Land Survey Act
LAND SURVEY ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTION
1. Short title
3. Chief Surveyor
THE LAND SURVEYORS’ BOARD
4. Land Surveyors’ Board
5. Duties of the Board
7. Form of licence and fee therefor
8. Register of Licensed Surveyors
9. Disciplinary proceedings against Licensed Surveyors
11. Restoration of name to register
12. Grant, revocation etc. of licence to be Gazetted
THE CONDUCT OF SURVEYS
13. Conduct of surveys
14. Surveys to be carried out under directions of Chief Surveyor
15. Only licensed Surveyors may survey land
16. Surveyors and assistants may enter upon land and set up marks, etc.
17. Compensation for damage to crops or trees
18. Passage over lands
THE PRESERVATION OF SURVEY MARKS
19. Removing or damaging survey marks, etc.
20. Obstruction etc. of surveyors
21. Recovery of sums due
22. Chief Surveyor may delegate functions
23. Surveyors to send plans etc. to Chief Surveyor
24. Chief Surveyor may make checks on survey work of surveyors
25. Plans of surveyed land to be authenticated by Chief Surveyor
26. Chief Surveyor may cancel authentication of plans
27. Aerial photographers to notify Chief Surveyor in advance and supply him with copies
29. Offences and penalties generally
30. Liability of officers, agents, servants, etc.
31. Saving for surveyors and plans under Old Law
LAND SURVEY ACT
(Acts 13 of 1975, 15 of 2005 and 9 of 2011)
AN ACT TO MAKE PROVISION FOR THE LICENSING AND PROFESSIONAL
CONDUCT OF LAND SURVEYORS, FOR REGULATING THE MAKING OF LAND
SURVEYS, AND FOR MATTERS INCIDENTAL THERETO OR CONNECTED
[4 June 1975]
1. This Act may be cited as the Land Survey Act.
2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires—
“assistant” means a person not being a surveyor who is engaged on survey work directly under the control of a surveyor;
“Board” means the Land Surveyors’ Board established pursuant to the provisions of section 4;
“Chief Surveyor” means the Chief Surveyor appointed under section 3;
“Land Registry” means the Office of the Registrar of Lands established under the Registered Land Act;
“Licensed Surveyor” means a surveyor licensed under this Act;
“Old Law” means the Land Surveyors Ordinance, 1887;
“owner”, in relation to any land, means any person receiving or entitled to receive rents or profits from any tenant or occupier thereof whether on his own account or as an agent or trustee for any other person or who would receive the same if the land were let;
“plan” includes a map, plot, diagram, aerial photograph or a mosaic compiled from aerial photographs approved by the Chief Surveyor as suitable for survey purposes;
“prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made under this Act;
“public survey” means any survey made for the purpose of defining the boundaries of any land which is owned by the Government of
Montserrat or any public authority, or in which the Government or any public authority possesses or disposes of any interest or any survey which forms part of a survey of Montserrat or any part thereof;
“registered land” means land registered in the Land Registry;
“registered owner” means any person having a legal interest in registered land;
“Registrar” means the Registrar of Lands;
“Regulations” means Regulations made under section 28;
“section” means a section of this Act;
“survey” means a survey defining the boundaries of any land in Montserrat and includes a survey for the purpose of the Registered Land Act;
“Survey Department” means the Department of the Government of Montserrat exercising functions relating to surveys;
“surveyor” means a licensed land surveyor or an officer of the Surveys Department authorised by the Chief Surveyor to carry out surveys.
3. (1) There shall be a Chief Surveyor appointed by the Deputy Governor
who shall subject to the provisions of this Act—
(a) direct and control all public surveys;
(b) supervise and control all other surveys;
(c) examine all general and particular plans of surveys before any registration of land is effected in accordance with the Registered Land Act and approve such plans if satisfied that such surveys have been carried out and the plans prepared in accordance with the Regulations;
(d) take charge of and preserve all survey records;
(e) cancel or amend in accordance with the provisions of any law, any survey plan or diagram found to be incorrect, outdated or inadequate; and
(f) prepare, certify and issue at the request of any person upon payment of the prescribed fees, copies of diagrams and documents filed within his department which are available to the public.
(2) The Chief Surveyor shall be the authority for the preparation and publication of the official maps of Montserrat, and no other person shall, without licence in writing of the Chief Surveyor, make use of any material
See Montserrat Constitution Order 2010
which has been prepared or published in official maps in the preparation or publication of any other map.
THE LAND SURVEYORS’ BOARD
Land Surveyors’ Board
4. (1) There shall be established a Board, to be known as the Land Surveyors’ Board, consisting of the Chief Surveyor, who shall be the Chairman of the Board, and two other persons appointed by the Governor, one of whom shall be a surveyor licensed to practise in Montserrat. The Chairman of the Board may from time to time co-opt a member of the legal department to assist in its deliberations.
(2) A member of the Board appointed by the Governor shall hold office for two years, and may at any time resign his appointment by notice in writing given to the Governor.
(3) The Governor may at any time cancel the appointment of a member of the Board under subsection (2).
(4) The Governor may, from time to time, appoint a Secretary who shall hold office during Her Majesty’s Pleasure.
Duties of the Board
5. The Board—
(a) may grant to persons duly qualified therefor in accordance with the provisions of this Act licences to practise Land Surveying in Montserrat;
(b) shall keep a register of all licensed surveyors in accordance with section 8;
(c) may, with the approval of the Governor, take disciplinary proceedings against licensed surveyors in accordance with the provisions of this Act;
(d) shall hear and determine any dispute between any licensed surveyor and his client as to the fees charged by the licensed surveyor; and
(e) shall perform such other functions as are prescribed by this Act or any regulations made thereunder.
6. The Board shall not grant a licence to practice land surveying to any person who is less than eighteen years of age and who fails to produce sufficient evidence of good character and that he—
(a) is a member of the Land Survey section of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors; or
(b) is a member of a similar institution of Land Surveyors of a Commonwealth country; or
(c) possesses such other qualification in Land Surveying from an examining or teaching body as may be approved by the Board;
and produces such other evidence to the satisfaction of the Board, of practical survey work carried out by him for at least six months under the supervision of the Chief Surveyor or other licensed surveyor approved for the purpose by the Chief Surveyor.
(Inserted by Act 15 of 2005)
Form of licence and fee therefor
7. (1) The grant of a licence under this part shall be in the form prescribed in the First Schedule of this Act and notice thereof shall be published in the Gazette.
(2) There shall be payable to the Treasury in respect of the grant of a licence to a surveyor such fee as may be prescribed.
Register of Licensed Surveyors
8. The Board shall cause a register to be kept which shall contain the names, addresses and qualifications of all persons to whom licences have been granted, the date upon which each such licence was granted and any other particulars which may be prescribed.
Disciplinary proceedings against Licensed Surveyors
9. (1) Where, after due enquiry by the Board, a licensed surveyor has been found to have been guilty of professional misconduct, or, having been convicted of a criminal offence, is found by the Board to be unfit to practise, the Board may, with the approval of the Governor—
(a) revoke the licence granted to such licensed surveyor; or
(b) suspend the licence for a period not exceeding three years; or
(c) reprimand such licensed surveyor.
(2) Upon any inquiry held by the Board under subsection (1), the person whose conduct is being inquired into shall be afforded an opportunity of being heard, either in person or by an advocate.
(3) For the purpose of proceedings at any inquiry held by the Board, the Board may administer oaths and affirmations and may, subject to the provision of any regulations made under this Act, enforce the attendance of persons as witnesses and the production of books and documents.
(4) Any person who, having been summoned by the Board in the form prescribed in the Second Schedule to attend before it, fails so to attend, or fails to produce any books or documents which he is required to produce, shall be guilty of an offence against this Act.
10. Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Board under section 9, or under section 24(4), may within one month after the date of the decision, appeal to the High Court against the decision, and, on any such appeal, the High Court may give such directions in the matter as it thinks proper, including directions as to the costs of the appeal, and no appeal shall lie from an order of the High Court under this section.
Restoration of name to register
11. Where an order has been made for the revocation of the licence granted to any person or for suspending such a licence, the Board may either of its own motion or on the application of the person concerned, and in either case after holding such inquiry as the Board thinks fit, grant a new licence and cause the name of that person to be restored to the register.
Grant, revocation etc. of licence to be Gazetted
12. Notice of the grant, revocation or suspension of any licence, or of the termination of the suspension thereof, under this Part shall be published in the Gazette.
THE CONDUCT OF SURVEYS
Conduct of surveys
13. (1) Every surveyor shall carry out every survey undertaken by him in such manner as will ensure that the survey accords in all respects with the provisions of this Act and any Regulations made thereunder; and shall be responsible for the correctness and completeness of every survey carried out by him or under his supervision.
(2) Neither the Government nor any public officer shall be liable for any defective survey, or any work appertaining thereto, performed by a licensed surveyor, notwithstanding that any plan relating to such survey has been authenticated in accordance with the requirements and provisions of this Act or accepted for registration under the Registered Land Act.
Surveys to be carried out under directions of Chief Surveyor
14. Any survey of land for the purposes of the Registered Land Act shall be carried out under and in accordance with the directions of the Chief Surveyor.
Only licensed Surveyors may survey land
15. No person, other than a licensed surveyor shall—
(a) survey any holding or land for the purpose of preparing any plan which is attached to, or is referred to in, any document or instrument purporting to confer, declare, transfer, limit, extinguish or otherwise deal with or affect any right, title or interest, whether vested or contingent, to, in or over any holding or land, being a document or instrument which is required to be registered, or is ineffectual until registered, under any law for the time being in force relating to the registration of transactions in or of title to land; or
(b) perform any survey which affects or may affect the definition of the boundaries, or the location of survey marks, of any holding or land registered or to be registered under any law for the time being in force relating to the registration of land or of title to land.
Surveyors and assistants may enter upon land and set up marks, etc.
16. (1) For the purposes of any public survey the Chief Surveyor or any surveyor authorised by him may enter upon any land with such assistants as may reasonably be required, and may affix or set up or place thereon or therein trigonometrical stations, monuments, survey beacons, marks or poles, and do all things necessary for such survey.
(2) Every surveyor shall give at least seven days notice to the owner or occupier of the land of his intention to enter thereon. Where the owner or occupier cannot be found notice may be placed in a conspicuous place on the land.
Compensation for damage to crops or trees
17. Compensation shall be payable out of the public revenues to the owner of any crops or trees cut or damaged in the exercise of any of the powers conferred by section 16, and if any question shall arise as to the amount of compensation to be paid or the right of a claimant to recover compensation such question shall, in default of agreement between the Chief Surveyor and all persons concerned, be finally determined by a Magistrate on application made by the Chief Surveyor or any person authorised by him in that behalf or by any person claiming to be entitled to compensation under the provisions of this section:
Provided that, save with the approval of the Governor no such application shall be granted if it is by a person claiming to be entitled to compensation and is made more than six months after the date on which the crop or trees in respect of which the claim is brought were cut or damaged.
Passage over lands
18. (1) After giving notice as required by section 16(2) any surveyor may, with assistants, for the purpose of surveying any land which he is employed to survey, enter on and pass over any land, whether private or public causing as little inconvenience to the owner or occupier of such land as is consistent with his duties.
(2) Compensation shall be payable for any damage done to any land by reason of the exercise of the powers contained in subsection (1).
(3) Where a surveyor is a Government employee, compensation shall be assessed in accordance with the procedure set out in section 17.
(4) Where the surveyor is not a Government employee, any compensation payable shall be subject to agreement between the surveyor and the aggrieved party or parties:
Provided that, where such agreement is not possible the Chief Surveyor shall act as arbitrator and in default of agreement between the Chief Surveyor and all persons concerned compensation shall be determined by a Magistrate as provided in section 17. No compensation shall be payable out of public revenues for damage to land by reason of the exercise by a surveyor who is not a Government employee of the powers contained in subsection (1).
THE PRESERVATION OF SURVEY MARKS
Removing or damaging survey marks, etc.
19. Any unauthorised person who shall wilfully obliterate, remove, or damage any trigonometrical station, monument, survey beacon, mark or pole or any boundary mark affixed, set up or placed for the purpose of conducting any public or other survey under this Act shall be guilty of an offence and in addition to any other punishment imposed on summary conviction may be ordered to pay the cost of repairing or replacing the thing obliterated, removed or damaged and of making any survey rendered necessary by the act for which the conviction is had.
Obstruction etc. of surveyors
20. Any person, who wilfully obstructs, hinders, resists or threatens any surveyor in the execution of his duty in or about the conduct of any public survey or other survey under this Act, or any workman or other person acting in aid of any such surveyors, shall be guilty of an offence.
Recovery of sums due
21. Any sum due under the provisions of this Act may be sued for and recovered by the Chief Surveyor or any person authorised by him by action in any court of competent jurisdiction.
Chief Surveyor may delegate functions
22. (1) The Chief Surveyor may by public notice delegate any of his functions under this Act to any officer of the Survey Department by name or office.
(2) Any such delegation shall be revocable by public notice and no delegation shall prevent the exercise by the Chief Surveyor of any function.
Surveyors to send plans etc. to Chief Surveyor
23. (1) Every surveyor who executes any survey in accordance with the provisions of this Act and of any regulations made thereunder shall send to the Chief Surveyor all plans, field notes and computations relating thereto, and all such plans shall be deposited in the Survey Department and shall become the property of the Government, but the field notes and computations shall be returned to the surveyor.
(2) No plan deposited in the Survey Department in accordance with subsection (1) shall be altered or amended in any way without the permission of the Chief Surveyor.
Chief Surveyor may make checks on survey work of surveyors
24. (1) The Chief Surveyor may at any time undertake such field and office checks on the survey work of a licensed surveyor as he thinks fit.
(2) The Chief Surveyor may, under section 25, by notice in writing, instruct any licensed surveyor to correct at his own expense within a time specified in such notice any error made by him in the survey represented by the plan submitted for authentication.
(3) In the event of such licensed surveyor refusing or neglecting within the time specified to correct such error, it shall be lawful for the Chief Surveyor to undertake such correction and to recover the whole cost of such correction from the licensed surveyor concerned.
(4) If such licensed surveyor refuses or neglects to pay the cost of the correction referred to in subsection (3) within fourteen days of the same having been demanded of him, the Chief Surveyor may report the facts to the Board for disciplinary action, and after due inquiry the Board may order such licensed surveyor to pay the cost of correction to the Chief Surveyor; and if such licensed surveyor refuses or neglects to comply with such order
within one month after the date of the order, the Board may, subject to the provisions of section 21, suspend the licence of the licensed surveyor until the cost of the correction has been paid, or for a period not exceeding three years, whichever it thinks fit.
Plans of surveyed land to be authenticated by Chief Surveyor
25. (1) No land shall be deemed to have been surveyed or re-surveyed until the plan thereof has been authenticated by the signature of the Chief Surveyor.
(2) Every plan authenticated by the Chief Surveyor under subsection (1) shall in any Court of Law or in any proceeding of a legal or quasi-legal nature be conclusive evidence of the survey information comprised therein unless and until such plan is cancelled by the Chief Surveyor by virtue of section 26.
(3) Every plan purporting to bear the signature of the Chief Surveyor for the purpose of subsection (1) shall be deemed to be properly authenticated unless and until the contrary is proved.
Chief Surveyor may cancel authentication of plans
26. (1) Where, in the case of a document or instrument to which an authenticated plan is attached, or in which reference to such plan is made—
(a) the plan is found to be inaccurate by reason of any error or omission in the survey; or
(b) the plan does not conform with the terms and conditions subject to which permission to subdivide the land to which the plan relates has been given,
the Chief Surveyor may cancel the authentication of such plan and may recall any copies which may have been issued, and in every case the provision of section 24 shall apply.
(2) The Chief Surveyor shall forthwith upon the cancellation of the authentication of any plan notify in writing—
(a) the owner of the land to which such plan relates;
(b) the surveyor by whom the survey was executed; and
(c) the Registrar of Lands.
Aerial photographers to notify Chief Surveyor in advance and supply
him with copies
27. (1) Any person who intends to carry out any aerial photography of Montserrat for use in mapping or similar purpose shall, before carrying out the same, give to the Chief Surveyor in writing not less than one month’s notice of his intention so to do.
(2) Any person who has carried out any such aerial photography shall, if the Chief Surveyor so requires in writing—
(a) produce to the Chief Surveyor for his inspection all of the photographs thereby produced or such of them as the Chief Surveyor may specify; and
(b) supply to the Chief Surveyor, at the Chief Surveyor’s cost, such copies and diagrams as the Chief Surveyor may require of such photographs:
Provided that, the supply of photographs to the Chief Surveyor under this section shall not in any way affect the copyright therein of the person supplying them or other owner of such copyright.
28. The Governor acting on the advice of Cabinet may make regulations—
(a) prescribing the manner in which surveys are to be made, the records to be kept by licensed surveyors and the manner of keeping the same;
(b) prescribing the manner in which survey marks shall be constructed;
(c) with regard to plans of survey and their preparation and the matters to be shown thereon;
(d) with regard to the publication, issue, service and form of the notices to be published, issued or served under this Act or regulations made thereunder;
(e) prescribing the returns to be made by licensed surveyors to the Chief Surveyor;
(f) requiring surveyors to report to the Chief Surveyor matters connected with surveys on which they are engaged or with previous surveys, ascertained by them during the course of their work;
(g) for securing the maintenance of survey marks in their correct position and the preservation of the same;
(h) providing for the checking of surveys alleged to be erroneous and for the payment of the expenses of such checking;
(i) providing for the checking of tapes and instruments used by surveyors;
(j) providing for and regulating the inspection and the taking of copies of plans of surveys in any office of the Survey Department;
(k) prescribing any fees which may be charged under this Act;
(l) prescribing the syllabi of examinations for the purpose of section 6;
(m) prescribing any other matters which this Act requires or authorises to be prescribed by him; and
(n) generally for giving effect to the purposes of this Act, so far as the Chief Surveyor and the Governor are the appropriate authorities therefor.
(Amended by Act 9 of 2011)
Offences and penalties generally
29. Any person who contravenes any provision of this Act or any regulation made thereunder is guilty of an offence and unless otherwise provided shall on summary conviction be punishable with a fine of $500 or to imprisonment for a term of six months or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
Liability of officers, agents, servants, etc.
30. Where there exists a relationship of master and servant, principal and agent or corporation and officer of that corporation, every such person concerned in that behalf shall be jointly and severally responsible for compliance with the provisions of this Act.
Saving for surveyors and plans under Old Law
31. (1) Every surveyor who at the commencement of this Act was commissioned under section 2 of the Old Law shall be deemed to have been licensed under section 7.
(2) Every survey plan registered under section 7 of the Old Law shall be deemed to have been authenticated under section 25.
LAND SURVEY ACT
LICENCE TO LAND SURVEYOR
WHEREAS the Board constituted under the above mentioned Act have duly
satisfied themselves that
.........…………….………….…………….……….……….….…… (Name) by virtue
of (here state particulars of qualifications) ...........…………………….……………
…………….…………………………………………. is duly qualified to practise as a
NOW THEREFORE, I .............……………….……………….…... Chairman
of the Land Surveyors’ Board under and by virtue of the provisions of the above
mentioned Act hereby authorise the said .............……………….………………... to
practise as a Land Surveyor in Montserrat.
Dated this ……………. day of …..………………., 20….. .
LAND SURVEY ACT
SUMMONS TO WITNESS
IN THE MATTER OF A.B., A LICENSED SURVEYOR
IN THE MATTER OF THE LAND SURVEY ACT
To ……………………..………………………………. (1) C.D.
You are hereby summoned to attend before the Land Surveyors’ Board at
………......………….......... (2) on the .……....…......... day of ...……….…….............,
20.............. at the hour of.............………... and so from day to day until the above
matter is heard, to give evidence respecting such matter and also to bring with you
and produce at the time and place aforesaid:–
Given under my hand this (3)………………………………….……………..… on
the .....……..day of ..………......……....., 20 ........
Chairman, Land Surveyors’ Board.
(1) Name and address of person summoned
(3) Here specify the documents required.
LAND SURVEY REGULATIONS
ARRANGEMENT OF REGULATIONS
1. Short title
REGULATIONS AFFECTING ALL SURVEYS
MADE UNDER SECTION 14 OF THE LAND SURVEY ACT
4. Units of Measurement
5. Systems of Co-ordinate and Projections
6. Maintenance of Measuring Instruments
7. Presentation of Surveys
8. Permissible errors of Measurement
9. Checking of Surveys
10. Information prior to Survey
11. Prior Approval of Statutory Authorities
12. Authority for entry upon Land
13. Employment of Unqualified Assistants
14. Fees Chargeable by Chief Surveyor
15. Fees for Licensed Surveyors
SURVEY MARKS, BOUNDARY BEACONS AND BOUNDARIES
16. Design and Specification of Survey Marks
17. Placement of Survey Marks
18. Line Beacons and River Beacons
19. Placing Beacon on Boundary Line
20. Beacons Placed from Computed Data
21. When Beacons cannot be placed
22. Damaged Beacons to be repaired
23. Trigonometrical Station to be required
24. Missing Beacons
25. Re-establishment of missing Beacons
26. Redundant Beacons
27. Surveys and re-establishment of Boundaries
SURVEYS PERFORMED BY TRIANGULATION,
TRILATERATION, TRAVERSE AND AIR SURVEYS
28. Guiding Principle
Triangulation and Trilateration
29. Geodetic and Secondary Triangulation
30. Lower Order Triangulation
31. Tertiary and Minor Triangulation
32. Instruments used for Triangulation and Trilateration
33. Method of Triangulation Observations
34. Fixing of Beacons
35. Isolated Surveys
36. Geodetic and Secondary Traverses
37. Lower Order Traverses
38. Angular Measurement of Traverses
39. Linear Measurement of Traverses
40. Surveys of Curvilinear Boundaries
41. Swinging or Hanging Traverses
42. Verification of Terminals of Traverse
43. Verification of Datum
44. Air Surveys
45. Field notes to be on special forms
46. Recording of Triangulation Observations
47. Recording of Traverse Observations
48. Description of Beacons
49. Method of entering field notes
50. Erasures and Corrections
52. Cover Page and Index
53. Unorthodox Methods
54. Topographical features
55. Computations to be on special forms
56. Method of entering computations
57. Triangulation and Trilateration
59. Independent checks to be made
60. Method of computing areas
61. Method of measuring areas
62. Degree of accuracy of calculating areas
63. Presentation of computation
64. Plans to be drawn on special forms
65. Scales to be used
66. Plotting of Curvilinear boundaries
67. Plotting by co-ordinates
68. General rules
69. Abutting boundaries
70. Co-ordinates and numerical data
71. Triangulation Charts
72. Colours and style of printing
73. Topographical features
74. Erasures or corrections
76. Authentication by Chief Surveyor
77. Public Access to maps and plans
LAND SURVEY REGULATIONS – SECTION 28
(S.R.O. 23/1979, G. 3/1987, S.R.O. 18/1988 and Act 8 of 1999)
[8 June 1979]
1. These Regulations may be cited as the Land Survey Regulations.
2. In these Regulations, except where the subject otherwise requires—
“approximate” in relation to any boundary has the meaning ascribed to it in section
17 of the Registered Land Act;
“fixed” in relation to any boundary, has the meaning ascribed to it in section 18 of the
Registered Land Act;
“Act” means the Land Survey Act;
“registration section” has the meaning ascribed to it in the Registered Land Act;
“Registry Map” has the meaning ascribed to it in the Registered Land Act.
REGULATIONS AFFECTING ALL SURVEYS
MADE UNDER SECTION 14 OF THE LAND SURVEY ACT
3. If a dispute arises between a licensed surveyor and the Chief Surveyor over the
application of the regulations, either party may refer the matter to the Board. The
Board shall hear and determine such dispute, and its decision shall be final.
Units of Measurement
4. (1) All distances shown on plans shall be in English feet and decimals of an
English foot, or international metres or decimals of an international metre.
(2) All angular measurements shall be in degrees, minutes and seconds of arc.
(3) For purposes of conversion from international metres to English feet, the relationship to be used shall be one international metre = 3.280840 English feet or one
English foot = 0.3048 international metres.
Systems of Co-ordinate and Projections
5. (1) The figure of the earth and the projection to be used in the computation of
co-ordinates of any survey shall be the Transverse Mercator Projection for the West
Indies using the Clark 1880 figure having elements; semi-major axis 6378249
international metres flattening 1/293.5.
(2) Where Transverse Mercator co-ordinates are given in metres they shall be
converted to English feet using the relationship in regulation 4(3).
Maintenance of Measuring Instruments
6. (1) Every licensed surveyor shall maintain his theodolite, measuring bands
and all other equipment in good order, and the Chief Surveyor may refuse to
authenticate any survey which has been made with defective equipment.
(2) Every measuring band, tape, thermometer and spring balance shall be
submitted to the Chief Surveyor before use and thereafter not less than once in every
twelve months for comparison with the official standard in the custody of the Chief
(3) The Chief Surveyor may at any time require any licensed surveyor to
submit any measuring equipment for his inspection.
Presentation of Surveys
7. (1) Every licensed surveyor shall be personally responsible for the accuracy,
fidelity, and completeness of every survey presented by him for the approval of the
(2) It shall be the duty of every surveyor making any survey under these
Regulations to record all the relevant information that may aid in securing the
accuracy and completeness of every such survey.
(3) Every surveyor shall perform sufficient work to enable him to apply a
thorough check to every part of his survey.
(4) Every surveyor shall present his plan, computations and connected
documents of every survey in such a manner as the Chief Surveyor may require, and if
any surveyor forwards to the Chief Surveyor any plan, computation or connected
document which does not conform substantially with the appropriate requirements, the
Chief Surveyor may, at his discretion, return the plan, computation and connected
documents to the surveyor and may refuse to authenticate such plan, computation or
connected document until it has been made to conform with the appropriate
(5) All surveys returned to a surveyor shall be resubmitted to the Chief
Surveyor without undue delay.
Permissible errors of Measurement
8. All measurements must be made in accordance with regulations 33, 34 and 37
and the Chief Surveyor may refuse to authenticate any survey which contains errors in
excess of those that can be expected from measurements properly carried out in the
Checking of Surveys
9. The Chief Surveyor may at any time depute any surveyor to check in the field
any survey made under the Law by any other surveyor, and such check may include
the verification of any information recorded in connection with such survey mark
established under the Law or any regulations made thereunder.
Information prior to Survey
10. (1) Before carrying out any survey, every licensed surveyor shall be provided,
or shall provide himself with all available information in respect of any previous
survey of the parcel of land to be surveyed and of any adjoining parcel.
(2) Applications to the Chief Surveyor for this information shall be in writing
and shall, whenever applicable, make reference to the approval for sub-division, or
(3) The Chief Surveyor shall make available to any licensed surveyor all
technical information in his possession. Where the licensed surveyor extracts the
information himself by personal search, no fee will be payable, but where the
information is extracted on his behalf by the Chief Surveyor, the fee prescribed in the
Fourth Schedule shall be paid.
Prior Approval of Statutory Authorities
11. Before submitting any survey to the Chief Surveyor, a licensed surveyor shall
ensure that approval has been obtained for a subdivision or other transaction of any
parcel of land in any case where such approval is required by any law and that the
survey submitted conforms with such approval.
Authority for entry upon Land
12. (1) In pursuance of sections 16 and 18 of the Act, the Chief Surveyor shall
furnish to every surveyor an official letter of authority in Form A in the First Schedule
to these Regulations.
(2) Every surveyor shall present his letter of authority to any owner or
occupier of land who demands proof that such surveyor is duly authorised to enter
upon his land.
Employment of Unqualified Assistants
13. (1) No licensed surveyor shall employ an unqualified assistant without the
written approval of the Board:
Provided that, the Chief Surveyor may give provisional approval pending
decision by the Board.
(2) When such approval is given it shall be for a period of not more than two
years in the first instance and may thereafter be renewed for further periods at the discretion of the Board.
(3) The work done by any such assistant shall be under the direct personal
control of the licensed surveyor, who shall himself carry out a sufficient check to
ensure that the work done by such assistant is correct. The licensed surveyor shall
accept full personal responsibility for all work performed by his unqualified assistant.
(4) The licensed surveyor shall supply a certificate which shall be drawn up in
Form B in the First Schedule to these Regulations.
(5) If the Chief Surveyor finds that an unqualified assistant has performed any
work which has not been supervised and checked by the licensed surveyor he may
suspend approval for the employment of the unqualified assistant, and the case shall
be referred to the Board whose decision on the matter shall be final.
Fees Chargeable by Chief Surveyor
14. (1) The Chief Surveyor shall charge fees for all surveys carried out by the
Survey Department in accordance with the charges prescribed in the Second Schedule
to these Regulations.
(2) The Chief Surveyor shall charge fees in accordance with the charges
prescribed in the Third Schedule to these Regulations for the authentication under
section 25 of the Act of a plan submitted by a licensed surveyor.
(3) The Chief Surveyor shall charge fees in respect of all documents issued or
services rendered by the Survey Department in accordance with the charges prescribed
in the Fourth Schedule to these Regulations.
Fees for Licensed Surveyors
15. (1) The fees prescribed in the Fifth Schedule to these Regulations shall be
charged by a licensed surveyor in respect of work done by him.
(2) The fees chargeable for the granting of a licence to practice as a Surveyor
in Montserrat shall be $250. (Inserted by S.R.O. 18/1988)
SURVEY MARKS, BOUNDARY BEACONS AND BOUNDARIES
Design and Specification of Survey Marks
16. (1) The design of survey marks shall be as specified by the Chief Surveyor,
except in special circumstances which must be set out in the report on the survey.
(2) Every new triangulation or trilateration station other than a purely
auxiliary station shall be permanently marked.
(3) In third order traverses as defined in regulation 37 all traverse stations
shall whenever possible be permanent points.
Placement of Survey Marks
17. (1) Where the boundaries of a parcel are required to be fixed in accordance with section 18 of the Registered Land Act, any beacons required to be placed to
define accurately the boundaries of the parcel shall be of such type as the Chief
Surveyor may require and shall normally be surmounted by a cairn of stones or a
mound of earth.
(2) Where a boundary is inadequately defined and it is necessary to place a
beacon to define the approximate position of the boundary such beacons shall conform
to the requirements of paragraph (1).
(3) With a view to facilitating the location of isolated boundary beacons, such
beacons shall be referenced to any nearby telephone pole, suitable tree or other
prominent physical feature.
Line Beacons and River Beacons
18. (1) (a) Where a rectilinear boundary intersects a curvilinear boundary and a beacon, required by regulation 17 cannot be placed at the intersection,
a beacon shall be placed on the rectilinear boundary, as near as
possible to the intersection. Such beacon shall be known as a line
(b) Where the rectilinear boundary continues on both sides of the curvilinear boundary, line beacons shall be placed on both sections of
the rectilinear boundary.
(c) Where the curvilinear boundary falls within a river or swamp the line beacon shall be placed above flood level and shall be known as a river
(2) When a line or river beacon has been placed in accordance with regulation
17(1) the distance from the line or river beacon to the actual boundary shall be
measured to the precision required by regulation 66(2).
(3) All subdivisions of a parcel, the boundaries of which have been fixed,
which is situated across a road reserve shall be fully beaconed as self contained units.
(4) Where a curvilinear feature is adopted as a subdivisional boundary of a
parcel, the boundaries of which have been fixed, the several subdivisions and any
remainder shall be fully beaconed as self-contained units.
Placing Beacon on Boundary Line
19. Where a beacon is placed on a boundary line that has been fixed, it shall be
proved to be on line by establishing either directly or indirectly its relationship with
the terminal beacons of the line.
Beacons Placed from Computed Data
20. Where a beacon is placed from computed data, its position shall be proved by
an independent field check and calculation.
When Beacons cannot be Placed
21. When the corner of a parcel, the boundaries of which are required to be fixed,
falls within inaccessible ground where a beacon cannot be placed, the position of such corner shall be permanently referenced by at least one indicatory beacon placed on a
boundary line as near as possible to the corner. The details of the situation shall be
indicated on the plan.
Damaged Beacons to be Repaired
22. Where an old beacon of the parcel under survey is found to be damaged, the
surveyor shall repair or renew the beacon and shall make a record of the repairs in his
Trigonometrical Station to be required
23. (1) Every surveyor engaged on a public survey who discovers any
trigonometrical or traverse station to be damaged and in need of repair shall carry out
such repair as may be necessary.
(2) A licensed surveyor not engaged on a public survey is not required to
repair any damaged trigonometrical or traverse station, but he shall report in writing to
the Chief Surveyor the name, number and position of any such station and the nature
of the damage he has observed.
24. Missing beacons shall be noted in the surveyors’ report (regulation 63 refers)
and in order to demonstrate that he has searched in the right place the surveyor shall
furnish such measurement and observations as may be necessary.
Re-establishment of missing Beacons
25. If a surveyor is required to re-establish a missing beacon, he shall submit his
field notes, computations and report to the Chief Surveyor.
26. Where the existence of a visible redundant beacon is likely to lead to
confusion, it shall be removed and replaced by an underground witness mark.
Surveys and re-establishment of Boundaries
27. (1) In every survey of land where the position of a feature or beacon defining
the boundary of a parcel is found to differ materially from that indicated by the
relevant previous surveys, the surveyor shall exercise the greatest care—
(a) in establishing that the discrepancy actually does exist;
(b) in collecting all evidence which may have a bearing on the eventual action to be taken.
(2) A careful search shall be made in the position indicated by the previous
survey to ascertain whether or not any evidence of the old boundary feature or beacon
still exists and the position of any building or other development in the immediate
vicinity of the boundary shall be recorded.
(3) The surveyor, before taking further action shall provide the Chief
Surveyor with a full report and shall request instructions.
SURVEYS PERFORMED BY TRIANGULATION,
TRILATERATION, TRAVERSE AND AIR SURVEYS
28. All licensed surveyors shall assist, as far as is consonant with efficient and
economical survey, in the establishment and increase of permanent control marks of
all types throughout Montserrat.
Triangulation and Trilateration
Geodetic and Secondary Triangulation
29. All geodetic and secondary triangulation and trilateration shall be carried out
under the control of the Chief Surveyor, and shall normally be performed by
Lower Order Triangulation
30. (1) All new triangulation and trilateration of a lower order than geodetic or
secondary required to provide general control for cadastral surveys shall be brought
into harmony with existing control by methods conforming with current survey
(2) When issuing survey data for such work to a licensed surveyor, the Chief
Surveyor may recommend either a particular sequence in the computation of new
work or any special computations which the circumstances may require, and it shall be
the duty of a licensed surveyor so informed not to depart from the Chief Surveyor’s
recommendation without reasonable cause.
Tertiary and Minor Triangulation
31. For the purpose of regulations 32 and 33, tertiary triangulation or trilateration
means triangulation or trilateration established to an accuracy which makes it suitable
for use as a basis of further triangulation or trilateration; minor triangulation or
trilateration means triangulation or trilateration established to a lower accuracy and
suitable only as a basis for fixing local traverses and beacons.
Instruments used for Triangulation and Trilateration
32. (1) A micrometer theodolite of an approved pattern reading directly to one
second of arc, or better, shall be used for tertiary triangulation.
(2) A micrometer theodolite of an approved pattern reading directly to twenty
seconds of arc, or better, shall be used for minor triangulation.
(3) Electronic distance measuring equipment of an approved pattern shall be used for trilateration distance measurement.
Method of Triangulation Observations
33. (1) The minimum requirement for tertiary and minor triangulation shall be
two arcs observed on different zeros:
Provided that, two rounds observed on different faces and different zeros may
be sufficient for observations to points situated less than 6,000 feet distant.
(2) An arc of angular observations for triangulation shall consist of two
rounds observed in opposite directions on the same zero, one round being on face left
and the other on face right.
(3) For each arc a suitable reference station shall be selected and both rounds
of the arc shall be closed on to it, and the misclosure of each round shall be
appropriate to the class of theodolite used.
(4) The difference between measurements of any angle on different arcs shall
be appropriate to the class of theodolite used.
(5) Where electronic distance measuring equipment is used sufficient
observations shall be taken to eliminate any ambiguities and achieve the accuracy
required by regulation 8.
Fixing of Beacons
34. (1) Triangulation, trilateration, or a combination of these techniques for
determining the position of beacons shall be carried out in accordance with the
procedure laid down in regulations 30 to 33 and the method of computation shall
conform with current survey practice.
(2) Beacons may also be fixed by—
(a) intersection, provided at least three suitable rays are observed on to the point to be fixed;
(b) resection, provided at least four points in favourable positions for such fixing are observed;
(c) any other method which is capable of fixing a point with no less accuracy than that of the methods of intersection resection;
Provided that, no point fixed by any of the methods specified in paragraphs
(a), (b) and (c) shall be used to form the basis of further triangulation or trilateration.
35. In areas where no triangulation exists a licensed surveyor shall request
instructions from the Chief Surveyor as to the datum and method of survey to be used.
Geodetic and Secondary Traverses
36. All geodetic and secondary traverses shall be carried out under the control of
the Chief Surveyor and shall normally be performed by Government Surveyors.
Lower Order Traverses
37. (1) (a) All main control traverses shall be observed to third order standard.
(b) Where such lines are measured by means of a measuring band all such lines shall be double-chained.
(c) Where such lines are measured by means of electronic distance measuring equipment sufficient observations shall be taken to
eliminate any ambiguities.
(d) All such field operations shall be appropriate to a standard of accuracy of not less than 1:15,000.
(2) (a) All other control traverses for the survey of rectilinear boundaries shall be observed to fourth order standard.
(b) Field operations for such surveys shall be appropriate to a standard of accuracy of 1:10,000, but computational disclosures shall be allowed
to the same degree of accuracy as the datum supplied by the Chief
(c) A surveyor shall not use a loop traverse closing on his starting point if it is practicable to traverse between two previously fixed stations.
(d) When a surveyor is unable to close his work within the limits
prescribed by the Chief Surveyor, the Chief Surveyor may at his
discretion authorise or instruct the surveyor, to accept a lower order of
misclosure, otherwise the surveyor shall close his new work by a loop
traverse, orientation being confirmed in a satisfactory manner.
(3) (a) The survey of curvilinear boundaries such as roads, rivers, high water marks, etc., shall be made by subsidiary traverse or by air-survey
Provided that, this regulation shall not preclude any more accurate
(b) Such surveys of curvilinear boundaries shall be carried out to a
standard of accuracy appropriate to the plotting scale of the plan of
(4) Where traverses are very short, a reasonable misclosure shall be allowed
irrespective of the minimum requirements under these Regulations.
Angular Measurement of Traverses
38. (1) A theodolite permitted by regulation 32(1) shall be used for all third order
traverses where the distances are measured with electronic distance measuring
(2) A theodolite permitted by regulation 32(2) shall be used for all other third
and fourth order traverses.
(3) At every traverse station of third and fourth order traverses not less than
two rounds of angular measurements on different faces and different zeros shall be
(4) Angular measurements for subsidiary traverses, may be made either with a
theodolite or a compass of approved pattern, subject to the necessity to achieve the
standard of accuracy required by regulation 37(3)(b). If a compass is used, both forward and back observations must be observed at each station.
(5) For all angular measurements the first round at each station shall be set,
when possible, to the general orientation which is to be used throughout the survey.
(6) It is not necessary to close rounds of traverse observations on to a
Linear Measurement of Traverses
39. (1) (a) All linear measurements of third and fourth order traverses shall be measured using equipment and methods appropriate to the standards of
accuracy specified in regulation 37(1) and (2).
(b) Slopes shall be determined by a theodolite, with a degree of precision appropriate to the standards specified in regulation 37(1) and (2), and
where the slope is in excess of 10° the theodolite shall be read on both
(c) All measurements shall be reduced to the horizontal at mean sea level. In addition measurements made with a measuring band shall be
corrected for temperature and, where appropriate, sag.
(2) (a) All linear measurements of subdiary traverses shall be measured using equipment and methods appropriate to the standards of accuracy
specified in regulation 37(3).
(b) Slopes shall be determined by a theodolite or abney level with a degree of precision appropriate to the standards specified in
(c) All measurements shall be reduced to the horizontal.
Surveys of Curvilinear Boundaries
40. (1) In a survey of curvilinear boundaries by the tacheometric method,
distances determined by staff readings shall not normally exceed 500 feet and all three
stadia readings on the staff shall be read.
(2) Offsets to curvilinear boundaries from a traverse line which substantially
exceed 150 feet shall be set out instrumentally or geometrically and the method shall
be recorded in the field notes.
Swinging or Hanging Traverses
41. Swinging or hanging traverses unsupported by independent checks shall not be
Verification of Terminals of Traverse
42. Where the means exist, every point of departure of a new traverse and every
terminating point shall be verified by observations and or measurements, which shall
be recorded in the field notes.
Verification of Datum
43. Where a previously co-ordinated traverse station is converted for use as a
boundary beacon or where such traverse station is used to place or fix a boundary
beacon the surveyor shall verify the station by observations and/or measurements
which shall be recorded in the field notes.
44. Air survey methods may be employed in special cases with prior written
approval of the Chief Surveyor.
Field notes to be on special forms
45. (1) Field notes shall be made on such forms or books as the Chief Surveyor
(2) Licensed surveyors shall pay to the Chief Surveyor the cost price of any
blank forms or books supplied to them by the Chief Surveyor.
Recording of Triangulation Observations
46. (1) At each triangulation and trilateration station every surveyor shall, when
taking observations, record in his field notes the date, the time, the weather conditions
and degree of visibility.
(2) When it is necessary, for any reason, for a surveyor to divide his
observations at any station into two sets, the second set shall incorporate at least two
stations which have been observed in the first set.
Recording of Traverse Observations
47. All traverse observations and measurements shall be recorded in the field notes
in the sequence in which they are observed or measured.
Description of Beacons
48. A full description of every beacon and other mark used in the course of the
survey, whether placed, found and used or adopted shall be recorded in the field notes.
Method of entering field notes
49. (1) All observations and measurements made in the field, shall be recorded
clearly and legibly in hard pencil or ink, and shall be in such manner as the Chief
Surveyor may require.
(2) All entries in field notes, which are not made in the field shall be written
in blue or black ink.
(3) All entries in field notes shall be indexed and referenced in such a way
that any competent person may be able to prepare a true plan therefrom and the entries
shall be in such form that they have only one reasonable and correct interpretation.
Erasures and Corrections
50. (1) In no circumstances shall any erasure be made in field notes.
(2) Corrections shall be made by drawing a thin line through the erroneous
entry so as to have the original entry legible; the correct entry shall be written outside
the erroneous entry and not across it.
(3) Corrections to field notes shall be made in the field and shall be a true
record of actual measurements or reobservations and shall be initialled by the
51. (1) The letters, names and numerals, by which any beacon or survey mark is
described in field notes shall be written in roman script.
(2) In choosing suitable descriptions, surveyors shall take care to avoid
nomenclature which is likely to lead to confusion and the letters I, O, S and Z shall not
be used except in pronounceable words.
Cover Page and Index
52. (1) The cover page of field note forms or the cover of field note books shall
contain such information as the Chief Surveyor may require.
(2) This information shall include the standard temperature and tension for the
measuring band used in the survey and where measurements have been made in
catenary the weight per 100 ft. of the measuring band.
(3) The pages of field notes shall be numbered and an index in alphabetical
and numerical order of all observations and measurements in the field notes shall be
given on the reverse of the cover or cover page.
53. When any surveyor is compelled to use unorthodox methods of survey owing
to obstructions or difficulties in the field, he shall give explanatory notes and, where necessary, diagrams in the field notes to explain clearly the method he has used and
54. (1) Sketched topographical features in vicinity of a beacon shall be recorded,
where possible, to facilitate its location.
(2) All developments on any plot such as buildings, wells and bore-holes shall
be surveyed. Any other development such as pipelines, which in the surveyor’s
opinion may involve a question of easement, right of way or any prescriptive rights
shall also be surveyed.
Computations to be on special forms
55. (1) Computations shall be made on such forms as the Chief Surveyor may
(2) Licensed surveyors shall pay to the Chief Surveyor the cost price of any
blank forms supplied to them by the Chief Surveyor.
Method of entering computations
56. Computations shall be clearly and legibly set out in ink, and the entry of
numbers or words to indicate checks on the computations shall be made in pencil or a
different coloured ink:
Provided that, red ink shall be reserved for the use of the Chief Surveyor.
Triangulation and trilateration
57. Surveys carried out by triangulation or trilateration shall normally be set out
and computed by the Direction Method, or in conformity with any other current
standard survey method.
58. (1) In surveys carried out by traverse methods, each separate traverse shall
normally be set out in suitable form so as to demonstrate the initial datum bearing or
bearings, the bearing misclosure and the consequent adjustment of bearings.
(2) The positional misclosure, its distribution through the traverse, and the
finally adjusted values of all traverse points shall be demonstrated in conformity with
current standard survey practice.
Independent checks to be made
59. Before any surveyor forwards any computations to the Chief Surveyor for
authentication he shall make an independent and complete check of all his calculations, and such checks shall accompany the computations and be clearly
Method of computing areas
60. (1) The rectilinear areas of parcels, the boundaries of which have been fixed,
shall be computed mathematically.
(2) When a portion of the boundary of a parcel, the boundaries of which have
been fixed, is a curvilinear boundary, the area of the parcel shall be determined partly
by computing from co-ordinates and partly by planimeter determination from a
drawing of the curvilinear boundary which has been drawn in conformity with
(3) If necessary, the co-ordinates of accurately scaled points on the drawing of
the curvilinear boundary shall be used in the computation, in order to reduce to a
minimum the area to be determined by the planimeter.
Method of measuring areas
61. The areas of parcels, the boundaries of which are approximate only, shall be
determined by planimeter measurement.
Degree of accuracy of calculating areas
62. Areas shall normally be calculated to the degree of accuracy specified in the
Decimal places of an Acre
Parcels not more than one acre four two
Over one acre and not more than 5 three two
Over five acres and not more than 25 two one
Over twenty five acres and not more
one nearest acre
Over 100 acres nearest acre nearest acre
Presentation of computation
63. The computation of every survey submitted for authentication shall be
(a) a report; and
(b) a general index to the computation; and
(c) a complete list of final co-ordinates of every point adopted or calculated in the survey; this list shall be arranged in groups comprising datum points, new triangulation, trilateration, and traverse
stations, old or re-established boundary beacons and new boundary
beacons, arranged in alphabetical and numerical order; and on this co-
ordinate list a description of every point shall be given, and reference
shall be made to the source of co-ordinates including datum plans or
pages of computations.
Plans to be drawn on special forms
64. (1) All plans shall be drawn in waterproof inks on such plan forms as the
Chief Surveyor may require.
(2) Licensed surveyors shall pay to the Chief Surveyor the cost price of any
plan forms supplied to them by the Chief Surveyor.
Scales to be used
65. Plans shall be plotted at the same scale as the Registry Map of the registration
section in which the parcel is situated:
Provided that, in special circumstances plans shall be plotted at such scale as
the Chief Surveyor may require.
Plotting of curvilinear boundaries
66. (1) Where the consent of the Chief Surveyor has been obtained for the
adoption of an existing survey of a curvilinear boundary, the surveyor shall—
(a) make an accurate reduction of the larger scale plan for use at a smaller scale; or
(b) make an accurate transfer for use at the same scale; or
(c) replot from the original field notes and computations for use at a larger scale.
(2) Where a rectilinear boundary intersects a curvilinear boundary and the
provision of regulation 18(1) is applicable, the distance from each line or river beacon
to the intersection shall be shown to the nearest foot, but the distances between
successive beacons along the rectilinear boundary shall be shown to the degree of
precision required by regulation 70(3).
(3) Where a curvilinear boundary of a parcel has been fixed, such curvilinear
boundary shall be distinctively described.
Plotting by co-ordinates
67. (1) All plans shall be plotted by rectangular co-ordinates.
(2) A plotting grid of squares covering the surveyed areas shall be drawn in
blue such that grid line values shall be at intervals of 500 feet or even multiples of 500 feet.
(3) Every plan shall contain at least one complete grid square and no square
shall have sides exceeding 8 inches in length.
68. (1) All detail shown on the plan shall be distinct and the cramping of figures
shall be avoided.
(2) The north point on every plan shall be upwards and parallel to the sides of
the plan form.
69. (1) All boundaries abutting on any parcel which has been surveyed shall be
shown on the plan.
(2) Where the parcel or parcels adjoin a surveyed road, and where the scale of
plotting permits, the boundaries abutting on the other side of the road shall be shown.
Co-ordinates and numerical data
70. (1) In every survey the co-ordinates of permanent control stations shall be
tabulated on the plan.
(2) Where boundaries of parcels have been fixed, the following additional
information shall be given on the plan—
(a) the co-ordinates of block corners of regular shaped figures and of all beacons of irregular shaped parcels shall be tabulated.
(b) the length and bearing of every boundary shall, when possible, be inscribed along the line to which they refer and such lengths and
bearings shall be deduced from the final co-ordinates tabulated on the
(3) Co-ordinates, and lengths when required by paragraph (2), shall be shown
to one decimal place of a foot or to two decimal places of an international metre.
(4) (a) The area of every parcel shall be inscribed where possible within the figure to which it refers to the degree of accuracy prescribed by
(b) Sufficient space shall be left for the parcel number to be inserted by
the Chief Surveyor.
(c) No parcel number shall be inserted by any surveyor.
(5) All other data which may serve to clarify or complete any survey plan,
shall be shown on the plan.
71. When surveys have been made by triangulation or trilateration or a
combination of these techniques, a chart drawn on a separate plan form shall be made
showing all rays observed or measured or both. Such charts shall show a tabulated list of final co-ordinates of all permanent control points:
Provided that, it shall not be necessary to draw a separate plan where the
control points have been surveyed by methods permitted in regulation 34(2).
Colours and style of printing
72. Every survey plan shall be drawn in accordance with the requirements of the
Chief Surveyor, in respect of colours, style of printing and other details.
73. (1) All topographical features that have been accurately fixed by survey, or
have been sketched with reasonable precision, in accordance with regulation 54(1),
shall be shown in their correct plotted positions on the plan.
(2) When form lines add nothing of significant value to the plan, they shall
not be shown.
(3) Topographical information may be taken from any official map published
by the Chief Surveyor or any authority approved by the Chief Surveyor with due
caution in regard to the limitations enjoined by the scale of the map.
(4) Where topographical information is taken from aerial photographs, the
source shall be shown on the plan.
Erasures or corrections
74. (1) No erasures shall be made after a plan has been drawn in ink.
(2) Necessary correctness shall be made by scoring through the incorrect
words, letter, or numeral in ink and writing the correct word, letter, or numeral outside
the incorrect word, letter or numeral. Every such correction shall be initialled by the
75. Every plan shall have on it a certificate in such form as the Chief Surveyor
may require and the certificate shall be signed and dated by the surveyor who made
Authentication by Chief Surveyor
76. The Chief Surveyor may refuse to authenticate any plan submitted by a
licensed surveyor which, in his opinion has been drawn carelessly and untidily, or is
received by him in a dilapidated or damaged condition.
Public access to maps and plans
77. (1) Any person shall have access, free of charge, to every published map and plan in the possession of the Chief Surveyor:
Provided that, the Chief Surveyor or his representative may refuse access as he
may deem necessary in the public interest.
(2) A search fee of $1 per plan shall be paid in advance by any person who is
not a licensed surveyor or not on Government duty, for access to any unpublished
plan. The search fee may be credited against the price of any print of the plan
purchased at the time of the search. ___________
LETTER OF AUTHORITY
In exercise of the powers conferred upon him by regulation 12 of the Survey
Regulations, the Chief Surveyor hereby authorises …………….………………….
…………………………………….…….…….............. (name and designation of
person authorised) to enter upon any land to perform any duty which he is required
to perform under the Land Survey Act.
Dated ..………………............., 20 ........... …………………...............
Note the relevant sections 16, 18 and 20 of the Land Survey Act are printed
for general information, on the back of this Letter of Authority.
CERTIFICATE FOR UNQUALIFIED ASSISTANTS
I certify that all the work performed in the field and in the office by my
assistant, .……………........……………………….………………. has been carried
out under my personal direction, and I take full responsibility for all work so
Dated ..………………............., 20 ........... .............…………………….
FEES PAYABLE FOR SURVEYS
EXECUTED BY THE SURVEY DEPARTMENT
1. For surveys for alienation and first registration of any Crown land, fees shall
be assessed in accordance with the following formula—
Under 5,000 sq. ft. $ 175
5,000 – 10,000 sq. ft. 200
10,000 – 15,000 sq. ft. 225
15,000 – 20,000 sq. ft. 250
over 20,000 to be assessed by Chief Surveyor.
(Amended by Act 8 of 1999)
2. For surveys for the fixing of boundaries under section 18 of the Registered
Land Act, fees shall be assessed in accordance with the Fifth Schedule to
3. For mutation surveys, fees shall be assessed in accordance with the following
(a) where the registered owner of a parcel, the boundaries of which have not
been fixed, has demarcated the mutation on the ground—
For each parcel of land to be transferred ……................ $25 A (where “A”
is the square root of the area, in acres of the parcel): Provided that, the fees
shall be computed to the nearest $5 and the minimum fee shall be $25;
(b) where the registered owner of a parcel, the boundaries of which have
not been fixed, requires a specific area to be surveyed for transfer and in
all cases where the boundaries of the parcel have been fixed, fees shall be
assessed in accordance with the Fifth Schedule to these Regulations.
4. In any other case survey fees shall be assessed by the Chief Surveyor.
5. The Chief Surveyor may, at his discretion, remit part or all of any fee.
FEES PAYABLE FOR THE AUTHENTICATION OF PLANS
SUBMITTED TO THE CHIEF SURVEYOR FOR APPROVAL
The following fees will be charged for the authentication of every plan
submitted to the Chief Surveyor for approval—
For each parcel shown on the plan ....................................... $1A
(where “A” is the square root of the area, in acres, of the parcel)
(i) fees shall be calculated to the nearest $1 with a minimum of $5 and a
maximum of $100;
(ii) the fee for each easement shall be $5;
(iii) one-half the above fees shall be charged for authenticating compiled
(iv) the Chief Surveyor may, at his discretion remit part or all of any fee;
(v) no fee shall be charged for authenticating any triangulation chart,
traverse chart, or any survey made for re-establishment of beacons.
FEES CHARGEABLE FOR DOCUMENTS ISSUED AND
OTHER SERVICES RENDERED BY THE SURVEY DEPARTMENT
The following fees shall be charged—
1. Prints of survey plans on dyeline paper A4 size $1 each larger by
Provided that, licensed surveyors may be granted a discount of 25%.
2. Photocopying computations, field notes etc. per foolscap sheet $1
3. Provision of survey data per approved scheme: $10
Provided that, prints of plans up to a maximum of
three per scheme shall be included in the fee. Any
additional prints in excess of this number shall be
charged as in paragraph 1 above.
4. Preparation of special plans, maps or issue of any special documents not
listed in this Schedule shall be assessed by the Chief Surveyor.
LAND SURVEYORS’ FEES
(Inserted by G. 3 of 1987)
Fees chargeable by Licensed Surveyors in accordance with the agreement of the
1. Single Plots – 1 acre and below
(a) Below ¼ acre ......................................... $300
(b) ¼ acre to ½ acre .................................... $400
(c) ½ acre to one acre ................................. $500
2. Plots above 1 acre
For the first acre .............................................. $500
Next four acres ................................................ $300 per acre
Next ten acres .................................................. $150 per acre
Next twenty acres ............................................ $100 per acre
Next twenty five acres ..................................... $50 per acre
Next forty acres ............................................... $75 per acre
Additional acres ............................................... $25 per acre
3. Town Surveys
Apply 50% of the above minimum charges plus 1% of the market
value of the land up to the first $10,000, plus ½% for the next
$40,000 plus ¼% on the residue or by special arrangement with the
4. Old Boundary Surveys
The charge shall be $200 plus $50 per 100 feet for transversing or
$75 for boundary mark.
Note: The above fees do not include the cost of labour, permanent marks