S.I. No. 623/2011 - Road Traffic (National Car Test) (Amendment) Regulations 2011.

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S.I. No. 623/2011 - Road Traffic (National Car Test) (Amendment) Regulations 2011.

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Notice of the making of this Statutory Instrument was published in
“Iris Oifigiúil” of 6th December, 2011.
I, LEO VARADKAR, Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport, in exercise of the powers conferred on me by section 18 of the Road Traffic Act 1961 (No. 24 of 1961) and section 2 of the Road Traffic Act 2006 (No. 23 of 2006) (as adapted by the Transport (Alteration of Name of Department and Title of Minister) Order 2011 ( S.I. No. 141 of 2011 ) and for the purpose of giving effect to Commission Directive 2010/48/EU of 5 July 20101 , hereby make the following regulations:
1. (1) These Regulations may be cited as the Road Traffic (National Car Test) (Amendment) Regulations 2011.
(2) These Regulations come into operation on 3 January 2012.
2. In these Regulations, “Principal Regulations” means the Road Traffic (National Car Test) Regulations 2009 ( S.I. No. 567 of 2009 ).
3. Regulation 2(1) of the Principal Regulations is amended by inserting the following definition after the definition of “advisory fail”:
“ ‘age’, in relation to a vehicle, means the time that has elapsed since the date on which the vehicle first entered into service;”
4. Regulation 3 of the Principal Regulations is amended—
(a) by substituting for paragraph (1) the following:
“Section 18 and these Regulations apply to a vehicle, other than a small public service vehicle or a vehicle mentioned in paragraph (4)—
(a) where the vehicle was first registered—
(i) before 1 January 1992, from the anniversary of first registration of the vehicle which occurred in the year 2000,
(ii) between 1 January 1992 and 31 December 1996, from the anniversary of first registration of the vehicle which occurred in the year 2001, or
(iii) between 1 January 1997 and 31 December 1998, from the anniversary of first registration of the vehicle which occurred in the year 2002,
(b) in the case of a vehicle that is not new and is brought permanently into the State—
(i) where the age of such vehicle is four years or greater on the date it is brought into the State, from that date, or
(ii) if clause (i) is not applicable, from the date on which the age of such vehicle is four years, or
(c) in all other cases, from the fourth anniversary of first registration of the vehicle.”,
and
(b) by substituting for paragraph (2) the following:
“The test due dates for a vehicle mentioned in paragraph (1) are as follows—
(a) for a vehicle coming within paragraph (1)(a) or (c), the anniversary dates mentioned in the relevant subparagraph and—
(i) from the tenth anniversary of first registration of the vehicle, each subsequent anniversary of those dates, or
(ii) where clause (i) does not apply, each subsequent biennial of those dates,
(b) for a vehicle coming within paragraph 1(b)(i), the date on which it is brought into the State and each subsequent anniversary of that date, and
(c) for a vehicle coming within paragraph 1(b)(ii), the date on which the age of the vehicle is four years and each subsequent anniversary of that date.”
5. The Principal Regulations are amended by inserting after Regulation 7 the following:
“Further tests
7A.(1) The issuing authority may—
(a) within 48 hours of the issue of the test report or test certificate consequent on a test, at its absolute discretion, or
(b) at any other time, where it is of the opinion that a test certificate should not have issued consequent on a test,
require the vehicle the subject of the test to undergo a further test.
(2) Where a further test is required under paragraph (1), until such further test is carried out, the owner or presenter of the vehicle to be tested is to be regarded as having complied with his or her obligations under these Regulations.
(3) Any further test being carried out in accordance with paragraph (1) may be a test of all the elements required to be tested under these Regulations or such elements as may be specified by the issuing authority.
(4) No fee shall be payable under Regulation 6(1) in respect of a further test required under paragraph (1).
(5) The test report issued in connection with a further test carried out in accordance with paragraph (1) shall replace the test report issued in connection with the previous test to the extent of the elements being tested.
(6) Where a further test is carried out in accordance with paragraph (1) and there is a discrepancy between the test report for that further test and the test report for the previous test, the test report for the further test shall prevail.
(7) Where a further test is carried out in accordance with paragraph (1) and—
(a) the test report issued for such further test shows a reason for a refusal of a test certificate in relation to the relevant vehicle; and
(b) in the case of a further test required under paragraph (1)(b) only, the issuing authority is of the opinion that this reason would have existed on the date the previous test was carried out,
any test certificate issued consequent on the previous test shall be, without further act, revoked.”
6. The Principal Regulations are amended by substituting for Schedule 3 the Schedule set out in the Schedule to these Regulations.
SCHEDULE
SCHEDULE 3
Items to be tested and reasons for refusal of a test certificate
Item 1: registration plates
Reasons for refusal:
(1) one or both plates missing, insecure or not clearly visible.
(2) numbers or letters missing, illegible or incorrect size.
(3) numbers, letters or background of incorrect colour.
(4) marks, other than those prescribed, on the plate within the boundary.
Item 2: emissions: exhaust smoke (compression ignition engine)
Reasons for refusal:
(1) the result of the test on exhaust smoke emission is not in accordance with the standard for exhaust smoke emission as specified by the manufacturer of the vehicle.
(2) in the case of vehicles in respect of which the manufacturer’s specified standard for exhaust smoke emissions is not available, and were:
(a) first registered between 1 January 1980 and 1 July 2008 (inclusive of both dates), the average smoke meter reading is higher than 2.5m-1 in the case of naturally aspirated compression ignition engines, or the average smoke meter reading is higher than 3.0m-1 in the case of turbo charged compression ignition engines,
(b) first registered before 1 January 1980, the exhaust emission is coloured black haze or darker,
(c) first registered after 1 January 2008—
(i) the average smoke meter reading is higher than 1.5m-1, or
(ii) the maximum attainable engine speed is less than 90% of the maximum speed specified by the manufacturer of the vehicle.
(3) the emission control system is leaking, incomplete or incorrectly assembled.
(4) engine idle speed is incorrect.
Item 3: exhaust
Reasons for refusal:
(1) the emission control system is leaking, incomplete or incorrectly assembled.
(2) idle speed is outside vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations.
(3) engine exhaust system is leaking.
(4) excess exhaust smoke likely to affect other road users.
Item 3: emissions: carbon monoxide
Reasons for refusal:
(1) the result of the test on carbon monoxide emissions is not in accordance with the standard for carbon monoxide emissions as specified by the manufacturer of the vehicle.
(2) in the case of vehicles first registered—
(a) before 1 October 1986, the carbon monoxide content is more than 4.5% at idling speed,
(b) between 1 October 1986 and 31 December 1993 (inclusive of both dates), the carbon monoxide content is more than 3.5% at idling speed,
(c) on or after 1 January 1994, the carbon monoxide content is more than 0.5% at idling speed,
(d) on or after 1 January 1994, the carbon monoxide content is more than 0.3% at either an engine speed of 2,500 rpm or at a speed specified by the vehicle manufacturer,
(e) after 1 July 2002, the carbon monoxide content of the exhaust gases is more than 0.3% by volume at idle speed,
(f) after 1 July 2002, the carbon monoxide content of the exhaust gases is more than 0.2% by volume at either an engine speed of 2,500 rpm or at a speed specified by the vehicle manufacturer.
Item 3: emissions: hydrocarbon (HC)
Reasons for refusal:
(1) the result of the test on hydrocarbon emissions is not in accordance with the standard for hydrocarbon emissions as specified by the manufacturer of the vehicle.
(2) in the case of vehicles first registered before 1 October 1986, the hydrocarbon content is more than 1,000ppm at idling speed.
(3) in the case of vehicles first registered between 1 October 1986 and 31 December 1993 (inclusive of both dates), the hydrocarbon content is more than 750ppm at idling speed.
(4) in the case of vehicles first registered on or after 1 January 1994, the hydrocarbon content is more than 200ppm at either 2,500 RPM or at the speed specified by the vehicle manufacturer.
Item 3: emissions: lambda
Reason for refusal:
In the case of vehicles first registered on or after 1 January 1994, the lambda value at either 2,500 rpm or at the speed specified by the manufacturer is not 1+/- 0.03 or is not within the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendation.
Item 4: service brake pedal
Reasons for refusal:
(1) service brake anti-slip provision is missing, loose, or worn to the extent that it is no longer effective.
(2) mounting is insecure, badly corroded or worn to the extent that the pedal can be moved from side to side.
(3) pedal travel is obstructed.
(4) excessive wear in mounting/bush.
Item 5: service brake operation
Reasons for refusal:
(1) in hydraulic systems, the pedal tends to creep down, or is felt to be spongy when held depressed.
(2) travel in the brake pedal indicates air in the brake system or brakes in need of adjustment.
(3) in systems assisted by vacuum from engine, with pedal depressed and the engine started, no dip is felt in brake pedal.
Item 6: mechanical brake hand lever
Reasons for refusal:
(1) lever/lever mounting is missing, fractured, badly worn or corroded, insecure or mounting unsatisfactory.
(2) lever travel is excessive or movement is obstructed.
(3) ratchet and pawl mechanism (where fitted) is missing, insecure, damaged or sticking.
(4) definite and regular clicks are not heard when operating hand lever.
Item 7: seats
Reasons for refusal:
(1) loose on runners or insecurely mounted.
(2) collapsed or framework damaged.
(3) driver’s seat so damaged that driver’s support is impaired.
(4) driver’s seat adjustment mechanism not functioning correctly.
Item 8: horn
Reasons for refusal:
(1) horn control is insecure.
(2) horn is insecurely mounted.
(3) horn is not working correctly.
(4) horn is not working or is not fitted.
Item 9: windscreen wipers and washers
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a wiper arm or blade is missing.
(2) wiper arms and blades are not cleaning windscreen effectively.
(3) wiper arms and blades are operating such that the wiped area is less than sufficient to give the driver an adequate view.
(4) wipers are not operating at normal speed.
(5) wiper control insecurely mounted.
(6) wiper control is not working, is defective or missing.
(7) wiper linkage is broken, excessively worn or insecure.
(8) windscreen washers (where fitted) are not working or not correctly aimed.
Item 10: glass
Reasons for refusal:
(1) windscreen missing.
(2) windscreen is not marked as safety glass.
(3) in a vehicle registered on or after 1 January 1986, windscreen is not marked with approved Standard Mark or equivalent as set out in the National Car Test (NCT) Manual.
(4) objects or stickers on windscreen are in the driver’s direct line of vision.
(5) windscreen is damaged beyond acceptable limits by reference to the National Car Test (NCT) Manual.
(6) glass side and rear windows not marked as safety glass (if first registered after 1 July 1964).
(7) windscreen or windows insecure.
(8) opening mechanism of drivers window not operating.
(9) non-glass windscreens, side or rear windows made of material that, if fractured is likely to produce fragments capable of causing severe cuts to a person.
(10) side or rear window so damaged that it obstructs the driver’s view.
(11) glass in windscreen and front side windows has a light transmission level of less than 65%.
Item 11: rear view mirror(s)
Reasons for refusal:
(1) interior rear view mirror, or where fitted as original equipment by the manufacturer, an external rear view mirror is missing.
(2) reflecting surface of interior mirror, or where fitted as original equipment by the manufacturer, external rear view mirror is deteriorated or is broken so as to impair driver’s view.
(3) head or mounting of any mirror is loose.
(4) interior rear view mirror, or where fitted as original equipment by the manufacturer, external rear view mirror is not adjustable.
(5) estate or hatch back vehicle not fitted with an exterior mirror on each side of the vehicle, except in the case of vehicles not fitted with these mirrors by the manufacturer.
Item 12: speedometer
Reasons for refusal:
(1) speedometer is missing or is not working.
(2) speedometer cannot be seen from the driver’s seat.
(3) speedometer lighting is not working.
Item 13: safety belts
Reasons for refusal:
(1) for vehicles registered between 1 June 1971 and 31 December 1991 (inclusive of those dates), a lap and diagonal type safety belt is not provided for the driver and outer front seat.
(2) for vehicles registered on or after 1 January 1992—
(a) a lap and diagonal type belt is not provided for all outer forward facing seats.
(b) a lap and diagonal or lap type safety belt is not provided for all other forward facing seats.
(3) any belt, including any for a child seat attached to the vehicle, is badly frayed, cut or repaired.
(4) any belt, including any for a child seat attached to the vehicle, is not operating properly.
(5) any load bearing member of the vehicle structure or panelling within 30 cm of a safety belt anchorage point is cracked, corroded or in an otherwise weakened condition.
(6) any belt mounting is unsatisfactory (e.g. incorrect bolts fitted).
Item 14: steering wheel play
Reasons for refusal:
(1) excessive rotational play (20° or more) is present in the steering box.
(2) excessive rotational play (5° or more) is present in the rack and pinion.
(3) steering wheel/column/shaft has excessive end float, or is insecure or broken.
(4) any bush/bearings/mounting brackets for steering wheel/column/shaft is missing, worn, damaged or insecure.
(5) shear pin in telescopic column is broken.
(6) any universal joint/clamp is damaged, worn, insecure or badly deteriorated.
(7) any retaining or locking device is missing or insecure.
Item 15: doors/locks/anti-theft devices
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a door is missing.
(2) a door cannot be opened or shut normally or is likely to open on its own.
(3) a door receiver or catch insecure.
(4) runners, tracks or an actuating mechanism on sliding door is so defective that the door does not open or close properly.
(5) a sliding door missing.
(6) any safety device is not working or is defective.
(7) steering lock, where fitted as original equipment by manufacturer, has excessive wear or is subject to jamming of the lock/barrel/key mechanism.
Item 16: adaptations for disabled drivers
Reasons for refusal:
(1) any adaptation is worn, insecure, sticking, fouling or likely to fail.
(2) a servo or electrical device is defective.
(3) wiring is insecure, insulation is damaged or is likely to short circuit or fail.
Item 17: front wheel side slip
Reason for refusal:
Side slip is more than +/- 14m/km.
Item 18: rear wheel side slip
Reason for refusal:
Side slip is more than +/- 18m/km.
Item 19: front axle suspension performance
Reason for refusal:
An imbalance of more than 30% performance exists between left hand and right suspension.
Item 20: rear axle suspension performance
Reason for refusal:
An imbalance of more than 30% performance exists between left hand and right suspension.
Item 21: service brake performance
Reasons for refusal:
(1) the braking effort—
(a) for vehicles registered before 28 July 2010, is less than 55% of the test weight of the vehicle.
(b) for vehicles registered on or after 28 July, is less than 58% of the test weight of the vehicle.
(2) the brake cannot be operated progressively.
(3) the brake shows abnormal lag when released.
(4) the brake effort on any wheel is less than 25 kilogrammes force (kgf).
Item 22: service brake imbalance
Reasons for refusal:
(1) more than 30% difference is present in braking effort between wheels on the same axle (i.e. the braking effort on one side should not be less than 70% of the braking effort on the other side).
(2) on an individual wheel brake effort fluctuates by more than 30%.
(3) where a road test is carried out, obvious pull to one side is present when brakes are applied.
(4) where a road test is carried out, perceptible ovality is present in the service brake.
Item 23: parking brake performance
Reasons for refusal:
(1) in the case of a vehicle with a single line braking system and first registered before 1 July 1964, the braking effort is less than 20% of the test weight of the vehicle.
(2) in the case of a vehicle with a single line braking system and first registered on or after 1 July 1964, the braking effort is less than 27.5% of the test weight of the vehicle.
(3) in a vehicle with a dual line braking system, the braking effort is less than 16% of the test weight of the vehicle.
Item 24: parking brake imbalance
Reason for refusal:
More than 50% difference is present in braking power between wheels on the same axle.
Item 25: towing bracket/coupling
Reasons for refusal:
(1) fastening bolts are loose or missing; securing device on the vehicle drawing pin/ball/jaw is loose or missing.
(2) a lock or blocking device is missing.
(3) cracks are present in the main parts of the coupling.
(4) ball, jaw or pin is excessively worn, deformed or damaged.
Item 26: stop lamps
Reasons for refusal:
(1) any lamp is missing or not clearly visible.
(2) any lamp is not working or faulty.
(3) any lamp is not brighter than tail lights.
(4) any lamp is not red in colour.
(5) all lamps are not of same dimensions and intensity.
(6) any lamp is insecurely mounted.
(7) any lens missing or broken.
(8) contains water/moisture.
(9) switch does not operate correctly.
Item 27: rear lamps
Reasons for refusal:
(1) any rear lamp is missing or not clearly visible.
(2) any rear lamp is not working or faulty.
(3) any rear lamp is not red in colour.
(4) any rear lamp lens is broken or missing.
(5) rear lamps not of the same dimensions and intensity.
(6) any rear lamp is insecurely mounted.
(7) rear lamps are not fitted symmetrically.
(8) contains water/moisture.
(9) switch does not operate correctly.
Item 28: indicators/tell tales
Reasons for refusal:
(1) any indicator is missing, not fitted symmetrically or is not clearly visible.
(2) any indicator is not working or is faulty.
(3) any indicator is not flashing constantly between 60 and 120 flashes per minute (flashing type).
(4) any indicator is insecurely mounted.
(5) a lens is broken or is missing.
(6) contains water or moisture.
(7) a lens is not amber in colour, in the case of a vehicle first registered after 30 June 1964.
(8) all front indicators are not amber or white in colour, in the case of a vehicle first registered before 1 July 1964.
(9) all rear indicators are not amber or red in colour, in the case of a vehicle first registered before 1 July 1964.
(10) where only one indicator is fitted per side—
(a) it is not amber in colour, or
(b) in the case of a semaphore type only, it does not extend six inches beyond the outline of the vehicle.
(11) indicator switch is faulty.
(12) tell tale is missing.
(13) tell tale is not working or is faulty.
Item 29: side lamps
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a lamp is missing or is not clearly visible.
(2) lens is broken or missing.
(3) not working or faulty.
(4) lamps are not white in colour.
(5) lamps are not fitted symmetrically.
(6) lamps are not of the same dimensions and intensity.
(7) a lamp is insecurely mounted.
(8) contains water/moisture.
(9) switch does not operate correctly.
Item 30: headlamp condition
Reasons for refusal:
(1) dipped beams are not working simultaneously.
(2) main beams are not working simultaneously.
(3) main or dipped beams not working.
(4) light intensity is not acceptable.
(5) glass is badly cracked or missing.
(6) reflecting material is damaged/discoloured.
(7) a headlamp is missing.
(8) a headlamp is insecurely mounted.
(9) a headlamp contains water/moisture.
(10) the dip or headlamp switch is insecurely mounted or missing.
(11) the dip or headlamp switch defective.
(12) headlamps are dipping to the right.
(13) all lamps not either white or yellow.
(14) main beam warning light is not working.
Item 31: headlamp aim
Reasons for refusal:
(1) In the case of a European type headlamp checked on dip beam—
(a) for headlamps whose centre is not more than 850mm above the ground, the horizontal cut off line does not lie between the 0.5% and 2% horizontal lines.
(b) for headlamps whose centre is more than 850mm above the ground, the horizontal cut off line does not lie between 1.25% and the 2.75% horizontal lines.
(c) the junction of the 15 cut off line and the horizontal cut off line does not lie between the 0% and the –2% vertical lines.
(2) In the case of a British-American type headlamp checked on dipped beam—
(a) the upper edge of the hotspot does not lie between the 0% and 2.75% horizontal lines.
(b) the right-hand edge of the hotspot does not lie between the 0% and the –2% vertical lines.
(3) In the case of a British-American type headlamp checked on main beam—
(a) for headlamps whose centre is not more than 850mm above the ground, the hotspot centre does not lie between the 0.0% and the –2% horizontal lines.
(b) for headlamps whose centre is more than 850mm above the ground, the hotspot centre does not lie between 0.0% and the 2.75% horizontal lines.
(c) the centre of the hotspot does not lie between the 0% and the –2% vertical lines.
Item 32: auxiliary lamp condition and position
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a front fog lamp is incorrectly positioned.
(2) a front fog lamp is insecurely mounted.
(3) a front fog lamp switch is defective or does not operate independently of side light.
(4) a front fog lamp is not showing white or yellow light.
(5) an auxiliary lamp is incorrectly positioned.
(6) an auxiliary lamp is insecurely mounted.
(7) an auxiliary lamp switch is defective or does not operate independently of side light.
(8) an auxiliary lamp is not showing white or yellow light.
(9) an auxiliary lamp is set in main beam position and does not extinguish when dipped beams are brought into operation.
Item 33: auxiliary lamp aim
Reasons for refusal:
(1) the upper edge of a fog lamp beam is above the 2% horizontal line.
(2) the hotspot centre of an auxiliary lamp does not lie below the 0% horizontal line.
(3) the centre of the hotspot does not lie between the 0% and the –2% vertical lines.
Item 34: reflectors
Reasons for refusal:
(1) one or both rear reflectors are missing or ineffective.
(2) a rear reflector is not red in colour.
(3) a rear reflector is seriously damaged.
(4) rear reflectors are not matching in size and appearance.
(5) a rear reflector is insecurely mounted.
(6) rear reflectors are not fitted symmetrically.
(7) a side reflector is not amber in colour.
Item 35: bodywork
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a primary structural component is broken, cracked, insecure, damaged or rusted to an advanced stage.
(2) a secondary structural component is missing, insecure, rusted or damaged to such an extent as to leave sharp edges.
(3) the vehicle body is not sitting squarely due to distortion.
(4) a bonnet or boot catch is defective or the bonnet safety catch is missing or defective.
(5) a bumper, bull guard or body strip is insecure.
(6) permitting the entry of engine or exhaust fumes.
(7) a primary structural component has been repaired in such a manner that the original strength of the component has not been maintained.
(8) the vehicle’s original strength as manufactured or original safety of vehicle bodywork as manufactured, is obviously not maintained.
(9) two “halves” of vehicles have been joined together and certification of the safety of the work is not available from the vehicle manufacturer, a mechanical or automotive engineer, an automotive assessor or equivalent person.
Item 36: tyre condition
Reasons for refusal:
(1) evidence is present of recutting of tread pattern where tyre is not suitable for recutting.
(2) a tyre is incorrectly seated on wheel rim.
(3) a cut in tyre is longer than 25mm or 10% of section width (whichever is the shorter) and reaches the ply or cords.
(4) the ply or cord structure is ruptured or exposed, tread is lifting, a lump or bulge has been caused by separation of rubber from cords or weakness in cord structure, or tread distorted or damaged.
(5) obvious damage or distortion of a valve stem is present.
(6) a valve stem is chafing against valve hole.
(7) the sidewall of a tyre has been repaired with the use of a plug.
Item 37: tyre specification
Reasons for refusal:
(1) tyres fitted to individual axles are not of the same size, aspect ratio or type.
(2) radial ply tyres are fitted to the front wheels but not to the rear wheels.
(3) speed rating of tyres cannot be determined on inspection or is insufficient for maximum legal speed limit.
(4) a space saving tyre fitted on an axle.
(5) tyre protrudes beyond bodywork.
(6) tyre is not fit for purpose.
(7) any tyre fitted in the incorrect direction (directional tyres) or wrong side out (asymmetrical tyres).
(8) an E or e mark is not visible on the tyre.
Item 38: tyre tread
Reason for refusal:
The depth of tread is less than 1.6 mm in the central three-quarters of the tread pattern.
Item 39: wheels
Reasons for refusal:
(1) cracks or defective welds are present in a wheel.
(2) a wheel is more than 13mm (1/2") askew or buckled.
(3) a wheel is incorrectly fitted.
(4) a wheel is damaged such that tyre damage or seal damage can occur.
(5) different size wheels are fitted on the same axle.
(6) any spoke or other wheel component is in such a condition that there is a danger of failure.
(7) any stud hole is elongated or damaged.
(8) any studs or nuts are damaged or threads stripped or crossed.
(9) any stud or nut is missing or loose.
(10) any stud or nut is in such a condition that there is an obvious danger that the wheel will come loose.
(11) any wheelnut is wrongly fitted.
(12) an incorrect wheelnut is fitted.
Item 40: spare wheel and carrier (external carrier only)
Reasons for refusal:
(1) spare wheel carrier (where fitted) is cracked or insecurely mounted.
(2) spare wheel (where present) is insecurely held in its place.
Item 41: brake fluid
Reasons for refusal:
(1) the reservoir is less than half-full or is below manufacturer’s “minimum” level.
(2) the reservoir cap is leaking or cap missing.
(3) the fluid is obviously dirty or contaminated.
Item 42: chassis/underbody/sub-frame/flitch plates
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a weld is breaking away.
(2) the chassis/underbody is cracked or insecure or pronounced misalignment is present.
(3) loose rivets or bolts or chassis members are bent.
(4) the chassis/underbody is considerably weakened by holes.
(5) advanced corrosion or other equivalent damage is present.
(6) repairs or modifications are obviously not in line with manufacturer’s recommendations.
Item 43: steering linkage
Reasons for refusal:
(1) in the case of rack and pinion steering—
(a) a linkage is damaged or insecure.
(b) splines are worn or damaged.
(c) bushes/bearings are excessively worn.
(d) excessive end float is present in pinion.
(e) obvious stiffness in linkage.
(f) steering rack gaiter is insecure, split or missing.
(2) in the case of steering box—
(a) obvious stiffness or bearings are damaged or worn.
(b) damaged or insecure or excessive end float is present in a steering box shaft.
(c) axial or radial play is present in the linkage, splines are worn or a shaft is twisted.
(3) in the case of other components—
(a) a drop arm/drag link is damaged or insecure.
(b) a drag link or the track rod ends are obviously worn or insecure.
(c) idler assembly mounting is obviously loose, or axial or radial play is present in the assembly.
(d) track rod/steering arm is obviously deformed, loose or cracked.
(e)3mm (1/8") or more play is evident on 14" diameter wheel in respect of king pin/ bushes/ bearings, at wheel rim or another diameter wheel rim displays pro rata play.
(f) excessive lift exists between stub axle and axle beam.
(g) stub axle is damaged or bent.
(h) a retaining or locking device (split pin, nut, rivet, weld, etc.) is missing, insecure worn or broken.
(i) steering housing is damaged or worn.
(j) a mounting bolt for steering housing is missing or loose.
(k) any steering component has been repaired by welding.
(l) cracks or corrosion are present around attachment points for steering box, rack or idler box.
(m) power assistance is not available consistently over full lock to lock range.
(n) power assistance is not operating where power steering is a standard fitment by the manufacturer on all vehicles of the type (make and model) of vehicle being tested.
(o) power steering fluid level is below minimum level.
(p) a power steering fluid pipe is fouling other components.
(q) leaks are present in power steering fluid pipes.
(r) power steering pump is worn, noisy, leaking or has a defective drive.
(s) continuous oil leak is present from steering box/rack/ or steering damper.
(t) steering is over or under locking or is fouling any other component on the vehicle.
(4) dust covers missing or severely deteriorated.
Item 44: wheel bearings
Reasons for refusal:
(1) obviously too much play in wheel bearings or hub.
(2) bearings are too tight.
(3) bearings or hub are worn or damaged.
Item 45: front springs
Reasons for refusal:
(1) spring (coil/leaf), torsion bar—
(a) are worn or exhausted.
(b) any spring leaf is broken, missing or repaired by welding.
(c) fitted incorrectly.
(d) a spring clamp is missing.
(e) a U-bolt is loose or missing.
(f) a coil spring or torsion bar broken.
(2) spring mounting or torsion bar mounting—
(a) is obviously loose.
(b) is obviously cracked or damaged.
(3) spring eye- bolts/shackle pins—
(a) a locking device is missing or insecurely fitted.
(b) spring eye-bolts/shackle pins are worn, incorrectly positioned, are of an incorrect type or are missing.
(c) a spring eye-bolt/shackle pin is obviously loose in its bush.
(4) spring or shackle bushes—
(a) are worn, missing or perished.
(b) a spring centre bolt missing or damaged.
(c) a bump stop missing or ineffective.
(5) air, hydrolastic, hydragas suspension—
(a) leaks are present in system.
(b) a linkage to levelling valve defective.
(c) a valve is insecure or defective.
(d) a suspension bellows is giving inadequate movement with risk of wheel fouling.
(e) a pipe is damaged to the extent that it is likely to fail.
(f) the vehicle is sitting on bump stops.
(6) bonded suspension units—
(a) failure of rubber/metal attachment has occurred.
(b) deterioration of suspension medium has occurred.
Item 46: front suspension
Reasons for refusal:
(1) axle beam is obviously out of line.
(2) in respect of wishbones, swinging arm, track control arm, suspension strut—
(a) a mounting obviously loose or worn.
(b) a component or mounting is cracked, damaged or deformed.
(3) in respect of anti-roll bar, torque arm/rod, radius rod/link—
(a) a component is missing or broken.
(b) a mounting is loose.
(c) a component is cracked, damaged or deformed.
(4) in respect of bushes, ball joints, and sliding bushes or swivel joints—
(a) excessive wear is present.
(b) a component is insecure.
(5) suspension mounting area deformed or corroded to such an extent that the security or alignment of the suspension component is affected.
(6) retaining or locking devices missing, insecure, worn or broken.
(7) dust covers missing or severely deteriorated.
Item 47: brake lines/hoses
Reasons for refusal:
(1) are perished, kinked, damaged or rusted to the extent that the pipe is pitted.
(2) are unsatisfactorily mounted with the possibility of failing.
(3) leaks are present.
(4) a line or hose is fouling moving parts.
(5) a line or hose is bulging under pressure.
(6) inadequate repairs have been carried out to lines or hoses or unsuitable fittings are present.
Item 48: shock absorber condition
Reasons for refusal:
(1) obvious leak is evident in a shock absorber.
(2) a mounting bracket or bush is missing, loose or damaged.
(3) a shock absorber is missing or damaged.
Item 49: electrical system
Reasons for refusal:
(1) ignition switch is missing.
(2) ignition cannot be switched off.
(3) ignition key cannot be removed.
(4) wiring is liable to interfere with the driver’s control of the vehicle.
(5) risk of fire is present, including risk associated with—
(a) dislocated or insecure electrical wiring.
(b) damaged electrical wiring.
(c) after-market items with the exceptions of taxi roof-signs, anti-theft systems and light failure indicators not being wired through ignition switch.
(d) use of unsuitable wiring, e.g. household wiring/bell wiring.
(e) use of unsuitable electrical connections.
(6) battery mounting is unsatisfactory.
(7) risk of short-circuiting is present with battery.
(8) leakages from battery are evident.
Item 50: fuel system
Reasons for refusal:
(1) fuel tank, fuel filter systems and fuel lines—
(a) a component is incorrectly or loosely mounted or damaged.
(b) advanced rust is present in fuel tank.
(c) leaks in system are evident.
(d) unsuitable fuel tank has been fitted.
(e) LPG/CNG tank has been fitted inside vehicle without being in a sub-compartment or without having valves piped to the outside.
(f) LPG/CNG venting or ducting pipes are damaged or blocked.
(g) sub-compartment is obviously not gas-tight where valves are not piped to the outside.
(h) fuel tank is fitted to roof of vehicle.
(i) a manual or solenoid valve is not operating.
(j) possibility exists of fuel lines being crushed, chafed, ruptured or subject to excessive vibration.
(k) fuel cap or fuel cap seal is damaged or missing.
(2) throttle control—
(a) is sticking, binding or excessively worn.
(b) a link pin, retaining device or safety device is missing.
(c) mounting bracket or panel is cracked or fractured.
(d) excess fuel device gives off excessive smoke if operated from within the passenger compartment after the engine has been started.
(e) engine stop control (on diesel vehicles) is not working or is missing.
(f) air filter assembly is insecure, missing or incomplete.
Item 51: brake wheel units
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a hydraulic brake unit is insecurely mounted.
(2) a hydraulic brake unit is leaking.
(3) a hydraulic brake unit is sluggish in operation or is seized.
Item 52: mechanical brake components
Reasons for refusal:
(1) a brake rod/lever/cable/linkage/pivot is missing, damaged, cracked, corroded, seized, obstructed or worn.
(2) a brake rod/lever/cable/linkage/pivot is incorrectly fitted.
(3) a bracket, mounting bolt, split pin or other retaining device is missing, loose or worn.
(4) brake linings are contaminated.
(5) brake linings are incorrectly adjusted.
(6) brake shoes or pads are in need of replacement.
(7) a brake drum/disc/backplate is missing, contaminated, obviously damaged, askew, or insecure.
(8) in relation to actuating levers—
(a) a lever is damaged, insecure or is in need of adjustment.
(b) a lever is operating over centre.
(c) danger is present of brakes locking.
(d) free movement of brake rod/levers/cables etc.is restricted.
Item 53: brake master cylinder/servo/valves/connections
Reasons for refusal:
(1) brake master cylinder/reservoirs are insecurely mounted or mounting panel is cracked.
(2) brake master cylinder/reservoirs leaking or defective.
(3) servo is insecure or defective.
(4) servo is damaged, badly corroded or leaking.
(5) a valve is missing, insecurely mounted, leaking or defective.
(6) the load sensing or brake proportioning valves are missing, bypassed, damaged, leaking, inoperative, obviously incorrectly adjusted or a linkage is sticking.
Item 54: exhaust system/noise
Reasons for refusal:
(1) exhaust pipe is badly mounted or is liable to fall off.
(2) silencer—
(a) is missing or is not functioning.
(b) is badly mounted or likely to fall off.
(c) has serious leaks.
(3) vehicle exhaust noise has reached or exceeded a specified level of 99db.
(4) a risk of fire is present because of leaks or broken components in exhaust assembly.
(5) fumes entering passenger compartment.
Item 55: rear suspension
Reasons for refusal:
(1) axle beam, trailing arm, wishbones, swinging arm, track control arm, suspension strut—
(a) a component is obviously askew.
(b) a mounting bush, bearing or bearing carrier, shaft, ball joint is obviously loose, worn or insecure.
(c) a component is cracked or damaged.
(2) anti-roll bar, transverse rod, radius rod/link—
(a) a mounting is loose.
(b) a component is cracked or deformed.
(c) a component is missing or broken.
(4) bushes, ball-joints, sliding bushes or swivel joints—
(a) a component is showing excessive wear.
(b) a component is insecure.
(c) a mounting area is damaged or corroded to such an extent that the security or alignment of the suspension component is affected.
(d) a retaining or locking device is absent, insecure, worn or broken.
(5) dust covers missing or severely deteriorated.
Item 56: rear springs
Reasons for refusal:
(1) spring (coil/leaf), torsion bar—
(a) is worn or exhausted.
(b) a spring leaf is broken, missing or repaired by welding.
(c) a component is fitted incorrectly.
(d) a spring clamp is missing.
(e) a U-bolt is loose or missing.
(f) a coil spring or torsion bar is broken.
(g) a spring mounting or torsion bar mounting is obviously loose.
(h) a spring mounting or torsion bar mounting is obviously damaged.
(2) spring eye-bolts/shackle pins—
(a) a locking device is missing or insecurely fitted.
(b) a component is worn, incorrectly positioned, missing or is of an incorrect type.
(c) a bolt/shackle pin is obviously loose in its bush.
(d) a spring, shackle bush or slipper pad is worn, missing or perished.
(e) a spring centre bolt missing or damaged.
(f) a bump stop is missing, damaged or ineffective.
(3) air, hydrolastic, hydragas suspension—
(a) a leak is present in a component.
(b) a linkage to levelling valve is defective.
(c) a valve is insecure or defective.
(d) a suspension bellows is giving inadequate movement with risk of wheel fouling.
(e) a pipe is damaged to the extent that it is likely to fail.
(f) the vehicle sitting on bump stops.
(4) bonded suspension units—
(a) failure of rubber/metal attachment has occurred.
(b) deterioration of suspension medium has occurred.
Item 57: transmission and drive train
Reasons for refusal:
(1) clutch pedal anti-slip provision is missing, loose, or worn to the extent that it is no longer effective.
(2) a driveline component is liable to lock up or break away.
(3) a propeller shaft or half shaft bearing/bearing housing/ housing mounting is askew, damaged or worn.
(4) propeller shaft/half shaft couplings—
(a) a component is worn.
(b) a bolt, nut or stud is loose or missing.
(c) a lock tab is missing.
(d) a coupling is obviously worn or its grease boots are missing or torn.
(e) lubrication oil continually dropping.
(f) an engine or gearbox mounting is insecure, deteriorated or broken.
(5) dust cover missing or severely deteriorated.
Item 58: rear fog lamp
Reasons for refusal:
(1) lamp or switch not working or faulty.
(2) missing or not clearly visible.
(3) not red in colour.
(4) lens broken or missing.
(5) insecurely mounted.
(6) fog lamp indicator not working correctly.
Item 59: reverse lamp
Reasons for refusal:
(1) not working or faulty.
(2) missing or not clearly visible.
(3) lens broken or missing.
(4) insecurely mounted.
(5) not white in colour.
(6) reversing lamp remains illuminated after reversing gear has been disengaged.
Item 60: malfunction indicators
Reason for refusal:
Malfunction indicators for airbags, electronic stability control (ESC), antilock brake system (ABS), electronic braking system (EBS) or parking brake not working or indicating a defect in the system.
Item 61: registration plate lamps
Reasons for advisory fail:
(1) lamp is not fitted, not securely attached or is not working or is faulty.
(2) lamp is not white in colour.
(3) lamp lens is missing or broken.
(4) showing direct (not reflected) white light to rear.
GIVEN under my Official Seal,
1 December 2011.
LEO VARADKAR,
Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport.
EXPLANATORY NOTE
(This note is not part of the Instrument and does not purport to be a legal interpretation.)
These Regulations give effect to Commission Directive 2010/48/EC of 5 July 2010, which amends Directive 2009/40/EC of the European Parliament and the Council to further define the standards and methods for vehicle testing. These Regulations also provide for new rules in relation to test due dates of imported vehicles and a power to recall vehicles for a further test.
For these purposes, these Regulations amend the Road Traffic (National Car Test) Regulations 2009 ( S.I. No. 567 of 2009 ).
1 OJ No. L.173/47, 8.7.2010

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