Justice Protection Act

Link to law: http://www.moj.gov.jm/laws/justice-protection-act
Published: 2008-08-04

-- - --

JUSTICE PROTECTION ACT 1

THE JUSTICE PROTECTION ACT

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

Preliminary

1. Short title.

2. Interpretation.

The Justice Protection Programme

3. Establishment of Justice Protection Programme and.Agencies.

The Administrative Centre

4. Functions of Administrative Centre.

5. Cases to be considered for protection.

6. Disclosure of certain information to Administrative Centre.

7. Conditions for inclusion of prospective participant in Programme.

The Commissioner of Police

8. Functions of Commissioner.

The Director of Public Prosecutions

9. Director of Public Prosecutions to submit application.

Agreement

10. Agreement.

Register of Participants

I I . Register of participants.

12. Access to register.

Protection under the Justice Protec~ion Programme

13. Action re participant.

14. Participant's rights and obligations.

15. Non-disclosure of former identity.

(The inclusion of this pngc is nuthorizcd by 1..N 123120111

JUSTICE PROTECTION ACT

16. Cessation of protection or assistance.

17. ~estoration bf former identity.

18. Provision of information to an approved authority.
, . .

Miscellaneous

19. Protection from suit.

20. Offences.

21. Officers not required to disclose information.

22. Requirement where participant becomes witness in criminal
proceedings. '

23. Identity of participant not to be disclosed.

24. Annual reports to Board.

25. Regulations.

26. Preservation of informal arrangements.

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L-3. 113ROIIJ

JUSTICE PROTECTION

THE JUSTICE PROTECTION ACT Act
23 of 2001.

[ l th August, 2008.1
t I . .

' Preliminary

0 1. This Act may be cited as the Justice Protection Act. Short title
. 2. In this Act-, -, Inter-

pretation

"~dministrative Centre" dr bbCentre" he'ans the Witness
Protection Administration and Victim Support Unit in
the Ministry of National Security h d Justice;

"Agreement" means the Agreement Establishing the
Regional Justice protection Programme,'signed at Port
of Spain on July 7, 1999; * # ' .

"approved authority" or "authority" me-
. .

- ( a ) the Attorney-General;
(b) the Director of Public~Prosecutions;

- (c ) the Administrative Centre;

(4 the Commissioner of Police or any other member
of the Jamaica Constabulary Force designated by
him;

( e ) such other person or body as the Minister may,
from time to time, designate as an approved
authority;

0 "associate" means ,a person who, by virtue of his relationship or association with a participant or
prospective participant, may be considered for
protection or assistance or both under the Justice
Protection Programme;

"Contracting party" means a Party to the Agreement;

"Justice Protection Programme" or 'fProgramrneW means

lThe inclusion of this page ip authorized by L.N. 123ROlll . ,

JUSTICE PROTECTION

the Justice Protection Programme referred to in
section 4;

"participants" means witnesses, jurors, judicial officers,
legal officers, law enforcement personnel or
associates of such persons and any other persons to
whom protection or assistance or both is given under
the Justice Protection Programme;

"risk assessment" means an evaluation of the risk or
danger which a participant is likely to pose for the
receiving community, having regard to the matters
specified in paragraphs (a), (d) and (e) of the
definition of "threat assessment" and any other factor
considered relevant in a particular case;

"threat assessment" means an evaluation of the danger to a
prospective participant based on but not limited to
information on-

(a) persons who are the subject of judicial or
administrative proceedings concerning the
case in relation to which the prospective
participant has given evidence or is required
to give evidence;

(b) any criminal organization interested in the
relevant proceedings;

(c) the nature of the threat to the prospective
participant;

/

(d) the names and other identifying data of all
persons who are likely to pose a danger to the
prospective participant;

(e) where appropriate, the prospective par-
a

ticipant's association with persons referred to
in paragraph (a) or his involvement in the
illegal activity giving rise to the proceedings
referred to in that paragraph;

(#) the immediacy of the threat;

IThe inclusion o f h i s page is auhorhed by L.N. l23LZ0111

JUSTICE PROTECTION

"witness" means a person who has given, is obliged to
give or has agreed to give a statement or evidence or
both-

(a ) in relation to a crime that has been com-
mitted or in respect of which there are
reasonable grounds to believe will be
committed;

(b) to an approved authority in relation to a
crime that has been committed or in respect
of which there are reasonable grounds to
believe will be committed;

(c) in a criminal trial; or

(6) in any civil proceedings. .

The Justice Protection Programme

3.-(1) The Minister shall establish a programme to be Establish-
ment of known as the Justice Protection Programme, for the purpose of ,u,tice

providing to participants, subject to this Act, protection or Protection
assistance or both. Programme and Agen-

cies (2 ) The Minister may enter into a reciprocal arrange-
ment with the government of a contracting Party or any other
country in order to enable a participant in that Contracting Party
or other country, to be provided, subject to this Act, with
protection or assistance or both.

The Administrative Centre

4 . - ( 1 ) Subject to this Act, the Administrative Centre shall Functions
of Adminis- e develop, manage and maintain the Justice Protection Programme and shall be responsible for deciding whether a prospective centre.

participant is to be afforded protection or assistance or both
under the Programme.

F

(2 ) In performing its functions under this Act, the
Centre shall-

(a) liaise with- . - .

lThc inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123ROllI

6 JUSTICE PROTECTION

(i) other approved authorities and with
Administrative Centres of other Contracting
Parties; and

(ii) relevant . authorities . of other countries;

(b) determine the participants in the Justice Protection
Programme;

(c) determine after consultation with the Commissioner of
Police and the Director of Public Prosecutions, the
level and duration of protection or assistance for a
prospective participant, based on the assessments
referred to in subsection (3);

(4 obtain such information as may be required to
determine--

(i) the financial implications of admitting the
prospective participant to the Programme; and

(ii) the actual. or potentia1:civil and criminal
liability of the prospective participant;

(e) require the prospective participant to conclude an
agreement with the Centre, detailing the terms and
conditions of his participation in the Programme;

V) arrange for the provision of safe houses;

(g) develop guidelines for the effective operation of the
Programme;

(h) establish budgetary requirements of the Programme;

( i ) make payments in connection with the protection or
assistance or both, provided under this Act;

(j) take cognizance of thi hi& cost and comilexity of
providing adequate protection for participants;

(k) co-ordinatt?' and furnish to approve authorities of
Contracting Pihies and the relevant' authorities of
any other country, relevant information on threat and
risk assessments and other related matters.

-

(The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.S. lZ3/ZOlll

. '

JUSTICE PROTECTION

(3) For the purpose of determining the participants in
the Justice Protection Programme, the Administrative Centre
shall-

(a) in relation to criminal matters, take into account any
written assessments received from the Commissioner
of Police and the Director of Public Prosecutions; I

(b) in relation to civil matters and enquiries under the
Commissions of Enquiry Act, make a determination
only on the basis of recommendations received from
the Attorney General.

(4) In deciding whether 'to include a prospective par-
ticipant in the Programme, the Administrative Centre shall have
regard to-- -

(a) the prospective participant's criminal record, if any,
particularly in respect of crimes of violence; '

(b) the results of any medical, psychological or psychia-
tric examination or evaluation of the prospective
participant, conducted to determine his suitability for
inclusion in the Programme;

(c) ,the seriousness of the offence to which any relevant
evidence or statement relates;

(6) the nature and importance of any relevant evidence or
statement;

(e) whether there are viable alternative methods of
protecting and assisting the prospective participant;

u> the nature of the perceived danger to the prospective
participant;

(g) the nature of the prospective participant's relationship
with other prospective participants being assessed for
inclusion in the Programme;

(h) the expected duration of the protection or assistance to
be provided; and

( i ) any other matters that the Centre considers relevant; I
(The inclusion of this page is authorized by I..N. 123ROlll

8 JUSTICE PROTECTION

. . . .
. ..

(5). For the purposes of this Act, the Administrative
. ' Centre shall-

(a) interview a prospective participant with a view to
establishing his suitability for entry into the
Programme;

I

(b) examine the threat and risk assessments submitted to
the Centre pursuant to section 8; a

(c) require a prospective participant or a participant, as the
case may be, to undergo, for the purpose of
determining his physical and mental health, medical
tests or examinations and psychological or psychiatric
evaluations and to authorize the results to be made
available to the Centre;

(d) protect participants and persons accorded provisional
entry pursuant to section 8(c);

(e) relocate participants where necessary;

(fl carry out periodic reviews ,of threat and risk assess-
ments.

(6) The Administrative Centre shall, not later than the
last day of February in each year, submit to the Minister, a
report of its operations during the preceding year.

(7) The report referred to in subsection (6) shall include
information on the number of participants in the Programme, the
nature of the legal proceedings involved and such other
information as the Minister may consider appropriate.

5-41) The Administrative Centre may offer protection or Cases tobe
assistance or both under the Justice Protection Programme in ;:rni2q @
respect of civil matters and the offences set out in the First tion
Schedule. First Schedule

(2) The Minister may, after consultation with the
Director of Public Prosecutions and the Commissioner of Police,
amend the First Schedule by Order subject to negative

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.S. I2312Oll]

JUSTICE PROTECTION 9

resolution.

6 . 4 1 ) The Administrative Centre may refuse to include a Disclosure
prospective participant in the Programme if- of information cert in

to Adminis- (a) it is satisfied that the person has not provided the
Centre with the information specified in subsection centre.
(2); and

(b) it has not received such other information as may be
required in the case or under this Act.

(2) A prospective participant shall disclose to the
Centre-

(a) detailed information on-

(i) his outstanding legal obligations;

(ii) his outstanding debts;

(iii) any civil proceedings that have been instituted
by or against him;

(iv) any business activity in which he is involved;

(v) receivables and all sources of income;
I

(vi) his general medical condition;

1 (vii) any dependants and related obligations;
(viii) any court order relating to sentences imposed

on him or to which he is subject in relation to
criminal prosecutions;

(ix) any relevant court orders or arrangements
relating to his custody of or access to children;

(b) his criminal record, if any;

(c) details of-

I (i) any cash balances in bank accounts; and
(ii) property, real or personal,

held anywhere by him in his own name or jointly
or severally with any other person;

lTbe inclusion of this page is authorired by L.N. IUROlll

JUSTICE PROTECTION

Conditions
for inclu-
sion of
prospective
participant
in Pro-
gramme.

Functions
of Cornrnis-
sioner.

(4 whether any of his property, real or personal, is liable
to forfeiture under any other law;

(e) details of any arrangements that he has made for-

(i) the service of documents on him;

(ii) representation in proceedings in any court;

(iii) enforcement ofjudgments in his favour; or

(iv) compliance with the enforcement of judg-
ments against him.

(3) The Centre shall make such other inquiries and
investigations as it considers necessary for the purpose of
assessing whether the prospective participant should be included
in the Programme.

7. The Administrative Centre shall not include a prospective
participant in the Programme unless-

(a) subject to section 9, he applies in the prescribed form
to be included;

(b) the Centre is satisfied that-

(i) he understands the implications of being
* included in the Programme; and

(ii) he understands the terms of the agreement and
it is signed in accordance with section 11.

The Commissioner of Police

8. In relation to the possible inclusion of a prospective
participant in the Justice Protection Programme, the Commis-
sioner of Police-

(a) shall carry out investigations and submit to the
Administrative Centre, the prescribed application form
completed by the prospective participant, and the
following documents prepared by the dommissioner-

8 % + - , (i) an assessment of that application;
(ii) a 'threat assessment, including a report of the

-

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. lZ3ROlll

JUSTICE PROTECTION

Commissioner of Corrections where the pros-
pective participant is in a correctional institu-
tion;

* , I (iii) a risk assessment;
(b) shall provide protection for the prospective partici-

pant in the period prior to the determination by the
Centre pursuant to section 4(3); ,

(c) may, in a case of emergency, apply to the Centre for
provisional entry into the Programme by the pros-
pective participant prior to that determination.

The Director of Public Prosecutions
. .

91-41) The Director of Public Prosecutions shall, where he Director of
Public Pro- is shisfied that the circumstances so warrant, prepare and secutions

subrhit an application in the prescribed form to the tosummit
~ddinistrative Centre for a prospective participant's entry into app"catiOn.
the vstice Protection Programme.

1 (2) An application referred to in subsection (1) shall be
made after the Director of ~ubli; Prosecutions has-

(a) in the case of a prospective participant who is likely to
be a witness-

L

(i) determined that his testimony is-credible and
essential; and

(ii) formed the opinion that the prospective partici-
pant can be relied upon to give the testimony;

(b) determined that a juror, judicial officer, legal officer,
law enforcement officer or any of their associates, is in
need of protection or assistance or both.

1 '(3) An application under this section shall be accom-
pan(ed by detailed information on- ' (a) the significance of the case; I

(b) the prospective defendant;

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123120111

12 JUSTICE PROTECTION

(c ) the testimony of the prospective participant;

(d) the anticipated benefits of a successful prosecution.
Agreement

Agreement. l O . - ( l ) The Administrative Centre shall prepare an agree-
Second ment containing the matters set out in the Second Schedule.
Schedule.

(2) The Administrative Centre may, where it considers
necessary in a particular case, include any other matter in
an agreement.

(3) The agreement shall be signed-

(a ) by the prospective participant; or

(6) where the prospective participant is under eighteen
years of age and unmarried, or otherwise lacks legal
capacity to sign the agreement, by a parent or
guardian or if there is no such parent or guardian, by a
person appointed by the Supreme Court to be his
guardian,

in the presence of two witnesses, one of whom may be the
prospective participant's attorney-at-law.

(4) A prospective participant is included in the Pro-
gramme when the agreement is counter-signed by the person
authorized by the Centre for the purpose.

(5 ) The agreement may be varied by the Centre with
the participant's consent.

(6) The variation referred to in subsection ( 5 ) shall take
effect on the day on which the participant receives written
notice thereof.

(7) Where a participant remains in the Programme
upon attaining the age of eighteen years, the Administrative
Centre shall require him to sign an agreement on his own behalf
upon his attaining that age.

Register of
participants.

Register of Participants
1 1 . - ( 1 ) The Administrative Centre shall maintain a register

of participants which shall be accorded a security classification

!The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.S. 123120111

. JUSTICE PROTECTION 13

not below "Top Secret".

(2) The register may be maintained by electronic
means.

(3) The Centre shall include in the register, the
following details in respect of each participant-

(a) the participant's name .and assumed names, if any;

(b) the participant's new name where he hai been pro-
vided with a new identity under the Programme;

(c) participant's address;

( 4 details of any offences of which the participant has
been convicted;

(e) the dates on which the participant entered and left
the Programme;

V) the matter giving rise to his entry into the
Programme; and

(g) any approval or refusal pursuant to section 15(1).

(4) The Centre shall keep the following documents
(hereinafter referred to as "ancillary documents") along with the
register-

(a) the original of each agreement;

(b) in respect of new identities, copies of each new
document issued under the Programme;

(c) the original of each approval granted by the Centre
pursuant to section 15(1);

. ( 4 any documents returned to the Centre pursuant to
section 17(5).

Access to
register.

12.-41) Subject to this section, the Administrative Centre
shall be the only approved authority that shall have access to
the register and to the ancillary documents.

~ rPhe inclusion of this page is authorized b> 1 .\. 123/20111

Action re
participant.

JUSTICE PROTECTION .

(2) The Centre may, if it is of the opinion that it is in the
interest of the due administration of justice to do so, allow
another approved authority to have access to information
contained in the register and the ancillary documents in relation
to a particular participant.

Protection under the Justice Protection Programme

13. Action which may be taken under this Act to ensure
the safety and security of participants may include the follow-
ing-

(a) providing any documents necessary to establish a new
identity for the participant or otherwise to protect the
participant;

(b) permitting a participant to use an assumed name in
carrying out his duties in relation to the Programme
and to carry documentation supporting the assumed
name;

(c) relocating the participant and his property, if any;

(d) providing accommodation for the participant;

(e) providing payments to or for the participant for the
purpose of-

(i) meeting his reasonable living expenses includ-
ing, where appropriate, living expenses of his
family; and

(ii) providing, whether directly or indirectly, other
reasonable financial assistance;

fl providing payments to the participant for the purpose
of meeting costs associated with relocation;

(g) providing assistance to the participant in obtaining
employment, access to education and health care;

(h) providing other assistance to the participant with a
view to ensuring that the participant becomes self-
sustaining.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123/2011)

JUSTICE PROTECTION IS

14.-(1) Where a participant is entitled to exercise a right, is Participant's
under an obligation or is subject to any restriction, the "*'"d obligations.
appropriate approved authority shall take such steps as are .
reasonably practicable to ensure that-

(a) the right or obligationis dealt with according to law;
and

(b) the participant complies with the restriction.

(2) The steps referred to in subsection (1) may
include- 1

(a) providing protection for the participant while the
participant is attending Court;

(b) notifying a party or possible party to legal proceedings
that the appropriate approved authority shall accept
process issued by a Court or tribunal on behalf of the
participant, and nominating one of its officers for the
purpose.

(3) Where the appropriate approved authority is
satisfied that a participant who has been provided with a
new identity under the Justice Protection Programme is using
the new identity to-

(a) avoid obligations that were incurred before the new
identity was established; or

(b) avoid complying with restrictions that were imposed
on the participant before the new identity was
established,

the authority shall act in accordance with subsection (4).

(4) The appropriate approved authority shall give notice
in writing to the participant stating that, unless he satisfies
the authority that the obligations are dealt with according to
law or the restriction is complied with, the authority shall take
such action it considers necessary to ensure performance of
those obligations or compliance with those restrictions.

(5) The action referred-to in subsection (4) may include

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. I23/ZOIII

JUSTICE PROTECTION

informing a person who is seeking to enforce rights against the
participant, of the details of any property, real or personal,
owned by the participant under his former identity.

Non- 15.--(1) A participant who has been provided with a new
disclosure of
former identity under the Justice Protection Programme shall not
identity. disclose his former identity unless he has obtained the prior

written approval of the Administrative Centre.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (I), the participant 0
shall in any proceedings, be entitled to claim that his new
identity is his only identity.

(3) In this section "participant" includes a person who
is no longer participating in the Programme but retains his new
identity.

Cessation of 16.--(1) Protection or assistance provided under the Justice
protection or
assistance, Protection Programme to a participant-

(a) shall be terminated by the Centre upon the written
request of a participant; or

(b) may be terminated by the Centre if-

(i) the participant willfully breaches a term of the
Agreement;

(ii) the Centre discovers that the participant had
knowingly given information to the Centre
that is false or misleading in a material
particular;

(iii) the participant's conduct is, in the opinion of
the Centre, likely to compromise the integrity
of the Programme;

(iv) the circumstances that gave rise to the need for
protection or assistance for the participant
have ceased to exist;

(v) the participant willfully breaches an under-
taking, including an undertaking to give
evidence, in relation to a matter relevant to the

(Thc inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123R0111 .

JUSTICE PROTECTION 17

Programme;

(vi) the participant refuses or fails to sign a new
agreement when required to do so under
section lO(7); or

(vii) there is, in the opinion of the Centre, no
reasonable justification for the participant to
remain in the Programme.

(2) Where the Centre decides under subsection (l)(b)
to terminate protection or assistance or both, the Centre
shall-

(a) take reasonable steps to notify the participant of the
decision; and

(b) notify the other approved authorities of the decision.

(3) A participant who receives such a notification may,
within twenty-eight days thereafter, apply in writing to a
Tribunal appointed by the Minister for a review of the decision
of the Centre.

(4) The Tribunal shall, in relation to an application in
subsection (3)-

(a) allow the participant a reasonable opportunity to state
his case; '\

\ (b) review the decision of the Centre and-
,

(i) confirm or reverse it; or

(ii) vary it with the consent of the participant,

and inform the participant in writing of the decision.

(5) A decision of the Centre pursuant to subsection
(l)(b) to terminate protection or assistance, or both, shall be
effected as follows-

(a) where the participant's'whereabouts are unknown and
the Centre has taken reasonable steps, without success,
to notify the participant of the decision, the protection

-

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123ROlll

JUSTICE PROTECTION

shall be terminated at the end of the period of twenty-
eight days after those steps were commenced;

(b) if the participant does not apply for a review of the
decision, termination shall take effect at the end of the
period of twenty-eight days after the participant
receives the notification; or

(c) if the participant applies for a review of the decision
and the Tribunal notifies the participant that the
decision of the Centre is confirmed, termination shall
take effect from the date of receipt of the notification.

17.-41) Where a participant has been provided with a new Restoration
identity under the Justice Protection Programme and protection ~~~~
or assistance to the participant is terminated, the Administrative
Centre may, if it considers it appropriate to do so, take such
action as is necessary to restore the former participant's former
identity.

(2) he Centre shall take reasonable steps to notify the
former participant of its decision under subsection (1).

(3) Where the centre decides to take action to restore
the identity of the former participant, he may apply in writing to

t h e Tribunal appointed by the Minister for a review of that
decision.

(4) Where an application is made under subsection (3),
the Tribunal shall-

7
(a) before making a decision, give the former participant

a reasonable opportunity to state his case;

- fb) ;eview the decision of the Centre and confirm or
reverse it, and inform the former participant, in

. . writing, of its decision.
(5) Where, upon taking action under this section to

restore the former identity the Centre requests the former
participant to return all documents that were provided in relation
'to the new identity, he shall return those documents to the
Centre within seven days after receiving the request.

h he inclusion bf this page is authoriied by L.S. 123/32011\

JUSTICE PROTECTION 19

(6) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to
return the documents pursuant to subsection (5) commits an
offence and is liable on summary conviction in a Resident
Magistrate's Court to a fine not exceeding' five hundred
thousand dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six
months or to both such fine and imprisonment.

18.-(1) Where another approved authority notifies the Provision
of infoma- Administrative Centre that a participant who has been provided tlon . to an

with a new identity or has been relocated, is under investigation approved
for, or has been arrested or charged with an offence specified in
subsection. (2), the Centre may-

(a) provide the appropriate approved authority with-

(i) the participant's new identity;
, (ii) the participant's criminal record; and
(iii) such other information relating to the Justice

Protection Programme as the Centre considers
appropriate in the circumstances; or

(b) cause the participant to appear before the appropriate
authority. .

(2) The offence referred to in subsection (1) is
an offence for which the maximum penalty is. or includes
imprisonment for a period of more than one year.

.. - Miscellaneous
19. Persons performing functions in relation to the Pro- Pro~ection

gramme, shall not be liable to any action, suit or other frOmSUil.
proceedings in respect of an act done or omitted to be done in
good faith 'in the exercise or purported exercise of a power
conferred by this Act.

2 0 4 1 ) A person who, without lawful authority, discloses Offences.
information-

(a) about the idekity or location of a person who is or has
been a participant or prosp&tive participant;

(b) that compromises the safety or security of a participant

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123R0111

20 JUSTICE PROTECTION

or the integrity. of the Programme,

commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction in a
Resident Magistrate's Court to a fine not exceeding three
million dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding
three years or to both such fine and imprisonment.

(2) Unless he is authorized in writing by the Centre to
do so, a person who is or has been a participant or a person
who has undergone assessment for inclusion in the Justice
Protection Programme shall not disclose-

(a) the fact of such participation or assessment;

(b) 'information as to the way in which the Programme
m operates;

(c) information about any officer of. the Administrative
Centre who is or has been involved in the Pro-
gramme;

(d) thefact that he has signed an agreement; or

(e) any details of an agreement signed by him.

( 3 ) A person commits an offence if-

(a) he offers a bribe or other inducement to any person
employed in the administration of this Act, for the
purpose of obtaining information which could
prejudice the safety or security of a participant or the
integrity of the Programme; or

(b) being a person employed in the administration of this
Act, he accepts any bribe or other inducement in
exchange for the information referred to in paragraph
(a).

(4) A person who commits an offence under sub-
section ( 3 ) is liable on summary conviction in a Resident
Magistrate's Court to a fine not exceeding five million dollars or
to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to
both such fine and imprisonment.

(The inclusion o f this page is authorized by L.S. l23/20111

JUSTICE PROTECTION 2 1
Officers not
required to

21.-(1) Subject to subsection (2), an officer of the Admin- disclose
istrative Centre shall not be required to- information

(a ) produce in any court or to another approved authority,
any document that has come into the custody or
control of the Centre in the course of or because of
the performance of functions or duties under this
Act;

(b) divulge, communicate or produce to or before such a
body any matter or thing that has come to the notice of
the officer in the performance of such functions or
duties,

except where it is necessary to do so in the interest of justice or
for the purpose of canying the provisions of this Act into
effect.

(2 ) Where, in any legal proceedings it becomes neces-
sary for the Judge or Magistrate presiding to be advised of a
participant's location and the circumst~~ces, an officer referred
to in subsection (1 ) shall disclose the relevant information to
the Judge or Magistrate in chambers but no such disclosure
shall be made in the presence of any person other than the
Judge or Magistrate.

(3) The Judge or Magistrate shall not disclose any
information received under subsection (2) otherwise than in
accordance with this Act.

2 2 . 4 1 ) A person who- Require-
ment where

(a ) is provided with a new identity under the Justice participant
becomes Protection Programme; witness in
criminal

(b) retains that identity, whether or not he remains a proceedings.
participant; and

(c) is required to appear as a witness in criminal pro-
ceedings under that identity,

shall notify the Administrative Centre of the requirement
referred to in paragraph (c).

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123R0111

.JUSTICE PROTECTION

(2) After being notified under subsection (I), the Centre
may take such action as it considers appropriate in the
circumstances, including, where the person has a criminal
record, disclosing that criminal record to the court, the
prosecutor and the accused person or the accused person's
attorney-at-law.

23. If in any proceedings in any court the new identity of a ldelltityof
participant person who is a participant is in issue or may be disclosed, the ,,,, ,, ,, 0

court shall, unless it considers that the interests of justice disclosed.
require otherwise-

(a) hold that part of the proceedings that relate to the
identity of the participant in private; or

(b) make such order restricting the publication of evidence
given before the court as, in its opinion, will ensure
that the identity of the participant is not disclosed.

24.-41) Subject to subsection (2), the Administrative Annual
Centre shall submit to the Board annual reports on the general
operation, performance and effectiveness of the Justice
Protection Programme.

(2) A report under subsection (1) shall not contain
any matter which, in the opinion 'of the Centre, is likely to
prejudice the effectiveness or security of the Programme.

(3) In subsection (1) "Board" means the Board of
Governors referred to in Article 5 of the Agreement, comprised
of Ministers responsible for national security of Contracting
Parties to the Agreement.

25. The Minister may make regulations generally for giving, Regula-
effect to the provisions of this Act. 0

26. Nothing in this Act shall be construed so as to abrogate Presewa-
tion o f or derogate from any arrangement or practice respecting the informal

provision of protection or assistance or both to persons before arrange-
the 4th day of August, 2008. ments.

JThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 123ROlll

JUSTICE PROTECTION 23

FIRST SCHEDULE (Section 5 )

-,

Offences which may give rise to Protection under the
Justice Protection Programme

Murder

Manslaughter

Treason

Treason felony

Sedition

Piracy or hijacking

Possession or use of firearms and ammunition with intent to injure

Possession or use of firearms in furtherance of any criminal offence

Aggravated assault

Shooting or wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm

Robbery

Robbery with aggravation

Arson

Any sexual offence

Any offence involving drug trafficking or dealing. 1
Kidnapping

Domestic violence

Money laundering

Any offence involving fraud, dishonesty or cormption.

SECOND SCHEDULE .' (Section 10)

Contents oflgreement

The basis on which a prospective participant is to be included in the
Justice Protection Programme.

The details of the protection or assistance that is to be provided.

(The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. IUnOIII

JUSTICE PROTECTION

SECOND SCHEDULE, contd.

Contents of Agreement, contd.

The terms and conditions upon which protection or assistance shall be
provided to the prospective participant.

An undertaking that the participant will not compromise, directly or
indirectly, the security of, or any other aspect of the protection or assistance
being provided.

a
An 'undertaking by the participant to comply with all reasonable

directions of the Centre in relation to the protection or assistance provided to
him.

An undertaking by the prospective participant or participants, as the
case may be, if required to do so by the Administrative Centre, to
undergo-

(a) medical tests or examinations and psychological or psychiatric
evaluation by medical officers approved by the Centre for those
purposes;

(b) drug or alcohol counselling or treatment,

and authorize the results to be made available to the Centre.

A list of all outstanding legal obligations and a statement by the
prospective participant of the arrangements which have been made to meet
those obligations.

A financial support arrangement.

An undertaking by the prospective participant to disclose to the Centre,
details of any criminal charges that are made against him, and any civil or
bankruptcy proceedings that are instituted against him after his inclusion
in the Programme.

A provision to the effect that protection or assistance under
the Programme may be terminated if he breaches a term of the
agreement.

lThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.S. 123/20111
Read Entire Law on www.moj.gov.jm