Eastern Caribbean Home Mortgage Bank Agreement Act

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.
Eastern Caribbean Home Mortgage Act
CHAPTER 11.24
EASTERN CARIBBEAN
HOME MORTGAGE BANK AGREEMENT ACT
(Act 17 of 1994, 9 of 2011 and S.R.O. 43/1996)

AN ACT TO GIVE LEGAL EFFECT AND TO PROVIDE FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION
OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE EASTERN CARIBBEAN HOME MORTGAGE BANK
AGREEMENT AND FOR MATTERS CONNECTED THEREWITH.
Commencement
[31 December 1994]
Short title
1. This Act may be cited as the Eastern Caribbean Home Mortgage Bank Agreement Act.
Interpretation
2. In this Act—
“Agreement” means the Agreement establishing the Eastern Caribbean Home Mortgage Bank made on 27 May, 1994, the text of which is set out in the Schedule to this Act;
“Bank” means the Eastern Caribbean Home Mortgage Bank established under Article 3 of the Agreement;
“participating Government” means a Government which is a party to the Agreement.
Agreement to have the force of Law
3. The Agreement shall be deemed to have the force of law in Montserrat as from 1 October, 1994.
Amendments to the Agreement
4. Where an amendment to the Agreement becomes effective in accordance with Article 35 of the Agreement the Governor acting on the advice of Cabinet shall by Order amend the Schedule for the purpose of giving effect to Amendment. (Amended by Act 9 of 2011)

Exemption from stamp duty and corporate tax
5. (1) Instruments of transfer relating to the purchase or sale of the legal or beneficial interest in mortgages and instruments relating to the issue of securities by the bank in the normal course of its business are exempt from stamp duty.
(2) The Bank shall not be liable for the payment of corporate tax.
Non-application of certain written laws
6. (1) The following Acts do not apply to the Bank—
(a) the Banking Act; and
(b) the Landholding Control Act.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Bank shall not engage in banking business.
____________

SCHEDULE
(Section 2)
EASTERN CARIBBEAN HOME MORTGAGE BANK AGREEMENT
ARRANGEMENT OF ARTICLES
PART I
PRELIMINARY
ARTICLES
1. Short title
2. Interpretation
PART II
ESTABLISHMENT, PURPOSES AND MANAGEMENT OF THE BANK
3. Establishment of Bank
4. Purposes of the Bank
5. Powers of the Bank
6. Place of office and establishment of branches
7. Address and service of documents
8. Protection of persons dealing with directors and agents
9. Custody and use of common Seal
10. Official Seal
11. Management of the Bank
12. Appointment of General Manager
PART III
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
13. Composition of Board of Directors
14. Appointment and terms of office of the first Board of Directors
15. Term of office of directors
16. Alternate directors
17. Disqualification
18. Vacation of office of directors
19. Chairman and Deputy Chairman
20. Appointment of directors to be notified in the Gazette
21. Meetings of the Board
22. Executive Committee
23. Accounts

PART IV
PROCEDURE
24. Annual General Meeting
25. Financial Year
26. Special General Meeting
27. Directors to declare interest
28. Staff of the Bank
PART V
SHARES
29. Capital structure of the Bank
30. Increase of authorised capital
31. Transfer of shares
32. Details of transfer to be entered in register
PART VI
MISCELLANEOUS
33. Interest on bonds tax exempt
34. Regulations
35. Amendments
36. Disputes
37. Withdrawal
38. Signatories
39. Ratification
40. Entry into force
41. Application of Companies Act



AGREEMENT ESTABLISHING
THE
EASTERN CARIBBEAN HOME MORTGAGE BANK

PREAMBLE

An Agreement made on the 27th day of May 1994 between the Governments
of Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, The Commonwealth of Dominica, Grenada,
Montserrat, Saint Christopher and Nevis, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines (hereinafter referred to as “the participating Governments”).

WHEREAS it is desirous:
(a) to promote and maintain the availability of affordable home financing and to assist primary lenders to promote and maintain the availability
of affordable home financing in the territories of the participating
Governments;
(b) to establish and maintain an organised regional secondary market for mortgages in the form of a Common Home Mortgage Bank to
increase the availability of mortgage credit and provide liquidity and
flexibility to primary lenders in the territories of the participating
Governments;
(c) to promote and increase the efficient mobilisation and allocation of long-term savings for investment in housing and to further the
economic development of the territories of the participating
Governments;
(d) to develop the housing and home finance industry and to promote services and benefits to the industry by improving the efficiency and
effectiveness of the mortgage underwriting process; and
(e) to promote the growth and development of the money and capital
markets and to enhance the monetary integration of the territories of
the participating Governments.


IT IS HEREBY AGREED as follows:

PART I
PRELIMINARY
Article 1
SHORT TITLE
This Agreement may be cited as the Eastern Caribbean Home Mortgage Bank
Agreement.
Article 2
INTERPRETATION
In this Agreement—
“Bank” means the Eastern Caribbean Home Mortgage Bank established under article
3 of this Agreement;
“banking business” means
the business of receiving funds through—
(i) the acceptance of monetary deposits which are repayable on
demand or after notice or any similar operation;
(ii) the sale or placement of bonds, certificates, notes or other
securities;
and the use of such funds, either in whole or in part, for loans or
investment for the risk of the customer; and
includes—
any other activity recognised by the Central Bank as banking practice
and which a financial institution may additionally be authorised to do;
“Board” means the Board of Directors of the Bank appointed and constituted under
this Agreement;
“Central Bank” means the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank established under the
Eastern Caribbean Central Bank Agreement;
“Class A shareholder” means the Central Bank;
“Class B shareholder” means—
(a) the [Social Security Scheme/National Insurance Board], and
(b) a Government owned or controlled commercial bank;
“Class C shareholder” means a financial institution licensed as a bank to carry on
banking business other than a financial institution referred to in the definition
of Class B shareholder;

“Class D shareholder” means—
(a) an insurance company duly registered to carry on insurance business in the territory of at least one participating Government;
(b) a financial institution duly licensed to carry on banking business as a credit or other financial institution in the territory of at least one
participating Government; or
(c) a credit institution not mentioned in paragraphs (a) and (b) which has been approved by the Board on the advice of Council;
“Class E shareholder” means the International Finance Corporation;
“Class F shareholder” means the Home Mortgage Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
established under the Home Mortgage Bank Act, 1985 of the Laws of Trinidad
and Tobago;
“Companies Act” means the Companies Act 1994 (No. 35 of 1994) of the Laws of
Grenada; (Inserted by S.R.O. 43/1996)
“Council” means the Monetary Council established under article 7 of the Eastern
Caribbean Central Bank Agreement;
“director” means a director of the Bank appointed under this Agreement;
“Eastern Caribbean Central Bank Agreement” means the Agreement establishing
the Eastern Caribbean Central Bank done at Port of Spain on the 5th day of
July, 1983;
“financial institution” means any person doing banking business in the territory of
one of the participating Governments and all offices and branches of a
financial institution in any one or more of the territories of the participating
Governments shall be deemed to be one financial institution;
“International Finance Corporation” means the specialised agency of the United
Nations established by that name in 1956;
“member territory” means a territory of a participating Government;
“participating Government” means a government which is a party to this
Agreement;
“residential property” means property used as the principal residence of and which
is occupied by the owner;
“Registrar” means the Registrar of Companies in the member territory where the
principal office of the Bank is situated;
“Secretary” means a person appointed as such under article 28(1) of this Agreement
or any person designated by the Board to perform the duties of Secretary;
“Social Security Board” means the Board of Management of the Social Security or
National Insurance scheme established in any member territory.

PART II
ESTABLISHMENT, PURPOSES AND MANAGEMENT OF THE BANK
Article 3
ESTABLISHMENT OF BANK
(1) There is hereby established a bank to be known as the Eastern Caribbean
Home Mortgage Bank which shall be a body corporate having perpetual succession.
The Bank may sue and be sued in its corporate name.
(2) The establishment of the Bank shall take effect in accordance with the
provision of article 40 of this Agreement.
Article 4
PURPOSES OF THE BANK
The purposes of the Bank are—
(a) to develop and maintain a secondary market for residential mortgages in the member territories;
(b) to contribute to the mobilisation and allocation of long-term savings for investment in housing;
(c) to support the development of a system of housing finance and
provide leadership in the housing and home finance industry;
(d) to promote the growth and development of the money and capital market;
(e) to improve underwriting practices and efficiency in processing mortgages and to promote services and benefits related to such
mortgages.
Article 5
POWERS OF THE BANK
For the attainment of its purposes the Bank may—
(a) borrow money and mortgage or charge its undertaking, property or unpaid capital or any part thereof and issue bonds, debentures,
debenture stock and other securities, mortgage participation
certificates or other pass through securities or any derivatives thereof,
whether as security for any debt, liability or obligation of the Bank or
of any third party or otherwise;
(b) buy and sell mortgage loans on residential properties;
(c) appoint other institutions as its trustees on such terms and conditions as it may deem fit;

(d) secure the fulfillment of any contracts or engagements entered into by it, by mortgage or charge of all or any of its property or its unpaid
capital for the time being in such a manner as it may deem fit;
(e) approve on the part of any shareholder on such terms and conditions as are agreed a transfer of all or any part of its shares but always
subject to the provisions of this Agreement;
(f) institute, conduct, defend, compound or abandon any legal proceedings by or against it or its officers or otherwise concerning its
affairs and also compound or allow time for payment or satisfaction
of any debts due and of any claims or demands by or against it;
(g) make and give receipts, releases and other discharges for moneys payable to it and for claims made against it;
(h) invest any part of its moneys in securities (other than shares of the Bank), negotiate contracts and do such acts in the name and on behalf
of the Bank as it may consider expedient for or in relation to any of its
purposes;
(i) appoint persons to be its attorneys or agents with such powers, including power to delegate and to appear before all proper authorities
and make all necessary declarations, to enable its operations and
business to be validly carried on;
(j) do all such other things as are incidental to the attainment of its purposes.
Article 6
PLACE OF OFFICE AND ESTABLISHMENT OF BRANCHES
(1) The Bank shall have its principal office in one of the member territories as
the Council may by majority vote determine.
(2) The Bank may establish branches or agencies and may appoint agents and
correspondents in any member territory and elsewhere.
Article 7
ADDRESS AND SERVICE OF DOCUMENTS
(1) The Bank shall at all times have a fixed address for the service of
documents on the Bank in one of the member territories and that address and the
address of branches or agencies of the Bank shall be registered with the Registrar of
Companies in that member territory.
(2) All documents to be served on the Bank may be served by leaving the
same at or by sending the same by registered post to the address of the Bank registered under paragraph (1).

Article 8
PROTECTION OF PERSONS DEALING WITH DIRECTORS AND AGENTS
(1) A person who deals with the directors or the General Manager of the Bank
shall not be affected by any irregularity of procedure in connection with the
authorisation of the transaction by a general meeting or other meeting of shareholders
of the Bank, or by the directors or any committee of directors, or by the non-
fulfillment of any condition imposed by this Agreement in connection with the
transaction.
(2) A person who deals with another person who is held out by the directors
as having authority to act on the Bank’s behalf in connection with any transaction may
treat the Bank as bound by the acts of that other person done within his apparent
authority even though he has not been authorised by the Bank to do those acts on its
behalf so long as that person has no knowledge whether actual or constructive, that
that other person has not been so authorised by the Bank.
(3) This article does not entitle any person to recover a debt from the Bank or
to enforce an obligation or liability against it or to treat any obligation as binding on it,
if in connection with the same matter that person is guilty of a fraud upon the Bank or
has participated or acquiesced in a fraud committed on the Bank.
Article 9
CUSTODY AND USE OF COMMON SEAL
(1) Subject to article 10 the Bank shall have a common Seal.
(2) The directors shall provide for the safe custody of the common seal of the
Bank.
(3) The common seal of the Bank shall be affixed to instruments pursuant to a
resolution of the Board and by and in the presence of—
(a) the Chairman or, in his absence the Deputy Chairman; and
(b) one other director or the Secretary.
(4) Subject to article 10, all documents made by the Bank other than those
required by law to be under Seal and all decisions of the Bank may be signified under
the hand of the Chairman, the Deputy Chairman or the Secretary.
Article 10
OFFICIAL SEAL
(1) The Bank shall have an official seal, which shall be a facsimile of its
common seal, for use in any member territory other than where the principal office of
the Bank is situated, with the addition on its face of the name of every member
territory where it is to be used.
(2) The official seal when duly affixed to a document has the same effect as
the common seal of the Bank.

(3) The Bank may by writing under its common seal, authorise any person
appointed for the purpose in a member territory to affix the official seal to any deed or
other document to which the Bank is a party in that member territory.
(4) The person affixing the official seal shall certify in writing the date on
which and the place at which it is affixed.
Article 11
MANAGEMENT OF THE BANK
The business of the Bank shall be managed and the functions of the Bank shall
be performed by the Board.
Article 12
APPOINTMENT OF GENERAL MANAGER
(1) The Board may from time to time appoint a General Manager of the Bank
at such remuneration and on such terms and conditions as the Board may determine.
(2) The General Manager shall be the Chief Executive Officer of the Bank
and shall be responsible to the Board for—
(a) the day to day administration of the affairs of the Bank; and
(b) the provision of technical advice and guidance in matters of policy.
PART III
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
Article 13
COMPOSITION OF BOARD OF DIRECTORS
(1) Subject to paragraph (2) of this article and paragraph (1) of article 14 the
Board shall consist of seven directors as follows—
(a) one director appointed by the Class A shareholder;
(b) one director appointed by the Class B shareholder;
(c) two directors appointed by the Class C shareholder;
(d) one director appointed by the Class D shareholder;
(e) one director appointed by the Class E shareholder; and
(f) one director appointed by the Class F shareholder.
(2) Where the International Finance Corporation ceases to be a shareholder
the Board shall consist of six directors as set out at subparagraphs (a) to (d) and (f) of paragraph (1) of this article.

Article 14
APPOINTMENT AND TERMS OF OFFICE OF THE FIRST BOARD OF DIRECTORS
(1) Save for the directors appointed by the Class E and F shareholders
respectively, the members of the first Board shall be appointed by the Governor of the
Central Bank after consultation with the Council and the Class A, Class B, Class C
and Class D shareholders respectively.
(2) The directors of the first Board other than the directors appointed by the
Class E and F shareholders shall hold office until the first annual general meeting.
(3) Directors appointed by the Class E and F shareholders whether as
members of the first Board or otherwise hold office for the term specified in their
instrument of appointment or until there is no longer a Class E or F shareholder,
whichever first occurs.
Article 15
TERM OF OFFICE OF DIRECTORS
(1) A director, except a director appointed by Class E or F shareholders, holds
office for two years and shall be eligible for re-appointment. (Inserted by S.R.O. 43/1996)
(2) A vacancy in the Board shall be filled by the Class of shareholders which
appointed the director to be replaced. (Inserted by S.R.O. 43/1996)
(3) A director appointed to fill a vacancy holds office for the unexpired term
of his predecessor.
Article 16
ALTERNATE DIRECTORS
(1) The shareholders of the Bank may appoint alternate directors in the same
manner as the appointment of directors.
(2) A person appointed alternate director shall perform as a director in the
absence of the director to whom he is alternate.
(3) The provisions of this Agreement as they apply to directors apply also to
alternate directors.
Article 17
DISQUALIFICATION
A person is disqualified from being appointed or from holding office as a
director where he—
(a) has been adjudged insolvent or has suspended payment to or compounded with his creditors;

(b) is of unsound mind and has been so found by a Medical Board or a tribunal in one of the member territories or elsewhere; (Amended by S.R.O. 43/1996)
(c) is debarred from practicing his profession on account of any act involving dishonesty;
(d) has been convicted of an offence and sentenced to a term of imprisonment in excess of six months;
(e) has been convicted of any offence involving dishonesty;
(f) ceases to be a director by virtue of any provision of this Agreement;
or
(g) is prohibited from being a director by reason of any order made under any law.
Article 18
VACATION OF OFFICE OF DIRECTORS
(1) Where a director—
(a) dies;
(b) by writing under his hand addressed to the Chairman resigns;
(c) becomes disqualified under article 17 from being a director; or
(d) is found by two-thirds of all of the members of the Board to be unable to discharge the functions thereof (whether arising from infirmity of
mind or body or any other cause) or for misbehaviour, serious
neglect, or misconduct in office;
his place on the Board thereupon becomes vacant.
(2) The Chairman may resign from the Board by writing under his hand
addressed to the Secretary of the Board.
Article 19
CHAIRMAN AND DEPUTY CHAIRMAN
(1) The directors of the first Board shall at their first meeting elect from
among their number a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman.
(2) The directors shall elect annually immediately after the annual general
meeting from among their number a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman.
(3) Subject to paragraphs (4) and (5) of this article the Chairman shall preside
at all meetings of the Board and shall have an original and a casting vote.
(4) In the absence of the Chairman, the Deputy Chairman shall preside and
perform the functions of chairman of the meeting.

(5) In the absence of both the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman, the
directors present shall elect one of their number to preside and perform the functions
of chairman of the meeting.
Article 20
APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORS TO BE NOTIFIED IN THE GAZETTE
The appointment of any person as Chairman, Deputy Chairman, director or
alternate director and the termination of any such appointment shall be published in
the official Gazette in the member territory where the principal office of the Bank is located or notified to the public in the member territories in such other manner as the
Board may determine.
Article 21
MEETINGS OF THE BOARD
(1) The Board shall meet not less than once every three months and meetings
shall be held at such time and place and on such days as the Board may determine.
(2) The Chairman may at any time summon a special meeting of the Board
and shall summon such a meeting within seven days of the receipt of a requisition for
that purpose addressed to him by any three directors.
(3) Where there is a Class E shareholder, five directors constitute a quorum
but otherwise four directors constitute a quorum.
(4) A quorum shall include directors representing at least three different
classes of shareholders.
(5) Unless otherwise specified decisions of the Board shall be made by a
majority of the votes of the members present.
(6) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (5) of this article, decisions
may also be made by the Board otherwise than in meeting convened upon circulation
of the relevant papers among members of the Board. Members of the Board may
signify their opinion on the matter or question in writing, by cable, by facsimile or by
telephone. If in any such case a difference of opinion arises among the members of the
Board or any member of the Board so requires, the matter or question shall be
reserved for discussion at a meeting of the Board.
(7) Decisions made under paragraph (6) of this article shall be brought up for
noting at the next meeting of the Board.
(8) The Board may regulate its own procedure at meetings.
Article 22
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
(1) The Board may appoint an Executive Committee of the Board consisting
of not less than three directors, drawn from three different classes of shareholders, the
General Manager and the financial officer of the Bank, to supervise asset and liability

management and examine and approve financial commitments in accordance with the
regulations and policies established by the Board.
(2) The Executive Committee shall perform such other functions as are
assigned to it by the Board.
(3) The Executive Committee shall elect one of their number, other than the
General Manager or financial officer, as Chairman and the person so elected shall
have an original and a casting vote.
(4) The Executive Committee shall meet at least once in each month.
Article 23
ACCOUNTS
(1) The shareholders shall at each annual general meeting appoint an auditor
to hold office from the conclusion of the meeting until the conclusion of the next
annual general meeting.
(2) The accounts of all transactions of the Bank shall be audited by the
auditor.
PART IV
PROCEDURE
Article 24
ANNUAL GENERAL MEETING
(1) A general meeting of shareholders (herein called an “annual general
meeting”) shall be summoned by the Board each year.
(2) Not less than fourteen days’ notice in writing of the annual general
meeting shall be given to the shareholders, directors and auditor of the Bank; in
addition notice of the meeting shall specify the time, date and place of the meeting and
shall be published in at least one newspaper which is in circulation in each of the
member territories.
(3) Subject to paragraph (4) of this article the Chairman of the Board shall
preside at the annual general meeting and in his absence the Deputy Chairman shall
preside.
(4) In the absence of both the Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the
Board, the directors present shall appoint a Chairman from one of their number
present to preside at the annual general meeting.
(5) The quorum for an annual general meeting is one shareholder of each class
or proxy of each class.
(6) If the quorum is present at the opening of a meeting of shareholders, the shareholders may proceed with the business of the meeting, notwithstanding that a
quorum is not present throughout the meeting.

(7) If a quorum is not present within thirty minutes of the time appointed for a
meeting of shareholders, the meeting stands adjourned to the same day one week
thereafter, at the same time and place; and if at the adjourned meeting a quorum is not
present within thirty minutes of the appointed time, the shareholders present shall
constitute a quorum.
(8) The Board shall present to the annual general meeting—
(a) a recommendation relating to the payment or non-payment of dividends, appointment and remuneration of directors and auditors
and any other matters which the Board considers necessary;
(b) a comprehensive statement of its affairs including profit and loss
accounts and balance sheets duly audited;
(c) particulars relating to the activities of the Bank during the previous year.
Article 25
FINANCIAL YEAR
(1) The financial year of the Bank shall begin on the first day of April and end
on the thirty-first day of March in the following year: Provided that the first financial
year of the Bank may begin on a day after the first day of April and end on the thirty-
first day of March next following.
(2) The report of the auditor shall be presented to the Board within four
months of the end of the financial year.
Article 26
SPECIAL GENERAL MEETING
(1) The Board may at any time summon a special general meeting of
shareholders after giving not less than fourteen clear days notice of the meeting.
(2) Shareholders holding at least 50% equity in the Bank may requisition a
special general meeting of shareholders by forwarding a written request to the
Secretary indicating the business to be conducted at the meeting, whereupon the
Secretary shall give notice of the meeting in accordance with paragraph (3) of this
article.
(3) The notice of the meeting shall state the business to be conducted at the
meeting and no other business other than that stated in the notice may be dealt with at
that meeting.
Article 27
DIRECTORS TO DECLARE INTEREST
(1) A director who is in any way interested, whether directly or indirectly, in a
contract or proposed contract with the Bank or whose material interest in a company,
partnership, undertaking or other business is likely to be affected by a decision of the

Board shall disclose the nature of his interest at the first meeting of the Board at which
he is present after the relevant facts come to his knowledge.
(2) A disclosure under paragraph (1) of this article shall be recorded in the
minutes of the meeting and after the disclosure the director making it shall not vote on
the matter and, unless the Board otherwise directs, shall not be present or take part in
the proceedings of any meeting at which the matter is being discussed or decided by
the Board.
(3) A Director shall be treated as having an indirect interest in a contract or
proposed contract with the Bank in any matter with which the Bank is concerned if he
is a director, shareholder, agent or employee of the company or undertaking that is a
party to the contract or proposed contract with the Bank or where his spouse, parent,
child, brother or sister or the parent, child, brother or sister of his spouse holds an
interest in that company or undertaking.
(4) For the purpose of this article, a general notice given to the Board by a
director to the effect that he is a member of or otherwise associated with a specified
company or undertaking and is to be regarded as interested in any contract which may
after the date of the notice, be made with that company or undertaking shall be
deemed to be a sufficient declaration of interest in relation to any contract so made.
Article 28
STAFF OF THE BANK
(1) The Board may appoint on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit such
officers and employees as may be required for the due and efficient performance by
the Bank of its functions under this Agreement.
(2) There may be established by the Bank a pension scheme for the benefit of
its officers and employees.
PART V
SHARES
Article 29
CAPITAL STRUCTURE OF THE BANK
(1) Subject to article 30, the authorised capital of the Bank is $40,000,000
divided into four hundred thousand shares of $100 each, in the following classes—
(a) one hundred thousand Class A shares which may be issued only to the Central Bank;
(b) sixty thousand Class B shares out of which forty thousand may be issued only to the Social Security Board and twenty thousand to any
Government owned or controlled commercial bank; (Amended by S.R.O. 43/1996)
(c) eighty thousand Class C shares which may be issued only to
commercial banks, other than a Government owned or controlled
commercial bank;

(d) forty thousand Class D shares which may be issued only to insurance companies and credit institutions;
(e) forty thousand Class E shares which may be issued only to the International Finance Corporation; and
(f) eighty thousand Class F shares which may be issued only to the Home Mortgage Bank of Trinidad and Tobago.
(2) Subject to paragraph 3 of this article the initial capital offered for
subscription shall not exceed $20,000,000 and shall be paid up by the several classes
of shareholders in a series of the following three tranches or in such other proportions
as the Board may direct—
(a) The first tranche shall be fifty percent of the total initial capital referred to in paragraph (2) of this article and shall subject to this
paragraph, be offered for subscription and paid up, by the several
classes of shareholders in the following manner:
(i) twenty five thousand class A shares or $2,500,000 by Class A
shareholder;
(ii) fifteen thousand Class B shares or $1,500,000 by Class B
shareholder;
(iii) twenty thousand Class C share or $2,000,000 by Class C
shareholder;
(iv) ten thousand Class D shares or $1,000,000 by Class D
shareholder;
(v) ten thousand Class E shares or $1,000,000 by Class E
shareholder; and
(vi) twenty thousand Class F shares or $2,000,000 by Class F
shareholder.
(b) The second and third tranches or the remaining 50% of the initial capital referred to in this article shall be offered for subscription and
paid up after the third year of operation of the Bank in such
proportions as may be determined by the Board except that the same
shall be issued in the same relative proportions as the first tranche.
(3) The shares of the Bank for the time being unissued shall be at the disposal
of the directors, who, for a period of five years from the date of the adoption of this
article, may allot them to such class of shareholders in the member territories, at such
times and on such terms as they may think fit, subject nevertheless to any provision as
to the issue of such shares under this Agreement or to any decision taken by an
ordinary resolution of the Board.
(4) Any share issued or purchased in accordance with paragraph (2) of this
article, shall be issued or purchased at a fair market price at the date of such issue or purchase.
(5) Any share issued or purchased under this Agreement, excepting shares
transferred under paragraph 7 of article 31 shall, in addition to any other rights

attached to the respective shares under this Agreement, also be deemed to have the
rights of ordinary shares.
Article 30
INCREASE OF AUTHORISED CAPITAL
(1) The Bank may increase its authorised share capital by the creation of new
shares as may be considered expedient.
(2) An increase of authorised capital may be affected only in general meeting
of shareholders upon the passing of an appropriate resolution.
(3) Within twenty-eight days of the passing of the resolution referred to in
paragraph (2) of this article, the Bank shall give notice of the increase to the Registrar
and shall forward to the Registrar a printed copy of the resolution authorising the
increase.
(4) Notice of the increase shall contain particulars of classes of shares to be
affected and the conditions, if any, subject to which new shares are to be issued.
Article 31
TRANSFER OF SHARES
(1) Subject to this article, all shares in the Bank are transferable.
(2) Class A shares are transferable to a Class B, Class C or Class D
shareholder or to a company or institution qualified to be a Class B, Class C or Class
D shareholder.
(3) Class B shares are transferable to a Class A, Class B, Class C or Class D
shareholder or to a company or institution qualified to be a Class A, Class B, Class C
or Class D shareholder.
(4) Class C shares are transferable only to Class C or Class D shareholder or
to a company or institution qualified to be a Class C or Class D shareholder.
(5) Class D shares are transferable only to Class C or Class D shareholder or
to a company or institution qualified to be a Class C or Class D shareholder.
(6) Class E and F shares are transferable to Class C or Class D shareholder or
to a company or institution qualified to be a Class C or D shareholder.
(7) Class E and F shares and such other shares as may be determined by the
Council are transferable to non-government related companies or institutions or to
other private sector investors and where these shares are transferred to other private
sector investors, these investors shall become ordinary shareholders.
Article 32
DETAILS OF TRANSFER TO BE ENTERED IN REGISTER
Where shares are transferred the transferee shall forward the share certificate
to the Board together with information relating to the transfer and the Board shall

amend the certificate accordingly or issue a new certificate and cause particulars of the
transfer to be recorded in the register.
PART V1
MISCELLANEOUS
Article 33
INTEREST ON BONDS TAX EXEMPT
(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Bank may issue bonds up to a maximum
aggregate capital value of $250,000,000 and the interest payable on the bonds is
exempt from income tax and any other tax including unemployment levy.
(2) The Board, on the advice of the Council, may vary the maximum
aggregate capital value of the bonds.
Article 34
REGULATIONS
(1) The Board may, with the approval of the Council, make regulations to
give effect to the Agreement.
(2) Regulations made under paragraph (1) shall not be contrary to by-laws or
regulations made pursuant to the Companies Act.
(Inserted by S.R.O. 43/1996)
Article 35
AMENDMENTS
The shareholders of the Bank may by special resolution (as defined in the
Companies Act) amend the Agreement: Provided that any such amendment shall be
effective only when ratified by a resolution adopted by a simple majority of the votes
of the members of the Council present at a meeting at which the proposed amendment
has been placed on the Agenda. (Inserted by S.R.O. 43/1996)
Article 36
DISPUTES
(1) Any dispute between the participating Governments concerning this
Agreement or between the Bank and a participating Government, shall be submitted to
arbitration by a tribunal of arbitrators appointed pursuant to paragraph (2) of this
article.
(2) (a) If the dispute is between only two parties, each party shall be entitled to appoint one arbitrator, and the two parties shall together appoint a
third arbitrator, who shall be the Chairman of the tribunal;

(b) If the dispute is between three or more parties, each party shall be entitled to appoint one arbitrator and all the parties shall together
appoint an additional arbitrator, who shall be the Chairman of the
tribunal.
(3) If, within thirty days of receipt of the request for arbitration, any party has
not appointed an arbitrator or if within thirty days of the appointment of the arbitrators
the parties have not appointed the third arbitrator or, as the case may be, the additional
arbitrator, any party to the dispute may request the Chief Justice of the Eastern
Caribbean States Supreme Court, or such other person or authority as may be
prescribed by the Council to make the required appointment.
(4) The procedure of the tribunal shall be fixed by the arbitrators, but the
Chairman of the tribunal shall have full power to settle all questions of procedure in
any case of disagreement with respect thereto.
(5) A majority vote of the arbitrators shall be sufficient to reach a decision
which shall be final and binding upon the parties.
(6) The Chairman of the tribunal shall be entitled to vote, and in the event of a
tie, the Chairman shall have a casting vote.
Article 37
WITHDRAWAL
(1) A participating Government may withdraw from the Bank by giving
written notice of its intention to do so simultaneously to the Chairman of the Council
and to the Bank. The Bank shall promptly notify the other participating Governments.
The withdrawal shall take effect twelve months after the notice is received by the
Bank: Provided that at any time before the withdrawal becomes finally effective, the
participating Government may notify the Bank in writing of the cancellation of its
notice of intention to withdraw.
(2) After withdrawal, a participating Government shall remain liable for all
direct and contingent obligations to the Bank which it had incurred or to which it was
subject up to the date of withdrawal from the Bank but shall not incur any liability for
obligations resulting from operations of the Bank effected after that date and shall
cease to participate in the profits or losses of the Bank thereafter.
Article 38
SIGNATORIES
This Agreement shall be open for signature by any participating Government.

Article 39
RATIFICATION
This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by the signatory participating
Governments in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.
Instruments of Ratification shall be deposited with the Director General of the
Organisation of the Eastern Caribbean States who shall transmit certified copies to
each participating Government.
Article 40
ENTRY INTO FORCE
This Agreement shall enter into force upon the deposit of five instruments of
Ratification and participating Governments undertake to take all steps necessary for
the implementation of this Agreement.
Article 41
APPLICATION OF COMPANIES ACT
The Companies Act applies to the Bank, as if the Bank were a public company
registered under that Act, with such modifications as are necessary or expedient but
subject always to this Agreement. (Inserted by S.R.O. 43/1996)

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the representatives of the participating
Governments being duly authorised in their behalf, have signed this Agreement.
DONE AT Castries, St Lucia this 27th day of May 1994.

Sgd/ Victor F Banks
For the Government of Anguilla
Sgd/ Lester Bird
For the Government of Antigua and Barbuda
Sgd/ M Eugenia Charles
For the Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica
Sgd/ George I Brizan
For the Government of Grenada
Sgd/ Reuben T Meade
For the Government of Montserrat
Sgd/ Kennedy A Simmonds
For the Government of St Christopher and Nevis

Sgd/ John G M Compton
For the Government of Saint Lucia
Sgd/ James F Mitchell
For the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
___________