Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas Basic Act

Link to law: http://www.japaneselawtranslation.go.jp/law/detail_download/?ff=08&id=2339
Published: 2009

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Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas Basic Act

Chapter I General Provisions (Articles 1 to 14)

Chapter II Basic Measures

Section 1 Basic Plan for Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas (Article 15)

Section 2 Measures for Securing a Stable Supply of Food (Articles 16 to 20)

Section 3 Measures for Sustainable Development of Agriculture (Articles 21 to 33)

Section 4 Measures for Development of Rural Areas (Articles 34 to 36)

Chapter III Administrative Organs and Relevant Organizations (Articles 37 and 38)

Chapter IV Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Area Policies (Articles 39 to 43)

Supplementary Provisions

Chapter I General Provisions

(Purpose)

Article 1 The purpose of this Act is to comprehensively and systematically promote measures for food, agriculture and rural areas, and thereby to stabilize and improve citizens' lives and achieve sound development of the national economy by providing for the basic principles and basic matters for realizing those principles and clarifying the responsibilities of the State and local public entities with regard to measures for food, agriculture and rural areas.

(Securing of a Stable Supply of Food)

Article 2 (1) Given that food is indispensable for maintaining human life and important as a basis for a healthy and fulfilling life, high-quality food must be stably supplied into the future at a reasonable price.

(2) Given that the world's food supply and demand balance and food trade involve unstable factors, a stable supply of food to citizens must be ensured by increasing domestic agricultural production as a base and appropriately combining it with imports and stockpiling.

(3) Food must be supplied through comprehensively achieving the sound development of agriculture and the food industry while promoting the improvement of agricultural productivity, and in accordance with the ever more sophisticated and diversified demands of citizens.

(4) Supply of the minimum food necessary for citizens must be secured in such a manner that no serious hindrance will be caused to the stability of citizens' lives or to the smooth operation of the national economy even where the domestic food supply and demand balance becomes or is likely to become extremely tight for a reasonable period of time due to a contingent cause such as poor harvests or interrupted imports.

(Performance of Multiple Functions)

Article 3 Multiple functions of agricultural production activities in rural areas, other than the function of supplying food and other agricultural products, such as the conservation of national land, recharging of water resources, conservation of the natural environment, formation of favorable landscapes, and the passing down of culture (hereinafter referred to as "Multiple Functions") must be performed appropriately and sufficiently into the future, given their role in achieving stability in the lives of citizens and the national economy.

(Sustainable Development of Agriculture)

Article 4 Given the importance of the function of supplying food and other agricultural products and the Multiple Functions performed by agriculture, the sustainable development of agriculture must be ensured by securing necessary agricultural land, agricultural water, and other agricultural resources as well as the agricultural workforce, establishing a desirable agricultural structure with an efficient combination of such elements based on regional characteristics, and maintaining and improving the Natural Circulation Function of Agriculture (meaning the function of agricultural production activities to depend on and promote circulation of substances through the medium of organisms in nature; the same applies hereinafter).

(Development of Rural Areas)

Article 5 Given that rural areas serve as the base for sustainable development of agriculture as a result of agriculture being operated in the living areas of local residents, including farmers, rural areas must be developed through improvement of the agricultural production conditions and improvement of the living environment and other welfare enhancement so that the function of supplying food and other agricultural products and the Multiple Functions of agriculture will be performed appropriately and sufficiently.

(Consideration Given to Fisheries and Forestry)

Article 6 In implementing measures for food, agriculture and rural areas, necessary consideration is to be given for the promotion of fisheries and forestry, given the close connection of those measures to such industries.

(Responsibility of the State)

Article 7 (1) The State is responsible for comprehensively formulating and implementing measures for food, agriculture and rural areas, pursuant to the basic principles of measures for food, agriculture and rural areas prescribed in Articles 2 through 5 (hereinafter referred to as the "Basic Principles").

(2) The State must endeavor to enhance citizens' understanding of the Basic Principles through measures including offering information on food, agriculture and rural areas.

(Responsibility of Local Public Entities)

Article 8 Local public entities are responsible for formulating and implementing measures for food, agriculture and rural areas in accordance with the natural, economic and social conditions of their respective districts based on the appropriate sharing of roles with the State with regard to food, agriculture and rural areas, pursuant to the Basic Principles.

(Efforts of Farmers, etc.)

Article 9 Farmers and agricultural organizations are to endeavor proactively to realize the Basic Principles in operating farming and other relevant activities.

(Efforts of Business Operators)

Article 10 In operating their business activities, business operators in the food industry are to endeavor to secure the supply of food for citizens, pursuant to the Basic Principles.

(Support for the Efforts of Farmers, etc.)

Article 11 In implementing measures for food, agriculture and rural areas, the State and local public entities are to aim at providing support for the proactive efforts of farmers, agricultural organizations and business operators in the food industry.

(Role of Consumers)

Article 12 Consumers are to deepen their understanding of food, agriculture and rural areas and play a positive role in improving their food consumption habits.

(Legislative Measures, etc.)

Article 13 The government must take the legislative, fiscal and financial measures required to implement measures for food, agriculture and rural areas.

(Annual Report, etc.)

Article 14 (1) Every year, the government must submit to the Diet a report on the trends of food, agriculture and rural areas, and on the measures it has implemented with regard to food, agriculture and rural areas.

(2) Every year, the government must prepare and submit to the Diet a document clarifying measures to be implemented in consideration of the trends of food, agriculture and rural areas pertaining to the report set forth in the preceding paragraph.

(3) When preparing the document clarifying the policies to be implemented set forth in the preceding paragraph, the government must hear the opinions of the Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Area Policies.

Chapter II Basic Measures

Section 1 Basic Plan for Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas

Article 15 (1) The government must establish a basic plan for food, agriculture and rural areas (hereinafter referred to as the "Basic Plan") in order to achieve the comprehensive and systematic promotion of measures for food, agriculture and rural areas.

(2) The Basic Plan is to provide for the following matters:

(i) the basic policy for measures for food, agriculture and rural areas;

(ii) the target rate of food self-sufficiency;

(iii) measures to be comprehensively and systematically implemented by the government with regard to food, agriculture and rural areas; and

(iv) in addition to what is set forth in the above three items, matters necessary for comprehensively and systematically promoting measures for food, agriculture and rural areas.

(3) The target rate of food self-sufficiency set forth in item (ii) of the preceding paragraph is to be established, with the aim of improving the rate, as a guideline for domestic agricultural production and food consumption, while clarifying the issues that farmers and other relevant persons should address.

(4) The part of the Basic Plan pertaining to measures for rural areas must be kept in harmony with the plan of the State concerning comprehensive use, development and conservation of national land.

(5) When establishing a Basic Plan pursuant to the provision of paragraph (1), the government must hear the opinions of the Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Area Policies.

(6) When having established a Basic Plan pursuant to the provision of paragraph (1), the government must, without delay, report it to the Diet and publicize it.

(7) The government is to revise the Basic Plan approximately every five years, by taking into consideration the changes in circumstances surrounding food, agriculture and rural areas, and also based on an evaluation of the effects of the measures for food, agriculture and rural areas.

(8) The provisions of paragraphs (5) and (6) apply mutatis mutandis to the revision of the Basic Plan.

Section 2 Measures for Securing a Stable Supply of Food

(Enhancement of Measures for Food Consumption)

Article 16 (1) The State is to increase the sophistication of sanitation management and quality management of food, ensure proper food labeling, and implement other necessary measures, in order to secure the safety of food and improve food quality and to contribute to allowing rational choices for consumers.

(2) The State is to formulate guidelines on a healthy diet, disseminate knowledge and provide information on food consumption, and implement other necessary measures, in order to contribute to the improvement of food consumption and effective use of agricultural resources.

(Sound Development of the Food Industry)

Article 17 Considering the importance of the role of the food industry in supplying food, the State is to, in order to ensure the sound development of the industry, reinforce the business base, promote coordination between the industry and agriculture, streamline distribution and implement other necessary measures, while giving consideration to the reduction of environmental load associated with business activities and ensuring effective use of resources.

(Measures concerning Import and Export of Agricultural Products)

Article 18 (1) The State is to take necessary measures for securing the stable importing of agricultural products for demand that cannot be met by domestic production, and where importing agricultural products causes or is likely to cause a serious hindrance to the production of competitive agricultural products and there is an urgent necessity, it is to adjust the tariff rate, restrict the importing or implement other necessary measures.

(2) In order to promote the exporting of agricultural products, the State is to reinforce the competitiveness of agricultural products, as well as enhance market research, provide information, reinforce dissemination and advertising, and implement other necessary measures.

(Food Security in Emergencies)

Article 19 In the case prescribed in Article 2, paragraph (4), if the State finds it to be necessary for securing the minimum food necessary for citizens, it is to increase the production of food, restrict distribution or implement other necessary measures.

(Promotion of International Cooperation)

Article 20 In order to contribute to ensuring the stability of the world's food supply and demand balance into the future, the State is to endeavor to promote technical and financial cooperation for the development of agriculture and rural areas in developing regions, food aid to these regions, and other international cooperation.

Section 3 Measures for Sustainable Development of Agriculture

(Establishment of a Desirable Agricultural Structure)

Article 21 In order to develop efficient and stable agricultural management and to establish an agricultural structure whereby such agricultural management undertakes a considerable portion of agricultural production, the State is to promote the development of the agricultural production base, expand the scale of agricultural management, and implement other necessary measures for promoting reinforcement of the agricultural management base according to the farming category and regional characteristics.

(Development of Agricultural Management by Full-time Farmers, etc.)

Article 22 Given the importance of allowing full-time farmers and other motivated farmers to develop original and creative farm management, the State is to rationalize management control and improve other conditions that contribute to the development and smooth succession of management, and achieve the revitalization of family farming, as well as implementing necessary measures for promoting the incorporation of agricultural management.

(Securing of Agricultural Land and Its Effective Use)

Article 23 In order to secure necessary agricultural land for domestic agricultural production and to achieve its effective use, the State is to ensure agricultural use of land that should be used as agricultural land, promote the accumulation of the use of agricultural land by those who conduct efficient and stable agricultural management, promote the efficient use of agricultural land, and implement other necessary measures.

(Development of an Agricultural Production Base)

Article 24 In order to improve agricultural productivity by securing agricultural land and agricultural water with conditions favorable for farming and promoting their effective use, the State is to enlarge agricultural land partitions, create multipurpose paddy fields, maintain or enhance the functions of agricultural irrigation and drainage facilities, and implement other necessary measures for developing the agricultural production base, according to the regional characteristics, while giving consideration to harmony with the environment, and with the aim of achieving the efficient operation of business.

(Development and Securing of Human Resources)

Article 25 (1) In order to develop and secure human resources who will undertake efficient and stable agricultural management, the State is to improve the agricultural techniques and management control abilities of farmers, encourage those who intend to newly engage in farming to learn agricultural techniques and management methods, and implement other necessary measures.

(2) The State is to promote education on agriculture and implement other necessary measures so that citizens will deepen their understanding and interest in agriculture.

(Promotion of Women's Participation in Agriculture)

Article 26 Given the importance of both men and women being able to secure opportunities to participate in all kinds of activities as equal members of society, the State is to properly evaluate women's roles in agricultural management, and promote the development of an environment that allows women to secure opportunities to participate in agricultural management and other related activities on their own volition.

(Promotion of Activities by Elderly Farmers)

Article 27 The State is to promote the development of an environment that allows elderly farmers to carry out agriculture-related activities as a purpose in life related to their roles in local agriculture and their techniques and abilities, and is to achieve improvement of their welfare.

(Promotion of Activities of Agricultural Production Organizations)

Article 28 In order to contribute to securing efficient agricultural production in local agriculture, the State is to implement necessary measures for promoting activities of farmer organizations based on rural communities and other farmer organizations that jointly carry out agricultural production activities, organizations that carry out farm work on commission, and other similar organizations.

(Development and Dissemination of Technology)

Article 29 In order to effectively promote research and development and dissemination of technology related to agriculture, food processing and distribution, the State is to clarify targets for the research and development of such technology, strengthen coordination among national and prefectural research and development institutes, universities and private bodies, promote projects for disseminating agriculture-related technology according to regional characteristics, and implement other necessary measures.

(Price Formation of Agricultural Products and Stabilization of Management)

Article 30 (1) In order to promote agricultural production that meets consumer demand, the State is to implement necessary measures so that prices of agricultural products are formed by appropriately reflecting the supply and demand situation and quality evaluation.

(2) The State is to implement necessary measures for mitigating the effects of significant fluctuations in prices of agricultural products on the agricultural management to be developed.

(Compensation of Losses Caused by Agricultural Disasters)

Article 31 In order to prevent agricultural reproduction from being impeded by disasters and to ensure the stabilization of agricultural management, the State is to provide reasonable compensation for losses caused by disasters and implement other necessary measures.

(Maintenance and Enhancement of the Natural Circulation Function)

Article 32 In order to maintain and enhance the Natural Circulation Function of Agriculture, the State is to secure the proper use of agricultural chemicals and fertilizers, and improve soil fertility through the effective use of livestock manure and other items, and implement other necessary measures.

(Rationalization of Production and Distribution of Agricultural Materials)

Article 33 In order to contribute to reducing the cost of agricultural materials in agricultural management, the State is to promote the rationalization of production and distribution of agricultural materials, and implement other necessary measures.

Section 4 Measures for Development of Rural Areas

(Comprehensive Development of Rural Areas)

Article 34 (1) The State is to systematically promote measures for the development of agriculture and other comprehensive development of rural areas, with consideration to coordination between agricultural use and other use of land in rural areas.

(2) In order to achieve the sound development of regional agriculture and create bountiful and livable rural areas with beautiful landscapes, the State is to implement necessary measures for comprehensively promoting the improvement of agricultural production bases, the improvement of the living environment including transport, information and communications, public health, education and culture, and other welfare enhancement according to the regional characteristics.

(Development of Hilly and Mountainous Areas, etc.)

Article 35 (1) In mountainous areas, their surrounding areas, and other areas facing disadvantages in their agricultural production conditions due to poor geographical conditions (hereinafter referred to as "Hilly and Mountainous Areas"), the State is to increase job opportunities by promoting agriculture and other industries through means including the introduction of new crops, and the production and sale of local specialty products, promote the settlement of residents through the improvement of the living environment, and implement other necessary measures according to the regional characteristics.

(2) In Hilly and Mountainous Areas, the State is to implement specific measures for securing the Multiple Functions of agriculture through means including the provision of support to correct the disadvantages in agricultural production conditions in order to allow appropriate agricultural production activities to be carried out continuously.

(Exchanges between Urban Areas and Rural Areas, etc.)

Article 36 (1) In order to deepen citizens' understanding and interest in agriculture and rural areas and to contribute to their healthy and comfortable lives, the State is to encourage exchanges between urban areas and rural areas, promote the development of allotment gardens, and implement other necessary measures.

(2) With regard to agriculture in and around urban areas, the State is to implement necessary measures for promoting agricultural production that meets the demand from urban residents, taking advantage of the characteristic of proximity to the consumption area.

Chapter III Administrative Organs and Relevant Organizations

(Development of Administrative Organs, etc.)

Article 37 When implementing measures for food, agriculture and rural areas, the State and local public entities are to mutually cooperate and endeavor to develop administrative organs and increase the efficiency and transparency of administrative management.

(Restructuring and Development of Relevant Organizations)

Article 38 In order to contribute to the realization of the Basic Principles, the State is to implement necessary measures for efficient restructuring and development of bodies relevant to food, agriculture and rural areas.

Chapter IV Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Area Policies

(Establishment)

Article 39 The Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Area Policies (hereinafter referred to as the "Council") will be established in the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

(Authority)

Article 40 (1) In addition to processing matters placed under its authority pursuant to the provisions of this Act, the Council will investigate and deliberate on important matters concerning enforcement of this Act in response to consultations with the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries or other ministers concerned.

(2) The Council may submit its opinions to the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries or other ministers concerned, with regard to the matters prescribed in the preceding paragraph.

(3) In addition to what is provided for in the preceding two paragraphs, the Council will process matters placed under its authority pursuant to the provisions of the Land Improvement Act (Act No.195 of 1949), the Act on Improvement and Increased Production of Livestock (Act No.209 of 1950), the Act on Domestic Animal Infectious Diseases Control (Act No.166 of 1951), the Feed Supply-and-Demand Stabilization Act (Act No.356 of 1952), the Act Concerning Dairy and Beef Cattle Production Promotion (Act No.182 of 1954), the Act on Special Measures Concerning Promotion of Fruit-growing Industry (Act No.15 of 1961), the Act Concerning the Stabilization of Price of Livestock Products (Act No.183 of 1961), the Act on Price Adjustment of Sugar and Starch (Act No.109 of 1965), the Act on Temporary Measures concerning Compensation Price for Producers of Milk for Manufacturing Use (Act No.112 of 1965), the Act on Establishment of Agricultural Promotion Regions (Act No.58 of 1969), the Wholesale Market Act (Act No.35 of 1971), the Act on Special Measures concerning Beef Calf Production Stabilization (Act No.98 of 1988), the Act on Promotion of Food Marketing Structure Improvement (Act No.59 of 1991), the Act on Stabilization of Supply, Demand and Prices of Staple Food (Act No.113 of 1994), the Act on Promotion of Recycling and Related Activities for Treatment of Cyclical Food Resources (Act No.116 of 2000), the Act on Payment of Grants to Farmers for Purpose of Stabilization of Farming Management (Act No. 88 of 2006), the Act on Promotion of Organic Agriculture (Act No. 112 of 2006), the Act on Promotion of Business Activities by Collaboration Between Small and Medium Sized Enterprise Operators and Operators of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery (Act No. 38 of 2008), and the Act on Promotion of Use of Rice for New Purposes (Act No. 25 of 2009).

(Organization)

Article 41 (1) The Council is comprised of not more than 30 members.

(2) The members are appointed by the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries from persons with relevant knowledge and experience with regard to the matters prescribed in paragraph (1) of the preceding Article.

(3) The members are to serve on a part-time basis.

(4) In addition to what is provided for in paragraph (2), officials of the Council who are specified by Cabinet Order are to be appointed by the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

(Request for Submission of Materials, etc.)

Article 42 When the Council finds it necessary for the execution of affairs under its jurisdiction, it may request the heads of relevant administrative organs to submit materials, offer their opinions, provide explanations or engage in other necessary cooperation.

(Delegation Provision)

Article 43 In addition to what is provided for in this Act, the matters necessary with regard to the organization, affairs under its jurisdiction, and administration of the Council are specified by Cabinet Order.

Supplementary Provisions [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of the date of promulgation.

(Abolition of the Agricultural Basic Act)

Article 2 The Agricultural Basic Act (Act No. 127 of 1961) is to be abolished.

(Transitional Measures)

Article 3 (1) If the report set forth in Article 6, paragraph (1) of the Agricultural Basic Act prior to its abolition under the provisions of the preceding Article (hereinafter referred to as the "Old Basic Act") for 1999 has not been submitted to the Diet by the time when this Act comes into effect, the provisions then in force remain applicable to the submission of the report set forth in said paragraph to the Diet.

(2) If the report set forth in Article 6, paragraph (1) of the Old Basic Act has been submitted to the Diet pursuant to the provisions of said paragraph before this Act comes into effect or if the report set forth in said paragraph has been submitted to the Diet pursuant to the provisions of said paragraph where the provisions then in force are to remain applicable pursuant to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, such report is deemed to have been submitted to the Diet as the report set forth in Article 14, paragraph (1) pursuant to the provisions of said paragraph.

(3) If the document set forth in Article 7 of the old Basic Act for 1999 has not been submitted to the Diet by the time this Act comes into effect, the provisions then in force remain applicable to the submission of the document set forth in said Article to the Diet.

(4) If the document set forth in Article 7 of the Old Basic Act has been submitted to the Diet pursuant to said Article before this Act comes into effect or if the document set forth in said Article has been submitted to the Diet pursuant to the provisions of said Article where the provisions then in force are to remain applicable pursuant to the provisions of the preceding paragraph, such document is deemed to have been submitted to the Diet as the document set forth in Article 14, paragraph (2) pursuant to the provisions of said paragraph.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No.102 of July 16, 1999] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of the date on which the Act for Partial Revision of the Cabinet Act (Act No. 88 of 1999) comes into effect; provided, however, that the provisions set forth in the following items comes into effect as of the dates specified respectively in those items:

(ii) Article 10, paragraphs (1) and (5), Article 14, paragraph (3), and Articles 23, 28 and 30 of the Supplementary Provisions: the date of promulgation

(Succession of the Status of Officials)

Article 3 Persons who, at the time when this Act comes into effect, have been officials of the former Prime Minister's Office, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications, Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Construction or Ministry of Home Affairs (hereinafter referred to as a "Former Ministry or Agency" in this Article) (excluding chairpersons and members of the councils, etc. set forth in Article 8 of the National Government Organization Act (Act No. 120 of 1948), members of the Central Disaster Management Council, the chairperson and members of the Japanese Industrial Standards Committee, and those specified by Cabinet Order as persons similar thereto) are to, unless an appointment is announced separately, become officials with a corresponding status under the same working conditions of the Cabinet Office, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, or Ministry of the Environment after this Act comes into effect (hereinafter referred to as the "New Ministry or Agency" in this Article) or a department or organization established thereunder, which is specified by Cabinet Order as the New Office or Ministry, or the department or organization established thereunder that corresponds to the Former Office or Ministry or the department or organization established thereunder to which said official belongs at the time when this Act comes into effect.

(Transitional Measures Specified Separately)

Article 30 In addition to what is provided for in Article 2 through the preceding Article, any necessary transitional measures for the enforcement of this Act are specified separately by other Acts.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No.107 of June 2, 2000] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of October 1, 2000.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No.116 of June 7, 2000] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of the day specified by Cabinet Order within a period not exceeding one year from the date of promulgation.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No.126 of December 4, 2002] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of April 1, 2003; provided, however, that the provisions of Articles 9 through 18 and Articles 20 through 25 of the Supplementary Provisions comes into effect as of October 1, 2003.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No.73 of June 11, 2003] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of the day specified by Cabinet Order within a period not exceeding three months from the date of promulgation.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No. 89 of July 29, 2005] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of the day specified by Cabinet Order within a period not exceeding six months from the date of promulgation (hereinafter referred to as the "Effective Date"); provided, however, that the provisions of the following paragraph and Article 27 of the Supplementary Provisions comes into effect as of the date of promulgation.

(Delegation to Cabinet Order)

Article 27 In addition to what is provided for in these Supplementary Provisions, any necessary transitional measures for the enforcement of this Act are specified by Cabinet Order.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No. 88 of June 21, 2006] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of April 1, 2007; provided, however, that the provisions of Articles 3 and 7 of the Supplementary Provisions comes into effect as of the date of promulgation, and the provisions of Article 4, paragraph (1) apply to income pertaining to target agricultural products in and after fiscal year 2007.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No. 89 of June 21, 2006] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of April 1, 2007; provided, however, that the provisions of Articles 4, 7 and 9 of the Supplementary Provisions comes into effect as of the date of promulgation.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No. 112 of December 15, 2006] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

1. This Act comes into effect as of the date of promulgation. 1. This Act comes into effect as of the date of promulgation.

Supplementary Provisions [Act No. 38 of May 23, 2008] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of the day specified by Cabinet Order within a period not exceeding six months from the date of promulgation

Supplementary Provisions [Act No. 25 of April 24, 2009] [Extract]

(Effective Date)

Article 1 This Act comes into effect as of the day specified by Cabinet Order within a period not exceeding six months from the date of promulgation.