Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania Resolution on the Situation in Ukraine

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24 April 2014  No XII-858
The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania,
implementing the powers of the Seimas as embedded in point 16 of Article 67 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania to consider issues of foreign policy;
following the universally recognised principles and norms of international law as defined in paragraph 1 of Article 135 of the Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania, in particular the principles of refraining from the use of force and pacific settlement of international disputes, respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of states, human rights and fundamental freedoms enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations;
dismissing, as incompatible with the principles of international law and justice, the policy of the use of coercion against neighbouring states, exerting pressure on them and promotion of separatism based on the concepts of ‘near abroad’ and similar territories of exclusive interest, aspirations of expansion of the Russian territory while challenging the legitimacy of the dissolution of the USSR and raising claims to the territories controlled by the USSR;
condemning all forms of aggression, including armed attack and invasion of the territory of another state, occupation and annexation of the territory of another state, organisation of armed groups and dispatching them to the territory of another state, also the unlawful mass conferral of citizenship and setting up of puppet formations in the occupied territory and systematic violations of human rights;
pointing out that under international law, no seizure of the territory by force or threat of force, or pseudo national puppet formations set up in the occupied territory can be recognised;
having regard to Resolution No XII-780 of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania of 13 March 2014 on ‘Threats from the Russian Federation to security in Ukraine and across Europe’ and the Resolution of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe of 9 April 2014 on ‘Recent developments in Ukraine: threats to the functioning of democratic institutions’;
urging Russia to respect the provisions of the Geneva Statement of 17 April 2014; 
stating with regret that despite unanimous appeals of the international community, the Russian Federation continues to ignore the provisions of the 1975 Helsinki Final Act establishing inviolability of borders of European states and the principles of respect for sovereignty of states, refraining from the use of force, territorial integrity, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, and fulfilment in good faith of obligations under international law and refuses to meet the commitments laid down in the 1994 Budapest Memorandum regarding Ukraine’s territorial integrity, political independence and inviolability of its borders,
recognises the integrity of the territory of Ukraine, with the Autonomous Republic of Crimea constituting a part of it under Section 10 of the Constitution of Ukraine, and the inviolability of the borders of Ukraine as defined in Article 2 of the Constitution of Ukraine and recognised internationally,
states that the referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea on the legal status of Crimea is in contravention of the Constitution of Ukraine and, therefore, its results are unlawful and null and void,
considers the continued presence of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and armed groups controlled by it in the territory of Ukraine as the occupation of the relevant parts of the Ukrainian territory, which is a gross violation of the peremptory norm of general international law, namely an international commitment to refrain from the threat or use of force,
notes that the organisation and dispatching of the armed groups of the Russian Federation to the territory of Ukraine, support for the armed groups seizing state buildings in Ukraine and the requirements of such groups to declare local ‘people's republics’ as well as other dismembering of the State of Ukraine (the so-called ‘federalisation’) represents a gross violation of the principle of refraining from the threat and use of force and non-intervention in internal affairs of other states and that the requirements of the Russian Federation concerning the change of the form of government and constitutional order of Ukraine and protection of the rights of so-called ‘Russian-speaking residents’ are an intolerable interference in Ukraine’s internal affairs,
states that, in line with the norms of international law and in the event of such gross violations of the international commitments, cooperation of states is vital in order to terminate these violations by legal means, to prevent legalisation of the situation resulting from these violations and not to provide support to maintain such a situation,
proposes that the European Union initiate the development of a multilateral mechanism for registration and calculation of damage caused by Crimea occupation and annexation in order to make objective assessment of Ukraine's losses incurred due to the illegal actions of the Russian Federation,
calls on the European Union and NATO member states, in the light of the Russian aggression in Ukraine, to support Ukraine by sharing new intelligence and enhancing military cooperation with Ukraine,
states that the following key principles must be observed when restoring peace and security in the territory of Ukraine occupied by the Russian Federation: withdrawal of the troops of the Russian Federation from the occupied parts of the Ukrainian territory and the Ukrainian border, non-recognition of the puppet separatist formations operating in the occupied territory of Ukraine, refraining from the use of force and other forms of coercion, safe return of refugees and displaced persons to their homes, restoration of Ukraine’s jurisdiction over Crimea, introduction of the model of autonomy and self-government in this region that would comply with Ukraine’s Constitution and be attractive to local population, ensuring the principles of democracy, rule of law and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in the entire territory of Ukraine, and extensive participation of the international community and international organisations in  supporting the implementation of the above-mentioned principles,
calls on both parties to create conditions for dialogue, namely to refrain from such actions as promotion of separatism and blackmail in the energy sector, which burden the search for peaceful conflict resolution in line with the principles of international law,
invites the European Union to treat energy independence from the Russian Federation as one of the key strategic objectives of the European energy policy,
encourages the development of democracy, establishment of the rule of law and other internal reforms in Ukraine with a view to effectively tackling the issues relating to internal policy and restoration of jurisdiction in the occupied territory and Ukraine’s becoming a full-fledged member of European and trans-Atlantic organisations,
proposes that the President of the Republic and the Government of the Republic of Lithuania adhere to the principles of this Resolution in dealing with issues of foreign policy and implementing foreign policy of Lithuania, also seek the observance of these principles in shaping and implementing the common foreign policy of the European Union, dealing with issues of international security and human rights at the United Nations, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe and other international organisations.

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