Insurance Act, 2049 (1992)


Published: 1992

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Insurance Act, 2049 (1992)Insurance Act, 2049 (1992)
Date of Authentication and publication
2 Paush 2049(16 December, 1992)

1. Insurance (First amendment) Act, 2052 2052.9.20 (4 January, 1996)
2. Insurance (second amendment) Act, 2058 2058.10.10 B.S. (29 Jan, 2002)
3. Amended by the Act Amending Gender equality some Nepal Acts, 2063 2063.7.17

Act No. 42 the year of 2049 (1992).

Preamble : Whereas, it is expedient to establish an Insurance Board to systematize,
regularize, develop and regulate the Insurance Busines ,
In the twenty- first year of the regime of HIS MAJESTY KING BIRENDRA BIR BIKRAM
SHAH DEVA, the Parliament has made this Act.

Chapter - 1
Preliminary
1. Short Title and Commencement : (1) This Act may be called the "Insurance
Act, 2049" (1992).
(2) It shall come into force on such dates as Government of Nepal,
by notification publish in the Nepal Gazette, may appoint.@

2. Definition : Unless the subject or context otherwise requires, in this Act,
@ This Act came into force on 2049.12.17 (1 April,1993) by a notification published in the Nepal Gazette date 2049.12.17.
2
(a) "Board" means the Insurance Board constituted pursuant to
Section 3.
(b) "Chairperson" means the Chairperson of the Board.
(c) "Member" means the Member of the Board and the word
includes the Chairperson.
(d) "Insurer" means a corporate body registered pursuant to
Section 10 and the word includes the re-insurer.
(e) "Insurance Business" means Life Insurance Business or Non-
Life Insurance Business and the word includes the re-
insurance.
(f) "Life Insurance Business" means the business relating to a
contract regarding to the life of any person under which he/she
or his/her heir in the event of his/her death, will be paid a
particular amount in case a specified amount is paid in
installment on the basis of his/her age.
(g) "Non-Life Insurance Business" means other Insurance
Business other than the Life Insurance Business.
(h) "Re-Insurance Business" means re-insuring the portion of the
risk which is excess of the risk to be hold by the Insurer.
(i) "Insurance Policy" means a document mentioning the rights
and liabilities relating to the contract of the Insurance.
(j) "Actuary" means a person having the qualification as
prescribed and is appointed by the Insurer for assessing and
calculating the liabilities of the Insurance Busines.
(k) "Insured" a person or organization holding a Life Insurance
and Non-Life Insurance Policy.
3
(l) "Insurance Agent" means a person other than a salaried
employee of an Insurer who has obtained a license pursuant to
Section 30, to work on behalf of the Insurer on the basis of
commission.  .........
(m) "Surveyor" means a person who has obtained a license
pursuant to * Section 30A, to make a financial valuation of the
destroyed property and the word includes an adjuster and a
person who makes a valuation of losses.
#(m1) "Broker" means a person who has obtained license pursuant to
Section 30B, to work as an intermediary between an Insurer
and Insurer relating to the Insurance Business.
(n) "Auditor" means an auditor who has obtained a license to audit
pursuant to prevailing law.
*(o) "Fiscal Year" means the period beginning from 1st day of
Shravan to last day of Ashadh of each year.
(p) "Prescribed" or "As prescribed" means prescribed or as
prescribed in the Rule made under this Act.

Chapter - 2
Formation and Management of the Board

3. Formation of the Board: (1) An Insurance Board shall be formed to systematize,
regularize, develop and regulate the Insurance Busines .
 Deleted by first Amendment
* Amended by first Amendment # Inserted by first Amendment .
4
(2) The Board pursuant to Sub-section (1) shall consists of the following
Members:
(a) A person nominated or designated
by the Nepal Government – Chairperson
(b) Representative, Ministry of Law,
Justice and Parliamentary Affairs – Member
(c) Representative, Ministry of Finance – Member
(d) A person nominated by the Nepal Government
from among the persons having the special
knowledge in the Insurance Business – Member
(e) A person nominated by the Nepal Government
from among the Insured – Member
(3) An employee designated by the Board shall perform the duty as a
Secretary of the Board.
(4) The Nepal Government may make alteration of the Members of the
Board by publishing a notification in the Nepal Gazette, if it deems
necessary.
(5) If it is deemed necessary, the Board may invite any national or
foreign experts in the meeting of the Board as an observer.
(6) The tenure of the nominated Members of the Board shall be four
years. They may be re-nominated up to twice after th expiry of their tenure.
(7) The Head office of the Board shall be located in kathmandu .
4. The Board to be an Autonomous Body : (1) The Board shall be an
autonomous and corporate body having perpetual succe sion.
5
(2) The Board shall have a separate seal for its business.
(3) The Board may deal as a person to acquire, possess, dispose or
otherwise manage the movable and immovable property.
(4) The Board may sue as a person by its own name and the Board also
may be sued in its name.
5. Meeting and Decision of the Board : (1) The meeting of the Board shall be
held on the date, time and venue as prescribed by the Chairperson.
(2) The meeting of the Board shall be held at least ight times per year
and not less than twice within three months.
(3) The meeting of the Board shall be presided by the Chairperson. In the
case of his/her absence, the meeting shall be presided by the person selected from
among the Members themselves.
(4) The quorum for the meeting of the Board shall be fulfilled in the
presence of fifty percent Member of the total Members of the Board.
(5) The opinion of majority shall prevail in the meeting of the Board and
in case of tie, the chair person may cast decisive vot .
(6) The decision of the Board shall be certified by the Secretary.
(7) Other procedures relating to the meeting of the Board shall be as
determined by the Board itself.
6. Provisions Relating to the Service Conditions and Facilities of the
Chairperson : (1) The Nepal Government may appoint or designate a p rson in
the post of Chairperson having special knowledge in the Insurance Business.
(2) The Chairperson shall be the Chief Administrative Officer of the
Board and shall have the power and duty to execute the decisions of the Board and
supervise and control the functions and activities of the Board.
6
(3) The tenure of office of the Chairperson shall be four years and he may
be re-appointed or designated.
(4) Provisions relating to the service, conditions and facilities of the
Chairperson shall be as prescribed.
7. Employees of the Board : (1) The Board may appoint necessary employees as
prescribed for the operation of its functions.
(2) The remuneration, conditions of service and facilities of the
employees of the Board shall be as prescribed.
Chapter – 3
Functions, Duties and Powers of the Board
8. Functions, Duties and Powers of the Board : The Functions, Duties and
Powers of the Board shall be as follows :
(a) to provide necessary suggestions to the Nepal Government to
frame the Policy regarding to systematize, regularize, develop and
regulate the Insurance Business.
(b) To frame a policy for the investment of the amount received from
the insurance and to prescribe the priority sectors.
(c) To register and renew the * Insurer, Insurance Agent, Surveyor or
Broker and to cancel or cause to cancel such registration.
(d) To arbitrate in the dispute which arises betwen the Insurer and
the Insured.
#(d1) To make decision on the complaints filed by the Insured against
the Insurer regarding to the settlement of liability of the Insurance.
* Amended by first amendment # Inserted by first amendment
7
# (d2) To issue necessary directives to the Insurer from time to time
regarding to the Insurance Business.
(e) To formulate necessary basis for the protection of interests of the
Insured, and
(f) To do or cause to do other necessary functions regarding to the
Insurance business.
9. Sub-Committee may be Constituted : (1) The Board may constitute sub-
committee as per necessary to conduct its functions smoothly.
(2) The functions, duties and powers of the Sub-Committee and the
procedures regarding to the meeting shall be as prescribed by the Board.

Chapter-4
Registration of Insurer, Cancellation of Registration and Liability
10. Registration of The Insurer : (1) No Person shall operate or cause to operate the
Insurance Business without obtaining a certificate pursuant to this Act.
(2) Any national or foreign corporate body desirous to operate an
Insurance Business shall submit an application to the office of the Board in the
prescribed form along with the following documents and prescribed fees for the
registration of its name as an Insurer :
(a) Memorandum and articles of association of the corporate body,
(b) Insurance Business to be operated and its policies and terms and
conditions,
# Inserted by first amendment
8
(c) If life Insurance Business to be operated, documents displaying
calculations of the premiums to be received in operating such
business and liability,
(d) The documents regarding the methods of utilizing the amounts to
be received from the Insurance, and
(e) Other necessary documents as prescribed by the Board.
(3) The Board shall make necessary investigation upon the
application received pursuant to Sub-section (2) and shall make an inquiry with
the applicant, if necessary, and shall register the name of such applicant in the
prescribed register-book by mentioning the types of the Insurance Business to be
operated by the applicant and shall provide the registration certificate of Insurer to
the applicant in the form as prescribed. In case there is any reasonable ground for
not registering the name, the Board shall inform the concerned applicant
accordingly. ∆.......
$(4) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this
Section, in the case of the Life Insurance, the Board shall, with the approval of the
Nepal Government, issue a certificate to operate the Business, based on the
fulfillment of the criteria which it has fixed, from time to time, in respect of the
operation of the Insurance Business.
11. Renewal of Registration of the Insurer : (1) The Insurer shall have to submit an
application to the office of the Board in the prescibed form along with the
prescribed fees up to the last day of Chaitra of each year for the renewal of the
certificate of registration.
∆ Deleted by 2nd Amendment $ Inserted by 2nd Amendment
9
(2) Upon the receipt of the application pursuant to Sub-section (1), the
Board shall have to renew the *certificate of registration.
* (3) In case any Insurer submits an application o the Board within
thirty days from the date of expiry of the time-limit pursuant to Sub-section (1),
mentioning the reason for its failure to submit an application for the renewal of the
certificate of registration within the aforesaid time-limit, the Board may, if it
considers the reasons to be appropriate, renew the certificate of registration of
such Insurer.
#11A. Circumstance on which Certificate of Registration of the Insurer Cannot be
Renewed : (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in Section 11, the Board
shall not renew the certificate of registration of the Insurer in any of the following
circumstances :
(a) If the balance-sheet has not submitted pursuant to Section 23,
(b) If the statement of income has not submitted pursuant to
Section 24,
(c) If the audit report has not submitted pursuant to Section 25,
(d) If the report of Actuary has not submitted pursuant to Section
26,
(e) If the service-charge has not paid pursuant to Section 40,
(f) If it has been prohibited to operate the Insurance Business
pursuant to Section 12A.
(2) If a circumstance has been created for not renewing the certificate of
registration of an Insurer due to any of the circumstance mentioned in sub-
section (1), the Board shall notify the Insurer within fifteen days from the
emergence of such circumstances.
* Amended by 1st amendment # Inserted by 1st amendment
10
(3) If the Insurer has submitted an application t the Board within fifteen
days from the date of receiving the notice pursuant to Sub-section (2), stating
reasonable grounds for not performing the liabilities to be performed pursuant to
Section 23, 24, 25, 26 and 40, the Board may, if it considers the reasons to be
appropriate, provide an additional time-limit of upto one month to perform such
liabilities.
12. Not to be Registered : Notwithstanding anything contained in Section 10, no
national or foreign corporate body shall be registred as an Insurer in the
following circumstances :
(a) If the name of an Insurer to be registered is i entical to the name of
another Insurer which has been already registered in the office of the
Board, and
#(a1) If any Insurer wants to be registered for operating Life Insurance and
Non-Life Insurance Business,
Provided that, the registered Insurer who is operating the Life
Insurance and Non-Life Insurance Business before the
commencement of this Act, shall operate the busines through a
separate organization for Life and Non-Life Insurance Business as
prescribed from the date specified by the Board.
→(b) If the paid-up capital does not amount to at le st two hundred fifty
million rupees for the Life Insurance Business and to at least one
hundred million rupees for the Non-life Insurance Business.
# (c) In the event that the Board has made a decision to ban to register to
additional corporate body as an Insurer to operate Insurance
# Inserted by 1st amendment → Amended by 2st Amendment # Inserted by 1st amendment
11
Business on the basis of the report, regarding to the s udy, research
and evaluation of the Insurance Business market.
#12A. A Ban May Be Imposed on the Insurance Business : (1) The Board may
impose a ban entirely or partially or may cancel any type of business being
operated by the Insurer under the Insurance Busines in any of the following
circumstances :
(a) If the directives provided by the Board time to time regarding the
procedures to be followed by the Insurer during the op ration of the
Insurance Business has been violated,
(b) If the Insurer provides loan to any corporate body in which any of its
Directors or his/her family is working as a Managing Agent or partner or
provides guarantee or security of any kind for any loan provided to
him/her by others by violating Section 14,
(c) If the Insurer does not provide information to the Board to be provided
pursuant to Section 15,
(d) If the Insurer does not maintain the accounts a d record, to be maintained
pursuant to Section 19,
(e) If the Insurer does not maintain separate accounts and records to be
maintained separately pursuant to Section 20,
(f) If the Insurer does not maintain the fund to be maintained by it pursuant
to Section 21 or bears liability of one Insurance Business from the fund
maintained for another business,
(g) If the Insurer does not maintain the compulsory reserve fund to be
maintained by it pursuant to Section 22,
(h) If the Insurer accepts the insurance risk withou receiving the insurance
premium pursuant to Section 27,
12
(I) If the Insurer does not re-insure pursuant to Section 28.
(2) Before imposing a ban on the Insurance Business of an Insurer
pursuant to Sub-section (1), the Board shall provide a reasonable time-limit to
submit clarification to the concerned Insurer clearly stating the reasons for
imposing the ban on its Insurance Business.
(3) If the concerned Insurer does not submit its clarification within the
time-limit mentioned in Sub-section (2) or the clarification submitted by it is not
found to be satisfactory, the Board may impose a ban on the Insurance Business
of the concerned Insurer pursuant to Sub-section (1) and shall publish a notice in
two major newspapers to be published in Nepal for the information of public in
general.
(4) During the time period of a ban on the Insurance Business of any
Insurer pursuant to Sub-section (3) such Insurer shall make payment of claims of
compensation filed against it as prescribed.
(5) If the ban is imposed in the Insurance Business of any Insurer
under this section, the Board may, if it finds the evidence submitted by the
Insurer within the time-limit by stating that the circumstances for imposing the
ban on its business existed no longer to be satisfactory, impose a fine as
prescribed and lift the ban.
13. Registration of an Insurer may be Canceled : (1) The Board may cancel the
registration of an Insurer by providing a written notice with effect from the date
prescribed in the same notice in the following circumstances:
(a) If the Insurance Business is not started within six months from
the date of obtaining the certificate,
13
(b) If it is felt that the liability of the Insure exceeds its assets #within Nepal,
(c) If the Insurer could not fulfill the liability pursuant to the
decision within three months from the date of final decision of
the court in the case filed under the Insurance Policy issued
within Nepal,
(d) If the head office of the Insurance Business of any foreign
Insurer is situated out side Nepal and in case it is felt that
Nepalese Insurer has not obtained equal facilities th re which are
enjoyed by the foreign Insurer pursuant to the prevailing law of
such country,
(e) If the Insurer does not open its office inside Nepal,
(f) If the Insurer does not perform the functions to be performed or
has performed any functions which is not to be performed
pursuant to this Act or the Rules made under this Act.
(2) Before canceling the registration of an Insurer pu suant to Sub-
section (1), the Board shall provide a reasonable tim -limit to submit clarification
to the concerned Insurer, stating the reasons for canceling its registration.
(3) If the concerned Insurer does not submit its clarification within the
time period mentioned in Sub-section (2) or in case the clarification submitted by
it is found not to be satisfactory, the Board shall c ncel the registration of such
Insurer pursuant to Sub-section (1), and shall publish a notice in two major
newspapers to be published Nepal for the information public in general.
(4) Mere cancellation of the registration of an Insurer pursuant to this
Section shall not make any effect to the rights andliabilities of the concerned
# Inserted by 1st amendment
14
Insurer regarding to any action taken or functions performed before the
cancellation.
14. Loan, Guarantee and Security not to be Provided to the Directors : No Insurer
shall provide loans to its Director or #his/her family or any corporate body where
he/she is a Managing Agent or partner and no guarantee or surety of any type shall
be provided to such person when any person provides loan to him.
Provided that, this Section shall not prevail to loans supplied to the extent of the
surrender value of the Insurance Policy issued by the Insurer.
15. Notice to be Provided : If the Insurer has made any dealing regarding the
Insurance Business with its Director or #his/her family or any corporate body
where he/she is a Managing Agent or partner he/she shall provide a notice to the
Board within thirty-five days.
16. Payment of Insurance Claims After the Cancellation of the Insurer :
The Insurer, dissolved by the cause of the cancellation of its registration pursuant
to Section 13, shall refund the amount received by it for Insurance to the person,
organization or the Board, within the period and method specified by the Board. It
shall refund the principal amount along with bonus as specified by the Board in
the case of Life Insurance and it shall refund the principal amount as specified by
the Board on a proportional basis in the case of Non-Life Insurance.
17. Insurer shall be Responsible : (1) The Insurer shall pay the compensation in case
any actions against the rights and interests of the Insurance Policy holders cause
losses by the Insurer, employees of the Insurer, Insurance Agents or Surveyors.
(2) →The Insured may submit a complaint to the Board as pre cribed, if the
liability on the compensation for insurance claim is not assessed within the
prescribed period of time or if the liability is assessed to the disadvantage, or if the
Insurer does not pay the compensation pursuant to Sub-section (1). → Amended by 2st Amendment
15
(3) The Board shall make necessary investigation into the complaint
submitted pursuant to Sub-section (2) and shall provide a reasonable opportunity
to the concerned Insurer to submit clarification upon such complaint.
(4) If the clarification submitted by the Insurer pursuant to Sub-section (3)
is reasonable, the Board may cancel such complaint by mentioning its ground. If
the clarification is not reasonable, the Board shall make a decision to pay the
reasonable compensation to the complainant.
(5) If the Board decides to give compensation to the complainant pursuant
to Sub-section (4), the Insurer shall pay such amount for the compensation to the
concerned Insured. ∆ .........
$(6) If an appeal is made against a decision made by the Board to pay
compensation to the complaint pursuant to Sub-section (4) and the decision of the
Board is upheld, the concerned Insurer shall promptly pay the compensation plus
the interest on the amount of compensation to be set at the rate as prescribed, for
the period from the date of original decision to the date of final settlement of the
case.
18. Appointment of Liquidator : Nepal Government may appoint a liquidator, if any
Insurer has been dissolved due to the cancellation of its registration pursuant to
Section13, The functions, duties and powers of the liquidator so appointed shall be
equivalent to those of a government liquidator pursuant to Company Act, 2053.
19. Accounts and Records of the Insurer : (1) The Insurer shall maintain its
accounts and records according to Rules.
(2) The situation of actual activity of the Insurer and every item of income
and expenditure of the Insurer along with the detail p rticulars of its assets and
∆ Deleted by 2nd Amendment $ Inserted by 2nd Amendment
16
liabilities shall be comprehensively mentioned on the accounts and records
maintained pursuant to Sub-section (1).
20. Separate Accounts to be Maintained : (1) If any Insurer operates any other
business along with the Insurance Business, such Insurer shall maintain a separate
accounts and records of its Insurance Business.
(2) The Insurer who deals with more than one Insurance Business
shall maintain separate accounts and records for each category of Insurance
Business .
21. Insurance Fund : (1) An Insurer shall maintain separate fund for each category of
Insurance Business and the amount to be received from each Insurance Business
shall be deposited in the concerned fund.
(2) The fund maintained for one category of Insurance Business
shall not be utilized to bear the liabilities relating to other category of Insurance
Business.
22. Compulsory Reserve Fund : Every Insurer shall maintain a reserve fund as
specified by the Board for the liability relating to i s Insurance Business inside the
Nepal.
23. The Balance-sheet to be Submitted : (1) The Insurer shall publish the balance-
sheet and profit and loss account of all transactions regarding the Insurance
Business of each year within six months of the expiry of the fiscal year and shall
submit a copy to the Board.
(2) If any Insurer submits an application to the Board for the
extension of the time limit pursuant to Sub-section (1), for submitting the balance-
sheet and profit and loss account, stating the reasonable ground for its inability to
do so within the time-limit, the Board may extend the ime-limit up to one month.
24. Account of Income to be Submitted : (1) The Insurer shall prepare separate
accounts of its income generated from the Insurance Business inside Nepal in the
17
form as specified by the Board and submit them to the Board within six months
after the expiry of the fiscal year.
(2) If any Insurer submits an application to the Board for the
extension of the time-limit pursuant to Sub-section (1), for submitting the account
of income stating the reasonable ground for its inability to do so within the time-
limit, the Board may extend the time-limit up to one month.

25 Audit : →(1) The Insurer shall have the accounts and records f its Insurance
Business audited by an auditor recognized in accordance with the prevailing law
and submit a report thereof to the Board no later than ten months from the date
expiration of each fiscal year.
(2) Comments (inconsistencies and irregularity) made while
performing the audit and the clarification of the management relating to it also
shall be mentioned in the report pursuant to Sub-section (1).
26. Valuation to be made by an Actuary : The Insurer, who deals with the Life
Insurance Business, shall have to assess the financial position and the valuation of
liabilities by an Actuary once in every three years. The Insurer shall submit a copy
of the reports submitted by the Actuary.
27. Insurance Premium to be Paid Before Holding the Risk :No Insurer shall hold
the insurance risk of any category of Insurance Business until it receives the
premium of the Insurance to be obtained by it. It shall be deemed that the Insurer
has undertaken the Insurance Business only after rec iving the Insurance premium
by it for holding the risk.
Provided that, if any practical difficulty arises due to any reason for paying the
amount in a lump sum, this Section shall not be deemed to be prohibited to issue
→ Amended by 2st Amendment
18
an Insurance Policy on the guarantee of a bank or the Nepal Government relating
to the payment of the outstanding amount within a specified period.
28. Re-insurance to be Made : The Insurer shall have the risk exceeding the limit
of the risk to be held by it re-insured in manner specified by the Board.
29. Legal Representative to be Appointed : The Insurer shall appoint a legal
representative in his head office inside Nepal.
Chapter –5
*Provisions Relating to Insurance Agent, Surveyor and Broker
30. Registration of the Insurance Agents : (1) Any person desirous to work as an
Insurance Agent ...... #possessing a qualification as prescribed shall submit an
application to the Board along with the recommendation of the concerned Insurer.
(2) After receiving an application pursuant to Sub-section (1),
the Board shall make necessary inquiry upon the applic tion, and if he is qualified
to get the license, the Board shall provide a license of an *Insurance Agent to the
applicant in the form as prescribed by receiving the fees as prescribed. If there is
any reason for not providing the license, the Board shall provide its information to
the concerned applicant.
#30A. Registration of the Surveyor : (1) Any person desirous to work as a Surveyor
possessing a qualification as prescribed may submit an application to the Board.
(2) After receiving an application pursuant to Sub-section (1), the
Board shall make necessary inquiry upon the application, it he is qualified to get
the license, the Board shall provide a license of a Surveyor to the applicant in the
form as prescribed by receiving the fees as prescribed. If there is any reason for
* Amended by 1st amendment  Deleted by 1st amendment
# Inserted by 1st amendment # Inserted by 1st amendment
19
not providing the license, the Board shall provide its information to the
concerned applicant.
#30B. Registration of the Broker : (1) Any person desirous to work as a Broker
possessing a qualification as prescribed shall have to submit an application to
the Board.
(2) After receiving an application pursuant to Sub-section (1), the Board
shall make necessary inquiry upon the application, f he is qualified to get the
license the Board shall provide a license of a Broke to the applicant in the form as
prescribed by receiving the fees as prescribed. If there is any reason for not
providing the license, the Board shall provide its information to the concerned
applicant.
31. Term and Renewal of the License : (1) * The Insurance Agent, Surveyor or Broker
shall submit an application to the office of the Board in the format as prescribed
along with the fees as prescribed by up to the last d y of Chaitra∞ of each year for
the renewal of his license.
(2) After receiving an application pursuant to Sub-section (1), the
Board shall make the renewal of the license of the *Insurance Agent, Surveyor of
Broker.
(3) If any *Insurance Agent, Surveyor or Broker has submitted an
application to the Board stating the ground for his/her inability to submit an
application for the renewal of the license within the period pursuant to Sub-section
(1), and if the Board feels that ground is reasonable the Board may extend the
time-limit for a maximum period of six months by receiving the additional fees as
prescribed.
# Inserted by 1st amendment
* Amended by 1st amendment ∞ Approximately Mid of April
20
32. Disqualification of the *Insurance Agent, Surveyor or Broker : No person
shall become *an Insurance Agent, Surveyor or Broke in the following
circumstances :
(a) If he/she has not attained the age of sixteen yars,
(b) If he/she is of unsound mind,
(c) If he/she is an insolvent,
(d) If he/she has been convicted and sentenced to punishment by a
court in the offense involving any type of theft, fraud or
misappropriation or embezzlement of the property entrusted to
him, or
(e) If he/she has done anything in the course of work regarding to the
Insurance Business causing loss or damage to the Insurer or
Insurance Policy Holder.
33. Cancellation of License : (1) If any * Insurance Agent, Surveyor or Broker does
not renew his license pursuant to Section 31 or if the Board has become confident
that such action has been made against the right and interests of Insurance Policy
Holder or committed any action contrary to this Act or the Rules made under this
Act, the Board may cancel the license of such *Insurance Agent, Surveyor and
Broker.
(2) Before canceling the license pursuant to Sub-section (1),
the Board shall provide a reasonable time-limit to him to submit his clarification in
respect to the charge leveled against him.



* Amended by 1st amendment
21
Chapter —6
Fund and Audit
34. Fund of the Board : (1) The Board shall have a separate fund of its ownand the
following amounts shall consist in the fund :
(a) The amount received from the Nepal Government,
(b) The amount received from any foreign government or
international organization or association,
(c) The amount received as name registration and re ewed fees
etc. from the Insurer, Insurance Agent or Surveyor,
(d) The amount received from service charge,
(e) The amount received from any other sources.
#34A. Expense of the Board to be Borne From the Fund : All the expenses to be
incurred on behalf of the Board shall be borne from the amount credited to the
fund of the Board pursuant to Section 34.
35. Accounts and Audit : →(1) The Board shall accurately maintain the accounts a d
records of its financial transactions. Such accounts shall so indicate, inter alia, the
financial transactions, statement of each and every income and expenditure,
procurement and sale of goods and detail statements of the assets and liabilities of
the Board that the actual situation of the Board is clearly reflected.
(2) The audit of the Board shall be done by the Auditor General's
Department.
(3) If the Nepal Government wishes, may examine or cause to examine the
documents relating to the accounts and records of the Board as well as its cash and
kinds at any time.
# Inserted by 1st amendment → Amended by 2st Amendment
22
Chapter — 7
Miscellaneous
36. Punishment : (1) If any Insurer or the Director of the Insurer, mployee or *Surveyor, Broker or Insurance Agent knowingly violates this Act or the Rules
made under this Act or order or directives or does not perform any function to be
performed or does any act not to be done, the Board m y punish to such Insurer or
the Director, employee or *Surveyor, Broker or Insurance Agent with a fine
ranging from three thousand rupees to ten thousand rupees. If such offense has
been made frequently, he will be fined at the rate of xtra five hundred rupees for
each subsequent offense.
(2) If any *Insurer or Insurance Agent or Broker has made any
Insurance Business without following the procedures to be followed pursuant to
this Act, the Board may fine him up to ten thousand rupees.
(3) If the accounts, records, register, details, information or any other
documents to be maintained, prepared, formed or submitted pursuant to this Act or
the Rules made under this Act has not maintained, prepared, formed or submitted
in time by knowingly or with malafied intention or has maintained or submitted
the false details or documents by any-body, he may be punished with a fine up to
thirty thousand rupees or imprisonment up to two years or with both.
37. Appeal : Any person or corporate body dissatisfied with the decision made by the
Board pursuant to this Act, may make an appeal in the concerned Appeal late
Court within thirty five days from the date of such decision.
38. Payment to be made to Designee : If any Life Insurance Policy Holder dies
before the expiry of the term of his/her policy, the amount mentioned in such
Insurance Policy shall be paid to the person designated by him/her therein. If
he/she has not designated any person or if the designee has already died, payment
* Amended by 1st amendment
23
shall be made to any of his/her surviving related dpendents as follows in the
following order and if there are more than one surviving related persons in
same order with amount shall be distributed or equal share:

(a) Husband or wife of the joint family.
(b) Son, sister and widow daughter-in-law of the joint family.
(c) Father, mother (in case of the married woman father-in-law,
mother-in-law).
(d) Grandfather, grandmother who have to be taken careof by
him/herself and grand son, grand daughter in the line of the son.
(e) Husband, wife who is living separate.
(f) Unmarried daughter, son, widow daughter-in-law who is living
separate .
(g) Father, mother who is living separate.
(h) Step son, step daughter of the joint family.
(i) Brother, sister of the joint family.
(j) Father-in-law, mother-in-law living separate in the case of
married woman .
(k) Grand son, unmarried grand daughter who living separate.
(l) Step mother who is living separate.
(m) Step son, unmarried step daughter who is living separate.
(n) Husband's elder brother, elder brother's wife, younger brother
of the husband, wife of the husband's younger brothe in case of
married woman .
(o) Nephew, neice of joint family.
(p) Uncle, widow aunty, elder brother's wife, and daughter-in-law
of the joint family.
24
(q) Brother and sister who is living separate,
(r) Grandfather, grandmother, grand daughter-in-law, nephew,
neice living separately.
(s) Person living together with in insured person upto the last
stage.
(2) If the person designated pursuant to Sub-section (1) dies or if the
Insurance Policy Holder wants to replace him, he/she all write to the concerned
Insurer for designating another person. The Insurer also shall have to alter the
designated person according to the request of the Insurance Policy Holder and shall
provide the written notice thereof to the concerned Insurance Policy Holder.
39. Inquiry or Investigation can be Made : (1) The Board may make an inquiry or
investigation or cause to make an inquiry or investigation, as per necessity, in the
interests of the Insurance Policy Holder or for any other reasonable cause, to any
Insurer or * Insurance Agent or Surveyor or Broker or Insured as well as including
all other related persons or corporate bodies, regarding the Insurance Business and
also regarding the other business dealt by any Insurer if it has undertaken any
other business.
(2) Upon making an inquiry or investigation pursuant to Sub-
section (1), it shall be the duty of an Insurer, all employees of the Insurer whether
they are in service or retired, *Insurance Agent, Surveyor or Broker, Insured and
all other related persons or corporate bodies, to assist, by providing the accounts,
records, registers, book accounts, or any other documents, information and replies,
to questions asked during the inquiries or investigation.
(3) The expenses incurred for conducting inquiries or investigations
pursuant to Sub-section (1) shall be borne by the concerned Insurer.
* Amended by 1st amendment
25
$39A. Special provisions relating to audit of Insurer : (1) If the Insurer fails to submit
the audit report to the Board within the period of time as referred to in Section 25 or
if such report has a reasonable ground to confirm an irregularity committed in the
Insurance Business or if a complaint is filed with the Board alleging that the
accounts and records of the Insurance Business carried on by the Insurer suffer
from irregularity, the Board may audit or re-audit, or cause to be audited or re-
audited, the Insurance Business of the Insurer.
(2) The Insurer him/herself has to bear all the expenses incurred in the
performance of audit or re-audit pursuant to Sub-section (1).
40. Insurance Service Charge : (1) The Board shall provide essential and
appropriate service to the Insurer and Insurance Agent.
(2) Every Insurer shall pay an amount equal to one percent of the
Gross Premium earning from the Insurance Business inside Nepal in each fiscal
year to the Board as specified by Board pursuant to Sub-section (1).
41. Insurance Tariff Advisory Committee : (1) *The Nepal Government may
constitute an Insurance Tariff Advisory Committee to provide necessary advice and
recommendation to the Board relating to the determination of the tariff of the
Insurance Business consisting the members as follows :
(a) Chairperson, Insurance Board –Chairperson
(b) Three persons from among the Chief of Insurers
as nominated by the Nepal Government –Member
(c) Secretary, Insurance Board –Member-Secretary
(2) The procedures regarding to the meeting of the Advisory
Committee shall be as determined by the Committee its lf.
$ Inserted by 2nd Amendment * Amended by 1st amendment
26
(3) The functions, duties and powers of the Advisory Committee
shall be as prescribed.
#41A. No Transaction Relating to the Insurance Business shall be Operated with
Others Than the Insurer : No person or corporate body shall operate any
transaction relating to the Insurance Business withother person or corporate body
than the Insurer having the Certificate of Registration pursuant to this Act.
#41B. Order of Priority in Settlement of Liabilities : If any Insurer is dissolved due
to the cancellation of its registration pursuant to Section 13, the liabilities shall be
settled in the following order of priority :-
(a) The expenses incurred for the dissolution,
(b) The amount to be paid against the insurance claims to the Insured
pursuant to Section 16,
(c) The remuneration and other outstanding amounts to be obtained
by the employees of the Insurer,
(d) Loan amounts,
(e) The amount to be paid to the Board,
(f) The amount to be paid to the Government of Nepal .
42. Annual Report : (1) The Board shall submit an annual report of the work done
by it to the Ministry of Finance Government of Nepal.
(2) the Board shall publish a summary of the repo t submitted pursuant to
Sub-section (1) in the local newspaper .
43. Delegation of Power : The Board may delegate its power to the Chairperson,
Member, Sub-committee or any employee of the Board as required.
# Inserted by 1st amendment # Inserted by 1st amendment
27
44. The Government of Nepal may Issue Directives : The Nepal Government may
issue directives to the Board in the interest and for promotion of the Insurance
Business, and it shall be the duty of the Board to comply with such directives.
45. Contact With the Nepal Government : The Board shall make contact with the
Government of Nepal through the Ministry of Finance.
46. Prevailing Law to Prevail : This Act shall prevail in matters written in this Act
and in other matters prevailing law shall prevail.
47. Power To Frame Rules and By-laws : (1) The Government of Nepal may frame
necessary Rules to meet the objectives of this Act.
→ (2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Board may, with the
approval of the Government of Nepal, frame necessary By-laws.
48. Repeal and Saving :
(1) The Insurance Act, 2025 is hereby repealed.
(2) All the actions taken and functions performed b fore the commencement of
this Act shall be considered to have been taken or performed pursuant to
this Act.

→ Amended by 2st Amendment