Forest and Forestry Basic Act
(Act No. 161 of July 9, 1964)
Table of Contents
Chapter I General Provisions (Article 1-10)
Chapter II Basic Plan for Forest and Forestry (Article 11)
Chapter III Measures for Fulfillment of Multifunctional Roles of Forests
(Article 12 -18)
Chapter IV Policies for Sustainable and Sound Development of Forestry
(Article 19 -23)
Chapter V Policies for Securing Supply and Utilization of forest Products
Chapter VI Administrative Organs and Relevant Organizations (Article 27 and
Chapter VII The Forestry Policy Council (Article 29-33)
Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1 The purpose of this Act is to stabilize and improve the life of the
citizens and to develop the national economy through comprehensive and
systematic implementation of the policies on forest and forestry by means of
establishing the basic principles and basic matters for their realization, and by
clarifying the responsibilities of the national and local governments.
(Fulfillment of Multifunctional Roles Forests)
Article 2 (1) In consideration of the indispensableness of sustainable fulfillment
of the multiple roles that forests play through preservation of national land,
water resources, natural environment, public health, prevention of global
warming and supply of forest products (hereinafter referred to as the
"multifunctional role") in maintaining the stable life of the citizens and the
national economy, adequate efforts shall be given for the development and
preservation of forests for the future.
(2) In consideration of the importance of continuous forest production activities
in mountain villages, necessary consideration shall be given for the promotion
of such areas including promotion of the settlement of people for adequate
development and preservation of forests.
(Sustainable and Sound Forestry Development)
Article 3 (1) In consideration of the fact that forestry plays an important role in
the fulfillment of forests' multifunctional role, sustainable and sound forestry
development shall be promoted by securing the workforce, improving the
productivity, and establishing a desirable forestry structure.
(2) In consideration of importance of securing adequate supply and utilization of
the forest products, utilization of the forest products shall be promoted by
supplying the products that meet the sophisticated and diversified needs of the
citizens and obtaining their better understanding of forest and forestry.
(Responsibility of the National Government)
Article 4 The national government is responsible for formulating and
implementing comprehensive policies for forest and forestry, pursuant to the
basic principles for forest and forestry prescribed in the preceding two articles
(hereinafter referred to as "basic principles").
(Management and Operation of National Forest Projects)
Article 5 The national government is responsible for adequate and efficient
management and operation of the national forest projects, pursuant to the
basic principles, in order to contribute to the promotion of the industry or the
welfare of the communities by enhancing the public interest and the roles of
national lands and forests, providing forest products continually and
systematically, and utilizing the national forests.
(Responsibility of Local Governments)
Article 6 Local governments are responsible, pursuant to the basic principles,
and based on an appropriate sharing of the roles with the national government,
for formulating and implementing the policies for forest and forestry that suit
their natural and socioeconomic characteristics of the area.
Article 7 (1) The Government shall take legislative and financial measures
required to implement the policies concerning forest and forestry.
(2) In taking measures for forest and forestry, the Government shall endeavor to
provide adequate financial support smoothly.
(Support Provided to the Efforts of the People Engaged in Forestry)
Article 8 In taking measure for forest and forestry, the national and local
governments shall aim at providing support to the voluntary efforts of the
people engaged in forestry, organizations relevant to forest and forestry,
operators of wood industry and others engaged in the distribution and
processing of the forest products (hereinafter referred to as "wood industry").
(Responsibility of Forest Owners)
Article 9 Forest owners and those who own the titles of forests for their use and
profit-making (hereinafter referred to as "forest owners"), pursuant to the basic
principles, shall endeavor to develop and conserve the forests so that their
multifunctional role can be fulfilled.
(Annual Report On the Trend of Forest and Forestry)
Article 10 (1) The Government shall annually submit to the Diet a report on the
trend of forest and forestry and on the policies implemented concerning forest
(2) The Government shall annually prepare and submit to the Diet a document
explaining the policies the Government is going to implement in consideration
of the trend of forest and forestry set forth in the preceding paragraph.
(3) The Government shall seek opinions from the Forestry Policy Council, in
preparing a document explaining the policies the Government is going to
implement as referred to in the preceding paragraph.
Chapter II Basic Plan for Forest and Forestry
Article 11 (1) The Government shall establish a basic plan for forest and forestry
(hereinafter referred to as the "basic plan") for the promotion of a
comprehensive and systematic implementation of the policies on forest and
(2) The basic plan shall set forth the following matters:
(i) Basic direction of the policies on forest and forestry.
(ii) Targets for the fulfillment of multifunctional role of forest and for the
supply and use of forest products.
(iii) Policies that the Government shall implement comprehensively and
systematically for forest and forestry.
(iv) In addition to what is listed in the preceding three items, matters required
for the promotion of comprehensive and systematic implementation of the
policies on forest and forestry.
(3) Targets for the fulfillment of multifunctional roles of forest and for the supply
and use of forest products as referred to in the second item of the preceding
paragraph shall be established as a guideline for the forest development and
conservation, business operation of forestry and wood industry, and
consumption of forest products, while identifying issues that forest owners
(4) Policies of the basic plan pertaining to forest shall be developed in harmony
with the national plan relevant to the conservation of environment.
(5) The Government shall seek opinions from the Forestry Policy Council in
establishing the basic plan pursuant to the provision of paragraph 1.
(6) The Government shall, without delay, submit to the Diet and publicize the
basic plan when established pursuant to the provision of paragraph 1.
(7) The Government shall revise the basic plan approximately every 5 years,
taking into consideration of the changes in circumstances surrounding forest
and forestry as well as the result of evaluation of the policies on forest and
(8) Provisions of paragraph 5 and 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis to the changes
of the basic plan.
Chapter III Policies for the Fulfillment of Multifunctional Roles of Forest
(Promotion of Forest Development)
Article 12 (1) The State shall take necessary measures for the promotion of
adequate development of forest such as promotion of systematic afforestation,
tending and cutting best suited to the characteristics of the region,
development of forest roads required for efficient forest management practices
and securing of superior seedlings.
(2) In addition to the matters prescribed in the preceding paragraph, the State
shall, in consideration of the importance of systematic and integrated forest
management practices by forest owners, provide support to the current state
investigation of forest, indispensable for implementation of the practices, and
other activities in the region.
(Securing of Forest Conservation)
Article 13 The State shall take necessary measures to conserve forest adequately,
including promotion of the controls required for the prevention of adverse
effect of activities such as changes in the character of land that are likely to
cause significant impacts on forest conservation, prevention of landslides to be
caused by disasters, promotion of civil work to restore the damages caused by
such events, and extermination of forests diseases and pests and prevention of
(Development and Dissemination of Technology)
Article 14 The State shall take necessary measures such as setting specific goals
for research and development of technology, enhancing the partnerships among
laboratories of national, independent administrative agencies, local
governments, local independent administrative agencies, universities, and
private bodies, and promoting dissemination of forest and forestry technologies
that suit the regional characteristics, in order to effectively promote research
and development and dissemination of the technologies relevant to the forest
and forestry distribution and processing.
(Promotion of Settlement in Mountain Villages)
Article 15 The State shall, in consideration of the importance of forest owners to
live in mountain villages, take necessary measures for the promotion of the
settlement of people in mountain villages such as increasing of job
opportunities by promoting industries through production and distribution of
local specialty products, and improving the living environment.
(Promotion of Voluntary Activities by the Citizens)
Article 16 The State shall provide information and take necessary measures for
the promotion of forest development and conservation activities including
voluntary tree-planting activities by the citizens, business operators and
private bodies organized by such parties.
(Exchanges between Urban Areas and Mountain Villages)
Article 17 The State shall take necessary measures such as encouraging
exchanges between urban and mountain villages, and promoting public health
or use of forests for education , in order to enhance public understanding and
awareness of forest and forestry and to contribute to healthy and comfortable
(International Cooperation and Contribution)
Article 18 The State shall, in consideration of the importance of international
cooperation in promoting sustainable fulfillment of multifunctional roles of
forests, endeavor to promote international cooperation including international
coordination of efforts to establish rules relevant to the forest development and
conservation, technical and financial cooperation for the developing areas.
Chapter IV Policies for the Sustainable and Sound Development of
(Establishment of Desirable Forestry Structure)
Article 19 The State shall take necessary measures for the promotion of
expansion of forestry management scale, streamlining of production system,
and rationalization of management according to the regional characteristics, in
order to develop efficient and stable forestry management and to establish the
forestry structure that plays considerable part in the forestry production.
(Development and Securing of Human Resources)
Article 20 The State shall take necessary measures such as enriching education,
research and dissemination projects, in order to develop and secure human
resources who play a major role in efficient and stable forestry management.
(Policies for Forestry Workforce)
Article 21 The State shall take necessary measures such as increasing job
opportunities, stabilizing employment, improving working conditions,
improving social security, and enhancing vocational training programs, in
order to improve welfare, develop and secure the forest labor force.
(Promotion of Activities of Forestry Production Organizations)
Article 22 The State shall take necessary measures for promoting forestry
activities of forest owners' cooperation association, and other organizations
which operate commissioned forest management practices, in order to
contribute to secure efficient forestry production in the local forestry.
(Forestry Disaster Compensation)
Article 23 The State shall take necessary measures such as reasonable
compensation for the disaster losses in order to prevent any possible
impediment to forestry reproduction by the disasters and help the stabilization
of forestry management.
Chapter V Policies for Securing Supply and Use of Forest Products
(Sound Development of Wood Industry)
Article 24 The State shall take necessary measures, in consideration of an
importance of the role of wood industry, etc. in the supply of wood products,
such as enhancement of business base, promotion of partnerships with forestry,
streamlining of distribution and processing, for the sound development of wood
(Promotion of Utilization of Forest Products)
Article 25 The State shall take necessary measures such as disseminating the
knowledge on the significance of forest products' utilization and providing
relevant information, stimulating new demand for forest products, and
promoting the use of woods in buildings and structures, to contribute to the
promotion of adequate utilization of forest products.
(Measures for Imports of Forest Products)
Article 26 The State shall take necessary measures for building international
partnerships to secure adequate import of forest products while endeavoring to
sustainable development of forests' multifunctional roles, such as tariff rate
adjustments and import restrictions, where urgently required, when certain
imports create or likely to create serious adverse effect on the production of
domestic forest products that compete against imports.
Chapter VI Administrative Organs and Relevant Bodies
(Restructuring of Administrative Organs)
Article 27 The State and local governments shall endeavor to cooperate in taking
measures for forest and forestry, and restructuring administrative organs as
well as improving their efficiency and transparency in administrative
(Reorganization and Restructuring of Relevant Bodies)
Article 28 The State shall take necessary measures for efficient restructuring of
the bodies relevant to forest and forestry, which contribute to the realization of
the basic principles.
Chapter VII The Forestry Policy Council
Article 29 The Forestry Policy Council (hereinafter referred to as the "Council")
is hereby established in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
Article 30 (1) The Council shall, study and deliberate important matters for
implementing this Act, in response to the consultations by the Minister of
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries or other ministers concerned, in addition to
deal with the tasks authorized pursuant to the provisions of this Act.
(2) The Council may submit its opinions to the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry
and Fisheries or other ministers concerned, with regard to the matters
provided in the preceding paragraph.
(3) In addition to the matters provided in the preceding two paragraphs, the
Council shall deal with the tasks authorized pursuant to the provisions of the
following Acts: Forest Pests and Disease Control Act (Act No. 53 of 1950), Act
Concerning Utilization of National Forest Land (Act No.246 of 1951), Forest
Act (Act No. 249 of 1951), Temporary Measures Act for Protection Forest
Consolidation (Act No. 84 of 1954), Temporary Measures Act Concerning Fund
for Improvement of Forestry Management Framework (Act No. 51 of 1979),
Special Measures Act for Improvement of Public Health Function of Forests
(Act No.71 of 1989), Act Concerning the Securing of forestry Work Force (Act
No. 45 of 1996)
Article 31 (1) The Council shall be comprised of not more than 30 members.
(2) The Council members shall be appointed by the Minister of Agriculture,
Forestry and Fisheries from persons with relevant knowledge and experience
with regard to the matters provided in the first paragraph of the preceding
(3) The Council members shall serve on a part-time basis.
(4) In addition to the matters provided in paragraph 2, the Council staff, as
prescribed in the Cabinet Order, shall be appointed by the Minister of
Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
(Request of Document Submission)
Article 32 The Council may request the heads of relevant administrative organs
to submit appropriate materials, and offer their opinions, explanations and
other cooperation as deemed necessary for the execution of their affairs under
Article 33 In addition to the matters provided in this Act, the matters necessary
for the organization, affairs of jurisdiction and administration of the Council
shall be prescribed by the Cabinet Order.
Supplementary Provisions [Extract]
(1) This Act shall enter into force on the day of promulgation. However,
paragraph 3 of Article 9, paragraph 3 of Article 10, Chapter VI, provisions of
next paragraph and the provisions to amend Article 68, 69 and 71 of Forest Act
(Act No. 249 of 1951) in paragraph 3 of Supplementary Provisions shall enter
into force on April 1, 1965.