Establishment Of Homeland Reserve Forces Act


Published: 2011-09-15

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 Article 1 (Purpose)   print
The purpose of this Act is to prescribe matters concerning the establishment, composition, organization and mobilization of homeland reserve forces to defend the homeland.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 2 (Duties)   print
The duties of the homeland reserve forces (hereinafter referred to as "reserve forces") shall be as follows:
1. Preparation for mobilization for the enlistment in military units on active duty or the execution of military operations in time of war, armed conflicts, or other similar national emergencies;
2. Extermination of enemies or persons who carry arms under instructions of any anti-State organization (hereinafter referred to as "armed communist militia") in an area where they infiltrate or are likely to infiltrate;
3. Suppression of an armed riot in an area where such a riot is or is likely to be raised (limited to any cases in which it is unable to be suppressed or coped with by the police force alone);
4. Guarding of major facilities, armories, lines of communications, etc. in an area under subparagraphs 2 and 3;
5. Support for civil defense activities and operations under the Framework Act on Civil Defense.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 3 (Composition of Reserve Forces)   print
(1) The reserve forces shall be comprised of such persons as prescribed in any of the following subparagraphs under the Military Service Act and those persons who are selected from among Korean nationals volunteering therefor: Provided, That the reserve forces may, if particularly necessary for the defence of the homeland, be comprised of enlisted men in reserve or replacement service in whose case such period as prescribed in subparagraph 2 or 3 has passed:
1. Officers, warrant officers or deputy officers in reserve service;
2. Enlisted men who are in reserve service as of December 31 of the year including the date eight years have elapsed since the day after they complete active service or full-time reserve service (including a person who is deemed to have completed active service);
3. Enlisted men who are in replacement service as of December 31 of the year including the date eight years have elapsed since the day after they complete service or compulsory service as public interest service personnel, public health doctors, doctors in exclusive charge of draft physical, international cooperation doctors, public-service advocates, technical research personnel or skilled industrial personnel (including any person as enlisted for replacement service after completing active service or released from the call for public interest service personnel under Article 63 (2) of the Military Service Act).
(2) Notwithstanding the main sentence of paragraph (1), a person who is enlisted for replacement service after completing active service (including any person being in active service under Articles 21, 24 and 25 of the Military Service Act) or released from the call for on-the-ship reserve service personnel or public interest service personnel under Article 65 (1) of the same Act shall be excluded from the composition of the reserve forces: Provided, That if the reserve forces are comprised due to any ground prescribed in the proviso to paragraph (1), this shall not apply.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 3-2 (Organization, Dissolution, etc., of Reserve Forces)   print
(1) The reserve forces shall be organized within a community or workplace reserve forces according to each residential place or each workplace of their members, and the head of a workplace which has human resources of the reserve forces exceeding a scale prescribed by Presidential Decree shall organize and operate workplace reserve forces.
(2) Criteria for the establishment and organization of the reserve forces,the district boundaries thereof, and other necessary matters shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Persons of whom the reserve forces are to be comprised shall be organized thereinto according to the following classifications:
1. Persons of whom the reserve forces are to be comprised under Article 3 (1) 1 and 2: By the head of a regional military man power office having jurisdiction over their residential place(including the head of a branch of a regional military man power office; hereinafter referred to as "head of a competent regional military manpower office") after the Commissioner of the Military Manpower Administration has been notified that they have completed military service in a troop or institution to which they belong by the Army, Navy or Air Force Chief of General Staff, the Minister of Justice, the Commissioner General of the National Police Agency, the Administrator of the National Emergency Management Agency, or the Commissioner General of the Korea Coast Guard;
2. Persons of whom the reserve forces are to be comprised under Article 3 (1) 3: By the head of a competent regional military manpower office.
(4) Necessary matters concerning the organization of the reserve forces under paragraph (3) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(5) If a member of any community reserve forces moves the person's residential place, the person shall be organized into the relevant community reserve forces by the head of a competent regional military manpower office having jurisdiction over the person's new residential place where the moving-in report is filed under Article 16 (1) of the Resident Registration Act.
(6) The head of any workplace where workplace reserve forces are organized shall, when employing persons to be enlisted in the reserve forces, enlist them in the said workplace reserve forces and notify the fact of such enlistment to the head of a regional military manpower officehaving jurisdiction over its members.
(7) The head of any workplace where workplace reserve forces are organized shall, if members of the said workplace reserve forces are excluded from the organization thereof by reason that they retire from the workplace or transfer to other workplace, notify the fact of such exclusion to the head of a regional military manpower office having jurisdiction over such members, who shall, in turn, enlist the members in the community reserve forces concerned.
(8) Necessary matters concerning the preparation, management, delivery, etc. of the organization card and list of the reserve forces for the organization and resources management thereof shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(9) Where the workplace reserve forces fall under any reason prescribed by Presidential Decree, such as the case where the workplace reserve forces are operated in violation of their organization criteria, the head of a competent regional military manpower office may order the head of competent workplace to dissolve the workplace reserve forces.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 4 (Jurisdiction)   print
The Minister of National Defense shall exercise overall control over matters concerning the reserve forces.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 5 (Mobilization)   print
(1) The Minister of National Defense may, if deemed necessary for the reserve forces to muster for the performance of their duties, issuea mobilization order to muster in a designated place within a time frame prescribed by Presidential Decree to the members of the said reserve forces: Provided, That the said order may be withheld with respect to the members of the National Assembly, persons who are traveling or staying overseas, sailors of a ship or pilots and crews of an aircraft plying between home and overseas, or other persons prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) If a person to whom a mobilization order is issued has any reason falling under any of the following subparagraphs, such mobilization may be postponed at the person's request: Provided, That the same shall not apply to any person who has intentionally caused such a reason:
1. Where the person is unable to comply with the said order on account of any disease, or mental or physical disability;
2. Where the person is under detention pursuant to Acts;
3. Where the person is unable to comply with the said order on account of the ceremonies of coming of age, marriage, funeral and ancestral worship, natural disasters, or other inevitable grounds.
(3) If a member of the reserve forces residing in an area where a mobilization order is issued under paragraph (1) moves the person's residential place to any other area, the person shall, in accordance with Presidential Decree, make report to a commander of the reserve forces to which the person belongs.
(4) Members of the reserve forces shall, if the person is mobilized under paragraph (1), obey a legitimate order by the commander (including the chief of a brigade, regiment, battalion, company, platoon or squad of the reserve forces).
(5) The Minister of National Defense shall, when has mobilized the reserve forces, release the mobilization, without delay, once the reason for mobilization ceases to exist.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 6 (Training)   print
(1) The Minister of National Defense may train the members of the reserve forces for a period not exceeding 20 days annually, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That such training shall not be conducted during an election period of public officials for which a national directly votes pursuant to any pertinent Act.
(2) When members of the reserve forces are mustered for training under paragraph (1), they shall obey a legitimate order by the commander (including a drillmaster who takes charge of the training).
(3) The proviso to Article 5 (1) and paragraph (2) of the same Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to the training under paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 6-2 (Delivery, etc. of Muster Notice)   print
(1) When a member of the reserve forces is to be trained, a muster notice shall be delivered, in advance, to the person in question, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That in cases of any surprise training or inspection for mobilization, a muster may, without delivering a muster notice, be made by giving a notice in any manner prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(2) In the absence of the person in question, a muster notice under paragraph (1) shall be delivered to the head of the same household, an adult among the family members or an employer of the said person (hereafter referred to as "householder, etc." in this Article) and the householder, etc. shall, without delay, deliver it to the person in question. In such cases, a muster notice shall be deemed to have delivered to the person in question when it is delivered to the householder, etc.
(3) A muster notice may be delivered by means of special service pursuant to postal service-related Acts and subordinate statutes by applying mutatis mutandis the provisions concerning service of the Civil Procedure Act (excluding Article 189 of the same Act) in any case prescribed by the Minister of National Defense as deemed specifically necessary in delivering a muster notice under paragraph (1) or (2).
(4) If the person in questions consents thereto, a muster notice under paragraph (1) may be delivered in electronic form under Article 2 (1) 5 of the Act on Promotion of Information and Communications Network Utilization and Information Protection, etc., as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 6-3 (Submission, etc. of Application for Withholding Mobilization, etc.)   print
(1) A person who intends to have the mobilization or training withheld under the proviso to Article 5 (1) or Article 6 (3) shall submit an application for withholding to the company-commander of the reserve forces to which the person belongs.
(2) A person who has submitted an application for withholding under paragraph (1) shall, if the reason for withholding the mobilization ceases to exist due to dismissal or retirement from office of the applicant, the applicant's removal from the relevant register, etc., report the fact to the company-commander of the community reserve forces of the person's residence (the company-commander of the workplace reserve force when a person is working or will work for a workplace) within 14 days from the date when the reason for withholding the mobilization ceases to exist.
(3) The head of an agency, etc. to which the persons entitled to withhold mobilization or training belong or have belonged shall notify the list of such persons to the commander of the military unit which exercises jurisdiction over the residence of such persons, as prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense, when the reason for withholding ceases to exist on account of the applicant's discharge or retirement from office, the applicant's removal from the relevant register, etc.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 7 (Armament)   print
(1) Reserve forces may bear necessary arms to perform their duties.
(2) When the reserve forces are called, they may use arms to perform their duties under subparagraphs 2 through 4 of Article 2: Provided, That when they perform their duties under subparagraph 3 of Article 2 or their duties under subparagraph 4 of Article 2 in the area under subparagraph 3, they may use arms to the necessary minimum extent only if an armed riot cannot be suppressed or major facilities, etc. cannot be guarded without the use of arms.
(3) Matters concerning the maintenance and management of arms, ammunition, equipment, and other accessories for armament under paragraph (1) shall be performed by the commander of the military unit: Provided, That, if necessary, the commander of the military unit may entrust the person's duties to the chief of the police station, as prescribed by Presidential Decree; and the chief of the police station may entrust the person's duties to the commander of the workplace reserve forces unit.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 7-2 (Uniform)   print
When the reserve forces are mobilized to perform their duties or are called for training, they shall wear a uniform or insignia prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 8 (Emergency Measures and Compensation)   print
(1) When the Minister of National Defense may, if it is deemed necessary for the reserve forces to perform their duties, take any of the following measures, as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Evacuation or escape order for residents;
2. Orders for restricting traffic, lighting or access;
3. Removal of a resident's assets hindering the execution of duties.
(2) The reserve forces may check up a person entering an area where the operations are conducted, only if deemed necessary for their operations.
(3) The State shall provide reasonable compensation, as prescribed by Presidential Decree, for those who suffer property loss due to measures taken under paragraph (1).
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 8-2 (Compensation for Disaster, etc.)   print
(1) When a mobilized member of the reserve forces is wounded or killed (including death by injury) while performing duties or taking training, compensation for disaster shall be paid to him, and when the person cannot engage in the person's occupation because of medical treatment under Article 9 (2), compensation for the loss caused by the suspension of business shall be paid to him/her during the corresponding period: Provided, That if a person receives the same kind of compensation borne by the State or a local government pursuant to other Acts and subordinate statutes, the amount equivalent to the said compensation shall not be paid.
(2) Matters necessary for the amount and payment of compensation under paragraph (1) shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 9 (Compensation and Medical Treatment)   print
(1) Anyone who has been mobilized and wounded in the execution of duties during the person's military training, the person's family, and the bereaved family members of the deceased (including death from injury) shall become entitled to compensation under the Act on the Honorable Treatment and Support of Persons, etc. of Distinguished Services to the State or the Act on Support for Persons Eligible for Veteran's Compensation, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. <Amended by Act No. 11042, Sep. 15, 2011>
(2) When a member of the reserve forces is wounded in the person's execution of duties or during the person's military training, the person may receive medical treatment in medical facilities operated by the State or a local government, as prescribed by Presidential Decree: Provided, That if there are no medical facilities operated by the State or a local government in the vicinity, and the person needs urgent medical treatment, the person may receive medical treatment in private medical facilities in the vicinity, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) Expenses incurred for the medical treatment under paragraph (2), shall be borne by the State if such treatment is given in medical facilities operated by the State or in private medical facilities while the expenses for medical treatment in medical facilities of a local government shall be borne by the local government concerned: Provided, That the State may grant subsidies to a local government which bears the medical expenses.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 10 (Job Security)   print
An employer shall not give disadvantage to the person'semployee who is mobilized as a member of the reserve forces or who receives training as a member of the reserve forces, by regarding the period of mobilization or training as days absent from their duties, or on account of their mobilization or their training.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 11 (Reimbursement of Actual Expenses)   print
The commander of the reserve forces and members of reserve forces mobilized or mustered for training shall be provided with meals and reimbursed with other expenses actually incurred, as prescribed by Presidential Decree.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 12 (Prohibition of Political Campaign, etc.)   print
(1) The commander of the reserve forces shall not require the members of the reserve forces under the person's command to perform duties other than those prescribed in this Act using the person's position; nor shall the person interfere with the exercise of rights of the members of the reserve forces under the person's command.
(2) The reserve forces shall not participate in a political campaign as an organized body.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 13 (Relation to Military Service Act)   print
Those who are mobilized under Article 5 shall not be subject to any service other than joining the military on active duty, the call for the mobilization of military manpower, and the call for work in wartime prescribed in the Military Service Act.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 14 (Delegation and Entrustment of Authority)   print
(1) The Minister of National Defense may, if deemed necessary, delegate all or part of the person's authority to the head of the military unit under the person's control, as prescribed by Presidential Decree. In such cases, the head of the military unit to whom the authority is delegated shall exercise the person's authority according to the chain of command determined by the military organization.
(2) The Minister of National Defense or the head of the military unit to whom the authority is delegated under paragraph (1) may, where necessary, entrust any of the following authority to the chief of a police station having jurisdiction over the relevant area, as prescribed by Presidential Decree:
1. Mobilization of the members of the reserve forces under Article 5 (1);
2. Command of the operations of the reserve forces mobilized under subparagraph 1 and measures under Article 8 (1) and (2) necessary for the operations.
(3) A chief of the police station may mobilize the reserve forces for the performance of the person's duties where the situation is so urgent, and thus the person has no time to wait for the Minister of National Defense or the commander of a military unit duly delegated to mobilize the reserve forces, even if the person is not entrusted under paragraph (2). In such cases, the chief of the police station shall report the fact without delay to the head of the military unit and obtain approval.
(4) In cases under paragraph (2), the Minister of National Defense or the head of the military unit to whom the authority was delegated shall command and supervise the chief of each police station concerning the matters delegated or entrusted.
(5) If the armed forces are mobilized for operation in the district where the reserve forces are mobilized, the chief of the police station to whom the authority was delegated under paragraph (2) shall obey the order of the commander of the military unit concerned.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 14-2 (Duties of Commander of Reserve Forces Units and Grounds for Disqualification)   print
(1) The commander of the reserve forces shall direct and command the members of the reserve forces mobilized or called according to the chain of command and shall perform duties, including the management of the members of reserve forces and equipment, participation in the investigation of resources under Article 10 (1) and (3) of the Emergency Resources Management Act and other duties prescribed by Ordinance of the Ministry of National Defense.
(2) Persons falling under any of the grounds for disqualification in each subparagraph of Article 33 of the State Public Officials Act may not become a commander of reserve forces units.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 14-3 (Responsibility for Supporting and Fostering Reserve Forces)   print
(1) The head of each State agency, the head of each local government, and the head of each workplace where the workplace reserve forces are organized shall foster and support the reserve forces organized under the person's jurisdiction or in the workplace concerned.
(2) A defense council shall be established and operated in each administrative district and each workplace to nurture and support the reserve forces, and matters necessary for the detailed scope and operation thereof shall be prescribed by Presidential Decree.
(3) When the head of a military unit mobilizes the reserve forces pursuant to Article 5 (1), the chief of a police station concerned shall support therefor to ensure efficient mobilization.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 15 (Penal Provisions)   print
(1) A person who fails to comply with any military operational inspection by the mobilized reserve forces in an area where the operations are conducted under Article 8 (2) without any justifiable reason, or who assaults or threatens members of the reserve forces conducting the said inspection, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years: Provided, That the person shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years in time of war, armed conflicts or belligerency with enemies or armed communist militia.
(2) A person who has his resident registration cancelled or has his domicile registered as unknown under Article 8 or 20 of the Resident Registration Act by failing to file a report under Article 10 of the said Act or by filing a false report without any justifiable ground, so as to make it impossible to issue a muster notice under Article 6-2, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years, or by a fine not exceeding ten million won. <Amended by Act No. 10650, May 19, 2011>
(3) A person who participate in a political campaign, in violation of Article 12 (2), shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years, or by a fine not exceeding six million won.
(4) A person who fails to comply with the mobilization under Article 5 (1) without any justifiable ground, and a person who falsely changes the person's residential place with intent to evade such mobilization, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding five million won: Provided, That they shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years in time of war or armed conflicts.
(5) If a person who performs the duties of guarding arms, ammunitions and equipments of the reserve forces and other appurtenances thereto, or who is liable to safekeep them, loses them or has them stolen by negligence, the person shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three years or by a fine not exceeding five million won.
(6) A commander of the reserve forces who violates Article 12 (1) shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years, or by a fine not exceeding four million won.
(7) A person who resists or disobeys a legitimate order of the commander under Article 5 (4) shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years, by a fine not exceeding three million won, by detention, or by a non-penal fine: Provided, That the person shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than five years in time of war, armed conflicts, or belligerency with enemies or armed communist militia.
(8) A person who gives disadvantages to a member of the reserve forces, in violation of Article 10, shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than two years, or by a fine not exceeding three million won.
(9) A person falling under any of the following subparagraphs shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than one year, by a fine not exceeding two million won, by detention, or by a non-penal fine:
1. A person who fails to receive training under Article 6 (1) without any justifiable ground or who receives such training on behalf of any other person subject thereto;
2. A person who resists or disobeys a justifiable order of the commander under Article 6 (2);
3. A person who fails to comply with an order necessary for the performance of duties of the reserve forces under Article 8 (1).
(10) If a person who is obligated to deliver a muster notice under Article 6-2 (2) fails to do so or destroys it or postpones such delivery without any justifiable reason, the person shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by a fine not exceeding one million won. The same shall apply in cases where a person obligated to receive the said muster notice refuses to do so.
(11) A person who intentionally causes the withholding of mobilization or training under Articles 5 (2) and 6 (3) or who commits any false act thereto shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than three months, by a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand won, or by detention.
(12) A person who fails to make a report under Article 5 (3) or 6-3 (2) without any justifiable ground shall be punished by a fine not exceeding two million won, or by detention.
[This Article Wholly Amended by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010]
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 Article 16 Deleted. <by Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010>   print
ADDENDUM
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 2207, Aug. 3, 1970>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 2260, Dec. 31, 1970>
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1971: Provided, That Article 14 (2) shall enter into force on July 1, 1971.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 2428, Dec. 30, 1972>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 2669, Dec. 31, 1973>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 2782, Jul. 26, 1975>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force 30 days after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures) If those who are entitled to withholding or exemption from mobilization or training under the previous provisions at the time this Act enters into force intend to continuously receive the withholding of mobilization or training under this Act, they shall submit an application for withholding as prescribed in Article 6-3 within 60 days from the date when this Act enters into force.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 3344, Dec. 31, 1980>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 3595, Dec. 31, 1982>
This Act shall enter into force 30 days after the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 3700, Dec. 31, 1983>
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1984: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 13 (2) shall enter into force on the date of the enforcement of the amended provisions of the Military Service Act No. 3696.
ADDENDA <Act No. 3853, Jul. 14, 1986>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1987.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Support Committee for Defense under Previous Provisions) The Support Committee for Defense under the previous provisions at the time this Act enters into force shall be considered as the Committee for Defense under the amended provisions of Article 14-3 (2).
ADDENDUM <Act No. 4044, Dec. 31, 1988>
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1989.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 4160, Dec. 30, 1989>
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1990: Provided, That the amended provisions of Article 3 (2) 4 shall enter into force on April 1, 1990.
ADDENDA <Act No. 4686, Dec. 31, 1993>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1994.
Article 2 (Transitional Measures concerning Organization of Reserve Forces)
(1) Those who fall under one of the following subparagraphs at the time this Act enters into force shall be excluded from the organization of the reserve forces, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 3 (2):
1. Those soldiers on active duty or the conscripted reserves under the provisions of Article 57 (1) of the previous Military Service Act, who were placed in replacement status or exempted from the defense call;
2. Those persons discharged from the regular military services or from the military service as conscripted reserves (including those who are considered to be discharged from the regular military services or from the military service as conscripted reserves) who have not graduated from a middle school;
3. Privates of the reserve service and non-commissioned officers and privates in replacement service who are over 33 years old on December 31, 1993.
(2) The conscripted reserves at the time this Act enters into force or the conscripted reserves inducted into the military service under the provisions of Article 4 of the Addenda of the Military Service Act which enters into force on January 1, 1994, who are exempted from the defense call under the provisions of Article 57 (1) of the previous Military Service Act, shall be excluded from the organization of the reserve forces, notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 3 (2).
ADDENDA <Act No. 5271, Jan. 13, 1997>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on May 1, 1997.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 5291, Jan. 13, 1997>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 5 Omitted.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 5454, Dec. 13, 1997>
This Act shall enter into force on January 1, 1998. (Proviso Omitted.)
ADDENDA <Act No. 5704, Jan. 29, 1999>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force on July 1, 1999.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Organization of Reserve Forces) With respect to the term of service as a member of the reserve forces of a person who completes the duties of defence call (including any such person as deemed to complete the duties of defence call) and who is enlisted in the reserve forces under previous provisions at the time this Act enters into force, such previous provisions shall apply.
(3) (Transitional Measures concerning Report of Member of Reserve Forces) A person of whom the reserve forces are to be composed before this Act enters into force shall make a report of a member of the reserve forces under previous provisions notwithstanding the amended provisions of Article 3-2 (3).
(4) (Transitional Measures concerning Penal Provisions) The application of penal provisions to any such act as committed before this Act enters into force, shall be subject to previous provisions.
ADDENDA <Act No. 6290, Dec. 26, 2000>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 4 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 7270, Dec. 31, 2004>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force three months after the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures concerning Disqualification of Commander of Reserve Forces Units) The amended provisions of Article 14-2 (2) shall not apply due to the reasons occurred before this Act enters into force to the commander of reserve forces units who has already been appointed at the time this Act enters into force.
ADDENDA <Act No. 8422, May 11, 2007>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 through 6 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9574, Apr. 1, 2009>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force six months after the date of its promulgation.
Articles 2 and 3 Omitted.
ADDENDA <Act No. 9945, Jan. 25, 2010>
(1) (Enforcement Date) This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
(2) (Transitional Measures) The application of penal provisions to an act before this Act enters into force shall be governed by the former provisions.
ADDENDUM <Act No. 10650, May 19, 2011>
This Act shall enter into force on the date of its promulgation.
ADDENDA <Act No. 11042, Sep. 15, 2011>
Article 1 (Enforcement Date)
This Act shall enter into force on July 1, 2012.
Article 2 Omitted.