Act on Welfare and Management of Animals


Published: 2005

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Act on Welfare and Management of Animals

(Act No. 105 of October 1, 1973)

Chapter I General Provisions

(Purpose)

Article 1 The purpose of this Act is to engender a spirit for animal welfare

among citizens and contribute to the development of a respect for life and

sentiments of amity and peace by providing for the prevention of cruelty to

animals, the proper handling of animals and other matters concerning animal

welfare, as well as to prevent animals from causing an infringement on the life,

body or property of humans by providing for matters concerning the

management of animals.

(Fundamental Principle)

Article 2 In light of the fact that animals are living beings, no person shall kill,

injure, or inflict cruelty on animals without due cause, and every person shall

treat animals properly by taking into account their natural habits and giving

consideration to the symbiosis between humans and animals.

(Dissemination and Awareness Raising)

Article 3 The national government and local governments shall, in accordance

with the purpose of the previous Article, endeavor to achieve dissemination

and awareness raising with regard to the welfare and proper care of animals in

coordination with each other through educational activities, publicity activities

and other similar activities at such places as schools, communities and homes.

(Be Kind to Animals Week)

Article 4 (1) A Be Kind to Animals Week shall be established in order to enhance

the interest and understanding of citizens in general concerning the welfare

and proper care of animals, which are living beings.

(2) The Be Kind to Animals Week shall be the period from September 20 through

September 26.

(3) During the Be Kind to Animals Week, the national government and local

governments shall endeavor to implement events appropriate for the purpose of

said campaign.

Chapter II Basic Guidelines, etc.

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(Basic Guidelines)

Article 5 (1) The Minister of the Environment shall formulate basic guidelines

for comprehensively promoting measures on the welfare and management of

animals (hereinafter referred to as the "basic guidelines").

(2) The basic guidelines shall provide for the following matters:

(i) The basic direction concerning the promotion of measures for the welfare

and management of animals

(ii) Basic matters concerning the formulation of the animal welfare and

management promotion plan prescribed in paragraph (1) of the following

Article

(iii) Any other important matters concerning the promotion of measures for the

welfare and management of animals

(3) The Minister of the Environment shall, when he/she intends to formulate or

change the basic guidelines, consult with the heads of the relevant

administrative organs in advance.

(4) The Minister of the Environment shall, when he/she has formulated or

changed the basic guidelines, make them public without delay.

(Animal Welfare and Management Promotion Plan)

Article 6 (1) Each prefecture shall formulate a plan for promoting measures for

the welfare and management of animals in the area of said prefecture

(hereinafter referred to as the "animal welfare and management promotion

plan") in conformity with the basic guidelines.

(2) The animal welfare and management promotion plan shall provide for the

following matters:

(i) The basic policy on measures that should be implemented with regard to the

welfare and management of animals

(ii) Matters concerning measures for achieving the proper care and keeping of

animals

(iii) Matters concerning dissemination and awareness raising with regard to

the welfare and management of animals

(iv) Matters concerning the establishment of a necessary framework for

implementing measures for the welfare and management of animals

(including securing the cooperation of such entities as the national

government, relevant local governments and private bodies)

(v) Any other necessary matters concerning the promotion of measures for the

welfare and management of animals

(3) A prefecture shall, when it intends to formulate or change the animal welfare

and management promotion plan, hear the opinions of the relevant

municipalities in advance.

(4) A prefecture shall, when it has formulated or changed the animal welfare and

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management promotion plan, make it public without delay.

Chapter III Proper Treatment of Animals

Section 1 General Provisions

(Responsibilities, etc. of Owners and Possessors of Animals)

Article 7 (1) With sufficient awareness of his/her responsibilities as an owner or

possessor of an animal, which is a living being, the owner or possessor of an

animal shall endeavor to maintain the health and safety of the animal by

caring for and keeping said animal in a proper manner according to such

aspects as the kind of animal it is and the habit of the animal, and shall also

endeavor to ensure that the animal does not cause harm to the life, body or

property of humans or cause trouble to humans.

(2) The owner or possessor of an animal shall endeavor to acquire correct

information regarding infectious diseases borne by the type of animal he/she

owns or possesses and to pay necessary attention to prevent them.

(3) The owner of an animal shall endeavor to take the measures specified by the

Minister of the Environment for clarifying that the owned animal is under

his/her ownership.

(4) The Minister of the Environment may, after consultation with the heads of

the relevant administrative organs, formulate standards to be complied with

regarding the care and keeping of animals.

(Responsibilities of Animal Dealers)

Article 8 A person who sells animals in the course of trade shall endeavor to

provide to a purchaser of an animal pertaining to the sale any necessary

explanations regarding the proper methods for caring for and keeping said

animal and shall endeavor to ensure that the purchaser understands those

methods.

(Measures by Local Governments)

Article 9 A local government may, pursuant to the provisions of an ordinance,

provide guidance to owners and possessors of animals and take any other

necessary measures concerning the care and keeping of animals, so as to

maintain the health and safety of animals and to ensure that animals do not

cause trouble to humans.

Section 2 Regulations on Animal Handling Business

(Registration of Animal Handling Business)

Article 10 (1) A person who intends to engage in a business that handles animals

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(such animals shall be limited to mammals, birds, and reptiles, and shall

exclude those pertaining to livestock farming and those being cared for or kept

in order to be provided for use in testing and research, use in manufacturing

biological preparations, or for other uses specified by a Cabinet Order;

hereinafter the same shall apply in this Section and the following Section)

(such business shall include selling [including acting as an intermediary or

agent therefor; the same shall apply in the following paragraph], keeping,

lending, training, exhibiting [including the provision of opportunities for

contact with animals; the same shall apply in the following paragraph] or other

handling specified by a Cabinet Order with regard to animals; hereinafter

referred to as the "animal handling business") shall receive registration from

the prefectural governor having jurisdiction over the location of the place of

business where the person intends to engage in said business (in the case of a

designated city set forth in Article 252-19 (1) of the Local Autonomy Act [Act

No. 67 of 1947] [hereinafter referred to as the "designated city"], the mayor of

said designated city; hereinafter the same shall apply in this Section, Article

25 (1) and (2) and Section 4).

(2) A person who intends to receive the registration set forth in the preceding

paragraph shall submit to the prefectural governor a written application

containing the following matters by attaching the documents specified by an

Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment:

(i) The name and address of the applicant and, in the case of a juridical person,

the name of the representative person

(ii) The name and address of the place(s) of business

(iii) The name of the person responsible for animal handling (which means the

person prescribed in Article 22 (1)) assigned to each place of business

(iv) The category (which means the distinction between selling, keeping,

lending, training, exhibiting or other handling specified by a Cabinet Order;

hereinafter the same shall apply in this item) of the animal handling

business that the applicant intends to engage in and the contents of business

and the implementation method for each of such category

(v) The main kinds and the number of animals to be handled

(vi) If a facility for the care and keeping of animals (hereinafter referred to as

the "animal facility" in this Section) has been installed, the following

matters:

(a) The location of the animal facility

(b) The structure and size of the animal facility

(c) The method for managing the animal facility

(vii) Other matters specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the

Environment

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(Implementation of Registration)

Article 11 (1) A prefectural governor shall, when an application for registration

under paragraph (2) of the preceding Article has been filed, register the

matters listed in paragraph (2)(i) to (iii) inclusive and (v) of the preceding

Article as well as the date of registration and the registration number in the

animal handling business operator registry, except in the case of refusing the

registration pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (1) of the following Article.

(2) A prefectural governor shall, when he/she has made the registration under

the preceding paragraph, notify the applicant to that effect without delay.

(Refusal of Registration)

Article 12 (1) A prefectural governor shall refuse registration when the person

who intends to receive the registration set forth in Article 10 (1) falls under

any of the following items, when the matters set forth in paragraph (2)( iv) of

the same Article pertaining to the application for registration under the same

paragraph are found not to conform to the standards specified by an Ordinance

of the Ministry of the Environment as being those necessary for maintaining

the health and safety of animals and securing other proper handling of animals,

when the matters listed in item (vi)(b) and (c) of the same paragraph

pertaining to the application for registration under the same paragraph are

found not to conform to the standards on the structure, size and management

of animal facilities specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the

Environment, or when the written application or the attached documents

contain any false statement with regard to an important matter or lack the

statement of an important fact:

(i) An adult ward or a person under curatorship, or a bankrupt who has not

had his/her rights restored

(ii) A person who has been sentenced to a fine or a severer punishment for the

violation of this Act or a disposition based on this Act where two years have

yet to elapse since the day on which the execution of the sentence has been

completed or the sentence has become no longer applicable

(iii) A person whose registration has been rescinded pursuant to Article 19 (1)

where two years have yet to elapse since the day of such disposition

(iv) In the case of a person who has received the registration set forth in Article

10 (1) (hereinafter referred to as an "animal handling business operator")

and is a juridical person who has had the registration rescinded pursuant to

the provisions of Article 19 (1), a person who was an officer of said animal

handling business operator within 30 days prior to the day of said disposition

where two years have yet to elapse since the day of said disposition

(v) A person who has been ordered to suspend his/her business pursuant to the

provisions of Article 19 (1) where the period of said suspension has yet to

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elapse

(vi) A juridical person where any of its officers falls under any of the preceding

items

(2) A prefectural governor shall, when he/she has refused registration pursuant

to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, notify the applicant to that effect

by indicating the reason therefor without delay.

(Renewal of Registration)

Article 13 (1) The registration set forth in Article 10 (1) shall, unless it is

renewed every five years, lose its effect by the expiration of the period thereof.

(2) The provisions of Article 10 (2) and the preceding two Articles shall apply

mutatis mutandis to the renewal set forth in the preceding paragraph.

(3) In the case where an application for the renewal set forth in paragraph (1)

has been filed, if no disposition is given for said application by the date of

expiration of the period set forth in the same paragraph (hereinafter referred

to as the "effective period of registration" in this Article), the former

registration shall remain effective even after the expiration of the effective

period of registration, until said disposition is given.

(4) In the case referred to in the previous paragraph, when the registration has

been renewed, the effective period of said registration shall be counted from

the day following the date of expiration of the effective period of the former

registration.

(Notification of Changes)

Article 14 (1) When an animal handling business operator intends to change any

of the matters set forth in Article 10 (2)(iv) or install an animal facility, he/she

shall notify the prefectural governor, in advance, of the matters set forth in

item (iv) or (vi) of the same paragraph by attaching the documents specified by

an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment.

(2) An animal handling business operator shall, when there has been any change

to the matters listed in the items (excluding item (iv)) of Article 10 (2) (such

change shall exclude a minor change specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry

of the Environment), notify the prefectural governor to that effect by attaching

the documents specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment,

within 30 days from such day, except in the case referred to in the preceding

paragraph.

(3) The provisions of Article 11 and Article 12 shall apply mutatis mutandis to

the case where a notification under the preceding two paragraphs has been

given.

(Inspection of the Animal Handling Business Operator Registry)

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Article 15 A prefectural governor shall provide the animal handling business

operator registry for inspection by the general public.

(Notification of Discontinuance of Business, etc.)

Article 16 (1) In the case where an animal handling business operator has fallen

under any of the following items, the person prescribed in said item shall notify

the prefectural governor to that effect within 30 days from such day:

(i) In the case of death-The heir

(ii) In the case of extinction of the juridical person due to a merger-The person

who had been the officer representing said juridical person

(iii) In the case of dissolution of the juridical person due to a decision of

commencement of bankruptcy proceedings-The bankruptcy trustee

(iv) In the case of dissolution of the juridical person by a reason other than a

decision of commencement of bankruptcy proceedings-The liquidator

(v) In the case discontinuance of the animal handling business pertaining to

the registration-The individual who had been the animal handling business

operator or the officer representing the juridical person that had been the

animal handling business operator

(2) When an animal handling business operator has fallen under any of the items

in the preceding paragraph, the registration of the animal handling business

operator shall lose its effect.

(Cancellation of Registration)

Article 17 A prefectural governor shall, when registration has lost its effect

pursuant to the provisions of Article 13 (1) or paragraph (2) of the preceding

Article or when he/she has rescinded the registration pursuant to the

provisions of Article 19 (1), cancel the registration of said animal handling

business operator.

(Posting of a Sign)

Article 18 An animal handling business operator shall, pursuant to the

provisions of an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment, post a sign

stating the name, registration number and any other matters specified by an

Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment in a place that is easily visible to

the general public, in each place of business.

(Rescission, etc. of Registration)

Article 19 (1) A prefectural governor may, when an animal handling business

operator falls under any of the following items, rescind the registration or

order the suspension of all or part of the business by specifying a period no

longer than six months:

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(i) When the person has received registration as an animal handling business

operator by dishonest means

(ii) When the contents of the business or implementation method carried out by

the person no longer conforms to the standards specified by an Ordinance of

the Ministry of the Environment as being those necessary for maintaining

the health and safety of animals and securing any other proper handling of

animals as prescribed in Article 12 (1)

(iii) When, in the case where the person has installed an animal facility, the

structure, size and management method for the animal facility of said person

no longer conforms to the standards on the structure, size and management

of animal facilities prescribed in Article 12 (1)

(iv) When the person has fallen under any of the provisions of Article 12 (1)(i),

(iv) or (vi)

(v) When the person has violated this Act, an order based on this Act or a

disposition based on this Act

(2) The provisions of Article 12 (2) apply mutatis mutandis to the case where a

disposition under the preceding paragraph has been given.

(Delegation to Ordinances of the Ministry of the Environment)

Article 20 In addition to what is provided for in Article 10 to the preceding

Article, any necessary matters concerning the registration of animal handling

business operators shall be specified by Ordinances of the Ministry of the

Environment.

(Compliance with Standards)

Article 21 (1) An animal handling business operator shall comply with the

standards specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment

concerning such matters as the method for the management of the animals

handled, in order to maintain the health and safety of the animals and to

prevent the occurrence of impediments in preserving the living environment.

(2) A prefecture or a designated city may, when it is found necessary judging

from the natural and social conditions, formulate standards to be complied

with by animal handling business operators in place of the standards set forth

in the preceding paragraph, by an ordinance, in order to maintain the health

and safety of the animals and to prevent the occurrence of impediments in

preserving the living environment.

(Person Responsible for Animal Handling)

Article 22 (1) An animal handling business operator shall, pursuant to the

provisions of an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment, appoint a

person responsible for animal handling for each place of business in order to

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properly implement the work pertaining to said place of business.

(2) A person responsible for animal handling shall be a person other than one

who falls under the provisions of Article 12 (1)(i) to (v) inclusive.

(3) An animal handling business operator shall, pursuant to the provisions of an

Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment, have persons responsible for

animal handling receive training for persons responsible for animal handling

(which means training on the knowledge and ability necessary for the work of

persons responsible for animal handling that is provided by the prefectural

governor).

(Recommendations and Orders)

Article 23 (1) A prefectural governor may, when he/she finds that an animal

handling business operator fails to comply with the standards set forth in

Article 21 (1) or (2), recommend said person to improve such matters as the

method for the management of the animals handled, by specifying a time limit.

(2) A prefectural governor may, when he/she finds that an animal handling

business operator fails to comply with the provisions of paragraph (3) of the

preceding Article, recommend said person to take the necessary measures, by

specifying a time limit.

(3) A prefectural governor may, when a person who has received a

recommendation under the preceding two paragraphs fails to follow the

recommendation, order said person to take measures pertaining to said

recommendation, by specifying a time limit.

(Reports and Inspections)

Article 24 (1) A prefectural governor may, within the limit necessary for

implementing the provisions of Articles 10 to 19 inclusive and the preceding

three Articles, request an animal handling business operator to make reports

on the status of animal facilities, the method for the management of the

animals handled and other necessary matters or have prefectural officials

enter the place of business of said animal handling business operator or other

relevant places and inspect the animal facilities or other property.

(2) An official who enters and inspects pursuant to the provisions of the

preceding paragraph shall carry a certificate for identification and produce it

to the persons concerned.

(3) The authority of entry and inspection under paragraph 1 shall not be

construed as that approved for the purpose of criminal investigation.

Section 3 Measures Pertaining to Preservation of the Living

Environment

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Article 25 (1) A prefectural governor may, when he/she finds that a situation

categorized by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment is one where

the surrounding living environment has been damaged because of the care and

keeping of a large number of animals, recommend the person causing said

situation to take the necessary measures for removing such situation, by

specifying a time limit.

(2) In the case where a person who has received a recommendation under the

preceding paragraph fails to take the measures pertaining to the

recommendation, the prefectural governor may, if he/she finds it particularly

necessary, order said person to take the measures pertaining to the

recommendation, by specifying a time limit.

(3) A prefectural governor may request the necessary cooperation from the

mayors of municipalities (including special wards) (such mayors shall exclude

the mayors of designated cities) with regard to the recommendation or order

under the preceding two paragraphs.

Section 4 Measures to Prevent Animals from Causing Infringement on

the Life, etc. of Humans

(Permission for the Care or Keeping of Specified Animals)

Article 26 (1) A person who intends to care for or keep an animal categorized by

a Cabinet Order as one that carries a risk of causing harm to the life, body or

property of humans (hereinafter referred to as a "specified animal") shall,

pursuant to the provisions of an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment,

receive the permission of the prefectural governor having jurisdiction over the

location of the facility for the care and keeping of the specified animal

(hereinafter referred to as the "specified animal facility" in this Section) for

each kind of specified animal; provided, however, that this shall not apply to

the case where a veterinarian cares for or keeps a specified animal in a medical

facility (which means a medical facility prescribed in Article 2 (2) of the

Veterinary Practice Act [Act No. 46 of 1992]) for the purpose of medical care.

(2) A person who intends to receive the permission set forth in the preceding

paragraph shall, pursuant to the provisions of an Ordinance of the Ministry of

the Environment, submit to the prefectural governor a written application

containing the following matters and the documents specified by an Ordinance

of the Ministry of the Environment attached to the application:

(i) The name and address of the applicant and, in the case of a juridical person,

the name of the representative person

(ii) The kind and the number of the specified animals

(iii) The purpose of the care or keeping

(iv) The location of the specified animal facility

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(v) The structure and size of the specified animal facility

(vi) The method for caring for or keeping the specified animals

(vii) Other matters specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the

Environment

(Criteria for Permission)

Article 27 (1) A prefectural governor shall not grant the permission set forth in

paragraph (1) of the preceding Article unless he/she finds that the application

for permission set forth in the same paragraph conforms to the following items:

(i) The matters listed in paragraph (2)(v) and (vi) of the preceding Article

pertaining to said application conform to the standards concerning the

structure and size of the specified animal facilities and to the method for

caring for and keeping the specified animals as specified by the Ordinance of

the Ministry of the Environment according to the characteristics of the

specified animals.

(ii) The applicant does not fall under any of the following categories:

(a) A person who has been sentenced to a fine or a severer punishment for

violation of this Act or a disposition based on this Act where two years

have yet to elapse since the day on which execution of the sentence has

been completed or the sentence has become no longer applicable

(b) A person whose permission has been rescinded pursuant to Article 29 (1)

where two years have yet to elapse since the day of such disposition

(c) A juridical person where any of its officers fall under either (a) or (b)

(2) In the case of granting the permission set forth in paragraph (1) of the

preceding Article, the prefectural governor may, when he/she finds it necessary

for preventing specified animals from causing an infringement on the life, body

or property of humans, attach conditions to said permission within the limit of

such necessity.

(Permission, etc. for Changes)

Article 28 (1) When a person who has received a permission set forth in Article

26 (1) (including the permission under this paragraph) (such person shall be

referred to a "specified animal caretaker") intends to change any of the matters

set forth in paragraph (2)(ii) or (iv) to (vi) inclusive of the same Article, he/she

shall receive the permission of the prefectural governor pursuant to the

provisions of an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment; provided,

however, that this shall not apply when said change is a minor change

specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment.

(2) The provisions of the preceding Article shall apply mutatis mutandis to the

permission set forth in the preceding paragraph.

(3) A specified animal caretaker shall, when there has been a minor change

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specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment as set forth in

the proviso to paragraph (1) or when there has been any change to the matters

set forth in Article 26 (2)(i) or (iii) or other matters specified by an Ordinance

of the Ministry of the Environment, notify the prefectural governor to that

effect within 30 days from such day.

(Rescission of Permission)

Article 29 A prefectural governor may, when a specified animal caretaker falls

under any of the following items, rescind the permission:

(i) When the person has received permission to be a specified animal caretaker

by dishonest means

(ii) When the structure or size of the specified animal facility or the method for

caring or keeping the specified animals of said person no longer conforms to

the standards prescribed in Article 27 (1)(i)

(iii) When the person has fallen under Article 27 (1)(ii)(c)

(iv) When the person has violated this Act, an order based on this Act or a

disposition based on this Act

(Ordinances of the Ministry of the Environment)

Article 30 In addition to what is provided for in Article 26 to the preceding

Article, any necessary matters concerning permission for the care and keeping

of specified animals shall be specified by Ordinances of the Ministry of the

Environment.

(Method for Caring For or Keeping Animals)

Article 31 When a specified animal caretaker engages in caring or keeping

pertaining to the permission, he/she shall periodically inspect the specified

animal facility pertaining to said specified animal, clarify that he/she has

received permission with regard to said specified animal, and conform to any

other methods specified by an Ordinance of the Ministry of the Environment.

(Order for Specified animal caretaker to Take Measures)

Article 32 In the case where a specified animal caretaker has violated the

provisions of the preceding Article or has violated the conditions attached

pursuant to the provisions of Article 27 (2) (including the case where it is

applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 28 (2)), the prefectural governor

may, if he/she finds it necessary for preventing specified animals from causing

an infringement on the life, body or property of humans, order said person to

improve the method for caring for or keeping said specified animals or take

other necessary measures.

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(Reports and Inspections)

Article 33 (1) A prefectural governor may, within the limit necessary for

implementing the provisions of Articles 26 to 29 inclusive and the preceding

two Articles, request a specified animal caretaker to make reports on the

status of specified animal facilities, the method for the management of the

specified animals handled and other necessary matters or have prefectural

officials enter the places where the specified animal facilities of said specified

animal caretaker are established or other relevant places and inspect the

specified animal facilities or other properties.

(2) The provisions of Article 24 (2) and (3) shall apply mutatis mutandis to entry

and inspection under the preceding paragraph.

Section 5 Officials in Charge of Animal Welfare

Article 34 (1) A local government may, pursuant to the provisions of an

ordinance, establish officials with such a title as animal welfare and

management official (referred to as "officials in charge of animal welfare" in

the following paragraph) to perform the entry and inspection prescribed in

Article 24 (1) or paragraph (1) of the preceding Article and other work related

to the welfare and management of animals.

(2) An official in charge of animal welfare shall be an official of said local

government who has expert knowledge on the proper care and keeping of

animals, such as a veterinarian.

Chapter IV Measures Taken by Prefectures, etc.

(Taking Custody of Dogs and Cats)

Article 35 (1) Prefectures, etc. (which means prefectures, designated cities, core

cities set forth in Article 252-22 (1) of the Local Autonomy Act [hereinafter

referred to as "core cities"] and other cities specified by a Cabinet Order

[including special wards; the same shall apply hereinafter]) shall take custody

of a dog or cat when so requested by its owner. In this case, the prefectural

governor, etc. (which means the heads of the prefecture, etc.; the same shall

apply hereinafter) may designate the place where the dog or cat is to be taken

into custody.

(2) The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall apply mutatis mutandis to

the case where a prefecture, etc. is requested to take custody of a dog or cat of

which the owner is unknown by its finder or any other person.

(3) A prefectural governor may seek the necessary cooperation from the mayor of

a municipality (including a special ward) (such mayor shall exclude the mayor

of a designated city, core city or a city specified by a Cabinet Order set forth in

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paragraph (1)) concerning custody of a dog or cat under paragraph (1)

(including the case where it is applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to the

preceding paragraph; the same shall apply in paragraphs (5) and (6)).

(4) A prefectural governor, etc. may commission custody of dogs and cats to an

organization established for the purpose of animal welfare.

(5) The Minister of the Environment may, after consultation with the heads of

the relevant administrative organs, prescribe necessary matters with regard to

the measures to be taken in the case where custody has been requested

pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (1).

(6) The national government may, within the scope of the budget, grant a subsidy

to a prefecture, etc. for a part of the costs related to custody set forth in

paragraph (1), pursuant to the provisions of a Cabinet Order.

(Measures for Notification by Finders of Injured Animals, etc.)

Article 36 (1) A person who has found an animal such as a dog or a cat that has

a disease or is injured or the carcass of an animal such as a dog or a cat on a

road, in a park, in a plaza, or in any other public place shall endeavor to notify

promptly the owner when the owner is known or the prefectural governor, etc.

when the owner is unknown.

(2) A prefecture, etc. shall, when a notification under the preceding paragraph

has been given, take away said animal or animal carcass.

(3) The provisions of paragraph (5) of the preceding Article shall apply mutatis

mutandis to the case of taking away an animal pursuant to the provisions of

the preceding paragraph.

(Restriction on the Breeding of Dogs and Cats)

Article 37 (1) The owner of a dog or a cat shall, when he/she finds that there is a

risk that the animal would breed freely and that it would be difficult to give

the offspring an opportunity to receive proper care, endeavor to have surgery

carried out to disable breeding or take any other measures in order to prevent

breeding.

(2) A prefecture, etc. shall, upon such cases as when custody of a dog or a cat is

taken under Article 35 (1), endeavor to provide the necessary guidance and

advice so that the measures prescribed in the preceding paragraph are taken

appropriately.

(Animal Welfare Promoters)

Article 38 (1) Prefectural governors, etc. may appoint animal welfare promoters

from among persons who have enthusiasm and knowledge regarding the

promotion of the welfare of such animals as dogs and cats in the region.

(2) An animal welfare promoter shall perform the following activities:

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(i) Deepen the understanding of residents regarding the importance of the

welfare and proper care of such animals as dogs and cats

(ii) Give residents, upon request, the necessary advice on surgery for disabling

breeding and any other measures for preventing the free breeding of such

animals as dogs and cats

(iii) Provide such persons as the owners of such animals as dogs and cats, upon

request, adoption services or any other necessary assistance for giving these

animals an opportunity to receive proper care

(iv) Provide cooperation necessary for the measures conducted by the national

government or prefectures, etc. to promote the welfare and proper care of

such animals as dogs and cats

(Council)

Article 39 Prefectures, etc., non-profit corporations established for the purpose

of animal welfare, veterinarian organizations and any other organizations

working to disseminate and raise awareness regarding the welfare and proper

care of animals may form a council for promoting the appointment of animal

welfare promoters in the prefecture, etc. and conducting the necessary

deliberations regarding such matters as support for the activities of animal

welfare promoters.

Chapter V Miscellaneous Provisions

(Method to Be Applied in the Case of Destroying Animals)

Article 40 (1) In the case where an animal must be destroyed, a method that

minimizes as much as possible the pain and distress to the animal shall be

used.

(2) The Minister of the Environment may, after consultation with the heads of

the relevant administrative organs, provide necessary matters with regard to

the method set forth in the preceding paragraph.

(Method to Be Applied, Subsequent Measures, etc. in the Case of Providing

Animals for Scientific Use)

Article 41 (1) When providing animals for use in education, testing and research

or the manufacture of biological preparations, or for any other scientific use,

consideration shall be given to the appropriate use of such animals by such

means as using alternative methods to that of the use of animals as much as

possible and reducing the number of animals provided for such use as much as

possible, within the extent that the purpose of the scientific use can be

attained.

(2) In the case where an animal is provided for a scientific use, a method that

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minimizes the pain and distress to the animal as much as possible shall be

used, within the limit necessary for such use.

(3) In the case where an animal has fallen into a state from which recovery is

unlikely after being provided for a scientific use, the person who provided the

animal for such scientific use shall immediately dispose of said animal by a

method that minimizes pain and distress as much as possible.

(4) The Minister of the Environment may, after consultation with the heads of

the relevant administrative organs, prescribe the standards to be complied

with regarding the method set forth in paragraph (2) and the measures set

forth in the preceding paragraph.

(Transitional Measures)

Article 42 In the case of establishing, amending, or abolishing an order based on

the provisions of this Act, required transitional measures (including

transitional measures relating to penal provisions) may be specified by said

order, within the extent that is judged to be reasonably necessary in line with

the establishment, amendment, or abolition of the order.

(Hearing of the Opinion of the Central Environment Council)

Article 43 The Minister of the Environment shall, when he/she intends to

formulate the basic guidelines, establish the standards set forth in Article 7 (4),

Article 12 (1), Article 21 (1), Article 27 (1)(i) or Article 41 (4), specify the

situation set forth in Article 25 (1), or prescribe the matters set forth in Article

35 (5) (including the case where it is applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to

Article 36 (3)) or Article 40 (2), hear the opinion of the Central Environment

Council. The same shall apply when he/she intends to change or abolish the

basic guidelines, standards, situation, or matters.

Chapter VI Penal Provisions

Article 44 (1) A person who has destroyed or injured, without reason, a protected

animal shall be punished by imprisonment with work for not more than one

year or a fine of not more than one million yen.

(2) A person who has committed on a protected animal such cruelty as causing

debilitation by discontinuing feeding and/or watering without reason shall be

punished by a fine of not more than five hundred thousand yen.

(3) A person who has abandoned a protected animal shall be punished by a fine of

not more than five hundred thousand yen.

(4) The term "protected animal" as used in the preceding three paragraphs shall

be the animals listed in the following items:

(i) Cattle, horses, pigs, sheep, goats, dogs, cats, domestic rabbits, chickens,

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domestic pigeons, and domestic ducks

(ii) Animals in the possession of persons where such animals are categorized as

mammals, birds or reptiles, other than those listed in the preceding item

Article 45 A person who falls under any of the following items shall be punished

by imprisonment with work for not more than six months or a fine of not more

than five hundred thousand yen:

(i) A person who has cared for or kept a specified animal without permission in

violation of the provisions of Article 26 (1)

(ii) A person who has received the permission set forth in Article 26 (1) by

dishonest means

(iii) A person who has changed any of the matters set forth in Article 26 (2) (ii)

or (iv) to (vi) inclusive in violation of the provisions of Article 28 (1)

Article 46 A person who falls under any of the following items shall be punished

by a fine of not more than three hundred thousand yen:

(i) A person who has engaged in the animal handling business without

receiving registration in violation of the provisions of Article 10 (1)

(ii) A person who has received the registration set forth in Article 10 (1)

(including the renewal of registration set forth in Article 13 (1)) by dishonest

means

(iii) A person who has violated an order for the suspension of business under

Article 19 (1)

(iv) A person who has violated an order under Article 23 (3) or Article 32

Article 47 A person who falls under any of the following items shall be punished

by a fine of not more than two hundred thousand yen:

(i) A person who has failed to give a notification under Article 14 (1) or (2) or

Article 28 (3) or has given a false notification

(ii) A person who has failed to make a report under Article 24 (1) or Article 33

(1) or has made a false report, or who has refused, obstructed, or evaded an

inspection under these provisions

(iii) A person who has violated an order under Article 25 (2)

Article 48 When the representative person of a juridical person, or an agent,

employee or any other worker of a juridical person or individual has committed

an act in violation of the provisions from Article 44 to the preceding Article

with regard to the business of said juridical person or individual, not only the

offender shall be punished but also said juridical person or individual shall be

punished by a fine prescribed in the respective Articles.

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Article 49 A person who has failed to give a notification under Article 16 (1) or

has given a false notification shall be punished by a non-penal fine of not more

than two hundred thousand yen.

Article 50 A person who fails to post a sign under Article 18 shall be punished by

a non-penal fine of not more than one hundred thousand yen.

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