Forgery Act

Link to law: http://www.moj.gov.jm/laws/forgery-act
Published: 1942-06-15

FORGERY

THE FORGERY ACT

I

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

1. Short title.
2. Interpretation.
3. Definition of “forgery” and “false document”.
4. Forgery of certain documents with intent to defraud.
5. Forgery of certain documents with intent to defraud or deceive.
6. Passports : forgery; untrue statements.
7. Forgeery of other documents with intent to defraud or deceive.
8. Forgery of seals and dies.
9. Uttering.

10. Demanding property on forged documents, etc.
11. Possession of forged documents, seals and dies.
12. Making or having in possession paper or implements for forgery.
13. Purchasing or having in possession certain paper before it 11ns

been duly stamped and issued.
14. Imitation of currency notes.
15. Mutilating or defacing currency notes.
16. Punishments.
11. Criminal possession.
18. Search warrants.

19. Form of indictment atid proof of intent.
20. Savings.

Documents, e!c., to be destroyed or otherwise disposed of.

F e inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 430/1973l

FORGERY 3

cnp 135.
I P W S

32 of 1960

IS of 1%2
THE FORGERY ACT s. 53.

s. 35.

9Eb.

115th June, 1942.1 1zol,9%5 Ad

1. This Act may be cited as the Forgery Act. Short title.

2. In this Act- Intcrprcta-
lion.

“bank note” includes any note or bill of exchange of the
Bank of England, or of any other person, body cor-
porate, or company carrying on the business of banking
in any part of the world, and includes “bank bill”,
“bank post bill”, “blank bank note”, “blank bank
bill of exchange”, and “blank bank post bill”;

“currency note” includes any note issued as currency by cap.88
or under the authority of the Currency Notes Law+ or R ~ V ~ M
of the Bank of Jamaica Act, or of the Government of
any Commonwealth country, or of any foreign state, s. 53.
or of any part or colony or dependency of any foreign
state, and is legal tender in thc country in which it was
issued;

“die” includes any plate, type, tool, or implement whatso-
ever, and also any part of any die, plate, type, tool,
or implement, and any stamp or impression thereof or
any part of such stamp or impression;

“document of title to goods” includes any bill of lading,
India warrant, dock warrant, warehouse keeper’s cer-
tificate, warrant, or order, for the delivery or transfer
of any goods or valuable thing, bought or sold note, or
any other document used in the ordinary course of
business as proof of the possession or controI of goods,
or authorizing or purporting to authorize, either by
endorsement or by delivery, the possessor of such docu-

(1953

.Repealed by Law 3 2 / .
Vhe ioolwion of this page is authorized by L.N. 87119861

4 FORGERY

ment to transfer or receive any goods thereby repre-
sented or therein mentioned or referred to;

“document of title to lands” includes any Crown grant,
certificate of title, deed, map, roll, register, or instru-
ment in writing being or containing evidence of, the
title or any part of the title to any land or to any
interest in or arising out of any land, or any authenti-
cated copy thereof;

“revenue paper” means any paper provided by the proper
authority for the purpose of being used for stamps,
licences, permits, post office money orders, or postal
orders, or for any purpose whatever connected with
the public revenue;

“seal” includes any stamp or impression of a seal, or any
stamp or iaiipression made or apparznily intended to
resemble the staxip or iiiiprsssion of a seal, as well as
the seal itself;

“stamp” includes a stamp impressed by means of a die as
well as an adhesive stamp;

“treasury bill” includes Exchequer bill, Exchequer bond,
Exchequer debenture, Treasury bond, and War bond;

“valuable security” includes any writing entitling or
evidencing the title of any person to any share or
interest in any public stock, annuity, fund, or debt af
any Commonwealth country or of any foreign
state, or in any stock, annuity, fund, or debt of any
body corporate, company, or society, whether within
or without any Commonwealth country, or to any
deposit in any bank, and also includes any script,
debenture, bill, note, warrant, order, or other security
for the payment of money, or any authority or request
for the payment of money or for the delivery or
transfer of goods or chattels, or any accountable
receipt, release, or discharge, or any receipt or other

mhc inclusion of this page is auihorized by L.N. 871 1986)

FORGERY 5

instrument evidencing the payment of money, or the
delivery of any chattel personal.

3.-(1) For the purposes of this Act, “forgery” is the Definition
making of a false document in order that it may be used as md“f&
genuine, and, in the case of the seals and dies mentioned in
this Act, the counterfeiting of a seal or die; and forgery
with intent to defraud or deceive, as the case may be, is
punishable as in this Act provided.

(2) A document is false within the meaning of this
Act if the whole or any material part thereof purports to
be made by, or on behalf or on account of a person who did
not make it nor authorize its making; or if, though made
by, or on behalf or on account of, the person by whom or by
whose authority it purports to have been made, the time or
place of making, where either is material, or, in the case of
a document identified by number or mark, the number or
any distinguishing mark identifying the document, is
falsely stated therein; and in particular a document is
false-

(U) if any material alteration, whether by addition,
insertion, obliteration, erasure, removal, or other-
wise, has been made therein, or

(b) if the whole or some material part of it purports
to be made by or on behalf of a fictitious or
deceased person; or

(c) if, though made in the name of an existing person,
it is made by him or by his authority with the
intention that it should pass as having been made
by some person, real or fictitious, other than the
person who made or authorized it:

Provided that a document may be a false document not-
withstanding that it is not false in such manner as is in
this subsection set out.

of ‘.fortcry”

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/1973]

6 FORGERY

(3) For the purposes of this Act-
(a) it is immaterial in what language a document is

expressed or in what place within or without Her
Majesty's dominions it is expressed to take effect;

(b) forgery of a document may be complete even if the
document when forged is incomplete, or is not or
does not purport to be such a document as would
be binding or sufficient in law;

(c) the crossing on any cheque, draft on a banker, post
office money order, postal order, coupon, or other
document the crossing of which is authorized or
recognized by law, shall be a material part of such
cheque, draft, order, coupon, or document.

Forgeryof

certain documents

to ddraud.

4 . 4 1 ) Forgery of the following documents, if committed
with intent to defraud, shall be felony and punishable with
imprisonment with hard labour for life-

(U) any will, codicil, or other testamentary document,
either of a dead or of a living person, or any pro-
bate or letters of administration, whether with or
without the will annexed,

(b) any deed or bond, or any assignment at law or in
equity of any deed or bond, or any attestation of
the execution of any deed or bond;

(c) any bank note, or any endorsement on or assign-
ment of any bank note;

(d) any currency note.

(2) Forgery of the following documents, if com-
mitted with intent to defraud, shall be felony, and punish-
able with imprisonment with hard labour for any term not
exceeding fourteen years-

(a) any valuable security or assignment thereof or
endorsement thereon, or, where the valuable

me inclusion of this page i s authorized by L.N. 480119131

FORGERY 7

security is a bill of exchange, any acceptance
thereof;

(b) any document of title to lands or any assignment
thereof or endorsement thereon;

(c) any document of title to goods or any assignment
thereof or endorsement thereon;

(d) any power of attorney or other authority to trans-
fer any share or interest in any stock, annuity, or
public fund of the United Kingdom or any
Commonwealth country or of any foreign state
or country, or to transfer any share or interest in
the debt of any public body, company, or society,
whethcr or' any Coniit;oIlwealLh or f o r r i country,
or in the capital stock of any such company or
society, or to receive any dividend or money pay-
able in respect of such share or interest, or any
attestation of any such power of attorney or other
authority;

(e) any entry in any book or register which is evidence
of the title of any person to any share or interest
hereinbefore mentioned or to any dividend or
interest payable in respect thereof;
any policy of insurance or any assignment thereof
or endorsement thereon;

(g, any charter-party or any assignment thereof.

5-41) Forgery of the following documents, if committed poqwof
with intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and d-& catpln

with intent punishable with imprisonment with hard labour for life- to defnud
or dmiva any document whatsoever having thereupon or af6xed

thereto the satmp or impression of the Board
Seal of Jamaica, the Great Seal of the United King-
dom, Her Majesty's Privy Seal, any Privy Signet of
Her Majesty, Her Majesty's Royal Sign Manual, any of

. ~ _ _ - __
m e idusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 87/19861

8 FORGERY

Her Maiesty’s Seals appointed by the twenty-fourth
article of the Union between England and Scotland to
be kept, used, and continued in Scotland, the Great
Seal of Ireland, or the Privy Seal of Ireland.

(2) Forgery of the following documents, if coiiimitted
with intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and
punishable with imprisonment with hard labour for any
term not exceeding fourteen years-

(U) any register or record of births, baptisms, nam-
ings, dedications, marriages, deaths, burials, or
cremations, which now is, or hereafter may be,
by law authorized or required to be kept in this
Island, relating to any birth, baptism, naming,
dedication, marriage, death, burial, or cremation,
or any part of any such register, or any certified
copy of any such register, or of any part thereof;

(b) any copy of any register of births, baptisms, mar-
riages, burials, or cremations, directed or required
by law to be transmitted to any registrar or other
officer;

(c) any wrapper or label provided by or under the
authority of the Government.

(3) Forgery of the following documents, if committed
with intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and
punishable with imprisonment with hard labour for any
term not exceeding seven years-

(a) any official document whatsoever of or belonging
to any Court of Justice, or made or issued by any
Judge, Resident Magistrate, Justice, Officer, or
clerk of any such CourS

(b) any register or book kept under the provisions of
any law in or under the authority of any Court of
Justice;
[The inolusion of this ,Wge is authorized by L.N. 87/19861

FORGERY 9

(c) any certificate, office copy, or certified copy of any
such document, register, or book or of any part
thereof;

(& any document which any person authorized to
administer an oath is authorized or required by
law to make or issue;

(4 any document made or issued by any public officer
or law officer of the Crown, or any document upon
which. by the law or usage at the time in force,
any Court of Justice or any officer might act;

(f l any document or copy of a document used or
intended to be used in evidence in any Court of
Justice, or any document which is made evidence
by law;

Cg) any certificate required by any law for the
celebration of marriage;

(h) any licence for the celebration of marriage which
may be given by law;

(83 any certificate, declaration or order, under any
law relating to vaccination or to the registration
of births or deaths;

Ci7 a.ny regiqter hook, builrier’s certificate, surveyor’s
certificate, certificate of registry, declaration, bill
of sale, instrument of mortgage, or certificate of
mortgage or sale under Part I of the Merchant
Shipping Act, 1894 (United Kingdom), or any entry 5 7 m s a
or endorsement required by such Part of such Act vic.c.60.
to be made in or on any of those documents:

(k) any permit, certificate, or similar document, made
or granted by or under the authority of the
Commissioner of Customs and Excise or the Ac- iz/198s
countant-Gencrral for the purpose of or in connec-
tion with Customs, Excise, or Internal Revenue.

Soh.

m e inclusion of this m e is authorized by L.N. 87119861

10 FORGERY

rtatuncota

6. The forgery of any passport, or the making by any
person of a statement which is to his knowledge untrue for
the purpose of procuring a passport, whether for himself
or any other person, shall be a misdemeanour, and punish-
able with imprisonment with hard labour for any term not
exceeding two years.

F o r g ~ o f

mentswith

defraudor
decdve.

7. Forgery of any document which is not made felony
under this or any other enactment for the time being in
force, if committed with intent to defraud or deceive, shall
be a misdemeanour, and punishable with imprisonment with
hard labour for any term not exceeding two years.

other docu-

inlent to

Fomcryof

anddim.
8 .41 ) Forgery of the following seals, if committed with

intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and punish-
able with imprisonment with hard labour for life-

(U) the Broad Seal of Jamaica, the Great Seal of the
United Kingdom, Her Majesty’s Privy Seal, any
Privy Signet of Her Majesty, Her Majesty’s
Royal Sign Manual, any of Her Majesty’s Seals
appointed by the twenty-fourth article of the
Union between England and Scotland to be kept,
used, and continued in Scotland, the Great Seal
of Ireland, or the Privy Seal of Ireland;

( h ) the Seal of the Supreme Court or of the Court of
Appeal.

seals

15/1962 s. 35.

(2) Forgery of the following seals, if committed with
intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and punishable
with imprisonment with hard labour for any term not
exceeding fourteen years-

(a) the seal of the Registrar-General or of the Regis-
trar of Titles;

(6) the seal of any city, town or borough;
(c) the seal of any mayor or municipal corporation;

- ~ _-
[The toclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 87119861

FORGERY 11

(4 the seal of any Judge, consul, or notary public;
(4 the seal of any Resident Magistrate's Court, or of

any Coroner's Court.
(3) Forgery of the following dies, if committed w*th

intent to defraud or deceive, shall be felony, and punish-
able with impriscnment with hard labour for any term not
exceeding fourteen years-

(a) any die provided, made, or used by the Commis- 12/1985
sioner of Customs and Excise or the Accountant-
General for the purpose of or in connection with
Customs, Excise: or Internal Revenue;

(b) any stamp or die provided, made, or used, in pur-
suance of the Stamp Duty Act.

sch.

9.-(1) Every person who utters any forged document, Uttering.
seal, or die, shall be guilty of an offence of the like degree
(whether felony or misdemeanour), and on conviction there-
of shall be liable to the same punishment, as if he himself
had forged the document. seal, or die.

(2) A person utters a forged document, seal, or die,
who, knowing it to be forgcd, and with either of the intents
necessary to constitute the offence of forging the document,
seal, or die, uses, offers, publishes, delivers, disposes of,
tenders in pay:; cnt or in exchange, exposes for sale or
exchange, exchanges, tenders in evidence, or puts off such
forged document, seal, or die.

18. Every person shall be guilty of felony, and on mu- DrmandinE
P r t Y 00 viction thereof shall be liable to imprisonment with hard p" orged docw

labour for any tern; not. excr:eSing fcurteen years, who, with ment6*ctc.
intent to defraud, demands, receives, or obtains, or causes
or procures to be delivered, paid, or transferred, to any
person, or endeavours to receive or obtains or to cause or

me inclusion of this page is auffionzed by L.N. 87/19861

12 FORGERY

procure to be delivered, paid, or transferred, to any person,
any money, security for money, or other property, real or
personal-

(a) under, upon, or by virtue of, any forged instru-
ment whatsoever, knowing it to be forged; or

(h) uiidcr, upou, or hy virtue of, any probate or letters
of administration; knowing the will, testament,
codicil, or testamentary writing, on which such
probate or letters of administration has been
obtained to have been forged, or knowing such
probate or letters of administration to have been
obtained by any false oath, affirmation, or affidavit.

Posscasion
of forged
docnmeota.
seals and
dies,

11.-(1) Every person shall be guilty of felony, and on
conviction thereof shall be liable to imprisonment with hard
labour for any term not exceeding fourteen years, who,
without lawful authority or excuse, the proof whereof shall
lie on the accused, purchases or receives from any person,
or has in his custody or possession, a forged bank note or a
forged currency note, knowing it to be forged.

(2) Every person s h d be guilty of felony, and on
conviction thereof shall be liable to imprisonment with hard
labour for any term not exceeding fourteen years, who,
without lawful authority or excuse, the proof whereof shall
lie on the accused, and knowing it to be forged, has in
his custody or possession-

(a) any forged die required or authorized by law to
be used for the marking of gold or silver plate, or
of gold or silver wares, or any ware of gold, silver,
or base metal, bearing the impression of any such
forged die;

(6) any forged stamp or die resembling or intended
to resemble either wholly or in part any stamp or
die which at any time whatever has been or may

whe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 87/1986l

FORGERY 13

be provided, made, or used, in pursuance of the
Stamp Duty Act;

(c) any forged wrapper or label provided by or under
the authority of the Government;

(d any forged seal, stamp or die the forgery of which
with intent to defraud or deceive is made punish-
able by section 8.

12. Every person shall be guilty of felony, and on con- Makingor
viction thereof shall be liable to imprisonment with hard possession
labour for any term not exceeding seven years, who, with-
out lawful authority or excuse, the proof whereof shall lie for forgery.
on the accused-

makes, uses, or knowingly has in his custody or
possession any paper intended to resemble and
pass as-

(i) special paper such as is provided and used
for making any bank note, currency note,
treasury bill, or Government debenture
bond;

having LII

(a)

(ii) revenue paper;

(b) makes, uses, or knowingly has in his custody or
possession, any frame, mould, or instrument for
making such paper, or for producing in or on
such paper any words, figures, letters, marks,
lines, or devices peculiar to and used in or on any
such paper;

(4 engraves or in anywise makes upon any plate,
wood, stone, or other material, any words, figures,
letters, marks, lines, or devices, the print whereof
resembles in whole or in part any words, figurzs,
letters, marks, lines, or devices peculiar to and
used in or on any bank note, or currency note, or
Government debenture bond, or in or on any

[The inclusion of this page is aulhorized by L.N. 480/1973]

14 FORGERY

document entitling or evidencing the title of any
person to any share or interest in any public stock,
annuity, fund, or debt of any Commonwealth
country or of any foreign state, or in any stock,
annuity, fund or debt of any body corporate,
company, or society, whether within or without
the Commonwealth;

(d) uses or knowingly has in his custody or possession
any plate, wood, stone, or other material, upon
which any such words, figures, letters, marks,
lines, or devices have been engraved or in anywise
made as aforesaid;

(e) uses or knowingly has in his custody or possession
any paper upon which any such words, figures,
Ietters, marks, lines, or devices have been printed
or in anywise made as aforesaid;

cfl makes, uses, or knowingly has in his custody or
possession any unfinished or incomplete note pur-
porting to be a currency note, or any paper with
any word, figure, device, or distinction peculiar
to and appearing in the substance of paper used
for any currency note;

(g) uses or knowingly has in his custody or possession
any fascimile of the signature of any of the Com-
missioners of the Board of Commissioners of Cur-
rency or of any person who has held office as a
Commissioner and whose signature appears on
currency notes still in circulation.

Purchasing 13. Every person shall be guilty of a misdemeanour, and
~sspsyo, , on conviction thereof shall be liable to imprisonment with

ard labour for any term not exceeding two years, who,
b-nddy without lawful authority or excuse, the proof whereof shall
and issued. lie on the accused, purchases, receives, or knowingly has

in his custody or possession-

or having in

Eertain papr h
before it haa

stamped

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480119731

FORGERY 15

(a) any special paper provided and used for making
bank notes, currency notes, treasury bills, and
Government debenture bonds, or any revenue
papEr before such paper has been duly stamped,
signed, and issued for public use;

(b ) any die peculiarly used in the manufacture of any
such paper.

14.41) If any person makes, or causes to be made, or Imitationof
has in his possession, or uses for any purpose whatsoever, EpY
or utters, any document purporting to be, or in any way
resembling, or so nearly resembling as to be calculated to
deceive, any currency or bank note, or any part thereof, he
shall be guilty of a misdemeanour and shall be liable on
conviction thereof to imprisonment with hard labour for
any term not exceeding five years, and it shall be lawful for
the Court dealing with the case to order the document in
respect of which the offence was committed, and any copies
of that document, or any plates, blocks, dies or other instru-
ments used for, or capable of being used for, printing or
reproducing any such document, which are in the possession
of the offender to be destroyed.

(2) If any person whose name appears on any
document the making of which is an offence under this
section refuses, without lawful excuse, to disclose to a
poIice officer on being so required the name and address qf
the person by whom it was printed or otherwise made, he
shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident
Magistrate to a fine not exceeding twenty dollars.

(3) Where the name of any person appears on any
document in respect of which any person is charged with
an offence under subsection (11, or on any other document
used or distributed in connection with that document, it
shall be prima fa& evidence that that person caused the
document to be made.

IThe inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/19731

16 FORGERY

htutilating 15. Every person who, without lawful authority or
or defacing
currency excuse, the proof whereof shall lie on the accused, mutilates,

cuts, tears or p-rforates with holes any currency note, or notes.
in any way defaces such note by writing, printing, drawing
or stamping thereon or by attaching or affixing thereto any-
thing in the nature or form of an advertisement, shall be
liable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate
to a fine not exceeding twenty dollars.

Punishments. 16.-(1) On conviction of a misdemeanour punishable
under this Act, the Court, instead of or in addition to any
other punishment which may be lawfully imposed, may fine
the offender.

(2) On conviction of a felony punishable under this
Act, the Court, in addition to imposing a sentence of
imprisonment, may require the offender to enter into his
own recognizances, with or without sureties, for keeping
the peace and being of good behaviour.

(3) On conviction of a misdemeanour punishable
under this Act. the Court, instead of or in addition to any
other punishment which may lawfully be imposed for the
offence, may require the offender to enter into his own
recognizances, with or without sureties, for keeping the
peace and being of good behaviour.

(4) No person shall be imprisoned under this section
for more than one year for not finding sureties.

Criminal 17.41) Where the having any document, seal, or die in
the custody or possession of any person is in this Act
expressed to be an offence, a person shall be deemed to have
a document, seal, or die in his custody or possession if he-

(a) has it in his personal custody or possession; or
(b) knowingly and wilfully has it in the actual custody

or possession of any other person, or in any build-

pussesaon.

[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480119731

FORGERY 17

ing, lodging, apartment, field, or other place,
whether open or enclosed, and whether occupied
by himself or not.

(2) It is immaterial whether the document, matter
or thing is had in such custody, possession, or place for
the use of such person 01' for the use or benefit of another
person.

18.-(1) If it is made to appEar by information on oath Search
warrants before a Resident Magistrate or Justice that there is reason-

able cause to believe that any person has in his custody or
possession without lawful authority or excuse-

(a) any bank note, currency note, treasury bill, or
Government debenture bond; or

16) any implement for making paper or imitation of
the paper used for bank notes, currency notes,
treasury bills, or Government debenture bonds; or

(c) any material having thereon any words, forms,
devices, or characters capable of producing or
intended to produce the impression of a bank note,
currency note, treasury bill, or Government deben-
ture bond; or

(d) any forged document, seal, or die; or

(el any machinery. implement, utensil, or material
used or intended to be used for the forgery of any
document,

the Resident Magistrate or Justice may grant a warrant
to search for it; and if it is found on search, it shall be
lawful to seize it and carry it before the Resident Magis-
trate of the parish in which the warrant was issued to be
by him disposed of according to law.

IThe ioclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/1973]

18 FORGERY

Documents,
etc., to be
destroyed
or otherwise
disposed of,

(2) (U) Where any forged document (including any
forged bank note, currency note, treasury bill, or Govern-
ment debenture bond), or any machinery, implement, uten-
sil or material used or intended to be used for the forgery
of any such document, is lawfully seized under a warrant
granted in pursuance of subsection (l), or otherwise, the
document, machinery, implement, utensil, or material, as
the case may be, shall be delivered up to the Government
or to any person authorized by the Government to receive
it, by order of the Court before which the offender is
tried or, if there is no trial, by order of a Resident
Magistrate.

(b) Every other document, seal, or die lawfully
seized under such warrant, or otherwise, shall be defaced
and destroyed or otherwise disposed of-

(i) by order of the Court before which the offender is

(ii) if there be no trial, by order of a Resident
tried; or

Magistrate.

Form of

of inwt .

19.--(1) In an indictment or information for an offence
against this Act with reference to any document, seal, or
die, it is sufficient to refer to the document, seal, or die by
any name or designation by which it is usually known,
or by its purport, without setting out any copy or facsimile
of the whole or any part of the document, seal or die.

(2) Where an intent to defraud or an intent to
deceive is one of the constituent elements of an offence
punishable under this Act, or under any other enactment
relating to forgery or any kindred offence for the time being
in force, it shall not be necessary to allege in the indict-
ment or to prove an intent to defraud or deceive any parti-
cular person; and it shall be sufficient to prove that the
defendant did the act charged with intent to defraud or
to deceive, as the case may require.

indictment

Dlw inclusion of tbis page is authorized by L.N. 480/19731

FORGERY 19

(3) If any person who is a member of any partner-
ship, or is one of two or more beneficial owners of any
property, forges any document, matter, or thing with
intent to defraud the partnership or the other beneficial
owners, he shall be liable to be dealt with, indicted, tried,
and punished as if he had not been or was not a member of
the partnership, nor one of such beneficial owners.

20.41) Where an offence against this Act also by virtue Savings
of some other enactment subjects the offender to any
forfeiture or disqualification, or to any penalty other than
imprisonment or fine, the liability of the offender to punish-
ment under this Act shall be in addition to and not in
substitution for his liability under such other enactment.

(2) Where an offence against this Act is by any
other enactment, whether passed before or after the com-
mencement of this Act, made punishable on summary
conviction, proceedings may be taken either under such
other enactment or under this Act.

lTho inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480j19731
Read Entire Law on www.moj.gov.jm