Employment Insurance Act


Published: 2012-02-01

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CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS
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 Article 1 (Purpose)   print
The purpose of this Act is to ensure that the employment insurance system operates effectively to prevent unemployment, to promote employment, to develop and improve the vocational skills of the workforce, to enhance the State's vocational guidance and job placement services, to support the livelihood of unemployed workers and job seeking by providing unemployment benefits, and to thereby contribute to sustained economic and social development.
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 Article 2 (Definitions)   print
The definitions of the terms used in this Act shall be as follows: <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
1. "Insured worker" means either of the following persons:
(a) A worker who is insured or deemed to have been insured under Articles 5 (1) and (2), 6 (1), and 8 (1) and (2) of the Act on the Collection of Insurance Premiums, etc. for Employment Insurance and Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance (hereinafter referred to as the "Insurance Premium Collection Act");
(b) A self-employed person who is insured or deemed to have been insured pursuant to Article 49-2 (1) and (2) of the Insurance Premium Collection Act (hereinafter referred to as "the self-employed insured");
2. "Severance from employment" means the termination of an employment relationship between an insured worker and an employer;
3. "Unemployment" means the state of an insured worker being unemployed despite being able and willing to work;
4. "Verification of unemployment" means confirmation by the director of an employment security center that an unemployed person who qualifies as an eligible beneficiary under Article 43 is actively seeking employment;
5. "Remuneration" means the amount calculated by subtracting money or valuables prescribed by Presidential Decree from the earned income under Article 20 of the Income Tax Act: Provided, That money or valuables prescribed and publicly announced by the Minister of Employment and Labor shall be deemed to be remuneration, among those accepted from persons other than an employer during the period of leave of absence or under similar conditions;
6. "Dayworker" means a person who is employed for less than one month.
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 Article 3 (Administration of Insurance)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor is responsible for the administration of employment insurance (hereinafter referred to as "insurance"). <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 4 (Insurance Programs)   print
(1) To achieve the purposes prescribed in Article 1, employment insurance programs (hereinafter referred to as "insurance programs") shall be carried out for employment security and vocational skills development programs, unemployment benefits, child-care leave benefits, maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
(2) The insurance year for insurance programs coincides with the Government's fiscal year.
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 Article 5 (Fiscal Assistance)   print
(1) The Government may appropriate funds from its general account to cover part of the annual costs of insurance programs.
(2) The Government may pay for the administrative and operating expenses of insurance programs within annual budget limits.
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 Article 6 (Insurance Premiums)   print
(1) The Insurance Premium Collection Act shall govern the collection of insurance premiums and other revenues to be used to cover the costs of insurance programs under this Act.
(2) Revenues from insurance premiums for employment security, vocational skills development, and unemployment benefits collected under Article 13 (1) 1 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act shall be allocated for the respective programs: Provided, That premium revenue for unemployment benefits may be used for other programs, including child care leave benefits and maternity or paternity leave benefits.<Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), the insurance premiums for employment security, vocational skills development, and for unemployment benefits collected from the self-employed insured pursuant to Article 49-2 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act shall be appropriated to the expenses necessary for the business of the self-employed insured. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 7 (Employment Insurance Committee)   print
(1) In order to deliberate on important matters concerning implementation of this Act and the Insurance Premium Collection Act (limited to matters related with insurance), the Employment Insurance Committee shall be established under the Ministry of Employment and Labor (hereafter referred to as the "Committee" in this Article). <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Committee shall deliberate on the following matters:
1. Matters concerning improvement of an insurance system and insurance business;
2. Matters concerning the insurance premium under the Insurance Premium Collection Act;
3. Matters concerning an evaluation of insurance business under Article 11-2;
4. Matters concerning establishment of plans for operating funds and the results thereof under Article 81;
5. Other matters the Chairperson deems it necessary to deliberate upon at the Committee in relation to an insurance system and insurance business.
(3) The Committee shall be comprised of not more than 20 members, including one Chairperson.
(4) A Chairperson of the Committee shall be the Vice Minister of Employment and Labor, and members shall be appointed from among the following persons in the same number, respectively, appointed or commissioned by the Minister of Employment and Labor: <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. Any representative of employees;
2. Any representative of employers;
3. Any representative of the public interest;
4. Any representative of the Government.
(5) The Committee may establish a specialized committee under the Committee in order to review and coordinate matters to be deliberated upon in advance.
(6) Organization, operation, etc. of the Committee and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008]
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 Article 8 (Scope of Application)   print
This Act shall apply to every business or workplace (hereinafter referred to as "employing unit") employing workers: Provided, That this Act shall not apply to types of employing units prescribed by Presidential Decree, in view of specific industry characteristics, size, or other considerations.
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 Article 9 (Commencement and Termination of Insurance)   print
The Insurance Premium Collection Act shall govern the commencement and termination of insurance under this Act.
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 Article 10 (Ineligible Workers)   print
This Act shall not apply to workers who fall under any of the following subparagraphs: Provided, That the employment security program and the vocational skills development program designed for any worker who falls under subparagraph 1 shall be excluded herefrom: <Amended by Act No. 8959, Mar. 21, 2008>
1. A person aged 65 or older;
2. A person whose number of hours worked over a specified period is fewer than the minimum number of hours required by Presidential Decree;
3. A public official under the State Public Officials Act or the Local Public Officials Act: Provided, That public officials in extraordinary services and public officials in contractual services may subscribe to employment insurance (limited to Chapter IV) at their own will as prescribed by Presidential Decree;
5. Any other person specified by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 11 (Insurance-Related Survey and Research)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may conduct surveys and research projects to assist research on the labor market, occupations, and vocational skills development and insurance-related operations. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, if deemed necessary, authorize a person specified by Presidential Decree to conduct some of the activities under paragraph (1) on his/her behalf. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 11-2 (Assessment of Insurance Business)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall perform a constant and systematic assessment on insurance business. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) In order to secure specialty in evaluation under paragraph (1), the Minister of Employment and Labor may request institutions prescribed by Presidential Decree to perform assessment under paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall coordinate insurance business by reflecting the results under paragraphs (1) and (2), or establishing plans for operating funds under Article 81. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008]
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 Article 12 (International Exchange and Cooperation)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor may operate exchange and cooperation programs in relation to insurance programs with international organizations and foreign governments or institutions. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
CHAPTER II ADMINISTRATION OF INSURED WORKERS
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 Article 13 (Date of Acquisition of Insured Status)   print
(1) An insured worker shall acquire insured status as of the first day of employment with an employment unit subject to this Act: Provided, That he/she shall be considered to acquire such status on the relevant date in cases of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
1. A worker who was an ineligible worker under Article 10 acquires insured status as of the date the worker becomes an eligible worker under this Act;
2. A worker who was employed before commencement of insurance under Article 7 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act acquires insured status as of the effective date of commencement of insurance.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the self-employed insured shall acquire his/her insured status on the date when the insurance becomes effective pursuant to subparagraph 3 of Article 7 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act, which is applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 49-2 (1) and (12) of the same Act. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 14 (Loss of Insured Status)   print
(1) An insured worker shall lose insured status as of: <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
1. The date when he/she becomes an ineligible worker under Article 10;
2. The date when insurance is terminated under Article 10 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act;
3. The date after he/she departs from employment;
4. The date after he/she dies.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), the self-employed insured shall lose his/her insured status on the date when the insurance is terminated pursuant to subparagraphs 1 through 3 of Article 10 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act, which are applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 49-2 (10) and (12) of the same Act.<Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 15 (Report, etc. on Insured Status)   print
(1) Employers shall report to the Minister of Employment and Labor any changes about their employees' insured status, such as attainment and loss thereof, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) With respect to a worker who works for a subcontractor, but whose legal employer is an original contractor as prescribed in Article 9 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act, the subcontractor who falls under any of the following subparagraphs shall report pursuant to paragraph (1). In such cases, the original contractor shall submit to the Minister of Employment and Labor information on the subcontractor as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor: <Amended by Act No. 9999, Feb. 4, 2010; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 10719, May 24, 2011>
1. A building contractor under subparagraph 7 of Article 2 of the Framework Act on the Construction Industry;
2. A residential building contractor under Article 9 of the Housing Act;
3. An electrical contractor under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 of the Electrical Construction Business Act;
4. An information and communication work contractor under subparagraph 4 of Article 2 of the Information and Communication Work Business Act;
5. A fire protection equipment contractor under Article 2 (1) 2 of the Fire-Fighting System Installation Business Act;
6. A cultural heritage restoration contractor under Article 14 of the Act on Cultural Heritage Maintenance, etc..
(3) If an employer fails to report the insured status under paragraph (1), any employee may report as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Upon receipt of a report filed under paragraphs (1) through (3), the Minister of Employment and Labor shall notify the interested persons, including the insured worker and the original contractor, of reported information, such as attainment or loss of insured status as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(5) Any employer, original contactor, or subcontractor of paragraph (1) or (2) may file a report under paragraph (1) or (2) in electronic means prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(6) The Minister of Employment and Labor may provide an employer, original contractor, or subcontractor who wishes to report electronically pursuant to paragraph (5) with necessary equipment as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(7) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), no self-employed insured may file any report on the acquisition and loss of his/her insured status. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 16 (Verification of Severance from Employment)   print
(1) When reporting an employee's loss of insured status due to his/her severance from employment as provided for in Article 15 (1), an employer shall prepare and submit to the Minister of Employment and Labor documents specifying the number of days qualifying in covered employment, reason for severance from employment, and wages (referring to wages under the Labor Standards Act; hereinafter the same shall apply) and severance pay paid until such severance from employment (hereinafter referred to as "certificate of severance"): Provided, That the same shall not apply if the employee (excluding dayworkers) who has lost insured status does not wish to apply for grant of eligibility for benefits under Article 43 (1). <Amended by Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) Any person who has lost insured status due to his/her severance from employment is entitled to request the former employer to provide certificate of severance in order to apply for grant of eligibility for unemployment benefits. Upon such request, the employer shall provide the certificate of severance.
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 Article 17 (Verification of Insured Status)   print
(1) Any person who is or was insured is entitled to request the Minister of Employment and Labor to verify the loss or attainment of insured status at any time. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall verify the loss or attainment of insured status upon such request under paragraph (1) or ex officio. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall notify the interested persons, including any person who has filed the request for verification and the employer, of the result of verification under paragraph (2), as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 18 (Limitation on Double Insurance)   print
A worker who is concurrently employed by at least two covered employment units shall attain insured status with only one of those units as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
CHAPTER III EMPLOYMENT SECURITY AND VOCATIONAL SKILLS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
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 Article 19 (Operation of Employment Security and Vocational Skills Development Programs)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall operate programs for employment security and vocational skills development to prevent unemployment, promote employment, increase employment and training opportunities, and assistance efforts to develop and improve vocational skills and otherwise improve employment security for the benefit of workers who are or were insured, or persons who have intention to find jobs (hereinafter referred to as the "insured") and also employers who will be assisted in hiring qualified workers. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) In operating such programs for employment security and vocational skills development under paragraph (1), the Minister of Employment and Labor shall give priority to corporations satisfying the criteria set forth by Presidential Decree, such as requirements relating to the number of employees and actions taken and outcomes achieved for employment security and vocational skills development. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 20 (Assistance for Job Creation)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide necessary assistance to an employer who expands employment opportunities by improving the working environment, implementing alternative work patterns, or making other efforts to create jobs. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 21 (Assistance for Employment Adjustment)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide necessary assistance to an employer who finds it inevitable to adjust employment due to downsizing, closing or converting his/her business following changes in business conditions or industrial structures, if he/she makes efforts to improve employment security, such as redeployment, temporary shutdown, and vocational skills development training for job changes. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide necessary assistance to an employer who employs a worker made redundant because of such restructuring under paragraph (1) or otherwise improves employment security for workers whose employment has become precarious. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) In providing assistance under paragraph (1), the Minister of Employment and Labor may give priority to employers operating in an industry or area described in Article 32 of the Framework Act on Employment Policy. <Amended by Act No. 9732, Oct. 9, 2009; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 22 (Promotion of Local Employment)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide necessary assistance to employers who have contributed to preventing unemployment, promoting reemployment, or otherwise increasing employment opportunities by commencing, expanding, or relocating their business to areas where the employment situation is significantly worse or rapidly deteriorating because of changes in industrial structures or other factors. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 23 (Assistance for Employment of the Senior, etc.)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide necessary assistance to employers who hire seniors and other people who ordinarily have particular difficulty in finding employment in the labor market (hereinafter referred to as "seniors, etc") or take other action to improve their employment security or to workers involved in such employers' actions. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 24 (Assistance for Employment Security of Construction Workers)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide necessary assistance to employers who operate any of the following programs for construction workers and others in precarious employment: <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. Programs to improve employment conditions;
2. Programs for employment security, such as continued employment opportunities;
3. Other programs for employment security as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide assistance to an employers' association to operate a program falling under any of the subparagraphs of paragraph (1) that is impractical to be operated by a single employer. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 25 (Employment Security and Promotion)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may directly operate, or provide grants or loans to those who operate, the following programs for employment security and promotion for the insured: <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. Programs to improve employment, such as employment management consulting;
2. Programs to help the insured commence a new business;
3. Programs to otherwise promote employment security and for promotion for the insured as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Necessary matters relating to operation of, and grants or loans for, the programs under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 26 (Assistance for Facilities Contributing to Promoting Employment)   print
To promote and stabilize employment for the insured and to assist employers to meet their hiring needs, the Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide assistance to those who establish and operate consulting offices, child care centers, or other facilities for promotion of employment as specified by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 10789, Jun. 7, 2011>
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 Article 26-2 (Limitation on Assistance)   print
Where an employer has received money such as assistance money or incentives under other Acts and statutes or other cases prescribed by Presidential Decree, the Minister of Employment and Labor may provide grants after deducting the aforementioned money therefrom when he/she provides assistance pursuant to Articles 20 through 26.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 27 (Assistance to Employers for Vocational Skills Development Training)   print
To develop and improve the vocational skills of the insured, etc., the Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide grants to employers who conduct vocational skills development training as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 28 (Criteria for Providing Grant)   print
The amount of a grant awarded by the Minister of Employment and Labor to an employer under Article 27 shall be determined by multiplying the sum of the premiums due for employment security and vocational skills development programs as specified in the relevant year's employment insurance premium under Article 16-3 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act and the relevant year's estimated employment insurance premium under Article 17 of the same Act by a rate determined by Presidential Decree, which also sets forth award limits. <Amended by Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 29 (Assistance for Vocational Skills Development of the Insured, etc.)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may provide grants to the insured who participate in vocational skills development training or otherwise endeavor to develop and improve their vocational skills, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, if deemed necessary, conduct vocational skills development training to promote the employment of the insured, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) Where the low-income insured, etc. prescribed by Presidential Decree receives training for vocational capability development, the Minister of Employment and Labor may extend loans for living expenses, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 30 (Assistance for Vocational Skills Development Training Facilities)   print
Insofar as the Minister of Employment and Labor determines that any assistance is necessary to develop and improve the vocational skills of the insured, the Minister of Employment and Labor may provide loans to cover expenses for establishing and equipping vocational skills development training facilities as prescribed by Presidential Decree and provide grants for establishing, equipping, and operating such vocational skills development training facilities as the Minister determines to be eligible. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 31 (Promotion of Vocational Skills Development)   print
(1) To encourage the insured to develop and improve their vocational skills, the Minister of Employment and Labor may operate, or provide grants to persons who operate, programs described in the following subparagraphs, to help them bear the expenses incurred in the performance of such programs: <Amended by Act No. 10338, May 31, 2010; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. Programs to provide technical assistance and evaluation for vocational skills development programs;
2. Programs for certification of technical skills and programs to promote skilled crafts under the Act on Encouragement of Skilled Crafts;
3. Other programs prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, entrust appropriate persons to operate programs for vocational skills development training for occupational categories specified by the Minister of Employment and Labor if deemed necessary to develop and improve the vocational skills of the workforce and to match such skills with employers' needs. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 32 (Assistance for Vocational Skills Development of Construction Workers)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may provide grants to employers who operate programs to develop and improve the vocational skills of construction workers and others in precarious employment as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, provide assistance to an employers' association to operate a vocational skills development program under paragraph (1) that is impractical to be operated by a single employer. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 33 (Establishment of Resources for Information and Assistance Services)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may operate programs for the establishment of resources, including employment service personnel, necessary to provide employers and the insured with information services relating to hiring, training, and job search and consulting and other services relating to vocational guidance, job placement, employment security, and vocational skills development. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, if necessary, assign part of the services under paragraph (1) to private employment consultants as provided for in Article 4-4 of the Employment Security Act. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 34 (Assistance of Local Governments and Organizations, etc.)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor may provide necessary assistance to a local government or a nonprofit corporation or organization as prescribed by Presidential Decree for operating employment security and promotion programs or vocational skills development programs for the insured in the region, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 35 (Restriction, etc. on Assistance following Fraudulent Claims)   print
(1) With respect to a person who attempts to obtain, or has already obtained assistance provided for in relation to any program for employment security and vocational skills development under this Chapter by any false or fraudulent means, the Minister of Employment and Labor may restrict further assistance or order to return of any assistance already provided, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) In ordering to return pursuant to paragraph (1), the Minister of Employment and Labor may charge an additional amount based on the criteria set forth by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor, which, however, may not exceed five times the full amount subject to return that the person has obtained by false or fraudulent means. <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), Article 55 (1) and (2) and Article 56 (1) through (3) of the Act on the Development of Workplace Skills of Workers shall apply mutatis mutandis to restriction on assistance, return and additional collection for those who have received or intend to receive assistance for vocational skills development programs by false or other fraudulent means. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 10337, May 31, 2010>
(4) The Minister of Employment and Labor may refuse to provide assistance for employment security and vocational skills development programs under this Chapter to those who have default on premium payments as determined by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 36 (Delegation)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor may, if deemed necessary, authorize any person specified by Presidential Decree to conduct, by proxy, some of the activities under Articles 19 and 27 through 31 on his/her behalf. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
CHAPTER IV UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS
SECTION 1 General Provisions
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 Article 37 (Types of Unemployment Benefits)   print
(1) Unemployment benefits shall be classified into job-seeking benefits and employment promotion allowances.
(2) Employment promotion allowances include:
1. Early re-employment allowance;
2. Vocational skills development allowance;
3. Long-distance job search allowance;
4. Relocation allowance.
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 Article 38 (Protection of Benefit Rights)   print
No right to receive unemployment benefits may be transferred, seized, or pledged.
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 Article 39 (Extension of Eligibility for Unemployment Benefits)   print
Notwithstanding subparagraph 1 of Article 10, this Chapter shall continue to apply to an insured worker whose departure from employment occurred before reaching the age of 65 and who has since remained unemployed until reaching the age of 65.
SECTION 2 Job-Seeking Benefits
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 Article 40 (Eligibility Requirements for Job-Seeking Benefits)   print
(1) Job-seeking benefits shall be payable only if an insured worker, upon severance from employment, meets all requirements under the following subparagraphs: Provided, That subparagraphs 5 and 6 shall apply only to a person who was a dayworker when he/she severed from employment:
1. The number of qualifying days the insured worker spent in covered employment under Article 41 during the 18-month period up to the date of severance from employment (hereinafter referred to as "base period") shall be at least 180 days in total;
2. The insured worker is able and willing to work but is still yet to secure employment (including self-employment in a for-profit business; hereafter the same shall apply in this Chapter);
3. The reasons for severance from employment shall not fall within any of the disqualifying conditions set forth in Article 58;
4. The insured worker shall be actively seeking reemployment;
5. The number of days worked during the one-month period up to the date of applying for approval of eligibility for benefits under Article 43 shall be less than ten days;
6. If the insured worker had disqualifying severance from employment under Article 58 at some time within those 180 days in covered employment during the base period for the insured worker's most recent severance from employment, then the insured worker shall have worked as a dayworker for at least 90 days out of the qualifying days in covered employment.
(2) If an insured worker's 18-month base period includes a continuous period of 30 days or more during which the insured worker earned no remuneration due to illness, injury, or other grounds specified by Presidential Decree, the base period for such insured worker shall be determined by adding that time period to the normal 18-month base period (if the base period exceeds three years, it shall be three years). <Amended by Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010>
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 Article 41 (Qualifying Days in Covered Employment)   print
(1) The number of qualifying days in covered employment shall be calculated as the sum of the number of days in covered employment for which remuneration is paid: Provided, That the number of qualifying days in covered employment applicable for the self-employed insured shall be deemed the number of qualifying days in covered employment under the proviso to Article 50 (3) and Article 50 (4). <Amended by Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010; Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(2) In calculating the number of qualifying days in covered employment under paragraph (1), if a person already received job-seeking benefits before the date on which insured status was lastly attained, the qualifying days in covered employment occurred before the date of forfeiture of the insured status related to the job-seeking benefits shall be excluded from the calculation.<Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010; Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 42 (Registering as Unemployed)   print
(1) Those who intend to apply for job-seeking benefits shall, upon departure from employment, report in person to an employment security center and register as unemployed.
(2) Registering as unemployed under paragraph (1) shall involve registering as a job seeker and applying for grant of eligibility for benefits under Article 43.
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 Article 43 (Approval of Eligibility for Benefits)   print
(1) All applications for job-seeking benefits shall be subject to a determination by the director of the relevant employment security center on whether an applicant meets all applicable requirements for receiving job-seeking benefits under Article 40 (1) 1 through 3, 5, and 6 (hereinafter referred to as "eligibility for benefits").
(2) Upon receipt of an application for approval of eligibility for benefits under paragraph (1), the director of an employment security center shall determine whether to approve or deny the applicant's eligibility for benefits and give notice of such determination to the applicant, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) In making a determination under paragraph (2), if an applicant meets all requirements described in the following subparagraphs, the applicant's eligibility for benefits shall be determined with respect to the applicant's most recent employment: Provided, That an applicant whose most recent departure from employment was as a dayworker and whose number of qualifying days in covered employment is less than one month fails to meet those requirements for eligibility for benefits, then the applicant's eligibility for benefits shall be determined with respect to the applicant's most recent employment in which the applicant was not a dayworker: <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008>
1. The applicant's most recent covered employment shall not be the only time the applicant has been in covered employment;
2. The applicant shall never have obtained grant of eligibility for benefits with respect to any departure from employment, other than the most recent instance.
(4) If a person who has obtained grant of eligibility for benefits under paragraph (2) (hereinafter referred to as an "eligible recipient") obtains a new grant of eligibility for benefits during a period under Articles 48 and 54 (1), job-seeking benefits shall be paid on the basis of the newly approved eligibility for benefits.
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 Article 44 (Verification of Unemployment)   print
(1) Job-seeking benefits shall be paid for days of unemployment with respect to which an eligible beneficiary has obtained verification of unemployment from the director of an employment security center.
(2) To apply for verification of unemployment, eligible beneficiaries shall appear at an employment security center on the date the director of such center designates between the first and fourth week from the date of registering as unemployed under Article 42 (hereinafter referred to as "date of unemployment verification") and certify that they have been actively seeking reemployment; the director of the employment security center shall confirm verification of unemployment for each day between the day after the most recent unemployment verification and the date of unemployment verification, inclusive: Provided, That separate provisions for verification of unemployment shall apply as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor, if the applicant is: <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. An eligible beneficiary currently participating in vocational skills development training, etc.;
2. An eligible beneficiary affected by a natural disaster, mass unemployment, or any other ground specified by Presidential Decree;
3. Any other eligible beneficiary specified by Presidential Decree.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraph (2), an eligible beneficiary may obtain verification of unemployment by submitting a certificate explaining the reason for failing to appear, if the eligible beneficiary falls under any of the following subparagraphs:
1. Where he/she fails to appear at the employment security center for seven consecutive days due to personal illness or injury;
2. Where he/she fails to appear at the employment security center due to a job interview introduced by the employment security center;
3. Where he/she fails to appear at the employment security center due to vocational skills development training, etc. that the director of the employment security center required the eligible beneficiary to participate therein;
4. Where he/she fails to appear at the employment security center due to a natural disaster or any other inevitable cause.
(4) During the process of verification of unemployment under paragraph (1), the director of an employment security center shall take steps to facilitate reemployment of eligible beneficiaries, such as assistance in reemployment planning and job referral, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In this case, eligible beneficiaries shall comply with such steps unless justifiable grounds exist to the contrary.
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 Article 45 (Daily Wage as Basis for Computation of Benefits)   print
(1) The daily wage to be used as basis for computation of job-seeking benefits (hereinafter referred to as "daily wage") shall be the average wage computed as provided for in Article 2 (1) 6 of the Labor Standards Act at the time of the most recent severance from employment related to approval of eligibility for benefits under Article 43 (1): Provided, That with respect to a worker who had attained insured status on at least two occasions in the three-month period immediately preceding the date of the most recent severance from employment, the daily wage shall be computed by dividing the total amount of wages paid to the worker during the three-month period immediately preceding the date of such most recent severance from employment (for dayworkers, the first three months out of the last four months immediately preceding the date of the most recent severance from employment) by the total number of calendar days in that three-month period.
(2) If the amount of a worker's daily wage computed as provided for in paragraph (1) is less than the amount of the standard applicable to the worker as prescribed by the Labor Standards Act, then the amount of such standard wage shall be deemed the worker's daily wage: Provided, That the same shall not apply to those whose most recent severance from employment was as a dayworker.
(3) If it is difficult to compute a worker's daily wage in accordance with paragraphs (1) and (2) or if the amount of a worker's insurance premium has been determined on the basis of the standard remuneration under Article 3 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act (hereinafter referred to as "standard remuneration"), then the standard wage shall be deemed the worker's daily wage: Provided, That the same shall not apply if the standard remuneration of a worker, the amount of whose insurance premium has been determined on the basis of that standard remuneration is less than the daily wage computed as provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2). <Amended by Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010>
(4) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), if an eligible beneficiary's daily wage computed in accordance with such provisions is less than the amount obtained by multiplying the number of hours worked per day prior to severance from employment by the minimum hourly wage under the Minimum Wages Act effective at the time of severance from employment (hereinafter referred to as "minimum daily wage"), then the minimum daily wage shall be deemed the eligible beneficiary's daily wage.
(5) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), if an eligible beneficiary's daily wage computed in accordance with such provisions exceeds the amount set by Presidential Decree in view of the purposes of the insurance, prevailing wage levels, and other considerations, then the amount set by Presidential Decree shall be deemed the eligible beneficiary's daily wage.
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 Article 46 (Daily Benefit Amount)   print
(1) The daily amount of job-seeking benefits shall be determined according to the following classification:
1. In cases of Article 45 (1) through (3), and (5), 50 percent of the eligible recipient's daily wage;
2. In cases of Article 45 (4), 90 percent of the eligible recipient's daily wage (hereinafter referred to as "minimum daily amount of job-seeking benefits").
(2) If an eligible recipient's daily amount of job-seeking benefits computed under paragraph (1) 1 is less than the minimum daily amount of job-seeking benefits, then the minimum daily amount of job-seeking benefits shall be the daily amount of job-seeking benefits payable to the eligible recipient.
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 Article 47 (Report of Work, etc. during Unemployment Verification Period)   print
(1) All eligible recipients shall report to the director of an employment security center about any of their paid work activities or established private businesses, if any, performed during the period with respect to which they are applying for verification of unemployment (hereinafter referred to as "period subject to verification of unemployment"). <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(2) The director of an employment security center may, if deemed necessary, investigate any eligible recipient's paid work activities or established private business during the period subject to verification of unemployment.<Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 48 (Benefit Period and Number of Days of Benefit)   print
(1) Except as otherwise provided for in this Act, job-seeking benefits shall be payable for up to the specified number of days for which benefits are payable under Article 50 (1) during a 12-month period following the date of departure from employment to which the current eligibility for job-seeking benefits relates.
(2) Those who report their unavailability for work due to pregnancy, childbirth, child care, or any other cause set forth by Presidential Decree to the employment security center within the 12-month period under paragraph (1) are entitled to be paid job-seeking benefits for up to the number of days of benefits payable under Article 50 (1) during a benefit period determined by adding the period during which such person is unavailable for work to the 12-month period (if the benefit period exceeds four years, it shall be four years).
(3) In either of the following cases, the report under paragraph (2) shall be deemed to have been filed on the relevant initial day of medical care: <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008>
1. Where medical care benefits under Article 40 of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act are received;
2. Where a need to receive medical care for a period longer than three months due to any disease or injury resulted in a loss of employment, and the act of seeking employment was impractical during which the loss of employment occurred, as demonstrated by the opinion of the physician in charge clearly stating the period of medical care and the state of being sick or injured and the business proprietor's opinion that the loss of employment occurred for the sake of receiving medical care.
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 Article 49 (Waiting Period)   print
Notwithstanding Article 44, job-seeking benefits shall not be payable for the seven-day waiting period beginning with the date of the applicant registering as unemployed under Article 42.
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 Article 50 (Days of Benefits Payable and the Period of Covered Employment)   print
(1) The days for which job-seeking benefits are payable per eligibility for benefits (hereinafter referred to as "days of benefits payable") begin on the first day following the waiting period and end upon passage of the specified number of days during for which benefits are payable as determined by age and period of covered employment and as set forth in the attached Table 1. <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(2) With respect to an eligible recipient whose benefit period has been extended due to pregnancy, childbirth, child care, or any other cause set forth by Presidential Decree as provided for in Article 48 (2) within the days of benefits payable, payment of job-seeking benefits for the remaining number of days during which benefits are payable shall be deferred until the period when such recipient is unavailable for work has passed.
(3) The period of covered employment shall be the period of employment with the employment unit covered at the time of departure from employment to which the current eligibility for benefits relates (excluding any period of employment as a worker falling under any of the subparagraphs of Article 10; hereafter the same shall apply in this Article): Provided, That as for the self-employed insured, the insured period shall be the period during which the employment insurance premium is actually paid during the insured period for the covered business at the time of closure of business to which the eligibility for benefits relates. <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (3), in cases falling under any of the following subparagraphs when computing a period of covered employment, the computation of the said period shall be made independently in accordance with each applicable subparagraph concerned: <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
1. Where an insured status was forfeited in the previous covered business and a new insured status is acquired in the currently covered business within three years from the date of such forfeiture: The period of covered employment in the previous covered business shall be added up: Provided, That in cases of having received unemployment benefits due to the forfeiture of insured status in the previous covered business, the period of covered employment in the previous covered business shall be excluded;
2. Where an insured status of the self-employed insured was forfeited in the previous covered employment and a new insured status is acquired as a self-employed person within three years from the date of such forfeiture: The period of covered employment in the previous covered business shall not be added up unless the person wants the period of covered employment to be combined: Provided, That in the case of having received unemployment benefits due to the forfeiture of insured status in the previous covered business, the period of covered employment in the previous covered business shall be excluded.
(5) If the actual date of attaining insured status in a single period of covered employment is claimed to date back before the first day of January of the third year retroactively from the date when the attainment of insured status was verified pursuant to Article 17, the first day of the insurance year under which the first day of January of the third year retroactively from the date of verification falls shall be the date on which the insured status is deemed to have been acquired, applicable to computation of the period of covered employment. <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 51 (Extended Training Benefits)   print
(1) The director of an employment security center may require an eligible beneficiary to participate in vocational skills development training, etc., if the director considers it necessary for the eligible beneficiary's reemployment in view of age, work experience, and other considerations.
(2) The director of an employment security center may pay extra job-seeking benefits to eligible beneficiaries whom the director has required to participate in vocational skills development training etc. under paragraph (1), in addition to their specified number of days for which benefits are payable, for the period of days during which they have participated in the vocational skills development training, etc, and for which they have obtained verification of unemployment. In this case, the additional job-seeking benefits (hereinafter referred to as "extended training benefits") shall be payable only for a period not exceeding the maximum period specified by Presidential Decree.
(3) Necessary matters relating to eligible trainees and training courses under paragraph (1) and other relevant details shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 52 (Individual Extended Benefits)   print
(1) The director of an employment security center may allow those eligible recipients who qualify as having particular difficulty in finding employment and living in financial hardship under the criteria set forth by Presidential Decree to be paid extra job-seeking benefits, in addition to their specified number of days for which benefits are payable, for the period of days for which they have obtained verification of unemployment.
(2) The additional job-seeking benefits under paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "individual extended benefits") shall be payable for a period specified by Presidential Decree not exceeding 60 days.
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 Article 53 (Special Extended Benefits)   print
(1) Under circumstances prescribed by Presidential Decree such as a rapid rise in unemployment, the Minister of Employment and Labor may pay extra job-seeking benefits to eligible beneficiaries, in addition to their specified number of days for which benefits are payable, for a period not to exceed 60 days for which they obtain verification of unemployment: Provided, That the same shall not apply to a person whose income is determined to be adequate to ensure security of livelihood after severance from employment under the criteria set forth by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) Before making any additional benefits available, the Minister of Employment and Labor shall set the period during which additional job-seeking benefits under the main sentence of paragraph (1) (hereinafter referred to as "special extended benefits") are payable. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 54 (Extended Benefit Period and Daily Benefit Amount)   print
(1) Where any extended benefits described in Articles 51 through 53 are payable, the benefit period of an eligible recipient shall be computed by adding the number of days of additional benefits payable to the regular benefit period of the eligible recipient under Article 48.
(2) Where extended training benefits are paid under Article 51, the daily amount thereof shall be 100/100 of the relevant eligible recipient's daily amount of regular job-seeking benefits, and where individual extended benefits and special extended benefits are paid under Article 52 or 53, the daily amount thereof shall be 70/100 of the relevant eligible recipient's daily amount of regular job-seeking benefits. <Amended by Act No. 8959, Mar. 21, 2008>
(3) If an eligible recipient's daily amount of extended benefits as computed under paragraph (2) is less than the minimum daily amount of job-seeking benefits under Article 46 (2), then the minimum daily amount of job-seeking benefits shall be the daily amount of extended benefits payable to the eligible recipient.
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 Article 55 (Coordination of Extended Benefit Payment)   print
(1) Any extended benefits under Articles 51 through 53 shall be payable after regular job-seeking benefits to which an eligible beneficiary is entitled under Article 48 have been fully paid.
(2) No individual extended benefits or special extended benefits may be payable to an eligible beneficiary currently receiving extended training benefits until extended training benefits payable to the eligible beneficiary have been fully paid.
(3) When extended training benefits become payable to an eligible beneficiary currently receiving individual extended benefits or special extended benefits, such individual extended benefits or special extended benefits shall cease to be paid to the eligible beneficiary.
(4) No individual extended benefits shall be payable to an eligible beneficiary currently receiving special extended benefits until special extended benefits payable to the eligible beneficiary have been fully paid likewise, no special extended benefits are payable to an eligible beneficiary currently receiving individual extended benefits until individual extended benefits payable to the eligible beneficiary have been fully paid.
(5) Other necessary matters required to coordinate payment of extended benefits shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 56 (Date and Method of Payment)   print
(1) Job-seeking benefits shall be payable for the number of days for which verification of unemployment has been obtained as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) The director of an employment security center shall set the date for payment of job-seeking benefits for each eligible recipient and give notice of the date to him/her.
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 Article 57 (Benefits Due Deceased Recipients)   print
(1) Any remaining job-seeking benefits due a deceased eligible recipient shall be payable upon a claim duly filed by the surviving spouse (including a de facto spouse) or any dependent child, parent, grandchild, grandparent, or sibling with the same livelihood of the deceased eligible recipient.
(2) With respect to any period of days for which a deceased eligible recipient could not obtain verification of unemployment, the person who files a claim for the remaining benefits under paragraph (1) shall obtain verification of unemployment therefor as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In this case, the claimant for the remaining benefits shall, if applicable, also report to the director of an employment security center pursuant to paragraph (1) on all relevant facts that the deceased eligible recipient would have had to report under Article 47 (1).
(3) Eligible claimants for the remaining benefits under paragraph (1) shall be given priority in the order in which they are named in that paragraph. In this case, if two or more eligible claimants exist in the same order of priority, a claim by one of the claimants shall be considered to have been made on behalf of all of them, and payment to that claimant shall be considered to have been made for all of them.
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 Article 58 (Disqualifying Departure from Employment)   print
Notwithstanding Article 40, an insured worker shall be disqualified for benefits if the director of an employment security center determines that any of the following subparagraphs applies to the insured worker: <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. Insured workers who have been dismissed for:
(a) Any violation of the Criminal Act or any duty-related Act that resulted in a sentence of imprisonment without prison labor or heavier sentence;
(b) Gross misconduct that caused serious damage to the employment unit's business or property as satisfying the criteria set forth by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor;
(c) Prolonged unauthorized absence without justifiable cause in breach of the employment contract or work rules;
2. Insured workers whose severance from employment was due to their own circumstances and the result of:
(a) A resignation to take up a new job or start one's own business;
(b) A resignation following the employer's recommendation to resign rather than face dismissal for gross misconduct under subparagraph 1;
(c) Any reason other than justifiable cause as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor.
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 Article 59 (Deferral of Benefits for Exceeding Income Limit)   print
(1) Notwithstanding Article 48 (1), payment of job-seeking benefits may be deferred for the first three months following the date of registering as unemployed under Article 42 if the amount of all money and other remuneration payable upon severance, which an eligible recipient has received (including an eligible recipient who is certain to receive them as determined by Presidential Decree), exceeds the amount set by Presidential Decree in view of economic conditions existing at the time of the eligible recipient's departure from employment.
(2) With respect to an eligible recipient whose job-seeking benefits have been deferred under paragraph (1), the waiting period under Article 49 shall be considered to have ended upon expiration of the deferral period.
(3) With respect to an eligible recipient whose job-seeking benefits have been deferred under paragraph (1), the benefit period shall be adjusted by adding three months to the benefit period defined in Article 48.
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 Article 60 (Suspension of Benefits for Refusing Suitable Work or Training)   print
(1) Payment of job-seeking benefits shall be suspended as prescribed by Presidential Decree if an eligible beneficiary refuses to accept a job offered by the director of an employment security center or to participate in vocational skills development training, etc. required by the director: Provided, That the same shall not apply if: <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. The job offered or the occupational category to which the required vocational skills development training, etc. relates is not suitable in view of the capabilities of the eligible beneficiary;
2. The eligible beneficiary is required to, but cannot afford to, move to where the job offered is or where the vocational skills development training, etc. takes place;
3. The wage level for the job offered is 20/100 or lower than the prevailing wage level for comparable jobs in the same occupational category or jobs requiring a similar level of skills in the area of intended employment, or the job offered is otherwise unacceptable as satisfying the criteria determined by the Minister of Employment and Labor;
4. Any other justifiable cause exists.
(2) Payment of job-seeking benefits shall be suspended as prescribed by Presidential Decree if an eligible beneficiary refuses, without justifiable cause, to comply with the steps taken by the director of an employment security center to facilitate reemployment under the vocational guidance criteria set by the Minister of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) The director of an employment security center shall determine whether there exists justifiable cause under the proviso to paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) in accordance with the criteria set by the Minister of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(4) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall determine and announce the period of suspension of job-seeking benefits under paragraphs (1) and (2), not exceeding one month. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 61 (Denial of Benefits following Fraudulent Claims)   print
(1) Those who have received, or attempted to receive, unemployment benefits by any false or fraudulent means shall be denied job-seeking benefits from the date when they received, or attempted to receive, unemployment benefits: Provided, That the same shall not apply to subsequent eligibility for job-seeking benefits that may be approved after the departure from employment related to the denied benefits.
(2) Notwithstanding the main sentence of paragraph (1), if the false or fraudulent means involved relates to a false report or failure to report under Article 47 (1) or any other violation set forth by Presidential Decree, job-seeking benefits shall be denied only for the relevant period subject to verification of unemployment: Provided, That if such violations are made on two or more occasions, the main sentence of paragraph (1) shall govern.
(3) Even if those who have received, or attempted to receive, unemployment benefits by any false or fraudulent means are denied job-seeking benefits under paragraph (1) or (2), they shall be considered to have received such job-seeking benefits for the purposes of applying Article 50 (3) and (4) thereto.
(4) Even if those who have received, or attempted to receive, unemployment benefits by any false or fraudulent means are denied job-seeking benefits under paragraph (1) or (2), they shall be considered to have received job-seeking benefits, including for the days for which benefits have been denied for the purposes of applying Article 63 (2) thereto.
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 Article 62 (Recovery of Improperly or Erroneously Paid Benefits)   print
(1) The director of an employment security center may order a person who has received job-seeking benefits by any false or fraudulent means to repay all or part of the benefits paid, the director may, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor, charge an additional amount not exceeding the full amount subject to repayment that such person has received by false or fraudulent means. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) If the false or fraudulent means referred to in paragraph (1) involve any false report or certification by an employer (including an agent, servant, or employee of the employer), the employer shall be jointly and severally liable with the eligible beneficiary of the improperly paid job-seeking benefits.
(3) The director of an employment security center may recover the amount of job-seeking benefits erroneously paid to a current or former eligible beneficiary.
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 Article 63 (Special Cases for Sickness Benefits)   print
(1) Notwithstanding Article 44 (1), with respect to any days for which verification of unemployment could not be obtained by an eligible beneficiary who has become temporarily unemployable due to illness, injury, or childbirth after registering as unemployed under Article 42, an amount equivalent to the eligible beneficiary's daily amount of job-seeking benefits under Article 46 (hereinafter referred to as "sickness benefits") may be paid upon request from the eligible beneficiary in lieu of job-seeking benefits: Provided, That sickness benefits shall not be payable for the period during which job-seeking benefits are suspended under Article 60 (1) and (2).
(2) The maximum number of days of sickness benefits payable to an eligible beneficiary shall be the eligible beneficiary's specified number of days of job-seeking benefits payable, less the number of days for which job-seeking benefits, in relation to the benefits for which the beneficiary is currently eligible, have already been paid. In this case, when applying the provisions of this Act (excluding Articles 61 and 62) to a beneficiary of sickness benefits paid, the amount of sickness benefits paid shall count toward the amount of job-seeking benefits paid.
(3) Sickness benefits under paragraph (1) shall be paid on the date when job-seeking benefits are to be paid for the first time after the beneficiary has become employable (or in the absence of such date, a date determined by the director of an employment security center): Provided, That if deemed necessary, such sickness benefits may be payable as separately determined by the Minister of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(4) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), sickness benefits shall not be payable to an eligible beneficiary who is entitled to off-work compensation or benefits under Article 79 of the Labor Standards Act or Article 39 of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act or any other compensation or benefits prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) With respect to payment of sickness benefits, Articles 47, 49, 57, 61 (1) through (3), and 62 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In this case, "period subject to verification of unemployment" in Article 47 shall be construed as "days for which verification of unemployment is obtained".
SECTION 3 Employment Promotion Allowances
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 Article 64 (Early Re-employment Allowance)   print
(1) Early re-employment allowance shall be payable to an eligible recipient (excluding foreign workers under Article 2 of the Act on the Employment, etc. of Foreign Workers) who secures a stable job or commences one's own for-profit business and satisfies the criteria set forth by Presidential Decree.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), early re-employment allowance shall not be payable to an eligible recipient who had received early re-employment allowance in a specified time period preceding the date of securing a stable job or commencing one's own for-profit business as determined by Presidential Decree.
(3) The amount of early re-employment allowance shall be computed in proportion to the remaining number of days of job-seeking benefits payable in accordance with the criteria prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) When applying the provisions of this Act (excluding Articles 61 and 62) to a recipient of early re-employment allowance paid, the amount of early re-employment allowance paid divided by the daily amount of job-seeking benefits under Article 46 counts toward the number of days during which job-seeking benefits have been paid.
(5) Anyone who hires an eligible recipient shall be qualified for incentive grants, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, for contributing to early reemployment and thus reducing the payment period of job-seeking benefits.
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 Article 65 (Vocational Skill Development Allowances)   print
(1) A vocational skill development allowance shall be payable to an eligible beneficiary who participates in vocational skills development training, etc. required by the director of an employment security center with respect to the period of such training, etc.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), vocational skill development allowances shall not be payable during a period of suspension of job-seeking benefits under Article 60 (1) and (2).
(3) Necessary matters relating to the requirements for and amount of vocational skill development allowances shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. In this case, the Minister of Employment and Labor may otherwise provide, by public notice, the amount of allowances for vocational skills development pertaining to a specific occupational category as determined necessary in light of current skills needs. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 66 (Long-Distance Job Search Allowances)   print
(1) A long-distance job search allowance may be paid, as determined necessary by the director of an employment security center under criteria set by Presidential Decree, to an eligible beneficiary who conducts a long-distance job search in accordance with guidance by the employment security center.
(2) A long-distance job search allowance shall be for reimbursing an eligible beneficiary for expenses reasonably incurred to conduct such job search under paragraph (1), and the amount shall be computed as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 67 (Relocation Allowances)   print
(1) A relocation allowance may be paid, as determined necessary by the director of an employment security center under the criteria set by Presidential Decree, to an eligible beneficiary who is required to relocate to take up a job or participate in vocational skills development training, etc. required by the director of the employment security center.
(2) A relocation allowance shall be for reimbursing reasonable relocation expenses for an eligible beneficiary and his/her dependent relatives to relocate, and the amount shall be computed as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 68 (Restriction on Payment of Employment Promotion Allowances)   print
(1) Those who have received, or attempted to receive, unemployment benefits by any false or fraudulent means shall be denied employment promotion allowances from the date when they received, or attempted to receive, such unemployment benefits: Provided, That the same shall not apply to any subsequent eligibility for benefits that may be approved after the departure from employment relevant to such fraudulent claim.
(2) Notwithstanding the main sentence of paragraph (1), if the false or fraudulent means involved relate to a false report or failure to report under Article 47 (1) or any other violation set forth by Presidential Decree, employment promotion allowances shall not be denied: Provided, That if such violations are made on two or more occasions, the main sentence of paragraph (1) shall govern.
(3) Even if those who have received, or attempted to receive, unemployment benefits by any false or fraudulent means are denied employment promotion allowances under paragraph (1) or (2) and thus denied early re-employment allowances, they shall be considered to have received the denied early re-employment allowances for the purposes of applying Article 64 (4) thereto.
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 Article 69 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Matandis)   print
With respect to employment promotion allowances, Articles 57 (1) and (3) and 62 apply mutatis mutandis. In this case, "eligible recipients" in Article 57 (1) shall be construed as "persons qualifying for employment promotion allowances"
SECTION 4 Special Cases on Application of Unemployment Benefits for Self-Employed Insured
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 Article 69-2 (Type of Unemployment Benefits for the Self-Employed Insured)   print
Types of unemployment benefits for the self-employed insured shall be as provided for in Article 37: Provided, That the extended benefits under Articles 51 through 55 and the early re-employment allowance under Article 64 shall be excluded therefrom.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 69-3 (Eligibility Requirements for Job-Seeking Benefits)   print
Job-seeking benefits shall be payable in cases where a self-employed insured who has closed his/her business satisfies all of the following requirements:
1. That the qualifying days in covered employment as a self-employed insured shall be at least one year in total during the 24-month period up to the date of his/her business closure, pursuant to the proviso to paragraph (1) of Article 41;
2. That the self-employed insured shall remain unemployed despite his/her intention to work and capability;
3. That the reasons for business closure shall not fall under any of the disqualifying conditions set forth in Article 69-7;
4. That the self-employed insured shall be actively engaged in seeking re-employment.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 69-4 (Daily Wage)   print
(1) The daily wage applicable to an eligible beneficiary who used to be a self-employed insured shall be computed by dividing the aggregated amount of remuneration, which is publicly announced under Article 49-2 (3) of the Insurance Premium Collection Act and which forms the basis of computing the insurance premium paid by the eligible beneficiary during the period pursuant to the classification under each of the following subparagraphs, by the total number of calendar days in such applicable period:
1. Where the insured period related to the eligibility for benefits is not less than three years: The insured period of three years before the last date of business closure;
2. Where the insured period related to the eligibility for benefits is less than three years: The insured period that is related to the eligibility for benefits.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), where the specified number of days for which benefits are payable under Article 69-6 is additionally increased as a result of the insured period under Article 50 (4) added up by an eligible beneficiary who used to be a self-employed insured, the daily wage for the increased specified number of days shall be the daily wage computed pursuant to paragraph (1), and if the daily wage falls under any of the following subparagraphs it shall be the amount under each of the following applicable subparagraphs:
1. Where the daily wage fails to reach the minimum daily wage, the minimum daily wage;
2. Where the daily wage exceeds the amount prescribed by Presidential Decree pursuant to Article 45 (5), the amount prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 69-5 (Daily Amount of Job-Seeking Benefits)   print
The daily amount of job-seeking benefits for an eligible beneficiary who has closed his/her business as a self-employed insured shall be the amount computed by multiplying the eligible beneficiary's daily wage by 50/100.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 69-6 (Specified Number of Days for which Benefits are Payable)   print
The specified number of days for which benefits are payable for an eligible beneficiary who has closed his/her business as a self-employed insured shall be the number of days computing from the day immediately following the day when the waiting period under Article 49 is finished until the day satisfying the number of days under attached Table 2 in accordance with the insured period.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 69-7 (Limitation on Eligibility for Benefits per Reasons of Business Closure)   print
Notwithstanding Article 69-3, where the director of an employment security center deems that a self-employed insured who has closed his/her business falls under any of the following subparagraphs, the self-employed insured shall be deemed lacking the eligibility for benefits:
1. Where a self-employed insured has closed his/her business after his/her business permit is cancelled or suspended in violation of Acts or subordinate statutes;
2. Where a self-employed insured has closed his/her business due to his/her gross misconduct such as arson and as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor;
3. Where a self-employed insured has closed his/her business in order to change his/her job or to start another self-employed business, as failing to fall under the grounds prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor such as a sudden decrease in the amount of sales;
4. Where a self-employed insured has closed his/her business for reasons which fail to fall under the justifiable groundsprescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 69-8 (Limitation on Payment of Unemployment Benefits for the Self-Employed Insured)   print
With respect to the person who has defaulted on the insurance premium, the Minister of Employment and Labor may refuse to pay the unemployment benefits under this Chapter, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 69-9 (Provision Applicable Mutatis Matandis)   print
(1) With respect to unemployment benefits for the self-employed insured, the provisions of Articles 38, 39, 42 through 44, 47 through 49, 56, 57, 60 through 63, 65 through 68 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In such cases, "departure from employment" in Articles 39, 42 (1), and 43 (3) shall be construed as "closure of a business", "Article 40 (1) 1 through 3, 5 and 6" in Article 43 (1) as "Article 69-3", "Article 46" in Article 63 (1) as "Article 69-5", and "Article 50 (1)" in Article 48 (1) as "Article 69-6."
(2) With respect to employment promotion allowances for the self-employed insured (excluding early re-employment allowances), the provisions of Articles 57 (1), (3) and 62 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In such cases, "eligible recipient" in Article 57 (1) shall be construed as "a person who is entitled to receive the employment promotion allowances".
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
CHAPTER V CHILD CARE LEAVE BENEFITS, ETC.
SECTION 1 Child Care Leave Benefitsand Benefits for Reduction of Working Hours during Period of Infant Care
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 Article 70 (Child Care Leave Benefits)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall pay child care leave benefits to an insured worker who has been granted child care leave under Article 19 of the Equal Employment Opportunity and Work-Family Balance Assistance Act for a period of at least 30 days (excluding any period falling within the 90-day period of maternity or paternity leave under Article 74 of the Labor Standards Act) if the insured worker meets all requirements described in the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Act No. 8781, Dec. 21, 2007; Act No. 10337, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011; Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
1. The insured worker's qualifying days in covered employment under Article 41 as of the beginning date of the child care leave shall be at least 180 days;
2. An insured worker's spouse who is also an insured worker shall not have been granted 30 or more days of child care leave for the same child, or the spouse shall not have been granted 30 or more days of reduced working hours during the period of infant care pursuant to Article 19-2 of the Equal Employment Opportunity and Work-Family Balance Assistance Act (hereinafter referred to as "reduction of working hours during the period of infant care");
3. Deleted.<by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(2) A person who intends to receive the payment of child care leave benefits pursuant to paragraph (1) shall apply for child care leave benefits between one month from the date such child care leave begins and 12 months after the date such leave ends: Provided, That those who fail to apply for child care leave benefits during the aforementioned period for any of the grounds prescribed by Presidential Decree shall file an application therefor within 30 days after the cause has ceased to exist. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(3) The amount of child care leave benefits under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(4) Necessary matters relating to application for and payment of child care leave benefits shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 71 (Verification of Child Care Leave)   print
The employer of an insured worker applying for child care leave benefits under Article 70 shall fully cooperate with verification of facts and any other procedures as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 72 (Report of Employment, etc.)   print
(1) If an insured worker departs from employment or obtains a job (excluding one worked for less than 15 hours per week; hereafter the same shall apply in this Chapter) or receives any money or other remuneration from the employer during a period in which child care leave benefits are received, the insured worker shall report such fact to the director of an employment security center.
(2) The director of an employment security center may, if deemed necessary, investigate any facts or matters relating to departure from employment, work, or remuneration during a period in which child care leave benefits are received.
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 Article 73 (Limitations on Payment of Benefits)   print
(1) Payment of child care leave benefits shall be discontinued from the date when an insured worker departs from employment or obtains a job during a period in which child care leave benefits are received.
(2) If an insured worker receives any money or other remuneration for child care leave from the employer, the amount of child care leave benefits may be reduced as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Those who have received, or attempted to receive, child care leave benefits by any false or fraudulent means shall be denied child care leave benefits from the date when they have received, or attempted to receive, such benefits: Provided, That the same shall not apply to subsequent eligibility for child care leave benefits that may be approved after the child care leave relevant to such fraudulent claim.
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 Article 73-2 (Reduction of Working Hours during Infant Care Period)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall pay benefits for reduction of working hours during the period of infant care to an insured worker who meets all of the following requirements among those insured who have actually reduced working hours for at least 30 days during the period of infant care (excluding any period overlapping with the 90-day period of maternity or paternity leave under Article 74 of the Labor Standards Act): <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
1. The qualifying days in covered employment for an insured worker under Article 41 as of the beginning date of the reduction of working hours during the period of infant care shall be at least 180 days;
2. An insured worker's spouse who is also an insured worker shall not have been granted 30 or more days of child care leave for the same child, or the spouse shall not have been granted 30 or more days of reduced working hours during the period of infant care pursuant to Article 19-2 of the Equal Employment Opportunity and Work-Family Balance Assistance Act (hereinafter referred to as "reduction of working hours during the period of infant care").
(2) A person who intends to receive the payment of benefits for reduction of working hours during the period of infant care under paragraph (1) shall apply for such benefits between one month after the beginning date of the reduction of working hours and 12 months after the end date of such reduction: Provided, That those who fail to apply for the benefits for reduction of working hours during the aforementioned application period for any of the grounds prescribed by Presidential Decree shall file an application within 30 days after the cause has ceased to exist.
(3) The amount of benefits for reduction of working hours during the period of infant care under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) Necessary matters related to application for and payment of the benefits for reduction of working hours during the period of infant care shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
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 Article 74 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis)   print
(1) With respect to child care leave benefits, Article 62 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In this case, "job-seeking benefits" shall be construed as "child care leave benefits". <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
(2) With respect to benefits for reduction of working hours during the period of infant care, Articles 62, and 71 through 73 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In this case, "job-seeking benefits" in Article 62 shall be construed as "benefits for reduction of working hours during the period of infant care", and "child care leave" in Articles 71 through 73 as "reduction of working hours during the period of infant care." <Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
SECTION 2 Maternity or Paternity Leave Benefits, etc.
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 Article 75 (Maternity or Paternity Leave Benefits, etc.)   print
The Minister of Employment and Labor shall, pursuant to Article 18 of the Equal Employment Opportunity and Work-Family Balance Assistance Act, pay maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. (hereinafter referred to as "maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc") to an insured worker who has been granted maternity or paternity leave or miscarriage or stillbirth leave under Article 74 of the Labor Standards Act if the insured worker meets all of the following requirements: <Amended by Act No. 8781, Dec. 21, 2007; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
1. The insured worker's qualifying days in covered employment under Article 41 as of the end date of such leave shall be at least 180 days;
2. The insured worker shall apply for maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. between one month after the beginning date of such leave (if the employment unit does not qualify under Article 19 (2) as a corporation with the number of employees and other criteria set forth by Presidential Decree, the date on which 60 days lapse after the actual beginning date of the leave shall be deemed the beginning date of such leave) and 12 months after the end date of such leave: Provided, That those who fail to apply for maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. during that period for any of the reasons set forth by Presidential Decree shall file an application within 30 days after the cause has ceased to exist.
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 Article 75-2 (Subrogation of Rights to Maternity or Paternity Leave Benefits, etc.)   print
Where an employer has paid an employee corresponding money and articles in advance for the same reasons as those, such as payment of maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc., if deemed that such money and articles were paid in replacement of maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc., the employer shall subrogate the employee's right to maternity or paternity leave benefits with respect to the amount paid (not in excess of the limit under Article 76 (2). <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008]
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 Article 76 (Payment Period, etc.)   print
(1) Maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. under Article 75 shall be payable in an amount equal to the insured worker's ordinary wage under the Labor Standards Act (as computed as of the beginning date of the leave) for the period of the applicable leave under Article 74 of the Labor Standards Act: Provided, That if the employing unit does not qualify under Article 19 (2) as a corporation satisfying the number of employees and other criteria set forth by Presidential Decree, such benefits shall be payable only for the period of the leave after the first 60 days of the leave (such benefit period is not to exceed 30 days). <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
(2) A minimum and maximum amount of maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. payable under paragraph (1) may be set as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
(3) Necessary matters relating to application for and payment of maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
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 Article 77 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis)   print
With respect to maternity or paternity leave benefits, or similar, Articles 62 and 71 through 73 apply mutatis mutandis. In this case, "job-seeking benefits" in Article 62 shall be construed as "maternity or paternity leave benefits, or similar" and "child care leave" in Articles 71 through 73 shall be construed as "maternity or paternity leave, or miscarriage or stillbirth leave". <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
CHAPTER VI EMPLOYMENT INSURANCE FUND
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 Article 78 (Establishment of Fund and Fund-raising)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall establish the Employment Insurance Fund (hereinafter referred to as the "Fund") to finance insurance programs. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Fund shall consist of all insurance premiums and payments collected under this Act, all reserve funds and earnings of the Fund, and all other money received from any other source.
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 Article 79 (Administrative and Financial Management of Fund)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor is responsible for the administrative and financial management of the Fund. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The National Finance Act shall govern the administrative and financial management of the Fund.
(3) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall manage the assets of the Fund by means of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
1. Deposits with financial institutions;
2. Deposits in treasury funds;
3. Purchase of securities issued or guaranteed by the State, a local government, or a financial institution;
4. Acquisition and disposition of real property in relation to the operation of the insurance programs or for investment;
5. Any other means of investment set forth by Presidential Decree.
(4) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall ensure that the administrative and financial management of the Fund under paragraph (1) should meet at least the minimum earnings level prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 80 (Use of Fund)   print
(1) The Fund shall be used for the following purposes: <Amended by Act No. 8959, Mar. 21, 2008; Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
1. Payment of the expenses for the employment security and vocational skills development programs;
2. Payment of unemployment benefits;
3. Payment of child care leave benefits and maternity or paternity leave benefits;
4. Refund of insurance premiums;
5. Repayment of temporary loans and interest payment;
6. Payment of contributions to persons who perform by proxy the business activities under this Act and the Insurance Premium Collection Act or who are entrusted with such business activities;
7. Payment of any other expenses necessary for the implementation of this Act as determined by Presidential Decree and any expenses incidental to the operation of the programs under subparagraphs 1 and 2.
(2) Necessary matters for the criteria for payment of contributions under paragraph (1) 6, and the use and administration thereof shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Newly Inserted by Act No. 8959, Mar. 21, 2008>
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 Article 81 (Financial Management Plan of Fund, etc.)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall prepare a fund management plan each year and obtain approval therefor of the President, following deliberation by the Employment Insurance Committee and the State Council pursuant to Amended Article 7.<Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall publish management results of the Fund each year following deliberation by the Employment Insurance Committee under Article 7. <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008; Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 82 (Establishment and Maintenance of Fund Accounts)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall establish the accounts of the Employment Insurance Fund with the Bank of Korea. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The accounts of the Employment Insurance Fund under paragraph (1) shall be maintained as separate accounts for employment security, vocational skills development programs and unemployment benefits, a self-employed person's employment security and vocational skills development programs, and a self-employed person's unemployment benefits. <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
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 Article 83 (Fund Revenues and Expenditures)   print
Revenue and expenditure provisions relating to the administrative and financial management of the Fund shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 84 (Accumulation of Fund)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall maintain an accumulated surplus funds as a reserve fund in preparation against mass unemployment and uncertain employment conditions. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The appropriate level of the reserve fund under paragraph (1) shall be as follows:
1. Year-end reserve fund of business accounts of job security and vocational skills development programs: The amount equals or greater than, but less than 1.5 times the applicable year-end expenditure;
2. Year-end reserve fund of unemployment benefit account: The amount equals or greater than, but less than two times the applicable year-end expenditure.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008]
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 Article 85 (Treatment of Year-End Balance)   print
(1) Any year-end surplus funds in the Fund shall be transferred to the reserve funds.
(2) Any year-end deficit of the Fund may be covered by the reserve funds.
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 Article 86 (Loans)   print
The Fund may borrow money from another fund, a financial institution, or any other source if there is, or is expected to be, a shortage of funds to meet the expenditures of the Fund.
CHAPTER VII REQUESTS FOR REVIEW AND FURTHER REVIEW
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 Article 87 (Review and Further Review)   print
(1) A person who is dissatisfied with a notice of confirmation of the loss or acquisition of insured status under Article 17 or a determination about unemployment benefits under Chapter IV or about child care leave benefits or maternity or paternity leave benefits under Chapter V (hereinafter referred to as "initial determination") is entitled to file a request for review by an examiner under Article 89, and a person who is dissatisfied with the decision of an examiner is entitled to file a request for further review by the Board of Review under Article 99. <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
(2) A request for review under paragraph (1) shall be filed within 90 days from the date the applicant becomes aware of a notice of confirmation or a determination under paragraph (1), and a request for further review shall be filed within 90 days from the date the applicant becomes aware that a decision has been made with respect to the applicant's request for further review.
(3) As far as interruption of prescription is concerned, a request for review or further review under paragraph (1) shall be subject to the same rules applicable to judicial review.
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 Article 88 (Designation of Agent)   print
Applicants for review or further review are entitled to designate a person falling under any of the following subparagraphs as their agent in addition to a legal agent:
1. The spouse, a lineal ancestor or descendant, or a sibling of the applicant;
2. An executive or employee, if the applicant is a corporation;
3. An attorney-at-law or certified labor affairs consultant;
4. Any other person who has been permitted by the Board or Review under Article 99 to represent the applicant.
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 Article 89 (Employment Insurance Examiner)   print
(1) Employment insurance examiners (hereinafter referred to as "examiners") shall be appointed to conduct reviews under Article 87.
(2) Upon receipt of a petition for review under Article 87 (1), an examiner assigned to review the case shall determine within 30 days from filing the petition for review: Provided, That if an examiner fails to determine within that time frame due to extenuating circumstances, an one-time extension of up to ten additional days may be granted.
(3) Necessary matters relating to the number, qualifications, placement, and duties of examiners shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(4) A party who has good reason not to expect a fair review and determination from the assigned examiner may file an application for challenge against the examiner to the Minister of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(5) Upon the death of an applicant for review, the review process shall be pursued by a surviving family member under Article 57 if the deceased applicant was eligible to receive unemployment benefits or, if not, by the deceased applicant's heir or any other person who succeeds to any right or interest in relation to the initial determination appealed from.
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 Article 90 (Filing of Request for Review)   print
(1) A request for review under Article 87 (1) shall be directed to an examiner via the employment security center that made the initial determination.
(2) The employment security center shall prepare a written opinion and send it along with the request for review to the assigned examiner within five days from receipt of a request for review.
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 Article 91 (Manner of Filing)   print
All requests for review shall be presented in writing as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 92 (Amendment and Declination)   print
(1) An examiner shall decline a request for review by decision if it has not been filed within the period under Article 87 (2) or if the manner in which it has been presented fails to comply with statutory requirements and is impossible to be corrected by amendment.
(2) With respect to any request for review is noncompliant with statutory requirements which may be corrected by amendment, examiners may order the applicant for review to submit an amended request for review within a set period of time: Provided, That if the required amendment is minor, examiners may make amendments ex officio.
(3) If an applicant for review fails to submit an amended request for review within a period of time set under paragraph (2), an examiner shall decline the applicant's request for review by decision.
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 Article 93 (Stay of Effectiveness of Initial Determination)   print
(1) The filing of a request for review shall not operate to stay the effectiveness of the initial determination involved: Provided, That if an examiner deems urgently necessary for preventing serious harm incurred due to implementation of initial determination, he/she may stay the effectiveness of the initial determination ex officio.
(2) An examiner who decides to stay the effectiveness of an initial determination under the proviso to paragraph (1) shall give written notice of the decision and the reason for the decision to the director of the relevant employment security center.
(3) Upon receipt of such notice under paragraph (2), the director of the employment security center shall stay the effectiveness of the initial determination without delay.
(4) The examiner shall immediately give written notice ofa decision to stay the effectiveness of any initial determination under paragraph (2) to the applicant for review.
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 Article 94 (Authority of Examiners)   print
(1) Examiners may conduct investigations described in the following subparagraphs, upon request of the applicant for review or ex officio, insofar as they determine that such investigation is necessary for proper consideration of the facts and issues involved in the request for review:
1. Conduct an in-person hearing with the applicant for review or any other interested person at a time and place designated by an examiner;
2. Examine documentary and other evidence that an examiner may require the applicant for review or any other interested person to submit;
3. Seek an independent expert opinion;
4. Investigate the workplace or any other place of relevance to the case, making inquiries of the employer, employees, and other interested persons and inspecting documents and other articles on the premises.
(2) When conducting inquiries and inspections described in paragraph (1) 4, examiners shall carry identification and produce it to relevant persons to indicate that they are authorized to engage in such investigation.
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 Article 95 (Reimbursement for Actual Expenses)   print
Those who appear in person at a hearing under Article 94 (1) 1 or provide an expert opinion under Article 94 (1) 3 are entitled to reimbursement for actual expenses incurred as determined by the Minister of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 96 (Decision)   print
Upon completion of a review, an examiner shall either reverse all or part of the initial determination or dismiss all or part of the request for review.
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 Article 97 (Notice of Determination)   print
(1) All determinations under Article 89 shall be made in writing as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) Upon making a determination, an examiner shall send a certified copy of the determination to the applicant for review and the director of the employment security center that made the initial determination.
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 Article 98 (Effect of Decision)   print
(1) A determination shall take effect from the date on which a certified copy of the determination is sent to the applicant for review and the director of the relevant employment security center.
(2) A determination shall be binding on the director of the employment security center that made the initial determination.
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 Article 99 (Employment Insurance Board of Review)   print
(1) The Employment Insurance Board of Review (hereinafter referred to as the "Board of Review") shall be established in the Ministry of Employment and Labor to conduct further reviews under Article 87. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Board of Review shall be comprised of not more than 15 members, including at least one representative of workers and at least one representative of employers.
(3) The members under paragraph (2) shall include two full-time members.
(4) A person may not be appointed a member of the Board of Review if:
1. The person is an adjudicated incompetent, quasi-incompetent, or bankrupt whose rights have yet to be restored;
2. The person has been sentenced to imprisonment without prison labor or heavier sentence, unless three years have passed since completion of the execution of the sentence or since a decision not to execute the sentence became final.
(5) A member may be involuntarily removed from office only if such member is sentenced to punishment or is mentally, physically, or professionally incapable of performing the duties properly.
(6) Full-time members shall not be affiliated with a political party or otherwise involved in politics.
(7) The Board of Review shall make an adjudication within 50 days from receipt of a petition for further review under Article 87 (1). In this case, with respect to extension of the time frame for adjudication, Article 89 (2) shall apply mutatis mutandis.
(8) A secretariat shall be established under the Board of Review.
(9) Necessary matters relating to the organization and operation of the Board of Review and its secretariat shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
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 Article 100 (Opposing Party in Further Review)   print
The opposing party in a request for further review shall be the director of the employment security center that made the initial determination.
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 Article 101 (Further Review)   print
(1) Upon receipt of a request for further review, the Board of Review shall notify the parties and the examiner who made the decision appealed from of the date and location of the further review at least three days before such date.
(2) The parties are entitled to present their views to the Board of Review either orally or in writing.
(3) Further review by the Board of Review shall be conducted open to the public: Provided, That it may be conducted in private if so requested by both or either of the parties.
(4) The Board of Review shall record and maintain the proceedings of all further reviews.
(5) Any of the parties or interested persons are entitled to request to peruse the proceedings of further reviews maintained under paragraph (4).
(6) The Board of Review shall not deny any request made by a party or interested person under paragraph (5) without justifiable cause.
(7) Articles 94 and 95 shall apply mutatis mutandis to further review. In this case, "examiner" shall be construed as "Board of Review", "request for review" as "request for further review", and "applicant for review" as "applicant for further review".
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 Article 102 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis)   print
With respect to the Board of Review and further review, Articles 89 (4) and (5), 91 through 93, and 96 through 98 shall apply mutatis mutandis. In this case, "examiner" in Article 89 (4) shall be construed as "member of the Board of Review", "determination" in Articles 89 (4), 97, and 98 as "adjudication", "request for review" in Articles 91, 93, and 96 as "request for further review", "examiner" in Articles 93, 96, and 97 as "Board of Review", and "applicant for review" in Articles 93, 97, and 98 as "applicant for further review".
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 Article 103 (Notice)   print
A notice of initial determination issued by the director of an employment security center or a certified copy of the determination of an examiner sent under Article 97 (2) shall include information about whether the party or applicant for review is entitled to file a request for review or further review in relation to the initial determination or the determination and about the applicable filing procedures and time frame.
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 Article 104 (Relationship with Other Acts)   print
(1) In applying Article 18 of the Administrative Litigation Act, an adjudication on a request for further review shall be construed asan adjudication on an administrative appeal.
(2) Matters concerning requests for review and further review that are not prescribed by this Act shall be governed by the Administrative Appeals Act.
CHAPTER VIII SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS
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 Article 105 (Prohibition of Retaliatory Action)   print
An employer shall not dismiss, or take any retaliatory action against a worker merely due to the fact the worker has filed a request for confirmation of insured status under Article 17.
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 Article 106 (Provisions Applicable Mutatis Mutandis)   print
Articles 27 through 30, 32, 39, 41, and 42 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act shall apply mutatis mutandis to the collection of payments under each of the following subparagraphs pursuant to this Act: <Amended by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
1. Amount of return or additional collection of the assistance money for employment security and vocational skills development programs;
2. Amount of return or additional collection of the unemployment benefits;
3. Amount of return or additional collection of child care leave benefits, etc.
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 Article 107 (Extinctive Prescription)   print
(1) Rights to payment or repayment of assistance money, unemployment benefits, child care leave benefits, and maternity or paternity leave benefits, or similar under Chapters III through V shall be extinguished by prescription if those rights are not exercised within three years after they are granted: Provided, That any rights to payment of assistance money under Chapter III that an employer who is exempt from paying insurance premiums under Article 22-3 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act would otherwise be entitled to, shall be considered to have been extinguished as of the first day of the insurance year immediately preceding the employer's first year of insurance. <Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
(2) With respect to interruption of prescription, Article 80 of the Industrial Accident Compensation Insurance Act shall apply mutatis mutandis.
<<The Amended Provisions of the Proviso to This Paragraph Shall be Valid until December 31, 2009, pursuant to Article 3 of Addenda of Act No. 8429, May 11, 2007>>
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 Article 108 (Reporting, etc.)   print
(1) When the Minister of Employment and Labor determines that it is necessary for the enforcement of this Act, including, but not limited to, confirmation of insured status and investigation of fraudulent claims, the Minister of Employment and Labor may petition for review the current or previous employer of an insured worker or eligible beneficiary or the service provider for handling insurance-related matters for such employer under Article 33 of the Insurance Premium Collection Act (hereinafter referred to as a "service provider for insurance matters") to submit necessary reports and relevant documents, and the Minister may also petition for review an interested person to appear in person. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) A person severed from employment is entitled to petition for review the former employer's or the employer's service provider for insurance matters to provide any necessary certificates required to receive unemployment benefits. Upon such petition for review, the employer or the service provider for insurance matters shall provide such certificates.
(3) The Minister of Employment and Labor may petition for review an insured worker, an eligible beneficiary, or a claimant for the remaining unemployment benefits to submit necessary reports and relevant documents or to appear in person when necessary for the enforcement of this Act, including, but not limited to, confirmation of insured status and investigation of fraudulent claims. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 109 (Investigation, etc.)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may authorize officers of the Ministry of Labor to investigate the workplace of the current or previous employer of an insured worker or an eligible beneficiary or the office of such employer's service provider for insurance matters, making inquiries of interested persons and inspecting books and documents, insofar as the Minister determines that such investigations are necessary for the enforcement of this Act, including, but not limited to, confirmation of insured status and investigation of fraudulent claims. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) Prior to conducting an investigation under paragraph (1), the Minister of Employment and Labor shall notify the employer or the service provider for insurance matters of the date, time, purpose, and any other necessary details of the investigation in advance: Provided, That the same shall not apply where the Minister determines that an urgent or unexpected investigation is required to achieve the purposes of such investigation. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) When conducting an investigation under paragraph (1), officers shall carry identification and produce it to interested persons.
(4) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall notify the employer or the service provider for insurance matters, in writing, of the results of the investigation conducted under paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
law view
 Article 110 (Petition for Review for Data and Information)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may petition for review any relevant central administrative agency, local government, or public organization to provide data and information necessary for the efficient operation of insurance programs. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) Those shall, upon receipt of a request for data or information under paragraph (1), comply with such request unless they are unable to do so for justifiable cause.
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 Article 111 (Medical Examination Order)   print
The director of an employment security center may order a person who falls under Article 44 (3) 1 and has obtained, or intends to obtain, verification of unemployment under Article 44 (2) or a person who has received, or intends to receive, sickness benefits under Article 63, to undergo a medical examination at a medical institution designated by the Minister of Employment and Labor as necessary in connection with payment of unemployment benefits. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
law view
 Article 112 (Reward for Reporting Fraud)   print
(1) The Minister of Employment and Labor may, within budgetary limits, establish a reward program for reporting fraud in connection with insurance programs operated under this Act, including employment security and vocational skills development programs, unemployment benefits, child care leave benefits, and maternity or paternity leave benefits. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010; Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
(2) Necessary matters relating to reporting of fraud and payment of reward money under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of Employment and Labor. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
law view
 Article 113 Deleted.<by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>   print
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 Article 113-2 (Special Cases for Beneficiary under the National Basic Living Security Act)   print
(1) Notwithstanding Article 8, business necessary to provide an opportunity to work for self-support pursuant to Article 15 (1) 4 of the National Basic Living Security Act shall be construed as the business under this Act. In this case, a beneficiary under subparagraph 2 of Article 2 of the National Basic Living Security Act who participates and engages in paid work for the aforementioned business shall be construed as the worker under this Act, and the guarantee institutions under subparagraph 4 of Article 2 of the same Act (in cases of entrusting a business pursuant to Article 15 (2) of the same Act, referring to the entrusting institution) shall be construed as the business holder under this Act.
(2) In cases where a beneficiary under the latter part of paragraph (1) falls under the beneficiary under Article 5 (1) of the National Basic Living Security Act, Article 3 shall only apply to the beneficiary.
(3) Notwithstanding Article 18, a beneficiary to whom only paragraph (3) applies pursuant to paragraph (2) may, in cases where he/she is employed in other insured business, acquire an insured status as an employee of the other business.
(4) The self-support benefits received by a beneficiary after he/she participated in the business pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be deemed as the remuneration to be used as basis for computation of the qualifying days in covered employment under Article 41 and as the remuneration to be used as basis for the daily wage under Article 45.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011]
law view
 Article 114 (Operation of Pilot Programs)   print
(1) To ensure the effective operation of insurance programs prescribed by Presidential Decree, the Minister of Employment and Labor may operate a pilot program if it is impossible to fully implement a program promptly or if the implementation plans need to be verified before fully launching such program. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(2) The Minister of Employment and Labor may provide administrative, financial, technical, and other necessary assistance to the employers, the insured, and vocational skills development training facilities that participate in a pilot program provided for in paragraph (1). <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(3) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall determine and provide public notice of necessary matters relating to applicable participants, target areas, and means of operating a pilot program under paragraph (1) and assistance under paragraph (2). <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
law view
 Article 115 (Delegation and Assignment of Authority)   print
Some of the authority of the Minister of Employment and Labor under this Act may, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, be delegated to the director of an employment security center or assigned to any of the persons specified by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
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 Article 115-2 (Legal Fiction as Public Official in Application of Penal Provisions)   print
Where any person, where the person performs activities by proxy or is entrusted with activities pursuant to Articles 36 and 115, he/she shall be deemed public official in application of penal provisions under Articles 129 through 132 of the Criminal Act.
[This Article Newly Inserted by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008]
CHAPTER IX PENAL PROVISIONS
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 Article 116 (Penal Provisions)   print
(1) An employer who dismisses, or takes any retaliatory action against, a worker in violation of Article 105 shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years or by a fine of not more than 10 million won.
(2) A person who receives unemployment benefits, child care leave benefits, or maternity or paternity leave benefits by any false or fraudulent means shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year, or by a fine of not more than 3 million won.<Amended by Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
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 Article 117 (Joint Penal Provisions)   print
Where the representative of a corporation or an agent, an employee, or a servant of a corporation or a private individual commits an offense under Article 116 in the scope of the business of the corporation or the private individual, not only shall such offender be punished accordingly, but the corporation or the individual shall also be punished by the fine prescribed in the relevant Article: Provided, That the foregoing shall not apply where a corporation or an individual had not neglected reasonable care and supervision in connection with the relevant matter in order to prevent such offense from occurring.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008]
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 Article 118 (Fines for Negligence)   print
(1) A fine for negligence of not more than three million won shall be imposed on an employer or any representative, agent, servant, or employee of a service provider for insurance matters who falls under any of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008>
1. A person who fails to file a report or files a false report in violation of Article 15;
2. A person who fails to submit certificate of severance or who makes and submits a false certificate of severance in violation of Article 16 (1);
3. A person who fails to provide certificate of severance in violation of the latter part of Article 16 (2);
4. A person who fails to make a report in response to the request under Article 108 (1) or make a false report, who fails to submit a document in response to the same request or submits a false document, or who fails to appear in person;
5. A person who refuses to comply with a request to provide a certificate under Article 108 (2);
6. A person who fails to respond to, or makes a false response to, inquiries or who refuses, interferes with, or evades an investigation conducted under Article 109 (1).
(2) A fine for negligence of not more than one million won shall be imposed on an insured worker, an eligible beneficiary, or a claimant for the remaining unemployment benefits who falls under either of the following subparagraphs: <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008>
1. A person who fails to make reports or false reports requested under Article 108 (3), who fails to submit a report or document, or submits a false report or document, or fails to appear in person;
2. A person who fails to respond to, or makes a false response to, inquiries or who refuses, interferes with, or evades an inspection conducted under Article 109 (1).
(3) A fine for negligence of not more than one million won shall be imposed on a person who fails to respond, or makes a false response, in a hearing by an examiner or the Board of Review or who refuses, obstructs, or attempts to evade an inspection conducted in relation to a petition for review or further review under Article 87. <Amended by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008>
(4) The Minister of Employment and Labor shall impose and collect fines for negligence under paragraphs (1) through (3) as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
(5) through (7) Deleted. <by Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008>
ADDENDA
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures for Collection of Penalties for Fraud by Vocational Training Providers)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of the proviso to Article 35 (2), the previous provisions shall apply to a person operating a vocational skills development program who has obtained, or attempted to obtain, assistance by false or fraudulent means before this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Effective Period)
The amendment to the proviso to Article 107 (1) shall be effective only until December 31, 2009.
Article 4 (General Transitional Measures for Proceedings by and against Administrative Agencies)
All actions or proceedings commenced by or against an administrative agency under the previous provisions at the time this Act enters into force shall be considered as actions or proceedings by or against an administrative agency under this Act.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures for Penal Provisions and Fines for Negligence)
The previous provisions of penal provisions and fines for negligence shall apply to violations committed before this Act enters into force.
Article 6 Omitted.
Article 7 (Relations with Other Acts and Subordinate Statutes)
Where other Acts and subordinate statutes have cited the previous Employment Insurance Act and the previous provisions thereof at the time this Act enters into force, this Act or the provisions corresponding thereto shall be deemed to have been cited in lieu of the previous provisions, if such provisions corresponding thereto exist in this Act.
ADDENDA<Act No. 8781, Dec. 21, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 8959, Mar. 21, 2008>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 10 shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Applicability to Increase of Extended Training Benefits) The amended provisions of Article 54 (2) shall apply to extended training benefits paid for a training period after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA<Act No. 9315, Dec. 31, 2008>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 29 (3) shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation, and the amended provisions of Articles 7, 11-2, 81, and 84 shall enter into force on July 1, 2009.
Article 2 (Applicability to Approval for Grant of Eligibility)
The amended provisions of Articles 41 and 43 shall apply beginning from the first determination of approval for grant of eligibility after this Act enters into force.
Article 3 (Applicability to Subrogation of Rights to Maternity or Paternity Leave Benefits, etc.)
The amendment provisions of Article 75-2 shall apply beginning from the first grant of rights to maternity or paternity leave benefits, etc. after this Act enters into force.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Restrictions, etc. on assistance Due to Wrongful Acts)
Notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 35, with regard to any person who has received or attempted to receive assistance by false or other fraudulent means before this Act enters into force, the former provisions shall apply.
ADDENDA<Act No. 9792, Oct. 9, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2010.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDUM<Act No. 9990, Jan. 27, 2010>
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2011.
ADDENDA<Act No. 9999, Feb. 4, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one year after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 9 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10337, May 31, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 8 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10338, May 31, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 2011.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10339, Jun. 4, 2010>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force one month after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10719, May 24, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10789, Jun. 7, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA<Act No. 10895, Jul. 21, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation: Provided, That the amended provisions of subparagraph 5 of Article 2 shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation, and the amended provisions of Articles 26-2, 50 (5), 70, 73-2, 74, and 113-2 shall enter into force two months after the date of its promulgation.
Article 2 (Applicability to Limitation on Payment of Assistance)
Among the amended provisions of Articles 26-2, the matters concerning payment of assistance money for maintenance of employment shall apply to reports on and after the enforcement of this Act on the planned measures for maintenance of employment, and other matters concerning payment of assistance money shall apply to employment of workers in the place of business concerned on and after enforcement of this Act.
Article 3 (Applicability to Specified Number of Days for which Benefits are Payable)
The amended provisions of Article 50 (5) shall apply to a person for whom acquisition of insured status is confirmed pursuant to Article 17 on and after enforcement of this Act.
Article 4 (Transitional Measures concerning Child Care Leave Benefits)
With regard to any worker who is on the period of reduction of working hours during infant care after being granted such reduction of working hours, upon making payment of child care leave benefits under Article 70 (1), the amended provisions of Article 70 (1) 2 shall apply from the period of reduction of working hours during infant care occurred after this Act enters into force.
Article 5 (Transitional Measures concerning Benefits for Reduction of Working Hours during the Period of Infant Care)
With regard to any worker who is on the period of reduction of working hours during infant care after being granted such reduction of working hours at the time this Act enters into force., upon making payment of child care leave benefits under Article 70 (1), the amended provisions of Article 73-2 shall apply from the period of reduction of working hours during the period of infant care occurred after this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA<Act No. 11274, Feb. 1, 2012>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation. (Proviso Omitted.)
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.