On the Continuity of Nuclear Energy and Updating of the National Energy Strategy

Published: 0000-00-00

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29 September 2005
The Seimas  of the Republic of Lithuania,
taking into account:
1) the provisions of the National Energy Strategy for the period until 2020, approved by Resolution No IX-1130 of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania of 10 October 2002,  emphasising that the strategy for the development of the Lithuanian power sector is based on the continuity and development of the safe nuclear energy;
2) the Programme of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania for 2004-2008, in which an undertaking is made to seek that Lithuania would remain a state with nuclear power generating facilities and to attract investment for the construction of new nuclear reactors;
3) the results of the Study on the Continuity of Nuclear Energy Consumption in Lithuania, drawn up in 2004;
4) works performed and planned to be performed integrating Lithuania’s energy networks in the EU energy system,
1) the EU is becoming increasingly dependent on external energy suppliers, therefore, quite a number of legal acts on common energy policy have been adopted with a view to reducing this dependence;
2) although certain EU Member States have announced a nuclear energy moratorium, the requirements of the Kyoto Protocol and the prices of oil and gas, as well as the problems of reliability of supply call for a revision of the earlier adopted decisions;
3) the necessity to address the problems of environmental protection  and reliability of energy supply creates favourable preconditions for the development of nuclear energy. Therefore, the European Union is expected to make a positive revision of the nuclear energy prospects;
4) final shut-down of the Ignalina NPP, ever-increasing consumption of natural gas and oil products will complicate the fulfillment of the environmental commitments taken on by Lithuania, increase electricity prices for consumers, render it difficult to ensure the reliability of electricity supply within the whole Baltic region, and have an adverse impact on the economic development;
1) in the process of Lithuania’s integration in the EU market not only the technical but also the economic aspects of the reliability and competitiveness of energy supply are important;
2) in order to complete the final shut-down of the Ignalina NPP, it will be necessary to increase the import of primary energy resources, especially natural gas, and, therefore, the dependence of the Republic of Lithuania on the single primary energy supplier from the East may increase even more;
3) as prices of oil and gas increase and the transition to the state-of-the-art electricity generation technologies is rather slow, energy prices will be unavoidably increasing and this will undoubtedly have a negative effect on the national economy and public welfare;
4) by building a new reactor on the territory of the Ignalina NPP, negative social and economic consequences of the final shut-down of the reactors with regard to the development of the Ignalina NPP region and the competitiveness of Lithuanian economy would be avoided;
5) by recognising the importance for the national economy of continuity of nuclear energy in Lithuania, it is also necessary to ensure the diversity of energy production (nuclear, heat energy, hydro energy), without reducing the attention to the consumption of renewable and waste energy resources,  
1) recognising the necessity of primary energy resources, including nuclear energy, the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania will seek that Lithuania remain a nuclear power state and continue generating electricity in a nuclear power plant which meets all modern requirements;
2) the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania will support, legally and politically, investment into construction of a new reactor;
suggests that the Government of the Republic of Lithuania:
1) consider the possibilities and adopt concrete decisions on the prospects of construction of a new nuclear power plant;
2) draw up the programme for the development of nuclear energy in Lithuania which would establish the principles of construction of a new nuclear power plant, the assumption of liabilities and responsibility, the funding conditions, the role of the State and the measures of impact, the choice of the type and capacity of the reactor, the requirements put to the potential investors and generators;
3) when drafting, adopting and implementing the decisions regarding the final shut-down of the Ignalina NPP, have regard to the continuity of nuclear energy in Lithuania and the prospect of construction of new reactors;
4) finance social economic measures and projects for the Ignalina NPP region from the EU’s 2004-2006 budget and seek that this be provided for when preparing  the EU’s financial perspective for 2007-13;
5) promote regional collaboration and cooperation developing the common electricity market of the Baltic states, integrated in the electricity markets of the Western Europe and Scandinavia;
6) in collaboration with Latvia and Estonia draft a proposal to the European Commission regarding  the assistance for the construction of a new nuclear power plant,
7) update the National Energy Strategy by the 3rd quarter of 2006.