Financial Services Act 2008

Link to law: https://legislation.gov.im/cms/images/LEGISLATION/PRINCIPAL/2008/2008-0008/FinancialServicesAct2008_8.pdf
Published: 2015-11-01

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Financial Services Act 2008

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AT 8 of 2008

FINANCIAL SERVICES ACT 2008

Financial Services Act 2008 Index


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FINANCIAL SERVICES ACT 2008

Index Section Page

PART 1 – THE REGULATOR AND THE REGULATORY OBJECTIVES 7

1 The Isle of Man Financial Services Authority ............................................................. 7
2 Exercise of functions to be compatible with the regulatory objectives ................... 7
PART 2 – REGULATED ACTIVITIES 8

CHAPTER I 8
Regulated Activities 8

3 Regulated activities ........................................................................................................ 8
3A Transfers of business including deposit-taking.......................................................... 8
CHAPTER II 9
The General Prohibition 9

4 The general prohibition ................................................................................................. 9
CHAPTER III 10
Licensing of Regulated Activities 10

5 Application for a licence .............................................................................................. 10
6 Circumstances in which a licence will not be issued ............................................... 10
7 The licence ..................................................................................................................... 11
8 Alteration of conditions of existing licences ............................................................. 11
9 Revocation or suspension of a licence ....................................................................... 12
PART 3 – DIRECTORS AND CONTROLLERS, ETC. 12

10 Persons unfit to be directors, controllers or key persons ........................................ 12
10A Prohibitions ................................................................................................................... 14
10B Prohibition procedure .................................................................................................. 15
10C Prohibitions: variation and revocation ...................................................................... 15
10D List of prohibitions ....................................................................................................... 15
11 Warning notices ............................................................................................................ 15
Index Financial Services Act 2008


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PART 4 – REGULATION AND SUPERVISION 17

12 Guidance ........................................................................................................................ 17
13 Public statements .......................................................................................................... 17
14 Directions ....................................................................................................................... 18
15 Inspection and investigation ....................................................................................... 19
16 Civil penalties ............................................................................................................... 19
17 Auditors to report to Authority ................................................................................. 19
18 The Rule Book ............................................................................................................... 20
19 The Rule Book - supplementary provisions ............................................................. 21
PART 5 – SPECIAL REMEDIES 21

20 Injunctions, etc. ............................................................................................................. 21
21 Appointment of receiver ............................................................................................. 23
22 Appointment of business manager ............................................................................ 23
23 Appointment of reporting accountants, etc .............................................................. 24
PART 6 – MEDIATION, COMPENSATION AND CONTRACTS 25

24 Mediation and adjudication in financial services disputes .................................... 25
25 Compensation schemes ............................................................................................... 25
26 Actions for damages .................................................................................................... 26
27 Agreements made by unlicensed, etc persons ......................................................... 27
28 Agreements made through unlicensed, etc persons ............................................... 27
29 Agreements made unenforceable by section 27 or 28 ............................................. 28
PART 7 – SUPPLEMENTARY 29

CHAPTER I 29
General 29

30 Publication of information .......................................................................................... 29
31 Restrictions on disclosure of information ................................................................. 29
32 Appeals to the Financial Services Tribunal .............................................................. 30
33 Statutory indemnity ..................................................................................................... 31
34 Mutual assistance ......................................................................................................... 32
35 Registers ......................................................................................................................... 33
CHAPTER II 33
Offences, etc 33

36 Fraudulent inducement to make a deposit ............................................................... 33
37 Misleading statements, etc. ......................................................................................... 34
38 Misleading practices .................................................................................................... 34
39 Falsification of documents, etc. relevant to an investigation ................................. 35
40 Offences in connection with information.................................................................. 35
41 Offences and penalties ................................................................................................. 36
42 Offences by bodies corporate ..................................................................................... 37
Financial Services Act 2008 Index


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PART 8 – GENERAL 37

43 Contravention of statutory provisions ...................................................................... 37
44 Subordinate legislation ................................................................................................ 37
45 Tynwald procedure ...................................................................................................... 38
46 Fees ................................................................................................................................. 39
47 Gaming contracts .......................................................................................................... 39
48 Interpretation ................................................................................................................. 39
49 Amendment of enactments ......................................................................................... 44
50 Repeal of enactments .................................................................................................... 44
51 Transitional .................................................................................................................... 44
52 Financial provisions ..................................................................................................... 44
53 Short title and commencement ................................................................................... 44
SCHEDULE 1 45

THE ISLE OF MAN FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY 45
SCHEDULE 1A 52

TRANSFER OF BUSINESS INCLUDING DEPOSIT-TAKING 52
SCHEDULE 2 54

INSPECTION AND INVESTIGATION 54
SCHEDULE 3 59

THE RULE BOOK 59
SCHEDULE 4 62

MEDIATION AND ADJUDICATION 62
SCHEDULE 5 70

DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION 70
SCHEDULE 6 76

AMENDMENT OF ENACTMENTS 76
SCHEDULE 7 77

REPEAL OF ENACTMENTS 77
SCHEDULE 8 78

TRANSITIONAL AND SAVING PROVISIONS 78
ENDNOTES 79

TABLE OF LEGISLATION HISTORY 79
TABLE OF RENUMBERED PROVISIONS 79
Index Financial Services Act 2008


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TABLE OF ENDNOTE REFERENCES 79

Financial Services Act 2008 Section 1


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FINANCIAL SERVICES ACT 2008

Received Royal Assent: 17 June 2008
Announced to Tynwald: 17 June 2008
Commenced: 1 August 2008
AN ACT
to repeal and replace with modifications certain enactments relating
to the financial services industry and the Isle of Man Financial Services
Authority; and for connected purposes.1

PART 1 – THE REGULATOR AND THE REGULATORY

OBJECTIVES

1 The Isle of Man Financial Services Authority

(1) There is a statutory board known as the Isle of Man Financial Services
Authority (as established by article 4 of the Transfer of Functions (Isle of
Man Financial Services Authority) Order 2015) (in this Act referred to as
“the Authority”).
(2) Schedule 1, which makes provision about the constitution, functions,
proceedings and status of the Authority, has effect.2

2 Exercise of functions to be compatible with the regulatory objectives

(1) The functions of the Authority shall, so far as is reasonably practicable,
be exercised —
(a) in a way that is compatible with the regulatory objectives set out
in subsection (2); and
(b) in a way that the Authority considers most appropriate for the
purpose of meeting those objectives.
(2) The regulatory objectives are —
(a) securing an appropriate degree of protection for policyholders,
members of retirement benefits schemes and the customers of
persons carrying on a regulated activity;
(b) the reduction of financial crime; and
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(c) the maintenance of confidence in the Island’s financial services,
insurance and pensions industries through effective regulation,
thereby supporting the Island’s economy and its development as
an international financial centre.
(3) Subsection (1) shall apply in respect of the Treasury when discharging its
functions under this Act.3

PART 2 – REGULATED ACTIVITIES

CHAPTER I
Regulated Activities
3 Regulated activities

(1) An activity is a regulated activity if —
(a) it is a financial services activity of a specified kind; and
(b) it is undertaken by way of business.
(2) In subsection (1), “financial services activity” includes —
(a) deposit taking;
(b) investment business;
(c) any service to a collective investment scheme;
(d) corporate services;
(e) trust services;
(f) any service or activity involving money transmission;
(g) any other financial service or financial activity of a specified kind
that is carried on by a person of a specified description.
(3) In subsection (2), the generality of paragraph (g) is not limited by
paragraphs (a) to (f).
(4) The expressions used in subsection (2)(a) to (f) shall have such meaning
as may be specified.
(5) In this section, “specified” means specified in an order made by the
Treasury.
3A Transfers of business including deposit-taking

Schedule 1A (transfer of business including deposit-taking) has effect.4

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CHAPTER II
The General Prohibition
4 The general prohibition

(1) A person must not carry on, nor hold themself out as carrying on, in or
from the Island, a regulated activity —
(a) in respect of which no licence is in force; or
(b) if such a licence is in force, other than in accordance with the
conditions, if any, of the licence.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), for the purposes of
this Act, a person is treated as carrying on a regulated activity —
(a) in the Island if that person —
(i) carries on a regulated activity from a permanent place of
business maintained by that person in the Island; or
(ii) engages in the Island in one or more of the activities which
constitute a regulated activity and doing so constitutes the
carrying on by that person of a business in the Island;
(b) from the Island if that person is —
(i) a limited partnership registered in the Island under Part II
of the Partnership Act 1909;
(ii) a company incorporated outside the Island that is
registered under the Foreign Companies Act 2014;5

(iii) a limited liability company formed under the Limited
Liability Companies Act 1996; or
(iv) a company incorporated in the Island under the
Companies Acts 1931 to 2004;
(v) a company incorporated under the Companies Act 2006; or
(vi) a foundation established under the Foundations Act 2011,6

and carries on a regulated activity outside the Island.
(3) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), for the purposes of
this Act a person is treated as holding themselves out as carrying on, in
or from the Island, a regulated activity if that person (whether inside or
outside the Island) —
(a) by means of any words in the name, title or address of a web site
or page or an internet site or page; or
(b) by means of any words in an email name or address or in the
name, title or subject matter of an email; or
(c) by means of any words in a domain name,
Section 5 Financial Services Act 2008


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expressly or by implication indicates that that person, or another, is a
permitted person or carries on a regulated activity in, from or in
connection with the Island, either on their own or another’s behalf or as
an intermediary for another.
CHAPTER III
Licensing of Regulated Activities
5 Application for a licence

(1) Every application for a licence to carry on a regulated activity shall be
made to the Authority.7

(2) An application under subsection (1) shall be in such form as is required
by the Authority, together with such documents and information as it
may require.8

6 Circumstances in which a licence will not be issued

(1) A licence will not be issued under section 7 unless the Authority is
satisfied that —
(a) the applicant is a fit and proper person to carry on the regulated
activity and provide the services described in that application;
(b) any controller or director of the applicant is a fit and proper
person to act as such;
(c) such other persons as appear to the Authority to be key persons
are fit and proper persons to act as such; and9

(d) the applicant is managed and controlled in the Island.10

(2) In assessing whether an applicant is a fit and proper person under
subsection (1), the Authority will have regard to the information before it
as to —
(a) the integrity, competence, financial standing, structure and
organisation of the applicant;
(b) the integrity, competence and financial standing of —
(i) any controller or director of the applicant;
(ii) key persons in relation to the applicant;
(c) the description of the business the applicant proposes to carry on;
and
(d) any other persons employed or to be employed by the applicant,
or associated with the applicant for the purposes of its business.11
12

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(3) The Authority may publish guidance setting out the criteria that it will
normally apply in assessing whether it is satisfied as required by
subsection (1).13

(4) The guidance shall be published in such form and in such manner as the
Authority may decide.14

(5) Subsections (2) and (3) do not affect the generality of subsection (1).
7 The licence

(1) The Authority shall, in relation to every application for a licence to carry
on a regulated activity —
(a) issue the licence;
(b) issue the licence, subject to conditions; or
(c) refuse the application.15

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, a licence to carry on a regulated
activity shall remain in force until revoked or surrendered.
(3) The conditions which the Authority may impose may include a condition
that —
(a) the person to whom the licence is issued shall comply with the
Rule Book or such provisions of the Rule Book as are specified;
(b) the Rule Book shall apply to that person with such exceptions and
modifications as may be specified.16

(4) The Authority shall give to the person concerned written notice of a
decision under subsection (1) and, where the decision is under
paragraph (b) or (c) of that subsection, a written statement of the reasons
for the decision.17

(5) A licence may be issued in respect of one or more regulated activities and
where a licence is issued in respect of more than one regulated activity,
different conditions may be imposed in respect of different regulated
activities.
(6) If the holder of a licence contravenes any condition imposed under this
section, the Authority may undertake action for a breach.18

(7) In this Act, a person who has been issued with a licence under this
section is referred to as a “licenceholder
”.
8 Alteration of conditions of existing licences

(1) The Authority may at any time —
(a) make a licence subject to conditions or, as the case requires,
further conditions; or
(b) vary or revoke any condition.19

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(2) Where a licence is issued in respect of more than one regulated activity,
the powers under subsection (1) may be exercised in respect of the
conditions imposed in respect of any or all of those activities.
(3) The Authority shall give written notice to the person concerned of any
decision to vary or revoke any condition under subsection (1) together
with a statement of the reasons for the decision.20

(4) If the holder of a licence contravenes any condition imposed under this
section, the Authority may undertake action for a breach.21

9 Revocation or suspension of a licence

(1) The Authority may at any time revoke or suspend a licence to carry on a
regulated activity.22

(2) The Authority shall give written notice to the person concerned of any
decision to revoke or suspend a licence under this section together with a
statement of the reasons for the decision.23

(3) Where a licence is issued in respect of more than one regulated activity,
the powers under this section may be exercised in respect of any or all of
those activities.
(4) Where the Authority suspends a licence under subsection (1), it shall
review the suspension on a regular basis.24

PART 3 – DIRECTORS AND CONTROLLERS, ETC.

10 Persons unfit to be directors, controllers or key persons
25

(1) If, on reasonable grounds, it appears to the Authority that a person is not
a fit and proper person —
(a) to be appointed as a director or key person; or
(b) to become a controller,
of a licenceholder, the Authority may direct that such person shall not,
without the written consent of the Authority, be appointed as such a
director or key person or become such a controller.26

(2) If, on reasonable grounds, it appears to the Authority that any —
(a) director or key person; or
(b) controller,
of a permitted person, is not a fit and proper person to continue as such,
the Authority may direct that such person shall not, without the written
consent of the Authority, continue as such a director, key person or
controller.27

Financial Services Act 2008 Section 10


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(3) The Authority shall give written notice to the person concerned of any
decision to make a direction under this section together with a statement
of the reasons for the decision.28

(4) Subject to subsection (5), where a notice has been given under
subsection (3), the direction shall take effect —
(a) if no appeal under section 32 is made within the period prescribed
for the purposes of such an appeal, on the expiry of that period; or
(b) if there is an appeal under section 32 —
(i) where the appellant abandons the appeal, on the date of
abandonment; or29

(ii) where the decision of the Authority is confirmed, on the
date of confirmation; or30

(iii) where the decision of the Authority is varied, on such date
as the Tribunal constituted under section 32 directs.31

(5) If the Authority is of the opinion that a direction should have immediate
effect, the notice under subsection (3) shall contain a statement to that
effect together with the reasons for that opinion, and the direction shall
have effect on the giving of the notice.32

(6) Any direction or consent by the Authority under subsection (1) or (2)
may be —
(a) given subject to conditions;
(b) varied from time to time; and
(c) revoked at any time,
and the Authority shall give written notice to the person concerned of
any decision to exercise the powers conferred by paragraph (a), (b) or
(c).33

(7) No person shall —
(a) accept or continue in any appointment referred to in
subsection (1)(a) or (2)(a); or
(b) become or continue as a controller,
in contravention of a direction under this section.
(8) A licenceholder must not appoint a person in contravention of a
direction under subsection (1).34

(9) It shall be the duty of a permitted person to take reasonable care not to
continue the appointment of a person in contravention of a direction
under subsection (2).
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10A Prohibitions

(1) The Authority may impose a prohibition if it appears to the Authority
that an individual is not a fit and proper person to perform one or more
functions in relation to a regulated activity carried on, or proposed to be
carried on, by a permitted person.35

(2) Before imposing a prohibition, the Authority must give the individual
whom it proposes to prohibit an opportunity to make representations in
accordance with section 10B.36

(3) A prohibition may prevent an individual from performing, either in
relation to a particular permitted person, a specified class of permitted
person, or generally—
(a) any function;
(b) a specified function; or
(c) a function of a specified class.
(4) A prohibition may relate to—
(a) any regulated activity;
(b) a regulated activity specified in the prohibition; or
(c) a regulated activity of a specified class.
(5) An individual commits an offence if he or she performs, or agrees to
perform, a function which he or she is prohibited from performing.
(6) A permitted person commits an offence if without reasonable excuse the
permitted person permits an individual to perform a function which the
individual has been prohibited from performing.
(7) A prohibition operates subject to subsections (8) to (10).
(8) Notice of a prohibition must be served upon the individual prohibited,
either personally or by registered post to the individual’s last known
address.
(9) Once it has been served a prohibition comes into operation on —
(a) the expiry of time for appealing against it under section 32; or
(b) if an appeal is brought within that time, on the determination or
withdrawal of that appeal.
This subsection is subject to subsection (10).
(10) Section 10(5) applies to a prohibition as it applies to a direction under
that section.
(11) A notice of prohibition must —
(a) state the terms of the prohibition;
(b) state the reasons for imposing the prohibition; and
(c) give particulars of the right of appeal under section 32.37

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10B Prohibition procedure

(1) If the Authority proposes to impose a prohibition under section 10A, it
must give written notice to that effect (a “preliminary notice”) to the
individual whom it proposes to prohibit.38

(2) The preliminary notice must —
(a) state that the Authority proposes to impose a prohibition;39

(b) state the terms of the proposed prohibition;
(c) state the grounds for imposing the prohibition;
(d) state that within 28 days the individual proposed to be prohibited
may make representations to the Authority in such manner as the
Authority may specify in the preliminary notice; and40

(e) give particulars of the right of appeal under section 32 that would
be exercisable if the Authority imposed the prohibition.41

(3) The Authority must have regard to any representations made in
accordance with subsection (2)(d) before imposing a prohibition.42
43

10C Prohibitions: variation and revocation

(1) On the application of a prohibited person, the Authority may vary or
revoke a prohibition.44

(2) The Authority must give the prohibited person a statement of its reasons
for any decision it makes on an application under subsection (1).45
46

10D List of prohibitions

(1) The Authority must maintain and publish a list of prohibitions.47

(2) The list must specify the individual prohibited and the functions, or
descriptions of functions to which the prohibition applies.48

11 Warning notices

(1) The Authority may —
(a) before making a direction under section 10(2);
(aa) before imposing a prohibition under section 10A(1);49
or
(b) in any other circumstances that the Authority considers it
appropriate to do so,50

give a written warning notice under this section to a person who is or has
been a director, key person or controller (“the relevant person”) of a
permitted person.51

(2) A warning notice under this section is a notice that the Authority has
grounds to believe that such activities or circumstances as are specified
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in the notice are prejudicial to the relevant person’s fitness and propriety
and shall be accompanied by a statement of the reasons for the giving of
the notice.52

(3) A warning notice may (but need not) —
(a) propose that the relevant person take such action as is specified in
the notice;53

(b) request the relevant person to propose action; or54

(c) specify action that the relevant person must take and the time
within which it must be taken.55

(4) Where a warning notice has been given under this section, the Authority
shall, before making a direction under section 10(2), or imposing a
prohibition under section 10A, take into account any action taken by the
relevant person in response to the warning notice.56

(5) The giving of a warning notice under this section —
(a) does not limit the powers of the Authority under section 10 or
10A; and57

(b) is not required before the Authority may exercise those powers.58

(6) A warning notice issued under this section shall have effect —
(a) for a period of up to 3 years from the date on which it is issued
under subsection (1) and such period shall be specified in the
notice; or59

(b) until such time as the Authority is content that any action under
subsection (3) has been completed to its satisfaction.60

(7) The Authority may disclose the circumstances surrounding a warning
notice, to —
(a) an employer who currently employs a notified person;61

(b) a person who has received an employment application from a
notified person and who, if successful in the application, would
be required to be a director, key person or controller of a
permitted person; or62

(c) a company of which a notified person is, or is likely to become an
officer.63

[Proviso repealed]64
65

(8) In subsection (7) —
“notified person” means a person to whom a notice under subsection (1) has
been given that is still effective in accordance with subsection (6); and
“officer” means an officer of a company for the purposes of the Company Officers
(Disqualification) Act 2009 (see section 1(2) of that Act).66

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PART 4 – REGULATION AND SUPERVISION

12 Guidance

(1) The Authority may give guidance consisting of such information and
advice as it considers appropriate —
(a) with respect to the operation of this Act and of any public
document made under it;
(b) with respect to any matters relating to functions of the
Authority;67

(c) for the purpose of meeting the regulatory objectives;
(d) with respect to any other matters about which it appears to the
Authority to be desirable to give information or advice.68
69

(2) The Authority may —
(a) publish its guidance; and
(b) offer copies of its published guidance for sale at a reasonable
price.70

13 Public statements

(1) The Authority may issue a public statement concerning a person if the
Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that the person is
contravening, or has contravened —
(a) any provision of, or made under, this Act; or
(b) any condition, requirement or prohibition imposed, or any
direction given, under or by virtue of this Act.71

(2) The Authority may issue a public statement concerning any person who
it believes is or has been carrying on a regulated activity (whether in the
Island or elsewhere) if it appears to the Authority to be desirable to make
the statement for the protection of any person or class of persons.72

(3) If the Authority has made, varied or revoked a direction under
section 10(1) or (2) or a prohibition under section 10A, the Authority may
issue a public statement containing —
(a) such information about the person subject to the direction or
prohibition as it believes appropriate in the circumstances; and
(b) such other information as it believes desirable in the public
interest about the reasons for —
(i) giving the direction or imposing the prohibition; or
(ii) varying or revoking the direction or prohibition.73

(4) The Authority may issue a public statement concerning any matter
relating to a regulated activity or persons carrying on a regulated activity
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in general or any class of a regulated activity or person carrying on a
regulated activity where the Authority believes it to be desirable in the
public interest to issue such a public statement.74

(5) Before issuing a public statement under this section, the Authority —
(a) where the statement is in respect of a licenceholder, shall send a
copy of the proposed statement to the person concerned at the
address stated in the register kept under section 35; or
(b) where the statement is in respect of any other person, shall send a
copy of the proposed statement to the person concerned, at the
last known address of that person,
together with a written notice of the reasons for the issue of the
statement.75

(6) Except where the Authority is of the opinion that immediate action is
necessary, the copy and notice under subsection (5) shall be sent not less
than 7 days before issuing the public statement under this section.76

(7) The Authority shall not issue a public statement under this section in
respect of a direction under section 10(1) or (2) or a prohibition under
section 10A before the date on which the direction or prohibition takes
effect.77

14 Directions

(1) The Authority may issue written directions under this section to —
(a) a permitted person; or
(b) a former permitted person.78

(2) A direction may —
(a) require the person to whom it is directed to take such action in
respect of any regulated activity as is specified in the direction;
(b) impose such requirements as are necessary to secure that any
regulated activity carried on by that person is in whole or in part
suspended or discontinued; or
(c) where a person has surrendered, or intends to surrender, a
licence, require the person to take such action as is necessary to
secure that any regulated activity carried on by that person is in
whole or in part discontinued and wound up,
and the directions shall include a statement of reasons for their issue.
(2A) The Authority may revoke or vary any directions under subsection (2)
and the requirement in that subsection to give a statement of reasons
applies to a variation as it applies to the issue of a direction.79

(3) If a person contravenes any direction under subsection (2), the Authority
may undertake such action for a breach as is appropriate.80

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15 Inspection and investigation

Schedule 2 (inspection and investigation) shall have effect.
16 Civil penalties

(1) If the Authority is satisfied that a permitted person —
(a) has contravened any provision of this Act;
(b) has contravened any prohibition or requirement imposed under
this Act; or
(c) in purported compliance with any such requirement, has
furnished the Authority with false, inaccurate or misleading
information,81

it may require the permitted person to pay a penalty in respect of the
contravention.82

(2) The Authority shall give written notice to the permitted person
concerned of any decision under subsection (1), together with a
statement of the reasons for the decision.83

(3) The Authority may not in respect of any such contravention —
(a) both require a person to pay a penalty under this section and
revoke a licence issued under section 7 to carry on a regulated
activity; or
(b) require a person to pay a penalty under this section if criminal
proceedings have been commenced in respect of the
contravention.84

(4) When setting the amount of a financial penalty, the Authority shall have
regard to any regulations under subsection (5).85

(5) The Authority shall make such regulations as are necessary to give effect
to this section with respect to —
(a) the imposition of financial penalties under this section; and
(b) the amount of those penalties.86

(6) Any amount received as a penalty shall be paid into and form part of the
General Revenue of the Island.
17 Auditors to report to Authority
87

(1) If the auditor of a permitted person becomes aware of any matter which
is such as to give the auditor reasonable cause to believe that —
(a) the permitted person may be in contravention of —
(i) this Act;
(ii) the Rule Book;
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(iii) any condition imposed by or under section 7, 8 or 44(3); or
(iv) any direction or requirement imposed under this Act; and
(b) the matter is likely to be of material significance in relation to the
Authority’s functions under this Act,88

the auditor shall report such matter in writing to the Authority.89

(2) No statutory or other duty to which an auditor of a permitted person
may be subject shall be regarded as contravened by reason of the auditor
communicating in good faith to the Authority, whether or not in
response to a request made by the Authority, any information or opinion
under subsection (1).90

(3) This section applies to any matter of which the auditor becomes aware in
the capacity of auditor and which relates to the business or affairs of the
permitted person.
(4) For the purposes of this section, “auditor” shall be a person of such
description as is specified in the Rule Book.
18 The Rule Book

(1) The Authority may make rules (in this Act referred to as “the Rule

Book
”) concerning —
(a) licenceholders;
(b) regulated activities;
(c) the conduct of business by a licenceholder;
(d) the services and products provided by or on behalf of
licenceholders;
(e) the relationship between licenceholders and their customers;
(f) the corporate governance and risk management of licenceholders;
(g) the accounts, accounting records and solvency of licenceholders;
and
(h) the giving of full effect to the regulatory objectives and the
functions of the Authority under this Act.91
92

(2) The Authority may, on the application or with the consent of the
licenceholder, direct that the whole of the Rule Book or any of its
provisions —
(a) are not to apply to the licenceholder; or
(b) are to apply to that person with such modifications as may be
specified in the direction.93

(3) In cases where a declaration under paragraph 3 of Schedule 3 applies in
respect of a licenceholder, the Authority may, on the application or with
the consent of that licenceholder, direct that the relevant rules,
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 19


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 21

regulations, codes, guidance or standards that are the subject of the
declaration shall apply to that person with such exceptions and
modifications as may be specified in the direction.94

(4) Schedule 3 shall have effect to supplement subsection (1).
(5) Schedule 3 does not affect the generality of subsection (1).
19 The Rule Book - supplementary provisions

(1) If a licenceholder contravenes a requirement imposed by, or in
accordance with, the Rule Book (“a relevant requirement”), the Authority
may undertake action for a breach.95

(2) Contravention of a relevant requirement does not give rise to any right of
action by any persons affected nor does it affect the validity of any
transaction.96

(3) Where a person discloses information to another in compliance with the
Rule Book the disclosure shall not be treated as a breach of any
restriction upon the disclosure of information imposed by statute or
otherwise.
(4) A licenceholder shall not be treated as a director of a company for the
purposes of the Companies Acts 1931 to 2004 or the Companies Act 2006
by reason only that the licenceholder is required by the Rule Book to
institute and operate systems and controls which are intended to ensure
that employees, associates and agents who act as directors in the course
of the business of the licenceholder carry out their duties in a diligent
and proper manner.
PART 5 – SPECIAL REMEDIES

20 Injunctions, etc.

(1) If on the application of the Authority the High Court is satisfied —
(a) that there is a reasonable likelihood that any person will
contravene any provision of —
(i) this Act;
(ii) any condition imposed under section 7, 8 or 44(2) and (3);
(iii) the Rule Book or any other public document under this
Act;
(iv) any direction under section 10 or paragraph 2 of Schedule
2;
(v) any prohibition under section 10A; or97

Section 20 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 22 AT 8 of 2008 c

(b) that any person has contravened any such provision and that
there is a reasonable likelihood that the contravention will
continue or be repeated; or
(c) that any person has contravened any such provision and that
there are steps that could be taken for remedying the
contravention,
the court may grant an injunction restraining the contravention or, as the
case may be, make an order requiring that person and any other person
who appears to the court to have been knowingly concerned in the
contravention to take such steps as the court may direct to remedy it.98

(2) The court may, on the application of the Authority, make an order under
subsection (1) if satisfied —
(a) that profits have accrued to any person as a result of that person’s
contravention of any provision mentioned in subsection (1)(a); or
(b) that one or more investors or customers have suffered loss or been
otherwise adversely affected as a result of that contravention.99
100

(3) The court may, under this subsection, order the person concerned to pay
into court, or appoint a receiver to recover from that person, such sum as
appears to the court to be just having regard —
(a) in a case within subsection (2)(a), to the profits appearing to the
court to have accrued;
(b) in a case within subsection (2)(b), to the extent of the loss or other
adverse effect; or
(c) in a case within both paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2), to
the profits and to the extent of the loss or other adverse effect.
(4) Any amount paid into court by or recovered from a person in pursuance
of an order under subsection (3) shall be paid out to such person or
distributed among such persons as the court may direct, being a person
or persons appearing to the court to have entered into transactions with
that person as a result of which the profits mentioned in subsection (2)(a)
have accrued to that person or the loss or adverse effect mentioned in
subsection (2)(b) has been suffered.
(5) On an application under subsection (2) the court may require the person
concerned to furnish it with such accounts or other information as it may
require for establishing whether any and, if so, what profits have accrued
to that person as mentioned in subsection (2)(a) and for determining how
any amounts are to be paid or distributed under subsection (4); and the
court may require any such amounts or other information to be verified
in such manner as it may direct.
(6) Nothing in this section affects the right of any person other than the
Authority to bring proceedings in respect of the matters to which this
section applies.101

Financial Services Act 2008 Section 21


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 23

21 Appointment of receiver

(1) The Authority may present a petition to the High Court for the
appointment of a receiver under section 42 of the High Court Act 1991 in
respect of the affairs, business and property of a permitted person.102

(2) If the High Court is satisfied that —
(a) the appointment is in the public interest;
(b) the appointment is necessary to protect the interests of customers,
creditors or others who have or have had dealings with the
permitted person; or
(c) the appointment is necessary for the orderly winding up of the
regulated activity undertaken by the permitted person; or
(d) the appointment is necessary so that the affairs, business and
property relating to the former regulated activity undertaken by a
person may be settled or disposed of in an orderly manner,
it may appoint a suitable person as receiver.
(3) On the presentation or hearing of a petition the Court may dismiss it, or
adjourn the hearing conditionally or unconditionally, or make an interim
order or any other order that it thinks fit.
(4) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (3), an interim order
under that subsection may be made ex parte and may restrict (whether
by reference to the consent of the Court or otherwise) the exercise of any
powers of —
(a) the permitted person; or
(b) if the permitted person is a body corporate, its directors,
in respect of the affairs, business and property of the regulated activity of
the permitted person.
(5) This section is without prejudice to the generality of the jurisdiction of
the High Court under section 42 of the High Court Act 1991, or under any
other enactment or at common law.
22 Appointment of business manager

(1) The Authority may, by order, prescribe circumstances in which the
Authority may apply to the High Court for the appointment by the Court
of a person as a manager to manage the affairs of persons in so far as
those affairs relate to the carrying on of a regulated activity.103

(2) An order made under subsection (1) may contain such incidental or
supplementary provisions as the Authority considers necessary or
expedient, and may contain different provisions for different types of
regulated activity.104

Section 23 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 24 AT 8 of 2008 c

(3) The Court may, on an application made to it by the Authority in
circumstances prescribed in an order made under subsection (1), appoint,
on such terms as it considers to be appropriate, a person to manage the
affairs of a person in so far as those affairs relate to the carrying on of a
regulated activity.105

(4) The Court may make such orders as are necessary to give effect to the
appointment of a manager under this section and for dealing with any
property connected with the regulated activity.
23 Appointment of reporting accountants, etc

(1) The Authority may by notice in writing served on a permitted person
require the person to provide the Authority with a report by an
accountant or other person with relevant professional skill on, or on any
aspect of, any matter relating to the affairs of the permitted person.106

(2) A notice under subsection (1) shall be accompanied by or include a
written statement of the reasons for the decision.
(3) The accountant or other person appointed by a permitted person to make
any report required under subsection (1) shall be a person nominated or
approved by the Authority; and the Authority may require the report to
be in such form as is specified in the notice.107

(4) If it appears to the Authority to be desirable in the interests of the
customers or potential customers of a permitted person to do so, it may
also exercise the powers conferred by subsection (1) —
(a) in relation to any body corporate which is or has at any relevant
time been —
(i) a holding company, subsidiary or related company of that
person;
(ii) a subsidiary of a holding company of that person;
(iii) a holding company of a subsidiary of that person; or
(iv) a body corporate in the case of which a shareholder
controller of that permitted person, either alone or with
any associate or associates, holds 50% or more of the shares
or is entitled to exercise, or control the exercise of, more
than 50%, of the voting power at a general meeting; or
(b) in relation to any partnership of which that permitted person is or
has at any relevant time been a member.108

(5) If it appears to the Authority to be desirable to do so in the interests of
the customers or potential customers of a permitted person which is a
partnership (in this section referred to as “the licensed partnership”) it
may also exercise the powers conferred by subsection (1) in relation to —
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 24


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 25

(a) any other partnership having a member in common with the
licensed partnership;
(b) any body corporate which is or has at any relevant time been a
member of the licensed partnership;
(c) any body corporate in the case of which the partners in the
licensed partnership, either alone or with any associate or
associates, holds 50% or more of the shares or are entitled to
exercise, or control the exercise of, more than 50% of the voting
power at a general meeting or meeting of the board of directors;
or
(d) any subsidiary or holding company of any such body corporate as
is mentioned in paragraph (b) or (c) or any holding company of
any such subsidiary.109

(6) The provisions of this section shall apply to a former permitted person as
they apply to a permitted person.
(7) The costs and expenses of and relating to a report under this section shall
be paid by the permitted person concerned.
(8) No statutory or other duty to which a reporting accountant or person
may be subject shall be regarded as contravened by reason of the
reporting accountant or person communicating in good faith to the
Authority any information or opinion under subsection (1).110

(9) This section applies to any matter of which the reporting accountant or
person becomes aware in the capacity of reporting accountant or person
making a report under subsection (1) and which relates to the business or
affairs of the relevant permitted person.
(10) If a permitted person is in breach of a notice under subsection (1) the
Authority may undertake such action for a breach as is appropriate.111

PART 6 – MEDIATION, COMPENSATION AND CONTRACTS

24 Mediation and adjudication in financial services disputes

Schedule 4 shall have effect with respect to mediation and adjudication in
financial services disputes and payment service disputes.112

25 Compensation schemes

(1) The Treasury may make regulations establishing a scheme for
compensating investors and depositors in cases where persons who are
or have been —
(a) licenceholders;
(b) the holders of licences under any Act repealed by this Act;
Section 26 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 26 AT 8 of 2008 c

(c) the holders of licences under section 3 of the Banking Act 1975,
are unable or likely to be unable to satisfy claims in respect of any
description of civil liability incurred by them in connection with their
business.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), regulations under
this section may —
(a) provide for the administration of the scheme and the
determination and regulation of any matter relating to its
operation by such body as appears to the Treasury to be
appropriate;
(b) establish a fund out of which compensation is to be paid;
(c) provide for the levying of contributions from, or from any class of,
the persons referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c) of subsection (1)
and otherwise for financing the scheme and for the payment of
contributions and other money into the fund;
(d) specify the terms and conditions on which, and the extent to
which, compensation is to be payable and any circumstances in
which the right to compensation is to be excluded or modified;
(e) provide for treating compensation payable under the scheme in
respect of a claim against any person as extinguishing or reducing
the liability of that person in respect of the claim and for
conferring on the body administering the scheme a right of
recovery against that person, being, in the event of that person’s
insolvency, a right not exceeding such right, if any, as the
claimant would have had in that event;
(f) contain incidental and supplementary provisions; and
(g) contain transitional provisions, and in particular may provide that
rights and liabilities under any existing non-statutory
compensation scheme shall be treated as rights and liabilities of
the scheme established under the regulations.
(3) Regulations may be made for the purpose of integrating any procedure
for which provision is made by virtue of subsection (2)(e) into the
general procedure on a winding-up or bankruptcy and may modify the
enactments relating to such procedure for that purpose.
26 Actions for damages

(1) Without prejudice to section 16, a contravention of any conditions
imposed under section 7, 8 or 44(2) and (3) shall be actionable at the suit
of a person who suffers loss as a result of the contravention subject to the
defences and other incidents applying to actions for breach of statutory
duty.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to —
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 27


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 27

(a) a contravention of conditions imposed in connection with the
financial resources of a licenceholder; or
(b) a contravention of the Rule Book except where compliance is
imposed as a condition under section 7, 8 or 44(2) and (3).
(3) No contravention to which subsection (1) applies shall invalidate any
transaction.
(4) No action in respect of a contravention to which this section applies shall
lie at the suit of such persons or classes of persons as are prescribed for
this purpose.
27 Agreements made by unlicensed, etc persons

[P2000/8/26]
(1) An agreement made by a person in the course of carrying on a regulated
activity in contravention of the general prohibition in section 4(1)(a) is
unenforceable against the other party.
(2) The other party is entitled to recover —
(a) any money or other property paid or transferred by that party
under the agreement; and
(b) compensation for any loss sustained by that party as a result of
having parted with it.
(3) “Agreement” means an agreement —
(a) made after this section comes into operation; and
(b) the making or performance of which constitutes, or is part of, the
regulated activity in question.
(4) This section does not apply if the regulated activity is a financial services
activity within the meaning of section 3(2)(d) or (e).
28 Agreements made through unlicensed, etc persons

[P2000/8/27]
(1) An agreement made by a permitted person (“the provider”) —
(a) in the course of carrying on a regulated activity (not in
contravention of the general prohibition in section 4(1)(a), but
(b) in consequence of something said or done by another person (“the
third party”) in the course of a regulated activity carried on by the
third party in contravention of that general prohibition,
is unenforceable against the other party.
(2) The other party is entitled to recover —
(a) any money or other property paid or transferred by the other
party under the agreement; and
Section 29 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 28 AT 8 of 2008 c

(b) compensation for any loss sustained by the other party as a result
of having parted with it.
(3) “Agreement” means an agreement —
(a) made after this section comes into operation; and
(b) the making or performance of which constitutes, or is part of, the
regulated activity in question carried on by the provider.
(4) This section does not apply if the regulated activity is a financial services
activity within the meaning of section 3(2)(d) or (e).
29 Agreements made unenforceable by section 27 or 28

[P2000/8/28]
(1) This section applies to an agreement which is unenforceable because of
section 27 or 28.
(2) The amount of compensation recoverable as a result of that section is —
(a) the amount agreed by the parties; or
(b) on the application of either party, the amount determined by the
High Court.
(3) If the High Court is satisfied that it is just and equitable in the
circumstances of the case, it may allow —
(a) the agreement to be enforced; or
(b) money and property paid or transferred under the agreement to
be retained.
(4) In considering whether to allow the agreement to be enforced or (as the
case may be) the money or property paid or transferred under the
agreement to be retained the High Court must —
(a) if the case arises as a result of section 27, have regard to the issue
mentioned in subsection (5); or
(b) if the case arises as a result of section 28, have regard to the issue
mentioned in subsection (6).
(5) The issue is whether the person carrying on the regulated activity
concerned reasonably believed that that person was not contravening the
general prohibition in section 4(1)(a) by making the agreement.
(6) The issue is whether the provider knew that the third party was (in
carrying on the regulated activity) contravening that general prohibition.
(7) If the person against whom the agreement is unenforceable —
(a) elects not to perform the agreement, or
(b) as a result of this section, recovers money paid or other property
transferred by that person under the agreement,
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 30


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 29

that person must repay any money and return any other property
received under the agreement.
(8) If property transferred under the agreement has passed to a third party, a
reference in section 27 or 28 or this section to that property is to be read
as a reference to its value at the time of its transfer under the agreement.
(9) The commission of an offence other than a contravention of the general
prohibition under section 4(1)(a) does not make the agreement concerned
illegal or invalid to any greater extent than is provided by section 27
or 28.
PART 7 – SUPPLEMENTARY

CHAPTER I
General
30 Publication of information

(1) The Authority may publish, or arrange for the publication of,
information in such form and manner as it considers appropriate with
respect to —
(a) the operation of this Act or the Collective Investment Schemes Act
2008 and any public document made under them, including in
particular the rights of customers, the duties of licenceholders and
the steps to be taken for enforcing those rights or complying with
those duties;113

(b) any matter relating to the functions of the Authority under any
enactment;114

(c) any other matters about which it appears to it to be desirable in
the public interest to publish information.115

(2) The Authority may offer for sale copies of information published under
this section and may, if it thinks fit, make a reasonable charge for advice
given under this section at any person’s request.116

(3) This section shall not be construed as authorising the disclosure of
restricted information within the meaning of paragraph 1 of Schedule 5
in any case in which it could not be disclosed apart from the provisions
of this section.
31 Restrictions on disclosure of information

Schedule 5 (restrictions on the disclosure of information) shall have effect.
Section 32 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 30 AT 8 of 2008 c

32 Appeals to the Financial Services Tribunal

(1) For the purposes of this Act there shall be a tribunal known as the
Financial Services Tribunal (in this Act referred to as “the Tribunal
”).
(2) The Tribunal shall consist of —
(a) a chairman appointed in accordance with the Tribunals Act 2006;
and
(b) 2 members selected in accordance with regulations made under
section 9(b) of the Tribunals Act 2006, from a panel appointed in
accordance with that Act.
(3) A person aggrieved may appeal, in accordance with rules made under
section 8 of the Tribunals Act 2006, against any decision of the Authority
specified in column 1 of the Table below which is made under the
provision specified in column 2.117


Decision Provision
The issue of a licence subject to
conditions
Section 7(1)(b)
The refusal to issue a licence Section 7(1)(c)
The imposition of conditions, or
further conditions upon a licence
Section 8(1)(a)
The variation or revocation of, or
refusal to vary any condition
attached to a licence
Section 8(1)(b)
The suspension of a licence Section 9(1)
The revocation of a licence Section 9(1)
The issue or variation of, or refusal
to vary or revoke a direction
Section 10
The imposition of a prohibition Section 10A
The variation or refusal to vary a
prohibition
Section 10C
The refusal to revoke a prohibition Section 10C
The giving of a warning notice, or
the terms of such a notice
Section 11
The issue or variation of, or refusal
to vary or revoke, a direction
Section 14
The imposition of a penalty Section 16
The withdrawal of an exemption Regulations under section 44(3)(b)
The issue of a direction Paragraph 2 of Schedule 2.118


(4) On the determination of an appeal under this section the Tribunal shall
confirm, vary or revoke the decision in question.
(5) Any variation or revocation of a decision shall not affect the previous
operation of that decision or anything duly done or suffered under it.
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 33


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 31

(6) Without prejudice to subsection (7), any decision of the Tribunal on an
appeal under this section shall be binding on the Authority and the
applicant.119

(7) An appeal shall lie to the High Court, in accordance with rules of court,
on a question of law from any decision of the Tribunal.
33 Statutory indemnity

(1) This section applies in respect of any act or matter done or omitted to be
done —
(a) in the exercise, or purported exercise, of the Authority’s functions;
or
(b) in the exercise, or purported exercise, of the functions conferred
by or under a specified enactment or any orders, regulations, Rule
Books or binding guidance made under such an enactment; or
(c) in the implementation, or purported implementation, of a mutual
assistance agreement under section 34.
(2) None of the persons listed in subsection (3) shall be liable in damages for,
or in respect of, any act or omission unless the act or omission is shown
to have been in bad faith.
(3) The persons are —
(a) the Authority;
(b) any member, officer or employee of the Authority;
(c) a designated body;
(d) any officer, member or employee of a designated body;
(e) any other person acting on behalf of the Authority or a designated
body;
(f) any person acting pursuant to any authority conferred by the
Authority or a designated body.
(4) Subsection (2) does not apply so as to prevent the award of damages
made in respect of an act or omission on the ground that the act or
omission was unlawful as a result of section 6(1) of the Human Rights
Act 2001 (acts of public authorities).
(5) In this section —
“designated body” means —
(a) the Treasury;
(b) a body administering a scheme under section 25 of this Act or
section 43 of the Insurance Act 2008;
(c) a regulatory authority which is designated by regulations made
by the Authority;
Section 34 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 32 AT 8 of 2008 c

(d) the Isle of Man Office of Fair Trading or an adjudicator to whom a
dispute has been referred to under Schedule 4;
(e) the Insurance Tribunal;
(f) the Retirement Benefits Schemes Tribunal;
(g) the Financial Services Tribunal;
(h) the Collective Investment Schemes Tribunal;
“specified enactment” means —
(a) this Act;
(b) the Companies Acts 1931 to 2004;
(c) the Industrial and Building Societies Acts 1892 to 1993;
(d) the Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008;
(e) the Companies Act 2006;
(f) the Company Officers (Disqualification) Act 2009;
(g) the Insider Dealing Act 1998;
(h) the Life Assurance (Insurable Interest) Act 2004;
(i) the Incorporated Cell Companies Act 2010;
(j) the Foundations Act 2011;
(k) the Insurance Act 2008;
(l) the Retirement Benefits Schemes Act 2000;
(m) the Companies (Transfer of Domicile) Act 1998;
(n) the Insurance Companies (Amalgamations) Act 2006;
(o) the Terrorism and Other Crime (Financial Restrictions) Act 2014;
(p) the Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015;
(q) the Payment Services Act 2015.
(6) This section does not prejudice the generality of paragraph 6 of Schedule
1 to the Government Departments Act 1987 nor paragraph 11 of Schedule 2
to the Statutory Boards Act 1987.120

34 Mutual assistance

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Authority may, in relation to functions
conferred on the Authority under an enactment, enter into mutual
assistance agreements with any regulatory authority.121

(2) The powers conferred on the Authority by Schedule 2 may, without
prejudice to their generality, be exercised for the purpose of assisting any
such authority in the exercise of its functions.122

(3) At the request of a regulatory authority, the Authority may investigate
any circumstances referred to in the request and for that purpose, the
powers conferred on the Authority by Schedule 2 may, without prejudice
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 35


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 33

to their generality, be exercised for the purpose of assisting the
requesting authority in the exercise of its functions.123

(4) Subsections (1) to (3) shall not permit the disclosure of any information
relating to the affairs of a customer otherwise than in accordance with
Schedule 5.
35 Registers

(1) The Authority shall keep a register of —
(a) former and current licenceholders; and
(b) classes of persons who are exempt from any provision of this Act
under section 44(2),
and in this Act such persons are referred to collectively as “permitted

persons
”.
124

(2) [Repealed]125

(3) The registers to be kept under this section —
(a) shall contain such information; and
(b) shall be available for public inspection at such times, in such
manner and by such means,
as may be prescribed in regulations made under section 44.
CHAPTER II
Offences, etc
36 Fraudulent inducement to make a deposit

(1) Any person (“A”) who —
(a) makes a statement, promise or forecast which A knows to be
misleading, false or deceptive; or
(b) dishonestly conceals any material facts; or
(c) recklessly makes (dishonestly or otherwise) a statement, promise
or forecast which is misleading, false or deceptive,
is guilty of an offence if A makes the statement, promise or forecast or
conceals the facts for the purpose of inducing, or is reckless as to whether
it may induce, another person (whether or not the person to whom the
statement, promise or forecast is made or from whom the facts are
concealed) —
(i) to make, or refrain from making, a deposit with A or any
other person; or
(ii) to enter, or refrain from entering, into an agreement for the
purpose of making such a deposit.
Section 37 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 34 AT 8 of 2008 c

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply unless —
(a) the statement, promise or forecast is made in or from, or the facts
are concealed in or from, the Island or arrangements are made in
or from the Island for the statement, promise or forecast to be
made or the facts to be concealed; or
(b) the deposit is or would be made, or the agreement is or would be
entered into, in or from the Island.
37 Misleading statements, etc.

(1) A person (“A”) who —
(a) makes a statement, promise or forecast which A knows to be
misleading, false or deceptive; or
(b) dishonestly conceals any material facts; or
(c) recklessly makes (dishonestly or otherwise) a statement, promise
or forecast which is misleading, false or deceptive,
is guilty of an offence if A makes the statement, promise or forecast or
conceals the facts for the purpose of inducing, or is reckless as to whether
it may induce, another person (whether or not the person to whom the
statement, promise or forecast is made or from whom the facts are
concealed) —
(i) to enter or offer to enter into, or to refrain from entering or
offering to enter into, an investment agreement; or
(ii) to exercise, or refrain from exercising, any rights conferred
by an investment.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply unless —
(a) the statement, promise or forecast is made in or from, or the facts
are concealed in or from, the Island; or
(b) the agreement is or would be entered into or the rights are or
would be exercised in the Island.
(3) “Investment agreement
” means any agreement the making or
performance of which by either party constitutes an activity of a
description as is defined for the purposes of this definition in an order
under section 3.
38 Misleading practices

(1) A person (“A”) who does any act or engages in any course of conduct
which creates a false or misleading impression as to the market in or the
price or value of any investments is guilty of an offence if A does so for
the purpose of creating that impression and of thereby inducing another
person to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite those
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 39


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 35

investments or to refrain from doing so or to exercise, or refrain from
exercising, any rights conferred by those investments.
(2) In proceedings brought against A for an offence under subsection (1) it
shall be a defence for A to prove that A reasonably believed that A’s act
or conduct would not create an impression that was false or misleading
as to the matters mentioned in that subsection.
(3) Subsection (1) does not apply unless —
(a) the course of conduct is engaged in, or the act is done, in the
Island; or
(b) the false or misleading impression is created there.
39 Falsification of documents, etc. relevant to an investigation

If a person —
(a) knows or suspects that an investigation by the Authority is being
or is likely to be carried out; and126

(b) falsifies, conceals, destroys or otherwise disposes of, or causes or
permits the falsification, concealment, destruction or disposal of
documents which that person knows or suspects are or would be
relevant to such an investigation,
that person is guilty of an offence unless it is proved that there was no
intention of concealing the facts disclosed by the documents from
persons carrying out such an investigation.
40 Offences in connection with information
127

(1) A person (“A”) who —
(a) furnishes or sends to the Authority for any purpose under this
Act a document which A knows to be false or misleading in a
material particular; or128

(b) recklessly furnishes or sends to the Authority for the purposes of
this Act a document which is false or misleading in a material
particular; or129

(c) in furnishing information to the Authority for the purposes of this
Act —
(i) makes a statement which A knows to be false or
misleading in a material particular; or
(ii) recklessly makes a statement which is false or misleading
in a material particular,130

is guilty of an offence.
Section 41 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 36 AT 8 of 2008 c

(2) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to furnish information
which that person is required to furnish to the Authority under this Act,
is guilty of an offence.131

(3) A person is not under an obligation under this Act to disclose any
information subject to legal privilege within the meaning of section 13
(meaning of “items subject to legal privilege”) of the Police Powers and
Procedures Act 1998.132

41 Offences and penalties

(1) A person who contravenes section 4 is guilty of an offence and is
liable —
(a) on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding £5,000 or to a term
of custody not exceeding 6 months, or to both;
(b) on conviction on information, to a fine or to a term of custody not
exceeding 2 years, or to both.133

(2) Any person who contravenes section 10(7) or (8) or section 10A(5) or (6)
is guilty of an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £5,000 or to a term of custody for a period not exceeding 6
months, or to both.134

(3) A person guilty of an offence under any of section 36 to 39 is liable —
(a) on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £5,000 or to
custody for a term not exceeding 6 months, or to both;
(b) on conviction on information to a fine or to custody for a term not
exceeding 5 years, or to both.
(4) A person guilty of an offence under section 40 or paragraph 1(4) or 3(8)
of Schedule 2 is liable —
(a) on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £5,000 or to
custody for a term not exceeding 6 months, or to both;
(b) on conviction on information to a fine or to custody for a term not
exceeding 2 years, or to both.
(5) Any person who is guilty of an offence under paragraph 11(2) of
Schedule 4 or paragraph 1(5) of Schedule 5 is liable on summary
conviction to a fine not exceeding £5,000 or to a term of custody for a
period not exceeding 6 months, or to both.
(6) Criminal proceedings in respect of any contravention of this Act may not
be commenced or continued if the Authority has required a person to
pay a penalty under section 16 in respect of such contravention.135

(7) No proceedings for an offence under this Act shall be commenced in the
Island except by the Authority or by or with the consent of the Attorney
General.136

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c AT 8 of 2008 Page 37

(8) Any document purporting to be the consent of the Attorney General for
the commencement of proceedings for an offence under this Act and to
be signed by the Attorney General shall be admissible as prima facie
evidence without further proof.
42 Offences by bodies corporate

(1) Subsections (2) to (4) apply where an offence under this Act is committed
by a body corporate and it is proved that the offence —
(a) was committed with the consent or connivance of an officer of the
body; or
(b) was attributable to neglect on the part of an officer of the body.
(2) The officer, as well as the body, shall be guilty of the offence.
(3) Where an individual is convicted of an offence under this Act by virtue
of subsection (2), that individual shall be liable to the same penalty as the
body.
(4) In this section “officer” has the meaning assigned by section 1(2)
(disqualification orders: introduction) of the Company Officers
(Disqualification) Act 2009.137

PART 8 – GENERAL

43 Contravention of statutory provisions

If a licence holder contravenes any statutory provision (other than one
contained in or under this Act) the Authority may exercise any power that is an
action for a breach but with the exception of the powers to —
(a) impose a penalty under section 16;
(b) apply for an injunction or for restitution under section 20.138

44 Subordinate legislation

(1) The Authority may make such regulations as are necessary to give effect
to this Act.139

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), the Authority may
by regulations exempt any person or class of persons from any of the
provisions of this Act.140

(3) Without prejudice to section 26 of the Interpretation Act 1976 or to any
other provision of this Act, regulations under subsection (2) may
provide for —
(a) conditions subject to which the exemption shall operate;
Section 45 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 38 AT 8 of 2008 c

(b) circumstances in which the Authority may withdraw the
exemption from a person;141

(c) the exemption to operate in respect of some or all regulated
activities.
(4) If a person contravenes any condition imposed by regulations under this
section, the Authority may undertake action for a breach.142

(5) Before making any order, regulations or the Rule Book under this Act,
the Authority shall consult —
(a) the Treasury;
(b) such persons or bodies as appear to be representative of interests
likely to be affected; and
(c) such other persons or bodies as the Authority may determine.143
144

(6) The Treasury may by order add to or amend the definition of “financial
services activity” in section 3.
(7) Before making any order under this Act (other than an order appointing
a day for the commencement of any provision of this Act) the Treasury
shall consult —
(a) the Authority;145

(b) such persons or bodies as appear to be representative of interests
likely to be affected; and
(c) such other persons or bodies as the Treasury may determine.
45 Tynwald procedure

(1) Subject to subsection (2), regulations, rules (except those referred to in
subsection (4)) and the Rule Book made under this Act shall be laid
before Tynwald as soon as practicable after they are made and if
Tynwald at the sitting at which they are laid, or at the next following
sitting, fails to approve them they shall cease to have effect.
(2) Regulations under section 16(5) or 44(2) or an order under
paragraph 2(10) of Schedule 5 shall not have effect unless they are
approved by Tynwald.
(3) Any order under this Act (other than an order referred to in
subsection (4) or an order appointing a day for the commencement of
any provision of this Act) shall be laid before Tynwald as soon as
practicable after it is made, and if Tynwald at the sitting at which the
order is laid or at the next following sitting fails to approve it, the order
shall cease to have effect.
(4) Any order under paragraph 4(4) or 12 of Schedule 4 and any rule under
paragraph 5(2) of that Schedule shall be laid before Tynwald as soon as
Financial Services Act 2008 Section 46


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 39

practicable after it is made, and if Tynwald at the sitting at which the
order is laid or at the next following sitting resolves that it shall be
annulled, it shall cease to have effect.
46 Fees

The Authority may by order prescribe the fees which shall be paid —
(a) on the making of an application for the issue of a licence;
(b) on the making of any application or notification in respect of any
matter arising under or relating to this Act or a licence;
(c) on any amendment of a licence;
(d) by each licenceholder annually on such date as may be
prescribed.146

47 Gaming contracts

(1) For the avoidance of doubt, no contract to which this section applies shall
be void or unenforceable by reason of section 40 of the Gaming, Betting
and Lotteries Act 1988.
(2) This section applies to any contract entered into by either or each party
by way of business and the making or performance of which by either
party constitutes a regulated activity.
48 Interpretation

(1) In this Act —
“advertisement
” includes every form of advertising and includes advertising —
(a) in any form of publication;
(b) by the display of notices;
(c) by means of circulars or other documents;
(d) by means of business cards;
(e) by an exhibition of photographs or cinematograph films; or
(f) by means of broadcasting sounds or pictures (including
transmission by cable), telecommunications or any electronic
media;
“AML/CFT legislation
” has the same meaning (for the time being) as in section
3(2) (interpretation) of the Designated Businesses (Registration and
Oversight) Act 2015;147

“associate
” means —
(a) in relation to any individual —
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Page 40 AT 8 of 2008 c

(i) the father, mother, spouse, civil partner, son, stepson,
daughter, stepdaughter, brother or sister of the
individual;148

(ii) any body corporate of which that individual is a director;
and
(iii) a partner or employee of that individual;
(b) in relation to a body corporate —
(i) any subsidiary of that body corporate; and
(ii) any employee of any such subsidiary;
“the Authority
” has the meaning given by section 1(1);149

“body corporate
” includes a limited liability company constituted under the
Limited Liability Companies Act 1996;
“building society
” has the meaning given in section 7 of the Industrial and
Building Societies Act 1892;
“chief executive
” means an individual who is employed by the licenceholder
and who either alone or jointly with others is or will be responsible
under the immediate authority of the directors for the conduct of its
business;
“the Commission
” [Repealed]150

“conditions
” includes restrictions;
“controller
” means —
(a) a managing director of a body corporate of which the
licenceholder is a subsidiary;
(b) a chief executive of a body corporate of which the licenceholder is
a subsidiary;
(c) a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions one
or more of the directors of a body corporate of which the
licenceholder is a subsidiary are accustomed to act unless the
director or directors are accustomed so to act by reason only that
they do so on advice given by that person in a professional
capacity;
(d) a person who either alone or with any associate or associates is
entitled to exercise or control the exercise of 15% or more of the
voting power at any general meeting of the licenceholder or of
another body corporate of which it is a subsidiary;151

“crime
” means any conduct which —
(a) constitutes one or more criminal offences (whether under the law
of the Island or of any country or territory outside the Island); or
(b) is, or corresponds to, any conduct which, if it all took place in the
Island, would constitute one or more criminal offences;
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c AT 8 of 2008 Page 41

“director
” includes —
(a) any person occupying the position of director by whatever name
called;
(b) any person in accordance with whose directions or instructions
one or more of the appointed directors are accustomed to act
unless the appointed director or directors are accustomed so to act
by reason only that they do so on advice given by that person in a
professional capacity; and
(c) in relation to a limited liability company constituted under the
Limited Liability Companies Act 1996, a member, the company’s
manager and the registered agent;
(d) in respect of any other body corporate such persons as occupy a
position equivalent to that of director;
(e) in relation to a foundation within the meaning of the Foundations
Act 2011, a member of the council of the foundation;152

“documents
” includes information recorded in any form and, in relation to
information recorded otherwise than in legible form, references to its
production include references to producing a copy of the information in
legible form;
“financial crime
” includes any crime involving —
(a) fraud or dishonesty;
(b) misconduct in, or misuse of information relating to, a financial
market; or
(c) handling the proceeds of crime or funds connected with
terrorism;
“former business
” means business undertaken when a person was the holder of
a licence;
“group
”, in relation to a company, means that company, any other company
which is its holding company or subsidiary and any other company
which is a subsidiary of that holding company;
“holding company
” shall be construed in accordance with the definition of
subsidiary;
“key person
” means —
(a) such persons as appear to the Authority to have significant
powers or responsibilities with respect to any regulated activity
undertaken or intended to be undertaken by a permitted person
or an applicant to be a licenceholder;153

(b) such persons as a licenceholder or an applicant to be a
licenceholder arranges or intends to arrange to be officers of a
body corporate;
Section 48 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 42 AT 8 of 2008 c

(c) such persons as a licenceholder or an applicant to be a
licenceholder arranges to be officers of a body corporate that is
itself a director of another body corporate;
(d) such persons as a licenceholder or an applicant to be a
licenceholder arranges to be the trustees of a trust;
“licence
” means a licence issued under section 7;
“licenceholder
” has the meaning given by section 7(7),
“partnership
” has the same meaning as in the Partnership Act 1909 and includes
similar relationships formed outside the Island;
“permitted person
” has the meaning given by section 35(1);
“policyholder
” has the meaning given in section 54(1) of the Insurance Act
2008;154

“regulated activity
” has the meaning given by section 3(1);
“regulatory authority
” means any authority whether a governmental or private
body and whether established in the Island or elsewhere —
(a) which has functions similar to those of the Authority under this
Act or any other enactment;155

(b) which regulates or supervises the practice of any profession;
(c) which regulates or supervises the carrying on of any business or
activity in, or connected with, the financial services industry;
(d) which regulates or supervises any activity similar to a regulated
activity or any market on which a person may carry on such an
activity; or
(e) which sets international standards for any financial services
business (for example, the Basle Committee on Banking, the
Financial Action Task Force, etc.);
“regulatory objectives
” has the meaning given in section 2(2);
“retirement benefits scheme
” has the meaning given in section 53 of the
Retirement Benefits Schemes Act 2000;156

“Rule Book
” has the meaning given by section 18;
“subsidiary
” means a body corporate (whether or not incorporate under the
Companies Acts 1931 to 2004) that is a subsidiary of another body
corporate (whether or not incorporated under those Acts) and in
determining whether one body corporate is a subsidiary of another the
provisions of section 1 of the Companies Act 1974 shall apply with the
necessary modifications, and “holding company
” shall be construed
accordingly.
(2) In this Act a person is resident in the Island if —
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c AT 8 of 2008 Page 43

(a) in the case of an individual, the individual is ordinarily resident in
the Island;
(b) in the case of a company —
(i) it is incorporated in the Island; or
(ii) it is registered under the Foreign Companies Act 2014;157

(c) in the case of any other body of persons, corporate or
unincorporate, central management and control of the body is in
or from the Island or it has a place of business in the Island.
(3) In this Act “action for a breach
” means the exercise of any one or more
of the following powers —
(a) the revocation or suspension of a licence;
(b) the issue of a direction as to fitness or propriety under section 10;
(ba) the imposition of a prohibition under section 10A;158

(c) the service of a warning notice under section 11;
(d) the issue of a public statement under section 13.
(e) the issue of a direction under section 14;
(f) the imposition of a penalty under section 16;
(g) an application for an injunction or for restitution under section 20;
(h) the appointment of a receiver under section 21;
(i) the appointment of a business manager under section 22;
(j) the withdrawal of an exemption in accordance with regulations;
(k) the exercise of powers in relation to a permitted person under
Schedule 2.
(4) Subject to section 16(3), the exercise of any power referred to in
subsection (3) shall not prevent the exercise of any other power or
remedy under this Act nor shall it prevent the commencement of
proceedings for an offence under this Act.
(5) In determining for any purposes of this Act whether any particular
matter is desirable in the public interest, the Authority shall take into
account all matters which appear to it in the particular circumstances to
be relevant and, among other things, shall have regard to —
(a) the protection of the public;
(b) the deterrent effect of such a public statement; and
(c) the effect of publication on those to whom the statement relates.159

(6) In this Act a “related company
”, in relation to a permitted person, means
a body corporate (other than a subsidiary of the institution) in which the
institution holds a qualifying capital interest.
(7) A qualifying capital interest means an interest in relevant shares of the
body corporate which the permitted person holds on a long-term basis
Section 49 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 44 AT 8 of 2008 c

for the purpose of securing a contribution to its own activities by the
exercise of control or influence arising from that interest.
(8) Relevant shares means shares comprised in the equity share capital of the
body corporate of a class carrying rights to vote in all circumstances at
general meetings of the body.
(9) A holding of 20 per cent or more of the nominal value of the relevant
shares of a body corporate shall be presumed to be a qualifying capital
interest unless the contrary is shown.
(10) In subsection (8), “equity share capital” has the same meaning as in
section 1(5) of the Companies Act 1974.
49 Amendment of enactments

The enactments specified in Schedule 6 are amended in accordance with that
Schedule.
50 Repeal of enactments

The enactments specified in column 1 of Schedule 7 are repealed to the extent
specified in column 3 of that Schedule but subject to the transitional provisions
and savings in paragraph 5 of Schedule 8.
51 Transitional

The transitional and saving provisions set out in Schedule 8 shall have effect.
52 Financial provisions

(1) Any expenses incurred under this Act by the Treasury or the Authority
shall be defrayed out of money provided by Tynwald.160

(2) Any fees received under this Act shall form part of the General Revenue
of the Island.
53 Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be cited as the Financial Services Act 2008.
(2) This Act shall come into operation on such day as the Treasury may by
order appoint and different days may be so appointed for different
provisions and for different purposes.161

(3) [Expired]162

(4) [Spent]163

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SCHEDULE 1

THE ISLE OF MAN FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY
164

Section 1(2)
Constitution
1. (1) The Authority shall consist of not less than 7 members appointed by the
Treasury, subject to the approval of Tynwald.
A member must be a qualified person.
(2) The Treasury shall appoint one member to be chairperson and another to
be deputy chairperson of the Authority.
(3) The Treasury shall, in appointing members of the Authority under sub-
paragraph (1), have regard to the need for the Authority to include members who, by
experience or otherwise, are suitable to participate in the functions of the Authority.
(4) The chief executive officer appointed under sub-paragraph (15) shall be a
member of the Authority.
(5) A member shall go out of office —
(a) subject to sub-paragraph (9), on the expiry of a fixed period of not
less than 2 years and not more than 5 years, as expressly provided
for in the documents of appointment, and beginning with the date
from which the member was appointed; or
(b) if the member ceases to be a qualified person.165

(6) A member may be removed from office by resolution of Tynwald if one
of the grounds specified in sub-paragraph (7) is satisfied.
(7) The grounds are that the member —
(a) has been absent from meetings of the Authority, without
permission, for a period of 3 months;
(b) is incapacitated either mentally or physically, from carrying out
the member’s functions;
(c) has been declared bankrupt (whether in the Island or elsewhere)
or entered into an arrangement with his or her creditors; or
(d) is otherwise unfit or unable to discharge the functions of a
member.
(8) The proposal for a resolution of Tynwald under sub-paragraph (6) must
specify which of the grounds in sub-paragraph (7) applies.
(9) A member may at any time resign on giving to the Treasury notice in
writing of the member’s intention to do so.
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(10) A retiring member shall be eligible to be re-appointed if the member is
otherwise qualified.
(11) Where a member goes out of office under sub-paragraphs (5)(a) or (9) the
member shall continue to be a member, subject to the consent of Treasury, for all
purposes (except that of filling the vacancy) for such period as Treasury may
determine.
(12) If a casual vacancy in the membership of the Authority is to be filled it
shall be filled as soon as practicable in like manner and subject to like conditions as the
office vacated.
(13) The quorum necessary for the transaction of business by the Authority
shall be 3 members.
(14) Section 3 and paragraphs 1, 2(3)(c) and 7 of Schedule 2 to the Statutory
Boards Act 1987 do not apply to the Authority.
(15) The Authority must appoint —
(a) a chief executive officer; and
(b) such other officers as it may consider necessary for carrying out
its functions,
on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
(16) [Repealed]166

(17) In this paragraph, a “qualified person” is a person who is not —
(a) a member of Tynwald; or
(b) a public sector employee (within the meaning of section 3 of the
Public Services Commission Act 2015) other than the Chief Executive
Officer of the Authority.167

(c) [Repealed]168
169

Functions
2. (1) The functions of the Authority are —
(a) the regulation and supervision of persons undertaking regulated
activities;
(aa) the regulation and supervision of persons undertaking regulated
insurance activities or regulated pensions activities;170

(ab) the maintenance and development of the regulatory regime for
regulated insurance activities and regulated pensions activities;171

(b) the maintenance and development of the regulatory regime for
regulated activities;
(ba) the conduct of investigations into any potential liability arising
from breach of AML/CFT legislation by persons undertaking
regulated activities;172

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(c) the oversight of directors and persons responsible for the
management, administration or affairs of commercial entities;
(d) [Repealed]173

(e) participation in consultative bodies, working groups and other
arrangements;
(f) the functions conferred on it under this Act;
(g) the regulation and supervision of collective investment schemes
within the meaning of the Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008;174

(ga) the regulation and supervision of retirement benefits schemes
within the meaning of the Retirement Benefits Schemes Act 2000;175

(h) the functions conferred on it under the Acts specified in sub-
paragraph (2); and
(i) the functions conferred on it under any other statutory
provision.176

(2) The Acts referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(h) are —
(a) the Industrial and Building Societies Act 1892;
(b) and (c) [Repealed]177

(d) the Companies Act 1931;
(e) to (g) [Repealed]178

(h) the Income Tax Act 1970;
(i) the Companies Act 1974;
(j) the Companies Act 1982;
(k) [Repealed]179

(l) the Building Societies Act 1986;
(m) the Insurance Act 2008;180

(ma) the Retirement Benefits Schemes Act 2000;181

(mb) the Life Assurance (Insurable Interests) Act 2004;182

(n) the Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008;183

(o) [Repealed]184

(p) the Credit Unions Act 1993;
(q) the International Business Act 1994;
(r) the Limited Liability Companies Act 1996;
(s) the Companies (Transfer of Domicile) Act 1998;
(t) the Insider Dealing Act 1998;
(u) [Repealed]185

(v) the Online Gambling Regulation Act 2001;
(w) and (x) [Repealed]186

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(y) the Companies Act 2006;
(z) the Company Officers (Disqualification) Act 2009;187

(za) the Terrorism and Other Crime (Financial Restrictions) Act 2014;188

(zb) the Incorporated Cell Companies Act 2010;
189

(zc) the Foundations Act 2011;190

(zd) the Payment Services Act 2015; and191

(ze) the Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015.192

Authority’s functions: manner of discharge193

3. In discharging its functions the Authority must have regard to —
(a) the need to balance the regulatory objectives;
(b) the need for the regulatory, supervisory and registration regimes
to be effective, responsive to commercial developments and
proportionate to the benefits which are expected to result from the
imposition of any regulatory burden;
(c) the need to use resources in an efficient and economic way;
(d) the desirability of implementing and applying recognised
international standards;
(e) the desirability of cooperating with governments, regulators and
others outside the island;
(f) the need to safeguard the reputation of the island;
(g) the need to promote public understanding of the financial
services, insurance and pensions industries;
(h) the responsibilities of those who manage the affairs of permitted
persons, insurers and retirement benefits schemes;
(i) the international character of the financial services, insurance and
pensions industries and their markets and the desirability of
maintaining the competitive position of the Island;
(j) the desirability of facilitating the development of the financial
services, insurance and pensions industries;
(k) the impact of its decision on the stability of the financial system of
the Island.194

Treasury directions and guidance195

4. (1) After consulting the Authority, the Treasury may give the Authority —
(a) written guidance of a general character; and
(b) written directions of a general character concerning the policies to
be followed by the Authority in relation to the development of
and supervision of regulated activities in the Island and the
Financial Services Act 2008 SCHEDULE 1


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 49

manner in which the Authority is to carry out any of its
functions.196
197

(2) In carrying out its functions the Authority must —
(a) take into account any guidance under sub-paragraph (1)(a); and
(b) comply with any directions given under sub-paragraph (1)(b).198

(2A) Any guidance or direction given under this paragraph —
(a) may be given only in the public interest, and not to influence
particular cases;
(b) must not prejudice the operational independence of the Authority
by specifying the manner in which the Authority must carry out
its functions; and199

(c) must be published as soon as reasonably practicable (but may
come into operation as soon as it is given).200

(2B) The Treasury may by order amend paragraph 2 or 3 to such extent as is
necessary to secure consistency with any guidance or direction given under sub-
paragraph (1).201

(3) The members of the Authority are responsible to the Treasury for the
proper operation of the Authority and its compliance with the requirements of this
Act.202

(4) Sub-paragraph (3) is not in derogation of any right or remedy in respect
of the acts and omissions of the members of the Authority.203

Monitoring and enforcement
5. (1) The Authority must maintain arrangements designed to enable it to
determine whether persons on whom requirements are imposed under this Act are
complying with them.204

(2) Those arrangements may provide for functions to be performed on
behalf of the Authority by any body or person who, in its opinion, is competent to
perform them.205

(3) The Authority must also maintain arrangements for enforcing the
provisions of, or made under, this Act or the statutory provisions referred to in
paragraph 2(1)(f) to (h).206

(4) Sub-paragraph (2) does not affect the Authority’s duty under
subparagraph (1).207

(5) This paragraph is without prejudice to paragraph 3 of Schedule 2 to the
Statutory Boards Act 1987.
Records
6. (1) The Authority must maintain satisfactory arrangements for —
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Page 50 AT 8 of 2008 c

(a) recording decisions made in the exercise of its functions; and
(b) the safe-keeping of those records which it considers ought to be
preserved.208

(2) This paragraph is without prejudice to the Public Records Act 1999.
Annual Report
7. (1) The Authority shall as soon as possible after the beginning of each
financial period, submit to the Treasury —
(a) a report of the Authority’s proceedings and activities for the
previous year; and209

(b) accounts audited under the provisions of the Audit Act 2006.210

(2) The annual report shall include a report on the performance of the
Authority with respect to —
(a) the obligations under section 2(1)(a) (regulatory objectives);
(b) the obligations under paragraph 3 of this Schedule;
(c) the policies and strategies specified by the Treasury under
paragraph 4;
(d) any other matter about the effectiveness and efficiency of the
operations of the Authority as the Treasury may direct.211
212

(3) The report and accounts prepared in accordance with this paragraph
shall be laid before Tynwald.
Complaints
8. The Authority shall make and publish a document containing a policy for
investigation and adjudication in the case of complaints made against the Authority.213

Interpretation
9. In this Schedule —
“functions
” means functions conferred on the Authority and referred to in
paragraph 2;
“regulated insurance activities
” in relation to an activity carried on by way of
business in or from the Island, means —
(a) carrying on or holding out as carrying on insurance business
within the meaning of the Insurance Act 2008;
(b) acting or holding out as acting as an insurance manager, within
the meaning of the Insurance Act 2008, for or in relation to an
insurer; or
(c) acting or holding out as acting as an insurance intermediary
within the meaning of the Insurance Act 2008 in respect of
effecting or carrying out contracts of insurance which are not
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investments within the meaning of the Regulated Activities Order
2011;
“regulated pension activities
” in relation to an activity carried on by way of
business in or from the Island, means —
(a) acting or holding out as acting as a retirement benefits schemes
administrator; or
(b) acting as a trustee of a retirement benefits scheme,
within the meaning of the Retirement Benefits Schemes Act 2000.214



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SCHEDULE 1A
215

[Section 3A]
TRANSFER OF BUSINESS INCLUDING DEPOSIT-TAKING

1 Schemes transferring business including deposit-taking

For the purposes of this Schedule “a relevant transfer scheme” is a scheme under
which —
(a) the whole or part of the business carried on in or from within the
Island by a licenceholder (the “transferor”) is to be transferred to
another person (the “transferee”); and
(b) the whole or part of the business to be transferred comprises or
includes, deposit-taking.
2 Compromise forming part of relevant scheme

If a relevant transfer scheme involves a compromise or arrangement to which section
152 of the Companies Act 1931 applies, that section and sections 153 and 154 of that Act
(which concern arrangements and reconstructions) apply to the scheme, but without
limiting the provisions of this Schedule.
3 Application for order sanctioning relevant transfer scheme

(1) An application may be made to the High Court for an order sanctioning
a relevant transfer scheme.
(2) The application may be made by the transferor, the transferee, or both.
4 Requirements in connection with applications

(1) The Authority may by regulations impose requirements in connection
with applications (whether they are to be met by transferors or transferees) under
paragraph 3.216

(2) The High Court may not determine an application under that paragraph
if the requirements imposed under sub-paragraph (1) have not been met.
5 Right to participate in proceedings

On an application under paragraph 2, the following are also entitled to be heard—
(a) the Authority, and217

(b) any person (including an employee of the transferor or of the
transferee) who alleges that he or she would be adversely affected
by the carrying out of the scheme.
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6 Sanction of the court for relevant transfer schemes

(1) This paragraph sets out conditions which must be satisfied (in addition to any
imposed under paragraph 3) before the High Court may make an order under this
section sanctioning a relevant transfer scheme.
(2) The High Court must be satisfied that the transferee has the authorisation
required (if any) to enable the business, or part, which is to be transferred to be carried
on in the place to which it is to be transferred (or will have it before the scheme takes
effect).
(3) The High Court must consider that, in all the circumstances of the case, it is
appropriate to sanction the scheme.
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SCHEDULE 2

INSPECTION AND INVESTIGATION

Sections 15 & 34(2)
Inspection and investigation
1. (1) The Authority may inspect the books, accounts and documents and
investigate the transactions of —
(a) a permitted person;
(b) a former permitted person; or
(c) a recognised auditor (but only insofar as concerns the audit of
market traded companies).218
219

(2) The Authority shall have every power of entry and access as may be
necessary for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1), and it may take possession of all such
books, accounts and documents as, and for so long as may be necessary for those
purposes.220

(3) The Authority may take copies of all books, accounts and documents in
its possession for the purposes of an inspection and investigation under this
paragraph.221

(4) A person who intentionally obstructs the Authority when acting in the
execution of its powers under sub-paragraphs (1), (2) or (3) is guilty of an offence.222

(5) The rights of entry and access under sub-paragraph (2) shall be exercised
only during reasonable hours.
(6) The powers provided by this paragraph may be exercised in relation to a
former permitted person or a former recognised auditor, but only in respect of, or in
connection with such transactions, matters or circumstances as occurred or existed
when that person was a permitted person or a recognised auditor.223

(7) The powers provided by this paragraph may be exercised in relation to a
person whom the Authority reasonably suspect of —
(a) carrying on a regulated activity when not a permitted person; or
(b) auditing accounts that are required to be audited by a recognised
auditor when not a recognised auditor.224

(8) A person shall not be under an obligation under this paragraph to
disclose any items subject to legal privilege within the meaning of section 13 of the
Police Powers and Procedures Act 1998.
(9) For the purposes of this paragraph —
“exempt company” means —
(a) a company which is an issuer exclusively of debt securities
admitted to trading on a regulated market, the denomination per
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unit of which is at least €50,000 (or the equivalent at the date of
issue denominated in another currency); or
(b) an open‐ended investment company defined in section 26 of the
Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008;
“incorporated in the Island” in relation to a company means —
(a) incorporated, formed and registered or capable of being wound
up under the Companies Act 1931;
(b) companies incorporated or continued under the Companies Act
2006; or
(c) formed under the Limited Liability Companies Act 1996;
“market traded company” means a company incorporated in the Island, the
transferable securities of which are admitted to trading on a regulated
market, except where that company is an exempt company;
“recognised auditor” means an auditor that is entered on the register kept
under section 14G of the Companies Act 1982.
225

(10) The Treasury may amend sub-paragraph (9) by order if it appears to it to
be appropriate to do so.226

Requests for information
2. (1) The Authority may request any person whom it reasonably believes may
hold information that it reasonably requires for the performance of its functions under
this Act to provide that information.227

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of sub-paragraph (1) the Authority
may request information about —
(a) the affairs of a customer of a permitted person;
(b) any body corporate which is or has at any relevant time been —
(i) a holding company, subsidiary or related company of that
permitted person;
(ii) a subsidiary of a holding company of that permitted
person;
(iii) a holding company of a subsidiary of that permitted
person; or
(iv) a body corporate in the case of which a shareholder
controller of that permitted person, either alone or with
any associate or associates, is entitled to exercise, or control
the exercise of, more than 50 per cent of the voting power
at a general meeting or a meeting of the board of directors;
and
(c) any partnership of which that person is or has at any relevant
time been a member,
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if it appears to the Authority necessary for the performance of its functions under this
Act.228

(3) If it has made a request of a permitted person, former permitted person,
recognised auditor or former recognised auditor the Authority may issue directions to
that person to secure that effect is given to a request under subparagraph (1) or (2) and
the directions shall include a statement of reasons for their issue.229

(4) If a person contravenes any direction under sub-paragraph (3), the
Authority may undertake action for a breach.230

(5) A statement by a person in response to a direction issued under this
paragraph may not be used in evidence against that person in respect of any criminal
proceedings except proceedings alleging contravention of section 40.
(6) The powers provided by this paragraph may be exercised in relation to a
person who is, on reasonable grounds, suspected by the Authority —
(a) of carrying on, or having carried on a regulated activity when not
a permitted person;
(b) of auditing or of having audited accounts required to be audited
by a recognised auditor when not a recognised auditor.231

(7) A person shall not be under an obligation under this paragraph to
disclose any information subject to legal privilege within the meaning of section 13 of
the Police Powers and Procedures Act 1998.
Power of Authority to require information232

3. (1) If, on an application made by the Authority, a justice of the peace is
satisfied that there is good reason to do so for either or both of the following purposes

(a) investigating the affairs, or any aspect of the affairs, of any person
so far as it is relevant to any regulated activity that the person is
or was carrying on, or appears to be or to have been carrying on;
(b) assessing compliance with AML/CFT legislation so far as it is
relevant to any regulated activity that the person is or was
carrying on, or appears to be or to have been carrying on,
the justice may by written instrument authorise the Authority to exercise the powers
under this paragraph which powers are not otherwise exercisable.233

(2) The Authority may by notice in writing, accompanied by a copy of the
instrument issued by the justice of the peace under sub-paragraph (1), require the
person whose affairs are to be investigated or any other person whom it has reason to
believe has relevant information to attend before the Authority at a specified time and
place to answer questions or otherwise furnish information with respect to any matter
relevant to the investigation.234

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(3) The Authority may by notice in writing, accompanied by a copy of the
instrument issued by the justice of the peace under sub-paragraph (1), require any
person to produce at a specified time and place any specified documents or copies of
documents which appear to the Authority to relate to any matter relevant to the
investigation or any document of a specified class which appear to it so to relate.235

(4) If documents or copies of documents are not produced as required under
sub-paragraph (3), the Authority may require the person who was required to produce
them to state, to the best of that person’s knowledge and belief, where they are.236

(5) Where any documents are produced as required under sub-
paragraph (3), the Authority may —
(a) take possession of all such documents for so long as may be
necessary;
(b) take copies or extracts from them; or
(c) require the person producing them to provide an explanation of
any of them.237

(6) A statement by a person in response to a requirement imposed under
this paragraph may not be used in evidence against that person in respect of any
criminal proceedings except proceedings alleging contravention of —
(a) sub-paragraph (8); or
(b) section 40.
(7) A person shall not be under an obligation under this paragraph to
disclose any items subject to legal privilege within the meaning of section 13 of the
Police Powers and Procedures Act 1998.
(8) Any person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a
requirement imposed under this paragraph is guilty of an offence.
(9) In this paragraph, “documents” includes information recorded in any
form and, in relation to information recorded otherwise than in legible form, references
to its production include reference to producing a copy of the information in legible
form.
(10) Where a person claims a lien on a document, its production under this
paragraph is without prejudice to the lien.
Deemster’s search warrant
4. (1) Where, on information on oath laid by the Authority, a Deemster is
satisfied, in relation to any documents, that there are reasonable grounds for
believing —
(a) that —
(i) a person has failed to comply with an obligation under
paragraph 3 to produce them or copies of them;
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(ii) it is not practicable to serve a notice under paragraph 3(3)
in relation to them; or
(iii) the service of such a notice in relation to them might
seriously prejudice the investigation; and
(b) that they are on premises specified in the information,
the Deemster may issue such a warrant as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (2).238

(2) The warrant referred to in sub-paragraph (1) is a warrant authorising any
person named in the warrant —
(a) to enter (using such force as is reasonably necessary for the
purpose) and search the premises; and
(b) to take possession of any documents appearing to be documents
of the description specified in the information, or to take in
relation to any documents so appearing any other steps which
may appear to be necessary for preserving them and preventing
interference with them.
(3) If, during the course of a search of premises for documents of a
description specified in the information, other documents are discovered which appear
to contain evidence in relation to an offence under this Act, the person named in the
warrant may —
(a) take possession of those documents; or
(b) take in relation to them any other steps which may appear to be
necessary for preserving them and preventing interference with
them.
(4) A person executing a warrant issued under sub-paragraph (1) shall be
accompanied by a constable.
(5) A person shall not be under an obligation under this paragraph to
disclose any items subject to legal privilege within the meaning of section 13 of the
Police Powers and Procedures Act 1998.
Authorised persons
5. (1) The Authority may authorise any person to exercise on its behalf all or
any of the powers conferred by or under this Schedule.239

(2) But no authority shall be granted except for the purpose of investigating
the affairs, or any aspect of the affairs, of a person specified in the authority.
(3) No person shall be bound to comply with any requirement imposed by a
person exercising powers by virtue of any authority granted under sub-paragraph (1)
unless he or she has, if required to do so, produced evidence of his or her authority.
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SCHEDULE 3

THE RULE BOOK

Section 18(4) & (5)
1. (1) The Rule Book may include provision in respect of —
(a) the standard of service and practices to be adopted by
licenceholders to support fair and responsible treatment of
customers;
(b) the terms of business and other contracts entered into between
licenceholders and their customers in relation to any regulated
activity;
(c) the systems, procedures, record-keeping, controls and training
which must be instituted and operated by a licenceholder in the
course of its business;
(d) the retention of documents and records by licenceholders;
(e) the effecting of policies of indemnity insurance by licenceholders
in such form, indemnifying them to such sum, in such manner, in
respect of such matters, and valid for such period as may be
specified in the Rule Book;
(f) the imposition of obligations on licenceholders to ensure that
officers and employees of the licenceholder or such classes of
officers and employees as may be specified in the Rule Book are
resident in the Island;
(g) the imposition of obligations on licenceholders to ensure the
appropriate level of competence and suitability in its employees,
agents, persons acting in accordance with its instructions and
persons recommended by it to undertake any function relating to
any regulated activity;
(h) ensuring that the functions referred to in paragraph (g) are
undertaken by its employees with due skill and in a diligent and
proper manner;
(i) the identification by a licenceholder of persons with, for or in
respect of whom the licenceholder engages in any regulated
activity;
(j) the identification of the nature and purpose of any business,
transaction or arrangement undertaken by persons with, for or in
respect of whom the licenceholder engages in any regulated
activity;
(k) the circumstances in which a licenceholder must refuse to engage
in any regulated activity with, for or in respect of any person;
(l) arrangements by licenceholders for the settlement of disputes;
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(m) the keeping of accounts and other financial records of a
licenceholder, their form, content, inspection and audit, the
description of persons to be treated as auditor for the purposes of
section 17 and the submission of copies or extracts to the
Authority at such times and on such occasions as may be specified
in the Rule Book;240

(n) the disclosure of the amount or value, or of arrangements for the
payment or provision, of commissions or other inducements in
connection with any business carried on by a licenceholder and
the matters by reference to which or the manner in which their
amount or value may be determined;
(o) the financial resources of licenceholders;
(p) the assets, liabilities and other matters to be taken into account in
determining a licenceholder’s financial resources for the purposes
of the Rule Book;
(q) the financial statements and returns which must be submitted to
the Authority;241

(r) the form and content of advertisements relating to the business of
a licenceholder;
(s) statements that must or must not be included in letterheads,
correspondence, invoices and other documents relating to the
business of a licenceholder;
(t) the display of notices and the provision of information about the
affairs of permitted persons to the public at offices and places of
business of licenceholders;
(u) the giving of notice to the Authority and such other persons as
may be specified of such circumstances or the occurrence of such
events as may be so specified;242

(v) the treatment to be afforded to money received by a licenceholder
and in particular may provide that money held by a licenceholder
is held on trust and the terms and purposes of any such trust;
(w) the submission to the Authority (at such times and on such
occasions as may be specified) of such information, statements,
statistical and other returns, reports or certificates as may be so
specified; and243

(x) the form, content and validation of any information or document
required to be produced by a licenceholder to the Authority.244

(2) For the sake of clarity “specified” (without more) in sub-paragraph (1)
means specified by the Authority in such manner as it thinks fit.245

(3) Where the Authority specifies any requirement otherwise than in the
Rule Book it must take reasonable steps to draw the requirement to the
attention of those likely to be affected by it.246

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2. Any institution with which an account is kept in pursuance of a provision of the
Rule Book made under paragraph 1(v) does not incur any liability as constructive
trustee where money is wrongfully paid from the account unless the institution —
(a) permits the payment with knowledge that it is wrongful; or
(b) has deliberately failed to make enquiries in circumstances in
which a reasonable and honest person would have done so.
3. The Rule Book may include a declaration that —
(a) the persons to whom it applies shall comply with such rules,
regulations, codes, guidance or standards as are from time to time
in force and made or issued by a regulatory authority (whether
made before or after the commencement of this Act);
(b) those rules, regulations, codes, guidance or standards shall apply
to that person with such exceptions and modifications as may be
specified in the declaration.
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SCHEDULE 4

MEDIATION AND ADJUDICATION

Section 24
Mediation in financial services disputes
1. (1) A “financial services dispute
” is a dispute between —
(a) an individual or body corporate where that body corporate is a
trustee or manager of a self-invested personal pension scheme
(“the complainant
”); and247

(b) a person who, in or from the Island, has supplied the complainant
with financial services (“the supplier
”),
where the dispute relates to those services.
(2) A financial services dispute may be referred to the Isle of Man Office of
Fair Trading (“OFT
”) by the submission of a completed complaint form by the
complainant.
(3) The OFT shall seek to mediate between the parties to a referred financial
services dispute by —
(a) inquiring into the circumstances and cause of the dispute; and
(b) offering the parties to the dispute its assistance (which may be by
way of mediation or arbitration or by any other means) with a
view to bringing about a settlement.
(4) The OFT may by order amend sub-paragraph (1)(a) to include bodies
corporate in such circumstances as may be prescribed.
(5) This paragraph does not apply in relation to a payment services dispute
(see paragraph 1A).248

Mediation in payment service disputes249

1A. (1) A “payment services dispute
” is a dispute, relating to a payment service,
between —
(a) a payment service user who falls within subparagraph (4) or other
interested party (“the complainant”); and250

(b) a payment service provider.
(2) A payment services dispute may be referred to the OFT by the
submission to that office of a completed complaint form by the complainant.
(3) The OFT must seek to mediate between the parties to a payment services
dispute which has been referred to it by —
(a) inquiring into the circumstances and cause of the dispute; and
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(b) offering its assistance to the parties to the dispute (whether by
way of mediation or arbitration or any other means) with a view
to bringing about a settlement.251

(4) A complainant falls within this subparagraph if (but only if) the
complainant is —
(a) a consumer within the meaning of the Payment Services Directive;
or
(b) an individual or a body corporate that is a trustee or manager of a
self-invested personal pension scheme.252

(5) The OFT may by order amend subparagraph (4).253

Cases where mediation not available or may not proceed
2. (1) The OFT may decline or cease to act under paragraph 1(3) or 1A(3)
where it appears to it that any of the following conditions is satisfied —
(a) the complainant has not suffered financial loss, material distress
or material inconvenience;
(b) the complainant is not directly affected by the subject matter of
the complaint;
(c) the supplier has already made an offer of compensation which is
fair and reasonable in the circumstances;
(d) the dispute has been the subject of a decision on the merits in
proceedings in any court;
(e) the dispute has been properly considered under any enactment or
arrangement providing for the resolution of disputes or the
investigation of complaints;
(f) the dispute would more suitably be dealt with by a court or under
an enactment or arrangement referred to in sub-paragraph (e);
(g) the dispute relates to the legitimate exercise of the supplier’s
commercial judgment;
(h) the dispute relates to investment performance, except to the extent
that the complainant alleges that the supplier has been negligent;
(i) the complaint is frivolous, vexatious or is an abuse of the
adjudication process;
(j) the issues raised by the complaint are such that no reasonable
benefit would arise from adjudication;
(k) the complainant has not sought compensation under the internal
complaints procedure of the supplier or has not exhausted that
procedure;
(l) that such a decision is consistent with a previous decision by an
adjudicator to decline a referred complaint;
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(m) the manner in which the complaint is made or pursued by the
complainant is abusive or offensive.254

(2) The OFT shall decline or cease to act under paragraph 1(3) or 1A(3)
where it appears to it that the dispute was referred to it —
(a) more than 2 years after the act or omission giving rise to it came,
or ought reasonably have come, to the knowledge of the
complainant; and
(b) in any case, more than 6 years after that act or omission.255

(3) Where, in any proceedings arising out of a financial services dispute, it
appears to the High Court that the OFT is acting under paragraph 1(3) or 1A(3) in
relation to the dispute, the Court may stay the proceedings on such terms as it thinks
fit.256

(4) If it appears to the Treasury that other suitable arrangements have been
made for the resolution of disputes with suppliers of financial services of any class or
description, the Treasury may by order direct that this Schedule shall not apply to
disputes which relate solely or mainly to services of that class or description.
Referral to adjudication
3. (1) Where —
(a) the OFT has taken any action under paragraph 1(3) or 1A(3) in
relation to a financial services dispute; and257

(b) it appears to it that the dispute remains unresolved,
the OFT shall, subject to paragraph 8, on the written application of the complainant,
refer the dispute to an adjudicator for investigation and adjudication.
(2) The senior adjudicator (see paragraph 4(1)) shall nominate the panel
member who shall conduct the adjudication in any case.
(3) Where, in proceedings arising out of a financial services dispute, it
appears to the High Court that the dispute has been or may be referred to an
adjudicator under sub-paragraph (1), the Court may give such directions as to the
conduct of the proceedings, or of any action, by the adjudicator, as it thinks
appropriate.
Adjudicators
4. (1) The Appointments Commission shall appoint and maintain a panel of
not more than 8 persons (one of whom shall be designated “the senior adjudicator
”)
appearing to it to be qualified by experience or otherwise to act under this Schedule in
relation to financial services disputes or payment service disputes.258

(2) But a person who is at that time engaged or employed, or has at any time
within the 3 years preceding that time been engaged or employed, in any business
consisting of or including the supply of financial services of the same kind as that to
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which the dispute relates shall not be qualified to act as an adjudicator in respect of
such a dispute.
(3) The OFT shall make such arrangements —
(a) as the Treasury may approve for the payment of remuneration
and allowances to adjudicators who are acting under this
Schedule; and
(b) as the Public Services Commission may approve for the provision
of staff to assist such adjudicators.259

(4) The OFT may by order amend the maximum number of members of the
panel specified in sub-paragraph (1).
Adjudication
5. (1) The adjudicator who is nominated under paragraph 3(2) shall investigate
and determine the dispute and shall comply with directions (if any) made by the High
Court under paragraph 3(3).
(2) The Treasury may make rules with respect to —
(a) the practice and procedure which is to be adopted in connection
with the reference and investigation;
(b) time limits for taking any step or undertaking any procedure in
the course of an adjudication;
(c) fees to be paid by the complainant and the supplier.
(3) Subject to sub-paragraph (1) and to any provision made by rules under
sub-paragraph (2), the procedure for conducting such an investigation shall be such as
the adjudicator considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case.
(4) For the purpose of investigating and determining a financial services
dispute or a payment services dispute an adjudicator to whom it is referred shall give
every party to the dispute an opportunity —
(a) to make representations with respect to the dispute; and
(b) to comment on any representations so made by any other party.260

Determination and award by adjudicator
6. (1) The adjudicator may, if satisfied that the complainant has suffered loss or
damage by reason of any wrongful or improper act or omission by the supplier, make
such award within sub-paragraph (2) as the adjudicator considers proper.
(2) An award under sub-paragraph (1) may comprise either or both of the
following —
(a) a direction to the supplier, within such time as is specified in the
award, to take such steps as the adjudicator considers appropriate
to remedy the act or omission and are so specified, and
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(b) an award of compensation, to be paid by the supplier to the
complainant, of such amount (not exceeding the applicable
amount) as the adjudicator considers just and equitable and is
specified in the award.261

(2A) In sub-paragraph (2) “the applicable amount” is —
(a) in respect of an act or omission occurring on or after the date of
the coming into operation of this Schedule but before 1 April 2012,
£100,000; and
(b) in respect of an act or omission occurring on or after 1 April 2012,
£150,000.262

(3) Compensation under sub-paragraph (2)(b) may consist of or include an
amount specified in the award as payable where a direction under sub-
paragraph (2)(a) is not complied with.
(4) Subject to sub-paragraph (6), the determination by an adjudicator of a
dispute, and any award made by the adjudicator under sub-paragraph (1), shall be
final and binding on the complainant and the supplier but if an application has been
made for a review under paragraph 7, the determination and award shall not be final
and binding unless confirmed under paragraph 7(3).
(5) An award within sub-paragraph (2)(b) shall be enforceable as if it were
an execution issued by the High Court.
(6) An appeal on a point of law shall lie to the High Court from the
determination or award of an adjudicator at the instance of the complainant or the
supplier.
Review by senior adjudicator
7. (1) The complainant or the supplier may by written application made within
21 days of a determination of a dispute or any award made by an adjudicator under
paragraph 6(1) request that the senior adjudicator carry out a review of the
determination and award.
(2) The review by the senior adjudicator shall be informal and such
procedure may be adopted as the senior adjudicator considers to be appropriate but
the procedure must afford a fair and equal opportunity to the parties involved.
(3) On completion of a review the senior adjudicator may —
(a) confirm the determination or award in question; or
(b) make a new determination or award in place of it.
(4) Subject to sub-paragraph (6), the determination by the senior adjudicator
of a dispute, and any award made by the senior adjudicator under sub-paragraph (3),
shall be final and binding on the complainant and the supplier.
(5) An award under sub-paragraph (3) shall be enforceable as if it were an
execution issued by the High Court.
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(6) An appeal on a point of law shall lie to the High Court from a decision,
determination or award of the senior adjudicator at the instance of the complainant or
the supplier.
(7) The Treasury may make rules for the purpose of regulating and
prescribing the practice and procedure to be followed by the senior adjudicator in
conducting a review under this paragraph.
Cases where adjudication not available or may not proceed
8. (1) The OFT shall not refer a financial services dispute or a payment services
dispute to adjudication where it appears to it that any of the conditions specified in
paragraph 2(1) is satisfied.263

(2) The OFT shall not refer a financial services dispute or a payment services
dispute to adjudication where proceedings arising out of the dispute have been
commenced in the High Court unless the Court —
(a) gives leave (which may be given on such terms as it thinks fit), or
(b) stays the proceedings under sub-paragraph (3)(a).264

(3) Where, in proceedings arising out of a financial services dispute or a
payment services dispute, it appears to the High Court that the dispute has been or
may be referred to an adjudicator, the Court may —
(a) stay the proceedings on such terms as it thinks fit;
(b) cancel the reference, or direct that no reference be made, as the
case may be.265

(4) An adjudicator may, at any time before determining a dispute —
(a) cease to investigate it; or
(b) decline to determine it,
where it appears to the adjudicator that any of the conditions specified in
paragraph 2(1) is satisfied.
Investigation and adjudication: supplemental powers
9. (1) For the purposes of an investigation into a financial services dispute or a
payment services dispute, an adjudicator may require —
(a) the supplier of the financial services or the payment service
provider in question;266

(b) the complainant; and
(c) any other person who, in the adjudicator’s opinion is able to
furnish information or produce documents relevant to the
investigation,
to furnish any such information or produce any such documents.267

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(2) For the purposes of any such investigation an adjudicator shall have the
same powers as a court of summary jurisdiction in respect of the attendance and
examination of witnesses (including the administration of oaths and affirmations) and
in respect of the production of documents.
(3) No person shall be compelled for the purposes of any such investigation
to give any evidence or produce any document which that person could not be
compelled to give or produce in civil proceedings before the High Court.
(4) If any person without lawful excuse refuses to comply with any
summons issued by an adjudicator requiring that person to give evidence or to
produce documents, the adjudicator may certify the refusal to a court of summary
jurisdiction, which shall inquire into the matter and, after hearing any witnesses who
may be produced and any statement that may be offered in defence, may deal with the
person in accordance with section 102 of the Summary Jurisdiction Act 1989 as if that
person had disobeyed an order mentioned in that section.
Supplementary
10. (1) Subject to paragraph 8(3), nothing in this Schedule affects any right of
action or liability of any party to a financial services dispute or a payment services
dispute but no person may recover both damages in proceedings to enforce any such
right or liability and compensation under this Schedule in respect of the same loss or
damage.268

(2) The Arbitration Act 1976 shall not apply to any investigation,
determination or award under this Schedule.
(3) If it appears to the Treasury expedient to do so having regards to any
change in the value of money, the Treasury may by order amend paragraph 6(2A).
An order under this sub-paragraph may include any transitional or consequential
provision that appears to the Treasury to be necessary or expedient.269

Notice of mediation to customers
11. (1) The OFT may by regulations make provision requiring financial services
suppliers or payment service providers to notify their customers of the availability of
mediation and adjudication under this Schedule in such manner and at such times as
may be specified in the regulations.270

(2) Any person who contravenes regulations made under subparagraph (1)
is guilty of an offence.271

Schedule 4: definitions
12. In this Schedule —
“financial services
” means such regulated activity, insurance business, credit
business, pensions business or other financial business as is specified in
an order made by the OFT;
Financial Services Act 2008 SCHEDULE 4


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 69

“financial services dispute
” has the meaning given by paragraph 1;
“the Payment Services Directive
” means the Directive 2007/64/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2007 on
payment services in the internal market [OJEU No L 319, 5.12.2007, p. 1]
as from time to time amended;272

“payment services dispute
” has the meaning given by paragraph 1A;273

and references to payment services, payment service providers and payment service
users are to be construed in accordance with the Payment Services Directive.274

SCHEDULE 5 Financial Services Act 2008


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SCHEDULE 5

DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION

Section 31
Restrictions on disclosure of information
1. (1) Subject to paragraph 2, information which is restricted information for
the purposes of this paragraph and relates to the business or other affairs of any person
shall not be disclosed by a person mentioned in sub-paragraph (3) (“the primary
recipient”) or any person obtaining the information directly or indirectly from the
primary recipient without the consent of the person to whom it relates.
(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (4), information is restricted information for the
purposes of this paragraph if it is obtained by the primary recipient for the purposes
of, or in the discharge of the primary recipient’s functions under, this Act, the Collective
Investment Schemes Act 2008 or any public document made under those Acts (whether
or not by virtue of any requirement to supply it made under those provisions).275

(3) The persons mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) are —
(a) the Treasury and its members;
(b) the Authority and its members;276

(c) any person appointed or authorised to exercise any powers under
section 16 of the Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008;277

(d) the Isle of Man Office of Fair Trading or an adjudicator to
whom a dispute has been referred to under Schedule 4;
(e) any body administering a scheme under section 25; and
(f) any officer or servant of any such person.
(4) Information shall not be treated as restricted information for the
purposes of this paragraph if it has been made available to the public by virtue of being
disclosed in any circumstances in which or for any purpose for which disclosure is not
precluded by this paragraph.
(5) Any person who contravenes this paragraph is guilty of an offence.
Exceptions from restrictions on disclosure
2. (1) Paragraph 1 shall not preclude the disclosure of information —
(a) to the Attorney General with a view to the institution of or
otherwise for the purposes of criminal proceedings whether in the
Island or elsewhere;278

(aa) to the Attorney General for use as evidence in criminal
proceedings whether in the Island or elsewhere and whether or
not the information is comprised in documents;279

Financial Services Act 2008 SCHEDULE 5


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 71

(b) to any constable for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Isle of
Man Constabulary to discharge its functions;
(c) with a view to the institution of or otherwise for the purposes of
any civil proceedings arising under or by virtue of this Act or the
Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008;280

(d) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Treasury to discharge
its functions under this Act or under the enactments relating to
companies, insurance companies or insolvency or for the purpose
of enabling or assisting any inspector appointed by the High
Court under the enactments relating to companies to discharge
the functions of inspector;
(da) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Department of
Economic Development under enactments relating to the
regulation and registration of companies, limited partnerships
and other similar bodies;281

(e) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the body administering a
scheme under section 25 to discharge its functions under the
scheme;
(f) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Authority to discharge
its functions under this Act, the Collective Investment Schemes Act
2008, the enactments relating to companies, the Insurance Act 2008,
the Retirement Benefit Schemes Act 2000, or any other of its
functions;282

(fa) for the purpose of enabling —
(i) a receiver appointed under section 21;
(ii) a business manager appointed under section 22; or
(iii) a reporting accountant appointed under section 23,
to carry out the functions for which he or she has been
appointed;283

(fb) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Authority to discharge
its functions under any enactment with respect to a possible
breach of AML/CFT legislation;284

(g) [Repealed]285

(h) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Assessor of Income
Tax to discharge functions under enactments relating to income
tax;
(i) for the purpose of enabling or assisting an official receiver
(whether appointed in the Island or elsewhere and whether in
respect of a person in the Island or elsewhere) to discharge the
functions of official receiver under the enactments relating to
insolvency;
SCHEDULE 5 Financial Services Act 2008


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(j) for the purpose of enabling or assisting a receiver or liquidator
(whether appointed in the Island or elsewhere and whether in
respect of a person in the Island or elsewhere) to discharge the
functions of receiver or, as the case requires, liquidator;
(k) with a view to the institution of, or otherwise for the purposes of,
any disciplinary proceedings relating to the exercise by an
advocate or registered legal practitioner, auditor, accountant,
valuer or actuary of their professional duties;
(l) for the purpose of enabling or assisting any person appointed or
authorised to exercise any powers under section 15 and Schedule
2 to this Act or section 16 of the Collective Investment Schemes Act
2008 to discharge those functions;286

(m) for the purpose of enabling or assisting in the discharge of the
functions of the auditor of a permitted person;
(n) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Isle of Man Office of
Fair Trading and any adjudicator to discharge their respective
functions under Schedule 4 or for the purpose of enabling or
assisting any person exercising equivalent functions outside the
Island;287

(na) for the purpose of enabling of assisting the Isle of Man Office of
Fair Trading to discharge its functions under the enactments listed
in sub-paragraph (1A);288

(o) for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Gambling Supervision
Commission in the discharge of its functions under enactments
relating to all forms of gambling;
(p) if the information is or has been available to the public from other
sources;
(q) in a summary or collection of information framed in such a way
as not to enable the identity of any person to whom the
information relates to be ascertained;
(r) for the purpose of enabling the Public Services Commission to
investigate the conduct of its employees; or289

(s) for the purpose of enabling or assisting to Collector of Customs
and Excise to discharge the Collector’s functions under
enactments relating to customs and excise or in relation to any
assigned matter (as defined in section 184 of the Customs and
Excise Management Act 1986); or290

(t) for the purposes of enabling the following tribunals to carry out
their functions —
(i) the Financial Services Tribunal established under section
32 of the Financial Services Act 2008 (regardless of the
enactment under which the function is conferred);
Financial Services Act 2008 SCHEDULE 5


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 73

(ii) the Collective Investment Schemes Tribunal established
under section 21 of the Collective Investment Schemes Act
2008;
(iii) the Insurance Tribunal established under section 45 of the
Insurance Act 2008;
(iv) the Retirement Benefits Schemes Tribunal established
under section 38 of the Retirement Benefits Schemes Act
2000.291

(1A) The enactments referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(na) are —
(a) the Auctions Act 1985;
(b) the Chapmen’s Act 1971;
(c) the Consumer Protection Act 1991;
(d) the Consumer Protection (Trade Descriptions) Act 1970;
(e) the Fair Trading Act 1996;
(f) the Moneylenders Act 1991;
(g) the Non-Resident Traders Act 1983;
(h) the Timeshare Act 1996;
(i) the Trade Marks Act 1994 (of Parliament) (c.26);
(j) the Unsolicited Goods and Services (Isle of Man) Act 1974; and
(k) the Video Recordings Act 1995.292

(1B) The Treasury may by order amend the list in sub-paragraph (1A).293

(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), paragraph 1 shall not preclude the
disclosure of information for the purpose of enabling or assisting any public or other
authority in the Island for the time being designated for the purposes of this paragraph
by an order made by the Treasury to discharge any functions which are specified in the
order.
(3) An order under sub-paragraph (2) designating an authority for the
purposes of that sub-paragraph may —
(a) impose conditions subject to which the disclosure of information
is permitted by that sub-paragraph; and
(b) otherwise restrict the circumstances in which that sub-paragraph
permits disclosure.
(4) Paragraph 1 shall not preclude the disclosure —
(a) of any information contained in any notice or copy of a notice,
notice of the contents of which has not been given to the public,
by the person on whom it was served or any person obtaining the
information directly or indirectly from the person on whom it was
served; or
SCHEDULE 5 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 74 AT 8 of 2008 c

(b) of any information contained in any register required to be kept
under this Act.
(5) Paragraph 1 shall not preclude the disclosure of information —
(a) to a regulatory authority; or
(b) for the purpose of enabling or assisting an authority (whether a
governmental or private body) in a country or territory outside
the Island —
(i) to exercise functions in connection with rules of law
corresponding to the provisions of the Insider Dealing Act
1998; or
(ii) to exercise functions corresponding to any of those of the
Authority under this Act, the Collective Investment Schemes
Act 2008, the Insurance Act 2008 or the Retirement Benefits
Schemes Act 2000.294

(iii) [Repealed]295

(6) Sub-paragraph (5) shall not permit the disclosure of any information
relating to the affairs of a customer unless —
(a) the customer consents; or
(b) the Authority has given its written consent to the disclosure in
accordance with sub-paragraphs (7) to (9).296

(7) The Authority may consent to a disclosure of information to which sub-
paragraph (6) applies if the Authority is satisfied that disclosure is appropriate having
regard to its functions and the regulatory objectives, having regard to the confidential
nature of the information and the purpose for which it is required.297

(8) In deciding whether to consent to a disclosure of information to which
sub-paragraph (6) applies, the Authority shall take the following factors into
account —
(a) the seriousness of the circumstances of the particular case;
(b) the disclosure is (either itself or when taken with other material)
likely to be of substantial value to the body to which it is made;
(c) whether the information could be obtained by other means;
(d) the standards of confidentiality and information security which
will be applied by the recipient;
(e) whether the making of the disclosure is proportionate to what is
sought to be achieved by it; and
(f) whether reciprocal assistance would be given in the country
concerned.298

(9) The factors set out in sub-paragraph (8) are neither exhaustive nor
definitive.
(10) The Authority may by order modify —
Financial Services Act 2008 SCHEDULE 5


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 75

(a) the matters in respect of which the Authority must be satisfied
under sub-paragraph (7);299

(b) the factors to be taken into account under sub-paragraph (8).300

SCHEDULE 6 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 76 AT 8 of 2008 c

SCHEDULE 6

AMENDMENT OF ENACTMENTS

Section 49
Sch 6 amends the following Acts —
Bills of Exchange Act 1883 q.v.
Industrial and Building Societies Act 1892 q.v.
Companies Act 1931 q.v.
Trustee Act 1961 q.v.
Income Tax Act 1970 q.v.
Advocates Act 1976 q.v.
Theft Act 1981 q.v.
Companies Act 1982 q.v.
Building Societies Act 1986 q.v.
Legal Aid Act 1986 q.v.
Insurance Act 1986 q.v.
Financial Supervision Act 1988 q.v.
Moneylenders Act 1991 q.v.
Consumer Protection Act 1991 q.v.
High Court Act 1991 q.v.
Companies Act 1992 q.v.
Credit Unions Act 1993 q.v.
Post Office Act 1993 q.v.
Purpose Trusts Act 1996 q.v.
Fair Trading Act 1996 q.v.
Insider Dealing Act 1998 q.v.
Retirement Benefits Schemes Act 2000 q.v.
Online Gambling Regulation Act 2001 q.v.
Trustee Act 2001 q.v.
Anti-Terrorism and Crime Act 2003 q.v.
Fiduciary Services Act 2005 q.v.
Tribunals Act 2006 q.v.
Companies Act 2006 q.v.]
Financial Services Act 2008 Schedule 7


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 77

Schedule 7

REPEAL OF ENACTMENTS

Section 50
[Sch 7 repeals the following Acts in part —
Industrial and Building Societies Act 1892
Industrial and Building Societies (Amendment) Act 1955
Building Societies Act 1986
Financial Supervision Act 1988
Insider Dealing Act 1998
Corporate Service Providers Act 2000
Retirement Benefits Schemes Act 2000
Fair Trading (Amendment) Act 2001
Anti-Terrorism and Crime Act 2003
Income Tax Act 2003
Fiduciary Services Act 2005 2001
Tribunals Act 2006.
and the following Acts wholly —
Financial Supervision Commission Act 1984
Investment Business Act 1991
Investment Business (Amendment) Act 1993
Banking Act 1998.]
SCHEDULE 8 Financial Services Act 2008


Page 78 AT 8 of 2008 c

SCHEDULE 8

TRANSITIONAL AND SAVING PROVISIONS

Section 51
1. Existing members, chairperson and deputy chairperson will continue in office
as if appointed under this Act and for the term specified in the Statutory Boards Act
1987.
2. Licences and authorisations under any enactment repealed by this Act have
effect as licences under this Act.
3. Where a provision of an Act repealed by this Act has been amended by a public
document, the amendment in the public document shall, so far as it amends such a
provision, be revoked and where a public document is rendered unnecessary by this
paragraph, the public document shall itself cease to have effect.
4. Where by virtue of this Act, any references in any enactment to a provision of an
Act repealed by this Act is substituted by a reference to this Act, the latter shall be
construed as including, in relation to circumstances or purposes in relation to which
the former has or had effect, a reference to the former.
5. (1) The repeal by section [50] and Schedule 7 of the provisions of any
enactment shall not affect in any way the amendment of other enactments (including
savings, transitional provisions and modifications relating to those amendments) made
by those provisions or the operation or effect of those amendments.301

(2) In sub-paragraph (1), “amendment” includes the insertion of words or
expressions, and the substitution of other words or expressions.
(3) This paragraph is without prejudice to the generality of sections 3 and 15
of the Interpretation Act 1976.
Financial Services Act 2008 Endnotes


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 79

ENDNOTES

Table of Legislation History

Legislation Year and No Commencement

ADO (whole Act except the repeal of s
21(1)(c) Financial Supervision Act 1988).
SD366/08 as
amended by
SD590/08) with
savings and
transitional
provisions
1/8/2008




Table of Renumbered Provisions

Original Current






Table of Endnote References

1
Long title amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 2
S 1 substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 3
S 2 substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 4
S 3A inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 5. 5
Subpara (ii) amended by Foreign Companies Act 2014 Sch. 6
Subpara (vi) inserted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3. 7
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 8
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 9
Para (c) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 6
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 10
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 11
Para (d) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 6. 12
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 13
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 14
Subs (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 15
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 16
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 17
Subs (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276.
Endnotes Financial Services Act 2008


Page 80 AT 8 of 2008 c

18
Subs (6) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 25
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 19
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 20
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 21
Subs (4) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 25
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 22
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 23
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 24
Subs (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 25
S 10 heading substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act
2013 s 7. 26
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 27
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 28
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 29
Subpara (i) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s
7. 30
Subpara (ii) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 31
Subpara (iii) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 32
Subs (5) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 33
Subs (6) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 34
Subs (8) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 7. 35
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 36
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 37
S 10A inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 8. 38
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 39
Para (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 40
Para (d) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 41
Para (e) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 42
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 43
S 10B inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 8. 44
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 45
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 46
S 10C inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 8. 47
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 48
S 10D inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 8. 49
Para (aa) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 50
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 51
Subs (1) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 52
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 53
Para (a) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 54
Para (b) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9.
Financial Services Act 2008 Endnotes


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 81

55
Para (c) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 56
Subs (4) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 57
Para (a) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 58
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 59
Para (b) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 60
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 61
Para (a) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 62
Para (b) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 63
Para (c) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 64
Proviso to subs (7) repealed by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act
2013 s 9. 65
Subs (7) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 66
Subs (8) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 9. 67
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 68
Para (d) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 69
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 70
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 71
Subs (1) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 10
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 72
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 73
Subs (3) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 10
and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 74
Subs (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 75
Subs (5) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 76
Subs (6) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 77
Subs (7) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 10
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 78
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 79
Subs (2A) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 11
and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 80
Subs (3) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 25
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 81
Para (c) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 82
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 83
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 84
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 85
Subs (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 86
Subs (5) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 87
S 17 heading amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276.
Endnotes Financial Services Act 2008


Page 82 AT 8 of 2008 c

88
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 89
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 90
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 91
Para (h) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 92
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 93
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 94
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 95
Subs (1) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 12
and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 96
Subs (2) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 12. 97
Subpara (v) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 13. 98
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 99
Para (b) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 13. 100
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 101
Subs (6) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 102
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 103
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 104
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 105
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 106
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 107
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 108
Subs (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 109
Subs (5) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 110
Subs (8) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 111
Subs (10) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 14
and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 112
S 24 amended by SD2015/0206. 113
Para (a) amended by Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008 Sch 6. 114
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 115
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 116
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 117
Subs (3) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s
15 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 118
Table substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 15. 119
Subs (6) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 120
S 33 substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 121
Subs (1) substituted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 122
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 123
Subs (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 124
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276.
Financial Services Act 2008 Endnotes


c AT 8 of 2008 Page 83

125
Subs (2) repealed by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 36. 126
Para (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 127
S 40 heading substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act
2013 s 17. 128
Para (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 129
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 130
Para (c) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 131
Subs (2) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 17
and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 132
Subs (3) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 17
and substituted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015 Sch 3. 133
Subs (1) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 25. 134
Subs (2) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 ss 18
and 25. 135
Subs (6) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 136
Subs (7) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 137
Subs (4) substituted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3. 138
S 43 amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 25 and
by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 139
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 140
Subs (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 141
Para (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 142
Subs (4) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 25
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 143
Para (c) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 144
Subs (5) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 145
Para (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 146
S 46 amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 147
Definition of “AML/CFT legislation” inserted by Designated Businesses
(Registration and Oversight) Act 2015 Sch 3. 148
Subpara (i) amended by Civil Partnership Act 2011 Sch 14. 149
Definition of “the Authority” inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 150
Definition of “the Commission” repealed by SD2015/0090 as amended by
SD2015/0276. 151
Definition of “controller” amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous
Amendments) Act 2013 s 19. 152
Para (e) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 19. 153
Para (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 154
Definition of “policyholder” inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 155
Para (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276.
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Definition of “retirement benefits scheme” inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by
SD2015/0276. 157
Subpara (ii) amended by Foreign Companies Act 2014 Sch. 158
Para (ba) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 201 s 19. 159
Subs (5) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 160
Subs (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 161
ADO – SD366/08 as amended by SD590/08 – whole Act in operation for the purposes
of making any appointment, order, regulations, rules or Rule Book on 19/06/2008; for
all other purposes on 01/08/2008, with savings (see Articles 3 to 9 of SD366/08 as
amended). 162
Subs (3) expired 17/06/2011 by virtue of subs (4). 163
Subs (4) spent on expiry of subs (3). 164
Sch 1 heading substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 165
Subpara (5) substituted by SD2015/0322. 166
Subpara (16) repealed by SD2015/0322. 167
Item (b) substituted by SD2015/0322. 168
Item (c) repealed by SD2015/0322. 169
Para 1 substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 170
Item (aa) inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 171
Item (ab) inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 172
Item (ba) inserted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3. 173
Item (d) repealed by SD155/10 Sch 2. 174
Item (g) amended by Companies (Amendment) Act 2009 s 34. 175
Item (ga) inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 176
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 177
Items (b) and (c) repealed by SD155/10 Sch 2. 178
Items (e) to (g) repealed by SD155/10 Sch 2. 179
Item (k) repealed by SD155/10 Sch 2. 180
Item (m) substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 181
Item (ma) inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 182
Item (mb) inserted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 183
Item (n) amended by Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008 Sch 6. 184
Item (o) repealed by SD155/10 Sch 2. 185
Item (u) repealed by SD155/10 Sch 2. 186
Items (w) and (x) repealed by SD155/10 Sch 2. 187
Item (z) inserted by Company Officers (Disqualification) Act 2009 Sch 4. 188
Item (za) inserted by Terrorism (Finance) Act 2009 s 29 and substituted by
SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 189
Item (zb) inserted by Incorporated Cell Companies Act 2010 s 36. 190
Item (zc) inserted by Foundations Act 2011 s 66.
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191
Item (zd) inserted by SD2015/0206, effective 23/07/2015. [Editorial note: The
Payment Services Act 2015 was also subsequently added to this list as item (ze) by
SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276, effective 01/11/2015.] 192
Item (ze) inserted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3, effective 26/10/2015. [Editorial note: The Designated Businesses (Registration
and Oversight) Act 2015 was added to this list by the Designated Businesses
(Registration and Oversight) Act 2015 as item (zd), effective 26/10/2015, but item (zd)
had already been used so the next item number has been used – see also note to item
(zd).] 193
Heading amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 194
Para 3 substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 195
Para 4 heading substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act
2013 s 20. 196
Item (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 197
Subpara (1) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 20 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 198
Subpara (2) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 20 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 199
Item (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 200
Subpara (2A) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 20. 201
Subpara (2B) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 20. 202
Subpara (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 203
Subpara (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 204
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 205
Subpara (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 206
Subpara (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 207
Subpara (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 208
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 209
Item (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 210
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 211
Item (d) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 212
Subpara (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 213
Para 8 amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 214
Para 9 substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 215
Sch 1A inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 5. 216
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 217
Item (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 218
Item (c) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21. 219
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 220
Subpara (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276.
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Subpara (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 222
Subpara (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 223
Subpara (6) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21. 224
Subpara (7) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21 and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 225
Subpara (9) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21. 226
Subpara (10) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21. 227
Subpara (1) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 228
Subpara (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 229
Subpara (3) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21 and by SD2015/0090 and by SD2015/0276. 230
Subpara (4) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 25 and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 231
Subpara (6) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 21 and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 232
Heading substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 233
Subpara (1) substituted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act
2015 Sch 3 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 234
Subpara (2) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 235
Subpara (3) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 236
Subpara (4) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 237
Subpara (5) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 238
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 239
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 240
Item (m) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 241
Item (q) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 242
Item (u) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 22
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 243
Item (w) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 22
and by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 244
Item (x) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 245
Subpara (2) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 22 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 246
Subpara (3) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 22 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 247
Item (a) amended by SD2014/0404 (see SD2014/0404 for interpretation and limitation
of effect). 248
Subpara (5) inserted by SD2015/0206. 249
Cross-heading inserted by SD2015/0206.
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250
Item (a) amended by SD2015/0281. 251
Para 1A inserted by SD 2015/0206. 252
Subpara (4) inserted by SD2015/0281. 253
Subpara (5) inserted by SD2015/0281. 254
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0206. 255
Subpara (2) amended by SD2015/0206. 256
Subpara (3) amended by SD2015/0206. 257
Item (a) amended by SD2015/0206. 258
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0206. 259
Item (b) amended by Public Services Commission Act 2015 Sch. 260
Subpara (4) amended by SD2015/0206. 261
Item (b) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 23. 262
Subpara (2A) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s
23. 263
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0206. 264
Subpara (2) amended by SD2015/0206. 265
Subpara (3) amended by SD2015/0206. 266
Item (a) amended by SD2015/0206. 267
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0206. 268
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0206. 269
Subpara (3) substituted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 23. 270
Subpara (1) amended by SD2015/0206. 271
Subpara (2) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 25. 272
Definition of “the Payment Services Directive” inserted by SD2015/0281. 273
Definition of “payment services dispute” inserted by SD2015/0206. 274
Para 12 amended by SD2015/0206 and by SD2015/0281. 275
Subpara (2) amended by Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008 Sch 6. 276
Item (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 277
Item (c) amended by Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008 Sch 6. 278
Item (a) substituted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3. 279
Item (aa) inserted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3. 280
Item (c) amended by Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008 Sch 6. 281
Item (da) inserted by SD155/10 Sch 2. 282
Item (f) substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 283
Item (fa) inserted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3. 284
Item (fb) inserted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3 and amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276.
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Item (g) repealed by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 286
Item (l) amended by Collective Investment Schemes Act 2008 Sch 6. 287
Item (n) amended by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 24. 288
Item (na) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 24. 289
Item (r) substituted by Public Services Commission Act 2015 Sch. 290
Item (s) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013 s 24. 291
Item (t) inserted by Designated Businesses (Registration and Oversight) Act 2015
Sch 3. 292
Subpara (1A) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 24. 293
Subpara (1B) inserted by Financial Services (Miscellaneous Amendments) Act 2013
s 24. 294
Subitem (ii) substituted by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 295
Subitem (iii) repealed by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 296
Item (b) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 297
Subpara (7) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 298
Subpara (8) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 299
Item (a) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 300
Subpara (10) amended by SD2015/0090 as amended by SD2015/0276. 301
Ed. Note: Printed as 49 in the original Act.