maintained in Bigaha or Ropani, upon
being surveyed and measured, prior to the commencement of this Section,
into hectare and square meters.
5. 25 Demarcation of border, boundary of Village Development
Committee or Municipality or Ward: In surveying and measuring
pursuant to this Act, the border, boundary of the area or ward of the Village
Development Committee or Municipality to be surveyed shall be
demarcated prior to making survey of the Village Development Committee
21 Amended by the Seventh Amendment. 22 Amended by the Third Amendment. 23 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment. 24 Amended by the Seventh Amendment. 25 Amended by the Third Amendment.

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or Municipality, such survey shall then be made. If in demarcating the
border, boundary, there arises any dispute as to the border of a zone or
district as well, the border, boundary shall be demarcated in accordance
with the decision of the prescribed authority or committee. If it appears that
it shall take time to decide the border, boundary subject to dispute, survey
work shall continue and be completed by setting aside the registration of
those plots of the border, boundary subject to dispute.
Provided that, if the survey of the whole district, Village
Development Committee, Municipality or Ward is not made but that of
some parts only is to be made, it is not required to emarcate the border,
boundary pursuant to this Section.
5A. 26 …………………..
6. To give notice and commence operation after entering into land:
(1) If it is necessary to establish a control point station in any land or to
survey and measure any land, a notice shall be given to the landholder,
tenant of the land where the control point station is to be established or
which is to be surveyed and measured, neighbors, concerned Jimidar,
Patuwari and Village Development Committee or Municipality prior to at
least Fifteen days.
Explanation: In giving a notice to any landholder, tenant,
neighbour, Jimidar and Patuwari for the purposes of this Sub-section,
affixation of the notice of that matter unto main places of movement of
general public of the area of the land where such control point station is to
be so established or which is to be so surveyed and measured or of the area
where the landholder or the tenant is residing shall be sufficient.
26 Deleted by the Eighth Amendment.

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Provided that, a notice in writing shall be given to the Village
Development Committee or Municipality.
(2) In establishing a control point station in any land or surveying
and measuring any land, such station or survey and measurement may be
established or made in presence of the landholder, his or her representative,
tenant, concerned Jimidar, Patuwari, neighbour and also a representative of
the concerned Village Development Committee or Municipality.
Provided that, if any landholder or his or her representative, the
tenant cultivating the land or neighbor does not show up within the time-
limit specified in the notice as referred to in Sub-section (1), the control
point station may be established or survey and measur ment made in
presence of the Jimidar of the area where that land is situated or his or her
representative, Patuwari or representative of the concerned Village
Development Committee or Municipality.
(3) In establishing a control point station in any land or surveying
and measuring any land, such permanent or temporary l ndmarks,
monuments or bacons may be placed or installed as may be necessary for
that act and the bushes or branches of any tree may be cut off or cleared for
having the view of landscape.
(4) If any control point station is established in a y land, the record
shall also state the area of land covered by that st ion, and the
landownership registration certificate of the landhol er of the land and the
tilling slip of tenant, if any, shall also state tha matter.
Explanation: The term "control point station" means and includes
an area of up to 1.55 meters on all sides of the landmark in the centre.

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(5)27In the course of surveying and measuring, the landholders shall
send certificate of his or her ownership and possession of the land
personally or through his or her representative andget his or her land
registered. A landholder who has since long past (ancient times) owned,
possessed and cultivated a land without any evidence, registration and
payment of land-revenue,28 except a barren land, public land……………29
and a land within the forest boundary as determined, shall also get the land
registered. If such a landholder shows up go get such a land registered on
the basis of such ownership and possession since log past (ancient times),
the survey team shall affix a notice onto main places of frequent movement
of people including the tenant and neighbours of the land, also indicating
the name of the Village Development Committee or Municipality where the
land so requested for registration is situated and the boundaries of ward and
the name and address of the person showing up for such registration and
stating that any one may make a complaint on that mat er with the survey
team within Twenty One days of the affixation of the notice, and shall also
give a notice in writing to the local Village Development Committee or
Municipality. If no complaint is made, the land shall be registered in the
name of that landholder by the survey team if the land is outside the
municipal area and by the General Survey Office if it is a house and land
which is within the municipal area and occupied oneself without any
evidence. If a complaint is made, the survey team, if the land is outside the
municipal area, and the general survey office, if it is a house and land
which is within the municipal area and occupied oneself without any
evidence, shall carry out public inquiry and necessary examination and
make a submission, accompanied by its opinion, to the committee or
27 Amended by the Third Amendment. 28 Amended by the Fourth Amendment. 29 Deleted by the Sixth Amendment.

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authority designated by the Government of Nepal, and shall act as
sanctioned.
(5a)30 If a person obtains the ownership of a house and l of
which land-revenue is not maintained through a deed executed at household
and has continuously possessed the house and land at least since Fifteen
years ago considering that he or she has right in the house and land and any
complaint has not been made on that deed in any court during that period,
in the course of surveying and measuring the land, the deed shall be
recognized as a valid deed despite that it has not been registered and such a
house and land shall be registered in the name of that landholder, and the
provision contained in Sub-section (7) shall not apply in this respect.
(5b) 31 In surveying and measuring a house and land on the ground
floor and upper floors or on the same floor, owned by different persons,
such a house and land shall be registered separately in the name of the
house and land holders having separate ownership.
(5c) 32 If the concerned person makes a claim in writing, along with
the evidence, over a land which is registered, and l revenue of which is
maintained, in his or her name, which has been owned and possessed by
him or her and which contains private forests and shrubs, such a land shall
be registered in the name of the concerned landholder in accordance with
the decision made by the committee formed pursuant to Section 11B. after
making necessary examination into the matter.
(5d) 33 In making entry or registration in the field book f a land
upon surveying it in an area where re-survey and measur ment has been
made, the previous map and registration record prepared upon making
30 Inserted by the Fourth Amendment. 31 Inserted by the Fourth Amendment. 32 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment. 33 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment.

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survey and measurement in the past shall be looked into and verified, and
the description thereof shall be mentioned in the evidence column of the
field book.
(6) In the case of a landholder and tenant who do not get their land
registered or send their representative either in the course of making survey
and measurement pursuant to Sub-section (5), a notice shall be published
for the second time in the concerned Village Development Committee or
Municipality, thereby giving a time-limit of a maximum of Fifteen days for
them to show up for the registration of their land. If the evidence of title
(ownership and possession) of the landholder and the tenant who appears to
have the land registered within the said time-limit is verified or if the
landholder of any land which is not registered or on which no land
revenue/tax is being paid appears to have his or her land registered on the
basis of possession, the prescribed authority may, upon conducting
necessary inquiry, register such a land after colleting a fine of Five
Rupees.
……………….34
(6a) 35 The prescribed authority may, upon verifying the dtails
mentioned in the previous records, and in presence of one representative of
the Ward Committee, register the land of a landholder who neither appears
even within the time-limit given for the second time pursuant to Sub-
section (6) nor sends his or her representative. Th landholder who is not
satisfied with the registration so made may file a complaint in the Court
within Six months after the date of knowledge of that matter.
34 The proviso deleted by the Sixth Amendment. 35 Amended by the Eighth Amendment.

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(7) 36 If a dispute relating to the ownership of any land arises
between Two or more persons while it is being surveyed and measured, the
prescribed authority shall examine the evidence presented by both parties
on the matter, make a decision to have the land registered on a provisional
basis on the name of the party whose evidence seems to be stronger until a
final decision is made by the Court, and give an evidence to that effect to
the concerned party. If the unsatisfied party does not make a complaint in
the Court against that decision within Thirty Five days, that decision shall
be final and the land shall be registered accordingly in the name of the
concerned person. If a complaint is made, the land shall be registered in
accordance with the final decision made by the Court.
(8) 37 ………………
(9) 38 If, in making re-survey and measurement of land in a place
where the lands have already been surveyed and measured and registration
records thereof have been prepared pursuant to this Act, a dispute arises
between two or more persons in relation to the title o any land as
mentioned in the previous registration records, the pr scribed authority
shall register the land by verifying the previous registration records. 39
6A. 40 ………………
6B. 41 Relating to registration of omitted land (Chhut Jagga): (1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in the prevailing law, if, in the course
of surveying and measuring land, the survey and measur ment of any land
is omitted or despite being surveyed and measured its registration is
omitted, the concerned person may make an application, accompanied by
36 Amended by the Third Amendment. 37 Deleted by the Eighth Amendment. 38 Inserted by the Sixth Amendment. 39 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 40 Deleted by the Eighth Amendment. 41 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment.

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such documents as required for the survey and measurement of such a land,
to the prescribed authority.
(2) If an application is made pursuant to Sub-section (1), the
prescribed authority shall submit the application to the prescribed
committee and shall do in accordance with the recommendation of that
committee.
(3) If an application is not made pursuant to Sub-section (1), after
Sixty days of the date of distribution of the land ownership registration
certificates of that area, such a land shall be regist red as a government or
public land and records thereof shall be maintained accordingly.
(4) After the commencement of the act of survey andmeasurement
in any area pursuant to Sub-section (1), the Land Revenue Office shall send
the record file relating to the registration of omitted land to the concerned
General Survey Office for necessary action.
6C. 42 Registration of land possessed upon encroachment: Despite that any
land measured and surveyed as a government or public land in the past
being cultivated, tilled or possessed by any person upon encroaching and
making a building there, such a land shall be regist red as a government or
public land in the course of making survey and measurement.
6D. 43 Power to correct registration records: (1) Notwithstanding anything
contained in the other Sections of this Act, if theexisting road or water
course changes or the existing road or water course can no longer be used
because the concerned person has left his or her land for a road or water
course and so expanded the road or water course and the existing
registration records so differ, and an application is made to the prescribed
authority for making correction in the records, the concerned General 42 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment. 43 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment.

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Survey Office shall submit the application to the pr scribed committee and
correct and adjust the records by registering the road or water course
adjoining the land of the applicant in the name of the concerned person, in
accordance with the recommendation of that committee.
(2) If, in preparing the registration records pursuant to this Act, if
there is any error in the name, surname, address, age of any landholder or
name of his or her father and grandfather, plot number, area or type of the
land, the concerned authority shall, upon making necessary inquiry, adjust
the registration records.
7. 44 In the case of alteration in area of land: (1)……..45 If, in the course of
making survey and measurement of any land, its area becomes more or less
than the previous area, that area of the land as set accordingly shall be
maintained in the name of the concerned landholder.
(2) 46 If the land of any person is adjoining a government or public
land, the survey and measurement of the land shall be made on the basis of
the previous registration records or evidence, if any vailable, and failing
such records or evidence, such survey and measurement shall be made by
setting the area on the basis of the borders as recommended by the
chairperson of the concerned war of the concerned Village Development
Committee or Municipality and at least two nearby neighbors. In so setting
the area, if the area of the land of the person adjoining the government or
public land is altered, a submission shall be made to the prescribed
committee, and survey and measurement of land shallbe made by setting
the area as recommended by that committee.
44 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 45 Deleted by the Eighth Amendment. 46 Amended by the Eighth Amendment.

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(3) 47…………………..
(4) After the submission of registration records according to the area
set by the survey and measurement to the land revenu office, the
concerned landholder shall pay the land revenue or tax accordance to the
registration records.
8. 48 To obtain registration certificate: (1) 49 After the completion of the act
of survey and measurement and preparation of registation records, the
prescribed authority shall prepare land ownership registration certificates,
as an evidence of ownership in the lands as set forth in the registration
records, and give such certificate to the concerned lan holders or their
representatives.
(1a) 50 In the case of separate ownership on the ground floor or upper
floor or the same floor of any building, separate lnd ownership registration
certificates shall be prepared in relation to the floors under such separate
ownership and given to the concerned landholders or thei representatives.
(2) If a person does not obtain the land ownership registration
certificate pursuant to Sub-section (1), the person may make a complaint to
the prescribed authority within Sixty days51 after the date of the
commencement of distribution of land ownership registration certificates in
the same area or if a person who obtains the land ownership registration
certificate but is not satisfied therewith, the person may make such a
complaint to such authority within Sixty days52 after the date of receipt of
the land ownership registration certificate. 53
47 Deleted by the Eighth Amendment. 48 Amended by the Sixth Amendment. 49 Amended by the Sixth Amendment. 50 Inserted by the Sixth Amendment. 51 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 52 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 53 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment.

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(3) The prescribed authority shall conduct necessary investigation
into the complaints made pursuant to Sub-section (2), check and verify the
registration records prepared pursuant to Sub-sections 54 (5), (5a), (5b), 55
(5c), (5d) and (6) of Section 6 and issue the land ownership registration
certificate if it is so required and issue another land ownership registration
certificate upon making correction if the land ownership registration
certificate is to be so corrected.
Provided that, if, in investigating into a complaint pursuant to this
Sub-section, the land ownership registration certificate cannot be issued or
corrected because of a dispute arisen as to the title or ownership or
possession pursuant to Sub-section (7) of Section 6, the prescribed
authority shall immediately issue a slip to the complainant, clearly setting
out that the land ownership registration certificate can be issued or
corrected only after that matter is decided by the court.
(4) 56 The registration of the government land or public land shall be
made as prescribed.
8A. 57 Cancellation of registration records upon receipt of details: The
concerned General Survey Office or Survey Office shall submit the details
relating to the survey and measurement within One Hundred Twenty days
after the date of distribution of the land ownership registration certificates,
and upon receipt of such details, the previous registrat on records of survey
and measurement shall ipso facto be canceled.
9. 58 Recovery of expenses of survey and measurement: Expenses
incurred in the survey and measurement of land conducte for the purpose
54 Amended by the Fourth Amendment. 55 Inserted by the Seventh Amendment. 56 Amended by the Sixth Amendment. 57 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 58 Amended by the First Amendment.

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of collection of revenues of the Government shall not be recovered from the
public.
Provided that, the expenses incurred in the survey and measurement
of land conducted for the purpose of any person himself or herself may be
recovered in full from that person.
9A. 59 Compensation to be paid: If any control point station is set up on any
land, compensation as prescribed shall be paid to the landholder and tenant
of that land.
9B. 60 General responsibilities of landholders and tenants: (1) The tenant,
if any, of the land on which the control point station is set up and failing
such a tenant, the landholder shall do all reasonable cts to safeguard the
control point station.
(2) If, except as a result of an act of God, the control point station
sustains any loss or damage in any manner or is shifted, demolished or
destroyed, the person who has responsibility pursuant to Sub-section (1)
shall, unless otherwise proved, be deemed to have cused loss or damage
to, shifted, demolished or destroyed the control point station.
10. 61 Categorization of grade of land: In conducting survey and
measurement of lands, the grades of lands shall be categorized on the basis
of the prescribed grounds.
10A.62 Land revenue office to perform functions of Jimidari, Patuwari:
The land revenue office shall perform the functions to be performed by
Jimidari, Patuwari following the cancellation of such functionary.
59 Inserted by the Second Amendment. 60 Inserted by the Second Amendment. 61 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 62 Amended by the Eighth Amendment.

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11. 63 To maintain maps and records: (1) In making survey and measurement
of lands, the maps of lands shall be prepared in the form as specified by the
Director General of the Department of Survey. 64
(2) In making survey and measurement of lands, the records of lands
shall be prepared and updated as prescribed. 65
………………66
11A. 67……………
11B. 68 Power of Government of Nepal to form committee: If it appears
that a survey officer or prescribed authority69 has done any act in
contravention of this Act or the rules framed hereunder or that the boundary
of a forest, government land, public land or trust land have been encroached
upon or it appears that there has arisen any ordinary problem in relation to
registration upon survey and measurement, the Government of Nepal may
form a committee to rectify or resolve such an act or problem. The
functions, duties and powers of the committee so formed70 shall be
specified at the time of its formation.71
11C.72Power to make survey and measurement for plotting or integrated
development: The Government of Nepal may make, or cause to be made,
survey and measurement for the plotting or integratd development of any
private, governmental or public lands.
63 Amended by the Third Amendment. 64 Amended by the Sixth Amendment. 65 Amended by the Sixth Amendment. 66 Proviso deleted by the Seventh Amendment. 67 Deleted by the Eighth Amendment. 68 Inserted by the Third Amendment. 69 Amended by the Seventh Amendment. 70 Inserted by the Sixth Amendment. 71 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 72 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment.

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11D.73 Aerial survey, map publication etc. may be made by obtaining
approval: Notwithstanding anything contained in the other Sections of
this Act, if any person, other than the prescribed authority, wishes to make
an aerial survey, use the control stations set up by the Government of
Nepal, publish maps prepared by the Government of Nepal or sell maps
published abroad within ……Nepal74 such a person may do so, subject to
the observance of the prescribed terms and conditios.
Provided that, no map published in aboard shall be sold in Nepal if it
contradicts with the map prepared by Government of Nepal.
11E. 75 Power to give permission to make survey and mapping: (1) The
Government of Nepal may give permission to any person or body to carry
out acts of survey and mapping as prescribed, subject to the survey and
measurement made pursuant to this Act.
(2) The matters relating to the fees leviable for the issuance of
permission pursuant to Sub-section (1), the terms and conditions to be
observed by the permission holder person or body and other relevant
matters shall be as prescribed.
12. Penalties: (1) If, in making survey and measurement or setting up control
point stations, any person obstructs, or causes someone to obstruct, the
survey and measurement of land or setting up of such stations by
disfiguring fences or signals, instigating people or manhandling or
otherwise, the prescribed authority may punish such a person making such
obstruction with a fine of up to Fifty Rupees for the first time, of Fifty to
One Hundred Rupees for the second time and of One Hundred to Five
73 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment. 74
Amended by the Republic Strengthening and Some Nepal Laws Amendment Act, 2066. 75 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment.

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Hundred Rupees for the third time or with imprisonment for a term of Six
months or with both.
(2) If a person is held to have made a false complaint that there is
any kind of alternation in the land surveyed and measured pursuant to
Section 8, the prescribed authority may punish such a person making such
false complaint with a fine of up to One Hundred Rupees.
(3) 76 The chief of Land Revenue Office 77 may fine the Jimidar who
does not prepare and submit records within the time-l it pursuant to
Section 3A. with up to Five Hundred Rupees, the Patuwari who does not
prepare and submit the same within the said time-liit with up to Three
Hundred Rupees or the Jimidar or Patuwari who does not appear or send
his or her representative with up to Five Hundred Rupees for the absence of
each day.
(4) 78 If any person shifts, demolishes or destroys or otherwise
damages a control point station without the approval f the Department of
Survey, the prescribed authority may recover the amount of such damages
as well as the costs involved in the re-installation or repair of the control
point station and also fine such a person with up to One Thousand Rupees.
The prescribed authority may recover the amount of expenses incurred
from the false complaint from the person who makes such false complaints
in this respect and fine such a person with up to Five Hundred Rupees.
(5) 79 If any person does any act or action without obtaining
permission pursuant to Section 11D., the prescribed authority may fine such
a person with up to Twenty Thousand Rupees and all surveys and maps as
76 Inserted by the Second Amendment. 77 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 78 Inserted by the Second Amendment. 79 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment.

21
well as other materials related with the action or act done or taken without
obtaining permission shall be confiscated.
(6) 80 If any person does any other act or action in contravention of
this Act, the prescribed authority may fine such a person with up to Ten
Thousand Rupees.
13. 81 Appeal: A person who is not satisfied with a decision made by the
authority prescribed under Section 12 or the chief of Land Revenue Office82
may file an appeal to the concerned Court of Appeal 83within Thirty Five
days after the date of such decision.
14. Power to frame Rules: The Government of Nepal may frame rules in
order to implement the objects of this Act.
15. Validity of acts or actions done or taken previously: Any acts or
actions required to be done or taken pursuant to this Act or the Rules
framed hereunder prior to the commencement of this Act shall be deemed
to have been done or taken under this Act.
16. Repeal: For the purposes of this Act, numbers 7, 8, 9 and 10 of land
Goshowara of the Muluki Ain (General Code) and Nepal law relating to
survey and measurement of lands shall be deemed to have been repealed.
80 Inserted by the Eighth Amendment. 81 Amended by the Second Amendment. 82 Amended by the Eighth Amendment. 83 Amended by the Administration of Justice Act, 2048..