AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS I
THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS ACT
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
1. Short title.
Conrracf of Tenancy
3. Form of contract.
4. Contracts of tenancy to be Hed.
5. Stamp duty on contract of tenancy.
6. Copy of contract to be furnished tenant.
7. Restriction on crop-sharing tenancies, etc.
8. Special provisions relating to economic trees and prescribed
9. Controlled areas.
10. Prohibition of contracts of tenancy for less than two years or
11. Certain terms to be invalid.
12. Reaping and marketing of crops of tenant by landlord.
13. Contracts in respect of mortgaged lands.
14. Liability for contracts on sale or devolution of estate.
15. Restriction on subletting.
16. Assignment of contract
17. Extension or renewal of contract.
18. Continuation of tenancy in absence of notice to quit.
19. Determination of tenancy.
20. Notioe to quit.
21. Establishment of Valuation Boards.
22. Procedure and meetings of Valuation Boards.
23. Appointment of officers, servants and valuers.
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2 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
24. Functions of Board
25. Rental in excess of maximum economic rental
Compensation for Improvements und Disturbance
Compensation for improvements.
Consent of landlord as to improvements in Part I of Third
Compensation for improvements in Part 11- of Third Schedule
payable upon certificate of Agricultural Officer and notice to
Compensation for improvements in Part III of Third Schedule
payable upon certificate of Agricultural Officer.
Compensation for disturbance.
Forfeiture of right to compensation for disturbance.
Compensation in respect of excepted holdings.
Time allowed for payment of compensation.
Fixtures and Buildings
34. Tenant's property in fixtures and buildings
35. Boundary marks.
37. Access to small holding.
38. Tenant's right to keep stock on holding.
39. Restriction on cutting of trees after notice to quit.
41. Uncertain terms.
44. Jurisdiction of Resident Magistrates.
45. Contracting out prohibited.
46. Provisions of this Act to prevail.
47. Application to subsisting tenancies and special provisions.
48. Power to make order exempting certain lands.
49. Exclusion of rice tenancies.
50. Rent restriction.
Recovery of possession of small holding.
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AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 3
c a p 8.
L P W
52 of 1964,
18th March, 1946.1 ZndSrh,
31 d 1995 s. 4.
1. This Act may be cited as the Agricultural Small Shorttitle.
3 Of 1%.
THE AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS ACT
2. In this Act- Interprcta-
“Agricultural Officer” means any Agricultural Officer
appointed for the purposes of this Act by the Minister
by notice published in the Gazette;
“attested” means attested before and explained to the
parties by a Justice, Minister of Religion, Head
Teacher of a primary school, Sub-Officer of Police, or
any person duly authorized in writing in that behalf
by the Commissioner of Lands;
“contract of tenancy” means any contract, express or
implied, creating a tenancy or a licence to cultivate in
respect of any small holding other than an excepted
“ControIled area” means any locality declared by the
Minister under section 9 to be a controlled area;
“economic tree” means any tree of a class specified by the
Minister to be economic trees for the purpose of th is
“establishment tenancy” means a tenancy at a nominal
rentd under which the tenant undertakes to establish
the land the subject of the tenancy or some specified
portion thereof in some prescribed trees, plant, shrubs
or grass of economic value and at the termination of
the tenancy to leave it so established;
“excepted holding” does not include any land held under
an establishment tenancy, but save as aforesaid, means
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R I G 2
4 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
any parcel of land intended for cultivation or pastur.
age, with or without buildings thereon, consisting of
not less than one acre nor more than ten acres held by
any tenant rent-free or at an annual rental of less than
two per centum of the uniniproved market value thereof
or cultivated by any tenant under a licence the annual
consideration in respect of which is less than two per
cenrum of such unimproved market value so, however,
that any parcel of land which immediately before the
1st day of June, 1949, was an excepted holding for the
purposes of this Act shall be deemed to continue to be
an excepted holding for such purposes during the
continued subsistence of any contract of tenancy jn
relation thereto which subsisted on such 1st day of
June, 1949, and during any extension or renewal of
“practice of good husbandry” in relation to any small
holding, means the practice of methods which do not
affect adversely neighbouring holdings or the capital
value of the small holding, and which are generally
recognized as applying to holdings of the same
character and in the same neighbourhood as the small
holding; and in assessing whether or not good hus-
bandry has been practised consideration shall be given
(a) the extent to which accepted measures and
methods for the conservation of soil are adopted;
(b) the standard of maintenanoe of-
(i) drains, embankments and ditches;
(ii) measures introduced for the conservation
(ii) gates, fences, walls and hedges;
(iv) farm buildings, water tanks, ponds and
(v) the fertility of the sod;
W indudon of 16is psgs h amhonml . by LS. 9 5 / 1 m
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 5
“prescribed tree” means any tree belonging to a class of
trees prescribed by the Minister;
“Regional Committee” means any Regional Committee
constituted in accordance with regulations made under
“rice tenancy” means any tenancy in relation to a small
holding upon which it is contemplated at the time that
the contract is entered into that the tenant will cultivate
“small holding” means any parcel of land intended for
cultivation or pasturage, with or without buildings
thereon, consisting of not less than one acre nor more
than ten acres held under a contract of tenancy so,
however, that any parcel of land which immediately
before the 1st day of June, 1949, was a small holding
for the purposes of this Act shall be deemed to con-
tinue to be a small holding for such purposes during
the continued subsistence of any contract of tenancy
in relation thereto which subsisted on such 1st day of
June, 1949, and during the continuance of any extension
or renewal of such contract of tenancy;
“unimproved market value” means in relation to any
contract of tenancy the price which a willing purchaser
would pay to a willing vendor for the land the subject
of the contract of tenancy, less any sum by which the
value of the land may have been increased by reason
of any improvement made thereon by the tenant;
“Valuation Board” means a Valuation Board constituted
in accordance with the provisions of section 21.
Contract of Tenancy
3,-(1) A contract of tenancy shall be in writing in Formof
duplicate and shall be signed by the parties thereto and contract.
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6 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(2) The form of contract of tenancy prescribed in the
First Schedule may be used with such variations as circum-
stances may require.
4 4 1 ) Forthwith upon the execution of any contract
of tenancy under this Act every landlord shall deliver a
signed copy of such contract to the tenant.
(2) Every landlord shall keep a file containing all
contracts of tenancy entered into by him.
(3) Every landlord shall permit any file kept by him
under subsection (2) to be inspected at all reasonable times
by any person authorized in writing for that purpose by the
(4) Every landlord who contravenes or fails to
comply with any of the provisions of this section shall be
guilty of an offence and shall be liable upon summary
conviction before a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceed-
ing in the case of a first offence four dollars and in the
case of a second or subsequent offence ten dollars and in
any case to a further fine not exceeding two dollars for
each month during which such contravention continues
after conviction thereof.
5.--(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary con-
tained in the Stamp Duty Act, the stamp'duty payable
upon a contract of tenancy shall be the sum of two cents
when the rent reserved does not exceed two dollars per
annum and five cents when the rent reserved exceeds two
dollars per annum.
(2) The duties referred to in subsection (1) may be
denoted by one or more adhesive stamps which are to be
cancelled by the landlord by whom the contract of tenancy
(3) The stamp duty shall be borne by the landlord.
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AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDlNGS 7
6. Every landlord shall on being required so to do by copyor
wntract to any tenant and being paid the sum of ten cents furnish befur.
to such tenant a copy of the contract of tenancy to which he E,$;:,
is a party.
7.41) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2) and Rpstriction
on crop- of section 8 the consideration for a contract of tenancy sharing
shall not be or include a part of the crop derived from the z F
small holding or a part of the proceeds of sale of such crop
rendered to the landlord, or any equivalent of rent given
in kind or in labour to the landlord in return for the use
and occupation of the holding :
Provided that nothing in this section contained shall be
deemed to apply to any establishment tenancy.
(2) The provisions of subsection (I) shall not apply
to any contract of tenancy which at its inception is intended
to subsist for any period not less than the prescribed period
whereby provision is made for the landlord to receive in
accordance with such conditions as may be prescribed not
more than the prescribed percentage of any prescribed crop
grown upon the land to which such contract relates.
8.-(1) Every landlord may at the time when he enters 2;$$n8
into a contract of tenancy by the inclusion in such contract re1ating.m
economic of an express term to that effect reserve to himself the t re58 and
prescribed exclusive right- trees.
(i) to fell or cut timber from any economic tree;
(ii) to reap the produce of any prescribed tree growing
upon such holding;
(iii) in the case of rice tenancies, in any area prescribed
by the Minister or forming any part of any pro-
perty so prescribed to graze cattle upon the hold-
ing for the period between the reaping of one crop
of rice and the preparation of the land for planting
the next crop.
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8 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(2) Where the landlord reserves for himself any of
the exclusive rights referred to in subsection (1) it shall be
lawful for him to enter by himself or his servants or agents
upon the small holding in respect of which the right is
reserved at all reasonable times between the hours of sunrise
and sunset for the purpose of exercising the right so reserved.
(3) Where any damage is occasioned in the course
of the exercise of any of the rights referred to in subsection
( 1 ) or in subsection (2) to any crop growing upon the small
holding or to any stock owned by the tenant upon the small
holding or to any buildings or fixtures belonging to the
tenant situated upon the small holding the landlord shall be
liable to pay to the tenant by way of compensation for
such damage the full value of the loss occasioned to the
tenant by such damage.
(4) Every tenant shall be liable to pay to the landlord
compensation to the full amount of any damage occasioned
by him or his servants or agents wilfully or negligently to
any economic tree or to any prescribed tree growing upon a
small holding of which he is a tenant.
(5 ) The provisions of this section shall apply to any
contract of tenancy entered into before the commencement
of this Act under which there was reserved to the landlord
any of the rights referred to in subsection (1) as they apply
to any contract of tenancy entered into after the commence-
ment of this Act.
Controlled 9. Where the Minister is satisfied that the rentals of small
holdings in any locality are unreasonably high and that
such a course is expedient in the public interest, he may by
order declare such locality to be a controlled area.
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AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 9
10.-(1) It shall not be lawful for any person to enter into Prohibition
of contrace a contract of tenancy, other than a crop-sharing tenancy, oftenancy
for less than for a term of less than- twn years
(a) two years where the landlord is a company holding
a mining lease for bauxite in respect of the land;
(b) five years where the landlord is not a company
referred to in paragraph (a).
(2) It shall not be lawful for any person to enter
into a crop-sharing tenancy in relation to any crop other
than a prescribed crop or for any term less than the
(3) Any person who enters into a contract of tenancy
in contravention of the provisions of subsection (1) or of
subsection (2) shall be guilty of an offence against this Act
and shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident
Magistrate to a fine not exceeding twenty dollars.
11.-(1) Any term or condition of any contract of tenancy certain
whether entered into before or after the commenoement of beinvalld.
this Act whereby either-
(a) the exercise by the tenant of any right to distrain
upon or to claim or recover damages or compensa-
tion in respect of any damage occasioned by any
animal trespassing upon his small holding is in
any way restricted; or
(b) any right is conferred upon the landlord of any
small holding to determine the tenancy of such
holding either with or without notice if the tenant
of such holding exercises or attempts to exercise
any of the rights referred to in paragraph (a),
shall be deemed to be void and of no effect.
(2) Any term or condition of any contract of tenancy
whereby rent is expressed to be payable more than half-
yearly in advance shall take effect as if such rent were
expressed to be payable half-yearly in advance.
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10 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
1 2 - 4 1 ) No contract of tenancy shall contain any term or
condition whereby the landlord is entitled to reap or market
any crop on behalf of the tenant.
(2) Nothing in subsection (1) shall be deemed to
prevent the landlord and tenant of any small holding from
entering into a separate agreement for the reaping or
marketing of any crop by the landlord on account of the
(3) Where a separate agreement is made for the
reaping or marketing of any crop of a small holding by the
landlord on account of the tenant, the following provisions
(a) no charge shall be made for supervision,
administration or other services by or on behalf of
the landlord in excess of two and one-half per
cenrum of the proceeds of the sale from which
such charge may be deducted;
(b) actual expenses reasonably incurred by the land-
lord in respect of the reaping or marketing of the
crop sold may be deducted from the amount found
due after deducting the charge aforesaid;
(c) subject to the provisions of paragraphs (a) and (b),
the amount to be paid by the landlord under any
such arrangement shall not be less than can be
secured in the open market for produce of the
same kind and quality at the date of delivery;
(d) the landlord shall deliver a copy of such agree-
ment to the tenant and shall on being required so
to do at any time by the tenant and on being paid
the sum of ten cents deliver to the tenant a
further copy of such agreement;
(e) the landlord shall annex a copy of such agreement
to the contract of tenancy in relation to the holding
in respect of which such agreement is entered into
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AGRICULTURAL SMALL. HOLDINGS 11
and shall keep such copy in the file required to be
kept under section 4.
(4) Any landlord who fails to comply with the
provisions of paragraph (4 or paragraph (e) of subsection
(3) shall be liable on summary conviction before a Resident
Magistrate to a fine not exceeding, in the case of a first
offence one hundred dcllars, in the case of a second or sub- zi4,1935
sequent offence two hundred dollars, and in any case of a
further fine not exceeding two hundred dollars for each 31/1ws
month during which such failure continues after conviction s.4.
13. Where any small holding is subject to any contract Fzs
of tenancy under this Act then, notwithstanding anything ofmort-
to the contrary, any mortgage over such small holding or E:,
over any land of which such small holding forms part,
whether created by the landlord or the tenant or any person
claiming through either of them or before or after the com-
mencement of this Act or before or after the creation of the
tenancy, shall be subject to the contract of tenancy.
14. On the alienation or devolution of ownership of a Linbility
small holding, the incoming owner of the holding shall have tractson
and be subject to the same rights and liabilities under any $,9dom
contract of tenancy subsisting at the time of alienation or of am^
devolution, as his predecessor in title had and was subject
15.41) A tenant of a small holding shall not sublet the Re~trictio~
on sub- holding without the consent of the landlord previously wing.
obtained in writing.
by the landlord.
holding shall if required so to do by the landord-
(2) Such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld
(3) Every tenant who desires to sublet any small
p iaelnasDn d 1MB paga is a- by UN. 9511997l
12 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(a) disclose to the landlord the terms upon which he
proposes to sublet the holding; and
(b) render it a term of any sub-tenancy of the holding
created by him that the sub-tenant shall pay to
the landlord the full amount of the rent payable
by the tenant in respect of such holding.
Assignment 1641) A tenant, with the consent in writing of the
landlord previously obtained, may assign his interest in a
contract of tenancy at any time to any person.
(2) Such consent shall not be unreasonably withheld
by the landlord.
(3) Upon such assignment the assignee shall have
the same rights and be subject to the same liabilities under
the contract as his assignor had and was subject to.
(4) A note of every such assignment shall be
endorsed on the contract of tenancy kept by the landlord
under section 4.
Extension 17.-(1) A contract of tenancy may be extended or
ofmntract renewed from time to time.
(2) Except in the case of an establishment tenancy,
any tenant of a small holding who for five consecutive years
has cultivated the holding according to the practice of good
husbandry and has committed no breach of the contract of
tenancy shall, unless he has been served with the requisite
notice to quit, be entitled to a renewal of the contract for a
further period of five years, and similarly at the expiration
of that or any subsequent renewal of the contract.
(3) Where any tenancy is extended or renewed
under subsection (l), the rent payable in respect of the
period for which the tenancy is SO extended or renewed
shall be determined by agreement htween the parties or,
in the case of a controlled tenancy, in the event of the parties
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 13
failing to agree, by the Valuation Board, so, however, that
in determining the rental paid in respect of the period of
any extension or renewal of the tenancy regard shall not
be had to any improvement made by the tenant.
lS.-(l) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Continua-
tenancy of a small holding shall not terminate on the lenancyin
expiration of the period fixed by the contract of tenancy izz&Of
(a) the tenant has given six months’ notice in writing S. S.
to terminate such tenancy at the expiration of such
unless- % i h 4
(b) the landlord has given-
(i) two years’ notice in writing to terminate
such tenancy at the expiration of such
period, where the landlord is a company
which holds a mining lease for bauxite in
respect of the land and requires the land
for mining purposes; or
(ii) five years’ notice in writing to terminate
such tenancy at the expiration of such
period, where the landlord is not a com-
pany referred to in sub-paragraph (i).
(2) In the case of a tenancy not terminated in the
manner provided by subsection (1) on the expiration of the
period fixed by the contract of tenancy, the tenancy shall
continue on its existing terms, in so far as the same are
applicable, until it is terminated-
(a) by six months’ notice given by the tenant in writing
to expire at the end of any half year of the
(b) by the landlord-
(i) by two years’ notice in writing to expire at
the end of any half year of the tenancy,
where the landlord is a company which
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14 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
holds a mining lease for bauxite in respect
of the land and requires the land for mining
(ii) by five years' notice in writing to expire at
the end of any half year of the tenancy,
where the landlord i s not a company
referred to in sub-paragraph (9.
(3) Every notice given by any landlord under sub-
section (1) or (2) of this section shall specify the reasons
for the termination of the tenancy to which such notica
(4) Subject to the provisions of subsections (5) and
(6), this section shall apply to any tenancy of a small
holding, other than an establishment tenancy, which has
not been terminated prior to the date of the commencement
of the Agricultural Small Holdings (Amendment) Act, L964,*
(hereinafter referred to as the amending Act) or which
commences on or after that date, and such application
shall not be affected by any notice given by a landlord
or counter notice given by a tenant in accordance with
section 18 of this Act prior to its repeal and replacement
by the amending Act.
15) Nothing contained in this section shall prejudice
the effect of any notice, other than a counter notice, given
by a tenant in accordance with section 18 of this Act prior
to its repeal and replacement by the amending Act.
(6) Where the landlord of a small holding is a com-
(a) was the landlord in respect of the tenancy of the
holding, and was the holder of a mining lease for
bauxite in respect of the land, prior to the com-
mencement of the amending Act; and
*21st November. 1964.
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AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 15
(b) requires the land for mining purposes pursuant to
the lease mentioned in paragraph (a) of this sub-
the company may terminate the tenancy of the small hold-
ing as if section 18 of this Act had not been repealed or
replaced by the amending Act.
(7) In this section-
(a) any reference to the period fixed by a contract of
tenancy includes a reference to any extension or
renewal thereof under section 17; and
(b) “existing terms” means-
(i) in relation to a tenancy which would have
expired but for section 18 of this Act prior
to its repeal and replacement by the amend-
ing Act, the terms upon which the tenancy
subsisted immediately before the date of
commencement of the amending Act;*
(ii) in relation to any other tenancy, the terms
upon which the tenancy subsisted at the
time when it would have expired but for
19. A tenancy may, notwithstanding anything provided Dctcnnina-
in section 18 or any period of tenancy stipulated in the
contract of tenancy, be determined- 5211964 S. 6 (a).
(U) by the landlord ,without notice-
(i) where the tenant sublets or assigns the small
holding without the consent of the landlord
previously obtained in writing;
(ii) where the tenant deserts the small holding
and leaves it uncultivated and unoccupied
for a period of not less than twelve months
and owes rent in respect of twelve months or
*Zlst November. 1964.
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16 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
S. 6 (b).
(3 where the tenant commits a breach of any
term or condition of the tenancy which is not
capable of being remedied or which can only
be remedied at a cost in excess of a sum
equivalent to two years’ rental of the holding
or of ten dollars per acre or part thereof of
the holding whichever shall be the greater;
(b) by the landlord by three months’ notice to quit--
(i) where the tenant commits a breach, which is
not capable of being remedied, of any term
or condition of the tenancy and the interests
of the landlord are materiaily prejudiced
(ii) upon certificate by any officer designated for
the purpose by the Minister for the area
within which the small holding is situated that
the tenant is not cultivating or operating the
holding according to the practices of good
husbandry and that the interests of the land-
lord are materially prejudiced thereby :
Provided that if within the period of notice
the tenant remedies his default and furnishes
to the landlord a certificate from such officer
to that effect the notice to quit shall be deemed
to be cancelled and of no force or effect;
(iii) if any part of the rent in respect of the small
holding is in arrear for a period of three
months or more or if any of the terms or
conditions of the tenancy are not performed
or observed by the tenant :
Provided that if the tenant pays the rent in
arrear or, in the case of any breach or non-
observance of any of the terms of the tenancy,
the tenant makes good such breach or non-
observance, within one calendar month of the
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AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 17
service of the notice to quit the notice to quit
shall be deemed to be cancelled and of no
force or effect;
(c) by the tenant without notice where the landlord
commits a breach of any term or condition of the 'Sf'Q:?
tenancy, or permits any taxes or rates (for the
payment of which the landlord is as between the
landlord and the tenant liable) to fall into arrears
or is guilty of any unreasonable conduct which
causes the tenant to quit the holding.
20.-(1) Every notice to quit a small holding shall be in Notice
to qu1t. writing and shall be signed by the landlord or tenant, as
the case may be, or his agent or solicitor. It shall describe
clearly the holding which is sought to be recovered or
intended to be quitted, the grounds upon which the tenancy
is to be determined, and the proper day on which possession
is to be delivered up, and shall not be ambiguous or optional.
(2 ) The forms of notice to quit prescribed in the
Second Schedule, with such variations as circumstances Second
may require, may be used. SFhodUlc.
(3) Service of a notice to quit may be effected either
personally on the person to be served or by leaving the
notice with some adult person at his last or most usual
place of abode, or if the person to be served cannot be found
and the place of his abode either is not knowil or admission
thereto cannot be obtained, then by posting the notice on
some conspicuous place on the small holding.
under paragraph (b) of section 19 should expire at the end s.7.
of the current term or half year of the tenancy. Such notice
may be given at any time.
(4) It shall not be necessary that a notice to quit 52/1964
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18 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
2 1 4 1 ) The Minister may establish, for the purposes of
this Act, so many Valuation Boards as he shall think fit
and shall specify in relation to each Board the area in
regard to which it may exercise. the powers conferred and
perform the duties imposed by this Act.
(2) Each Board shall consist of a Chairman, who
shall be a Resident Magistrate or some other person
qualified to be a Resident Magistrate, and not less than
two nor more than four other members, to be appointed
by the Minister.
(3) The members of each Board shall, subject to the
provisions of subsection (3, hold office for such period, not
exceeding two years, as the Minister may determine, but
shall be eligible for reappointment.
(4) The Minister may appoint any person to act in
the place of the Chairman or any other member of a Board
in case of the absence or inability to act of the Chairman
or other member.
(5) Any member of a Board other than a Govern-
ment officer may at any time resign his office by instrument
in writing addressed to the Chairman thereof who shall
forthwith cause. it to be forwarded to the Minister, and
from the date of the receipt by the Chairman of such
instrument such member shall cease to be a member of
(6) The establishment of any Valuation Board and
the appointment, removal, death, departure from the
Island or resignation of any member of a Board shall be
notified in the Gazette.
m a t of
22.-(1) Each Valuation Board sh& meet so often, at
such time and at such place as to the Board may seem and meet-
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AGRlCULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 19
(2) Three members of a Board, including the
Chairman or acting Chairman, shall form a quorum.
(3) A Board shall be deemed to be fully constituted
for the purposes of this Act notwithstanding any vacancy
or vacancies among the members.
(4) All matters and questions shall be decided by a
majority of votes. The Chairman shall have an original
vote and a casting vote if the votes be equally divided.
(5) Each Board shall have all the powers of the
Supreme Court to summon witnesses, to administer oaths,
to compel witnesses to give evidence and to compel the
production of documents, so as to elicit all such informa-
tion as the Board may consider necessary, without being
bound by the rules of evidence in civil or criminal proceed-
Provided that if any witness objects to answer any
question or to produce any document on the ground
that it will tend to incriminate him, or on any other lawful
ground, he shall not be required to answer such question or
to produce such document, nor shall he be liable to any
penalties for refusing to do so.
(6) Every summons issued under subsection (5 ) shall
be signed by the Chairman of the Board issuing it and shall
state the time when and the place where the person
summoned is required to attend and the particular docu-
ments which he is required to produce, and the summons
shall be served on the person mentioned therein by
delivering to him a copy thereof or by leaving a copy
thereof at his usual or last known place of abode in Jamaica
with some adult person.
(7) Every person who without lawful excuse fails
or neglects to attend any meeting of a Board in obedience
to any summons or fails to answer any question put to him
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20 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
by the Board or any member thereof or to produce
any document, production of which is required by the
Board, or to supply any information required by the Board,
shall on summary conviction thereof before a Resident
Magistrate, be liable to a fine not exceeding ten dollars.
(8) Any person who intentionally gives a false
answer to any question material to the subject of enquiry
which may be put to him during the course of any proceed-
ings before a Board shall be guilty of an offence-
(U) if such answer was given on oath, against section
5 of the Perjury Act; or
(b) if such answer was given otherwise than on oath,
against section 8 of the Perjury Act,
and shall be liable on conviction to the penalties prescribed
by the appropriate section for that offence.
(9) A record shall be kept by the Chairman of each
Board of all proceedings brought before the Board and of
the evidence taken and of the decision arrived at by the
Board and of the names of the members taking part in the
(10) Subject to the provisions of this section, each
Board shall have power to regulate its own proceedings.
23-(1) A Valuation Board may, with the approval of
the Minister, appoint or employ, at such remuneration and
on such terms and conditions as the Minister may either
generally or specially determine, such officers and servants
and such persons to act as valuers as may be deemed
necessary for the proper carrying out of the provisions of
this Act, and may pay to the members of the Board such
allowances and expenses as the Minister may generally or
(2) The Board may require any person so appointed
or employed to give such security as the Board may deem
proper for the due performance of his duties.
me inclusion of this pagc is authorized by LN. 480/19731
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 21
24.-(1) Every Board shall have in relation to the area Functions
of Board. in respect of which it is appointed the following powers
(U) on the application of any tenant or prospective
tenant of a small holding situated in any controlled
area, to fix the maximum economic rent for such
(b) if the landlord and the tenant of any holding are
unable to agree as to either-
(i) whether the holding is an excepted holding
within the meaning of section 2; or
(ii) as to the amount of compensation to be paid
under section 26,
on the application of either of them, to determine the
market value of the holding or the amount of compensation
to be paid, as the case may be.
(2) In fixing the maximum economic rent of any
holding in any controlled area the Board shall have
(U) to the unimproved market value of the holding at
the time when the rental is fixed; and
(b) to the gross annual value which a tenant might
reasonably be expected to derive from the
occupancy of the small holding,
but shall not have regard to the rental previously received
by the landlord for the holding or to the standard of rentals
prevailing in the controlled area.
25.-(1) Any landlord who knowingly receives any rent ~cnta i in
cacEcM of in excess of the maximum rent fixed by the Valuation Board
under paragraph (U) of subsection (1) of section 24 shall,
on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate, be
liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars or to
imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months, or
to both such imprisonment and such fine.
me inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480119731
22 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(2) The Court before which any landlord is con-
victed of an offence against subsection (1) may, without
prejudice to any other right which the tenant may have
to recover the rent overpaid, order the landlord to repay
Compensation for Improvemenrs and Disturbance
26.-(1) Where a tenant of a small holding has made
thereon any improvement comprised in the Third Schedule
he shall, subject as in this Act mentioned, and, in a case
where the contract of tenancy was made after the coming
into operation of this Act, then whether the improvement
was or was not an improvement which he was required to
make by the terms of his tenancy, be entitled, at the termi-
nation of the tenancy, to obtain from the landlord as com-
pensation for the improvement such sum as fairly represents
the value of the improvement to an incoming tenant :
Provided that this section shall not apply so as to make
cornpensation payable to any tenant under an establishment
tenancy in respect of any improvements which he was
required to make by the terms of such tenancy.
(2) In ascertaining the amount of the compensation
payable to a tenant under this section any sum due to the
landlord in respect of-
(b) any breach of the terms and conditions of the
(c) wilful or negligent damage committed or per-
mitted by the tenant;
(d) the value of any benefit which the landlord has
given or allowed the tenant in consideration of the
tenant executing the improvement; and
(e) any unpaid advances made to the tenant by the
~- ~~ __
!The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/19731
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
shall be taken into account in reduction of the amount of
compensation, and any sum due to the tenant in respect of
any breach of contract or otherwise in respect of the holding
shall be added to the amount of compensation.
27. Compensation under this Act shall not be payable Consentof
landlord as in respect of any improvement comprised in Part I of the toimprove.
Third Schedule unless the landlord of the small holding has, ?:At;$
previously to the execution of the improvement, consented l:iule,
in writing to the making of the improvement.
28. Compensation under this Act shall not be payable- Compensa-
(a) in respect of items (101, (ll), (12), (13) and (14) ~",",~
of Part I1 of the Third Schedule unless the tenant &;?;'of
of the small holding has, previously to the execu- Schedule
tion of the improvement, obtained a certificate uponccrti-
from the Agricultural Officer of the district in 2;:
which the holding is situated recommending that ;;Lcr and
such improvement be effected; notice to
(b) in respect of any improvement comprised in Part
11 of the Third Schedule unless the tenant of the
holding has, not more than three nor less than
two months before beginning to execute the
improvement, given to the landlord notice in
writing of his intention so to do and of the
manner in which he proposes to do the intended
29.-(1) Compensation under this Act shall not be pay- commnsa-
tion for able in respect of items (15) and (16) of Part III of the Thiid improve.
Schedule unless the tenant of the small holding has,
previously to the execution of the improvement, obtained g!&
a certiticate from the Agricultural Officer of the district in payable
which the holding is situated recommending that such ticateof upon certi-
improvement be effected. tural
me inclusion of tbii page is authorized by L.N. 480119731
24 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDLVGS
(2) Where any agreement in writing entered into
before the coming into operation of this Act secures to the
tenant of a small holding for any improvement comprised
in Part I11 of the Third Schedule fair and reasonable com-
pensation, having regard to the circumstances existing at
the time of making the agreement, the compensation so
secured shall, as respects that improvement, be substituted
for compensation under this Act.
Compnsa- 30.-(1) In addition to compensation for improvements,
disturbance the tenant of a small holding shall be entitled to receive
compensation for disturbance, equivalent to two years’ rent
of the holding, where the landlord-
(U) without good and sufficient cause and for reasons
inconsistent with good estate management ter-
minates the tenancy by notice to quit; or
(6) commits some breach of his covenant for quiet
enjoyment whereby the tenant is forced to quit the
(2) In the case of a tenant who has for five or more
consecutive years remained on and cultivated a small hold-
ing according to the practice of good husbandry and has not
committed any breach of the contract of tenancy, the com-
pensation for disturbance payable under this section shall
be the equivalent of three years’ rent of the small holding.
31. The right to compensation for disturbance shall be
forfeited where the tenancy is duly determined for any of
the causes mentioned in paragraph (U) or paragraph (b) of
52/1%4 section 19.
compensa- 32. Where notice to terminate the tenancy of any
excepted holding is given by the landlord and there is at the tion in respect of
exmpkd date of the expiration of the notice any growing crop on
the holding planted by the tenant or taken over by him
before the notice to terminate such tenancy was given, the
of right to
[The inclusion of this page is aulhorized by L.N. 480/1973]
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
tenant shall be allowed to have free access to the holding
for the purpose of reaping and to reap such crops at any
time within six months of the termination of his tenancy,
or, in lieu thereof, the landlord may elect to pay, and, upon
such election, shall pay to the tenant the value of the
growing crop at the date of the expiration of the notice.
33. Except as otherwise provided in section 32, compen- Tlmc
allowed for sation payable under this Act shall be paid by the landlord paymentof
to the tenant within thirty days of the determination of the F;;Pcnsa-
Fixtures and Buildings
34.41) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2) any ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ t ' ~
engine, machinery, fencing or other fixture affixed to a ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ $ ~ d
small holding by a tenant, and any building erected by him buildings
thereon for which he is not under this Act or otherwise
entitled to compensation, and which is not so affixed or
erected in pursuance of some obligation in that behalf or
instead of some fixture or building belonging to the land-
lord, shall be the property of and be removable by the
tenant within sixty days of the determination of the tenancy:
(i) before the removal of any fixture or building the
tenant shall pay all rent owing by him, and shall
perform or satisfy all other his obligations to the
landlord in respect of the holding;
(ii) in the removal of any fixture or building the tenant
shall not do any avoidable damage to any other
building or other part of the holding;
(iii) immediately after the removal of any fixture or
building the tenant shall make good all damage
occasioned to any other building or other part of
the holding by the removal;
yrhc inclusion of this page is authorized by LN. 480119731
26 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(iv) the tenant shall not remove any fixture or building
without giving ten days' previous notice in writing
to the landlord of his intention to remove it;
(v) the tenant shall not remove any fixture or building
except between the hours of sunrise and sunset.
(2) The landlord and the tenant may at any time
before the termination of the tenancy or at any time within
sixty days thereafter enter into a written agreement for the
purchase by the landlord of all engines, machinery, fences
or other fixtures upon the small holding or of any such
engine, machinery, fencing or fixtures, at a price expressed
in such agreement, and thereupon the rights of the tenant
under subsection (1) in relation to the engines, machinery,
fencing or fixtures to which such agreement relates shall
cease and determine.
35.-(1) Before the commencement of the term of any
contract of tenancy, the boundaries of the small holding
shall be properly marked by the landlord.
(2) For the duration of the tenancy the tenant shall
maintain the boundary marks in proper order.
(3) Any landlord or tenant who fails to comply
with the provisions of this section shall, without prejudice
to any civil liability, be liable on summary conviction before
a Resident Magistrate to a fine not exceeding ten dollars.
3641) The landlord of any small holding shall be solely
liable for the erection of any fence required by any law for
the time being in force to be erected along any main or
parochial road adjacent to such small holding.
(2) Every landlord who keeps any stock upon any
land retained by him shall erect such fences as may be
necessary to prevent such stock straying from his retained
[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/19731
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 25
(3) Subject to the provisions of subsection (4) every
tenant of a small holding who keeps any stock upon his
small holding shall erect and maintain such fences as may
be necessary to prevent such stock straying from such small
(4) Where each of the tenants of two adjacent small
holdings keeps stock upon his small holding the provisions
of section 6 of the Dividing Fences Act shall apply as they
apply to the owners of adjacent holdings.
(5) Every landlord may enter into contracts with
any of his tenants in relation to the maintenance of any
fences required to be erected by the landlord under this
(6) Any contract made or purporting to be made by
any landlord with any of his tenants whereby the landlord
is relieved of indemnity against any liability under Part Il
of the Trespass Act, which relates to cattle trespass, shall
be void and of no effect.
37. The landlord of every small holding shall provide ~~~~~t~
reasonable means of ingress and egress for the tenant and small
a led animal to and from the holding.
38.41) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary con- Tenant's
tained in a contract of tenancy, the tenant of the small ~ e e e p s f o c ~
holding shall be entitled to keep horses, mules, asses, cattle, On
sheep, pigs, goats and poultry on the holding,
to any establishment tenancy.
(2) The provisions of subsection (1) shall not apply
39.41) A tenant of a small holding shall not, without Restriction
the consent in writing of the landlord previously obtained,
cut down or destroy or cause or allow to be cut down or ;&;ptice
destroyed any economic tree growing on the holding.
[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 57119801
28 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(2) Any tenant contravening the provisions of sub-
section (1) shall, without prejudice to any civil liability, be
liable on summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate
to a fine not exceeding ten dollars.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ i ~ ~ . 40. The landlord of any small holding or his agent shall
have the right of inspection of the holding a t all reasonable
41. Where a contract of tenancy does not provide for
any term or provides for a term less than the minimum
term permitted in relation to a contract of tenancy of that
nature under this Act the term of such tenancy shall be
deemed to be the minimum term permitted under this Act
in relation to contracts of tenancy of that nature.
42. I€ upon determination of a tenancy by notice to quit
or otherwise the tenant of any small holding neglects or
refuses to quit and deliver up possession of the holding, the
landlord may take proceedings before a Resident Magistrate
to recover possession of the same.
43.-(1) The Minister may make regulations generally for
giving effect to the purposes of this Act.
(2) In particular and without prejudice to the
generality of the foregoing provisions any such regulations
may prescribe anything required to be prescribed under
(3) The Minister may specify any class of tree to
be economic trees for the purposes of this Act and may
prescribe any class of tree to be prescribed trees for the
purposes of this Act.
mhe inclusion of this wage is authorized by L.N. 57/19801
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 29
44. All claims to recover possession of small holdings Jurisdiction
of Resident and all disputes and differences arising out of contracts of M agintrates.
tenancy shall, save as otherwise provided in section 24, be
within the jurisdiction of a Resident Magistrate and shall
be heard and determined on the civil side of the Resident
Magistrate’s Court, and the provisions of the Judicature
(Resident Magistrates) Act shall apply, mutatis mutandis.
to all proceedings brought before a Resident Magistrate by
virtue of this Act so far as the same can be made applicable
thereto and are not inconsistent with any of the provisions
of this Act.
45. The provisions of this Act shall apply notwithstand- Cnntracting
ing anything to the contrary contained in any contract of $:&bited.
tenancy, and in case any of the provisions of a contract of
tenancy are inconsistent with any of the provisions of this
Act the contract shall be read and construed so as to be
consistent with the provisions of this Act.
4 6 . 4 1 ) Where there is any conflict or inconsistency Provisions
of this Act
between the provisions of this Act and the provisions of la prevail.
any other enactment the provisions of this Act shall prevail.
(2) Subject as aforesaid, the provisions of this Act
shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, any of
the provisions of any other enactment relating to landlords
47.41) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Application
to subsiat- provisions of this Act shall apply to any subsisting contract - Ing tenan-
of tenancy as they apply to any contract of tenancy entered :s;d
into after the 1st day of June, 1949.
(2 ) The provisions of section 3 and of subsection %64
(I) of section 4 and of subsection (1) of section 5 shall not
apply to any subsisting contract of tenancy.
S. 9 (1) (a).
[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480/19731
30 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(3) In this section “subsisting contract of tenancy”
means any contract of tenancy entered into before the 1st
day of June, 1949, and subsisting on such day.
48.-(1) If it appears to the Minister that it is expedient
in the public interest so to do he may by order published
in the Gazette exempt from the provisions of this Act any
parcel of land in respect of which a scheme for the use
thereof as agricultural land has been approved by the
(2) The provisions of this Act shall not apply to
any land so exempted.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ s i ~ n 49. The provisions of this Act, save in regard to the
methods prescribed for the assessment of rental shall not
apply to any rice tenancy until such date as the Minister
may by order appoint.
50.-(1) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act,
where the tenancy of a small holding is subsisting on the
21st November, 1964, no increase shall thereafter be made
in the rent of the holding during the continuance of such
tenancy or upon or during any extension or renewal thereof.
(2) Any landlord who increases the rent payable in
respect of the tenancy of a small holding as aforesaid in
contravention of the provisions of subsection (1) shall, on
summary conviction before a Resident Magistrate, be liable
to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars or to imprison-
ment for a period not exceeding six months, or to both
such fine and imprisonment.
(3) The Court before which any landlord is con-
victed of an offence under this section may, without
prejudice to any other right which the tenant may have to
recover any rent overpaid, order the landlord to repay the
m e inclusion of thii p g e is a u t h o d by L.N. 480/19731
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDlNGS 31
(4) This section shall continue in force for a period
of five years after the 21st November, 1964, and may be
continued in force for further periods not exceeding five
years at any time by resolution of the Senate and the House
p e inchion of thin pap0 t authorid by LN. 480119731
32 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLLUNGS
Contract of Tenancy under !he Agricultural Smull Holdings Act
(Section 3 (2) )
An Agreement made the day of
19 .between of
(hereinafter called the landlord which expression wherever the context
so allows includes his heirs, personal representatives and assigns) of
the one part and of
(hereinafter called the tenant which expression wherever the context
so allows includes his heirs, personal representatives and assigns) of
the other part whereby the landlord agrees to let and the tenant agrees
to take all that parcel of land with buildings thereon (hereinafter called
the holding) containing acres
or thereabouts situated at in the Island of
Jamaica and bounded as follows. that is to say. Northerly
Easterly and Westerly
or however otherwise the same may be butted or bounded known
distinguished or described subject to the following terms and
years from the
date hereof and shall continue after such term, or any term or terms
for which this contract may be extended or renewed. unless and until
terminated in the appropriate manner provided by the Agricultural
Small Holdings Act.
2. The rent shall be S a year payable in advance
and shall be recoverable at any time after the same becomes due and
payable by action or distress.
1. The tenancy shall be for a term of
2. The consideration for this contract shall bc-
(a) the payment of rent in advance by the tenant to the landlord
at the rate of
(b) the establishment of pass on the holding by the tenant as
(Here specify variety of grass to be planted and any other
per annum; and
me incluuon of lhir page is authorized by L.N. 480/19731
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS 33
3. The tenant agrees-
(1) to pay the rent hereby reserved at
in the manner aforesaid:
(1) to fulfil the obligations on his part contained in clause 2 of
(2) not to assign or sublet the holding without the consent in
writing of the landlord previously obtained:
(3) to manage cultivate and mannre the holding in a good and
husbandlike manner in accordance with the methods of hus-
bandry usual in the district:
(4) to keep the ditches and gutters cleaned out and the drains
and watercourses open and free from obstruction and in work-
4. The landlord shall have the right of inspection of the holding at
all reasonable times; and in case of the disability of the tenant. arising
from illness, injury, or other reasonable cause, to maintain the holding
in propcr order, the landlord may, but shall not be obliged to. do any
necwsary work which should have been done by the tcnant under the
terms of his contract, and may deduct from any moneys to wmc to the
tenant the actual cost of such work exclusive of that of supervision.
5. The landlord agrees to permit the. tenant on his paying the rent
hereby reserved fulfdling the obligations on his part contained in clause
2 hereof and observing and performing the several conditions and
stipulations on his part herein contained peaceably and qnietly to hold
and enjoy the holding during the term hereby cwted without any
interruption by the landlord or any pcrson rightfully claiming under or
in trust for him.
6. This contract is subject to the provisions of the Agricultural Small
Holdings Act, and all disputes and d~erenots whatsoever arising out
of this contract shall be determined in mrdancc with the provisions
in that behalf of the aforesaid Act.
As wimess our hands the. day and year first above written.
Signed by the said
before and in the presenoe of-
Signed by the said
before and in the presente of-
me .inclusion of this page ia aulhorired ' by L.N. 4801 19731
34 AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
SECOND SCHEDmE (section 20 (2) )
( I ) Notice to Quir by Landlord
1 hereby (as agent or solicitor for X.Y. your landlord and on his
behalf) give you notice to quit and deliver up possession on the
day of 19 , of the small holding
in the Island of Jamaica which you hold of mejhim as tenant thereof
19 , under the provisions of the Agricultural Small Holdings Act.
in the parish of
under a contract of tenancy dated the day of
This tenancy is being terminated for the following reasons-
Dated the day of 19 .
(2) Notice to Quit by Tenant
I hereby (as agent or solicitor for X.Y. your tenant and on his
behalf) give you notice that it is my/his intention to quit and dcliver
of the small holding situated at in the parish
of in the Island of Jamaica now held
by mejhim as your tenant under a contract of tenancy dated the
day of 19 , under the provisions of
the Agricultural Small Holdings Act.
up pssession on the day of 19 .
This tenancy is being terminated for the following reason&
Dated the day of 19
THIRD SCHEDULE (Section 26 (1) )
lmprovemenrs IO which Consent ef Landlord is required
(1) Erection, alteration or enlargement of buildings.
(2) Planting of trees of eoonomic value on cultivabIe arcas
(3) Laying down of permanent pasture (except in the case of grass
(4) Planting of permanent and semi-pement crops.
me inclusion of this page IS authorized by L.N. 480119731
AGRICULTURAL SMALL HOLDINGS
(5) Making of works of irrigation.
(6) Making of permanent sub-division fences.
(7) Making or improvement of roads.
(8) Making of dipping tanks.
Improvements in respect of which Notice to Landlord is required
(9) Clearing of land.
(10) Establishment of windbreaks.
(1 1) Gully and watermurse measures.
(13) Liming of land.
(14) Application to land of phosphates.
Improvements in respect of which Consent of or Notice to
Landlord is not required
(15) Establishment of soil erosion control barriers.
(16) Establishment of contour trench system.
(17) Planting of trees of economic value on areas which are required
to be left under cover for the purpose of erosion control.
[The inclusion of this page is authorized by L.N. 480119731