Competition Ordinance


Published: 2013-01-18

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Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 619 COMPETITION ORDINANCE Gazette Number Version Date

Long title L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


An Ordinance to prohibit conduct that prevents, restricts or distorts competition in Hong Kong; to prohibit
mergers that substantially lessen competition in Hong Kong; to establish a Competition Commission
and a Competition Tribunal; and to provide for incidental and connected matters.


[Sections 1, 2, 35, 38, 40 and 59
Parts 8 and 9
Divisions 1 and 2 of Part 12
section 176
Schedule 5
Part 6 of Schedule 7
Parts 5 and 7 and section 32 of Schedule 8

}
}
}
}
}




18 January 2013 L.N. 177 of 2012




Part 10
Part 3 of Schedule 8


} 1 August 2013 L.N. 177 of 2012

Sections 3, 4 and 5


} 17 April 2015 L.N. 39 of 2015

Sections 6 to 34, 36 to 37, 39,
41 to 58, 60 to 121, 159 to 161,
168 to 175 and 177 and
Schedules 1 to 4, Schedule 6,
Parts 1 to 5 of Schedule 7,
ss. 1 to 4, 6 to 20, 22 to 24,
26 to 31 and 33 to 37 of Schedule 8
and Schedule 9


}
}
}
}
}




14 December 2015 L.N. 156 of 2015]




(Enacting provision omitted—E.R. 2 of 2012)


(Originally 14 of 2012)

Part: 1 Preliminary L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013




Section: 1 Short title and commencement L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Competition Ordinance.
(2) This Ordinance comes into operation on a day to be appointed by the Secretary for Commerce and

Economic Development by notice published in the Gazette.

Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 162 of 2013;

L.N. 163 of 2013
03/03/2014



(1) In this Ordinance—
“agreement” (協議 ) includes any agreement, arrangement, understanding, promise or undertaking,

whether express or implied, written or oral, and whether or not enforceable or intended to be
enforceable by legal proceedings;

“Commission” (競委會) means the Competition Commission established by section 129;
“Communications Authority” (通訊事務管理局) means the Communications Authority established by



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 2

section 3 of the Communications Authority Ordinance (Cap 616);
“company” (公司), in addition to the meaning given by section 2(1) of the Companies Ordinance (Cap

622), includes a “non-Hong Kong company” within the meaning of that Ordinance and a company
registered under Part IX of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 32) as in force from time to time before the
commencement date* of section 2 of Schedule 9 to the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) or under Part 17 of the
Companies Ordinance (Cap 622); (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

“company secretary” (公司秘書) includes any person occupying the position of company secretary, by
whatever name called;

“competition authority” (競爭事務當局) means—
(a) the Commission; or
(b) the Communications Authority;

“competition matter” (競爭事宜) means any matter involving or having a connection with—
(a) a contravention or alleged contravention of a competition rule; or
(b) any decision relating to a competition rule, that has been made or is to be made under this

Ordinance;
“competition rule” (競爭守則) means—

(a) the first conduct rule;
(b) the second conduct rule; or
(c) the merger rule;

“conduct” (行為) means any conduct, whether by act or omission;
“conduct rule” (行為守則) means—

(a) the first conduct rule; or
(b) the second conduct rule;

“confidential information” (機密資料) has the meaning given by section 123;
“contract of employment” (僱傭合約) means any agreement, whether in writing or oral, express or

implied, under which one person (an “employer”) agrees to employ another and that other agrees to
serve the employer as an employee, and also includes a contract of apprenticeship;

“director” (董事) includes any person occupying the position of director or involved in the management
of a company, by whatever name called, and includes a shadow director;

“document” (文件) includes information recorded in any form;
“first conduct rule” (第一行為守則) has the meaning given by section 6;
“functions” (職能), except in section 130, includes powers and duties;
“funds of the Commission” (競委會資金) means the funds of the Commission, as specified in section 21

of Schedule 5;
“Government” (特區政府 ) does not include a company that is wholly or partly owned by the

Government;
“information” (資料) includes information contained in a document;
“infringement notice” (違章通知書) means an infringement notice issued under section 67(2);
“investigation” (調查) means an investigation conducted under Part 3;
“leniency agreement” (寬待協議) means a leniency agreement made under section 80;
“member” (委員), in relation to the Commission, means a member of the Commission appointed under

section 2 of Schedule 5;
“merger” (合併) has the meaning given by section 3 of Schedule 7 read together with section 5 of that

Schedule;
“merger rule” (合併守則) has the meaning given by section 3 of Schedule 7;
“person” (人), in addition to the meaning given by section 3 of the Interpretation and General Clauses

Ordinance (Cap 1), includes an undertaking;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 3

“President” (主任法官) means the President of the Tribunal appointed under section 136;
“reviewable determination” (可覆核裁定) has the meaning given by section 83;
“second conduct rule” (第二行為守則) has the meaning given by section 21;
“serious anti-competitive conduct” (嚴重反競爭行為) means any conduct that consists of any of the

following or any combination of the following—
(a) fixing, maintaining, increasing or controlling the price for the supply of goods or services;
(b) allocating sales, territories, customers or markets for the production or supply of goods or

services;
(c) fixing, maintaining, controlling, preventing, limiting or eliminating the production or supply

of goods or services;
(d) bid-rigging;

Note—
See also subsection (2).
“shadow director” (幕後董事), in relation to a company, means a person in accordance with whose

directions or instructions all the directors or a majority of the directors of the company are accustomed
to act, but a person is not to be regarded as a shadow director by reason only that all the directors or a
majority of the directors act on advice given by that person in a professional capacity;

“statutory body” (法定團體) means a body of persons, corporate or unincorporate, established or
constituted by or under an Ordinance or appointed under an Ordinance, but does not include—

(a) a company;
(b) a corporation of trustees incorporated under the Registered Trustees Incorporation Ordinance

(Cap 306);
(c) a society registered under the Societies Ordinance (Cap 151);
(d) a co-operative society registered under the Co-operative Societies Ordinance (Cap 33); or
(e) a trade union registered under the Trade Unions Ordinance (Cap 332);

“Tribunal” (審裁處) means the Competition Tribunal established by section 134;
“undertaking” (業務實體) means any entity, regardless of its legal status or the way in which it is

financed, engaged in economic activity, and includes a natural person engaged in economic activity.
(2) For the purposes of the definition of “serious anti-competitive conduct”—
“bid-rigging” (圍標) means—

(a) an agreement—
(i) that is made between or among 2 or more undertakings whereby one or more of those

undertakings agrees or undertakes not to submit a bid or tender in response to a call or
request for bids or tenders, or agrees or undertakes to withdraw a bid or tender submitted
in response to such a call or request; and

(ii) that is not made known to the person calling for or requesting bids or tenders at or before
the time when a bid or tender is submitted or withdrawn by a party to the agreement or
by an entity controlled by any one or more of the parties to the agreement; or

(b) a submission, in response to a call or request for bids or tenders, of bids or tenders that are
arrived at by an agreement—
(i) that is made between or among 2 or more undertakings; and
(ii) that is not made known to the person calling for or requesting bids or tenders at or before

the time when a bid or tender is submitted or withdrawn by a party to the agreement or
by an entity controlled by any one or more of the parties to the agreement;

“goods” (貨品) includes real property;
“price” (價格) includes any discount, rebate, allowance, price concession or other advantage in relation to

the supply of goods or services;
“supply” (供應)—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 4

(a) in relation to goods, means sell, rent, lease or otherwise dispose of the goods, an interest in the
goods or a right to the goods, or offer so to dispose of the goods or of such an interest or right;
and

(b) in relation to services, means sell, rent or otherwise provide the services or offer so to provide
the services.

(3) A note located in the text of this Ordinance is provided for information only and has no legislative
effect.
_________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Commencement date : 3 March 2014.

Section: 3 Application to statutory bodies L.N. 39 of 2015 17/04/2015


(1) The following provisions do not apply to a statutory body—
(a) Part 2 (The conduct rules);
(b) Part 4 (Enforcement powers of Commission);
(c) Part 6 (Enforcement before Tribunal); and
(d) Schedule 7 (Mergers).

(2) Despite subsection (1), the provisions referred to in that subsection apply to—
(a) a specified statutory body; and
(b) a statutory body, to the extent that it is engaged in a specified activity.

(3) In this section—
(a) “specified” (指明) means specified in a regulation made for the purpose of this section by the Chief

Executive in Council under section 5; and
(b) a reference to a statutory body includes an employee or agent of the statutory body, acting in that

capacity.

Section: 4 Application to specified persons and persons engaged in

specified activities
L.N. 39 of 2015 17/04/2015



(1) The provisions referred to in section 3(1) do not apply to—
(a) a specified person; or
(b) a person, to the extent that the person is engaged in a specified activity.

(2) In this section—
(a) “specified” (指明) means specified in a regulation made for the purpose of this section by the Chief

Executive in Council under section 5; and
(b) a reference to a person includes an employee or agent of the person, acting in that capacity.


Section: 5 Regulations L.N. 39 of 2015 17/04/2015


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, by regulation—
(a) apply the provisions referred to in section 3(1) to—

(i) any statutory body; or
(ii) any statutory body, to the extent that it is engaged in an activity specified in the regulation; and

(b) disapply the provisions referred to in section 3(1) to—
(i) any person; or
(ii) any person, to the extent that the person is engaged in an activity specified in the regulation.

(2) The Chief Executive in Council may only make a regulation under subsection (1)(a)(i) or (ii) with respect to
a statutory body if he or she is satisfied that—

(a) the statutory body is engaging in an economic activity in direct competition with another undertaking;
(b) the economic activity of the statutory body is affecting the economic efficiency of a specific market;
(c) the economic activity of the statutory body is not directly related to the provision of an essential public

service or the implementation of public policy; and



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 5

(d) there are no other exceptional and compelling reasons of public policy against making such a
regulation.

(3) In subsection (1), a reference to a statutory body or a person includes an employee or agent of the statutory
body or person, acting in that capacity.

Part: 2 The Conduct Rules L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013




Part:
Division:

2
1

Agreements etc. Preventing, Restricting or Distorting
Competition

L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

2
1
1

First Conduct Rule L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 6 Prohibition of anti-competitive agreements, concerted
practices and decisions

L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) An undertaking must not—
(a) make or give effect to an agreement;
(b) engage in a concerted practice; or
(c) as a member of an association of undertakings, make or give effect to a decision of the

association,
if the object or effect of the agreement, concerted practice or decision is to prevent, restrict or distort
competition in Hong Kong.

(2) Unless the context otherwise requires, a provision of this Ordinance which is expressed to apply
to, or in relation to, an agreement is to be read as applying equally to, or in relation to, a concerted practice
and a decision by an association of undertakings (but with any necessary modifications).

(3) The prohibition imposed by subsection (1) is referred to in this Ordinance as the “first conduct
rule”.

Section: 7 “Object” and “effect” of agreement L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If an agreement, concerted practice or decision has more than one object, it has the object of
preventing, restricting or distorting competition under this Ordinance if one of its objects is to prevent,
restrict or distort competition.

(2) An undertaking may be taken to have made or given effect to an agreement or decision or to have
engaged in a concerted practice that has as its object the prevention, restriction or distortion of competition
even if that object can be ascertained only by inference.

(3) If an agreement, concerted practice or decision has more than one effect, it has the effect of
preventing, restricting or distorting competition under this Ordinance if one of its effects is to prevent,
restrict or distort competition.

Section: 8 Territorial application of first conduct rule L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


The first conduct rule applies to an agreement, concerted practice or decision that has the object or
effect of preventing, restricting or distorting competition in Hong Kong even if—

(a) the agreement or decision is made or given effect to outside Hong Kong;
(b) the concerted practice is engaged in outside Hong Kong;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 6

(c) any party to the agreement or concerted practice is outside Hong Kong; or
(d) any undertaking or association of undertakings giving effect to a decision is outside Hong

Kong.

Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

2
1
2

Decisions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 9 Application for decision L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) An undertaking that has made or given effect to, is giving effect to or is proposing to make or give
effect to an agreement may apply to the Commission for a decision as to whether or not the agreement is—

(a) excluded from the application of the first conduct rule by or as a result of Schedule 1;
(b) exempt from the application of the first conduct rule by virtue of a block exemption order

issued under section 15;
(c) exempt from the application of the first conduct rule by virtue of an order of the Chief

Executive in Council made under section 31 (Exemptions on public policy grounds) or section
32 (Exemption to avoid conflict with international obligations); or

(d) excluded from the application of this Part by virtue of section 3 (Application to statutory
bodies) or section 4 (Application to specified persons and persons engaged in specified
activities).

(2) The Commission is only required to consider an application under this section if—
(a) the application poses novel or unresolved questions of wider importance or public interest in

relation to the application of exclusions or exemptions under this Ordinance;
(b) the application raises a question of an exclusion or exemption under this Ordinance for which

there is no clarification in existing case law or decisions of the Commission; and
(c) it is possible to make a decision on the basis of the information provided.

(3) The Commission is not required to consider an application under this section if the application
concerns hypothetical questions or agreements.

Section: 10 Consideration of application L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Before making a decision on an application made under section 9, the Commission must—
(a) in order to bring the application to the attention of those the Commission considers likely to

be affected by the decision, publish notice of the application—
(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate; and

(b) consider any representations about the application that are made to the Commission.
(2) A notice under subsection (1) must specify the period within which representations may be made

to the Commission about the application.
(3) The period specified for the purpose of subsection (2) must be a period of at least 30 days

beginning after the day on which the notice is first published.

Section: 11 Decision by Commission L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) After considering the representations, if any, made within the period referred to in section 10, the
Commission may make a decision as to whether or not the agreement in question is excluded or exempt
from the application of the first conduct rule or this Part.

(2) A decision by the Commission may include conditions or limitations subject to which it is to have



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 7

effect.
(3) After the Commission has made its decision, it must inform the applicant in writing of the

decision, the date of its decision and the reasons for it.

Section: 12 Effect of decision L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), if the Commission makes a decision that an agreement is excluded or
exempt from the application of the first conduct rule or this Part then each undertaking specified in the
decision is immune from any action under this Ordinance with regard to that agreement.

(2) The immunity provided by subsection (1) applies to an undertaking only to the extent of the first
conduct rule or this Part, and in so far as that undertaking complies with every condition and limitation
subject to which the decision is to have effect.

Section: 13 Non-compliance with condition or limitation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If an undertaking fails or ceases to comply with a condition or limitation subject to which a
decision has effect, the immunity provided by section 12 ceases to apply with respect to that undertaking
with effect from the date on which the non-compliance begins.

(2) If an undertaking starts to comply or resumes compliance with the condition or limitation, the
immunity provided by section 12 applies to that undertaking with effect from the date on which the
compliance begins or resumes.

(3) Action may be taken under this Ordinance against any undertaking relating to a contravention of
the first conduct rule by that undertaking, that occurs during any period in which the immunity provided by
section 12 does not apply to it.

Section: 14 Rescission of decision L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may rescind a decision made under section 11 if it has reason to believe—
(a) that there has been a material change of circumstances since the decision was made; or
(b) that the information on which it based its decision was incomplete, false or misleading in a

material particular.
(2) Before rescinding a decision under this section the Commission must—

(a) in order to bring the proposed rescission to the attention of those undertakings the
Commission considers likely to be affected by it, publish notice of the proposed rescission—
(i) stating that the Commission is considering rescinding the decision and the reasons why it

is considering the rescission; and
(ii) inviting the undertakings to make representations about the proposed rescission within

the period specified in the notice; and
(b) consider any representations received within the period specified in the notice.

(3) The notice referred to in subsection (2) must be published—
(a) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(b) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.

(4) The period specified in the notice published under subsection (2) must be a period of at least 30
days beginning after the day on which the notice is published.

(5) If, after—
(a) the expiry of the period specified in the notice published under subsection (2); and
(b) considering any representations received within that period,

the Commission is of the view that the decision should be rescinded, it may, by notice in writing given to
each undertaking for which the decision provides immunity, rescind that decision.

(6) A notice of rescission given under subsection (5) must inform the undertakings of—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 8

(a) the rescission and the reasons for the rescission;
(b) the date on which the determination to rescind the decision was made; and
(c) the date from which the rescission takes effect.

(7) If the Commission is satisfied that any information—
(a) on which it based its decision; and
(b) which was provided to it by a party to the agreement,

was incomplete, false or misleading in a material particular, the date specified in a notice under subsection
(6)(c) may be earlier than the date on which the notice is given.

(8) If a decision is rescinded under this section, each undertaking specified in the notice of rescission
loses its immunity from action under this Ordinance, as from the date the rescission takes effect, with regard
to anything done after that date.

(9) A rescission of a decision under this section may be made with regard to all of the undertakings for
which the decision provides immunity or with regard to only one or more of them.

Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

2
1
3

Block Exemptions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 15 Block exemption orders L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Commission is satisfied that a particular category of agreement is an excluded agreement, it
may issue a block exemption order in respect of that category of agreement.

(2) The Commission may, either of its own volition or on application by an undertaking or an
association of undertakings, issue a block exemption order.

(3) The Commission may, in a block exemption order—
(a) impose conditions or limitations subject to which the block exemption order is to have effect;

and
(b) specify a date from which the order is to cease to have effect.

(4) The Commission must, in a block exemption order, specify a date, being a date not more than 5
years after the date of the order, upon which it will commence a review of the block exemption order.

(5) In this section—
“excluded agreement” (豁除協議) means an agreement that is excluded from the application of the first

conduct rule by or as a result of section 1 (Agreements enhancing overall economic efficiency) of
Schedule 1.


Section: 16 Procedures regarding block exemption orders L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Before issuing a block exemption order, the Commission must—
(a) in order to bring the proposed block exemption order to the attention of those the Commission

considers likely to be affected by it, publish notice of the proposed block exemption order—
(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate; and

(b) consider any representations about the proposed block exemption order that are made to the
Commission.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) must specify the period within which representations may be made
to the Commission about the proposed block exemption order.

(3) The period specified for the purpose of subsection (2) must be a period of at least 30 days
beginning after the day on which the notice is first published.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 9

Section: 17 Effect of block exemption order L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), an agreement that falls within a category of agreement specified in a
block exemption order is exempt from the application of the first conduct rule.

(2) The immunity provided by subsection (1) to undertakings making or giving effect to an agreement
applies to an undertaking only if it complies with every condition and limitation subject to which the block
exemption order has effect.

Section: 18 Non-compliance with condition or limitation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If an undertaking fails or ceases to comply with a condition or limitation subject to which a block
exemption order has effect, the block exemption order ceases to apply with respect to that undertaking with
effect from the date on which the non-compliance begins.

(2) If an undertaking starts to comply or resumes compliance with the condition or limitation, the
block exemption order applies to that undertaking with effect from the date on which the compliance begins
or resumes.

(3) Action may be taken under this Ordinance against any undertaking relating to a contravention of
the first conduct rule by that undertaking, that occurs during any period in which the block exemption order
does not apply to it.

Section: 19 Review of block exemption order L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission must commence a review of a block exemption order on the date specified in the
order for the commencement of the review.

(2) Despite subsection (1), the Commission may review a block exemption order at any time if it
considers it appropriate to do so.

(3) Without limiting the matters that may be considered in deciding, under subsection (2), whether or
not to review a block exemption order, the Commission must consider the following—

(a) the desirability of maintaining a stable and predictable regulatory environment in relation to
competition;

(b) any developments that have taken place in the economy of Hong Kong or in the economy of
any place outside Hong Kong that affect the category of agreement that is the subject of the
block exemption order; and

(c) whether any significant new information relating to the particular category of agreement has
come to the knowledge of the Commission since the block exemption order was first issued.


Section: 20 Variation or revocation of block exemption order L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Commission considers that it is appropriate to do so, after reviewing a block exemption
order, it may issue an order varying or revoking the block exemption order with effect from a date specified
in the order.

(2) Before varying or revoking a block exemption order, the Commission must—
(a) in order to bring the proposed variation or revocation to the attention of those the Commission

considers likely to be affected by it, publish notice of the proposed variation or revocation—
(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate; and

(b) consider any representations about the proposed variation or revocation that are made to the
Commission.

(3) A notice under subsection (2) must specify the period within which representations may be made
to the Commission about the proposed variation or revocation.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 10

(4) The period specified for the purpose of subsection (3) must be a period of at least 30 days
beginning after the day on which the notice is first published.

(5) An order made under this section—
(a) must specify the date on which it is to have effect; and
(b) may contain any transitional and savings provisions the Commission considers necessary or

expedient.

Part:
Division:

2
2

Abuse of Market Power L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

2
2
1

Second Conduct Rule L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 21 Abuse of market power L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) An undertaking that has a substantial degree of market power in a market must not abuse that
power by engaging in conduct that has as its object or effect the prevention, restriction or distortion of
competition in Hong Kong.

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), conduct may, in particular, constitute such an abuse if it
involves—

(a) predatory behaviour towards competitors; or
(b) limiting production, markets or technical development to the prejudice of consumers.

(3) Without limiting the matters that may be taken into account in determining whether an undertaking
has a substantial degree of market power in a market, the following matters may be taken into consideration
in any such determination—

(a) the market share of the undertaking;
(b) the undertaking’s power to make pricing and other decisions;
(c) any barriers to entry to competitors into the relevant market; and
(d) any other relevant matters specified in the guidelines issued under section 35 for the purposes

of this paragraph.
(4) The prohibition imposed by subsection (1) is referred to in this Ordinance as the “second conduct

rule”.

Section: 22 “Object” and “effect” of conduct L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If conduct has more than one object, it has the object of preventing, restricting or distorting
competition under this Ordinance if one of its objects is to prevent, restrict or distort competition.

(2) An undertaking may be taken to have engaged in conduct that has as its object the prevention,
restriction or distortion of competition even if that object can be ascertained only by inference.

(3) If conduct has more than one effect, it has the effect of preventing, restricting or distorting
competition under this Ordinance if one of its effects is to prevent, restrict or distort competition.

Section: 23 Territorial application of second conduct rule L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


The second conduct rule applies to conduct that has as its object or effect the prevention, restriction or
distortion of competition in Hong Kong even if—

(a) the undertaking engaging in the conduct is outside Hong Kong; or



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 11

(b) the conduct is engaged in outside Hong Kong.

Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

2
2
2

Decisions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 24 Application for decision L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) An undertaking that has engaged in, is engaging in or is proposing to engage in certain conduct
may apply to the Commission for a decision as to whether or not the conduct is—

(a) excluded from the application of the second conduct rule by or as a result of Schedule 1;
(b) exempt from the application of the second conduct rule by virtue of an order of the Chief

Executive in Council made under section 31 (Exemptions on public policy grounds) or section
32 (Exemption to avoid conflict with international obligations); or

(c) excluded from the application of this Part by virtue of section 3 (Application to statutory
bodies) or section 4 (Application to specified persons and persons engaged in specified
activities).

(2) The Commission is only required to consider an application under this section if—
(a) the application poses novel or unresolved questions of wider importance or public interest in

relation to the application of exclusions or exemptions under this Ordinance;
(b) the application raises a question of an exclusion or exemption under this Ordinance for which

there is no clarification in existing case law or decisions of the Commission; and
(c) it is possible to make a decision on the basis of the information provided.

(3) The Commission is not required to consider an application under this section if the application
concerns hypothetical questions or conduct.

Section: 25 Consideration of application L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Before making a decision on an application made under section 24, the Commission must—
(a) in order to bring the application to the attention of those the Commission considers likely to

be affected by the decision, publish notice of the application—
(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate; and

(b) consider any representations about the application that are made to the Commission.
(2) A notice under subsection (1) must specify the period within which representations may be made

to the Commission about the application.
(3) The period specified for the purpose of subsection (2) must be a period of at least 30 days

beginning after the day on which the notice is first published.

Section: 26 Decision by Commission L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) After considering the representations, if any, made within the period referred to in section 25, the
Commission may make a decision as to whether or not the conduct in question is excluded or exempt from
the application of the second conduct rule or this Part.

(2) A decision by the Commission may include conditions or limitations subject to which it is to have
effect.

(3) After the Commission has made its decision, it must inform the applicant in writing of the
decision, the date of its decision and the reasons for it.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 12

Section: 27 Effect of decision L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), if the Commission makes a decision that conduct is excluded or exempt
from the application of the second conduct rule or this Part then each undertaking specified in the decision is
immune from any action under this Ordinance with regard to that conduct.

(2) The immunity provided by subsection (1) applies to an undertaking only to the extent of the
second conduct rule or this Part, and in so far as that undertaking complies with every condition and
limitation subject to which the decision is to have effect.

Section: 28 Non-compliance with condition or limitation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If an undertaking fails or ceases to comply with a condition or limitation subject to which a
decision has effect, the immunity provided by section 27 ceases to apply with respect to that undertaking
with effect from the date on which the non-compliance begins.

(2) If an undertaking starts to comply or resumes compliance with the condition or limitation, the
immunity provided by section 27 applies to that undertaking with effect from the date on which the
compliance begins or resumes.

(3) Action may be taken under this Ordinance against any undertaking relating to a contravention of
the second conduct rule by that undertaking, that occurs during any period in which the immunity provided
by section 27 does not apply to it.

Section: 29 Rescission of decision L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may rescind a decision made under section 26 if it has reason to believe—
(a) that there has been a material change of circumstances since the decision was made; or
(b) that the information on which it based its decision was incomplete, false or misleading in a

material particular.
(2) Before rescinding a decision under this section the Commission must—

(a) in order to bring the proposed rescission to the attention of those undertakings the
Commission considers likely to be affected by it, publish notice of the proposed rescission—
(i) stating that the Commission is considering rescinding the decision and the reasons why it

is considering the rescission; and
(ii) inviting the undertakings to make representations about the proposed rescission within

the period specified in the notice; and
(b) consider any representations received within the period specified in the notice.

(3) The notice referred to in subsection (2) must be published—
(a) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(b) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.

(4) The period specified in the notice published under subsection (2) must be a period of at least 30
days beginning after the day on which the notice is published.

(5) If, after—
(a) the expiry of the period specified in the notice published under subsection (2); and
(b) considering any representations received within that period,

the Commission is of the view that the decision should be rescinded, it may, by notice in writing given to
each undertaking for which the decision provides immunity, rescind that decision.

(6) A notice of rescission given under subsection (5) must inform the undertakings of—
(a) the rescission and the reasons for the rescission;
(b) the date on which the determination to rescind the decision was made; and
(c) the date from which the rescission takes effect.

(7) If the Commission is satisfied that any information—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 13

(a) on which it based its decision; and
(b) which was provided to it by an undertaking engaging in the conduct,

was incomplete, false or misleading in a material particular, the date specified in a notice under subsection
(6)(c) may be earlier than the date on which the notice is given.

(8) If a decision is rescinded under this section, each undertaking specified in the notice of rescission
loses its immunity from action under this Ordinance, as from the date the rescission takes effect, with regard
to anything done after that date.

(9) A rescission of a decision under this section may be made with regard to all of the undertakings for
which the decision provides immunity or with regard to only one or more of them.

Part:
Division:

2
3

Exclusions and Exemptions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

2
3
1

Exclusions from Conduct Rules L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 30 Exclusions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


The conduct rules do not apply in any of the cases in which they are excluded by or as a result of
Schedule 1.

Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

2
3
2

Exemptions from Conduct Rules L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 31 Exemptions on public policy grounds L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the Gazette, exempt—
(a) a specified agreement or a specified class of agreement from the application of the first

conduct rule; or
(b) specified conduct or a specified class of conduct from the application of the second conduct

rule,
if he or she is satisfied that there are exceptional and compelling reasons of public policy for doing so.

(2) An order under subsection (1) may be made subject to any conditions or limitations that the Chief
Executive in Council considers appropriate.

(3) An order made under this section remains in force for the period that is specified in the order.
(4) Before the expiry of an order, the Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the

Gazette, extend the period of its validity.
(5) An order made under subsection (1) may provide that the conduct rule in question has never

applied to any agreement or conduct specified in the order.

Section: 32 Exemption to avoid conflict with international obligations L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the Gazette, exempt—
(a) a specified agreement or a specified class of agreement from the application of the first

conduct rule; or
(b) specified conduct or a specified class of conduct from the application of the second conduct



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 14

rule,
if he or she is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so, in order to avoid a conflict between this Ordinance and
an international obligation that directly or indirectly relates to Hong Kong.

(2) An order under subsection (1) may be made subject to any conditions or limitations that the Chief
Executive in Council considers appropriate.

(3) An order made under this section remains in force for the period that is specified in the order.
(4) Before the expiry of an order, the Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the

Gazette, extend the period of its validity.
(5) If an international obligation has ceased to have effect or has been varied, the Chief Executive in

Council may, by order published in the Gazette, revoke an order made under this section, or (as the case
requires) amend it to the extent warranted by the variation.

(6) An order made under subsection (1) may provide that the conduct rule in question has never
applied to any agreement or conduct specified in the order.

(7) In this section—
“international obligation” (國際義務) includes an obligation under—

(a) an air service agreement or a provisional arrangement referred to in Article 133 of the Basic
Law;

(b) an international arrangement relating to civil aviation; and
(c) any agreement, provisional arrangement or international arrangement designated as an

international agreement, international provisional arrangement or international arrangement by
the Chief Executive in Council by order published in the Gazette.


Section: 33 Orders to be published and placed before Legislative

Council
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) The Chief Executive is to arrange for every order made under section 31 or 32 to be—
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) laid on the table of the Legislative Council at the next sitting of the Council after its

publication in the Gazette.
(2) The Legislative Council may, by resolution passed at a sitting of the Legislative Council held not

later than 28 days after the sitting at which an order is laid on the table of the Council (the “relevant
period”), amend the order in any manner consistent with the power of the Chief Executive in Council to
make the order in question.

(3) If the relevant period would but for this section expire after the end of a session or a dissolution of
the Legislative Council, but on or before the day of its second sitting in the next session, the period for
amending the order is deemed to be extended and to expire on the day after that second sitting.

(4) The Legislative Council may, before the expiry of the relevant period, by resolution extend the
period for amending the order to the first sitting of the Council held not earlier than the twenty-first day after
the day of that expiry.

(5) If the relevant period is extended under subsection (3), the Legislative Council may, before the
expiry of the extended period, by resolution extend that extended period to the first sitting of the Council
held not earlier than the twenty-first day after the day of the second sitting in the next session referred to in
that subsection.

(6) A resolution passed by the Legislative Council in accordance with this section must be published
in the Gazette not later than 14 days after the passing of the resolution or within such further period as the
Chief Executive may allow in any particular case.

(7) An order made by the Chief Executive in Council under section 31 or 32 comes into operation—
(a) if on the expiry of the relevant period or that period as extended under subsection (3), (4) or

(5), the Legislative Council has not passed a resolution amending the order, on the expiry of
the relevant period or that period as so extended (as the case may be); and



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 15

(b) if the Legislative Council passes a resolution amending the order, at the beginning of the day
on which the resolution is published in the Gazette.

(8) If an order is not laid on the table of the Legislative Council in accordance with this section, it is of
no effect.

(9) In this section—
“sitting” (會議), when used to calculate time, means the day on which the sitting commences and only

includes a sitting at which subsidiary legislation is included on the order paper.

Part:
Division:

2
4

Miscellaneous L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 34 Register of decisions and block exemption orders L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission must establish and maintain a register of—
(a) all decisions made in respect of applications made under section 9 or 24;
(b) all notices of rescissions of such decisions, made under section 14 or 29;
(c) all block exemption orders issued under section 15; and
(d) all orders varying or revoking block exemption orders, issued under section 20.

(2) The Commission may omit confidential information from any entry made in the register under this
section; and where confidential information has been omitted, that fact must be disclosed on the register.

(3) The Commission must make the register available for inspection by any person—
(a) at the offices of the Commission during ordinary business hours;
(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.


Section: 35 Guidelines L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) The Commission must issue guidelines—
(a) indicating the manner in which it expects to interpret and give effect to the conduct rules;
(b) regarding the manner and form in which it will receive applications for a decision or block

exemption order; and
(c) indicating how it expects to exercise its power to make a decision or grant block exemptions.

(2) The Commission may amend any guidelines it issues under this section.
(3) Guidelines issued under this section, and any amendments made to them, may be published in any

manner the Commission considers appropriate.
(4) Before issuing any guidelines or amendments to them under this section, the Commission must

consult the Legislative Council and any persons it considers appropriate.
(5) The Commission must make available copies of all guidelines issued under this section and of all

amendments made to them—
(a) at the offices of the Commission during ordinary business hours;
(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.

(6) A person does not incur any civil or criminal liability only because the person has contravened any
guidelines issued under this section or any amendments made to them.

(7) If, in any legal proceedings, the Tribunal or any other court is satisfied that a guideline is relevant
to determining a matter that is in issue—

(a) the guideline is admissible in evidence in the proceedings; and
(b) proof that a person contravened or did not contravene the guideline may be relied on by any

party to the proceedings as tending to establish or negate the matter.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 16

(8) Guidelines issued under this section and all amendments made to them are not subsidiary
legislation.

Section: 36 Amendment of Schedule 1 L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may by order amend Schedule 1.
(2) An order made under subsection (1) is subject to the approval of the Legislative Council.


Part: 3 Complaints and Investigations L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013




Part:
Division:

3
1

Complaints L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 37 Complaints L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Any person may, in accordance with guidelines issued under section 38, lodge a complaint with
the Commission alleging that an undertaking has contravened, is contravening or is about to contravene a
competition rule.

(2) The Commission is not required to investigate a complaint if it does not consider it reasonable to
do so and may, in particular, refuse to investigate a complaint if it is satisfied that—

(a) the complaint is trivial, frivolous or vexatious; or
(b) the complaint is misconceived or lacking in substance.


Section: 38 Guidelines regarding complaints L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


The Commission must issue guidelines indicating the manner and form in which complaints are to be
made.

Part:
Division:

3
2

Investigations L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 39 Power to conduct investigations L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may conduct an investigation into any conduct that constitutes or may constitute
a contravention of a competition rule—

(a) of its own volition;
(b) where it has received a complaint under this Part;
(c) where the Court of First Instance or the Tribunal has referred any conduct to it for

investigation under section 118; or
(d ) where the Government has referred any conduct to it for investigation.

(2) Despite subsection (1), the Commission may only conduct an investigation under this Part if it has
reasonable cause to suspect that a contravention of a competition rule has taken place, is taking place or is
about to take place.

Section: 40 Guidelines regarding investigations L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


The Commission must issue guidelines indicating—
(a) the procedures it will follow in deciding whether or not to conduct an investigation under this



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 17

Part; and
(b) the procedures it will follow in conducting any investigation under this Part.


Section: 41 Powers to obtain documents and information L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) This section applies where the Commission has reasonable cause to suspect that a person has or
may have possession or control of documents or information or may otherwise be able to assist it in relation
to a matter that constitutes or may constitute a contravention of a competition rule.

(2) For the purpose of conducting an investigation, the Commission may by notice in writing require
any person—

(a) to produce to it any document or a copy of any document; or
(b) to provide it with any specified information,

relating to any matter it reasonably believes to be relevant to the investigation.
(3) A notice under subsection (2) must indicate—

(a) the subject matter and purpose of the investigation; and
(b) the nature of the offences created by section 52 (Failure to comply with requirement or

prohibition), section 53 (Destroying or falsifying documents) and section 55 (Providing false
or misleading documents or information).

(4) The Commission may also specify in the notice—
(a) the time and place at which any document is to be produced or any information is to be

provided; and
(b) the manner and form in which any document is to be produced or any information is to be

provided.
(5) The power under this section to require a person to produce a document includes power—

(a) if the document is produced—
(i) to make copies of it or to take extracts from it; or
(ii) to require that person or any other person who is a present or past employee or partner of

that person, or was at any time employed by that person, to give an explanation of or
further particulars about the document;

(b) if the document is not produced, to require that person to state, to the best of the person’s
knowledge and belief, where it is.

(6) The power under this section to require a person to provide specified information includes power


(a) in relation to information recorded otherwise than in legible form, to require the production of
a copy of the information in a visible and legible form or in a form from which it can readily
be produced in a visible and legible form; and

(b) to require the provision of instruction on the operation of equipment containing information
stored electronically.

(7) In this section—
“specified” (指明) means—

(a) specified, or described, in the notice; or
(b) falling within a category that is specified, or described, in the notice.


Section: 42 Persons may be required to attend before Commission L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) For the purpose of conducting an investigation, the Commission may, by notice in writing, require
any person to attend before the Commission, at a time and place specified in the notice, to answer questions
relating to any matter it reasonably believes to be relevant to the investigation.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) must indicate—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 18

(a) the subject matter and purpose of the investigation; and
(b) the nature of the offences created by section 52 (Failure to comply with requirement or

prohibition), section 53 (Destroying or falsifying documents) and section 55 (Providing false
or misleading documents or information).


Section: 43 Statutory declaration regarding evidence L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may require a person giving any explanation, further particulars, answer or
statement to the Commission under this Part to verify the truth of the explanation, particulars, answer or
statement, by statutory declaration.

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1) any member of the Commission may administer an oath or
affirmation.

(3) If a person fails to comply with a requirement made under this Part to give any explanation, further
particulars, answer or statement to the Commission, the Commission may require that person to state, by
statutory declaration, the reasons for the failure.

Section: 44 Immunity L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person who gives evidence to the Commission under this Part and any counsel, solicitor, or
other person who appears before the Commission under this Part has the same privileges and immunities as
the person would have if the investigation were civil proceedings in the Court of First Instance.

(2) In subsection (1), the reference to the giving of evidence includes a reference to producing any
document, making any statement, giving any information, explanation or further particulars and answering
any question.

Section: 45 Self-incrimination L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person is not excused—
(a) from giving any explanation or further particulars about a document; or
(b) from answering any question,

under this Division on the grounds that to do so might expose the person to proceedings referred to in
subsection (3).

(2) No statement made by a person—
(a) in giving any explanation or further particulars about a document; or
(b) in answering any question,

under this Division is admissible against that person in proceedings referred to in subsection (3) unless, in
the proceedings, evidence relating to the statement is adduced, or a question relating to it is asked, by that
person or on that person’s behalf.

(3) The proceedings referred to in subsections (1) and (2) are—
(a) proceedings in which the Commission applies for an order for—

(i) a pecuniary penalty under section 93; or
(ii) a financial penalty under section 169; and

(b) any criminal proceedings other than proceedings for—
(i) an offence under section 55 (Providing false or misleading documents or information);
(ii) an offence under Part V (Perjury) of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap 200); or
(iii) an offence of perjury.


Section: 46 Obligation of confidence L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person is not excused from providing to the Commission any information or producing any



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 19

document to the Commission under this Part in respect of which an obligation of confidence is owed to any
other person.

(2) A person who, when required to do so under this Ordinance, produces any document or provides
any information to the Commission, in respect of which an obligation of confidence is owed to any other
person, is not personally liable for that act.

Part:
Division:

3
3

Search and Seizure L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 47 Appointment of authorized officers L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


The Commission may, in writing, appoint any employee of the Commission as an authorized officer of
the Commission (an “authorized officer”) for the purposes of this Part.

Section: 48 Warrant to enter and search premises L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A judge of the Court of First Instance may issue a warrant authorizing a person specified in the
warrant, and any other persons who may be necessary to assist in the execution of the warrant, to enter and
search any premises if the judge is satisfied, on application made on oath by an authorized officer, that there
are reasonable grounds to suspect that there are or are likely to be, on the premises, documents that may be
relevant to an investigation by the Commission.

(2) A warrant under subsection (1) may be issued subject to any conditions specified in it that apply to
the warrant itself or to any further authorization under it (whether granted under its terms or any provision of
this Ordinance).

Section: 49 Duty to produce evidence of authority L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


An authorized officer executing a warrant must, if requested, produce for inspection—
(a) documentary evidence of his or her identity;
(b) documentary evidence of his or her authorization under section 47; and
(c) the warrant.


Section: 50 Powers conferred by warrant L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A warrant issued under section 48 authorizes the persons specified in it—
(a) to enter and search the premises specified in the warrant;
(b) to use such force for gaining entry to the premises and for breaking open any article or thing

found on the premises as is reasonable in the circumstances;
(c) to make use of such equipment as is reasonable in the circumstances;
(d) to remove by force any person or thing obstructing the execution of the warrant;
(e) to require any person on the premises to produce any document that appears to be a relevant

document, in the possession or under the control of that person;
(f) to make copies of or take extracts from any document that appears to be a relevant document

found on the premises or produced to a person executing the warrant;
(g) to prohibit any person found on the premises from—

(i) altering or otherwise interfering with any document that appears to be a relevant
document; or

(ii) removing any such document from the premises or causing or permitting any other
person to remove such document from the premises;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 20

(h) to take possession of any documents found on the premises that appear to be relevant
documents if—
(i) such action appears to be necessary for preserving the documents or preventing

interference with them; or
(ii) it is not reasonably practicable to take copies of the documents on the premises;

(i) to take any other steps that appear to be necessary for the purpose mentioned in paragraph
(h)(i);

(j) to take possession of any computer or other thing found on the premises that the person
executing the warrant has reasonable grounds for believing will, on examination, afford
evidence of a contravention of a competition rule;

(k) to require any person on the premises to give an explanation of any document appearing to be
a relevant document or to state, to the best of his or her knowledge and belief, where such an
explanation may be found or obtained;

(l) to require any information which is stored in electronic form and is accessible from the
premises and which the person executing the warrant considers relates to any matter relevant
to the investigation, to be produced in a form—
(i) in which it is visible and legible or from which it can readily be produced in a visible and

legible form; and
(ii) in which it can be taken away.

(2) In this section—
“relevant document” (有關文件) means a document of a kind that could be required to be produced to the

Commission under this Part.

Part:
Division:

3
4

Offences in Relation to investigations L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 51 Interpretation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


In this Division—
“Commission” (競委會) includes any member, employee or authorized officer of the Commission;
“information” (資料) includes information provided in answer to a question.

Section: 52 Failure to comply with requirement or prohibition L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement or prohibition
imposed on that person under—

(a) section 41 (Powers to obtain documents and information);
(b) section 42 (Persons may be required to attend before Commission);
(c) section 43 (Statutory declaration regarding evidence); or
(d) section 50 (Powers conferred by warrant),

commits an offence.
(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable—

(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 53 Destroying or falsifying documents L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person commits an offence if, having been required to produce a document under section 41



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 21

(Powers to obtain documents and information) or section 50 (Powers conferred by warrant), the person—
(a) intentionally or recklessly destroys or otherwise disposes of it, falsifies it or conceals it; or
(b) causes or permits its destruction, disposal, falsification or concealment.

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 54 Obstruction of search L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) It is an offence for a person to obstruct any person exercising a power under a warrant issued under
section 48.

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 55 Providing false or misleading documents or information L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If any person produces or provides any document or information to the Commission under this
Part, that person commits an offence if—

(a) the document or information is false or misleading in a material particular; and
(b) the person knows or is reckless as to whether the document or information is false or

misleading in a material particular.
(2) A person who—

(a) provides any document or information to another person, knowing the document or
information to be false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b) recklessly provides any document or information to another person that is false or misleading
in a material particular,

knowing that the document or information is to be used for the purpose of providing information to the
Commission in connection with any of its functions under this Part, commits an offence.

(3) A person who commits an offence under this section is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Part:
Division:

3
5

Miscellaneous L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 56 Retention of property L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If property is produced to the Commission in response to a requirement under this Part or is
obtained under a warrant issued under section 48, the Commission may retain that property—

(a) for as long as may be necessary for the purpose of its investigation; or
(b) where it may be required for legal proceedings, for as long as may be necessary for the

purpose of those proceedings.
(2) If a document obtained under this Part is in the possession of the Commission, the Commission

must, if requested by a person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, supply that person with a
copy of the document certified by a member of the Commission to be a true copy of the original.

(3) Until such a certified copy is issued, the Commission must, at any time and place it considers
appropriate, allow a person otherwise entitled to possession of the document, or a person authorized by that
person, to inspect and make copies of or take extracts from the document.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 22

(4) A certified copy of a document issued under this section is admissible in evidence in all courts as if
it were the original.

Section: 57 Disposal of property L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If any property has come into possession of the Commission under this Ordinance, the Tribunal
may order the disposal of the property in the manner provided in this section.

(2) The Tribunal may, either of its own motion or on application—
(a) make an order for the delivery of the property to the person who appears to the Tribunal to be

entitled to the property;
(b) if the person entitled to the property is unknown or cannot be found, make an order that the

property be sold or retained in the possession of the Tribunal or the Commission; or
(c) if the property is of no value, order that the property be destroyed.

(3) An order for the delivery, sale or destruction of property must not, except where the property is
perishable, be made under subsection (2) unless the Tribunal is satisfied that the property will not be
required for the purpose of any proceedings before the Tribunal or any other court.

(4) If—
(a) the Tribunal orders the sale or retention of any property under subsection (2); and
(b) no person establishes a claim to the property or the proceeds of sale of the property within 6

months after the day on which the order is made,
the Tribunal may, either of its own motion or on application by the Commission, order that the property or
the proceeds of sale become the property of the Government.

(5) An order made under subsection (2), other than an order for the retention of property, must not,
except where the property is perishable, be carried out until the period allowed for making an appeal against
the order has expired or, where such an appeal is made, until the appeal is finally disposed of.

(6) An appeal is finally disposed of, for the purpose of subsection (5)—
(a) if it is determined and the period for bringing any further appeal has ended; or
(b) if it is abandoned or otherwise ceases to have effect.


Section: 58 Legal professional privilege L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), this Part does not affect any claims, rights or entitlements that would, but
for this Part, arise on the ground of legal professional privilege.

(2) Subsection (1) does not affect any requirement under this Ordinance to disclose the name and
address of a client of a counsel or solicitor.

Section: 59 Guidelines L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) The Commission may amend any guidelines it issues under this Part.
(2) Guidelines issued under this Part, and any amendments made to them, may be published in any

manner the Commission considers appropriate.
(3) Before issuing any guidelines or amendments to them under this Part, the Commission must

consult the Legislative Council and any persons it considers appropriate.
(4) The Commission must make available copies of all guidelines issued under this Part and of all

amendments made to them—
(a) at the offices of the Commission during ordinary business hours;
(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.

(5) A person does not incur any civil or criminal liability only because the person has contravened any
guidelines issued under this Part or any amendments made to them.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 23

(6) If, in any legal proceedings, the Tribunal or any other court is satisfied that a guideline is relevant
to determining a matter that is in issue—

(a) the guideline is admissible in evidence in the proceedings; and
(b) proof that a person contravened or did not contravene the guideline may be relied on by any

party to the proceedings as tending to establish or negate the matter.
(7) Guidelines issued under this Part and all amendments made to them are not subsidiary legislation.


Part: 4 Enforcement Powers of Commission L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Part:
Division:

4
1

Commitments L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 60 Commitments L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may accept from a person a commitment to—
(a) take any action; or
(b) refrain from taking any action,

that the Commission considers appropriate to address its concerns about a possible contravention of a
competition rule.

(2) The action referred to in subsection (1)(a) does not include making a payment to the Government.
(3) If the Commission accepts a commitment under this section, it may agree—

(a) not to commence an investigation or, if it has commenced an investigation, to terminate it; and
(b) not to bring proceedings in the Tribunal or, if it has brought proceedings, to terminate them.

(4) If the Commission accepts a commitment under this section, it may not—
(a) commence or continue an investigation; or
(b) bring or continue proceedings in the Tribunal,

in relation to any alleged contravention of a competition rule in so far as that investigation or those
proceedings relate to matters that are addressed by the commitment.

(5) To avoid doubt, the Commission may still commence or continue an investigation or bring or
continue proceedings in the Tribunal, after accepting a commitment under this section—

(a) in relation to matters that are not addressed by the commitment; or
(b) in relation to persons who are not subject to the commitment.

(6) If the Commission decides to accept a commitment under this section, it must, as soon as
practicable after accepting it—

(a) give notice in writing of that decision to the person who made the commitment, together with
a copy of the commitment; and

(b) register the commitment on the register of commitments maintained under section 64
(Register of commitments).


Section: 61 Withdrawal of acceptance of Commitment L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may, by notice in writing given to the person who made the commitment,
withdraw its acceptance of a commitment, with effect from the date specified in the notice, if—

(a) it has reasonable grounds for believing that there has been a material change of circumstances
since the commitment was accepted;

(b) it has reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person who made the commitment has failed
to comply with the commitment; or

(c) it has reasonable grounds for suspecting that the information on which it based its decision to



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 24

accept the commitment was incomplete, false or misleading in a material particular.
(2) If the Commission is satisfied that any information—

(a) on which it based its decision to accept the commitment; and
(b) which was provided to it by the person who made the commitment,

was incomplete, false or misleading in a material particular, the date specified in the notice given under
subsection (1) may be earlier than the date on which the notice is given.

(3) If an acceptance is withdrawn under this section—
(a) the commitment is no longer binding on the person who made it; and
(b) subject to subsection (4), the Commission may—

(i) commence an investigation; or
(ii) bring proceedings in the Tribunal,

with respect to any alleged contravention of the relevant competition rule that has occurred after the date
specified in the notice given under subsection (1).

(4) The Commission may not bring proceedings authorized by subsection (3) more than 2 years after
the date specified in the notice given under subsection (1).

Section: 62 Variation, substitution and release of commitment L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) At any time after the Commission has accepted a commitment, it may accept from the person who
has made it—

(a) a variation of the commitment; or
(b) a new commitment in substitution for it,

if it is satisfied that the variation or new commitment will address its concerns about a possible
contravention of a competition rule.

(2) The Commission may release any person from a commitment that the person has made under this
Part if—

(a) it is requested to do so by that person; or
(b) it has reasonable grounds for believing that its concerns about the alleged contravention of the

competition rule no longer arise.

Section: 63 Enforcement of commitment L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Commission considers that a person has failed to comply with any commitment that the
person has made under this Part (including a commitment to comply with the requirements of an
infringement notice) and which has been accepted by the Commission, it may apply to the Tribunal for an
order under subsection (2).

(2) If the Tribunal is satisfied that a person has failed to comply with a commitment that the person
has made under this Part and which has been accepted by the Commission, the Tribunal may make all or any
of the following orders—

(a) an order directing the person to take such action or refrain from taking such action, as is
specified in the commitment;

(b) an order directing the person to pay to the Government an amount not exceeding the amount
of any profit gained or loss avoided by that person as a result of the person’s failure to
comply with the commitment;

(c) an order directing the person to compensate any person for any loss or damage caused by the
person’s failure to comply with the commitment; and

(d) any other order that the Tribunal considers appropriate.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 25

Section: 64 Register of commitments L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission must establish and maintain a register of commitments made under this Part
(including commitments to comply with the requirements of an infringement notice) containing—

(a) a copy of all commitments accepted under this Part (including any commitment accepted in
substitution for another);

(b) a copy of all variations of commitments accepted under this Part;
(c) where any acceptance of a commitment has been withdrawn, notice of that withdrawal; and
(d) where any commitment has been released, notice of that release.

(2) The Commission may omit confidential information from any entry made in the register under this
section; and where confidential information has been omitted, that fact must be disclosed on the register.

(3) The Commission must make the register available for inspection by any person—
(a) at the offices of the Commission during ordinary business hours;
(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.


Section: 65 Procedural requirements regarding commitments L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


Schedule 2 has effect regarding the procedural requirements for—
(a) the acceptance of commitments;
(b) the withdrawal of acceptance of commitments; and
(c) the variation and release of commitments,

under this Division.

Part:
Division:

4
2

Infringement Notices L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 66 Interpretation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


In this Division—
“ compliance period” (遵守限期 ) means the period within which a person who has notified the

Commission that the person proposes to comply with the requirements of an infringement notice must
make a commitment to comply with the requirements of the notice;

“notification period” (通知限期) means the period (being a period of not more than 28 days) within
which a person to whom an infringement notice has been issued must notify the Commission whether
or not the person proposes to comply with the requirements of the notice.


Section: 67 Commission may issue infringement notice L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subsection (2) applies where—
(a) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that—

(i) a contravention of the first conduct rule has occurred and the contravention involves
serious anti-competitive conduct; or

(ii) a contravention of the second conduct rule has occurred; and
(b) the Commission has not yet brought proceedings in the Tribunal in respect of the

contravention.
(2) The Commission may, instead of bringing proceedings in the Tribunal in the first instance, issue a

notice (an “infringement notice”) to the person against whom it proposes to bring proceedings, offering
not to bring those proceedings on condition that the person makes a commitment to comply with



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 26

requirements of the notice.
(3) The requirements of an infringement notice may include, but are not limited to, the following

requirements—
(a) to refrain from any specified conduct, or to take any specified action, that the Commission

considers appropriate; and
(b) to admit to a contravention of the relevant conduct rule.

(4) The action that may be specified by the Commission under subsection (3)(a) does not include
making a payment to the Government.

Section: 68 Person not obliged to make commitment L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


A person is not obliged to make a commitment to comply with the requirements of an infringement
notice, but if a person does not make the commitment within the compliance period, the Commission may
bring proceedings against that person in the Tribunal in relation to the alleged contravention of the conduct
rule.

Section: 69 Contents of infringement notice L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


An infringement notice must—
(a) identify the conduct rule alleged to have been contravened;
(b) describe the conduct that is alleged to contravene that conduct rule;
(c) identify the person whose conduct is alleged to constitute the contravention;
(d) identify the evidence or other materials that the Commission relies on in support of its

allegations;
(e) specify the requirements to be complied with by the person to whom the notice is addressed;
(f) specify both the notification period and the compliance period; and
(g) be accompanied by a copy of section 68 (Person not obliged to make commitment).


Section: 70 Notice of proposal to issue infringement notice L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Before issuing an infringement notice to any person under section 67, the Commission must—
(a) give that person a notice under this section; and
(b) consider any representations made in accordance with the notice.

(2) A notice under this section must—
(a) state that an infringement notice is proposed to be issued;
(b) contain a draft of the proposed infringement notice; and
(c) specify a period, being a period of not less than 15 days, within which representations may be

made as to why the infringement notice should not be issued.
(3) If a person makes a representation in response to a notice issued under this section—

(a) evidence or information provided to the Commission in that representation may not be used
against that person; and

(b) no person may obtain discovery of that information or evidence against the Commission,
in any proceedings, other than proceedings against that person for an offence under section 172 (Provision
of false information).

Section: 71 Decision not to issue infringement notice L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


If after considering any representations made in response to a notice given under section 70, the
Commission decides not to issue an infringement notice, it must give notice of that decision to the person to
whom the notice under section 70 was given.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 27


Section: 72 Effect of issue of infringement notice L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If an infringement notice has been issued to any person, no proceedings may be brought by the
Commission against that person in respect of the contravention referred to in the notice if—

(a) the compliance period has not expired; and
(b) the infringement notice has not been withdrawn.

(2) The Commission may not publish an infringement notice (or disclose the whole or any part of its
contents)—

(a) before the expiry of its compliance period;
(b) if a commitment to comply with the requirements of the notice is not made within the

compliance period; or
(c) if the Commission has withdrawn the notice.


Section: 73 Withdrawal of infringement notice L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


The Commission may at any time before the expiry of the compliance period, by notice in writing
given to a person to whom an infringement notice has been issued, withdraw the infringement notice with
effect from a date specified in the notice.

Section: 74 Extension of compliance period L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may, either of its own volition or on application made to it in writing, extend the
compliance period specified in an infringement notice if it considers that there is a good reason for doing so.

(2) An application for an extension under subsection (1) must be made before the expiry of the period
sought to be extended.

Section: 75 Effect of commitment to comply with requirements of

infringement notice
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



If a person makes a commitment to comply with the requirements of an infringement notice within the
compliance period, the Commission may not bring proceedings in the Tribunal against that person in respect
of the alleged contravention specified in the notice.

Section: 76 Failure to comply with requirements of infringement

notice
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) This section applies where a person has made a commitment to the Commission to comply with
the requirements of an infringement notice.

(2) Nothing in section 75 prevents the Commission from bringing proceedings in the Tribunal, where
it has reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person who has made the commitment has failed to comply
with one or more of the requirements of the infringement notice.

Section: 77 Registration of commitments L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


The Commission must register commitments made under this Division in the register maintained by the
Commission under section 64 (Register of commitments) and the provisions of that section also apply, with
any necessary modifications that the circumstances require, to commitments made under this Division.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 28

Section: 78 Publication of infringement notices L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


If a person has made a commitment under this Division to comply with the requirements of an
infringement notice, the Commission may publish the infringement notice—

(a) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(b) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.


Part:
Division:

4
3

Leniency L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 79 Interpretation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


In this Division—
“officer” (高級人員) means—

(a) in relation to a corporation, a director, manager or company secretary of the corporation, and
any other person involved in the management of the corporation; and

(b) in relation to an undertaking (other than a corporation or partnership), any member of the
governing body of that undertaking.


Section: 80 Commission may make leniency agreements L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may, in exchange for a person’ s co-operation in an investigation or in
proceedings under this Ordinance, make an agreement (a “leniency agreement”) with the person, on any
terms it considers appropriate, that it will not bring or continue proceedings under Part 6 for a pecuniary
penalty in respect of an alleged contravention of a conduct rule against—

(a) if the person is a natural person, that person or any employee or agent of that person;
(b) if the person is a corporation, that corporation or any officer, employee or agent of the

corporation;
(c) if the person is a partner in a partnership, that partnership or any partner in the partnership, or

any employee or agent of the partnership; or
(d ) if the person is an undertaking other than one referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), that

undertaking or any officer, employee or agent of the undertaking,
in so far as the contravention consists of the conduct specified in the agreement.

(2) The Commission must not, while a leniency agreement is in force, bring or continue proceedings
under Part 6 for a pecuniary penalty in breach of that leniency agreement.

Section: 81 Termination of leniency agreement L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may terminate a leniency agreement if—
(a) the other party to the agreement agrees to the termination;
(b) it has reasonable grounds to suspect that the information on which it based its decision to

make the agreement was incomplete, false or misleading in a material particular;
(c) the other party to the agreement, or if the agreement was made by a person as an officer,

employee or agent of an undertaking, that undertaking has been convicted of an offence under
Part 3; or

(d) it is satisfied that the other party to the agreement, or if the agreement was made by a person
as an officer, employee or agent of an undertaking, that undertaking has failed to comply with
the terms of the agreement.

(2) The Commission may terminate a leniency agreement by giving notice in writing to the other party



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 29

to the agreement and to any other person who appears to the Commission to be likely to benefit from the
agreement, stating—

(a) the date of the termination; and
(b) the reasons for the termination.

(3) A notice under subsection (2) must specify the period within which representations may be made
to the Commission about the proposed termination.

(4) The period specified for the purpose of subsection (3) must be a period of at least 30 days
beginning after the day on which the notice is given.

(5) Before terminating a leniency agreement, the Commission must consider any representations about
the proposed termination that are made to it.

Part:
Division:

4
4

Warning Notices L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 82 Warning notices L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that—
(a) a contravention of the first conduct rule has occurred; and
(b) the contravention does not involve serious anti-competitive conduct,

the Commission must, before bringing proceedings in the Tribunal against the undertaking whose conduct is
alleged to constitute the contravention, issue a notice (a “warning notice”) to the undertaking.

(2) A warning notice must—
(a) describe the conduct (the “ contravening conduct” ) that is alleged to constitute the

contravention;
(b) identify the undertaking (the “ contravening undertaking ” ) that has engaged in the

contravening conduct;
(c) identify the evidence or other materials that the Commission relies on in support of its

allegations;
(d) state—

(i) that the Commission requires the contravening undertaking to cease the contravening
conduct within the period (the “warning period”) specified in the notice, and not to
repeat that conduct after the warning period;

(ii) that, if the contravening conduct continues after the expiry of the warning period, the
Commission may bring proceedings in the Tribunal against the contravening undertaking
in respect of the contravening conduct; and

(iii) that, if the contravening undertaking repeats the contravening conduct after the expiry of
the warning period, the Commission may bring proceedings in the Tribunal against the
contravening undertaking in respect of the contravening conduct and the repeated
conduct; and

(e) indicate the manner in which the contravening undertaking may cease the contravening
conduct.

(3) In determining the warning period, the Commission must have regard to the amount of time which
the contravening undertaking is likely to require to cease the contravening conduct.

(4) After the expiry of the warning period—
(a) if the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that the contravening conduct continues

after the expiry, the Commission may bring proceedings in the Tribunal against the
contravening undertaking in respect of the contravening conduct; and

(b) if the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that the contravening undertaking repeats



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 30

the contravening conduct after the expiry, the Commission may bring proceedings in the
Tribunal against the contravening undertaking in respect of the contravening conduct and the
repeated conduct.

(5) To avoid doubt, proceedings under subsection (4) may not be brought in respect of any period that
precedes the warning period.

(6) The Commission may, either of its own volition or on application made to it in writing, extend the
warning period specified in a warning notice if it considers that there is a good reason for doing so.

(7) An application for an extension under subsection (6) must be made before the expiry of the period
sought to be extended.

Part: 5 Review by Tribunal L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Section: 83 Interpretation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


In this Part—
“reviewable determination” (可覆核裁定) means—

(a) a decision regarding an agreement, made by the Commission under section 11;
(b) a rescission of a decision regarding an agreement, made by the Commission under section 14;
(c) a decision relating to the issue of a block exemption order, made by the Commission under

section 15;
(d) a decision relating to the variation or revocation of a block exemption order, made by the

Commission under section 20;
(e) a decision regarding specific conduct, made by the Commission under section 26;
(f) a rescission of a decision regarding specific conduct, made by the Commission under section

29;
(g) a decision relating to the variation of a commitment, made by the Commission under section

62;
(h) a decision relating to the release of a person from a commitment, made by the Commission

under section 62;
(i) a decision relating to the termination of a leniency agreement, made by the Commission under

section 81;
(j) a decision regarding a merger or proposed merger, made by the Commission under section 13

of Schedule 7; or
(k) a rescission of a decision regarding a merger or proposed merger, made by the Commission

under section 15 of Schedule 7.

Section: 84 Review of reviewable determination L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) An application may be made to the Tribunal by any person or undertaking specified or referred to
in section 85 for a review of a reviewable determination.

(2) An application under subsection (1) may only be made with the leave of the Tribunal.
(3) Leave may not be granted under subsection (2) unless the Tribunal is satisfied that—

(a) the review has a reasonable prospect of success; or
(b) there is some other reason in the interests of justice why the review should be heard.


Section: 85 Who may apply for review L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) An application for a review under this Part may be made—
(a) in the case of a decision or a rescission of a decision, by the undertaking that applied for the



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 31

decision;
(b) in the case of a decision relating to the variation of a commitment or the release of a person

from a commitment, by the person who made the commitment; or
(c) in the case of a decision relating to the termination of a leniency agreement, by a party to the

agreement.
(2) A person who does not fall under subsection (1) may also apply to the Tribunal for a review of a

reviewable determination, other than a decision regarding a merger or proposed merger, if the Tribunal is
satisfied that the person has a sufficient interest in the reviewable determination.

Section: 86 Tribunal may state case for Court of Appeal L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Before or after the determination of an application for review made under section 84, the Tribunal
may, either of its own motion or on application, refer any question of law arising in, or that has arisen in, the
review to the Court of Appeal for determination by way of case stated.

(2) The Tribunal may only refer a question of law to the Court of Appeal under subsection (1) if it is
satisfied—

(a) that the party who has applied for the question of law to be referred has a reasonable prospect
of success; or

(b) that there is some other reason in the interests of justice why the question of law should be
referred.

(3) On the hearing of the case, the Court of Appeal may—
(a) determine the question stated;
(b) amend the case or require the Tribunal to amend the case in any manner the Court specifies; or
(c) remit the case to the Tribunal for reconsideration in the light of the decision of the Court.


Section: 87 Decision of Tribunal on application for review L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


In determining an application for a review, the Tribunal may—
(a) confirm or set aside the whole or part of the determination to which it relates; and
(b) where it sets aside the whole or part of a determination, refer the matter back to the

Commission with a direction to reconsider and make a new determination in accordance with
the decision of the Tribunal.


Section: 88 Time limit for applying for review L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) An application for the review of a reviewable determination must be made within 30 days after the
day on which the determination was made.

(2) Despite subsection (1), the Tribunal may extend the time referred to in that subsection if it is
satisfied that—

(a) there is a good reason for doing so; and
(b) no injustice would be caused as a result of the extension.

(3) Despite subsection (2), an application for a review of a reviewable determination may not be made
more than 3 years after the day on which the determination was made.

Section: 89 Stay of execution of reviewable determination L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The making of an application for review does not by itself operate as a stay of execution of the
determination to which the application relates.

(2) A person or undertaking that has made an application for review may, at any time before the
application is determined by the Tribunal, apply to the Tribunal for a stay of execution of the determination



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 32

to which the application relates.
(3) When an application is made under subsection (2), the Tribunal must, as soon as reasonably

practicable, conduct a hearing to determine the application, and may, where it considers it appropriate, order
a stay of execution of the determination to which the application relates.

(4) An order for a stay of execution under this section may be made subject to such conditions as to
costs, payment of money into the Tribunal or otherwise as the Tribunal considers appropriate.

Part: 6 Enforcement before Tribunal L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Part:
Division:

6
1

Introductory L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 90 Interpretation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


In this Part—
“disqualification order” (取消資格令 ) means an order made by the Tribunal under section 101

disqualifying a person from being a director of a company or from otherwise being concerned in the
affairs of a company;

“pecuniary penalty” (罰款) means a pecuniary penalty ordered to be paid, under section 93.

Section: 91 Persons involved in contravention of competition rule L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


A reference in this Part to a person being involved in a contravention of a competition rule means a
person who—

(a) attempts to contravene the rule;
(b) aids, abets, counsels or procures any other person to contravene the rule;
(c) induces or attempts to induce any other person, whether by threats or promises or otherwise,

to contravene the rule;
(d) is in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in or a party to the contravention of

the rule; or
(e) conspires with any other person to contravene the rule.


Part:
Division:

6
2

Pecuniary Penalty L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 92 Commission may apply for pecuniary penalty L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If, after carrying out such investigation as it considers appropriate, the Commission considers it
appropriate to do so, it may apply to the Tribunal for a pecuniary penalty to be imposed on any person it has
reasonable cause to believe—

(a) has contravened a competition rule; or
(b) has been involved in a contravention of a competition rule.

(2) An application under subsection (1) may not be made—
(a) in the case of an application with respect to a contravention of the merger rule, more than 6

months after the day on which the merger was completed or the Commission became aware of
the merger, whichever is the later; or

(b) in the case of an application with respect to a contravention of a conduct rule, more than 5



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 33

years after the day on which the contravention ceased or the Commission became aware of the
contravention, whichever is the later.


Section: 93 Tribunal may impose pecuniary penalty L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Tribunal is satisfied, on application by the Commission under section 92, that a person has
contravened or been involved in a contravention of a competition rule, it may order that person to pay to the
Government a pecuniary penalty of any amount it considers appropriate.

(2) Without limiting the matters that the Tribunal may have regard to, in determining the amount of
the pecuniary penalty, the Tribunal must have regard to the following matters—

(a) the nature and extent of the conduct that constitutes the contravention;
(b) the loss or damage, if any, caused by the conduct;
(c) the circumstance in which the conduct took place; and
(d) whether the person has previously been found by the Tribunal to have contravened this

Ordinance.
(3) The amount of a pecuniary penalty imposed under subsection (1) in relation to conduct that

constitutes a single contravention may not exceed in total—
(a) subject to paragraph (b), 10% of the turnover of the undertaking concerned for each year in

which the contravention occurred; or
(b) if the contravention occurred in more than 3 years, 10% of the turnover of the undertaking

concerned for the 3 years in which the contravention occurred that saw the highest, second
highest and third highest turnover.

(4) In this section—
“turnover” (營業額) means the total gross revenues of an undertaking obtained in Hong Kong;
“year” (年度) means the financial year of an undertaking or, if the undertaking does not have a financial

year, a calendar year.

Part:
Division:

6
3

Other Orders L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 94 Other orders of Tribunal L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Tribunal is satisfied that a person has contravened, or been involved in a contravention of a
competition rule, it may (whether or not it makes an order under section 93 imposing a pecuniary penalty),
either of its own motion or on application made for this purpose, make any order it considers appropriate
against that person, including all or any of the orders specified in Schedule 3.

(2) An application for an order under subsection (1) may not be made—
(a) in the case of an application with respect to a contravention of the merger rule, more than 6

months after the day on which the merger was completed or the Commission became aware of
the merger, whichever is the later; or

(b) in the case of an application with respect to a contravention of a conduct rule, more than 5
years after the day on which the contravention ceased or the Commission became aware of the
contravention, whichever is the later.

(3) Despite subsection (2)(a), the Tribunal may, on application made before the expiry of the period
referred to in that subsection, extend the period within which an application under subsection (1) may be
made with respect to a contravention of the merger rule if the Tribunal considers it reasonable to do so.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 34

Section: 95 Interim orders L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), if the Tribunal is satisfied that a person is engaged in or is proposing to
engage in conduct that constitutes or would constitute a contravention of the competition rules, it may, either
of its own motion or on application made for this purpose, make an interim order pending its determination
of an application for an order under section 94.

(2) A person other than the Commission is not entitled to make an application under subsection (1) by
reason that any other person is engaged in or is proposing to engage in conduct that contravenes or would
contravene the merger rule.

(3) An interim order remains in force for the period, being a period of not more than 180 days,
specified in the order, but this period may be extended by the Tribunal for a further period of not more than
180 days on any one occasion.

(4) An interim order may be made whether or not an application for a pecuniary penalty under section
92 or an order under section 94 has been made.

(5) The Tribunal may make an order under this section whether or not—
(a) the person against whom the order is to be made intends to engage again in or intends to

continue to engage in the conduct that is to be the subject of the order;
(b) the person against whom the order is to be made has previously engaged in the conduct that is

to be the subject of the order; or
(c) there is an imminent danger of damage or loss being incurred by any person if the order is not

made.

Section: 96 Order to pay costs of Commission investigation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Tribunal may order any person who has contravened a competition rule to pay to the
Government an amount equal to the amount of the costs of and incidental to any investigation into the
conduct or affairs of that person, reasonably incurred by the Commission in connection with proceedings for
the contravention.

(2) In this section—
“costs” (開支) include fees, charges, disbursements, expenses and remuneration.

Part:
Division:

6
4

Contraventions of Merger Rule L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

6
4
1

Anticipated Mergers L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 97 Proceedings in relation to anticipated mergers L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Commission, after conducting an investigation, has reasonable cause to believe that
arrangements are in progress or in contemplation which, if carried into effect, will result in a merger that is
likely to contravene the merger rule, it may apply to the Tribunal for an order under this section.

(2) If the Tribunal is satisfied, on application made under this section, that arrangements are in
progress or in contemplation which, if carried into effect, will result in a merger that is likely to contravene
the merger rule, it may make an order directed against a party to the arrangements or any other person—

(a) ordering the person against whom the order is directed not to proceed with the merger;
(b) ordering the person against whom the order is directed not to proceed with a part of the



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 35

merger;
(c) in addition to or instead of an order referred to in paragraph (b), prohibiting the person against

whom the order is directed from doing anything that will result in a merger.
(3) If the Tribunal is not satisfied that an arrangement, if carried into effect, will result in a merger that

is likely to contravene the merger rule, it may make a declaration to that effect.
(4) An order under this section may contain anything permitted by Schedule 4.


Section: 98 Interim orders L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If an application has been made to the Tribunal under section 97 but has not yet been finally
determined, the Tribunal may, either of its own motion or on application by the Commission, make interim
orders for the purpose of preventing pre-emptive action, including orders—

(a) prohibiting or restricting the doing of things that the Tribunal considers would constitute pre-
emptive action;

(b) imposing on any person concerned obligations as to the carrying on of any activities or the
safeguarding of any assets;

(c) providing for the carrying on of any activities or the safeguarding of any assets either by the
appointment of a person to conduct or supervise the conduct of any activities (on any terms
and with any powers that may be specified or described in the order) or in any other manner.

(2) In this section—
“pre-emptive action” (先發制人行動 ) means any action that might prejudice the hearing of the

application under section 97 or any final order that the Tribunal might make on the hearing of the
application.


Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

6
4
2

Mergers L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 99 Application to Tribunal for order L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Commission, after carrying out such investigation as it considers appropriate, has reasonable
cause to believe that a merger contravenes the merger rule, it may apply to the Tribunal for an order under
section 100.

(2) An application for an order under subsection (1) must be made within the period of 6 months after
the day on which the merger was completed or the Commission became aware of the merger, whichever is
the later.

(3) Despite subsection (2), the Tribunal may, on application by the Commission made before the
expiry of the period referred to in that subsection, extend the period within which an application under
subsection (1) may be made if the Tribunal considers it reasonable to do so.

Section: 100 Proceedings in relation to mergers L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Tribunal is satisfied, on application by the Commission under section 99, that a merger
contravenes the merger rule, it may make any order it considers appropriate for the purpose of bringing the
contravention to an end.

(2) An order made under subsection (1) may contain anything permitted by Schedule 4.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 36

Part:
Division:

6
5

Disqualification Orders L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 101 Disqualification order L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) In the circumstances specified in section 102, the Tribunal may, on application by the
Commission, make a disqualification order against a person.

(2) A disqualification order is an order that a person may not, without the leave of the Tribunal—
(a) be, or continue to be, a director of a company;
(b) be a liquidator or provisional liquidator of a company;
(c) be a receiver or manager of a company’s property; or
(d) in any way, whether directly or indirectly, be concerned or take part in the promotion,

formation or management of a company,
for a specified period, not exceeding 5 years, beginning with the date of the order.

(3) In this section—
“specified” (指明) means specified in the disqualification order.

Section: 102 Circumstances in which disqualification order may be

made
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



The Tribunal may only make a disqualification order against a person if both of the following
conditions are satisfied in relation to that person—

(a) it has determined that a company of which the person is a director has contravened a
competition rule; and

(b) it considers that the person’s conduct as a director makes the person unfit to be concerned in
the management of a company.


Section: 103 Unfitness to be concerned in management of company L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) For the purpose of deciding under section 102(b) whether a person is unfit to be concerned in the
management of a company, the Tribunal—

(a) must have regard to whether subsection (2) applies to the person; and
(b) may have regard to the conduct of the person as the director of a company, in connection with

any other contravention of a competition rule.
(2) This subsection applies to a person if as a director of the company—

(a) the person’s conduct contributed to the contravention of the competition rule;
(b) the conduct of the person did not contribute to the contravention, but the person had

reasonable grounds to suspect that the conduct of the company constituted the contravention
and took no steps to prevent it; or

(c) the person did not know but ought to have known that the conduct of the company constituted
the contravention.


Section: 104 Applications for disqualification order and for leave under

an order
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) An application for a disqualification order may be made only by the Commission.
(2) An application for leave of the Tribunal to participate in the affairs of a company in one of the

ways prohibited under section 101(2) (Disqualification order) may be made only by or on behalf of the
person against whom the order was made.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 37


Section: 105 Contravention of disqualification order L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


A person who contravenes a disqualification order commits an offence and is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Part: 7 Private Actions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015




Part:
Division:

7
1

General L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 106 Interpretation L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


In this Part—
“follow-on action” (後續訴訟) means an action brought by a person who has a right to bring the action

under section 110(1).

Section: 107 Persons involved in contravention of conduct rule L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


A reference in this Part to a person being involved in a contravention of a conduct rule means a person
who—

(a) attempts to contravene the rule;
(b) aids, abets, counsels or procures any other person to contravene the rule;
(c) induces or attempts to induce any other person, whether by threats or promises or otherwise,

to contravene the rule;
(d) is in any way, directly or indirectly, knowingly concerned in or a party to the contravention of

the rule; or
(e) conspires with any person to contravene the rule.


Section: 108 No proceedings independent of this Ordinance L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


No person may bring any proceedings independently of this Ordinance, whether under any rule of law
or any enactment, in any court in Hong Kong, if—

(a) the cause of action is the defendant’s contravention, or involvement in a contravention, of a
conduct rule; or

(b) the proceedings are founded on more than one cause of action and any of the causes of action
is the defendant’s contravention, or involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule.


Section: 109 Pure competition proceedings not to be brought in Court

of First Instance
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



No person may bring any proceedings in the Court of First Instance under this Part if the cause of
action is only the defendant’s contravention, or involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 38

Part:
Division:

7
2

Follow-on Action L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 110 Follow-on right of action L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person who has suffered loss or damage as a result of any act that has been determined to be a
contravention of a conduct rule has a right of action under this section against—

(a) any person who has contravened or is contravening the rule; and
(b) any person who is, or has been, involved in that contravention.

(2) Subject to section 113, a claim to which this section applies may only be made in proceedings
brought in the Tribunal, whether or not the cause of action is solely the defendant’s contravention, or
involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule.

(3) For the purpose of subsection (1), an act is taken to have been determined to be a contravention of
a conduct rule if—

(a) the Tribunal has made a decision that the act is a contravention of a conduct rule;
(b) the Court of First Instance has decided, in any proceedings transferred to it by the Tribunal

under section 114(3), that the act is a contravention of a conduct rule;
(c) the Court of Appeal has decided, on an appeal from a decision of the Tribunal or the Court of

First Instance, that the act is a contravention of a conduct rule;
(d) the Court of Final Appeal has decided, on an appeal from a decision of the Court of Appeal,

that the act is a contravention of a conduct rule; or
(e) a person has made an admission, in a commitment that has been accepted by the Commission,

that the person has contravened a conduct rule.

Section: 111 Commencement of follow-on actions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The periods during which proceedings for a follow-on action may not be brought are—
(a) in the case of a decision of the Tribunal, the period during which an appeal may be made to

the Court of Appeal under section 154;
(b) in the case of a decision of the Court of First Instance, the period during which an appeal may

be made to the Court of Appeal; and
(c) in the case of a decision of the Court of Appeal, the period during which a further appeal may

be made to the Court of Final Appeal,
and, where any such appeal or further appeal is made, the period specified in paragraph (a), (b) or (c)
includes the period before the appeal is determined.

(2) Despite subsection (1), the Court of First Instance or the Tribunal may, on the application of the
party seeking to bring the proceedings, permit proceedings for a follow-on action to be brought within any
period specified in subsection (1).

(3) Proceedings for a follow-on action may not be brought more than 3 years after the earliest date on
which the action could have been commenced following the expiry of a relevant period specified in
subsection (1).

Section: 112 Tribunal orders in follow-on actions L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


The Tribunal in a follow-on action may make any one or more of the orders specified in Schedule 3.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 39

Part:
Division:

7
3

Procedure L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 113 Transfer of proceedings from Court of First Instance to
Tribunal

L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Court of First Instance must transfer to the Tribunal so much of the
proceedings before the Court that are within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to any proceedings that—
(a) are within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal under section 142(1)(g); and
(b) the Court of First Instance considers should not, in the interests of justice, be transferred to the

Tribunal.
(3) Without limiting subsection (1) but subject to section 115(2), if, in any proceedings before the

Court of First Instance, a contravention, or involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule is alleged as a
defence, the Court must, in respect of the allegation, transfer to the Tribunal so much of those proceedings
that are within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal.

(4) The practice and procedure of the Tribunal apply to the proceedings transferred by the Court of
First Instance under subsection (1) or (3).

Section: 114 Transfer of proceedings from Tribunal to Court of First

Instance
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) The Tribunal must transfer to the Court of First Instance so much of the proceedings brought in the
Tribunal that are within the jurisdiction of the Court but are not within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal.

(2) Subject to subsection (1), the Tribunal may transfer to the Court of First Instance any proceedings
brought in the Tribunal but only if—

(a) those proceedings are within the jurisdiction of the Tribunal under section 142(1)(g); and
(b) the Tribunal considers that those proceedings should, in the interests of justice, be transferred

to the Court.
(3) If the Court of First Instance transfers any proceedings to the Tribunal under section 113(3), the

Tribunal may transfer back to the Court so much of those proceedings that the Tribunal considers should, in
the interests of justice, be transferred back to the Court.

(4) The practice and procedure of the Court of First Instance apply to the proceedings transferred by
the Tribunal under subsection (1), (2) or (3).

Section: 115 No further transfer of proceedings from Court of First

Instance to Tribunal
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) If the Tribunal transfers any proceedings to the Court of First Instance under section 114(2), the
Court must not transfer back those proceedings to the Tribunal.

(2) If the Tribunal transfers any proceedings to the Court of First Instance under section 114(3)—
(a) section 113(3) does not apply to those proceedings; and
(b) the Court must not transfer back those proceedings to the Tribunal.


Section: 116 No further transfer of proceedings from Tribunal to Court

of First Instance
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



If the Court of First Instance transfers any proceedings to the Tribunal under section 113(1), the
Tribunal must not transfer back those proceedings to the Court.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 40

Section: 117 Costs in transferred proceedings L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If the Court of First Instance makes an order transferring proceedings to the Tribunal under section
113, it may make an order for costs prior to the transfer and of the transfer.

(2) If the Tribunal makes an order transferring proceedings to the Court of First Instance under section
114, it may make an order for costs prior to the transfer and of the transfer.

Section: 118 Reference by Court of First Instance or Tribunal to

Commission for investigation
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) In any proceedings before the Court of First Instance or the Tribunal in which a contravention, or
involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule is alleged, the Court or the Tribunal may, either of its own
motion or on application by a party to the proceedings, refer the alleged contravention or alleged
involvement to the Commission for investigation under this Ordinance.

(2) Where the Court of First Instance or the Tribunal has referred an alleged contravention, or alleged
involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule to the Commission for investigation, it may stay the
proceedings before it pending—

(a) in the case of a referral by the Tribunal, the completion of the Commission’s investigation;
or

(b) in the case of a referral by the Court, the completion of the Commission’s investigation and
any subsequent proceedings in the Tribunal brought as a result of the investigation.


Section: 119 Findings of contravention of conduct rules L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) This section applies to proceedings under this Part before the Court of First Instance or the
Tribunal in which a contravention, or involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule is alleged in relation
to a particular act.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), in such proceedings the Court of First Instance or the Tribunal (as the
case requires) is bound by an earlier decision of the Court or Tribunal that the act in question is a
contravention, or involvement in a contravention, of the conduct rule.

(3) Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to a decision of the Court of First Instance or the Tribunal
until the period specified in subsection (4) has expired.

(4) The period mentioned in subsection (3) is—
(a) the period during which an appeal may be made to the Court of Appeal under section 154; and
(b) where an appeal has been made to the Court of Appeal, the period during which a further

appeal may be made to the Court of Final Appeal,
and, where such an appeal or further appeal is made, the period specified in paragraph (a) or (b) includes the
period before the appeal is determined.

Section: 120 Intervention by Commission L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) This section applies to proceedings involving an alleged contravention, or alleged involvement in a
contravention, of a conduct rule, before the specified Court or the Tribunal, that are brought by a person
other than the Commission.

(2) The Commission may, with the leave of the specified Court or the Tribunal, and subject to any
conditions imposed by the specified Court or the Tribunal, intervene in any such proceedings.

(3) An application for leave under this section must be made in the prescribed form and must be
served by the Commission on each party to the proceedings.

(4) If the Commission intervenes in proceedings under this section, the Commission becomes, as from
the date of the grant of leave, a party to the proceedings and has all the rights, duties and liabilities of a party



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 41

to the proceedings.
(5) In this section—

“specified Court” (指明法院) means—
(a) the Court of Final Appeal;
(b) the Court of Appeal; or
(c) the Court of First Instance.


Section: 121 Commission may participate in proceedings L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Commission may, with the leave of or at the invitation of the specified Court or the Tribunal
(as the case requires), participate in proceedings before the specified Court or the Tribunal involving an
alleged contravention, or alleged involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule that have been brought
by another person and, in particular may—

(a) make written submissions to the specified Court or the Tribunal; or
(b) apply for, or join an application for, the adjournment of the proceedings pending the

completion of the Commission’s investigation into the alleged contravention or involvement
that is in issue in the proceedings.

(2) In this section—
“specified Court” (指明法院) means—

(a) the Court of Final Appeal;
(b) the Court of Appeal; or
(c) the Court of First Instance.


Part: 8 Disclosure of Information L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013




Section: 122 Interpretation L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


In this Part—
“employee” (僱員) means a person engaged for the provision of services, whether under a contract of

employment or otherwise;
“specified person” (指明人士) means—

(a) the Commission;
(b) any person who is or was a member, employee or agent of the Commission;
(c) any person who is or was a member of a committee of the Commission, established under

section 28 of Schedule 5;
(d) the Communications Authority;
(e) any person who is or was a member of the Communications Authority;
(f) any person who is or was a member of a committee of the Communications Authority,

appointed under section 17 of the Communications Authority Ordinance (Cap 616);
(g) any person who is or was a public officer serving in the Office of the Communications

Authority;
(h) any person who is or was an employee or agent of the Office of the Communications

Authority; or
(i) any person appointed to assist any person referred to in paragraphs (a), (b), (c), (d), (e), (f), (g)

and (h) in the exercise of the powers of the Commission under Part 3.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 42

Section: 123 Confidential information L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) In this Part—
“confidential information” (機密資料) means—

(a) information that has been provided to or obtained by the Commission in the course of, or in
connection with, the performance of its functions under this Ordinance, that relates to—
(i) the private affairs of a natural person;
(ii) the commercial activities of any person that are of a confidential nature; or
(iii) the identity of any person who has given information to the Commission;

(b) information that has been given to the Commission on terms that or in circumstances that
require it to be held in confidence; or

(c) information given to the Commission that has been identified as confidential information in
accordance with subsection (2).

(2) If a person—
(a) identifies information that the person has given to the Commission as confidential; and
(b) provides a statement in writing setting out the reasons why, in that person’s opinion, the

information is confidential,
the information is also to be regarded as confidential information under this Part.

Section: 124 Duty to establish and maintain safeguards L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) The Commission and the Communications Authority must establish and maintain adequate
procedural safeguards to prevent the unauthorized disclosure of confidential information.

(2) In this section—
“unauthorized disclosure” (在未經授權下披露 ) means disclosure that is either prohibited or not

authorized by or under this Ordinance.

Section: 125 Preservation of confidentiality L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) A specified person—
(a) must preserve and aid in preserving the confidentiality of any confidential information;
(b) must not disclose confidential information to any other person; and
(c) must not suffer or permit any other person to have access to confidential information.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to the disclosure of confidential information with lawful authority
within the meaning of section 126.

(3) A specified person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(4) It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under this section to show that at the time of
the alleged offence the defendant—

(a) believed that there was lawful authority for the disclosure of the information concerned and
the defendant had no reasonable cause to believe otherwise; or

(b) did not know and had no reasonable cause to believe that the information disclosed was
confidential information.


Section: 126 Disclosure with lawful authority L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) Disclosure of confidential information is to be regarded as made with lawful authority if the
disclosure is made—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 43

(a) subject to section 127, with the required consent, as specified in subsection (2);
(b) subject to subsection (3), in the performance of any function of the Commission or in carrying

into effect or doing anything authorized by this Ordinance;
(c) in accordance with an order of the Tribunal or any other court or in accordance with a law or a

requirement made by or under a law;
(d) in connection with judicial proceedings arising under this Ordinance;
(e) for the purpose of obtaining advice from counsel, a solicitor or other professional adviser

acting or proposing to act in a professional capacity in connection with any matter arising
under this Ordinance;

(f) with a view to the bringing of, or otherwise for the purposes of, any criminal proceedings, or
any investigation carried out under the laws of Hong Kong, in Hong Kong;

(g) with respect to information that has already been lawfully disclosed to the public on an earlier
occasion; or

(h) by one competition authority to another.
(2) The consent required for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) is—

(a) if the information was obtained from a person who had the information lawfully and the
Commission knows the identity of that person, the consent of that person;

(b) if the information relates to the affairs of a natural person, the consent of that person;
(c) if the information relates to the activities of an undertaking, the consent of that undertaking,

and that consent may be given—
(i) if the undertaking is a company, by a director or company secretary of the company;
(ii) if the undertaking is a partnership, by a partner; or
(iii) if the undertaking is an unincorporated body (other than a partnership), by a person

concerned in the management or control of the body.
(3) In deciding whether or not to disclose confidential information, where disclosure is lawful under

subsection (1)(b), the specified person must consider and have regard to—
(a) the need to exclude as far as is practical, from such disclosure—

(i) information the disclosure of which would, in the opinion of the specified person, be
contrary to public interest;

(ii) commercial information the disclosure of which would or might be likely to, in the
opinion of the specified person, significantly harm the legitimate business interests of the
person to whom it relates; and

(iii) information relating to the private affairs of a natural person, the disclosure of which
might (in the opinion of the specified person) significantly harm the interest of that
person; and

(b) the extent to which the disclosure is necessary for the purpose sought to be achieved by the
disclosure.


Section: 127 Notice of proposed disclosure L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) If the disclosure of confidential information is lawful by virtue of section 126(1)(a), a specified
person must, before disclosing any such information—

(a) give notice of the proposed disclosure to—
(i) the person who provided the information to the Commission; and
(ii) any person who is, in the opinion of the specified person, likely to be affected by the

disclosure; and
(b) consider any representations that are made about the proposed disclosure.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) must—
(a) give a description of the information (having due regard to the requirements of confidentiality)



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 44

that the specified person proposes to disclose;
(b) state the reasons why the disclosure is proposed;
(c) identify the person to whom it is proposed to disclose the information; and
(d) state any other facts that the specified person considers relevant to the question of the

proposed disclosure.
(3) A notice under this section must specify the period within which representations may be made

about the proposed disclosure.
(4) The period specified for the purpose of subsection (3) must be a period of at least 30 days

beginning after the day on which the notice is given.

Section: 128 Obligation of third party not to disclose confidential

information
L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013



(1) A person, other than a specified person, who—
(a) has received confidential information from the Commission; or
(b) has otherwise, directly or indirectly, received such information from a specified person,

must not disclose that information to any other person or suffer or permit any other person to have access to
that information.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to the disclosure of information where—
(a) the Commission has consented to the disclosure;
(b) the information has already been lawfully disclosed to the public on an earlier occasion;
(c) the disclosure is for the purpose of obtaining advice from counsel, a solicitor or other

professional adviser, acting or proposing to act in a professional capacity in connection with
any matter arising under this Ordinance;

(d) the disclosure is made in connection with any judicial proceedings arising under this
Ordinance; or

(e) the disclosure is made in accordance with an order of the Tribunal or any other court or in
accordance with a law or a requirement made by or under a law.

(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Part: 9 Competition Commission L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013




Part:
Division:

9
1

Establishment, Functions and Powers L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 129 Establishment of Commission L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) There is established, by virtue of this section, a body to be known as the Competition Commission.
(2) The Commission is a body corporate and may—

(a) acquire, hold and dispose of movable and immovable property;
(b) sue and be sued in its own name; and
(c) so far as is possible for a body corporate, exercise all the rights and powers, enjoy all the

privileges and incur all the liabilities of a natural person of full age and capacity.
(3) Schedule 5 (which contains constitutional, administrative and financial provisions) has effect with

respect to the Commission.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 45

Section: 130 Functions of Commission L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


The Commission has the following functions—
(a) to investigate conduct that may contravene the competition rules and enforce the provisions of

this Ordinance;
(b) to promote public understanding of the value of competition and how this Ordinance promotes

competition;
(c) to promote the adoption by undertakings carrying on business in Hong Kong of appropriate

internal controls and risk management systems, to ensure their compliance with this
Ordinance;

(d) to advise the Government on competition matters in Hong Kong and outside Hong Kong;
(e) to conduct market studies into matters affecting competition in markets in Hong Kong; and
(f) to promote research into and the development of skills in relation to the legal, economic and

policy aspects of competition law in Hong Kong.

Section: 131 Powers of Commission L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) The Commission may do all such things as appear to it to be necessary, advantageous or expedient
for it to do for, or in connection with, the performance of its functions.

(2) Without limiting the scope of subsection (1), the Commission may—
(a) make, give effect to, assign or accept the assignment of, vary or rescind any agreement;
(b) receive and spend money;
(c) with the approval of the Financial Secretary, borrow money;
(d) invest funds of the Commission that are not immediately required, in a manner approved by

the Financial Secretary;
(e) with the approval of the Chief Executive, become a member or affiliate of any international

body, whose functions or objects include the promotion of competition or competition law.

Part:
Division:

9
2

Relationship to Government L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 132 Commission not servant or agent of Government L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


The Commission is not a servant or agent of the Government and does not enjoy any status, immunity
or privilege of the Government.

Section: 133 Personal immunity of members of Commission etc. L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) A person to whom this subsection applies is not personally liable for anything done or omitted to
be done by the person in good faith in the performance or purported performance of any function of the
Commission under this Ordinance.

(2) The persons to whom subsection (1) applies are—
(a) members of the Commission;
(b) any person who is an officer or employee of the Commission;
(c) any person who is a member of any committee of the Commission; and
(d) any person who is performing any service for the Commission under a contract of services.

(3) The protection conferred by subsection (1) does not affect any liability of the Commission for the
act or omission.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 46

Part: 10 Competition Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2015)
_______________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part 10 has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

10
1

Constitution E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015





Section: 134 Establishment of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) There is established, by virtue of this section, a tribunal to be known as the Competition Tribunal.
(2) The Tribunal is a superior court of record.

Section: 135 Constitution of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Tribunal consists of the judges of the Court of First Instance appointed in accordance with section 6 of the
High Court Ordinance (Cap 4), by virtue of their appointments as such judges.

(2) A Justice of Appeal who sits in the Court of First Instance is not a member of the Tribunal.

Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

10
1
1

President and Deputy President E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015





Section: 136 President E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Chief Executive, acting in accordance with the recommendation of the Judicial Officers Recommendation
Commission, is to appoint one of the members of the Tribunal to be the President of the Tribunal.

(2) The President is to hold office for a term of at least 3 years, but not more than 5 years, as is stated in his or her
letter of appointment, but is eligible for re-appointment.

(3) The President may give directions as to the arrangement of the business of the Tribunal, and is to perform such
other functions as are assigned to the President under this Ordinance.


Section: 137 Deputy President E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Chief Executive, acting in accordance with the recommendation of the Judicial Officers Recommendation
Commission, is to appoint one of the members of the Tribunal to be the Deputy President of the Tribunal.

(2) The Deputy President is to hold office for a term of at least 3 years, but not more than 5 years, as is stated in his
or her letter of appointment, but is eligible for re-appointment.

(3) The Deputy President may, subject to any directions given by the President, perform all the functions of the
President.

(4) Every decision or other act or omission of the Deputy President while acting under subsection (3) is to be
regarded as a decision, act or omission of the President.


Section: 138 Acting President E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) If for any reason the President is unable, whether temporarily or otherwise, to perform the functions of the
President, the Deputy President may act as President.

(2) If for any reason the Deputy President is unable, whether temporarily or otherwise, to perform the functions of
the President when the President is unable to perform them himself or herself, the Chief Justice may appoint
another member of the Tribunal to act as President.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 47

(3) A person acting as President under this section may perform all the functions of the President.
(4) Every decision or other act or omission of a person acting as President under this section is to be regarded as the

decision, act or omission of the President.
(5) The Chief Justice may at any time revoke an appointment made under subsection (2).

Section: 139 Resignation as President or Deputy President E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The President and Deputy President may, at any time, resign from their office by giving written notice of
resignation to the Chief Executive.

(2) If the President or Deputy President resigns from office under this section, he or she continues to be a member of
the Tribunal.


Section: 140 Vacancy in office of President or Deputy President E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The office of President or Deputy President becomes vacant if the President or Deputy President (as the case
may be)—
(a) dies;
(b) ceases to be a judge of the Court of First Instance;
(c) is appointed to be a Justice of Appeal, or to a higher judicial office; or
(d) resigns his or her office under section 139.

(2) If the office of President or Deputy President has become vacant, the Chief Executive, acting in accordance with
the recommendation of the Judicial Officers Recommendation Commission, is to appoint one of the members of
the Tribunal to be the President or Deputy President (as the case requires).

(3) The President or Deputy President appointed under this section is to hold office for a term of at least 3 years, but
not more than 5 years, as is stated in his or her letter of appointment, but is eligible for re-appointment.


Part:
Division:
Subdivision:

10
1
2

Assessors E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015





Section: 141 Assessors E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) In any proceedings under this Ordinance, the Tribunal may appoint one or more specially qualified assessors and
may dispose of the proceedings, wholly or in part, with the assistance of such assessor or assessors, but the
decision of the Tribunal is that of the members of Tribunal only.

(2) The Tribunal may determine the remuneration, if any, to be paid to an assessor appointed under this section, but
no remuneration may be paid to an assessor who is a public officer.

(3) An assessor is not personally liable for anything done or omitted to be done by the assessor in good faith in the
performance of his or her functions or purported performance of his or her functions under this Ordinance.


Part:
Division:

10
2

Jurisdiction and Powers E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015





Section: 142 Jurisdiction of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Tribunal has jurisdiction to hear and determine—
(a) applications made by the Commission with regard to alleged contraventions, or alleged involvements in

contraventions, of the competition rules;
(b) applications for the review of reviewable determinations;
(c) private actions in respect of contraventions, or involvements in contraventions, of the conduct rules;
(d) allegations of contraventions, or involvements in contraventions, of the conduct rules raised as a defence;
(e) applications for the disposal of property;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 48

(f) applications for the enforcement of commitments; and
(g) any matter related to a matter referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f) if the matters arise out of

the same or substantially the same facts.
(2) In the exercise of its jurisdiction, the Tribunal has the same jurisdiction to grant remedies and reliefs, equitable

or legal, as the Court of First Instance.

Section: 143 Powers of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Tribunal has, with respect to—
(a) the attendance, swearing and examination of witnesses;
(b) the production and inspection of documents;
(c) the enforcement of its orders; and
(d) all other matters necessary for the exercise of its jurisdiction,
all the powers, rights and privileges of the Court of First Instance. (Amended 15 of 2014 s. 3)

(2) Without limiting the scope of subsection (1), in proceedings before the Tribunal, the Tribunal may—
(a) receive and consider any evidence, whether by way of oral evidence, written statements, documents or

otherwise, and whether or not it would otherwise be admissible in a court of law;
(b) determine the manner in which it will receive evidence referred to in paragraph (a);
(c) by notice in writing, signed by the presiding member of the Tribunal, summon any person—

(i) to produce any article or document that is relevant to the proceedings and is in that person’s
possession or under that person’s control;

(ii) to appear before it and to give any evidence relevant to the proceedings; and
(d) exercise such other powers as may be necessary or ancillary to the conduct of any proceedings.


Part:
Division:

10
3

Practice and Procedure E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015





Section: 144 Procedures E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Tribunal may decide its own procedures and may, in so far as it thinks fit, follow the practice and procedure
of the Court of First Instance in the exercise of its civil jurisdiction, and for this purpose, has the same
jurisdiction, powers and duties of the Court in respect of such practice and procedure, including the jurisdiction,
powers and duties of the Court in respect of costs.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the Tribunal has the same jurisdiction, powers and duties of the Court of First
Instance in respect of the punishment of a person guilty of contempt.

(3) The Tribunal is to conduct its proceedings with as much informality as is consistent with attaining justice.

Section: 145 Hearing and determination of applications E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) An application to the Tribunal may be heard and determined by a Tribunal constituted by any of the following—
(a) the President;
(b) the President and one or more other members appointed by the President; or
(c) one or more other members appointed by the President.

(2) If the President is sitting with one or more other members, the President is to preside over the hearing; if the
President is not sitting and there is more than one other member sitting, the President is to appoint one of those
other members to preside over the sitting.

(3) Any difference between the members exercising the jurisdiction of the Tribunal is to be decided by majority vote
and, in the event of an equality of votes, the member presiding is to have a second or casting vote.


Section: 146 Absence of member during course of proceedings E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) If, after the commencement of any proceedings, a member of the Tribunal, other than the presiding member, is



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 49

absent for any reason, the presiding member may, with the consent of the parties—
(a) direct that the proceedings be continued in the absence of that member; or
(b) direct that another specified member take the place of the absent member in the proceedings.

(2) If, after the commencement of proceedings, the presiding member of the Tribunal is absent for any reason, then

(a) if there is only one member of the Tribunal remaining, and the parties agree, the proceedings may be

continued in the absence of the presiding member; or
(b) if there is more than one member of the Tribunal remaining, and the parties agree—

(i) the proceedings may be continued in the absence of the presiding member; and
(ii) the most senior of the remaining members is to preside, with seniority determined according to the

priority of their appointments as judges of the Court of First Instance.
(3) If—

(a) the presiding member has given a direction under subsection (1); or
(b) the members and parties have agreed to proceed under subsection (2),
the Tribunal as so constituted is to be regarded as properly constituted.


Section: 147 Rules of evidence E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


In proceedings under this Ordinance, other than proceedings in which the Commission applies for an order for—
(a) a pecuniary penalty under section 93; or
(b) a financial penalty under section 169,

the Tribunal is not bound by the rules of evidence and may receive and take into account any relevant evidence or
information, whether or not it would be otherwise admissible in a court of law.

Section: 148 Evidence that might tend to incriminate E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) A person appearing before the Tribunal to give evidence, other than in proceedings in which the Commission
applies for an order for—
(a) a pecuniary penalty under section 93; or
(b) a financial penalty under section 169,

is not excused from answering any question on the grounds that to do so might expose the person to proceedings
referred to in subsection (3).

(2) No statement or admission made by a person answering any question put to the person, in any proceedings to
which subsection (1) applies, is admissible in evidence against that person in proceedings referred to in
subsection (3).

(3) The proceedings referred to in subsections (1) and (2) are—
(a) proceedings in which the Commission applies for an order for—

(i) a pecuniary penalty under section 93; or
(ii) a financial penalty under section 169; and

(b) any criminal proceedings, other than proceedings for—
(i) an offence under section 55 (Providing false or misleading documents or information);
(ii) an offence under Part V (Perjury) of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap 200); or
(iii) an offence of perjury.


Section: 149 Findings of fact by Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) A finding of fact by the Tribunal, which is relevant to an issue arising in any other proceedings, either in the
Tribunal or in the Court of First Instance, relating to a contravention of a conduct rule, is evidence of that fact in
those proceedings if—
(a) the time for bringing an appeal in respect of the finding has expired and the relevant party has not brought

such an appeal; or
(b) the final decision of a court on such appeal has confirmed the finding.

(2) In this section—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 50

relevant party (有關一方) means—
(a) in relation to the first conduct rule, a party to the agreement which is the subject of the alleged

contravention; and
(b) in relation to the second conduct rule, the undertaking whose conduct is alleged to have contravened the

conduct rule or any other person involved in the contravention.

Section: 150 Findings of fact by Court of First Instance E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) A finding of any fact by the Court of First Instance in any proceedings transferred to it by the Tribunal under
section 114(3), which is relevant to an issue arising in any other proceedings, either in the Court or in the
Tribunal, relating to a contravention, or involvement in a contravention, of a conduct rule, is evidence of that
fact in those other proceedings if—
(a) the time for bringing an appeal in respect of the finding has expired and the relevant party has not brought

such an appeal; or
(b) the final decision of a court on such appeal has confirmed the finding.

(2) In this section—
relevant party (有關一方) has the meaning given by section 149(2).

Section: 151 Order not to disclose material E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Tribunal may order a person not to publish or otherwise disclose any material the Tribunal receives.
(2) A person who fails to comply with an order made under subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine

at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 151A Order prohibiting departure from Hong Kong 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) The Tribunal may make an order prohibiting a person from leaving Hong Kong (prohibition order)—
(a) to facilitate the enforcement or to secure the compliance of—

(i) a judgment or order against the person for the payment of a specified sum of money;
(ii) a judgment or order against the person for the payment of an amount to be assessed; or
(iii) a judgment or order against the person requiring the person to deliver any property or perform any

other act; or
(b) to facilitate the pursuance of a civil claim (other than a judgment)—

(i) for the payment of money or damages; or
(ii) for the delivery of any property or the performance of any other act.

(2) The Tribunal must not make a prohibition order against a person under subsection (1)(a)(ii) or (iii) unless it is
satisfied that there is probable cause for believing that—
(a) the person is about to leave Hong Kong; and
(b) because of the circumstance mentioned in paragraph (a), satisfaction of the judgment or order concerned is

likely to be obstructed or delayed.
(3) The Tribunal must not make a prohibition order against a person under subsection (1)(b) unless it is satisfied that

there is probable cause for believing that—
(a) there is a good cause of action;
(b) the person—

(i) incurred the alleged liability, being the subject of the claim, in Hong Kong while the person was
present in Hong Kong;

(ii) carries on business in Hong Kong; or
(iii) is ordinarily resident in Hong Kong;

(c) the person is about to leave Hong Kong; and
(d) because of the circumstance mentioned in paragraph (c), any judgment or order that may be given against

the person is likely to be obstructed or delayed.
(4) The Tribunal may make a prohibition order against a person subject to any conditions that it thinks fit, including

the condition that the prohibition order is to have no effect if the person—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 51

(a) satisfies the judgment, order or claim concerned; or
(b) provides the security that the Tribunal orders.

(5) A person on whose application a prohibition order is made must serve a copy of the prohibition order and a copy
of any other order ancillary to the prohibition order on—
(a) the Director of Immigration;
(b) the Commissioner of Police; and
(c) the person against whom the prohibition order is made, if the person can be found.

(6) In this section—
Tribunal (審裁處) includes the Registrar of the Tribunal.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 4)

Section: 151B Duration and discharge of prohibition order 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) A prohibition order is valid for 1 month beginning on the date of the prohibition order unless extended or
renewed under this section.

(2) The Tribunal may, on application by a person on whose application a prohibition order is made, extend the
prohibition order for a period that, in combination with the initial period and any other period of extension, does
not exceed 3 months.

(3) The Tribunal may, on application by a person on whose application a prohibition order is made, renew the
prohibition order.

(4) A renewed prohibition order is valid for 1 month beginning on the date of renewal and may be extended under
subsection (2).

(5) A reference to the initial period in subsection (2) is a reference to the period of 1 month mentioned in subsection
(1) or (4).

(6) A person on whose application a prohibition order is made must, as soon as reasonably possible after the
prohibition order is no longer required—
(a) serve on the Director of Immigration a notice stating that fact; and
(b) file with the Registrar of the Tribunal a copy of the notice mentioned in paragraph (a).

(7) If the notice under subsection (6) is served and the copy of the notice under that subsection is filed on the same
date, the prohibition order ceases to have effect on that date, but if the notice is served and the copy of the notice
is filed on different dates, the prohibition order ceases to have effect on the later of those dates.

(8) The Tribunal may, on application, discharge a prohibition order, either absolutely or subject to any conditions
that it thinks fit.

(9) In this section—
prohibition order (禁止令) means an order made under section 151A;
Tribunal (審裁處) includes the Registrar of the Tribunal.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 4)

Section: 151C Contravention of prohibition order 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) If—
(a) the Tribunal makes a prohibition order against a person; and
(b) the person, having been served with a copy of the prohibition order or otherwise informed of its existence

and effect, attempts to leave Hong Kong in contravention of the prohibition order,
the person may be arrested by an immigration officer, a police officer or a bailiff of the Tribunal.

(2) A person arrested under subsection (1) must be brought before the Tribunal before the expiry of the day after the
day of arrest, and the Tribunal may—
(a) make an order discharging the person from arrest, either absolutely or subject to any conditions that it

thinks fit; or
(b) either—

(i) if the prohibition order is made under section 151A(1)(a)(i), make an order for the examination or
imprisonment of the person, under the rules of the Tribunal made under section 158, that the Tribunal
considers appropriate; or



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 52

(ii) if the prohibition order is made under section 151A(1)(a)(ii) or (iii) or (b), make an order for the
imprisonment of the person until the prohibition order ceases to have effect or is discharged.

(3) Section 71 of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1) does not apply to subsection (2).
(4) The Director of Immigration is not liable for any failure to prevent a person against whom a prohibition order is

made from leaving Hong Kong.
(5) In this section—
prohibition order (禁止令) means an order made under section 151A;
Tribunal (審裁處) includes the Registrar of the Tribunal.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 4)

Section: 152 Decisions of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) A decision of the Tribunal must be recorded in writing.
(2) Where it is appropriate to give reasons for a decision, the decision may be made initially without giving reasons

but, if this is done, the reasons must be recorded in writing.

Section: 153 Orders of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


An order made by the Tribunal must be recorded in writing.

Section: 153A Interest on debts and damages 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) In proceedings (whenever instituted) before the Tribunal for the recovery of a debt or damages, the Tribunal may
include in a sum for which judgment is given simple interest on—
(a) all or a part of the sum for which judgment is given; or
(b) all or a part of a sum in respect of which payment is made before judgment.

(2) Interest under subsection (1) may be awarded—
(a) for the sum for which judgment is given, for all or a part of the period beginning on the date when the cause

of action arose and ending on the date of the judgment; and
(b) for a sum in respect of which payment is made before judgment, for all or a part of the period beginning on

the date when the cause of action arose and ending on the date of the payment.
(3) In proceedings (whenever instituted) before the Tribunal for the recovery of a debt, if the person from whom the

debt is sought (defendant) pays the whole debt to the person seeking the debt (plaintiff) otherwise than in
compliance with a judgment in the proceedings, the defendant is liable to pay the plaintiff simple interest on all
or a part of the debt for all or a part of the period beginning on the date when the cause of action arose and
ending on the date of the payment.

(4) Interest under this section is to be calculated at a rate that the Tribunal thinks fit.
(5) Interest in respect of a debt may not be awarded under this section for a period during which, for whatever

reason, interest on the debt already runs.
(6) Interest under this section may be calculated at different rates for different periods.
(7) Subsections (1), (2) and (3) are subject to the rules of the Tribunal made under section 158.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 5)

Section: 153B Interest on judgment debts 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) A judgment debt is to carry simple interest—
(a) at the rate that the Tribunal specifies by order; or
(b) in the absence of such an order, at the rate that the Chief Justice from time to time determines by order,

on the total amount of the judgment debt, or on the part of the judgment debt that for the time being remains
unpaid, from the date of the judgment until payment.

(2) Interest under this section may be calculated at different rates for different periods.
(Added 15 of 2014 s. 5)





Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 53

Section: 154 Appeal to Court of Appeal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2) and section 155, an appeal lies as of right to the Court of Appeal against any decision
(including a decision as to the amount of any compensatory sanction or pecuniary penalty), determination or
order of the Tribunal made under this Ordinance.

(2) An appeal does not lie—
(a) against an order of the Tribunal allowing an extension of time for appealing against a decision,

determination or order of the Tribunal;
(b) against a decision, determination or order of the Tribunal if it is provided by any Ordinance or by the rules

of the Tribunal made under section 158 that the decision, determination or order is final; or
(c) without the leave of the Court of Appeal or the Tribunal, against an order of the Tribunal made with the

consent of the parties or relating only to costs that are left to the discretion of the Tribunal.
(3) Rules of the Tribunal made under section 158 may provide for decisions, determinations or orders of any

prescribed description to be treated for any prescribed purpose connected with appeals to the Court of Appeal as
final or interlocutory.

(4) An appeal does not lie against a decision of the Court of Appeal as to whether a decision, determination or order
of the Tribunal is, for any purpose connected with an appeal to the Court, final or interlocutory.

(5) The Court of Appeal has jurisdiction to hear and determine an appeal under subsection (1) and may—
(a) confirm, set aside or vary the decision, determination or order of the Tribunal;
(b) where the decision, determination or order of the Tribunal is set aside, substitute any other decision,

determination or order it considers appropriate; or
(c) remit the matter in question to the Tribunal for reconsideration in the light of the decision of the Court.

(6) Except in the case of an appeal against the imposition, or the amount, of a pecuniary penalty, the making of an
appeal under this section does not suspend the effect of the decision, determination or order to which the appeal
relates.


Section: 155 Leave to appeal required for interlocutory appeals E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) Except as provided by the rules of the Tribunal made under section 158, an appeal does not lie to the Court of
Appeal against any interlocutory decision, determination or order of the Tribunal unless leave to appeal has been
granted by the Court of Appeal or the Tribunal.

(2) Rules of the Tribunal made under section 158 may specify an interlocutory decision, determination or order of
any prescribed description as being an interlocutory decision, determination or order to which subsection (1)
does not apply and accordingly an appeal lies as of right against the decision, determination or order.

(3) Leave to appeal for the purpose of subsection (1) may be granted—
(a) in respect of a particular issue arising out of the interlocutory decision, determination or order; and
(b) subject to any conditions that the Court of Appeal or the Tribunal considers necessary in order to secure the

just, expeditious and economical disposal of the appeal.
(4) Leave to appeal may only be granted under subsection (1) if the Court of Appeal or the Tribunal is satisfied that


(a) the appeal has a reasonable prospect of success; or
(b) there is some other reason in the interests of justice why the appeal should be heard.


Section: 155A Enforcement by Tribunal of payment of penalties and fines 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) The Tribunal may enforce payment of—
(a) a pecuniary penalty imposed under section 93;
(b) a financial penalty imposed under section 169; or
(c) a fine imposed by the Tribunal,

in the same manner in which a judgment of the Court of First Instance for the payment of money may be
enforced.

(2) If a penalty or fine described in subsection (1) is not paid in full when it is due—
(a) the Tribunal may certify in writing to the Registrar of the Tribunal the sum payable; and
(b) the Registrar is to enforce payment of the sum certified as a judgment debt due to the Registrar.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 54

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 6)

Part:
Division:

10
4

Miscellaneous E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015





Section: 156 Registrar and other staff of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


Every Registrar, temporary registrar, senior deputy registrar, temporary senior deputy registrar, deputy registrar,
temporary deputy registrar and any other officer such as a Bailiff of the High Court, by virtue of that appointment,
holds the corresponding office or position in the Tribunal.

(Amended 15 of 2014 s. 7)

Section: 156A Jurisdiction and powers of Registrar of Tribunal 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) The Registrar of the Tribunal—
(a) has the same jurisdiction and privileges, in so far as they are applicable to the business and proceedings of

the Tribunal, as the Registrar of the High Court; and
(b) may exercise the same powers and perform the same duties, in so far as they are applicable to the business

and proceedings of the Tribunal, as the Registrar of the High Court.
(2) The Registrar of the Tribunal has any other jurisdiction, privileges, powers and duties that may be conferred or

imposed on him or her by or under the rules of the Tribunal made under section 158 or any other law.
(Added 15 of 2014 s. 8)


Section: 156B Jurisdiction and powers of deputy registrars of Tribunal 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) A senior deputy registrar of the Tribunal—
(a) has the same jurisdiction and privileges, in so far as they are applicable to the business and proceedings of

the Tribunal, as a senior deputy registrar of the High Court; and
(b) may exercise the same powers and perform the same duties, in so far as they are applicable to the business

and proceedings of the Tribunal, as a senior deputy registrar of the High Court.
(2) Subject to the rules of the Tribunal made under section 158, a senior deputy registrar of the Tribunal—

(a) has all the jurisdiction and privileges conferred on the Registrar of the Tribunal; and
(b) may exercise all the powers conferred, and perform all the duties imposed, on the Registrar of the Tribunal.

(3) A deputy registrar of the Tribunal—
(a) has the same jurisdiction and privileges, in so far as they are applicable to the business and proceedings of

the Tribunal, as a deputy registrar of the High Court; and
(b) may exercise the same powers and perform the same duties, in so far as they are applicable to the business

and proceedings of the Tribunal, as a deputy registrar of the High Court.
(4) Subject to the rules of the Tribunal made under section 158, a deputy registrar of the Tribunal—

(a) has all the jurisdiction and privileges conferred on the Registrar of the Tribunal; and
(b) may exercise all the powers conferred, and perform all the duties imposed, on the Registrar of the Tribunal.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 8)

Section: 156C Jurisdiction and powers of temporary registrars of

Tribunal
15 of 2014 21/11/2014



(1) A temporary registrar of the Tribunal has, during the period for which he or she is appointed, all the jurisdiction,
privileges, powers and duties of the Registrar of the Tribunal.

(2) A temporary senior deputy registrar of the Tribunal has, during the period for which he or she is appointed, all
the jurisdiction, privileges, powers and duties of a senior deputy registrar of the Tribunal.

(3) A temporary deputy registrar of the Tribunal has, during the period for which he or she is appointed, all the
jurisdiction, privileges, powers and duties of a deputy registrar of the Tribunal.

(4) If a temporary registrar of the Tribunal adjourns the hearing of any proceedings or reserves judgment in any



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 55

proceedings, the temporary registrar has power to resume the hearing and determine the proceedings or deliver
judgment, even though before the hearing is resumed or judgment is delivered, his or her appointment as a
temporary registrar has expired or has been terminated.

(5) Subsection (4) applies to a temporary senior deputy registrar and a temporary deputy registrar of the Tribunal as
it applies to a temporary registrar of the Tribunal.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 8)

Section: 156D Protection of Registrar of Tribunal 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) A person may not bring an action against the Registrar of the Tribunal for an act done or omitted to be done by a
bailiff of the Tribunal without directions from the Registrar.

(2) A person may not bring an action against the Registrar of the Tribunal for a direction given to a bailiff of the
Tribunal with regard to the execution or non-execution of process if—
(a) the direction is given in accordance with an order made by the Tribunal under section 156E; and
(b) the Registrar has not wilfully misrepresented or suppressed any material fact.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 8)

Section: 156E Registrar of Tribunal may apply to Tribunal for order 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) In relation to a matter regarding the execution or non-execution of process, the Registrar of the Tribunal may, in
case of doubt or difficulty, apply summarily to the Tribunal for an order for the direction and guidance of a
bailiff of the Tribunal.

(2) The Tribunal may make any order in the matter that it considers just and reasonable.
(Added 15 of 2014 s. 8)


Section: 157 Seal of Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Tribunal is to have a seal approved by the Chief Justice.
(2) All writs, judgments, orders and other documents, and any exemplification or copies of writs, judgments, orders

and other documents, are to be sealed with the seal.
(3) All writs, judgments, orders and other documents, and any exemplification or copies of writs, judgments, orders

and other documents, when purporting to be so sealed, are admissible in evidence before any court on
production without further proof.


Section: 157A Reimbursement of witness expenses 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


In any proceedings before the Tribunal, a member of the Tribunal may order the reimbursement of a witness for any
expenses reasonably and properly incurred by the witness by reason of his or her attendance at the proceedings.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 9)

Section: 158 Tribunal rules E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) The Chief Judge may, after consulting the President, make rules regulating and prescribing—
(a) the practice and procedure to be followed in the Tribunal in all matters with respect to which the Tribunal

has jurisdiction; and
(b) any matters incidental to or relating to that practice or procedure.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), rules may be made for the following purposes—
(aa) prescribing the jurisdiction of the Tribunal that the Registrar, a senior deputy registrar or a deputy registrar

of the Tribunal may exercise (including provision for appeal against decisions made in the exercise of the
jurisdiction); (Added 15 of 2014 s. 10)

(a) prescribing fees and regulating matters relating to the fees payable in connection with applications to the
Tribunal and proceedings in the Tribunal;

(b) prescribing the manner and form in which documents are to be issued or served in relation to proceedings in
the Tribunal;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 56

(c) prescribing the manner in which and the terms on which proceedings are conducted with the assistance of
an assessor;

(d) prescribing the manner and form in which documents may be filed in the Tribunal and the manner in which
evidence may be given in proceedings; (Amended 15 of 2014 s. 10)

(e) prescribing the allowances to be paid to witnesses appearing before the Tribunal; and (Amended 15 of
2014 s. 10)

(f) prescribing the form of any order that the Tribunal may make under this Ordinance. (Added 15 of 2014 s.
10)


Section: 158A Suitors' Funds Rules 15 of 2014 21/11/2014


(1) The Chief Judge may, after consulting the President, make rules for regulating the following matters—
(a) the deposit, payment, delivery, and transfer in, into, and out of the Tribunal of money, securities and

movable property of suitors;
(b) the evidence of such deposit, payment, delivery, or transfer, and the investment of and other dealings with

money, securities and movable property in the Tribunal;
(c) the execution of the orders of the Tribunal; and
(d) the powers and duties of the Registrar of the Tribunal with reference to such money, securities and movable

property.
(2) Without limiting subsection (1), rules made under that subsection may provide for—

(a) regulating the placing on and withdrawal from deposit of money in the Tribunal, and the payment or
crediting of interest on money placed on deposit;

(b) determining the smallest amount of money on deposit on which interest is to be credited to an account to
which money placed on deposit belongs;

(c) determining the time at which money placed on deposit is to begin and to cease to bear interest and the
mode of computing such interest;

(d) determining the cases in which money placed on deposit is to begin and to cease to bear interest and the
mode of computing such interest;

(e) determining the cases in which interest on money placed on deposit is, and the dividends on any securities
standing in the name of the Registrar of the Tribunal are, to be placed on deposit; and

(f) disposing of money remaining unclaimed in the Tribunal.
(3) In this section—
securities (證券) includes shares.

(Added 15 of 2014 s. 11)

Part: 11 Concurrent Jurisdiction Relating to Telecommunications

and Broadcasting
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 159 Concurrent jurisdiction with Communications Authority L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) The Communications Authority may perform the functions of the Commission under this
Ordinance, in so far as they relate to the conduct of undertakings that are—

(a) licensees under the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or the Broadcasting Ordinance
(Cap 562);

(b) persons who, although not such licensees, are persons whose activities require them to be
licensed under the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or the Broadcasting Ordinance
(Cap 562); or

(c) persons who have been exempted from the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or from
specified provisions of that Ordinance under section 39 of that Ordinance.

(2) So far as is necessary for the purpose of subsection (1), references in this Ordinance to the
Commission are to be read as including the Communications Authority.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 57


Section: 160 Transfer of competition matter between competition

authorities
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) Where one competition authority is performing a function in relation to a competition matter and
another competition authority also has jurisdiction to perform functions in relation to that matter, the 2
competition authorities may agree that the matter be transferred to and be dealt with by one of them.

(2) Where more than one competition authority has jurisdiction to perform functions in relation to a
competition matter, if one of them is performing or has performed a function in relation to that matter, then,
unless there is an agreement of a kind mentioned in subsection (1), the other competition authority must not
perform any function in relation to that matter.

Section: 161 Memorandum of Understanding L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) As soon as is reasonably practicable after the coming into operation of this section, the
Commission and the Communications Authority must prepare and sign a Memorandum of Understanding,
for the purpose of co-ordinating the performance of their functions under this Ordinance.

(2) Without limiting subsection (1), the Memorandum of Understanding must provide for any or all of
the matters set out in Schedule 6.

(3) The Commission and the Communications Authority may amend or replace any Memorandum of
Understanding prepared and signed under this section.

(4) Before signing any Memorandum of Understanding, or any amendment to it, under this section,
the Commission and the Communications Authority must consult the Legislative Council.

(5) The Commission and the Communications Authority must, within 6 weeks after the Memorandum
of Understanding, or any amendment to it, is signed by them, publish it in any manner they consider
appropriate.

(6) The Commission and the Communications Authority must make available copies of any
Memorandum of Understanding prepared and signed under this section and of all amendments made to it—

(a) at their offices during ordinary business hours;
(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner they consider appropriate.

(7) A Memorandum of Understanding prepared and signed under this section and all amendments
made to it are not subsidiary legislation.

Part: 12 Miscellaneous L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013




Part:
Division:

12
1

General L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 162 Merger L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


Schedule 7 (Mergers) has effect.

Section: 163 Determination of turnover of undertaking L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) For the purposes of this Ordinance, the turnover of an undertaking is to be determined in
accordance with the regulations made by the Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development under
subsection (2).

(2) The Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development may, by regulations published in the



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 58

Gazette, provide for the determination of the turnover of an undertaking.
(3) Without limiting subsection (2), the regulations made under that subsection may—

(a) specify a period as the turnover period of an undertaking for the purpose of section 5(4) or
6(3) of Schedule 1;

(b) provide for different ways for the determination of the turnover of an undertaking obtained in
Hong Kong or outside Hong Kong; and

(c) provide for different ways for the determination of the turnover of an undertaking in respect of
different periods, including—
(i) a calendar year;
(ii) a financial year; and
(iii) a period specified as the turnover period of the undertaking under paragraph (a).


Section: 164 Fees L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) The Commission may charge a fee for—
(a) the making of an application to the Commission under this Ordinance; and
(b) the provision of any service.

(2) The Chief Executive may make regulations prescribing the amount of the fees chargeable under
this section.

(3) The amount of any fee that may be prescribed in a regulation made under subsection (2) is not
limited by reference to the amount of administrative or other costs incurred or likely to be incurred in
relation to the application or service to which the fee relates.

(4) A regulation made under this section may provide for—
(a) the amount of any fee to be charged by reference to a scale set out in the regulation;
(b) the payment of different fees by different persons or different classes or descriptions of

person;
(c) fees that are to be paid annually or at other intervals; and
(d) the reduction, waiver or refund, in whole or in part, of any fee, either upon the happening of a

certain event or in the discretion of the Commission.
(5) The Commission may recover any fee payable under this section as a civil debt due to the

Commission.

Section: 165 Personal immunity of public officers L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) A public officer is not personally liable for anything done or omitted to be done by the public
officer in good faith in the performance of a function or purported performance of a function under this
Ordinance.

(2) The protection conferred by subsection (1) does not affect any liability of the Government for the
act or omission.

Part:
Division:

12
2

Service of Documents L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 166 Service of documents on Commission L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) A notice or other document required to be served on the Commission under this Ordinance may be
served—

(a) by sending it by post to the offices of the Commission;
(b) by leaving it at the offices of the Commission;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 59

(c) by sending it by facsimile transmission to the facsimile number of the Commission;
(d) by sending it by electronic mail transmission to the electronic mail address of the

Commission; or
(e) by sending it by any other method specified in rules made by the Commission for this purpose

under section 34 of Schedule 5.
(2) A notice or other document served in accordance with subsection (1) is to be taken, in the absence

of evidence to the contrary, to have been served—
(a) if served by post, on the second day after the day on which it was posted;
(b) if left at the offices of the Commission, on the day after the day on which it was so left;
(c) if sent by facsimile transmission, on the day after the day on which it was transmitted; or
(d) if sent by electronic mail transmission, on the day after the day on which it was transmitted.


Section: 167 Service of documents other than on Commission L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


(1) A notice, direction or other document required to be served by the Commission for the purposes of
this Ordinance may be served—

(a) in the case of service on a natural person—
(i) by delivering it to the person personally;
(ii) by sending it by post in a letter addressed to the person at the person’s usual place of

residence or business or, if the person’s address is unknown, addressed to the person’
s last known place of residence or business;

(iii) by sending it by facsimile transmission to the facsimile number of the person or, if that
number is unknown, to the last known facsimile number of the person; or

(iv) by sending it by electronic mail transmission to the electronic mail address of the person
or, if that address is unknown, to the last known electronic mail address of the person;

(b) in the case of service on a body corporate—
(i) by delivering it to any place in Hong Kong at which the body corporate carries on

business and giving it to any person in the place who appears to be concerned in the
management of, or employed by, the body corporate;

(ii) by sending it by post in a letter addressed to the body corporate at its registered office in
Hong Kong or at any place in Hong Kong at which the body corporate carries on
business or, if the body corporate’ s address is unknown, addressed to the body
corporate’s last known place of business;

(iii) by sending it by facsimile transmission to the facsimile number of the body corporate or,
if that number is unknown, to the last known facsimile number of the body corporate; or

(iv) by sending it by electronic mail transmission to the electronic mail address of the body
corporate or, if that address is unknown, to the last known electronic mail address of the
body corporate;

(c) in the case of service on a partnership—
(i) by delivering it to any place in Hong Kong at which the partnership carries on business

and giving it to any person in the place who appears to be concerned in the management
of, or employed by, the partnership;

(ii) by sending it by post in a letter addressed to the partnership at any place in Hong Kong at
which the partnership carries on business or, if the partnership’s address is unknown,
addressed to the partnership’s last known place of business;

(iii) by sending it by facsimile transmission to the facsimile number of the partnership or, if
that number is unknown, to the last known facsimile number of the partnership; or

(iv) by sending it by electronic mail transmission to the electronic mail address of the
partnership or, if that address is unknown, to the last known electronic mail address of



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 60

the partnership; or
(d) in the case of service on an undertaking other than a natural person, a body corporate or a

partnership—
(i) by delivering it personally to an officer of the undertaking or a member of its governing

body;
(ii) by sending it by post in a letter addressed to the undertaking at any place in Hong Kong

at which the undertaking carries on business or, if the undertaking’ s address is
unknown, addressed to the undertaking’s last known place of business;

(iii) by sending it by facsimile transmission to the facsimile number of the undertaking or, if
that number is unknown, to the last known facsimile number of the undertaking; or

(iv) by sending it by electronic mail transmission to the electronic mail address of the
undertaking or, if that address is unknown, to the last known electronic mail address of
the undertaking.

(2) A notice, direction or other document served in accordance with subsection (1) is to be taken to
have been served—

(a) if served by post, on the second day after the day on which it was posted;
(b) if sent by facsimile transaction, on the day after the day on which it was transmitted; or
(c) if sent by electronic mail transmission, on the day after the day on which it was transmitted.


Part:
Division:

12
3

Indemnities L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 168 Certain indemnities of officers, employees or agents void L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Subject to section 170, no person may indemnify another person who is or was an officer,
employee or agent of an undertaking against liability for paying—

(a) a pecuniary penalty under Part 6; or
(b) costs incurred in defending an action in which that other person is—

(i) convicted of contempt of the Tribunal;
(ii) convicted of an offence under this Part or Part 3; or
(iii) ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty under Part 6.

(2) An indemnity given in contravention of subsection (1) is void.
(3) In this section—

“employee” (僱員), in relation to an undertaking, means a person engaged by the undertaking for the
provision of services, whether under a contract of employment or otherwise;

“officer” (高級人員) means—
(a) in relation to an undertaking being a corporation, a director, manager or company secretary of

the undertaking, and any other person involved in the management of the undertaking; and
(b) in relation to an undertaking not being a corporation, any member of the governing body of

that undertaking.

Section: 169 Financial penalty for contravention of section 168 L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If it appears to the Commission that a person has indemnified any other person in contravention of
section 168, the Commission may apply to the Tribunal for an order imposing a financial penalty on that
person.

(2) If the Tribunal is satisfied that a person has contravened section 168, it may make an order
imposing a financial penalty on that person.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 61

(3) The amount of a financial penalty imposed under this section may not exceed twice the value of
the indemnity given in contravention of section 168.

Section: 170 Provision of funds for indemnity for defending proceedings L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Section 168 does not prohibit any person from providing funds to another person who is or was an
officer, employee or agent of an undertaking to meet expenditure incurred or to be incurred by that other
person in defending any proceedings under Part 6 for a pecuniary penalty, if it is done on the following
terms—

(a) that the funds are to be repaid in the event of the other person being required by the Tribunal
to pay the pecuniary penalty; and

(b) that they are to be repaid not later than the date when the decision of the Tribunal becomes
final.

(2) For the purpose of this section a decision of the Tribunal becomes final—
(a) if not appealed against, at the end of the period for bringing an appeal; or
(b) if appealed against, when the appeal or further appeal is finally disposed of.

(3) An appeal is finally disposed of, for the purpose of subsection (2)—
(a) if it is determined and the period for bringing any further appeal has ended; or
(b) if it is abandoned or otherwise ceases to have effect.

(4) In this section—
“employee” (僱員) has the meaning given by section 168(3);
“officer” (高級人員) has the meaning given by section 168(3).

Part:
Division:

12
4

Offences L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015





Section: 171 Criminal proceedings not to be brought in Tribunal L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) Criminal proceedings for an offence under this Ordinance may not be brought in the Tribunal.
(2) To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not affect the jurisdiction, powers and duties of the Tribunal in respect

of the punishment of a person guilty of contempt, granted by section 144(2).

Section: 172 Provision of false information L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person commits an offence if the person, in any representation made to the Commission under
this Ordinance—

(a) provides any information that is false or misleading in a material particular; and
(b) knows or is reckless as to whether the information is false or misleading in a material

particular.
(2) A person who commits an offence under this section is liable to a fine at level 6 and to

imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 173 Employees not to suffer termination etc. for assisting

Commission
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) A person who employs another person under a contract of employment (an “employee”) must
not—

(a) terminate or threaten to terminate the employment of that employee;
(b) discriminate in any way against that employee;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 62

(c) intimidate or harass that employee; or
(d) cause that employee any injury, loss or damage,

because the employee has taken any action referred to in subsection (2).
(2) The actions referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a) providing any material to the Commission in connection with the Commission’s functions;
or

(b) giving evidence or agreeing to give evidence in any proceedings brought by the Commission
for the enforcement of this Ordinance.

(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine at level 4 and
to imprisonment for 3 months.

Section: 174 Obstruction of specified persons L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) A person who, without reasonable excuse, obstructs a specified person in the performance of any
function under this Ordinance commits an offence and is liable—

(a) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of $1000000; or
(b) on summary conviction, to a fine at level 6.

(2) In this section—
“specified person” (指明人士) has the meaning given by section 122.

Section: 175 Offences by bodies corporate and partners L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


(1) If a person by whom an offence under this Ordinance is committed is a body corporate, and it is
proved that the offence—

(a) was committed with the consent or connivance of a director, manager, company secretary or
other person concerned in the management of the body corporate; or

(b) was attributable to any neglect or omission on the part of a director, manager, company
secretary or other person concerned in the management of the body corporate,

the director, manager, company secretary or other person also commits the offence.
(2) If a person by whom an offence under this Ordinance is committed is a partner in a partnership,

and it is proved that the offence—
(a) was committed with the consent or connivance of any other partner or any person concerned

in the management of the partnership; or
(b) was attributable to any neglect or omission on the part of any other partner or any person

concerned in the management of the partnership,
the partner or the person concerned in the management of the partnership also commits the offence.

Part:
Division:

12
5

Consequential, Related, Transitional and Savings
Provisions

L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013





Section: 176 Consequential and related amendments L.N. 177 of 2012 18/01/2013


Schedule 8 contains consequential and related amendments to other enactments.

Section: 177 Transitional and savings provisions in relation to

amendments made by this Ordinance
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



(1) Schedule 9 contains transitional and savings provisions in relation to amendments made by this
Ordinance to the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), the Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions)



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 63

Ordinance (Cap 391) and the Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562).
(2) The Chief Executive may make regulations containing transitional provisions and savings that are

necessary or convenient for the transition to the provisions of this Ordinance from the provisions of the
Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), the Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap
391) or the Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562) as amended by this Ordinance.

(3) Without limiting subsection (2), regulations made under this section may, in particular, provide for


(a) the application of provisions of this Ordinance to telecommunications services or broadcasting
services; or

(b) the continued application of provisions of the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106), the
Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 391) or the Broadcasting Ordinance
(Cap 562) in force immediately before the commencement of any provision of this Ordinance
to telecommunications services or broadcasting services.

(4) Regulations made under this section may, if they so provide, be deemed to have come into
operation on a date earlier than the date on which they are published in the Gazette but not earlier than the
date on which this Ordinance is published in the Gazette.

(5) To the extent that any regulations made under this section come into operation on a date earlier
than the date on which they are published in the Gazette, those regulations are to be construed so as not to—

(a) affect, in a manner prejudicial to any person, the rights of that person existing before the date
on which the regulations are published in the Gazette; or

(b) impose liabilities on any person in respect of anything done, or omitted to be done, before the
date on which the regulations are published in the Gazette.

(6) If there is any inconsistency between any regulations made under this section and the provisions of
Schedule 9, Schedule 9 prevails to the extent of the inconsistency.

Schedule: 1 GENERAL EXCLUSIONS FROM CONDUCT RULES L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


[sections 9, 15, 24,
30, 36 & 163]

1. Agreements enhancing overall economic efficiency
The first conduct rule does not apply to any agreement that—

(a) contributes to—
(i) improving production or distribution; or
(ii) promoting technical or economic progress,

while allowing consumers a fair share of the resulting benefit;
(b) does not impose on the undertakings concerned restrictions that are not indispensable to the

attainment of the objectives stated in paragraph (a); and
(c) does not afford the undertakings concerned the possibility of eliminating competition in

respect of a substantial part of the goods or services in question.

2. Compliance with legal requirements

(1) The first conduct rule does not apply to an agreement to the extent that it is made for the purpose
of complying with a legal requirement.

(2) The second conduct rule does not apply to conduct to the extent that it is engaged in for the
purpose of complying with a legal requirement.

(3) In this section—
“legal requirement” (法律規定) means a requirement—

(a) imposed by or under any enactment in force in Hong Kong; or
(b) imposed by any national law applying in Hong Kong.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 64


3. Services of general economic interest etc.

Neither the first conduct rule nor the second conduct rule applies to an undertaking entrusted by the
Government with the operation of services of general economic interest in so far as the conduct rule would
obstruct the performance, in law or in fact, of the particular tasks assigned to it.


4. Mergers

(1) To the extent to which an agreement (either on its own or when taken together with another
agreement) results in, or if carried out would result in, a merger, the first conduct rule does not apply to the
agreement.

(2) To the extent to which conduct (either on its own or when taken together with other conduct)
results in, or if engaged in would result in, a merger, the second conduct rule does not apply to the conduct.

5. Agreements of lesser significance

(1) The first conduct rule does not apply to—
(a) an agreement between undertakings in any calendar year if the combined turnover of the

undertakings for the turnover period does not exceed $200000000;
(b) a concerted practice engaged in by undertakings in any calendar year if the combined turnover

of the undertakings for the turnover period does not exceed $200000000; or
(c) a decision of an association of undertakings in any calendar year if the turnover of the

association for the turnover period does not exceed $200000000.
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an agreement, a concerted practice, or a decision of an association

of undertakings, that involves serious anti-competitive conduct.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), the turnover period of an undertaking is—

(a) if the undertaking has a financial year, the financial year of the undertaking that ends in the
preceding calendar year; or

(b) if the undertaking does not have a financial year, the preceding calendar year.
(4) The turnover period of an undertaking is the period specified as such for the purpose of this

subsection in the regulations made under section 163(2) if—
(a) for an undertaking that has a financial year—

(i) the undertaking does not have a financial year that ends in the preceding calendar year;
or

(ii) the financial year of the undertaking that ends in the preceding calendar year is less than
12 months; or

(b) for an undertaking that does not have a financial year—
(i) the undertaking is not engaged in economic activity in the preceding calendar year; or
(ii) the period in which the undertaking is engaged in economic activity in the preceding

calendar year is less than 12 months.
(5) In this section—

“preceding calendar year” (對上公曆年) means the calendar year preceding the calendar year mentioned
in subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c);

“turnover” (營業額)—
(a) in relation to an undertaking that is not an association of undertakings, means the total gross

revenues of the undertaking whether obtained in Hong Kong or outside Hong Kong; and
(b) in relation to an association of undertakings, means the total gross revenues of all the

members of the association whether obtained in Hong Kong or outside Hong Kong.


6. Conduct of lesser significance
(1) The second conduct rule does not apply to conduct engaged in by an undertaking the turnover of



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 65

which does not exceed $40000000 for the turnover period.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the turnover period of an undertaking is—

(a) if the undertaking has a financial year, the financial year of the undertaking that ends in the
preceding calendar year; or

(b) if the undertaking does not have a financial year, the preceding calendar year.
(3) The turnover period of an undertaking is the period specified as such for the purpose of this

subsection in the regulations made under section 163(2) if—
(a) for an undertaking that has a financial year—

(i) the undertaking does not have a financial year that ends in the preceding calendar year;
or

(ii) the financial year of the undertaking that ends in the preceding calendar year is less than
12 months; or

(b) for an undertaking that does not have a financial year—
(i) the undertaking is not engaged in economic activity in the preceding calendar year; or
(ii) the period in which the undertaking is engaged in economic activity in the preceding

calendar year is less than 12 months.
(4) In this section—

“preceding calendar year” (對上公曆年) means the calendar year preceding the calendar year in which
the conduct mentioned in subsection (1) is engaged in;

“turnover” (營業額) means the total gross revenues of an undertaking whether obtained in Hong Kong or
outside Hong Kong.


Schedule: 2 COMMITMENTS L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


[section 65]
PART 1


PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCEPTANCE AND

VARIATION OF COMMITMENTS
1. Application

Section 2 of this Schedule applies where the Commission proposes to—
(a) accept a commitment under section 60;
(b) accept a variation of such a commitment under section 62; or
(c) accept a new commitment in substitution for such a commitment under section 62.


2. Notice
(1) Before accepting a commitment or variation, the Commission must—

(a) give notice of the proposed commitment or variation in any manner it considers appropriate
for bringing it to the attention of those it considers likely to be affected by it; and

(b) consider any representations made (and not withdrawn) in response to the notice.
(2) A notice under subsection (1) must state—

(a) that the Commission proposes to accept the commitment or variation;
(b) the intended object and effect of the commitment or variation;
(c) whether the commitment or variation constitutes an admission of contravention of a

competition rule;
(d) the situation that the commitment or variation is seeking to deal with;
(e) any other facts that the Commission considers to be relevant to the acceptance or variation of

the commitment;
(f) a means of gaining access, at all reasonable times, to an accurate version of the proposed



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 66

commitment or variation; and
(g) the period within which representations may be made in relation to the proposed commitment

or variation.
(3) The period stated for the purpose of subsection (2)(g) must be at least 15 days beginning on the

day on which the notice is given.

3. Notice of decision not to accept

If, after giving notice under section 2 of this Schedule, the Commission decides not to accept the
commitment or variation concerned, the Commission must give notice that it has so decided.

4. Notice of acceptance

As soon as practicable after accepting a commitment or a variation of a commitment, the Commission
must publish the commitment or variation—

(a) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(b) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.


5. Manner of giving notice

A notice under section 2 or 3 of this Schedule must be given by—
(a) sending a copy of the notice to any person or persons the Commission considers are likely to

be affected by the matter to which the notice relates; or
(b) publishing the notice—

(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate,

for the purpose of bringing the matter to which the notice relates to the attention of those the
Commission considers likely to be affected by it.


PART 2


PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS FOR WITHDRAWAL OF

ACCEPTANCE OF COMMITMENTS

6. Application

Section 7 of this Schedule applies where the Commission proposes to withdraw its acceptance of a
commitment under section 61.

7. Notice

(1) Before withdrawing its acceptance of a commitment, the Commission must—
(a) give notice of the proposed withdrawal in any manner it considers appropriate for bringing it

to the attention of those it considers likely to be affected by it; and
(b) consider any representations made (and not withdrawn) in response to the notice.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) must state—
(a) that the Commission proposes to withdraw its acceptance of the commitment;
(b) the reasons for the proposed withdrawal;
(c) any other facts that the Commission considers to be relevant to the proposed withdrawal; and
(d ) the period within which representations may be made in relation to the proposed withdrawal.

(3) The period stated for the purpose of subsection (2)(d ) must be at least 15 days beginning on the
day on which the notice is given.

8. Notice of decision not to withdraw

If, after giving notice under section 7 of this Schedule, the Commission decides not to withdraw its



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 67

acceptance of the commitment concerned, the Commission must give notice that it has so decided.

9. Notice of withdrawal

As soon as practicable after withdrawing its acceptance of a commitment, the Commission must
publish the withdrawal—

(a) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(b) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.


10. Manner of giving notice

A notice under section 7 or 8 of this Schedule must be given by—
(a) sending a copy of the notice to any person or persons the Commission considers are likely to

be affected by the matter to which the notice relates; or
(b) publishing the notice—

(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate,

for the purpose of bringing the matter to which the notice relates to the attention of those the
Commission considers likely to be affected by it.


PART 3


PROCEDURAL REQUIREMENTS FOR RELEASE OF

COMMITMENTS


11. Application
Section 12 of this Schedule applies where the Commission proposes to release a person from a

commitment, under section 62.

12. Notice

(1) Before releasing the person from the commitment, the Commission must—
(a) give notice of the proposed release in any manner it considers appropriate for bringing it to the

attention of that person; and
(b) consider any representations made (and not withdrawn) in response to the notice.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) must state—
(a) that the Commission proposes to release the person from the commitment;
(b) the reasons for the proposed release;
(c) any other facts that the Commission considers to be relevant to the proposed release; and
(d ) the period within which representations may be made in relation to the proposed release.

(3) The period stated for the purpose of subsection (2)(d ) must be at least 15 days beginning on the
day on which the notice is given.

13. Notice of decision not to proceed

If, after giving notice under section 12 of this Schedule, the Commission decides not to proceed with
the release, it must—

(a) give notice that it has so decided; and
(b) send a copy of the notice to the person who made the commitment.


14. Notice of decision to release

As soon as practicable after releasing a person from a commitment, the Commission must—
(a) publish the release—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 68

(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate; and

(b) send a copy of the release to that person.

15. Manner of giving notice

A notice under section 12 or 13 of this Schedule must be given by—
(a) sending a copy of the notice to any person or persons the Commission considers are likely to

be affected by the matter to which the notice relates; or
(b) publishing the notice—

(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate,

for the purpose of bringing the matter to which the notice relates to the attention of those the
Commission considers likely to be affected by it.


Schedule: 3 ORDERS THAT MAY BE MADE BY TRIBUNAL IN

RELATION TO CONTRAVENTIONS OF
COMPETITION RULES

L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



[sections 94 & 112]
1. Orders

The Tribunal may make the following orders with respect to a contravention of the competition rules—
(a) a declaration that a person has contravened a competition rule;
(b) an order restraining or prohibiting a person from engaging in any conduct that constitutes the

contravention or the person’s involvement in the contravention;
(c) an order requiring a person who has contravened a competition rule or been involved in the

contravention to do any act or thing, including the taking of steps for the purpose of restoring
the parties to any transaction to the position in which they were before the transaction was
entered into;

(d) an order restraining or prohibiting a person from acquiring, disposing of or otherwise dealing
with any property specified in the order;

(e) an order requiring a person to dispose of such operations, assets or shares of any undertaking
specified in the order, in the manner specified in the order;

(f) an order appointing a person to administer the property of another person;
(g) an order prohibiting a person from making or giving effect to an agreement;
(h) an order requiring the parties to an agreement (the making or giving effect to which

constitutes the contravention of the competition rules) to modify or terminate that agreement;
(i) an order declaring any agreement (the making or giving effect to which constitutes the

contravention of the competition rules) to be void or voidable to the extent specified in the
order;

(j) an order prohibiting the withholding from any person of—
(i) any goods or services; or
(ii) any orders for any such goods or services;

(k) an order requiring a person to pay damages to any person who has suffered loss or damage as
a result of the contravention;

(l) an order prohibiting requiring as a condition of the supply of goods or services to any person

(i) the buying of any goods or services;
(ii) the making of any payment in respect of goods or services other than the goods or

services supplied; or
(iii) the doing of any other similar thing or the refraining from doing of anything mentioned



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 69

in subparagraph (i) or (ii) or any other similar thing;
(m) an order prohibiting a person from exercising any right to vote that is exercisable by virtue of

the holding of any shares, stock or securities;
(n) an order requiring that any person or class of person be given access to goods, facilities or

services specified in the order on the terms specified in the order;
(o) an order requiring that any person or class of person be given the right to use goods, facilities

or services specified in the order on the terms specified in the order;
(p) an order requiring any person to pay to the Government or to any other specified person, as

the Tribunal considers appropriate, an amount not exceeding the amount of any profit gained
or loss avoided by that person as a result of the contravention; or

(q) for the purpose of securing compliance with any other order made under this section, an order
requiring any person who has contravened or been involved in the contravention to do or
refrain from doing anything specified in the order.


2. Registration of orders relating to immovable property

If any property specified in an order made under section 1(d) of this Schedule is immovable property,
the order is, for the purpose of the Land Registration Ordinance (Cap 128)—

(a) to be regarded as an instrument affecting land; and
(b) registrable, as an instrument affecting land, in the Land Registry under that Ordinance in any

manner the Land Registrar considers appropriate.

3. Interpretation

In section 1(j) of this Schedule, a reference to “withholding” includes—
(a) agreeing or threatening to withhold; and
(b) procuring others to withhold or to agree or threaten to withhold.


Schedule: 4 PROVISIONS THAT MAY BE CONTAINED IN

ORDERS MADE BY TRIBUNAL IN RELATION TO
ANTICIPATED MERGERS AND MERGERS

L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



[sections 97 & 100]
1. An order may provide for—

(a) the division of any business (whether by the sale of any part of its assets or otherwise); or
(b) the division of any undertaking or association of undertakings.


2. An order made under section 1 of this Schedule may contain any provisions that the Tribunal considers
appropriate to effect or take account of the division including, in particular, provision as to—

(a) the transfer or creation of property, rights, liabilities or obligations;
(b) the number of persons to whom the property, rights, liabilities or obligations are to be

transferred or in whom they are to be vested;
(c) the time within which the property, rights, liabilities or obligations are to be transferred or

vested;
(d) the adjustment of contracts (whether by discharge or reduction of any liability or obligation or

otherwise);
(e) the creation, allotment, surrender or cancellation of any shares, stock or securities;
(f) the formation or winding up of any company or other body of persons corporate or

unincorporate;
(g) the amendment of the memorandum and articles or other instruments regulating any such

company or other body of persons;
(h) the extent to which, and the circumstances in which, provisions of the order affecting a



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 70

company or other body of persons corporate or unincorporate in its share capital, constitution
or other matters may be altered by the company or other body of persons concerned;

(i) the registration of the order under any enactment by a company or other body of persons
corporate or unincorporate which is affected by it as mentioned in paragraph (h);

(j) the continuation, with any necessary change of parties, of any legal proceedings;
(k) the approval by any person of anything required by virtue of the order to be done or of any

person to whom anything is to be transferred, or in whom anything is to be vested, by virtue of
the order; or

(l) the appointment of trustees or other persons to do anything on behalf of another person which
is required of that person by virtue of the order or to monitor the doing by that person of any
such thing.


3. An order may prohibit or restrict—

(a) the acquisition by any person of the whole or part of another person’s business; or
(b) the doing of anything that will or may result in a merger.


4. An order may provide that if—

(a) an acquisition of the kind mentioned in section 3(a) of this Schedule is made; or
(b) anything is done that results in a merger,

the persons concerned or any of them must observe any prohibitions or restrictions imposed by or under the
order.

Schedule: 5 COMPETITION COMMISSION 18 of 2014 05/12/2014


[sections 2, 122, 129 & 166]
PART 1


INTERPRETATION


1. Interpretation

In this Schedule—
“auditor” (核數師) means the auditor appointed under section 24 of this Schedule;
“Chairperson” (主席) means the Chairperson of the Commission appointed under section 8 of this

Schedule;
“Chief Executive Officer” (行政總裁) means the Chief Executive Officer of the Commission appointed

under section 10 of this Schedule;
“financial year” (財政年度) means the financial year of the Commission as defined in section 20 of this

Schedule;
“statement of accounts” (帳目報表) means the statement of the accounts of the Commission required to

be prepared by section 23 of this Schedule.


PART 2


MEMBERS OF COMMISSION

2. Composition of Commission

(1) The Commission is to consist of not less than 5 and not more than 16 members appointed by the
Chief Executive.

(2) In considering the appointment of a person as a member of the Commission, the Chief Executive



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 71

may have regard to that person’s expertise or experience in industry, commerce, economics, law, small and
medium enterprises or public policy.

(3) Subject to this Schedule, a member holds office for the period, not exceeding 3 years, that is
specified in the member’s letter of appointment, but is eligible for re-appointment.

(4) The Chief Executive must publish a notice in the Gazette of all appointments made under this
section.


3. Terms of appointment

(1) A member is entitled to such terms (including remuneration and allowances) as the Chief
Executive may determine.

(2) The remuneration and allowances of a member are to be paid out of the funds of the Commission.

4. Resignation of member

(1) A member may, at any time, resign from office by giving written notice of resignation to the Chief
Executive.

(2) A notice of resignation is not effective unless it is signed by the member concerned.
(3) A notice of resignation takes effect—

(a) on the date on which the notice is received by the Chief Executive; or
(b) if a later date is specified in the notice, on that later date.


5. Removal from office

(1) The Chief Executive may remove a member from office if the member—
(a) fails to attend 3 consecutive meetings of the Commission without (in the opinion of the Chief

Executive) sufficient cause;
(b) fails to comply with a conflict of interest disclosure obligation set out in any rules made by the

Commission under section 34 of this Schedule;
(c) becomes bankrupt or is for the time being bound by a voluntary arrangement with his or her

creditors;
(d) is, under the Mental Health Ordinance (Cap 136), found by the Court of First Instance (or any

judge of the Court of First Instance) to be incapable, by reason of mental incapacity, of
managing and administering his or her property and affairs;

(e) has been found by the Tribunal or another court to have contravened a competition rule;
(f) is an officer of an undertaking that has been found by the Tribunal or another court to have

contravened a competition rule;
(g) has made a commitment with the Commission under this Ordinance, or is an officer of an

undertaking that has made such a commitment;
(h) becomes a member of the Tribunal or a judge of another court;
(i) is appointed by the Tribunal as an assessor under section 141; or
(j) is otherwise, in the opinion of the Chief Executive, unable or unfit to perform the functions of

a member.
(2) If a member is removed from office under this section, the Chief Executive must give that member

notice in writing informing the member of his or her removal from office.
(3) In this section—

“officer” (高級人員) means—
(a) in relation to a corporation, a director, manager or company secretary of the corporation, and

any other person involved in the management of the corporation; and
(b) in relation to an undertaking (other than a corporation or partnership), any member of the

governing body of that undertaking.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 72

6. Vacancy in office of member
The office of a member becomes vacant if the member—

(a) dies;
(b) completes a term of office and is not reappointed;
(c) resigns from office by written notice of resignation given to the Chief Executive; or
(d) is removed from office by the Chief Executive under section 5 of this Schedule.


7. Filling of vacancy
(1) If the office of a member becomes vacant, the Chief Executive may appoint a suitable person to fill

the vacancy.
(2) A person appointed to fill a vacancy under this section holds office for the term that is specified in

the member’s letter of appointment and that term may extend beyond the remainder of the term of the
member whose office became vacant.


8. Chairperson

(1) The Chief Executive is to appoint one of the members of the Commission (other than a member
who is a public officer) to be the Chairperson of the Commission.

(2) The Chairperson may, at any time, resign from that office by giving written notice of resignation to
the Chief Executive.

(3) A notice of resignation is not effective unless it is signed by the Chairperson.
(4) A notice of resignation takes effect—

(a) on the date on which the notice is received by the Chief Executive; or
(b) if a later date is specified in the notice, on that later date.

(5) The resignation of a person from the office of Chairperson does not affect that person’s term of
office as a member.

(6) If the Chairperson ceases to be a member, he or she also ceases to be the Chairperson.


9. Acting chairperson
If the Chairperson is temporarily unable to perform the functions of the office of Chairperson because

of illness or absence from Hong Kong or for any other cause or if the office of Chairperson becomes vacant,
the Chief Executive may appoint another member to act in place of the Chairperson and perform the
functions of the office of Chairperson.


PART 3


CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, STAFF, ETC.

10. Chief Executive Officer

(1) The Commission is, with the approval of the Chief Executive, to appoint a Chief Executive Officer
of the Commission on such terms as, subject to subsection (3), the Commission may determine.

(2) The Chief Executive Officer is responsible for—
(a) managing the administrative affairs of the Commission; and
(b) performing any other functions that may be assigned or delegated to the Chief Executive

Officer by the Commission.
(3) The Chief Executive Officer is to be paid out of the funds of the Commission such remuneration,

benefits and expenses as the Commission, with the approval of the Chief Executive, may determine.


11. Power to employ staff etc.
(1) The Commission may employ such staff and engage on contract for services such other persons as

it considers necessary to perform its functions.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 73

(2) The Commission may determine the remuneration and other conditions of employment of its staff
and persons engaged on contracts for services.

(3) The Commission may provide and maintain schemes (whether contributory or not) for the
payment of retirement benefits, gratuities or other allowances to its employees or former employees and
their dependants.


PART 4


MEETINGS

12. General procedure for meetings of Commission

(1) Meetings of the Commission are to be held as often as necessary to enable the Commission to
perform its functions.

(2) A meeting of the Commission may be convened by the Chairperson.
(3) The Chairperson must convene a meeting of the Commission on being given a notice for that

purpose by 2 or more other members.
(4) The procedure for convening meetings of the Commission and for the conduct of business at those

meetings is, subject to this Schedule and to any rules made under section 34 of this Schedule, to be
determined by the Commission.

13. Quorum for meetings of Commission

(1) The quorum for a meeting of the Commission is a majority of its members.
(2) A member who participates in the meeting by telephone, video conferencing or other electronic

means is to be regarded as being present at the meeting if—
(a) that member is able to hear the other members who are actually present at the meeting; and
(b) the members who are actually present at the meeting are able to hear that member.


14. Presiding member at meetings of Commission
A meeting of the Commission is to be presided over by—

(a) the Chairperson; or
(b) in the absence of the Chairperson, the acting chairperson.


15. Voting at meetings of Commission

(1) Subject to subsection (2), each member who is present at a meeting of the Commission has one
vote at the meeting.

(2) The member presiding at a meeting of the Commission has a deliberative vote and also has a
casting vote if the number of votes for and against a motion is equal.

(3) Voting must not be carried out by secret ballot. The member presiding at a meeting of the
Commission must ask each member to indicate how he or she has voted, and the result of the vote, showing
which way each member has voted, must be recorded in the minutes.

(4) A decision supported by a majority of the votes cast at the meeting of the Commission at which a
quorum is present is the decision of the Commission.

16. Minutes

The Commission must cause minutes of the proceedings, including a record of all decisions made, at
each meeting of the Commission to be recorded and preserved.

17. Written resolutions

(1) A resolution is a valid resolution of the Commission, even if it is not passed at a meeting of the
Commission, if—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 74

(a) it is in writing;
(b) proper notice of it is given to all members; and
(c) it is signed, or assented to, by a majority of the members by letter, fax or other electronic

transmission.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the date of a resolution referred to in this section is the date on which the

last of the members constituting a majority of the members signs or assents to the resolution.
(3) If any member requests, by notice in writing addressed to the Chairperson, that a resolution

proposed to be made under subsection (1) be referred to a meeting of the Commission for consideration, the
proposed resolution must be referred to a meeting of the Commission.

(4) A request under subsection (3) must be made within 14 days after the day on which the notice
referred to in subsection (1)(b) is given.

18. Decisions not invalidated by defects in appointment etc.

Decisions of the Commission are not invalidated solely by—
(a) any defect in the appointment of a member;
(b) a vacancy amongst its members;
(c) the absence of a member from the meeting at which the decision was taken; or
(d) any irregularity in the procedures adopted by the Commission that does not affect the decision

taken.


PART 5


FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

19. Commission to submit estimates

The Commission must, not later than 31 December in each financial year, submit to the Chief
Executive estimates of its income and expenditure for the next financial year.

20. Financial year

The financial year of the Commission is— (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 174)
(a) the period beginning on the day on which this Schedule comes into operation and ending on

the next 31 March; and (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 174)
(b) the period of 12 months ending on 31 March in each subsequent year.


21. Funds of Commission

The funds of the Commission consist of—
(a) all money paid by the Government to the Commission and appropriated for that purpose by

the Legislative Council; and (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 174)
(b) all other money and property, including fees, interest and accumulations of income, received

by the Commission.

22. Commission is exempt from taxation

(1) The Commission is exempt from taxation under the Inland Revenue Ordinance (Cap 112).
(2) To avoid doubt, subsection (1) does not apply to or in relation to any remuneration, benefits or

expenses paid out of the funds of the Commission to a member of the Commission.


PART 6


ACCOUNTS, AUDIT AND ACCOUNT REPORT




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 75

23. Accounts
(1) The Commission must—

(a) keep accounts and other records that accurately record and explain its financial transactions
and its financial position; and

(b) ensure that a statement of accounts is prepared as soon as practicable after the end of each
financial year.

(2) The statement of accounts must give a true and fair view of—
(a) the state of affairs of the Commission as at the end of that financial year; and
(b) the results of the operations and cash flows of the Commission in that financial year.


24. Commission to appoint auditor

(1) As soon as practicable after the commencement of this section, the Commission must appoint an
auditor to audit its statement of accounts.

(2) The auditor must, as soon as practicable after the end of each financial year—
(a) audit the accounts and statement of accounts required under section 23 of this Schedule; and
(b) submit a report on the statement of accounts to the Commission.


25. Annual report

(1) As soon as practicable, and in any case within 6 months after the end of each financial year, the
Commission must prepare a report dealing with its activities in the preceding financial year.

(2) The report must contain the following information in relation to the financial year—
(a) an outline of the investigations carried out by the Commission;
(b) a summary of complaints received; and
(c) an outline of all proceedings brought before the Tribunal.


26. Annual report and audited accounts to be laid on table of Legislative Council
As soon as practicable, and in any case within 6 months after the end of a financial year, the

Commission must give a copy of—
(a) its annual report, prepared under section 25 of this Schedule;
(b) its statement of accounts; and
(c) the auditor’s report on the statement of accounts,

to the Chief Executive who must arrange for them to be laid on the table of the Legislative Council.

27. Director of Audit’s examination

(1) The Director of Audit may, in respect of any financial year of the Commission, conduct an
examination into the economy, efficiency and effectiveness with which the Commission has used its
resources in performing its functions.

(2) For the purpose of conducting an examination under this section, the Director of Audit is entitled,
at all reasonable times—

(a) to have full and free access to all accounts, records and documents in the custody or under the
control of the Commission;

(b) to make a copy of the whole or any part of those accounts, records and documents; and
(c) to require any person who holds or is accountable for the accounts, records or documents to

give any information or explanation that the Director of Audit considers necessary.
(3) The Director of Audit may report to the President of the Legislative Council the results of an

examination conducted under this section.
(4) Subsection (1) does not operate to entitle the Director of Audit to question the merits of the policy

objectives of the Commission.




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 76

PART 7


COMMITTEES

28. Commission may establish committees

(1) The Commission may establish one or more committees—
(a) to advise the Commission on such matters (within the scope of the Commission’s functions)

as the Commission refers to it; and
(b) to perform such functions of the Commission as the Commission delegates to it.

(2) A committee may consist of such persons, whether members of the Commission or not, as the
Commission determines.

(3) The Commission may appoint a member of the Commission who is also a member of a committee
to be the chairperson of that committee.

(4) When the Commission establishes a committee under this section, it must specify, in writing, its
terms of reference.

(5) The Commission may, by notice in writing, amend the terms of reference of a committee.
(6) A committee is subject to the control of the Commission and may be discharged or reconstituted at

any time by the Commission.
(7) Subject to any directions that may be given by the Commission, a committee may regulate its own

procedure, including the determination of its quorum.


PART 8


REGISTER AND DISCLOSURE OF INTERESTS

29. Register of interest

(1) A member of the Commission, or a member of a committee established by the Commission, must
disclose to the Commission any interest that the member has which is of a class or description determined by
the Commission under subsection (2)—

(a) in the case of a member of the Commission, on the member’s first appointment to the
Commission;

(b) in the case of a member of the committee who is not also a member of the Commission, on the
member’s first appointment to the committee;

(c) at the beginning of each calendar year after the member’s appointment;
(d) on becoming aware of the existence of an interest not previously disclosed under this

subsection; and
(e) after the occurrence of any change to an interest previously disclosed under this subsection.

(2) The Commission may, for the purposes of this section—
(a) determine the class or description of the interest required to be disclosed;
(b) determine the details of the interest required to be disclosed and the manner in which such

interest is to be disclosed; and
(c) from time to time change any matter determined under paragraph (a) or (b).

(3) The Commission is to establish and maintain a register relating to any disclosure required to be
made under subsection (1) (the “register”).

(4) If a person makes a disclosure as required by subsection (1), the Commission must cause the
person’s name and the particulars of the disclosure to be recorded in the register, and if a further disclosure
is made, the Commission must cause the particulars of the further disclosure to be recorded in the register.

(5) The Commission must make the register available for inspection by any person—
(a) at the offices of the Commission during ordinary business hours;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 77

(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.


30. Disclosure of interests

(1) If a member of the Commission has—
(a) a pecuniary interest, whether direct or indirect; or
(b) a personal interest greater than that which the member has as a member of the general public,

in any matter under discussion at a meeting of the Commission, the member must disclose the nature of the
interest at the meeting.

(2) The following provisions apply for the purposes of a disclosure under subsection (1)—
(a) the disclosure must be recorded in the minutes;
(b) if the disclosure is made by the member presiding, the member must vacate the chair during

the discussion;
(c) the member (including one who has vacated the chair under paragraph (b)) must, if so

required by the majority of the other members present, withdraw from the meeting during the
discussion and must not in any case, except as otherwise determined by the majority of the
other members present, vote on any resolution concerning the matter under the discussion or
be counted for the purpose of establishing the existence of a quorum.

(3) When a matter is being dealt with by way of the circulation of written resolutions under section 17
of this Schedule, and a member of the Commission has—

(a) a pecuniary interest in the matter, whether direct or indirect; or
(b) a personal interest in the matter greater than that which the member has as a member of the

general public,
the member must disclose the nature of the interest by attaching to the resolutions being circulated a note
recording the disclosure.

(4) If a member has made a disclosure under subsection (3), the member’s signature (if any) is not to
be counted for the purpose of section 17(1) of this Schedule unless the Chairperson directs otherwise.

(5) If the member making a disclosure in respect of a matter under subsection (3) is the Chairperson,
section 17 of this Schedule ceases to apply to the matter.

(6) The validity of any proceeding of the Commission is not affected by the failure by a member of the
Commission to comply with this section.

(7) Subsections (1), (2) and (6) apply to a member of a committee established by the Commission, as
if any reference to the Commission in subsections (1) and (6) were a reference to the committee.


PART 9


DELEGATION

31. Delegation by Commission

(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may delegate any of the functions of the Commission to


(a) a person who is a member of the Commission;
(b) a committee established by the Commission;
(c) the Chief Executive Officer;
(d) an employee of the Commission by name; or
(e) the holder of any office in the Commission, designated by the Commission.

(2) Despite subsection (1), the Commission may not delegate any of the following functions—
(a) subject to sections 32 and 33 of this Schedule, its power to delegate the Commission’s

functions under subsection (1);



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 78

(b) the power to issue a block exemption order under section 15;
(c) the power to vary or revoke a block exemption order under section 20;
(d) the power to issue an infringement notice under section 67;
(e) the power to appoint the Chief Executive Officer and to determine that officer’s terms of

employment, under section 10 of this Schedule;
(f) the duty to give a copy of its annual report, its statement of accounts, and the auditor’s report

on the statement of accounts, to the Chief Executive under section 26 of this Schedule;
(g) the power to establish any committee under section 28 of this Schedule;
(h) the power to refer any matter to a committee;
(i) the power to appoint any person to be the chairperson or a member of a committee (or to

revoke any such appointment) under section 28 of this Schedule;
(j) the power to amend the terms of reference of a committee under section 28 of this Schedule;
(k) the power to discharge or reconstitute a committee under section 28 of this Schedule;
(l) the duty to submit the Commission’s estimates of income and expenditure to the Chief

Executive under section 19 of this Schedule;
(m) the duty to ensure that an annual statement of accounts is prepared, under section 23 of this

Schedule;
(n) the duty to prepare and issue guidelines under this Ordinance;
(o) the power to make any application to the Tribunal, under this Ordinance other than an

application for an interim order under section 95 or 98;
(p) the power to appeal to the courts;
(q) the power to borrow money under section 131 with the approval of the Financial Secretary;
(r) the power to invest funds of the Commission, in a manner approved by the Financial

Secretary, under section 131; or
(s) the power to authorize a person to authenticate the application of the seal of the Commission

under section 35 of this Schedule.
(3) A person purporting to act under an authorization granted under subsection (1) is to be regarded,

unless the contrary is proved, to have been lawfully authorized under this section.

32. Subdelegation

(1) When the Commission delegates a function under section 31 of this Schedule, it may, subject to
any condition it considers appropriate, authorize the delegate to subdelegate the performance of that
function, in whole or in part, to any person.

(2) A person purporting to act under an authorization granted under subsection (1) is to be regarded,
unless the contrary is proved, to have been lawfully authorized under this section.

33. Delegation of power to obtain documents and information

Despite section 31 (Delegation by Commission) of this Schedule and section 32 (Subdelegation) of this
Schedule, the Commission may delegate its power under section 41 (Powers to obtain documents and
information) only to a member of the Commission, and that member may not subdelegate that power.


PART 10


MISCELLANEOUS

34. Rules

The Commission may make rules—
(a) regulating the procedure to be followed at meetings of the Commission and at meetings of its

committees;
(b) regulating the administration of the Commission; and



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 79

(c) regarding conflict of interest.


35. Seal of Commission
(1) The Commission must provide itself with a seal.
(2) The application of the seal must be authenticated by the Chairperson, or by some other member of

the Commission authorized by the Commission for this purpose.
(3) Judicial notice is to be taken of the seal of the Commission and any document sealed with the seal

is—
(a) admissible in evidence; and
(b) presumed to have been properly sealed unless the contrary is proved.


Schedule: 6 MATTERS THAT MUST BE PROVIDED FOR IN

MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING
L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015



[section 161]


1. The manner in which the parties to a Memorandum of Understanding will perform the functions that
they have jurisdiction to perform concurrently under this Ordinance.
2. The manner in which the parties will resolve any dispute between themselves.
3. The provision of assistance by one party to another.
4. The allocation between the parties of responsibility for particular matters or classes of matters.
5. Arrangements for the supply of information relating to a competition matter by one party to another.
6. Arrangements for the keeping of the other party informed about progress when one party is performing
functions that may be performed concurrently under this Ordinance.
7. The joint authorship of educational material or guidelines on competition matters.

Schedule: 7 MERGERS L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


[sections 2, 3, 83 & 162]


PART 1


PRELIMINARY


1. Interpretation
In this Schedule—

“carrier licence” (傳送者牌照) means a carrier licence within the meaning of the Telecommunications
Ordinance (Cap 106).


2. Territorial application

This Schedule applies to a merger even if—
(a) the arrangements for the creation of the merger take place outside Hong Kong;
(b) the merger takes place outside Hong Kong; or
(c) any party to the arrangements for the creation of the merger, or any party involved in the

merger is outside Hong Kong.


PART 2


THE MERGER RULE




Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 80

3. Mergers substantially lessening competition prohibited
(1) An undertaking must not, directly or indirectly, carry out a merger that has, or is likely to have, the

effect of substantially lessening competition in Hong Kong.
(2) For the purpose of this section, a merger takes place if—

(a) 2 or more undertakings previously independent of each other cease to be independent of each
other;

(b) one or more persons or other undertakings acquire direct or indirect control of the whole or
part of one or more other undertakings; or

(c) an acquisition by one undertaking (the “acquiring undertaking”) of the whole or part of the
assets (including goodwill) of another undertaking (the “acquired undertaking”) has the
result set out in subsection (3).

(3) The result referred to in subsection (2)(c) is that the acquiring undertaking is in a position to
replace the acquired undertaking, or to substantially replace the acquired undertaking, in the business or in
part of the business concerned (as the case requires) in which the acquired undertaking was engaged
immediately before the acquisition.

(4) The creation of a joint venture to perform, on a lasting basis, all the functions of an autonomous
economic entity also constitutes a merger within the meaning of subsection (2)(b).

(5) The prohibition imposed by subsection (1) is referred to in this Ordinance as the “merger rule”.

4. Application of merger rule

The merger rule applies only in the following cases—
(a) in the case referred to in section 3(2)(a) of this Schedule, one or more of the undertakings

participating in the merger holds a carrier licence or, directly or indirectly, controls an
undertaking that holds a carrier licence;

(b) in the case referred to in section 3(2)(b) of this Schedule, the undertaking or the person or
persons acquiring control or the undertaking in which control is acquired holds a carrier
licence or, directly or indirectly, controls an undertaking that holds a carrier licence; and

(c) in the case referred to in section 3(2)(c) of this Schedule—
(i) the acquiring undertaking or the acquired undertaking holds a carrier licence or, directly

or indirectly, controls an undertaking that holds a carrier licence; and
(ii) the relevant business conducted by the acquired undertaking immediately before the

acquisition was conducted under a carrier licence.

5. Control

(1) For the purposes of this Schedule, control, in relation to an undertaking, is to be regarded as
existing if, by reason of rights, contracts or any other means, or any combination of rights, contracts or other
means, decisive influence is capable of being exercised with regard to the activities of the undertaking and,
in particular, by—

(a) ownership of, or the right to use all or part of, the assets of an undertaking; or
(b) rights or contracts which enable decisive influence to be exercised with regard to the

composition, voting or decisions of any governing body of an undertaking.
(2) For the purposes of this Schedule, control is acquired by any person or other undertaking if the

person or undertaking—
(a) becomes a holder of the rights or contracts, or entitled to use the other means, referred to in

subsection (1); or
(b) although not becoming such a holder or entitled to use those other means, acquires the power

to exercise the rights derived from them.
(3) In determining whether influence of the kind referred to in subsection (1) is capable of being

exercised, regard must be had to all the circumstances of the matter and not solely to the legal effect of any



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 81

instrument, deed, transfer, assignment or other act done or made.

6. Matters that may be considered in determining whether competition substantially lessened

Without limiting the matters that may be taken into account in determining whether a merger has, or is
likely to have, the effect of substantially lessening competition in Hong Kong, the following matters may be
taken into consideration in any such determination—

(a) the extent of competition from competitors outside Hong Kong;
(b) whether the acquired undertaking, or part of the acquired undertaking, has failed or is likely to

fail in the near future;
(c) the extent to which substitutes are available or are likely to be available in the market;
(d) the existence and height of any barriers to entry into the market;
(e) whether the merger would result in the removal of an effective and vigorous competitor;
(f) the degree of countervailing power in the market; and
(g) the nature and extent of change and innovation in the market.


PART 3


INVESTIGATIONS


7. Time limit for commencement of investigation of merger

(1) Despite section 39 (Power to conduct investigations), the Commission may only commence an
investigation of a merger within 30 days after the day on which the Commission first became aware, or
ought to have become aware, that the merger has taken place.

(2) The Commission is to be taken to have become aware that a merger has taken place if it has been
notified, in accordance with guidelines issued under this Schedule, of that fact by one of the parties to the
merger.

(3) If the Commission—
(a) has made a decision under section 13 of this Schedule that a merger or proposed merger is or

would be excluded from the application of the merger rule or this Schedule; and
(b) has rescinded that decision,

the date on which the Commission became aware that the merger has taken place is to be taken to be the
date of the rescission of its decision.


PART 4


EXCLUSIONS AND EXEMPTIONS


Division 1—Exclusions from Merger Rule


8. Exclusions
(1) The merger rule does not apply to a merger if the economic efficiencies that arise or may arise

from the merger outweigh the adverse effects caused by any lessening of competition in Hong Kong.
(2) In any proceedings in which it is alleged that the merger rule has been contravened by a merger,

any undertaking claiming the benefit of subsection (1) has the burden of proving that the conditions of that
subsection are satisfied.


Division 2—Exemption from Merger Rule

9. Exemption of merger on public policy grounds

(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the Gazette, exempt a specified merger



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 82

or proposed merger from the application of the merger rule if he or she is satisfied that there are exceptional
and compelling reasons of public policy for doing so.

(2) An order under subsection (1) may be made subject to any conditions or limitations that the Chief
Executive in Council considers appropriate.

10. Orders to be published and placed before Legislative Council

(1) The Chief Executive is to arrange for every order made under section 9 of this Schedule to be—
(a) published in the Gazette; and
(b) laid on the table of the Legislative Council at the next sitting of the Council after its

publication in the Gazette.
(2) The Legislative Council may, by resolution passed at a sitting of the Legislative Council held not

later than 28 days after the sitting at which an order is laid on the table of the Council (the “relevant
period”), amend the order in any manner consistent with the power of the Chief Executive in Council to
make the order in question.

(3) If the relevant period would but for this section expire after the end of a session or a dissolution of
the Legislative Council, but on or before the day of its second sitting in the next session, the period for
amending the order is deemed to be extended and to expire on the day after that second sitting.

(4) The Legislative Council may, before the expiry of the relevant period, by resolution extend the
period for amending the order to the first sitting of the Council held not earlier than the twenty-first day after
the day of that expiry.

(5) If the relevant period is extended under subsection (3), the Legislative Council may, before the
expiry of the extended period, by resolution extend that extended period to the first sitting of the Council
held not earlier than the twenty-first day after the day of the second sitting in the next session referred to in
that subsection.

(6) A resolution passed by the Legislative Council in accordance with this section must be published
in the Gazette not later than 14 days after the passing of the resolution or within such further period as the
Chief Executive may allow in any particular case.

(7) An order made by the Chief Executive in Council under section 9 of this Schedule comes into
operation—

(a) if on the expiry of the relevant period or that period as extended under subsection (3), (4) or
(5), the Legislative Council has not passed a resolution amending the order, on the expiry of
the relevant period or that period as so extended (as the case may be); and

(b) if the Legislative Council passes a resolution amending the order, at the beginning of the day
on which the resolution is published in the Gazette.

(8) If an order is not laid on the table of the Legislative Council in accordance with this section, it is of
no effect.

(9) In this section—
“sitting” (會議), when used to calculate time, means the day on which the sitting commences and only

includes a sitting at which subsidiary legislation is included on the order paper.


PART 5


DECISIONS


11. Application for decision
(1) If an undertaking—

(a) has carried out a merger; or
(b) is carrying out, or is proposing to carry out a merger,

it may apply to the Commission for a decision under subsection (2).



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 83

(2) The decision referred to in subsection (1) is a decision as to whether or not the merger is, or the
proposed merger would if completed be—

(a) excluded from the application of the merger rule by or as a result of section 8 (Exclusions) of
this Schedule; or

(b) excluded from the application of this Schedule by virtue of—
(i) section 3 (Application to statutory bodies); or
(ii) section 4 (Application to specified persons and persons engaged in specified activities).

(3) The Commission is only required to consider an application under this section if—
(a) the application poses novel or unresolved questions of wider importance or public interest in

relation to the application of exclusions under this Ordinance;
(b) the application raises a question of an exclusion under this Ordinance for which there is no

clarification in existing case law or decisions of the Commission; and
(c) it is possible to make a decision on the basis of the information provided.

(4) The Commission is not required to consider an application for a decision if the application
concerns hypothetical questions or conduct.

12. Consideration of application

(1) Before making a decision on an application made under section 11 of this Schedule, the
Commission must—

(a) in order to bring the application to the attention of those the Commission considers likely to
be affected by the decision, publish notice of the application—
(i) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(ii) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate; and

(b) consider any representations about the application that are made to the Commission.
(2) A notice under subsection (1) must specify the period within which representations may be made

to the Commission about the application.
(3) The period specified for the purpose of subsection (2) must be a period of at least 30 days

beginning after the day on which the notice is first published.

13. Decision by Commission

(1) After considering the representations, if any, made within the period referred to in section 12 of
this Schedule, the Commission may make a decision as to whether or not the merger is, or the proposed
merger would if completed be, excluded from the application of the merger rule or this Schedule.

(2) A decision by the Commission may include conditions or limitations subject to which it is to have
effect including, in the case of a proposed merger, specifying a date by which the proposed merger must be
completed.

(3) After the Commission has made its decision, it must inform the applicant in writing of the
decision, the date of the decision and the reasons for it.

14. Effect of decision

If the Commission makes a decision that—
(a) a merger is excluded from the application of the merger rule or this Schedule; or
(b) a proposed merger would if completed be excluded from the application of the merger rule or

this Schedule,
then the Commission may not take any action under this Ordinance with respect to the merger or proposed
merger unless it rescinds its decision under section 15 of this Schedule or the merger as implemented is
materially different from the proposed merger to which the decision relates.

15. Rescission of decision



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 84

(1) The Commission may rescind a decision made under section 13 of this Schedule if it has reason to
believe—

(a) if the merger has not been carried into effect, that there has been a material change of
circumstances since the decision was made; or

(b) whether or not the merger has been carried into effect—
(i) that the information provided by a person involved in the merger, on which it based its

decision was incomplete, false or misleading in a material particular; or
(ii) that an undertaking has failed to observe any condition or limitation subject to which the

decision has effect.
(2) Before rescinding a decision under this section, the Commission must—

(a) in order to bring the proposed rescission to the attention of those persons the Commission
considers likely to be affected by it, publish notice of the proposed rescission—
(i) stating that the Commission is considering rescinding the decision and the reasons why it

is considering the rescission; and
(ii) inviting the persons to make representations about the proposed rescission within the

period specified in the notice; and
(b) consider any representations received within the period specified in the notice.

(3) The notice referred to in subsection (2) must be published—
(a) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(b) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.

(4) The period specified in a notice under subsection (2) must be a period of at least 30 days beginning
after the day on which the notice is given.

(5) If, after—
(a) the expiry of the period specified in the notice given under subsection (2); and
(b) considering any representations received within that period,

the Commission is of the view that the decision should be rescinded, it may, by notice in writing given to
each undertaking specified in the decision, rescind that decision.

(6) A notice of rescission given under subsection (5) must inform the undertakings of—
(a) the rescission and the reasons for the rescission;
(b) the date on which the determination to rescind the decision was made; and
(c) the date from which the rescission takes effect.

(7) If a decision is rescinded under this section, each undertaking specified in the notice of rescission
loses its immunity from action under this Ordinance, as from the date the rescission takes effect, with regard
to anything done after that date.

16. Register of merger decisions

(1) The Commission must establish and maintain a register of—
(a) all decisions made in respect of applications made under section 11 of this Schedule; and
(b) all notices of rescissions of such decisions, made under section 15 of this Schedule.

(2) The Commission may omit confidential information from any entry made in the register under this
section; and where confidential information has been omitted, that fact must be disclosed on the register.

(3) The Commission must make the register available for inspection by any person—
(a) at the offices of the Commission during ordinary business hours;
(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.


PART 6


GUIDELINES



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 85


17. Guidelines

(1) The Commission must issue guidelines indicating the manner in which it expects to interpret and
give effect to the provisions of this Schedule including, in particular—

(a) the manner in which it will determine whether or not a merger has, or would be likely to have,
the effect of substantially lessening competition in Hong Kong;

(b) the manner in which it will determine whether or not a merger would fall within the exclusion
referred to in section 8(1) of this Schedule; and

(c) the manner and form in which it should be notified of any merger.
(2) The Commission may amend any guidelines it issues under this section.
(3) Guidelines issued under this section, and any amendments made to them, may be published in any

manner the Commission considers appropriate.
(4) Before issuing any guidelines or amendments to them under this section, the Commission must

consult the Legislative Council and any persons it considers appropriate.
(5) The Commission must make available copies of all guidelines issued under this section and of all

amendments made to them—
(a) at the offices of the Commission during ordinary business hours;
(b) through the Internet or a similar electronic network; and
(c) in any other manner the Commission considers appropriate.

(6) A person does not incur any civil or criminal liability only because the person has contravened any
guidelines issued under this section or any amendments made to them.

(7) If, in any legal proceedings, the Tribunal or any other court is satisfied that a guideline is relevant
to determining a matter that is in issue—

(a) the guideline is admissible in evidence in the proceedings; and
(b) proof that a person contravened or did not contravene the guideline may be relied on by any

party to the proceedings as tending to establish or negate the matter.
(8) Guidelines issued under this section and all amendments made to them are not subsidiary

legislation.

Schedule: 8 CONSEQUENTIAL AND RELATED AMENDMENTS L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


[section 176]



PART 1


AMENDMENTS TO COMPANIES (WINDING UP AND MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ORDINANCE

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

1. Register of disqualification orders

(1) Section 168R(5) of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) is
amended, in the definition of “court”— (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

(a) in paragraph (b), by repealing “and”;
(b) in paragraph (c), by adding “and” at the end;
(c) by adding—

“(d) the Competition Tribunal established by section 134 of the Competition Ordinance (Cap
619);”.

(2) Section 168R(5) is amended, in the definition of “disqualification order”—
(a) in paragraph (b), by repealing “or” at the end;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 86

(b) in paragraph (c), by adding “or” at the end;
(c) by adding—

“(d) section 101 of the Competition Ordinance (Cap 619);”.


PART 2


AMENDMENTS TO COMPANIES (DISQUALIFICATION ORDERS) REGULATION


2. Officers of court to furnish particulars to Registrar
Section 3(1) of the Companies (Disqualification Orders) Regulation (Cap 32 sub. leg. I) is amended by

adding—
“(ab) if a disqualification order is made by the Competition Tribunal established by section

134 of the Competition Ordinance (Cap 619), the Registrar of the Tribunal;”.

3. Schedule 1 amended

Schedule 1 is amended, in Form D.O. 1, by repealing item (1) and substituting—
“(1) Section of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (C(WUMP)O), the

repealed Securities (Insider Dealing) Ordinance ( “ SIDO ” ), the Securities and Futures
Ordinance (“SFO”) or the Competition Ordinance (“ComO”) under which the order was
made†— (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

Section 168E of C(WUMP)O
Section 168F of C(WUMP)O
Section 168G of C(WUMP)O
Section 168H of C(WUMP)O
Section 168J of C(WUMP)O
Section 168L of C(WUMP)O
Section 23(1)(a) of SIDO
Section 24(1) of SIDO
Section 214(2)(d) of SFO
Section 257(1)(a) of SFO
Section 258(1) of SFO
Section 303(2)(a) of SFO
Section 101 of ComO

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)”.
4. Schedule 3 amended

Schedule 3 is amended, in Form D.O. 3, by repealing “or the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap
571)” and substituting “, the Securities and Futures Ordinance (Cap 571) or the Competition Ordinance
(Cap 619)”.


PART 3


(Omitted as spent—E.R. 2 of 2014)

5. (Omitted as spent—E.R. 2 of 2014)


PART 4


AMENDMENTS TO TELECOMMUNICATIONS ORDINANCE



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 87


6. Interpretation

(1) Section 2(1) of the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) is amended by repealing the
definitions of “associated corporation”, “associated person”, “control” and “relative”.

(2) Section 2(1) is amended, in the definition of “dominant position”, by repealing “section 7L”
and substituting “section 7Q”.

(3) Section 2(1) is amended, in the definition of “telecommunications market”, by repealing “or
customer equipment or services ” and substituting “ telecommunications services, or customer
equipment”.

7. Powers of Authority in relation to services with places outside Hong Kong

Section 6B is repealed.

8. Guidelines

(1) Section 6D(2)(aa) and (2A) is repealed.
(2) Section 6D(4)(a) is amended by repealing “section 7L(2)” and substituting “section 7Q(2)”.


9. Anti-competitive practices

Section 7K is repealed.

10. Abuse of position

Section 7L is repealed.


11. Non-discrimination
Section 7N is repealed.


12. Authority may regulate changes in relation to carrier licensees

Section 7P is repealed.

13. Section 7Q added

The following is added—

“7Q. Exploitative conduct

(1) A licensee in a dominant position in a telecommunications market must not engage in
conduct that in the opinion of the Authority is exploitative.

(2) A licensee is in a dominant position if, in the opinion of the Authority, it is able to act without
significant competitive restraint from its competitors and customers.

(3) In considering whether a licensee is dominant, the Authority must take into account relevant
matters including, but not limited to—

(a) the market share of the licensee;
(b) the licensee’s power to make pricing and other decisions;
(c) any barriers to entry to competitors into the relevant telecommunications market;
(d) the degree of product differentiation and sales promotion;
(e) any other relevant matters specified in guidelines issued under section 6D for the

purposes of this section.
(4) Without limiting subsection (1), the Authority may consider the following conduct to be

exploitative—
(a) fixing and maintaining prices or charges at an excessively high level; and
(b) setting unfair trading terms and conditions,



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 88

for or in relation to the provision of interconnection of the type referred to in section 36A(3D).”.

14. Part 5C heading amended

The heading of Part 5C is amended by repealing “Sections 7K, 7L, 7N and 7P” and substituting
“Section 7Q”.

(Replaced 18 of 2014 s. 175)

15. Interpretation

(1) Section 32L is amended, in the definition of “appeal”, by repealing “, (1A), (1B) or (1C)”.
(2) Section 32L is amended, in the definition of “appeal subject matter”, in paragraph (a)(i), by

repealing “7K, 7L or 7N or any licence condition relating to any such section” and substituting “7Q or
any licence condition relating to section 7Q”. (Amended 18 of 2014 s. 175)

(3) Section 32L is amended, in the definition of “appeal subject matter”, by repealing paragraph
(b).


16. Appeals to Appeal Board

(1) Section 32N(1)(a)(i) is amended by repealing “7K, 7L or 7N” and substituting “7Q” .
(Amended 18 of 2014 s. 175)

(1A)Section 32N(1) is amended by repealing “ any such section ” wherever it appears and
substituting “that section”. (Added 18 of 2014 s. 175)

(2) Section 32N(1A), (1B) and (1C) is repealed.
(3) Section 32N(3) is amended by repealing “subsection (1A), (1B) or (1C) or”.


17. Procedure and powers of Appeal Board, etc.

Section 32O(2) is amended by repealing “, or before the opinion, direction or decision referred to in
section 32N(1A), (1B) or (1C) was formed, issued or made, as the case may be”.

18. Remedies

Section 39A(1) is amended by repealing “7K, 7L or 7N” and substituting “7Q”. (Amended 18 of
2014 s. 175)

19. Matters to be taken into account by Authority

Schedule 2 is repealed.

20. Specified amount

Schedule 3 is repealed.


PART 5


(Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)


21. (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)


PART 6


AMENDMENTS TO BROADCASTING (MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS) ORDINANCE

22. Interpretation



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 89

(1) Section 2 of the Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 391) is amended, in the
Chinese text, in the definition of “廣播投訴委員會”, by repealing “會。” and substituting “會;”.

(2) Section 2 is amended by adding—
““Commission” (競委會) means the Competition Commission established by section 129 of the
Competition Ordinance (Cap 619);”.


23. Consideration of complaints by the Complaints Committee

Section 11(2)(a) is repealed and the following substituted—
“(a) any matter in respect of which the Authority may, under Part 11 of the Competition Ordinance

(Cap 619), perform concurrently with the Commission the functions of the Commission under that
Ordinance; or”.


24. Consideration of complaint that a licensee has contravened section 13(1) or 14(1) of Broadcasting

Ordinance
Section 11A is repealed.


PART 7


(Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)

25. (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)


PART 8


AMENDMENTS TO BROADCASTING ORDINANCE

26. Interpretation

Section 2(1) of the Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562) is amended by repealing the definition of
“dominant position”.

27. Guidelines

Section 4(2)(c) and (3) is repealed.

28. Prohibition on anti-competitive conduct

Section 13 is repealed.

29. Prohibition on abuse of dominance

Section 14 is repealed.

30. Provisions supplementary to sections 13 and 14

Section 15 is repealed.

31. Notice to licensee to cease certain conduct

Section 16 is repealed.

32. (Omitted as spent—E.R. 1 of 2013)

33. Licensee to pay financial penalty

Section 28(4) is repealed.



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 90


34. Suspension of licence

Section 31(2)(a)(ii)(A) is repealed.

35. Revocation of licence

Section 32(4)(a)(ii)(A) is repealed.

36. Regulations

Section 42(4) is repealed.


PART 9


AMENDMENTS TO COMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY ORDINANCE

37. Functions of Authority

Section 4 of the Communications Authority Ordinance (Cap 616) is amended by adding—
“(1A) The Authority has all the functions conferred on it by or under Part 11 of the Competition

Ordinance (Cap 619).”.
(Amended E.R. 1 of 2013)


Schedule: 9 TRANSITIONAL AND SAVINGS PROVISIONS L.N. 156 of 2015 14/12/2015


[section 177]


1. Interpretation
In this Schedule—

“commencement date” (生效日期) means the date on which Part 11 comes into operation;
“pre-amended Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance” (原有《廣播(雜項條文)條例》)

means the Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 391) in force immediately before
the commencement date;

“pre-amended Broadcasting Ordinance” (原有《廣播條例》) means the Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap
562) in force immediately before the commencement date;

“pre-amended Telecommunications Ordinance” (原有《電訊條例》) means the Telecommunications
Ordinance (Cap 106) in force immediately before the commencement date.


2. General provisions

Subject to sections 3 and 4 of this Schedule, anything that was done under the pre-amended
Telecommunications Ordinance, the pre-amended Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance or
the pre-amended Broadcasting Ordinance and was in effect immediately before the commencement date is,
in so far as it may be done under this Ordinance, to continue to have effect as if it were done under this
Ordinance.


3. Transitional provisions relating to pre-amended Telecommunications Ordinance

(1) In this section—
“ Appeal Board ” (上訴委員會 ) has the meaning given by section 32L of the pre-amended

Telecommunications Ordinance;
“ appeal subject matter” (標的事項 ) has the meaning given by section 32L of the pre-amended

Telecommunications Ordinance;



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 91

“licensee” (持牌人) has the meaning given by section 2(1) of the pre-amended Telecommunications
Ordinance.
(2) Any conduct in relation to a licensee that—

(a) has taken place, or has in part taken place, before the commencement date; and
(b) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, would be regulated by section 7K, 7L, 7N or 7P of

the pre-amended Telecommunications Ordinance,
may be investigated under that Ordinance on or after the commencement date, and the provisions of that
Ordinance apply in relation to that investigation, as if this Ordinance had not been enacted.

(3) Any investigation initiated under the pre-amended Telecommunications Ordinance, before the
commencement date, of any conduct in relation to a licensee that—

(a) has taken place, or has in part taken place, before the commencement date; and
(b) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, would be regulated by section 7K, 7L, 7N or 7P of

that Ordinance,
may be continued under that Ordinance on or after the commencement date, and the provisions of that
Ordinance continue to apply in relation to that investigation, as if this Ordinance had not been enacted.

(4) If—
(a) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, a person may make an appeal to the Appeal Board

under section 32N of the pre-amended Telecommunications Ordinance; and
(b) the appeal subject matter relates to section 7K, 7L, 7N or 7P(14) of that Ordinance,

the appeal may be made to and disposed of by the Appeal Board under that Ordinance on or after the
commencement date, and the provisions of that Ordinance apply in relation to that appeal, as if this
Ordinance had not been enacted.

(5) If—
(a) an appeal made to the Appeal Board under section 32N of the pre-amended

Telecommunications Ordinance has not been finally determined before the commencement
date; and

(b) the appeal subject matter relates to section 7K, 7L, 7N or 7P(14) of that Ordinance,
the appeal may be continued and disposed of by the Appeal Board under that Ordinance on or after the
commencement date, and the provisions of that Ordinance continue to apply in relation to that appeal, as if
this Ordinance had not been enacted.

(6) If—
(a) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, a person may bring an action under the pre-amended

Telecommunications Ordinance; and
(b) the action relates to—

(i) a breach of section 7K, 7L or 7N of that Ordinance; or
(ii) a breach of a licence condition, determination or direction relating to section 7K, 7L or

7N of that Ordinance,
the action may be brought under that Ordinance on or after the commencement date, as if this Ordinance had
not been enacted.

(7) If—
(a) an action brought under the pre-amended Telecommunications Ordinance has not been finally

determined before the commencement date; and
(b) the action relates to—

(i) a breach of section 7K, 7L or 7N of that Ordinance; or
(ii) a breach of a licence condition, determination or direction relating to section 7K, 7L or

7N of that Ordinance,
the action may be continued under that Ordinance on or after the commencement date, as if this Ordinance
had not been enacted.

(8) The Commission may not take any action under this Ordinance in respect of a proposed change



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 92

referred to in section 7P(6) of the pre-amended Telecommunications Ordinance if—
(a) the Communications Authority has given consent to the proposed change under section

7P(7)(a) or (b)(ii) or (iii) of that Ordinance, and the proposed change has not taken effect; or
(b) the proposed change takes effect on or after the commencement date—

(i) pursuant to the consent given by the Communications Authority under section 7P(7)(a)
or (b)(iii) of that Ordinance; or

(ii) pursuant to the consent given, and in compliance with the direction issued, by the
Communications Authority under section 7P(7)(b)(ii) of that Ordinance.


4. Transitional provisions relating to pre-amended Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions)

Ordinance and pre-amended Broadcasting Ordinance
(1) In this section—

“licensee” (持牌人) has the meaning given by section 2(1) of the pre-amended Broadcasting Ordinance;
“pre-amended Ordinance” (《原有條例》) means—

(a) the pre-amended Broadcasting (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance; or
(b) the pre-amended Broadcasting Ordinance.

(2) Any conduct in relation to a licensee that—
(a) has taken place, or has in part taken place, before the commencement date; and
(b) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, would be regulated by section 13 or 14 of the pre-

amended Broadcasting Ordinance,
may be investigated under the pre-amended Ordinance on or after the commencement date, and the
provisions of that pre-amended Ordinance apply in relation to that investigation, as if this Ordinance had not
been enacted.

(3) Any investigation initiated under the pre-amended Ordinance, before the commencement date, of
any conduct in relation to a licensee that—

(a) has taken place, or has in part taken place, before the commencement date; and
(b) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, would be regulated by section 13 or 14 of the pre-

amended Broadcasting Ordinance,
may be continued under the pre-amended Ordinance on or after the commencement date, and the provisions
of that pre-amended Ordinance continue to apply in relation to that investigation, as if this Ordinance had
not been enacted.

(4) If—
(a) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, a licensee may make an appeal to the Chief Executive

in Council under section 34 of the pre-amended Broadcasting Ordinance; and
(b) the appeal relates to section 13 or 14 of that Ordinance,

the appeal may be made to and disposed of by the Chief Executive in Council under that Ordinance on or
after the commencement date, and the provisions of that Ordinance apply in relation to that appeal, as if this
Ordinance had not been enacted.

(5) If—
(a) an appeal made to the Chief Executive in Council under section 34 of the pre-amended

Broadcasting Ordinance has not been finally determined before the commencement date; and
(b) the appeal relates to section 13 or 14 of that Ordinance,

the appeal may be continued and disposed of by the Chief Executive in Council under that Ordinance on or
after the commencement date, and the provisions of that Ordinance continue to apply in relation to that
appeal, as if this Ordinance had not been enacted.

(6) If—
(a) but for the enactment of this Ordinance, a person may bring an action under the pre-amended

Broadcasting Ordinance; and
(b) the action relates to—



Cap 619 - COMPETITION ORDINANCE 93

(i) a breach of section 13 or 14 of that Ordinance; or
(ii) a breach of a licence condition, determination or direction relating to section 13 or 14 of

that Ordinance,
the action may be brought under that Ordinance on or after the commencement date, as if this Ordinance had
not been enacted.

(7) If—
(a) an action brought under the pre-amended Broadcasting Ordinance has not been finally

determined before the commencement date; and
(b) the action relates to—

(i) a breach of section 13 or 14 of that Ordinance; or
(ii) a breach of a licence condition, determination or direction relating to section 13 or 14 of

that Ordinance,
the action may be continued under that Ordinance on or after the commencement date, as if this Ordinance
had not been enacted.

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