Endangered Species Act 2010

Link to law: https://legislation.gov.im/cms/images/LEGISLATION/PRINCIPAL/2010/2010-0007/EndangeredSpeciesAct2010_3.pdf
Published: 2013-11-01

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Endangered Species Act 2010

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AT 7 of 2010

ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT 2010

Endangered Species Act 2010 Index


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ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT 2010

Index Section Page

PART 1 – GENERAL 7

1 The Convention ............................................................................................................... 7
2 Functions of Department ............................................................................................... 7
3 Functions of Committee ................................................................................................. 8
4 Prescribed species of animals and plants etc. ............................................................. 9
PART 2 – CONTROL OF MOVEMENT OF SPECIMENS 10

Import, export and re-export 10

5 Import etc. of Class A or B specimens ....................................................................... 10
6 Import etc. of Class C specimens ................................................................................ 10
7 Export or re-export of specimens ............................................................................... 10
8 Places where animals and plants may be imported etc. ......................................... 11
9 Notice of import etc. to be given ................................................................................ 11
10 Exemptions and defences ............................................................................................ 11
11 Documents to be presented at request of officer ...................................................... 12
Transit, transhipment and transport 12

12 Requirements in relation to transit, transhipment and transport .......................... 12
PART 3 – CONTROL OF COMMERCE ETC 13

13 Purchase, sale etc. of Class A or B specimens ........................................................... 13
14 Possession of specimens .............................................................................................. 14
PART 4 – PERMITS AND CERTIFICATES 15

Permits and certificates 15

15 Permits relating to trade .............................................................................................. 15
16 Certificates ..................................................................................................................... 15
17 Breach of conditions of permit or certificate ............................................................. 16
18 Appeals against decisions............................................................................................ 17
19 Power of court to revoke permit or certificate etc. ................................................... 17
Index Endangered Species Act 2010


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PART 5 – MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTAL 18

Registration 18

20 Registration of scientific institutions ......................................................................... 18
21 Registration of certain traders etc. ............................................................................. 19
22 Registration: supplemental ......................................................................................... 19
Marking of specimens 21

23 Marking of specimens .................................................................................................. 21
24 Marking of specimens by commercial producers .................................................... 21
25 Tampering etc. with marking ..................................................................................... 21
26 Powers to inspect, take samples and seize goods and records .............................. 21
27 Powers to inspect and seize animals and plants ...................................................... 22
28 Rights of entry etc. ........................................................................................................ 23
29 Forfeiture if owner cannot be found .......................................................................... 25
30 Power of court to order forfeiture of specimen ........................................................ 25
31 Disposal of forfeits ....................................................................................................... 25
32 Detention and forfeiture .............................................................................................. 26
33 Power of court to order payment of certain expenses ............................................ 26
34 Obstruction etc. ............................................................................................................. 26
35 Offences in relation to documents ............................................................................. 27
36 Offences: supplemental ............................................................................................... 28
37 Time limit for summary prosecutions ....................................................................... 28
Amendment of Act 29

38 Amendment of Act ....................................................................................................... 29
Supplemental 29

39 Interpretation ................................................................................................................ 29
40 Subordinate legislation ................................................................................................ 34
41 Transitional provisions, amendments and repeals.................................................. 35
42 Short title and commencement ................................................................................... 35
SCHEDULE 1 37

THE WILDLIFE COMMITTEE 37
SCHEDULE 2 37

PERMITS AND CERTIFICATES 37
SCHEDULE 3 46

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS 46
SCHEDULE 4 47

MINOR AND CONSEQUENTIAL AMENDMENTS 47
SCHEDULE 5 48

ENACTMENTS REPEALED 48
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ENDNOTES 49

TABLE OF LEGISLATION HISTORY 49
TABLE OF RENUMBERED PROVISIONS 49
TABLE OF ENDNOTE REFERENCES 49

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c i e
ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT 2010

Received Royal Assent: 19 October 2010
Announced to Tynwald: 19 October 2010
Commenced: 8 July 2011
AN ACT
to give effect to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered
Species of Wild Fauna and Flora; and for connected purposes.
PART 1 – GENERAL

1 The Convention

[Cmnd.6647]
(1) In this Act “the Convention
” means the Convention on International
Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna signed at
Washington on 3rd March 1973.
(2) The Department of Environment, Food and Agriculture shall establish a
body by the name of the Wildlife Committee.1

(3) For the purposes of the Convention —
(a) the Department shall be the Management Authority; and
(b) the Committee shall be the Scientific Authority.
(4) Schedule 1 shall have effect with respect to the Committee.
(5) This Act applies in relation to trade in any thing whether or not the
country from which it originated, or from or to which it is traded or is to
be traded, is a signatory to the Convention.
2 Functions of Department

(1) The Department shall —
(a) co-operate with other relevant authorities in the implementation
and enforcement of legislation, in the Island and elsewhere,
relating to species conservation;
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(b) grant permits and certificates under this Act, and register
scientific institutions under this Act, in accordance with the
provisions of the Convention;
(c) maintain records of the import into the Island of specimens and
the export or re-export from the Island of specimens;
(d) establish or designate places for the holding of live specimens;
and
(e) communicate with relevant authorities in other countries or
territories in relation to scientific, administrative and enforcement
matters.
(2) The Department shall provide to the appropriate authority in the United
Kingdom, before 31st October in each year (or such other date in
substitution for that date as that authority may require), a report in
relation to the previous calendar year specifying —
(a) the number and type of permits and certificates which were
issued under this Act;
(b) the countries or territories to or from which trade in specimens
from or to the Island took place;
(c) the numbers or quantities, species and type of Class A specimens,
Class B specimens and Class C specimens; and
(d) any other information which the Secretariat has notified the
Department is required to be provided in the report.
(3) If so required by that authority, the Department shall provide to that
authority a biennial report on legislative, regulatory and administrative
measures taken to enforce the provisions of the Convention.
(4) The Department shall keep at its principal office, in such form (including
an electronic form) as it thinks fit, a register of permits and certificates
issued under this Act.
(5) The register referred to in subsection (4) shall not include details
identifying the person to whom a permit or certificate is issued.
(6) Any person may during normal business hours inspect the register
referred to in subsection (4).
3 Functions of Committee

The Committee shall advise the Department on —
(a) the effects of international trade on the survival of endangered
species;
(b) any other matter which the Committee considers relevant to the
survival of species;
(c) any other matter in respect of which the Department is required
by this Act to consult the Committee.
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4 Prescribed species of animals and plants etc.

(1) The Department shall by order prescribe species of animals and plants
for the purposes of this Act.
(2) An order under subsection (1) —
(a) shall designate every prescribed species of animal or plant as
falling within one of 3 prescribed classes (described as “Class A”,
“Class B” and “Class C”); and
(b) may designate a prescribed species of animal or plant as falling
within a prescribed sub-class of a class prescribed under
paragraph (a).
(3) An order under subsection (1) may prescribe species, or designate
species under subsection (2)(a) or (b), by reference to any of the following
documents —
(a) the Convention;
(b) a document of a legislative or administrative character made
by —
(i) an international organisation;
(ii) an authority of a country or territory outside the Island; or
(iii) a person or body incorporated or established in such a
country or territory; or
(c) an EU instrument.2

(4) An order under subsection (1) may make provision, or give effect to a
provision of a document referred to in subsection (3), for treating an
animal or plant which is a hybrid of 2 species, at least one of which is a
prescribed species, —
(a) as an animal or plant of a prescribed species, and
(b) as an animal or plant falling within a class or sub-class prescribed
under subsection (2)(a) or (b).
(5) An order under subsection (1) may include provision, or give effect to a
provision of a document referred to in subsection (3), for treating —
(a) an animal of a prescribed class or sub-class which was born and
bred in captivity, or
(b) a plant of a prescribed class or sub-class which was artificially
propagated,
as falling within a different prescribed class or sub-class.
(6) An order under subsection (1) may make provision, or give effect to a
provision of a document referred to in subsection (3), for exempting from
any provision of this Act —
(a) a prescribed animal or prescribed plant of a description specified
in the order, or
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(b) a part or derivative of a prescribed animal or prescribed plant of a
description so specified.
(7) An order under subsection (1) may make provision under subsection (3),
(4), (5) or (6) by reference to a document referred to in subsection (3) —
(a) as in force at such time (whether before, at or after the making of
the order) as may be specified in, or determined in accordance
with, the order, or
(b) as that document has effect from time to time.
PART 2 – CONTROL OF MOVEMENT OF SPECIMENS

Import, export and re-export
5 Import etc. of Class A or B specimens

(1) A person shall not import (other than by way of introduction from the
sea) a Class A specimen or a Class B specimen, except under and in
accordance with an import permit issued in relation to the specimen.
(2) A person shall not introduce from the sea a Class A specimen or a Class
B specimen except under and in accordance with an introduction from
the sea certificate issued under section 16 in relation to the specimen.
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) is guilty of an offence and
liable —
(a) on conviction on information, to custody for a term not exceeding
5 years or to a fine, or to both;
(b) on summary conviction to custody for a term not exceeding 6
months or to a fine not exceeding £5,000, or to both.
6 Import etc. of Class C specimens

(1) A person who imports a Class C specimen (otherwise than by way of
introduction from the sea) shall, at such time as is prescribed, produce to
an authorised officer such documents in relation to the specimen as are
prescribed.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence and
liable on summary conviction to custody for a term not exceeding 6
months or to a fine not exceeding £5,000, or to both.
7 Export or re-export of specimens

(1) A person shall not export a specimen except under and in accordance
with an export permit issued in relation to the specimen.
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(2) A person shall not re-export a specimen except under and in accordance
with a re-export certificate issued under section 16 in relation to the
specimen.
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) in relation to a Class A
specimen or a Class B specimen is guilty of an offence and liable —
(a) on conviction on information, to custody for a term not exceeding
2 years or to a fine, or to both;
(b) on summary conviction to custody for a term not exceeding 6
months or to a fine not exceeding £5,000, or to both.
(4) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) in relation to a Class C
specimen is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to
custody for a term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine not exceeding
£5,000, or to both.
8 Places where animals and plants may be imported etc.

(1) The Department may by order designate a place, being —
(a) an aerodrome for the time being designated as a customs and
excise airport under section 14(7) of the Customs and Excise
Management Act 1986; or
(b) an area for the time being appointed and named under
section 12(1) of that Act as a port for the purposes of customs and
excise,
as a place at which specimens of a description specified in the order may
be imported, exported or re-exported by air or sea, as the case may be.
(2) A person who imports, exports or re-exports a specimen of a description
specified in an order under subsection (1) at a place other than one
designated by the order in relation to specimens of that description is
guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £2,500.
9 Notice of import etc. to be given

A person who imports, exports or re-exports a specimen without first giving at
least 48 hours’ notice to such person and in such manner as may be prescribed is
guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding
£2,500.
10 Exemptions and defences

(1) Regulations may provide for —
(a) exemptions from sections 5 to 9, and
(b) defences in proceedings for offences under those sections,
in such circumstances as are prescribed.
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(2) Regulations may in particular provide for exemptions or defences —
(a) for recognised scientific institutions,
(b) for the Department and recognised management authorities; and
(c) in respect of specimens in respect of which there is in force —
(i) a certificate of captive breeding;
(ii) a certificate of artificial propagation;
(iii) a pre-Convention certificate;
(iv) a travelling exhibition certificate; or
(v) a personal ownership certificate;
or a document issued by a recognised management authority and
equivalent to any such certificate.
11 Documents to be presented at request of officer

(1) Regulations may —
(a) prescribe the documents which must be provided on request to an
authorised officer when a specimen is imported, exported or re-
exported; and
(b) require any such document which is not taken by an authorised
officer to be kept for a prescribed period after the import, export
or re-export.
(2) A person who —
(a) imports, exports or re-exports a specimen, and
(b) fails on request by an authorised officer to provide the prescribed
documents,
is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £2,500.
(3) A person who —
(a) imports, exports or re-exports a specimen, and
(b) fails to keep for the prescribed period such of the prescribed
documents as are not taken by an authorised officer,
is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £2,500.
Transit, transhipment and transport
12 Requirements in relation to transit, transhipment and transport

(1) Regulations may impose requirements with respect to —
(a) the transit or transhipment, or
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(b) the transport within the Island,
of live specimens.
(2) Requirements under subsection (1) may include requirements as to the
issue, possession and production of documents in relation to the transit,
transhipment or transport of live specimens.
(3) Any person having charge of a live specimen shall take all reasonable
steps to ensure that the animal or plant is only in transit, transhipped or
transported in the Island in accordance with the requirements imposed
under subsection (1) relating to such transit, transhipment or transport.
(4) A person who contravenes subsection (3) is guilty of an offence and
liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £2,500.
PART 3 – CONTROL OF COMMERCE ETC

13 Purchase, sale etc. of Class A or B specimens

(1) This section applies to —
(a) any Class A specimen, and
(b) any Class B specimen which has been —
(i) imported into the Island in contravention of section 5, or
(ii) acquired in contravention of this section.
(2) Subject to subsections (3) to (5) and to regulations under subsection (8), a
person who —
(a) buys,
(b) offers to buy,
(c) acquires for commercial purposes,
(d) displays to the public for commercial purposes,
(e) uses for commercial gain,
(f) sells,
(g) keeps for sale,
(h) offers for sale, or
(i) transports for sale,
a specimen to which this section applies is guilty of an offence.
(3) Subsection (2) does not apply to anything authorised by, and done in
accordance with the terms of, a permit or certificate.
(4) In proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) it is a defence for the
accused to show that at the time the alleged offence was committed he or
she had no reason to believe that the specimen was a Class A specimen
or a Class B specimen, as the case may be.
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(5) In proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) relating to a Class B
specimen it is a defence for the accused to show that —
(a) at the time when the specimen first came into his possession he or
she made such enquiries (if any) as in the circumstances were
reasonable in order to ascertain whether it was imported or
acquired as mentioned in subsection (1)(b); and
(b) at the time the alleged offence was committed, he or she had no
reason to believe that the specimen was imported or acquired as
mentioned in subsection (1)(b).
(6) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) in relation to a Class A
specimen is liable —
(a) on conviction on information, to custody for a term not exceeding
2 years or to a fine, or to both;
(b) on summary conviction to custody for a term not exceeding 6
months or to a fine not exceeding £5,000, or to both.
(7) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) in relation to a Class B
specimen is liable on summary conviction to custody for a term not
exceeding 6 months or to a fine not exceeding £5,000, or to both.
(8) Regulations may provide for —
(a) further exemptions from subsection (2), and
(b) further defences in proceedings for offences under that
subsection.
14 Possession of specimens

(1) A person who without reasonable excuse has in his or her possession, or
under his or her control, any specimen that he or she knows, or ought
reasonably to be expected to know, has been —
(a) imported by a person in contravention of Part 2; or
(b) unlawfully taken from the wild in, or exported from, a country or
territory in contravention of the law of that country or territory;
is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to custody for a
term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine, or to both.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a specimen in the possession or under
the control of —
(a) an authorised officer,
(b) the Department,
(c) a person authorised by the Department to be in possession or
control of the specimen,
(d) a recognised management authority, or
(e) a person authorised by a recognised management authority.
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PART 4 – PERMITS AND CERTIFICATES

Permits and certificates
15 Permits relating to trade

(1) The Department may issue a permit for the import or export of —
(a) a specimen, or
(b) a consignment of specimens.
(2) A permit shall —
(a) state whether it is for import or export;
(b) specify the specimen or consignment of specimens to which it
relates;
(c) specify the person to whom it is issued; and
(d) contain such further particulars as are prescribed.
(3) Regulations may prescribe the conditions which must be complied with
if a permit is to be issued.
(4) Parts 1 and 3 of Schedule 2 shall have effect with respect to permits
under this section.
(5) Where the Department is satisfied that the issue of a permit authorising
the import or export of —
(a) an animal or plant, whether alive or dead; or
(b) any part or derivative of an animal or plant, whether or not
contained in other goods,
which is not a specimen would facilitate its import or export, it may, if it
considers it expedient to do so, issue such a permit.
16 Certificates

(1) The Department may issue in respect of any specimen —
(a) a certificate authorising the re-export of the specimen (a “re-
export certificate”);
(b) a certificate as to the country of origin of the specimen (a
“certificate of origin”);
(c) a certificate that the specimen was, or is part of or was derived
from a specimen which was, born and bred in captivity (a
“certificate of captive breeding”);
(d) a certificate that the specimen was, or is part of or was derived
from a specimen which was, artificially propagated (a “certificate
of artificial propagation”);
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(e) a certificate that the specimen is a pre-Convention specimen (a
“pre-Convention certificate”);
(f) a certificate that the specimen is part of a travelling exhibition (a
“travelling exhibition certificate”);
(g) in the case of a live animal, a certificate that the holder legally
acquired the specimen and holds it for personal non-commercial
purposes (a “personal ownership certificate”); or
(h) a certificate that prescribed conditions are satisfied by or in
relation to the specimen.
(2) The Department may issue in respect of any specimen or any description
of specimens a certificate authorising the introduction from the sea of the
specimen or specimens of that description, as the case may be (an
“introduction from the sea certificate”).
(3) A certificate shall —
(a) unless regulations provide otherwise, specify —
(i) the specimen to which it relates, in the case of a certificate
under subsection (1); or
(ii) the specimen or description of specimens to which it
relates, in the case of an introduction from the sea
certificate;
(b) specify the person to whom it is issued; and
(c) contain such further particulars as are prescribed.
(4) Regulations may prescribe the conditions which must be complied with
if a certificate is to be issued.
(5) Parts 2 and 3 of Schedule 2 shall have effect with respect to certificates
under this section.
(6) Where the Department is satisfied that the issue of a certificate
authorising the re-export of —
(a) an animal or plant, whether alive or dead; or
(b) any part or derivative of an animal or plant, whether or not
contained in other goods,
which is not a specimen would facilitate its re-export, it may, if it
considers it expedient to do so, issue such a certificate.
17 Breach of conditions of permit or certificate

A person who fails to comply with a condition subject to which a permit or
certificate is issued is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a
fine not exceeding £2,500.
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18 Appeals against decisions

(1) A person who has applied for a permit or certificate may appeal to the
High Bailiff against a decision by the Department —
(a) to grant the application in respect of some (but not all) of the
specimens or consignments or descriptions of specimens specified
in the application;
(b) to specify a condition in the permit or certificate; or
(c) to refuse to issue the permit or certificate.
(2) The holder of a permit or certificate may appeal to the High Bailiff
against a decision by the Department —
(a) to refuse an application under paragraph 6(1) or 13(1) of Schedule
2 for amendment of the permit or certificate in respect of some
(but not all) of the specimens or consignments or descriptions of
specimens specified in the application;
(b) to amend a permit or certificate under paragraph 6(7) or 13(7) of
that Schedule; or
(c) to revoke a permit or certificate under paragraph 7(2) or 14(2) of
that Schedule.
(3) An appeal under this section shall be brought within 21 days after the
appellant is notified in writing of the decision appealed against or within
such further time as the High Bailiff may allow.
(4) Unless the High Bailiff so orders, the lodging of an appeal shall not
operate to stay the effect of a decision pending the determination of the
appeal.
(5) On an appeal under this section the High Bailiff may reverse or vary the
decision appealed against if the High Bailiff considers that the relevant
authority —
(a) erred in law;
(b) based its decision on any incorrect material fact;
(c) exercised its discretion in an unreasonable manner; or
(d) otherwise acted beyond its powers.
(6) In subsection (5) “the relevant authority” means —
(a) in any case, the Department; and
(b) where the Department in making its decision acted on the advice
of the Committee, the Committee.
19 Power of court to revoke permit or certificate etc.

(1) Where a person is convicted of an offence against this Act, the court by
which he or she was convicted may order that —
(a) a permit or certificate held by the person be revoked; or
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(b) the person be disqualified for holding any permit or certificate or
a permit or certificate of a specified description,
for such period as it thinks fit.
(2) Where a court has made an order under subsection (1), it may, if it thinks
fit, suspend the operation of the order —
(a) for such period as it thinks necessary for enabling arrangements
to be made for the disposal of any specimen; or
(b) pending an appeal.
(3) A person who is disqualified by virtue of an order under subsection (1)
may, at any time after the expiration of —
(a) one year from the date of the order; or
(b) two-thirds of the period of the disqualification,
whichever is the later, and from time to time, apply to the court by which
the order was made to remove the disqualification.
(4) On an application under subsection (3), the court may, as it thinks fit,
either —
(a) direct that, as from such date as may be specified in the direction,
the disqualification be removed or that the order be so varied so
as to apply only to a permit or certificate of a kind specified in the
direction; or
(b) refuse the application.
(5) When considering an application under subsection (3) the court shall
have regard to —
(a) the character of the applicant and his or her conduct since the
making of the order;
(b) the nature of the offence of which he or she was convicted; and
(c) any other circumstances of the case.
PART 5 – MISCELLANEOUS AND SUPPLEMENTAL

Registration
20 Registration of scientific institutions

(1) The Department shall keep at its principal office, in such form (including
an electronic form) as it thinks fit, a register of recognised scientific
institutions.
(2) An entry of an institution in the register —
(a) shall specify —
(i) the activities in respect of which,
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(ii) the descriptions of specimens in respect of which, and
(iii) the conditions subject to which,
the institution is registered; and
(b) shall contain such further particulars as are prescribed.
(3) The entry of an institution in the register shall authorise —
(a) the institution;
(b) any officer or employee of the institution; and
(c) any other person who is acting under the institution’s general
supervision,
to carry on, in accordance with this Act, regulations under section 22 and
the conditions subject to which the institution is registered, the activities
specified under subsection (2) in that entry, in relation to specimens of
the description so specified.
21 Registration of certain traders etc.

(1) Regulations may provide for the keeping by the Department of registers
of persons —
(a) importing, exporting or re-exporting biological samples of
prescribed types;
(b) exporting or re-exporting Class B specimens or Class C specimens
(other than live animals or plants);
(c) breeding in captivity in the Island animals of a prescribed species;
or
(d) artificially propagating in the Island plants of a prescribed
species.
(2) An entry of a person in such a register —
(a) shall specify the descriptions of biological samples, the prescribed
species, or the descriptions of animals or plants of prescribed
species, as the case may be, in respect of which the person is
registered; and
(b) shall contain such further particulars as are prescribed.
(3) Regulations may provide for simplified procedures for the issue of
import permits, export permits or re-export certificates in relation to the
import, export or re-export, by persons registered under regulations
under subsection (1), of specimens of any description in respect of which
they are so registered.
22 Registration: supplemental

(1) Regulations may —
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(a) prescribe the conditions which must be complied with for an
institution or person to be entered in a register;
(b) make provision for the making and determination of applications
for registration;
(c) enable an entry in a register to be amended or cancelled in
prescribed circumstances;
(d) enable conditions to be imposed on registration of an institution
or person;
(e) make provision corresponding to section 18 with respect to
appeals against decisions relating to registration; and
(f) provide for the issue, display, surrender, amendment and
cancellation of certificates of registration.
(2) Regulations may require a registered institution or person —
(a) to keep such records as are prescribed relating to the matters in
respect of which it is or has been registered; and
(b) to produce such records for inspection when requested to do so
by an authorised officer.
(3) Regulations may require a registered institution or person, either
generally or when requested to do so, to provide annual returns to the
Department relating to such of the matters in respect of which it is
registered as are prescribed or specified in the request, as the case may
be.
(4) A registered institution or person who without reasonable excuse fails to
comply with —
(a) a condition imposed under subsection (1)(d), or
(b) a requirement imposed on it by regulations under
subsection (1)(f), (2) or (3),
is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £5,000.
(5) Any person may during normal business hours inspect a register.
(6) In subsections (1) to (5) —
“register” means a register kept under section 20 or under regulations made
under section 21; and
“registered”, in relation to an institution or person, means entered in such a
register, and “registration” has a corresponding meaning.
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 23


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 21

Marking of specimens
23 Marking of specimens

Regulations may require specimens of a prescribed description, in prescribed
circumstances, to be permanently marked in accordance with a prescribed
method.
24 Marking of specimens by commercial producers

(1) A person who —
(a) has for commercial purposes bred a specimen in captivity, or
artificially propagated a specimen, in the Island, and
(b) has that specimen in his or her possession,
shall ensure that the specimen is marked in accordance with the
requirements of regulations under section 23 relating to the marking of
such specimens.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a pre-Convention specimen.
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) is guilty of an offence and
liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £2,500.
25 Tampering etc. with marking

Any person other than an authorised officer who alters, obscures, adds to, or
removes a marking in relation to an animal or plant which has been made for
the purposes of this Act or the Convention is guilty of an offence and liable on
summary conviction to custody for a term not exceeding 6 months or to a fine
not exceeding £5,000, or to both.
26 Powers to inspect, take samples and seize goods and records

(1) For the purpose of ascertaining whether an offence against this Act has
been or is being committed, an authorised officer, on production, if
required, of his or her credentials, may —
(a) inspect any object which he or she suspects on reasonable
grounds may provide evidence that a contravention of this Act
has been, is being, or is about to be committed;
(b) take a sample of that object;
(c) require any person carrying on, or employed in connection with, a
business, to produce any records relating to the business which
are in his or her possession or under his or her control;
(d) take copies of, or of any entry in, any record so produced;
(e) at any reasonable time have access to, and inspect and check the
operation of, any computer and any associated apparatus or
Section 27 Endangered Species Act 2010


Page 22 AT 7 of 2010 c

material which is or has been used in connection with any such
records;
(f) require the person by whom or on whose behalf the computer is
or has been used, or any person having charge of or otherwise
concerned with the operation of the computer, apparatus or
material, to afford him or her such assistance as he or she may
reasonably require; and
(g) seize and detain any object or document which he or she has
reasonable cause to believe may be required as evidence in
proceedings under this Act.
(2) For the purpose of exercising a power under subsection (1), an
authorised officer may, so far as is reasonably necessary, require any
person having authority to do so to open or break open any container, or
to permit the authorised officer to do so.
(3) Where an authorised officer seizes any object or document in the exercise
of the power under subsection (1)(g), he or she shall give to the person
from whom it is seized a receipt —
(a) identifying the object or document, and
(b) indicating the date on which, and the place at which, it was
seized.
(4) In this section “object” does not include an animal or plant.
27 Powers to inspect and seize animals and plants

(1) This section applies where an authorised officer suspects on reasonable
grounds that —
(a) an animal or plant is of a prescribed species, and
(b) an offence against this Act has been, is being, or is about to be
committed in relation to the animal or plant.
(2) The authorised officer, on production, if required, of his or her
credentials, may —
(a) inspect the animal or plant;
(b) seize and detain the animal or plant;
(c) take a sample from, or require a person to take a sample from, the
animal or plant.
(3) An authorised officer —
(a) may take a sample from an animal only in accordance with the
advice of a veterinary surgeon; and
(b) shall exercise due care to ensure that —
(i) as little pain or injury as possible is caused to an
animal, and
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 28


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 23

(ii) as little injury as possible is caused to a plant,
from which he or she takes a sample.
(4) Where an animal or plant is seized under this section, the officer shall
give to the person, if any, who appears to be the owner of, or to be
entitled to possession of, the animal or plant a receipt —
(a) identifying the animal or plant, and
(b) indicating the date on which, and the place at which, it was
seized.
(5) An animal or plant which is seized under this section may be held by the
Department or by a person authorised, and at a place nominated, by the
Department until —
(a) a prosecution for an offence against this Act in relation to the
animal or plant is abandoned or the defendant is acquitted of such
an offence;
(b) the Department permits the person who it believes to be entitled
to the possession of it to take the animal or plant from that place;
or
(c) a court determines that a person other than the Department
should have possession of the animal or plant,
whichever happens first.
28 Rights of entry etc.

(1) Subject to the following provisions of this section, an authorised officer,
on production, if required, of his or her credentials, may at any
reasonable time enter any premises or other place for the purpose of —
(a) ascertaining whether an offence against this Act is being or has
been committed, on or in connection with those premises or that
place;
(b) seeking evidence of any such offence;
(c) ascertaining whether there is or has been any specimen on the
premises or in the place;
(d) inspecting any specimen which the authorised officer reasonably
believes to be on the premises or in the place;
(e) inspecting any place where a specimen is kept; or
(f) the performance by the Department of its functions under this
Act.
(2) An authorised officer, on production, if required, of his or her
credentials, may at any reasonable time detain and board or enter any
vehicle, vessel or aircraft for any purpose for which under subsection (1)
the authorised officer would have a right to enter any premises.
Section 28 Endangered Species Act 2010


Page 24 AT 7 of 2010 c

(3) Admission to any premises, vehicle, vessel or place used only as a
private dwelling shall not be demanded as of right by virtue of
subsection (1) or (2) unless 24 hours’ notice of the intended entry has
been given to the occupier.
(4) If a justice of the peace, on sworn complaint in writing, —
(a) is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for entering any
premises or other place for any purpose for which an authorised
officer may enter them in accordance with subsection (1), and
(b) is also satisfied —
(i) that admission to the premises or place has been refused,
or that a refusal is apprehended, and (in either case) that
notice of the intention to apply for a warrant has been
given to the occupier; or
(ii) that an application for admission, or the giving of such a
notice, would defeat the object of the entry; or
(iii) that the case is one of urgency; or
(iv) that the premises are or the place is unoccupied or the
occupier is temporarily absent,
the justice may by warrant under his or her hand authorise the
Department, or any person duly authorised by it, to enter the
premises or place, if need be by force.
(5) Subsection (4) has effect in relation to detaining, boarding or entering
any vehicle, vessel or aircraft which may be detained, boarded or entered
under subsection (2) as it has effect in relation to entering any premises
with the substitution for the occupier of a reference to the master,
commander or other person in charge of the vessel, vehicle or aircraft.
(6) Any warrant granted under this section shall continue in force for a
period of one month.
(7) Any person entering or boarding any property by virtue of this
section (whether in pursuance of a warrant or not) —
(a) may take with him or her such other persons and such equipment
as may appear to him or her to be necessary for the purpose for
which the property is entered or boarded;
(b) may carry out such searches of the property and anything on it as
appear to him or her to be necessary for that purpose;
(c) may require a person on the property to provide to him or her
such assistance as he or she may reasonably require for that
purpose; and
(d) on leaving the property shall, if the property is unoccupied or the
occupier, master, commander or other person in charge of it is
temporarily absent, leave it as effectively secured against trespass
as he or she found it.
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 29


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 25

(8) In subsection (7) “property” means any premises, place, vehicle, vessel or
aircraft.
29 Forfeiture if owner cannot be found

(1) Where —
(a) an authorised officer seizes an object, including a specimen, the
owner of which cannot be identified;
(b) a notice is published in a newspaper published and circulating in
the Island specifying the object seized and requesting the owner
to contact, within 14 days after the publication of the notice, a
person identified in the notice; and
(c) no person establishes his or her ownership of the object within 14
days after the publication of the notice;
the object shall be forfeited to the Department.
30 Power of court to order forfeiture of specimen

Where a person is convicted of an offence against this Act in relation to a
specimen, the court may order that the specimen be —
(a) forfeited to the Department, or
(b) returned to a person (other than the person found guilty of the
offence) whom the court believes to be its owner.
31 Disposal of forfeits

If a specimen is forfeited to the Department under this Act, the Department
may —
(a) sell the specimen;
(b) give the specimen to any person;
(c) retain the specimen at a suitable place;
(d) if the specimen is dead, dispose of it;
(e) in the case of an animal, destroy the specimen if it thinks it is
necessary or desirable to do so to prevent it suffering;
(f) in the case of an animal or plant, destroy the specimen if it thinks
it is necessary or desirable to do so —
(i) to remove the risk of the specimen spreading disease; or
(ii) to ensure the health of the species to which it belongs; or
(g) in the case of an animal or plant, transport the specimen, or cause
it to be transported, back to a country or territory from which the
Department believes it was taken from the wild or exported to the
Island.
Section 32 Endangered Species Act 2010


Page 26 AT 7 of 2010 c

32 Detention and forfeiture

(1) This section applies where any specimen —
(a) is being imported or exported,
(b) has been imported, or
(c) has been brought to any place for the purpose of being exported.
(2) An authorised officer may require any person possessing or having
control of the specimen to furnish proof that its importation or
exportation is or was not unlawful by virtue of Part 2.
(3) Unless such proof is furnished to the satisfaction of the Department, the
specimen may be seized and detained by an authorised officer, and shall
be liable to forfeiture under the Customs and Excise Management Act 1986.
(4) For the purposes of that Act, in its application to a specimen by virtue of
this section —
(a) “importation” includes removal from the United Kingdom to the
Island, and
(b) “exportation” includes removal from the Island to the United
Kingdom.
33 Power of court to order payment of certain expenses

Where a person is convicted of an offence against this Act in relation to a
specimen which has been seized by, or surrendered to, an authorised officer, the
court, on the application of the Department, may order the person to pay to the
Department —
(a) the expenses incurred by it in transporting, disposing of or
maintaining the specimen after its seizure or surrender and before
the date of the conviction; and
(b) such amount as the court may direct, being the amount of the
reasonable expenses which, in the opinion of the court, the
Department may incur in transporting, disposing of or
maintaining the specimen, including transporting the specimen
back to a country or territory —
(i) from which it was taken from the wild or exported in
contravention of the law of the country or territory; or
(ii) from which it was imported into the Island in
contravention of this Act.
Offences: general
34 Obstruction etc.

(1) Any person who —
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 35


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 27

(a) intentionally obstructs an authorised officer acting in pursuance
of this Act;
(b) intentionally fails to comply with any requirement properly made
of him or her by an authorised officer under section 26(1)(c) or (f)
or (2), 27(2)(c) or 28(7)(c);
(c) fails without reasonable excuse —
(i) to comply with a request by a constable in uniform to stop
a vehicle, vessel or aircraft; or
(ii) to permit the constable to board the vehicle, vessel or
aircraft after such a request is made, or
(d) without reasonable cause, fails to give to an authorised officer any
other assistance or information which the officer may reasonably
require of him or her for the purpose of the performance of the
officer’s functions under this Act;
is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £1,000.
(2) If any person, in giving any such information as is mentioned in
subsection (1)(d), makes any statement which he or she knows to be
false, that person is guilty of an offence and liable —
(a) on conviction on information, to custody for a term not exceeding
2 years or to a fine, or to both;
(b) on summary conviction, to custody for a term not exceeding 6
months or to a fine not exceeding £5,000, or to both.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring a person to
answer any question or give any information if to do so might
incriminate that person or (if that person is married or a civil partner)
that person’s spouse or civil partner.3

35 Offences in relation to documents

(1) Any person who knowingly or recklessly —
(a) makes a statement which is false or misleading in any material
particular in an application, return or record submitted to the
Department under this Act; or
(b) falsifies or alters any document which is issued by the
Department;
is guilty of an offence.
(2) Any person who —
(a) provides to the Department or an authorised officer a document
which he or she has falsified or altered or which he or she knows,
or ought reasonably to be expected to know, to have been falsified
or altered; or
Section 36 Endangered Species Act 2010


Page 28 AT 7 of 2010 c

(b) produces to the Department or an authorised officer a document
which purports to be a valid document but which he or she
knows, or ought reasonably to be expected to know, is invalid;
is guilty of an offence.
(3) A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) or (2) is liable —
(a) on conviction on information, to custody for a term not exceeding
2 years or to a fine, or to both;
(b) on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £5,000.
36 Offences: supplemental

(1) Where an offence under this Act which is committed by a body corporate
is proved to have been committed with the consent and connivance of, or
to be attributable to any neglect on the part of any director, manager,
secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate that person, as
well as the body corporate, shall be guilty of that offence and shall be
liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.
(2) Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members,
subsection (1) applies in relation to acts and defaults of a member in
connection with his or her functions of management as if the member
were a director of the body corporate.
(3) Where, in any proceedings for an offence under this Act relating to an
animal or plant, it is shown that it is of a species falling within either
Class A or Class B, but not which of those classes —
(a) it is not necessary for the prosecutor to show that the animal or
plant is of a species falling within one only of those classes; and
(b) it shall be presumed that it is of a Class B species.
(4) Subsection (3) applies with any necessary modifications to a part or
derivative, or goods appearing to be or contain a part or derivative, of an
animal or plant as it applies to an animal or plant.
37 Time limit for summary prosecutions

(1) Summary proceedings for an offence under this Act may be brought
within a period of 6 months from the date on which evidence sufficient
in the opinion of the prosecutor to warrant the proceedings came to his
or her knowledge; but no such proceedings shall be brought by virtue of
this section more than 2 years after the commission of the offence.
(2) For the purpose of this section a certificate signed by or on behalf of the
prosecutor and stating the date on which such evidence as is mentioned
in subsection (1) came to his or her knowledge shall be conclusive
evidence of that fact; and a certificate stating that matter and purporting
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 38


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 29

to be so signed shall be deemed to be so signed unless the contrary is
proved.
Amendment of Act
38 Amendment of Act

(1) If it appears to the Department necessary or expedient to do so in order
to give effect to —
(a) an amendment of the Convention (being an amendment which
extends to the Island), or
(b) a resolution or decision of an organ of the Convention;
(c) an EU instrument,4

the Department may by order amend any provision of Part 2, 3 or 4 or
this Part (other than this section or section 40).
(2) No order shall be made under this section unless a draft of the order has
been approved by Tynwald.
(3) An order under this section may not —
(a) increase the maximum penalty for any offence; or
(b) provide for a public document to have effect otherwise than in
accordance with section 40(9).
Supplemental
39 Interpretation

(1) In this Act —
“animal
” means any member (apart from a human being) of the animal
kingdom, whether dead or alive, and includes any egg, sperm, tissue
culture or embryo of an animal;
“artificially propagated
” has the meaning given by subsection (2);
“authorised officer
” means —
(a) an officer of customs and excise;
(b) a constable; or
(c) any person duly authorised in writing by the Department to
perform any of the functions conferred on an authorised officer by
any provision of this Act;
“born and bred in captivity
” has the meaning given by subsection (3);
“certificate
” means a certificate issued under section 16 which is for the time
being in force;
Section 39 Endangered Species Act 2010


Page 30 AT 7 of 2010 c

“Class A
”, “Class B
” and “Class C
” mean the prescribed classes of species so
described pursuant to section 4(2)(a) in an order under section 4(1), and
“Class A species
”, “Class B species
” and “Class C species
” have
corresponding meanings;
“Class A specimen
”, “Class B specimen
” and “Class C specimen
” mean —
(a) an animal or plant of Class A, Class B or Class C, as the case may
be, or
(b) a part or derivative of an animal or plant of Class A, Class B or
Class C, as the case may be, whether or not contained in other
goods, or
(c) any other goods which appear from an accompanying document,
the packaging or a mark or label, or from any other circumstances,
to be or to contain parts or derivatives of an animal or plant of
Class A, Class B or Class C, as the case may be;
“commercial purposes
” means purposes where the non-commercial purposes
do not predominate;
“the Committee
” means the Wildlife Committee established under section 1(2);
“the Convention
” has the meaning given by section 1(1);
“the Department
” means the Department of Environment, Food and
Agriculture;5

“EU instrument
” has the same meaning as in the European Communities (Isle of
Man) Act 1973;6

“export
” means the act of taking a specimen out of the Island, but does not
include transhipment or re-export;
“export permit
” means an export permit issued under section 15 which is for
the time being in force;
“import
”, in relation to a specimen, means —
(a) to land the specimen in the Island;
(b) to attempt to land the specimen in the Island;
(c) to bring the specimen into the Island; or
(d) to introduce the specimen from the sea into the Island,
but does not include transit or transhipment of the specimen;
“import notification
” means a notice in a prescribed form and completed in
accordance with prescribed requirements;
“import permit
” means an import permit issued under section 15 which is for
the time being in force;
“introduction from the sea
” means the transport into the Island of any
specimen which was taken in, and is transported into the Island directly
from, the marine environment not under the jurisdiction of any State
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 39


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 31

(including the air-space above the sea, the sea-bed and the subsoil
beneath the sea);
“live specimen
” means a live animal or plant of a prescribed species;
“mark
”, in relation to a specimen, has the meaning given by subsection (4);
“permit
” means a permit issued under section 15 which is for the time being in
force;
“plant
” means a member, whether dead or alive, of the plant kingdom or the
fungus kingdom, and includes —
(a) algae and lichen;
(b) procaryotes; and
(c) any seed, spore, pollen or tissue culture of a plant;
“population
”, in relation to a species or sub-species, means a biologically or
geographically distinct total number of individuals of that species or sub-
species;
“pre-Convention specimen
” means a specimen acquired before the species
concerned was first included in the Appendices to the Convention;
“prescribed
” (except in relation to a matter prescribed by order under section 4)
means prescribed by regulations;
“prescribed species
”, “prescribed class
” and “prescribed sub-class
” mean a
species, class of species or sub-class of species prescribed under
section 4(1), 4(2)(a) or 4(2)(b) respectively;
“recognised management authority
” means a person who has been designated
by a country or territory outside the Island to be a management authority
for the country or territory for the purposes of the Convention;
“recognised scientific institution
” means a person who —
(a) is registered under section 20 as a recognised scientific institution;
or
(b) has been designated by a country or territory outside the Island as
a scientific institution for the purposes of the Convention;
“re-export
” means the taking out of the Island of a specimen which was
imported into the Island;
“regulations
” means regulations made by the Department;
“sale
” includes hire, barter and exchange and offer for sale (including
advertising or causing to be advertised for sale and inviting to treat);
“Secretariat
” means the Secretariat established by the Convention;
“species
” means a species, sub-species or a population of a species or sub-
species, and “the species
”, in relation to a specimen, means the species to
which the specimen belongs;
Section 39 Endangered Species Act 2010


Page 32 AT 7 of 2010 c

“specimen
” means —
(a) any animal or plant, whether alive or dead, of a prescribed
species;
(b) any part or derivative of such an animal or plant, whether or not
contained in other goods, and
(c) any other goods which appear from an accompanying document,
the packaging or a mark or label, or from any other circumstances,
to be or to contain parts or derivatives of an animal or plant of a
prescribed species;
but does not include a part or derivative exempted under section 4(6);
“trade
” means export, re-export or import;
“transhipment
” and “transit
” have the meanings given by subsection (5);
“travelling exhibition”
means a travelling circus, zoo, menagerie, or plant
exhibition, which is used for display to the public for commercial
purposes;

“vehicle
” includes a hover vehicle.
(2) For the purposes of this Act a plant shall be taken to have been artificially
propagated if, and only if, —
(a) the plant has been grown by a person from seeds, cuttings, callus
tissues, spores, or other propagules, under controlled
conditions; or
(b) where the plant is a grafted plant, both the root stock and the graft
have been grown in accordance with paragraph (a);
and for this purpose “controlled conditions
” means a non-natural
environment —
(i) which is intensively manipulated by human intervention
for the purpose of producing selected species or hybrids of
plants; and
(ii) the general characteristics of which may include (but are
not limited to including) tillage, fertilisation, weed control,
irrigation or nursery operations such as potting, bedding
or protection from weather.
(3) For the purposes of this Act an animal shall be taken to have been born
and bred in captivity if, and only if, the animal (including eggs) was
offspring born, or otherwise produced, in a controlled environment, of
parents that mated or otherwise transmitted their gametes in a controlled
environment; and for this purpose “controlled environment” means an
environment —
(a) which is manipulated by human intervention for the purpose of
producing animals of a particular species;
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 39


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 33

(b) which has boundaries designed to prevent animals, eggs or
gametes of the species from entering or leaving the environment;
and
(c) the general characteristics of which may include, but are not
limited to including, artificial housing, waste removal, health care,
protection from predators and artificially supplied food.
(4) For the purposes of this Act, to “mark
” a specimen includes —
(a) in the case of a live animal —
(i) to implant a device in the animal which may be scanned
electronically;
(ii) to place a band on any part of the animal;
(iii) to place (whether by piercing or otherwise) a tag or ring on
any part of the animal; and
(iv) to mark or label a container within which the animal is
kept;
(b) in the case of a live plant —
(i) to mark or label a container in which the plant is kept or in
which the plant is growing; and
(ii) to place a label or tag on the plant.
(5) For the purposes of this Act, a specimen is in “transit
” or being
“transhipped
” if —
(a) it is being transported between 2 countries or territories;
(b) it is being transported to a named consignee;
(c) any interruption of the specimen’s movement between those
countries or territories arises only from the arrangements
necessitated by transhipment;
(d) any transit is in accordance with the customs and excise Acts (as
defined in section 184(1) of the Customs and Excise Management Act
1986); and
(e) while the specimen is on land, or is in a port, in the Island it is
effectively under the control of an officer of customs and excise.
(6) Regulations may provide that, where a prescribed species is not included
in the Appendices to the Convention, —
(a) an animal or plant of that species; or
(b) a part or derivative of such an animal or plant,
which fulfils prescribed conditions shall nevertheless be treated as a pre-
Convention specimen.
(7) Regulations may provide that, where a provision of the Convention is to
be construed in accordance with a resolution of the parties to the
Section 40 Endangered Species Act 2010


Page 34 AT 7 of 2010 c

Convention, a corresponding provision of this Act shall be construed in
accordance with that resolution.
40 Subordinate legislation

(1) The Department may by regulations prescribe anything which under this
Act may be prescribed.
(2) Subject to any express provision of this Act with respect to the penalty
for contravention of regulations, regulations may provide that a
contravention of any provision of them shall be an offence on the part of
any person of a description specified in the regulations, punishable on
summary conviction by a penalty not exceeding that so specified (which
shall not exceed a fine of £2,500).
(3) Regulations may refer to, or give effect to a provision of, any of the
following documents —
(a) the Convention;
(b) a document of a legislative or administrative character made
by —
(i) an international organisation;
(ii) an authority of a country or territory outside the Island; or
(iii) a person or body incorporated or established in such a
country or territory; or
(c) an EU instrument.7

(4) A provision of regulations made under subsection (3) may refer to, or
give effect to a provision of, a document referred to in that subsection —
(a) as in force at such time (whether before, at or after the making of
the regulations) as may be specified in, or determined in
accordance with, the regulations, or
(b) as it has effect from time to time.
(5) Regulations may provide that, for any purposes of this Act —
(a) a copy of a document referred to in subsection (3)(a) or (b)
certified by a person of a prescribed description to be a true copy
shall, in any proceedings, be sufficient evidence of the document
unless the contrary is proved;
(b) a document purporting to be a copy of such a document and to be
so signed shall be deemed to be such a copy and so signed unless
the contrary is proved;
(c) a certificate signed by a person of a prescribed description —
(i) that a prescribed provision of a document referred to in
subsection (3)(a) or (b) applied, or first applied, to a species
of animal or plant,
Endangered Species Act 2010 Section 41


c AT 7 of 2010 Page 35

(ii) that a species of animal or plant was included, or first
included, in a list of species contained in such a provision,
or
(iii) that a State was or was not party to the Convention, or
(iv) a country or territory was or was not a country or territory
of a State party to the Convention,
on a date specified in the certificate shall, in any proceedings, be
sufficient evidence of that fact unless the contrary is proved; and
(d) a certificate purporting to be so signed shall be deemed to be so
signed unless the contrary is proved.
(6) Regulations may prescribe the form of any document to be used for any
purposes of this Act.
(7) Before making any order or regulations under this Act (except an order
under section 42(2)) the Department shall consult the Committee.
(8) Regulations under section 15(3), 16(4) or 22(1) may make registration, or
the issue of a permit or certificate, conditional on the approval or advice
of the Committee.
(9) Orders and regulations made by the Department under this Act (except
an order under section 38 or 42(2)) shall be laid before Tynwald as soon
as may be after they are made; and if Tynwald, at the sitting at which
they are laid or the next following sitting, resolves that they be annulled,
they shall cease to have effect.
41 Transitional provisions, amendments and repeals

(1) The transitional provisions in Schedule 3 shall have effect.
(2) An order under section 42(2) may make such further transitional
provisions as the Department thinks expedient, including provisions
consequential on the partial operation of this Act.
(3) The enactments specified in Schedule 4 are amended in accordance with
that Schedule.
(4) The enactments specified in Schedule 5 are repealed to the extent
specified in column 3 of that Schedule.
42 Short title and commencement

(1) This Act may be cited as the Endangered Species Act 2010.
(2) Except for the purpose of making any order or regulations, this Act shall
come into operation on such day or days as the Department may by
order appoint.8

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SCHEDULE 1

THE WILDLIFE COMMITTEE

Section 1(4).
1. The Committee shall consist of such number of members as the Department
may determine.
2. The members of the Committee —
(a) shall be appointed by the Department;
(b) may include one or more officers of the Department; and
(c) shall hold office in accordance with the terms of their
appointment.
3. The Committee shall advise the Department on any question which the
Department may refer to it, and on any question on which it considers it should offer
its advice —
(a) in connection with the implementation of the Convention, and
(b) generally in connection with trade in —
(i) animals and plants of species which appear to the
Department or the Committee, as the case may be, to be or
to be likely to become endangered as a result of
international trade or otherwise, and
(ii) parts or derivatives of such animals and plants.
4. The Department, with the consent of the Treasury, may defray or contribute
towards the expenses of the Committee.
SCHEDULE 2

PERMITS AND CERTIFICATES

Sections 15(4) and 16(5).
PART 1 – PERMITS

Applications for permits
1. (1) An application for a permit shall be made in writing to the Department
in such form as the Department may reasonably require.
(2) The application shall —
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(a) state whether the application is for an import permit or an export
permit,
(b) specify —
(i) the specimen, or
(ii) the consignment of specimens,
to which the application relates.
(3) The application shall be accompanied by such information as the
Department may reasonably require.
(4) The Department may request the applicant to provide to the Department
further information in relation to the application, and may decline to determine the
application unless and until the information is provided.
Determination of application
2. The Department may —
(a) grant an application under paragraph 1 and issue the permit to
the applicant —
(i) in respect of all the specimens or consignments specified
under paragraph 1(2)(b); or
(ii) in respect of some (but not all) of those specimens or
consignments; and
(iii) in any case, subject to such conditions as the Department
thinks fit; or
(b) refuse the application.
Grounds for determination
3. The Department shall not grant an application for a permit if —
(a) the Department is of the opinion that the conditions for the issue
of the permit prescribed under section 15(3) are not, or are not
likely to be, satisfied; or
(b) the applicant is for the time being disqualified under section 19
for holding the permit.
Notification of determination
4. (1) The Department shall notify the applicant in writing of the determination
of an application for a permit.
(2) A notification under sub-paragraph (1) shall —
(a) where the application is granted —
(i) be accompanied by the permit;
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(ii) specify the specimen or consignment of specimens in
respect of which the application is granted,
(iii) specify the conditions subject to which it is granted, and
(iv) state the reasons for those conditions;
(b) where the application is granted in respect of some (but not all) of
the specimens or consignments of specimens specified under
paragraph 1(2)(b), state the reasons for refusing the application in
respect of the remainder;
(c) where the application is refused, state the reasons for the refusal;
and
(d) in any case, state the right of appeal under section 18 and the time
within which an appeal may be brought.
Form, duration etc. of permits
5. (1) A permit shall be in such form as the Department may determine.
(2) A permit issued to a person is not transferable to another person.
(3) A permit comes into force on the day on which it is issued.
(4) An export permit remains in force, unless it is earlier revoked or
surrendered, for 6 months from the date on which it is issued.
(5) An import permit remains in force, unless it is earlier revoked or
surrendered, for 12 months from the date on which it is issued.
Amendment of permit
6. (1) The holder of a permit may apply for the amendment of the permit,
including —
(a) the addition or deletion of a specimen or consignment of
specimens; or
(b) the amendment or revocation of a condition subject to which the
permit is issued.
(2) An application under sub-paragraph (1) shall be made in writing to the
Department in such form as the Department may reasonably require.
(3) The application shall be accompanied by such information as the
Department may reasonably require.
(4) The Department may request the applicant to provide to the Department
further information in relation to the application, and may decline to determine the
application unless and until the information is provided.
(5) The Department may —
(a) grant an application under sub-paragraph (1), or
(b) refuse the application.
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(6) The Department shall not grant an application under sub-paragraph (1)
if it would not issue a permit in the terms of the existing permit as amended in
accordance with the application.
(7) If the Department is advised by the Committee that an import or export
authorised by a permit is detrimental to —
(a) the survival of a prescribed species, or
(b) the survival, health or welfare of live specimens,
the Department may on its own initiative amend the permit,
including —
(i) deleting a specimen or consignment of specimens in the
permit;
(ii) amending a condition subject to which the permit was
granted, or
(iii) imposing an additional condition.
(8) Where the Department amends a permit, it shall require the holder of the
permit to return the permit to it for amendment or replacement.
(9) If a person fails to comply with a requirement under sub-paragraph (8),
he or she is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £2,500.
Revocation of permit
7. (1) The holder of a permit may apply for the revocation of the permit.
(2) The Department may revoke a permit on its own initiative if it is
satisfied that —
(a) the holder of the permit provided false or misleading information
in the application for the permit;
(b) the permit was issued in error;
(c) the holder has failed to comply with a condition subject to which
the permit was granted;
(d) the holder, an employee of the holder, or a person acting on
behalf of or under the general supervision of the holder, has
committed an offence against this Act or against any other
enactment, or the law of another country or territory, relating to
the conservation or welfare of animals or plants;
(e) the holder has not provided, or is not or will not be able to
provide, satisfactorily for the health and well-being of living
specimens forming a consignment or part of a consignment
specified in the permit of which the holder has had, has or will
have possession, as the case may be;
(f) it is advised by the Committee that it is desirable to do so to
assist in —
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(i) the survival of a prescribed species, or
(ii) the survival, health or welfare of live specimens.
(3) Where the Department revokes a permit, it shall require the holder of the
permit to return the permit to it for cancellation.
(4) If a person fails to comply with a requirement under sub-paragraph (3),
he or she is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £2,500.
PART 2 – CERTIFICATES

Applications for certificates
8. (1) An application for a certificate shall be made in writing to the
Department in such form as the Department may reasonably require.
(2) The application shall specify —
(a) the class of certificate to which the application relates, and
(b) either —
(i) the specimen to which it relates, in the case of an
application for a certificate under section 16(1); or
(ii) the specimen or description of specimens to which it
relates, in the case of an introduction from the sea
certificate.
(3) The application shall be accompanied by such information as the
Department may reasonably require.
(4) The Department may request the applicant to provide to the Department
further information in relation to the application, and may decline to determine the
application unless and until the information is provided.
Determination of application
9. The Department may —
(a) grant an application under paragraph 8 and issue the certificate to
the applicant —
(i) in respect of all the specimens or descriptions of specimens
specified under paragraph 8(2)(b); or
(ii) in respect of some (but not all) of those specimens or
descriptions of specimens; and
(iii) in any case, subject to such conditions as the Department
thinks fit; or
(b) refuse the application.
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Grounds for determination
10. The Department shall not grant an application for a certificate in relation to a
specimen if —
(a) the Department is of the opinion that the conditions, if any, for the
issue of the certificate prescribed under section 16(3) are not, or
are not likely to be, satisfied; or
(b) the applicant is for the time being disqualified under section 19
for holding the certificate.
Notification of determination
11. (1) The Department shall notify the applicant in writing of the determination
of an application for a certificate.
(2) A notification under sub-paragraph (1) shall —
(a) where the application is granted —
(i) be accompanied by the certificate,
(ii) specify the specimen in respect of which the application is
granted,
(iii) specify the conditions subject to which it is granted, and
(iv) state the reasons for those conditions;
(b) where the application is granted in respect of some (but not all) of
the specimens specified under paragraph 8(2)(b), state the reasons
for refusing the application in respect of the remainder;
(c) where the application is refused, state the reasons for the
refusal; and
(d) in any case, state the right of appeal under section 18 and the time
within which an appeal may be brought.
Form, duration etc. of certificates
12. (1) A certificate shall be in such form as the Department may determine.
(2) A certificate issued to a person is not transferable to another person.
(3) A certificate comes into force on the day on which it is issued.
(4) A re-export certificate remains in force, unless it is earlier revoked, for 6
months from the date on which it is issued.
(5) A personal ownership certificate or a travelling exhibition certificate
remains in force until —
(a) the certificate is revoked;
(b) where the specimen to which it relates is sold, dies or is destroyed
in the course of being imported or exported, after it is imported or
exported;
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(c) except in a case to which sub-paragraph (b) applies, the specimen
to which it relates dies or is sold or otherwise disposed of, lost,
destroyed or stolen; or
(d) the expiration of the period, if any, prescribed as the maximum
duration of certificates of that class, or such shorter period, if any,
as is specified in the certificate.
(6) Subject to sub-paragraphs (4) and (5), a certificate remains in
force until —
(a) the certificate is revoked; or
(b) the expiration of the period, if any, prescribed as the maximum
duration of certificates of that class, or such shorter period, if any,
as is specified in the certificate.
Amendment of certificate
13. (1) The holder of a certificate may apply for the amendment of the
certificate, including —
(a) the addition or deletion of a specimen or description of
specimens; or
(b) the amendment or revocation of a condition subject to which the
certificate is issued.
(2) An application under sub-paragraph (1) shall be made in writing to the
Department in such form as the Department may reasonably require.
(3) The application shall be accompanied by such information as the
Department may reasonably require.
(4) The Department may request the applicant to provide to the Department
further information in relation to the application, and may decline to determine the
application unless and until the information is provided.
(5) The Department may —
(a) grant an application under sub-paragraph (1), or
(b) refuse the application.
(6) The Department shall not grant an application under sub-paragraph (1)
if it would not issue a certificate in the terms of the existing certificate as amended in
accordance with the application.
(7) If the Department is advised by the Committee that an activity
authorised by a certificate is detrimental to —
(a) the survival of a prescribed species, or
(b) the survival, health or welfare of live specimens,
the Department may on its own initiative amend the certificate,
including —
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(i) deleting a specimen or description of specimens in the
certificate,
(ii) amending a condition subject to which the certificate was
granted, or
(iii) imposing an additional condition.
(8) Where the Department amends a certificate, it shall require the holder of
the certificate to return the certificate to it for amendment or replacement.
(9) If a person fails to comply with a requirement under sub-paragraph (8),
he or she is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £2,500.
Revocation of certificate
14. (1) The holder of a certificate may apply for the revocation of the certificate.
(2) The Department may revoke a certificate on its own initiative if it is
satisfied that —
(a) the holder of the certificate provided false or misleading
information in the application for the certificate;
(b) the certificate was issued in error;
(c) the holder has failed to comply with a condition subject to which
the certificate was issued;
(d) the holder, an employee of the holder, or a person acting on
behalf of or under the general supervision of the holder, has
committed an offence against this Act or against any other
enactment, or the law of another country or territory, relating to
the conservation or welfare of animals or plants;
(e) the holder has not provided, or is not or will not be able to
provide, satisfactorily for the health and well-being of living
specimens specified in the certificate of which the holder has had,
has or will have possession, as the case may be;
(f) it is advised by the Committee that it is desirable to do so to
assist in —
(i) the survival of a prescribed species, or
(ii) the survival, health or welfare of live specimens.
(3) Where the Department revokes a certificate, it shall require the holder of
the certificate to return the certificate to it for cancellation.
(4) If a person fails to comply with a requirement under sub-paragraph (3),
he or she is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not
exceeding £2,500.
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PART 3 – SUPPLEMENTAL

Replacement documents
15. (1) The holder of a permit or certificate may apply to the Department for the
issue of a permit or certificate to replace a permit or certificate which has been lost,
defaced or damaged.
(2) An application under paragraph (1) shall be made in writing to the
Department in such form as the Department may reasonably require.
(3) The Department may issue a permit or certificate to replace the lost,
defaced or damaged permit or certificate.
Cancellation of used and invalid permits and certificates etc
16. The Department may cancel and retain any permit or certificate which —
(a) is issued by a recognised management authority;
(b) relates to a specimen which has been imported into the Island;
and
(c) was provided to the Department because it was required under
this Act to accompany the import of the specimen.
Invalidity of permits, certificates etc. issued by another country or territory
17. A permit, certificate or other document issued by a recognised management
authority of another country or territory, is invalid for the purposes of this Act if —
(a) it was issued in contravention of the law of that country or
territory, or
(b) a condition to which it was subject has not been complied with.
Surrender and notification
18. (1) If an import permit has not been used to accompany the import of a
specimen to which it relates within the period of 12 months after it was issued, the
holder of the permit shall surrender the permit to the Department within 28 days after
the end of the period.
(2) If an export permit has not been used to accompany the export of a
specimen to which it relates within the period of 6 months after it was issued, the
holder of the permit shall surrender the permit to the Department within 28 days after
the end of the period.
(3) If a re-export certificate has not been used to accompany the re-export of
a specimen to which it relates within the period of 6 months after it was issued, the
holder of the certificate shall surrender the certificate to the Department within 28 days
after the end of the period.
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(4) If the specimen to which a personal ownership certificate or travelling
exhibition certificate relates —
(a) is sold or otherwise disposed of, or
(b) dies, or is stolen, destroyed or lost,
the holder of the certificate shall surrender the certificate to the
Department within 28 days after the disposal, or after he or she
becomes aware of the death, theft, destruction or loss, as the case
may be.
(5) A person who fails to comply with sub-paragraph (1), (2), (3) or (4) is
guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding £2,500.
SCHEDULE 3

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

Section 41(1).
Interpretation
1. In this Schedule “the 1981 Act” means the Endangered Species (Import and Export)
Act 1981.
Wildlife Committee
2. (1) The members of the Scientific Advisory Committee appointed under
section 3 of the 1981 Act who hold office immediately before the coming into operation
of section 1 shall be members of the Wildlife Committee, and shall hold office in
accordance with the terms of their appointment to the Scientific Advisory Committee.
(2) Anything done by the Scientific Advisory Committee under or for the
purpose of any provision of the 1981 Act shall have effect as if done by the Wildlife
Committee under or for the purposes of the corresponding provision of this Act.
Licences
3. (1) A licence granted by the Department under section 1(2) of the 1981 Act to
any person for the importation or exportation of a specimen shall have effect as an
import permit, export permit or re-export certificate, as appropriate, issued to that
person subject to the like conditions as those (if any) contained in the licence and
expiring on the date on which it would have expired under section 2(2) of the 1981 Act.
(2) In proceedings for an offence under section 13 of selling, offering or
exposing for sale, or having in his or her possession or transporting for the purpose of
sale any specimen, it is a defence for the accused to show that —
(a) a licence had been granted by the Department under section 5(1B)
of the 1981 Act permitting him or her to sell that specimen, to
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offer or expose it for sale, or to have it in his or her possession or
transport it for the purpose of sale, as the case may be;
(b) the terms of the licence were complied with, and
(c) at the date of the alleged offence, the period of 12 months
commencing with the date the licence was issued, or such shorter
period as is stated in the licence, had not expired.
Places for import or export
4. An order made under section 6 of the 1981 Act with respect to animals of any
kind shall have effect as if it had been made under section 8(1) with respect to animals
of that description.
Possession of unlawfully imported specimens
5. The reference in section 14(1) to a specimen imported in contravention of Part 2
includes a reference to a specimen imported in contravention of section 1 of the 1981
Act.
Powers of entry etc.
6. Any reference in sections 26 to 28 to an offence against this Act includes a
reference to an offence against the 1981 Act.
SCHEDULE 4

MINOR AND CONSEQUENTIAL AMENDMENTS

Section 41(3)
[Sch 4 amends the following Acts —
Wild Animals (Restriction on Importation, Etc.) Act 1980 q.v.
Wildlife Act 1990 q.v.
Cruelty to Animals Act 1997 q.v.
Heath Burning Act 2003 q.v.]

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SCHEDULE 5

ENACTMENTS REPEALED

Section 41(4)
[Sch 5 repeals the following Act wholly —
Endangered Species (Import and Export) Act 1981
and the following Acts in part —
Wildlife Act 1990
Wildlife Etc. (Amendment) Act 1994]
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ENDNOTES

Table of Legislation History

Legislation Year and No Commencement






Table of Renumbered Provisions

Original Current






Table of Endnote References

1
Subs (2) amended by SD359/11. 2
Para (c) amended by SD0606/12. 3
S 34(3) amended by Civil Partnership Act 2011 Sch 14. 4
Para (c) amended by SD0606/12. 5
Definition of “the Department” amended by SD359/11. 6
Definition of “Community instrument” replaced by definition of “EU instrument”
and relocated by SD0606/12. 7
Para (c) amended by SD0606/12. 8
ADO – SD390/11 (see table)
Provision Date in Operation

Section 1
Section 3
Section 41 (so far as it relates to paras 1 and 2 of Schedule 3,
paras 1, 2 and 4 of Schedule 4 and entry relating to section 24(1)
of the Wildlife Act 1990 in Schedule 5)
Section 42
Schedule 1
Paragraphs 1and 2 of Schedule 3
Paragraphs 1, 2 and 4 of Schedule 4
Schedule 5 entry relating to section 24(1) of the Wildlife Act
1990
8 July 2011
Remaining provisions 1 January 2012