Extradition Act, 2045 - 1988Extradition Act, 2045 (1988)
Date of Authentication and Publication
2045-5-15 (Aug. 31, 1988)
Act No. 3 of the year 2045 (1988)
An Act made to provide for extradition of accused or offender
Preamble: Whereas, it is expedient to maintain law and order and to make legal
provisions relating to the extradition of accused or offender by adopting the SAARC
Regional Convention on suppression of terrorism passed by the Third Summit Conference
of the South Asian countries;
Now, therefore, His Majesty Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev has on the advice and
with the consent of the National Panchayat, made this Act, –
1. Short Title and Commencement:
1.1. This Act may be called “Extradition Act, 2045” (1988).
1.2. This Act shall come into force immediately.
2. Definition: in this Act, Unless the subject or the context otherwise requires:-
2.1. “Court” means the court prescribed by Governme t of Nepal by a
notification published in the Nepal Gazette.
2.2. “Offence” means the offence as stipulated in the Extradition Treaty concluded
with any foreign country for extraditing the accused or offender and this word shall
also include the offence as stipulated in the convention relating to the extradition
of accused or offender to which Nepal is a party.
2.3.“Foreign Country” means a country which has concluded a treaty with
Government of Nepal relating to the extradition of accused or offender concerning
with any offence or the member country of a convention relating to such
extraditions to which Nepal is a party.
2.4. “Convention” means the convention providing for the extradition of accused
or offender relation to any offence to which Nepal is a party.
2.5. “Extradition Treaty” means a treaty concluded between Government of
Nepal and any foreign country relating to the extradi ion of accused or offender
relating to any offence.
3. Foreign County May Ask for Extradition or Punishment:
3.1.While making the request for extradition of or punishment to the accused or
offender who, after committing an offence, has absconded and is residing in Nepal,
such foreign country may make the request in writing through its Diplomatic
Mission in Kathmandu or Diplomatic Mission of Nepal which is located in the
requesting foreign country. In case if it is not possible or in appropriate through
diplomatic mission of the requesting country or Nepal se diplomatic Mission
located in the requesting country, the foreign country has to write directly to
Government of Nepal.
3.2.While making the request for extradition or punishment pursuant to Sub-
section 3.1 the foreign country shall append with such request all the relevant
evidence and as far as possible state the citizenship and specific features of the
accused or offender and also the place where he or she is residing within Nepal.
4. Order may be Given for Enquiry: If any foreign country requests Government
of Nepal to extradite or punish the accused or offender pursuant to Section 3,
Government of Nepal may, if it deems necessary, give order as required to the
court to enquire on such matter.
5. Issue of Warrant:
5.1. After the receipt of the order from Government of Nepal pursuant to
Section 4, the court shall issue the warrant of arrest to such accused or offender
mentioned in the order.
5.2. In case where the accused or offender is not apprehended after issuing the
warrant pursuant to Sub-section 5.1, the court shall notify Government of Nepal
accordingly within fifteen days and, if such accused or offender is apprehended
after such notification the court shall notify Government of Nepal within three
days of the date the accused or offender is apprehend d.
6. Inquiry and Proceedings:
6.1. When the accused or the offender is apprehended and produced before the
court, the court shall collect the evidence received from the foreign country
making the request for extradition or punishment including those submitted by the
accused or offender and inquire as to whether or not the offence committed by the
accused or the offender is of extraditable nature under the extradition treaty or
Convention and whether or not such offence is of political nature.
6.2. On making the inquiry pursuant to Sub-section 6.1, if the court does not
find sufficient ground for extraditing or punishing the accused or offender, it may
release such accused or offender.
7. Report to Be Submitted:
7.1. After completing the inquiry pursuant to Section 6, if the court finds
sufficient ground for extraditing or punishing the accused or offender, it shall order
that the accused or offender be put on custody, till further order from Government
of Nepal been made and submit to Government of Nepal a report including all the
evidence received in connection with the enquiry.
7.2. While submitting the report pursuant to Sub-section 7.1 the court shall also
submit the petition, document, evidence, descriptions which the concerned accused
or offender wants to submit.
8. To Extradite or Punish the Accused or Offender:
8.1. If Government of Nepal finds it reasonable to extradite any accused or
offender on the basis of the report submitted by the court pursuant to Section 7, it
shall put the accused or offender in custody for ext adition and issue an order
specifying the place where the extradition is to take place and the name of the
person who is to receive such extradited accused or offender.
Provided that, Government of Nepal shall not extradi e but order the court
to initiate the proceedings for punishment if such a cused or offender is a Nepalese
8.2. While extraditing any accused or offender pursuant to Sub-section 8.1 the
cash or the kind seized from such accused or offender shall also be handed over to
the person who receives the accused or the offender if such cash or kind is not
claimed by any other person.
8.3. If Government of Nepal finds it reasonable to punish than extradite any
accused or offender on the basis of the report submitted by the court pursuant to
Section 7, it may order the court initiate the proceedings for punishment.
9. Proceedings under the Prevailing Nepal Law to be Followed:
9.1. While initiating proceedings for punishment by not extraditing the accused
or offender pursuant to Section 8, such proceedings shall be initiated under the
prevailing Nepal law deeming as if the accused or offender has committed the
offence within Nepal.
9.2. An appeal under the prevailing law may lie against the decision made by
the court pursuant to Sub-section 9.1.
10. Release from the Custody: If any accused or offender put on custody under
Sub-section 8.1 for extraditing to any foreign country pursuant to this Act is not
being taken out of Nepal within sixty days of being put on custody, the Supreme
court may, on the basis of the petition submitted by such accused or offender or
submitted on his/her behalf, if finds it reasonable, release such accused or offender
11. In Case Request for Extradition is Made from More than One Country:
In case request for extradition is made from more than one country in regard to the
same accused or offender, Government of Nepal may, on considering the nature of
the offence, extradite such accused or offender to the foreign country as it deems
12. Restriction on Extradition: Government of Nepal shall not extradite the
requisitioned accused or offender on the following conditions:-
12.1. In case such accused or offender is a political offender or if the offence
committed by him/her is seemed to be of political offence on the basis of the
evidence received from the country making the request for extradition or on the
basis of the evidence produced by the accused or offender in connection with the
enquiry made by the court or if it is found that the accused or offender is being
demanded for punishment on political offence.
12.2. If it is found that the request for extradition has been made after the expiry
of the period of limitation for initiating proceedings against the accused or offender
in pursuance of the law of such country.
12.3. In case the accused or offender is undergoing a punishment or a proceeding
is going on against such accused of offender in pursuance of the prevailing Nepal
law for the offence committed within Nepal, till the punishment or the proceeding
13. Power to Issue Warrant for Arrest under Certain Conditions:
13.1. On receiving information or evidence of the fact that any fugitive accused
or offender of any foreign country who is liable to be extradited or punished under
this Act has come or been residing to any area under its jurisdiction, the concerned
District Court, if it deems necessary to arrest him or her on such basis, may issue
warrant to arrest such accused of offender.
13.2. The concerned District Court shall have to submit within three days, the
report on the warrant issued pursuant to Sub-section 13.1 for arresting any accused
or offender and the copy of the concerned information and evidence to
Government of Nepal.
13.3. A person arrested and put on custody pursuant to the warrant issued under
Sub-section 13.1 shall not be kept on custody for m e than three months unless
any order is received from Government of Nepal in relation to such person.
13.4. In case where the District Court has submitted a report pursuant to Sub-
section 13.2 in regard to any accused or offender and if the District Court has been
ordered by Government of Nepal to initiate proceedings against such accused or
offender for extradition or punishment, the concerned District Court shall follow
the proceedings as laid down in this Act.
14. Political Offence Is Not to Be Considered an Offence: Notwithstanding
anything written elsewhere in this Act the offenses enumerated in the SAARC
Regional Convention on Suppression of Terrorism shall not be considered as
political offence or an offence motivated with the political objectives for the
purpose of extradition.
15. Special Authority of Government of Nepal : Notwithstanding anything
written elsewhere in this Act, Government of Nepal may, at any time, annul all
acts, proceedings, warrant or order against any accused or offender and issue an
order of release of such accused or offender in case he or she is in custody. if it
deems that the accused or offender whose extradition is requested is not proper to
be extradited or proceeding initiated against him or her due to the trivial nature of
the offence or the reason submitted by the accused or offender for non extradition
or for reasons of justice or political ground any reason which Government of Nepal
16. Special Provision: Notwithstanding anything written in the prevailing Nepal
Law the evidence, proofs and documents received from the foreign country in
connection with the case whose proceeding have been initiated under this Act may
be admitted as evidence by the court.
17. Request to Be Made to the Foreign Country for Extradition of
17.1. If any person, having committed an offence within Nepal, has absconded
and is residing at any place within the jurisdiction f any foreign country,
Government of Nepal shall request the government of such foreign country to
extradite or punish such accused or offender.
17.2. While making request pursuant to Sub-section 17.1, Government of Nepal
shall append with such request all the relevant evidence and as far as possible state
the citizenship and specific features of the accused or offender and also the place
where he or she is residing in such foreign country.
18. The Provisions of This Act Not to Be Applicable: Notwithstanding anything
written elsewhere in this Act, If any country has not made legal provision for
fulfilling the requirement of the treaty concluded with Nepal or convention to
which Nepal is a party, the provisions of this Act shall not be applicable in regard
to such country.
19. Power to Frame Rules: Government of Nepal may frame Rules, as required, for
fulfilling the objectives of this Act.
20. Repeal: The Extradition Act, 2020 has been repealed.
Note : The words changed by The Act Amending Some Nepal laws, 2063 :-
"Government of Nepal" Instead of "His majesty's Government"