Dairy Promotion Act


Published: 2010-05-25

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 Article 1 (Purpose)   print
The purpose of this Act is to contribute to the development of the dairy industry and dairy-related industries through the structural improvement of the dairy industry, adjustment of supply and demand for raw milk and dairy products, price stabilization, and the improvement of the distribution structure.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 2 (Definitions)   print
The definitions of terms used in this Act shall be as follows:
1. The term "dairy farming" means the breeding and management of milch cows for the production of raw milk;
2. The term "raw milk" means milk produced by milch cows and not processed;
3. The term "dairy products" means products for which raw milk has been treated and processed for sale;
4. The term "milk gathering" means gathering of raw milk produced by dairy farmers;
5. The term "milk gathering cooperatives" means cooperatives designated by the Korea Dairy Committee pursuant to Article 5 among livestock industry cooperatives by type of business or by region, established pursuant to the Agricultural Cooperatives Act for the purpose of gathering raw milk;
6. The term "organizations related to dairy farming" means producers' organizations, the members of which are dairy farmers, and milk processing-related organizations, the members of which are milk processors, each of which meet the requirements prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 3 (Formulation of Dairy Farming Promotion Plan)   print
(1) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries shall formulate a dairy farming promotion plan, including the following matters:
1. Matters concerning the improvement of the structure of the dairy industry;
2. Matters concerning directions for the improvement of dairy farming technology;
3. Matters concerning the stabilization of supply and demand for raw milk and dairy products;
4. Matters concerning the improvement of the quality and distribution structure of raw milk;
5. Matters concerning gathering, conveyance and storage facilities and equipment for raw milk;
6. Matters concerning the increase of demand for dairy products, such as supply of milk as school meal and public relations for consumption;
7. Other matters necessary for the promotion of dairy farming.
(2) Matters necessary for the formulation of a dairy farming promotion plan pursuant to paragraph (1) and the execution thereof shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) The State or a local government may fully or partially subsidize working expenses incurred in the promotion of a dairy farming promotion plan pursuant to paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 4 (Dairy Zone)   print
(1) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and the head of a local government may designate a place the regional conditions of which is deemed adequate for the operation of dairy farming centering around grassland prepared pursuant to Article 5 of the Grassland Act as a dairy zone.
(2) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and the head of a local government may provide funds necessary for promoting the development of a dairy zone designated pursuant to paragraph (1) in preference to other areas.
(3) Matters necessary for the development of, financial support to and management of dairy zones designated pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 5 (Establishment of Korea Dairy Committee)   print
(1) The Korea Dairy Committee (hereinafter referred to as the "Committee") shall be established in order to conduct business for the supply and demand or price stabilization of raw milk and dairy products.
(2) The Committee shall be composed of persons who intend to participate in the formation of the Committee, such as the National Agricultural Cooperatives Federation established under the Agricultural Cooperatives Act (hereinafter referred to as the "National Federation") and organizations related to dairy farming.
(3) The Committee shall be a juristic person.
(4) The Committee shall draft the articles of association and obtain approval of the Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. The same shall also apply when it amends the articles of association.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 6 (Business)   print
The Committee shall conduct the following business:
1. Formulation of a supply and demand plan for raw milk and dairy products;
2. Business concerning purchase or sale of raw milk;
3. Business concerning improvement in quality of raw milk;
4. Business concerning purchase, storage, sale and export and import of dairy products;
5. Business concerning the promotion of consumption, public relations and development of a market of milk and dairy products;
6. Other business necessary for the promotion of dairy farming.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 7 (Mutatis Mutandis Application of the Civil Act)   print
Except as otherwise prescribed in this Act, the provisions on incorporated associations of the Civil Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Committee.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 8 (Formulation of Supply and Demand Plan for Raw Milk, etc.)   print
(1) The Committee shall formulate a supply and demand plan for raw milk and dairy products for the following year by not later than one month before each business year begins.
(2) A supply and demand plan under paragraph (1) shall include the following matters: <Amended by Act No. 10310, May 25, 2010>
1. Outlook for the breeding of milch cows;
2. Production of raw milk and consumption of dairy products;
3. Planned quantity of production of raw milk by milk gathering cooperatives under Article 13;
4. A plan to supply raw milk to milk processing business operators permitted pursuant to Article 22 of the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act and other persons who intend to purchase raw milk (hereinafter referred to as "raw milk consumers");
5. Matters necessary for the stabilization of supply and demand for raw milk and dairy products;
6. Other matters prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in connection with a supply and demand plan for raw milk and dairy products.
(3) The Committee may, if deemed necessary for the formulation of a supply and demand plan for raw milk, etc. pursuant to paragraph (1), request milk gathering cooperatives and raw milk consumers to submit necessary material, such as a supply and demand plan for raw milk, and actual sales performance.
(4) If milk gathering cooperatives and raw milk consumers are requested to submit necessary material by the Committee pursuant to paragraph (3), they shall comply with such request: Provided, That this shall not apply if any circumstance arises, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 9 (Production of Raw Milk according to Contract)   print
(1) In order to secure the stabilization of the production and supply and demand for raw milk, the Committee may have dairy farmers produce raw milk in accordance with a contract, and then purchase it.
(2) The term of a contract, the contracted production of raw milk, the raw milk purchase price of the Committee, and other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree shall be included in a contract pursuant to paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "contract for raw milk production").
(3) The Committee shall determine the raw milk purchase price pursuant to paragraph (2) in consideration of the raw milk production cost to dairy farmers, dairy product production cost to raw milk consumers, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 10 (Modification of Terms of Contract for Raw Milk Production)   print
(1) If a dairy farmer who concludes a contract for raw milk production (hereinafter referred to as "contracted dairy farmer") intends to modify the terms thereof, such as the contracted production of raw milk, he/she shall notify the Committee of the same and obtain its consent: Provided, That if he/she is unable to fulfill the contract due to a natural calamity or any other extenuating circumstance prescribed by Presidential Decree, he/she may modify the terms thereof by his/her notice to the Committee only.
(2) If a contracted dairy farmer intends to cease or reduce dairy farming, he/she may have other dairy farmers succeed to all or part of the relevant contract with the consent of the Committee.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 11 (Purchase of Raw Milk)   print
The Committee shall purchase all raw milk produced by a dairy farmer in accordance with a contract for raw milk production: Provided, That this shall not apply to raw milk found unfit for use as raw materials for dairy products as a result of the inspection pursuant to Article 14.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 12 (Supply of Raw Milk according to Contract)   print
(1) In order to supply raw milk purchased from contracted dairy farmers continuously and stably, the Committee may conclude a supply contract with a raw milk consumer (hereinafter referred to as "contract for supply of raw milk") and sell raw milk.
(2) The terms of a contract, sales volume and the selling price of raw milk, and other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree shall be included in the terms of a contract pursuant to paragraph (1).
(3) The Committee shall determine the selling price of raw milk pursuant to paragraph (2) in consideration of the purchase price of raw milk and expenses incurred in milk gathering and sales.
(4) When concluding a contract for supply of raw milk, the Committee may have a raw milk consumer pay a contract deposit, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 13 (Designation of Milk Gathering Cooperative)   print
The Committee may entrust gathering of raw milk purchased from contracted dairy farmers to a milk gathering cooperative. In such cases, the Committee shall determine the standards necessary for designation of a milk gathering cooperative and the decision on milk gathering areas according to milk gathering cooperatives, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 14 (Inspection of Raw Milk)   print
(1) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Do Governor or a Special Self-Governing Province Governor (hereinafter referred to as "raw milk inspection agency") shall inspect raw milk produced by dairy farmers.
(2) Matters concerning an inspection of raw milk shall be prescribed by the Livestock Products Sanitary Control Act. <Amended by Act No. 10310, May 25, 2010>
(3) A raw milk inspection agency shall inform milk gathering cooperatives and raw milk consumers of the results of an inspection of raw milk pursuant to paragraphs (1) and (2).
(4) If a milk gathering cooperative is informed of the result of an inspection of raw milk by a raw milk inspection agency pursuant to paragraph (3), it shall individually inform contracted dairy farmers thereof.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 15 (Seizing of Circumstances of Dairy Farming)   print
The Committee may, if necessary for a contract for raw milk production, have a milk gathering cooperative seize and report circumstances of dairy farming, such as the head of milch cows and production of raw milk of dairy farmers in the milk gathering area concerned.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 16 (Raising of Objection on Milk Gathering, Delivery of Raw Milk, etc.)   print
If any dairy farmer, raw milk consumer or milk gathering cooperative is dissatisfied with matters prescribed in Article 13, he/she or it may raise an objection to the Committee. In such cases, the Committee shall promptly examine the said objection and advance its opinion.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 17 (Reporting and Supervision)   print
(1) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries may have the Committee, a raw milk consumer, a milk gathering cooperative, and the head of a local government report necessary matters, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
(2) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries may, if deemed necessary for the stabilization of supply and demand for raw milk and dairy products, order the Committee, a raw milk consumer, and a milk gathering cooperative to take measures falling under any of the following subparagraphs, as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Matters concerning the maintenance of order in the distribution of raw milk;
2. Matters concerning the maintenance of fairness of contracts for raw milk production and contracts for raw milk supply;
3. Matters concerning the maintenance of fairness in the delivery of raw milk to raw milk consumers by a milk gathering cooperative;
4. Other matters prescribed by Presidential Decree in order to stabilize the supply and demand for raw milk and dairy products.
(3) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries may have a public official under his/her control inspect relevant documents of the Committee, such as books, and the conditions of its execution of orders issued under this Act and order it to take necessary measures.
(4) A public official pursuant to paragraph (3) shall carry a certificate indicating his/her authority and produce it to persons concerned.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 18 (Delegation or Entrustment of Authority)   print
(1) The Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries may delegate or entrust part of his/her authority under this Act to the Special Metropolitan City Mayor, a Metropolitan City Mayor, a Do Governor, a Special Self-Governing Province Governor or the Committee, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The Committee may, if necessary to facilitate the performance of affairs concerning the production of raw milk, a supply contract, etc. under this Act, entrust the National Federation or a milk gathering cooperative with some of the affairs referred to in the following subparagraphs, as prescribed by the articles of association:
1. A contract for raw milk production with a contracted dairy farmer pursuant to Article 9 (1) and (2) (the raw milk purchase price shall be the price determined by the Committee);
2. Consent to a modification of the terms of a contract for raw milk production with a contracted dairy farmer pursuant to Article 10;
3. Purchase of raw milk from a contracted dairy farmer pursuant to Article 11;
4. A contract for supply of raw milk with and sale to a raw milk consumer on the basis of the raw milk sale price and the sale quantity according to raw milk consumers determined by the Committee pursuant to Article 12;
5. Designation of milk gathering areas according to milk gathering cooperatives under Article 13;
6. Other affairs prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
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 Article 19 (Fines for Negligence)   print
(1) Any person who falls under any of the following subparagraphs shall be punished by a fine for negligence not exceeding five million won:
1. A person who refuses to report pursuant to Article 17 (1) or falsely reports;
2. A person who violates an order pursuant to Article 17 (2);
3. A person who refuses, interferes with or evades an inspection pursuant to Article 17 (3) or violates an order pursuant to the same paragraph.
(2) Fines for negligence pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be imposed and collected by the Minister for Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009]
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1999.
Article 2 (Preparation for Establishment of Promotion Association)
(1) Even before this Act enters into force, the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry may appoint seven or less commissioners for establishment including the representatives of the Livestock Cooperatives Federation and organizations related to dairy farming and have them perform the affairs concerning the establishment of the Promotion Association.
(2) The commissioners for establishment shall prepare the articles of incorporation of the Promotion Association, and make the registration of incorporation thereof after obtaining the authorization of the Minister of Agriculture and Forestry.
(3) The commissioners for establishment shall, without delay after the registration of incorporation as prescribed in paragraph (2), hand over the duties and property concerned to the Promotion Association, and when such hand-over is completed, they shall be deemed to be dismissed from their offices.
Article 3 (Amendments of Other Acts)
(1) Omitted.
(2) If the provisions of the previous Dairy Promotion Act are cited in other Acts and subordinate statutes at the time when this Act enters into force and there exist provisions corresponding to those so cited in this Act, this Act or the corresponding Articles of this Act shall be deemed to be cited, in lieu of the previous provisions.
ADDENDA<Act No. 5763, Feb. 5, 1999>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 6018, Sep. 7, 1999>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on July 1, 2000. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 21 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 8852, Feb. 29, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 9432, Feb. 6, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 7 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 9660, May 8, 2009>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Designation of Milk Gathering Cooperative) Designation of a milk gathering cooperative and the establishment of standards necessary for determination of a milk gathering area by milk gathering cooperative and designation of a milk gathering cooperative, etc. by the chairperson of the Korea Dairy Committee pursuant to the previous provisions before this Act enters into force shall be deemed to have been conducted by the Committee under this Act.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10310, May 25, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 14 Omitted.