Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2056 (2000) 1
Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2056 (2000)
Date of authentication and publication
7 Ashar 2057 (June 21, 2000 )
Act No. 1 of the year 2057 B.S.
An Act to provide for Child Labor (Prohibition and Regulation)
Preamble: Whereas, it is expedient to prohibit engaging children in factories, mines or
similar risky activities and to make necessary provisi ns with regard to their health,
security, services and facilities while engaging them in other activities;
Be enacted by Parliament in the 29th year of reign of His Majesty's the King
Birendra Bir Bikram Shahdev.
Chapter - 1
1. Short Title and Commencement; (1) This Act shall be called "The Child
Labor (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 2056."
(2) This Act shall come into force on such date as Government of Nepal
may appoint by a notification published in the Nepal G zette.
2. Definition: Unless the subject or context otherwise requires, n this Act, –
(a) "Child" means a minor not having completed the age of sixteen
(b) "Enterprise" means any factory, organization, association, firm,
company or their groups established as per prevailing law with
objectives of operating any industry, business or service.
(c) "Entrepreneur" means the person taking final decision with regard to
an activity of an enterprise and the word also includes the person
appointed as chief of any part or unit of any enterprise having
powers to exercise final authority or having final responsibility
(d) "Day" means a period of twenty-four hours beginning from
(e) "Week" means a period of seven days beginning from the midnight
of Saturday or the midnight of any other day prescribed by the
Department of Labor.
(f) "Medical Practitioner" means a medical practitioner prescribed by
the Department of Labor.
(g) "Certificate of Qualification" means the certificate given pursuant to
Sub-section (4) of section 7.
(h) "Prescribed" or "as prescribed" means prescribed or as prescribed in
the Rules framed under this Act.
Chapter - 2
Prohibition on Engaging a Child in works
3. Child not to be Engaged in work:(1) No child having not attained the age of
14 years shall be engaged in works as a laborer.
(2) No child shall be engaged in any risky business or work referred to in the
4. No Child to be Engaged in Works Against Will: No child shall be engaged in
works as a laborer against his/her will by way of persuasion, misrepresentation or
by subjecting him/her to any influence or fear or threat or coercion or by any other
Chapter - 3
Provisions Relating to Engaging a Child in Works
5. Information to be Given: (1) Entrepreneur who has been operating risky
business or activities referred to in the schedule at the commencement of this Act
shall, within thirty days of the date of commencement of this Act, furnish written
information to the labor office having mentioned the following particulars;–
(a) Name and Address of the Enterprise;
( b) Name and Address of the Entrepreneur;
(c) Nature of the business or activities conducted by the
(d) Other particularls as prescribed.
(2) After the commencement of this Act, the Entrepreneur who operates
risky business or activities referred to in the schedule shall, within fifteen days of
the date of operation of such business or activities, furnish the information referred
to in Sub-section (1) to the labor office.
6. Approval to be obtained: (1) In case any Enterprise has to engage a childin
works, an approval has to be obtained from the concerned labor office or any
authority or official prescribed by that office and form the father, mother or
guardian of the child.
Provided that no approval pursuant to this Section shall be required to
engage a child in cultural programs or any activity for greater protection of interest
of children to be organized by an academic institution approved by Government of
Nepal or by an organization established according to the prevailing law for
protection of rights or interests of children.
(2) While giving approval to engage a child in work pursuant to Sub-
section (1), the labor office may impose appropriate conditions with the objective
of developing skills and qualifications of the child or providing education to the
child, and the Enterprise shall have to follow it.
7. Qualification Certificate to be Obtained: (1) Prior to engage a child as a
labor in an enterprise, certificate of qualification has to be obtained that the child
is able to work as a labor.
(2) In order to obtain the certificate pursuant to Sub-section (1) the
enterprise shall submit an application at the labor office stations the nature of the
work that the child has to carry out and his/her age.
(3) Upon receipt of the application pursuant to Sub-section (2), the labor
office shall cause to conduct medical test of the cild by a medical practitioner.
(4) The medical practitioner shall upon conducting medical test by the
medical practitioner pursuant to Sub-section (3), give qualification certificate in
the prescribed format if such child seems fit for the work.
(5) The qualification certificate given pursuant to Sub-section (4) shall
be valid for one year.
(6) The enterprise shall cause to renew the qualification certificate given
pursuant to Sub-section (5) by the medical practitioner.
(7) The enterprise shall borne the fees to be paid for obtaining and
renewing the qualification certificate .
(8) The enterprise engaging the children attaining the age of fourteen
years at the commencement of this Act shall, within rty days from the date of
commencement of this Act, have to obtain the qualific tion certificate.
8. Particulars to be Given: (1) The Enterprise engaging a child in work after
commencement of the Act shall, within fifteen days from the date of engaging in
the work, submit the following particulars along with photograph of such a child
to the labor office: –
(a) Name and address of the enterprise,
(b) Name and address of the entrepreneur,
(c) Date of operation of the enterprise,
(d) Business or work conducted by enterprise,
(e) Name, address and age of the child,
(f) Name and address of the father, mother or guardian of the
(g) Date of engaging the child in work,
(h) Nature of the work the child has to do,
(i) Amount of remuneration and other benefits the child is
(j) Qualification Certificate of the child, and
(k) Other Particulars as Prescribed.
(2) The enterprise engaging a child having attained the age of fourteen
years at the commencement of this Act shall submit the particulars pursuant to
Sub-section (1) to the labor office within thirty days from the date of
commencement of this Act.
9. Time to Engage in works: (1) No child shall be engaged in work for a period
after six o'clock at the evening to six o'clock at the morning.
(2) No child shall be engaged in work for more than six hours in a day
and more than thirty-six hours in a week either giving or not giving additional
(3) A child is entitled to a leasure of half an hour after engaging in the
work for a consecutive period of three hours and one-day leave given in every
(4) The half an hour leasure time for each day and one day leave in
every week shall be deemed to be the duration of work.
(5) A child already engaged in one enterprise shall not be caused to
engage in the work of another enterprise on the same day.
10. Remuneration and Benefits: (1) An enterprise engaging children as workers
shall not discriminate on the grounds of sex, race, religion, caste or tribe and shall
provide equal remuneration and benefits for the same works.
(2) Remuneration, allowances, leaves and other benefits to be entitled to
a child engaged in an enterprise shall be as prescrib d.
(3) No entrepreneur shall engage a child in his/her enterprise providing
less remuneration and benefits than the remuneration or benefits prescribed
pursuant to Sub-section 2.
11. Provision Relating to Health and Safety of Child: The provisions to be
made by an entrepreneur with regard to health and sfety of the child engaged in
an enterprise shall be as prescribed.
12. Disputes Relating to Age: (1) In case of dispute relating to age of a child
engaged in an enterprise, his/her age as per the dae of birth referred to in the birth
registration certificate shall be deemed to be his real age.
(2) If any child is not having the birth registration certificate, the date
determined upon examination by a medical practitioner shall be deemed to be
his/her actual age.
13. Registration Book to be Maintained: (1) With regard to a child engaged in
an enterprise, the entrepreneur shall maintain a regist ation book having stated the
following matters: –
(a) Name and Address of the child,
(b) Name and Address of the father, mother or guardian,
(c) Date of birth or age,
(d) Date of engaging in work,
(e) Nature of work
(f) Time for engaging in work,
(g) Time for rest
(h) Remuneration and other benefits
(i) Other matters as prescribed
(2) The registration book referred to in Sub-section (1) shall be given to
the employees deputed from labor office as and when required.
14. Notice to be: The entrepreneur shall compulsorily affix notices in notice board
about the matters relating to works in which a child should not be engaged, the
remuneration and benefits which a child is entitled to, facilities and weekly
holiday and punishment to be imposed if child is engaged in works against this
Chapter - 4
Provisions Relating to Inspection
15. Inspection and Action: (1) The labor office may depute an employee from time
to time to inspect an enterprise engaging children.
(2) The entrepreneur shall have to allow the employee deputed pursuant
to Sub-section (1) to enter and to inspect in the enterprise at any time. The
entrepreneur shall make available the matters requir d to examine and to know by
the employee deputed for inspection in such a way.
16. Removing from Works: (1) While inspecting an enterprise pursuant to section
15, if a child is found to have been engaged against sections 3 or 4, the employee
inspecting the enterprise shall immediately handover such child to his/her father,
mother or guardian and order the entrepreneur to rem v the child from works.
(2) If a child does not have father, mother or guardian or if none of them
are traced, the entrepreneur shall have to keep such child in any child welfare
home or any organization providing care for children.
(3) The enterprise shall have to bear costs to be incurred while handing
over the child to his/her father, mother or guardian or the costs to be incurred
while keeping the child in a child welfare home or organization as per rules of
such home or organization.
17. Inspection Report: (1) The employee inspecting an enterprise pursuant to
section 15 shall, within fifteen days from the date of completion of the inspection,
submit report to the labor office having stated in detail as to whether any
enterprise is engaging children against the provisins of this Act or not whether or
not the provisions to be made pursuant to this Act or Rules framed thereunder
including provisions of health and safety of the child engaged in works are made
the labor office may conduct inquiry as to whether or not the employee deputed in
such a way has carried out works according to this section and whether the report
submitted is realistic or not and may take action according to law if it is found
(2) In case it is found, according to the report submitted pursuant to
Sub-section (1), that any enterprise has not made the provisions to be made as per
this Act or Rules made there under, the labor office may order the entrepreneur to
make such provisions as soon as possible within the appropriate time-frame.
(3) The entrepreneur shall have to make provisions as per the order
within the time-frame prescribed by the labor pursuant to Sub-section (2).
18. Suspension of Facilities: In case the concerned enterprise does not make
necessary provisions as per the order given by the labor office pursuant to section
17, the labor office shall refer to in writing to the concerned agency to suspend the
facilities to be given as per prevailing laws to the enterprise for the prescribed
(2) If it is referred to from the labor with regard to any enterprise
pursuant to Sub-section (1), the concerned body shall uspend the facilities to such
enterprise and given information thereof to the labor office.
Chapter - 5
Provision Relating to Punishment and Appeals
19. Punishment: (1) Whoever commits any act in contravention of Sub-section (1)
of section 3 shall be liable to a punishment of imprisonment of three months in
maximum or a fine of Rs. 10,000/- in maximum or theboth.
(2) Whoever commits any act in contravention of Sub-section (2) of
section 3 and section 4 shall be liable to a punishment of an imprisonment of one
year in maximum or a fine of fifty thousand rupees in maximum or the both.
(3) In case any entrepreneur commits any act in cotravention to
sections 6, 7, 9, 10 or 11, he/she shall be liable to the punishment of an
imprisonment up to two months or a fine of five thousand rupees in maximum or
(4) In case any entrepreneur commits any act in co travention of
sections 5, 13 or 14, he/she shall be liable to a punishment of one month in
maximum or a fine of three thousand rupees in maximum or the both.
(5) Whoever commits any act in contravention of this Act, except as
referred to in Sub-sections (1), (2), (3) and (4) this section or the Rules framed
under this Act, he/she shall be liable to a punishment of imprisonment of 15 days
in maximum or a fine of one thousand rupees in maxium or the both.
(6) Whoever commits the same act again after having been punished
pursuant to Sub-sections (1), (2), (3), (4) or (5),he/she shall be liable to double of
the punishment referred to in the same Sub-sections.
20. Complaints and limitation: (1) With regard to an offence punishable under
this Act, the following person or organization may file complaint at the concerned
labor office: –
(a) Employees inspecting an enterprise pursuant to section 15,
(b) Police of the concerned area,
(c) The concerned child or his/her father, mother or guardian,
(d) The concerned Village Development Committee /Municipality,
(e) Trade union of enterprise level, or
(f) Any agency or non-governmental organization established
pursuant to prevailing law and engaged in protection of rights
and interests of the child.
(2) With regard to an offence punishable under this Act, complaint shall
be filed within one year from the date of commission of the act.
21. Power to Impose Punishment: (1) The labor office shall have powers to
impose punishment pursuant to section 19 on persons vi lating this Act and Rules
framed there under.
(2) While imposing punishment pursuant to Sub-section (1), if the labor
office has to impose punishment of imprisonment, it shall refer the matter to the
labor court and do according to the decision of the court.
22. Appeal: The person not satisfied with the punishment imposed by the labor
office pursuant to section 21 may file appeal at the labor court within thirty five
days from the date of order of the punishment.
Provided that in case of punishment of imprisonmet, appeal shall be filed
at the Appellate court.
Chapter - 6
23. Child Labor Prohibition Committee: (1) Government of Nepal shall form
Child Labor Prohibition Committee in order to provide for health, safety,
education, vocational training to children engaged in an enterprise; in order to
provide for appropriate employment for children; to discourage to have children
involved in works and to get necessary suggestions and opinions for prohibiting
(2) In such a committee, provision of appropriate representation of
governmental and non-governmental organizations and experts engaged in child
labor sector shall be made.
(3) The formation procedures, functions, duties and powers and
procedures of the Child Labor Prohibition Committee shall be as prescribed.
24. Child Labor Prohibition Fund: (1) Government of Nepal shall form a Child
Labor Prohibition Fund for child working in an enterprise for their health, security,
education, vocational training and for suitable employment of child to discourage
to have children involved in works and to eliminate child labour.
(2) The following amounts shall be deposited in the Child Labor
Prohibition Fund: -
(a) Grants amount received from Government of Nepal,
(b) Grants, donation, fee and amount of assistance to b received
from various national and international organizations and
(c) Amounts to be received from other sources.
(3) Amounts to be deposited in the Child Labor Prohibition Fund and
operation of the fund shall be as prescribed.
25. Directives May be Issued: (1) Government of Nepal may, in order to execute
objectives of this Act, issue necessary directives to the Entrepreneur, trade unions,
child welfare homes and child care organizations for protection of rights and
interests of the children.
(2) It shall be the duty of the all concerned parties to abide by the
directives issued by Government of Nepal.
26. Alteration in Schedule: (1) Government of Nepal may add more risky jobs in
the schedule having published notice in the Nepal Gazette.
(2) While adding and risky job in the schedule, Government of Nepal
may, if it deems fit, seek opinion of the Child Labor Prohibition Committee.
(3) After 30 days from the date of publication of the notice pursuant to
Sub-section (1), the amendment shall be deemed to have been changed.
27. Power to Frame Rules: In order to enforce objectives of this Act, Government
of Nepal may frame necessary rules.
28. Repeal and Amendment: In the Labor Act, 2048, the following amendments
have been made.
(a) Clause (i) of section 2 is repealed.
(b) The words "of sixteen years" are substituted by removing the
earlier words "of fourteen years of age"
(c) Sub-section (1) of section 5 has been repealed.
(d) After section 32, the following sections of section 32A and
32B are inserted: –
32A. Minor not to be engaged in Works without Adequate Guidelines or of
Vocational Training: (1) No minor shall be engaged in works without adequate
directives about the concerned working areas or vocati nal training.
(2) Provisions with regard to adequate directives about the concerned
working areas or vocational training to be given to minors pursuant to Sub-section
(1) shall be as prescribed.
(3) The entrepreneur engaging a minor in work against Sub-section (1)
shall be liable to a punishment of imprisonment up o three months in maximum or
a fine of ten thousand rupees in maximum or the both.
32B. Disputes Relating to Age: (1) In case a dispute arises with regard to age of a
minor engaged in an enterprise, the age as per the date of birth certificate of the
minor shall be deemed to be his/her actual age.
(2) In case a minor does not have birth registration certificate after
having carried out medical tests the age determined by a medical practitioner
prescribed by the Department of Labor shall be deemed to be his/her actual age: –
(3) In the Children's Act, 2048 (1991)
(a) Sections 17 and 18 have been repealed.
(b) Chapter 5 has been repealed.
(c) Words '17' and '18' appearing in Sub-section (1) and (6) of
section 53 have been deleted.
(d) Sub-section (10) of section 53 has been repealed.
(Relating to Sub-section (2) of Section 3)
Risky Business or Works
(a) Business relating to tourism including tourism, residence, motel, hotel, casino,
restaurant, bar, pub, resort, skiing, guiding, water rafting, cable car complex, Pony
trekking, mountaineering, hot air ballooning, parasiling, gulf course, polo, horse-
riding and so on;
(b) Service-oriented business such as workshop, laboratory, animal slaughterhouse,
cold storage and so on;
(c) Public transport and construction business;
(d) Works relating to manufacture of cigarette, biri; carpet, weaving, dying; wool
cleaning; fabrics weaving, dying, washing and printing strips; leather tanning;
cement manufacturing and packing; production, sale and distribution of matches,
explosives and other flammable materials; production of beer, liquor and other
drink items; production of soap; production of bitumen; production of pulp and
paper; production of slate, pencil, insecticides, lubricating oils; collection of
garbage; processing and electroplating; photo processing and works relating to
rubber, synthetic, plastic, lid and mercury;
(e) Works relating to water resources, air, solar power, coal, natural oil or gas, bio-gas
or the like works relating to producing energy and its transmission and
(f) Works relating to mines, mineral substances, exploration, processing and
distribution of natural oil or gas.
(g) Works relating to rickshaw and carts pulled by human beings.
(h) Works relating to cutting machine.
(i) Works to be done in underground, under water or in excessive height.
(j) Works to be done having contact with chemical substances and
(k) Other risky works or business prescribed by the prevailing laws.