Juvenile Welfare Support Act

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CHAPTER Ⅰ GENERAL PROVISIONS
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 Article 1 (Purpose)   print
The purpose of this Act is to provide for matters concerning the improvement of juvenile welfare pursuant to Article 49 (4) of the Framework Act on Juveniles.
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 Article 2 (Definitions)   print
The terms used in this Act shall be defined as follows:
1. The term "juvenile" means a person who falls under the main body of subparagraph 1 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles;
2. The term "juvenile welfare" means juvenile welfare defined in subparagraph 4 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles;
3. The term "guardian" means a person having parental authority, a legal representative, or a person who actually nurtures a juvenile;
4. The term "juvenile in crisis" means a juvenile who is not provided with conditions necessary for balanced and healthy growth and lead a normal life due to the grounds, such as family, academic performance, or social adaptation problems.
CHAPTER Ⅱ PREFERENTIAL TREATMENT, ETC. OF JUVENILES
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 Article 3 (Preferential Treatment of Juveniles)   print
(1) The State or a local government may grant juveniles exemption from or a discount on charges for the use of transportation, cultural and leisure facilities operated by itself.
(2) Where any of the following persons operates a facility used by juveniles, the State or local governments may advise him/her to offer juveniles a discount on charges for the use of the relevant facility:
1. A person subsidized by the State or local governments;
2. A person granted tax benefit pursuant to applicable Acts and subordinate statutes;
3. A person who perform the duties entrusted by the State or local governments.
(3) Any juvenile who seeks for exemption from or discount on charges pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2) shall produce a certificate or document to verify his/her age, such as the resident registration certificate, student card, or juvenile card prescribed in Article 4 to a manager of the facility he/she intends to use:
(4) Kinds of facilities and the age base of juveniles, etc., for which a discount of or exemption from use charges may apply pursuant to paragraph (1) or (2), shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 4 (Juvenile Cards)   print
(1) The Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu (referring to the head of an autonomous Gu; hereinafter the same shall apply) may issue a juvenile card to a juvenile who is not less than 9, but not more than 18 years of age.
(2) No juvenile card under paragraph (1) shall be transferred or lent to any third person.
(3) No one shall manufacture and/or use a certificate with the same name or mark as a juvenile card under paragraph (1).
(4) Matters necessary to issue juvenile cards under paragraph (1) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
CHAPTER Ⅲ GUARANTEE OF JUVENILE HEALTH
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 Article 5 (Preservation of Sound Mind and Body)   print
(1) The State and local governments shall formulate policies on disease prevention and health education, etc. necessary to improve the health and physical fitness of juveniles, and guardians shall endeavor to improve the health and physical fitness of juveniles they nurture.
(2) The State and local governments may establish and disseminate health and physical fitness standards for juveniles through consultations with relevant agencies.
(3) Matters necessary for formulating policies and establishing and disseminating health and physical fitness standards for juveniles pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 6 (Physical Fitness Tests and Health Examinations)   print
(1) The State and local governments may conduct physical fitness tests and health examinations for juveniles.
(2) The State and local governments shall notify the relevant juveniles of the results of physical fitness tests and health examinations under paragraph (1).
(3) The State and local governments may entrust a specialized institution or organization with conducting physical fitness tests and health examinations and notification of the results thereof under paragraphs (1) and (2).
(4) Matters necessary for conducting physical fitness tests and health examinations and notifying the results thereof pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
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 Article 7 (Analysis, etc. of Results of Health Examinations)   print
(1) The State and local governments shall analyze the results of health examinations conducted under Article 6 and formulate and implement policies necessary for improvingjuvenile health.
(2) The State and local governments may entrust analysis under paragraph (1) to a specialized institution.
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 Article 8 (Prohibition from Disclosure of Results of Health Examinations)   print
Any person who has worked or works at a State agency, local government, specialized institution or organization that has conducted health examinations pursuant to Article 6 shall not disclose the results of health examinations unless inevitable to formulate or implement policies referred to in Article 7 (1).
CHAPTER Ⅳ COMMUNITY-BASED INTEGRATED JUVENILE SUPPORT SYSTEM, ETC.
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 Article 9 (Establishment and Operation of Community-Based Integrated Juvenile Support System)   print
(1) The head of each local government shall establish and operate a community-based integrated juvenile support system (hereinafter referred to as "integrated support system") in order for the local government, public institutions, and juvenile organizations, etc. referred to in subparagraph 8 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles to early detect and protect juveniles in crisis within his/her jurisdiction, and to efficiently carry out juvenile welfare and protection set forth in subparagraph 5 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles through cooperation among them.
(2) The State shall support the establishment and operation of an integrated support system.
(3) Matters necessary for the composition, etc. of an integrated support system, including institutions, on organizations that shall be included therein, shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 10 (Steering Committee)   print
(1) Where deemed necessary for the smooth operation of an integrated support system, the head of each local government may establish a steering committee for the community-based juvenile integrated support system (hereinafter referred to as "steering committee") that deliberates on matters concerning juvenile support prescribed by Presidential Decree, including the selection of juveniles entitled to Special Support.
(2) A steering committee shall be comprised of the heads or employees of institutions or organizations that consist of an integrated support system, and other persons who have abundant knowledge of and experience in juvenile welfare.
(3) Except as otherwise prescribed by paragraphs (1) and (2), the operation of the steering committee, including the composition and appointment of members of the steering committee and meeting procedures shall be determined by rules of the relevant local government.
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 Article 11 (Support for Community Voluntary Activities)   print
Where local residents voluntarily form an organization to detect, protect and support juveniles in crisis, the State and local governments may provide support for the activities of such organization.
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 Article 12 (Counseling and Installation, etc. of Telephones)   print
(1) The State and local governments shall ensure all juveniles receive professional counseling, if necessary.
(2) The State and local governments shall install and operate a hotline or operate an information communications network for counseling prescribed in paragraph (1).
(3) Matters necessary for installing and operating a hotline or operating an information communications network shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER V SUPPORT FOR JUVENILES IN CRISIS
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 Article 13 (Counseling and Education)   print
(1) The State and local governments may provide counseling and education for families and guardians of juveniles in crisis to provide efficient and appropriate support for juveniles.
(2) If families and guardians of juveniles in crisis are advised by the State and local governments to receive counseling and education, they shall sincerely cooperate therewith and undergo such counseling and education.
(3) Where families and guardians whose income is less than a specified amount determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family receive counseling and education referred to in paragraph (1), the State and local governments may pay them actual expenses, including travel expenses, within budgetary limits.
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 Article 14 (Special Support for Juveniles in Crisis)   print
(1) The State and local governments may provide juveniles in crisis with necessary social and economic support (hereinafter referred to as "special support"), as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Special support shall be provided in the form of goods or services, including livelihood support, support for studies, medical support, vocational training support, jevenile activity support as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That if deemed essential for juveniles in crisis, such support may be provided in money.
(3) Criteria for selection of juveniles entitled to special support, scope and period thereof, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 15 (Requests for Special Support and Selection thereof)   print
(1) Any of the following persons may request the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu to select a juvenile in crisis as a juvenile entitled to special support. In such cases, a guardian referred to in subparagraph 1 and any person who falls under subparagraphs 2 through 5 shall obtain consent from the relevant juvenile:
1. The Juvenile him/herself or his/her guardian;
2. Certified juvenile leaders prescribed in subparagraph 7 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles;
4. Social welfare workers prescribed in Article 11 of the Social Welfare Services Act;
5. Public officials of a local government, who are responsible for juvenile affairs.
(2) Upon receipt of a request made under paragraph (1), the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall determine the selection, and the details and period of support after deliberation by a steering committee.
(3) If deemed necessary to provide urgent support or no steering committee is formed, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may determine the matter prescribed in paragraph (2) without undergoing deliberation by the steering committee.
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 Article 16 (Preventing Juvenile from Leaving Home, and Protection and Support thereof)   print
(1) The Minister of Gender Equality and Family or the head of local governments shall provide necessary support, including establishment and, operation of youth shelters prescribed in subparagraph 1 of Article 31, and follow-up support for juveniles discharged from youth shelters in order to prevent juveniles from leaving home, and help runaway juveniles return their home and to society.
(2) Guardians shall endeavor to prevent juveniles from leaving home and actively cooperate with the State and local governments in their endeavor to help runaway juveniles return their home and to society.
(3) The Minister of Gender Equality and Family or the head of local governments may entrust the duties concerning preventing juveniles from leaving home and protection of and support for runaway juveniles to a juvenile organization(hereinafter referred to as "juvenile organization") prescribed in subparagraph 8 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles.
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 Article 17 (Support for Juvenile Dropouts)   print
The State and local governments shall establish and implement policies necessary for any of the following juveniles to return to school and support themselves:
1. Juveniles who have been absent from an elementary school or a middle school defined in Article 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act or any school that offers educational courses equivalent thereto for three or more months since admission thereto, or juveniles who are granted a postponement of compulsory education pursuant to Article 14 (1) of the same Act;
2. Juveniles subject to a disposition of expulsion from or dropped out of a high school defined in Article 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act or any school that offers educational courses equivalent thereto.
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 Article 18 (Support for Juveniles with Immigrant Background)   print
The State and local governments shall establish and implement necessary policies, including counseling and education, to help any of the following juveniles adapt to society and improve their academic capability:
1. Juveniles from any multicultural family defined in subparagraph 1 of Article 2 of the Multicultural Families Support Act;
2. Other immigrant juveniles who experience difficulties in social adaptation and academic performance.
CHAPTER VI EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE
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 Article 19 (Provision, etc. of Educational Guidance)   print
(1) The Governor of a Special Self-Government Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may provide educational guidance (hereinafter referred to as "guidance") for any of the following juveniles upon request of the relevant juvenile, his/her guardian, or the head of his/her school: Provided, That where the guardian of the juvenile or the head of a school applies for guidance, the relevant juvenile's consent shall be obtained.
1. Juveniles who have committed a misdemeanor or deviation;
2. Juveniles who have difficulties in adapting to daily lives and thus are in need of educational help from outside their family or school.
(2) Guidance shall be provided in such a manner as to help a relevant juvenile to return his/her home, to school and society, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The period of guidance shall not exceed six months: Provided, That if the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu deems it necessary to extend the period of guidance after reviewing outcomes of such guidance, he/she may extend the period only once for up to six months, upon consent from the relevant juvenile.
(4) Matters concerning criteria and procedures for selecting juveniles entitled to guidance shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
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 Article 20 (Establishment, Operation, etc. of Facilities)   print
The State and local governments shall endeavor to ensure the efficacy of guidance, including establishment and operation of facilities necessary for guidance, development and dissemination of guidance programs, support for guidance activities, and provision of training for leaders.
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 Article 21 (Guardians for Guidance)   print
(1) The State and local governments (or, as the case may be, juvenile organizations entrusted with guidance affairs under Article 42 (2)) may designate guardians for guidance who provide guidance exclusively to an individual juvenile entitled to guidance.
(2) Guardians for guidance prescribed in paragraph (1) shall be designated from among certified juvenile leaders referred to in subparagraph 7 of Article 3 of the Framework Act on Juveniles and juvenile guidance members referred to in Article 27 of the same Act.
(3) Detailed matters, such as the duties of and criteria for designating guardians for guidance prescribed in paragraph (1), shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
CHAPTER VII JUVENILE WELFARE SUPPORT INSTITUTIONS
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 Article 22 (Korea Youth Counseling and Welfare Development Institute)   print
(1) A Korea Youth Counseling and Welfare Development Institute (hereinafter referred to as the "Youth Counseling Institute") shall be established to carry out the following projects:
1. Research on policies relating to juvenile counseling and welfare;
2. Development and operation of and support for juvenile counseling and welfare projects;
3. Development of counseling techniques for juveniles, and production and dissemination of counseling materials;
4. Fostering and training of juvenile counseling and welfare personnel;
5. Liaison with and support for institutions related to juvenile counseling and welfare;
6. Provision of guidance and support for juvenile welfare support institutions of local governments regarding juvenile counseling and welfare;
7. Provision of counseling and education for family members of juveniles;
8. Establishment and operation of a juvenile counseling and welfare information system;
9. Other incidental projects necessary for achieving the objectives of the Youth Counseling Institute.
(2) The Youth Counseling Institute shall be a corporation.
(3) The Youth Counseling Institute may have branches, as prescribed by its articles of incorporation.
(4) The Youth Counseling Institute shall be duly formed when the registration for its incorporation is completed at the seat of its principal office.
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 Article 23 (Articles of Incorporation)   print
(1) The articles of incorporation of the Youth Counseling Institute shall include the following:
1. Objectives;
2. Name;
3. Location of its principal office;
4. Matters concerning business;
5. Matters concerning executives and employees;
6. Matters concerning the board of directors;
7. Matters concerning property and accounting;
8. Matters concerning affairs and their execution;
9. Matters concerning modifications of the articles of incorporation.
(2) Where the Youth Counseling Institute intends to modify its articles of incorporation, it shall obtain authorization from the Minister of Gender Equality and Family.
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 Article 24 (Submission, etc. of Business Plans)   print
(1) The Youth Counseling Institute shall prepare its business plans and a budgetary document, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, and submit them to the Minister of Gender Equality and Family for approval by no later than the commencement of the relevant business year.
(2) The Youth Counseling Institute shall prepare the closing statement of annual revenue and expenditure for each business year, undergo an audit conducted by a certified public accountant, and submit such to the Minister of Gender Equality and Family by no later than March 20 of the following business year.
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 Article 25 (Subsidies, etc.)   print
(1) The Government may subsidize expenses incurred in performing business and operation of the Youth Counseling Institute within budgetary limits.
(2) Any individual, corporation or organization may contribute or donate money or other property to support the operation and business of the Youth Counseling Institute.
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 Article 26 (Executives)   print
(1) The Youth Counseling Institute shall have 15 or fewer directors, including one president and one auditor.
(2) Directors (excluding the president; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article) and the auditor shall be non-standing.
(3) Directors shall be appointed and dismissed by the Minister of Gender Equality and Family, and the term of office thereof shall be two years.
(4) The auditor shall be appointed and dismissed by the Minister of Strategy and Finance from among several persons recommended by the Executive Recommendation Committee (hereinafter referred to as "Executive Recommendation Committee") under Article 29 of the Act on the Management of Public Institutions, and the term of office thereof shall be two years.
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 Article 27 (President)   print
(1) The president of the Youth Counseling Institute shall be appointed and dismissed by the Minister of Gender Equality and Family from among persons recommended by the Executive Recommendation Committee, and the term of office thereof shall be three years.
(2) The president shall represent the Youth Counseling Institute and exercise overall control over its affairs.
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 Article 28 (Application Mutatis Mutandis of the Civil Act)   print
Except as otherwise provided in this Act and the Act on the Management of Public Institutions, the provisions pertaining to incorporated foundations referred to in the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Youth Counseling Institute.
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 Article 29 (Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center)   print
(1) The Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, Do Governor, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province (hereinafter referred to as "Mayor/Do Governor"), or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may establish and operate a Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center to perform duties, such as counseling, emergency relief, self-support and medical support for juveniles.
(2) The Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center established in the Special Metropolitan City, Metropolitan Cities, Dos, and Special Self-Governing Province pursuant to paragraph (1) shall provide guidance and support for the Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center established in a Si/Gun/Gu.
(3) The head of a Si/Gun/Gu may integrate the Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center established in the Si/Gun/Gu pursuant to paragraph (1) with the Provincial Juvenile Activity Promotion Center established in the Si/Gun/Gu pursuant to Article 7 (1) of the Juvenile Activity Promotion Act for operation.
(4) AMayor/Do Governorandthe head of a Si/Gun/Gu may entrust the operation of the Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center to a juvenile organization.
(5) A Mayor/Do Governor andthe head of a Si/Gun/Gu may establish the Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center as a corporation.
(6) Matters necessary for the specifics of the duties set forth in paragraph (1) and standards for establishment and operation of, and qualifications for employees of the Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Centers shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 30 (Support Center for Juveniles with Immigrant Background)   print
(1) The Minister of Gender Equality and Family may establish and operate a Support Center for Juveniles with Immigrant Background to support juveniles with Immigrant Background prescribed in Article 18.
(2) Matters necessary for the establishment and operation of the Support Centers for Juveniles with Immigrant Background shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER VIII JUVENILE WELFARE FACILITIES
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 Article 31 (Types of Juvenile Welfare Facilities)   print
The types of juvenile welfare facilities prescribed in Article 17 of the Framework Act on Juveniles (hereinafter referred to as "Juvenile Welfare Facilities") shall be as follows:
1. Youth Shelter: A facility that protects runaway juveniles for a certain period and provides them with counseling, shelter, academic support and self-support assistance in order for them to return their home, to school and society;
2. Juvenile Self-Support Assistance Center: A facility that helps juveniles unable to return home, to school, and society even after being provided with assistance from a youth shelter, have capabilities and qualifications to support themselves;
3. Juvenile Treatment and Rehabilitation Center: A residential facility that provides juveniles who have academic, emotional behavioral disorders, with comprehensive support, such as treatment, education and rehabilitation services so that they can grow properly and live a normal life.
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 Article 32 (Establishment of Juvenile Welfare Facilities)   print
(1) The State or local governments shall establish and operate juvenile welfare facilities in accordance with Article 18 (1) of the Framework Act on Juveniles.
(2) Any person, other than the State or local governments, who intends to establish and operate a juvenile welfare facility shall report to the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu having jurisdiction over the place of the facility.
(3) Any person who has established and operates a juvenile welfare facility shall purchase insurance to pay compensation for any death or bodily injury inflicted on juveniles who use the juvenile welfare facility, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Matters necessary for the establishment and operation of a juvenile welfare facility under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree, and necessary matters concerning the methods and procedures of reporting under paragraph (2) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
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 Article 33 (Reporting on Suspension, Closure of Business, etc.)   print
A person, other than the State or local governments, who intends to suspend, close or reopen a juvenile welfare facility reported under Article 32 (2) shall report such to the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu having jurisdiction over the place of the facility, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
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 Article 34 (Employees of Juvenile Welfare Facilities)   print
(1) A juvenile welfare facility shall have employees necessary for the implementation of its business and operation.
(2) The Minister of Gender Equality and Family or the head of local governments shall provide education and training programs to foster employees of juvenile welfare facilities and their professional competency.
(3) Matters necessary for qualifications of employees of juvenile welfare facilities, criteria for assignment, and education and training under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
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 Article 35 (Facility Improvement, Business Suspension, Closure, etc.)   print
(1) Where a juvenile welfare facility reported by a person, other than the State or local governments, falls under any of the following subparagraphs, the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu may order improvement of the facility, suspension of business of the facility for less than one month, replacement of the head of the facility, or closure of the facility:
1. Where the facility fails to satisfy the criteria for its establishment;
2. Where permission for incorporation of a social welfare foundation or non-profit corporation, which has established and operated the relevant facility, is revoked;
3. Where the facility's unlawful conduct, such as illegal accounting and infringement on human rights of users have been verified;
4. Where the facility carries on its business during the suspension period;
5. Where the facility violates this Act or any order issued under this Act.
(2) Standards for disposition for each type of violation under paragraph (1) shall be determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family.
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 Article 36 (Hearings)   print
The Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu shall hold a hearing to issue an order for facility improvement, business suspension, replacement of the head of the facility, or closure of the facility under Article 35 (1).
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
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 Article 37 (Prohibition of Disclosure of Confidential Information)   print
(1) No person who engages or has engaged in juvenile welfare affairs at the Youth Counseling Institute, Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center, and Support Center for Juveniles with Immigrant Background (hereinafter referred to as "Juvenile Welfare Support Institutions") or Juvenile Welfare Facilities shall disclose any confidential information he/she has learned in the course of performing his/her duties.
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 Article 38 (Prohibition of Use of Same Names)   print
No person, other than Juvenile Welfare Support Institutions or Juvenile Welfare Facilities, shall use such names as Korea Youth Counseling and Welfare Development Institute, Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center, Support Center for Juveniles with Immigrant Background, or Youth Shelter, Juvenile Self-Support Assistance Center, or Juvenile Treatment and Rehabilitation Center.
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 Article 39 (Supervision)   print
(1) If deemed necessary, the State or local governments may order Juvenile Welfare Support Institutions or Juvenile Welfare Facilities to report their affairs, accounting, and property or submit data in relation thereto, or cause its public officials to enter the relevant place to inspect books or other documents or make inquiries of the employees thereof.
(2) A public official who enters a relevant place and conducts an inspection under paragraph (1) shall carry identity cards indicating his/her authority and produce it to relevant persons.
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 Article 40 (Budgetary Subsidies)   print
The State and local governments may wholly or partially subsidize budgets necessary for the operation of Juvenile Welfare Support Institutions, Juvenile Welfare Facilities, and related organizations within budgetary limits.
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 Article 41 (Evaluation of Institutions, Facilities, etc.)   print
(1) The Minister of Gender Equality and Family and a Mayor/Do Governor may periodically evaluate the performance of Juvenile Welfare Support Institutions and Juvenile Welfare Facilities, or institutions or organizations entrusted with juvenile welfare affairs under this Act, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family: Provided, That this shall not apply where performance or management evaluation thereon is conducted pursuant to other Acts and subordinate statutes.
(2) The Minister of Gender Equality and Family may take measures, such as reflecting the outcomes of evaluation conducted under paragraph (1) into supervision and support of Juvenile Welfare Support Institutions and Juvenile Welfare Facilities.
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 Article 42 (Delegation and Entrustment of Authority, etc.)   print
(1) The authority of the Minister of Gender Equality and Family or a Mayor/Do Governor under this Act may be partly delegated to a Mayor/Do Governor or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, respectively, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The duties of the State or local governments under this Act may be partly entrusted to juvenile organizations, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
CHAPTER X PENAL PROVISIONS
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 Article 43 (Penal Provisions)   print
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for less than one year or by a fine not exceeding ten million won:
1. A person who discloses the results of health examinations, in violation of Article 8;
2. A person who divulges confidential information, in violation of Article 37.
(2) Any of the following persons shall be punished by imprisonment with prison labor for less than six months or by a fine not exceeding five million won:
1. A person who establishes and operates Juvenile Welfare Facilities without reporting pursuant to Article 32 (2);
2. A person who carries on business or operates Juvenile Welfare Facilities despite an order for business suspension or facility closure under Article 35 (1).
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 Article 44 (Joint Penal Provisions)   print
If the representative of a corporation, or an agent, employer or other servant of the corporation or an individual commits an offence under Article 43 in connection with the business of the corporation or the individual, not only shall such offender be punished, but also the corporation or the individual shall be punished by a fine under the same Article: Provided, That this shall not apply where such corporation or individual has not been negligent in giving due attention and supervision concerning the relevant duties to prevent such offence.
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 Article 45 (Fines for Negligence)   print
(1) Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine for negligence not exceeding five million won:
1. A person who uses the same name, in violation of Article 38;
2. A person who fails to report or submit data, or refuses, interferes with or evadesan inspection under Article 39 (1).
(2) Any person who fails to report suspension, closure or resumption of business, in violation of Article 33, shall be punished by a fine for negligence not exceeding three million won.
(3) Any of the following persons shall be punished by a fine for negligence not exceeding five hundred thousand won:
1. A person who transfers or lends, or acquires or borrows a juvenile card, in violation of Article 4 (2);
2. A person who manufactures or uses a certificate with the same name or mark as a juvenile card, in violation of Article 4 (3).
(4) Fines for negligence under paragraphs (1) through (3) shall be imposed and collected by the Governor of a Special Self-Governing Province or the head of a Si/Gun/Gu, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Selection of Juveniles Entitled to Special Support)
Any juvenile selected as a juvenile entitled to special supportin accordance with the former provisions as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed selected as a juvenile entitled to special support.
Article 3 (Transitional Measures concerning Korea Youth Counseling Institute)
The Korea Youth Counseling Institute established and operated pursuant to Article 42 of the Framework Act on Juveniles as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the Korea Youth Counseling and Welfare Development Institute established and operated under this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Institutions for Juvenile Counseling and Emergency Rescue, etc. of Sis/Dos)
Any institution established and operated for juvenile counseling and emergency rescue, etc. in a Si/Do pursuant to Article 46 of the Framework Act on Juveniles or any institution established and operated for juvenile support in a Si/Gun/Gu pursuant to Article 46-2 of the same Act as at the time this Act enters into force shall be deemed the Juvenile Counseling and Welfare Center established by Article 29 of this Act.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Penal Provisions and Fines for Negligence)
The application of penal provisions to and imposition of fines for negligence on any act done before this Act enters into force shall be governed by former provisions.
Article 6 Omitted
Article 7 (Relationship with other Acts and Subordinate Statutes)
Where other Acts and subordinate Statutes cite a provision of the former Juvenile Welfare Support Act as at the time this Act enters into force, the corresponding provision of this Act shall be deemed cited in lieu of the former provision, if such corresponding provision exists herein,