Archives Preservation Act, 2046 E
Archives Preservation Act, 2046 (1989)
Date of Authentication and Publication
2046.7.11 (October 27, 1989)
Republic Strengthening and Some Nepal Laws
Amending Act, 20661 (2066-10-7 (21 Jan. 2010)
Act Number 17 of the Year 2046 (1989)
An Act made to provide Archives Preservation
Preamble: Whereas, it is expedient to make legal provisions to preserve the
documents systematically and safely of national importance as archives,
Now, therefore, be it enacted by His Majesty King Birendra Bir Bikram
Shah Dev with the advice and consent of the Rastriya Panchayat.
1. Short Title and Commencement:
1.1 This Act may be called the " Archives Preservation Act, 2046 (1989)".
1.2 This Act shall come into force immediately.
2.1 In this Act, unless the context or subject otherwise requires,-
2.1.1 Documents shall include the following matters:-
188.8.131.52 Hand written Manuscripts, Books, Reports,
Financial Statements, Treaty and Agreement,
Magazine (News document) and Journal, Letters
1 This Act came into force on 15 Jeshta 2065 (2008), Prasasti and the word "kingdom" has been
and Correspondences, Documents, Drawings
(Paintings), Pictures, Maps, Plans, Chart, File,
Misil (case file), Register or any other publication.
184.108.40.206 Film, Microfilm, Tape (Sound Archiveser), Motion
Picture, Computer Disc or Original or a copy of the
220.127.116.11 Tadpatra, Bhojpatra, Swornapatra or Shilapatra.
18.104.22.168 Postage Stamp with first cancellation mark
(Tancha) and money order form, a new publication
of aerogramme and post card.
2.1.2 "Archives" means the documents preserved (safely kept as
Archives) in the National Archives and documents registered
pursuant to Sub-section 5.1.1.
2.1.3 "National Archives" means the National Archives constituted
pursuant to Section 3.
2.1.4 "Office" means the Ministry and Department of the
Government of Nepal and this expression also includes the
constitutional bodies and ad hoc and Time bound offices of
the commissions established by His Majesty and the
Government of Nepal from time to time.
2.1.5 "Committee" means the Advisory Committee formed
pursuant to Section 4.
2.1.6 "Prescribed" or "as prescribed" means prescribed or as
prescribed in the Rule framed under this Act.
3. Establishment of a National Archive:
3.1 There shall be a National Archive to preserve (keep the Archives) in
a systematic and safe manner.
3.2 The "National Archive" constituted before the commencement of
this Act shall be deemed to have been established under this Act.
4. Formation of Advisory Committee:
4.1 Government of Nepal may form an Advisory Committee to provide
advice to the National Archives of the Government of Nepal for the
preservation of Archives systematically and safely.
4.2 The functions, duties and powers and other procedures of meetings
of the committee shall be as prescribed.
5. Functions, Duties and Powers of the National Archives:
5.1 The functions, duties and powers of the National Archives shall be
5.1.1 To register the documents received pursuant to Section 6 and
5.1.2 To keep the Archives in a systematic and safe manners,
5.1.3 To classify the Archives as prescribed and prepare their
5.1.4 To print or produce duplicate copy of the Archives as per
5.1.5 To arrange for in providing an opportunity to see or copy a
Archives to a person,
5.1.6 To provide suggestion (consultation) to office in preserving
the documents safely,
5.1.7 The other functions, duties and powers of the National
Archives shall be as prescribed.
6 Transfer of documents to the National Archives by the office:
6.1 An office shall transfer the following documents to the National
Archives to preserve them in a safe and protected manner:
6.1.1 Documents of National importance as referred to in Sub-
section 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199 which are Twenty Five or more
6.1.2 Copy or picture of Tadpatra, Bhojpatra, Swornapatra,
Tamrapatra or Shilapatra,
6.1.3 Each postage stamp and money order form with first
cancellation mark, and new publication of aerogramme or
6.2 The office, if finds it appropriate to be preserved in the National
Archives for being it of National importance, may transfer the
following documents, with or without mentioning any time frame, to
the National Archives to keep them safely,
6.2.1 Reports, Financial Statements, Treaty, Agreement or any
6.2.2 Manuscripts, Books, Magazines, Journal or
Letters/Correspondence, Documents, paintings (drawings) or
6.2.3 Maps, Plans, Charts, File, Misil (case file), Register or Film,
6.2.4 Original or copy of the film, microfilm, tape (sound
Archiveser) motion-picture, computer disc or computer
6.2.5 Other documents except as referred to in Sub-section 6.2.1,
6.2.2 or 6.2.4.
6.3 An office, while destroying any government document pursuant to
the law relating to destroying of government documents, shall
transfer those documents which are so prescribed, to the National
6.4 An office, while transferring documents to the National Archives,
shall transfer the index based on the classification.
6.5 The office, while transferring documents pursuant to Sub-section 6.1
or 6.2 shall mention that particular documents shall not be shown or
allowed to copy, to any person for specific period of time except
those who are prescribed, if it is necessary to do so, when
transferring to the National Archives for preservation.
6.6 In case, an office transfers a document pursuant to Sub-section 6.1 to
the National Archives, such office shall not be able to get back those
Provided that, out of the documents which were transferred to
the National Archives by fixing any time period regarding to any
documents pursuant to Sub-section 6.2, the transferring office may
get back those documents, as prescribed, after the expiry of such
time so fixed.
6.7 If the documents transferred to the National Archives pursuant to
Sub-section 6.1, become necessary to the transferring office, the
National Archives may make available those documents to such
office as prescribed in a condition that those documents shall again
be transferred back to the National Archives.
7. Documents may be transferred to the National Archives:
7.1 A person holding any historical, religious, cultural, literary,
economic or any document with national importance may transfer to
the National Archives to preserve safely as the National property
7.2 The person transferring documents to the National Archives
pursuant to Sub-section 7.1, shall not be able to get back those
documents from the National Archives.
8. Documents to be preserved systematically and safely:
8.1 All the offices shall preserve the documents, which are laying in the
office, systematically and safely.
8.2 An office may receive necessary consultation, in preserving
documents systematically and safely pursuant to Sub-section 8.1
from National Archives.
9. Prohibited Archives:
9.1 The following Archives shall be deemed to be the prohibited
9.1.1 Those Archives which are transferred by the offices to the
National Archives, to preserve safely with or without fixing
any time limit to see or copy the document by a person except
a person so prescribed,
9.1.2 Those Archives which are restricted to see or copy on the
ground that they deserve national importance by the persons
so prescribed with or without fixing any time limit for it.
10. Archives may be seen or copy may be given:
10.1 In case anybody wants to see the Archives, other than the prohibited
ones, the National Archives may grant permission to see those
Archives as prescribed.
10.2 In case, anybody wants to receive a copy of the Archives, other than
the prohibited ones, the National Archives may grant permission to
copy those Archives as prescribed upon charging the fees for the
same as prescribed.
10.3 Notwithstanding anything contained in Sub-section 10.2, it may be
permitted to copy the Archives without charging any fees in the
conditions so prescribed.
11. Archives shall not be altered:
11.1 The personnel, who have the responsibility of preserving these
Archives safely, shall not cross out, alter, torn or destroy in any
11.2 A person who wants to see or copy the Archives or any other person
shall not cross out, alter, torn or destroy in any manner.
12.1 In case, an employee of the National Archives who has a duty to
preserve the Archives safely, provides any opportunity to see or
copy any Archives to any person, prohibited pursuant to Section, 9,
except the person who is so prescribed, such employee shall be
punished with a fine of up to Five Thousand Rupees or up to Three
years of imprisonment or with both.
12.2 In case, an employee of the National Archives who has a duty to
preserve the Archives safely makes cross out, alter, tears or destroy
any Archives upon violating the provision of Sub-section 11.2, such
employee shall be punished with a fine up to Five Thousand Rupees
or up to Three years of imprisonment or with both.
12.3 In case, a person, other than an employee of the National Archives
who has a duty to keep the Archives safely makes cross out, change,
alters, tears or destroys any Archives upon violating the provision of
Sub-section 11.2, such person shall be punished with a fine up to
Five Thousand Rupees or up to Three years of imprisonment or the
12.4 Except otherwise referred to in Sub-sections 12.1, 12.2 or 12.3, in
case, any other person commits an act upon violating the provisions
of this Act or Rules framed thereunder, such person shall be fined up
to Five Thousand Rupees.
13. Action may be taken pursuant to the other prevailing laws:
In case, a person who commits an act which is considered to be an offence
under this Act and such act is also considered to be an offence under any
other prevailing law, it shall not be deemed to bar to take legal action
against such person pursuant to the other prevailing law.
14. Government to be the Plaintiff:
Government of Nepal shall be the plaintiff in the cases under this Act.
15. Power to frame Rule:
Government of Nepal may frame necessary Rules to carry out the
objectives of this Act.