On the Implementation of the Rail Baltica Project


Published: 0000-00-00

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SEIMAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA
 
RESOLUTION
ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE RAIL BALTICA PROJECT
 
17 December 2013 Vilnius
 
 
 
The Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania,
having regard to the fact that:
− the planned building of the European track gauge Rail Baltica railway line from the Lithuanian-Polish border to the Lithuanian-Latvian border (hereinafter: ‘the Rail Baltica project’) is the largest and most expensive transport infrastructure project in the Republic of Lithuania that has been carried out over the last two decades of the restored independence of the state of Lithuania;
− the Rail Baltica project will have a long-term economic, social, strategic and financial impact on the Republic of Lithuania;
taking into account the fact that:
− the need for the Rail Baltica project and planned main solutions are currently based on the findings of the feasibility study conducted by AECOM Ltd in 2011 for Lithuanian, Latvian and Estonian ministries of transport,  however:
− this study, including its solutions proposed in relation to the Rail Baltica project, was not made available to the public for its assessment or approved by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania or the Government of the Republic of Lithuania;
− this study does not cover the railway section from Warsaw to the Lithuanian-Polish border, the effective development and management of which essentially determines the effectiveness of the entire Rail Baltica rail transport corridor;
− the study does not cover the alternative of building the Rail Baltica line via Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania;
− the study does not take into account the fact that the European track gauge railway is being built from the Lithuanian-Polish border to Kaunas (the European track gauge railway network is planned to include Kaunas by 2015). In the meanwhile, the study envisages building a new European track gauge railway along the new route to Kaunas and further towards Latvia, which would consequently overlap with the railway up to Kaunas being built;
− international instruments previously signed by representatives of the state of Lithuania in relation to the Rail Baltica project, including the joint declaration of 16 September 2013 signed by Lithuanian, Estonian, Latvian, Polish and Finnish ministers of transport:
− stipulate the political goals of the states, but do not create legal obligations for the state of Lithuania;
− do not reflect the aspirations of Poland regarding the development of the Polish segment of the Rail Baltica line;
− establish the route of Rail Baltica from the Lithuanian-Polish border to Tallinn, via Kaunas and Riga. Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, is linked only with a spur line of Rail Baltica, and the possibility of directing the route of Rail Baltica via Vilnius is not considered;
− do not provide for clear conditions of financing of the Rail Baltica project, nor the financial contribution of the state of Lithuania;
− the Rail Baltica project is, first and foremost, intended to improve passenger connections between the Baltic States and other EU Member States, and the capital of Lithuania, Vilnius, is the main centre of attraction for passengers in terms of both passenger flows from Poland and connections between the Baltic States;
aiming at ensuring the largest possible benefit of the Rail Baltica project for all the countries participating in the project, also at the EU level,
proposes that the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, when adopting further decisions related to the implementation of the Rail Baltica project, should:
1. Conduct the economic assessment of the Lithuanian section of the Rail Baltica route having regard to the following route alternatives: a) Warsaw - Kaunas - Riga - Tallinn, with a spur line to Vilnius; b) Warsaw - Vilnius - Riga - Tallinn;
2. Evaluate the financing needs and sources of funds of the Rail Baltica project, including the feasibility of funding of 85 per cent of costs of the project from the European Union funds, also the financial obligations of the state of Lithuania regarding the implementation of the Rail Baltica project and operation of the railway;
3. Seek the development of the Polish segment of the Rail Baltica line according to equivalent railway parameters as are applied along the entire route of Rail Baltic in the Baltic States;
4. Obtain approval by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania regarding the specific route of Rail Baltica and the funding of this project.
 
 
 
SPEAKER OF THE SEIMAS                                                   LORETA GRAUŽINIENĖ