GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
RESOLUTION No 561
of 8 June 2006
ON the APPROVAL OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY GUIDELINES OF THE REPUBLIC OF lITHUANIA FOR 2006-2010
Acting pursuant to the Long-Term Development Strategy of the State approved by Regulation No IX-1187 of the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania of 12 November 2002 (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 113-5029, 2002), point 926 of the measures for the implementation of the Action Programme of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania for 2004–2008 approved by Resolution No 315 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania of 24 March 2005 (Valstybės žinios (Official Gazette) No 40-1290, 2005) and having regard to the agreement between political parties of the Republic of Lithuania of 5 October 2005 on the Main Foreign Policy Goals and Objectives of Lithuania for 2004–2008, the Government of the Republic of Lithuania has r e s o l v e d:
1. To approve the development co-operation policy guidelines of the Republic of Lithuania for 2006–2010 (as appended).
2. To charge the Ministry of Foreign Affairs with drawing up and submitting by 1 January 2007 to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania a draft resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania on the provision of humanitarian aid.
Acting Prime Minister Zigmantas Balčytis
Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs Antanas Valionis
Resolution No 561 of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania
of 8 June 2006
development co-operation policy guidelines of the Republic of Lithuania for 2006–2010
I. GENERAL PROVISIONS
1. Development co-operation policy is an integral part of the foreign policy of developed states. Its objectives are the following: the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals approved by the United Nations, ensuring peace, global economic growth and social stability, reduction of the disparities between developed and developing countries, integration of developing countries into the global economy.
2. Development co-operation policy is a constituent part of Lithuania’s foreign policy. It aims at supporting sustainable, equitable and global human as well as social development of partner countries. Promotion of human rights, democracy, the rule of law, gender equality and good governance form an integral part of this policy.
3. The development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania is in line with the principles and objectives of the European Development Co-operation Policy.
4. For the purpose of this legal act:
Budget support shall mean the financial support which is transferred to the budget of the partner country carrying out poverty reduction programmes and institutional reforms. The received financial support is managed by the government of the partner country according to the financial management and reporting systems established by that government.
Sustainable development shall mean the co-ordination of environmental, economic and social goals of the society providing the conditions for the achievement of the general welfare without going beyond the tolerable limits of environmental effect.
Multilateral development assistance shall mean Lithuania’s mandatory and voluntary contributions or participation in the implementation of projects and programmes co-ordinated and carried out by international institutions and organisations.
Bilateral development assistance shall mean the aid to the government of a partner country funded from the State Budget of the Republic of Lithuania and municipal budgets, taking account of the country’s request for the provision of economic and social assistance for its development.
European Development Fund shall mean the main instrument for the provision of European Union aid for African, Caribbean and Pacific (hereinafter referred to as ACP) countries which signed an agreement on the co-operation between the EU and ACP countries (Cotonou Agreement) in 2000.
Official development assistance shall mean the assistance funded from the State Budget of the Republic of Lithuania and municipal budgets to the countries included in the assistance recipients’ list compiled by the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Donor country shall mean a country which provides assistance to developing states.
Partner country shall mean a developing country which receives assistance.
Technical assistance shall mean non-repayable assistance provided by Lithuania through the allocation of funds for education, passing on good practice, improvement of living and business conditions, infrastructural and other projects and programmes aiming at the promotion of economic and social development of a partner country.
Trilateral development assistance shall mean assistance projects, implemented in developing countries, which are funded jointly by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania and other donor countries or for which the Government of the Republic of Lithuania provides co-financing.
II. RELATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA WITH THE EUROPEAN UNION DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY
5. The development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuanian shall be based on the values, principles and recommendations set out in the joint statement by the Council of the European Union, the European Parliament and the European Commission on European Union Development Policy “The European Consensus”, which was approved by the General Affairs and External Relations Council on 21-22 November 2005.
6. Lithuania affirms as its own the international commitments of the European Union, enunciated in the 2000 Millennium Declaration of the United Nations, the 2002 Monterrey Summit, the 2005 Johannesburg Sustainable Development Action Plan and the 2005 Summit to Review the Millennium Development Goals.
III. MISSION OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
7. Lithuania has gained valuable experience in creating the rule of law, enhancement of democracy, protection of human rights, transition to the market economy and Euro-Atlantic integration.
8. Seeking to be an active country in the region, Lithuania, in carrying out development co-operation policy, shares the accumulated experience with the reform implementing countries willing to draw on that experience.
9. The active development co-operation policy fortifies Lithuania’s role in the United Nations and its specialised agencies, the European Council, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, other international institutions and organisations.
10. In implementing development co-operation policy, Lithuania shall contribute to a more active regional and inter-regional co-operation, foster bilateral and multilateral relations, strengthen political, economic and cultural ties with different states and improve its global image.
11. The implementation of development co-operation policy opens up new possibilities for Lithuania’s economic entities and creates a favourable environment for the operation of Lithuanian enterprises in partner countries.
12. In implementing the national development co-operation policy, Lithuania shall support non-governmental organisations, facilitate the enhancement of their capacities and seek their active contribution to the realisation of development co-operation policy.
IV. INTERESTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
13. Lithuania’s participation in the implementation of the international development co-operation policy shall be based on the following interests:
13.1. global: contribution to the strengthening of the international security, fight against terrorism and international organized crime, promotion of sustainable economic and environmental development of partner countries and improvement of health care and social security in the world;
13.2. regional: contribution to the implementation of domestic policy reforms in partner countries – passing on to them the experience in enhancing democracy, creating the rule of law and the protection of human rights.
13.3. national: strengthening of Lithuania’s trade and economic relations with partner countries, improvement of Lithuania’s image and enhancement of mutual understanding through the support to upgrading the level of education and the preservation of the cultural and historic heritage.
V. OBJECTIVES OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
14. The objectives of the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania shall be as follows:
14.1. participate in the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals approved by the United Nations Millennium Summit held in September 2000:
14.1.1. reduce poverty and hunger by half;
14.1.2. achieve universal primary education;
14.1.3. promote gender equality;
14.1.4. reduce the mortality of children under 5 years of age by two thirds;
14.1.5. reduce maternal mortality by three fourths;
14.1.6. combat HIV/AIDS and other communicable diseases;
14.1.7. ensure sustainable environmental and economic development;
14.1.8. develop a global partnership for development;
14.2. contribute to the development of the area of democracy, security and stability in neighbouring regions;
14.3. activate political, cultural, economic and social relations with the countries of the region, enhancement of Lithuania’s role in shaping and implementing the policy of international organisations in the region and thus strengthening Lithuania’s national security.
VI. PRINCIPLES OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
15. The implementation of development co-operation policy in Lithuania shall be based on the priorities of Lithuania’s domestic and foreign policy, European Union external policy guidelines, United Nations Millennium Development Goals and the following principles:
15.1. partnership with a partner country, the international community of donor countries as well as with non-governmental organisations in Lithuania and abroad;
15.2. ownership of the partner country – the assignment of the leading role for the partner country in the process of planning, implementation and assessment of the assistance, with regard to its priorities and handing over to it the responsibility for the effectiveness and usefulness of the assistance.
15.3. solidarity – underpinning the global community's efforts to implement the Millennium Development Goals;
15.4. effectiveness, transparency of and accountability for the provision and use of the assistance;
15.5. co-ordination and complementarity – the co-operation between donor countries in implementing joint multiannual programmes, provision of assistance while complementing and co-ordinating the activities of individual donor countries and thus ensuring the optimal use of human and financial resources;
15.6. coherence – consistent implementation of each policy area according to the objectives of development co-operation.
VII. GEOGRAPHICAL SCOPE OF THE pROVISION OF THE aSSISTANCE OF THE rePUBLIC OF lITHUANIA
16. Lithuania, taking account of the priorities of the foreign policy of the Republic of Lithuania and the experience of the relations with its Eastern neighbours, shall co-operate, in particular, with the following regions:
16.1. Eastern Europe – the Republic of Belarus, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine;
16.2. South Caucasus – the Republic of Armenia, the Republic of Azerbaijan and Georgia.
17. Lithuania shall also provide assistance to the countries recovering from conflicts, such as the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Iraq.
18. According to the priorities of the European Union, bilateral and trilateral assistance shall be provided, where possible, to the countries in other regions, in particular, to the poorest African states.
19. Lithuania through its membership contributions to the general European Community Budget shall also provide assistance to all countries receiving European Community aid.
20. Lithuania, by paying mandatory and voluntary contributions to the United Nations and their specialised agencies, shall provide multilateral assistance to the countries of the developing world.
VIII. sectors and instruments of the provision of the assistance of the republic of Lithuania
21. Lithuania, drawing on the experience gained in transition to the democratic governance, market economy and integration into international organisations, shall provide assistance in the following priority areas:
21.1. strengthening of democracy, human rights, good governance and the rule of law;
21.2. economic development;
21.3. European integration processes;
21.4. administrative capacities building.
22. Taking into account the needs of partner countries, Lithuania may also provide other types of assistance.
23. In the implementation of the development co-operation policy, Lithuania shall make use of the following instruments of the provision of assistance:
23.1. bilateral development assistance;
23.2. trilateral development assistance;
23.3. multilateral development assistance;
23.4. humanitarian aid – voluntary assistance to the countries which have suffered from natural disasters or negative human activities;
23.5. general budget support – shall directly allocate funds to the general budget of a partner country;
23.6. sectoral budget support – financial assistance to the budget of a partner country, indicating the purpose for which the funds are intended.
IX. CO-ORDINATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
24. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall be responsible for the initiation, implementation and co-ordination of the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania as well as for the implementation of the measures referred to in Chapter XI of this legal act.
25. The Ministry of Finance shall be responsible for the co-ordination of the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania with international financial organisations and for the earmarking of funds in the State Budget of the Republic of Lithuania to be paid as contributions for membership in the international financial organisations. The Ministry of Finance shall co-ordinate its activities with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
26. Other public authorities of the Republic of Lithuania shall, within their competence, participate in implementing the development co-operation policy and co-ordinate their activities with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
27. An important role in the implementation of the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania shall be given to the co-operation between the President of the Republic of Lithuania, the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania and the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, co-ordination of activities of these institutions and public information about the implementation of the development co-operation policy.
X. FINANCING OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
28. The implementation of the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania shall be financed from the appropriations in the State budget of the Republic of Lithuania approved for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The implementation of the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania shall also be funded from the appropriations in the State budget of the Republic of Lithuania earmarked for other public authorities and from the funds of municipal budgets.
29. Lithuania, by implementing the decisions of the European Council of 16-17 June 2005 on increasing official development assistance and taking into account its own budget allocation process, will strive to increase the official development assistance by 0.17 per cent of its gross national income by 2010.
XI. MEASURES FOR ENSURING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE DEVELOPMENT CO-OPERATION POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
30. With a view to ensuring the effectiveness of the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania, it shall be necessary to:
30.1. participate in the implementation of the European Union Development Co-operation Policy, take over the best practice of the European Union Member States;
30.2. comply with the principles and methodology of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ;
30.3. follow the changes and tendencies of global development co-operation policy, harmonise with them the development co-operation policy of the Republic of Lithuania;
30.4. co-ordinate the development co-operation policy with the United Nations institutions, international financial organisations and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development ;
30.5. analyse the needs of partner countries and take into account their national poverty reduction strategies;
30.6. analyse the existing and new sources of financing of development co-operation as well as the modalities for the provision of assistance;
30.7. consult the representatives of other public authorities in co-ordinating the provision of development assistance;
30.8. carry out consistent supervision and assessment of the implementation of projects and programmes;
30.9. develop a national methodology for the administration of development co-operation policy;
30.10. seek the involvement of as many concerned Lithuanian entities as possible in the implementation of the development co-operation projects;
30.11. promote the co-operation of Lithuania’s non-governmental organisations with counterpart non-governmental development co-operation organisations in donor and partner countries;
30.12. disseminate information in order to raise the awareness of the Lithuanian public about development co-operation.