Framework Act On Product Safety

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$40 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$9.99.
CHAPTER Ⅰ GENERAL PROVISIONS
law view
 Article 1 (Purpose)   print
The purpose of this Act is to prescribe basic matters necessary to ensure the safety of products so as to contribute to the improvement of the quality of life for citizens and the development of the national economy by protecting the lives of citizens and preventing any damage to their health and property.
law view
 Article 2 (Fundamental Concepts)   print
The basic ideas of this Act are to confirm that it is the basic duty of the State and local governments to ensure product safety and minimize damage, in cases of danger or harm caused by products, and to ensure that citizens lead lives in a society safe from any risk associated with products by guiding all citizens and the State and local governments to prioritize on safety while engaging in activities associated with the manufacture, assembling, processing, import, sale, lending or use of products.
law view
 Article 3 (Definitions)   print
The definitions of terms used in this Act shall be as follows:
1. The term "product" means any article, or component part or accessory thereof, which is ultimately intended for use by a consumer;
2. The term "business owner" means any person who manufactures, assembles or processes (hereinafter referred to as "manufacture"), or imports, sells or lends (hereinafter referred to as "distribution") products;
3. The term "safety inspection" means all activities concerning the inspection, examination or assessment of defects in the manufacture, design, description, etc. of products to prevent risks of danger or harm to life, body, or property which may be caused by such products.
law view
 Article 4 (Duties of State, etc.)   print
(1) The State and local governments shall have the duty to formulate and implement policies concerning the safety of products (hereinafter referred to as "product safety policy") so that citizens may use products safely.
(2) In formulating and implementing a product safety policy, the State and local governments shall preferentially take into consideration the prevention of any risk of danger or harm to consumers’ lives, bodies or property and the safety of groups particularly vulnerable to risks such as children, the aged, the weak and the disabled.
(3) The State shall endeavor to establish or revise and enforce the standards or specifications for the manufacture, use, etc. of products to verify the safety of products (hereinafter referred to as "safety standards") in a manner consistent with international standards.
(4) Business owners shall have the duty to manufacture or distribute safe products and to verify the safety of products which are manufactured or distributed in the market.
law view
 Article 5 (Citizen’s Right)   print
Every citizen shall have the right to participate in the formulation and implementation of a product safety policy by the State or relevant local government and to use safe products.
law view
 Article 6 (Relationship to Other Acts)   print
Except as otherwise provided in other Acts, this Act shall apply with respect to the safety of products.
CHAPTER Ⅱ ESTABLISHMENT, ETC. OF COMPREHENSIVE PLANS FOR PRODUCT SAFETY MANAGEMENT
law view
 Article 7 (Establishment, etc. of Comprehensive Plans for Product Safety Management)   print
(1) The Government shall establish a comprehensive plan for product safety management (hereinafter referred to as "comprehensive plan") every three years.
(2) A comprehensive plan shall include the following matters:
1. Objectives and basic direction of product safety policy;
2. Matters relating to the creation of a foundation to ensure the safety of products;
3. Matters relating to the prevention of incidents involving products and the establishment of measures therefor;
4. Matters relating to the safety management of imported products and newly manufactured products;
5. Matters relating to research on product safety and the development of related technology;
6. Matters relating to the rationalization of regulations on product safety;
7. Matters relating to the system to share information on product safety;
8. Matters relating to cooperation with international organizations and foreign countries concerning product safety;
9. Matters relating to measures for the safety of groups particularly vulnerable to risks, such as children, the aged, the weak and the disabled, with respect to the use of products;
10. Other matters necessary to ensure product safety.
(3) The head of a central administrative agency shall, upon establishment of a comprehensive plan, submit it to the Consumer Policy Committee under Article 23 of the Framework Act on Consumers.
(4) The head of a central administrative agency shall make efforts to preferentially secure personnel and funds necessary to promote a comprehensive plan.
(5) Necessary matters regarding the establishment and implementation of comprehensive plans shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 8 (Preparation of Statistics of Product Incidents, etc.)   print
(1) The head of a central administrative agency may, if necessary for the establishment, etc. of a comprehensive plan, prepare and manage statistics of product incidents or defective products.
(2) The scope and subjects of statistical surveys under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Except as provided in this Act, with respect to the preparation and management of statistics under paragraph (1), the relevant provisions of the Statistics Act shall apply mutatis mutandis.
CHAPTER Ⅲ WAYS TO ENSURE SAFETY OF PRODUCTS
law view
 Article 9 (Safety Inspection, etc.)   print
(1) The head of a central administrative agency may inspect the safety of products that are distributed in the market (hereinafter referred to as "safety inspection") to ascertain whether such products present any risks if they fall under any of the following subparagraphs:
1. Where the products are subject to safety management under the Quality Control and Safety Management of Industrial Products Act and the Electrical Appliances Safety Control Act;
2. Where the products cause or are likely to cause any danger or harm to consumers' lives, bodies or property due to any defect in their manufacture, design, description, etc.;
3. Where, due to a possible risk from the products, a foreign government recommends or orders the relevant business owner to recall, destroy or repair them, exchange them for other products, refund their costs, improve them, prohibit their manufacture and distribution or take other necessary measures (hereinafter referred to as "recall, etc.");
4. Where it is necessary to ensure the safety of the products.
(2) Where a safety inspection is conducted, the details and results of the inspection shall be kept and made accessible to the relevant business owner.
(3) Detailed matters regarding the methods and procedures for safety inspection and the keeping of and access to the details and results of inspection under paragraph (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 10 (Recommendations, etc. for Recall, etc. of Products)   print
(1) Where it is deemed that a product distributed in the market causes or is likely to cause any danger or harm to consumers’ lives, bodies or property due to any defect in their manufacture, design, description, etc., the head of the competent central administrative agency may recommend the relevant business owner to carry out a recall, etc. of such products.
(2) Where a business owner in receipt of a recommendation under paragraph (1) fails to comply with it without justifiable cause, the head of the competent central administrative agency may publish such fact.
(3) Where a business owner takes measures according to the recommendation under paragraph (1), he/she shall report to the head of the competent central administrative agency the results of such measures and other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Necessary matters regarding the recommendation of recall, etc. under paragraph (1), the publication under paragraph (2) and the report under paragraph (3) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 11 (Order, etc. for Recall, etc. of Products)   print
(1) The head of a central administrative agency may order a business owner to carry out a recall, etc. of his/her products and publish such fact in accordance with the procedures prescribed by Presidential Decree, in cases falling under any of the following subparagraphs:
1. Where the results of safety inspection show that relevant products present any risk to safety;
2. Where a business owner in receipt of a recommendation under Article 10 (1) fails to comply with it without justifiable cause;
3. Where there are reasonable grounds to believe that products distributed in the market cause or are likely to cause any danger or harm to consumers’ lives, bodies or property due to any serious defect prescribed by Presidential Decree (hereinafter referred to as "serious defect") in their manufacture, design, description, etc.
(2) A business owner who has taken measures as ordered under paragraph (1) shall report to the head of the competent central administrative agency the results of such measures and other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) If a business owner fails to comply with an order issued under paragraph (1), the head of the competent central administrative agency may directly carry out a recall, etc. of the relevant products. In such cases, expenses incurred in such recall, etc. may be collected from the business owner.
(4) Necessary matters regarding the order for recall, etc. and publication under paragraph (1), the report under paragraph (2), and the measures and collection of expenses under paragraph (3) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 12 (Application, etc. for Cancellation of Recommendation, etc.)   print
(1) Where a business owner, who is recommended to carry out a recall, etc. of products under Article 10 (1) or has an interest in products subject to recall, etc. according to an order for recall, etc. under Article 11 (1), is dissatisfied with such recommendation or order, he/she may file an application for the cancellation of such recommendation or order in whole or in part with the head of the competent central administrative agency within 30 days from the date he/she becomes aware that such recommendation or order is given.
(2) The head of the competent central administrative agency shall, upon receipt of an application under paragraph (1), decide whether to cancel in whole or in part the recommendation under Article 10 (1) or the order under Article 11 (1) within 30 days: Provided, That if, for any unavoidable reason, he/she can not make such decision within said period, he/she may extend the period by up to 30 additional days.
(3) A business owner who has filed an application pursuant to paragraph (1) may file an administrative appeal under the Administrative Appeals Act, regardless of the application under said paragraph.
(4) Necessary matters regarding the procedures, methods, etc. for application under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 13 (Duty, etc. of Business Owners to Carry out Recall, etc. of Products)   print
(1) If a business owner finds that his/her products distributed in the market cause or are likely to cause any danger or harm to consumers’ lives, bodies or property due to any serious defect therein, he/she shall promptly report the details of such defect to the head of the competent central administrative agency and carry out a recall, etc. of such products as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) A business owner who has taken measures under paragraph (1) shall report to the head of the competent central administrative agency on the record of recall, etc. of the relevant products and other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 14 (Whistleblowing, etc.)   print
(1) If a business owner conceals, in spite of his/her awareness, the fact that his/her products cause or are likely to cause any danger or harm to consumers’ lives, bodies or property due to any serious defect therein, an employee of the relevant business owner may report such fact to the head of the competent central administrative agency.
(2) No business owner shall give any disadvantageous treatment to the relevant employee on account of the report under paragraph (1).
(3) Any person who, on account of his/her report, is given any disadvantageous treatment with regard to his/her status may request the head of the competent central administrative agency to reinstate his/her status to the original state or take other necessary measures.
(4) If, as a result of an investigation, the above-mentioned request is deemed well-grounded, the head of the competent central administrative agency may demand that the relevant business owner take appropriate measures. In such cases, the business owner shall comply with such demand absent justifiable cause.
law view
 Article 15 (Requests, etc. for Submission of Materials Associated with Product Incidents)   print
(1) If an incident arises that causes or is likely to cause any danger or harm to consumers’ lives, bodies or property due to any defect in the manufacture, design, description, etc. of products distributed in the market, the head of the competent central administrative agency may request the relevant business owner to submit materials associated with the incident so as to grasp the details and cause of the incident and take necessary safety measures. In such cases, the business owner so requested shall comply therewith unless there is a special reason to the contrary.
(2) To ascertain the details and causes of product incidents under paragraph (1) in a more scientific and efficient manner, the head of the competent central administrative agency may designate a legal entity or organization that is engaged in product safety-related work as a product incident investigation center to investigate the details, causes, etc. of such product incidents, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The scope of materials that may be requested pursuant to paragraph (1), the methods and procedures for investigation under paragraph (2) and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER Ⅳ ESTABLISHMENT OF FOUNDATION FOR PRODUCT SAFETY MANAGEMENT
law view
 Article 16 (Building, Management, etc. of Product Safety Information Network)   print
(1) To formulate and implement a product safety policy and prevent incidents involving products, the head of the competent central administrative agency may build and manage a product safety information network that serves to gather and provide the following information:
1. Details and results of the inspection under Article 9 (2);
2. Information on the recommendation of recall, etc. under Article 10, the order for recall, etc. under Article 11, and measures for recall, etc. taken by business owners under Article 13;
3. Other information on product safety.
(2) The head of the competent central administrative agency shall share information gathered under paragraph (1) with the heads of other relevant central administrative agencies.
(3) Necessary matters regarding the building and management of the product safety information network under paragraph (1), the sharing of information under paragraph (2), etc. shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 17 (Education, Training and Publicity on Product Safety)   print
(1) The head of a central administrative agency may provide business owners and their employees with opportunities for education and training and conduct publicity activities to provide consumers with necessary information so that such business owners, employees, and consumers may improve their understanding of product safety and voluntarily implement product safety in the process of the manufacture, distribution or use of products.
(2) Methods and other details of education, training and publicity under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 18 (Contributions for Research, etc. on Product Safety)   print
(1) The head of a central administrative agency may make contributions to cover expenses involved in research on product safety and the development of related technology.
(2) Necessary matters regarding the standards for payment and use and management of contributions under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 19 (Cooperation, etc. with Organizations, etc. Related to Product Safety)   print
(1) To prevent incidents involving products, the head of the competent central administrative agency may conduct market monitoring and other business matters prescribed by Presidential Decree, in cooperation with legal entities, organizations, etc. which are engaged in work associated with the safety of consumers and products.
(2) To improve product safety, the Minister of Knowledge Economy may formulate and implement policies necessary to promote cooperation among business owners, small, medium and large enterprises, and academic circles with respect to research on product safety, related technical development, publicity, etc.
law view
 Article 20 (International Cooperation)   print
The head of a central administrative agency may carry out the following projects to promote international cooperation with international organizations and foreign governments and product safety-related institutions:
1. Exchange of information on product safety;
2. Exchange of professionals concerning product safety;
3. Participation in various international events, including international conferences, concerning product safety;
4. Other projects deemed necessary to promote international cooperation concerning product safety.
law view
 Article 21 (Establishment of Korean Product Safety Association)   print
(1) Manufacturers and distributors of products may establish a Korean Product Safety Association (hereinafter referred to as the "Association") with authorization from the Minister of Knowledge Economy, to improve the quality of products and ensure the safety thereof.
(2) The Association shall be a legal entity.
(3) The Association shall carry out the following work:
1. Research, development and education concerning a product safety management system;
2. Publication and dissemination of materials related to safety standards;
3. Investigation of illegal and defective products;
4. Collaboration with enterprises, etc. concerning product safety;
5. Other work entrusted by the head of the competent central administrative agency.
(4) The Minister of Knowledge Economy may assist the Association in performing the work listed in subparagraphs of paragraph (3).
(5) No person other than the Association shall use the name "Korean Product Safety Association" or similar name.
(6) Except as provided in this Act, the provisions of the Civil Act governing incorporated associations shall apply mutatis mutandis with respect to the Association.
CHAPTER Ⅴ SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
law view
 Article 22 (Operation of Supplementary Safety Standards)   print
With respect to the certification, investigation, etc. of products for which applicable safety standards do not exist or to which the existing safety standards are not applicable, the head of the competent central administrative agency may conduct such certification, investigation, etc. by establishing and applying separate safety standards.
law view
 Article 23 (Duty to Maintain Confidentiality, etc.)   print
(1) Any person who falls or has fallen under any of the following subparagraphs shall be prohibited from divulging to another, or from using for other than the purposes of his/her official duties, any confidential information learned in the course of performing his/her duties:
1. Any officer or employee of the product incident investigation center designated pursuant to Article 15 (2);
2. Any officer or employee of the Association;
3. Any person engaged in the work entrusted pursuant to Article 24.
(2) Any public official engaged in the work under this Act shall be prohibited from using information learned in the course of any inspection, reporting, materials, etc. made or submitted pursuant to Article 9 (1), 10 (3), 11 (2), 13 (1) and (2), 14 (1) or 15 (1) and (2), other than for the purpose of implementing this Act.
law view
 Article 24 (Delegation and Entrustment of Authority)   print
Part of authority of the head of a central administrative agency under this Act may be delegated to the head of an agency under his/her control or to a Special Metropolitan City Mayor, Metropolitan City Mayor, Do Governor, or Special Self-Governing Province Governor, or entrusted to any institution or organization which is engaged in work associated with product safety, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
law view
 Article 25 (Legal Fiction as Public Officials in Application of Penal Provisions)   print
Any person referred to in Article 23 (1) 1 and 3 shall be deemed a public official in application of Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act.
CHAPTER Ⅵ PENAL PROVISIONS
law view
 Article 26 (Penal Provisions)   print
(1) Any person who falls under any of the following subparagraphs shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding 30 million won:
1. A person who fails to comply with an order for recall, etc. under Article 11 (1);
2. A person who fails to carry out recall, etc. of relevant products in violation of Article 13 (1);
3. A person who violates Article 23 (2) by using any information learned in the course of an inspection, reporting, materials, etc. other than for the purpose of implementing this Act.
(2) Any person who divulges to another or uses for other than the purposes of his/her official duties, any confidential information learned in the course of performing his/her duties, in violation of Article 23 (1), shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years or by a fine not exceeding 20 million won.
(3) Any business owner who has given any disadvantageous treatment in violation of Article 14 (2), but fails to comply with a demand to take measures under Article 14 (4), shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year or by a fine not exceeding ten million won.
law view
 Article 27 (Fines for Negligence)   print
(1) Any person who is requested to submit materials under Article 15 (1), but fails to comply therewith in the absence of extraordinary circumstances, shall be subject to a fine for negligence not exceeding 30 million won.
(2) Any person who falls under any of the following subparagraphs shall be subject to a fine for negligence not exceeding five million won:
1. A person who fails to report the results of taking measures, etc. under Article 10 (3) or 11 (2);
2. A person who fails to report the details of any serious defect in violation of Article 13 (1);
3. A person who fails to report the record, etc. of recall, etc. under Article 13 (2);
4. A person who uses the name "Korean Product Safety Association" or similar name in violation of Article 21 (5).
(3) Fines for negligence under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be imposed and collected by the head of the competent central administrative agency, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Comprehensive Plan, etc.)
At the time this Act enters into force, a comprehensive plan for safety management of industrial products under Article 9 (1) of the former Quality Control and Safety Management of Industrial Products Act shall be deemed a comprehensive plan under this Act until such plan is established pursuant to this Act.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Korean Electrical Appliances Safety Association)
(1) At the time this Act enters into force, the Korean Electrical Appliances Safety Association established under Article 16 of the former Electrical Appliances Safety Control Act (hereinafter referred to as the "Korean Electrical Appliances Safety Association") shall be deemed the Association under this Act. In such cases, the Association shall make necessary amendments to its articles of incorporation pursuant to this Act and obtain authorization therefor from the Minister of Knowledge Economy within three months after this Act enters into force.
(2) At the time this Act enters into force, all property and rights and obligations that belong to the Korean Electrical Appliances Safety Association shall be universally succeeded to by the Association under this Act.
(3) At the time this Act enters into force, the title of the Korean Electrical Appliances Safety Association entered in any register and other public books shall be read as the title of the Association under this Act.
(4) Any act done by or in relation to the Korean Electrical Appliances Safety Association before this Act enters into force shall be deemed an act done by or in relation to the Association under this Act.
(5) At the time this Act enters into force, references in other Acts and subordinate statutes to the Korean Electrical Appliances Safety Association shall be deemed references to the Association under this Act.
Article 4 Omitted.