Child Care and Protection Act


Published: 2004-03-26

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

THE CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION ACT'

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

Preliminaq

Shdrt title.

Interpretation.

Objects of Act.

PART I . Care and Protection ofChildren

Representation by Children's Advocate.

Establishment of Children's Register.

Duty to report need for care and protection.

Assessment and investigation of reports to Registry.

Circumstances in which a child is in nced of care and protection.

Cruelty to children.

Prohibition against sale or trailicking of childrcn.

Warrant to search for and rcmove child.

Detention of child in place of safety.

Power to bring child needing care or protection before court

Powers of court.

Power to take offender into custody.

Mode of charging offcnccs and limitation of timc.

Power to hear case in absence of child.

Extension of power to take statcment of child.

Admission in evidence of deposition of child.

Evidence of child of tender years.

Order to submit to medical examination.

Disease testing of convicted offendcr.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

23. Disposal of case by order of court.

24. Power of parent or guardian to bring child before court.

PART 11. General Provisionsjor Cure ar7d Protection of Children

Interpretation for Part 11.

Responsibilities of fit persons.

Duty to provide care for child.

Duty to secure education of child.

Contributions.

Contribution orders.

Provisions as to affiliation order.

Reference in section 30 or 31 to court for Kingston and Saint
Andrew is to Family Court.

Prohibition on employment of child under thirteen.

Restriction on employment of child over thirteen.

Exception for artistic performances.

Responsibility for contravention of sections 33 and 34.

Search warrant.

Saving.

Prohibition on employment in nightclubs, etc.

Prohibition of sale of intoxicating liquour or tobacco products to
child.

Begging.

Restriction on presence of child in court.

Power to clear court when child in court.

Power to prohibit publication of certain matters.

Restriction on newspaper reports of proceedings in Juvenile Court.

PART 111. Children in Care

Interpretation for Part 111.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Licence to operate children's home.

Application for licence.

Power of Minister in respect of licences.

Appeals.

Responsibility of licensees.

Notification of reception of child.

Removal or death of child.

Power to visit and inspect homes.

Warrant to visit and inspect.

Control over licensed homes.

Order to remove child from home.

Escape from fit person.

Transfer of persons under care of fit persons.

Emigration, etc., of children.

Rules relating to fit persons.

Rights of child in places of safety, etc.

PART IV. Childretr Detaitred or. Brought Before a Cowi

Age of criminal responsibility.

Determination of age.

General considerations for guidance of courts.

Separation of children froin adults.

Bail or detention of child.

Remand or committal to juvenile remand centre.

Attendance at court of parent of child charged with offence, etc.

Notice to appropriate officers of chargcs against child.

Constitution of, procedure in, and appeal from. Children's Court.

Jurisdiction of Children's Court.

Provisions as to powers of Children's Court.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Court other than Children's Court to havc powers of Children's
Court.

Power of other courts to remit child offenders to Children's Court.

Methods of dealing with child offenders.

Enforcement of recognizance.

Restriction on punishment.

Restriction on committal to juvenile correctional centre.

Special provisions relating to probation.

Provisions relating to committal to child correctional centre.

Provisions relating to committal to fit person.

No committal to centre which has ceased to be a juvenile
correctional centre.

Steps to be taken by Minister on receipt of fit person order.

PART V . Administration and Enforcement

Establishment of Council.

General duty of the Council to advise the Minister.

Proceedings by Minister.

Miscellaneous offcnces.

General penalty.

Forms.

Regulations.

Protcction from liability.

Power of Ministcr to amend Act.

SCHEDULES

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION 5

THE CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION ACT A C ~
11 oBm4,
12 of=

[2&h March, 2004.1 3"dSeL.

Preliminary

1. This Act may be cited as the Child Care and Protection shorttitle.
Act.

2.--(I) In this Act- ~~ltsrgrste-
tion.

"adult" means a person who has attained the age of eighteen
years;

"adult correctional centre" has the meaning assigned to it by
section 2 of the Corrections Act;

"child" means a person under the age of eighteen years;

"Children's Advocate" means Ihe ofice of Childpen's
Advocate constituted under section 4;

!'
"Children's Court" means any Children's Court established

in accordance with the provisions of this Act;

"children's home" means any institution, dwelling-house or
other place where four or more children are boarded
and maintained other than by a parent or l a h l
guardian, either gratuitously or for reward;

"children's oficer" means a public oficer designated by
the Minister to be a children's officer for the purposes
of this Act;

"contribution order" means an order made by a court under
section 30 requiring any person to make contributions
in respect of any child committed to the care of a Ra
person or to a juvenile correctional centre;

"correctional order" means an order made by a court
sending a child to a juvenile correctional centre;

"the Council" means the Advisory Council established
under this Act;

F ktdnah of cbb pap b amcborhcd by LN. 1DROll)

'%e Council" meam the Advisory Council established
under this Act;

"fit person'* means the Minister, and any person or body,
whether corporate or unincoprate, designated by the
Minister,

%t person order*beans an order committing a child to the
are of a fit peason;

"guardian", in relation to a child, includes any person who,
in the opinion of the court having cognizance of any
case in relation to the child or in which the child is
concerned, has. for the time being the charge of or
control over the child;

"intoxicating ligu~r" means my f m e n t d , distilled or
spidtuous liquor which cannot, .save in certain
specified circutnstances, according to any enactment
for the time being in force, be legally ssld without a
licence;

"juvenile correctional centre9* has the meaning assigned to it
by section 2 of the Corrections Act;

"juvenile remmd cenbre" has the meaning assigned to it by
s t i o n 2 of the Corrections Act;

"place of de ty" means my place appinted by the Minister
to be a place of d e t y for the purposes of this Act;

''probation and after-care officer" has the meaning assigned
to it by section 2 of the Comtions Act;

"Registryq' means the Children's Registry established under
section 5.

(2) Where there is a reference in this Act to the best
htmsts of a child, the factors to be taken into account in
determining the child's best interests shall include-

(a) the safety of the child;
(6) .the child's physical and emotional needs and level of

development;
(c) the imprtmce of continuity in the child's care;

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(6) the quality of the relationship the child has with a
parent or other person and the effect of inaintaining
that relationship;

(e) the child's religious and spiritual views;
V) the child's level of education and educational

requirements;
(g) whether the child is of sufficient age and maturity so as

to be capable of forming his or her own views and, if
so, those views are to be given due weight in
accordance with the age and maturity of the child;

(h) the effect on the child of a delay in making a
decision.

(3) This Act shall be interpreted and administered so that
the best interests of the child is the paramount consideration and
in accordance with the following principle-

(a) children are entitled to be protected from abuse,
neglect and harm or threat of harm;

(b) a family is the preferred environment for .the care and
upbringing of children and the responsibility for the
protection of children rests primarily with the
parents;

(c) if, with available support services, a family can provide
a safe and nurturing environment for a child, support
services should be provided;

(6) where the child is of sufficient age and maturity so as to
be capable of forming his or her own views, those
views should be taken into account when decisions
relating to the child are made;

(e) kinship ties and the child's attachment to the extended
family should be preserved if possible; and

(f) decisions relating to children should be made and
implemented in a timely manner.

(4) For the purposes of this Part-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(a) any person who is the parent or legal guardian of a
child, or who is legally liable to maintain the child,
shall be presumed to have the custody of the child, and
as between father and mother, neither shall be deemed
to have ceased to have such custody by reason only that
the father or mother has deserted, or otherwise does not
reside with, the other parent and the child;

(b) any person to whose charge a child is committed by
any other person who has the custody of the child shall
be presumed to have charge of that child;

(c) any other person having actual possession or control
of a child shall be presumed to have the care of the
child.

Objects of
A C ~ . 3. The objects of this Act are-

(a) to promote the best interests, safety and well-being of
children;

(b) to recognize that-

(i) while parents often need help in caring for
children, help should give support to the
autonomy and integrity of the family unit
and wherever possible, be provided on the
basis of mutual consent;

(ii) the least restrictive or disruptive course of
action that is available and appropriate in a
particular case to help a child should be
followed;

(c) to recognize that child services should be provided in a
manner that-

(i) respects the child's need for continuity of
care and for stable family relationships; and

(ii) takes into account physical and mental
differences among children in their
development;

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(d) to recognize the special needs of children in conflict
with the law.

PART 1,- Care and Protection of Children

4.-(1) For the purpose of protecting and enforcing the rights ::f;rnta-
of children, there is hereby established a cominission of Children's
Parliament which shall be known as the Children's Advocate.

First
(2) The provisions of the First Schedule shall have effect Schedule.

with respect to-the constitution and functions of the Children's
Advocate.

(3) Where in any proceedings a child is brought before
the court and it appears that the child is in nee:d of legal
representation in those proceedings, the court shall-

(a) refer the case to the Children's Advocate or, if the
court thinks fit, grant a legal aid certificate in such
circumstances as may be prescribed;

(b) if the court thinks fit, adjourn the proceedings until
such time as the court considers sufficient to allow for,
as the case may be-

(i) the Children's Advocate to consider the case;
or

(ii) the necessary arrangements to be made for
the child to obtain legal representation
pursuant to the legal aid certificatlc; and

(c) cause to be delivered to the Children's Advocate a
notice of its determination under this section.

5-1) For the purposes of this Act there shall be a Children's Egabli"-
ment of

Register and a Children's Registry. Children's
Register.

(2) The Children's Register shall consist of such
information as is supplied by persons who are required to make
a report under section 6.

(3) The Minister may make regulations prescribing the
procedure for the entry of information into the R~egister, the

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10 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

form and contents of the Register, the appointment and duties of
officers and staff of the Registry, the location of registration
centres, and any other matter necessary to give effect to the
provisions of this section.

Duty to
report need

6.-(1) In this section-
for care
and

"prescribed person" means-
protection. (a) a physician, nurse, dentist or other health or mental

health professional;

(b) an administrator of a hospital facility;
(c) a school principal, teacher or other teaching

professional;

(d) a social worker or other social service professional;
(e ) an owner, operator or employee of a child day care

centre or other child care institution;
V) a guidance counselor; or

(g) any other person who by virtue of his employment or
occupation has a responsibility to discharge a duty of
care towards a child;

"relevant regulatory entity" means the entity authorized by
law to regulate the professional activities of a
prescribed person.

(2) Any person who has information which causes that
person to suspect that a child-

(a) has been, is being or is likely to be, abandoned,
neglected or, physically or sexually ill-treated; or

(b) is otherwise in need of care and protection,
shall make a report to the Registry.

(3) A prescribed person who, in the discharge of that
person's duties, acquires information that ought reasonably to
cause that person to suspect that a child-

(a) has been, is being or is likely to be, abandoned,
neglected or, physically or sexually ill-treated; or

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(b) is othenvlse in need of care and protection,
shall make a report to the Registry in accordance with the
provisions of this section.

(4) A person who contravenes subsection (2) or (3)
commits an offence and shall be liable upon summary
conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding
five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment to a term not
exceeding six months or to both such fine and impri,, cSonment.

(5) Where the Minister has reasonable grounds to suspect
that a prescribed person has committed an offence under
subsection (4), the Minister may, without prejudice to any
proceedings under that subsection, require the relevant
regulatory entity to cause an investigation to be made into the
matter.

(6) No action shall lie in respect of any person who
makes a report to the Registry in good faith pursuant to this
section.

(7) A report to the Children's Registry shall--

(a) be made as soon as is reasonably possible;
(6 ) be in such form as may be prescribed; and
(c) contain all the material facts giving rise to the

suspicion that the child has been, is being or is likely to
be, abandoned, neglected, physically or sexually ill-
treated, or is otherwise in need of care and protection.

(8) A person who knowingly makes a false statement in
a report to the Children's Registry commits an offence.

(9) Subsection (2) or (3) applies even if the information
on which the belief is based-

(a) is privileged as a result of a relationship of attorney-at-
law and client; or

(b) is confidential,
unless there is no substantial risk that the welfare of the child
will be further endangered.

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12

Assessment
and investi-
gation of
reports to
Registry.

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

7.-(1) On receiving a report about a child under section 6,
the Registrar shall assess the information in the report and, after
such assessment, may-

(a) refer the report to the Children's Advocate and the
Government agency responsible for children for further
investigation or so that the child may be brought before
a court under section 13, as the case may require;

(b) inform the person having custody, care or control of
the child, of the report, unless, in the opinion of the
Registrar, such information would cause physical or
emotional harm to any person, endanger the safety of
the child or impede an investigation under paragraph
(4.

(2) Every person shall regard as secret and confidential
every report made under section 6 and shall not, other than in
any proceedings for an offence or as is permitted for the
purposes of this Act, disclose-

(a) the existence of the report or any information
contained therein; or

(b) any other information from which the identity of-
(i) any child concerned in the report; or

(ii) any person alleged in the report to have
committed an offence in respect of any such
child,

may be reasonably inferred.
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (2) shall be

liable upon summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate to
a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand dollars or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both
such fine and imprisonment.

(4) The Registrar commits an offence if the Registrar-

(a) fails to assess any report referred to in subsection (1);
or

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(b) fails, without good cause, to refer the report in
accordance with subsection (l)(a).

(5) A person to whom a report is referred for
investigation undes subsection (l)(a), other than the Children's
Advocate, commits an offence if that person fails to carry out
the investigation.

8.-(1) For the purposes of this Act a child shall be Circum-
stances in

considered to be in need of care and protection if that child- which a
child is in

(a) having no parent or guardian, or having a parent or need ofcare
guardian unfit to exercise care and guardianship, or not i:ftection,
exercising proper care and guardianship, is falling into
bad associations, exposed to moral danger, or beyond
control;

(b) is being cared for in circumstances in which the child's
physical or mental health or emotional state is being
seriously impaired or there is a substantial risk that it
will be seriously impaired;

(c) is a child in respect of whom any offence mentioned in
the Second Schedule has been committed or attempted second

Schedule.
to be committed;

(d) is a member of the same household as a child in respect
of whom such an offence has been committed; or

(e) is a member of the same household as a person who
has been convicted of such an offence in respect of a
child.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (I), the fact that a
child is found-

(a) destitute;
(b) wandering without any settled place of abode and

without visible means of subsistence;
(c) begging or receiving alms or loitering for that purpose,

shall, without prejudice to the generality of the provisions of
subsection 1 (a), be evidence that the child is exposed to moral
danger.

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14 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Cruelty to
children.

9.-(1) A person commits an offence if that person, being an
adult and having the custody, charge or care of any child
willfully-

(a) assaults, physically or mentally ill-treats, neglects,
abandons or exposes such child; or

(b) causes or procures the child to be assaulted, physically 0
or mentally ill-treated, neglected, abandoned or
exposed,

in a manner likely to cause that child unnecessary suffering or
injury to health (including injury to or loss of sight, or hearing,
or limb, or prgan of the body, or any mental derangement).

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection
(1) shall be liable-

(a) on conviction on indictment in a Circuit Court. to a
fine or to imprisonment with hard labour for a t e m not
exceeding five years, or to both such fine and
imprisonment;

(b) on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate,
to a fine not exceeding one million dollars or to
imprisonment with hard labour for a term not
exceeding three years, or to both such fine and
imprisonment.

(3) For the purposes of this section, the persons specified
in paragraphs (a) to (c) shall, in the circumstances described in
those paragraphs, be deemed to have neglected a child in a
manner likely to cause injury to the child's health, that is to
say-

(a) a parent or other person legally liable to maintain the
child who, being able to do so, fails to provide for the
child in accordance with any duty imposed by section
27 or 28;

(b) an adult with whom an infant under three years of age
was in a bed, where it is proved that-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(i) the infant's death was caused by suffocation
(not resulting from disease or the presence of
any foreign body in the infant's throat or air
passages); and

(ii) the adult was, at the time of going to bed,
under the influence of drink or any drug;

(c) any adult having the custody, charge or care of any
child, who allows that child to-

(i) be in any room or yard containing-

(A) any body of water, whether naturally
or artificially formed or stored in a
container; or

(B) a stove, coal-stove, or open flame; or

(ii) have access to any poisonous or flammable
substances,

not sufficiently protected to guard against the risk of
that child being drowned, poisoned, burnt or scalded,
as the case may be, without taking reasonable
precautions against the risk, and by reason thereof that
child is killed or suffers serious injury:

Provided that neither this paragraph nor any proceedings
taken thereunder, shall affect the liability of any person to be
indicted for manslaughter or for any offence against the
Offences Against the Person Act.

(4) Any adult other than an owner or operator in the
circumstances referred to in section 40, who gives, or causes to
be given, or sells or causes to be sold, to any child any
intoxicating liquor, except upon the order of a duly qualified
medical practitioner for the purpose of treating sickness, or in
case of other urgent cause, shall be deemed to have ill-treated
that child in a manner likely to cause injury to the child's health.

(5) A person may be convicted of an offence under this
section-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(a) notwithstanding that actual suffering or injury to
health, or the likelihood of actual suffering or injury to
health, was obviated by the action of another person;

(b) notwithstanding the death of the child in respect of
whom the offence is committed.

(6) Upon the trial of any adult for infanticide or for the
manslaughter of a child of whom the adult had the custody,
charge or care, it shall be lawful for the jury, if they are satisfied
that the adult is guilty of an offence under this section to find
that adult guilty of that offence.

(7) If it is proved that a person convicted under this
section was directly or indirectly interested in any sum of money
accruing or payable in the event of the death of the child and
had knowledge that that sum of money was accruing or
becoming payable, then-

(a) in the case of a conviction on indictment before a
Circuit Court, the Court may impose a fine or sentence
that person to imprisonment with hard labour for any
term not exceeding ten years or impose both such fine
and sentence;

(b) in the case of a summary conviction before a Resident
Magistrate, the maximum amount of the fine which
may be imposed under this section shall be one million
five hundred thousand dollars and the Resident
Magistrate may, instead of any other penalty, sentence
that person to imprisonment with hard labour for any
term not exceeding five years or impose both such fine
and sentence.

(8) For the purposes of subsection (7)-

(a) a person shall be deemed to be directly or indirectly
interested in a sum of money if he has any share in or
any benefit from the payment of that money,
notwithstanding that he is not the person to whom it is
legally payable;

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(b) a copy of a policy of insurance, certified to be a true
copy by an officer or agent of the insurance company
granting the policy, shall be evidence that the child
therein stated to be insured has in fact been so insured
and that the person in whose favour the policy has been
granted is the person to whom the money thereby
insured is legally payable.

(9) Any reference in this section, section 50(3) or 57 to a
Resident Magistrate, in so far as it relates-

(a) to a Resident Magistrate for the parish of Kingston or
for the parish of St. Andrew shall be construed as a
reference to a Judge of the Family Court-Corporate
Area Region; and

(b) to a Resident Magistrate for a parish within the
geographical jurisdiction of the Family Court
established pursuant to Part I1 of the Judicature (Family
Court) Act shall be construed as a reference to a Judge
of that Family Court.

lo.-( 1) No person shall sell or participate in the trafficking
of any child.

(2) Any person who commits an offence under subsection
(1) shall be liable on conviction on indictment before a Circuit
Court, to a fine or to imprisonment with hard labour for a term
not exceeding ten years, or to both such fine and imprisonment.

11.-(1) If it appears to a Justice of the Peace on information
on oath laid by any person who, in the opinion of the Justice of
the Peace is acting in the interests of a child that there is
reasonable cause to suspect-

(a) that the child has been or is being assaulted, ill-treated
or neglected in a manner likely to cause that child
unnecessary suffering; or

(b) that any offence mentioned in the Second Schedule has
been, is being or is likely to be committed in respect
of the child, the Justice of the Peace may act in
accordance with subsection (2) or (3).

Prohibition
against sale
or
trafficking
of children.

Warrant to
search for
and remove
child.

Second
Schedule.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(2) The Justice of the Peace may issue a warrant-

(a) authorizing any constable-

(i) to search for the child and, if it is found that
the child has been, is being or is likely to be
assaulted, ill-treated or neglected in any such
manner, or that any such offence has been or

0
is being committed in respect of the child, to
remove the child to and detain the child in a
place of safety; or

(ii) to remove the child with or without search to
a place of safety and to detain the child
there,

and bring the child before a Children's Court or, if
there is no Children's Court sitting in that parish,
before a Resident Magistrate in chambers, within
forty-eight hours after such removal; or

(b) causing any person accused of any offence mentioned
in subsection (1) in respect of the child to be
apprehended and brought before a court of summary
jurisdiction in order that proceedings may be taken
against him according to law.

(3) Instead of authorizing the removal of a child under
subsection (2), the Justice of the Peace may make an order
prohibiting any person accused of any offence mentioned in
subsection (1) in respect of the child from-

(a) entering or remaining in the household residence where
the child resides; or

(b) following or waylaying the child in any place, until
such time as the child is brought before the court.

(4) A copy of an order made under subsection (3) shall be
served personally on the person accused of the offence, who
may apply immediately to the Justice of the Peace for the order
to be discharged.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(5) In determining whether to discharge the order, the
Justice of the Peace shall have regard to the matters referred to
in subsection (I).

(6) Any constable authorized by warrant under this
section to search for any child, or to remove any child with or
without search, may enter (if need be by force) any house,
building or other place specified in the warrant and may remove
the child therefrom.

(7) The constable executing any warrant issued under this
section may be accompanied by the person laying the
information, if that person so desires, and may also, if the Justice
of the Peace by whom the warrant is issued so directs, be
accompanied by a duly qualified medical practitioner.

(8) It shall not be necessary in any information or warrant
under this section to name the child.

12.-( 1) A constable, a children's officer or a probation and :;y;Fn
after-care officer may take to a place of safety any child in placeof
respect of whom any of the offences mentioned in the Second rE:d
Schedule has been committed, or there is reason to believe has Schedule.
been committed, or who is, in accordance with the provisions of
section 13, about to be brought before a Children's Court.

(2) Any child taken to a place of safety under this section,
or any child who seeks refuge in a place of safety, shall not be
detained there for longer than forty-eight hours without having
been brought before a Children's Court or, if there is no
Children's Court sitting in that parish, a Resident Magistrate in
chambers.

13.-(1) Any constable or authorized person may bring before [';c$,d
a Children's Court any child in need of care or protection. needing care

or
(2) For the purposes of this section the expression- protection

before
"authorized person" means- court.

(a) any probation and after-care officer or any
children's officer;

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20

Powers of
Court.

Second
Schedule.

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(b) any person appointed by the Minister under section
87, including any person appointed by the
Minister on the recommendation of a welfare
organization.

14.-(1) A Children's Court before which any child is
brought under this Part, or before which is brought any child in
respect of whom any of the offences mentioned in the Second
Schedule has been committed, may, if satisfied that the best
interests of the child so require, make an order in accordance
with subsection (2).

(2) An order under subsection (1) may-

(a) require the child's parent or guardian to enter into a
recognizance to exercise proper care and guardianship;

(b) commit the child to the care of any fit person, whether a
relative or not, who is willing to undertake the care of
the child;

(c) either in addition to, or without making any order under
paragraph (a) or (b), place the child for a specified
period not exceeding three years, under the supervision
of a probation and after-care officer, or some other
person to be selected for the purpose by the
Minister;

(d) prohibit for a specified period, not exceeding two years,
any person found guilty of such offence-

(i) from entering onto or residing at any
premises at which the child resides,
including premises the person owns or has a
right to occupy; or

(ii) from contacting or interfering with, or
attempting to contact or interfere with, the
child, except that where such person is the
child's parent, the order may set out such
conditions for supervised contact between

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

that parent and the child, as the court may
think fit having regard to the best interests of
the child;

if there are reasonable grounds to believe that a person
is likely to interfere with a party who has custody of a
child, prohibit that person from contacting or
interfering with, or attempting to contact or interfere
with, the party who has custody of the child;

where any person found guilty of such offence is a
person having the custody, charge, or care of the child,
require-

(i) that person; or

(ii) the child or any other child who resides
with that person,

to receive counselling for a specified period from a fit
person, qualified by his knowledge of psychology or
psychiatry, appointed by the court.

(3) The Government agency responsible for children or
any party to proceedings under this section may apply to the
court for a variation or discharge of an order, if circumstances
have changed significantly since the order was made.

(4) Notice of any application under subsection (3) shall
be given to all other parties to the proceedings at least seven
days before the date set for hearing the application.

(5) If a Children's Court before which any child is
brought is not in a position to decide whether any or what order
ought to be made under this section, it may make such interim
order as it thinks fit for the child's detention or continued
detention in a place of safety, or for his committal to the care of
a fit person, whether a relative or not, who is willing to
undertake the care of the child.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(6) Any interim order made under subsection ( 5 ) shall not
remain in force for more than thirty days; but at any time within
such period the court may, if it considers it expedient so to do,
make a further interim order; so, however, that in no case shall
any interim order remain in force for more than sixty days after
the date of the first order made under subsection (5) . 0

(7) If the Children's Court by which an interim order is
made is satisfied on any occasion that, by reason of illness,
accident or other justifiable cause the child is unable to appear
personally before the court, any further interim order which the
court has power to make on that occasion may be made in the
absence of the child.

(8) In making an order under this section for the
committal of a child to the care of a fit person or for placement
of a child in a place of safety, the court shall consider the child's
best interests and give priority to placing the child with a
relative or, if that is not consistent with the child's best interests,
committal or placement of the child as follows-

( a ) in a location where the child can maintain contact with
relatives and friends;

( b ) in the same family unit as the child's brothers and
sisters;

(c) in a location that will allow the child to continue in the
same school.

Power to
take offender

15.-(1) Any constable may take into custody, without
into custody. warrant, any person who-

( a ) commits, within his view, any of the offences
Second
Schedule.

mentioned in the Second Schedule;

( b ) has committed, or whom he has reason to believe to
have committed, any such offence,

if the constable has reasonable grounds for believing that such
person will abscond, or if the constable does noit know and
cannot ascertain that person's name and address.

- -- -- - - -
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'TI- -

CHILD CARE ,4ND PROTECTION

(2) Where, under the powers conferred by this section, a
constable arrests any person without warrant, the officer or sub-
officer of the police in charge of the station to which that person
is brought shall grant the person bail in accordance with the Bail
Act, unless he believes, on reasonable grounds, that the release
of that person on bail would tend to defeat the ends of justice, or
to cause injury or danger to the child against whom the offence
is alleged to have been committed.

16.-(1) Where a person is charged with committing any of
chargmg

the offences mentioned in the Second Schedule in respect of two offences and
or more children, the same information or summons may charge "rnitatlOn

tlrne.
the offence in respect of all or any of them, but the person
charged shall not, if he is summarily convicted, be liable to a
separate penalty in respect of each child except upon separate
information.

(2) The same information or summons may also charge
any person as having the custody, charge or care, alternatively
or together and may charge him with-

(a) the offence of assault, ill-treatment, neglect, abandon-
ment, or exposure, together or separately; and

(b) committing all or any of those offences in a manner
likely to cause unnecessary suffering or injury to
health, alternatively or together,

but when those offences are charged together the person charged
shall not, if he is summarily convicted, be liable to a separate
penalty for each.

(3) Where a person is charged with any offence
mentioned in the Second Schedule, and the offence is a
continuous offence, it shall not be necessary to specify in the
information, summons or indictment the date of the acts
constituting the offence.

17. Where in any proceedings with relation to any of the
offences mentioned in the Second Schedule the court is satisfied in absence
that the attendance before it of any child in respect of whom the chi'd.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Extension
of power to
take statement
of child.
Second
Schedule.

Admission in
evidence of
deposition
of child.

offence is alleged to have been committed is not essential to the
just hearing of the case, the case may be proceeded with and
determined in the absence of the child.

18.-(1) Where a Justice of the Peace is satisfied by the
statement of a duly qualified medical practitioner that the
attendance before a court of any child, in respect of whom any
of the offences mentioned in the Second Schedule is alleged to
have been committed, would involve serious danger to the life
or health of the child, the Justice of the Peace may take in
writing the deposition of the child on oath, and shall thereupon
subscribe the statement and add thereto a declaration of his
reason for taking it and of the date on which, and the place
where, it was taken, and of the names of the persons (if any)
present at the taking thereof.

(2) The Justice of the Peace taking any such statement
shall transmit it with the Justice's declaration-

(a) if the statement relates to an offence for which any
accused person is already committed for trial, to the
proper officer of the court for trial at which the accused
person has been committed;

(b) in any other case, to the clerk of the court lbefore which
proceedings are pending in respect of the offence.

19. Where, in any proceedings ir respect of any of the
offences mentioned in the Second Schedule, the court is
satisfied by the evidence of a duly qualified medical practitioner
that the attendance before the court of any child, in respect of
whom the offence is alleged to have been committed, would
involve serious danger to the child's life or health, any
deposition of the child taken under Part I1 of the Justices of the
Peace Jurisdiction Act, or under this Part of this Act, shall be
admissible in evidence either for or against the accused person
without further proof thereof if it purports to be signed by the
Justice of the Peace by or before whom it purports to be taken:

Provided that the deposition shall not be admissible in
-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

evidence against the accused person unless it is proved that
reasonable notice of the intention to take the deposition has been
served upon him and that he or his attorney-at-law had, or would
have had if he had chosen to be present, an opportunity of cross-
examining the child making the deposition.

20.-(1) Subject to subsection (2), where, in any proceedings z;,"pe
against any person for any offence, any child of tender years tender
called as a witness does not in the opinion of the court years.
understand the nature of an oath, the child's evidence though not
given upon oath-

(a) may be received, if, in the opinion of the court, the
child is possessed of sufficient intelligence to justify
the reception of the evidence and understands the duty
of speaking the truth;

(b) if otherwise taken and reduced into writing in
accordance with the provisions of section 34 of the
Justices of the Peace Jurisdiction Act, or of this Part,
shall be deemed to be a deposition within the meaning
of that section and this Part, respectively.

(2) Where evidence admitted by virtue of this section is
given on behalf of the prosecution, the accused shall not be
liable to be convicted of the offence unless that evidence is
corroborated by other material evidence in support thereof
implicating him.

(3) In this section, "child of tender years" means a child
under the age of fourteen years.

21.-41) Where a child is brought before the court as being in Order
submit to

need of care and protection and there is reason to believe that the medical
child has been abused, the court may, of its own volition or on

tlon.
the application of the child's parent or guardian, a constable or
authorized officer or the Children's Advocate, make an order
requiring that the child be medically examined for the purposes
of determining what steps ought to be taken in relation to the
health and medical treatment of the child.

(2) A medical practitioner acting pursuant to an order
made under subsection (1) may carry out, or cause to be carried

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

out, such medical examination of the child as the medical
practitioner thinks fit and shall, as soon as practicable, transmit a
report thereon to the court.

(3) No proceedings shall be brought against a medical
practitioner for anything done in good faith in accordance with
the provisions of this section. O

Disease
testing of

22.-(1) Where a person is charged with or convicted of an
convicted offence in respect of a child, being-
offender.

(a) an offence under the Offences Against the Person Act,
namely section 40 (aggravated assaults on women or
children), 47 (defilement of female imbecile), 48
(carnal knowledge of girl under 12), 50 (above 12 and
under 16) or 53 (indecent assault, etc.); or

(b) any offence involving conduct likely to result in the
transmission of a communicable disease to a child,

the court may make an order requiring such person to submit to
medical examination and testing for the purpose of ascertaining
whether such person is the carrier of a communicable disease,
if the court is satisfied that such examination and testing is in the
best interests of the child.

(2) A person having knowledge or possession of
information relating to any examination or test carried out under
subsection (1) shall regard and deal with such irlformation as
secret and confidential; and any such person who communicates
or attempts to communicate such information to any person-

(a) other than to a person to whom he is authorized to
communicate it; or

(b) otherwise than for the purposes of this Act,
commits an offence and shall be liable on summary conviction
before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding one million
dollars and in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding twelve months.

(3) An order made under this section may give directions

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

in respect of such ancillary matters as are necessary for the
proper carrying out of the order and for such communication
of the results of any examination or test as is necessary in the
best interests of the child.

23.-(1) Where a person having the custody, charge or care of Di"OsalOf
case by order

a child has been- of court.
(a) convicted, in respect of that child, of any of the

offences mentioned in the Second Schedule; Second
Schedule.

(b) committed for trial for any such offence; or

(c) bound over to keep the peace towards that child,
by any court, that court may order that child to be brought
before a Children's Court with a view to the said court making
an order under section 14, and shall direct that the Minister and
the probation and after-care officer be informed, as soon as
practicable, of the order made.

(2) Where any court has, under this section, made an
order directing that a child be brought before a Children's Court,
it shall be the duty of the following persons to bring the child
before the Children's Court-

(a) the complainant, if he is a constable, in the proceedings
against the person having the custody, charge or care
of the child;

(b) if that complainant is not a constable, the senior
constable present in court at the time that the order was
made; or

(c) a children's officer.

24.-(1) The parent or guardian of a child may bring the child O f
parent or

before a juvenile court and where such parent or guardian proves guardian to
to the court that he is unable to control the child, the court may

before court.
make an order in respect of the child if satisfied-

(a) that it is expedient so to deal with the child; and
(b) that the parent or guardian understands the results

which will follow from, and consents to the making of,
the order.

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28 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(2) An order under subsection (1) may-

(a) be a correctional order; or
(b) provide for the child-

(i) to be committed to the care of any fit person,
whether a relative or not, who 1,s willing to
undertake the care of the child; or 0

(ii) to be placed for a specified period, not
exceeding three years, under the supervision
of a probation and after-care officer, a
children's officer or of some other person to
be selected for the purpose by the Minister.

PART 11.-General Provisions for Care and Protection of
Children

Interpreta-
tion for

25. In this Part-
Part II. "employment" means employment in any undertaking,

trade, or occupation, carried on for profit or gain,
irrespective of whether the employment is gratuitous or
for reward;

"industrial undertaking" includes-

(a) a mine, quarry, distillery or brewery, or a sugar,
spirit compounds, match, soap, cigar or cigarette
factory, or any undertaking in which articles are
manufactured, altered, cleaned, repaired,
ornamented, finished, adapted for sale, broken up
or demolished or in which materials are trans-
formed, including ship-building and the
generati,on, transformation and transmission of
electricity and motive power of any kind;

(b) construction, reconstruction, maintenance, repair,
alteration or demolition of any building, railway,
tramway, harbour, dock, pier, canal, inland water-
way, road, tunnel, bridge, viaduct, sewer, drain,
well, telegraphic or telephonic installation,
electrical undertaking, gas work, water work, or

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

othef work of construction, as well as the
preparation for or laying the foundation of any
such work or structures;

(c) transport of passengers or goods by road, air, rail,
or inland waterway, including the handling of
goods at docks, wharves, airports and warehouses;

"night work" means work between the hours of ten o'clock
in the evening and five o'clock in the morning;

"ship" means any sea-going ship or boat of any description.

26. The person to whose care a child is committed or trans-
ferred by an order made under this Act shall, while the order is
in force, have the same rights and powers and be subject to the
same liabilities in respect of the child's maintenance as if he
were the child's parent, and the child so committed or
transferred shall continue in his care notwithstanding any claim
by a parent or other person.

27.-(1) It shall be the duty of every person responsible for
the maintenance of a child to provide the child with adequate
food, clothing, lodging and health care appropriate to the age
and needs of the child.

(2) Any person mentioned in subsection (I), who is
financially unable to provide for a child in accordance with
subsection (I), shall apply to the Minister in the prescribed
manner, for assistance.

28.-(1) Every person having the custody, charge or care of a
child between the ages of four and sixteen years shall take such
steps as are necessary to ensure that the child is enrolled at, and
attends, school.

(2) Where a person having the custody, charge or care of
a child is financially unable to provide the child with any article
required for the purposes of the child's education at a school at
which the child is registered, that person shall apply to the
Minister, in the prescribed manner, for assistance.

Responsi-
bilities of fit
persons.

Duty to
provide care
for child.

Duty to
secure
education of
child.

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30

Contributions.

Contribution
orders.

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(3) The Minister may by order published in the Gazette
amend subsection (1) by increasing or decreasing any age
specified in that subsection.

29.-(1) Where a court makes a fit person order or an order
sending the child to a juvenile correctional centre, the court may
order the following persons to make contributions in respect of 0
the child-

(a) the child's father, adopted father or step-father;

(b) the child's mother, adopted mother or step-mother; and
(c) any person who, at the date when any such order is

made, is cohabiting with the mother of the child,
whether he is the putative father or not.

(2) Where a child has been committed to the care of a fit
person, contributions under this Act shall be payable to the
Government agency responsible for children, to be applied in or
towards the maintenance, or otherwise for the benefit, of the
child.

(3) Where a child has been committed to a juvenile
correctional centre, contributions under this Act shall be payable
to the Commissioner of Inland Revenue.

30.-(1) A contribution order may be made in accordance
with this section where a fit person order or a correctional order
has been made in respect of a child.

(2) The contribution order may be made-

(a) by the court which makes the fit person order or the
correctional order, at the same time when it makes that
order; or

(b) subject to the provisions of section 32, by any
court of summary jurisdiction having jurisdiction in the
place where the person to be charged is for the time
being residing, on the application of-

(i) the person to whose care the child is
committed; or

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(ii) the Minister in the case of a committal to a
juvenile correctional centre.

(3 ) The contribution order shall require any person who
is liable to make contributions under section 29, in respect of
any child, to contribute such sum as the court thinks fit having
regard to his means.

(4) A contribution order-

(a ) shall, unless varied or revoked, remain in force so long
as the child remains in the care of the fit person or
juvenile correctional centre, and the court when
making such order shall have regard to any affiliation
order in force in respect of the child;

(b) may be varied or revoked on the application of either
the contributor or the Government agency responsible
for children.

(5) A contribution order shall be enforceable-

(a ) where a child has been committed to the care of a fit
person, at the instance of the Government agency
responsible for children; or

(b) where a child has been committed to a juvenile
correctional centre, at the instance of the Minister in
the same manner as an affiliation order made under the
Affiliation Act.

(6) A person against whom a contribution order is made
shall, if he changes his address, forthwith give notice thereof to
the Government agency responsible for children, and any person
who fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection, or
who knowingly gives notice that is false in any material
particular, commits an offence against this Act.

31.-41) Subsection (2) or (3 ) shall apply where a court Provisions
as to makes a fit person order or a correctional order, and an order for a,liation

the child's maintenance is in force. order.

(2) The court which makes the order referred to in sub-

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3 2 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

section (1) may, at the same time, order the payments under the
maintenance order to be paid to the person to whom
contributions in respect of the child are payable under section
29.

(3) Subject to the provisions of section 32, the powers of
the court under subsection (2) may be exercised by any court of 0
summary jurisdiction having jurisdiction in the place where the
putative father is for the time being residing, on the application
of the person who would be entitled to apply for a contribution
order.

(4) Any sums received under the maintenance order shall
be applied in like manner as if they were contributions received
under a contribution order.

(5) If the putative father changes his address, he shall
forthwith give notice thereof to the Government agency
responsible for children, and, if he fails so to do, or 'f he
knowingly gives a notice that is false in any materia.1 particular,
he commits an offence against this Act.

(6) The making of an order under this section with
respect to a maintenance order shall not extend the duration of
that order.

Reference
in section
30 or 31 to
court for
Kingston
or Saint
Andrew is to
Family Court.

32.-(1) Any reference in section 30(2) (b) or 3 l(3) to a court
having jurisdiction in any place of residence for the time being
shall-

(a) in relation to a place in the parish of Kingston or the
parish of Saint Andrew, be construed as a reference to
the Family Court-Corporate Area Region; and

(b) in relation to a place aforesaid in a parish within the
geographkal jurisdiction of a Family Court established
pursuant to Part I1 of the Judicature (Family Court) Act
be construed as a reference to that Family Court.

Prohibition on 33. No person shall employ a child under the age of thirteen
employment
of child under years in the performance of any work.
thirteen.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION 33

34.-(1) No person shall employ a child who has attained the Restriction
on employ- age of thirteen years, but who has not attained the age of fifteen ,,,, ,,

years, in the performance of any work other than in an childover
occupation included on the list of prescribed occupations thirteen.

referred to in subsection (2).

(2) For the purposes of subsection (I), the Minister shall
maintain a list of prescribed occupations-

(a) consisting of such light work as the Minister
responsible for labour considers appropriate for the
employment of any child of the age referred to in that
subsection; and

(b) specifying the number of hours during which and the
conditions under which such child may be so
employed.

(3) No person shall employ a child-

(a) in the performance of any work that is likely to be
hazardous or to interfere with the child's education or
to be harmful the child's health or physical, mental,
spiritual or social development; or

(b) in night work or an industrial undertaking.

35.--(I) Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 33 and Exception
for artistic 34, the Minister responsible for labour may, on the advice of the per-

Council, issue a permit to a child to enable that child to be fomances.
employed for the purpose of participating in artistic
performances.

(2) A permit issued pursuant to subsection (1) shall
specify the number of hours during which and the conditions
under which the child may be so employed.

36. Where any child is employed in contravention of any of Responsi-
bility for the provisions of section 33 or 34, any person to whose act, cant,-

default or representations the contravention is attributable ventionof
sections commits an offence against this Act and is liable upon summary ,, ,d ,,.

conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding
five hundred thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not

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34

Search
warrant.

Saving.

Prohibition on
employment
in nightclubs,
etc.

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

exceeding six months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

37. If it is made to appear to a Justice of the Peace that there
is reasonable cause to believe that any of the provisions of
section 33, 34, 39 or 40 are being contravened with respect to
any person, the Justice of the Peace may by warrant authorize
acy constable to enter any place in, or in connection .with, which 0
such person is, or is believed to be, employed, and to make all
necessary enquiries therein.

38. Nothing in section 33 or 34 shall be construed to apply to
the performance of work by any child-

(a) under order of detention in a juvenile correctional
centre or a community service order; or

(6 ) as part of that child's instruction in any scholol,
if such labour or work is not likely to be hazardous or to
interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the
child's health or physical, mental, spiritual or social
development.

39.-(1) A person commits an offence if that person-

(a) employs any child in a nightclub; or
(b) in any manner, uses a child for the purposes of any

conduct contrary to decency or morality.

(2) An owner or operator of a nightclub who permits a
child to enter into, or remain in, the nightclub commits an
offence:

Provided that no person shall be guilty of an offence under
this section if he proves to the satisfaction of the count that at the
time of entry and while the child was permitted to remain on the
premises, the person took all reasonable steps to ascertain and
reasonably believed, that the person was not a child.

(3) An owner or operator of a nightclub or premises, who
commits an offence under subsection (1) or (2) shall, in addition
to any other penalty to which he may be liable under this Act, be
liable to have his licence to operate the nightclub revoked and in

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

the case of such revocation, shall not be eligible to be issued a
licence to operate a nightclub until the expiration of the period
of three years from the date on which such owner or operator is
convicted for the offence.

(4) Any person who knowingly rents, or allows his
premises to be used, for the purposes of any conduct mentioned
in subsection (1) involving a child, commits an offence.

(5) A person who commits an offence under this section
shall be liable upon summary conviction before a Resident
Magistrate to a fine not exceeding one million dollars or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding one year.

40.-(1) An owner or operator of an establishment that sells Prohibition
of sale of or serves intoxicating liquor or tobacco products shall ensure intoxicating

that- liquor or
tobacco

(a) no intoxicating liquor or tobacco product is sold or products
served by the establishment to any child; and to child.

(b) no child is employed by the establishment to sell or
assist in the selling of intoxicating liquour or tobacco
products.

(2) A person commits an offence if that person-

(a) contravenes subsection ( I ) ;

(b) employs a child to sell or assist in selling intoxicating
liquor or tobacco products; or

(c) purchases intoxicating liquor or tobacco products from
a child:

Provided that no person shall be guilty of an offence under
this section if he proves to the satisfaction of the court that at the
time of the sale, or purchase in the case of paragraph (c), he took
all reasonable steps to ascertain, and reasonably believed, that
the person employed, or the person to or by whom the
intoxicating liquor or tobacco product was sold or served, as the
case may require, was not a child.

(3) In this section, "tobacco products" means cigarettes,
cigars, cheroots or cigarillos.

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3 6

Begging.

Restriction
on presence
of child in
court.

Power to
clear court
when child in
court.

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

41.-(1) Every person who-

(a) causes or procures any child; or

(b) having the custody, charge or care of a child, allows
the child,

to be in any street, premises or place for the purpose of begging
or receiving alms, or of inducing the giving of alms commits an
offence against this Act.

(2) If any person while singing, playing, performing or
offering anything for sale in a street or public place has with him
a child who has been lent or hired out to him, the child shall, for
the purposes of this section, be deemed to be in that street or
place for the purpose of inducing the giving of alms.

(3) Where an offence under this section is committed by
a person mentioned in subsection (1) (b)-

(a) in the parish of Kingston or the parish of' St. Andrew,
such offence shall be triable by the Family Court-
Corporate Area Region; and

(b) in a parish within the geographical juris~diction of a
Family Court established pursuant to Part I1 of the
Judicature (Family Court) Act, such offence shall be
triable by that Family Court.

42.-41) No child, other than an infant in arms, shall be
permitted to be present in court during the trial of any other
person charged with any offence, or during any proceedings
preliminary thereto, except during such time as the child's
presence is required as a witness or otherwise for the purpose of
justice or in such other circumstances as the: court may
determine.

0

(2) The court shall order the removal of any child who is
present in court in contravention of this section.

43.-41) Where, in any proceedings in relation to an offence
against, or any conduct contrary to, decency or morality, it
appears to the court that a person who is called as a witness
is a child, the court may direct that all or any persons, not being

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

members or officers of the court, parties to the case, their
attorneys-at-law, or persons otherwise directly concerned in the
case, be excluded from the court during the taking of the
evidence of that witness.

(2) The powers conferred on a court by this section shall
be in addition and without prejudice to any other powers of the
court to hear proceedings in camera.

44.-(1) In relation to any proceedings in any court which power to
prohibit arise out of any offence against, or any conduct contrary to, ,,,ication

decency or morality, the court may direct that- of certain
matters.

(a) no report of the proceedings shall reveal the name,
address, or school, or include any particulars calculated
to lead to the identification, of any child concerned in
the proceedings, either as being the person against or in
respect of whom the proceedings are taken, or as being
a witness therein;

(b) no picture of any child so concerned in the proceedings
as aforesaid, shall be published,

except in so far (if at all) as may be permitted by the direction of
the court.

(2) Any person who publishes any matter in
contravention of any directions given under subsection (1)
commits an offence and is liable upon summary conviction
before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding one million
dollars or in default of payment to imprisonment for a term not
exceeding twelve months.

45.-(1) No report of any proceedings in a Children's Court Restriction
on

shall reveal the name, address or school or include any news,,,er
particulars calculated to lead to the identification of any child reportsof

proceedings
concerned in those proceedings either as being the person injuvenile
against or in respect of whom proceedings are taken or as being courts.
a witness therein, nor shall any picture be published as bleing or
including a picture of any child so concerned in any such
proceedings:

, .-
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38 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Provided that the court may in any case, if satisfied that it is in
the interests of justice so to do, by order dispeinse with the
provisions of this section to the extent specified in the order.

(2) Any person who publishes any matter in
contravention of this section commits an offence against this
Act

PART 111.---Children In Cure
Interpretation 46. In this Part-
for Part 111.

"lawful guardian" means any person appointed according to
law or by deed or will or the order of a court, to be the
guardian of a child, or to have the custody and
maintenance of a child;

"licence" means a licence granted under this Part;

"licensed home" means a children's home licensed under
this Part;

"licensee" means the holder of a licence under this Part.
Licence to
operate

47.-(1) No person shall establish or maintain a children's
children's home (hereinafter in this Part referred to as a "home") except
home. under a valid licence granted to him by the Minister in respect of

the home:

Provided that nothing in this subsection shall apply to-

(a) a juvenile correctional centre;

(b) any school, other than a school required by the Minister
to be licensed;

(c) any house where four or more children arc: boarded and
maintained by relatives of such children, or by the wish
or with the consent of the parents or lawhl guardians
of such children, save in cases where the Minister, by
notice in writing, expressly requires any such house to
be licensed;

(d) any home or orphanage maintained wholly by the
Government.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(2) Save with the prior written permission of the
Minister, no person shall maintain a home at any address or
location other than that provided for in the licence granted in
respect of the home.

(3) A licence shall be valid for a period of three years
from the date of its issue and may be renewed successively.

- --

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 11 1120051

(4) Save with the prior written permission of the
Minister, no licence shall be transferred into the naime of any
person other than the licensee.

48. Every person who desires to establish and maintain a Application
home shall make application to the Minister, in the prescribed for I~cence.

form and manner, for a licence.

49.--(1) The Minister, in his discretion, may refuse to grant a power of
Minister in licence in respect of any home, or may refuse to permit the

transfer of a licence or to renew a licence. licences.

(2) The Minister, in granting a licence, may attach thereto
such terms and conditions as he may, in any case, think fit.

(3) Where, in connection with any licensed home, the
Minister is of opinion that there has been any contravention of
any of the provisions of this Act or of the terms and conditions
of any licence, the Minister may cancel any licence issued in
respect of such home, or may suspend the licence for such
period as he thinks fit, and may apply to the Court under section
57 for an order or an interim order for the removal of any child
from the home.

SO.-@) An appeal shall lie to a Judge in Chambers against- Appeals.

(a) any refusal of the Minister to grant, permit the transfer
or renew a licence;

(b) any term or condition imposed in a licence;

(c) any decision of the Minister to suspend or cancel a
licence;

(6) any decision of the Minister under section 47 (l)(c)
requiring a school or house to be licensed.

40 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(2) Every appeal under this section shall be lodged with-
in fourteen days of the date on which the aggrieved party is
notified of the refusal or decision of, or the terms or conditions
imposed by, the Minister, and the procedure on such appeal
shall be in accordance with rules of court made for such
purposes.

(3) Where an appeal has been lodged under this section,
the Minister, pending the determination of the appeal, may
apply to a Resident Magistrate under section 57 for an interim
order for the removal of any child from the home to which the
appeal relates.

51. It shall be the duty of every licensee to-
of licensees.

(a) act in the best interests of every child in his home;

(b) ensure that every child in his home receives at all times
careful and humane treatment and suitable education;
and

(c) ensure that all the provisions of this Part and all the
terms and conditions of the licence and the directions
of the Minister are at all times complied with in respect
of the home and every child maintained therein.

52.-(1) A licensee shall notify the Minister in writing of the
of reception
ofchild, name, sex, age and date of reception of every child who is

received into his home, and every such notification shall be
made within forty-eight hours after the reception of the child
into the home and shall contain such further particulars as may
from time to time be prescribed.

(2) The licensee shall, after such notification, supply the
Minister with all such particulars relating to any !such child as
the Minister in any case may require.

Or 53.-(1) Save where a child is removed from a. home under
death of child.

an order of a court, a licensee shall not permit any child to leave,
or to be removed or transferred from, the licensee's home,
without first giving the Minister seven days' notice in writing of
such impending removal or transfer, and except in the case of
a transfer to another licensed home, without first obtaining the

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

written permission of the Minister.

(2) A licensee shall forthwith notify the Minister if any
child is absent for more than twenty-four hours from his home
without the permission of the licensee.

(3) A licensee shall forthwith notify the Minister of the
death of any child maintained in his home, or of the removal
therefrom of any such child.

(4) A person who removes from a licensed home, without
the written permission of the Minister, any child received into
that home, commits an offence.

54. At all reasonable times- Power to
v~sit and

(a) any person authorized by the Minister; or inspect
homes.

(b) an officer of the Jamaica Constabulary Force, not
below the rank of Deputy Superintendent,

may visit and inspect any home for the purpose of verifying that
the home is licensed, ensuring that the home is properly
administered and that the children therein are receiving adequate
care and attention.

55. Where any person empowered under the provisions of Warrant to
visit and section 54 to visit and inspect a home has been refused inspect

admission to a home or to any place where he has reason to
believe that-

(a) an unlicensed home is being maintained;

(b) there is any contravention of any of the provisions of
this Part, the terms or conditions of any licence or any
directions given by the Minister thereunder; or

(c) any child is being maltreated, neglected or illegally
detained,

he may apply to a Justice of the Peace who may issue a warrant
authorizing the person, or any constable, to enter the home or
place at any time of the day or night and, with such assistance
and by such force as may be necessary, to carry out the visit and
inspection.

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42 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

56.-(1) If the Minister is satisfied that the management of
licensed
homes. any licensed home, or the accommodation provided for, or the

treatment of, the children therein, is such as to endanger or to be
likely to endanger their welfare, he may give, in writing to the
licensee concerned; such general or special directions with
respect to the matters aforesaid, or any of them, as he thinks
expedient for the welfare of the children in the home.

(2) A direction under this section-

(a) may be served on the licensee concerned by being
delivered personally to him, or by being sent, by post
or otherwise, in a letter addressed to him at the home;
and

(b) may be varied by a subsequent direction, or may be
withdrawn by the Minister,

Order to
remove child

57.-(1) Subsection (2) shall apply in any case where the
from home. Minister-

(a) in exercise of the powers conferred on him by section
49, has cancelled or suspended a licence or has refused
to renew a licence; or

(b) has reasonable grounds for believing that--

(i) any home is maintained in contravention of
any of the provisions of this Part, any of the
terms and conditions of a licence or of any
direction given by the Minister thereunder;
or

(ii) that any child is being maltreated, neglected or
illegally detained in any home.

(2) Any person authorized by the Minister in that behalf
may apply to a Resident Magistrate for an order-

(a) directing the Minister to remove any child from such
home to a place of safety to be specified in the order;
and

(b) making any necessary arrangements for the future of
the child.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(3 ) The court may make interim orders under this section
upon application made by the Minister under this Act.

(4) An order for the removal of any child under this
section shall operate as an authority to any Constable or other
person authorized to execute the order to enter any place at any
time of the day or night and with such assistance anld by such
force as may be necessary to remove the child therefrom.

58.-(1) A child who runs away from a person to whose care Escape from
the child has been committed under this Act may- fit person.

(a ) be apprehended without warrant by a constable or an
authorized person as defined by section 13(2) and
brought back to that person if that person is willing to
receive that child; and

(b ) if that person is not so willing, be taken before a
Children's Court which may make an order in respect
of that child as if the child had been brought before the
court in need of care and protection.

(2) Any person who knowingly-

(a ) assists or induces a child to run away from aL person to
whose care the child has been committed; or

(b ) harbours or conceals a child who has so run away and
prevents that child from returning,

commits an offence against this Act.

59.-(1) The Minister may at any time order a child under the Transfer of
persons care of a fit person to be transferred to the care of some other undercare

person. of fit
persons.

(2 ) Upon a child being transferred in accordance with the
provisions of subsection ( 1 ) the Minister shall cause notice
thereof to be sent to the person liable to make contributions in
respect of the child transferred.

60 . -41 ) Subject to the provisions of this section, it shall be Emigration,
etc., of lawful for a child who is, by an order under this Act, committed

to the care of a fit person, to emigrate or be taken out of Jamaica
with the written consent of the Minister.

-- -

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(2) In giving his consent the Minister may impose such
terms and conditions as he may think fit.

(3) The Minister shall not give his consent unless he is
satisfied that-

(a) it would be in the best interests of the child;

(b) suitable arrangements have been made, or will be made
for the child's reception and welfare in th~e country to
which the child is going;

(c) the parents or guardian of the child have been
consulted or such consultation is not practicable; and

(d) subject to subsection (4), the child consents.

(4) Where the child is too young to form or express a
proper opinion on the matter, the Minister may consent to his
emigrating, or being taken out of Jamaica, notwith~~tandlng that
the child is unable to consent thereto.

Rulesrelating 61. The Minister may make rules not inconsistent with the 1 to fit persons.
provisions of this Act or any regulations made thereunder, as

I t o -

(a) the manner in which children committed or transferred
to the care of fit persons are to be dealt withi;

(b) the duties and supervision of the persons to whose care
they are committed or transferred; and

(c) the sums which may be payable out of the Consolidated
Fund to such persons towards the maintenance and
education of children committed or transferred to their
care, and different sums may be specified for different
cases or classes of case.

Rights of
child in

62. A child in a place of safety, children's home or in the care
places of of a fit person shall have the following rights-
safety, etc.

(a) to be fed, clothed and nurtured according to pres-
1 cribed minimum standards and to be given the same
i quality of care as other children in the placement;
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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

to be consulted and, according to the child's abilities,
to express his views about significant decisions
affecting that child;
to reasonable privacy and to possession of the child's
personal belongings;
to be free from corporal punishment;

to be informed of the standard of behaviour expected
by the caregivers and of the consequences of not
meeting that standard;
to receive medical and dental care (including
psychological care) when required;

to participate in social and recreational activities
appropriate to the child's abilities and interests;

to receive the religious instruction, and, as far as may
be reasonably practicable, to participate in the religious
activities, of the child's choice;
to be provided with an interpreter if language or
disability is a barrier to consulting with the: child on
decisions affecting the child's custody or care;
to privacy during discussions with a family member
or a legal representative;
to be informed about and to be assisted if the child so
wishes, in contacting the Children's Advocate;

to be informed of the child's rights under this Act and
the procedures available for enforcing those rights.

PART IV-Children Detained or Brought Before a Court

63. It shall be conclusively presumed that no child under the Ageof
criminal age of twelve years can be guilty of an offence. respon-
sibility

64.-(1) Where a person, whether charged with an offence or Deter-
mination not, is brought before any court otherwise than for the purpose

of giving evidence, and it appears to the court that the person is
a child, the court shall-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(a) make due enquiry as to the age of that person; and

(b) for that purpose, shall take such evidence as may be
forthcoming at the hearing of the case.

(2) An order or judgment of the court shall not be
invalidated by any subsequent proof that the person's age has
not been correctly stated to the court, and the age presumed or 0
declared by the court to be the age of the person so brought
before it shall, for the purposes of this Act, be deemed to be the
true age of that person.

(3) Where it appears to the court that the person so
brought before it has attained the age of eighteen years, that
person shall, for the purposes of this Act, be dee:med to be an
adult.

(4) Where, in any charge or indictment for any offence
Second
sch,,,,, under this Act or any of the offences mentioned in the Second

Schedule, except offences specified in subsection (5)-

(a) it is alleged that the person by or in respect of whom
the offence was committed was a child or was under or
had attained any specified age; and

(b) the person appears to the court to have been, at the date
of the commission of the alleged offence, a child or to
have been under or to have attained the specified age,
as the case may be,

the person shall for the purposes of this Act be presumed at that
date to have been a child or to have been under or to have
attained that age, as the case may be, unless the, contrary is
proved.

(5) The offences referred to in subsection (4) are offences
against the following sections of the Offences Against the
Person Act, section 45 (procuring defilement of girl under
eighteen), 48 (carnally knowing girl under twelve), '50 (carnally
knowing girl above twelve and under sixteen), 51 ((inducing or
encouraging defilement of girl on premises), 57 (abduction of
girl under sixteen), 58 (procurement), 60 (abduction with intent

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

to have carnal knowledge), 61 (unlawful detention with intent to
have carnal knowledge) or 69 (child stealing).

65. Every court, in dealing with a child who is brought before General
con- it either as being in need of care or protection or as an offender s,derations

or otherwise, shall have regard to the best interests of tlhe child forguidance
and shall, if it deems it necessary, take steps for removing the

of courts.

child from undesirable surroundings and for securing that proper
provision is made for the child's education and training.

66. Arrangements shall be made for preventing a child who separation
of children

is- from

(a) at a police station in connection with the commission
of any offence, whether committed by the child or by
any other person;

(b) being conveyed to or from any criminal court remand
centre or place of safety; or

(c) waiting before or after attendance in any court,

from associating with any adult, not being a relative:, who is
charged with any offence other than an offence with which the
child is jointly charged.

67.-41) Where a person who is apparently a child is Bailor
detention of apprehended, with or without warrant, and cannot be brought chi,d,

forthwith before a court, the officer or sub-officer of ]police in
charge of the police station to which the person is brought shall
act in accordance with subsection (2).

(2) The officer or sub-officer shall-

(a) so inform the government agency responsible for the
care and protection of children; and

(b) enquire into the case and may, in accordance with the
Bail Act, release the person on a recognizance being
entered into by the person or his parent or guardian
(with or without sureties) for such amount as will, in
the opinion of the officer or sub-officer, secure the
person's attendance upon the hearing of the charge,
and shall so release that person unless-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(i) the charge is one of murder or other grave
crime; or

(ii) it is necessary in the person's interest to
remove the person from association with any
reputed criminal or prostitute; or

(iii) the officer or sub-officer has reason to believe
0

that the person's release would defeat the ends
of justice.

(3) Where a person apparently a child is apprehended
and is not released under subsection (2), the agency responsible
for the care and protection of children shall cause the person to
be detained in a juvenile remand centre until the person can be
brought before a court.

Remand or
committal to

68.-(1) Any court on remanding or committing for trial a
juvenile child who is not released on bail shall commit that child to
remand
centre.

custody in a juvenile remand centre named in the commitment,
to be detained there for the period for which the child is
remanded or until the child is there delivered in due course of
law:

Provided that in the case of a child who has attaine'd the age of
fourteen years-

(a) the court shall not be obliged so to commit that child if
the court certifies that the child is of-

(i) so unruly a character that the child cannot
safely be so committed; or

(ii) so depraved a character that the child is not a
fit person to be so detained; and

(b ) where the court so certifies, the child may be
committed to such place, including an adult
correctional centre, as may be specified in the
commitment warrant.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the court which makes an
order under subsection (I), committing a child to custody may,
on application-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(a) vary the order; or

(b) revoke the order in respect of a child referred to in the
proviso to subsection (1).

(3) If an application under subsection (2) cannot
conveniently be made to the court which made the order for
commitment, action under that subsection may be taken by any
court having jurisdiction in the place where the sitting of the
court which made the order was held.

(4) If the order is revoked, the child may be committed
to such place, including an adult correctional centre, as may be
specified in the commitment warrant.

69.-(1) When a child is charged with any offence or is for Attendance
at court by any other reason brought before a court, the child's parent or ,a,ntof

guardian may, in any case, and shall, if such parent or guardian child
charged can be found and resides within a reasonable disl,ance, be ,,,,

required to attend at the court before which the case is heard or offence, etc.
determined during all the stages of the proceedings, ~mless the
court is satisfied that it would be unreasonable to require his
attendance.

(2) Where a child is arrested or taken to a juvenile
remand centre, the officer or sub-officer of police in charge of
the police station in the district of the court before which the
child will appear shall cause the parent or guardian of that child,
if he can be found, to be warned to attend court.

(3) For the purpose of enforcing the attendance of a
parent or guardian and enabling him to take part in the
proceedings and enabling orders to be made against him, a
summons may be issued and served on him requiring adtendance
before the court; and the provisions of the Justices of the Peace
Jurisdiction Act shall, with the necessary adaptations and
modifications, apply to the procedure on such summons.

(4) The parent or guardian whose attendance is required
under this section shall be the parent or guardian having the
actual possession and control of the child: -

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Provided that the attendance of such parent shall not be
required if the child is, prior to the institution of the
proceedings, removed from the parent's custody or charge by an
order of a court.

Notice to
appropriate

70.-(1) Where a child is to be brought before-
officers of
charges (a) any court charged with an offence; -
against child. (b) a Children's Court as being in need of' care and

protection,

the person bringing the child before the court shall cause notice
of the grounds on which the child is brought before the court
and of the date on which such matter will be heard, to be served
in accordance with subsection (2).

(2) The notice referred to in subsection (1) shall be
served within a reasonable time before such date-

(a) on a children's officer, if the child is to be brought
before the court as being in need of care and
protection;

(b) in any other case, on the probation and. after-care
officer, if any, of the district; and

(c) on the Children's Advocate,

so, however, that no such notice shall be necessary whenever a
children's officer, the probation and after-care officer or the
Children's Advocate, as the case may be, is the person bringing
the child before the court.

(3) Upon the receipt of the notice referred to in
subsection (I), it shall be the duty of the probation and after-care
officer on whom it is served to make such investigations and
render available to the court such information as to the child's
home surroundings, school record, ag:, health and character, as
the probation and after-care officer is able to obtain and as, in
his opinion, is likely to be of assistance to the court.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION 5 1

71.-(1) The Minister responsible for justice shall cause to be Conaitution
of, proce-

established courts, to be known as Children's Courts, which ciurein,and
shall be constituted in accordance with the provisions of the ;;:eysm.
Third Schedule and, when so constituted and sitting for the COU,~, .
purpose of exercising any jurisdiction conferred on them by this Third

C' Schedule. or any other enactment, shall be deemed to have, subject to the
provisions of this Act, all the powers of a Resident Magistrate's
Court; and the procedure in the Children's Court, subject to the
provisions of this Act, shall be the same as in the Resident
Magistrate's Court.

(2) The Governor-General may appoint, in respect of
each Children's Court, a clerk and deputy clerk who shall, in
respect of the Children's Court to which they are so appointed,
have all powers and perform all duties which the clerk and
deputy clerk have and perform in respect of a Resident
Magistrate's Court:

Provided that it shall be lawful for any clerk and deputy clerk,
respectively, assigned under section 7 of the Judicature (Family
Court) Act, to exercise the like powers and perform the like
duties as aforesaid in respect of the Children's Court constituted
by virtue of paragraph 4 of the Third Schedule.

(3) Without prejudice to the power to bring before a
Children's Court by any other means,,any child in need of care
or protection, the attendance of a child or of any other person
before a Children's Court in accordance with the provisions of
this Act may be enforced by the same officers, the same process
and in the same way as the attendance of persons before Justices
of the Peace may be enforced under the provisions of the
Justices of the Peace Jurisdiction Act.

(4) Children's Court shall sit as often as may be
necessary for the purpose of exercising any jurisdiction
conferred on them by or under this or any other enactment.

(5) Subject to subsection (6)' a Children's Court shall sit
in such place or places as may fi im time to time be specified
under paragraph 3 of the Third Schedule as the place or places
in which such court shall sit.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 11 1/2005]

(6) Where no place is so specified the Children's Court
shall sit either in a different building or room from that in which
sittings of courts other than Children's Courts are held, or on
different days or at different times from those on which sittings
of such other courts are held.

(7) No person shall be present at any sitting of a
Children's Court except-

0

(a) members and officers of the court, and any authorized
person as defined in section 13;

(h) parties to the case before the court, their attorneys-at-
law, and witnesses giving or having given their
evidence, and other persons directly concerned with
the case;

(c) hona j 2 e representatives of newspapers or news
agencies;

(d) such other persons as the court may specially authorize
to be present.

(8) Where a child is brought before a Children's Court, it
shall be the duty of such court to explain to the child in as
simple language as possible-

(a) the reason for the child being before the court; and

(b) that the child is entitled to the assistance of the
Children's Advocate.

(9) Where a child is charged before a Children's Court
with any offence and does not have legal representation, the
Court shall act in accordance with section 4 (3). 0

(10) Where a child is charged with any offence and
admits the offence, or the court is satisfied that the offence has
been proved, the court shall record a finding to that effect and,
before sentencing the child, shall obtain such information as to
the child's general conduct, home surroundings, school record,
and medical history, as may enable it to deal with the case in the
best interests of the child.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(1 1) For the purpose of obtaining the information referred
to in subsection (10) or for special observation, the court may
from time to time remand the child on bail or in custody.

(12) An appeal shall lie from any decision of a Children's
Court in the same manner and subject to the same procedure as
an appeal from a Resident Magistrate's Court.

72.-(1) Subject to the provisions of this section, no charge TdiCti0"
against a child and no application in relation to a child in need Children's
of care or protection shall be heard by any court of summary
jurisdiction which is not a Children's Court.

(2) Subject to subsection (3)' a charge made jointly
against a child and a person who has attained the age of eighteen
years shall not be heard by a Children's Court.

(3) Where, in the course of any proceedings before a
Children's Court, it appears that a person so jointly charged has
attained the age of eighteen years-

(a) nothing in subsection (2) shall be construed as
preventing the Children's Court, if it thinks fit, from
proceeding with the hearing and determination of those
proceedings; and

(b) where it does so, it shall be deemed to have, in relation
to the person who has attained the age of eighteen
years, all the powers of a court of summary
jurisdiction.

(4) Where a child is charged with an offence, the charge
may be heard by a court of summary jurisdiction which is not a
Children's Court if a person who has attained the age of
eighteen years is charged at the same time with aiding, abetting,
causing, procuring, allowing or permitting the offence.

(5) Where, in the course of any proceedings before any
court of summary jurisdiction other than a Children's Court, it
,appears that the person to whom the proceedings relate is a
child, nothing in this section shall be construed as preventing
that court, if it thinks fit, from proceeding with the hearing and
determination of those proceedings.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(6) Where a child-

(a) who has not attained the age of fourteen years is
charged with any offence; or

(b) who has attained the age of fourteen years is charged

Fourth
with any offence other than an offence specified in the

Schedule Fourth Schedule,

the charge shall, subject to any right of appeal provided by this
or any other enactment, finally be disposed of by a Children's
Court, or if the charge is heard before a court of summary
jurisdiction that is not a Children's Court, by that court of
summary jurisdiction, without prejudice, however, to the
provisions of section 75.

(7) Where a child who has attained the age of fourteen
years is charged with an offence specified in the Fourth
Schedule-

(a) proceedings for the child's committal for trial shall,
subject to subsection (I), be heard in a Children's
Court; and

(b) if, on the termination of those proceedings, the court is
satisfied that the child should be committed for trial,
the court shall so commit the child and shall bind such
child and the witnesses, by recognizance to appear at
the court to which such child is committed.

(8) No direction, whether contained in this or in any
other enactment, that a charge shall be brought before a
Children's Court shall be construed as restricting the powers of
any Resident Magistrate or Justice of the Peace to entertain an

0
application for bail or for a remand and to hear such evidence
as may be necessary for that purpose.

as 73.-(1) A Children's Court sitting for the purpose of hearing
to powers of
Children's a charge against, or an application relating to, a person who is
court. believed to be a child may, if it thinks fit, proceed with the

hearing and determination of the charge or application notwith-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

standing that it is discovered that the person in question is not a
child.

(2) Where a Children's Court has remanded a child for
information to be obtained with respect to that child or for
special observation, any Children's Court sitting in the same
parish or place-

(a) may in the child's absence extend the period of
remand, so, however, that the child appears before a
court at least once in every seven days;

(b) when the required information has been obtained, may,
subject to any right of appeal provided by this Act,
deal with the matter finally.

(3) Where the court by which a child was originally
remanded has recorded a finding that the child is guilty of an
offence charged, it shall not be necessary for any court which
subsequently deals with that child under this section to hear
evidence as to the commission of that affence, except in so far
as may be considered that such evidence will assist the court in
determining the manner in which the child should be dealt with.

74. Where under the provisions of this Act, a child is tried
before any court which is not a Children's Court, then such
court shall, in relation to that child, have all the powers of a
Children's Court.

75.-41) Any court by or before which a child is found guilty
of an offence other than murder may, if it thinks fit, remit the
case to a Children's Court acting for the place where the
offender was committed for trial, or, if he was not committed for
trial, to a Children's Court acting either for the same place as the
remitting court or for the place in which the offender resides.

(2) Where any such case is so remitted, the offender shall
be brought before a Children's Court accordingly, and that court
may deal with him in any way in which it might have dealt with
him if he had been tried and found guilty by that court.

Court other
than Chil-
dren's Court
to have
powers of
Children's
Court.
Power of
other courts
to remit
child offen-
ders to
Children's
Court.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(3) No appeal shall lie against an order of remission
made under subsection (I), but nothing in this subsection shall
affect any right of appeal against a verdict or finding on which
such an order is founded; and a person aggrieved by the order
of the Children's Court to which the case is remitted may
appeal therefrom as if he had been tried by and had pleaded
guilty before the Children's Court.

(4) A court that makes an order remitting a case to a
Children's Court under this section-

(a) may give such directions as appear to be necessary
with respect to the custody of the offender or for his
release on bail until he can be brought before the
Children's Court; and

(b) shall cause to be transmitted to the ~;:lerl of the
Children's Court, a certificate-

(i) setting out the nature of the offence;

(ii) stating that the offender has been found guilty
thereof and that the case has been remitted
for the purpose of being dealt with under this
section.

76.-(1) Where a child has been found guilty of any offence
dealing with
childoffen- before a Children's Court, that court may, subject to the
ders. provisions of this Act, make an order-

(a) dismissing the case;

(b) for probation under the Probation of Offenders Act;

(c) placing the child, either in addition to or without
making any other order under this section for a
specified period not exceeding three years, under the
supervision of a probation and after-care officer or
some other person to be selected for the purpose by
the Minister;

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(d) committing the child to the care of any fit person,
whether a relative or not, who is willing to undertake
the care of the child;

(e) in accordance with subsection (7), if the child's parent
or guardian consents to the making of the order;

V) sending the child to a juvenile correctional centre;

(g) ordering the parent or guardian of the child to pay a
fine, damages or costs;

(h) ordering the parent or guardian of the child to enter
into a recognizance for the good behaviour of such
offender.

(2) An order under this section, other than an order under
subsection (71, may be made against a parent or guardian who,
having been required to attend, has failed to do so, but, save as
aforesaid, no such order shall be made without giving the parent
or guardian an opportunity of being heard.

(3) Any sums ordered under this section to be paid by a
parent or guardian may be recovered by distress or
imprisonment, and, in default of such recovery, such parent or
guardian may be imprisoned with or without hard labour as if he
had been convicted of the offence in respect of which the child
was charged:

Provided that in determining the sentence to be imposed
under this subsection, the Court shall take into account the
impact of such sentence on any child of the person to be
sentenced.

C (4) A parent or guardian may appeal against an order
made against him under this section as if he had been convicted
by a Resident Magistrate's Court of the offence in respect of
which the child was charged.

(5) The provisions of subsection (6 ) shall apply in any
cass where-

(a) an order has been made under subsection (1)V) in
respect of a child who has attained the age of fourteen
years; and

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(6) the Minister at any time during the period of the child's
detention at a juvenile correctional centre, establishes
to the satisfaction of a Children's Court that the child is
of so recalcitrant a character that it is not expedient that
he should continue his detention at such centre.

(6) The court may, notwithstanding anything to the 0
contrary, direct that the child be detained in such place
(including an adult correctional centre) and for such time, not
exceeding the unexpired portion of the period during which he
could have been detained in the juvenile correctional centre
under the authority of that order, and on such conditions as the
court may think fit.

(7) An order under this subsection may-

(a) require the child to remain at a place specified in the
order for a period of time so specified (hereinafter
called a curfew order);

(b) refer the matter for mediation by an approved mediator
(hereinafter referred to as a mediation order);

(c) require the child to perform unpaid work for such
number of hours (being in the aggregate not less than
forty nor more than three hundred and sixty) as may be
specified in the order (hereinafter referred to as a
community service order).

(8) The following provisions of the Criminal Justice
(Reform) Act shall apply, with the necessary modifications, to
an order under subsection (7)-

(a) in the case of a curfew order, sections 13(2) to (6) and
14;

(b) in the case of a mediation order, section 16(2) to (7),
so, however, that the child's parent or guardian shall be
the participating party in the mediation on behalf of the
child;

(c) in the case of a community service order, section lO(2)
to (5) and the proviso to section lO(1).

(9) A court before whom any child in respect of whom

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

an order is made under subsection (7) is brought, if satisfied
that the child has failed without reasonable excuse to comply
with any of the requirements of the order, may-

(a) without prejudice to the continuance of the order,
impose on the child's parent or guardian a fine not
exceeding two thousand dollars; or

(b) revoke the order and deal with the child for the
offence in respect of which the order was made in any
manner in which the child could have been dealt with
for that offence by the court, if the order had not been
made.

77. If it appears to a court that any person, having entered
of recog-

into a recognizance under section 14 or 76, has failed to comply nizance,
with any of the conditions of that recognizance, the court may
adjudge the recognizance to be forfeited and the sum of money
named therein to be payable by the parent, guardian or other
surety, and thereupon that recognizance may be enforced
against such parent, guardian or other surety as if the sum of
money named therein were a fine ordered to be paid by a court
of summary jurisdiction upon summary conviction of an
offence.

78.-(1) Sentence of death shall not be pronounced on or
on

recorded against a person convicted of an offence if it appears punishment.
to the court that at the time when the offence was committed he
was under the age of eighteen years, but in place thereof such
person shall be liable to be imprisoned for life.

(2) A person sentenced under subsection (1) shall,
notwithstanding anything in the other provisions of this Act, be
liable to be detained in such place including, save in the case of
a child who has not attained the age of fourteen years, an adult
correctional centre, and under such conditions as the Minister
may direct, and, while so detained, shall be deemed to be in
legal custody.

(3) Notwithstanding the provisions of the Parole Act,
on sentencing any child under subsection (I), the court may

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Restriction on
committal to
juvenile
correctional
centre.

Special
provisions
relating to
probation.

specify a period which that child should serve before becoming
eligible for parole.

(4) A child shall not be sentenced to imprisonment,
whether with or without hard labour, for any offence, or be
committed to an adult correctional centre in default of payment
of any fine, damages or costs.

(5) Where a child under the age of fourteen years is
convicted of an offence specified in the Fourth Schedule and the
court is of opinion that none of the other methods in which the
case may legally be dealt with is suitable, the court may
sentence the child to be detained for such period, not exceeding
twenty-five years, as the court may determine.

(6) Where a sentence referred to in subsection (5) has
been passed the child shall, during that period and
notwithstanding anything in the other provisions of this Act, be
liable to be detained in such place (including an adult
correctional centre) and on such conditions as the Minister may
direct and, while so detained, shall be deemed to be in legal
custody.

79. A court shall not order a child under the age of twelve
years to be sent to a juvenile correctional centre unless for any
reason the court is satisfied that the child cannot suitably be
dealt with otherwise.

80.-(1) Where a child has been placed under the supervision
of a probation and after-care officer or any other person, that
officer or person-

(a) shall, while the order remains in force, visit, advise and
befriend the child and when appropriate, endeavour to
find suitable employment for the child; and

(b) may, if it appears necessary in the child's interest so to
do, at any time while the order remains in force and the
child is under the age of eighteen years, bring the child
before a Children's Court.

(2) The Children's Court before which a child is brought

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

under subsection (1) may, if thinks it desirable in the child's
interest, order the child to be sent to a juvenile correctional
centre or commit the child to the care of a fit person, whether a
relative or not, who is willing to undertake the care of that child.

(3) Where the court before which any person is bound by
his recognizance or in respect of whom a probation order is
made under the Probation of Offenders Act, is a Children's
Court, the attainment by that person of the age of eighteen years
shall not deprive that court of jurisdiction to enforce his
attendance and deal with him in respect of any failure to observe
the conditions of his recognizance or of jurisdiction to vary or
discharge the recognizance.

1 - ( 1 Every correctional order shall contain a
relating to

declaration- committal to
child

(a) as to the age of the child with respect to whom the correctional
order is made; and centre.

(5) where a contribution order has at the same time been
made under section 30, stating the amount of such
contribution and by whom it is payable.

(2) Every court which makes a correctional order in
relation to any child shall cause to be delivered with as little
delay as possible to the Minister-

(a) the order; and

(b) a record embodying all such information in the
possession of the court with respect to the child as is,
in the opinion of the court, material to be known by the
Minister.

(3) Pending the admission into a juvenile correctional
centre of a child in respect of whom a correctional order is
made, the child shall be detained in a juvenile remand centre,
unless the court which made the order has otherwise directed, or
a Children's Court acting for the same parish or place as the
court which made the order otherwise directs.

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62 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(4) Where a court orders a child to be sent to a juvenile
correctional centre, the order shall be the authority for the
child's detention in a juvenile correctional centre for such period
as shall be specified in the order, not being a period ending after
the date on which the child attains the age of eighteen years.

(5) A child detained under any correctional order and 0
while being conveyed to or from any juvenile correctional
centre shall be deemed to be in legal custody.

Provisions
relating to

82.-(1) Every fit person order shall contain a declaration-
-

committal lo
tit person. (a) as to the age of the child with respect to whom the

order is made; and

(b) where a contribution order has at the same time been
made under section 30, stating the amount of such
contribution and by whom it is payable.

(2) Every court which makes a fit person order s h d
cause to be delivered with as little delay as possible to the
Minister-

(a) the order; and

(b) a record embodying all such information in the
possession of the court with respect to the child as is,
in the opinion of the court, material to be known by the
Minister.

(3) Pending the delivery to a fit person of a child
pursuant to a fit person order, the child shall be detained in a
place of safety, unless the court which made the order has
otherwise directed, or a Children's Court acting for the same
parish or place as the court which made the order otherwise

0
directs.

(4) Every fit person order, other than an interim order,
shall, subject to the provisions of this Act, remain in force until
the child attains the age of eighteen years.

(5) A fit person order may, on the application of the
Minister, be varied or revoked by a Children's Court acting for

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

the same parish or place as the court that made the order, and
such Children's Court may, on such application, make such
order, subject to the provisions of this Act, in relation to the
child as it considers necessary in the interests of the welfare of
the child.

83. No person shall be committed to any juvenile correctional
committal to

centre after it has ceased to be such a centre under the
Corrections Act. which has

ceased to be
a juvenile
correctional
centre.

84.-(1) Upon the receipt by the Minister of a fit person
order delivered under section 82(3), the Minister shall select the hfinister on
fit person to whose care the child is to be committed and shall receipt offit

person
endorse upon the order the name of such person. order.

(2) A fit person order endorsed in accordance with
subsection (I), shall be a sufficient authority for the person
named in the endorsement to receive and care for the child in
accordance with the provisions of this Act.

PART V-Administration and Enforcement

85.-41) For the purposes of this Act there shall be EstabLhh-
ment of

established a body to be known as the Advisory Council. council.

(2) The Council shall be constituted and its proceedings
shall be determined in accordance with regulations made under
section 9 1.

86.--41) It shall be the duty of the Council, in its discretion, to
duty of the

advise and report to the Minister on any matter which, in its Council to
opinion, affects the proper carrying out of the provisions and g:;?:
objects of this Act.

(2) It shall be the duty of the Council to advise the
Minister on any matter about which the Minister may seek its
advice, with, a view to the proper carrying out of the provisions
and objects of this Act.

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64

Proceedings
by Minister.

Miscellaneous
offences.

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

87. Where it is necessary or expedient for the Minister to
bring any child before a Children's Court or to make any
application to a court in relation to a child, such proceedings
may be brought in the name of the Minister by a children's
officer or by any person generally or specially appointed for
such purpose by the Minister.

88.-(1) A person commits an offence against this Act if that
person-

refuses to permit any person empowered under section
54 to visit or inspect any children's home, or hinders or
obstructs any person so empowered when so visiting or
inspecting;

refuses to comply with the terms of a warrant granted
under section 55 upon such warrant being produced
and read over to him, or hinders or obstructs any
constable or person authorized to execute the warrant;

refuses to comply with an order or interim order made
under section 57 upon such order or interim order
being produced and read over to him, or who hinders
or obstructs any constable or other person authorized to
execute the order or interim order;

contravenes any of the provisions of Part 111;

contravenes any of the terms or conditions of any
licence granted under Part 111;

contravenes any general or special direction served by
the Minister under section 56;

knowingly gives, or causes or procures any other
person to give, m y false or midleading information in,
or in connection with, any notification, notice or return
required by the provisions of Part 111;

refuses to answer or answers falsely any enquiry
authorized by or under section 37.

(2) Subject to the provisions of subsection (3), an offence

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

under this section committed-

(a) in the parish of Kingston or in the parish of Saint
Andrew, shall be triable by the Family Court-
Corporate Area Region; and

(b) in a parish within the geographical jurisdiction of a
Family Court established pursuant to Part I1 of the
Judicature (Family Court) Act shall, be triable by that
Family Court.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to any offence
mentioned in Part I11 or in paragraph (h) of subsection (1) of this
section.

(4) A person who commits an offence under subsection
(1) (a) or (e) is liable upon summary conviction before a
Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding five hundred
thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six
months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

89. Any person who commits an offence against this Act or
penalty.

any regulations made hereunder, for which no special
punishment is provided, shall be liable on summary conviction
before a Resident Magistrate or a Judge of a Family Court (as
the case may require) to a fine not exceeding two hundred and
fifty thousand dollars, and in default of payment to
imprisonment with hard labour for a term not exceeding three
months.

90. A correctional order, a fit person order (other than an Fms.
interim order) a contribution order, and an order under section
31 (affiliation order) shall be in the appropriate form set out in
the Fifth Schedule, and such forms may be amended or revoked Fifth Schedule.
and different forms may additionally be prescribed by
regulations made under section 91.

91.-41) The Minister may, subject to affirmative resolution, Re@'ations
make regulations generally for giving effect to the provisions of
this Act, and, without prejudice to such general power, may
make regulations-

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(a) providing for the constitution, duties and powers of the
Council and for all matters connected with or
incidental to the proper and effective operation by the
Council of their functions;

(b) providing for the licensing, regulation and control of
children's homes, for ensuring the proper care,
accommodation, upbringing, maintenance and
education of children in such homes and for all
purposes and matters connected therewith;

(c) with respect to the exercise of powers of entry
conferred by section 55 or 57.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of section 29 of the
Interpretation Act, regulations made under this section may
provide in respect of a breach of any of the provisions thereof
that the offender be liable to such fine not exceeding two
hundred and fifty thousand dollars or to such term of
imprisonment with hard labour not exceeding three months or to
both such fine and imprisonment, as maybe prescribed therein.

Protection
from liability.

92. No person shall be personally liable for anything done or
omitted in good faith in the exercise or performance or intended
exercise or performance of any power, duty or function .
conferred by this Act.

Power of
Minister to

93. The Minister may, by order subject to affirmative
amendAct. resolution, increase, with effect from any date specified in the

order, not being earlier than the 26th day of March, 2004, any
penalty imposed by this Act.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

FLRST SCHEDULE (Section 4)

PART I-Constitution of Ofice of Children's Advocate

1. The Children's Advocate shall be appointed by the Governor-General Appoint-
by instrument under the Broad Seal after consultation with the Prime Minister ment.
and the Leader of the Opposition.

2.-(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-paragraphs (4) to (7), the Tenureof
Children's Advocate shall hold office until he attains the age of seventy
years.

(2) Nothing done by the Children's Advocate shall be invalid by
reason only that he has attained the age at which he is required by this
section to vacate his office.

(3) Where by reason of illness, absence from the Island or other
sufficient cause a person appointed Children's Advocate is unable to perform
his functions under this Act, he may appoint a member of his staff to perform
those functions for a period not exceeding two months, but if the Children's
Advocate is unable or fails to appoint such a person or if it is necessary that
such a person be appointed for a period in excess of two months, the
Governor-General, after consultation with the Prime Minister and the Leader
of the Opposition may appoint such person as he thinks fit to perform those
functions.

(4) The Children's Advocate may be removed from office only for
inability to discharge the functions of his office (whether arising fiom
infirmity of body or mind or any other cause) or for misbehaviour and shall
not be so removed except in accordance with the provisions of this section.

(5) If each House of Parliament by resolution decides that the
question of removing the Children's Advocate fiom office ought to be
investigated then-

(a) the Governor-General, acting after consultation with the Prime
Minister and the Leader of the Opposition, shall appoint a tribunal
which shall consist of a chairman and not less than two other
members, from among persons who hold or have held office as a
judge of a court having unlimited jurisdiction in civil and criminal
matters in some part of the Commonwealth or a court having
jurisdiction in appeals from any such court; and

(6) that tribunal shall enquire into the matter and report on the
facts thereof to the Governor-General and advise the Governor-
General whether the Children's Advocate ought to be removed
fiom office for inability as aforesaid or for misbehaviour.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Disqualifica-
tion for
appointment,
etc.

Restriction on
employment.

Filling of
vacancy.

Remuneration.

(6) The provisions of sections 8 to 16 of the Commissions of Enquiry
Act shall apply, with the necessary modifications, in relation to tribunals
appointed under sub-paragraph (5) or, as the context may require, to the
members thereof as they apply in relation to Commissions or Commissioners
appointed under that Act.

(7) Where the question of removing the Children's Advocate from
office has been referred to a tribunal appointed under sub-paragraph (5) and
the tribunal has advised the Governor-General that the Children's Advocate
ought to be removed from office, the Governor-General shall by instrument
under the Broad Seal, remove the Children's Advocate from office.

(8) Where the question of removing the Children's Advocate from
office has been referred to a tribunal under sub-paragraph (5), the Governor-
General, acting after consultation with the Prime Minister and the Leader of
the Opposition, may suspend the Children's Advocate from performing the
functions of his office, and any such suspension may at any time be revoked
by the Governor-General acting as aforesaid, and in any case cease to have
effect if the tribunal advises the Governor-General that the Children's
Advocate ought not to be removed from office.

3 . 4 1 ) No person shall be qualified for appointment to the office of
Children's Advocate if that person-

(a) is a member of the Senate or the House of Representatives;

(b) is an undischarged bankrupt; or

(c) has at any time been convicted of any offence involving dis-
honesty or moral turpitude.

(2) The Children's Advocate shall vacate office if any circumstances
arise that, if he were not Children's Advocate, would cause him to be
disqualified for appointment as such, by virtue of sub-paragraph (1).

4. A person appointed as Children's Advocate-

(a) shall be a full-time officer; and

(6 ) except with the approval of the Governor-General acting in his
discretion, shall not be employed in any other capacity during any
period in which he holds office as Children's Advocate.

5. When a vacancy arises in the office of Children's Advocate the
Governor-General, aAer consultation with the Prime Minister and the Leader
of the Opposition, may designate someone to act in that office during such
vacancy, until an appointment is made.

6 . 4 1 ) The Children's Advocate shall receive such emoluments and be
subject to such other terms and conditions of service as may from time to
time be prescribed by or under any law or by a resolution of the House of

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Representatives, such emoluments being not less than the emoluments which
may, from time to time, be payable to a Puisne Judge.

(2) The emoluments and terms and conditions of service of the
Children's Advocate, other than allowances that are not taken into account in
computing pensions, shall not be altered to his disadvantage during the
period of his appointment or reappointment, as the case may be.

(3) The emoluments for the time being payable to the Children's
Advocate under this Act shall be charged on and paid out of the Consolidated
Fund.

7. The provisions of Appendix A shall have effect with respect to the Pensions.
pension and other benefits to be paid to or in respect of a person who has held z;pendix
office as Children's Advocate. A.

8.-41) The Children's Advocate may appoint and employ for the Appoint-
purposes of this Act, at such remuneration and on such terms and conditions :$ Of
as may be approved by the Commission constituted under sub-paragraph (2),
such officers and agents as may be considered necessary to assist him in the
proper performance of his functions under this Act.

(2) The Commission referred to in sub-paragraph (1) shall consist
of-

(a ) the Speaker, as chairman;

(6) the President of the Senate;

(c) the person designated by the Prime Minister as Leader of
Government Business in the House of Representatives;

(d) the person designated by the Leader of the Opposition as Leader
of Opposition Business in the House of Representatives;

(e) the person designated by the Leader of the Opposition as Leader
of Opposition Business in the Senate; and

u> the Minister responsible for finance.
(3) The Governor-General may, subject to such conditions as he may

impose, approve the appointment to the staff of the Children's ,4dvocate, of
any officer in the public service, provided that in relation to pension, gratuity,
allowance and other rights as public officer, such officer shall be deemed to
be in the public service while so employed.

9. Every person appointed to the staff of the Children's Advocate shall, oath of
before he performs any function assigned to him under or by virtue of this SecRcy.
Act, take and subscribe an oath to be administered by the Children's
Advocate, in the form set out in Appendix B. Appendix

B.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

PART 11.-Functions of Children S Advocate

Inter-
pretation.

10. For the purposes of this Part-

"relevant authority" means-

(a) a Ministry, department or agency of Government;

(b) a Parish Council or the Kingston and St. Andrew Cor-
poration;

(c) a statutory body or authority; or

(6) a company registered under the Companies Act, being a
company which the Government or an agency of
Government holds not less than fifty-one pe r centum of
the ordinary shares;

"right" means a right guaranteed by the Constitution of Jamaica or
any other law.

Review of law 11 .-(I) The Children's Advocate shall-
and practice,
advice, etc. (a) keep under review the adequacy and effectiveness of-

(i) law and practice relating to the rights and best interests
of children;

(ii) services provided for children by relevant authorities;

(b) give advice and make recommendations to Parliament of any
Minister or relevant authority, on matters concerning the rights or
best interests of children-

(i) upon request by Parliament or such Minister or relevant
authority, as the case may be, as soon as is reasonably
practicable after receipt of the request;

(ii) on such other occasions as the Children's Advocate
considers appropriate;

(c) take reasonable steps to ensure that-
(i) children are made aware of the functions and the

location of the office of the Children's Advocate and
the ways in which they may communicate with the
Children's Advocate;

(ii) the views of children and persons having custody,
control or care of children, are sought concerning the
exercise by the Children's Advocate of his functions
under this Part.

(2) The Children's Advocate may, after consultation with such bodies

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

and persons as he thinks appropriate, issue guidance on best practice in
relation to any matter concerning the rights or best interests of children.

12.-41) The Children's Advocate may provide assistance (including Assistance
financial assistance) to a child in making a complaint to a relevant ;:?';i0
authority- relevant

(a) that the rights of the child have been infringed by any action taken authO"'ies.
by that or another relevant authority; or

(b) that the interests of the child have been adversely affected by any
such action.

(2) The Children's Advocate may act on behalf of a child in-

(Q) making a complaint referrcd to in subparagraph (1); and

(6) any investigation or other proceedings conducted by a relevant
authority pursuant to the complaint.

(3) Where the making of a complaint to a relevant authority is
regulated by a statutory provision, nothing in this paragraph authorizes a
complaint to be made to that authority otherwise than in accordance with the
statutory provision.

13.-(1) Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, the Children's Investiga-
Advocate may conduct an investigation into a complaint made by a child, :'Lints.
that-

(a) the child's rights have been infringed by any action taken by a
relevant authority; or

(b) the child's interests have been adversely affected by any such
action.

(2) Where the Children's Advocate decides not to conduct an
investigation into a complaint made under sub-paragraph (1), he shall prepare
a statsment of his reasons for that decision and shall send a copy of the
statement to-

(@) the complainant; and

(b) the Minister and such other persons as the Children's Advocate
considers appropriate.

(3) The Children's Advocate shall not conduct an investigation in
respect of-

(a) any action for which the aomplainant has or had-

(i) a right of appeal, complaint, referepce or review under
any other law; or

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(ii) a remedy by way of proceedings in any court, unless the
Children's Advocate is satisfied that, in the particular
circumstances, it is not reasonable to expect the
complainant to resort or to have resorted to the right or
remedy;

(6) the commencement or conduct of any proceedings before any
court or any international tribunal.

(4) There shall be a written record of every complaint submitted under
this paragraph.

(5) A complaint under this section may be submitted orally or in
writing by-

(a ) the child, his parent, guardian, next friend or person in loco
parentis; or

(6) where the child is unable to act for himself by reason of infirmity,
or for any other cause or has died, his personal representative, or a
member of his family, or any other suitable person.

( 6 ) Notwithstanding anything provided by or under any law where a
complaint addressed to the Children's Advocate is made by a person who is
an inmate of a Government institution or is detained therein-

(a) it shall be forwarded to the Children's Advocate by the person for
the time being in charge of the institution; and

(b) if such complaint is contained in a sealed envelope, the envelope
shall be forwarded unopened.

hemention in 14.- (1) Subject to the provisions of this paragraph, the Children's
legal pro- Advocate may in any court or tribunal-
ceedinas. -

(a) bring proceedings, other than criminal proceedings, involving law
or practice concerning the rights or best interests of children;

(6) intervene in any proceedings before a court or tribunal, involving
law or practice concerning the rights or best interests of children;

(c) act as amicus curiae in any such proceedings.

(2) An intervention under sub-paragraph (l)(b) shall not be made
except-

(a) with the leave of the court or tribunal; and

(6) in accordance with the rules regulating the practice and
procedure of the court or tribunal.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

( 3 ) The Children's Advocate shall not bring, or apply to intervene in,
proceedings unless he is satisfied that-

( a ) the case raises a question of principle; or

( 6 ) there are other special circumstances which make it appropriate for
the Children's Advocate to do so.

15.-(1) This paragraph applies to proceedings- Assistance
in legal

(a ) involving law or practice concerning the rights or welfare of proceedings.
children, which a child has commenced or wishes to commence;
or

( b ) in the course of which a child relies, or wishes to rely, on such law
or practice.

(2) Where a child applies to the Children's Advocate for assistance in
relgtion to proceedings to which this paragraph applies, the Children's
Advocate may, subject to sub-paragraph (3), grant the application if he is
satisfied that-

(a) the case raises a question of principle;

( b ) it would be unreasonable to expect the child to deal with the case
without assistance because of its complexity, the child's position
in relation to another person involved, or for some oth~er eason; or

(c) there are other special circumstances which make it appropriate
for the Children's Advocate to provide assistance.

( 3 ) The Children's Advocate shall not grant an applicaticln under sub-
paragraph ( 2 ) unless it appears to him that there is no other person or body
likely to provide such assistance.

(4) Where the Children's Advocate grants an application under sub-
paragraph (2) , he may arrange for the provision of legal advice or
representation and any other assistance which he thinks appropriate.

( 5 ) Arrangements made by the Children's Advocate for the provision
of assistance to a child may, if the Children's Advocate thinks it reasonable
in the circumstances, include provision for the recovery of expenses from the
child, or the child's parent or guardian.

PART 111-Process of Investigation

1 6 . - ( 1 ) Where the Children's Advocate proposes to conduct any Procedurein
investigation under this Act, he shall give to- respect of

investiga-

( a ) the principal officer of the relevant authority to which the tion.
investigation relates; and

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(b) any other officer thereof who is alleged to have done or authorized
any action referred to in paragraph 13(l)(a) or (b), an opportunity
to comment in writing on any allegations relating to such action.

(2) The Children's Advocate may adopt whatever procedure he
considers appropriate to the circumstances of a particular case and, subject to
the provisions of this Act, may obtain information from such persons and in
such manner, and make such enquiries as he thinks fit. 0

(3) Nothing in this Act shall be construed as requiring the children's
Advocate to hold any hearing, and except as provided by subparagraphs (1)
and ( 5 ) , no person shall be entitled as of right to comment on any allegations
or to be heard by the Children's Advocate.

(4) Regulations made under this Act may prescribe the procedure to
be adopted at any hearing and such procedure may include provision to
ensure that any communication is not disclosed at that hearing.

(5) If it appears to the Children's Advocate during the course of an
investigation that there are sufficient grounds for making a report or
recommendation that may adversely affect any person, the Children's
Advocate shall give that person an opportunity to be heard and that person
may, if he wishes, be represented at that hearing by an attorney-at. I .w or any
other person.

(6) Where, for the purposes of an investigation, the Children's
Advocate requires a person to attend before him, that person shall be entitled
to be paid, according to the scale laid down in the First Schedule to the
Witnesses' Expenses Act, expenses incurred by him by reason of such
attendance and by way of compensation for the trouble and loss of time
suffered by him.

(7) After conducting an investigation under this Act, the Children's
Advocate shall inform the principal officer of the relevant authority
concerned of the result of that investigation, and if the Children's Advocate is
of the opinion that-

(a ) the complainant's rights have been infringed by any action taken
by a relevant authority; or

(b) the complainant's interests have been adversely affected by any
such action,

the Children's Advocate shall inform such officer aforesaid of the reason for
that opinion and may, as he thinks fit, make recommendation's for action to
be taken by the relevant authority within a specified time.

(8) Where the Children's Advocate has made a recommendation
under sub-paragraph (7) and within the time specified or a reasonable time

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

'c-

thereafter, he is of the opinion that no adequate action has been taken to
remedy the injustice or infringement, he shall lay before Parliament a special
report on the case.

(9) The Children's Advocate shall not, in any report under sub-
paragraph (8), comment adversely on any person unless he has given that
person an opportunity to be heard.

(10) Where the Children's Advocate is of the opinion that--

(a) the complainant's rights have been infringed or interests adversely
affected as mentioned in paragraph 13(l)(a) or (b), the Children's
Advocate-

(i) shall inform the complainant of that opinion, the nature
of the infringement or adverse effect and the
recommendations (if any) which have been made to
remedy the matter; and

(ii) may make such comments in relation to the case as he
thinks fit;

(b) the complainant has suffered no such infringement or adverse
effect, the Children's Advocate shall inform the complainant of
that opinion and the reasons therefor and may make such
comments in relation to the case as he thinks fit.

(1 1) On the conclusion of an investigation, the Children's Advocate
may make to the relevant authority concerned such recommendations as
the Children's Advocate thinks fit and in particular, but without prejudice
to the generality of the foregoing, may recommend any or all of the
following-

(a) that the action which was the subject-matter of thr: complaint be
reviewed;

(b) the alteration of an enactment,: rule or regulation which causes or
may cause infringement of children's rights or have an adverse
effect on the best interests of children;

(c) that compensation be made to the complainant.

(12) If the Children's Advocate finds, during the conduct of his
investigations or on the conclusion thereof, that there is evidence of a breach
of duty, or misconduct, or criminal offence on the part of an officer or
member of any relevant authority, the Children's Advocate shall refer the
matter to the person or body of persons competent to take such disciplinary
or other proceedings as may be appropriate against that officer or member
and in all cases shall lay a special report before Parliament.

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76 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Evidence. 17.-(1) Subject to the provisions of sub-paragraph ( 9 , the Children's
Advocate may at any time require any officer or member of a relevant
authority, or any other person who, in the opinion of the Children's
Advocate, is able to give any assistance in relation to the investigation of any
matter, to furnish such information and produce any document or thing in
connection with such matter and which may be in the possession or under the
control of that officer or member or other person. ('7

\J
(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-paragraph (5 ) , the Children's

Advocate may summon before him and examine on oath-
(a) any complainant; or

(6) any officer, member or employee of a relevant authority, or
any other person who, in the opinion of the Children's Advocate, is able to
furnish information relating to the investigation, and such examination shall
be deemed to be a judicial proceeding within the meaning of section 4 of the
Perjury Act.

(3) For the purposes of an investigation under this Act, the Children's
Advocate shall have the same powers as a Judge of the Supreme Court in
respect of the attendance and examination of witnesses and the production of
documents.

(4) Any obligation to maintain secrecy or any restriction on the
disclosure of information or the production of any document or paper or
thing imposed on any person by any other law (including a rule of law) shall
not apply in relation to the disclosure of information or the production of any
document or thing by that person to the Children's Advocate for the purpose
of an investigation; and accordingly, no person shall be liable to prosecution
for an offence under any other law aforesaid, by reason only of that person's
compliance with a requirement of the Children's Advocate under this Act.

(5) No person shall, for the purpose of an investigation, be compelled
to give any evidence or produce any document or thing which he could not
be compelled to give or produce in proceedings in any court of law.

Privilege. 18.-41) Except in the case of proceedings for an offence under paragraph
23(c), no proceedings whatsoever shall lie against the Children's Advocate or
any person concerned with the administration of the office and functions of
the Children's Advocate, for anything he may do or report or say in the
performance of his functions under this Act.

(2) Anything said or any information supplied or any document or
thing produced by any person for the purpose or in the course of, any enquiry
by or proceedings before the Children's Advocate under this Act, shall be
absolutely privileged in the same manner as if the enquiry or proceedings
were proceedings in a court of law.

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CHILLI CARE AND 1'1-?OTEC7'ION

(3) For the purposes of the Defamation Act. any report made by the
Children's Advocate under this Act and any fair and accurate report thereon
shall be deemed to be privileged.

19.-(1) The Children's Advocate and every person concerned with the Secrecy of
administration of the ofice and functions of the Children's Advocate shall Lnformatio"~

regard as secrct and confidential all documents. information and things
disclosed to them in the execution of any of the provisions of this Act. except
that no disclosure-

(a) made by the Children's Advocate or any person aforesaid in
proceedings for an offence under paragraph 23 or under the
Pe jury Act. by virtue of paragraph 17(2) of this Schedule;

(h) which the Children's Advocate thinks it necessary to make in the
discharge of his functions and for the purpose of' executing the
provisions of paragraph 16 or paragraph 2 1. subject as provided in
sub-paragraph (5) thereof,

shall be deemed inconsistent with any duty imposed by this sub-paragraph.

(2) Neither the Children's Advocate nor any such person aforesaid
shall be called upon to give evidence in respect of. or produce any document,
information or thing, aforesaid in any proccedings other thim proccedings
mentioned in sub-paragraph (I).

20.-(1) The accounts and financial transactions of the office of Accounts.
Children's Advocate shall be audited annually by the Auditor-General and a etC.
statement of accounts so audited shall form part of the annual report
mentioned in paragraph 2 1.

(2) The Children's Advocate shall, at such time within each year as
the Minister may direct-

(a) submit to the Minister a statement of the accounts of the
Children's Advocate audited in accordance with the provisions of
subparagraph ( 1):

(b) submit to the Minister for approval the estimates of revenue and
expenditure for the financial year commencing on the 1st day of
April next following.

(3) In this paragraph "Minister" means the Minister responsible for
finance.

21.-(1) The Children's Advocate may at any time be required by Reports
Parliament to submit thereto a report in respect of any matter under
investigation by the Children's Advocate.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(2) The Children's Advocate shall submit to Parliament an annual
report relating generally to the execution of his functions and may at any time
submit a report relating to any particular case or cases investigated by him
which, in his opinion, require the special attention of Parliament.

(3) Reports under this paragraph shall be submitted to the Speaker
of the House of Representatives and the President of the Senate who
shall, as soon as possible, have them laid on the Table of the respective
Houses.

(4) The Children's Advocate may, in the public interest, from time to
time publish in such manner as he thinks fit, reports relating to such matters
as are mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) and any case which is the subject of a
special report under paragraph 16(8) and (12), provided that no such report
shall be published until after it has been laid pursuant to sub-paragraph (3).

(5) The Children's Advocate shall not, in any report furnished under
this paragraph, disclose or act upon any communication between-

(a) a medical practitioner and his patient in their professional
relationship;

(b) a minister of religion and any person consulting him in his
capacity as such; or

(c) between an Attorney-at-law and his client in their professional
relationship,

where such communication came to the Children's Advocate's knowledge
during the course of an investigation under this Act.

Register. 22.-41) Where the Children's Advocate decides to investigate a
complaint he shall cause to be recorded in a register kept for the purpose-

(a) the subject-matter of the complaint and the date thereof; and

(b) on the conclusion of the investigation, the Children's Advocate's
decision respecting the complaint.

(2) No entry in the Register shall disclose the name of, or any other
personal data relating to, the complainant and any person may, on the
payment of such fees as may be prescribed, inspect, during the hours and on
the days of business of the Children's Advocate, any register kept pursuant to
this paragraph.

Offences. 23. Every person who-
(a) wilfully-

(i) makes any false statement to or misleads or attempts to
mislead the Children's Advocate or any other person in
the exercise of his functions under this Schedule; or

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(ii) fails to comply with any lawful requirement of the
Children's Advocate or any other person under this
Schedule; or

(b) without lawful justification or excuse-

and-

(i) obstructs, hinders or resists the Children's Advocate or
any other person in the execution of his functions under
this Schedule;

(ii) fails to comply with any lawful requirement of the
Children's Advocate or any other person under this
Schedule; or

(iii) contravenes the provisions of paragraph 13 (5); or

(c ) in a manner inconsistent with his duty under paragraph 19(1),
deals with documents, information or things mentioned in that
subparagraph,

commits an offence.

24. Nothing in this Schedule shall be construed as limiting or affecting any Remedy
remedy or right of appeal, objection or procedure given to any person by any under any
other provision of law. provision of

law
unaffected.

25. The Children's Advocate may make regulations for the better Regulations.
carrying into effect of the provisions of this Schedule.

26. Where pursuant to any provision of this Schedule, the Governor- provisions
General is required to act after consultation with the Leader of the Opposition applicable

where no
Leader of

(a) there is no person holding the office of Leader of the Opposition; the
or Opposition.

(b) the holder of that office is unwilling, or by reason of' his illness or
absence from Jamaica, unable to perform his functions in that
regard,

the Governor-General shall act as if the reference to the Leader of the
Opposition were a reference to such person as the Governor-General, in his
discretion, considers appropriate.

Appendix A

Pensions and Gratuities

1. In this Appendix "pensionable emoluments" has the same meaning" as Inter~reta-
in the Pensions Act. tion.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 11 1/2005]

80 CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Entitlement to 2 . 4 1 ) Where a person holding the office of Children's Advocate retires
pensionsand in pensionable circumstances he shall, subject to the provisions of this
gratuities in
respect of Appendix, be paid pension and gratuity in accordance with this Act in lieu of
serviceas any pension, allowance or gratuity for which he may have been eligible or
Children's which he may have been granted pursuant to the Pensions Act or the
Advocate. Judiciary Act. n

(2) A person entitled to pension or gratuity pursuant to sub-paragraph L)
(1) or who is eligible for a grant of pension or gratuity pursuant to sub-
paragraph (5) may, by memorandum in writing to the Governor-General,
elect to forego his entitlement under this Act and be granted instead-

(a) if he is, otherwise than under this Appendix, eligible for pension
pursuant to section 5 of the Judiciary Act, such award as would be
payable under that Act if the office of the Children's Advocate
were an office to which that Act applied; or

(b) in any other case, such award under the Pensions Act as would be
payable under that Act if the office of the Children's Advocate
were a pensionable office under that Act.

i-

(3) For the purposes of this paragraph and paragraph 3, a person
retires in pensionable circun~stances if-

(a) he retires-

(i) on or after attaining the age of sixty-five years; or

(ii) by reason of ill health prior to such attainment; or

(b) he has a minimum of ten years service.

(4) For the purposes of this Act, a person retires from the office of
Children's Advocate on the ground of ill health if-

(a) he retires on medical evidence, to the satisfaction of the Govemor-
General, that he isincapable by reason of any infirmity of mind or
body of discharging the duties of his office and that such infirmity
is likely to be permanent; or

(b) he is removed from office, in accordance with paragraph 2(7) of
the First Schedule, for inability arising from infirmity of mind or
body, to perform the functions of his office.

(5) A person who, pursuant to paragraph 2(7) of the First Schedule is
removed from the office of Children's Advocate for misbehaviour or for any
other cause other than inability arising from infirmity of mind or body or
who retired otherwise than in pensionable circumstances may, subject to sub-
paragraph (2), be granted by the Governor-General, in lieu of any pension,
allowance or gratuity for which he may have been eligible pursuant to the

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Pensions Act or the Judiciary Act such pension and gratuity as the Governor-
General thinks fit not exceeding the pension and gratuity to which he would
have been entitled had he retired in pensionable circumstances from such
office and, for the purposes of sub-paragraph (6), the date of such removal
from office or retirement shall be deemed to be the date of retirement in
pensionable circumstances.

(6) Pension payable in accordance with this paragraph shall be-

(a) charged on and payable out of the Consolidated Fund; and

(6) paid monthly in arrears with effect, subject to paragraph 4, from the
date of retirement in pensionable circumstances and shall, subject
to the provisions of this Act, continue to be paid during the lifetime
of the person entitled thereto.

3. The rate of pension payable pursuant to paragraph 2 to any person shall Rate,of
be an annual rate equivalent to the sum of one-half of his pensionable pens''".
emoluments at the date of retirement and one-three hundred and sixtieth of
such pensionable emoluments in respect of each month of service as the
Children's Advocate.

4. Where in accordance with paragraph 2(3) a person retires in special
pensionable circumstances before he has attained the age of sixty-five provision

where
Children's

the date with effect from which any pension due to him under this Ad.vocate
retlres

Act shail be payable shall be the date on which he attains that age, before
but, if he elects pursuant to paragraph 5 to take a reduced pension attaining
and commuted pension gratuity, nothing in this paragraph shall agesixty-
prevent payment of the commuted gratuity at any time prior to the
attainment of that age; and

if he dies before attaining that age, and he has not made an election
to receive a reduced pension and commuted pension gratuity as
aforesaid, he shall for the purposes of paragraph 6 be deemed to
have died while holding the office of Children's Advocate.

5 . 4 1 ) Any person to whom a pension (in this paragraph referred to as Reduced
the original pension) is payable pursuant to paragraph 2 may, at his option i,":,e'P.md
exercisable at his retirement in pensionable circumstances or within such .
period prior or subsequent to his retirement as the Governor-General may
allow, be paid, in lieu of the original pension, a reduced pension at the rate of
three-fourths of the annual rate of the original pension together with a
gratuity (in this Act referred to as a commuted pension gratuity) equal to
twelve and one-half times one-quarter of the annual rate of the original
pension.

(2) The option referred to in sub-paragraph (1) shall be irrevocable

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

Gratuity on
death.

Pensions to
dependants
where injurie
received or
disease
contracted in
discharge of
duties.

Pensions, etc.,
not to be
assigned.

Family
Benefits
pensions.

unless the Governor-General, on such terms as he considers reasonable,
otherwise permits.

6.-41) Where a person dies while holding the office of Children's
Advocate there shall be paid to his legal personal representative, a gratuity of
an amount equivalent to-

(a) one year's pensionable emoluments; or

(b) the commuted pension gratuity for which the person aforesaid had
a right to opt pursuant to paragraph 5 of this Appendix on the
assumption that he retired in pensionable circumstances at the date
of his death,

whichever is the greater.

(2) Where a person dies while in receipt of a pension pursuant to
paragraph 2, there shall be paid to his legal personal representative a gratuity
of an amount equivalent to one year's pensionable emoluments of that person
at the date of his retirement or removal from office, from which gratuity shall
be deducted any pension or gratuity already paid to that person under this Act
or under the Pensions Act or under the Judiciary Act.

7. Where a person holding the office of Children's Advocate dies as a
result of injuries received-

(a) in the actual discharge of his duties;

(b) in circumstances in which the injury is not wholly or mainly due to
or seriously aggravated by his own serious and culpable negligence
or misconduct; and

(c) on account of circumstances specifically attributable to the nature
of his duty,

while in that office, it shall be lawful for the Governor-General to grant to the
deceased officer's widow, children, parents or other dependants such award
as would have been made under the Pensions Act if the office of Children's
Advocate were a pensionable office for the purposes of that Act.

8. A pension or gratuity payable under this Act shall not be assignable or
transferable except for the purpose of satisfying-

(a) a debt due to the Government; or
(6) an order of any court for the payment of periodical sums of money

towards the maintenance of the wife or former wife or minor
children, of the person to whom the pension or gratuity is payable,

and shall not be liable to be attached, sequestered or levied upon, for or in
respect of any debt or claim whatever except a debt due to the Government.

9.-41) For the purposes of the Pensions (Civil Service Family Benefits)
Act, the office of Children's Advocate shall be deemed to be a pensionable
office in the service of the Island.

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(2) Where a person dies while holding the ofice of Children's
Advocate or while entitled to a pension under paragraph (2), there shall be
paid to his widow a pension at an annual rate equivalent to one-fifth of the
penisonable emoluments of the person aforesaid at the date of his death or, if
at that date he was entitled to receive a pension'under paragraph 2, at the date
of his retirement or, as the case may be, removal fiom ofice in accordance
with this Act.

(3) Pension payable to a widow pursuant to sub-paragraph (2) shall-

(a) be charged on and payable out of the Consolidated Fund; and '

(b) be paid monthly in arrears with effect fiom the date of her
husband's death and shall, subject to the provisions of this Act,
continue to be paid during her lifetime.

(4) Pension payable to a widow pursuant to sub-paragraph (2) shall
be without prejudice to any pension to which she may be entitled under the
Pensions (Civil Service Family Benefits) Act but shall be in lieu of any
pension to which she may be entitled pursuant to section 9 of the Judiciary
Act.

(5) In paragraph 7 and sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) of this paragraph,
references to a widow shall, in the case of a female appointed Children3
Advocate, be deemed to include references to a widower and cognate
expressions shall be construed accordingly and similarly, references to a
husband shall be deemed to include references to a wife.

10. Where a person retires without a minimum of ten years sewice, he ~ p p f y j f i g
shall be granted in respect of his sewice, the commuted pension gratuity for where
which the person had a right to opt pursuant to paragraph 5 if he had m i d zwT/
in pensionable circumstances. dasm

Hi6 fw
pension.

Appendix 5 ( P = V ~ P ~ 9)

Oath to be taken by persons appointed to assist the Children's Advocate

I ................................................................................... do
swear that I will faithfully perform any functions assigned to me under the
Child Care and Protection Act, and I will not, on any account, at any time
whatsoever, except in so Far as provisions of the Act authorize, directly OK
indirectly reveal any information or the nature or contents of my documents
communicated to me in the performance of any hctions assigned to me by
virtue of the Act.

So help me God.

[The i.dh ef chb page b amthorid by LN. 113/U)ll(

84 CMtD C . AND PROIECTION

1. The murder o~ manslaughter of a child.

3. Any ofimce under Pat 1 of this Act.

4. Any ofknw under-

(a) any of the foliowing %ections of the Offences Against the Person
Act-

section 28 - abandoning or exposing child
section 69 child stealing;

(b) my of the following ofiences under the ORmces Against the
P m n Act, committed against a c h i l b

%g(:aim 39 - common assault
section 40 - aggmvatd assault m women

or children

section 96 - unnatural crime
section 77 - attempt to commit unnatural

crime

section 79 - outrages on decency;
(c) any of the Following sections of the Sexual Offences Act-

-ion 8 - sexual touching

section 18 - sexual intercourse with person
under sixteen years of age

seetbn 8 8 - householder inducing violation
of child

section 14 - abduction of child under
sixteen

seetion 20 - abduction of child for sexual
intercourse

(4 any of the following sections of the Sexual Ofiences Act,
committed against a c h i l b

section 3 - raPe

k d d m of this ps b awlbodd by LN. IUllblll

CMLD CARE AND PROTECTION

section 4 - grievous sexual assault
section 5 marital rape

section 13 - indecent assault
section 16 - violation of person suffering

from mental disorder

section 18 procuration

section 19 - procuring violation by threats
or fraud

section 2 1 - unlawfbl detention in premises.

5. Any offence involving bodily injury to a child.

THIRD SCHEDULE (Section 7 1)

I. In each parish, except in those parishes in which a Family Court
has jurisdiction, the Minister shall appoint to a special panel of Justices of
the Peace those Justices whom he may consider to be specially qualified to
deal with juvenile cases, and no Justice of the Peace shall be qualified to
sit as a member of a Children's Court unless he is a member of such a
panel.

2. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 4, a Children's Court shall be
constituted of a Resident Magistrate as chairman, and two Justices of the
Peace, one of whom shall be a woman, and both of whom shall be members
of the panel referred to in paragraph 1 :

Provided that-

(a) the court shall be deemed to be fully constituted where the chair-
man and only one such Justice of the Peace sit;

(b) until the panel referred to in paragraph 1 is prepared, the court shall
be constituted of a Resident Magistrate alcne.

3. Without prejudice to the provisions of subsection (3) of section 4 and
subsection (2) of section 6 of the Judicam (Family Court) Act, the Minister
may by order specify as respects any parish the place or places in which
Children's Courts shall sit.

b d n k m of (UI pqp b amtborbcd by LN. IUnOIll

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

4. The Family Court shall be the Children's Court and shall be deemed to
be duly constituted as such, at any sitting of a Family Court for the
purpose of exercising its jurisdiction in the capacity of such Children's Court
notwithstanding that it be constituted of a single Judge of a Family
Court.

FOURTH SCHEDULE (Sections 72 and 78)

1. Murder or manslaughter.

.2. .Treason.

3. Infanticide.

4. Any offence under sections 8, 13,14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 23, 24,
25, 29; 30, 3 1, 44, 48, 50, 51,.55, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61 or 69 of the
Offences Against the Person Act.

5. Any offence under section 37 or 43 of the Larceny Act.

6. Any f i r e m offence as defined in the Gun Court Act.

(Section 91)

The Child Care and Protection Act
Correctional Order

To the Minister, and to all persons authorized by the said Minister, and to
theManages of the juvenile correctional centre named in the endorsement
hereon;

Whereas (i). .............................. .:. ........................... a child
was brought before the (2) Children's Court for the parish of

(4) as being in need of care or protection, or by his parent or guardian as
being uncontrollable by such parent or guardian, or charged with the offence
of (5) ......................................................... .;
And whereas the (4) said court, or the Children's Court
for the parish of

(3) ............................................................ to which the matter was

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CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

remitted in accordance with the provisions of the Child Care and Protection
Act, considered it expedient and in the best interests of the welfare of the said
child to make an order sending the said child to a juvenile correctional centre.

These, therefore, are to command you the said Minister and all persons
authorized by the said Minister to detain the said child (2) in a place of safety
until the name of a juvenile correctional centre is endorsed hereon by the
Minister and then to take the said child to the said juvenile correctional centre
and deliver him to the Managers thereof; and to command you, the Managers
of the juvenile correctional centre named in the endorsement hereon, to
receive the said child into your custody and to keep him in accordance with
and until he is released wlder the provisions of the Child Care and Protection
Act.

It is hereby declared that-

(a) The age of the said child is

(6) .................. ...y ears .............. ..months, being born on (6)
.............. )

.......................... (b) his religious persuasion is (7) .;
(c) a contribution order in the sum of

(8). .................................. a week payable by
(9) ................................... being the
(9) ..................................... of the said child has been made.

A record in accordance with the provisions of the Child Care and
Protection Act, is forwarded herewith.

Given under my hand this (10) ................. day of .......................... at
(1 I).. ........................ in the parish of (3) .................................... (12)
....................................

The juvenile correctional centre to which the said child shall be sent is the
(13) ...................................... Dated this (10) ..............................

(14). ........................ The said child shall be transferred from the above-
named juvenile c~rrectional centre to the (13) .............................. Dated

.................................................................................... this (10)

(1) State full name.

(2) Amend, if necessary.

(3) State name of parish.

(4) Strike out inapplicable alternatives.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by J,.N. 11 1120051

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

(5) State nature of offence.

(6) State age and date of birth.

(7) State religious persuasion, if ascertainable.

(8) State amount, if contribution order made.

(9) State name and status of person by whom contributions payable if
contribution order made.

(10) State date.

(1 1) State place.

(12) Signature of the proper officer of the court.

(13) State name of juvenile correctional centre.

(14) Signature of person authorized by the Minister.

The Child Care and Protection Act
Order Committing Child to Care of Fit Person

To the Minister and to all persons authorized by the said Minister, and to the
fit person named in the endorsement hereon willing to undertake the care of
the child.

Whereas (1) ............................................. a child was brought before
the (2) Children's Court for the parish of (3) ................................ (4) as
being in need of care or protection, or by his parent or guardian as being
uncontrollable by such parent or guardian, or charged with the offence of (5);

And whereas the (4) said court, or the Children's Court for the parish of (3)
................................................... to which the matter was remitted
in accordance with the provisions of the Child Care and Protection Act,
considered it expedient and in the best interests of the welfare of the said
child to make an order committing the said child to the care of a fit person
who is willing to undertake the care of him;

These, therefore, are to command you the said Minister and all persons
authorized by the said Minister to detain the said child (2) in a place of safety
until the name of a fit person willing to undertake the care of the child is
endorsed hereon by the Minister and then to take the said child to the said fit
person and deliver him to the said fit person: and to command you, the said
fit person named in the endorsement hereon, to receive the said child into
your custody and to keep him in accordance with and until he is released
under the provisions of the Child Care and Protection Act.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 11 1/2005]

CHILD CAKE AND PROTECTION

It is hereby declared that-

(1) The age of the said cluld is
................ ...... (6). ............. .years .months. being born on ( 6 )

(2) his religious persuasion is (7) ........................... :
(3) a coutribution order in the sum of (8). ...... ,......... .a week payable

by (9). .................. being the (9).. ................ of the said child
has been made.

A record in accordance with the provisions of the Child Carc and Protection
Act is forwarded herewith.

Given under my hand this (10) . . . . . . . . . . . . .....day or.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a1
(11) .......................... in the parish of (3) .....................................
(12) ....................................

The fit person to whose care the said child shall be committed is
(13). ........................................................................... Dated this
(10). ................................ (14). ........................................

The said child shall be transferred from the care of the abovc-named fit
person to the care of (13) ................................................. Dated this

............................ (14) ............................
State full namc.

Amend. if necessary.

State name of parish.

Strike out the inapplicable alternatives.

State nature of offence.

State age and date of birth.

State religious persuasion. if ascertainable.

State amount, if contribution order made.

State name and status of person by whom contributions payable if
contribution order made.

State date.

State place.

Signature of the proper officer of the cow.

State name of fit person willing to undertake the care of the child.

Signature of person authorized by the Minister.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 1 1 1/20015]

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

The Child Care and Protection Act
Contribution Order

Whereas an order committing (1) .......................................... a
child (2) to the care of a fit person, or to a juvenile correctional centre has (2)
this day, or on the (3). ........................................... b e e n made
by (2) this court, or by a Children's Court;

(4) And whereas (5) .......................................... (2) the fit person
to whose care, or the superintendent of the juvenile correctional centre to
which, the said child was committed has made application for a contribution
order;

It is hereby ordered that (6) ............................................. being the
(6) ....................................................... of the said child shall pay to
(7). the sum of (8) ........................................................................
............................................................. each week to be applied
in accordance with the provisions of the Child Care and Protection Act, the
first of such payments to be made on the (3) ........................... so long as
the said child remains in the care of (2) such fit person, or juvenile
correctional centre, or until this order is varied or revoked in accordance with
the provisions of the Child Care and Protection Act.

Given under my hand this (3) .................. day of .......................... at
(9) ..................................................................... in the parish of
(10) .................................... (1 1) ...............................................

(1) State full name of child.

(2) Strike out inapplicable alternatives.

(3) State date.

(4) Strike out if inapplicable.

(5) State name of applicant, and if he is the superintendent also of the
juvenile correctional centre.

(6) State name and status of person by whom contributions payable.

(7) State person to whom contributions payable under section 31 (2)
and (3) of the Child Care and Protection Act.

(8) State amount of contribution.

(9) State place.

(10) State name of parish.

(1 1) Signature of the proper officer of the court.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 1 1 1/2005]

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

The Child Care and Protection Act
Order Transferring Payments under Affiliation Order

................................. Whereas an affiliation order was made on the (1)
against (2) ............................................................... ordering him
to pay the sum of (3) ............................................. a week to (4)
....................................................... towards the maintenance and
education of (5). .............................................. a child of the age of
(6 ) . . .......................................................... until he attains the age of
(7). ............................................................ .;

And whereas an order committing (5) .......................................... a
child (8) to the care of a fit person, or to a juvenile correctional centre, has
(8) this day, or on the (1) .................................. been made by (8) this

..................... court, or by a Children's Court; (9) And whereas (lo). . (8)
the fit person to whose care, or the superintendent of the juvenile correctional
centre to which, the said child was committed has made application for a
contribution order;

It is hereby ordered, that the payments to be made by the said
(2) ........................................... under the said affiliation order shall
be made to (1 1). ...................................................... instead of to the
said (4) ......................................................................... the first
of such payments to be made on the (1). ......................................... so
long as the said affiliation order remains in force, to be applied in accordance
with the provisions of the Child Care and Protection Act.

.................. ........................... Given under my hand this (1) day of at
(12) ................... . ............................................. in the parish of

............................................... (13) ................................... .(14)
(1) State date.

(2) State name of person against whom affiliation order made.

(3) State sum payable under the affiliation order.

(4) State person to whom sum payable under the affiliation order.

( 5 ) State full name of child.

(6) State age of child.

(7) State age until which affiliation order payable.

(8) Strike out inapplicable alternatives.

(9) Strike out, if inapplicable.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 111/2005]

CHILD CARE AND PROTECTION

State name of applicant and if he is the superintendent also of the
approved school.

State person to whom contributions are payable under section 31
(2) and (3) of the Child Care and Protection Act.

State place.

State name of parish.

Signature of the proper officer of the court.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 11 112005j