Electronic Government Act


Published: 2012-06-01

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CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
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 Article 1 (Purpose)   print
The purpose of this Act is to facilitate the efficient realization of electronic government, enhance productivity, transparency and democracy in the public administration, and improve the quality of life for citizens by providing for fundamental principles, procedures, methods of promotion, and other relevant matters for the electronic processing of administrative affairs.
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 Article 2 (Definitions)   print
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows:
1. The term "electronic government" means a government that efficiently performs administrative affairs between administrative agencies and public institutions (hereinafter referred to as "administrative agencies, etc.") or for citizens by digitalizing administrative affairs of administrative agencies, etc. using information technology;
2. The term "administrative agency" means an agency responsible for the processing of administrative affairs of the National Assembly, the Judiciary, the Constitutional Court, or the National Election Commission; a central administrative agency (including agencies under the jurisdiction of the President and agencies under the jurisdiction of the Prime Minister; hereinafter the same shall apply) and an affiliate thereof; a local government;
3. The term "public institution" means any of the following:
(a) A corporation, organization, or institution under Article 4 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions;
(b) A local government-invested public corporation or a local government public corporation under the Local Public Enterprises Act;
(c) A special corporation established under a special Act;
(d) A school at any level, which has been established under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the Higher Education Act, or any other Act;
(e) Other corporations, organizations, or institutions specified by Presidential Decree;
4. The term "central agency responsible for administrative affairs" means the National Assembly Secretariat for affiliates of the National Assembly; the National Court Administration for affiliates of the Judiciary; the Department of Court Administration of the Constitutional Court for affiliates of the Constitutional Court; the National Election Commission Secretariat for affiliates of the National Election Commission; the Ministry of Public Administration and Security for central administrative agencies and their affiliates and local governments;
5. The term "electronic government service" means any administrative service rendered by administrative agencies, etc. to other administrative agencies, etc. and citizens, enterprises, etc. through access to electronic government;
6. The term "administrative information" means data prepared or acquired and managed by administrative agencies, etc. within the extent of their duties, which have been processed by digital means to be expressed in codes, letters, voice, sound, images, or any other mode;
7. The term "electronic document" means standardized information prepared and transmitted, received or stored in digital format by devices capable of processing information, such as computers;
8. The term "digitized document" means a document converted from a paper or any other non-electronic version to a format that can be processed by an information system;
9. The term "administrative digital signature" means information by which one can verify the identity of any of the following agencies that have been prepared an electronic document or the person in direct charge of the relevant work in any of such agencies as well as any modification to the electronic document, which is specific to the electronic document:
(a) An administrative agency;
(b) An ancillary agency or support agency of an administrative agency;
(c) An institution, corporation, or organization that exchanges electronic documents with an administrative agency;
(d) An institution, corporation, or organization under Article 36 (2);
10. The term "information and communications network" means an information and communications system through which information is collected, processed, stored, searched, transmitted, or received by using telecommunications systems under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the Framework Act on Telecommunications or by applying telecommunications systems, computers, and technologies for the use of computers;
11. The term "information resources" means administrative information held by administrative agencies, etc.; information systems constructed so as to facilitate people to collect, process, and search administrative information by electronic means; information technologies applicable to the establishment of information systems; budgets and human resources for informatization and other related resources;
12. The term "information technology architecture" means a systematic framework drawn from the comprehensive analysis of the components of an entire organization, including its work scope, applications, data, technologies, and security, conducted on the basis of specific guidelines and processes, and methodologies for optimizing the components through informatization, etc. based on such framework;
13. The term "information system" means a systematic network of devices and softwares for collecting, processing, storing, searching, transmitting, receiving, or using information;
14. The term "surveillance of information system" means the comprehensive monitoring of matters regarding the construction, operation, etc. of the information system and fixing its problems from the third-person point of view by a person independent of the interests of the person awarding the surveillance contract and the person subject to surveillance, with the aim of improving efficacy and ensuring safety of the information system;
15. The term "surveillor" means a person who meets the eligibility requirements specified in Article 60 (1) and performs the duty of surveilling an information system (hereinafter referred to as "surveillance duty").
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 Article 3 (Duties of Administrative Agencies, etc. and Public Officials, etc.)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall implement this Act and improve related systems with the aims of facilitating the realization of electronic government and improving the quality of life for citizens and shall actively cooperate in interlinking information and communications networks, sharing administrative information, etc.
(2) Public officials and employees of public institutions shall be capable of utilizing information technologies necessary for the electronic processing of their work and give consideration for citizens' convenience in preference to the convenience of the relevant agencies in electronically processing their work.
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 Article 4 (Principles of Electronic Government)   print
(1) Each administrative agency, etc. shall preferentially consider the following matters, among other things, in materializing, operating and developing electronic government, and take measures necessary therefor:
1. Digitizing public services and improving citizens' convenience;
2. Innovating administrative affairs and improving their productivity and efficacy;
3. Ensuring the security and reliability of information systems;
4. Protecting personal information and privacy;
5. Expanding disclosure and sharing of administrative information;
6. Preventing duplicative investment and improving interoperability.
(2) Each administrative agency, etc. shall promote the realization, operation and development of electronic government, based on an information technology architecture.
(3) Each administrative agency, etc. shall not require civil petitioners to submit matters that can be electronically verified from the sharing of administrative information between the agencies, etc.
(4) No personal information maintained and managed by administrative agencies, etc. shall be used against the wishes of the relevant person, unless otherwise provided for in other Acts or subordinate statutes.
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 Article 5 (Establishment of Medium and Long-Term Master Plans for Electronic Government)   print
(1) The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs shall establish a medium and long-term master plan for electronic government including the following matters to realize, operate and develop electronic government, subject to deliberation by the National Informatization Strategy Committee under Article 9 of the Framework Act on National Informatization (hereinafter referred to as the "National Informatization Strategy Committee"):
1. Facilitating the delivery and utilization of electronic government services;
2. Managing administrative affairs through electronic access;
3. Expanding the sharing of administrative information and securing safety;
4. Introducing and using an information technology architecture;
5. Managing information resources in an efficient manner;
6. Standardizing electronic government and expanding services based on the sharing of administrative information;
7. Promoting electronic government projects and local informatization projects, and managing the outcomes thereof;
8. Other matters necessary for the realization, operation and development of electronic government, such as international cooperation on electronic government.
(2) When the head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs formulates a medium and long-term master plan for electronic government, he/she shall inform each administrative agency, etc. thereof, as prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
(3) When the head of each related central administrative agency intends to establish and execute an implementation plan for national informatization pursuant to Article 7 of the Framework Act on National Informatization, he/she shall take a medium and long-term master plan for electronic government into consideration.
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 Article 6 (Relationship with other Acts)   print
Except as otherwise provided for in other Acts, this Act shall govern the realization, operation and development of electronic government, such as digitization of public services and administrative management of administrative agencies, etc. and the sharing of administrative information.
CHAPTER II PROVISION AND UTILIZATION OF ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT SERVICES
SECTION 1 Electronic Processing of Civil Petitions
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 Article 7 (Application, etc. for Electronic Processing of Civil Petitions)   print
(1) The head of an administrative agency, etc. (including any person to whom administrative authority has been entrusted: hereafter the same shall apply in this Section) may allow citizens to file, report, or submit a civil application or petition (hereinafter referred to as "application, etc.") by an electronic document even where relevant Acts and subordinate statutes (including ordinances and municipal rules of a local government; hereinafter the same shall apply) require application, etc. for a civil petition, etc. subject to processing of the said agency by a paper document, such as a written document, statement, or form.
(2) When the head of an administrative agency, etc. processes a civil petition, etc., he/she may give notice, notification or information (hereinafter referred to as "notice, etc.") of the results of the processing by an electronic document, if the petitioner wishes to receive it in such manner or files an application, etc, for the civil petition, etc. by an electronic document, even where relevant Acts and subordinate statutes require notice, etc. of the results of the processing by a paper document, such as a written document, statement, or form.
(3) When filing an application, etc. or giving notice, etc. pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2), a digitized document may serve as a document to be attached to the electronic document.
(4) An application, etc. filed or notice, etc. provided by an electronic document pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2) shall be deemed to have been filed or provided in compliance with the procedures provided for by relevant Acts and subordinate statutes.
(5) When the head of an administrative agency, etc. allows citizens to file an application, etc. or gives notice, etc. by an electronic document or digitized document pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (3), he/she shall publish the type of such application, etc. or notice, etc. for the civil petition, etc. and the processing procedure therefor in advance via the Internet.
(6) Matters necessary for the utilization of digitized documents, verification of their authenticity, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 8 (Electronic Verification, etc. of Required Documentation)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall process relevant work after directly receiving an electronic document from an administrative agency, etc., if any document or certificate required to be attached or submitted by the civil petitioner is to be issued by the administrative agency, etc. in an electronic document.
(2) A civil petition may be processed in accordance with paragraph (1) only where the civil petitioner fully pays fees prescribed by relevant Acts and subordinate statutes (including expenses incurred by an administrative agency, etc. in remitting fees to the issuing agency) to the administrative agency, etc. for the civil petition and required documents.
(3) If the head of an administrative agency, etc. can verify information about required documents by sharing administrative information pursuant to Article 36 (1), he/she may substitute such verification for the issuance of the documents. In such cases, the head of the administrative agency, etc. may abate or exempt fees for the relevant documents, subject to consultation with the heads of issuing agencies.
(4) Where the head of an administrative agency, etc. has processed required documents pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (3), such required documents are deemed processed in compliance with the procedures provided for by relevant Acts and subordinate statutes.
(5) When the head of each administrative agency, etc. intends to process required documents in a way specified in paragraphs (1) through (3), he/she shall publish the types and the scope of such required documents and related civil petitions and other necessary matters in advance via the Internet.
(6) The procedure for processing work pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (5) and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 9 (Processing of Civil Petitions without Appearance)   print
(1) In order for civil petitioners to have their civil petitions, etc. processed without necessarily appearing in person at the relevant agency, the head of each administrative agency, etc. shall take measures, such as the improvement of relevant Acts and subordinate statutes and the establishment of facilities and systems as necessary.
(2) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may open and operate a window for electronic civil petitions on the Internet to implement a system for processing civil petitions without appearance pursuant to paragraph (1): Provided, That if a window has yet to be opened for electronic civil petitions, the head of the administrative agency, etc. may authorize an integrated electronic civil petition window under paragraph (3) to process electronic civil petitions, etc.
(3) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may provide support for administrative agencies, etc. to open and operate electronic civil petition windows and may open and operate an integrated electronic civil petition window by interlinking such windows.
(4) An application, etc. filed by a civil petitioner through an electronic civil petition window under paragraphs (2) and (3) is deemed an application, etc. filed in person with the competent agency responsible for the civil petition prescribed by relevant Acts and subordinate statutes.
(5) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may charge additional fees for processing civil petitions, etc. filed through an electronic civil petition window under paragraphs (2) and (3) to the fees prescribed by related Acts and subordinate statutes, if such fees are required to be paid by means prescribed in Article 14.
(6) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may abate or exempt fees for processing civil petitions, etc. submitted through an electronic civil petition window under paragraphs (2) and (3), notwithstanding the provisions of other Acts and subordinate statutes.
(7) Necessary matters concerning the opening and operation of an electronic civil petition window under paragraphs (1) through (4), processing fees under paragraph (5), and the scope of civil petitions, etc. subject to abatement of or exemption from processing fees under paragraph (6), the rates of such abatement or exemption, and other related matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 10 (Verification of Identities of Civil Petitioners, etc.)   print
Whenever it is necessary to verify the identity of a civil petitioner in processing a civil petition, etc., the head of an administrative agency, etc. may verify the identity with the petitioner's officially authenticated digital signature under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Digital Signature Act (hereinafter referred to as "authenticated digital signature") or as prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 11 (Electronic Notice or Information)   print
(1) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may provide notice, etc. to a citizen by an electronic document, even where relevant Acts and subordinate statutes require to give such notice, etc. by a paper document, such as a written notice or information.
(2) Any notice, etc. given by an electronic document pursuant to paragraph (1) shall bedeemed notice, etc. provided in compliance with the procedure provided for by relevant Acts and subordinate statutes.
(3) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall, when he/she intends to provide notice, etc. by an electronic document pursuant to paragraph (1), publish the types of and procedure for giving such notice, etc. in advance via the Internet.
(4) Necessary matters concerning the provision of notice, etc. by an electronic document shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 12 (Electronic Provision of Administrative Information)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall separately provide citizens with information related to civil petitions, such as Acts relevant to civil petitions and subordinate statutes thereof, manuals related to the processing of civil petitions, and the guidelines for processing civil petitions, and other administrative information specified by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree as administrative information related to citizens' lives, by posting them on the Internet.
(2) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may separately provide citizens with information published in the Official Gazette, newspapers, bulletins, etc. by posting them on the Internet.
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 Article 13 (Bearing Expenses Incurred in Electronic Provision of Administrative Information)   print
(1) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may collect fees from a person, if any, who benefits significantly from administrative information provided via the Internet.
(2) Necessary matters concerning the criteria for collecting fees under paragraph (1), the procedures therefor, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 14 (Electronic Payment of Taxes, etc.)   print
The head of an administrative agency, etc. may allow citizens to pay taxes, fees, fines for negligence, penalty surcharges, penalties, fines, minor fines, and similar by electronic money, electronic payment, or similar through information and communications networks, even where other Acts and subordinate statutes require payment thereof by cash, revenue stamp, or other means.
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 Article 15 (Electronic Payment of Grants and Benefits)   print
When the head of an administrative agency, etc. pays specific grants and benefits to citizens pursuant to the provisions of any Act and subordinate statutes, he/she may pay such specific grants and benefits through information and communications networks.
SECTION 2 Provision of Electronic Government Services and Promotion of Their Utilization
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 Article 16 (Development and Provision of Electronic Government Services)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall develop and provide electronic government services for enhancing public welfare and convenience, ensuring people's security, and facilitating business activities such as creation of businesses and factories, and take measures to continuously supplement and improve such services.
(2) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall ensure that users of its electronic government services have easy access to such services and utilize them in a safe and convenientmanner and shall keep its electronic government services most up to date.
(3) When the head of each administrative agency, etc. develops electronic government services, he/she shall take the demands and convenience of users of such services into account.
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 Article 17 (Increased User Involvement)   print
When the head of each administrative agency, etc. provides electronic government services, he/she shall guarantee opportunities for their users to participate in the relevant process and express various opinions by means, such as discussions, recommendations and policy suggestions, and shall actively reflect such recommendations, policy suggestions, etc. in the process of amending relevant Acts and subordinate statutes and systems, improving the electronic government services, etc.
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 Article 18 (Introduction and Utilization of Ubiquitous Electronic Government Services)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall deliver services for public administration, transportation, welfare, environment, disaster safety, etc. (hereafter referred to as "ubiquitous electronic government services" in this Article) that can be utilized by citizens, enterprises, etc. anywhere anytime, using advanced information and communications technologies, and shall establish policies necessary therefor.
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may promote pilot projects, if necessary, to facilitate the introduction and utilization of ubiquitous electronic government services under paragraph (1).
(3) Necessary matters concerning the introduction and utilization of ubiquitous electronic government services under paragraph (1) and pilot projects under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 19 (Measures for Broader Use of Electronic Government Services)   print
The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall take necessary measures to ensure that citizens do not have difficulty accessing or utilizing electronic government services due to their economic, regional, physical, or social conditions.
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 Article 20 (Operation of Electronic Government Portal)   print
(1) The State shall establish, manage, and facilitate the use of an Internet-based integrated information system (hereinafter referred to as "electronic government portal") to deliver electronic government services in an efficient manner.
(2) Matters necessary for the establishment, management, and facilitation of the use of the electronic government portal shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 21 (Engagement and Use of Private Sector in Electronic Government Services)   print
(1) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may develop and provide a new service in combination with a service delivered by a private individual, enterprise, organization, etc. by concluding a collaboration agreement, etc. therewith, in order to facilitate the use of electronic government services.
(2) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may provide necessary assistance to private individuals, enterprises, organizations, etc. to develop and provide new services using specific technologies or administrative information of a highly public nature delivered by electronic government services (excluding personal information as defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Personal Information Protection Act). <Amended by Act. No. 10465, Mar. 29, 2011>
(3) Necessary matters concerning collaboration agreements under paragraph (1) and the criteria, procedures, etc. for assistance under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 22 (Investigation and Analysis of Actual Use of Electronic Government Services)   print
(1) The head of an administrative agency, etc. shall, at regular intervals, investigate, analyze and manage the actual use, etc. of the electronic government services delivered by the agency, and prepare measures to improve such use.
(2) Detailed matters necessary for the investigation, analysis, and management of the actual use of electronic government services under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 23 (Efficient Management of Electronic Government Services)   print
(1) If the head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs finds that electronic government services delivered by administrative agencies, etc. are similar to or overlap with each other, or their operational value is not high, he/she may recommend the integration or scrapping thereof, or other measures to improve such services, subject to deliberation by the National Informatization Strategy Committee.
(2) Necessary matters concerning the criteria and procedures for the integration or scrapping, etc. of electronic government services under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 24 (Security Measures for Electronic Public Services)   print
(1) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall establish security measures related to electronic public services through prior consultation with the Director of the National Intelligence Service.
(2) The head of each central administrative agency, each affiliate thereof, and each local government shall establish and implement security measures for his/her agency in accordance with the security measures provided for in paragraph (1).
CHAPTER III ELECTRONIC ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT
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 Article 25 (Preparation, etc. of Electronic Documents)   print
(1) Documents of each administrative agency, etc. shall be prepared, dispatched, received, stored, preserved, and utilized basically in the form of an electronic document: Provided, That the same shall not apply where the nature of specific work requires any other format, or in exceptional circumstances.
(2) Each administrative agency, etc. shall make the forms of documents sent or received by it appropriate for electronic documents.
(3) Necessary matters concerning the preparation, delivery receipt, storage, preservation, and utilization of electronic documents of each administrative agency, etc., the method of preparing forms of electronic documents, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 26 (Formation, Effects, etc. of Electronic Documents, etc.)   print
(1) An electronic document prepared by an administrative agency, etc. shall be duly formed when it is approved (referring to approval by electronic means specified by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree).
(2) An electronic document that has been approved by an ancillary agency or support agency of an administrative agency, etc. with power delegated by the administrative agency or vicariously for and on behalf of the administrative agency may be delivered with the administrative digital signature of the ancillary or support agency under Article 29.
(3) Any electronic document and digitized document under this Act shall have the same effect as a paper document, except as otherwise provided for in other Acts.
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 Article 27 (Transmission and Receipt of Electronic Documents)   print
(1) Any private individual, corporation, or organization seeking to transmit to an administrative agency, etc. an electronic document that requires verification of the identity of the transmitter shall transmit it with an authenticated digital signature or by electronic means recognized by other Acts and subordinate statutes as means that may be used for the verification of the identity of a person: Provided, That any public institution seeking to exchange electronic documents with an administrative agency shall use its administrative digital signature in transmitting and receiving such electronic documents.
(2) If the time of delivery or arrival of an electronic document is required to be made clear, the electronic document shall be transmitted or received by electronic means specified by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree so that the time of delivery or arrival can be objectively verified.
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 Article 28 (Timing of Delivery or Arrival of Electronic Documents)   print
(1) An electronic document transmitted to an administrative agency, etc. shall be deemed delivered by the transmitter at the time the transmission of the electronic document is electronically recorded by an information system.
(2) An electronic document transmitted by an administrative agency, etc. shall be deemed to arrive at the addressee at the time it is entered in the information system, etc. designated by the addressee: Provided, That if the information system, etc. is not designated, such electronic document is deemed to arrive at the addressee at the time it is entered in the information system, etc. under the control of the addressee.
(3) If a transmitter had delivered a document, etc. required to arrive by a specific deadline in electronic form by electronic means described in Article 27 (2) prior to the deadline, but the document did not arrive by the deadline due to failure of the information system or related device of the addressee, it is deemed that the deadline falls due only for the transmitter on the day immediately following the date on which the failure is eliminated.
(4) If an electronic document that arrives at, and is received by, an administrative agency, etc. is illegible, the administrative agency, etc. shall regard it as a defective document and shall demand the transmitter to correct the defect within a period reasonably prescribed as necessary for such correction, while if an electronic document delivered by an administrative agency, etc. arrives at the addressee is illegible, such document shall not be deemed a document that duly arrives.
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 Article 29 (Authentication of Administrative Digital Signatures)   print
(1) Each electronic document prepared by an administrative agency shall bear an administrative digital signature: Provided, That any administrative agency may use an authenticated digital signature to efficiently operate electronic transactions under subparagraph 5 of Article 2 of the Act on Electronic Documents and Transaction. <Amended by Act No. 11461, Jun. 1, 2012>
(2) The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs shall take responsibility for authentication of administrative digital signatures.
(3) When the head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs performs the responsibility of authentication under paragraph (2), he/she shall prepare technical standards for administrative digital signatures in consultation with the Minister of Public Administration and Security to increase compatibility with authenticated digital signatures and shall also prepare a program for interfacing administrative digital signatures with authenticated digital signatures.
(4) An administrative digital signature authenticated pursuant to paragraph (2) and applied to an electronic document shall be deemed the official seal or official authentication of the administrative agency or public institution indicated in the electronic document or the signature of the person in direct charge of relevant affairs in the relevant agency, and the content thereof shall be presumed not to have been modified after the administrative digital signature was applied thereto.
(5) Necessary matters concerning the authentication of administrative digital signatures shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 30 (Electronic Management of Administrative Knowledge)   print
The head of an administrative agency, etc. may establish and operate an electronic processing system for utilizing matters recognized as considerably valuable as data for judgment in making decisions on important policies thereof, out of administrative information relevant to work under his/her jurisdiction, personal experiences, practical knowledge and techniques produced and circulated within the agency.
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 Article 31 (Gathering Opinions through Information and Communications Networks)   print
(1) With regard to the enactment and amendment of an Act or a subordinate statute relevant to affairs under the control of an administrative agency, etc., the matters that require pre-announcement of administration pursuant to Article 46 (1) of the Administrative Procedures Act, and other matters that require holding of a public hearing, a poll, or similar pursuant to relevant Acts and subordinate statutes, the head of the responsible administrative agency, etc. shall proceed in tandem to gather opinions through information and communications networks.
(2) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall allow a party or any interested party who has an opinion with regard to a disposition made by the agency to present his/her opinion through an information and communications network.
(3) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall readjust relevant Acts and subordinate statutes and take other measures in order to facilitate the gathering and presentation of opinions under paragraphs (1) and (2).
(4) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall, when he/she conducts any statistical survey subject to citizens, a survey on citizens' satisfaction with the processing of civil petitions, or any similar survey, actively take measures to utilize information and communications networks.
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 Article 32 (Electronic Performance of Work, etc.)   print
(1) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may adopt an online video conferencing method using information and communications networks in conducting administrative affairs.
(2) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may, whenever necessary, allow staff under his/her supervision to conduct some form of remote work through information and communications networks without necessarily designating a specific place of service. In such cases, the head of an administrative agency, etc. shall prepare measures to prevent illegal access to information and communications networks and other security measures.
(3) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may provide online remote educational and training programs for staff under his/her supervision through information and communications networks.
(4) Matters necessary to facilitate the performance of remote work under paragraphs (1) through (3) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 33 (Reduction of Paper Documents)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall minimize the preparation, receipt, circulation, and storage of paper documents by digitalizing administrative affairs and civil petitions, sharing administrative information with other agencies, or by other means, and shall establish plans to continuously reduce paper documents in the relevant agency.
(2) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall revise its methods of working, etc. in the relevant agency in a manner that minimizes unnecessary printing of paper documents in the process of preparing documents and reporting.
(3) With the aim of reducing paper documents, the head of each administrative agency, etc. shall amend or supplement Acts and subordinate statutes, directives, etc. that stipulate application, reports, submission, notice, or notification in paper form to allow such application, etc. by electronic means as well, except in exceptional circumstances.
(4) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may, if necessary, prepare and implement directives to reduce paper documents or investigate the actual use, etc. of paper documents.
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 Article 34 (Identities of Persons in Charge and their Rights of Access)   print
The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall manage and check the identity, rights of access, etc. of a person in charge of relevant work, seeking to access an information system or to use administrative information for electronically processing civil petitions or conducting relevant affairs, in a manner prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 35 (Prohibited Acts)   print
No person shall do any of the following acts when handling or utilizing administrative information:
1. Forging, altering, mutilating, or deleting administrative information for the purpose of interfering with affairs related to the processing of such information;
2. Forging, altering, mutilating, or using an information system for the sharing of administrative information without justifiable grounds;
3. Disclosing or disseminating, to the public, any method or program by which administrative information can be altered or deleted;
4. Divulging administrative information, the disclosure of which is prohibited, without justifiable grounds;
5. Processing administrative information without due authority or beyond the authority accorded;
6. Aiding or abetting another person, without due authority, to use administrative information;
7. Sharing administrative information in a manner that has not been authorized through an agency who has obtained authorization to share administrative information from the Minister of Public Administration and Security pursuant to Article 39 (2), or storing administrative information in an information system or storage device that has not been authorized;
8. Receiving administrative information from an administrative agency, etc. or accessing administrative information in a deceitful or other fraudulent manner.
CHAPTER IV SHARING ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION
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 Article 36 (Efficient Management and Use of Administrative Information)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall share administrative information collected and held by it with other administrative agencies, etc. requiring such information and shall not endeavor to separately gather identical information where he/she can be provided with reliable administrative information from other administrative agencies, etc.
(2) The head of each administrative agency, etc. collecting and possessing administrative information (hereinafter referred to as "agency in possession of administrative information") may allow other administrative agencies, etc., banks authorized to engage in banking business pursuant to Article 8 (1) of the Banking Act, and legal entities, organizations, or institutions specified by Presidential Decree to share administrative information held by the agency in possession of such administrative information. <Amended by Act. No. 10303, May 17, 2010>
(3) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may investigate and prepare a list of administrative information held by an administrative agency, etc. and distribute such list to each administrative agency, etc. and conduct research on demand for the administrative information that administrative agencies, etc. need to share with each other.
(4) The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs shall promote the readjustment of relevant Acts, subordinate statutes, and systems in order to ensure the effective management of administrative information, such as production, processing, utilization, provision, storing, scrapping, etc. of administrative information.
(5) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may establish and publish guidelines for the criteria, procedures, etc. for sharing administrative information, in consultation with the heads of other central agencies responsible for administrative affairs.
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 Article 37 (Administrative Information-Sharing Center)   print
(1) In order to ensure the effective sharing of administrative information, the Minister of Public Administration and Security may have an Administrative Information-Sharing Center (hereinafter referred to as the "Sharing Center") under his/her jurisdiction to implement policies necessary to share administrative information, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Any agency sharing administrative information pursuant to Article 36 (2) shall share such information through the Sharing Center unless any justifiable circumstance exists.
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 Article 38 (Administrative Information Subject to Sharing)   print
(1) Administrative information that can be shared through the Sharing Center pursuant to Articles 36 and 37 shall be as follows:
1. Administrative information necessary to process civil petitions, etc.;
2. Administrative information for reference in carrying out administrative affairs, such as statistical information, bibliographic information, and policy information;
3. Administrative information recognized by an administrative agency, etc. as essential to carry out its official duties prescribed by any Act and subordinate statutes, etc.
(2) Administrative information related to national security of the State, administrative information classified as confidential under any Act or subordinate statute, or any similar administrative information may be excluded from information subject to sharing.
(3) Each agency in possession of administrative information shall ensure that it manages administrative information that it provides for sharing to be most up-to-date and accurate.
(4) Administrative information shall be shared to the extent necessary for satisfying the specific purpose of its use.
(5) The type, extent, category, etc. of information subject to sharing in the scope of administrative information under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 39 (Applications for Sharing Administrative Information and Approvals thereof)   print
(1) Any agency intending to use administrative information through the Sharing Center pursuant to Article 37 (2) shall apply for the sharing of administrative information to the Minister of Public Administration and Security by specifying the administrative information to be subject to sharing and the scope thereof, the purpose and method of sharing, the agency in possession of such administrative information, etc., as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Upon receipt of an application for sharing under paragraph (1), the Minister of Public Administration and Security may approve such application by specifying conditions for sharing, etc. as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That he/she shall not approve an application for sharing in any of the following cases:
1. Where the administrative information, the sharing of which has been applied for, is prescribed as confidential or non-disclosable by any other Act or an order delegated by such other Act (limited only to the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, the Board of Audit and Inspection Regulations, Presidential Decrees, ordinances of the Prime Minister, Ministerial ordinances, and municipal ordinances and rules);
2. Where the administrative information, the sharing of which has been applied for, is related to the guarantee of national security or the national defense, unification of the two Koreas, diplomatic relations, etc. and recognized as likely to significantly harm the material national interest if it is so shared;
3. Where the administrative information, the sharing of which has been applied for, is recognized as unnecessary for the performance of inherent duties of the agency that has applied for the sharing (hereinafter referred to as "applicant agency");
4. Other cases prescribed by Presidential Decree as likely to defeat the purpose of sharing administrative information under this Act or the security and reliability of administrative information.
(3) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall, prior to the grant of approval pursuant to paragraph (2), obtain the consent of the agency holding relevant administrative information; wherein, the head of the agency holding relevant administrative information shall cooperate in sharing the administrative information, except in exceptional circumstances.
(4) Where administrative information that an applicant agency intends to share is a personal information file as described in Article 32 of the Personal Information Protection Act, the Minister of Public Administration and Security shall grant approval therefor pursuant to paragraph (2), subject to deliberation and resolution by the Personal Information Protection Committee referred to in Article 7 of the same Act: Provided, That this shall not apply where otherwise specified in any other Act. <Amended by Act. No. 10465, Mar. 29, 2011>
(5) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may approve the sharing of administrative information by relaxing or exempting the procedures described in Articles (1) through (4), in either of the following cases:
1. Where, with regard to an administrative affair, the sharing of which has already been approved, a simple change in its name, department in charge, etc. is to be made due to enactment or amendment of an Act or subordinate statutes;
2. Where sharing administrative information is required to process civil-petition affairs listed in the standards for performing clerical services for civil petitions referred to in Article 20 (1) of the Civil Petitions Treatment Act.
(6) Where an administrative affair subject to sharing is an affair common to several administrative agencies, etc. as prescribed by Acts and subordinate statutes, the Minister of Public Administration and Security may approve the sharing of such administrative affair by all the agencies handling such affair, even where no separate application therefor is filed by individual agencies.
(7) Each agency that has obtained approval pursuant to paragraph (2) shall designate a person falling under any of the following subparagraphs to operate the relevant business as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. A person with the right to engage in overall management of matters related to the sharing in the relevant agency;
2. A person with the right to afford authority to access administrative information to responsible persons in the relevant agency;
3. A person with the right to access relevant work and administrative information processed by such sharing.
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 Article 40 (Constructive Review, Approval and Consultations)   print
(1) Where an applicant agency has obtained approval for sharing pursuant to Article 39 (2) with regard to administrative information set forth in the main sentences of the provisions referred to in each of the following subparagraphs, it shall be deemed capable of providing such administrative information to the applicant agency pursuant to the provisos to the corresponding provisions:
(2) Where an applicant agency has obtained approval to share administrative information pursuant to Article 39 (2) and such administrative information contains any of the following, the following review, approval, consultations, etc. corresponding thereto shall be deemed made or obtained for such administrative information: <Amended by Act. No. 10580, Apr. 12, 2011>
1. Review, approval or consultation with regard to the use or utilization of computerized registration data as prescribed in Article 109 (2) of the Registration of Real Estate Act;
2. Review, approval or consultation with regard to the use or utilization of computerized data on registration as prescribed in Article 13 (1) of the Act on the Registration, etc. of Family Relationship;
3. Review or approval with regard to the use or utilization of computer processing information data on resident registration as prescribed in Article 30 of the Resident Registration Act;
4. Review or approval with regard to the use or utilization of cadastral computerized data as prescribed in Article 76 of the Act on Land Survey, Waterway Survey and Cadastral Records;
5. Review or approval with regard to the use of computerized data as prescribed in Article 69 (2) of the Motor Vehicle Management Act;
6. Review or approval with regard to the use of computerized data as prescribed in Article 32 of the Building Act;
7. Review, approval or consultation with regard to the use or utilization of computerized registration data as prescribed in Article 16 (2) of the Commercial Registration Act.
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 Article 41 (Withdrawal or Suspension of Approval for Sharing Administrative Information)   print
(1) Where an agency using administrative information after obtaining approval therefor pursuant to Article 39 (2) (hereinafter referred to as "user agency") or an employee working therefor falls under any of the following, the Minister of Public Administration and Security may withdraw the agency's approval for sharing:
1. Where the agency or employee violates the conditions for sharing determined pursuant to Article 39 (2);
2. Where an event corresponding to any of the subparagraphs of Article 39 (2) arises after the agency files an application for sharing;
3. Where the agency or employee commits a prohibited act under Article 35 or violates the duty to comply under Article 74 ;
4. Other cases similar to subparagraphs 1 through 3 where exceptional circumstances arise that the sharing of administrative information shall be prohibited, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Where it is recognized that an event falling under any of the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) arises on a temporary basis, the Minister of Public Administration and Security may temporarily suspend the relevant user agency's sharing of administrative information until the ground for the event is resolved, notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (1).
(3) Where any user agency sharing the administrative information held by the agency or any employee working therefor falls under any of the subparagraphs of paragraph (1), an agency in possession of administrative information may request the Minister of Public Administration and Security to withdraw the relevant user agency's approval for sharing administrative information or to temporarily suspend the relevant user agency's sharing of administrative information.
(4) When the Minister of Public Administration and Security withdraws approval for sharing under paragraph (1) or suspends sharing under paragraph (2), he/she shall notify the relevant user agency and the agency in possession of administrative information of the detailed grounds therefor.
(5) Necessary matters concerning the withdrawal or suspension of sharing administrative information, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 42 (Prior Consent of Owners of Information)   print
(1) When any user agency shares administrative information containing personal information through the Sharing Center, it shall obtain the prior consent of the owner of the said information as defined in subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Personal Information Protection Act (hereinafter referred to as "owner of information") so that he/she is aware of the following matters. In such cases, Article 18 (2) 1 and subparagraph 1 of Article 19 of the said Act shall not apply: <Amended by Act. No. 10465, Mar. 29, 2011>
1. The purpose of sharing the information;
2. The administrative information subject to sharing and the scope of sharing;
3. The name of the user agency sharing the information.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where it is impossible for a user agency to obtain prior consent from the owner of information or it is deemed improper to obtain such prior consent in any of the following cases, the user agency shall make the matters listed in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) known to the said owner of informationafter sharing the relevant administrative information, as prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree: Provided, That where a user agency shares administrative information for a criminal investigation in the case of subparagraph 3, it shall make those listed in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) known to the owner of information on or after the date public prosecution is initiated or a disposition not to arrest or initiate public prosecution (except for a decision to suspend indictment) is made with regard to the relevant case:
1. Where sharing the relevant information is urgently required to protect the life or body of the owner of information;
2. Where sharing the relevant information is inevitable to impose a duty on the owner of information or revoke or withdraw any right or interest of the owner of information pursuant to any Act or subordinate statute;
3. Where sharing the relevant information is inevitable to perform affairs related to sanctions on the owner of information who has violated any Act or subordinate statute, such as investigation or punishment of the owner of information;
4. Other cases deemed considerably improper to obtain the consent of the owner of information in performing affairs stipulated by an Act or subordinate statute, in consideration of the nature of the relevant affairs or information, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall disclose the detailed scope of affairs and administrative information that can be shared without the consent of the owner of information pursuant to paragraph (2), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 43 (Rights of Owners of Information to Request Access)   print
(1) Any owner of information may request the Minister of Public Administration and Security or the head of the relevant user agency to allow access to the following matters with regard to the administrative information about him/herself, among the information shared through the Sharing Center:
1. The user agency;
2. The purpose of sharing the information;
3. The type of the information shared;
4. The time of sharing the information;
5. Legal grounds for sharing the administrative information.
(2) Upon receipt of an application filed by a owner of information under paragraph (1), the Minister of Public Administration and Security and the head of each user agency shall notify the owner of information of the matters listed in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) within ten days from the date of filing an application,unless any justifiable circumstance exists. In such cases, if justifiable circumstances exist where it is impossible to give notice within ten days, he/she shall notify without delay when the relevant circumstances cease to exist.
(3) Where a user agency shares administrative information for a criminal investigation in cases under paragraph (2), it shall notify the owner of information thereof within 30 days of the date public prosecution is initiated or a disposition not to arrest or initiate public prosecution (except for a decision to suspend indictment) is made with regard to the relevant case.
(4) Where a user agency fails to give notice under paragraph (2), the owner of information may directly request the Minister of Public Administration and Security to allow access to the matters listed in the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) related to him/herself, among the information shared by the user agency.
(5) Necessary matters concerning the procedures for access, etc. under paragraphs (1) through (4) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(6) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall keep, manage, and disclose records related to the administrative information shared through the Sharing Center, such as its title and frequency of sharing, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 44 (Charges for Sharing Administrative Information)   print
(1) Any agency that provides administrative information through the Sharing Center may charge fees therefor, to the agency that uses the information.
(2) Necessary matters concerning the subject matters and scope of the charges for providing administrative information and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER V STRENGTHENING OPERATIONAL BASIS FOR ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT
SECTION 1 Introduction and Utilization of Information Technology Architecture
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 Article 45 (Formulation, etc. of Master Plan for Information Technology Architecture)   print
(1) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall formulate a master plan to systematically introduce and disseminate an information technology architecture (hereinafter referred to as the "Master Plan") in consultation with the heads of related administrative agencies, etc. and shall report it to the National Informatization Strategy Committee.
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall formulate a pan-Governmental information technology architecture in compliance with the Master Plan, subject to deliberation by the National Informatization Strategy Committee.
(3) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall establish and publish guidelines for the introduction and operation of an information technology architecture as well as the construction and operation of an information system, and the head of each administrative agency, etc. shall comply with such guidelines.
(4) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall establish policies for interlinking an information technology architecture with related systems, such as budgets and performance, and for developing them in consultation with the heads of related central administrative agencies, and the head of each administrative agency, etc. shall endeavor to reflect such policies in any work under his/her jurisdiction, except in exceptional circumstances.
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 Article 46 (Introduction and Operation of Information Technology Architecture for each Agency)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. prescribed by Presidential Decree (hereinafter referred to as "agency to introduce an architecture) shall formulate a plan to introduce an information technology architecture and submit it to the Minister of Public Administration and Security, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The head of each agency to introduce an architecture shall introduce and operate the information technology architecture in accordance with the introduction plan under paragraph (1) and maintain and develop the architecture, to ensure the efficient work processing and facilitation of informatization in the relevant agency.
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 Article 47 (Facilitating Introduction and Operation of Information Technology Architecture)   print
(1) In order to facilitate the introduction and operation of an information technology architecture, the Minister of Public Administration and Security may develop and disseminate a reference model for information technology architecture jointly utilizable by administrative agencies, etc. (referring to a model for securing consistency, compatibility, etc. by defining the constituents of an information technology architecture in line with the standardized classification system and format; hereinafter the same shall apply).
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may provide administrative agencies, etc. seeking to introduce and operate an information technology architecture, with technology relating to the introduction and operation of such architecture, education and training, and other necessary assistance, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) In order to make information relating to an information technology architecture available to every administrative agency, etc., the Minister of Public Administration and Security shall establish and operate a system for managing and providing information relating to the reference model, pan-Governmental information technology architecture, the current status of implementation and operation of the information technology architecture for each agency, and other relevant matters.
(4) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may recommend the private sector in close relationship with an administrative agency, etc., which establishes or operates an information system in connection with the information system of the administrative agency, etc., to implement and operate an information technology architecture.
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 Article 48 (Re-Design of Work Processes Compatible with Information and Communications Technologies)   print
(1) When the head of each administrative agency, etc. introduces information and communications technologies to any work under his/her jurisdiction, he/she shall re-design its pre-existing organization, placement of manpower, work processes, etc. in a manner compatible with the implementation of the information and communications technologies, and shall implement such re-design.
(2) If the scope of work process re-designed pursuant to paragraph (1) involves work of two or more administrative agencies, etc., the head of the relevant administrative agency, etc. may request the heads of related administrative agencies, etc. to cooperate in such re-design, and the heads of related administrative agencies, etc. so requested shall comply with such request, except in exceptional circumstances.
(3) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall, if necessary, readjust Acts, subordinate statutes, and systems relevant to work under his/her jurisdiction in accordance with the re-design of work processes under paragraphs (1) and (2) and may request improvement of Acts, subordinate statutes, and systems under jurisdiction of other administrative agencies, etc.
SECTION 2 Laying Groundwork for Efficient Management of Information Resources
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 Article 49 (Technical Evaluations for Securing Interoperability, etc.)   print
(1) When the head of an administrative agency, etc. intends to undertake a project to build an information system, the characteristics and the project size of which meet the criteria prescribed by Presidential Decree, he/she shall conduct technical evaluations for each of the following in accordance with the guidelines under Article 45 (3) before confirming the project plan:
1. Interoperability of the information system;
2. Information sharing;
3. Efficiency of the information system;
4. Technical convenience in accessing information;
5. Technical suitability for establishment and operation of the information system.
(2) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may, if necessary, allow an agency meeting the qualifications prescribed by Presidential Decree to conduct technical evaluations under paragraph (1) before establishing the project plan.
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 Article 50 (Standardization)   print
The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs may take necessary measures for the standardization of official electronic documents, administrative codes, and computers and other devices commonly used in administrative agencies, etc., as prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 51 (Designation and Utilization of Services for Sharing)   print
(1) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may designate, modify, or revoke standardized information resources that can be utilized by multiple administrative agencies, etc. or the private sector (hereinafter referred to as "services for sharing"), among the information resources held by administrative agencies, etc., in consultation with the heads of related administrative agencies, etc. and may find and select outstanding information resources among them and distribute such resources to other administrative agencies, etc.
(2) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may build and operate a system to manage services for sharing to facilitate the efficient distribution and utilization of such services.
(3) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall preferentially utilize the services for sharing designated under paragraph (1) in building its information system, and register services that can be utilized by other administrative agencies, etc. or the private sector, among the services developed by the agency, with the system to manage services for sharing under paragraph (2) and continue to manage them.
(4) Any agency developing and distributing outstanding information resources may charge fees therefor to the agency that uses the information resources.
(5) The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs shall establish policies for distributing and disseminating services for sharing.
(6) Detailed matters concerning the provisions of paragraphs (1) through (5) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 52 (Establishment of Information and Communications Networks)   print
(1) The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs shall formulate a plan for the establishment and operation of an information and communications network through which administrative agencies, etc. are integrated and interlinked, in consultation with the Minister of Public Administration and Security.
(2) When the head of an administrative agency, etc. intends to establish and operate an information and communications network, he/she shall design and operate such network in a manner that can be linked to the information and communications networks of other administrative agencies, etc. to ensure the efficient operation of the networks and the smooth circulation of various kinds of administrative information.
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 Article 53 (Establishment, etc. of Plans for Fostering Experts on Informatization)   print
(1) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may establish and promote policies on plans for fostering experts on informatization, developing experts on informatization, qualification systems, etc. with the aim of enhancing informatization capability of public officials and facilitating the efficient management of information resources.
(2) The head of each central administrative agency and the head of each local government shall formulate and implement its own action plan in accordance with the plans for fostering experts on informatization referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) Necessary matters concerning the development of experts on informatization, etc. other than those provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 54 (Integrated Management of Information Resources)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall prepare and manage the current status of the information resources possessed by the relevant agency and statistical data thereon (hereinafter referred to as "current status of information resources, etc.") in a systematic manner.
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may, with the aim of central administrative agencies' sharing and efficient management of information resources, ensure the integrated construction and management of information resources by investigating the demand for informatization and establishing standards, principles, etc. for the integration of information resources (hereinafter referred to as "standards for integrating information resources").
(3) Matters necessary for the preparation and management of the current status of information resources, etc., matters to be included in the standards for integrating information resources, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 55 (Establishment and Operation of Local Information Integration Centers)   print
(1) A local government may establish and operate a Local Information Integration Center to efficiently manage information resources and promote informatization at the local level on an integrated basis and, if necessary, may establish and operate the Local Information Integration Center together with the State or any other local government or governments.
(2) The State may provide administrative, financial, technical and other necessary assistance in establishing and operating the Local Information Integration Centers as referred to in paragraph (1).
(3) The head of a local government seeking to establish a Local Information Integration Center shall have prior consultation with the Minister of Public Administration and Security to prevent overlap of investment, etc, pursuant to Article 67 (1).
(4) Matters necessary for the establishment and operation of the Local Information Integration Centers, other than those provided for in paragraphs (1) through (3), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
SECTION 3 Improving Safety and Reliability of Information Systems
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 Article 56 (Establishment and Implementation of Security Measures for Information and Communications Networks)   print
(1) The National Assembly, the Judiciary, the Constitutional Court, the National Election Commission, and the Executive Branch shall prepare security measures for insuring the safety and reliability of information and communications networks, administrative information, etc. necessary for the realization of electronic government.
(2) The head of each administrative agency shall establish and implement security measures for information and communications networks, administrative information, etc. under his/her jurisdiction in conformity with the security measures under paragraph (1).
(3) The head of each administrative agency shall take security measures, the safety of which has been confirmed by the Director of the National Intelligence Service, to prevent electronic documents from being forged, altered, mutilated, or leaked in the course of preservation and circulation of electronic documents through an information and communications network, and the Director of the National Intelligence Service may conduct an inspection to ensure such measures have been taken.
(4) Paragraph (3) shall be applicable to an agency responsible for processing administrative affairs of the National Assembly, the Judiciary, the Constitutional Court, or the National Election Commission, only if the head of the agency determines it necessary to take such measures: Provided, That the head of the agency shall, when he/she determines it unnecessary, take security measures similar to those provided for in paragraph (3).
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 Article 57 (Surveillance of Information Systems of Administrative Agencies, etc.)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall request a surveillance firm under Article 58 (1) to conduct surveillance on its information system, the characteristics and the project size of which meet the criteria prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall, with regard to a project undergoing surveillance, allow employees under his/her supervision and the business operator constructing the relevant information system to provide necessary assistance to surveillors in performing their duties and shall not intervene in, nor interfere with, their work without justifiable grounds.
(3) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall, with regard to a project undergoing surveillance under paragraph (1), allow the business operator constructing the relevant information system to reflect the results of the surveillance in the project.
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the head of an agency dealing with information prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as information on the guarantee of national security, may allow an institution determined by the head of the agency to conduct surveillance on its information system.
(5) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall determine and publish standards necessary for conducting surveillance on information systems, such as the scope of surveillance, procedures for surveillance, matters to be observed, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "surveillance standards"): Provided, That for matters relating to the security of information systems, he/she shall have prior consultation with the heads of relevant agencies.
(6) A corporation or institution conducting surveillance pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (4) shall verify whether the relevant information system is being developed and constructed in an appropriate manner in compliance with the surveillance standards.
(7) The scope of duty of a corporation or institution conducting surveillance pursuant to paragraph (6), procedures for surveillance, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 58 (Registration of Surveillance Firms)   print
(1) Any person intending to conduct surveillance on an information system shall register him/herself with the Minister of Public Administration and Security as a corporation after meeting requirements prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as technical capability, financial capability, and other matters necessary for the surveillance of an information system.
(2) When a corporation registered under paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "surveillance firm") intends to modify any registered matters, it shall report such modification to the Minister of Public Administration and Security in advance: Provided, That this shall not apply with regard to modification of any insignificant matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as modification of equity capital within the extent of registration requirements.
(3) Matters necessary for the registration of surveillance firms, modification of registered matters, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 59 (Matters to be Observed by Surveillance Firms)   print
(1) Each surveillance firm shall require surveillors under Article 60 (1) to perform surveillance duties.
(2) No surveillance firm shall prepare a false surveillance report, and it shall conduct surveillance on information systems in good faith.
(3) No surveillance firm shall allow another person to conduct surveillance on information systems using its own name.
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 Article 60 (Surveillors)   print
(1) Any person intending to work as a surveillor shall meet specific requirements for qualification prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as technical requirements for each grade, and shall receive education necessary for performing surveillance duties, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall issue surveillor's certificates to persons satisfying the requirements for qualification under paragraph (1) and manage them, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) No surveillor shall allow another person to perform surveillance duties using his/her own name, or lend his/her surveillor's certificate to another person.
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 Article 61 (Disqualification of Surveillance Firms, etc.)   print
(1) No corporation with either of the following persons serving as its executive shall register as a surveillance firm under Article 58 (1):
1. A person declared incompetent or quasi-incompetent;
2. An executive of a surveillance firm of which registration has been cancelled pursuant to Article 62, for whom two years have not elapsed from the date the registration was cancelled (referring to a person who has committed an act constituting as a cause for such cancellation and its representative).
(2) No person corresponding to paragraph (1) 1 shall become a surveillor under Article 60.
(3) Matters necessary to confirm disqualification of surveillance firms, etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 62 (Cancellation of Registration of Surveillance Firms, etc.)   print
(1) If any surveillance firm falls under any of the following subparagraphs, the Minister of Public Administration and Security may cancel its registration or order suspension of its business for a prescribed period of no more than one year: Provided, That he/she shall cancel registration of a surveillance firm in cases under subparagraphs 1 through 3 or subparagraph 10:
1. Where its registration is made in a deceitful or other unlawful manner;
2. Where it has been subject to a disposition for suspension of business for the latest three years on no less than three occasions;
3. Where it conducts surveillance on an information system during the period of suspension of business: Provided, That this shall not apply where it conducts surveillance during the period of suspension of business pursuant to Article 63;
4. Where it conducts surveillance in breach of the surveillance standards, in violation of Article 57 (6);
5. Where it falls short of the requirements for registration under Article 58 (1);
6. Where it fails to report, or falsely reports, modified matters under Article 58 (2);
7. Where it allows persons other than surveillors to perform surveillance duties, in violation of Article 59 (1);
8. Where it prepares a false surveillance report, in violation of Article 59 (2);
9. Where it allows another person to conduct surveillance on information systems using its own name, in violation of Article 59 (3);
10. Where any of its executives falls under a ground for disqualification provided for in Article 61 (1): Provided, That this shall not apply where it appoints another executive in replacement of the relevant executive within six months of the date such executive falls under disqualification requirements.
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall hold a hearing if he/she intends to cancel registration pursuant to paragraph (1).
(3) Necessary matters concerning the standards and procedures for dispositions under paragraph (1) and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 63 (Continuance of Business, etc. of Surveillance Firms on which Disposition of Suspension of Business, etc. has been Imposed)   print
(1) Any surveillance firm on which a disposition for cancellation of registration or suspension of business has been imposed pursuant to Article 62 (1) may continue to perform its surveillance duties under a contract concluded before the relevant disposition was imposed. In such cases, the surveillance firm shall, without delay, notify the relevant person awarding the surveillance contract of the details of the disposition.
(2) Where a person awarding a contract to surveilan information system is notified of a disposition pursuant to paragraph (1) or is aware of the fact that cancellation of registration or suspension of business has been imposed on the relevant surveillance firm, he/she may terminate the contract only within 30 days of the date he/she is aware of such fact, except in exceptional circumstances.
CHAPTER VI PROMOTION OF POLICIES, ETC. FOR REALIZATION OF ELECTRONIC GOVERNMENT
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 Article 64 (Promotion of and Support for Electronic Government Projects)   print
(1) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall actively promote projects for the realization, operation, and development of electronic government (hereinafter referred to as "electronic government projects").
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security may provide administrative, financial, and technical support and other necessary assistance to the heads of administrative agencies, etc. to ensure they promote electronic government projects in an efficient manner.
(3) Matters necessary for the selection and management of electronic government projects supported under paragraph (2) (hereinafter referred to as "supported electronic government projects"), and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 65 (Promotion of and Support for Local Informatization Projects)   print
(1) The State and a local government may promote the following local informatization projects with the aim of enhancing regional competitiveness and improving the quality of life for local residents:
1. Development and dissemination of local information services covering the history, culture, welfare, environment, etc. of the relevant region;
2. Construction of information systems and laying foundations for informatization of the relevant region;
3. Intensive support of regions lagging behind in informatization;
4. Efficient management of information resources, such as integrated management of information systems and information services;
5. Other matters necessary for local informatization.
(2) A local government may promote a local informatization project under paragraph (1) in collaboration with central administrative agencies or other local governments, if it is necessary to prevent duplicative investment, etc.
(3) The State and a local government may establish and operate an operational basis commonly applicable in the efficient provision of services through integrated linkage between the public and private sector information systems of the relevant region. In such cases, they shall prepare measures to prevent unlawful access to information networks and other protective measures.
(4) In order to promote local informatization projects under paragraphs (1) through (3), the State may provide administrative, financial, technical and other necessary support, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) Matters necessary for the promotion of and support for local informatization projects, other than those provided for in paragraphs (1) through (4), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 66 (Promotion of Pilot Projects)   print
(1) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may promote a pilot project if necessary for the realization, operation, and development of electronic government and the facilitation of efficient informatization at the local level
(2) Matters necessary for the implementation of pilot projects shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 67 (Prior Consultations)   print
(1) When the head of an administrative agency, etc. intends to promote an electronic government project or local informatization project for interconnection or sharing with other administrative agencies, etc., he/she shall have prior consultation with the heads of central agencies responsible for administrative affairs to prevent duplicative investment, etc.
(2) The head of each administrative agency, etc. shall reflect the results of prior consultations under paragraph (1) in the course of promoting the relevant project.
(3) Matters necessary for projects subject to prior consultations, the methods and procedures therefor, and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 68 (Evaluation of Performance and Diagnosis)   print
(1) The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs shall conduct comprehensive analysis and diagnosis of the records pertaining to the execution and performance of electronic government projects, local informatization projects, and other major projects prescribed by Presidential Decree as well as the status of administrative information sharing, which relate to multiple administrative agencies, etc.; submit the results thereof to the National Assembly and the Informatization Strategy Committee; and cause such results to be reflected in its business plan, etc. for the next year.
(2) The Minister of Public Administration and Security shall, every year, analyze and diagnose the current status and outcomes of introducing and operating information technology architectures under Article 46 (2) and shall report the results thereof to the National Informatization Strategy Committee.
(3) Matters necessary for the analysis and diagnosis of outcomes under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 69 (Cooperation, such as Submission of Materials)   print
(1) If necessary for performing works provided for in this Act, the head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may request the head of any related administrative agency, etc. to submit data, etc. for investigating the current conditions.
(2) The head of each related administrative agency, etc. shall actively cooperate in the request for submitting data under paragraph (1).
(3) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may provide statistical data, etc. collected pursuant to paragraph (1) on the request of the head of any other administrative agency, etc.
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 Article 70 (International Collaboration for Electronic Government)   print
(1) The head of each central agency responsible for administrative affairs shall stay closely informed of international trends on electronic government and improve the international competitiveness of electronic government through international collaboration.
(2) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may carry out the following activities:
1. Collaboration with international organizations and foreign governments in connection with electronic government;
2. Management of an international rating index with regard to electronic government;
3. Other matters prescribed with regard to international collaboration for electronic government by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
(3) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may request the head of a related administrative agency, etc. to cooperate in connection with international collaboration for electronic government, and the head of the related administrative agency, etc. so requested shall comply with such request, except in exceptional circumstances.
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 Article 71 (Designation, etc. of Specialized Institutions)   print
(1) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may designate a specialized institution in order to promote the following affairs assigned to the agency in a comprehensive and efficient manner and entrust such institution with the following affairs:
1. Affairs related to the development, provision, and promotion of the use of electronic government services;
2. Affairs related to the sharing of administrative information;
3. Affairs related to the introduction and utilization of an information technology architecture;
4. Affairs related to research on and improvement of the surveillance system;
5. Affairs related to the promotion of and assistance in supported electronic government projects and local informatization projects;
6. Other matters prescribed for the realization, operation, and development of electronic government by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
(2) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may contribute or subsidize funds within budgetary limits as necessary for the performance of the affairs specified in paragraph (1) to the relevant specialized agency.
(3) Professional characteristics of the relevant affairs, etc. shall be considered in designating a specialized institution, and necessary matters concerning requirements, methods, and procedures for the designation of specialized institutions and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 72 (Establishment, etc. of Korea Local Information Research and Development Institute)   print
(1) Two or more local governments may jointly establish a Korea Local Information Research and Development Institute (hereinafter referred to as the "Development Institute") to collaboratively promote informatization projects under their control.
(2) The Development Institute shall be a corporation.
(3) The Development Institute shall perform the following affairs:
1. Assistance in informatization projects promoted by local governments for the realization of electronic government and the facilitation of local informatization;
2. Administrative affairs entrusted by a related central administrative agency or a local government in connection with the promotion of informatization of local governments;
3. Survey, research, education, and training to facilitate informatization of local governments;
4. Other projects determined by Presidential Decree for the facilitation of local informatization.
(4) The head of an administrative agency, etc. may entrust the Development Institute with the affairs assigned to the agency in order to efficiently promote local informatization projects.
(5) A local government may contribute funds to the Development Institute so that it can be appropriated for the establishment, installation of facilities, and operation of the Development Institute, and the State may provide support as necessary for the Development Institute's smooth performance of duties.
(6) The Development Institute may request an administrative agency, etc. to wholly or partially bear expenses incurred in providing its services.
(7) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, provisions regarding incorporated foundations of the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Development Institute.
(8) Matters necessary for the promotion and support of local informatization by the Development Institute and other relevant matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 73 (Delegation and Entrustment of Authority, etc.)   print
(1) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may partly delegate his/her authority under this Act to heads of affiliates under his/her control or the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayors, and Do Governors or may entrust it to the head of any other administrative agency, etc., as prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
(2) The head of a central agency responsible for administrative affairs may partly entrust any related corporation or organization with the affairs under this Act, as prescribed by the National Assembly Regulations, the Supreme Court Regulations, the Constitutional Court Regulations, the National Election Commission Regulations, or by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 74 (Prevention of Divulgence of Secrets, etc.)   print
Any person who was or is engaged in work required to share administrative information or any person who currently works or has worked as an executive or employee of a surveillance firm shall not divulge to any third party, nor appropriate, any secret which he/she becomes aware of during the course of performing his/her duties without justifiable grounds.
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 Article 75 (Legal Fiction as Public Official in Application of Penal Provisions)   print
Any of the following persons who is not a public official shall be deemed a public official in application of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act:
1. A person engaged in work relating to the sharing of administrative information;
2. A person working for an agency that receives administrative information (limited to persons relating to the sharing of administrative information);
3. A surveillor performing surveillance duties.
CHAPTER Ⅶ PENAL PROVISIONS
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 Article 76 (Penal Provisions)   print
(1) Any person who forges, alters, mutilates, or deletes administrative information in violation of subparagraph 1 of Article 35 shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than ten years.
(2) Any person falling under either of the following subparagraphs shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years or by a fine not exceeding 50 million won:
1. A person who forges, alters, mutilates, or uses an information system for sharing administrative information without justifiable grounds, in violation of subparagraph 2 of Article 35;
2. A person who discloses or disseminates to the public, any method or program by which administrative information can be altered or deleted, in violation of subparagraph 3 of Article 35.
(3) Any person who falls under any of the following subparagraphs shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding 30 million won:
1. A person who divulges administrative information, in violation of subparagraph 4 of Article 35;
2. A person without due authority who processes administrative information or beyond the authority accorded, in violation of subparagraph 5 of Article 35;
3. A person who aids or abets another person, without due authority, to use administrative information, in violation of subparagraph 6 of Article 35;
4. A person who shares administrative information in a manner that has not been authorized, or stores administrative information in an information system or storage device that has not been authorized, in violation of subparagraph 7 of Article 35;
5. A person who divulges or appropriates any secret to which he/she had access during the course of performing his/her duties, in violation of Article 74.
(4) Any person who receives administrative information from an administrative agency, etc. or accessing administrative information in a deceitful or other fraudulent way, in violation of subparagraph 8 of Article 35, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding seven million won.
(5) Any person who conducts surveillance on an information system without registration under Article 58 (1) shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding 20 million won.
(6) Any person who allows another person to conduct surveillance on an information systems using its own name or lends his/her surveillor's certificate to another person, or any person who conducts surveillance using another person's name or borrows surveillor's certificate shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year or by a fine not exceeding ten million won.
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 Article 77 (Joint Penal Provisions)   print
If a representative of a corporation, or an agent, employee or other servant of the corporation or an individual commits a violation under Article 76 (3) 5 or Article 76 (5) or (6) in connection with the duties of the corporation or individual, not only shall such violator be punished, but also the corporation or individual shall be punished by a fine under the relevant provisions: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties to prevent such violation.
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 Article 78 (Fines for Negligence)   print
(1) A fine for negligence not exceeding 30 million won shall be levied on any person falling under either of the following subparagraphs:
1. A person who fails to obtain the prior consent of an owner of information, in violation of Article 42 (1);
2. A person who fails to notify an owner of information of the matters listed in the subparagraphs of Article 43 (1) without justifiable grounds, in violation of Article 42 (2) and (3).
(2) Fines for negligence under paragraph (1) shall be levied and collected by the Minister of Public Administration and Security.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 5 (5) of this Addenda shall enter into force on January 1, 2011.
Article 2 (Repeal of other Act)
The Act on the Efficient Introduction, Operation, etc. of Information Systems is hereby repealed.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Sharing of Administrative Information)
(1) Any administrative information being shared through the Sharing Center under the previous provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed authorized in accordance with the procedures determined by this Act.
(2) Any person corresponding to the amended provisions of the subparagraphs of Article 39 (7) shall be deemed designated in accordance with the procedures determined by this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measure following Repeal of the Act on the Efficient Introduction, Operation, etc. of Information Systems)
(1) Any agency designated as an agency introducing an information technology architecture under Article 5 of the previous Act on the Efficient Introduction, Operation, etc. of Information Systems (hereafter referred to as "Information Systems Act" in this Article) before this Act enters into force shall be deemed an agency designated under this Act.
(2) Any project undergoing surveillance under Article 11 of the previous Information Systems Act as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed a project undergoing surveillance under this Act.
(3) Any surveillance firm registered as a surveillance firm under Article 12 of the previous Information Systems Act before this Act enters into force shall be deemed registered under this Act.
(4) Any person educated as asurveillor under Article 14 of the previous Information Systems Act before this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have received education under this Act.
(5) Any person having received a surveillor's certificate under Article 14 of the previous Information Systems Act before this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have received such certificate under this Act.
(6) Any administrative disposition imposed with regard to surveillance on any information system under Article 16 of the previous Information Systems Act before this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have been imposed under this Act.
(7) Any application of penal provisions or administrative dispositions with regard to a violation of any provision of the previous Information Systems Act before this Act enters into force shall be governed by the previous Information Systems Act.
Article 5 Omitted.
Article 6 (Relationship with other Acts and Subordinate Statues)
Where the previous Electronic Government Act or the previous Act on the Efficient Introduction, Operation, etc. of Information Systems, or the provisions thereof are cited in other Acts or subordinate statutes as at the time this Act enters into force, this Act or the corresponding provisons hereof shall be deemed cited in place of the previous provisions, if provisions corresponding thereto exist in this Act.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10303, May 17, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10465, Mar. 29, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10580, Apr. 12, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 11461, Jun. 1, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 10 Omitted.