Immovable Property Requisition Act, 2013
Immovable Property Requisition Act, 2013 (1956)
Date of authentication Date of publication
(31 Aug. 1956) (6 Sept. 1956)
1. Nepal Acts (Amending) Act, 2018
(15 Nov. 1961)
(16 Nov. 1961)
2. Some Nepal Laws (Amendment
and Rearrangement) Act, 2020
(28 Feb. 1964)
(28 Feb. 1964)
3. Republic Strengthening and Some
Nepal Laws Amendment Act,
2066 (2010) 1
(21 Jan. 2010)
Act Number 5 of the Year 2013 (1956)
An Act made in order to Requisition of Immovable Property
Preamble: Whereas, it is expedient to make appropriate provisi ns in order to
requisition of immovable property 2for maintaining law and order as well as the
convenience and economic interest of general public;
Now, therefore, be it enacted by His Majesty King on the advice of Council
1 This Act came into force on 15 Jeshta 2065 (2008), Prasasti and the word "kingdom" has been deleted.
2. Amended by Some Nepal Laws (Amendment and Rearrangement) Act, 2020
1. Short Title, extension and Commencement: (1) This Act may be called
“Immovable property Requisition Act, 2013 (1956)”.
(2) This Act shall commence in Kathmandu Valley immediately and
shall commence in other areas on such date as prescribed by the
Government of Nepal upon publishing a Notification n Nepal Gazette3.
2. Definition: Unless the subject or context otherwise requires, n this Act,
(a) “Owner” means any person who is obtaining or entitl s to obtain the
rent of building or land in the time being for oneself or for any
person or for the benefit of such person or as a trustee or custodian
of any other person or such person who obtains or entitled to obtain
the rent in case such building or land was rented
(b) In respect of any property the term “stakeholder” means all persons
entitled to or authorized to claim the compensation be given in
consideration of requisition made pursuant to this Act.
(c) ‘Building and land’ means any structure or any part thereof, and;
(1) Any garden, land and hut, if any, situated in the surrounding
of such structure or any part thereof.
(2) Goods adjoining with such structure, or with any part thereof
for gaining maximum benefit.
(3) Any goods, property or equipment remained with in such
structure or any part thereof.
(d) “Tenant” means including temporary tenant (magani dar) or the
person living with permission.
3. Power to requisition of immovable property: (1) In case the Government
of Nepal concludes that immovable property is needed or likely to be
needed for any public purpose and requisition thereof is must than it-
3. This Act came into force in remaining areas on 2016.12.10 as per the notification published in Nepal gazette in 2016.12.15
(a) Shall issue a notification in writing to the pro erty
owner or any person having possession over the said
property to submit the complaint, if any, to the
Government of Nepal within a period of Thirty Five
days from the date of service of the notification by
setting out the reasons that the proposed requisition be
not be carried out.
(b) May issue an order to the owner of property or any
other person in order to impose restriction on sale and
size modification of such property and on providing
rent to tenant without the approval of the Governmet
of Nepal unless a period of Thirty Five days completes
from the date when such order is served.
(2) After considering the reasons, if any, mentioned by a person who
has possession or claim over such property or by a stakeholder, the
Government of Nepal, may, if it concludes that the requisition of such
property is reasonable or necessary, requisition the said property by an
order which is necessary and reasonable in respect of requisition.
Provided that, the following property or any part thereof shall not be
(a) The residence which is, in the real sense, being used
by the owner for him/herself or for his/her family
(b) The place used for religious worship or school,
hospital, public library, inn or orphanage or any public
place being used by the person who manages thereof.
Provided that, in case the requisitioned property
is being used by a tenant for his/her residence since
two months from the date when a notification pursuant
to aforesaid Sub-section was served, the Government
of Nepal shall, as far as possible ,manage another such
residence which it deems appropriate for such tenant.
(3) No question shall be raised in any court about the order of
requisition issued pursuant to this Act.
4. Power of the Government of Nepal over requisitioned property: (1) In
case any property requisitioned pursuant to Section 3, Government of
Nepal may issue an order in the form of a notification in writing to the
owner of such property or a person who holds thereof to transfer or
handover the property to the officer as prescribed in the said notification
within a period of Fifteen days from the date when the person received the
(2) In case a person denies to abide by an order issued pursuant to
Sub-section (1) or violates thereof, the authorized officer may use necessary
force to seize or cause to seize the property.
5. To modify or maintain requisitioned property: Upon requisition of
property pursuant to Section 3, the Government of Nepal may issue an
order to the owner of such property to make necessary m intenance of the
property in such a manner and within such time as prescribed by the
Government of Nepal in such order; and in case the owner fails to maintain
the property as per the said order, the Government of Nepal may maintain
the property itself by deducing the maintenance charge from compensation
to be obtained by such person, if any.
The Government of Nepal may make reasonable modification of the
building or land requisitioned in its own cost in order to use in easiest
6. Release of requisitioned property: (1) The Government of Nepal may
release the property requisitioned pursuant to this Act at any time and the
property so released shall be handed over in the sam condition as it was at
the time of requisition as far as possible.
Provided that, any reasonable loss incurred by the modifications and
by the general possession made pursuant to 4second paragraph of Section 5
or any force majeure shall not be taken into consideration.
(2) While releasing requisitioned property, the Government of Nepal
may, if it deems necessary, hold or cause to hold inquiry, issue a
notification in writing stating the name of the person who is entitled to
obtain released property and the said property shall be returned to such
person from whom the property was requisitioned as far as possible or
his/her successor who entitles to claim thereof.
(3) After returning the requisitioned property to the person as
mentioned in the order issued pursuant to sub-section (2), all liabilities of
Government of Nepal in regards to the property shall be terminated.
Provided that, any person who has entitlement to the property which was
returned may proceed against the person who took the released property in
order to enforce his/her entitlement as per the procedure established by law
(4) In case a person who is entitled to obtain the requisitioned
property could not be founded and in the absence of his/her authorized
agent or other person, the Government of Nepal shalpub ish a Notification
in Nepal Gazette stating that the property has been r l ased from requisition
and after the issuance of such notice the said property shall be deemed to
have been handed over to the stakeholder.
7. Compensation: In case any property is requisitioned pursuant to this Act,
the Government of Nepal shall give compensation and the valuation of such
compensation shall be calculated as per the principle prescribed in Section
4 Amended by Some Nepal Acts (Amending) Act, 2018
Provided that, in case the Government of Nepal thinks or opines that
the owner, a citizen of Nepal, generally is residing out side of Nepal or has
made investment of his/her majority portion of movable property out side
Nepal, no compensation shall be given to such owner.
8. The principle and method to determine Compensation: (1) The
compensation as referred to in Section 7 shall be det rmined as per the
(a) In case the amount of compensation is fixed in an
agreement, if any, such agreement prevails.
(b) In the absence of agreement, the Government of Nepal
shall appoint any judge either sitting or retired as an
arbitrator and the compensation shall be given as per
the award of the arbitrator.
(2) The compensation for requisitioned property shall be given as
per the following;
(a) In case a requisitioned property was given as le e
hold, the compensation shall be given for the period of
requisition as per the rent or amount which was to be
paid for lease, and
(b) During the period of requisition in case any reasonable
loss incurred from the general possession or from any
force majeure and from any modification made
pursuant to 5second paragraph of Section 5 shall not be
taken into consideration for providing compensation
(c) Cost to be needed for creating the situation in which
the property was remained in the time of requisition.
5. Amended by Some Nepal Acts (Amending) Act, 2018
9. Delegation of power: The Government of Nepal may, by a notification in
Nepal Gazette, delegate powers conferred to it pursuant to this Act to any
government officer in such a way to be exercised such powers as per the
terms and conditions as prescribed in the said notification.
10. Penalty: Whosoever contravenes this Act or Rules framed th re under or
hinders in the course of lawful exercising of powers g anted by this Act,
shall be liable to a fine up to One thousand Rupees or an imprisonment not
exceeding Six months or the both.
11. Power to frame Rules: The Government of Nepal may frame Rules by
publishing a Notification in Nepal Gazette to carry out the objective of this