Food Act, 2023
Food Act, 2023 (1967)
Date of Authentication
2023.5.24 (9 September 1966
1. Food (First Amendment) Act, 2030 (1974) 2030.12.11 (24 March 1974)
2. Administration of Justice Act, 2048 (1991) 2048.2.16 (30 May 1991 )
3. Food ( Second Amendment) Act, 1991 2048.2.21 (4 June 1991)
4. Food (Third Amendment) Act, 1992 2049.7.6 (22 October 1992)
Act No. 8 of the year, 2052 (1966)
An Act made to maintain purity in foodstuffs
Preamble: Whereas, it is expedient to make legal provisions to maintain proper standard
of foodstuffs and to prevent any undesirable adulteration in foodstuffs or prevent from
reducing in, or extracting, any natural quality or utility from foodstuffs in order to
maintain health and convenience of the general public;
Be it enacted by His Majesty the King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev has
enacted this Act on the advice and with the consent of the Rastriya Panchayat.
1. Short title, extent and commencement: (1) This Act may be called as the "Food
(2) This Act shall come into force in such area and on such date as the
Government of Nepal may, by notification published in the Nepal Gazette,
appoint. * 2. Definition: Unless the subject or context otherwise requires, in this Acts,-
(a) "foodstuffs" means the produced, processed, semi-processed or raw
foodstuffs or drinks which human beings generally consume or drink and
this word also includes the spices, food additives, colour or aroma to be
used in foodstuffs or drinks.
* Amended by the third amendment.
(b) "adulterated foodstuffs" means the foodstuffs under any of the following
(1) foodstuffs rotten so as to be harmful to health, or prepared or
kept in a filthy or toxic condition,
(2) foodstuffs wholly or partially made of any sick or disease
carrying animal or bird or of harmful plant so as to be unfit
for human consumption,
(3) foodstuffs that may be harmful to health as any food additive,
colour, preservative, internally or externally mixed chemical
compound or pesticide exceeds the ceiling as prescribed.
(c) "sub-standard foodstuffs" means the foodstuffs under any of the following
(1) foodstuffs whose main ingredient is reduced in quantity or
which is mixed with any other substance whereby lowered its
Provided that, if the name and quantity of any
foodstuff made of two or more items are clearly marked in
such foodstuff and if it is not harmful to health, such
foodstuff shall not be deemed as sub-standard foodstuff.
(2) foodstuffs below the standard as set under Section 7 or below
the minimum necessary standard as prescribed in the Rules or
Orders framed under this Act or above the standard if
maximum standard is prescribed.
(d) "Prescribed" or "as prescribed" means prescribed or as prescribed in the
Rules or Orders framed under this Act.
* 3. Prohibition on production, sale or distribution of adulterated foodstuff or
sub-standard foodstuff: No person shall produce, sell, distribute, export or
import the adulterated foodstuffs or sub-standard foodstuffs or possess such
foodstuff for any of such purposes.
4. Prohibition on sale of foodstuff by lying or misleading: No person shall sell or
distribute any foodstuff in the name of any other foodstuffs or any foodstuff below
the standard in the name of the foodstuff of higher standard by lying or
misleading. %4A. Powers to withhold Foodstuffs: (1) The designated authority may, if he/she
suspects that any foodstuff is *adulterated or substandard, withhold such foodstuff
upon sealing it and shall receive receipt upon granting custody of such foodstuff to
(2) The Government of Nepal may confiscate such foodstuff withheld
pursuant to Sub-section (1) by the order of the designated authority upon
considering the gravity of crime, its nature and harm it may cause upon final
settlement holding that such foodstuff is ∗adulterated or sub-standard. %4B. License to be obtained: (1) A person intending to produce, sell, distribute, store
or process the prescribed foodstuffs shall have to obtain license as prescribed.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in Sub-section(1), in the case of
the sealed foodstuffs, a retailer who has received the deed of guarantee from the
licensed producer or wholesaler as prescribed shall not be required to obtain the
license pursuant to this Section. * 5 Punishments: (1) A person who produces, sells, distributes, exports or imports the
sub-standard foodstuffs may be penalized with a fine from One Thousand Rupees
* Amended by the third amendment %
Inserted by the first Amendment
to Two Thousand Rupees for the first time and with a fine from Two Thousand
Rupees to Five Thousand Rupees or with an imprisonment for a term from Six
months to One year or with both for each time from the second time onwards.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in Sub-section (1), if a mobile
vender selling milk, curd and other foodstuffs without opening a fixed shop
violates this Act, or Rules or Orders framed under this Act, such a person may be
penalized with a fine from Fifty Rupees to Rs. Two Hundred Rupees for the first
time, with a fine from Two Hundred Rupees to Five Hundred Rupees or with an
imprisonment for a term not exceeding Three months or with both for the second
time and with a fine from Five Hundred Rupees to One Thousand Rupees or with
an imprisonment for a term from Three months to Six months or with both for
each time from the third time onwards
(3) A person who produces, sells, distributes, exports or imports the
adulterated foodstuffs may be penalized with a fine from Five Thousand Rupees to
Ten Thousand Rupees or with an imprisonment for a term from one year to two
years or with both.
(4) If any person upon consuming any adulterated foodstuff is likely to die
or dies or sustains an irreparable damage to the body or is likely to sustain such
damage, the person who produces, sells or distributes such adulterated foodstuff
may be penalized with a fine from Ten Thousand Rupees to Twenty Five
Thousand Rupees and with an imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years
and such a person shall have to compensate a sum from Twenty Five Thousand
Rupees to One Hundred Thousand Rupees to the victim of such adulterated
foodstuff or his/her heir.
(5) A person who violates this Act, or the Rules or Orders framed under
this Act in a manner other than those as referred to in Sub-sections (1), (2), (3)
and (4) may be penalized with a fine not exceeding One Thousand Rupees.
6. Liability of crime committed by firm or body corporate: If any firm or body
corporate violates this Act, or Rules or Orders framed under this Act, the partner
or owner in the case of the firm and the chief administrative officer carrying out
the functions of that body in the case of the body corporate shall be liable to the
punishment for the purpose of Sub-section (1) of Section 5.
Provided that, such a person shall not be liable to punishment for any act
committed prior to his/her appointment as a partner and an administrative officer
or if he/she proves that he/she was not in a position to know such a violation.
7. Powers to set quality and standard of foodstuffs: The Government of Nepal
may issue orders from time to time setting out within what limitation the quality,
standard or amount of any ingredient shall have to be used in any foodstuff. Such
an order shall be published in the Nepal Gazette.
8. Examination of Foodstuff: A test as to whether any foodstuff is *adulterated or
sub-standard or not shall be done at the prescribed laboratory and a report from the
prescribed official or officials of that laboratory shall be obtained accordingly.
9. Food standard fixation committee: The Government of Nepal may from time to
time constitute a food Standard Fixation Committee *to set the standard of
10. Government to be the Plaintiff: Government shall be the plaintiff in a case under
11. Adjudicating authority: The Chief District Officer shall have powers to
originally try and settle the cases under this Act.
12. Appeal: A person not satisfied with the decision of the Chief District Officer
may file an appeal in the Court of Appeal within 35 days from the date of such
13. Powers to frame Rules: (1) The Government of Nepal may frame Rules to carry
out the objectives of this Act.
* Amended by the third amendment. Amended by the Second Amendment. Amended by the Administration of Justice Act, 1991.
(2)Without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by Sub-
section (1), such Rules may provide for the following matters in particular: * (a) laboratory for analyzing or investigating foodstuffs and its
proceedings, and the qualifications of expert or official of the
(b) provision of food inspector and his/her powers and duties.
(c) functions, duties, powers, liabilities and other proceedings of
the food standard fixation committee.
(d) any particular type of label to be used by a producer or a
seller in any foodstuff to be produced in Nepal.
(e) setting ceiling of colour, aroma, spices or any other thing to
be used in foodstuffs.
(f) other necessary measures to be undertaken for maintaining
proper standard of foodstuffs.
Modification:- Words modified by the Food (Third Amendment) Act, 1992:-
"food inspectors" instead of the words " food examiner."
Places and dates of commencement of the Act:
1. As per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazette on 1972/12/4, the Food
Act, 1966 came into force in the following Districts on 1972/12/15 :-
Kalimati Village Development Committee, Bhimsengola Village
Development Committee, Mahadevsthan Village Development Committee,
Pashupati Village Development Committee, Dallu Village Development
Committee, Bagwansthan Village Development Committee and Chabahil
Village Development Committee in Kathmandu District, Lalitpur
Municipality in Lalitpur District and Bhaktapur Municipality in Bhaktapur
* Amended by the third amendment.
2. As per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazettee on 1973/10/15, the
Food Act, 1966 came into force in following Nagar Panchayat areas on
Bhadrapur Municipality, Biratnagar Municipality, Janakpur Municipality
and Birgunj Municipaliaty.
3. As per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazette on 1974/10/14, the
Food Act, 1966 came into force in all the areas of the following Districts:-
(1) Kathmandu (2) Lalitpur (3) Bhaktapur (4) Parsa (5) Makawanpur (6)
Dhanusha (7) Morang (8) Sunsari, and (9) Jhapa.
4. As per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazette on 1975/12/08, the
Food Act, 1966 came into force in all the areas of Rupandehi and Banke
Districts on 1975/4/24.
5. As per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazette on 1976/11/01, the
Food Act, 1966 came into force in all the areas of Kaski, Syangja, Palpa and
Kapilbastu Districts on 1977/03/14.
6. As Per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazettee 1978/05/8, the Food
Act, 1966 came into force in all the areas of Ilam, Saptari, Bara, Rautahat,
Chitawan and Kavreplanchowk Districts on 1978/05/14.
7. As Per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazettee on 1982/07/26, the
Food Act, 1966 came into force in Siraha, Mahattari, Sarlahi, Nawalparasi,
Dang, Bardia, Kailali, Kanchanpur, Baitadi and Darchula Districts on
8. As Per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazettee on 1988/09/15, it is
prescribed that the Food Act, 1966 came into force in all the areas of Gorkha,
Dhading, Nuwakot, Dhankuta and Surkhet Districts on the date of publication
9. As Per the Notification published in the Nepal Gazette on 2000/07/9, the Food
Act, 1966 came into force in all the areas of the following Districts:-
1. Panchthar 2. Taplejung 3. Terhathum 4. Sankhuwasabha
5. Bhojpur 6. Khotang 7. Udayapur 8. Solukhumbu
9.Okhaldhunga 10 Dolakha 11. Ramechhap 12. Sindhuli
13.Sindhupalchowk 14. Rasuwa 15. Tanahu 16 Lamjung
17.Manang 18 Arghakhanchi 19. Gulmi 20 Parbat
21Myagdi 22 Baglung 23. Mustang 24. Pyuthan
25. Rolpa 26. Salyan 27. Rukum 28 Dolpa
29.Jajarkot 30. Dailakh 31. Jumla 32. Mugu
33.Kalikot 34. Humla 35 Bajura 36. Achham
37.Doti 38 Bajhang 39 Dadeldhura
Modification: As Per the Village Development Committee Act, 1991, the words
"Village Assembly" or "Village Panchayat" have been converted into "Village