Securities and Futures Ordinance


Published: 2012-08-02

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Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 1

Chapter: 571 Securities and Futures Ordinance Gazette Number Version Date

Long title E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


An Ordinance to consolidate and amend the law relating to financial products, the securities and futures market and
the securities and futures industry, the regulation of activities and other matters connected with financial
products, the securities and futures market and the securities and futures industry, the protection of investors,
and other matters incidental thereto or connected therewith, and for connected purposes.


[1 April 2003] L.N. 12 of 2003


(Enacting provision omitted—E.R. 2 of 2012)


(Originally 5 of 2002)

(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The title of the Ordinance has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part: I Preliminary E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part I has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 1 Short title E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Securities and Futures Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent—E.R. 2 of 2012)

Section: 2 Interpretation E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Schedule 1 contains interpretation provisions which apply to this Ordinance in accordance with their terms.
(2) Individual Parts and provisions of this Ordinance contain interpretation provisions which have application in

accordance with their terms.
(3) The Commission may, by notice published in the Gazette, amend Parts 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Schedule 1.

Part: II Securities and Futures Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part II has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

II
1

The Commission L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 3 Securities and Futures Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Notwithstanding the repeal of the Securities and Futures Commission Ordinance (Cap 24) under section 406, the
body established by section 3 of that Ordinance as the Securities and Futures Commission shall continue in
existence in its original name as a body corporate with power to sue and be sued in that name.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 2

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, the corporate identity of the Commission, and the rights, privileges,
powers, obligations and liabilities of the Commission and those of others in relation to the Commission, are not
affected by the repeal of the Securities and Futures Commission Ordinance (Cap 24) under section 406, and any
reference to the Commission (whether by reference to that Ordinance or otherwise) in any Ordinance or any
instrument, record or document, or in or for the purposes of any proceedings, agreement or arrangement
(whether in writing or not) shall be construed accordingly.

(3) The receipts of the Commission are not subject to taxation under the Inland Revenue Ordinance (Cap 112).
(4) Part 1 of Schedule 2 contains provisions relating to the constitution and proceedings of and other matters relating

to the Commission.

Section: 4 Regulatory objectives of Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


The regulatory objectives of the Commission are-
(a) to maintain and promote the fairness, efficiency, competitiveness, transparency and orderliness of the

securities and futures industry;
(b) to promote understanding by the public of financial services including the operation and functioning of the

securities and futures industry; (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 30)
(c) to provide protection for members of the public investing in or holding financial products;
(d) to minimize crime and misconduct in the securities and futures industry;
(e) to reduce systemic risks in the securities and futures industry; and
(f) to assist the Financial Secretary in maintaining the financial stability of Hong Kong by taking appropriate

steps in relation to the securities and futures industry.

Section: 5 Functions and powers of Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The functions of the Commission are, so far as reasonably practicable-
(a) to take such steps as it considers appropriate to maintain and promote the fairness, efficiency,

competitiveness, transparency and orderliness of the securities and futures industry;
(b) to supervise, monitor and regulate-

(i) the activities carried on by recognized exchange companies, recognized clearing houses, recognized
exchange controllers or recognized investor compensation companies, or by persons carrying on
activities regulated by the Commission under any of the relevant provisions, other than registered
institutions; and

(ii) such of the activities carried on by registered institutions as are required to be regulated by the
Commission under any of the relevant provisions;

(c) to promote and develop an appropriate degree of self-regulation in the securities and futures industry;
(d) to promote, encourage and enforce the proper conduct, competence and integrity of persons carrying on

activities regulated by the Commission under any of the relevant provisions in the conduct of such
activities;

(e) to encourage the provision of sound, balanced and informed advice regarding transactions or activities
related to financial products;

(f) to take such steps as it considers appropriate to ensure that the relevant provisions are complied with;
(g) to maintain and promote confidence in the securities and futures industry in such manner as it considers

appropriate, including by the exercise of its discretion to disclose to the public any matter relating or
incidental to the performance of any of its functions;

(h) to co-operate with and provide assistance to regulatory authorities or organizations, whether formed or
established in Hong Kong or elsewhere;

(i) to enhance the understanding and knowledge of members of the public of financial services including-
(i) the operation and functioning of the securities and futures industry; and
(ii) the benefits, risks and liabilities associated with purchasing financial services including investing in

financial products; (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 31)
(j) to encourage the public to appreciate the relative benefits of purchasing different types of financial services

including investing in financial products through persons carrying on activities regulated by the
Commission under any of the relevant provisions; (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 31)

(k) to promote understanding by the public of the importance of-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 3

(i) making informed decisions regarding the purchasing of financial services and transactions and
activities related to financial products; and

(ii) taking responsibility for those decisions; (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 31)
(l) to secure an appropriate degree of protection for members of the public investing in or holding financial

products, having regard to their degree of understanding and expertise in respect of investing in or holding
financial products;

(m) to promote, encourage and enforce-
(i) the adoption of appropriate internal controls and risk management systems by persons carrying on

activities regulated by the Commission under any of the relevant provisions, other than registered
institutions; and

(ii) the adoption of appropriate internal controls and risk management systems by registered institutions in
the conduct of activities regulated by the Commission under any of the relevant provisions;

(n) to suppress illegal, dishonourable and improper practices in the securities and futures industry;
(o) to take appropriate steps in relation to the securities and futures industry further to any requirement of the

Financial Secretary for the purpose of providing assistance in maintaining the financial stability of Hong
Kong;

(p) to recommend reforms of the law relating to the securities and futures industry;
(q) to advise the Financial Secretary on matters relating to the securities and futures industry and provide him

with such information in relation thereto as it considers appropriate; and
(r) to perform functions conferred or imposed on it by or under this or any other Ordinance.

(2) Subsection (1)(c) does not limit or otherwise affect any other function of the Commission.
(3) The Commission, in performing any of its functions in relation to-

(a) any authorized financial institution as a registered institution or as an associated entity of an intermediary;
or

(b) any person as an associated entity of an authorized financial institution that is a registered institution,
may rely, in whole or in part, on the supervision of such authorized financial institution or person (as the case

may be) by the Monetary Authority.
(4) For the purposes of this Ordinance, the Commission may-

(a) acquire, hold and dispose of property of any description;
(b) make contracts or other agreements;
(c) receive and expend moneys;
(d) with the approval of the Financial Secretary, borrow money on security or other conditions;
(da) establish a wholly owned subsidiary of the Commission to facilitate the performance of functions under

subsection (1)(i), (j) and (k); (Added 9 of 2012 s. 31)
(e) publish or otherwise make available materials (however described) indicating to persons who are, or who

carry on activities, regulated by the Commission under any of the relevant provisions and, where the
Commission considers appropriate, to any other persons the manner in which, in the absence of any
particular consideration or circumstance, the Commission proposes to perform any of its functions; and

(f) publish or otherwise make available materials (however described) indicating to the public any matter
relating or incidental to the performance of any of the functions of the Commission.

(5) Materials published or otherwise made available under subsection (4)(e) or (f) are not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 6 General duties of Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) In performing its functions, the Commission shall, so far as reasonably practicable, act in a way which-
(a) is compatible with its regulatory objectives; and
(b) it considers most appropriate for the purpose of meeting those objectives.

(2) In pursuing its regulatory objectives and performing its functions, the Commission shall have regard to-
(a) the international character of the securities and futures industry and the desirability of maintaining the status

of Hong Kong as a competitive international financial centre;
(b) the desirability of facilitating innovation in connection with financial products and with activities regulated

by the Commission under any of the relevant provisions;
(c) the principle that competition among persons carrying on activities regulated by the Commission under any

of the relevant provisions should not be impeded unnecessarily;
(d) the importance of acting in a transparent manner, having regard to its obligations of preserving secrecy and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 4

confidentiality; and
(e) the need to make efficient use of its resources.


Section: 7 Advisory Committee E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) There shall be an Advisory Committee to advise the Commission on matters of policy regarding any of its
regulatory objectives and functions.

(2) The Advisory Committee is constituted in accordance with Part 1 of Schedule 2 and shall conduct its business in
accordance with that Part.

(3) The Advisory Committee shall meet at least once every 3 months to advise the Commission.
(4) The Commission may request the Advisory Committee to advise it on matters of policy regarding any of its

regulatory objectives and functions.

Section: 8 Commission may establish committees E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission may establish-
(a) standing committees; and
(b) special committees.

(2) The Commission may refer a matter to a committee established under this section for consideration, inquiry or
management.

(3) The Commission may appoint a person to be a member of a committee established under this section, whether or
not the person is a member of the Commission, and may appoint a member of the committee to be the chairman
of the committee.

(4) A reference of a matter to a committee under subsection (2) does not prevent the Commission from performing
any of its functions.

(5) The Commission may-
(a) withdraw a reference under subsection (2) from a committee;
(b) revoke an appointment of a member or chairman of a committee under subsection (3).

(6) A committee established under this section may elect one of its members-
(a) to be its chairman if a chairman has not been appointed by the Commission under subsection (3); or
(b) to act as its chairman for any period during which a chairman appointed by the Commission under

subsection (3) is unable to act as chairman due to illness, absence from Hong Kong or any other cause,
and may at any time remove the member so elected from the office of the chairman.
(7) A committee established under this section may, subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, regulate its own

procedure and business.
(8) A committee established under this section shall meet when and where the chairman of the committee

determines, subject to any procedure fixed by the committee and any direction given by the Commission under
subsection (9).

(9) The Commission may give directions to a committee established under this section, whether generally or in any
particular case, and whether regarding the manner in which it shall act or otherwise, and the committee shall act
in accordance with any such directions.


Section: 9 Staff of Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission may employ persons for such remuneration and allowances, and on such other terms and
conditions, as the Commission determines.

(2) The Commission may provide and maintain schemes (whether contributory or not) for the payment of retirement
benefits, gratuities or other allowances to its employees and their dependants.

(3) The Commission may engage consultants, agents and advisers to assist it in the performance of its functions.

Section: 10 Delegation and sub-delegation of Commission's functions E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may delegate any of its functions to-
(a) a member of the Commission;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 5

(b) a committee established under section 8; or
(c) an employee of the Commission, whether by reference to his name or to the office held by him.

(1A) The Commission may delegate any of its functions under section 5(1)(i), (j) or (k) to a wholly owned subsidiary
established under section 5(4)(da). (Added 9 of 2012 s. 32)

(2) No delegation shall be made under subsection (1) in respect of-
(a) the power of the Commission to delegate under this section; or
(b) a function specified in Part 2 of Schedule 2.

(2A) The Commission may delegate any of its functions under section 17 (investment of funds) or 241 (investment of
money forming part of the compensation fund) to a consultant, agent or adviser engaged by the Commission
under section 9(3). (Added 9 of 2012 s. 37)

(3) Where the Commission delegates a function under this section, it may at the same time authorize the delegate to
sub-delegate the function and the authorization may contain restrictions or conditions on the exercise of the
power to sub-delegate.

(4) A delegation or sub-delegation under this section does not prevent the Commission or its delegate from
concurrently performing the function delegated or sub-delegated.

(5) The Commission may-
(a) revoke a delegation under this section;
(b) revoke an authorization in respect of a sub-delegation under this section,
whereupon the delegation or sub-delegation (as the case may be) shall cease to have effect.

(6) Where a person or committee purports to act pursuant to a delegation or sub-delegation under this section, he or
it shall be presumed, unless the contrary is proved, to be acting in accordance with the terms of the delegation or
sub-delegation.

(7) Without prejudice to subsection (4), where there is a delegation or sub-delegation under this section in respect of
a function of the Commission, any reference in this or any other Ordinance to the Commission in connection
with the performance of the function shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be construed accordingly.

(8) The Legislative Council may by resolution amend Part 2 of Schedule 2.

Section: 11 Directions to Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) After consultation with the chief executive officer of the Commission, the Chief Executive may, upon being
satisfied that it is in the public interest to do so, give the Commission written directions as to the furtherance of
any of its regulatory objectives or the performance of any of its functions. (Amended 15 of 2006 s. 2)

(2) The Commission shall comply with any written direction given under subsection (1).
(3) Where any written direction is given under subsection (1), any requirement under any other provision of this or

any other Ordinance that the Commission shall, for the purpose of performing any of the functions to which the
written direction relates-
(a) form any opinion;
(b) be satisfied as to any matter (including existence of particular circumstances); or
(c) consult any person,

shall not apply for all purposes connected with the performance of functions pursuant to, or consequent upon,
the written direction.

(4) Written directions given under subsection (1) are not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 12 Commission to furnish information E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


The Commission shall, when required by the Financial Secretary, furnish to the Financial Secretary such information
as he specifies on the principles, practices and policy it is pursuing or adopting, or proposes to pursue or adopt, in
furthering any of its regulatory objectives or performing any of its functions, and the reasons therefor.

Part:
Division:

II
2

Accounting and financial arrangements L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003








Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 6

Section: 13 Financial year and estimates E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The financial year of the Commission commences on 1 April in each year.
(2) The Commission shall, not later than 31 December in each financial year of the Commission, submit to the Chief

Executive for his approval estimates of its income and expenditure for the next financial year.
(3) The Financial Secretary shall cause the estimates as approved pursuant to subsection (2) to be laid on the table of

the Legislative Council.

Section: 14 Appropriation E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


For each financial year of the Commission, the Government shall pay to the Commission out of the general revenue
the moneys appropriated by the Legislative Council for that purpose.

Section: 15 Accounts and annual report E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission shall keep proper accounts and records of its transactions.
(2) The Commission shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the end of each financial year of the Commission,

prepare financial statements which shall-
(a) give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the Commission as at the end of the financial year and of

the results of its operations and cash flows in the financial year; and
(b) be signed by the chairman and the chief executive officer of the Commission. (Amended 15 of 2006 s. 3)

(3) The Commission shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the end of each financial year of the Commission,
prepare a report on its activities during the financial year and send a copy of the report to the Financial Secretary
who shall cause a copy thereof to be laid on the table of the Legislative Council.


Section: 16 Auditors and audit E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission shall, with the approval of the Financial Secretary, appoint auditors.
(2) The Commission shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the end of each financial year of the Commission,

submit to the auditors appointed under subsection (1) for audit the financial statements prepared for the financial
year under section 15(2).

(3) The auditors appointed under subsection (1) shall prepare a report on the financial statements submitted to them
under subsection (2) and send the report to the Commission which shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after
its receipt, send to the Financial Secretary a copy of the report and a copy of the financial statements to which
the report relates.

(4) The auditors appointed under subsection (1) shall include in their report a statement as to whether, in their
opinion, the financial statements to which the report relates give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the
Commission as at the end of the financial year for which the financial statements are prepared and of the results
of its operations and cash flows in the financial year.

(5) An auditor appointed under subsection (1) has a right of access at all reasonable times to the books, accounts,
vouchers, records and documents kept by the Commission and is entitled to require from the officers of the
Commission such information and explanations as he considers necessary for the performance of his duties as
auditor.

(6) The Financial Secretary shall cause a copy of the report referred to in subsection (3), and a copy of the financial
statements to which the report relates, to be laid on the table of the Legislative Council.

(7) The Director of Audit or another public officer authorized by the Director under subsection (8) may at any
reasonable time-
(a) examine any books, accounts, vouchers, records or documents kept by the Commission; and
(b) if the Director or the public officer (as the case may be) considers appropriate, make a copy of the whole of,

or any entry in, such books, accounts, vouchers, records or documents.
(8) The Director of Audit may authorize any public officer to perform any function for the purposes of subsection

(7).




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 7

Section: 17 Investment of funds E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


The Commission may invest its funds which are not immediately required in the manner that the Financial Secretary
approves.

Part: III Exchange Companies, Clearing Houses, Exchange

Controllers, Investor Compensation Companies and
Automated Trading Services

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(*Format changes—E.R. 3 of 2015)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* The format of Part III has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

III
1

Interpretation E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 18 Interpretation of Part III E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
associated person (相聯者), in relation to a person entitled to exercise, or control the exercise of, voting power in

relation to, or holding securities in, a corporation-
(a) subject to paragraph (c), means any other person in respect of whom that first-mentioned person has an

agreement or arrangement, whether oral or in writing, express or implied, with respect to the acquisition,
holding or disposal of securities or other interests in that corporation or under which they act together in
exercising their voting power in relation to it;

(b) subject to paragraph (c), includes, in relation to such provisions of Division 4 as are specified in Part 2 of
Schedule 3, a person, or a person belonging to a class of persons, specified in that Part to be an associated
person;

(c) excludes, in relation to such provisions of Division 4 as are specified in Part 3 of Schedule 3, a person, or a
person belonging to a class of persons, specified in that Part not to be an associated person;

controller (控制人), in relation to a corporation, means any person who is-
(a) a shareholder controller of the corporation; or
(b) an indirect controller of the corporation;

default proceedings (違責處理程序) means any proceedings or other action taken by a recognized clearing house
under its default rules;

default rules (違責處理規則), in relation to a recognized clearing house, means the rules of the clearing house
required by section 40(2) or made under section 40(2A); (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 57)

defaulter (違責者) means a recognized clearing house, or a clearing participant, that is the subject of any default
proceedings; (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 57)

indirect controller (間接控制人), in relation to a corporation-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), means a person in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of

the corporation or of another corporation of which it is a subsidiary are accustomed or obliged to act;
(b) excludes, in relation to such provisions of Division 4 as are specified in Part 4 of Schedule 3, a person, or a

person belonging to a class of persons, specified in that Part not to be an indirect controller;
market charge (市場押記) means a charge, whether fixed or floating, granted in favour of a recognized clearing

house-
(a) over any property which is held by or deposited with the clearing house; and
(b) for the purpose of securing liabilities arising directly in connection with the clearing house's ensuring the

settlement of a market contract;
market collateral (市場抵押品) means any property which is held by or deposited with a recognized clearing house

for the purpose of securing liabilities arising directly in connection with the clearing house's ensuring the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 8

settlement of a market contract;
relevant corporation (相關法團) means a corporation of which a relevant recognized exchange controller is a

controller;
relevant office-holder (有關人員) means-

(a) the Official Receiver;
(b) a person acting in relation to a company as its liquidator, receiver or manager;
(c) a person acting in relation to an individual as his trustee in bankruptcy or interim receiver of his property; or
(d) a person appointed pursuant to an order for the administration in bankruptcy of an insolvent estate of a

deceased person;
relevant recognized exchange controller (相關認可控制人) means a recognized exchange controller which is a

controller of the Stock Exchange Company;
settlement (交收), in relation to a market contract, includes partial settlement;
shareholder controller (股東控制人), in relation to a corporation, means any person who, either alone or with any

associated person or persons, is entitled to exercise, or control the exercise of, more than 35% of the voting
power at any general meeting of the corporation or of another corporation of which it is a subsidiary.

(2) Where a charge is granted partly for the purpose specified in the definition of market charge in subsection (1)
and partly for other purposes, the charge is in Division 3 a market charge in so far as it has effect for that
specified purpose.

(3) Where any collateral is granted partly for the purpose specified in the definition of market collateral in
subsection (1) and partly for other purposes, the collateral is in Division 3 market collateral in so far as it has
been provided for that specified purpose.

(4) In Division 3, a reference to the law of insolvency includes a reference to every provision made by or under-
(a) the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6);
(b) the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32); and (Amended 28 of

2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(c) any other enactment which is concerned with or in any way related to the insolvency of a person.

(5) In Division 3, a reference to settlement in relation to a market contract is a reference to the discharge of the
rights and liabilities of the parties to the contract, whether by performance, compromise or otherwise.

(6) Where there is a reference in this or any other Ordinance to a controller of a recognized exchange company or
recognized clearing house (however expressed), the term controller shall be construed in accordance with the
provisions of this section.

(7) In this section—
(a) to avoid doubt, the reference to property held by or deposited with a recognized clearing house for the

purpose described in the definition of market collateral in subsection (1) includes property held or
deposited as collateral, margin or guarantee fund contributions (by whatever name called in the rules of the
clearing house) and whether the property is held or deposited by way of charge, transfer or other
arrangement; and

(b) guarantee fund contribution (保證基金供款) means any contribution by a recognized clearing house or
its clearing participants to a fund that—
(i) is maintained by the clearing house to cover losses, including losses arising in connection with—

(A) it being unable or likely to become unable to meet its obligations in respect of any unsettled or
open market contract; or

(B) a clearing participant being unable, or appearing to be, or likely to become, unable to meet
obligations in respect of unsettled or open market contracts to which that participant is a party;
and

(ii) may be applied for that purpose under the default rules of the clearing house. (Added 6 of 2014 s. 57)

Part:
Division:

III
2

Exchange companies E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015







Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 9

Section: 19 Recognition of exchange company E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) No person shall-
(a) operate a stock market unless the person is-

(i) the Stock Exchange Company;
(ii) a recognized exchange company of which a relevant recognized exchange controller is a controller; or
(iii) a relevant recognized exchange controller which is itself a recognized exchange company;

(b) operate a futures market unless the person is a recognized exchange company;
(c) assist in the operation of a stock market which is operated in contravention of this subsection;
(d) assist in the operation of a futures market which is operated in contravention of this subsection.

(2) Where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
it may, after consultation with the public and then the Financial Secretary, by notice in writing served on a

company, recognize the company as an exchange company-
(i) subject to such conditions as it considers appropriate specified in the notice; and
(ii) with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.

(3) Without limiting the generality of conditions which may be specified in a notice under subsection (2), the
Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized exchange company, amend or revoke any
condition specified in the first-mentioned notice or impose new conditions, where the Commission-
(a) is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so on a ground specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection; and
(b) has consulted the Financial Secretary.

(4) Where the Commission amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition by a notice under
subsection (3), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of service of the notice or at the
time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(5) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(6) Where a company becomes a recognized exchange company, the Commission shall cause notice of that fact to
be published in the Gazette.

(7) Where a company is seeking to be a recognized exchange company and the Commission is minded not to
recognize the company under subsection (2), the Commission shall give the company a reasonable opportunity
of being heard before making a decision not to recognize the company.

(8) Where the Commission refuses to recognize a company as an exchange company under subsection (2), the
Commission shall, by notice in writing served on the company, inform the company of the refusal and of the
reasons for it.

(9) A person shall not be regarded as contravening-
(a) subsection (1)(b) by reason only of-

(i) carrying on a business of providing automated trading services that constitutes an operation of a
futures market if-
(A) that person is authorized to provide the services under section 95(2) or is an intermediary

licensed or registered for Type 7 regulated activity; and
(B) by virtue of the authorization, licence or registration, that person is permitted to engage in

activities that constitute an operation of a futures market; or
(ii) carrying on a business of dealing in futures contracts that constitutes an operation of a futures market

if-
(A) that person is an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 2 regulated activity; and
(B) by virtue of the licence or registration, that person is permitted to engage in activities that

constitute an operation of a futures market; or
(b) subsection (1)(d) by reason only of assisting in carrying on a business of providing automated trading

services that constitutes an operation of a futures market or carrying on a business of dealing in futures
contracts that constitutes an operation of a futures market if the conditions referred to in paragraph (a)(i)(A)
and (B) or (ii)(A) and (B) (as the case may be) are fulfilled in relation to the business of providing
automated trading services or the business of dealing in futures contracts.

(10) In subsection (1), stock market (證券市場) shall have the meaning assigned to it in the definition of stock



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 10

market in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1, except that a reference to securities in that definition shall be
construed as not including a reference to interests in any collective investment scheme.


Section: 20 Transactions that may be conducted on recognized stock

market and recognized futures market
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) No transaction may be conducted on a recognized stock market other than dealings in-
(a) securities; and
(b) other financial products which are approved by the Commission by notice published in the Gazette, either

generally or in a particular case.
(2) No transaction may be conducted on a recognized futures market other than dealings in-

(a) futures contracts; and
(b) other financial products,
which are approved by the Commission by notice published in the Gazette, either generally or in a particular
case.

(3) A notice under subsection (1) or (2) is not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 21 Duties of recognized exchange company E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) It shall be the duty of a recognized exchange company to ensure-
(a) so far as reasonably practicable, an orderly, informed and fair market-

(i) in the case of a recognized exchange company which operates a stock market, in securities that are
traded on that stock market or through the facilities of that company;

(ii) in the case of a recognized exchange company which operates a futures market, in futures contracts
that are traded on that futures market or through the facilities of that company; or (Amended 6 of 2014
s. 3)

(iii) in OTC derivative products that are traded through the facilities of the recognized exchange company;
and (Added 6 of 2014 s. 3)

(b) that risks associated with its business and operations are managed prudently.
(2) In discharging its duty under subsection (1), a recognized exchange company shall-

(a) act in the interest of the public, having particular regard to the interest of the investing public; and
(b) ensure that the interest of the public prevails where it conflicts with the interest of the recognized exchange

company.
(3) A recognized exchange company shall operate its facilities in accordance with the rules made under section 23

and approved under section 24.
(4) A recognized exchange company shall formulate and implement appropriate procedures for ensuring that its

exchange participants comply with the rules of the company.
(5) A recognized exchange company shall immediately notify the Commission if it becomes aware-

(a) that any of its exchange participants is unable to comply with any rules of the company or any financial
resources rules; or

(b) of a financial irregularity or other matter which in the opinion of the company may indicate that the
financial standing or integrity of an exchange participant is in question, or that an exchange participant may
not be able to meet his legal obligations.

(6) A recognized exchange company shall at all times provide and maintain-
(a) adequate and properly equipped premises;
(b) competent personnel; and
(c) automated systems with adequate capacity, facilities to meet contingencies or emergencies, security

arrangements and technical support,
for the conduct of its business.


Section: 22 Immunity, etc. E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without limiting the generality of section 380(1), no civil liability, whether arising in contract, tort, defamation,
equity or otherwise, shall be incurred by-
(a) a recognized exchange company; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 11

(b) any person acting on behalf of a recognized exchange company, including-
(i) any member of the board of directors of the company; or
(ii) any member of any committee established by the company,

in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the discharge or purported discharge of the
duties of the company under section 21 or in the performance or purported performance of its functions under its
rules.

(2) Where, in the discharge or purported discharge of its duties under section 63, a recognized exchange controller
gives an instruction or direction or makes a request to a recognized exchange company of which it is a
controller, the company's duties under section 21 or under its rules are not applicable to the company in respect
of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith by the company in compliance with the instruction,
direction or request.


Section: 23 Rules by recognized exchange company E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without limiting any of its other powers to make rules, a recognized exchange company may make rules for
such matters as are necessary or desirable-
(a) for the proper regulation and efficient operation of the market which it operates;
(b) for the proper regulation of its exchange participants and holders of trading rights;
(c) for the establishment and maintenance of compensation arrangements for the investing public.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), a recognized exchange company which may operate a stock
market may make rules for-
(a) applications for the listing of securities and the requirements to be met before securities may be listed;
(b) the entering into of agreements between the recognized exchange company and other persons in connection

with the listing of securities, and the enforcement of those agreements by the company;
(c) the cancellation and withdrawal of the listing of, and the suspension and resumption of dealings in,

securities listed on the recognized stock market operated by the recognized exchange company;
(d) the imposition on any person of obligations to observe specified standards of conduct or to perform, or

refrain from performing, specified acts reasonably imposed in connection with the listing or continued
listing of securities;

(e) the admission of securities which are regulated in a jurisdiction outside Hong Kong to trading on a
recognized stock market operated by the recognized exchange company;

(f) the penalties or sanctions which may be imposed by the recognized exchange company for a breach of rules
made under this section;

(g) procedures or conditions which may be imposed, or circumstances which are required to exist, in relation to
matters which are provided for in the rules made under this section;

(h) dealing with possible conflicts of interest that might arise where a relevant corporation or a relevant
recognized exchange controller seeks to be or is a listed corporation;

(i) such other matters as are necessary or desirable for the proper and efficient operation and management of
the recognized exchange company.

(3) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized exchange company, request the company-
(a) to make rules specified in the request within the period specified in that request; or
(b) to amend rules referred to in the request in the manner and within the period specified in that request.

(4) Before making a request under subsection (3), the Commission shall consult the Financial Secretary and the
recognized exchange company to which the request relates.

(5) Where the Commission is satisfied that a recognized exchange company has not complied with a request
referred to in subsection (3) within the period specified in the request, the Commission may make or amend the
rules specified in the request instead of the company.

(6) The following persons or anyone who seeks to become any such person shall, if required to do so by the rules of
a recognized exchange company, make a statutory declaration concerning such matters as may be specified in
the rules-
(a) an exchange participant or holder of trading rights of the company;
(b) a director of a corporation which uses the facilities of the company;
(c) a director of a corporation which is seeking to have any of its securities listed; and
(d) a director or adviser of a listed corporation.

(7) In making rules under this section, a recognized exchange company shall take into account that a solicitor or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 12

certified public accountant acting in his professional capacity in private practice has duties imposed by law and
under rules of professional conduct. (Amended 23 of 2004 s. 56)

(8) A recognized exchange company shall, in circumstances stipulated in arrangements agreed from time to time
between it and The Law Society of Hong Kong or the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants,
refer breaches of rules made under this section- (Amended 23 of 2004 s. 56)
(a) which are alleged to have been committed by a solicitor or certified public accountant in private practice;

and (Amended 23 of 2004 s. 56)
(b) which may also constitute a breach of duty imposed by law or under rules of professional conduct,
to The Law Society of Hong Kong or the Hong Kong Institute of Certified Public Accountants (as the case may
be), for determination of whether to make a finding, impose a penalty or sanction or take other disciplinary
action. (Amended 23 of 2004 s. 56)

(9) For the purposes of subsections (7) and (8), a person shall be regarded as acting in the capacity of a solicitor or
certified public accountant in private practice if in the course of private practice he provides legal or professional
accountancy services to a client, but shall not be regarded as so acting where, in respect of a matter governed by
rules made under this section, he is also connected with the matter in any other capacity. (Amended 23 of 2004
s. 56)


Section: 24 Approval of rules or amendments to rules of recognized

exchange company
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsection (7), no rule (whether or not made under section 23) of a recognized exchange company or
any amendment thereto shall have effect unless it has the approval in writing of the Commission.

(2) A recognized exchange company shall submit or cause to be submitted to the Commission-
(a) for its approval the rules and every amendment thereto that require approval under subsection (1), together

with explanations of their purpose and likely effect, including their effect on the investing public, in
sufficient detail to enable the Commission to decide whether to approve them or refuse to approve them;
and

(b) for its information the rules which belong to a class the subject of a declaration under subsection (7) and
every amendment to the rules, as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been made.

(3) The Commission shall, not later than 6 weeks after the receipt of a submission under subsection (2)(a) from a
recognized exchange company, by notice in writing served on the company, give its approval or refuse to give
its approval (together with its reasons for the refusal) to the rules or amendment of the rules (as the case may be)
or any part thereof, the subject of the submission.

(4) The Commission may give its approval under subsection (3) subject to requirements which shall be satisfied
before the rules or amendment of the rules or any part thereof take effect.

(5) The Commission may in a particular case, with the agreement of the recognized exchange company concerned,
extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(6) The Financial Secretary may, after consultation with the Commission and the recognized exchange company
concerned, extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(7) The Commission may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare any class of rules of a recognized exchange
company to be a class of rules which are not required to be approved under subsection (1) and, accordingly, any
rules of the company which belong to that class (including any amendment thereto) shall have effect
notwithstanding that they have not been so approved.

(8) Neither the rules under section 23 nor a notice under subsection (7) is subsidiary legislation.

Section: 25 Transfer and resumption of functions of Commission E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission may request the Chief Executive in Council to transfer, by order (transfer order) published in
the Gazette, to a recognized exchange company (designated exchange company)-
(a) a function to which this section applies; or
(b) that function in so far as it applies to the exchange participants or applicants to be exchange participants of

the designated exchange company,
if the Commission is satisfied that the designated exchange company is willing and able to perform the function.

(2) This section applies to a function of the Commission under-
(a) Part V;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 13

(b) section 145; (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(c) Parts II and XII of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32); and

(Replaced 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(d) Part 5 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622). (Added 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(3) A function to which this section applies may be transferred by a transfer order either in whole or in part, and the
transfer may be subject to-
(a) a reservation that the Commission is to perform the function concurrently with the designated exchange

company; and
(b) such other conditions as the Commission considers appropriate.

(4) A transfer order may contain such incidental, supplemental and consequential provisions as may be necessary or
expedient for the purpose of giving full effect to the order.

(5) The Commission shall not request that a transfer order be made in respect of the making of financial resources
rules unless the proposed designated exchange company has first supplied the Commission with a draft of the
financial resources rules which it proposes to make, and the Commission is satisfied that the rules, if made, will
afford the investing public an adequate level of protection.

(6) The Commission may at the request or with the consent of a designated exchange company resume a function
transferred by a transfer order, but the resumption takes effect only by order of the Chief Executive in Council.

(7) The Chief Executive in Council may order that the Commission resume a function transferred to a designated
exchange company by a transfer order if the Commission so requests and if it appears to the Chief Executive in
Council to be in the public interest to do so.

(8) A transfer order may provide for a designated exchange company to retain all or any of the fees payable in
relation to the performance of a transferred function, and an order made under subsection (6) or (7) may provide
for the Commission to retain all or any such fees, from a date specified in the order.


Section: 26 Appointment of chief executive of recognized exchange

company requires approval of Commission
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



No appointment of a person as chief executive of a recognized exchange company shall have effect unless the
appointment has the approval in writing of the Commission.

Section: 27 Production of records, etc. by recognized exchange

company
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized exchange company, require the company to
provide to the Commission, within such period as the Commission may specify in the notice-
(a) such books and records kept by it in connection with or for the purposes of its business or in respect of any

trading in securities, futures contracts or OTC derivative products; and
(b) such other information relating to its business or any trading in securities, futures contracts or OTC

derivative products,
as the Commission may reasonably require for the performance of its functions. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 4)

(2) A recognized exchange company served with a notice under subsection (1) which, without reasonable excuse,
fails to comply with the notice commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.


Section: 28 Withdrawal of recognition of exchange company and

direction to cease to provide facilities or services
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsections (4), (5) and (6), the Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by
notice in writing served on a recognized exchange company-
(a) withdraw the company's recognition as an exchange company with effect from a date specified in the notice

for the purpose; or
(b) direct the company to cease with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose-

(i) to provide or operate such facilities as are specified therein; or
(ii) to provide such services as are specified therein.

(2) The Commission may by the notice served under subsection (1) permit the recognized exchange company to
continue, on or after the date on which the withdrawal or direction is to take effect, to carry on such activities



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 14

affected by the withdrawal or direction as the Commission may specify in the notice for the purpose of-
(a) closing down the operations of the company or ceasing to provide the services specified in the notice; or
(b) protecting the interest of the investing public or the public interest.

(3) Where the Commission has granted a permission to a recognized exchange company under subsection (2), the
company shall not, by reason of its carrying on the activities in accordance with the permission, be regarded as
having contravened section 19(1).

(4) The Commission may only serve a notice under subsection (1) in relation to a recognized exchange company
that-
(a) fails to comply with any requirement of this Ordinance or with a condition imposed under section 19;
(b) is being wound up;
(c) ceases to operate a market that it has been authorized to operate by virtue of section 19; or
(d) requests the Commission to do so.

(5) Except where responding to a request under subsection (4)(d), the Commission shall not exercise its power
under subsection (1) in relation to a recognized exchange company unless it has given the company a reasonable
opportunity of being heard.

(6) Except where responding to a request under subsection (4)(d), the Commission shall give the recognized
exchange company not less than 14 days' notice in writing of its intention to serve a notice under subsection (1)
and the grounds for doing so.

(7) Where the Commission withdraws a company's recognition as an exchange company under subsection (1)(a), it
shall cause notice of that fact to be published in the Gazette.

(8) A notice served under subsection (1)(a) shall not take effect-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), until the expiration of the period within which an appeal against the notice may be

made under section 33; or
(b) if an appeal against the notice is made under section 33, until the appeal is withdrawn, abandoned or

determined.
(9) A notice served under subsection (1)(b) shall take effect immediately.

Section: 29 Direction to cease to provide facilities or services in

emergencies
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) In addition to the powers of the Commission under section 28, the Commission may, after consultation with a
recognized exchange company, by notice in writing served on the company, direct the company to cease to
provide or operate such facilities or cease to provide such services as are specified in the notice for a period not
exceeding 5 business days.

(2) The Commission may only serve a notice under subsection (1) if it is of the opinion that the orderly transaction
of business on the stock market or futures market (as the case may be) is being, or is likely to be, impeded
because-
(a) an emergency or natural disaster has occurred in Hong Kong; or
(b) there exists an economic or financial crisis, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, or any other

circumstances, which is likely to prejudice orderly transaction of business on the stock market or futures
market (as the case may be).

(3) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on the recognized exchange company, extend the direction
under subsection (1) for further periods not exceeding 10 business days in all.

(4) A notice served under this section shall take effect immediately.

Section: 30 Contravention of notice constitutes offence E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


A person who, without reasonable excuse-
(a) provides or operates facilities; or
(b) provides services,

in contravention of a notice under section 28(1)(b) or 29(1) or (3) commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 15

Section: 31 Prevention of entry into closed trading markets E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission may take all necessary steps to ensure compliance with a notice under section 28(1)(b) or 29(1)
or (3) and may, in particular, secure-
(a) the facilities to which the notice relates; or
(b) the premises on which such facilities are kept or the premises on which the services to which the notice

relates are provided,
against use for dealings in securities or futures contracts or other purposes.

(2) A person commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 if, without the authority of the
Commission or reasonable excuse, he-
(a) makes use of any facilities or services to which the notice under section 28(1)(b) or 29(1) or (3) relates; or
(b) enters the premises on which such facilities are kept or the premises on which such services are provided.


Section: 32 Publication of directions E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


Where the Commission-
(a) directs a recognized exchange company under section 28(1)(b) or 29(1) to cease to provide or operate any

facilities or cease to provide any services; or
(b) extends under section 29(3) a direction referred to in that section,

it shall cause notice of the particulars of the direction or extension (as the case may be) to be published in the Gazette.

Section: 33 Appeals E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) A company served with a notice under section 28(1) or 29(1) or (3) may appeal against the notice to the Chief
Executive in Council not later than 14 days after the date of service of the notice or such longer period (if any) as
the Commission specifies in the notice.

(2) The decision of the Chief Executive in Council on an appeal under subsection (1) shall be final.

Section: 34 Restriction on use of titles relating to exchanges, markets,

etc.
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A person commits an offence if he, without the authority of the Commission or reasonable excuse, takes or uses
the title-
(a) "stock exchange";
(b) "stock market";
(c) "commodity exchange";
(d) "futures exchange";
(e) "futures market";
(f) "unified exchange";
(g) "united exchange";
(h) "證券交易所";
(i) "股票交易所";
(j) "證券市場";
(k) "股票市場";
(l) "商品交易所";
(m) "期貨交易所";
(n) "期貨市場";
(o) "聯合交易所",
or anything which closely resembles any such title.

(2) A person who commits an offence under this section is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 16

Section: 35 Contract limits and reportable open position E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the Commission may make rules to-
(a) prescribe limits on, or conditions relating to, the number of futures contracts which may be held or

controlled, directly or indirectly, by any person, whether or not such contracts are traded on a recognized
futures market or through the facilities of a recognized exchange company;

(b) prescribe limits on, or conditions relating to, the number of options contracts which may be held or
controlled, directly or indirectly, by any person, whether or not such contracts are traded on a recognized
stock market or recognized futures market or through the facilities of a recognized exchange company;

(c) require a person holding or controlling a reportable position to lodge a notice of that reportable position
with a recognized exchange company or the Commission;

(d) prescribe the manner in which and the period within which a notice of a reportable position is to be lodged;
(e) prescribe the information by which a notice of a reportable position is to be accompanied.

(2) The Commission shall consult the Financial Secretary before making rules under subsection (1)(e).
(3) Subsection (1) does not prohibit the Commission from prescribing different limits or conditions, or different

reportable positions, for different types or classes of futures or options contracts, or from exempting specified
futures or options contracts.

(4) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the
Commission may make rules for the purposes of this section to prohibit a person from-
(a) directly or indirectly entering, during a specified period, into transactions of a specified class in excess of a

specified amount; or
(b) directly or indirectly holding or controlling positions of a specified class in excess of a specified position

limit.
(5) Rules made under this section may provide that a person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any

specified provision of the rules that applies to the person commits an offence and is liable to a specified penalty
not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 3 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.

(6) In this section reportable position (須申報的持倉量) means an open position in futures or options contracts
the number or total value of which is in excess of a number or total value specified by rules made under this
section.


Section: 36 Rules by Commission E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the Commission may make rules in respect of the following
matters-
(a) the listing of securities, and in particular-

(i) prescribing the requirements to be met before securities may be listed;
(ii) prescribing the procedure for dealing with applications for the listing of securities;
(iii) providing for the cancellation of the listing of any specified securities if the Commission's

requirements for listing, or the requirements of the undertaking referred to in paragraph (e), are not
complied with or the Commission considers that such action is necessary to maintain an orderly market
in Hong Kong;

(b) the conditions subject to which, and the circumstances in which, a recognized exchange company shall
suspend dealings in securities or shall direct that dealings in securities recommence;

(c) the procedure for and the method of allotment of any securities arising out of an offer made to members of
the public in respect of those securities;

(d) persons who may be admitted as an exchange participant of a recognized exchange company;
(e) requiring companies the securities of which are listed or accepted for listing to enter into an undertaking in

the form prescribed in the rules with a recognized exchange company which may operate a stock market
under section 19 to provide such information at such times as may be specified, and to carry out such duties
in relation to its securities as may be imposed, in the undertaking;

(f) requiring a recognized exchange company which has become aware of any matter which adversely affects,
or is likely to adversely affect, the ability of any exchange participant of the company to meet its obligations



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 17

as an exchange participant, to make a report concerning the matter to the Commission as soon as reasonably
practicable after becoming aware of the matter;

(g) requiring a recognized exchange company when it expels any of its exchange participants, or suspends any
of its exchange participants from trading on the recognized stock market or recognized futures market it
operates or through its facilities, or requests any of its exchange participants to resign as an exchange
participant, to notify the Commission of that fact within 3 business days after the expulsion, suspension or
making of the request (as the case may be) and, in addition, to cause the expulsion, suspension or request to
be notified to the public in such manner and within such period as may be prescribed in the rules;

(h) any matter which is to be or may be prescribed by rules made under section 23.
(2) Before making any rules in respect of any matter specified in subsection (1), the Commission shall consult-

(a) the Financial Secretary; and
(b) the recognized exchange company or all the recognized exchange companies (as the case may be) to which

that matter relates.
(3) Nothing in this section prevents a recognized exchange company from making rules under section 23 on any

matter referred to in subsection (1), but any such rules shall have effect only to the extent that they are not
repugnant to any rule made by the Commission under subsection (1).


Part:
Division:

III
3

Clearing houses E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 37 Recognition of clearing house E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
it may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by notice in writing served on a company, recognize the
company as a clearing house-
(i) subject to such conditions as it considers appropriate specified in the notice; and
(ii) with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.

(2) Without limiting the generality of conditions which may be specified in a notice under subsection (1), the
Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized clearing house, amend or revoke any condition
specified in the first-mentioned notice or impose new conditions, where the Commission-
(a) is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so on a ground specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection; and
(b) has consulted the Financial Secretary.

(3) Where the Commission amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition by a notice under
subsection (2), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of service of the notice or at the
time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(4) Where a company becomes a recognized clearing house, the Commission shall cause notice of that fact to be
published in the Gazette.

(5) Where a company is seeking to be a recognized clearing house and the Commission is minded not to recognize
the company under subsection (1), the Commission shall give the company a reasonable opportunity of being
heard before making a decision not to recognize the company.

(6) Where the Commission refuses to recognize a company as a clearing house under subsection (1), the
Commission shall, by notice in writing served on the company, inform the company of the refusal and of the
reasons for it.


Section: 38 Duties of recognized clearing house E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) It shall be the duty of a recognized clearing house to ensure-
(a) so far as reasonably practicable, that there are orderly, fair and expeditious clearing and settlement

arrangements for any transactions in securities, futures contracts or OTC derivative products cleared or
settled through its facilities; and (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 5)

(b) that risks associated with its business and operations are managed prudently.
(2) In discharging its duty under subsection (1), a recognized clearing house shall-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 18

(a) act in the interest of the public, having particular regard to the interest of the investing public; and
(b) ensure that the interest of the public prevails where it conflicts with the interest of the recognized clearing

house.
(3) A recognized clearing house shall operate its facilities in accordance with the rules made under section 40 and

approved under section 41.
(4) A recognized clearing house shall formulate and implement appropriate procedures for ensuring that its clearing

participants comply with the rules of the clearing house.
(5) A recognized clearing house shall at all times provide and maintain-

(a) adequate and properly equipped premises;
(b) competent personnel; and
(c) automated systems with adequate capacity, facilities to meet contingencies or emergencies, security

arrangements and technical support,
for the conduct of its business.


Section: 39 Immunity, etc. E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without limiting the generality of section 380(1), no civil liability, whether arising in contract, tort, defamation,
equity or otherwise, shall be incurred by-
(a) a recognized clearing house; or
(b) any person acting on behalf of a recognized clearing house, including-

(i) any member of the board of directors of the clearing house; or
(ii) any member of any committee established by the clearing house,

in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the discharge or purported discharge of the
duties of the clearing house under sections 38 and 47 or in the performance or purported performance of its
functions under its rules, including its default rules.

(2) Where, in the discharge or purported discharge of its duties under section 63, a recognized exchange controller
gives an instruction or direction or makes a request to a recognized clearing house of which it is a controller, the
clearing house's duties under sections 38 and 47 or under its rules (including its default rules) are not applicable
to the clearing house in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith by the clearing house in
compliance with the instruction, direction or request.

(3) Without limiting the generality of section 380(1), no civil liability, whether arising in contract, tort, defamation,
equity or otherwise, shall be incurred by-
(a) a person performing, by virtue of a delegation under the default rules of a recognized clearing house, a

function of the clearing house in connection with any default proceedings; or
(b) any person acting on behalf of a person referred to in paragraph (a), including-

(i) any member of the board of directors of that person; or
(ii) any member of any committee established by that person,

in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the performance and purported performance of
that function.

(4) Any failure by a recognized clearing house to comply with its rules in relation to a matter does not prevent the
matter from being treated for the purposes of this Ordinance as done in accordance with the rules so long as the
failure does not substantially affect the rights of a person entitled to require compliance with the rules.

(5) Where a relevant office-holder takes action in relation to property of a defaulter which is liable to be dealt with
in accordance with the default rules of a recognized clearing house, and believes on reasonable grounds that he
is entitled to take that action, he is not liable to any person in respect of any loss or damage resulting from his
action except in so far as the loss or damage (as the case may be) is caused by the office-holder's own
negligence.


Section: 40 Rules by recognized clearing houses E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without limiting any of its other powers to make rules, a recognized clearing house may make rules for such
matters as are necessary or desirable-
(a) for the proper regulation and efficient operation of the clearing or settlement facilities which it operates;
(b) for the proper regulation of its clearing participants;
(c) for the establishment and maintenance of compensation arrangements for the investing public.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 19

(2) A recognized clearing house shall make rules which-
(a) provide for the taking of proceedings or other action if a clearing participant appears to be unable, or likely

to become unable, to meet his obligations in respect of all unsettled or open market contracts to which he is
a party; and

(b) comply with Part 5 of Schedule 3.
(2A) A recognized clearing house may make rules to provide for the following purposes—

(a) taking proceedings or other action if—
(i) the clearing house is unable, or likely to become unable, to meet its obligations in respect of any

unsettled or open market contract to which it is a party as those obligations fall due; and
(ii) it becomes necessary or desirable for the clearing house to cease to provide or operate any clearing and

settlement facilities provided or operated by it;
(b) taking proceedings or other action in relation to any contracts entered into between a clearing participant

and its clients if—
(i) the clearing participant appears to be unable, or likely to become unable, to meet its obligations in

respect of all unsettled or open market contracts to which it is a party; and
(ii) those contracts relate to such unsettled or open market contracts recorded in a client account;

(c) taking proceedings or other action in relation to any positions or collateral relating to a contract entered into
between a clearing participant and its clients referred to in paragraph (b) if—
(i) the clearing participant appears to be unable, or likely to become unable, to meet its obligations in

respect of all unsettled or open market contracts to which it is a party; and
(ii) those positions or collateral relate to such unsettled or open market contracts recorded in a client

account. (Added 6 of 2014 s. 58)
(3) Where a recognized clearing house takes default proceedings, all subsequent proceedings or other action taken

under its rules for the settlement of market contracts to which the defaulter is a party shall be treated as taken
under the default rules.

(4) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized clearing house, request the clearing house-
(a) to make rules specified in the request within the period specified in that request; or
(b) to amend rules referred to in the request in the manner and within the period specified in that request.

(5) Before making a request under subsection (4), the Commission shall consult the Financial Secretary and the
recognized clearing house to which the request relates.

(6) Where the Commission is satisfied that a recognized clearing house has not complied with a request referred to
in subsection (4) within the period specified in the request, the Commission may make or amend the rules
specified in the request instead of the recognized clearing house.

(7) In this section—
client account (客户帳户), in relation to a clearing participant, means an account held with a recognized clearing

house in the name of the clearing participant, other than a house account in which positions or collateral are
recorded;

house account (結算所帳户), in relation to a clearing participant, means an account—
(a) which is held with a recognized clearing house in the name of the clearing participant; and
(b) in which the following are recorded—

(i) the clearing participant’s own positions or collateral;
(ii) the positions or collateral of other persons that are regarded by the rules of the recognized clearing

house to be the clearing participant’s own positions or collateral. (Added 6 of 2014 s. 58)

Section: 41 Approval of rules or amendments to rules of recognized

clearing house
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsection (7), no rule (whether or not made under section 40) of a recognized clearing house or any
amendment thereto shall have effect unless it has the approval in writing of the Commission.

(2) A recognized clearing house shall submit or cause to be submitted to the Commission-
(a) for its approval the rules and every amendment thereto that require approval under subsection (1), together

with explanations of their purpose and likely effect, including their effect on the investing public, in
sufficient detail to enable the Commission to decide whether to approve them or refuse to approve them;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 20

and
(b) for its information the rules which belong to a class the subject of a declaration under subsection (7) and

every amendment to the rules, as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been made.
(3) The Commission shall, not later than 6 weeks after the receipt of a submission under subsection (2)(a) from a

recognized clearing house, by notice in writing served on the clearing house, give its approval or refuse to give
its approval (together with its reasons for the refusal) to the rules or amendment of the rules (as the case may be)
or any part thereof, the subject of the submission.

(4) The Commission may give its approval under subsection (3) subject to requirements which shall be satisfied
before the rules or amendment of the rules or any part thereof take effect.

(5) The Commission may in a particular case, with the agreement of the recognized clearing house concerned,
extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(6) The Financial Secretary may, after consultation with the Commission and the recognized clearing house
concerned, extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(7) The Commission may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare any class of rules of a recognized clearing
house (except any default rules of the clearing house) to be a class of rules which are not required to be approved
under subsection (1) and, accordingly, any rules of the clearing house which belong to that class (including any
amendment thereto) shall have effect notwithstanding that they have not been so approved.

(8) Neither the rules under section 40 nor a notice under subsection (7) is subsidiary legislation.

Section: 42 Production of records, etc. by recognized clearing house E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized clearing house, require the clearing house to
provide to the Commission, within such period as the Commission may specify in the notice-
(a) such books and records kept by it in connection with or for the purposes of its business or in respect of any

clearing and settlement arrangements for any transactions in securities, futures contracts or OTC derivative
products; and

(b) such other information relating to its business or any clearing and settlement arrangements for any
transactions in securities, futures contracts or OTC derivative products,

as the Commission may reasonably require for the performance of its functions. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 6)
(2) A recognized clearing house served with a notice under subsection (1) which, without reasonable excuse, fails to

comply with the notice commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.

Section: 43 Withdrawal of recognition of clearing house and direction

to cease to provide facilities
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsections (3), (4) and (5), the Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by
notice in writing served on a recognized clearing house-
(a) withdraw the company's recognition as a clearing house with effect from a date specified in the notice for

the purpose; or
(b) direct the clearing house to cease to provide or operate with effect from a date specified in the notice for the

purpose such clearing or settlement facilities as are specified therein.
(2) The Commission may by the notice served under subsection (1) permit the recognized clearing house to

continue, on or after the date on which the withdrawal or direction is to take effect, to carry on such activities
affected by the withdrawal or direction as the Commission may specify in the notice for the purpose of-
(a) closing down the operations of the clearing house; or
(b) protecting the interest of the investing public or the public interest.

(3) The Commission may only serve a notice under subsection (1) in relation to a recognized clearing house that-
(a) fails to comply with any requirement of this Ordinance or with a condition imposed under section 37;
(b) is being wound up;
(c) ceases to operate as a clearing house; or
(d) requests the Commission to do so.

(4) Except where responding to a request under subsection (3)(d), the Commission shall not exercise its power
under subsection (1) in relation to a recognized clearing house unless it has given the clearing house a reasonable
opportunity of being heard.

(5) Except where responding to a request under subsection (3)(d), the Commission shall give the recognized



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 21

clearing house not less than 14 days' notice in writing of its intention to serve a notice under subsection (1) and
the grounds for doing so.

(6) Where the Commission withdraws a company's recognition as a clearing house under subsection (1)(a), it shall
cause notice of that fact to be published in the Gazette.

(7) Where the Commission directs under subsection (1)(b) a recognized clearing house to cease to provide or
operate any clearing or settlement facilities, it shall cause notice of the particulars of the direction to be
published in the Gazette.

(8) A notice served under subsection (1)(a) shall not take effect-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), until the expiration of the period within which an appeal against the notice may be

made under section 44; or
(b) if an appeal against the notice is made under section 44, until the appeal is withdrawn, abandoned or

determined.
(9) A notice served under subsection (1)(b) shall take effect immediately.

Section: 44 Appeals E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) A company served with a notice under section 43(1) may appeal against the notice to the Chief Executive in
Council not later than 14 days after the date of service of the notice or such longer period (if any) as the
Commission specifies in the notice.

(2) The decision of the Chief Executive in Council on an appeal under subsection (1) shall be final.

Section: 45 Proceedings of recognized clearing house take precedence

over law of insolvency
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) None of the following shall be regarded as to any extent invalid at law on the ground of inconsistency with the
law relating to distribution of the assets of a person on insolvency, bankruptcy or winding up, or on the
appointment of a receiver over any of the assets of a person-
(a) a market contract;
(b) the rules of a recognized clearing house relating to the settlement of a market contract;
(c) any proceedings or other action taken under the rules of a recognized clearing house relating to the

settlement of a market contract;
(d) a market charge;
(da) the provision of market collateral; (Added 6 of 2014 s. 59)
(e) the default rules of a recognized clearing house; or
(f) any default proceedings.

(2) The powers of a relevant office-holder in his capacity as such, and the powers of a court acting under the law of
insolvency, shall not be exercised in such a way as to prevent or interfere with-
(a) the settlement in accordance with the rules of a recognized clearing house of a market contract; or
(b) any default proceedings.

(3) Subsection (2) shall not operate to prevent a relevant office-holder from recovering an amount under section 51
after the completion of a matter referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection.


Section: 46 Supplementary provisions as to default proceedings E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) A court may, on an application by a relevant office-holder, make such order as it considers appropriate altering
or releasing him from compliance with the functions of his office that are affected by the fact that default
proceedings are pending or could be taken, or have been or could have been taken.

(2) The functions of the relevant office-holder referred to in subsection (1) shall be construed subject to an order
made under that subsection.

(3) Section 12, 14 or 20 to 20K of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6), sections 181, 183, 186 and 254 of the
Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) and sections 670 and 673 of the
Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) do not prevent or interfere with any default proceedings. (Amended 28 of
2012 ss. 912 & 920)





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 22

Section: 47 Duty to report on completion of default proceedings E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) A recognized clearing house shall, upon the completion by it of any default proceedings, make a report on such
proceedings stating in respect of each defaulter-
(a) any net sum certified by the clearing house to be payable by or to the defaulter; or (Amended 6 of 2014 s.

60)
(b) the fact that no sum is so payable,
(as the case may be) and the clearing house may include in that report such other particulars in respect of such
proceedings as it considers appropriate.

(2) A recognized clearing house which has made a report pursuant to subsection (1) shall supply the report to-
(a) the Commission; and
(b) (i) any relevant office-holder acting in relation to-

(A) the defaulter to whom the report relates; or
(B) that defaulter's estate; or

(ii) if there is no relevant office-holder referred to in subparagraph (i), the defaulter to whom the report
relates.

(3) Where the Commission receives pursuant to subsection (2) a report made pursuant to subsection (1), it may
publish notice of that fact in such manner as it considers appropriate to bring it to the attention of creditors of the
defaulter to whom the report relates.

(4) Where a relevant office-holder or defaulter receives pursuant to subsection (2) a report made pursuant to
subsection (1), he shall, at the request of a creditor of the defaulter to whom the report relates-
(a) make the report available for inspection by the creditor;
(b) on payment of such reasonable fee as the relevant office-holder or defaulter (as the case may be)

determines, supply to the creditor all or any part of that report.
(5) In subsections (2), (3) and (4), report (報告) includes a copy of a report.

Section: 48 Net sum payable on completion of default proceedings E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) This section applies with respect to any net sum referred to in section 47(1)(a).
(2) Where a bankruptcy or winding-up order has been made, or a resolution for voluntary winding up has been

passed, any net sum shall, notwithstanding any provision of section 34 or 35 of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap
6) or section 264 of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32), be-
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(a) provable in the bankruptcy or winding up or (as the case may be) payable to the relevant office-holder; and
(b) taken into account, where appropriate, under section 35 of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6) or that section

as applied in the case of a winding-up order under the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous
Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32). (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


Section: 49 Disclaimer of property, rescission of contracts, etc. E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Section 59 of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6) and section 268 of the Companies (Winding Up and
Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) do not apply in relation to- (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(a) a market contract;
(b) a contract effected by a recognized clearing house for the purpose of realizing property provided as market

collateral;
(c) a market charge; or
(d) any default proceedings.

(2) Section 42 of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6) and section 182 of the Companies (Winding Up and
Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) do not apply in relation to any act, matter or thing which has
been done pursuant to- (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(a) a market contract;
(b) a disposal of property pursuant to a market contract;
(c) the provision of market collateral;
(d) a contract effected by a recognized clearing house for the purpose of realizing property provided as market



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 23

collateral, or any disposal of property pursuant to such a contract;
(e) a disposal of property in accordance with the rules of a recognized clearing house as to the application of

property provided as market collateral;
(f) a disposal of property as a result of which the property becomes subject to a market charge, or any

transaction pursuant to which that disposal is made;
(g) a disposal of property made in enforcing a market charge;
(h) a market charge; or
(i) any default proceedings.


Section: 50 Adjustment of prior transactions E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) No order shall be made pursuant to-
(a) section 49 or 50 of the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6);
(b) section 266 of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32); or

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(c) section 60 of the Conveyancing and Property Ordinance (Cap 219),
in relation to any matter to which this section applies.

(2) The matters to which this section applies are-
(a) a market contract;
(b) a disposal of property pursuant to a market contract;
(c) the provision of market collateral;
(d) a contract effected by a recognized clearing house for the purpose of realizing property provided as market

collateral;
(e) a disposal of property in accordance with the rules of a recognized clearing house as to the application of

property provided as market collateral;
(f) a market charge; and
(g) any default proceedings.


Section: 51 Right of relevant office-holder to recover certain amounts

arising from certain transactions
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Where a clearing participant (the first participant) enters into a transaction for the sale or purchase of securities
with another clearing participant (the second participant) at an undervalue or an over-value in circumstances
described in subsection (2), and thereafter a relevant office-holder is acting in relation to-
(a) the second participant;
(b) the person who was, in respect of the transaction, the principal of the second participant (the second

principal); or
(c) the estate of the second participant or the second principal,
then, unless a court otherwise orders, the relevant office-holder may recover, from the first participant, or the
person who was, in respect of the transaction, the principal of the first participant (the first principal), an
amount equal to the prescribed gain obtained under the transaction by the first participant or the first principal
(as the case may be). The amount is recoverable even if the transaction may have been discharged in accordance
with the rules of a recognized clearing house and replaced by a market contract.

(2) The circumstances referred to in subsection (1) in which a transaction is entered into occur when-
(a) a prescribed event has occurred in relation to the second participant or the second principal; or
(b) the first participant or the first principal knew or ought reasonably to have known-

(i) in the case of the first participant, that a prescribed event was likely to occur in relation to the second
participant or the second principal;

(ii) in the case of the first principal, that a prescribed event was likely to occur in relation to the second
principal,

and the event occurs within the period of 6 months immediately following the date on which the transaction was
so entered into.

(3) In this section-
prescribed event (訂明事件), in relation to a second participant or a second principal, means-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 24

(a) grounds exist for a creditor to present a bankruptcy petition against the second participant or the second
principal (as the case may be);

(b) the making of a statement in the specified form in respect of the second participant or the second principal
(as the case may be) pursuant to section 228A(1) of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous
Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32); (Amended 28 of 2003 s. 129; 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(c) a meeting of creditors summoned in relation to the second participant or the second principal (as the case
may be) pursuant to section 241 of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance
(Cap 32); or (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(d) the presentation of a petition for the winding up of the second participant or the second principal (as the
case may be) by a court;

prescribed gain (訂明收益), in relation to a transaction referred to in subsection (1), means the difference between-
(a) the market value of the securities the subject of the transaction; and
(b) the value of the consideration for the transaction,
as at the time the transaction was entered into.


Section: 52 Application of market collateral not affected by certain

other interests, etc.
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The provisions of this section have effect with respect to the application by a recognized clearing house of
property provided as market collateral.

(2) So far as necessary to enable the property to be applied in accordance with the rules of a recognized clearing
house, it may be so applied notwithstanding any prior equitable interest or right, or any right or remedy arising
from a breach of fiduciary duty, unless the clearing house had actual notice of the interest, right or breach of
duty (as the case may be) at the time the property was provided as market collateral.

(3) No right or remedy arising subsequently to the property being provided as market collateral may be enforced so
as to prevent or interfere with the application of the property by the recognized clearing house in accordance
with its rules.

(4) Where a recognized clearing house has power by virtue of the provisions of this section to apply property
notwithstanding an interest, right or remedy, a person to whom the clearing house disposes of the property in
accordance with its rules takes free from that interest, right or remedy.


Section: 53 Enforcement of judgments over property subject to

market charge, etc.
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Where property is subject to a market charge or has been provided as market collateral, no execution or other
legal process for the enforcement of a judgment or order may be commenced or continued, and no distress may
be levied, against the property by a person not seeking to enforce any interest in or security over the property,
except with the consent of the recognized clearing house concerned.

(2) Where by virtue of this section a person would not be entitled to enforce a judgment or order against any
property, any injunction or other remedy granted with a view to facilitating the enforcement of any such
judgment or order shall not extend to that property.


Section: 54 Law of insolvency in other jurisdictions E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) A court shall not, pursuant to any enactment or rule of law, recognize or give effect to-
(a) an order of a court exercising jurisdiction under the law of insolvency in a place outside Hong Kong; or
(b) an act of a person appointed in that place to perform a function under the law of insolvency there,
in so far as making the order or doing the act would be prohibited in the case of a court in Hong Kong or a
relevant office-holder by provisions made by or under this Ordinance.

(2) In this section, law of insolvency (破產清盤法), in relation to a place outside Hong Kong, means any law of
that place which is similar to, or serves the same purposes as, any part of the law of insolvency in Hong Kong.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 25

Section: 55 Clearing participant to be party to certain transactions as
principal

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Where a clearing participant-
(a) in his capacity as such enters into any transaction (including a market contract) with a recognized clearing

house; and
(b) but for this subsection, would be a party to that transaction as agent,
then, notwithstanding any other enactment or rule of law, as between, but only as between, the clearing house
and any other person (including the clearing participant and the person who is his principal in respect of that
transaction), the clearing participant shall for all purposes (including any action, claim or demand, either civil or
criminal)-
(i) be deemed not to be a party to that transaction as agent; and
(ii) be deemed to be a party to that transaction as principal.

(2) Where-
(a) 2 or more clearing participants in their capacities as such enter into any transaction; and
(b) but for this subsection, any such clearing participant would be a party to that transaction as agent,
then, notwithstanding any other enactment or rule of law, any such clearing participant to whom paragraph (b)
applies shall for all purposes (including any action, claim or demand, either civil or criminal), except as
between, but only as between, him and the person who is his principal in respect of that transaction-
(i) be deemed not to be a party to that transaction as agent; and
(ii) be deemed to be a party to that transaction as principal.


Section: 56 Property deposited with recognized clearing house E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), where any property is deposited as market collateral by a clearing participant
with a recognized clearing house in accordance with the rules of the clearing house, then, notwithstanding any
other enactment or rule of law, no action, claim or demand, either civil or criminal, in respect of any right, title
or interest in such property held or enjoyed by any person lies, or shall be commenced or allowed, against the
clearing house or its nominees.

(2) The operation of subsection (1) in respect of any property deposited as market collateral with a recognized
clearing house is subject to the modifications and exclusions provided in the rules of the clearing house.

(3) This section does not operate to prejudice the operation of section 633 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622).
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


Section: 57 Preservation of rights, etc. E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


Except to the extent that they expressly provide, the provisions of this Division do not operate to limit, restrict or
otherwise affect-

(a) any right, title, interest, privilege, obligation or liability of a person;
(b) any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right, title, interest, privilege,

obligation or liability.

Section: 58 Amendment of Schedule 3 E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Financial Secretary may, by notice published in the Gazette, amend Part 5 of Schedule 3.
(2) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that the power of the Financial Secretary under subsection (1)

to amend Part 5 of Schedule 3 may be exercised in such a way as to include in that Part a provision which
requires a recognized clearing house to have, as part of its default rules, rules which prohibit the clearing house
from taking any proceedings or other action specified in the provision, either generally or in a particular case.


Part:
Division:

III
4

Exchange controllers E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015







Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 26

Section: 59 Recognition of exchange controller E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (20) and section 62, no person shall become or continue to be a controller of a recognized
exchange company or recognized clearing house unless the person is a recognized exchange controller.

(2) Where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
it may, with the consent in writing of the Financial Secretary, by notice in writing served on a company,
recognize the company as an exchange controller-
(i) subject to such conditions as it considers appropriate specified in the notice; and
(ii) with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.

(3) Without limiting the generality of conditions which may be specified in a notice under subsection (2), the
Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized exchange controller, amend or revoke any
condition specified in the first-mentioned notice or impose new conditions, where the Commission-
(a) is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so on a ground specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection; and
(b) has the consent in writing of the Financial Secretary to do so.

(4) Where the Commission amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition by a notice under
subsection (3), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of service of the notice or at the
time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(5) Subject to subsection (6), a person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(6) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (5), it is a defence to the charge for the person to
prove that the person did not know that the acts or circumstances by virtue of which the person became a
controller of the recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house concerned were such as to have
that effect.

(7) Where a person-
(a) is a controller of a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house in contravention of

subsection (1) (and whether or not the person is charged with an offence under subsection (5) in relation to
the contravention);

(b) did not know and had no reason to suspect the existence of any of the acts or circumstances by virtue of
which the person became the controller of the recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house;
and

(c) subsequently becomes aware of the fact that the person has become such a controller,
the person shall serve on the Commission, not later than 14 days after becoming aware of that fact, a notice in
writing stating that the person has become such a controller.

(8) The Commission may, upon the service of a notice under subsection (7)-
(a) recognize the person as an exchange controller in accordance with subsection (2); or
(b) refuse to recognize the person as an exchange controller.

(9) Where a person is a controller of a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house in contravention
of subsection (1) (and whether or not the person is charged with an offence under subsection (5) in relation to the
contravention)-
(a) the Commission may, by notice published in the Gazette-

(i) declare that any votes cast at any meeting of the recognized exchange company or recognized clearing
house (as the case may be) by the person after the person became the controller shall be void and of no
effect; and

(ii) give such directions as it considers appropriate for any such meetings to be reconvened for voting
anew on the business on which such votes were cast;

(b) the person or any of his associated persons shall not exercise any rights conferred on the person as a holder
of securities in the recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house, or any rights in securities in
any such company which are otherwise controlled by the person, except for the purpose of ceasing to be
such controller; and

(c) the Commission may, by notice in writing served on the person, direct the person to take such steps as are
specified in the notice-
(i) for the purpose of causing the person to cease to be such controller; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 27

(ii) within such period as is specified in the notice for the purpose.
(10) Without limiting the generality of steps referred to in subsection (9)(c) which may be specified in a notice under

that subsection to be served on a person referred to in that subsection, such steps may consist in whole or in part
of steps proposed in writing to the Commission by that person.

(11) The steps specified in a notice under subsection (9)(c) may be framed so as to afford the person on whom the
notice is served a choice between different ways of ceasing to be a controller of the recognized exchange
company or recognized clearing house concerned.

(12) A notice served under subsection (9)(c) shall not take effect-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), until the expiration of the period within which an appeal against the notice may be

made under section 73; or
(b) if an appeal against the notice is made under section 73, until the appeal is withdrawn, abandoned or

determined.
(13) Subject to subsection (14), a person served with a notice under subsection (9)(c) who fails to comply with the

notice commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(14) It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (13) to prove that the person exercised
reasonable diligence to comply with the notice concerned under subsection (9)(c) served on the person.

(15) Where a person served with a notice under subsection (9)(c) fails to comply with the notice (and whether or not
the person is charged with an offence under subsection (13) in relation to the failure), the provisions of Part 6 of
Schedule 3 shall immediately apply.

(16) The provisions of this section, except subsection (5), shall apply to a person who became a controller of a
recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house before the commencement of this section as they
apply to a person who became a controller of a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house on
or after that commencement.

(17) Where a company becomes a recognized exchange controller, the Commission shall cause notice of that fact to
be published in the Gazette.

(18) Where a company is seeking to be a recognized exchange controller and the Commission is minded not to
recognize the company under subsection (2), the Commission shall give the company a reasonable opportunity
of being heard before making a decision not to recognize the company.

(19) Where the Commission refuses to recognize a company or a person as an exchange controller under subsection
(2) or (8)(b), the Commission shall, by notice in writing served on the company or the person (as the case may
be), inform the company or the person of the refusal and of the reasons for it.

(20) Subsection (1) shall not apply to a person who is a controller of a recognized exchange company or recognized
clearing house if the recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house is itself a recognized exchange
controller.

(21) A notice under subsection (9)(a) is not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 60 Interest of recognized exchange controller in recognized

exchange company or recognized clearing house cannot be
increased or decreased except with approval of
Commission

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



Where a recognized exchange controller is a controller of a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing
house, then, by virtue of this section and notwithstanding any other enactment or rule of law-

(a) any interest the recognized exchange controller has in the recognized exchange company or recognized
clearing house (as the case may be) as such controller cannot be increased or decreased except with the
approval in writing of the Commission;

(b) any attempt (whether in the form of an agreement or otherwise and by whomsoever) to increase or decrease
any such interest in contravention of paragraph (a) is void for all purposes.


Section: 61 Person not to become minority controller of exchange

controller, etc. without approval of Commission
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (16), on or after the commencement of this section, a person shall not-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 28

(a) be or become a minority controller of a recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or
recognized clearing house except with the approval in writing of the Commission after consultation with the
Financial Secretary; and

(b) if such approval is given, and subject to any condition specified in the approval disapplying this paragraph
in whole or in part, increase the interest the person has as such minority controller except with the further
approval in writing of the Commission after consultation with the Financial Secretary.

(2) The Commission shall not give an approval under subsection (1)(a) or (b) unless it is satisfied that it is
appropriate to do so in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest.

(3) Where the Commission refuses to give an approval under subsection (1)(a) or (b), it shall give notice in writing
of its reasons for the refusal to the person concerned.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), a person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(5) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (4), it is a defence to the charge for the person to
prove that the person-
(a) did not know that the acts or circumstances by virtue of which the person became a minority controller, or

increased the interest the person has as a minority controller (as the case may be) of the recognized
exchange controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house concerned were such as to
have that effect; or

(b) exercised reasonable diligence to avoid contravening subsection (1).
(6) Where a person-

(a) is a minority controller of a recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or recognized
clearing house in contravention of subsection (1) (and whether or not the person is charged with an offence
under subsection (4) in relation to the contravention);

(b) did not know and had no reason to suspect the existence of any of the acts or circumstances by virtue of
which the person became the minority controller of that recognized exchange controller, recognized
exchange company or recognized clearing house; and

(c) subsequently becomes aware of the fact that the person has become such a minority controller,
the person shall serve on the Commission, not later than 14 days after becoming aware of that fact, a notice in
writing stating that the person has become such a minority controller.

(7) The Commission may, upon the service of a notice under subsection (6)-
(a) approve the person as a minority controller in accordance with subsection (1); or
(b) refuse to approve the person as a minority controller.

(8) Where a person is a minority controller of a recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or
recognized clearing house in contravention of subsection (1) (and whether or not the person is charged with an
offence under subsection (4) in relation to the contravention), the Commission may, by notice published in the
Gazette-
(a) declare that any votes cast at any meeting of the recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange

company or recognized clearing house (as the case may be) by the person after the person became the
minority controller, shall be void and of no effect; and

(b) give such directions as it considers appropriate for any such meetings to be reconvened for voting anew on
the business on which such votes were cast.

(9) Where a person is a minority controller of a recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or
recognized clearing house in contravention of subsection (1) or has failed to comply with a condition specified
in an approval under that subsection (and whether or not the person is charged with an offence under subsection
(4) in relation to the contravention)-
(a) the person or any of his associated persons shall not exercise any rights conferred on the person as a holder

of securities in the recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing
house concerned or any rights in securities in any such company which are otherwise controlled by the
person, except for the purpose of ceasing to be such controller; and

(b) the Commission may, by notice in writing served on the person, direct the person to take such steps as are
specified in the notice-
(i) for the purpose of causing the person to cease to be a minority controller of the recognized exchange

controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house the subject of that
contravention or failure; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 29

(ii) within such period as is specified in the notice for the purpose.
(10) Without limiting the generality of steps referred to in subsection (9)(b) which may be specified in a notice under

that subsection to be served on a person referred to in that subsection, such steps may consist in whole or in part
of steps proposed in writing to the Commission by that person.

(11) The steps specified in a notice under subsection (9)(b) may be framed so as to afford the person on whom the
notice is served a choice between different ways of ceasing to be a minority controller of the recognized
exchange controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house concerned.

(12) A notice served under subsection (9)(b) shall not take effect-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), until the expiration of the period within which an appeal against the notice may be

made under section 73; or
(b) if an appeal against the notice is made under section 73, until the appeal is withdrawn, abandoned or

determined.
(13) Subject to subsection (14), a person served with a notice under subsection (9)(b) who fails to comply with the

notice commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(14) It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (13) to prove that the person exercised
reasonable diligence to comply with the notice concerned under subsection (9)(b) served on the person.

(15) Where a person served with a notice under subsection (9)(b) fails to comply with the notice (and whether or not
the person is charged with an offence under subsection (13) in relation to the failure), the provisions of Part 6 of
Schedule 3 shall immediately apply.

(16) The Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, make rules to exempt a person, or a
person belonging to a class of persons, specified in the rules from one or more of the requirements of subsection
(1) subject to such conditions (if any) as are specified in the rules.

(17) Where a person is seeking to be a minority controller of a recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange
company or recognized clearing house and the Commission is minded not to give approval under subsection (1)
in relation thereto, the Commission shall give the person a reasonable opportunity of being heard before making
a decision not to give such approval.

(18) Nothing in this section shall operate to prevent the Commission from approving under this or any other
Ordinance the provisions of the constitution, or the provisions of an amendment to the constitution, of a
recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house which impose
requirements additional to this section in relation to-
(a) interests held in the recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing

house (as the case may be) including, but not limited to, the exercise, or the control of the exercise, of
voting power at any general meeting of the recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company
or recognized clearing house (as the case may be); or

(b) steps to be taken for the purpose of causing a person to dispose of any such interest including, but not
limited to, ceasing to be a minority controller (by whatever name called) of the recognized exchange
controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house (as the case may be).

(19) A notice under subsection (8) is not subsidiary legislation.
(20) In this section, minority controller (次要控制人), in relation to a recognized exchange controller, recognized

exchange company or recognized clearing house-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), means any person who, either alone or with any associated person or persons, is

entitled to exercise, or control the exercise of, 5% or more of the voting power at any general meeting of the
recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house (as the case
may be) or of a corporation of which the recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company or
recognized clearing house (as the case may be) is a subsidiary;

(b) does not include-
(i) a recognized exchange controller; or
(ii) a person, or a person belonging to a class of persons, specified in Part 7 of Schedule 3 not to be a

minority controller for the purposes of this Division.

Section: 62 Exemption from section 59(1) and revocation of exemption E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Where the Financial Secretary is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 30

(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
he may, by notice in writing served on a person, exempt the person from section 59(1)-
(i) subject to such conditions as he considers appropriate specified in the notice; and
(ii) with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.

(2) Where the Financial Secretary is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
he may, by notice in writing served on a person the subject of an exemption under subsection (1) stating the
reasons in support of the ground or grounds for the notice, revoke the exemption-
(i) subject to such conditions as he considers appropriate specified in the notice; and
(ii) with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose, being a date reasonable in all the

circumstances of the case.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), a person who fails to comply with a condition specified in a notice under subsection

(1) or (2) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(4) It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (3) to prove that the person exercised
reasonable diligence to comply with the notice concerned under subsection (1) or (2) served on the person.

(5) Without limiting the generality of the Financial Secretary's power under subsection (1), a person is exempt from
section 59(1) in the cases specified in Part 8 of Schedule 3.

(6) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that the Financial Secretary's power under subsection (2) to
revoke an exemption under subsection (1) includes the power to revoke and replace the exemption.


Section: 63 Duties of recognized exchange controller E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) It shall be the duty of a recognized exchange controller which is a controller of a recognized exchange company
or recognized clearing house to ensure so far as reasonably practicable-
(a) an orderly, informed and fair market in securities or futures contracts traded on the stock market or futures

market operated by the recognized exchange company or through the facilities of the company;
(ab) an orderly, informed and fair market in OTC derivative products traded through the facilities of the

recognized exchange company; (Added 6 of 2014 s. 7)
(b) that there are orderly, fair and expeditious clearing and settlement arrangements for any transactions in

securities, futures contracts or OTC derivative products cleared or settled through the facilities of the
recognized clearing house; (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 7)

(c) that risks associated with its business and operations are managed prudently;
(d) that the recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house (as the case may be) complies with any

lawful requirement placed on it under any enactment or rule of law and with any other legal requirement
placed on it.

(2) In discharging its duty under subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c), a recognized exchange controller shall-
(a) act in the interest of the public, having particular regard to the interest of the investing public; and
(b) ensure that the interest of the public prevails where it conflicts with the interest of the recognized exchange

controller.

Section: 64 Immunity, etc. E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


Without limiting the generality of section 380(1), no civil liability, whether arising in contract, tort, defamation, equity
or otherwise, shall be incurred by-

(a) a recognized exchange controller; or
(b) any person acting on behalf of a recognized exchange controller, including-

(i) any member of the board of directors of the recognized exchange controller; or
(ii) any member of any committee established by the recognized exchange controller,

in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the discharge or purported discharge of the duties of
the controller under section 63 or in the performance or purported performance of its functions under its rules.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 31

Section: 65 Establishment and functions of Risk Management
Committee

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A recognized exchange controller shall establish and keep established a committee, to be called the Risk
Management Committee, to formulate policies on risk management matters relating to the activities of the
recognized exchange controller and of any recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house of which
the recognized exchange controller is a controller and to submit such policies to the recognized exchange
controller for its consideration.

(2) The Risk Management Committee shall consist of-
(a) the chairman of the recognized exchange controller who shall also be the chairman of the Committee; and
(b) not less than 4 or more than 7 other members.

(3) The Financial Secretary shall appoint not less than 3 or more than 5 of the members referred to in subsection
(2)(b).

(4) The recognized exchange controller shall appoint not more than 2 of the members referred to in subsection
(2)(b) of whom not less than one shall be a member of the board of directors of the recognized exchange
controller who-
(a) is such a member otherwise than by virtue of an appointment under section 77(1); and
(b) is not the chief executive of the recognized exchange controller.


Section: 66 Rules by recognized exchange controllers E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without limiting any of its other powers to make rules, a recognized exchange controller may make rules for
such matters as are necessary or desirable-
(a) for the discharge of its duties under section 63;
(b) for the establishment and maintenance of compensation arrangements for the investing public.

(2) The Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by notice published in the Gazette,
declare a person or body of persons specified in the notice to be a person or body of persons (as the case may be)
to which paragraph (c)(ii)(C) of the definition of rules in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1 shall apply.


Section: 67 Approval of rules or amendments to rules of recognized

exchange controller
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsection (7), no rule (whether or not made under section 66) of a recognized exchange controller or
any amendment thereto shall have effect unless it has the approval in writing of the Commission.

(2) A recognized exchange controller shall submit or cause to be submitted to the Commission-
(a) for its approval the rules and every amendment thereto that require approval under subsection (1), together

with explanations of their purpose and likely effect, including their effect on the investing public, in
sufficient detail to enable the Commission to decide whether to approve them or refuse to approve them;
and

(b) for its information the rules which belong to a class the subject of a declaration under subsection (7) and
every amendment to the rules, as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been made.

(3) The Commission shall, not later than 6 weeks after the receipt of a submission under subsection (2)(a) from a
recognized exchange controller, by notice in writing served on the controller, give its approval or refuse to give
its approval (together with its reasons for the refusal) to the rules or amendment of the rules (as the case may be)
or any part thereof, the subject of the submission.

(4) The Commission may give its approval under subsection (3) subject to requirements which shall be satisfied
before the rules or amendment of the rules or any part thereof take effect.

(5) The Commission may in a particular case, with the agreement of the recognized exchange controller concerned,
extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(6) The Financial Secretary may, after consultation with the Commission and the recognized exchange controller
concerned, extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(7) The Commission may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare any class of rules of a recognized exchange
controller to be a class of rules which are not required to be approved under subsection (1) and, accordingly, any
rules of the controller which belong to that class (including any amendment thereto) shall have effect
notwithstanding that they have not been so approved.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 32

(8) Neither the rules under section 66(1) nor a notice under subsection (7) is subsidiary legislation.

Section: 68 Transfer and resumption of function of the Commission E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission may request the Chief Executive in Council to transfer, by order (transfer order) published in
the Gazette, to a recognized exchange controller (designated exchange controller), a function to which this
section applies, if the Commission is satisfied that the designated exchange controller is willing and able to
perform the function.

(2) This section applies to a function of the Commission under-
(a) Part V;
(b) section 145; (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(c) Parts II and XII of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32); and

(Replaced 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(d) Part 5 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622). (Added 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(3) A function to which this section applies may be transferred by a transfer order either in whole or in part, and the
transfer may be subject to-
(a) a reservation that the Commission is to perform the function concurrently with the designated exchange

controller; and
(b) such other conditions as the Commission considers appropriate.

(4) A transfer order may contain such incidental, supplemental and consequential provisions as may be necessary or
expedient for the purpose of giving full effect to the order.

(5) The Commission shall not request that a transfer order be made in respect of the making of financial resources
rules unless the proposed designated exchange controller has first supplied the Commission with a draft of the
financial resources rules which it proposes to make, and the Commission is satisfied that the rules, if made, will
afford the investing public an adequate level of protection.

(6) The Commission may at the request or with the consent of a designated exchange controller resume a function
transferred by a transfer order, but the resumption takes effect only by order of the Chief Executive in Council.

(7) The Chief Executive in Council may order that the Commission resume a function transferred to a designated
exchange controller by a transfer order if the Commission so requests and if it appears to the Chief Executive in
Council to be in the public interest to do so.

(8) A transfer order may provide for a designated exchange controller to retain all or any of the fees payable in
relation to the performance of a transferred function, and an order made under subsection (6) or (7) may provide
for the Commission to retain all or any such fees, from a date specified in the order.


Section: 69 Chairman of recognized exchange controller E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) No person shall be the chairman of a company which is a recognized exchange controller unless he has the
approval in writing of the Chief Executive to hold that office.

(2) Where the Chief Executive is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
he may, by notice in writing served on a person who is the chairman of a recognized exchange controller,
remove the person from that office with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.


Section: 70 Appointment of chief executive or chief operating officer of

recognized exchange controller requires approval of
Commission

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) No appointment of a person as chief executive or chief operating officer of a company which is a recognized
exchange controller shall have effect unless the appointment has the approval in writing of the Commission.

(2) Where the Commission, after consultation with the Financial Secretary and the chairman of a recognized
exchange controller, is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
it may, by notice in writing served on a person who is the chief executive or chief operating officer of the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 33

controller, remove the person from that office with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.
(3) A notice served under subsection (2) shall take effect immediately.

Section: 71 Production of records, etc. by recognized exchange

controller
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized exchange controller, require the controller to
provide to the Commission, within such period as the Commission may specify in the notice-
(a) such books and records kept by it-

(i) in connection with or for the purposes of its business;
(ii) in respect of any trading in securities or futures contracts traded on the stock market or futures market

operated by the recognized exchange company of which it is a controller, or through the facilities of
that company;

(iia) in respect of any trading in OTC derivative products traded through the facilities of the recognized
exchange company of which it is a controller; or (Added 6 of 2014 s. 8)

(iii) in respect of any clearing and settlement arrangements for any transactions in securities, futures
contracts or OTC derivative products cleared or settled through the facilities of the recognized clearing
house of which it is a controller; and (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 8)

(b) such other information relating to its business or any such trading or clearing and settlement arrangements,
as the Commission may reasonably require for the performance of its functions.

(2) A recognized exchange controller served with a notice under subsection (1) which, without reasonable excuse,
fails to comply with the notice commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.


Section: 72 Withdrawal of recognition of exchange controller E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the proper regulation of markets in securities or futures contracts,
it may, with the consent in writing of the Financial Secretary, by notice in writing served on a recognized
exchange controller stating the reasons in support of the ground or grounds for the notice-
(i) withdraw the company's recognition as an exchange controller with effect from a date specified in the

notice for the purpose; or
(ii) direct the company to take such steps as are specified in the notice-

(A) for the purpose of causing the company to cease to be such controller; and
(B) within such period as is specified in the notice for the purpose.

(2) The Commission shall not exercise its power under subsection (1) in relation to a recognized exchange controller
unless it has given the controller a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(3) Without limiting the generality of steps referred to in subsection (1)(ii) which may be specified in a notice under
that subsection to be served on a company referred to in that subsection, such steps may consist in whole or in
part of steps proposed in writing to the Commission by that company.

(4) The steps specified in a notice under subsection (1)(ii) may be framed so as to afford the company on which the
notice is served a choice between different ways of ceasing to be a controller of the recognized exchange
company or recognized clearing house concerned.

(5) Where the Commission withdraws a company's recognition as an exchange controller under subsection (1)(i), it
shall cause notice of that fact to be published in the Gazette.

(6) A notice served under subsection (1) shall not take effect-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), until the expiration of the period within which an appeal against the notice may be

made under section 73; or
(b) if an appeal against the notice is made under section 73, until the appeal is withdrawn, abandoned or

determined.
(7) Subject to subsection (8), a company served with a notice under subsection (1) which fails to comply with the

notice commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(8) It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (7) to prove that the person exercised



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 34

reasonable diligence to comply with the notice concerned under subsection (1) served on the person.
(9) Where a company served with a notice under subsection (1) fails to comply with the notice (and whether or not

the company is charged with an offence under subsection (7) in relation to the failure), the provisions of Part 6
of Schedule 3 shall immediately apply.


Section: 73 Appeals E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) A person served with a notice under section 59(9)(c), 61(9)(b), 70(2), 72(1) or 75(1) may appeal against the
notice to the Chief Executive in Council not later than 14 days after the date of service of the notice or such
longer period (if any) as the Commission specifies in the notice.

(2) The decision of the Chief Executive in Council on an appeal under subsection (1) shall be final.

Section: 74 Provisions applicable where recognized exchange

controller, etc. seeks to be listed corporation
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A relevant recognized exchange controller, or a relevant corporation, shall not become a listed corporation
unless and until the Commission states in writing that it is satisfied that-
(a) subject to subsection (2), rules made under section 23 adequately deal with possible conflicts of interest that

might arise if the relevant recognized exchange controller or relevant corporation (as the case may be) were
to be a listed corporation; and

(b) the relevant recognized exchange controller or relevant corporation (as the case may be) has entered into
arrangements with the Commission that adequately ensure-
(i) the integrity of the market in securities or futures contracts traded on the stock market or futures

market operated by the recognized exchange company concerned or through the facilities of that
recognized exchange company; and

(ii) the compliance with obligations as a listed corporation which would fall on the relevant recognized
exchange controller or relevant corporation (as the case may be) if it were to become a listed
corporation.

(2) Rules referred to in subsection (1)(a) shall make provision to the effect that the Commission shall, instead of the
Stock Exchange Company, take all actions and make all decisions in relation to the relevant recognized
exchange controller or relevant corporation that would be taken by the Stock Exchange Company in the case of a
corporation that was neither a recognized exchange controller nor a relevant corporation except in the case of
any action or decision in respect of which the Commission states in writing that it is satisfied that a conflict of
interest will not arise if that action or decision were to be taken or made (as the case may be) by the Stock
Exchange Company.

(3) By virtue of this section, the Commission shall have such functions as are provided for it under-
(a) rules made for the purposes of subsections (1)(a) and (2);
(b) arrangements referred to in subsection (1)(b).

(4) Where a fee is payable to the Stock Exchange Company by a person for the taking of an action or the making of
a decision which may be taken or made (as the case may be) by the Commission by virtue of subsections (1)(a)
and (2), then, notwithstanding any other enactment or rule of law, that person shall pay that fee to the
Commission in any case where the Commission takes that action or makes that decision (as the case may be) by
virtue of those subsections.


Section: 75 Commission may give directions to recognized exchange

controller where it is satisfied that conflict of interest
exists, etc.

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Where the Commission is satisfied that-
(a) a conflict of interest exists or may come into existence between-

(i) the interest of a recognized exchange controller or a relevant corporation; and
(ii) the interest of the proper performance of the functions conferred by this or any other Ordinance

(including any rules made under any Ordinance, whether or not they are subsidiary legislation) on the
controller or the relevant corporation; or

(b) such a conflict of interest has existed in circumstances that make it likely that the conflict of interest will



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 35

continue or be repeated,
then the Commission may, by notice in writing served on the controller or relevant corporation (as the case may
be) stating the reasons in support of the ground or grounds for the notice, direct the controller or relevant
corporation (as the case may be) to forthwith take such steps as are specified in the notice (including steps in
relation to any of its affairs, business and property whatsoever) for the purposes of remedying the conflict of
interest or the matters occasioning the conflict of interest (as the case may be).

(2) A notice served under subsection (1) shall take effect immediately.
(3) A recognized exchange controller or relevant corporation served with a notice under subsection (1) which,

without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with the notice commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 76 Fees to be approved by Commission E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) No fee imposed on or after the commencement of this section by-
(a) a recognized exchange controller in its capacity as a recognized exchange controller; or
(b) a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house-

(i) of which the recognized exchange controller is a controller; and
(ii) in its capacity as a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house (as the case may be),

shall have effect unless the fee is specified in the rules of the recognized exchange controller, recognized
exchange company or recognized clearing house (as the case may be) and has the approval in writing of the
Commission.

(2) The Commission shall, in deciding whether or not to approve a fee referred to in subsection (1), have regard to,
among other matters-
(a) the level of competition (if any) in Hong Kong for the matter for which the fee is to be imposed; and
(b) the level of fee (if any) imposed by another recognized exchange controller, recognized exchange company

or recognized clearing house or any similar body outside Hong Kong, for the same or a similar matter to
which the fee relates.


Section: 77 Financial Secretary may appoint not more than 8 persons

to board of directors of HKEC
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Notwithstanding any enactment or rule of law but subject to subsection (2), the Financial Secretary may appoint
not more than 8 persons to be members of the board of directors of the HKEC where the Financial Secretary is
satisfied that it is appropriate to do so in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest.

(2) The Financial Secretary shall exercise his power under subsection (1) in such a way that immediately following
the annual general meeting of the HKEC held in 2003 and thereafter, the number of members of its board of
directors who are such members by virtue of an appointment under that subsection is not more than the
maximum number of members of that board who may be such members otherwise than by virtue of such an
appointment (but excluding the chief executive of the HKEC).

(3) Subject to subsection (4), a member of the board of directors of the HKEC who is such a member by virtue of an
appointment under subsection (1) shall have the same rights, privileges, obligations and liabilities under any
enactment or rule of law as a member of that board who is such a member otherwise than by virtue of such an
appointment.

(4) Notwithstanding any enactment or rule of law, no person appointed under subsection (1) as a member of the
board of directors of the HKEC may be removed from that office by a resolution of the other directors of the
board or a special resolution of the HKEC.

(5) In this section, HKEC (交易結算公司) means the company incorporated, and registered by the name Hong
Kong Exchanges and Clearing Limited, under the relevant Ordinance. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


Section: 78 Amendment of Schedule 3 E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


The Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the Gazette, amend Parts 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 or 8 of Schedule 3.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 36

Part:
Division:

III
5

Investor compensation companies E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 79 Recognition of investor compensation company E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or
(b) for the facilitation of the management and administration of the compensation fund under Part XII,
it may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by notice in writing served on a company, recognize the
company as an investor compensation company-
(i) subject to such conditions as it considers appropriate specified in the notice; and
(ii) with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.

(2) Without limiting the generality of conditions which may be specified in a notice under subsection (1), the
Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized investor compensation company, amend or revoke
any condition specified in the first-mentioned notice or impose new conditions, where the Commission-
(a) is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so on a ground specified in paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection; and
(b) has consulted the Financial Secretary.

(3) Where the Commission amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition by a notice under
subsection (2), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of service of the notice or at the
time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(4) Where a company becomes a recognized investor compensation company, the Commission shall cause notice of
that fact to be published in the Gazette.

(5) Where a company is seeking to be a recognized investor compensation company and the Commission is minded
not to recognize the company under subsection (1), the Commission shall give the company a reasonable
opportunity of being heard before making a decision not to recognize the company.

(6) Where the Commission refuses to recognize a company as an investor compensation company under subsection
(1), the Commission shall, by notice in writing served on the company, inform the company of the refusal and of
the reasons for it.


Section: 80 Transfer and resumption of functions of Commission E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission may request the Chief Executive in Council to transfer, by order (transfer order) published in
the Gazette, to a recognized investor compensation company (designated investor compensation company), a
function to which this section applies, if the Commission is satisfied that the designated investor compensation
company is willing and able to perform the function.

(2) This section applies to a function of the Commission under Part XII (other than sections 240(4) and (9) and
244(2)) or rules made under that Part.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), the function of the Commission under Part XII to maintain the compensation
fund includes a function to maintain all or any part of the compensation fund, and the other provisions of this
Ordinance shall apply accordingly.

(4) A function to which this section applies may be transferred by a transfer order either in whole or in part, and the
transfer may be subject to-
(a) a reservation that the Commission is to perform the function concurrently with the designated investor

compensation company; and
(b) such other conditions as the Commission considers appropriate.

(5) A transfer order may contain such incidental, supplemental and consequential provisions as may be necessary or
expedient for the purpose of giving full effect to the order.

(6) The Commission may at the request or with the consent of a designated investor compensation company resume
a function transferred by a transfer order, but the resumption takes effect only by order of the Chief Executive in
Council.

(7) The Chief Executive in Council may order that the Commission resume a function transferred to a designated
investor compensation company by a transfer order if the Commission so requests and if it appears to the Chief
Executive in Council to be in the public interest to do so.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 37

Section: 81 Immunity, etc E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without limiting the generality of section 380(1), no civil liability, whether arising in contract, tort, defamation,
equity or otherwise, shall be incurred by-
(a) a recognized investor compensation company; or
(b) any person acting on behalf of a recognized investor compensation company, including-

(i) any member of the board of directors of the company; or
(ii) any member of any committee established by the company,

in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in the discharge or purported discharge of the
duties to which this subsection applies.

(2) The duties to which subsection (1) applies are those-
(a) that relate to or arise out of a function that has been transferred to the recognized investor compensation

company under section 80; or
(b) to which the company is subject under rules made under Part XII.


Section: 82 Rules by recognized investor compensation company E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


Without limiting any of its other powers to make rules, a recognized investor compensation company may make rules
for such matters as are necessary or desirable-

(a) for the proper and efficient management and operation of the company;
(b) for the obtaining of such insurance, surety, guarantee or other security or the making of such financial

arrangement by the company as may be necessary or appropriate for the purposes of its operation;
(c) for the proper and efficient performance of a function transferred to the company under section 80.


Section: 83 Approval of rules or amendments to rules of recognized

investor compensation companies
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsection (7), no rule (whether or not made under section 82) of a recognized investor compensation
company or any amendment thereto shall have effect unless it has the approval in writing of the Commission.

(2) A recognized investor compensation company shall submit or cause to be submitted to the Commission-
(a) for its approval the rules and every amendment thereto that require approval under subsection (1), together

with explanations of their purpose and likely effect, including their effect on the investing public, in
sufficient detail to enable the Commission to decide whether to approve them or refuse to approve them;
and

(b) for its information the rules which belong to a class the subject of a declaration under subsection (7) and
every amendment to the rules, as soon as reasonably practicable after they have been made.

(3) The Commission shall, not later than 6 weeks after the receipt of a submission under subsection (2)(a) from a
recognized investor compensation company, by notice in writing served on the company, give its approval or
refuse to give its approval (together with its reasons for the refusal) to the rules or amendment of the rules (as the
case may be) or any part thereof, the subject of the submission.

(4) The Commission may give its approval under subsection (3) subject to requirements which shall be satisfied
before the rules or amendment of the rules or any part thereof take effect.

(5) The Commission may in a particular case, with the agreement of the recognized investor compensation company
concerned, extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(6) The Financial Secretary may, after consultation with the Commission and the recognized investor compensation
company concerned, extend the time prescribed in subsection (3).

(7) The Commission may, by notice published in the Gazette, declare any class of rules of a recognized investor
compensation company to be a class of rules which are not required to be approved under subsection (1) and,
accordingly, any rules of the company which belong to that class (including any amendment thereto) shall have
effect notwithstanding that they have not been so approved.

(8) A recognized investor compensation company shall make its rules available to the public in a manner approved
by the Commission.

(9) Neither the rules under section 82 nor a notice under subsection (7) is subsidiary legislation.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 38

Section: 84 Production of records, etc. by recognized investor
compensation company

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized investor compensation company, require the
company to provide to the Commission, within such period as the Commission may specify in the notice-
(a) such books and records kept by it in connection with or for the purposes of its business or in respect of the

management and administration of the compensation fund under Part XII; and
(b) such other information relating to its business or the management and administration of the compensation

fund under Part XII,
as the Commission may reasonably require for the performance of its functions.

(2) A recognized investor compensation company served with a notice under subsection (1) which, without
reasonable excuse, fails to comply with the notice commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at
level 5.


Section: 85 Withdrawal of recognition of investor compensation

company
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsections (3), (4) and (5), the Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by
notice in writing served on a recognized investor compensation company, withdraw the company's recognition
as an investor compensation company with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.

(2) The Commission may by the notice served under subsection (1) permit the recognized investor compensation
company to continue, on or after the date on which the withdrawal is to take effect, to carry on such activities
affected by the withdrawal as the Commission may specify in the notice for the purpose of-
(a) closing down the operations of the company; or
(b) protecting the interest of the investing public or the public interest.

(3) The Commission may only serve a notice under subsection (1) in relation to a recognized investor compensation
company that-
(a) fails to comply with any requirement of this Ordinance or with a condition imposed under section 79;
(b) is being wound up;
(c) ceases to perform any function transferred to it under section 80; or
(d) requests the Commission to do so.

(4) Except where responding to a request under subsection (3)(d), the Commission shall not exercise its power
under subsection (1) in relation to a recognized investor compensation company unless it has given the company
a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(5) Except where responding to a request under subsection (3)(d), the Commission shall give the recognized
investor compensation company not less than 14 days' notice in writing of its intention to serve a notice under
subsection (1) and the grounds for doing so.

(6) Where the Commission withdraws a company's recognition as an investor compensation company under
subsection (1), it shall cause notice of that fact to be published in the Gazette.

(7) A notice served under this section shall take effect immediately.

Section: 86 Appeals E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) A company served with a notice under section 85(1) may appeal against the notice to the Chief Executive in
Council not later than 14 days after the date of service of the notice or such longer period (if any) as the
Commission specifies in the notice.

(2) The decision of the Chief Executive in Council on an appeal under subsection (1) shall be final.

Section: 87 Subrogation of recognized investor compensation company

to rights, etc. of claimant on payment from compensation
fund

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Where a recognized investor compensation company makes any payment out of the compensation fund in
respect of any claim made under rules made under Part XII-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 39

(a) subject to subsection (1A), the company shall be subrogated, to the extent which that payment bears to the
loss sustained (without taking into account any compensation paid or payable out of the compensation fund
for the loss) by the claimant by reason of the default on which the claim was based, to all the rights and
remedies of the claimant in relation to the loss; and (Amended 7 of 2004 s. 55)

(b) the respective rights of the claimant and the company in bankruptcy or winding up or by legal proceedings
or otherwise to receive in respect of the loss-
(i) any sum out of the assets of the person concerned who is in default; or
(ii) any property held on trust by that person for the claimant,

shall rank equally.
(1A) The company is not subrogated to any rights and remedies of the claimant in respect of compensation from the

Deposit Protection Scheme Fund established by section 14 of the Deposit Protection Scheme Ordinance (Cap
581). (Added 7 of 2004 s. 55)

(2) All assets (whether in cash or otherwise) recovered by the recognized investor compensation company under
subsection (1) shall be dealt with in such manner as the Commission may direct and shall become part of the
compensation fund.


Section: 88 Financial statements of a recognized investor

compensation company
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsection (3), a recognized investor compensation company shall-
(a) prepare such financial statements and other documents, for such periods, as are prescribed by rules made

under section 397 for the purposes of this section; and
(b) submit the financial statements and other documents, together with an auditor's report, to the Commission

not later than 4 months after the end of the financial year to which they relate.
(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the requirements under that subsection relating to the financial

statements and other documents, and the auditor's report, referred to in that subsection include the requirements
that-
(a) the financial statements and other documents are to relate to such matters and contain such particulars as are

prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this section;
(b) the auditor's report is to contain such particulars, including such statement of opinion, as are prescribed by

the rules;
(c) the financial statements and other documents, and the auditor's report, are to be prepared in accordance with

such principles or bases as are prescribed by the rules; and
(d) without limiting the generality of section 387 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622), the financial

statements and other documents are to be signed by the chief executive officer of the recognized investor
compensation company, by which they are prepared. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(3) On an application in writing by the recognized investor compensation company by which any financial
statements and other documents, and any auditor's report, are required under subsection (1) to be submitted, the
Commission may, where it is satisfied that there are special reasons for so doing, extend the period within which
the financial statements and other documents, and the auditor's report, are required to be submitted, for such
period and subject to such conditions as the Commission considers appropriate, and upon the Commission
granting the extension, subsection (1) shall apply subject to the extension accordingly.

(4) A recognized investor compensation company shall cause a copy of each of the financial statements and other
documents and the auditor's report that are required under subsection (1) to be submitted by it to be sent to the
Financial Secretary and to be published in the Gazette.

(5) A reference in this section to financial statements shall not be construed as including a reference to financial
statements of the compensation fund.


Section: 89 Employees of and delegations by a recognized investor

compensation company
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may arrange for any of its officers, employees, agents or consultants to assist in the operations
of a recognized investor compensation company.

(2) A recognized exchange company or recognized exchange controller may, with the consent of a recognized
investor compensation company, arrange for any of its officers, employees, agents or consultants to assist in the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 40

operations of that recognized investor compensation company.
(3) A recognized investor compensation company may by resolution and subject to the approval of the Commission,

with or without restrictions or conditions as the company considers appropriate, delegate in writing to any
person any of its powers and duties other than its power under section 82.


Section: 90 Further activities of recognized investor compensation

company
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A recognized investor compensation company may, in addition to performing a function transferred to it under
section 80, conduct such activities or businesses as may be approved in writing by the Commission.

(2) The Commission shall not approve the conduct of any activities or businesses referred to in subsection (1) unless
it is satisfied that such activities or businesses are incidental to the management or administration of the
compensation fund under Part XII.


Part:
Division:

III
6

General-Exchange companies, clearing houses, exchange
controllers and investor compensation companies

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 91 Supply of information E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission, a recognized exchange company, a recognized clearing house, a recognized exchange
controller or a recognized investor compensation company shall be entitled to supply each other with
information about its affairs and-
(a) in the case of a recognized exchange company, the affairs of any of its exchange participants;
(b) in the case of a recognized clearing house, the affairs of any of its clearing participants;
(c) in the case of a recognized exchange controller, the affairs of any of its subsidiaries; or
(d) in the case of a recognized investor compensation company, any claim made against the compensation fund,
if the supply of information is reasonably required for the performance of-
(i) in the case where the information is supplied to the Commission, the functions of the Commission under the

relevant provisions; or
(ii) in any other cases, the functions of the recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house,

recognized exchange controller or recognized investor compensation company to which the information is
supplied, under this Part or their respective rules.

(2) The Commission may, by notice in writing served on a recognized exchange company, recognized clearing
house, recognized exchange controller or recognized investor compensation company, require it to supply the
Commission with such information as the Commission may reasonably require for the performance of the
functions of the Commission under any of the relevant provisions, including information in its possession
relating to-
(a) in the case of a recognized exchange company, the affairs of any of its exchange participants;
(b) in the case of a recognized clearing house, the affairs of any of its clearing participants;
(c) in the case of a recognized exchange controller, the affairs of any of its subsidiaries; or
(d) in the case of a recognized investor compensation company, any claim made against the compensation fund.

(3) The supply of information under subsection (1) or (2) shall not be treated as publication for the purposes of the
law of defamation and, without limiting the generality of section 380(3) but subject to section 378, a person
supplying the information does not incur liability as a consequence thereof.

(4) Where any information is supplied under subsection (1) to a recognized exchange company, recognized clearing
house, recognized exchange controller or recognized investor compensation company, the company concerned,
the clearing house or the controller to whom the information is supplied shall not disclose the information, or
any part of it, to any other person without the consent of the Commission.


Section: 92 Additional powers of Commission-restriction notices E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Subject to subsections (2), (6) and (14), where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 41

(b) for the protection of investors; or
(c) for the proper regulation of a recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized

exchange controller or recognized investor compensation company,
it may by notice in writing (restriction notice) served on the exchange company, clearing house, exchange
controller or investor compensation company do any or all of the following-
(i) require the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor compensation company

before the expiry of a period specified in the notice-
(A) to amend, supplement, withdraw or revoke, in the manner specified in the notice, a provision of its

rules or other instrument so specified;
(B) to take such action relating to the management, conduct or operation of its business as may be so

specified;
(ii) prohibit the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor compensation company

from doing, during a period so specified, such act or other thing relating to the management, conduct or
operation of its business as may be so specified.

(2) The Commission shall not serve a restriction notice unless-
(a) it has previously consulted the Financial Secretary in relation to the notice;
(b) it has previously requested in writing the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or

investor compensation company concerned to put, or cause to be put, into effect a provision (which includes
a request to refrain from doing any act or other thing) specified in the request and similar in effect to the
requirement or prohibition specified in the restriction notice or, where there is more than one such
requirement or prohibition so specified, provisions the combined effect of all of which is similar to the
combined effect of the requirements or prohibitions so specified; and

(c) in the case of a request under paragraph (b) which-
(i) contains a provision requesting the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor

compensation company concerned to amend, supplement, withdraw or revoke any provision of its
constitution under subsection (1)(i), the provision has not been complied with before the expiration of
the period specified in relation thereto in the request being not less than 45 days; or

(ii) contains a provision requesting the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor
compensation company concerned to do or refrain from doing any act or other thing, the Commission
is satisfied that the provision has not been complied with.

(3) A recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized exchange controller or recognized
investor compensation company may appeal to the Chief Executive in Council against a restriction notice that
requires the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor compensation company to
amend, supplement, withdraw or revoke any provision of its constitution.

(4) The decision of the Chief Executive in Council on an appeal under subsection (3) shall be final.
(5) A restriction notice served under this section shall take effect immediately.
(6) A period specified in a restriction notice in relation to a prohibition under subsection (1)(ii) shall not exceed 6

months beginning on the date of the notice.
(7) The Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by notice in writing served on the

exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor compensation company concerned, extend,
for a period or successive periods of not more than 3 months each, the period during which a restriction notice is
to remain in force.

(8) Where a restriction notice is issued or extended under this section, the Commission may publish in the Gazette a
copy of the notice or, as may be appropriate, particulars of the extension.

(9) A restriction notice may, on the application of the Commission to the Court of First Instance, be enforced by an
order of the Court as if it were a judgment or order of the Court.

(10) Where a recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized exchange controller or
recognized investor compensation company is in breach of a requirement in a restriction notice under subsection
(1)(i)(A) relating to a provision of its rules or other instrument-
(a) in the case of a requirement to amend or supplement such provision, the provision shall be deemed to have

effect as if the requirement had been complied with; or
(b) in the case of a requirement to withdraw or revoke such provision, the provision ceases to have effect.

(11) Where-
(a) a restriction notice includes a requirement described in subsection (1)(i)(A) and the requirement relates to

the constitution of a company; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 42

(b) by virtue of subsection (10) the provision to which the requirement relates has effect as if the requirement
had been complied with or has ceased to have effect (as the case may be),

the Commission shall, as soon as may be, deliver to the Registrar of Companies a copy of the notice.
(12) If there is an appeal under subsection (3) against the notice and the appeal is not withdrawn, the Commission

shall, as soon as may be, inform the Registrar of Companies in writing of the outcome of the appeal.
(13) Without limiting the generality of section 380(1), no civil liability, whether arising in contract, tort, defamation,

equity or otherwise, shall be incurred by-
(a) a recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized exchange controller or recognized

investor compensation company;
(b) an officer or employee of a recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized exchange

controller or recognized investor compensation company;
(c) an exchange participant; or
(d) a clearing participant,
in respect of anything done or omitted to be done in good faith in compliance or purported compliance with a
restriction notice.

(14) This section shall not be construed as enabling the Commission to do under this section anything which may be
done by the Commission by direction under section 28(1)(b) or 29.


Section: 93 Additional powers of Commission-suspension orders E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so-
(a) in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest;
(b) for the protection of investors; or
(c) for the proper regulation of a recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized

exchange controller or recognized investor compensation company,
it may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, make an order (suspension order) relating to all or any of
the following-
(i) the functions of the board of directors or governing body of the exchange company, clearing house,

exchange controller or investor compensation company;
(ii) the functions of a director of a board or a member of a body referred to in paragraph (i);
(iii) the functions of a committee, including a sub-committee, established by a board or body referred to in

paragraph (i);
(iv) the functions of the chief executive officer (by whatever name called) of the exchange company, clearing

house, exchange controller or investor compensation company.
(2) While a suspension order is in force the following provisions apply-

(a) neither the recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized exchange controller or
recognized investor compensation company to which the order relates nor any board, governing body,
committee or officer of it shall perform a function to which the order relates;

(b) a function to which paragraph (a) applies may be performed by the person specified in the order in relation
to that function;

(c) a person referred to in paragraph (a) shall not, by act or omission, either directly or indirectly, affect the
manner in which a function referred to in that paragraph is performed.

(3) A recognized exchange company, recognized clearing house, recognized exchange controller or recognized
investor compensation company may appeal to the Chief Executive in Council against a suspension order made
in respect of the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor compensation company.

(4) The decision of the Chief Executive in Council on an appeal under subsection (3) shall be final.
(5) Subject to subsection (9), a suspension order shall continue in force for the period not exceeding 6 months

specified in the order.
(6) A suspension order or an extension of it under subsection (9) shall take effect when a copy of the order or notice

of the extension is served under subsection (10)(a) on the exchange company, clearing house, exchange
controller or investor compensation company to which the order relates.

(7) Where a suspension order is made or extended under this section, the Commission shall, as soon as reasonably
practicable to do so, give a copy of a suspension order or, as may be appropriate, notice of its extension to the
chief executive officer of the exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor compensation
company to which the order relates and to the directors or members of its committee (if any) as the Commission



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 43

considers appropriate in the circumstances.
(8) Nothing in subsection (7) affects subsection (6).
(9) The Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, extend for a period or successive periods

of not more than 3 months each the period during which a suspension order is to remain in force.
(10) Where a suspension order is made or extended under this section, the Commission shall-

(a) forthwith serve a copy of the order or notice in writing of the extension on the exchange company, clearing
house, exchange controller or investor compensation company to which the order relates; and

(b) publish in the Gazette and publish through at least one other medium a copy of the suspension order or, as
may be appropriate, notice of its extension.

(11) A suspension order may, on the application of the Commission to the Court of First Instance, be enforced by an
order of the Court as if it were a judgment or order of the Court.

(12) The exchange company, clearing house, exchange controller or investor compensation company concerned shall
pay to the Commission on demand costs and expenses reasonably incurred by the Commission or a member or
employee of the Commission in connection with a suspension order.

(13) The amount of the costs and expenses demanded under subsection (12) are recoverable by the Commission as a
civil debt.

(14) A person who knowingly contravenes subsection (2)(c) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 94 Application of Companies Ordinance and Companies

(Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance*
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



Where there is any inconsistency between this Part and the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) or the Companies
(Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) in its application to a recognized exchange company,
a recognized clearing house, a recognized exchange controller or a recognized investor compensation company, this
Part prevails.

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

Part:
Division:

III
7

Automated trading services E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 95 Authorization for providing automated trading services E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) No person shall-
(a) provide automated trading services; or
(b) offer to provide automated trading services,
unless that person-
(i) is authorized under subsection (2);
(ii) is an employee or agent of a person authorized under subsection (2), and is acting in that capacity for or on

behalf of that person;
(iii) is an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 7 regulated activity;
(iv) is a licensed representative for Type 7 regulated activity, and is acting in that capacity for the licensed

corporation to which the representative is accredited; or
(v) is an individual whose name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section

20 of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as that of a person engaged in respect of Type 7 regulated activity
by a registered institution registered for that regulated activity, and is acting in that capacity for the
registered institution.

(2) Where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so, the Commission may upon application by a
person, by notice in writing served on that person, authorize that person to provide automated trading services-
(a) subject to such conditions as it considers appropriate specified in the notice; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 44

(b) with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.
(3) Where a person is granted an authorization under subsection (2), the Commission shall cause notice of that fact

to be published in the Gazette.
(4) Where a person is seeking an authorization to provide automated trading services and the Commission is minded

not to grant the authorization under subsection (2), the Commission shall give the person a reasonable
opportunity of being heard before making a decision not to grant the authorization.

(5) Where the Commission refuses to authorize a person to provide automated trading services under subsection (2),
the Commission shall, by notice in writing served on the person, inform the person of the refusal and of the
reasons for it.

(6) The Commission shall prepare and publish in the Gazette or otherwise guidelines setting out the principles,
procedures and standards in relation to authorization for providing automated trading services under this section.

(7) Guidelines published under subsection (6) are not subsidiary legislation.
(8) Subject to subsection (9), for the purposes of subsection (1)(b), a person offers to provide automated trading

services only if the services are actively marketed, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, to persons in Hong
Kong by the first-mentioned person or by another person on his behalf.

(9) For the purposes of subsection (1)(b), a person shall not be regarded as offering to provide automated trading
services if the persons to whom the offer is made are persons to whom the first-mentioned person or a related
corporation thereof, at any time during the period of 3 years immediately preceding the day on which the offer is
made, has provided or has agreed to provide any financial services, including automated trading services.


Section: 96 Application for authorization E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) An application under section 95(2) shall be accompanied by-
(a) such information and particulars as the Commission may reasonably require; and
(b) an application fee prescribed by rules made under section 395 for the purposes of this section.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1)(a), an application under section 95(2) shall also be
accompanied by such information as may reasonably be required by the Commission regarding-
(a) the services and facilities which the applicant will hold itself out as being able to provide if the application

is allowed;
(b) the business which the applicant proposes to carry on and to which the application relates, and any person

whom the applicant proposes to employ or with whom the applicant intends to be associated in the course
of carrying on the business;

(c) the business which the applicant is carrying on, the officers it employs and the persons with whom the
applicant is associated in the course of carrying on the business; and

(d) its directors and substantial shareholders and, if any of its substantial shareholders is a corporation, the
directors and substantial shareholders of that corporation.

(3) In considering an application under section 95(2), the Commission may have regard to any information in its
possession whether provided by the applicant or not.


Section: 97 Conditions for authorization E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without limiting the generality of conditions which may be specified in a notice under section 95(2), the
Commission may, by notice in writing served on a person authorized under that section, amend or revoke any
conditions specified under that section or impose new conditions, where the Commission is satisfied that it is
appropriate to do so.

(2) Where the Commission amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition under subsection (1),
the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of service of the notice or at the time specified
in the notice, whichever is the later.

(3) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) or section 95(2), a notice served thereunder may contain a
condition that the person authorized to provide automated trading services shall comply with all or any of the
following requirements, that is to say, the person shall-
(a) provide the services according to rules approved by the Commission for the purpose;
(b) ensure as far as is reasonably practicable that there is an orderly, informed and fair market in relation to all

transactions which are carried out by means of or through the services;
(c) ensure that the securities or futures contract, the sale or purchase of which is to be negotiated or concluded



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 45

by means of or through the services, belongs to a class of securities or futures contracts specified in the
notice by the Commission for this purpose;

(d) ensure that the transaction that is to be novated, cleared, settled or guaranteed by means of or through the
services belongs to a class of transactions specified in the notice by the Commission for this purpose;

(e) disclose to the Commission within the time and in the manner specified in the notice, such information as
the Commission may request for the purpose of performing its functions under this Ordinance;

(f) permit any person authorized in that behalf by the Commission to enter at any reasonable time the premises
on which the services are provided and to inspect the electronic facilities by means of which the services are
provided;

(g) provide and maintain automated systems with adequate capacity, facilities to meet contingencies or
emergencies, security arrangements and technical support for the provision of the services;

(h) notify the Commission of any changes to the information and particulars required by the Commission under
section 96(1) or (2);

(i) pay to the Commission a fee prescribed by rules made under section 395 for the purposes of this section.

Section: 98 Withdrawal of authorization E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (4), where the Commission is satisfied that it is appropriate to do so in the interest of the
investing public or in the public interest, it may, by notice in writing served on a person who has been granted an
authorization under section 95(2), stating the reasons in support of the ground or grounds for the notice,
withdraw the authorization with effect from a date specified in the notice for the purpose.

(2) The Commission may by the notice served under subsection (1) permit the person to continue, on or after the
date on which the withdrawal is to take effect, to carry on such activities affected by the withdrawal as the
Commission may specify in the notice for the purpose of-
(a) ceasing to provide the automated trading services to which the withdrawal relates; or
(b) protecting the interest of the investing public or the public interest.

(3) Where the Commission has granted a permission to a person under subsection (2), the person shall not, by
reason of its carrying on the activities in accordance with the permission, be regarded as having contravened
section 95.

(4) The Commission shall not exercise its power under subsection (1) in relation to a person who has been granted
an authorization under section 95(2) unless it has given the person a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(5) Where the Commission withdraws an authorization under subsection (1), it shall cause notice of that fact to be
published in the Gazette.

(6) A notice served under this section shall take effect immediately.

Section: 99 Commission to maintain register of authorized automated

trading services
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission shall maintain a register of authorized automated trading services in such form as it considers
appropriate.

(2) The register maintained under subsection (1) shall contain in relation to each person who has been granted an
authorization under section 95(2)-
(a) the name and business address of the person;
(b) such conditions of the authorization as the Commission considers appropriate; and
(c) such other particulars as are prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection.

(3) The register may be maintained-
(a) in a documentary form; or
(b) by recording the information required under subsection (2) otherwise than in a legible form, so long as the

information is capable of being reproduced in a legible form.
(4) For the purposes of enabling any member of the public to ascertain whether he is dealing with a person who has

been granted an authorization under section 95(2) in matters of or connected with any automated trading services
and to ascertain the particulars of the authorization of such person, the register shall be made available for public
inspection at all reasonable times.

(5) At all reasonable times, a member of the public may-
(a) inspect the register, or (where the register is maintained otherwise than in a documentary form) a



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 46

reproduction of the information or the relevant part of it in a legible form; and
(b) obtain a copy of an entry in or extract of the register on payment of a fee prescribed by rules made under

section 395.
(6) A document purporting to be-

(a) a copy of an entry in or extract of the register maintained under this section; and
(b) certified by an authorized officer of the Commission as a true copy of the entry or extract referred to in

paragraph (a),
shall be admissible as evidence of its contents in any legal proceedings.

(7) Without derogating from the other provisions of this section, the Commission shall, in addition, cause the
register to be available to the public in the form of an on-line record.


Section: 100 Rules by Commission E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) Without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the Commission may make rules to-
(a) require a person authorized to provide automated trading services to supply the Commission with such

information as the Commission requires to satisfy the Commission that the conditions specified in a notice
served on the person under section 95(2) or 97 are complied with;

(b) provide for the time within which and the manner in which the information under paragraph (a) shall be
provided;

(c) provide for the regulation of automated trading services and any other matters incidental thereto.
(2) Without limiting the generality of rules which may be made under subsection (1), such rules may-

(a) provide for the standards of conduct and practices to be complied with in relation to the provision of
automated trading services;

(b) prohibit the use of misleading or deceptive advertisements in relation to the provision of automated trading
services or impose conditions for the use of advertisements in relation to the provision of such services;

(c) require a person authorized to provide automated trading services-
(i) to take steps to avoid conflicts of interests, and specify the steps that shall be taken in the event that

there is a potential or actual conflict of interest; and
(ii) to take such steps as the Commission may specify to ensure that there is integrity, orderliness,

transparency and fairness in transactions conducted through the services, including steps to ensure
that-
(A) a request for the services is to be dealt with properly and as expeditiously as is appropriate in the

circumstances; and
(B) access rights to the services and the relevant trading conventions relating to the transactions to be

conducted through the services are properly explained to the persons to whom the services are
provided;

(d) provide for measures designed to discourage and identify any money laundering activities.
(3) Rules made under this section may provide that a person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any

specified provision of the rules that apply to the person commits an offence and is liable to a specified penalty
not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 3 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.


Section: 101 Providing automated trading services without

authorization
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes section 95(1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $5000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $100000 for every day during which the offence continues; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $10000 for every day during which the offence continues.

Part: IIIA OTC Derivative Transactions L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(Part IIIA added 6 of 2014 s. 9)



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 47


Part:
Division:

IIIA
1

Interpretation L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015





Section: 101A Interpretation of Part IIIA L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


Remarks:
* Provisions marked with asterisk (*) have not yet come into operation.

In this Part—
*clearing obligation (結算責任)—

(a) in relation to a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong,
means—
(i) an obligation imposed by section 101C(1); or
(ii) an obligation imposed by section 101C(3); and

(b) in relation to any other prescribed person, means an obligation imposed by section 101C(1);
*clearing rules (《結算規則》) means rules made under section 101N;
*deregistration (撤銷登記), in relation to a specific class, means the removal of—

(a) a name under section 101V(1); or
(b) an entry under section 101V(2);

*designated CCP (指定中央對手方), in relation to a class or description of specified OTC derivative transactions,
means a person designated as a central counterparty under section 101J for that class or description;

*designated trading platform (指定交易平台), in relation to a class or description of specified OTC derivative
transactions, means a person designated as a trading platform under section 101K for that class or description;

*designation rules (《指定規則》) means rules made under section 101Q;
*notification (具報) means a notification required to be given for the purposes of section 101R(2);
*notification level (具報水平), in relation to a specific class, means the threshold prescribed—

(a) for that specific class; and
(b) by rules made under section 101Z(a)(i);

*notification requirement (具報規定) means the requirement imposed by section 101R(2);
*notification rules (《具報規則》) means rules made under section 101Z;
prescribed fee (訂明費用) means a fee prescribed by rules made under section 395;
*prescribed manner (訂明方式)—

(a) in relation to an application for designation as a central counterparty, means in the manner prescribed by
rules made under section 101Q(a)(i); and

(b) in relation to an application for designation as a trading platform, means in the manner prescribed by rules
made under section 101Q(a)(ii);

prescribed person (訂明人士)—
(a) in relation to the reporting obligation, means—

(i) an authorized financial institution;
(ii) an approved money broker;
(iii) a licensed corporation; or
(iv) a person of a class or description specified in the reporting rules as being subject to the reporting

obligation;
*(b) in relation to the clearing obligation, means—

(i) an authorized financial institution;
(ii) an approved money broker;
(iii) a licensed corporation; or
(iv) a person of a class or description specified in the clearing rules as being subject to the clearing

obligation;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 48

*(c) in relation to the trading obligation, means—
(i) an authorized financial institution;
(ii) an approved money broker;
(iii) a licensed corporation; or
(iv) a person of a class or description specified in the trading rules as being subject to the trading

obligation; and
(d) in relation to the record keeping obligation, means—

(i) an authorized financial institution;
(ii) an approved money broker;
(iii) a licensed corporation; or
(iv) a person of a class or description specified in the record keeping rules as being subject to the record

keeping obligation;
record keeping obligation (備存紀錄責任)—

(a) in relation to a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong,
means—
(i) an obligation imposed by section 101E(1); or
(ii) an obligation imposed by section 101E(3); and

(b) in relation to any other prescribed person, means an obligation imposed by section 101E(1);
record keeping rules (《備存紀錄規則》) means rules made under section 101P;
*registered SIP (已登記系統重要參與者) means a person whose name appears on the SIP register;
reporting obligation (匯報責任)—

(a) in relation to a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong,
means—
(i) an obligation imposed by section 101B(1); or
(ii) an obligation imposed by section 101B(3); and

(b) in relation to any other prescribed person, means an obligation imposed by section 101B(1);
reporting rules (《匯報規則》) means rules made under section 101L;
*SIP register (系統重要參與者登記冊) means the register maintained under section 101S(1);
*specific class (特定類別) means a particular class or description of OTC derivative transactions;
specified OTC derivative transaction (指明場外衍生工具交易)—

(a) in relation to the reporting obligation, means a transaction specified in the reporting rules for the purposes
of that obligation;

*(b) in relation to the clearing obligation, means a transaction specified in the clearing rules for the purposes of
that obligation;

*(c) in relation to the trading obligation, means a transaction specified in the trading rules for the purposes of
that obligation; and

(d) in relation to the record keeping obligation, means a transaction specified in the record keeping rules for the
purposes of that obligation;

*systemically important participant (系統重要參與者) means a person—
(a) to whom section 101R(1) applies; and
(b) whose position in respect of a specific class has reached the notification level;

*trading obligation (交易責任)—
(a) in relation to a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong,

means—
(i) an obligation imposed by section 101D(1); or
(ii) an obligation imposed by section 101D(3); and

(b) in relation to any other prescribed person, means an obligation imposed by section 101D(1);
*trading rules (《交易規則》) means rules made under section 101O;
underlying subject matter (標的項目)—

(a) in relation to a transaction in an OTC derivative product that falls within subsection (1)(a)(i) of section 1A
of Part 1 of Schedule 1, means any type or combination of types of securities, commodity, index, property,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 49

interest rate, currency exchange rate or futures contract;
(b) in relation to a transaction in an OTC derivative product that falls within subsection (1)(a)(ii) of section 1A

of Part 1 of Schedule 1, means any basket of more than one type, or any combination of types, of securities,
commodity, index, property, interest rate, currency exchange rate or futures contract; and

(c) in relation to a transaction in an OTC derivative product that falls within subsection (1)(a)(iii) of section 1A
of Part 1 of Schedule 1, means any specified event or events (excluding an event or events relating only to
the issuer or guarantor of the instrument or to both the issuer and the guarantor).


Part:
Division:

IIIA
2

Reporting, Clearing, Trading and Record Keeping
Obligations

L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015





Section: 101B Reporting obligation L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) A prescribed person must report an OTC derivative transaction to which subsection (2) applies—
(a) to the Monetary Authority; and
(b) in accordance with the reporting rules.

(2) This subsection applies to an OTC derivative transaction that—
(a) is specified in the reporting rules—

(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as a transaction that is required to be reported to the Monetary Authority;

(b) falls within the circumstances and the criteria specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) for the application of the requirement to report referred to in paragraph (a)(ii); and

(c) does not fall within the circumstances specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as circumstances in which the requirement to report is taken to have been complied with.

(3) In addition, a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong must
ensure that a subsidiary of that institution specified under subsection (5) complies in relation to an OTC
derivative transaction with the requirement set out in subsection (4).

(4) The requirement is that the subsidiary reports to the Monetary Authority, in accordance with the reporting rules,
an OTC derivative transaction—
(a) to which the subsidiary is a counterparty; and
(b) that is specified in those rules as a transaction to which subsection (3) applies.

(5) The Monetary Authority may, by a written notice given to an authorized financial institution incorporated in
Hong Kong, specify for the purposes of subsection (3)—
(a) a particular subsidiary;
(b) more than one subsidiary; or
(c) subsidiaries generally.

(6) The Monetary Authority may specify under subsection (5) a subsidiary incorporated outside Hong Kong or a
subsidiary incorporated in Hong Kong.

(7) Subject to an express agreement to the contrary by the parties to the transaction, a contravention of the reporting
obligation in relation to an OTC derivative transaction does not of itself invalidate the transaction or affect any
rights or obligations arising under, or relating to, the transaction.


Section: 101C Clearing obligation


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) A prescribed person must clear an OTC derivative transaction to which subsection (2) applies—

(a) with a designated CCP; and
(b) in accordance with the clearing rules.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 50

(2) This subsection applies to an OTC derivative transaction that—
(a) is specified in the clearing rules—

(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as a transaction that is required to be cleared with a designated CCP;

(b) falls within the circumstances and the criteria specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) for the application of the requirement to clear referred to in paragraph (a)(ii); and

(c) does not fall within the circumstances specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as circumstances in which the requirement to clear is taken to have been complied with.

(3) In addition, a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong must
ensure that a subsidiary of that institution specified under subsection (5) complies in relation to an OTC
derivative transaction with the requirement set out in subsection (4).

(4) The requirement is that the subsidiary clears with a designated CCP, in accordance with the clearing rules, an
OTC derivative transaction—
(a) to which the subsidiary is a counterparty; and
(b) that is specified in those rules as a transaction to which subsection (3) applies.

(5) The Monetary Authority may, by a written notice given to an authorized financial institution incorporated in
Hong Kong, specify for the purposes of subsection (3)—
(a) a particular subsidiary;
(b) more than one subsidiary; or
(c) subsidiaries generally.

(6) The Monetary Authority may specify under subsection (5) a subsidiary incorporated outside Hong Kong or a
subsidiary incorporated in Hong Kong.

(7) Subject to an express agreement to the contrary by the parties to the transaction, a contravention of the clearing
obligation in relation to an OTC derivative transaction does not of itself invalidate the transaction or affect any
rights or obligations arising under, or relating to, the transaction.


Section: 101D Trading obligation


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) A prescribed person must execute an OTC derivative transaction to which subsection (2) applies—

(a) only on a designated trading platform; and
(b) in accordance with the trading rules.

(2) This subsection applies to an OTC derivative transaction that—
(a) is specified in the trading rules—

(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as a transaction that is required to be executed only on a designated trading platform;

(b) falls within the circumstances and the criteria specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) for the application of the requirement to execute as described in paragraph (a)(ii); and

(c) does not fall within the circumstances specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as circumstances in which the requirement to execute as described in subsection (1) is taken to have

been complied with.
(3) In addition, a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong must

ensure that a subsidiary of that institution specified under subsection (5) complies in relation to an OTC
derivative transaction with the requirement set out in subsection (4).

(4) The requirement is that the subsidiary executes only on a designated trading platform and in accordance with the
trading rules an OTC derivative transaction—
(a) to which the subsidiary is a counterparty; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 51

(b) that is specified in those rules as a transaction to which subsection (3) applies.
(5) The Monetary Authority may, by a written notice given to an authorized financial institution incorporated in

Hong Kong, specify for the purposes of subsection (3)—
(a) a particular subsidiary;
(b) more than one subsidiary; or
(c) subsidiaries generally.

(6) The Monetary Authority may specify under subsection (5) a subsidiary incorporated outside Hong Kong or a
subsidiary incorporated in Hong Kong.

(7) Subject to an express agreement to the contrary by the parties to the transaction, a contravention of the trading
obligation in relation to an OTC derivative transaction does not of itself invalidate the transaction or affect any
rights or obligations arising under, or relating to, the transaction.


Section: 101E Record keeping obligation L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) A prescribed person must keep, in accordance with the record keeping rules, records relating to an OTC
derivative transaction to which subsection (2) applies.

(2) This subsection applies to an OTC derivative transaction that—
(a) is specified in the record keeping rules—

(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as a transaction the records of which are required to be kept;

(b) falls within the circumstances and the criteria specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) for the application of the requirement to keep record referred to in paragraph (a)(ii); and

(c) does not fall within the circumstances specified in those rules—
(i) in relation to the prescribed person; and
(ii) as circumstances in which the requirement to keep record is taken to have been complied with.

(3) In addition, a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution incorporated in Hong Kong must
ensure that a subsidiary of that institution specified under subsection (5) complies in relation to an OTC
derivative transaction with the requirement set out in subsection (4).

(4) The requirement is that the subsidiary keeps, in accordance with the record keeping rules, records relating to an
OTC derivative transaction—
(a) to which the subsidiary is a counterparty; and
(b) that is specified in those rules as a transaction to which subsection (3) applies.

(5) The Monetary Authority may, by a written notice given to an authorized financial institution incorporated in
Hong Kong, specify for the purposes of subsection (3)—
(a) a particular subsidiary;
(b) more than one subsidiary; or
(c) subsidiaries generally.

(6) The Monetary Authority may specify under subsection (5) a subsidiary incorporated outside Hong Kong or a
subsidiary incorporated in Hong Kong.

(7) A person specified in subsection (9)(a) must, when requested by the Commission—
(a) give the Commission access to the records kept under this section; and
(b) produce the records to the Commission within the time and at the place specified by the Commission.

(8) A person specified in subsection (9)(b) must, when requested by the Monetary Authority—
(a) give the Monetary Authority access to the records kept under this section; and
(b) produce the records to the Monetary Authority within the time and at the place specified by the Monetary

Authority.
(9) The person specified—

(a) for the purposes of subsection (7) is—
(i) a prescribed person that is a licensed corporation; or
(ii) a prescribed person that is a person of a class or description specified in the record keeping rules as

being subject to the record keeping obligation; and
(b) for the purposes of subsection (8) is—



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 52

(i) a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution; or
(ii) a prescribed person that is an approved money broker.

(10) Subject to an express agreement to the contrary by the parties to the transaction, a contravention of the record
keeping obligation in relation to an OTC derivative transaction does not of itself invalidate the transaction or
affect any rights or obligations arising under, or relating to, the transaction.


Section: 101F Application by Commission to Court of First Instance for

contravention of obligations
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



Remarks:
Section 101F in so far as it relates to the contravention of the reporting obligation and the record keeping obligation
shall come into operation on 10 July 2015. See L.N. 95 of 2015.

(1) If a prescribed person that is not an authorized financial institution or an approved money broker contravenes the

reporting obligation, clearing obligation, trading obligation or record keeping obligation, the Commission may
apply to the Court of First Instance in respect of the contravention.

(2) The application must be made by originating summons that is in Form No. 10 in Appendix A to the Rules of the
High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A).

(3) The Court of First Instance may inquire into the case and, if satisfied that there is no reasonable excuse for the
contravention, impose a financial penalty not exceeding $5000000 on the prescribed person.


Section: 101G Application by Monetary Authority to Court of First

Instance for contravention of obligations
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



Remarks:
Section 101G in so far as it relates to the contravention of the reporting obligation and the
record keeping obligation shall come into operation on 10 July 2015. See L.N. 95 of 2015.


(1) If a prescribed person that is an authorized financial institution or an approved money broker contravenes the

reporting obligation, clearing obligation, trading obligation or record keeping obligation, the Monetary Authority
may apply to the Court of First Instance in respect of the contravention.

(2) The application must be made by originating summons that is in Form No. 10 in Appendix A to the Rules of the
High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A).

(3) The Court of First Instance may inquire into the case and, if satisfied that there is no reasonable excuse for the
contravention, impose a financial penalty not exceeding $5000000 on the prescribed person.


Section: 101H Exemptions from obligations L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


Remarks:
Section 101H in so far as it relates to the exemptions from the reporting obligation and the record keeping obligation
shall come into operation on 10 July 2015. See L.N. 95 of 2015.

(1) On application by a prescribed person and on payment of the prescribed fee, the Commission may, with the

consent of the Monetary Authority—
(a) exempt the person from one or more of the following—

(i) the reporting obligation;
(ii) the clearing obligation;
(iii) the trading obligation;
(iv) the record keeping obligation; and

(b) on granting the exemption, impose conditions.
(2) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority—

(a) suspend or withdraw an exemption on—
(i) the ground that a condition has not been complied with; or
(ii) any other ground that the Commission considers appropriate; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 53

(b) amend any condition.
(3) The Commission must publish on the Internet particulars that it considers appropriate of an exemption granted,

suspended or withdrawn under this section.

Section: 101I Guidelines on exemptions L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


Remarks:
Section 101I in so far as it relates to the guidelines on exemptions from the reporting obligation and the record
keeping obligation shall come into operation on 10 July 2015. See L.N. 95 of 2015.

(1) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial

Secretary, publish guidelines for granting exemptions from the reporting obligation, clearing obligation, trading
obligation or record keeping obligation.

(2) The Commission—
(a) may exercise its powers under section 101H only after guidelines have been published; and
(b) must have regard to the published guidelines when exercising its powers under section 101H.

(3) Guidelines published under subsection (1) are not subsidiary legislation.

Part:
Division:

IIIA
3

Designation of Central Counterparties and Trading
Platforms





Remarks:
Not yet in operation

Section: 101J Designation of central counterparties


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) On application by a person in the prescribed manner and on payment of the prescribed fee, the Commission may,

with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial Secretary—
(a) designate the person, in accordance with the designation rules and by a written notice served on the person,

as a central counterparty for the purposes of this Part; or
(b) refuse, in accordance with the designation rules, to designate the person.

(2) A person may be designated only if—
(a) at the time of designation, the person—

(i) is a recognized clearing house; or
(ii) is a person authorized under section 95(2) to provide automated trading services; and

(b) the requirements prescribed by the designation rules have been met.
(3) A designation may be for—

(a) OTC derivative transactions generally; or
(b) a class or description of OTC derivative transactions specified in the designation.

(4) A person outside Hong Kong or in Hong Kong may be designated under this section.
(5) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial

Secretary, in accordance with the designation rules and by a written notice served on a person, do the following
with regard to a designation—
(a) impose conditions;
(b) amend or revoke a condition;
(c) impose additional conditions;
(d) revoke the designation.

(6) Before exercising a power under subsection (1)(b) or (5)(d), the Commission must give the person concerned a
reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(7) If the Commission amends or revokes a condition or imposes an additional condition under subsection (5)(b) or
(c), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the notice or at the time



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 54

specified in the notice, whichever is the later.
(8) If the Commission revokes a designation under subsection (5)(d), the revocation takes effect at the time of the

service of the notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.
(9) If, under this section, a person is designated or a designation is revoked, the Commission must publish notice of

that fact in the Gazette.
(10) A notice published under subsection (9) is not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 101K Designation of trading platforms


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) On application by a person in the prescribed manner and on payment of the prescribed fee, the Commission may,

with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial Secretary—
(a) designate the person, in accordance with the designation rules and by a written notice served on the person,

as a trading platform for the purposes of this Part; or
(b) refuse, in accordance with the designation rules, to designate the person.

(2) A person may be designated only if—
(a) at the time of designation, the person—

(i) is a recognized exchange company; or
(ii) is a person authorized under section 95(2) to provide automated trading services; and

(b) the requirements prescribed by the designation rules have been met.
(3) A designation may be for—

(a) OTC derivative transactions generally; or
(b) a class or description of OTC derivative transactions specified in the designation.

(4) A person outside Hong Kong or in Hong Kong may be designated under this section.
(5) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial

Secretary, in accordance with the designation rules and by a written notice served on a person, do the following
with regard to a designation—
(a) impose conditions;
(b) amend or revoke a condition;
(c) impose additional conditions;
(d) revoke the designation.

(6) Before exercising a power under subsection (1)(b) or (5)(d), the Commission must give the person concerned a
reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(7) If the Commission amends or revokes a condition or imposes an additional condition under subsection (5)(b) or
(c), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the notice or at the time
specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(8) If the Commission revokes a designation under subsection (5)(d), the revocation takes effect at the time of the
service of the notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(9) If, under this section, a person is designated or a designation is revoked, the Commission must publish notice of
that fact in the Gazette.

(10) A notice published under subsection (9) is not subsidiary legislation.

Part:
Division:

IIIA
4

Rule Making Powers on Obligations and Designations L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015





Section: 101L Rule making power—reporting obligation L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial
Secretary, make rules—
(a) generally for the purposes of the reporting obligation; and
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), to prescribe the particular matters set out in this section.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 55

(2) Rules made under this section—
(a) may specify for the purposes of paragraph (a)(iv) of the definition of prescribed person in section 101A, a

class or description of persons; and
(b) must provide in relation to a person of such a class or description that the person is subject to the reporting

obligation only if the person is a counterparty to a specified OTC derivative transaction.
(3) Rules made under this section—

(a) may specify generally, or with reference to a class or description of transactions, the OTC derivative
transactions that are subject to the reporting obligation; and

(b) without limiting paragraph (a), may provide that an OTC derivative transaction is subject to the reporting
obligation—
(i) even if a counterparty or more than one counterparty is a person outside Hong Kong;
(ii) except in relation to a person of a class or description specified under subsection (2), even if a

prescribed person is not a counterparty to the transaction; or
(iii) even if the transaction is entered into or conducted wholly or partially outside Hong Kong.

(4) Without limiting subsection (3), OTC derivative transactions may be specified under that subsection with
reference to any factor relating to an OTC derivative transaction, including—
(a) the underlying subject matter of the transaction;
(b) the features or characteristics of the transaction; and
(c) the persons involved in the transaction.

(5) Rules made under this section may specify—
(a) the circumstances relating to a specified OTC derivative transaction in which the reporting obligation—

(i) applies;
(ii) does not apply; or
(iii) is taken to have been complied with;

(b) the criteria (including thresholds) for the application of the reporting obligation; and
(c) different circumstances and criteria for different prescribed persons or different OTC derivative

transactions.
(6) Rules made under this section may provide that a prescribed person is subject to the reporting obligation—

(a) in relation to OTC derivative transactions entered into before the date on which the reporting obligation
started to apply—
(i) to the class or description of persons to which the person belongs; or
(ii) in relation to the class or description of OTC derivative transactions to which the transaction belongs;

and
(b) if the OTC derivative transaction referred to in paragraph (a)—

(i) belongs to a class or description of transactions that is specified by rules made under this section for
the purposes of the reporting obligation; and

(ii) if at the time the reporting obligation started to apply to the person or the transaction, the transaction is
still outstanding within the meaning given by rules made under this subsection.

(7) Rules made under this section may specify—
(a) the form and manner in which a specified OTC derivative transaction is to be reported to the Monetary

Authority;
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), that any requirement as to the form and manner of reporting is complied

with if the specified OTC derivative transaction is reported by means of an electronic system operated by or
on behalf of the Monetary Authority for submitting and receiving reports on OTC derivative transactions
for the purposes of section 101B;

(c) any documents, information or particulars that must be submitted for complying with the reporting
obligation;

(d) the period within which the reporting obligation must be complied with; and
(e) any other matter relating to the procedure for complying with the reporting obligation.

(8) Rules made under this section may specify—
(a) that a prescribed person may report a specified OTC derivative transaction to the Monetary Authority

directly or through a third party; and
(b) that a subsidiary specified under section 101B(5) that is a counterparty to a specified OTC derivative



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 56

transaction may report the transaction to the Monetary Authority directly or through a third party.

Section: 101M Rule making power—fees L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may, after consultation with the Monetary Authority, make rules to require and
provide for the payment to the Monetary Authority of the fees for using the electronic system referred to in
section 101L(7)(b).

(2) Rules made under this section may provide—
(a) that the amount of any fees may be fixed by reference to a scale set out in the rules;
(b) for the payment of different fees by or in relation to persons or cases of different classes or descriptions;
(c) for the time and manner of payment of the fees;
(d) that the payment of any fees may, either generally or in a particular case, be reduced, waived or refunded;
(e) that the Monetary Authority may recover any outstanding amount of the fees as a civil debt due to the

Monetary Authority; and
(f) for any other matters relating or incidental to a matter mentioned in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e).

(3) This section is in addition to and not in derogation of sections 29 and 29A of the Interpretation and General
Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1).


Section: 101N Rule making power—clearing obligation


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial

Secretary, make rules—
(a) generally for the purposes of the clearing obligation; and
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), to prescribe the particular matters set out in this section.

(2) Rules made under this section—
(a) may specify for the purposes of paragraph (b)(iv) of the definition of prescribed person in section 101A, a

class or description of persons; and
(b) must provide in relation to a person of such a class or description that the person is subject to the clearing

obligation only if the person is a counterparty to a specified OTC derivative transaction.
(3) Rules made under this section—

(a) may specify generally, or with reference to a class or description of transactions, the OTC derivative
transactions that are subject to the clearing obligation; and

(b) without limiting paragraph (a), may provide that an OTC derivative transaction is subject to the clearing
obligation—
(i) even if a counterparty or more than one counterparty is a person outside Hong Kong;
(ii) except in relation to a person of a class or description specified under subsection (2), even if a

prescribed person is not a counterparty to the transaction; or
(iii) even if the transaction is entered into or conducted wholly or partially outside Hong Kong.

(4) Without limiting subsection (3), OTC derivative transactions may be specified under that subsection with
reference to any factor relating to an OTC derivative transaction, including—
(a) the underlying subject matter of the transaction;
(b) the features or characteristics of the transaction; and
(c) the persons involved in the transaction.

(5) Rules made under this section may specify—
(a) the circumstances relating to a specified OTC derivative transaction in which the clearing obligation—

(i) applies;
(ii) does not apply; or
(iii) is taken to have been complied with;

(b) the criteria (including thresholds) for the application of the clearing obligation; and
(c) different circumstances and criteria for different prescribed persons or different OTC derivative

transactions.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 57

(6) Rules made under this section may specify—
(a) the manner in which a specified OTC derivative transaction is to be cleared with a designated CCP;
(b) the period within which the clearing obligation must be complied with;
(c) the circumstances in which a specified OTC derivative transaction that is cleared otherwise than with a

designated CCP is treated, for the purposes of the clearing obligation, as having been cleared with a
designated CCP;

(d) that a prescribed person may clear a specified OTC derivative transaction with a designated CCP directly or
through a third party; and

(e) that a subsidiary specified under section 101C(5) that is a counterparty to a specified OTC derivative
transaction may clear the transaction with a designated CCP directly or through a third party.


Section: 101O Rule making power—trading obligation


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial

Secretary, make rules—
(a) generally for the purposes of the trading obligation; and
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), to prescribe the particular matters set out in this section.

(2) Rules made under this section—
(a) may specify for the purposes of paragraph (c)(iv) of the definition of prescribed person in section 101A, a

class or description of persons; and
(b) must provide in relation to a person of such a class or description that the person is subject to the trading

obligation only if the person is a counterparty to a specified OTC derivative transaction.
(3) Rules made under this section—

(a) may specify generally, or with reference to a class or description of transactions, the OTC derivative
transactions that are subject to the trading obligation; and

(b) without limiting paragraph (a), may provide that an OTC derivative transaction is subject to the trading
obligation—
(i) even if a counterparty or more than one counterparty is a person outside Hong Kong;
(ii) except in relation to a person of a class or description specified under subsection (2), even if a

prescribed person is not a counterparty to the transaction; or
(iii) even if the transaction is entered into or conducted wholly or partially outside Hong Kong.

(4) Without limiting subsection (3), OTC derivative transactions may be specified under that subsection with
reference to any factor relating to an OTC derivative transaction, including—
(a) the underlying subject matter of the transaction;
(b) the features or characteristics of the transaction; and
(c) the persons involved in the transaction.

(5) Rules made under this section may specify—
(a) the circumstances relating to a specified OTC derivative transaction in which the trading obligation—

(i) applies;
(ii) does not apply; or
(iii) is taken to have been complied with;

(b) the criteria (including thresholds) for the application of the trading obligation; and
(c) different circumstances and criteria for different prescribed persons or different OTC derivative

transactions.
(6) Rules made under this section may specify—

(a) the manner in which a specified OTC derivative transaction is to be executed on a designated trading
platform;

(b) the circumstances in which a specified OTC derivative transaction that is executed otherwise than on a
designated trading platform is treated, for the purposes of the trading obligation, as having been executed on
a designated trading platform;

(c) that a prescribed person may execute a specified OTC derivative transaction on a designated trading



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 58

platform directly or through a third party; and
(d) that a subsidiary specified under section 101D(5) that is a counterparty to a specified OTC derivative

transaction may execute the transaction on a designated trading platform directly or through a third party.

Section: 101P Rule making power—record keeping obligation L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial
Secretary, make rules—
(a) generally for the purposes of the record keeping obligation; and
(b) without limiting paragraph (a), to prescribe the particular matters set out in this section.

(2) Rules made under this section—
(a) may specify for the purposes of paragraph (d)(iv) of the definition of prescribed person in section 101A, a

class or description of persons; and
(b) must provide in relation to a person of such a class or description that the person is subject to the record

keeping obligation only if the person is a counterparty to a specified OTC derivative transaction.
(3) Rules made under this section may specify—

(a) generally, or with reference to a class or description of transactions, the OTC derivative transactions that are
subject to the record keeping obligation;

(b) the records to be kept;
(c) different records to be kept under different circumstances or by different classes or descriptions of

prescribed persons;
(d) the manner in which, the location at which and the minimum duration for which the records must be kept;
(e) the circumstances relating to a specified OTC derivative transaction in which the record keeping obligation


(i) applies;
(ii) does not apply; or
(iii) is taken to have been complied with; and

(f) any other matter relating to the records to be kept.

Section: 101Q Rule making power—designations


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial Secretary,
make rules to prescribe—

(a) the application procedure for designation—
(i) as a central counterparty, including the documents and information to be provided by the applicant; or
(ii) as a trading platform, including the documents and information to be provided by the applicant;

(b) other requirements to be complied with by an applicant for designation;
(c) any matter that may be taken into account when considering an application;
(d) the grounds on which designation may be refused or revoked;
(e) the procedure for exercising a power under section 101J(1) or (5) or 101K(1) or (5); or
(f) any other matter relating to the process of or procedure for a designation or revocation under section 101J

or 101K.

Part:
Division:

IIIA
5

Systemically Important Participants



Remarks:
Not yet in operation




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 59

Section: 101R Persons who must notify positions in OTC derivative
transactions





Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) This section applies to a person who—

(a) is not—
(i) an authorized financial institution;
(ii) an approved money broker;
(iii) a licensed corporation;
(iv) a recognized exchange company;
(v) a recognized clearing house; or
(vi) a person authorized under section 95(2) to provide automated trading services; and

(b) engages in OTC derivative transactions.
(2) A person to whom this section applies must notify the Commission in accordance with subsection (4) if the

person’s position in a specific class reaches the notification level.
(3) For the purposes of subsection (2), a reference to a person’s position includes the position of another person to

the extent to which the performance of the obligations arising from that other person’s position is guaranteed
by the person.

(4) A notification must be given—
(a) in writing and within the period prescribed by the notification rules; and
(b) in accordance with subsection (5).

(5) A notification must contain—
(a) sufficient information—

(i) to identify the systemically important participant;
(ii) to identify the specific class to which the notification relates; and
(iii) to show that the notification level has been reached; and

(b) any information prescribed by the notification rules (including additional information so prescribed, relating
to the matters referred to in paragraph (a)).

(6) A person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with subsection (2) commits an offence.
(7) A person who commits an offence under subsection (6) is liable—

(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $5000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years and, if the offence is a
continuing offence, to a further fine of $100000 for every day during which the offence continues, until the
cut-off date for the further fine; or

(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and, if the offence is a
continuing offence, to a further fine of $10000 for every day during which the offence continues, until the
cut-off date for the further fine.

(8) For the purposes of subsection (7), the cut-off date for a further fine for which the person is liable is the date on
which the person, in writing, notifies the Commission in accordance with subsection (5) of the person’s
position in that specific class.


Section: 101S Commission to maintain register


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) The Commission must maintain a register, in a form that it considers appropriate, to record information under

section 101T.
(2) The SIP register may be maintained—

(a) in a documentary form; or
(b) by recording information otherwise than in a documentary form, so long as the information is capable of

being reproduced in a legible form.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 60

(3) At all reasonable times, the SIP register must be made available to the public for the purpose of enabling a
person who is a member of the public to ascertain—
(a) whether the person is dealing with a registered SIP; and
(b) the particulars of registration of a registered SIP the person is dealing with.

(4) At all reasonable times, a member of the public may—
(a) inspect the SIP register, or if it is maintained otherwise than in a documentary form, a reproduction of the

information or the relevant part of it in a legible form; and
(b) on payment of the prescribed fee, obtain a copy of—

(i) an entry in the SIP register; or
(ii) an extract of the SIP register.

(5) A document purporting to be—
(a) a copy of an entry in or extract of the SIP register; and
(b) certified by an authorized officer of the Commission as a true copy of the entry or extract,
is admissible as evidence of its contents in any legal proceedings.

(6) Without derogating from the other provisions of this section, the Commission must, in addition, make the SIP
register available to the public in the form of an online record.


Section: 101T Registration in SIP register


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) The Commission may enter in the SIP register in respect of a person who has complied with the notification

requirement—
(a) the name of the person; and
(b) the specific class in respect of which the notification level has been reached.

(2) The Commission may enter in the SIP register in respect of a person who has purportedly given a notification,
but not in accordance with section 101R(4)—
(a) the name of the person; and
(b) the specific class in respect of which the notification level has been reached.

(3) If the conditions in subsection (6) are satisfied in relation to a person, the Commission may enter in the SIP
register—
(a) the name of the person; and
(b) the specific class referred to in subsection (6)(b).

(4) Before making an entry in the SIP register under subsection (3)(a) or (b) in respect of a person, the Commission
must—
(a) inform the Monetary Authority; and
(b) give the person concerned a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of the proposed entry.

(5) The Commission must inform the person concerned by a written notice as soon as practicable after making an
entry in the SIP register under subsection (1)(a) or (b), (2)(a) or (b) or (3)(a) or (b).

(6) The conditions referred to in subsection (3) are that—
(a) section 101R(1) applies to the person; and
(b) either—

(i) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that the person’s position in a specific class has
reached the notification level but the person has not given a notification in respect of the specific class;
or

(ii) the Monetary Authority informs the Commission that the Monetary Authority has reasonable cause to
believe that the person’s position in a specific class has reached the notification level but the person
has not given a notification in respect of the specific class.

(7) For the purposes of subsection (6)(b), a reference to a person’s position includes the position of another person
to the extent to which the performance of the obligations arising from that other person’s position is guaranteed
by the person.

(8) A decision to make an entry in the SIP register under subsection (1), (2) or (3) takes effect at the time of the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 61

service of the notice under subsection (5) on the person or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the
later.


Section: 101U Notification not required after registration for specific

class




Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) If a person is registered for a specific class, as long as the name of the person remains on the SIP register for that

specific class, the person is not required to comply with the notification requirement in respect of that specific
class.

(2) Subsection (1) does not affect any liability incurred for a failure by a person who is registered for a specific class
under section 101T(2) or (3) to comply with the notification requirement in respect of that specific class.

(3) Also, subsection (1) does not affect the application of section 101R(2) to a person whose position in a specific
class reaches the notification level after the first or any subsequent deregistration for that specific class.

(4) For the purposes of this section, a person is taken to be registered for a specific class if the SIP register shows
that the person’s position in that specific class has reached the notification level.

(5) For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4), a reference to the position of a person or a person’s position
includes the position of another person to the extent to which the performance of the obligations arising from
that other person’s position is guaranteed by the person.


Section: 101V Deregistration


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) The Commission must remove from the SIP register the name of a person, if the Commission is satisfied that the

relevant conditions, circumstances and criteria prescribed by the notification rules for removing a person’s
name from the SIP register have been met.

(2) The Commission must remove from the SIP register a specific class entered in respect of a person’s name, if
the Commission is satisfied that the relevant conditions, circumstances and criteria prescribed by the notification
rules for removing the specific class from the SIP register have been met.

(3) A deregistration may be effected—
(a) by the Commission on its own initiative; or
(b) on application by a registered SIP.

(4) The Commission must give the person concerned a reasonable opportunity of being heard before refusing an
application for deregistration.

(5) The Commission must consult the Monetary Authority before effecting a deregistration.
(6) The Commission must inform the person concerned of a deregistration or a refusal to deregister by a written

notice as soon as practicable after a deregistration or a refusal to deregister.
(7) This section does not prevent the Commission from amending the SIP register to give effect to a decision of the

Securities and Futures Appeals Tribunal under Part XI on a review by that Tribunal of a decision of the
Commission under section 101T(3).


Section: 101W Power to require information from registered SIPs


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) The Commission may, by a written notice, require a registered SIP to give to the Commission, in the form and

manner set out in the notice, information required by the notice, regarding one or more of the following—
(a) the registered SIP’s activities and transactions in OTC derivative products;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 62

(b) the risk management systems and policies established in respect of the registered SIP’s transactions in
OTC derivative products;

(c) any other matter prescribed by the notification rules.
(2) The Monetary Authority may, by a written notice, require a registered SIP to give to the Monetary Authority, in

the form and manner set out in the notice, information required by the notice, regarding one or more of the
following—
(a) the registered SIP’s activities and transactions in OTC derivative products;
(b) the risk management systems and policies established in respect of the registered SIP’s transactions in

OTC derivative products;
(c) any other matter prescribed by the notification rules.

(3) The registered SIP must give any information required to be given under subsection (1) or (2) within the period
specified in the notice.


Section: 101X Power to require registered SIPs to take certain action


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) The Commission may, with the consent, or at the request, of the Monetary Authority, take the action specified in

subsection (2), if the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that the registered SIP’s activities or
transactions in OTC derivative products pose, or may pose, a systemic risk—
(a) in the securities and futures industry; or
(b) to the financial stability of Hong Kong.

(2) The action the Commission may take is to require, by a written notice, the registered SIP to do one or more of
the following acts specified in the notice—
(a) to refrain from increasing, or to reduce, the registered SIP’s exposure arising from its positions in one or

more specific classes;
(b) to collect collateral or to increase the amount of collateral collected;
(c) to post collateral or to increase the amount of collateral posted;
(d) to restrict the use of collateral;
(e) to restrict the type of collateral collected or posted;
(f) to take any other action prescribed by the notification rules.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2)(a), a reference to the registered SIP’s exposure arising from its positions is a
reference to the risk to which the registered SIP is exposed in respect of—
(a) the positions of the registered SIP; and
(b) the positions of another person to the extent to which the performance of the obligations arising from those

positions is guaranteed by the registered SIP.
(4) A requirement in a notice served under this section takes effect at the time of the service of the notice or at the

time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

Section: 101Y Application to Court of First Instance


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

(1) If a registered SIP fails to comply with a requirement made under section 101W(1) or 101X, the Commission

may apply to the Court of First Instance for an inquiry into the failure.
(2) If a registered SIP fails to comply with a requirement made under section 101W(2), the Monetary Authority may

apply to the Court of First Instance for an inquiry into the failure.
(3) The Court of First Instance may inquire into the case and if satisfied that—

(a) there is no reasonable excuse for the registered SIP not to comply with the requirement, order the registered
SIP to comply with the requirement within the period specified by the Court; and

(b) the failure was without reasonable excuse, punish the registered SIP in the same manner as if the registered



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 63

SIP had been guilty of contempt of court.
(4) If there is a reasonable likelihood that a registered SIP will fail to comply with a requirement referred to in

subsection (1), the Commission may apply to the Court of First Instance for an order that the registered SIP take
such action or refrain from taking such action as the Court directs.

(5) If there is a reasonable likelihood that a registered SIP will fail to comply with a requirement referred to in
subsection (2), the Monetary Authority may apply to the Court of First Instance for an order that the registered
SIP take such action or refrain from taking such action as the Court directs.

(6) An application under subsection (1), (2), (4) or (5) must be made by originating summons that is in Form No. 10
in Appendix A to the Rules of the High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A).


Section: 101Z Rule making power—notifications etc.


Remarks:
Not yet in operation

The Commission may, with the consent of the Monetary Authority and after consultation with the Financial Secretary,
make rules to prescribe—

(a) in relation to a specific class—
(i) the threshold for the application of the notification requirement;
(ii) the period within which the notification requirement must be complied with;
(iii) the conditions, circumstances and criteria for deregistration; and
(iv) the conditions, circumstances and criteria for regarding a person ’ s position as reaching the

notification level;
(b) additional information to be given by a person under section 101R(5)(b);
(c) matters on which information may be required to be given under section 101W(1)(c) and (2)(c);
(d) action a registered SIP may be required to take under section 101X(2)(f); and
(e) generally for better carrying out the purposes of this Division.


Part: IV Offers of Investments E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part IV has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

IV
1

Interpretation L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 102 Interpretation of Part IV E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
advertisement ( 廣告 ) includes every form of advertising, whether made orally or produced mechanically,

electronically, magnetically, optically, manually or by any other means;
approved person (核准人士)-

(a) in relation to a collective investment scheme, means an individual approved by the Commission under
section 104(3); (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 2)

(aa) in relation to a structured product, means an individual approved by the Commission under section
104A(3); or (Added 8 of 2011 s. 2)

(b) in relation to the issue of an advertisement, invitation or document, means an individual approved by the
Commission under section 105(3);

document (文件) means any publication (including a newspaper, magazine or journal, a poster or notice, a circular,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 64

brochure, pamphlet or handbill, or a prospectus)-
(a) directed at, or the contents of which are likely to be accessed or read (whether concurrently or otherwise)

by, the public; and
(b) whether produced mechanically, electronically, magnetically, optically, manually or by any other means;

exempted body (獲豁免團體) means a body specified in Part 3 of Schedule 4;
invitation (邀請) includes an offer and an invitation, whether made orally or produced mechanically, electronically,

magnetically, optically, manually or by any other means;
issue (發出), in relation to any material (including any advertisement, invitation or document), includes publishing,

circulating, distributing or otherwise disseminating the material or the contents thereof, whether-
(a) by any visit in person;
(b) in a newspaper, magazine, journal or other publication;
(c) by the display of posters or notices;
(d) by means of circulars, brochures, pamphlets or handbills;
(e) by an exhibition of photographs or cinematograph films;
(f) by way of sound or television broadcasting;
(g) by any information system or other electronic device; or
(h) by any other means, whether mechanically, electronically, magnetically, optically, manually or by any other

medium, or by way of production or transmission of light, image or sound or any other medium,
and also includes causing or authorizing the material to be issued;
relevant authority (監管當局), in relation to a place outside Hong Kong, means an authority which the Monetary

Authority is satisfied is a recognized banking supervisory authority of that place;
representative (代表)-

(a) in relation to a licensed corporation, means an individual-
(i) who is licensed as a licensed representative for a regulated activity; and
(ii) who carries on that regulated activity for the licensed corporation as a licensed corporation to which he

is accredited; or
(b) in relation to a registered institution, means an individual-

(i) whose name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the
Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as that of a person engaged by the registered institution in respect of a
regulated activity; and

(ii) who carries on that regulated activity for the registered institution; (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 2)
securities (證券) has the same meaning as that given by the definition of securities in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule

1 except that it does not include structured products that are securities only because of paragraph (g) of that
definition. (Added 8 of 2011 s. 2)

(2) For the purposes of this Part-
(a) an advertisement, invitation or document issued by a person shall be regarded as being issued by him on

every day on which he causes or authorizes it to be so issued;
(b) an advertisement, invitation or document issued by one person on behalf of another shall be regarded as an

advertisement, invitation or document (as the case may be) issued by both persons.

Part:
Division:

IV
2

Regulation of offers of investments, etc. L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 103 Offence to issue advertisements, invitations or documents
relating to investments in certain cases

L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



(1) Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (5) to (9), a person commits an offence if he issues, or has in his possession
for the purposes of issue, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, an advertisement, invitation or document which
to his knowledge is or contains an invitation to the public-
(a) to enter into or offer to enter into-

(i) an agreement to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite securities; or
(ii) a regulated investment agreement or an agreement to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 65

any other structured product; or (Replaced 8 of 2011 s. 3)
(b) to acquire an interest in or participate in, or offer to acquire an interest in or participate in, a collective

investment scheme,
unless the issue is authorized by the Commission under section 105(1).
(2) Subsection (1) does not apply to the issue, or the possession for the purposes of issue, of any advertisement,

invitation or document-
(a) made by or on behalf of an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 1, Type 4 or Type 6 regulated

activity (whether acting as principal or agent) in respect of-
(i) listed securities; or
(ii) unlisted securities (excluding unlisted securities that are structured products); (Replaced 8 of 2011 s.

3)
(b) made by or on behalf of an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 2 or Type 5 regulated activity

(whether acting as principal or agent) in respect of futures contracts;
(c) made by or on behalf of-

(i) an authorized financial institution (whether acting as principal or agent); or
(ii) an intermediary licensed for Type 3 regulated activity (whether acting as principal or agent),

in respect of leveraged foreign exchange contracts;
(d) made by or on behalf of a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house in respect of the

provision of services by such recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house (as the case may
be);

(e) made by or on behalf of a corporation in respect of securities (excluding securities that are structured
products) of the corporation, or of a related corporation of the corporation, to-
(i) holders of securities (excluding securities that are structured products) of the corporation or related

corporation;
(ii) creditors of the corporation or related corporation;
(iii) employees employed by the corporation or related corporation; or
(iv) agents acting in a professional capacity on behalf of the corporation or related corporation; (Replaced

8 of 2011 s. 3)
(f) made by or on behalf of the Government in respect of securities or structured products issued by it;

(Amended 8 of 2011 s. 3)
(g) made by or on behalf of a credit union in respect of shares in the credit union;
(ga) to the extent that the advertisement, invitation or document relates to an offer falling within paragraph

(b)(ii) of the definition of prospectus in section 2(1) of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous
Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32); (Added 30 of 2004 s. 3. Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(h) made by or on behalf of a person acting as a trustee of a trust, not being a collective investment scheme, to
beneficiaries under the trust; or

(i) made by or on behalf of a person who is engaged in the business of selling and purchasing property other
than securities or structured products (whether acting as principal or agent) in the ordinary course of that
business. (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 3)

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to the issue, or the possession for the purposes of issue-
(a) of-

(i) a prospectus which complies with or is exempt from compliance with Part II of the Companies
(Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32);

(ii) in the case of a corporation incorporated outside Hong Kong, a prospectus which complies with or is
exempt from compliance with Part XII of that Ordinance;

(iii) a publication falling within section 38B(2) of that Ordinance; (Replaced 30 of 2004 s. 3. Amended 28
of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(b) of a document relating to the securities of a body corporate incorporated in Hong Kong that is not a
registered company, being a document which-
(i) would, if the body corporate were a registered company, be a prospectus to which section 38 of the

Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) applies, or would apply if
not excluded by section 38(5)(b) or 38A of that Ordinance; and (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(ii) contains all the matters which, by virtue of Part XII of that Ordinance, it would be required to contain
if the body corporate were a corporation incorporated outside Hong Kong and the document were a
prospectus issued by that corporation;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 66

(c) of a form of application for the shares or debentures of a corporation, where it is issued, or the possession is
for the purposes of issue, together with-
(i) a prospectus with respect to those shares or debentures which complies with or is exempt from

compliance with Part II of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance
(Cap 32) or, in the case of a corporation incorporated outside Hong Kong, complies with or is exempt
from compliance with Part XII of that Ordinance; or (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(ii) in the case of a body corporate incorporated in Hong Kong that is not a registered company, a
document containing all the matters which, by virtue of Part XII of that Ordinance, it would be
required to contain if the body corporate were a corporation incorporated outside Hong Kong and the
document were a prospectus issued by that corporation with respect to those shares or debentures;

(d) of a form of application for the securities of a corporation, where it is issued, or the possession is for the
purposes of issue, in connection with an invitation made in good faith to a person to enter into an
underwriting agreement with respect to those securities;

(e) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of the issue, whether in Hong Kong or
elsewhere, of a certificate of deposit by an authorized financial institution;

(ea) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of the issue, whether in Hong Kong or
elsewhere, of a currency-linked instrument, an interest rate-linked instrument or a currency and interest
rate-linked instrument by an authorized financial institution; (Added 8 of 2011 s. 3)

(f) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of the issue, whether in Hong Kong or
elsewhere, of a certificate of deposit-
(i) the amount or denomination of which is not less than the sum specified in Part 1 of Schedule 4; and
(ii) by-

(A) a multilateral agency; or
(B) a bank incorporated outside Hong Kong and having no place of business in Hong Kong, where

the Monetary Authority has declared in writing that he is satisfied that the bank is likely to be
adequately supervised by the relevant authority of any place in which it is incorporated or has
its principal place of business;

(g) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of the issue, whether in Hong Kong or
elsewhere, of any instrument specified in Part 2 of Schedule 4 (other than a certificate of deposit), where the
amount or denomination of the instrument is not less than the sum specified in Part 1 of Schedule 4 and the
instrument-
(i) is issued by an authorized financial institution or a multilateral agency, or by an exempted body which,

if it is a corporation or a wholly owned subsidiary specified in item 11 of Part 3 of Schedule 4,
complies with the relevant condition;

(ii) is issued by a corporation which complies with the relevant condition, and is guaranteed by an
authorized financial institution or a multilateral agency, or by an exempted body (other than a
corporation specified in item 11 of Part 3 of Schedule 4 which does not comply with the relevant
condition, or a wholly owned subsidiary of the corporation); or

(iii) is issued by a wholly owned subsidiary specified in item 11 of Part 3 of Schedule 4 and is guaranteed
by the corporation of which it is such a subsidiary and which complies with the relevant condition;

(h) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of the issue of securities the listing of which
on a recognized stock market has been approved by the recognized exchange company by which the
recognized stock market is operated, where the advertisement, invitation or document complies with the
rules made under section 23 or 36 governing the listing of securities, except to the extent that compliance is,
in accordance with those rules, waived, modified or not required;

(i) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of securities regulated in a jurisdiction outside
Hong Kong which have been admitted to trading on a recognized stock market under or pursuant to rules
made under section 23 or 36;

(j) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of securities or structured products, or
interests in any collective investment scheme, that are or are intended to be disposed of only to persons
outside Hong Kong; (Replaced 8 of 2011 s. 3)

(k) of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of securities or structured products, or
interests in any collective investment scheme, that are or are intended to be disposed of only to professional
investors. (Replaced 8 of 2011 s. 3)

(4) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 67

(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 3 years and, in the case of a
continuing offence, to a further fine of $20000 for every day during which the offence continues; or

(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months and, in the case of a
continuing offence, to a further fine of $10000 for every day during which the offence continues.

(5) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (1) by reason only that he issues, or
has in his possession for the purposes of issue-
(a) as or on behalf of an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 1, Type 4 or Type 6 regulated activity

(whether acting as principal or agent) any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of-
(i) listed securities; or
(ii) unlisted securities (excluding unlisted securities that are structured products); (Replaced 8 of 2011 s.

3)
(b) as or on behalf of an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 2 or Type 5 regulated activity (whether

acting as principal or agent), any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of futures contracts;
(c) as or on behalf of-

(i) an authorized financial institution (whether acting as principal or agent); or
(ii) an intermediary licensed for Type 3 regulated activity (whether acting as principal or agent),

any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of leveraged foreign exchange contracts.
(6) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (1) by reason only that he issues any

advertisement, invitation or document, or has any advertisement, invitation or document in his possession for the
purposes of issue-
(a) in the case of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of any of the following to an

intermediary licensed or registered for Type 1, Type 4 or Type 6 regulated activity, or a representative of
such an intermediary that carries on such a regulated activity for the intermediary-
(i) listed securities; or
(ii) unlisted securities (excluding unlisted securities that are structured products); (Replaced 8 of 2011 s.

3)
(b) in the case of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of futures contracts, to an

intermediary licensed or registered for Type 2 or Type 5 regulated activity, or a representative of such
intermediary that carries on such regulated activity for such intermediary; or

(c) in the case of any advertisement, invitation or document made in respect of leveraged foreign exchange
contracts, to-
(i) an authorized financial institution; or
(ii) an intermediary licensed for Type 3 regulated activity, or a representative of such intermediary that

carries on such regulated activity for such intermediary.
(7) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (1) by reason only that he issues, or

has in his possession for the purposes of issue, any advertisement, invitation or document if-
(a) the advertisement, invitation or document (as the case may be) was so issued, or possessed for the purposes

of issue, in the ordinary course of a business (whether or not carried on by him), the principal purpose of
which was receiving and issuing materials provided by others;

(b) the contents of the advertisement, invitation or document (as the case may be) were not, wholly or partly,
devised-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself; and

(c) for the purposes of the issue-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the advertisement, invitation
or document (as the case may be).

(8) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (1) by reason only that he issues by
way of live broadcast, or has in his possession for the purposes of issue by way of live broadcast, any
advertisement, invitation or document if-
(a) the advertisement, invitation or document (as the case may be) was so issued, or possessed for the purposes

of issue, in the ordinary course of the business of a broadcaster (whether or not he was such broadcaster);
(b) the contents of the advertisement, invitation or document (as the case may be) were not, wholly or partly,

devised-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 68

(i) where he was the broadcaster, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the issue-
(i) where he was the broadcaster, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the advertisement, invitation
or document (as the case may be); and

(d) in relation to the broadcast-
(i) where he was the broadcaster, he; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he believed and had reasonable grounds to believe that the

broadcaster,
acted in accordance with the terms and conditions of the licence (if any) by which he or the broadcaster (as

the case may be) became entitled to broadcast as a broadcaster and with any code of practice or guidelines
(however described) issued under or pursuant to the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or the
Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562) and applicable to him or the broadcaster (as the case may be) as a
broadcaster.

(9) It is a defence to a charge for an offence under subsection (1) for the person charged to prove that he took all
reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence with which he is
charged.

(10) For the purposes of any proceedings under this section-
(a) an advertisement, invitation or document which consists of or contains information likely to lead, directly

or indirectly, to the doing of any act referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (b) shall be regarded as an
advertisement, invitation or document (as the case may be) which is or contains an invitation to do such act;

(b) an advertisement, invitation or document which is or contains an invitation directed at, or the contents of
which are likely to be accessed or read (whether concurrently or otherwise) by, the public shall be regarded
as an advertisement, invitation or document (as the case may be) which is or contains an invitation to the
public.

(11) Nothing in subsection (2)(a), (b), (c) or (i) or (5)(a), (b) or (c) applies to anything done by any person in respect
of any interest in a collective investment scheme that is not authorized by the Commission under section 104.

(12) In this section-
guaranteed (作出擔保) means guaranteed fully, unconditionally, irrevocably and in writing;
registered company (註冊公司) means a company registered under the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) or the

relevant Ordinance; (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
relevant condition (有關條件), in relation to a corporation (including a wholly owned subsidiary of any other

corporation), means a condition that the amount by which the aggregate of the corporation's assets exceeds the
aggregate of its liabilities, as calculated in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, is not less
than the sum specified in Part 4 of Schedule 4.


Section: 104 Commission may authorize collective investment schemes E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) On an application to the Commission, the Commission may, where it considers appropriate, authorize any
collective investment scheme, subject to the condition specified in subsection (2) and to any other conditions it
considers appropriate.

(2) It shall be a condition of authorization of a collective investment scheme under subsection (1) that at any time
when the scheme is authorized-
(a) there is an individual approved by the Commission under subsection (3) as an approved person for the

purpose of being served by the Commission with notices and decisions for the scheme; and
(b) the Commission is informed of particulars-

(i) subject to subparagraph (ii), of the current contact details of the approved person referred to in
paragraph (a), including, in so far as applicable, the address, telephone and facsimile numbers, and
electronic mail address of the approved person;

(ii) where there is any change in the contact details referred to in subparagraph (i), of the change, within
14 days after the change takes place.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2)(a), on an application by any person to the Commission, the Commission may,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 69

where it considers appropriate, approve any individual nominated in the application in respect of a collective
investment scheme as an approved person for the purpose of being served by the Commission with notices and
decisions for the scheme, and may, by notice in writing served on the person, withdraw the approval.

(4) The Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the approved person for a collective investment
scheme, amend or revoke any of the conditions (other than the condition specified in subsection (2)) imposed, or
impose new conditions, in respect of the authorization granted under subsection (1) in respect of the scheme.

(5) Without limiting any other ground on which the Commission may refuse to authorize any collective investment
scheme under subsection (1), the Commission may refuse to do so where it is not satisfied that the authorization
is in the interest of the investing public.

(6) An application made pursuant to subsection (1) or (3) shall be accompanied by such information and documents
as the Commission requires.

(7) Where the Commission refuses to authorize a collective investment scheme, or to approve an individual as an
approved person, pursuant to subsection (1) or (3), it shall by notice in writing notify the person making the
application in question of the decision and the reasons for which it is made.

(8) The Commission may publish in such manner as it considers appropriate particulars of any collective investment
scheme authorized under subsection (1).

(9) Particulars published under subsection (8) are not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 104A Commission may authorize structured products E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) On an application by any person, the Commission may authorize a structured product, subject to the condition
specified in subsection (2) and to any other conditions it considers appropriate.

(2) It is a condition of authorization of a structured product that, at any time when the product is authorized—
(a) there is an individual approved by the Commission under subsection (3) as an approved person for the

purpose of being served by the Commission with notices and decisions for the product; and
(b) the Commission is informed—

(i) subject to subparagraph (ii), of the current contact details of the approved person, including, as
applicable, the address, telephone and facsimile numbers, and electronic mail address of the approved
person;

(ii) if there is any change in those contact details, of the change within 14 days after the change takes
place.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2)(a), on an application by any person, the Commission may approve an
individual nominated in the application in respect of a structured product as an approved person for the purpose
of being served by the Commission with notices and decisions for the product.

(4) The Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the approved person for a structured product—
(a) amend or revoke any of the conditions (other than the condition specified in subsection (2)) imposed, or

impose new conditions, in respect of the authorization of the product; or
(b) withdraw the person’s approval under subsection (3).

(5) Without limiting any other ground on which the Commission may refuse to authorize a structured product under
subsection (1), the Commission may refuse to do so if it is not satisfied that the authorization is in the interest of
the investing public.

(6) An application made under subsection (1) or (3) must be accompanied by any information and documents that
the Commission requires.

(7) If the Commission refuses to authorize a structured product, or to approve an individual as an approved person,
the Commission must notify the applicant in writing of the refusal and the reasons for it.

(8) The Commission may publish, in any manner it considers appropriate, particulars of a structured product
authorized under subsection (1).

(9) Particulars published under subsection (8) are not subsidiary legislation.
(Added 8 of 2011 s. 4)


Section: 105 Commission may authorize issue of advertisements,

invitations or documents
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) On an application to the Commission, the Commission may, where it considers appropriate, authorize the issue



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 70

of any advertisement, invitation or document which is or contains an invitation to do any act referred to in
section 103(1)(a) or (b), subject to the condition specified in subsection (2) and to any other conditions it
considers appropriate, including conditions on the matter to which the advertisement, invitation or document
relates.

(2) It shall be a condition of authorization of the issue of any advertisement, invitation or document under
subsection (1) that at any time when the issue is authorized-
(a) there is an individual approved by the Commission under subsection (3) as an approved person for the

purpose of being served by the Commission with notices and decisions for the issue; and
(b) the Commission is informed of particulars-

(i) subject to subparagraph (ii), of the current contact details of the approved person referred to in
paragraph (a), including, in so far as applicable, the address, telephone and facsimile numbers, and
electronic mail address of the approved person;

(ii) where there is any change in the contact details referred to in subparagraph (i), of the change, within
14 days after the change takes place.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2)(a), on an application by any person to the Commission, the Commission may,
where it considers appropriate, approve any individual nominated in the application in respect of the issue of any
advertisement, invitation or document as an approved person for the purpose of being served by the Commission
with notices and decisions for the issue, and may, by notice in writing served on the person, withdraw the
approval.

(4) The Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the approved person for the issue of any
advertisement, invitation or document, amend or revoke any of the conditions (other than the condition specified
in subsection (2)) imposed, or impose new conditions, in respect of the authorization granted under subsection
(1) in respect of the issue.

(5) Without limiting any other ground on which the Commission may refuse to authorize the issue of any
advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (1), the Commission may refuse to do so where it is not
satisfied that the matter to which the advertisement, invitation or document relates is in the interest of the
investing public.

(6) An application made pursuant to subsection (1) or (3) shall be accompanied by such information and documents
as the Commission requires.

(7) Where the Commission refuses to authorize the issue of any advertisement, invitation or document, or to
approve an individual as an approved person, pursuant to subsection (1) or (3), it shall by notice in writing notify
the person making the application in question of the decision and the reasons for which it is made.


Section: 106 Withdrawal of authorization under section 104, 104A or

105, etc.*
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Subject to subsection (5), where, in relation to an authorization of a collective investment scheme under section
104, an authorization of a structured product under section 104A, or an authorization of the issue of an
advertisement, invitation or document under section 105, the Commission decides that- (Amended 8 of 2011 s.
5)
(a) any information provided to the Commission pursuant to section 104(6), 104A(6) or 105(6) (as the case

may be) was at the time when it was provided false or misleading in a material particular;
(b) any of the conditions imposed in respect of the authorization under section 104, 104A or 105 (as the case

may be) are not being complied with;
(c) any information provided to the Commission in purported compliance with any of the conditions imposed

in respect of the authorization under section 104, 104A or 105 (as the case may be) was at the time when it
was provided false or misleading in a material particular; or

(d) it is desirable to withdraw the authorization in order to protect the interest of the investing public,
the Commission may withdraw the authorization. (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 5)
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Commission must withdraw the authorization of a collective investment scheme, a

structured product or the issue of an advertisement, invitation or document on a request in writing made by the
approved person for the scheme, product or issue (as the case may be). (Replaced 8 of 2011 s. 5)

(3) Subject to subsection (5), the Commission may refuse to withdraw an authorization of a collective investment
scheme or structured product or of the issue of an advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (2)
where it considers that- (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 5)



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 71

(a) in the case of an authorization of a collective investment scheme or structured product, it is in the public
interest that any matter concerning the scheme or product should be investigated before the authorization is
withdrawn under subsection (2); or (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 5)

(b) the withdrawal of the authorization would not be in the interest of the investing public.
(4) Subject to subsection (5), where the Commission withdraws an authorization under subsection (1) or (2), it may

impose such conditions on the withdrawal of the authorization as it considers appropriate.
(5) The Commission shall not-

(a) withdraw an authorization of a collective investment scheme or structured product or of the issue of an
advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (1);

(b) refuse to withdraw an authorization of a collective investment scheme or structured product or of the issue
of an advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (3); or

(c) impose any conditions on the withdrawal of an authorization of a collective investment scheme or
structured product or of the issue of an advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (4),

without first giving the approved person for the scheme, the product or the issue (as the case may be) a
reasonable opportunity of being heard. (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 5)

(6) Where the Commission-
(a) withdraws an authorization of a collective investment scheme or structured product or of the issue of an

advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (1);
(b) withdraws an authorization of a collective investment scheme or structured product or of the issue of an

advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (2);
(c) refuses to withdraw an authorization of a collective investment scheme or structured product or of the issue

of an advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (3); or
(d) imposes any conditions on the withdrawal of an authorization of a collective investment scheme or

structured product or of the issue of an advertisement, invitation or document under subsection (4),
it shall by notice in writing notify the approved person for the scheme, the product or the issue (as the case may

be) of the decision and, in the case of paragraph (a), (c) or (d), the reasons for which it is made. (Amended 8 of
2011 s. 5)

(7) Where the Commission withdraws an authorization under subsection (1) or (2), it may publish notice of the
withdrawal and the reasons therefor in such manner as it considers appropriate.

(8) A notice or any other matter published under subsection (7) is not subsidiary legislation.
________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 5)

Section: 107 Offence to fraudulently or recklessly induce others to

invest money
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A person commits an offence if he makes any fraudulent misrepresentation or reckless misrepresentation for the
purpose of inducing another person-
(a) to enter into or offer to enter into-

(i) an agreement to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite securities; or
(ii) a regulated investment agreement or an agreement to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite

any other structured product; or (Replaced 8 of 2011 s. 6)
(b) to acquire an interest in or participate in, or offer to acquire an interest in or participate in, a collective

investment scheme.
(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable-

(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) For the purposes of this section-
(a) fraudulent misrepresentation (欺詐的失實陳述) means-

(i) any statement which, at the time when it is made, is to the knowledge of its maker false, misleading or
deceptive;

(ii) any promise which, at the time when it is made, its maker has no intention of fulfilling, or is to the
knowledge of its maker not capable of being fulfilled;

(iii) any forecast which, at the time when it is made, is to the knowledge of its maker not justified on the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 72

facts then known to him; or
(iv) any statement or forecast from which, at the time when it is made, its maker intentionally omits a

material fact, with the result that-
(A) in the case of the statement, the statement is rendered false, misleading or deceptive; or
(B) in the case of the forecast, the forecast is rendered misleading or deceptive;

(b) reckless misrepresentation (罔顧實情的失實陳述) means-
(i) any statement which, at the time when it is made, is false, misleading or deceptive and is made

recklessly;
(ii) any promise which, at the time when it is made, is not capable of being fulfilled and is made

recklessly;
(iii) any forecast which, at the time when it is made, is not justified on the facts then known to its maker

and is made recklessly; or
(iv) any statement or forecast from which, at the time when it is made, its maker recklessly omits a material

fact, with the result that-
(A) in the case of the statement, the statement is rendered false, misleading or deceptive; or
(B) in the case of the forecast, the forecast is rendered misleading or deceptive.


Section: 108 Civil liability for inducing others to invest money in certain

cases
L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



(1) Where a person makes any fraudulent misrepresentation, reckless misrepresentation or negligent
misrepresentation by which another person is induced-
(a) to enter into or offer to enter into-

(i) an agreement to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite securities; or
(ii) a regulated investment agreement or an agreement to acquire, dispose of, subscribe for or underwrite

any other structured product; or (Replaced 8 of 2011 s. 7)
(b) to acquire an interest in or participate in, or offer to acquire an interest in or participate in, a collective

investment scheme,
the first-mentioned person shall, whether or not he also incurs any other liability (whether under this Part or

otherwise), be liable to pay compensation by way of damages to the other person for any pecuniary loss that the
other person has sustained as a result of the reliance by the other person on the misrepresentation.

(2) For the purposes of this section, where a company or other body corporate has made any fraudulent
misrepresentation, reckless misrepresentation or negligent misrepresentation by which another person is induced
to do any act referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (b), any person who was a director of the company or body
corporate at the time when the misrepresentation was made shall, unless it is proved that he did not authorize the
making of the misrepresentation, be presumed also to have made the misrepresentation.

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, where a court has jurisdiction to determine an action brought under subsection (1), it
may, where it is, apart from this section, within its jurisdiction to entertain an application for an injunction, grant
an injunction in addition to, or in substitution for, damages, on such terms and conditions as it considers
appropriate.

(4) This section does not confer a right of action in any case to which section 40 of the Companies (Winding Up and
Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) (whether with or without reference to section 342E of that
Ordinance) applies. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(5) A person may bring an action under subsection (1) even though the person against whom the action is brought
has not been charged with or convicted of an offence by reason of a contravention of this Part.

(6) Nothing in this section affects, limits or diminishes any rights conferred on a person, or any liabilities a person
may incur, under the common law or any other enactment.

(7) For the purposes of this section-
(a) fraudulent misrepresentation (欺詐的失實陳述) means-

(i) any statement which, at the time when it is made, is to the knowledge of its maker false, misleading or
deceptive;

(ii) any promise which, at the time when it is made, its maker has no intention of fulfilling, or is to the
knowledge of its maker not capable of being fulfilled;

(iii) any forecast which, at the time when it is made, is to the knowledge of its maker not justified on the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 73

facts then known to him; or
(iv) any statement or forecast from which, at the time when it is made, its maker intentionally omits a

material fact, with the result that-
(A) in the case of the statement, the statement is rendered false, misleading or deceptive; or
(B) in the case of the forecast, the forecast is rendered misleading or deceptive;

(b) reckless misrepresentation (罔顧實情的失實陳述) means-
(i) any statement which, at the time when it is made, is false, misleading or deceptive and is made

recklessly;
(ii) any promise which, at the time when it is made, is not capable of being fulfilled and is made

recklessly;
(iii) any forecast which, at the time when it is made, is not justified on the facts then known to its maker

and is made recklessly; or
(iv) any statement or forecast from which, at the time when it is made, its maker recklessly omits a material

fact, with the result that-
(A) in the case of the statement, the statement is rendered false, misleading or deceptive; or
(B) in the case of the forecast, the forecast is rendered misleading or deceptive;

(c) negligent misrepresentation (疏忽的失實陳述) means-
(i) any statement which, at the time when it is made, is false, misleading or deceptive and is made without

reasonable care having been taken to ensure its accuracy;
(ii) any promise which, at the time when it is made, is not capable of being fulfilled and is made without

reasonable care having been taken to ensure that it can be fulfilled;
(iii) any forecast which, at the time when it is made, is not justified on the facts then known to its maker

and is made without reasonable care having been taken to ensure the accuracy of those facts; or
(iv) any statement or forecast from which, at the time when it is made, its maker negligently omits a

material fact, with the result that-
(A) in the case of the statement, the statement is rendered false, misleading or deceptive; or
(B) in the case of the forecast, the forecast is rendered misleading or deceptive.


Section: 109 Offence to issue advertisements relating to carrying on of

regulated activities, etc.
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Subject to subsections (3) to (6), a person commits an offence if he issues, or has in his possession for the
purposes of issue-
(a) an advertisement in which to his knowledge-

(i) a person holds himself out as being prepared to carry on Type 4, Type 5, Type 6 or Type 9 regulated
activity; and

(ii) the person is not licensed or registered for such regulated activity as required under this Ordinance; or
(b) any document which to his knowledge contains such advertisement.

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to
imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (1) by reason only that he issues any
advertisement or document, or has any advertisement or document in his possession for the purposes of issue-
(a) in the case of an advertisement in which a person holds himself out as being prepared to carry on Type 4

regulated activity, to an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 4 regulated activity, or a representative
of such intermediary that carries on such regulated activity for such intermediary;

(b) in the case of an advertisement in which a person holds himself out as being prepared to carry on Type 5
regulated activity, to an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 5 regulated activity, or a representative
of such intermediary that carries on such regulated activity for such intermediary;

(c) in the case of an advertisement in which a person holds himself out as being prepared to carry on Type 6
regulated activity, to an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 6 regulated activity, or a representative
of such intermediary that carries on such regulated activity for such intermediary; or

(d) in the case of an advertisement in which a person holds himself out as being prepared to carry on Type 9
regulated activity, to an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 9 regulated activity, or a representative
of such intermediary that carries on such regulated activity for such intermediary.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 74

(4) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (1) by reason only that he issues, or
has in his possession for the purposes of issue, any advertisement or document if-
(a) the advertisement or document (as the case may be) was so issued, or possessed for the purposes of issue, in

the ordinary course of a business (whether or not carried on by him), the principal purpose of which was
receiving and issuing materials provided by others;

(b) the contents of the advertisement or document (as the case may be) were not, wholly or partly, devised-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself; and

(c) for the purposes of the issue-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the advertisement or document
(as the case may be).

(5) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (1) by reason only that he issues by
way of live broadcast, or has in his possession for the purposes of issue by way of live broadcast, any
advertisement or document if-
(a) the advertisement or document (as the case may be) was so issued, or possessed for the purposes of issue, in

the ordinary course of the business of a broadcaster (whether or not he was such broadcaster);
(b) the contents of the advertisement or document (as the case may be) were not, wholly or partly, devised-

(i) where he was the broadcaster, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the issue-
(i) where he was the broadcaster, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the advertisement or
document (as the case may be); and

(d) in relation to the broadcast-
(i) where he was the broadcaster, he; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he believed and had reasonable grounds to believe that the

broadcaster,
acted in accordance with the terms and conditions of the licence (if any) by which he or the broadcaster (as the

case may be) became entitled to broadcast as a broadcaster and with any code of practice or guidelines (however
described) issued under or pursuant to the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or the Broadcasting
Ordinance (Cap 562) and applicable to him or the broadcaster (as the case may be) as a broadcaster.

(6) It is a defence to a charge for an offence under subsection (1) for the person charged to prove that he took all
reasonable steps and exercised all due diligence to avoid the commission of the offence with which he is
charged.


Part:
Division:

IV
3

Miscellaneous L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 110 Submission of information to Commission E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person that is-
(a) an authorized financial institution;
(b) an exempted body or, in the case of a wholly owned subsidiary specified in item 11 of Part 3 of Schedule 4

but incorporated outside Hong Kong, an authorized representative of that subsidiary;
(c) a multilateral agency or an authorized representative of that agency; or
(d) a bank incorporated outside Hong Kong or an authorized representative of that bank,

commits an offence if he fails, within 10 business days, or such longer period as is prescribed by rules made
under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection, after the issue of any advertisement, invitation or
document referred to in section 103(3)(e), (f) or (g) by the authorized financial institution, the exempted body or
the wholly owned subsidiary, the multilateral agency or the bank (as the case may be), to submit to the
Commission such information in respect of the advertisement, invitation or document as is prescribed by the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 75

rules.
(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and, in the case

of a continuing offence, to a further fine of $5000 for every day during which the offence continues.
(3) In subsection (1), authorized representative (獲授權代表), in relation to the issue of any advertisement,

invitation or document, means-
(a) in the case of a wholly owned subsidiary specified in item 11 of Part 3 of Schedule 4 but incorporated

outside Hong Kong, the listed corporation of which it is the subsidiary; or
(b) in the case of a multilateral agency or a bank incorporated outside Hong Kong, a person resident in Hong

Kong who is authorized by the agency or the bank (as the case may be) to act on behalf of the agency or the
bank (as the case may be) in respect of that issue.


Section: 111 Service of notices, etc. on approved persons E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Notwithstanding section 400, any written notice, decision or direction or other document (however described) to
be, or required to be, issued or served (however described) to or on an approved person by the Commission for
the purposes of this Ordinance shall for all purposes be regarded as duly issued or served only if-
(a) it is delivered to him by hand; or
(b) it is-

(i) left at, or sent by post to, the last address;
(ii) sent by facsimile transmission to the last facsimile number; or
(iii) sent by electronic mail transmission to the last electronic mail address,

shown by the particulars of which the Commission is informed in respect of the approved person for the
purposes of section 104(2)(b), 104A(2)(b) or 105(2)(b) (as the case may be). (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 8)

(2) Where a notice, decision or direction or other document (however described) is regarded as duly issued or served
to or on an approved person under subsection (1)(b), it shall for all purposes be regarded as issued or served to or
on the approved person, and as coming to his notice, at the time when-
(a) where it is left at an address, it is so left at that address;
(b) where it is sent by post to an address, it would in the ordinary course of post be delivered to that address;
(c) where it is sent by facsimile transmission to a facsimile number, it would in the ordinary course of

transmission by facsimile be received at that number; or
(d) where it is sent by electronic mail transmission to an electronic mail address, it would in the ordinary course

of transmission by electronic mail be received at that address.

Section: 112 Amendment of Schedule 4 E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Financial Secretary may, by notice published in the Gazette, amend Part 1 of Schedule 4.
(2) The Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, by notice published in the Gazette, amend

Parts 2, 3 and 4 of Schedule 4.

Part: V Licensing and Registration E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part V has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 113 Interpretation of Part V E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
executive director (執行董事), in relation to a licensed corporation, means a director of the corporation who-

(a) actively participates in; or
(b) is responsible for directly supervising,

the business of a regulated activity for which the corporation is licensed;
prescribed fee (訂明費用) means a fee prescribed by rules made under section 395;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 76

prescribed manner (訂明方式) means such manner as is prescribed by rules made under section 397;
principal (主事人), in relation to a licensed representative, means the licensed corporation to which the representative

is accredited;
regulated function (受規管職能), in relation to a regulated activity carried on as a business by any person, means

any function performed for or on behalf of or by arrangement with the person relating to the regulated activity,
other than work ordinarily performed by an accountant, clerk or cashier;

specified titles (指明稱銜) means the titles specified in column 3 of Schedule 6.
(2) In this Part, a reference to a licence to carry on a regulated activity shall be construed-

(a) in relation to a licensed corporation, as a licence to carry on a business in the regulated activity; and
(b) in relation to a licensed representative, as a licence to perform for or on behalf of or by arrangement with a

licensed corporation to which he is accredited any regulated function in relation to the regulated activity.
(3) Registration for a regulated activity under section 119 shall be construed as registration for carrying on a

business in the regulated activity.

Section: 114 Restriction on carrying on business in regulated activities,

etc.
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Subject to subsections (2), (5) and (6), no person shall-
(a) carry on a business in a regulated activity; or
(b) hold himself out as carrying on a business in a regulated activity.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to-
(a) a corporation licensed under section 116 or 117 for the regulated activity;
(b) an authorized financial institution registered under section 119 for the regulated activity; or
(c) a person authorized under section 95(2) for the regulated activity.

(3) Without prejudice to subsection (1) but subject to subsection (4), no person shall-
(a) perform any regulated function in relation to a regulated activity carried on as a business; or
(b) hold himself out as performing such function.

(4) Subsection (3) shall not apply to-
(a) a licensed representative who carries on for his principal a regulated activity for which the representative is

licensed;
(b) an individual-

(i) who carries on for a registered institution a regulated activity for which the registered institution is
registered; and

(ii) whose name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the
Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged by the registered institution in respect of the regulated
activity; or

(c) an employee of a person authorized under section 95(2) for the regulated activity who performs any
regulated function in relation to the regulated activity for which the person is so authorized.

(5) A person shall not be regarded as contravening subsection (1) in relation to Type 8 regulated activity by reason
only of carrying on one or more of the activities specified in Part 3 of Schedule 5.

(6) A person shall not be regarded as contravening subsection (1) in relation to Type 8 regulated activity by reason
only of providing financial accommodation if he reasonably believes that the financial accommodation is not to
be used to facilitate-
(a) the acquisition of securities listed on a stock market (whether a recognized stock market or any other stock

market outside Hong Kong); or
(b) the continued holding of such securities.

(7) For the purposes of subsection (6), where it is proved in any proceedings for a contravention of subsection (1)
that the person had obtained, before providing the financial accommodation to a borrower, a written
confirmation from the borrower that the financial accommodation was not to be used to facilitate such
acquisition or continued holding as referred to in subsection (6)(a) and (b), that person shall be presumed, unless
the contrary is proved, to have reasonably believed that the financial accommodation was not to be so used.

(8) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $5000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $100000 for every day during which the offence continues; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 77

(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and, in the case of a
continuing offence, to a further fine of $10000 for every day during which the offence continues.

(9) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (3) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $20000 for every day during which the offence continues; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $2000 for every day during which the offence continues.

Section: 115 Application of section 114 in relation to conduct or

activities outside Hong Kong
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) If-
(a) a person actively markets, whether by himself or another person on his behalf and whether in Hong Kong or

from a place outside Hong Kong, to the public any services that he provides; and
(b) such services, if provided in Hong Kong, would constitute a regulated activity,

then-
(i) the provision of such services so marketed shall be regarded for the purposes of section 114(1)(a) as

carrying on a business in that regulated activity;
(ii) the person's marketing of such services as referred to in paragraph (a) shall be regarded for the purposes of

section 114(1)(b) as holding himself out as carrying on a business in that regulated activity; and
(iii) to the extent that the provision of such services involves the performance by a person of a function that, if

performed in Hong Kong in relation to a regulated activity, would constitute a regulated function, the
performance of such function by that person shall be regarded for the purposes of section 114(3)(a) as
performance of that regulated function in relation to that regulated activity.

(2) If-
(a) a person actively markets, whether by himself or another person on his behalf and whether in Hong Kong or

from a place outside Hong Kong, to the public any function that he performs; and
(b) such function, if performed in Hong Kong in relation to a regulated activity carried on as a business, would

constitute a regulated function,
then-

(i) the performance of such function so marketed shall be regarded for the purposes of section 114(3)(a) as
performance of that regulated function in relation to that regulated activity; and

(ii) the person's marketing of such function as referred to in paragraph (a) shall be regarded for the purposes of
section 114(3)(b) as holding himself out as performing that regulated function in relation to that regulated
activity.


Section: 116 Corporations to be licensed for carrying on regulated

activities
19 of 2015 13/11/2015



(1) The Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the prescribed fee, grant to the
applicant a licence to carry on one or more than one regulated activity. (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 3)

(1A) The Commission must, on granting a licence under subsection (1), issue to the applicant a printed licence
specifying the regulated activity for which the applicant is licensed. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 3)

(2) The Commission shall refuse to grant a licence to carry on a regulated activity under subsection (1) unless-
(a) the applicant is-

(i) a company;
(ii) a registered non-Hong Kong company as defined by section 2(1) of the Companies Ordinance (Cap

622); or (Replaced 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(iii) a corporation (other than a company or a non-Hong Kong company)- (Amended 30 of 2004 s. 3)

(A) which carries on a business principally outside Hong Kong in an activity which, if carried on in
Hong Kong, would constitute the regulated activity;

(B) to which section 114(1) would not apply but for the provisions of section 115(1)(i) and (ii); and
(C) to which Part 16 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) would apply if it established a place of

business in Hong Kong; (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(b) applications have been lodged under section 126 in respect of such persons as referred to in section



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 78

125(1)(a) and (b) for approval of them as the responsible officers of the applicant in relation to the regulated
activity; and

(c) an application has been lodged under section 130(1) for approval of premises to be used by the applicant for
keeping records or documents required under this Ordinance.

(3) The Commission shall refuse to grant a licence to carry on a regulated activity under subsection (1) unless the
applicant satisfies the Commission that-
(a) it is a fit and proper person to be licensed for the regulated activity;
(b) it will be able, if licensed, to comply with the financial resources rules; and
(c) it-

(i) has lodged and maintains with the Commission such security in accordance with rules made under
subsection (4); or

(ii) is insured in accordance with rules made under subsection (5).
(4) The Commission may make rules for the purposes of subsection (3)(c)(i) that provide for-

(a) any security to be lodged and maintained by a licensed corporation with the Commission;
(b) the manner in which the security is lodged;
(c) the terms on which the security is maintained;
(d) the Commission's power to apply a security lodged and maintained with the Commission in such

circumstances, for such purposes and in such manner as may be prescribed in the rules;
(e) any other matter relating to the security.

(5) The Commission may make rules for the purposes of subsection (3)(c)(ii) that provide for-
(a) insurance coverage for specified amounts to be taken out and maintained by a licensed corporation in

relation to specified risks;
(b) the terms on which the insurance is to be taken out and maintained;
(c) any other matter relating to the insurance.

(6) A licence granted under subsection (1) shall be subject to such reasonable conditions as the Commission may
impose, and the Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the licensed corporation concerned,
amend or revoke any such condition or impose new conditions as may be reasonable in the circumstances.

(7) Where the Commission by notice in writing amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition
under subsection (6), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the
notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(8) A licensed corporation shall not, when carrying on a regulated activity for which it is licensed under subsection
(1), use a name other than the name specified in the printed licence. (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 3)

(9) Without prejudice to the Commission's powers under Divisions 2 and 3 of Part IX, a licence granted to a
corporation to carry on Type 7 regulated activity shall be deemed to be revoked in respect of that regulated
activity upon the corporation's being granted an authorization under section 95(2) to provide automated trading
services. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 11)


Section: 117 Grant of temporary licences to corporations for carrying

on regulated activities
19 of 2015 13/11/2015



(1) The Commission may, upon application by a corporation in the prescribed manner and payment of the
prescribed fee, grant to the applicant a licence to carry on, for a period not exceeding 3 months, one or more than
one regulated activity (other than Type 3, Type 7, Type 8 and Type 9 regulated activities). (Amended 19 of
2015 s. 4)

(1A) The Commission must, on granting a licence under subsection (1), issue to the applicant a printed licence
specifying the regulated activity for which the applicant is licensed. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 4)

(2) The Commission shall refuse to grant a licence to carry on a regulated activity under subsection (1) unless the
applicant satisfies the Commission that-
(a) it carries on a business principally outside Hong Kong in an activity which, if carried on in Hong Kong,

would constitute the regulated activity;
(b) it seeks to be licensed for the regulated activity solely for carrying on in Hong Kong such business in the

activity;
(c) it carries on such business in the activity in the place referred to in paragraph (a) under an authorization

(however described) by an authority or regulatory organization in that place which-
(i) in the Commission's opinion, performs a function similar to the functions of the Commission under



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 79

this Part;
(ii) confirms to the satisfaction of the Commission that the applicant has been so authorized; and
(iii) the Commission is satisfied is empowered under the law of that place to investigate, and, where

applicable, to take disciplinary action for, the conduct of the applicant in Hong Kong;
(d) the granting of the licence would not result in its being granted licences under subsection (1) for respective

licence periods that in total exceed 6 months in any period of 24 months;
(e) it is a fit and proper person to be so licensed for the regulated activity;
(f) it has nominated at least one individual for approval by the Commission for the purposes of subsection

(5)(a); and
(g) an application has been lodged under section 130(1) for approval of premises to be used by the applicant for

keeping records or documents required under this Ordinance.
(3) A licence granted under subsection (1) shall be subject to such reasonable conditions as the Commission may

impose, and the Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the licensed corporation concerned,
amend or revoke any such condition or impose new conditions as may be reasonable in the circumstances.

(4) Where the Commission by notice in writing amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition
under subsection (3), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the
notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(5) Without limiting the generality of subsection (3), it shall be a condition of a licence granted under subsection (1)
for carrying on a regulated activity-
(a) that, in relation to the regulated activity, there is at least one individual who is-

(i) nominated by the licensed corporation and approved by the Commission for the purposes of this
paragraph; and

(ii) available at all times to supervise the business of the regulated activity for which the corporation is
licensed; and

(b) that the licensed corporation shall not hold any client assets in carrying on the regulated activity.
(6) A licensed corporation shall not, when carrying on a regulated activity for which it is licensed under subsection

(1), use a name other than the name specified in the printed licence. (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 4)

Section: 118 Licensing conditions in certain cases E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Without limiting the generality of section 116(6), it shall be a condition of a licence granted under section 116(1)
for carrying on-
(a) a regulated activity-

(i) that the licensed corporation-
(A) shall lodge (whether or not in addition to any security that it may have lodged) and maintain with

the Commission such security in respect of that regulated activity as may be required by rules
made under section 116(4); or

(B) is insured, in lieu of lodging (where applicable) and maintaining such security, in accordance
with rules made under section 116(5); and

(ii) that, in relation to the regulated activity, there is at least one responsible officer of the licensed
corporation who is available at all times to supervise the business of the regulated activity for which
the corporation is licensed;

(b) Type 3 regulated activity, that in relation to any dispute between the licensed corporation and a client
regarding or touching upon any matter concerning the carrying on of that regulated activity, the licensed
corporation is obliged, if the client so requires, to have the dispute settled by arbitration in accordance with
rules made under subsection (2);

(c) Type 7 regulated activity, that if the Commission in its absolute discretion requires by notice in writing, the
licensed corporation shall apply, within such reasonable period as may be specified in the notice, for an
authorization under section 95(2) for that regulated activity, and the regulated activity shall be operated in
such manner as may be specified in the notice pending the revocation of the licence under section 195(2);

(d) Type 8 regulated activity, that-
(i) the licensed corporation shall carry on no business other than securities margin financing, except

business that is necessarily incidental to the carrying on of such business; and
(ii) where the licensed corporation carries on a business in one or more of the activities specified in Part 3

of Schedule 5, it shall comply with the requirements of such rules made under Part VI as apply to it in



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 80

relation to such business.
(2) The Commission may make rules for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) that provide for-

(a) the establishment and functions of an arbitration panel and relevant matters;
(b) the appointment by the Financial Secretary of members of the arbitration panel, including a chairman and

one or more than one deputy chairman;
(c) the appointment from the arbitration panel of a tribunal to hear a dispute between a licensed corporation and

its client and the constitution and composition of the tribunal;
(d) the liability or entitlement to costs of a party to a dispute and the recovery of costs;
(e) the practice and procedure in the hearing of a dispute;
(f) the Commission to use the findings of a tribunal for performing its functions under any of the relevant

provisions;
(g) the exercise of any discretion by a person under the rules.


Section: 119 Registered institutions L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) The Commission may, upon application by an authorized financial institution in the prescribed manner and
payment of the prescribed fee, register the applicant for one or more than one regulated activity (other than Type
3 and Type 8 regulated activities) and shall, upon such registration, grant to the applicant a certificate of
registration specifying the regulated activity for which it is registered.

(2) The Commission shall refer to the Monetary Authority any application made to it under subsection (1).
(3) Upon receiving an application for registration for a regulated activity referred to him under subsection (2), the

Monetary Authority shall-
(a) consider the application;
(b) consult the Commission upon the merits of the application; and
(c) advise the Commission whether he is satisfied by the applicant that the applicant is a fit and proper person

to be registered for that regulated activity.
(4) In deciding whether to register or refuse to register an applicant under subsection (1), the Commission-

(a) shall have regard to any advice given to it by the Monetary Authority pursuant to subsection (3)(c); and
(b) may rely wholly or partly on that advice in making that decision.

(5) Any registration under subsection (1) shall be subject to such reasonable conditions as the Commission may
impose, and the Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the registered institution
concerned, amend or revoke any such condition or impose new conditions as may be reasonable in the
circumstances.

(6) Where the Commission by notice in writing amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition
under subsection (5), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the
notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(7) Without prejudice to the Commission's powers under Divisions 2 and 3 of Part IX, the registration of an
authorized financial institution for Type 7 regulated activity shall be deemed to be revoked in respect of that
regulated activity upon the institution's being granted an authorization under section 95(2) to provide automated
trading services. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 12)

(8) Without limiting the generality of subsection (5), it shall be a condition of any registration under subsection (1)
for-
(a) a regulated activity, that-

(i) in relation to the regulated activity, there is at least one executive officer of the registered institution
who is available at all times to supervise the business of the regulated activity for which the institution
is registered; and

(ii) any individual whose name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under
section 20 of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged by the registered institution in respect of
the regulated activity is a fit and proper person to be so engaged;

(b) Type 7 regulated activity, that if the Commission in its absolute discretion requires by notice in writing, the
registered institution shall apply, within such reasonable period as may be specified in the notice, for an
authorization under section 95(2) for that regulated activity, and the regulated activity shall be operated in
such manner as may be specified in the notice pending the revocation of the registration under section
197(2).

(9) The Commission shall not exercise its power under subsection (5) or (8)(b) unless the Commission has first



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 81

consulted the Monetary Authority.

Section: 120 Representatives to be licensed 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


(1) The Commission may, upon application by an individual in the prescribed manner and payment of the
prescribed fee, grant to the applicant a licence to carry on one or more than one regulated activity for a
corporation licensed under section 116 to which he is accredited. (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 5)

(2) The Commission in its absolute discretion may, upon request by the applicant in the prescribed manner and
payment of the prescribed fee, grant to the applicant a provisional licence to carry on, for such corporation, the
regulated activity in respect of which the application is made.

(2A) On granting a licence under subsection (1) or (2), the Commission must, by notice in writing served on the
applicant, inform the applicant of-
(a) the grant of the licence; and
(b) the regulated activity for which the applicant is licensed. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 5)

(2B) Beginning on the day on which Part 2 of the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2015 (19 of 2015)
comes into operation*-
(a) no printed licence is to be issued on granting a licence under subsection (1) or (2); and
(b) a printed licence issued by the Commission to a licensed representative before that day ceases to be

effective for indicating that an individual is licensed under subsection (1) or (2). (Added 19 of 2015 s. 5)
(3) The Commission shall refuse to grant a licence to carry on a regulated activity under subsection (1) or (2) unless

the applicant satisfies the Commission that he is a fit and proper person to be so licensed for the regulated
activity.

(4) The Commission shall refuse to grant a licence under subsection (2) unless the applicant satisfies the
Commission that the grant of the licence will not prejudice the interest of the investing public.

(5) A licence granted under subsection (1) or (2) shall be subject to the condition specified in subsection (6) and to
any other reasonable conditions as the Commission may impose.

(6) It shall be a condition of a licence granted under subsection (1) or (2) that the licensed representative concerned
shall-
(a) at all times keep the Commission informed of particulars of his contact details including, in so far as

applicable, his residential address, telephone and facsimile numbers and electronic mail address; and
(b) inform the Commission of any change in the particulars within 14 days after the change takes place.

(7) The Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the licensed representative concerned, amend
or revoke any condition imposed under subsection (5) or impose new conditions as may be reasonable in the
circumstances.

(8) Where the Commission by notice in writing amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition
under subsection (7), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the
notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(9) A provisional licence shall be deemed to be revoked-
(a) upon the Commission's refusal of the relevant application made under subsection (1); or
(b) upon the grant of the licence sought under the application,

whichever first occurs.
(10) Without prejudice to the Commission's powers under Divisions 2 and 3 of Part IX, the Commission may, after

having regard to the interest of the investing public and in its absolute discretion, by notice in writing served on
the licensed representative concerned, revoke a provisional licence granted under subsection (2). (Amended 6 of
2014 s. 13)

(11)-(12) (Repealed 19 of 2015 s. 5)
(13) A licensed representative shall not, when carrying on the regulated activity for which the representative is

licensed under subsection (1) or (2), use a name other than the name under which the representative is licensed.
(Amended 19 of 2015 s. 5)

________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Commencement date: 13 November 2015.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 82

Section: 121 Temporary licences for representatives 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


(1) The Commission may, upon application by an individual in the prescribed manner and payment of the
prescribed fee, grant to the applicant a licence to carry on, for a period not exceeding 3 months, one or more than
one regulated activity (other than Type 3, Type 7, Type 8 and Type 9 regulated activities)- (Amended 19 of
2015 s. 6)
(a) for a corporation licensed under section 116 to which he is accredited; or
(b) for a corporation licensed under section 117 to which he is accredited.

(1A) On granting a licence under subsection (1), the Commission must, by notice in writing served on the applicant,
inform the applicant of-
(a) the grant of the licence; and
(b) the regulated activity for which the applicant is licensed. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 6)

(1B) Beginning on the day on which Part 2 of the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2015 (19 of 2015)
comes into operation*-
(a) no printed licence is to be issued on granting a licence under subsection (1); and
(b) a printed licence issued by the Commission to a licensed representative before that day ceases to be

effective for indicating that an individual is licensed under subsection (1). (Added 19 of 2015 s. 6)
(2) The Commission shall refuse to grant a licence to carry on a regulated activity under subsection (1) unless the

applicant satisfies the Commission-
(a) that he carries on in a place outside Hong Kong an activity which, if carried on in Hong Kong, would

constitute carrying on the regulated activity, under an authorization (however described) by an authority or
regulatory organization in that place which-
(i) in the Commission's opinion, performs a function similar to the functions of the Commission under

this Part;
(ii) confirms to the satisfaction of the Commission that the applicant has been so authorized; and
(iii) the Commission is satisfied is empowered under the law of that place to investigate, and, where

applicable, to take disciplinary action for, the conduct of the applicant in Hong Kong;
(b) where the application is for a licence under subsection (1)(a), that-

(i) he carries on the activity referred to in paragraph (a) for or on behalf of a corporation which carries on
the activity as a business principally in a place outside Hong Kong under an authorization (however
described) by an authority or regulatory organization in that place which-
(A) in the Commission's opinion, performs a function similar to the functions of the Commission

under this Part; and
(B) confirms to the satisfaction of the Commission that the corporation has been so authorized; and

(ii) the licensed corporation to which he seeks to be accredited is a member of the same group of
companies as the corporation referred to in subparagraph (i);

(c) where the application is for a licence under subsection (1)(b), that he seeks to be so licensed solely for the
conduct of his principal's business in the activity referred to in section 117(2)(a);

(d) that the granting of the licence would not result in his being granted licences under subsection (1) for
respective licence periods that in total exceed 6 months in any period of 24 months; and

(e) that he is a fit and proper person to be so licensed for the regulated activity.
(3) A licence granted under subsection (1) shall be subject to the condition specified in subsection (4) and to any

other reasonable conditions as the Commission may impose.
(4) It shall be a condition of a licence granted under subsection (1) that the licensed representative concerned-

(a) shall at all times keep the Commission informed of particulars of his contact details including, in so far as
applicable, his residential address, telephone and facsimile numbers and electronic mail address;

(b) shall inform the Commission of any change in the particulars within 14 days after the change takes place;
and

(c) shall not hold any client assets in carrying on the regulated activity for which he is so licensed.
(5) The Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on the licensed representative concerned, amend

or revoke any condition imposed under subsection (3) or impose new conditions as may be reasonable in the
circumstances.

(6) Where the Commission by notice in writing amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition
under subsection (5), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the
notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 83

(7) A licensed representative shall not, when carrying on the regulated activity for which the representative is
licensed under subsection (1), use a name other than the name under which the representative is licensed.
(Amended 19 of 2015 s. 6)

________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Commencement date: 13 November 2015.

Section: 122 Approval and transfer of accreditation 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


(1) The Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the prescribed fee, approve the
accreditation of a licensed representative-
(a) who is licensed under section 120(1) or (2) or 121(1)(a), to a corporation licensed under section 116; or
(b) who is licensed under section 121(1)(b), to a corporation licensed under section 117,

and on the Commission's approving the accreditation, the corporation becomes the representative's principal.
(Amended 19 of 2015 s. 7)

(2) The Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the prescribed fee by a
licensed representative licensed under section 120(1) or (2) or 121(1), approve the transfer of his accreditation to
another corporation licensed under section 116 or 117 (as the case may be), and on the Commission's approving
the transfer, the corporation becomes the representative's principal. (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 7)

(2A) On granting an approval under subsection (1) or (2), the Commission must, by notice in writing served on the
applicant, inform the applicant of the approval. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 7)

(3) The Commission shall refuse to-
(a) approve an accreditation under subsection (1); or
(b) approve a transfer of accreditation under subsection (2),

unless the applicant satisfies the Commission that he will be competent to carry out his duties to the requisite
standard as a licensed representative for or on behalf of the licensed corporation concerned.

(4) Without limiting the generality of subsection (3), where a licensed representative who is licensed under section
121(1)(a) applies-
(a) under subsection (1)(a) for approval of an accreditation; or
(b) under subsection (2) for approval of a transfer of accreditation,

to a corporation licensed under section 116, the Commission shall refuse to grant the approval unless the
applicant satisfies the Commission that the licensed corporation to which he seeks to be accredited is a member
of the same group of companies as the corporation referred to in section 121(2)(b)(i).


Section: 123 Commission to be notified, etc. if licensed representative

ceases to act for principal
19 of 2015 13/11/2015



(1) If an individual licensed under section 120(1) or (2) or 121(1) ceases to act for or on behalf of his principal as a
licensed representative, he thereupon ceases to be accredited to the principal and-
(a) the principal shall, within 7 business days after such cessation, notify the Commission of the cessation; and

(Amended 19 of 2015 s. 8)
(b) (Repealed 19 of 2015 s. 8)
(c) where the individual has not applied for transfer of his accreditation to another corporation licensed under

section 116 or 117 (as the case may be) within 180 days after such cessation, the licence shall be deemed to
have been revoked upon such cessation.

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1)(a) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 6.
(3) (Repealed 19 of 2015 s. 8)

Section: 124 Duplicate printed licence, etc.* 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the
prescribed fee by a licensed corporation or a registered institution on the ground that its printed licence or
certificate of registration is lost, defaced or destroyed, issue to the licensed corporation or the registered
institution a duplicate of the printed licence or certificate of registration (as the case may be).

(2) In support of an application under subsection (1), the licensed corporation or the registered institution shall-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 84

(Amended 19 of 2015 s. 9)
(a) submit to the Commission a statutory declaration made by the licensed corporation or the registered

institution stating the ground of the application and such other particulars as the case may require in order to
verify the loss, defacement or destruction (as the case may be) of the printed licence or certificate of
registration; and

(b) furnish to the Commission such other information as the Commission may reasonably require in relation to
the application.

(Amended 19 of 2015 s. 9)
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 9)

Section: 125 Requirement for executive officers E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A corporation licensed under section 116 shall not carry on any regulated activity for which it is licensed unless-
(a) every executive director of the licensed corporation who is an individual is approved by the Commission as

a responsible officer of the corporation in relation to the regulated activity; and
(b) not less than 2 individuals, at least one of whom shall be an executive director of the licensed corporation,

are approved by the Commission as the responsible officers of the corporation in relation to the regulated
activity.

(2) A registered institution shall not carry on any regulated activity for which it is registered unless it has complied
with section 71D of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) in respect of the appointment of executive officers and
such executive officers are in compliance with section 71C of that Ordinance (including section 71C of that
Ordinance as read with section 71E of that Ordinance).

(3) If a licensed corporation contravenes subsection (1) or a registered institution contravenes subsection (2),
without reasonable excuse, the licensed corporation or registered institution (as the case may be) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 6 and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine of
$2000 for every day during which the offence continues.


Section: 126 Approval of responsible officers E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission may, upon application by a licensed representative in the prescribed manner and payment of
the prescribed fee, approve the applicant as a responsible officer of the licensed corporation to which he is
accredited.

(2) The Commission shall refuse to approve an applicant as a responsible officer of a licensed corporation under
subsection (1) unless the applicant satisfies the Commission that-
(a) he is a fit and proper person to be so approved; and
(b) he has sufficient authority within the licensed corporation.

(3) An approval under subsection (1) shall be subject to such reasonable conditions as the Commission may impose
on the licensed corporation and the responsible officer concerned, and the Commission may at any time, by
notice in writing served on the licensed corporation or the responsible officer concerned, amend or revoke any
such condition or impose new conditions as may be reasonable in the circumstances.

(4) The approval of an individual as a responsible officer of a licensed corporation shall be deemed to be revoked if
the individual-
(a) ceases to act as a licensed representative for or on behalf of; or
(b) ceases to be accredited to,

the licensed corporation.

Section: 127 Variation of regulated activity for which licensed person or

registered institution is licensed or registered*
19 of 2015 13/11/2015



(1) The Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the prescribed fee, vary the
regulated activity for which a licensed person or registered institution is licensed or registered by adding to or
reducing the regulated activity. (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 10)

(2) If a person applies for variation under subsection (1) by adding a regulated activity, the application is, for the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 85

purposes of this Part, to be regarded as an application for a licence or registration (as the case may be) in relation
to that regulated activity. (Replaced 19 of 2015 s. 10)

_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 10)

Section: 128 Applicant to provide information E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person who applies-
(a) for a licence under section 116, 117, 120 or 121;
(b) for registration under section 119;
(c) for approval of accreditation or approval of transfer of accreditation to a principal, under section 122;
(d) for approval to be a responsible officer under section 126;
(e) for variation, under section 127, of the regulated activity for which the person is licensed or registered;
(f) for approval of premises under section 130(1);
(g) for approval to become or continue to be (as the case may be) a substantial shareholder under section 132;
(h) for a modification or waiver under section 134; or
(i) for any other matter requiring the approval of the Commission under this Part,

shall provide the Commission with such information as it may reasonably require to enable it to consider the
application.

(2) In considering an application referred to in subsection (1), the Commission may have regard to any information
in its possession whether provided by the applicant or not.

(3) The Commission may make rules providing for-
(a) the information to be provided by an applicant to enable the Commission to consider his application;
(b) the form, manner and time period in which such information is to be provided;
(c) any other matter relating thereto.


Section: 129 Determination of fit and proper E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) In considering whether a person is a fit and proper person for the purposes of any provision of this Part, the
Commission or the Monetary Authority (as the case may be) shall, in addition to any other matter that the
Commission or the Monetary Authority (as the case may be) may consider relevant, but subject to section 134,
have regard to-
(a) the financial status or solvency;
(b) the educational or other qualifications or experience having regard to the nature of the functions which, if

the application is allowed, the person will perform;
(c) the ability to carry on the regulated activity competently, honestly and fairly; and
(d) the reputation, character, reliability and financial integrity,

of-
(i) where the person is an individual, the person himself;
(ii) where the person is a corporation (other than an authorized financial institution), the corporation and any

officer of the corporation; or
(iii) where the person is an authorized financial institution, the institution and any director, chief executive,

manager (as defined in section 2(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155)) and executive officer of the
institution.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the Commission or the Monetary Authority (as the case may
be) may, in considering whether a person is a fit and proper person for the purposes of any provision of this
Ordinance-
(a) take into account a decision made in respect of the person by-

(i) (in the case of the Commission) the Monetary Authority or (in the case of the Monetary Authority) the
Commission;

(ii) the Insurance Authority;
(iii) the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes Authority; or
(iv) any other authority or regulatory organization, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which, in the

Commission's opinion, performs a function similar to the functions of the Commission;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 86

(b) take into account any information in the possession of the Commission or the Monetary Authority (as the
case may be), whether provided by the person or not, relating to-
(i) where such consideration relates to a licence under section 116 or 117 or an application for the licence,

any other person who is or is to be employed by, or associated with, the person for the purposes of the
regulated activity for which the licence is granted or the application is made (as the case may be);

(ii) where such consideration relates to a licence under section 116 or 117 to carry on a regulated activity
or any registration for a regulated activity under section 119 or an application for the licence or
registration, any other person who will be acting for or on behalf of the person in relation to the
regulated activity; or

(iii) where the person is a corporation in a group of companies-
(A) any other corporation in the same group of companies; or
(B) any substantial shareholder or officer of the corporation or any corporation referred to in sub-

subparagraph (A);
(c) take into account, where such consideration relates to a licence under section 116 or 117 or any registration

under section 119 or an application for the licence or registration, whether the person has established
effective internal control procedures and risk management systems to ensure his compliance with all
applicable regulatory requirements under any of the relevant provisions, having regard in particular to the
information provided in accordance with section 128; and

(d) have regard to the state of affairs of any other business which the person carries on or proposes to carry on.

Section: 130 Suitability of premises for keeping records or documents E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the prescribed fee, approve
premises to be used by a licensed corporation for keeping records or documents required under this Ordinance or
the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing (Financial Institutions) Ordinance (Cap 615).
(Amended 15 of 2011 s. 88)

(2) The Commission shall refuse to approve premises under subsection (1) unless the applicant satisfies the
Commission that-
(a) the premises are suitable for being used for the purpose referred to in that subsection; and
(b) where the premises are used partly for residential purposes, such residential use of the premises will not

affect the exercise of any powers under this Part or Part VI or VIII.
(3) A licensed corporation shall not, without the prior approval in writing of the Commission, use any premises for

the keeping of records or documents relating to the carrying on of the regulated activity for which it is licensed.
(4) The Commission shall inform the applicant in writing of its decision under subsection (1) as soon as reasonably

practicable after receipt of the application.

Section: 131 Restriction on substantial shareholding, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person shall not become and continue to be a substantial shareholder of a corporation licensed under section
116 without first being approved by the Commission under section 132(1)(a).

(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years, and to a further fine of

$5000 for every day during which the person continues to be such substantial shareholder without the
Commission's approval under section 132(1)(b); or

(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months, and to a further fine of $500
for every day during which the person continues to be such substantial shareholder without the
Commission's approval under section 132(1)(b).

(3) It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (2) to prove-
(a) that he did not know, and could not have by the exercise of reasonable diligence ascertained, the existence

of the act or circumstances by virtue of which he became such a substantial shareholder; and
(b) where he subsequently became aware of such act or circumstances, that he applied under section 132(1)(b),

as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event within 3 business days after he became so aware, for
approval to continue to be a substantial shareholder of the corporation.

(4) If a person becomes a substantial shareholder of a corporation licensed under section 116 without the
Commission's prior approval under section 132(1)(a) by virtue of-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 87

(a) a transfer of shares;
(b) an issue of shares; or
(c) a transfer of the right to be issued with shares,

then, unless and until the Commission approves the person to continue to be a substantial shareholder of the
corporation under section 132(1)(b), the voting rights conferred by the shares concerned are not exercisable.

(5) A person who purportedly exercises any voting right that is not exercisable by virtue of subsection (4) commits
an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(6) It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (5) to prove that he-
(a) did not know; and
(b) could not have by the exercise of reasonable diligence known,

that the voting right which he purportedly exercised is by virtue of subsection (4) not exercisable.

Section: 132 Approval to become or continue to be substantial

shareholder
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) The Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the prescribed fee, approve the
applicant-
(a) to become; or
(b) to continue to be,

as the case may be, a substantial shareholder of a corporation licensed under section 116.
(2) The Commission shall refuse to approve an applicant to become or continue to be (as the case may be) a

substantial shareholder of the licensed corporation concerned unless the applicant satisfies the Commission that
the corporation will remain a fit and proper person to be licensed if the application is approved.

(3) An approval under subsection (1)(a) or (b) shall be subject to such reasonable conditions as the Commission
may impose on the applicant and on the licensed corporation concerned, and the Commission may at any time,
by notice in writing served on the approved substantial shareholder and the corporation, amend or revoke any
such condition or impose new conditions as may be reasonable in the circumstances.

(4) Where the Commission by notice in writing amends or revokes any condition or imposes any new condition
under subsection (3), the amendment, revocation or imposition takes effect at the time of the service of the
notice or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(5) Without limiting the generality of subsection (3), it shall be a condition of an approval under subsection (1)(a) or
(b) that the approved substantial shareholder shall-
(a) at all times keep the Commission informed of particulars of his contact details including, in so far as

applicable, his business address, residential address, telephone and facsimile numbers and electronic mail
address; and

(b) inform the Commission of any change in the particulars within 14 days after the change takes place.

Section: 133 Commission's power to give directions E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Where a person became a substantial shareholder without the Commission's prior approval under section
132(1)(a), whether or not he has applied under section 132(1)(b) for approval to continue to be such shareholder
and regardless of whether such approval is granted or not, the Commission may by notice in writing direct the
licensed corporation concerned-
(a) not to permit or acquiesce in the involvement of the person in the management of the business of the

corporation;
(b) to deem void and of no effect any votes cast by the person and any of his associates (if any) at any meeting

of the corporation;
(c) to reconvene any such meeting for voting anew on the business on which the votes were cast; and
(d) to take such other reasonable steps as it may specify in the notice.

(2) Without prejudice to the operation of subsection (1), where the Commission refuses to approve an application to
continue to be a substantial shareholder made under section 132(1)(b), it may by notice in writing direct the
applicant-
(a) to reduce, within such reasonable time as the Commission may require, the interest in shares by virtue of



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 88

which he became a substantial shareholder of the licensed corporation concerned to the extent that he is no
longer a substantial shareholder of the corporation; and

(b) to take such other reasonable steps as the Commission may specify in the notice.
(3) If a person fails to comply with any direction under subsection (1) or (2), the Commission may, by originating

summons or originating motion, make an application to the Court of First Instance in respect of the failure, and
the Court may inquire into the case and-
(a) if the Court is satisfied that there is no reasonable excuse for the person not to comply with the direction,

order the person to comply with the direction within the period specified by the Court; and
(b) if the Court is satisfied that the failure was without reasonable excuse, punish the person, and any other

person knowingly involved in the failure, in the same manner as if he and, where applicable, that other
person had been guilty of contempt of court.

(4) An originating summons under subsection (3) shall be in Form No. 10 in Appendix A to the Rules of the High
Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A).

(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012)

Section: 134 Modification or waiver of requirements E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission may, upon application in the prescribed manner and payment of the prescribed fee by-
(a) a licensed corporation;
(b) an applicant for a licence under section 116 or 117;
(c) a registered institution;
(d) an applicant for registration under section 119;
(e) a licensed representative;
(f) an applicant for a licence under section 120 or 121;
(g) a responsible officer approved under section 126;
(h) a substantial shareholder approved under section 132;
(i) an applicant for approval under section 132 to become or continue to be (as the case may be) a substantial

shareholder; or
(j) an associated entity,

grant a modification or waiver, in relation to the applicant, in respect of any condition specified in section 118 or
imposed under section 116, 117, 119, 120, 121, 126 or 132 or any of the requirements of the following-
(i) sections 116(2)(b) and 125(1) and (2);
(ii) sections 116(2)(c) and 130;
(iii) rules made under section 118(2);
(iv) section 121(2)(a);
(v) section 129;
(vi) rules made under section 145;
(vii) rules made under section 148;
(viii) rules made under section 149;
(ix) rules made under section 151;
(x) rules made under section 152;
(xi) rules made under section 168;
(xii) rules made under section 173;
(xiii) section 175(1), (2) and (3); or
(xiv) any provision of rules made by the Commission under this Ordinance.

(2) The grant of a modification or waiver under subsection (1) shall be effected by a notice in writing served on the
applicant specifying the period (if any) for which the modification or waiver is valid.

(3) The Commission shall refuse to grant a modification or waiver under subsection (1) unless it is satisfied by the
applicant that to do so will not prejudice-
(a) in the case of a modification or waiver granted in respect of a condition imposed under section 116, 117 or

119, the interests of any client of the applicant; or
(b) in the case of a modification or waiver granted in respect of a condition specified in section 118 or imposed

under section 120, 121, 126 or 132, or in respect of any requirement of a provision specified in subsection
(1)(i) to (xiv), the interest of the investing public.

(4) A modification or waiver granted under subsection (1) to a person shall be subject to such reasonable conditions



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 89

as the Commission may impose, and the Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on-
(a) the person;
(b) where the person is an intermediary or an associated entity, an executive officer of the intermediary or the

entity; or
(c) where the modification or waiver is granted pursuant to an application made under subsection (1)(e), (f) or

(g), the principal to which the person is accredited,
amend such modification or waiver, or amend or revoke any such condition or impose new conditions as may be

reasonable in the circumstances.
(5) Subject to subsection (4), a modification or waiver granted under subsection (1) remains in force-

(a) if a period is specified in the notice served under subsection (2) in respect of the modification or waiver,
until the end of the period; or

(b) if no such period is specified, until revoked by the Commission by notice in writing served on-
(i) the person;
(ii) where the person is an intermediary or an associated entity, an executive officer of the intermediary or

the entity; or
(iii) where the modification or waiver is granted pursuant to an application made under subsection (1)(e),

(f) or (g), the principal to which the person is accredited.
(6) In relation to a modification or waiver under subsection (1) to a person, the Commission shall-

(a) on the grant of the modification or waiver;
(b) on its amendment or an amendment or revocation of its conditions or the imposition of any new condition

on it under subsection (4); or
(c) on its revocation under subsection (5)(b),
subject to subsection (7), publish, by the use of the Internet, notice of- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 39)
(i) the name of the person;
(ii) the event referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c) (as the case may be) and the reasons for the event;
(iii) any condition imposed on the modification or waiver on its grant, or the condition amended or revoked or

newly imposed subsequently under subsection (4) (as the case may be); and
(iv) (if applicable) the period for which the grant or amendment or the condition so imposed is valid.

(7) If the applicant satisfies the Commission that publishing notice of any condition in compliance with subsection
(6)(iii) would prejudice, to an unreasonable degree, the commercial interests of the applicant, the Commission
may, in lieu of publishing notice of the condition, include in the notice referred to in subsection (6)- (Amended
9 of 2012 s. 39)
(a) a brief account of its reasons for not publishing notice of the condition; and (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 39)
(b) such appropriate information on the condition as the Commission considers incapable of prejudicing, to an

unreasonable degree, the commercial interests of the applicant.
(8) The Commission may by rules grant a modification or waiver, in relation to a class of licensed persons or

registered institutions or associated entities, in respect of any of the requirements of the rules referred to in
subsection (1)(vi), (vii), (viii), (ix), (x) or (xi).

(9) The Commission shall not make any rules under subsection (8) to grant a modification or waiver referred to in
that subsection unless the Commission is satisfied that to do so will not prejudice the interest of the investing
public.

(10) The Commission may specify in the rules referred to in subsection (8) the conditions subject to which the
modification or waiver is granted and the rules may provide that a person who fails to comply with such a
condition commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding level 6.

(11) The Commission may at any time by rules-
(a) revoke a modification or waiver granted under subsection (8); or
(b) amend, revoke or add to, any condition subject to which such modification or waiver is granted.

(12) The Commission shall not exercise its power under subsection (1), (4), (8), (10) or (11) in relation to any
registered institution or any associated entity that is an authorized financial institution unless the Commission
has first consulted the Monetary Authority.

(13) A person who fails to comply with a condition imposed under subsection (4) commits an offence and is liable on
conviction to a fine at level 6.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 90

Section: 135 Events to be reported by licensed persons and registered
institutions

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A licensed person or registered institution who intends to cease to carry on any regulated activity for which he is
licensed or registered shall notify the Commission and (in the case of a registered institution) the Monetary
Authority in writing of such intended cessation as soon as reasonably practicable and in any event not later than
7 business days before such intended cessation.

(2) An intermediary shall give to the Commission and (in the case of a registered institution) the Monetary
Authority at least 7 business days' advance notice in writing of any intended change of address at which it
proposes to carry on the regulated activity for which it is licensed or registered.

(3) Subject to subsection (5), where a person has provided any information to the Commission under any provision
of this Part and a change in the information occurs, then in such circumstances as are prescribed by rules made
under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection, the person shall, within 7 business days of the change, give
notice in writing of the change containing a full description of it.

(4) The notice referred to in subsection (3) shall be given to the following person or persons-
(a) (where the information has been provided in connection with an application under any provision of this Part

and the Commission is still considering the application) the Commission; or
(b) (in other cases) the Commission and (if the information provided relates to a registered institution) the

Monetary Authority.
(5) Where the information has been provided in connection with an application under any provision of this Part and

the application has been refused or withdrawn, subsection (3) shall no longer apply in relation to the
information.

(6) Where a person becomes or ceases to be a director of a licensed corporation, both the person and the corporation
shall, within 7 business days thereafter, notify the Commission in writing of the name and address of the person
and of the nature of the position which he occupies or has ceased to occupy (as the case may be).

(7) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (1), (2), (3) or (6) commits an offence and is
liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.


Section: 136 Commission to maintain register of licensed persons and

registered institutions
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) The Commission shall maintain a register of licensed persons and registered institutions in such form as it
considers appropriate.

(2) The register maintained under subsection (1) shall contain in relation to each licence or registration-
(a) the name and business address of the licensed person or registered institution (as the case may be);
(b) such conditions of the licence or registration (as the case may be) as the Commission considers appropriate;
(c) in relation to each licensed representative, the name of his principal;
(d) in relation to the licensed corporation or registered institution (as the case may be) the name and business

address of each of its executive officers; and
(e) such other particulars as are prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection.

(3) The register may be maintained-
(a) in a documentary form; or
(b) by recording the information required under subsection (2) otherwise than in a documentary form, so long

as the information is capable of being reproduced in a legible form.
(4) For the purposes of enabling any member of the public to ascertain whether he is dealing with a licensed person

or a registered institution in matters of or connected with any regulated activity and to ascertain the particulars of
the licence or registration of such person or institution (as the case may be), the register shall be made available
for public inspection at all reasonable times.

(5) At all reasonable times, a member of the public may-
(a) inspect the register, or (where the register is maintained otherwise than in a documentary form) a

reproduction of the information or the relevant part of it in a legible form; and
(b) obtain a copy of an entry in or extract of the register on payment of the prescribed fee.

(6) A document purporting to be-
(a) a copy of an entry in or extract of the register maintained under this section; and
(b) certified by an authorized officer of the Commission as a true copy of the entry or extract referred to in



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 91

paragraph (a),
shall be admissible as evidence of its contents in any legal proceedings.
(7) Without derogating from the other provisions of this section, the Commission shall, in addition, cause the

register to be available to the public in the form of an on-line record.

Section: 137 Publication of names of licensed persons and registered

institutions
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) The Commission shall at least once in each year publish at such time and in such manner as it considers
appropriate the name and address of each licensed person and registered institution, the regulated activities for
which the person or institution is licensed or registered and such conditions of the licence or registration as the
Commission considers appropriate.

(2) If the Commission amends the register maintained under section 136 by adding or removing the name of a
licensed person or registered institution or varying the regulated activity for which a licensed person or
registered institution is licensed or registered or any condition of a licence or registration, it shall publish
particulars of the amendment within one month after making the amendment.


Section: 138 Annual fee and return E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person licensed under section 116 or 120(1) or a registered institution shall pay to the Commission an annual
fee prescribed by rules made under section 395 for the purposes of this subsection.

(2) The annual fee shall be payable within one month after each anniversary of the date of grant of the licence or
certificate of registration (as the case may be), or on such other date as may be approved by the Commission by
notice in writing.

(3) In default of full payment of the annual fee as required under subsection (2), the person shall pay to the
Commission an additional sum calculated as follows-
(a) 10% of the fee or such part of the fee (as the case may be) that remains unpaid for the first month after the

due date for its payment;
(b) 20% of the fee or such part of the fee (as the case may be) for each subsequent month when it remains

unpaid,
and in calculating the additional sum for the purposes of this subsection, any fraction of a month shall be treated

as a month.
(4) A person licensed under section 116 or 120(1) shall submit an annual return to the Commission-

(a) within one month after each anniversary of the date on which the person is licensed; or
(b) by such other date as may be approved by the Commission by notice in writing,

which return shall contain such information as is prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of
this subsection.


Section: 139 Prohibition of use of certain titles E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless-
(a) the person is licensed or registered for Type 1 regulated activity; or
(b) his name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking

Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged in respect of Type 1 regulated activity by a person registered for that
regulated activity, while acting in that capacity.

(2) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless-
(a) the person is licensed or registered for Type 2 regulated activity; or
(b) his name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking

Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged in respect of Type 2 regulated activity by a person registered for that
regulated activity, while acting in that capacity.

(3) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless the person-
(a) is licensed for Type 3 regulated activity;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 92

(b) is an authorized financial institution; or
(c) is engaged by an authorized financial institution, while acting for the institution in an activity that would

have fallen within the meaning of the definition of "leveraged foreign exchange trading" in Part 2 of
Schedule 5 but for paragraph (xii) of that definition.

(4) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless-
(a) the person is licensed or registered for Type 4 regulated activity; or
(b) his name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking

Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged in respect of Type 4 regulated activity by a person registered for that
regulated activity, while acting in that capacity.

(5) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless-
(a) the person is licensed or registered for Type 5 regulated activity; or
(b) his name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking

Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged in respect of Type 5 regulated activity by a person registered for that
regulated activity, while acting in that capacity.

(6) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless-
(a) the person is licensed or registered for Type 6 regulated activity; or
(b) his name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking

Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged in respect of Type 6 regulated activity by a person registered for that
regulated activity, while acting in that capacity.

(7) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless-
(a) the person is licensed or registered for Type 7 regulated activity;
(b) the person is granted an authorization under section 95(2) to provide automated trading services;
(c) his name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking

Ordinance (Cap 155) as engaged in respect of Type 7 regulated activity by a person registered for that
regulated activity, while acting in that capacity; or

(d) the person is an employee of a person authorized under section 95(2) to provide automated trading services,
while acting for that person in that regulated activity.

(8) A person shall not take or use any of the specified titles set out opposite to the reference to this subsection in
column 2 of Schedule 6 unless the person-
(a) is licensed for Type 8 regulated activity;
(b) is an authorized financial institution; or
(c) is engaged by an authorized financial institution, while acting for the institution in an activity that would

have fallen within the meaning of the definition of "securities margin financing" in Part 2 of Schedule 5 but
for paragraph (v) of that definition.

(9) A person shall not take or use any title, other than any specified title referred to in subsection (1), (2), (3), (4),
(5), (6), (7) or (8), which suggests that-
(a) he carries on a business in any regulated activity referred to in any of those subsections; or
(b) he performs any regulated function in relation to a regulated activity referred to in any of those subsections

which is carried on as a business,
unless he falls within the description specified in a paragraph of such of those subsections.
(10) A person who contravenes subsection (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7), (8) or (9) commits an offence and is liable on

conviction to a fine at level 6 and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine of $2000 for every day
during which the offence continues.


Section: 140 Procedural requirements E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) If the Commission forms a preliminary view to-
(a) refuse the whole or a part of an application made under this Part;
(b) impose conditions on approving an application; or
(c) amend or revoke the conditions of, or impose new conditions to-

(i) a licence granted under section 116, 117, 120 or 121, or any registration under section 119;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 93

(ii) an accreditation approved or transferred under section 122;
(iii) an approval for a person to be a responsible officer under section 126 or to become or continue to be

(as the case may be) a substantial shareholder under section 132; or
(iv) a modification or waiver granted under section 134(1),

then the Commission shall, before making its final decision-
(i) inform the applicant or the relevant licensed corporation, registered institution, licensed representative,

responsible officer or approved substantial shareholder (as the case may be) of the ground for the
preliminary view; and

(ii) give such person a reasonable opportunity of being heard.
(2) When the Commission makes a final decision, it shall, as soon as reasonably practicable, notify the applicant or

the relevant licensed corporation, registered institution, licensed representative, responsible officer or approved
substantial shareholder (as the case may be) in writing of its decision and the reasons for making such decision.


Section: 141 Service of notices, etc. on licensed persons E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Notwithstanding section 400, any written notice, decision or direction or other document (however described) to
be, or required to be, issued or served (however described) to or on a licensed person for the purposes of this
Ordinance shall for all purposes be regarded as duly issued or served only if-
(a) in the case of an individual, it is-

(i) delivered to him by hand; or
(ii) (A) left at, or sent by post to, the last residential address;

(B) sent by facsimile transmission to the last facsimile number; or
(C) sent by electronic mail transmission to the last electronic mail address,

provided by the person to the Commission pursuant to section 120(6) or 121(4) (as the case may be);
or

(b) in the case of a corporation, it is-
(i) delivered to any officer of the corporation by hand; or
(ii) (A) left at, or sent by post to, the last address;

(B) sent by facsimile transmission to the last facsimile number; or
(C) sent by electronic mail transmission to the last electronic mail address,

provided by the corporation to the Commission pursuant to section 116, 117, 130(1), 135(2) or 138(4)
(as the case may be).

(2) Where a notice, decision or direction or other document (however described) is regarded as duly issued or served
to or on a licensed person under subsection (1)(a)(ii) or (b)(ii), it shall for all purposes be regarded as issued or
served to or on the licensed person, and as coming to his notice, at the time when-
(a) where it is left at an address, it is so left at that address;
(b) where it is sent by post to an address, it would in the ordinary course of post be delivered to that address;
(c) where it is sent by facsimile transmission to a facsimile number, it would in the ordinary course of

transmission by facsimile be received at that number; or
(d) where it is sent by electronic mail transmission to an electronic mail address, it would in the ordinary course

of transmission by electronic mail be received at that address.

Section: 142 Amendment of Schedule 5 E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


The Financial Secretary may, by notice published in the Gazette, amend Schedule 5.

Section: 143 Amendment of Schedule 6 E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


The Commission may, by notice published in the Gazette, amend Schedule 6.

Part: VI Capital Requirements, Client Assets, Records and Audit

Relating to Intermediaries
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(*Format changes—E.R. 3 of 2015)



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 94

____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* The format of Part VI has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

VI
1

Interpretation E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 144 Interpretation of Part VI E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
specified amount requirements (指明數額規定) means the requirements specified in the financial resources rules

pursuant to section 145(2)(a)(i).

Part:
Division:

VI
2

Capital requirements E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 145 Financial resources of licensed corporations E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, make rules requiring licensed
corporations to maintain such financial resources as are specified in the rules.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the
Commission may in the rules referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) require licensed corporations to maintain financial resources in accordance with-

(i) specified requirements as to the amount in which they are to be maintained; and
(ii) any other specified requirements;

(b) specify the assets, liabilities and other matters to be taken into account under the rules to determine the
amount of the financial resources of licensed corporations for the purposes of the rules and the extent to
which, and the manner in which, they are to be taken into account for that purpose;

(c) provide for the different treatment of the assets, liabilities and other matters for the purposes of the rules
according to whether or not they are approved by the Commission for that purpose;

(d) provide that the rules, or any of the provisions of the rules, do not apply to licensed corporations which
maintain financial resources, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, in accordance with an authorization of an
authority, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which in the opinion of the Commission performs a function which
involves the imposition of requirements relating to financial resources of persons carrying on activities
similar to any regulated activity for which a licensed person may be licensed, or apply to such licensed
corporations with specified modifications or only in specified circumstances;

(e) provide for the grant of approvals for specified purposes and for the amendment or revocation of such
approvals, and for the publication of such approvals and of any amendment or revocation of such approvals
in the specified manner;

(f) require licensed corporations to submit to the Commission-
(i) at specified intervals, returns relating to their financial resources and trading activities; and
(ii) notice in writing of specified circumstances relating to their financial resources and trading activities;

(g) require licensed corporations to submit returns to the Commission in response to a request by the
Commission for information relating to their financial resources and trading activities;

(h) provide for any other matter relating to financial resources of licensed corporations.

Section: 145A Commission may vary financial resources rules for

particular licensed corporations
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) The Commission may, by a written notice served on a licensed corporation that engages in acts involving OTC
derivative transactions, vary any financial resources rule applicable to the corporation, if satisfied, on reasonable
grounds, that it is prudent to make the variation, taking into account risks associated with the corporation.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 95

(2) If the Commission proposes to serve a notice under subsection (1) on a licensed corporation, it must serve a draft
of the notice (draft notice) on the corporation.

(3) A draft notice must—
(a) specify—

(i) the financial resources rule proposed to be varied;
(ii) the manner in which that rule is proposed to be varied; and
(iii) the grounds for the proposed variation; and

(b) include a statement that the corporation may, within 14 days, or a longer period the Commission allows in a
particular case, from the date of service of the draft notice, make written representations to the Commission
on any or all of the matters specified in the draft notice.

(4) If representations are made in accordance with subsection (3)(b) on a draft notice served on a licensed
corporation, the Commission may, after considering the representations—
(a) serve a notice on the corporation under subsection (1) in substantially the same terms as the draft notice;
(b) serve a notice on the corporation under subsection (1) in terms modified to take account of any one or more

of those representations that satisfy the Commission that the modification ought to be made; or
(c) elect not to serve a notice on the corporation under subsection (1) because one or more of those

representations satisfy the Commission that it should neither take the action mentioned in paragraph (a) nor
take the action mentioned in paragraph (b).

(5) If no representations are made in accordance with subsection (3)(b) on a draft notice served on a licensed
corporation, the Commission may serve a notice on the corporation under subsection (1) in substantially the
same terms as the draft notice.

(6) If a financial resources rule applicable to a licensed corporation that engages in OTC derivative transactions is
varied under this section, this Part (including rules made under section 145) applies, in relation to that
corporation, with all necessary modifications to take account of the financial resources rule so varied.

(7) To avoid doubt—
(a) the Commission may serve a draft notice on a licensed corporation in substitution for an earlier draft notice

served on the corporation; and
(b) the reference to substantially the same terms as the draft notice in subsections (4)(a) and (5) is not to be

construed to include the statement required to be included in a draft notice under subsection (3)(b).
(8) The variation of a financial resources rule under subsection (1) takes effect at the time of the service of the

written notice of the variation on the licensed corporation under that subsection or at the time specified in the
notice, whichever is the later.

(Added 6 of 2014 s. 14)

Section: 146 Failure to comply with financial resources rules E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) If a licensed corporation becomes aware of its inability to maintain, or to ascertain whether it maintains,
financial resources in accordance with the specified amount requirements that apply to it, it shall-
(a) as soon as reasonably practicable notify the Commission by notice in writing of that fact; and
(b) subject to subsection (2), immediately cease carrying on any regulated activity for which it is licensed,

otherwise than for the purpose of completing such transactions as the Commission may permit.
(2) Where the Commission considers appropriate, the Commission may permit a licensed corporation which gives

notice to the Commission under subsection (1)(a) to carry on any regulated activity for which it is licensed,
subject to such conditions as may be imposed by the Commission by notice given to it, whether orally or in
writing.

(3) If a licensed corporation becomes aware of its inability to comply with, or to ascertain whether it complies with,
all or any of the requirements of the financial resources rules that apply to it, other than the specified amount
requirements, it shall within one business day thereafter notify the Commission by notice in writing of that fact.

(4) Without limiting the generality of the financial resources rules and the rules that may be made under section 151,
a licensed corporation to which any of the requirements of the financial resources rules apply shall-
(a) keep its records in sufficient detail to establish readily whether all of such requirements are being complied

with; and
(b) where the Commission by notice in writing served on it requires it to do so, make its records available to

the Commission within 5 business days after the service of the notice.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 96

(5) Without prejudice to sections 194 and 195, where the Commission reasonably believes that a licensed
corporation is unable to maintain, or to ascertain whether it maintains, financial resources in accordance with the
specified amount requirements that apply to it, the Commission may, whether or not notice has been given under
subsection (1)(a)-
(a) by notice in writing served on the licensed corporation suspend the licensed corporation's licence, whether

in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for which it is licensed for such
period or until the occurrence of such event as the Commission may specify; or

(b) permit the licensed corporation to carry on any regulated activity for which it is licensed, subject to such
conditions as may be imposed by the Commission by notice given to it, whether orally or in writing.

(6) Where any conditions are imposed pursuant to subsection (2) or (5)(b) by notice given to a licensed corporation
in writing, the Commission may amend any of the conditions in such manner as may be specified by the
Commission, by notice given to the licensed corporation, whether orally or in writing, and where any of the
conditions are so amended-
(a) such conditions shall have effect subject to the amendment accordingly; and
(b) where the conditions are amended by notice in writing, this subsection shall apply, with necessary

modifications, to the conditions as so amended as if they had been imposed pursuant to subsection (2) or
(5)(b) (as the case may be).

(7) Where any conditions are imposed pursuant to subsection (2) or (5)(b), or amended under subsection (6), by
notice given to a licensed corporation otherwise than in writing, the Commission shall as soon as reasonably
practicable give the licensed corporation a further notice in writing to confirm the conditions imposed or the
conditions as amended (as the case may be), subject to such amendment (if any) in respect of the conditions as it
may specify in the notice, and where any conditions are so confirmed subject to any amendment-
(a) the conditions shall have effect subject to the amendment accordingly; and
(b) subsection (6) shall apply, with necessary modifications, to the conditions as so amended as if they had

been imposed pursuant to subsection (2) or (5)(b) (as the case may be).
(8) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Commission shall not impose any conditions pursuant to

subsection (2) or (5)(b), or amend any conditions under subsection (6), by notice given to a licensed corporation
otherwise than in writing if the licensed corporation has on the occasion of being heard pursuant to subsection
(12) in respect of the imposition or amendment (as the case may be) made a request to the Commission that the
conditions shall only be so imposed, or amended, by notice given to it in writing.

(9) The suspension of a licence under subsection (5)(a) takes effect at the time when notice is served in respect of it
pursuant to that subsection or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(10) The imposition of any conditions pursuant to subsection (2) or (5)(b), or the amendment of any conditions under
or pursuant to subsection (6) or (7), takes effect at the time when notice is given in respect of it pursuant to such
subsection or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(11) Where a licence of a licensed corporation is suspended under subsection (5)(a), sections 200(1), 201(2) and (5),
202 and 203 shall apply, with necessary modifications, in relation to the suspension as if it were a suspension
under section 194 or 195.

(12) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Commission shall not exercise any power under subsection (1)(b),
(2), (4)(b), (5), (6), (7), (9) or (10) in respect of a licensed corporation unless the Commission has given the
licensed corporation a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(13) A licensed corporation which contravenes subsection (1)(a) or (b) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $100000 for every day during which the offence continues; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $10000 for every day during which the offence continues.
(14) A licensed corporation which contravenes a condition imposed pursuant to subsection (2) or (5)(b), or as

amended under or pursuant to subsection (6) or (7), commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $100000 for every day during which the offence continues; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $10000 for every day during which the offence continues.
(15) A licensed corporation which, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (3) commits an offence and is

liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 97

(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.
(16) A licensed corporation which contravenes subsection (4) commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(17) The financial resources rules may provide that a licensed corporation which, without reasonable excuse,
contravenes any specified provision of the financial resources rules that applies to it, other than that imposing
any of the specified amount requirements, commits an offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $200000 and a term of imprisonment of 1 year;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 5 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.

(18) A licensed corporation is not excused from complying with subsection (3) only on the ground that to do so might
tend to incriminate it.


Section: 147 Monitoring compliance with financial resources rules E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) The Commission may at any time, by notice in writing served on an executive officer of a licensed corporation,
require the licensed corporation to satisfy the Commission that it complies with all of the requirements of the
financial resources rules that apply to it.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the Commission and any person authorized by the Commission
under subsection (12) may exercise any of the powers of an auditor referred to in section 162 for the purpose of
ascertaining whether a licensed corporation complies with all of the requirements of the financial resources rules
that apply to it.

(3) Without prejudice to sections 194 and 195, where a licensed corporation, upon being required to do so under
subsection (1), fails to satisfy the Commission that it maintains financial resources in accordance with the
specified amount requirements that apply to it, the Commission may-
(a) by notice in writing served on the licensed corporation suspend the licensed corporation's licence, whether

in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for which it is licensed for such
period or until the occurrence of such event as the Commission may specify; or

(b) permit the licensed corporation to carry on any regulated activity for which it is licensed, subject to such
conditions as may be imposed by the Commission by notice given to it, whether orally or in writing.

(4) Where any conditions are imposed pursuant to subsection (3)(b) by notice given to a licensed corporation in
writing, the Commission may amend any of the conditions in such manner as may be specified by the
Commission, by notice given to the licensed corporation, whether orally or in writing, and where any of the
conditions are so amended-
(a) such conditions shall have effect subject to the amendment accordingly; and
(b) where the conditions are amended by notice in writing, this subsection shall apply, with necessary

modifications, to the conditions as so amended as if they had been imposed pursuant to subsection (3)(b).
(5) Where any conditions are imposed pursuant to subsection (3)(b), or amended under subsection (4), by notice

given to a licensed corporation otherwise than in writing, the Commission shall as soon as reasonably
practicable give the licensed corporation a further notice in writing to confirm the conditions imposed or the
conditions as amended (as the case may be), subject to such amendment (if any) in respect of the conditions as it
may specify in the notice, and where any conditions are so confirmed subject to any amendment-
(a) the conditions shall have effect subject to the amendment accordingly; and
(b) subsection (4) shall apply, with necessary modifications, to the conditions as so amended as if they had

been imposed pursuant to subsection (3)(b).
(6) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Commission shall not impose any conditions pursuant to

subsection (3)(b), or amend any conditions under subsection (4), by notice given to a licensed corporation
otherwise than in writing if the licensed corporation has on the occasion of being heard pursuant to subsection
(10) in respect of the imposition or amendment (as the case may be) made a request to the Commission that the
conditions shall only be so imposed, or amended, by notice given to it in writing.

(7) The suspension of a licence under subsection (3)(a) takes effect at the time when notice is served in respect of it
pursuant to that subsection or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(8) The imposition of any conditions pursuant to subsection (3)(b), or the amendment of any conditions under or
pursuant to subsection (4) or (5), takes effect at the time when notice is given in respect of it pursuant to such
subsection or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(9) Where a licence of a licensed corporation is suspended under subsection (3)(a), sections 200(1), 201(2) and (5),



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 98

202 and 203 shall apply, with necessary modifications, in relation to the suspension as if it were a suspension
under section 194 or 195.

(10) Notwithstanding anything in this section-
(a) the Commission or any person authorized by the Commission under subsection (12) shall not exercise any

power under subsection (2) in respect of a licensed corporation;
(b) the Commission shall not exercise any power under subsection (3), (4), (5), (7) or (8) in respect of a

licensed corporation,
unless the Commission or the person (as the case may be) has given the licensed corporation a reasonable
opportunity of being heard.

(11) A licensed corporation which contravenes a condition imposed pursuant to subsection (3)(b), or as amended
under or pursuant to subsection (4) or (5), commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $100000 for every day during which the offence continues; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months and, in the case of a

continuing offence, to a further fine of $10000 for every day during which the offence continues.
(12) For the purposes of subsection (2), the Commission may authorize any person in writing to exercise any of the

powers referred to in that subsection.

Part:
Division:

VI
3

Client assets E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 148 Client securities and collateral held by intermediaries and
their associated entities

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may make rules requiring intermediaries and their associated entities to treat and deal with
client securities and collateral of the intermediaries, and to ensure that client securities and collateral of the
intermediaries that are received or held by any other person on behalf of the intermediaries or the associated
entities (as the case may be) are treated and dealt with, in such manner as is specified in the rules.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the
Commission may in the rules referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) require client securities and collateral of intermediaries to be held, and accounted for, in the specified

manner;
(b) provide that the client securities and collateral shall not be deposited, transferred, lent, pledged, repledged

or otherwise dealt with except in the specified manner;
(c) specify the circumstances in which the client securities and collateral may, notwithstanding that they are

subject to a lawful claim or lien, be dealt with by intermediaries or their associated entities;
(d) provide for the approval, subject to such conditions as the Commission considers appropriate, of companies

or non-Hong Kong companies as being suitable for the safe custody of the client securities and collateral;
(Amended 30 of 2004 s. 3)

(e) require intermediaries and their associated entities to ensure, or to take reasonable steps to ensure, that
persons who receive or hold the client securities and collateral on behalf of the intermediaries or the
associated entities (as the case may be) comply with specified requirements;

(f) require the maintenance of records in relation to the client securities and collateral (including records of
performance of reconciliations in respect of movements of the client securities and collateral into and out of
accounts of intermediaries or their associated entities) in the specified manner;

(g) require the submission to the Commission, upon request or at specified intervals, of specified information,
records and documents for the purpose of enabling the Commission to ascertain readily whether the rules
are being complied with;

(h) require specified matters, and the circumstances relevant thereto, to be notified to the clients of
intermediaries or the Commission, or both;

(i) require a person who becomes aware that he does not comply with any specified provision of the rules that
applies to him to notify the Commission of that fact and of any further specified information, within the
specified time;

(j) provide for any other matter relating to the client securities and collateral.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 99

(3) Except as provided in the rules made under this section, client securities and collateral of an intermediary are not
liable to be taken in execution against the intermediary or an associated entity of the intermediary under the
order or process of a court.

(4) Rules made under this section may provide that an intermediary, or an associated entity of an intermediary,
which, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it commits an
offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $200000 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.

(5) Rules made under this section may provide that an intermediary, or an associated entity of an intermediary,
which, with intent to defraud, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it commits an
offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $1000000 and a term of imprisonment of 7 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine of $500000 and a term of imprisonment of 1 year.

(6) A person is not excused from complying with a requirement in any rules made pursuant to subsection (2)(i) to
give notification to the Commission only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the person.

(7) Notwithstanding anything in this section-
(a) the power of the Commission to make rules under this section in respect of intermediaries shall, where the

intermediaries are registered institutions, be regarded as the power to make rules in respect of the
intermediaries only in relation to client securities and collateral received or held by them in the course of
the businesses which constitute any regulated activities for which they are registered;

(b) the power of the Commission to make rules under this section in respect of associated entities shall, where
the associated entities are authorized financial institutions, be regarded as the power to make rules in respect
of the associated entities only in relation to client securities and collateral received or held by them in the
course of their businesses of receiving or holding client securities and collateral of intermediaries of which
they are associated entities.

(8) Notwithstanding anything in subsection (3), that subsection-
(a) applies to client securities and collateral received or held by a registered institution only if the client

securities and collateral were received or held by the registered institution in the course of the business
which constitutes any regulated activity for which the registered institution is registered;

(b) applies to client securities and collateral received or held by an associated entity that is an authorized
financial institution only if the client securities and collateral were received or held by the associated entity
in the course of its business of receiving or holding client securities and collateral of the intermediary of
which the associated entity is an associated entity.


Section: 149 Client money held by licensed corporations and their

associated entities
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may make rules requiring licensed corporations and their associated entities to treat and deal
with client money of the licensed corporations in such manner as is specified in the rules.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the
Commission may in the rules referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) require client money of licensed corporations or any part thereof to be paid into segregated accounts

established for client money and designated as trust accounts or client accounts;
(b) specify when and how the client money or any part thereof is to be paid into such accounts and require it to

be dealt with, and accounted for, in the specified manner;
(c) specify the amount or proportion of the client money that is not to be paid into such accounts, and the

deductions that may be made before the client money is paid into such accounts;
(d) specify the circumstances in which the client money may be paid out of such accounts, including the

circumstances in which the client money that is the subject of a lawful claim or lien may be paid out of such
accounts;

(e) require interest accruing from the holding of the client money in such accounts to be dealt with and paid in
the specified manner;

(f) specify the persons in Hong Kong with whom such accounts are to be established and maintained;
(g) provide for authorization by the Commission as a condition for payment out of such accounts in specified

circumstances;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 100

(h) require the maintenance of records in relation to such accounts (including records of performance of
reconciliations of payments of the client money into and out of such accounts) in the specified manner;

(i) require the submission to the Commission, upon request or at specified intervals, of specified information,
records and documents for the purpose of enabling the Commission to ascertain readily whether the rules
are being complied with;

(j) require specified matters, and the circumstances relevant thereto, to be notified to the clients of licensed
corporations or the Commission, or both;

(k) require a person who becomes aware that he does not comply with any specified provision of the rules that
applies to him to notify the Commission of that fact and of any further specified information, within the
specified time;

(l) provide for any other matter relating to the client money.
(3) Except as provided in the rules made under this section, client money of a licensed corporation is not liable to be

taken in execution against the licensed corporation or an associated entity of the licensed corporation under the
order or process of a court.

(4) Rules made under this section may provide that a licensed corporation, or an associated entity of a licensed
corporation, which, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it
commits an offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $200000 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.

(5) Rules made under this section may provide that a licensed corporation, or an associated entity of a licensed
corporation, which, with intent to defraud, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it
commits an offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $1000000 and a term of imprisonment of 7 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine of $500000 and a term of imprisonment of 1 year.

(6) A person is not excused from complying with a requirement in any rules made pursuant to subsection (2)(k) to
give notification to the Commission only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the person.

(7) Notwithstanding anything in this section, no rules made under this section shall apply to associated entities that
are authorized financial institutions.

(8) Notwithstanding anything in subsection (3), that subsection does not prevent client money of a licensed
corporation that is received or held by an associated entity that is an authorized financial institution from being
taken in execution against the associated entity.


Section: 150 Claims and liens not affected E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


Nothing in sections 148 and 149 and any rules made under any of those sections shall be construed as taking away or
affecting a lawful claim or lien which any person has in respect of client assets of an intermediary (whether received
or held by the intermediary or an associated entity of the intermediary), but the existence of any such claim or lien
does not relieve the intermediary or an associated entity of the intermediary of the duty to comply with the
requirements of those rules that apply to the intermediary or the associated entity (as the case may be).

Part:
Division:

VI
4

Records E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 151 Keeping of accounts and records by intermediaries and
their associated entities

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may make rules to provide for-
(a) the keeping by intermediaries of such accounts and records as are specified in the rules;
(b) the keeping by associated entities of intermediaries of such accounts and records in respect of client assets

of the intermediaries that they receive or hold as are specified in the rules.
(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the

Commission may in the rules referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) require intermediaries and their associated entities to keep the specified accounts and records for specified

purposes;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 101

(b) provide for the manner in which the accounts and records are to be kept;
(c) provide for the period for which, and the location at which, the accounts and records are to be kept before

they may be destroyed;
(d) require a person who becomes aware that he does not comply with any specified provision of the rules that

applies to him to notify the Commission of that fact and of any further specified information, within the
specified time;

(e) provide for any other matter relating to accounts and records to be kept, whether by intermediaries or their
associated entities.

(3) An entry in the accounts or records of an intermediary or an associated entity of an intermediary shall, in the
absence of evidence to the contrary, be deemed to have been made by or with the authority of the intermediary
or the associated entity (as the case may be).

(4) A person who, with intent to defraud-
(a) enters, records or stores, or causes to be entered, recorded or stored, in any accounts or records kept in

compliance with, or in purported compliance with, rules made under this section, any matter which he
knows to be false or misleading in a material particular;

(b) deletes, destroys, removes or falsifies, or causes to be deleted, destroyed, removed or falsified, any matter
that has been entered, recorded or stored in any accounts or records kept in compliance with, or in purported
compliance with, rules made under this section; or

(c) fails to enter, record or store in any accounts or records kept in compliance with, or in purported compliance
with, rules made under this section, as soon as reasonably practicable, any matter that should be so entered,
recorded or stored,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(5) Rules made under this section may provide that an intermediary, or an associated entity of an intermediary,
which, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it commits an
offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $200000 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.

(6) Rules made under this section may provide that an intermediary, or an associated entity of an intermediary,
which, with intent to defraud, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it commits an
offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $1000000 and a term of imprisonment of 7 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine of $500000 and a term of imprisonment of 1 year.

(7) A person is not excused from complying with a requirement in any rules made pursuant to subsection (2)(d) to
give notification to the Commission only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the person.

(8) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the power of the Commission to make rules under this section in
respect of intermediaries shall, where the intermediaries are registered institutions, be regarded as the power to
make rules in respect of the intermediaries only in relation to accounts and records relating to the businesses
which constitute any regulated activities for which they are registered.


Section: 152 Provision of contract notes, receipts, statements of account

and notifications by intermediaries and their associated
entities

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) The Commission may make rules to provide for-
(a) the preparation by intermediaries of such contract notes, receipts, statements of account and notifications as

are specified in the rules, and the provision thereof to clients of the intermediaries;
(b) the preparation by associated entities of intermediaries, in respect of client assets of the intermediaries that

they receive or hold, of such receipts, statements of account and notifications as are specified in the rules,
and the provision thereof to clients of the intermediaries.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the
Commission may in the rules referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) require intermediaries, in relation to all transactions they enter into, over any specified period of time, with

or on behalf of a client of the intermediaries in the conduct of any of the businesses which constitute any



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 102

regulated activities for which they are licensed or registered, to prepare and provide to the client a contract
note and, where applicable, a statement of account in the specified manner and circumstances;

(b) require intermediaries and their associated entities, in relation to every client of the intermediaries to whom
the intermediaries have provided financial accommodation, to prepare and provide to the client a statement
of account in the specified manner and circumstances;

(c) require intermediaries and their associated entities, in relation to every receipt of client assets from or for
the account of a client of the intermediaries, to prepare and provide to the client a receipt in the specified
manner and circumstances;

(d) require intermediaries and their associated entities, in relation to every notification which relates to client
assets received or held by the intermediaries or the associated entities (as the case may be) on behalf of a
client of the intermediaries, and which is received from any person other than the client (including any
notification concerning any entitlement relating to client assets), to prepare and provide to the client a
notification in the specified manner and circumstances;

(e) provide for the time when contract notes, receipts, statements of account and notifications are to be
provided and the period for which, and the location at which, copies thereof are to be kept before they may
be destroyed;

(f) require a person who becomes aware that he does not comply with any specified provision of the rules that
applies to him to notify the Commission of that fact and of any further specified information, within the
specified time;

(g) provide for any other matter relating to contract notes, receipts, statements of account and notifications to
be prepared and provided to clients of intermediaries, whether by the intermediaries or their associated
entities.

(3) Rules made under this section may provide that an intermediary, or an associated entity of an intermediary,
which, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it commits an
offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $200000 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.

(4) Rules made under this section may provide that an intermediary, or an associated entity of an intermediary,
which, with intent to defraud, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it commits an
offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-
(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $1000000 and a term of imprisonment of 7 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine of $500000 and a term of imprisonment of 1 year.

(5) A person is not excused from complying with a requirement in any rules made pursuant to subsection (2)(f) to
give notification to the Commission only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the person.

(6) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the power of the Commission to make rules under this section in
respect of intermediaries shall, where the intermediaries are registered institutions, be regarded as the power to
make rules in respect of the intermediaries only in relation to contract notes, receipts, statements of account and
notifications relating to the businesses which constitute any regulated activities for which they are registered.


Part:
Division:

VI
5

Audit E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 153 Auditor to be appointed by licensed corporations and
associated entities of intermediaries

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A licensed corporation shall appoint an auditor to perform the functions required of an auditor of the corporation
under or pursuant to the provisions of this or any other Ordinance.

(2) An associated entity of an intermediary shall appoint an auditor to perform the functions required of an auditor
of the associated entity under or pursuant to the provisions of this or any other Ordinance.

(3) A licensed corporation, and an associated entity of an intermediary, shall, within 7 business days after its
appointment of an auditor under subsection (1) or (2) (as the case may be), notify the Commission by notice in
writing of the name and address of the auditor.

(4) A person-
(a) is not eligible for appointment as an auditor under subsection (1) or (2)-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 103

(i) if he is an officer or employee of the licensed corporation or the associated entity the accounts of
which are to be audited, or is in the employment of such an officer or employee; or

(ii) if he belongs to a class of persons prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this
subsection;

(b) is, subject to paragraph (a), eligible for appointment as an auditor under subsection (1) or (2),
notwithstanding that he is, apart from that appointment, already an auditor appointed by the licensed
corporation or the associated entity the accounts of which are to be audited, whether for the purposes of the
Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) or otherwise. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(5) A licensed corporation, or an associated entity of an intermediary, which fails to appoint an auditor in
accordance with subsection (1) or (2) within one month after-
(a) it becomes licensed or becomes such an associated entity (as the case may be); or
(b) the auditor first appointed under subsection (1) or (2) after it becomes licensed or becomes such an

associated entity, or any auditor further appointed under subsection (1) or (2), ceases to be an auditor of the
licensed corporation or of the associated entity (as the case may be),

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(6) A licensed corporation, or an associated entity of an intermediary, which contravenes subsection (3) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.

(7) Nothing in this section prejudices the operation of any other requirements relating to the appointment of an
auditor, whether under the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) or otherwise. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(8) In this section, a reference to an associated entity of an intermediary shall be construed as a reference to such
associated entity other than one that is an authorized financial institution.


Section: 154 Notification of proposed change of auditors by licensed

corporations and associated entities of intermediaries
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A licensed corporation, and an associated entity of an intermediary, shall within one business day after-
(a) it gives notice to its members of a motion, to be moved at its general meeting-

(i) to remove an auditor appointed by it under section 153 before the expiration of his term of office; or
(ii) to replace with another auditor, or not to reappoint, an auditor appointed by it under section 153 at the

expiration of his term of office; or
(b) an auditor appointed by it under section 153 ceases to be its auditor before the expiration of his term of

office, otherwise than in consequence of a motion referred to in paragraph (a),
notify the Commission by notice in writing of that fact.

(2) A licensed corporation, or an associated entity of an intermediary, which contravenes subsection (1) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.

(3) In this section, a reference to an associated entity of an intermediary shall be construed as a reference to such
associated entity other than one that is an authorized financial institution.


Section: 155 Notification of end of financial year by licensed

corporations and associated entities of intermediaries, etc.
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A licensed corporation, and an associated entity of an intermediary, shall-
(a) in the case of the licensed corporation, within one month after it becomes licensed; or
(b) in the case of the associated entity, within one month after it becomes such an associated entity,
notify the Commission by notice in writing of the date on which its financial year ends.

(2) A licensed corporation, and an associated entity of an intermediary, shall not-
(a) except with the approval in writing of the Commission under subsection (3)(a), alter the date notified to the

Commission under subsection (1) as the date on which its financial year ends;
(b) except with the approval in writing of the Commission under subsection (3)(b), adopt any period which

exceeds 12 months as its financial year.
(3) On an application in writing by a licensed corporation or an associated entity of an intermediary, the

Commission may, subject to such conditions as it considers appropriate, grant approval in writing in respect of-
(a) an alteration of the date notified to the Commission under subsection (1) as the date on which its financial



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 104

year ends;
(b) the adoption of any period which exceeds 12 months as its financial year.

(4) A licensed corporation, or an associated entity of an intermediary, which contravenes subsection (1) or (2), or a
condition imposed pursuant to subsection (3), commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.

(5) Nothing in this section prejudices the operation of section 429 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622).
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(6) In this section, a reference to an associated entity of an intermediary shall be construed as a reference to such
associated entity other than one that is an authorized financial institution.


Section: 156 Audited accounts, etc. to be submitted by licensed

corporations and associated entities of intermediaries
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a licensed corporation, and an associated entity of an intermediary, shall-
(a) prepare such financial statements and other documents, for such periods, as are prescribed by rules made

under section 397 for the purposes of this section; and
(b) submit the financial statements and other documents, together with an auditor's report, to the Commission

not later than 4 months after the end of the financial year to which they relate.
(2) Subject to subsections (3) and (4), a licensed corporation that ceases, in such circumstances as are prescribed by

rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this section, carrying on all of the regulated activities for which
it is licensed, and an associated entity of an intermediary that ceases to be such an associated entity, shall-
(a) prepare such financial statements and other documents, which shall be made up to (and including) the date

of the cessation, as are prescribed by the rules; and
(b) submit the financial statements and other documents, together with an auditor's report, to the Commission

not later than 4 months after the date of the cessation.
(3) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) or (2), the requirements under such subsection relating to the

financial statements and other documents, and the auditor's report, referred to in such subsection include the
requirements that-
(a) the financial statements and other documents are to relate to such matters and contain such particulars as are

prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this section;
(b) the auditor's report is to contain such particulars, including such statement of opinion, as are prescribed by

the rules;
(c) the financial statements and other documents, and the auditor's report, are to be prepared in accordance with

such principles or bases as are prescribed by the rules; and
(d) without limiting the generality of section 387 of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622), the financial

statements and other documents are to be signed by such person as is prescribed by the rules. (Amended 28
of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(4) On an application in writing by the licensed corporation or the associated entity by which any financial
statements and other documents, and any auditor's report, are required under subsection (1) or (2) to be
submitted, the Commission may, where it is satisfied that there are special reasons for so doing, extend the
period within which the financial statements and other documents, and the auditor's report, are required to be
submitted, for such period and subject to such conditions as the Commission considers appropriate, and upon the
Commission granting the extension, subsection (1) or (2) (as the case may be) shall apply subject to the
extension accordingly.

(5) A licensed corporation, or an associated entity of an intermediary, which, without reasonable excuse,
contravenes subsection (1) or (2), or a condition imposed pursuant to subsection (4), commits an offence and is
liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(6) A licensed corporation, or an associated entity of an intermediary, which, with intent to defraud, contravenes
subsection (1) or (2), or a condition imposed pursuant to subsection (4), commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(7) In this section, a reference to an associated entity of an intermediary shall be construed as a reference to such
associated entity other than one that is an authorized financial institution.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 105

Section: 157 Auditors of licensed corporations or associated entities of
intermediaries to lodge report with Commission, etc. in
certain cases

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) If a person-
(a) in the course of performing his functions as an auditor appointed under section 153 by a licensed

corporation or an associated entity of an intermediary or, where an associated entity of an intermediary is an
authorized financial institution, as an auditor appointed for the purposes of the Banking Ordinance (Cap
155) by the associated entity, becomes aware of a reportable matter; or

(b) in the course of performing his functions as an auditor appointed under section 153 by a licensed
corporation or an associated entity of an intermediary, proposes to include any qualification or adverse
statement in any report prepared by him on the financial statements or other documents of the licensed
corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) which are required to be submitted to the
Commission under section 156,

he shall-
(i) in the case of paragraph (a), as soon as reasonably practicable after he becomes aware of the reportable

matter, lodge with-
(A) in the case of an auditor appointed under section 153 by a licensed corporation or an associated entity

of an intermediary, the Commission; or
(B) in the case of an auditor appointed for the purposes of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) by an

associated entity of an intermediary, the Commission and the Monetary Authority,
a written report on the reportable matter;

(ii) in the case of paragraph (b), as soon as reasonably practicable after he first proposes the inclusion of the
qualification or adverse statement, lodge with the Commission a written report on the qualification or
adverse statement.

(2) If a person appointed as an auditor under section 153 by a licensed corporation or an associated entity of an
intermediary-
(a) resigns as an auditor of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) before the

expiration of his term of office as such auditor;
(b) does not seek reappointment as an auditor of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case

may be) at the expiration of his term of office as such auditor; or
(c) otherwise ceases to be an auditor of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be),
he shall within one business day thereafter notify the Commission by notice in writing of that fact, and in the
notice state the reasons therefor, and give particulars of any connected circumstances which he considers should
be brought to the attention of the Commission or, where no such circumstances exist, make a statement to that
effect.

(3) In this section-
prescribed requirement (訂明規定) means such of the requirements under any of the rules made under section 148,

149, 151 or 152 as are prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this definition;
reportable matter (須報告事項), in relation to a person acting as an auditor within the meaning of subsection (1)(a),

means a matter that, in the opinion of the person-
(a) in the case of a licensed corporation-

(i) constitutes on the part of the licensed corporation or any of its associated entities a failure to comply
with any prescribed requirement;

(ii) adversely affects to a material extent the financial position of the licensed corporation or any of its
associated entities; or

(iii) constitutes on the part of the licensed corporation a failure to comply with section 146 or with all or
any of the requirements of the financial resources rules that apply to it; or

(b) in the case of an associated entity of an intermediary-
(i) constitutes on the part of the associated entity a failure to comply with any prescribed requirement; or
(ii) where the associated entity is not an authorized financial institution, adversely affects to a material

extent the financial position of the associated entity.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 106

Section: 158 Immunity in respect of communication with Commission,
etc. by auditors of licensed corporations or associated
entities of intermediaries

E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Without prejudice to sections 380 and 381, no duty which a person may be subject to as an auditor appointed
under section 153 by a licensed corporation or an associated entity of an intermediary or, where an associated
entity of an intermediary is an authorized financial institution, as an auditor appointed for the purposes of the
Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) by the associated entity shall be regarded as contravened by reason of his
communicating in good faith to the Commission or the Monetary Authority, whether or not in response to a
request made by the Commission or the Monetary Authority (as the case may be), any information or opinion on
a matter which-
(a) he becomes aware of in his capacity as such auditor (whether or not in the course of performing his

functions as such auditor); and
(b) is relevant to any function of the Commission or the Monetary Authority (as the case may be).

(2) In addition to applying to a person who is an auditor appointed under section 153 by a licensed corporation or an
associated entity of an intermediary, or appointed for the purposes of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) by an
associated entity of an intermediary, subsection (1) also applies to-
(a) a person whose appointment as an auditor appointed under section 153 by a licensed corporation or an

associated entity of an intermediary, or appointed for the purposes of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) by
an associated entity of an intermediary, has ceased, in which case a reference to a matter in that subsection
shall be construed on the basis that paragraph (a) of that subsection requires the matter to be one which he
becomes aware of in his capacity as such auditor (whether or not in the course of performing his functions
as such auditor) before the appointment has ceased;

(b) an auditor appointed, whether or not under section 153 or for the purposes of the Banking Ordinance (Cap
155), by a former licensed corporation or by a former associated entity of an intermediary, in which case a
reference to a matter in that subsection shall be construed on the basis that paragraph (a) of that subsection
requires the matter to be one which he becomes aware of in his capacity as such auditor (whether or not in
the course of performing his functions as such auditor); and

(c) a person whose appointment as an auditor, whether or not under section 153 or for the purposes of the
Banking Ordinance (Cap 155), by a former licensed corporation or by a former associated entity of an
intermediary, has ceased, in which case a reference to a matter in that subsection shall be construed on the
basis that paragraph (a) of that subsection requires the matter to be one which he becomes aware of in his
capacity as such auditor (whether or not in the course of performing his functions as such auditor) before
the appointment has ceased.

(3) In this section-
former associated entity of an intermediary (中介人的前有聯繫實體) means a corporation which was formerly an

associated entity of an intermediary;
former licensed corporation (前持牌法團) means a corporation which was formerly a licensed corporation.

Section: 159 Power of Commission to appoint auditors for licensed

corporations and their associated entities
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsection (3), where-
(a) a licensed corporation has failed to satisfy the Commission in accordance with section 147 that it complies

with all of the requirements of the financial resources rules that apply to it;
(b) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that a licensed corporation or any of its associated entities

has failed to comply with any prescribed requirement;
(c) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that a licensed corporation or any of its associated entities

has failed to submit any financial statements or other documents in accordance with section 156; or
(d) the Commission has received a written report lodged by a person under section 157 in relation to a licensed

corporation or any of its associated entities,
the Commission may appoint an auditor to examine and audit, either generally or in respect of any particular
matter, the accounts and records of the licensed corporation and any of its associated entities (including records
of transactions entered into by the licensed corporation with any other person and of client assets of the licensed



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 107

corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be)), and,
without prejudice to section 161, to report to the Commission on such matters as the Commission may direct.

(2) Where an auditor is appointed under subsection (1) to examine and audit the accounts and records of a licensed
corporation and any of its associated entities, the auditor may, for the purpose of carrying out the examination
and audit, examine any client assets of the licensed corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or
the associated entity (as the case may be).

(3) The Commission shall not appoint an auditor under subsection (1) to examine and audit the accounts and records
of an associated entity that is an authorized financial institution unless the Commission has first consulted the
Monetary Authority in respect of the appointment and of the scope of the examination and audit to be carried out
by the auditor.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), where an auditor appointed under subsection (1) has examined and audited the
accounts and records of a licensed corporation or an associated entity of a licensed corporation, the Commission
may, where it is of the opinion that it is appropriate to do so having regard to the conduct (whether before or
after the appointment) of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be), by notice in
writing direct the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) to pay a specified amount,
being the whole or a part of the costs and expenses of the examination and audit, within the specified time and in
the specified manner.

(5) The Commission shall not give a direction under subsection (4) unless it has given the licensed corporation or
the associated entity to which the direction is to be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(6) Where a licensed corporation or an associated entity of a licensed corporation fails to comply with a direction of
the Commission under subsection (4), the Commission may recover the specified amount referred to in the
direction as a civil debt due to it.

(7) In this section, prescribed requirement (訂明規定) means such of the requirements under any of the rules made
under section 148, 149, 151 or 152 as are prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this
definition.


Section: 160 Power of Commission to appoint auditors for licensed

corporations and their associated entities on application
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) Subject to subsections (3) to (6), on an application in writing by a person who alleges that a licensed corporation
or any of its associated entities-
(a) has failed to account to the person as a client of the licensed corporation for any client assets held on behalf

of the person by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be); or
(b) has failed to act in accordance with instructions given by the person as a client of the licensed corporation to

the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be), and has failed-
(i) to account to the person for any profit that may have been secured or increased by the person had the

instructions been followed; or
(ii) to compensate the person for any loss that may have been avoided or reduced by the person had the

instructions been followed,
the Commission may appoint an auditor to examine and audit, either generally or in respect of any particular
matter, the accounts and records of the licensed corporation and any of its associated entities (including records
of transactions entered into by the licensed corporation with any other person and of client assets of the licensed
corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be)), and,
without prejudice to section 161, to report to the Commission on such matters as the Commission may direct.

(2) Where an auditor is appointed under subsection (1) to examine and audit the accounts and records of a licensed
corporation and any of its associated entities, the auditor may, for the purpose of carrying out the examination
and audit, examine any client assets of the licensed corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or
the associated entity (as the case may be).

(3) A person making an application pursuant to subsection (1) shall state in the application-
(a) the particulars of the circumstances in which any licensed corporation or any associated entity of a licensed

corporation is alleged to have failed to account for any client assets, or to act in accordance with
instructions given to the licensed corporation or the associated entity and to account for any profit or
compensate for any loss (as the case may be);

(b) the particulars of any client assets concerned;
(c) the particulars of the transactions in respect of which the alleged failure has occurred; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 108

(d) any other particulars the Commission may require,
and shall verify all statements in the application by statutory declaration, which may be taken by any person
authorized by the Commission in that behalf.

(4) The Commission shall not appoint an auditor under subsection (1) unless it is satisfied that-
(a) the person making the application pursuant to that subsection has a good reason for making the application;

and
(b) it is in the interest of-

(i) the licensed corporation and the associated entity the accounts and records of which are to be
examined and audited by the auditor;

(ii) the person making the application; or
(iii) the investing public or the public,

that the auditor be appointed.
(5) The Commission shall not appoint an auditor under subsection (1) to examine and audit the accounts and records

of an associated entity that is an authorized financial institution unless the Commission has first consulted the
Monetary Authority in respect of the appointment and of the scope of the examination and audit to be carried out
by the auditor.

(6) The Commission shall not appoint an auditor under subsection (1) to examine and audit the accounts and records
of a licensed corporation or an associated entity of a licensed corporation unless the Commission has given the
licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(7) For the purposes of the law of defamation, every statement in an application made pursuant to subsection (1)
shall, if made in good faith and without malice, be privileged.

(8) Subject to subsection (9), where an auditor appointed under subsection (1) has examined and audited the
accounts and records of a licensed corporation or an associated entity of a licensed corporation, the Commission
may, where it is of the opinion that it is appropriate to do so having regard to the conduct (whether before or
after the appointment) of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) and of the person
making the application pursuant to subsection (1) in respect of the appointment, by notice in writing direct the
licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) or the person making the application to pay a
specified amount, being-
(a) in the case of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be), the whole or a part of

the costs and expenses of the examination and audit; or
(b) in the case of the person making the application, the whole or a part of the costs and expenses of the

examination and audit to the extent that they have been reasonably incurred for the purpose of ascertaining
matters to which the application relates,

within the specified time and in the specified manner.
(9) The Commission shall not give a direction under subsection (8) unless it has given the licensed corporation, the

associated entity or the person to which or to whom the direction is to be given a reasonable opportunity of being
heard.

(10) Where a licensed corporation, an associated entity of a licensed corporation or a person making an application
pursuant to subsection (1) fails to comply with a direction of the Commission under subsection (8), the
Commission may recover the specified amount referred to in the direction as a civil debt due to it.


Section: 161 Auditors appointed under section 159 or 160 to report to

Commission
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) An auditor appointed under section 159 or 160 shall make such interim reports to the Commission as it may
require and shall, on the conclusion of the examination and audit which he is appointed to carry out, make a final
report to the Commission.

(2) A report referred to in subsection (1) shall be made within such time and in such manner as the Commission may
direct.

(3) The Commission may, if it considers appropriate, forward a copy of any report made to it under subsection (1) to
the licensed corporation or the associated entity the accounts and records of which are the subject of the
examination and audit referred to in the report.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 109

Section: 162 Powers of auditors appointed under section 159 or 160 E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) An auditor appointed under section 159 or 160 to examine and audit the accounts and records of any licensed
corporation and any of its associated entities, for the purpose of carrying out the examination and audit, may, in
addition to any other action that the auditor may reasonably take for the purpose-
(a) examine on oath or otherwise-

(i) any officer, employee and agent of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may
be); and

(ii) any auditor appointed by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) under
section 153 or, where the associated entity is an authorized financial institution, for the purposes of the
Banking Ordinance (Cap 155),

in respect of any matter relating to the business of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case
may be) or to the client assets of the licensed corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or the
associated entity (as the case may be) and, for that purpose, administer oaths accordingly;
(b) require any officer, employee and agent of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may

be) to-
(i) produce any accounts and records concerning any matter relating to the business of the licensed

corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) or to the client assets of the licensed
corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be);
and

(ii) explain the contents of the accounts and records so produced;
(c) require any auditor appointed by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) under

section 153 or, where the associated entity is an authorized financial institution, for the purposes of the
Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) to-
(i) produce any accounts and records held by him concerning any matter relating to the business of the

licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) or to the client assets of the licensed
corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be);
and

(ii) explain the contents of the accounts and records so produced;
(d) require a recognized exchange company or recognized clearing house to-

(i) produce any accounts and records kept by it, or information in its possession, concerning any matter
relating to the business of the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) or to
the client assets of the licensed corporation received or held by the licensed corporation or the
associated entity (as the case may be); and

(ii) explain the contents of the accounts and records, and the information, so produced;
(e) require any person receiving or holding client assets of the licensed corporation on behalf of the licensed

corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be) to-
(i) produce any accounts and records kept by the person, or information in his possession, concerning any

matter relating to the client assets; and
(ii) explain the contents of the accounts and records, and the information, so produced;

(f) employ any person he considers necessary to assist him in carrying out the examination and audit which he
is appointed to carry out; and

(g) for the purpose of carrying out the examination and audit which he is appointed to carry out, authorize in
writing any person employed by him to do any act or thing referred to in this subsection (except to examine
a person on oath under paragraph (a) or to exercise any power conferred by this paragraph).

(2) If an auditor appointed under section 159 or 160, or a person authorized under subsection (1)(g), reasonably
considers it necessary for the purpose of carrying out the examination and audit of the accounts and records of a
licensed corporation and any of its associated entities which the auditor is appointed to carry out, the powers
referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) are exercisable in relation to any other business carried on by the licensed corporation in conjunction with

any regulated activity for which it is licensed and to any business of any of its associated entities, in which
case any reference to "any matter relating to the business of the licensed corporation or the associated entity
(as the case may be)" in subsection (1)(a) to (g) shall be construed on the basis that it refers to any matter
relating to such other business carried on by the licensed corporation or to such business of any of its
associated entities; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 110

(b) are exercisable in relation to a related corporation of the licensed corporation or any of its associated
entities, in which case-
(i) any reference to "any officer, employee and agent of the licensed corporation or the associated entity

(as the case may be)" in subsection (1)(a) to (g) shall be construed on the basis that it refers to any
officer, employee and agent of the related corporation;

(ii) any reference to "any auditor appointed by the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case
may be) under section 153 or, where the associated entity is an authorized financial institution, for the
purposes of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155)" in subsection (1)(a) to (g) shall be construed on the
basis that it refers to any auditor appointed by the related corporation, whether under this Ordinance or
otherwise;

(iii) any reference to "any matter relating to the business of the licensed corporation or the associated entity
(as the case may be) or to the client assets of the licensed corporation received or held by the licensed
corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be)" in subsection (1)(a) to (g) shall be construed
on the basis that it refers, apart from the matter originally referred to, also to any matter relating to the
business of the related corporation; and

(iv) any reference to "any person receiving or holding client assets of the licensed corporation on behalf of
the licensed corporation or the associated entity (as the case may be)" in subsection (1)(a) to (g) shall
be construed on the basis that it refers to any person receiving or holding client assets of the licensed
corporation on behalf of the related corporation.

(3) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with any requirement imposed on him (including the
requirement to answer any question put to him) under this section (whether by an auditor appointed under
section 159 or 160 or a person authorized under subsection (1)(g)) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(4) A person who-
(a) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him (including the requirement to answer any

question put to him) under this section (whether by an auditor appointed under section 159 or 160 or a
person authorized under subsection (1)(g)), produces any accounts or records or gives an answer which is
false or misleading in a material particular; and

(b) knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the accounts or records or the answer is false or misleading in a
material particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(5) A person who, with intent to defraud-
(a) fails to comply with any requirement imposed on him (including the requirement to answer any question

put to him) under this section (whether by an auditor appointed under section 159 or 160 or a person
authorized under subsection (1)(g)); or

(b) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him (including the requirement to answer any
question put to him) under this section (whether by an auditor appointed under section 159 or 160 or a
person authorized under subsection (1)(g)), produces any accounts or records or gives an answer which is
false or misleading in a material particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.


Section: 163 Offence to destroy, conceal, or alter accounts, records or

documents, etc.
E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015



(1) A person commits an offence if he, with intent to prevent, delay or obstruct the carrying out of any examination
and audit which an auditor appointed under this Part is required to carry out-
(a) deletes, destroys, mutilates, falsifies, conceals, alters or otherwise makes unavailable any accounts, records

or documents related to such examination and audit, or aids or abets or conspires with another person to do
so;

(b) disposes or procures the disposal, in any manner and by any means, of any property related to such



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 111

examination and audit, or aids or abets or conspires with another person to do so; or
(c) leaves, or attempts to leave, Hong Kong.

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(3) If, in proceedings for an offence under subsection (1), it is proved that the accused person deleted, destroyed,
mutilated, falsified, concealed or altered any accounts, records or documents related to any examination and
audit which an auditor appointed under this Part is required to carry out, or aided or abetted or conspired with
another person to do so, he shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be presumed to have done so with
intent to prevent, delay or obstruct the carrying out of such examination and audit.


Part:
Division:

VI
6

Miscellaneous E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015





Section: 164 Restriction on receiving or holding of client assets E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) No person shall receive or hold in Hong Kong client assets of an intermediary unless the person is-
(a) the intermediary;
(b) an associated entity of the intermediary; or
(c) an excluded person.

(2) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) In this section, excluded person (豁除人士) means-
(a) any authorized financial institution;
(b) in the case of client collateral of any intermediary, any other intermediary or person with which or whom it

is deposited, or to which or whom it is provided, in the circumstances referred to in paragraph (a)(A) or (B)
or (b)(A) or (B) (as the case may be) of the definition of securities collateral or other collateral (as the case
may be) in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1;

(c) any company or non-Hong Kong company that is approved under rules made pursuant to section 148(2)(d)
as being suitable for the safe custody of client securities and collateral of intermediaries; or (Amended 30
of 2004 s. 3)

(d) any person in Hong Kong that is specified under rules made pursuant to section 149(2)(f) as that with whom
segregated accounts established for client money of licensed corporations and designated as trust accounts
or client accounts are to be established and maintained.


Section: 165 Associated entities E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


(1) An associated entity of an intermediary shall within 7 business days after-
(a) it becomes such an associated entity; or
(b) it ceases to be such an associated entity,
notify the Commission by notice in writing of that fact and such other particulars as are prescribed by rules
made under section 397 for the purposes of this section.

(2) Where there is any change in the particulars required to be provided by an associated entity of an intermediary
under subsection (1), the associated entity shall within 7 business days thereafter notify the Commission by
notice in writing of that fact and provide in the notice particulars of the change.

(3) Where an associated entity of an intermediary, other than an authorized financial institution, receives or holds
client assets of the intermediary, the associated entity shall not, unless authorized in writing by the Commission,
conduct any business other than that of receiving or holding client assets, whether on behalf of the intermediary
or otherwise.

(4) An associated entity of an intermediary which, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (1), (2) or (3)
commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 112

(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.
(5) An associated entity of an intermediary which, with intent to defraud, contravenes subsection (1), (2) or (3)

commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $500000 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(6) An associated entity of an intermediary which becomes aware that it does not comply with subsection (1), (2) or
(3) shall within one business day thereafter notify the Commission by notice in writing of that fact and of the
surrounding circumstances.

(7) An associated entity of an intermediary which contravenes subsection (6) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(8) An associated entity of an intermediary is not excused from complying with subsection (6) only on the ground
that to do so might tend to incriminate it.

(9) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the power of the Commission to make rules for the purposes of this
section in respect of associated entities shall, where the associated entities are authorized financial institutions,
be regarded as the power to make rules in respect of the associated entities only in relation to particulars relating
to their businesses of receiving or holding client assets of intermediaries of which they are associated entities.


Section: 166 Use of incriminating evidence in proceedings E.R. 3 of 2015 12/11/2015


Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Ordinance, where a person-
(a) is required under section 146(3) to notify the Commission of any matter;
(b) is required under section 165(6) to notify the Commission of any matter; or
(c) is required by rules made pursuant to section 148(2)(i), 149(2)(k), 151(2)(d) or 152(2)(f) to notify the

Commission of any matter,
and the notification might tend to incriminate the person, then the notification shall not be admissible in evidence
against the person in criminal proceedings in a court of law other than those in which-

(i) he is charged with an offence under Part V of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap 200), or for perjury, in respect of
the notification;

(ii) in the case of paragraph (a), he is charged with an offence under section 146(15) in respect of the
notification;

(iii) in the case of paragraph (b), he is charged with an offence under section 165(7) in respect of the
notification; or

(iv) in the case of paragraph (c), he is charged with an offence under any rules made under section 148(4) or (5),
149(4) or (5), 151(5) or (6), 152(3) or (4) (as the case may be) in respect of a contravention taking place by
reason of a failure to comply with the requirement described in paragraph (c) relating to the notification.


Part: VII BUSINESS CONDUCT, ETC. OF INTERMEDIARIES L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003




Part:
Division:

VII
1

Interpretation L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 167 Interpretation of Part VII L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
"client contract" (客戶合約) means any contract or arrangement between an intermediary and another person, which

contains terms on which the intermediary is to provide services the provision of which constitutes a regulated
activity;

"representative" (代表)-
(a) in relation to a licensed corporation, means an individual-

(i) who is licensed as a licensed representative for a regulated activity; and
(ii) who carries on that regulated activity for the licensed corporation as a licensed corporation to



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 113

which he is accredited; or
(b) in relation to a registered institution, means an individual-

(i) whose name is entered in the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20 of
the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as that of a person engaged by the registered institution in
respect of a regulated activity; and

(ii) who carries on that regulated activity for the registered institution.

Part:
Division:

VII
2

Business conduct L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 168 Business conduct of intermediaries and their
representatives

L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003



(1) The Commission may make rules requiring intermediaries and their representatives to comply with such
practices and standards, relating to the conduct of the intermediaries or the representatives (as the case may be) in
carrying on the regulated activities for which the intermediaries are licensed or registered, as are specified in the rules.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the
Commission may in the rules referred to in subsection (1)-

(a) prohibit the use of misleading or deceptive advertisements by or on behalf of intermediaries, and
impose conditions for the use of advertisements by or on behalf of intermediaries;

(b) require specified terms and conditions to be included in client contracts and provide that the terms and
conditions are, unless the Commission in relation to any particular term or condition otherwise directs,
to be deemed to be of the essence of the client contracts in which they are included, whether or not a
different intention appears from the provisions of such client contracts;

(c) require an intermediary to provide to its client, upon entering into a client contract with the client, and
thereafter from time to time upon request by the client, specified information concerning the business
of the intermediary, and the identity and status of any person acting on behalf of the intermediary and
with whom the client may have contact;

(d) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, to take specified steps to ascertain,
in relation to each of the clients of the intermediary, specified matters relating to his identity and his
financial situation, investment experience and investment objectives relevant to the services to be
provided by the intermediary;

(e) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, to take specified steps before
providing information or advice concerning financial products to any client of the intermediary;

(f) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, when making any recommendation
concerning any financial product to any client of the intermediary, to disclose to the client in the
specified manner any interest the intermediary or the representative (as the case may be) may have in
the financial product;

(g) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, to take specified steps to ensure
that disclosure is made to any client of the intermediary of financial risks in relation to any financial
product the intermediary or the representative (as the case may be) recommends to the client;

(h) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, to take specified steps to ensure
that disclosure is made to any client of the intermediary of any commission or advantage the
intermediary or the representative (as the case may be) receives or is to receive from any third party in
connection with any financial product the intermediary or the representative (as the case may be)
recommends to the client;

(i) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, not to effect a transaction on behalf
of any client of the intermediary in specified circumstances;

(j) prohibit the use by an intermediary, or any representative of an intermediary, of information relating to
the affairs of a client of the intermediary, except in specified circumstances and under specified
conditions;

(k) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, to take specified steps in cases of
conflict arising between any of their interests and those of a client of the intermediary;

(l) prohibit the receipt by an intermediary of any property or services from another intermediary in



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 114

consideration of directing business to that other intermediary, except in specified circumstances and
under specified conditions;

(m) prohibit the dealing by any representative of an intermediary for his own account in securities or
futures contracts, except in specified circumstances and under specified conditions;

(n) require an intermediary, and any representative of an intermediary, to take specified steps to introduce
and implement procedures to discourage and identify any money laundering activities;

(o) provide for any other matter relating to the practices and standards relating to conduct in carrying on
the regulated activities for which intermediaries are licensed or registered.

(3) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Commission shall not exercise any of its powers under this
section to make rules to specify any terms and conditions for the purposes of any requirement referred to in subsection
(2)(b) unless it is satisfied that the specification of the terms and conditions is for the better furtherance of any of its
regulatory objectives or the better performance of any of its functions.

(4) Rules made under this section may provide that an intermediary, or a representative of an intermediary,
that, without reasonable excuse, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it or him commits an
offence and is liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-

(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $200000 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.


Section: 169 Codes for business conduct of intermediaries and their

representatives
L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003



(1) Without prejudice to the power of the Commission to make rules under section 168, the Commission may
publish, in the Gazette and in any other manner it considers appropriate, codes of conduct for the purpose of giving
guidance relating to the practices and standards with which intermediaries and their representatives are ordinarily
expected to comply in carrying on the regulated activities for which the intermediaries are licensed or registered.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), any code of conduct referred to in that subsection may, in
giving guidance referred to in that subsection, refer to obligations to observe-

(a) any other codes or requirements issued or imposed otherwise than by the Commission;
(b) continuing obligations, including any such obligations-

(i) in the case of an intermediary, to provide for the continuous training of its representatives; or
(ii) in the case of a representative of an intermediary, to undergo continuous training;

(c) practices and standards concerning any of the matters described in section 168(2).
(3) The Commission may from time to time amend the whole or any part of any code of conduct published

under this section in a manner consistent with the power to publish the code of conduct under this section, and-
(a) the other provisions of this section apply, with necessary modifications, to such amendments to the

code as they apply to the code; and
(b) any reference in this or any other Ordinance to the code (however expressed) shall, unless the context

otherwise requires, be construed as a reference to the code as so amended.
(4) A failure on the part of an intermediary, or a representative of an intermediary, to comply with the

provisions set out in any code of conduct published under this section that apply to it or him shall not by itself render it
or him liable to any judicial or other proceedings, but may be taken into account in considering, for the purposes of
any provision of this Ordinance-

(a) in the case of an intermediary, whether it is a fit and proper person to be or to remain licensed or
registered;

(b) in the case of a representative of an intermediary that is a licensed corporation, whether he is a fit and
proper person to be or to remain licensed as a representative; or

(c) in the case of a representative of an intermediary that is a registered institution, whether he is a fit and
proper person to be or to remain a person whose name is entered in the register maintained by the
Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as that of a person engaged
by a registered institution in respect of a regulated activity,

and in any proceedings under this Ordinance before any court the code shall be admissible in evidence, and if any
provision set out in the code appears to the court to be relevant to any question arising in the proceedings it shall be
taken into account in determining that question.

(5) Any code of conduct published under this section-
(a) may be of general or special application and, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, may be



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 115

made so as to apply, or so as not to apply-
(i) to a specified extent in relation to any specified person or to members of a specified class of

persons;
(ii) in specified circumstances;

(b) may make different provisions for different circumstances and provide for different cases or classes of
cases.

(6) Any code of conduct published under this section is not subsidiary legislation.

Part:
Division:

VII
3

Restriction on short selling, etc. L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 170 Short selling restricted L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a person shall not sell securities at or through a recognized stock market
unless at the time he sells them-

(a) he has or, where he is selling as an agent, his principal has; or
(b) he believes and has reasonable grounds to believe that he has or, where he is selling as an agent, that

his principal has,
a presently exercisable and unconditional right to vest the securities in the purchaser of them.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1)-
(a) a person shall be regarded as selling securities if he-

(i) purports to sell the securities;
(ii) offers to sell the securities;
(iii) holds himself out as being entitled to sell the securities; or
(iv) instructs any representative of an intermediary that carries on Type 1 regulated activity for the

intermediary, to sell the securities;
(b) a person who, at a particular time, has a presently exercisable and unconditional right to have securities

vested in him or in accordance with his directions shall be regarded as having at that time a presently
exercisable and unconditional right to vest the securities in a purchaser of them;

(c) a right of a person to vest securities in a purchaser of them shall not be regarded as not unconditional
by reason only of the fact that the securities are charged or pledged in favour of some other person to
secure the repayment of money.

(3) Subsection (1) does not apply to-
(a) a person who acts in good faith, believing and having reasonable grounds to believe that he has a right,

title, or interest to or in the securities which he sells within the meaning of subsection (1);
(b) a person who, as a representative of an intermediary that carries on Type 1 regulated activity for the

intermediary, acts in good faith on behalf of some other person, believing and having reasonable
grounds to believe that such other person has a right, title, or interest to or in the securities which he
sells within the meaning of subsection (1) on behalf of such other person;

(c) a sale of securities by an exchange participant acting as a principal, when he acts in the course of his
business of dealing in odd lots of securities, in accordance with the rules of the recognized exchange
company which operates a stock market, being a sale effected solely for the purpose of-
(i) accepting an offer to purchase an odd lot of securities; or
(ii) disposing of an odd lot of securities, by means of the sale of one board lot of those securities;

(d) a sale of securities effected pursuant to a transaction in an options contract traded on a recognized
stock market;

(e) a sale of securities falling within a class of transactions prescribed by rules made under section 397 for
the purposes of this paragraph.

(4) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 6
and to imprisonment for 2 years.

Section: 171 Requirements to confirm short selling order L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) A person, where he is selling as a principal, shall not convey a short selling order at or through a recognized



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 116

stock market unless he provides to his agent an assurance, in the form of a document, that-
(a) he has a presently exercisable and unconditional right to vest the securities to which the order relates in

the purchaser of them; and
(b) where the short selling order is such order by virtue of paragraph (a)(i) or (v) of the definition of "short

selling order" in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1, the counterparty or the other person (as the case
may be) referred to in such paragraph has the securities to which the order relates available to lend or
deliver to him.

(2) A person to which subsection (1) applies shall provide to his agent such information (if any), in the form of
a document and within such time, as is prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection.

(3) An exchange participant, where he is selling as a principal, shall not convey a short selling order which is
such order by virtue of paragraph (a)(i) or (v) of the definition of "short selling order" in section 1 of Part 1 of
Schedule 1 at or through a recognized stock market unless he has received an assurance, in the form of a document,
from the counterparty or the other person (as the case may be) referred to in such paragraph that the counterparty or
the other person (as the case may be) has the securities to which the order relates available to lend or deliver to him.

(4) An exchange participant to which subsection (3) applies shall collect from the counterparty or the other
person referred to in that subsection such information (if any), in the form of a document and within such time, as is
prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection.

(5) A person, where he is selling as an agent, shall not convey or accept an order to sell securities which is a
short selling order at or through a recognized stock market unless he has received from his principal, or the other
person for whose benefit or on whose behalf the order is made, an assurance, in the form of a document, that-

(a) his principal or that other person (as the case may be) has a presently exercisable and unconditional
right to vest the securities to which the order relates in the purchaser of them; and

(b) where the short selling order is such order by virtue of paragraph (a)(i) or (v) of the definition of "short
selling order" in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1, the counterparty or the other person (as the case
may be) referred to in such paragraph has the securities to which the order relates available to lend or
deliver to him.

(6) A person to which subsection (5) applies shall collect from his principal, or the other person referred to in
that subsection, such information (if any), in the form of a document and within such time, as is prescribed by rules
made under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection.

(7) For the purposes of subsections (1), (3) and (5), a person who conveys or accepts an order on behalf of his
clients or beneficiaries shall be regarded as selling as a principal if-

(a) he has full discretion to sell the securities to which the order relates; and
(b) his conveyance or acceptance is not in accordance with any instruction from his clients or

beneficiaries.
(8) An agent or exchange participant who receives or collects an assurance or information by virtue of or under

subsection (1), (2), (3), (4), (5) or (6) shall-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), retain the document in which it is contained for not less than one year from

the date on which it is received; and
(b) upon request made at any time within that year by the Commission, give the Commission access to the

document, and produce to the Commission, within the time and at the place specified by the
Commission, the document.

(9) An assurance or information referred to in subsection (1), (2), (3), (4), (5) or (6) shall in any proceedings
under this Ordinance before any court be admissible as prima facie evidence of-

(a) in the case of an assurance, the matters specified in subsection (1), (3) or (5) (as the case may be) as
that to which the assurance relates; or

(b) in the case of information, the matters (if any) specified in the rules referred to in subsection (2), (4) or
(6) (as the case may be) as that to which the information relates.

(10) Subject to subsection (11), a person who contravenes subsection (1), (3) or (5) commits an offence and is
liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(11) It is a defence to a charge for an offence under subsection (10) for the person charged to prove that when he
conveyed or, in the case of a contravention of subsection (5), conveyed or accepted the order concerned, he-

(a) believed and had reasonable grounds to believe that the order was not a short selling order; or
(b) did not know that the order was a short selling order.

(12) A person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (2), (4), (6) or (8) commits an offence
and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 year.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 117


Section: 172 Requirements to disclose short sales L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) An exchange participant or exchange participant's representative who knows or is informed that an order to
sell securities is a short selling order shall-

(a) when passing the order to any other person with a view that the other person shall input the order into
the trading system of a recognized stock market, inform that other person that the order is a short
selling order; and

(b) when inputting the order into the trading system of a recognized stock market, indicate such matters as
may be required, under the rules of the recognized exchange company by which the recognized stock
market is operated, to show that the order is a short selling order.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), a person who, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (1) commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

(3) A person shall not be regarded as committing an offence under subsection (2) if he contravenes subsection
(1) by reason only of his inadvertence, carelessness or negligence.

(4) In this section, "exchange participant's representative" ( 交易所參與者代表 ) means a licensed
representative accredited to a licensed corporation that is an exchange participant of a recognized exchange company
which operates a recognized stock market.

Part:
Division:

VII
4

Other requirements L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 173 Requirements for options trading L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The Commission may make rules-
(a) prohibiting Type 1 intermediaries from-

(i) transacting in Hong Kong;
(ii) holding themselves out in Hong Kong as being prepared to transact,
except as provided in the rules, any dealing whereby directly or indirectly they confer on any person
an option to sell to or purchase from them, or any other person on their behalf, any listed securities;

(b) prohibiting Type 2 intermediaries from-
(i) transacting in Hong Kong;
(ii) holding themselves out in Hong Kong as being prepared to transact,
except as provided in the rules, any dealing whereby directly or indirectly they confer on any person
an option to sell to or purchase from them, or any other person on their behalf, any futures contracts
traded on a recognized futures market.

(2) Rules made under this section may provide that a Type 1 intermediary, or a Type 2 intermediary, which,
without reasonable excuse, contravenes any specified provision of the rules that applies to it commits an offence and is
liable to a specified penalty not exceeding-

(a) on conviction on indictment a fine of $200000 and a term of imprisonment of 2 years;
(b) on summary conviction a fine at level 6 and a term of imprisonment of 6 months.

(3) In this section-
"Type 1 intermediary" (第1類中介人) means an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 1 regulated activity;
"Type 2 intermediary" (第2類中介人) means an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 2 regulated activity.

Section: 174 Certain agreements not to be made during unsolicited calls 23 of 2004 08/09/2004


(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), an intermediary, or a representative of an intermediary, shall not, as
principal or agent, during or as a consequence of an unsolicited call made, whether in Hong Kong or elsewhere, by it
or him-

(a) make or offer to make with another person-
(i) an agreement for that other person to sell or purchase, or with a view to having that other person

sell or purchase, any securities, futures contract or leveraged foreign exchange contract;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 118

(ii) an agreement to provide, or with a view to providing, to that other person securities margin
financing; or

(iii) an agreement the purpose or effect, or pretended purpose or effect, of which is to provide,
whether conditionally or unconditionally, to that other person a profit, income or other returns-
(A) from any securities, futures contract or leveraged foreign exchange contract; or
(B) calculated by reference to changes in the value of any securities, futures contract or

leveraged foreign exchange contract; or
(b) induce or attempt to induce another person to enter into an agreement referred to in paragraph (a),

whether or not in making the unsolicited call it or he does any other act or thing.
(2) An intermediary, or a representative of an intermediary, shall not be regarded as contravening subsection

(1) by reason only that it or he-
(a) makes a call on another person who is a solicitor or certified public accountant acting in his

professional capacity, or is a licensed person, registered institution, money lender or professional
investor, or its or his existing client; and (Amended 23 of 2004 s. 56)

(b) whether as principal or agent, makes or offers to make with that other person an agreement referred to
in subsection (1)(a), or induces or attempts to induce that other person to enter into such an agreement.

(3) This section does not apply to-
(a) agreements relating to securities, futures contracts or leveraged foreign exchange contracts or to

securities margin financing which are of a class prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the
purposes of this paragraph;

(b) calls made by a person who is of a class prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes
of this paragraph;

(c) calls made on a person who is of a class prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes
of this paragraph;

(d) calls which are of a class prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this
paragraph.

(4) Without limiting the generality of the powers of the Commission to make rules for the purposes of
subsection (3)(d), the Commission may in the rules prescribe that calls made by an authorized financial institution in
compliance with such requirements under any guidelines published under section 7(3) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap
155) that apply to it shall be within a class of calls to which this section does not apply.

(5) An intermediary, or a representative of an intermediary, that contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence
and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.

(6) Where a person on whom an unsolicited call is made enters into an agreement with another person in
consequence of a contravention of subsection (1), the person on whom the unsolicited call is so made may, subject to
the rights of a subsequent purchaser in good faith for value, rescind the agreement, by giving notice in writing to that
effect to that other person, within 28 days after the day on which the agreement is entered into or 7 days after the day
on which he becomes aware of the contravention, whichever is the earlier.

(7) In this section-
"call" (造訪) means a visit in person, or a communication by any means, whether mechanically, electronically,

magnetically, optically, manually or by any other medium, or by way of production or transmission of light,
image or sound or any other medium;

"existing client" (原有客戶), in relation to an intermediary or a representative of an intermediary, means a person-
(a) who has entered into a client contract with the intermediary at any time during the period of 3 years

immediately preceding the day on which the call is made, and remains a party to the client contract
when the call is made; or

(b) for whom the intermediary has provided a service, the provision of which constitutes a regulated
activity, at any time during the period of 3 years immediately preceding the day on which the call is
made;

"futures contract" (期貨合約) means-
(a) a futures contract as defined in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1;
(b) a futures contract, or a contract represented as being a futures contract, in respect of an item, whether

or not capable of being delivered, which is prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the
purposes of this definition;

"money lender" (放債人) has the meaning assigned to it by section 2(1) of the Money Lenders Ordinance (Cap 163);



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 119

"unsolicited call" (未獲邀約的造訪) means any call made otherwise than at the express invitation of the person
called upon, and for the purposes of this definition, the provision by a person of his contact details, including an
address, telephone or facsimile number, or electronic mail address, does not by itself constitute an express
invitation to call that person.


Section: 175 Requirements for offers by intermediaries or

representatives for Type 1, Type 4 or Type 6 regulated
activity

L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



(1) Subject to subsection (5), a Type 1 intermediary or representative, a Type 4 intermediary or representative
or a Type 6 intermediary or representative shall not communicate an offer to acquire or dispose of any securities of, or
issued by, a body unless-

(a) the offer-
(i) is contained in a written document in an official language; or
(ii) if communicated otherwise than in the form of a written document satisfying the requirement of

subparagraph (i), is reduced to a written document in an official language and delivered to the
person or persons to whom it was made not later than 24 hours after the communication;

(b) the offer-
(i) contains a description of the securities sufficient to enable them to be identified;
(ii) specifies the terms of the offer, including where appropriate the amount of consideration

proposed to be paid for the securities to be acquired pursuant to the offer;
(iii) where a dividend has been declared or recommended in respect of the securities, or it is

anticipated that a dividend may be so declared or recommended before the transfer of the
securities, states whether the securities are to be transferred with or without the dividend;

(iv) specifies-
(A) whether, in the event of a person accepting the offer, the offeror will pay any stamp duty

which the person so accepting the offer will become liable to pay in respect of the
transaction under the Stamp Duty Ordinance (Cap 117); and

(B) if the offeror will not so pay the stamp duty, the rate of the stamp duty that the person so
accepting the offer will become liable to pay in respect of the transaction under that
Ordinance;

(v) specifies whether, in the event of a person accepting the offer, any fees will be payable by that
person to-
(A) where the Type 1 intermediary or representative, the Type 4 intermediary or representative

or the Type 6 intermediary or representative (as the case may be) is regarded as such by
virtue of being an intermediary, the Type 1 intermediary or representative, the Type 4
intermediary or representative or the Type 6 intermediary or representative (as the case
may be); or

(B) where the Type 1 intermediary or representative, the Type 4 intermediary or representative
or the Type 6 intermediary or representative (as the case may be) is regarded as such by
virtue of being a representative of an intermediary, the intermediary;

(vi) if contained in a written document referred to in paragraph (a)(i)-
(A) specifies the name and address of the offeror and, where any person is making the offer on

behalf of the offeror, the name and address of that person;
(B) bears a date which is not more than 3 days before the date on which the offer is

communicated;
(C) where the offer is for the acquisition of securities, satisfies the requirements of Part 1 of

Schedule 7;
(D) where the offer is for the disposal of securities, satisfies the requirements of Part 2 of

Schedule 7; and
(E) where a report of an expert in connection with the offer is included in or annexed to the

offer, contains a statement to the effect that the expert has consented to the inclusion or
annexure, and has not, before the communication of the offer, withdrawn that consent; and

(vii) if communicated in the manner described in paragraph (a)(ii), where there is a report of an expert
in connection with the offer, specifies the place at which the report is available for inspection,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 120

and contains a statement to the effect that the expert has consented to the contents of the report,
and has not, before the communication of the offer, withdrawn that consent; and

(c) where the offer is contained in a written document referred to in paragraph (a)(i) or is reduced to a
written document referred to in paragraph (a)(ii) but the written document is in only one official
language, the written document includes a translation, in the other official language, of all the
particulars required in respect of the offer under paragraph (b), except where the Commission has
previously agreed that the requirements of this paragraph may be dispensed with in any particular case.

(2) Where an offer contained in a written document referred to in subsection (1)(a)(i) is to contain a statement
referred to in subsection (1)(b)(vi)(E) regarding the consent of an expert, the offer shall not be communicated unless
the expert has given, and has not before the communication of the offer withdrawn, his consent to the offer being
communicated with the inclusion of the statement in the form and context in which it is included in the written
document.

(3) Where an offer communicated in the manner described in subsection (1)(a)(ii) is to contain a statement
referred to in subsection (1)(b)(vii) regarding the consent of an expert, the offer shall not be communicated unless the
expert has given, and has not before the communication of the offer withdrawn, his consent to the offer being
communicated with a reference to the statement in the form and context in which it is referred to.

(4) Any Type 1 intermediary or representative, Type 4 intermediary or representative or Type 6 intermediary or
representative who communicates an offer to acquire or dispose of any securities without having complied with
subsections (1), (2) and (3) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 6 and, in the case of a
continuing offence, to a further fine of $20000 for every day during which the offence continues.

(5) This section does not apply to-
(a) an offer regulated by, and made in accordance with, the requirements of-

(i) the rules made under section 23 or 36 governing the listing of securities;
(ii) the code published under section 399(2)(a); or
(iii) Part II of the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) or, in

the case of a corporation incorporated outside Hong Kong, Part XII of that Ordinance;
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(aa) an offer-
(i) specified in Part 1 of the Seventeenth Schedule to the Companies (Winding Up and

Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) as read with the other Parts of that Schedule; and
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(ii) specified by the Commission, by notice published in the Gazette, as an offer to which this section
does not apply; (Added 30 of 2004 s. 3)

(b) an offer communicated to persons who already hold securities of, or issued by, a body, for those
persons to acquire securities of, or issued by, the body;

(c) an offer communicated by a Type 1 intermediary or representative, a Type 4 intermediary or
representative or a Type 6 intermediary or representative if the offer is made to a person with whom, or
on whose behalf-
(i) where the Type 1 intermediary or representative, the Type 4 intermediary or representative or the

Type 6 intermediary or representative (as the case may be) is regarded as such by virtue of being
an intermediary, the Type 1 intermediary or representative, the Type 4 intermediary or
representative or the Type 6 intermediary or representative (as the case may be); or

(ii) where the Type 1 intermediary or representative, the Type 4 intermediary or representative or the
Type 6 intermediary or representative (as the case may be) is regarded as such by virtue of being
a representative of an intermediary, the intermediary,

has transacted the sale or purchase of securities on at least 3 occasions during the period of 3 years
immediately preceding the date of the offer;

(d) an offer made to-
(i) a professional investor;
(ii) a solicitor or certified public accountant acting in his professional capacity; or (Amended 23 of

2004 s. 56)
(iii) any other person who is of a class prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of

this paragraph;
(e) an offer communicated by an exchange participant in the ordinary course of trading on a recognized

stock market;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 121

(f) an offer communicated by a person who is of a class prescribed by rules made under section 397 for
the purposes of this paragraph;

(g) an offer which is of a class prescribed by rules made under section 397 for the purposes of this
paragraph.

(6) Where-
(a) a person has accepted an offer to acquire or dispose of any securities of, or issued by, a body which is

an offer to which this section applies; and
(b) the offer has been communicated without subsections (1), (2) and (3) having been complied with in a

material particular,
that person may, subject to the rights of a subsequent purchaser of the securities in good faith for value, rescind the
acceptance, by giving notice in writing to that effect to the offeror, within 28 days after the date of acceptance or 7
days after the day on which he becomes aware of the matter described in paragraph (b), whichever is the earlier.

(7) For the purposes of this section-
(a) where a Type 1 intermediary or representative, a Type 4 intermediary or representative or a Type 6

intermediary or representative communicates an invitation to a person to acquire or dispose of any
securities of, or issued by, a body, the invitation shall be deemed to be an offer, and a reference in this
section to acceptance shall be construed accordingly;

(b) an offer to acquire or dispose of a right to acquire or dispose of securities or an interest in securities
shall be deemed to be an offer to acquire or dispose of securities, and a reference in this section to a
person who holds securities includes a person who holds a right to acquire securities or an interest in
securities;

(c) an offer to acquire or dispose of securities in consideration or part consideration for other securities
shall be deemed to be both an offer to acquire and an offer to dispose of securities.

(8) In this section, a reference to securities of a body shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be construed
as a reference to securities (having the meaning under section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1) which are-

(a) issued, made available or granted by the body; or
(b) proposed to be issued, made available or granted by the body.

(8A) A notice published under subsection (5)(aa)(ii) is not subsidiary legislation. (Added 30 of 2004 s. 3)
(9) In this section-

"body" (團體) means a corporation, a multilateral agency, or a government or municipal government authority;
"expert" (專家) includes an engineer, valuer, certified public accountant, solicitor, and any other person whose

profession gives authority to a statement made by him; (Amended 23 of 2004 s. 56)
"Type 1 intermediary or representative" (第1類中介人或代表) means-

(a) an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 1 regulated activity; or
(b) its representative that carries on Type 1 regulated activity for it;

"Type 4 intermediary or representative" (第4類中介人或代表) means-
(a) an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 4 regulated activity; or
(b) its representative that carries on Type 4 regulated activity for it;

"Type 6 intermediary or representative" (第6類中介人或代表) means-
(a) an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 6 regulated activity; or
(b) its representative that carries on Type 6 regulated activity for it;

"written document" (書面文件) means any document or similar material, or any other medium (whether effected as
such mechanically, electronically, magnetically, optically, manually or by any other means), by which words are
represented in a visible form.


Section: 176 Certain representations prohibited L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Subject to subsection (2), an intermediary, or a representative of an intermediary, shall not represent, or
permit any other person to represent, in any manner and whether expressly or by implication, that its or his abilities or
qualifications have been endorsed or warranted by the Government or the Commission.

(2) A statement to the effect that a person is licensed or registered under this Ordinance does not by itself
constitute a contravention of subsection (1).

(3) An intermediary, or a representative of an intermediary, that, without reasonable excuse, contravenes



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 122

subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.

Part:
Division:

VII
5

Miscellaneous L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 177 Amendment of Schedule 7 L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


The Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the Gazette, amend Schedule 7.

Part: VIII Supervision and Investigations E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part VIII has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

VIII
1

Interpretation L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 178 Interpretation of Part VIII L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
audit working papers (審計工作材料) means-

(a) any record or document prepared by or on behalf of an auditor; and
(b) any record or document obtained and retained by or on behalf of an auditor,

for or in connection with the performance of any of his functions relating to the conduct of any audit of the
accounts of a corporation;

investigator (調查員) means (except in the definition of MA investigator in this section) a person directed or
appointed to investigate any matter under section 182(1); (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 15)

MA investigator (金管局調查員) means a person directed or appointed to investigate any matter under section
184A; (Added 6 of 2014 s. 15)

person under investigation (受調查人) means—
(a) in section 183, a person in relation to whom an investigator is directed or appointed to investigate any

matter under section 182(1); and
(b) in section 184B, a person in relation to whom an MA investigator is directed or appointed to investigate any

matter under section 184A(1). (Replaced 6 of 2014 s. 15)

Part:
Division:

VIII
2

Powers to require information, etc. L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 179 Power to require production of records and documents
concerning listed corporations, etc.

19 of 2015 13/11/2015



(1) Where, in relation to a corporation which is or was listed-
(a) it appears to the Commission that there are circumstances suggesting that at any relevant time the business

of the corporation has been conducted-
(i) with intent to defraud its creditors, or the creditors of any other person;
(ii) for any fraudulent or unlawful purpose; or
(iii) in a manner oppressive to its members or any part of its members;

(b) it appears to the Commission that there are circumstances suggesting that the corporation was formed for



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 123

any fraudulent or unlawful purpose;
(c) it appears to the Commission that there are circumstances suggesting that persons concerned in the process

by which the corporation became listed (including that for making the securities of the corporation available
to the public in the course of such process) have engaged, in relation to such process, in defalcation, fraud,
misfeasance or other misconduct;

(d) it appears to the Commission that there are circumstances suggesting that at any relevant time persons
involved in the management of the affairs of the corporation have engaged, in relation to such management,
in defalcation, fraud, misfeasance or other misconduct towards it or its members or any part of its members;

(e) it appears to the Commission that there are circumstances suggesting that at any relevant time members of
the corporation or any part of its members have not been given all the information with respect to its affairs
that they might reasonably expect; or

(f) a matter in respect of the investigation of which the Commission decides to provide assistance under section
186(1) or (2) relates to the corporation and is, in the opinion of the Commission, of a nature similar to the
matter described in paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) as being suggested by the circumstances referred to in
such paragraph, (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 21)

an authorized person may, subject to subsections (5) to (10), give a direction to-
(i) the corporation;
(ii) a corporation that is, or was at the material time, a related corporation of the corporation;
(iii) an authorized financial institution, other than the corporation or a corporation described in paragraph (ii);
(iv) an auditor, other than the corporation or a corporation described in paragraph (ii);
(v) any other person,

requiring the production, within the time and at the place specified in the direction, of any record and document
specified in the direction.

(2) A power under this section to require the production of any record or document by any person includes the
power-
(a) if the record or document is produced-

(i) to make copies or otherwise record details of the record or document; and
(ii) to require-

(A) the person;
(B) in the case of a corporation, any person who is a present or past officer of the corporation, or is or

was at any time employed by the corporation,
to provide or make any explanation or statement in respect of the record or document (including, in so

far as applicable, a description of the circumstances under which it was prepared or created, details of
all instructions given or received in connection with it, and an explanation of the reasons for the
making of entries contained in it or the omission of entries from it); or

(b) if the record or document is not produced, to require-
(i) the person;
(ii) in the case of a corporation, any person who is a present or past officer of the corporation, or is or was

at any time employed by the corporation,
to state where it is.

(3) An authorized person may in writing require the person providing or making an explanation or statement under
this section to verify within a reasonable period specified in the requirement the explanation or statement by
statutory declaration, which may be taken by the authorized person.

(4) If a person does not provide or make an explanation or statement in accordance with a requirement under this
section for the reason that the explanation or statement was not within his knowledge or in his possession, an
authorized person may in writing require the person to verify within a reasonable period specified in the
requirement by statutory declaration, which may be taken by the authorized person, that he was unable to
comply or fully comply (as the case may be) with the requirement for that reason.

(5) An authorized person shall not give any direction under subsection (1)(i) or (ii) to require the production of any
record or document unless the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe that the record or document
relates to the affairs of the corporation to which the direction is to be given or a corporation of which such
corporation is, or was at the material time, a related corporation.

(6) An authorized person shall not give any direction to an authorized financial institution under subsection (1)(iii)
to require the production of any record or document unless the authorized person has reasonable cause to
believe, and the Commission certifies in writing that the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe, that-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 124

(a) the authorized financial institution is in possession of any record or document relating to the affairs of a
corporation to which any direction has been or may be given under subsection (1)(i) or (ii); and

(b) the record or document required to be produced under the direction-
(i) relates to the affairs of such corporation or to a transaction with such corporation; and
(ii) is relevant to the consideration of whether there has been the occurrence of-

(A) where subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) applies, the matter described in such subsection as
being suggested by the circumstances referred to in such subsection; or

(B) where subsection (1)(f) applies, the matter in respect of the investigation of which the
Commission decides to provide assistance under section 186(1) or (2). (Amended 19 of 2015 s.
21)

(7) An authorized person shall not give any direction to an auditor under subsection (1)(iv) to require the production
of any record or document unless the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe, and the Commission
certifies in writing that the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe, that-
(a) the auditor is in possession of any record or document, which is in the nature of audit working papers,

relating to the affairs of a corporation to which any direction has been or may be given under subsection
(1)(i) or (ii); and

(b) the record or document required to be produced under the direction-
(i) relates to the affairs of such corporation; and
(ii) is relevant to the consideration of whether there has been the occurrence of-

(A) where subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) applies, the matter described in such subsection as
being suggested by the circumstances referred to in such subsection; or

(B) where subsection (1)(f) applies, the matter in respect of the investigation of which the
Commission decides to provide assistance under section 186(1) or (2). (Amended 19 of 2015 s.
21)

(8) An authorized person shall not give any direction to a person under subsection (1)(v) to require the production of
any record or document unless the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe, and the Commission
certifies in writing that the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe, that-
(a) the person has dealt or has had dealings, directly or indirectly, with, or is otherwise in possession of any

record or document relating to the affairs of, a corporation to which any direction has been or may be given
under subsection (1)(i) or (ii); and

(b) the record or document required to be produced under the direction-
(i) relates to the affairs of such corporation or to a transaction with such corporation;
(ii) is relevant to the consideration of whether there has been the occurrence of-

(A) where subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) applies, the matter described in such subsection as
being suggested by the circumstances referred to in such subsection; or

(B) where subsection (1)(f) applies, the matter in respect of the investigation of which the
Commission decides to provide assistance under section 186(1) or (2); and (Amended 19 of
2015 s. 21)

(iii) cannot be obtained by giving a direction to any other person under subsection (1)(i), (ii), (iii) or (iv).
(9) The power of an authorized person to give any direction under subsection (1) (other than subsection (1)(iii)) to

any corporation which is an authorized financial institution may be exercised only in respect of-
(a) subsection (1)(e); or
(b) subsection (1)(f), if, and only if, the matter in respect of the investigation of which the Commission decides

to provide assistance under section 186(1) or (2) is, in the opinion of the Commission, of a nature similar to
the matter described in subsection (1)(e) as being suggested by the circumstances referred to in that
subsection (1)(e). (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 21)

(10) Before an authorized person gives any direction under subsection (1) (other than subsection (1)(iii)) to any
corporation-
(a) where the corporation is an authorized financial institution or a corporation which, to the knowledge of the

authorized person, is a controller of an authorized financial institution, or has as its controller an authorized
financial institution, or has a controller that is also a controller of an authorized financial institution, the
authorized person shall consult the Monetary Authority; or

(b) where the corporation is an insurer authorized under the Insurance Companies Ordinance (Cap 41), the
authorized person shall consult the Insurance Authority.

(11) The Commission may authorize in writing any person as an authorized person for the purposes of this section.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 125

(12) The Commission shall furnish an authorized person with a copy of his authorization, and the authorized person,
before exercising any power under this section, shall produce a copy of the authorization to the person in respect
of whom the power is exercised for inspection.

(13) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized
person under this section commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(14) A person who-
(a) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this section,

produces any record or document or provides or makes an explanation or statement which is false or
misleading in a material particular; and

(b) knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the record or document or the explanation or statement is false or
misleading in a material particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(15) A person who-
(a) with intent to defraud-

(i) fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this section; or
(ii) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this

section, produces any record or document or provides or makes an explanation or statement which is
false or misleading in a material particular; or

(b) being an officer or employee of a corporation, with intent to defraud causes or allows the corporation to-
(i) fail to comply with a requirement imposed on it by an authorized person under this section; or
(ii) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on it by an authorized person under this section,

produce any record or document or provide or make an explanation or statement which is false or
misleading in a material particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(16) A person is not excused from complying with a requirement imposed on the person by an authorized person
under this section only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the person.

(17) In this section-
authorized person (獲授權人) means a person authorized under subsection (11);
controller (控制人) means a person who is an indirect controller or a majority shareholder controller as defined in

section 2(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155);
material time (關鍵時間) means-

(a) where subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d) or (e) applies, the time at which the matter described in such subsection
as being suggested by the circumstances referred to in such subsection appears to the Commission as
occurring; or

(b) where subsection (1)(f) applies, the time at which the matter in respect of the investigation of which the
Commission decides to provide assistance under section 186(1) or (2) appears to the Commission as
occurring; (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 21)

relevant time (有關時間)-
(a) in relation to a corporation which is listed, means any time since the formation of the corporation; or
(b) in relation to a corporation which was listed, means any time since the formation of the corporation but

before the corporation ceased to remain listed.

Section: 180 Supervision of intermediaries and their associated entities 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


(1) Subject to subsections (9) and (10), an authorized person may at any reasonable time, for the purpose of
ascertaining whether an intermediary or an associated entity of an intermediary is complying or has complied
with, or is likely to be able to comply with, the requirement specified in subsection (2)-
(a) enter-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 126

(i) in the case of an intermediary-
(A) where it is a licensed corporation, its premises as approved by the Commission under section

130(1); or
(B) where it is a registered institution, the premises of the registered institution; or

(ii) in the case of an associated entity of an intermediary, the premises of the associated entity;
(b) inspect, and make copies or otherwise record details of, any record or document relating to-

(i) the business conducted by the intermediary or the associated entity (as the case may be);
(ii) any transaction carried out by a related corporation of the intermediary or the associated entity (as the

case may be); or
(iii) any transaction or activity which was undertaken in the course of, or which may affect, the business

conducted by the intermediary or the associated entity (as the case may be); and
(c) make inquiries of-

(i) the intermediary or the associated entity (as the case may be);
(ii) a related corporation of the intermediary or the associated entity (as the case may be);
(iii) subject to subsection (7), any other person, whether or not connected with the intermediary or the

associated entity (as the case may be), whom the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe has
information relating to, or is in possession of, any record or document referred to in paragraph (b),

concerning any record or document referred to in paragraph (b), or concerning any transaction or activity
which was undertaken in the course of, or which may affect, the business conducted by the intermediary or
the associated entity (as the case may be).

(2) The requirement specified for the purposes of subsection (1) is the requirement not to contravene-
(a) any provision of this Ordinance;
(ba) any provision of Part 2 (except section 6) of the Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing

(Financial Institutions) Ordinance (Cap 615); (Added 15 of 2011 s. 89)
(b) any notice or requirement given or made under or pursuant to any of the relevant provisions;
(c) any of the terms and conditions of any licence or registration under this Ordinance;
(d) any other condition imposed under or pursuant to any provision of this Ordinance.

(3) Subject to subsections (9) and (10), an authorized person in exercising any of his powers under subsection (1)(b)
may require-
(a) the intermediary or the associated entity (as the case may be);
(b) a related corporation of the intermediary or the associated entity (as the case may be);
(c) subject to subsection (8), any other person, whether or not connected with the intermediary or the associated

entity (as the case may be), whom the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe has information
relating to, or is in possession of, any record or document referred to in subsection (1)(b),

to-
(i) give the authorized person access to any record or document referred to in subsection (1)(b), and produce,

within the time and at the place specified by him, the record or document; and
(ii) answer any question regarding the record or document.

(4) Subject to subsections (9) and (10), an authorized person in exercising any of his powers under subsection (1)(c)
may require the intermediary or the associated entity, the related corporation or the other person (as the case may
be) referred to in subsection (1)(c), to-
(a) give the authorized person access to any record or document referred to in subsection (1)(b), and produce,

within the time and at the place specified by him, the record or document; and
(b) answer any question raised for the purposes of subsection (1)(c).

(4A) Subject to subsection (10), if the Commission decides to provide assistance in relation to a licensed corporation
under section 186(2A), an authorized person may require the licensed corporation or a related corporation of the
licensed corporation to-
(a) provide to the authorized person, within the time and at the place specified by the authorized person, a copy

of any record or document relating to-
(i) any regulated activity carried on by the licensed corporation; or
(ii) any transaction or activity which was undertaken in the course of, or which may affect, any regulated

activity carried on by the licensed corporation; and
(b) answer any question raised by the authorized person regarding any record, document, regulated activity,

transaction or activity referred to in paragraph (a). (Added 19 of 2015 s. 22)
(5) An authorized person may in writing require the person giving an answer under this section to verify within a



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 127

reasonable period specified in the requirement the answer by statutory declaration, which may be taken by the
authorized person.

(6) If a person does not give an answer in accordance with a requirement under this section for the reason that the
answer was not within his knowledge, an authorized person may in writing require the person to verify within a
reasonable period specified in the requirement by statutory declaration, which may be taken by the authorized
person, that he was unable to comply or fully comply (as the case may be) with the requirement for that reason.

(7) An authorized person shall not exercise any of his powers under subsection (1)(c)(iii) unless he has reasonable
cause to believe that the information sought cannot be obtained by the exercise of any of the powers under
subsection (1)(c)(i) or (ii).

(8) An authorized person shall not exercise any of his powers under subsection (3)(c) unless he has reasonable cause
to believe that the record or document or the information sought cannot be obtained by the exercise of any of the
powers under subsection (3)(a) or (b).

(9) This section shall not be construed as requiring an authorized financial institution, not being the intermediary or
the associated entity in question as referred to in subsection (1) or a related corporation of the intermediary or
the associated entity (as the case may be), to disclose any information or produce any record or document
relating to the affairs of a customer unless the relevant authority is satisfied, and certifies in writing that it is
satisfied, that the disclosure or production is necessary for the purposes of this section.

(10) Before an authorized person exercises any power under this section (other than subsection (1)(c)(iii) or (3)(c)) in
respect of a corporation-
(a) where the corporation is an authorized financial institution or a corporation which, to the knowledge of the

authorized person, is a controller of an authorized financial institution, or has as its controller an authorized
financial institution, or has a controller that is also a controller of an authorized financial institution, the
authorized person shall consult the Monetary Authority; or

(b) where the corporation is an insurer authorized under the Insurance Companies Ordinance (Cap 41), the
authorized person shall consult the Insurance Authority.

(11) The relevant authority may authorize in writing any person as an authorized person for the purposes of this
section.

(12) The relevant authority shall furnish an authorized person authorized by it with a copy of his authorization, and
the authorized person, when exercising any power under this section, shall as soon as reasonably practicable
produce a copy of the authorization for inspection.

(13) Where a copy of any record or document is supplied or made for the purpose of complying with a requirement
imposed under this section and a facility of a person other than the relevant authority is used to make the copy,
the relevant authority shall reimburse the expenses which, in the opinion of the relevant authority, have been
reasonably incurred by the person in making the copy.

(14) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized
person under this section commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(15) A person who-
(a) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this section,

produces any record or document or gives an answer which is false or misleading in a material particular;
and

(b) knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the record or document or the answer is false or misleading in a
material particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(16) A person who-
(a) with intent to defraud-

(i) fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this section; or
(ii) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this

section, produces any record or document or gives an answer which is false or misleading in a material
particular; or

(b) being an officer or employee of a corporation, with intent to defraud causes or allows the corporation to-
(i) fail to comply with a requirement imposed on it by an authorized person under this section; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 128

(ii) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on it by an authorized person under this section,
produce any record or document or give an answer which is false or misleading in a material
particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(17) In this section-
authorized person (獲授權人) means a person authorized under subsection (11);
controller (控制人) means a person who is an indirect controller or a majority shareholder controller as defined in

section 2(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155);
relevant authority (有關當局) means-

(a) where-
(i) the intermediary in question as referred to in subsection (1) is a registered institution; or
(ii) the associated entity in question as referred to in that subsection is the associated entity of a registered

institution,
the Monetary Authority; or
(b) in any other case, the Commission.


Section: 181 Information relating to transactions L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) An authorized person may, for the purpose of enabling or assisting the Commission to perform a function under
any of the relevant provisions, require-
(a) a person registered as the holder of securities in a register of members kept under the Companies Ordinance

(Cap 622); (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(b) a person whom the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe holds any securities, futures contract,

leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product, or an interest in any securities, futures
contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product or collective investment scheme;

(c) a person whom the authorized person has reasonable cause to believe has acquired or disposed of any
securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product, or an interest in
any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product or collective
investment scheme, whether directly or through a nominee, trustee or agent, and whether as beneficial
owner, nominee, trustee, agent or otherwise;

(d) a licensed person or registered institution through whom or which the authorized person has reasonable
cause to believe any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative
product, or an interest in any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC
derivative product or collective investment scheme has been acquired, disposed of, dealt with, traded or
arranged,

to furnish to him any of the information specified in subsection (2) within the time and in the form specified by
him. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 16)

(2) The information specified for the purposes of subsection (1) is-
(a) the particulars (including, in so far as applicable, the name and aliases, address, telephone and facsimile

numbers, electronic mail address, occupation and particulars of any document of identity (including, if not
an individual, any document evidencing incorporation or registration)) that are reasonably capable of
establishing the identity of the person on whose behalf, or by, from, to or through whom, the securities,
futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product, or the interest in securities,
futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product or collective investment
scheme in question is held, or has been acquired, disposed of, dealt with, traded or arranged (as the case
may be);

(b) the particulars (including the quantity) of and, in the case of acquisition or disposal, the consideration (if
any) for the securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product, or the
interest in securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product or
collective investment scheme; and

(c) the instructions (if any) given to or by the person referred to in paragraph (a), or any officer, employee or
agent of such person, in relation to the holding, acquisition, disposal, dealing, trading, arrangement of or in



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 129

respect of the securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product, or
the interest in securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, OTC derivative product or
collective investment scheme. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 16)

(3) An authorized person may in writing require the person furnishing any information under this section to verify
within a reasonable period specified in the requirement the information by statutory declaration, which may be
taken by the authorized person.

(4) If a person does not furnish any information in accordance with a requirement under this section for the reason
that the information was not within his knowledge or in his possession, an authorized person may in writing
require the person to verify within a reasonable period specified in the requirement by statutory declaration,
which may be taken by the authorized person, that he was unable to comply or fully comply (as the case may be)
with the requirement for that reason.

(5) The Commission may authorize in writing any person as an authorized person for the purposes of this section.
(6) The Commission shall furnish an authorized person with a copy of his authorization, and the authorized person,

when exercising any power under this section, shall upon request by the person in respect of whom the power is
exercised produce a copy of the authorization for inspection.

(7) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized
person under this section commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(8) A person who-
(a) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this section,

furnishes to the authorized person information which is false or misleading in a material particular; and
(b) knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the information is false or misleading in a material particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(9) A person who-
(a) with intent to defraud-

(i) fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this section; or
(ii) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on him by an authorized person under this

section, furnishes to the authorized person information which is false or misleading in a material
particular; or

(b) being an officer or employee of a corporation, with intent to defraud causes or allows the corporation to-
(i) fail to comply with a requirement imposed on it by an authorized person under this section; or
(ii) in purported compliance with a requirement imposed on it by an authorized person under this section,

furnish to the authorized person information which is false or misleading in a material particular,
commits an offence and is liable-

(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(10) In this section-
authorized person (獲授權人) means a person authorized under subsection (5);
interest (權益) includes an interest of any nature, whether legal, equitable, proprietary or otherwise.

Part:
Division:

VIII
3

Commission’s Powers of Investigation* L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Replaced 6 of 2014 s. 17)

Section: 182 Investigations by Commission* 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


Remarks:
+ Provision marked with symbol "+" has not yet come into operation.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 130

** Subsection (1)(da) (in so far as it relates to the contravention of the reporting obligation
and the record keeping obligation) shall come into operation on 10 July 2015. Please see
paragraph (f) of the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (Commencement) Notice 2015 (L.N.
95 of 2015).

# The amendment to section 182(1)(g) by the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (6 of 2014)
has come into operation on 10 July 2015, except in so far as it relates to the new section 182(1)(db) of the
Ordinance. Please see paragraph (g) of the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014
(Commencement) Notice 2015 (L.N. 95 of 2015).


(1) Where-

(a) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that an offence under any of the relevant provisions may
have been committed;

(b) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that a person may have engaged in defalcation, fraud,
misfeasance or other misconduct in connection with-
(i) dealing in any securities or futures contract or trading in any leveraged foreign exchange contract;
(ii) the management of investment in any securities, futures contract or leveraged foreign exchange

contract;
(iii) offering or making any structured product, leveraged foreign exchange contract or collective

investment scheme; (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 9)
(iv) giving advice in relation to the allotment of securities, or the acquisition or disposal of, or investment

in, any securities, structured product, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract, or an
interest in any securities, structured product, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract or
collective investment scheme; or (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 9)

(v) any transaction involving securities margin financing;
(c) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that market misconduct may have taken place;
(ca) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that a breach of a disclosure requirement may have taken

place under Part XIVA; (Added 9 of 2012 s. 4)
(d) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that the manner in which a person has engaged or is

engaging in any of the activities referred to in paragraph (b)(i) to (v) is not in the interest of the investing
public or in the public interest;

**(da) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that a prescribed person other than an authorized
financial institution or an approved money broker may have contravened the reporting obligation, clearing
obligation, trading obligation or record keeping obligation; (Added 6 of 2014 s. 18)

+(db) the Commission has reasonable cause to believe that a registered SIP may have failed to comply with
a requirement made under section 101X; (Added 6 of 2014 s. 18)

(e) the Commission-
(i) for the purpose of considering whether to exercise any power under section 194 or 196, has reason to

inquire whether any person is or was at any time guilty of misconduct, or is not a fit and proper person,
as described in section 194(1) or (2) or 196(1) or (2); or

(ii) for the purpose of assisting the Monetary Authority to consider whether to exercise any power under
section 58A or 71C of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155), has reason to inquire whether any person-
(A) is or was at any time guilty of misconduct, or is not or has ceased to be a fit and proper person, as

described in section 58A(1) of that Ordinance; or
(B) is or was at any time guilty of misconduct, or should cease to be regarded as a fit and proper

person, as described in section 71C(4) of that Ordinance;
(f) the Commission has reason to inquire whether any of the conditions imposed in respect of an authorization

under section 104, 104A or 105 are being complied with; or (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 9)
#(g) a matter in respect of the investigation of which the Commission decides to provide assistance under section

186(1) or (2) is, in the opinion of the Commission, of a nature similar to the matter described in paragraph
(a), (b), (c), (d), (da), (db), (e) or (f) as that which the Commission has reasonable cause to believe or has
reason to inquire (as the case may be), (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 18; 19 of 2015 s. 23)

the Commission may in writing direct one or more of its employees or, with the consent of the Financial
Secretary, appoint one or more other persons, to investigate any of the matters referred to in paragraphs (a) to
(g).

(2) The costs and expenses incurred by an investigator, other than an employee of the Commission, are to be paid



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 131

out of moneys provided by the Legislative Council.
(3) The Commission shall furnish an investigator with a copy of his direction or appointment (as the case may be),

and the investigator, before first imposing any requirement on a person under section 183(1), (2) or (3), shall
produce a copy of the direction or appointment (as the case may be) to that person for inspection.

(4) Before the Commission directs any of its employees, or appoints any person-
(a) to investigate any matter under subsection (1)(e)(i), to the extent that the investigation is for the purpose of

considering whether to exercise any power under section 196; or
(b) to investigate any matter under subsection (1)(e)(ii),

the Commission shall consult the Monetary Authority.
__________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Replaced 6 of 2014 s. 18)

Section: 183 Conduct of investigations E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The person under investigation or a person whom the investigator has reasonable cause to believe has in his
possession any record or document which contains, or which is likely to contain, information relevant to an
investigation under section 182, or whom the investigator has reasonable cause to believe otherwise has such
information in his possession, shall-
(a) produce to the investigator, within the time and at the place the investigator reasonably requires in writing,

any record or document specified by the investigator which is, or may be, relevant to the investigation and
which is in his possession;

(b) if required by the investigator, give the investigator an explanation or further particulars in respect of any
record or document produced under paragraph (a);

(c) attend before the investigator at the time and place the investigator reasonably requires in writing, and
answer any question relating to the matters under investigation that the investigator may raise with him; and

(d) give the investigator all assistance in connection with the investigation which he is reasonably able to give,
including responding to any written question raised by the investigator.

(2) An investigator may in writing require the person giving or making an explanation, particulars, answer or
statement under this section to verify within a reasonable period specified in the requirement the explanation,
particulars, answer or statement by statutory declaration, which may be taken by the investigator.

(3) If a person does not give or make an explanation, particulars, answer or statement in accordance with a
requirement under this section for the reason that the explanation, particulars, answer or statement was not
within his knowledge or in his possession, an investigator may in writing require the person to verify within a
reasonable period specified in the requirement by statutory declaration, which may be taken by the investigator,
that he was unable to comply or fully comply (as the case may be) with the requirement for that reason.

(4) Neither section 182 nor this section shall be construed as requiring an authorized financial institution to disclose
any information or produce any record or document relating to the affairs of a customer to the investigator
unless-
(a) the customer is a person whom the investigator has reasonable cause to believe may be able to give

information relevant to the investigation; and
(b) the Commission is satisfied, and certifies in writing that it is satisfied, that the disclosure or production is

necessary for the purposes of the investigation.
(5) The investigator may, and if so directed by the Commission shall, make interim reports on his investigation to

the Commission, and on the conclusion of his investigation shall make a final report on his investigation to the
Commission.

(6) The Commission may, with the consent of the Secretary for Justice, cause a report under this section to be
published.


Section: 184 Offences in relation to investigations L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) A person who, without reasonable excuse-
(a) fails to produce any record or document required to be produced under section 183(1)(a);
(b) fails to give an explanation or further particulars required under section 183(1)(b);
(c) fails to attend before the investigator as required under section 183(1)(c);



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 132

(d) fails to answer a question raised by the investigator under section 183(1)(c);
(e) fails to comply with section 183(1)(d); or
(f) fails to comply with a requirement under section 183(2) or (3),

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(2) A person-
(a) who-

(i) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the investigator under section 183(1)(a),
produces any record or document which is false or misleading in a material particular;

(ii) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the investigator under section 183(1)(b),
gives any explanation or further particulars which are false or misleading in a material particular;

(iii) in purportedly answering any question raised by the investigator under section 183(1)(c), says anything
which is false or misleading in a material particular; or

(iv) in purportedly responding to any written question raised by the investigator under section 183(1)(d),
states anything which is false or misleading in a material particular; and

(b) who knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the record or document, the explanation or further particulars,
the thing or the statement (as the case may be) is false or misleading in a material particular,

commits an offence and is liable-
(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) A person who-
(a) with intent to defraud-

(i) fails to do anything described in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f);
(ii) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the investigator under section 183(1)(a),

produces any record or document which is false or misleading in a material particular;
(iii) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the investigator under section 183(1)(b),

gives any explanation or further particulars which are false or misleading in a material particular;
(iv) in purportedly answering any question raised by the investigator under section 183(1)(c), says anything

which is false or misleading in a material particular; or
(v) in purportedly responding to any written question raised by the investigator under section 183(1)(d),

states anything which is false or misleading in a material particular; or
(b) being an officer or employee of a corporation, with intent to defraud causes or allows the corporation to-

(i) fail to do anything described in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f);
(ii) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the investigator under section 183(1)(a),

produce any record or document which is false or misleading in a material particular;
(iii) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the investigator under section 183(1)(b), give

any explanation or further particulars which are false or misleading in a material particular;
(iv) in purportedly answering any question raised by the investigator under section 183(1)(c), say anything

which is false or misleading in a material particular; or
(v) in purportedly responding to any written question raised by the investigator under section 183(1)(d),

state anything which is false or misleading in a material particular,
commits an offence and is liable-

(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 19)

(4) A person is not excused from complying with a requirement imposed on the person by an investigator under
section 183 only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the person.

(5) Where any person is convicted by a court on a prosecution instituted as a result of an investigation under section
182, the court may order him to pay to the Commission the whole or a part of the costs and expenses of the
investigation and the Commission may recover the whole or the part (as the case may be) of the costs and
expenses as a civil debt due to it.

(6) Where the Commission receives an amount under an order made under subsection (5) in respect of any of the
costs and expenses of an investigation, and all or any of the costs and expenses have been paid out of moneys
provided by the Legislative Council, the Commission shall pay to the Financial Secretary the amount received
under the order to the extent that it has already been paid out of moneys provided by the Legislative Council.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 133


Part:
Division:

VIII
3A

Monetary Authority’s Powers of Investigation L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(Division 3A added 6 of 2014 s. 20)

Section: 184A Investigations by Monetary Authority L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


Remarks:
Section 184A in so far as it relates to the contravention of the reporting obligation and the record keeping obligation
shall come into operation on 10 July 2015. See L.N. 95 of 2015.

(1) If the Monetary Authority has reasonable cause to believe that an authorized financial institution or an approved

money broker may have contravened the reporting obligation, clearing obligation, trading obligation or record
keeping obligation, the Monetary Authority may—
(a) direct in writing one or more persons appointed under section 5A(3) of the Exchange Fund Ordinance (Cap

66) to investigate the matter; or
(b) with the consent of the Financial Secretary, appoint in writing one or more other persons to investigate the

matter.
(2) The Monetary Authority must give an MA investigator a copy of—

(a) the direction, if the MA investigator is directed under subsection (1)(a); and
(b) the appointment, if the MA investigator is appointed under subsection (1)(b).

(3) The MA investigator must, before first imposing a requirement on a person under section 184B(1), (2) or (3),
produce a copy of the direction or appointment for inspection by the person.


Section: 184B Conduct of investigations L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) A person under investigation or a person whom the MA investigator has reasonable cause to believe to be in
possession of any record or document that contains, or that is likely to contain, information relevant to an
investigation under section 184A, or whom the MA investigator has reasonable cause to believe to be otherwise
in possession of such information, must—
(a) produce to the MA investigator, within the time and at a place the MA investigator reasonably requires in

writing, a record or document specified by the MA investigator—
(i) that is, or may be, relevant to the investigation; and
(ii) that is in the person’s possession;

(b) if required by the MA investigator, give the MA investigator an explanation or further particulars in respect
of a record or document produced under paragraph (a);

(c) attend before the MA investigator at a time and place the MA investigator reasonably requires in writing,
and answer any question relating to a matter under investigation raised by the MA investigator; and

(d) give the MA investigator all assistance in connection with the investigation that the person is reasonably
able to give, including responding to any written question raised by the MA investigator.

(2) An MA investigator may require, in writing, a person who makes or gives an explanation, particulars, answer or
statement under this section to verify, by statutory declaration, within a reasonable period specified in the
requirement, the explanation, particulars, answer or statement.

(3) If a person does not make or give an explanation, particulars, answer or statement in accordance with a
requirement under this section for the reason that the explanation, particulars, answer or statement was not
within the person’s knowledge or in the person’s possession, an MA investigator may require, in writing, the
person to verify by statutory declaration—
(a) that the person was unable to comply or fully comply (as the case may be) with the requirement for that

reason; and
(b) within a reasonable period specified in the requirement.

(4) A statutory declaration under this section may be made before the MA investigator.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 134

Section: 184C Investigation reports L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) An MA investigator—
(a) may make interim reports on the investigation conducted under this Division to the Monetary Authority;
(b) must make interim reports on the investigation to the Monetary Authority if directed by the Monetary

Authority; and
(c) must, after the completion of the investigation, make a final report on the investigation to the Monetary

Authority.
(2) The Monetary Authority may, with the consent of the Secretary for Justice, publish any report made under

subsection (1).

Section: 184D Offences relating to investigations L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) A person commits an offence if the person, without reasonable excuse—
(a) fails to produce a record or document required to be produced under section 184B(1)(a);
(b) fails to give an explanation or further particulars required under section 184B(1)(b);
(c) fails to attend before the MA investigator as required under section 184B(1)(c);
(d) fails to answer a question raised by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(c);
(e) fails to comply with section 184B(1)(d); or
(f) fails to comply with a requirement under section 184B(2) or (3).

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 1 year; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) A person commits an offence if—
(a) the person—

(i) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the MA investigator under section
184B(1)(a), produces a record or document that is false or misleading in a material particular;

(ii) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the MA investigator under section
184B(1)(b), gives an explanation or further particulars that are false or misleading in a material
particular;

(iii) in purportedly answering a question raised by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(c), says
anything that is false or misleading in a material particular; or

(iv) in purportedly responding to a written question raised by the MA investigator under section
184B(1)(d), states anything that is false or misleading in a material particular; and

(b) the person knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the record or document, the explanation or further
particulars, the thing said or statement is false or misleading in a material particular.

(4) A person who commits an offence under subsection (3) is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(5) A person commits an offence if the person with intent to defraud—
(a) fails to do anything described in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f);
(b) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(a),

produces a record or document that is false or misleading in a material particular;
(c) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(b),

gives an explanation or further particulars that are false or misleading in a material particular;
(d) in purportedly answering a question raised by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(c), says anything

that is false or misleading in a material particular; or
(e) in purportedly responding to a written question raised by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(d),

states anything that is false or misleading in a material particular.
(6) An officer or employee of a corporation commits an offence if the officer or employee, with intent to defraud,

causes or allows the corporation to—
(a) fail to do anything described in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f);
(b) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(a),

produce a record or document that is false or misleading in a material particular;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 135

(c) in purportedly complying with a requirement imposed by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(b),
give an explanation or further particulars that are false or misleading in a material particular;

(d) in purportedly answering a question raised by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(c), say anything
that is false or misleading in a material particular; or

(e) in purportedly responding to a written question raised by the MA investigator under section 184B(1)(d),
state anything that is false or misleading in a material particular.

(7) A person is not excused from complying with a requirement imposed under section 184B(1), (2) or (3) only on
the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the person.

(8) A person who commits an offence under subsection (5) or (6) is liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 7 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 184E Recovery of costs of investigation L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) If a person is convicted by a court on a prosecution instituted as a result of an investigation under this Division,
the court may order the person to pay to the Monetary Authority the whole or a part of the costs and expenses of
the investigation.

(2) The Monetary Authority may recover, as a civil debt due to the Monetary Authority, the whole or the part (as the
case may be) of the costs and expenses ordered under subsection (1).

(3) The Monetary Authority must pay into the Exchange Fund any costs and expenses recovered under subsection
(2).


Part:
Division:

VIII
4

Miscellaneous L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 185 Application to Court of First Instance relating to non-
compliance with requirements under section 179, 180, 181,
183 or 184B*

L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) If a person fails to do anything upon being required to do so by an authorized person under section 179, 180 or
181, or to do anything upon being required to do so by an investigator under section 183(1), (2) or (3), the
Commission may, by originating summons or originating motion, make an application to the Court of First
Instance in respect of the failure, and the Court may inquire into the case and- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 40)
(a) if the Court is satisfied that there is no reasonable excuse for the person not to comply with the requirement,

order the person to comply with the requirement within the period specified by the Court; and
(b) if the Court is satisfied that the failure was without reasonable excuse, punish the person, and any other

person knowingly involved in the failure, in the same manner as if he and, where applicable, that other
person had been guilty of contempt of court.

(1A) If a person fails to do anything on being required to do so by an MA investigator under section 184B(1), (2) or
(3), the Monetary Authority may, by originating summons, make an application to the Court of First Instance in
respect of the failure. (Added 6 of 2014 s. 21)

(1B) The Court of First Instance may inquire into the case and if satisfied that—
(a) there is no reasonable excuse for the person not to comply with the requirement, order the person to comply

with it within the period specified by the Court; and
(b) the failure was without reasonable excuse, punish the person, and any other person knowingly involved in

the failure, in the same manner as if the person, and (if applicable) that other person, had been guilty of
contempt of court. (Added 6 of 2014 s. 21)

(2) An originating summons under subsection (1) or (1A) shall be in Form No. 10 in Appendix A to the Rules of the
High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A).

(3) Notwithstanding anything in this section and any other provisions of this Ordinance-
(a) no proceedings may be instituted against any person for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) or (1B)(b) in

respect of any conduct if- (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 21)
(i) criminal proceedings have previously been instituted against the person under section 179, 180, 181,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 136

184 or 184D in respect of the same conduct; and
(ii) (A) those criminal proceedings remain pending; or

(B) by reason of the previous institution of those criminal proceedings, no criminal proceedings may
again be lawfully instituted against that person under such section in respect of the same conduct;

(b) no criminal proceedings may be instituted against any person under section 179, 180, 181, 184 or 184D in
respect of any conduct if- (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 21)
(i) proceedings have previously been instituted against the person for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) or

(1B)(b) in respect of the same conduct; and
(ii) (A) those proceedings remain pending; or

(B) by reason of the previous institution of those proceedings, no proceedings may again be lawfully
instituted against that person for the purposes of such subsection in respect of the same conduct.

(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012; 6 of 2014 s. 21)
____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 21)

Section: 186 Commission’s assistance to regulators outside Hong Kong* 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


(1) Where the Commission receives, from an authority or regulatory organization outside Hong Kong which in the
opinion of the Commission satisfies the requirements referred to in subsection (5)(a) and (b), a request for
assistance to investigate whether a person specified by the authority or regulatory organization has contravened
or is contravening legal or regulatory requirements which-
(a) the authority or regulatory organization enforces or administers; and
(b) relate to such transactions regarding any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract,

OTC derivative product, collective investment scheme or other similar transactions as are regulated by the
authority or regulatory organization, (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 22)

the Commission may, where it is of the opinion that the condition specified in subsection (3) is satisfied, provide
the assistance to investigate the matter by directing that any of the powers under sections 179, 181, 182 and 183
be exercised. (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 24)

(2) Where the Commission receives, from a companies inspector outside Hong Kong who in the opinion of the
Commission satisfies the requirements referred to in subsection (5)(a) and (b), a request for assistance to
investigate whether a person specified by the companies inspector has contravened or is contravening legal or
regulatory requirements which relate to transactions regarding any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign
exchange contract, OTC derivative product, collective investment scheme or other similar transactions, the
Commission may, where it is of the opinion that the condition specified in subsection (3) is satisfied, provide the
assistance to investigate the matter by directing that any of the powers under sections 179, 181, 182 and 183 be
exercised. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 22; 19 of 2015 s. 24)

(2A) Where the Commission receives, from an authority or regulatory organization outside Hong Kong, a request for
assistance in relation to a licensed corporation, the Commission may provide the assistance by directing that the
power under section 180(4A) be exercised if-
(a) in the opinion of the Commission-

(i) the authority or regulatory organization satisfies the requirements referred to in subsection (5)(a) and
(b); and

(ii) the condition specified in subsection (3) is satisfied; and
(b) the authority or regulatory organization has provided to the Commission a written statement that conforms

with subsection (2D) and a written undertaking that conforms with subsection (2E). (Added 19 of 2015 s.
24)

(2B) In subsection (2A), a reference to assistance in relation to a licensed corporation is a reference to assistance to
ascertain whether a corporation specified in subsection (2C)-
(a) constitutes a risk to, or may affect, the financial stability of the jurisdiction of the authority or regulatory

organization; or
(b) is complying or has complied with, or is likely to be able to comply with, legal or regulatory requirements

that-
(i) are administered by the authority or regulatory organization; and
(ii) relate to transactions or activities regarding any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 137

contract, OTC derivative product, collective investment scheme, or other similar transactions or
activities, that are regulated by the authority or regulatory organization. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 24)

(2C) The corporation specified for the purposes of subsection (2B) is one that-
(a) is regulated by the authority or regulatory organization; and
(b) is a licensed corporation or a related corporation of a licensed corporation. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 24)

(2D) The written statement referred to in subsection (2A)(b) must be to the effect of confirming that the authority or
regulatory organization has not been and will not be able to-
(a) obtain the information referred to in section 180(4A)(a) or (b) by any other reasonable means; and
(b) fully ascertain the matters described in subsection (2B) without the information. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 24)

(2E) The written undertaking referred to in subsection (2A)(b) must be to the effect that the authority or regulatory
organization-
(a) will use the information obtained from the Commission because of the request for assistance solely for

ascertaining the matters described in subsection (2B);
(b) will not use any of the information in any proceedings, in the jurisdiction of the authority or regulatory

organization or elsewhere, unless-
(i) the authority or regulatory organization has made a separate request under subsection (1)

(investigation request), and the Commission has decided to provide assistance under that subsection;
and

(ii) the authority or regulatory organization has obtained the same information from the Commission
because of the investigation request;

(c) will treat the information as confidential and will not disclose it to any other person, in the jurisdiction of
the authority or regulatory organization or elsewhere, for any purpose without the consent of the
Commission;

(d) will, on receiving a demand legally enforceable under the laws of the jurisdiction of the authority or
regulatory organization, for the disclosure of any of the information-
(i) inform the Commission as soon as reasonably practicable; and
(ii) assist in preserving the confidentiality of the information by taking all appropriate measures as may be

available (including but not limited to asserting legal exemptions or privileges under the laws of the
jurisdiction of the authority or regulatory organization); and

(e) will cooperate with the Commission in any action or proceedings, in the jurisdiction of the authority or
regulatory organization or elsewhere, that seek to safeguard the confidentiality of any of the information.
(Added 19 of 2015 s. 24)

(3) The condition referred to in subsections (1), (2) or (2A)(a)(ii) is that- (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 24)
(a) it is desirable or expedient that the assistance requested under subsection (1), (2) or (2A) (as the case may

be) should be provided in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest; or (Amended 19 of
2015 s. 24)

(b) the assistance will enable or assist the recipient of the assistance to perform its or his functions and it is not
contrary to the interest of the investing public or to the public interest that the assistance should be
provided.

(4) In deciding whether the condition specified in subsection (3) is satisfied in a particular case, the Commission
shall take into account-
(a) where the recipient of the assistance is an authority or regulatory organization referred to in subsection (1)

or (2A), whether the authority or regulatory organization will- (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 24)
(i) pay to the Commission any of the costs and expenses incurred in providing the assistance; and
(ii) be able and willing to provide reciprocal assistance within its jurisdiction in response to a comparable

request for assistance from Hong Kong; or
(b) where the recipient of the assistance is a companies inspector referred to in subsection (2), whether-

(i) the companies inspector will pay to the Commission any of the costs and expenses incurred in
providing the assistance; and

(ii) under the laws of the country or territory in which the companies inspector is appointed, reciprocal
assistance will be provided in response to a comparable request for assistance from Hong Kong.

(5) Where the Commission is satisfied, for the purposes of subsection (1), (2) or (2A)(a)(i), that an authority,
regulatory organization or companies inspector outside Hong Kong- (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 24)
(a) performs any function similar to a function of the Commission or the Registrar of Companies, or regulates,

supervises or investigates banking, insurance or other financial services or the affairs of corporations; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 138

(b) is subject to adequate secrecy provisions,
the Commission shall as soon as reasonably practicable thereafter cause the name of the authority, regulatory

organization or companies inspector (as the case may be) to be published in the Gazette.
(6) If a person is required-

(a) to provide or make an explanation or statement as required by an authorized person within the meaning of
section 179 exercising pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) a power under section 179; or

(b) to give an explanation or further particulars as required by, or to give an answer to any question as raised
by, an investigator exercising pursuant to subsection (1) or (2) a power under section 183,

and the explanation or statement, the explanation or further particulars, or the answer (as the case may be) might
tend to incriminate him and he so claims before providing or making the explanation or statement, giving the
explanation or further particulars, or giving the answer (as the case may be), then, without limiting the
provisions of section 187, the authorized person or investigator (as the case may be) shall not provide evidence
of the requirement and the explanation or statement, the explanation or further particulars, or the question and
answer (as the case may be) to an authority, regulatory organization or companies inspector outside Hong Kong
for use in criminal proceedings against him in the jurisdiction of the authority, regulatory organization or
companies inspector (as the case may be).

(7) Where the Commission receives from an authority, regulatory organization or companies inspector outside Hong
Kong an amount paid in respect of any of the costs and expenses incurred in providing assistance under this
section, and all or any of the costs and expenses have been paid out of moneys provided by the Legislative
Council, the Commission shall pay to the Financial Secretary the amount received to the extent that it has
already been paid out of moneys provided by the Legislative Council.

(8) Any matter published under subsection (5) is not subsidiary legislation.
(9) In this section, companies inspector (公司審查員), in relation to a place outside Hong Kong, means a person

whose functions under the laws of that place include the investigation of the affairs of a corporation carrying on
business in that place.

____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 22)

Section: 186A Monetary Authority’s assistance to regulators outside

Hong Kong
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) If the Monetary Authority receives from an overseas entity a request for assistance described in subsection (2),
the Monetary Authority may give the requested assistance by exercising the powers under sections 184A and
184B if, in the opinion of the Monetary Authority—
(a) the overseas entity satisfies the requirements referred to in subsection (5); and
(b) the condition in subsection (7) is satisfied.

(2) A request for assistance referred to in subsection (1) is a request for assistance to investigate whether a person
specified by the overseas entity has contravened or is contravening legal or regulatory requirements that—
(a) the overseas entity enforces or administers; and
(b) relate to—

(i) transactions regarding OTC derivative products regulated by the overseas entity; or
(ii) other similar transactions regulated by the overseas entity.

(3) If the Monetary Authority receives from a companies inspector outside Hong Kong a request for assistance
described in subsection (4), the Monetary Authority may give the requested assistance by exercising the powers
under sections 184A and 184B if, in the opinion of the Monetary Authority—
(a) the companies inspector satisfies the requirements referred to in subsection (6); and
(b) the condition in subsection (7) is satisfied.

(4) A request for assistance referred to in subsection (3) is a request for assistance to investigate whether a person
specified by the companies inspector outside Hong Kong has contravened or is contravening legal or regulatory
requirements that relate to transactions regarding OTC derivative products or other similar transactions.

(5) The requirements referred to in subsection (1)(a) are that the overseas entity—
(a) performs functions similar to the functions of the Monetary Authority or regulates, supervises or

investigates banking, insurance or other financial services; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 139

(b) is subject to adequate secrecy provisions.
(6) The requirements referred to in subsection (3)(a) are that the companies inspector outside Hong Kong—

(a) performs functions similar to the functions of the Registrar of Companies or regulates, supervises or
investigates the affairs of corporations; and

(b) is subject to adequate secrecy provisions.
(7) The condition referred to in subsections (1)(b) and (3)(b) is that—

(a) it is desirable or expedient that the assistance should be given in the interests of the investing public or in
the public interest; or

(b) the assistance will enable or assist the recipient of the assistance to perform the recipient’s functions and it
is not contrary to the interests of the investing public or to the public interest that the assistance should be
given.

(8) In deciding whether the condition set out in subsection (7) is satisfied in a particular case, the Monetary
Authority must take into account—
(a) if the recipient of the assistance is an overseas entity, whether the overseas entity will—

(i) pay to the Monetary Authority any of the costs and expenses incurred in giving the assistance; and
(ii) be able and willing to give reciprocal assistance within its jurisdiction in response to a comparable

request for assistance from Hong Kong; or
(b) if the recipient of the assistance is a companies inspector outside Hong Kong, whether—

(i) the companies inspector will pay to the Monetary Authority any of the costs and expenses incurred in
giving the assistance; and

(ii) under the laws of the country or territory in which the companies inspector is appointed, reciprocal
assistance will be given in response to a comparable request for assistance from Hong Kong.

(9) If the Monetary Authority is satisfied of the matters referred to in subsection (5)(a) and (b) or (6)(a) and (b), the
Monetary Authority must, as soon as reasonably practicable after being so satisfied, publish in the Gazette, the
name of the overseas entity or the companies inspector outside Hong Kong.

(10) Subsection (11) applies if a person is required to give an explanation or further particulars as required by, or to
give an answer to a question raised by, an MA investigator exercising under subsection (1) or (3), a power under
section 184B, and the explanation, further particulars or the answer might tend to incriminate the person and the
person so claims before giving it.

(11) Without limiting section 187, the MA investigator must not provide to an overseas entity or a companies
inspector outside Hong Kong for use in criminal proceedings against the person in the jurisdiction of the
overseas entity or the companies inspector—
(a) evidence of the requirement;
(b) evidence of the question and answer; or
(c) evidence of the explanation or further particulars.

(12) The Monetary Authority must pay into the Exchange Fund any amount received from an overseas entity or a
companies inspector outside Hong Kong in respect of costs and expenses incurred by the Monetary Authority in
giving assistance under this section.

(13) A matter published under subsection (9) is not subsidiary legislation.
(14) In this section—
companies inspector (公司審查員), in relation to a place outside Hong Kong, has the meaning given by section

186(9);
overseas entity (海外實體) means an authority or regulatory organization outside Hong Kong.

(Added 6 of 2014 s. 23)

Section: 187 Use of incriminating evidence in proceedings L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) Where-
(a) an authorized person within the meaning of section 179 requires a person to provide or make an explanation

or statement under that section;
(b) an investigator requires a person to give an explanation or further particulars or to give an answer to any

question under section 183; or
(c) an MA investigator requires a person to give an explanation or further particulars or give an answer to a



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 140

question under section 184B, (Added 6 of 2014 s. 24)
the authorized person or the investigator (as the case may be) shall ensure that the person has first been informed

or reminded (as the case may be) of the limitations imposed by subsection (2) on the admissibility in evidence of
the requirement and of the explanation or statement, the explanation or further particulars, or the question and
answer (as the case may be).

(2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Ordinance, where-
(a) an authorized person within the meaning of section 179 requires a person to provide or make an explanation

or statement under that section;
(b) an investigator requires a person to give an explanation or further particulars or to give an answer to any

question under section 183; or
(c) an MA investigator requires a person to give an explanation or further particulars or give an answer to a

question under section 184B, (Added 6 of 2014 s. 24)
and the explanation or statement, the explanation or further particulars, or the answer (as the case may be) might

tend to incriminate the person and the person so claims before providing or making the explanation or statement,
giving the explanation or further particulars, or giving the answer (as the case may be), then the requirement as
well as the explanation or statement, the explanation or further particulars, or the question and answer (as the
case may be) shall not be admissible in evidence against the person in criminal proceedings in a court of law
other than those in which the person is charged with an offence under section 179(13), (14) or (15), 184 or
184D, or under section 219(2)(a), 253(2)(a) or 254(6)(a) or (b), or under Part V of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap
200), or for perjury, in respect of the explanation or statement, the explanation or further particulars, or the
answer (as the case may be).

(Amended 6 of 2014 s. 24)

Section: 188 Lien claimed on records or documents E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Where the person in possession of any record or document required to be produced under this Part claims a lien on the
record or document-
(a) the requirement to produce the record or document shall not be affected by the lien;
(b) no fees shall be payable for or in respect of the production; and
(c) the production shall be without prejudice to the lien.


Section: 189 Production of information in information systems, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Where any information or matter contained in any record or document required to be produced under this Part is
recorded otherwise than in a legible form, any power conferred by this Part to require the production of the record or
document includes the power to require the production of a reproduction of the recording of the information or matter
or of the relevant part of it-

(a) where the recording enables the information or matter to be reproduced in a legible form, in a legible form;
and

(b) where the information or matter is recorded in an information system, in a form which enables the
information or matter to be reproduced in a legible form.


Section: 190 Inspection of records or documents seized, etc. L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


Where an authorized person within the meaning of section 179, 180 or 181 or an investigator or MA investigator has
taken possession of any record or document under this Part, the authorized person or the investigator or MA
investigator (as the case may be) shall, subject to any reasonable conditions he imposes as to security or otherwise,
permit a person who would be entitled to inspect the record or document had he not taken possession of it under this
Part, to inspect it and to make copies or otherwise record details of it at all reasonable times.

(Amended 6 of 2014 s. 25)

Section: 191 Magistrate's warrants L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) If a magistrate is satisfied on information on oath laid by-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 141

(a) an employee of the Commission or, where the exercise of powers under section 180 is concerned, of the
relevant authority within the meaning of that section; or

(b) an authorized person within the meaning of section 179 or 180, or an investigator or MA investigator,
(Amended 6 of 2014 s. 26)

that there are reasonable grounds to suspect that there is, or is likely to be, on premises specified in the
information any record or document which may be required to be produced under this Part, the magistrate may
issue a warrant authorizing a person specified in the warrant, a police officer, and such other persons as may be
necessary to assist in the execution of the warrant to-
(i) enter the premises so specified, if necessary by force, at any time within the period of 7 days beginning on

the date of the warrant; and
(ii) search for, seize and remove any record or document which the person specified in the warrant or police

officer has reasonable cause to believe may be required to be produced under this Part.
(2) A person specified in, or a police officer or any other person authorized by, a warrant issued under subsection

(1) may-
(a) require any person on the premises specified in the warrant whom he has reasonable cause to believe to be

employed in connection with a business which is, or which has been, conducted on the premises to produce
for examination any record or document which is in the possession of the person and which he has
reasonable cause to believe may be required to be produced under this Part;

(b) prohibit any person found on the premises specified in the warrant from-
(i) removing from the premises any record or document required to be produced under paragraph (a);
(ii) erasing, adding to or otherwise altering an entry or other particulars contained in, or otherwise

interfering in any manner with, or causing or permitting any other person to interfere with, the record
or document;

(c) take, in relation to any record or document required to be produced under paragraph (a), any other step
which may appear necessary for preserving it and preventing interference with it.

(3) Any record or document removed under this section may be retained for any period not exceeding 6 months
beginning on the day of its removal or, where the record or document is or may be required for criminal
proceedings or for any proceedings under this Ordinance, for such longer period as may be necessary for the
purposes of those proceedings.

(4) Where a person removes any record or document under this section, he shall as soon as reasonably practicable
thereafter give a receipt for it, and he may permit any person who would be entitled to inspect it but for the
removal to inspect the record or document and to make copies or otherwise record details of it at all reasonable
times.

(5) Section 102 of the Criminal Procedure Ordinance (Cap 221) applies to any property which has by virtue of this
section come into the possession of the Commission or the Monetary Authority or, where the exercise of powers
under section 180 is concerned, of the relevant authority within the meaning of that section, as it applies to
property which has come into the possession of the police. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 26)

(6) A person commits an offence if he-
(a) without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement or prohibition under subsection (2); or
(b) obstructs a person exercising a power conferred by subsection (2).

(7) A person who commits an offence under subsection (6) is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 192 Destruction of documents, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person commits an offence if he destroys, falsifies, conceals or otherwise disposes of, or causes or permits the
destruction, falsification, concealment or disposal of, any record or document required to be produced under this
Part, with intent to conceal, from the person by whom the requirement to produce was imposed, facts or matters
capable of being disclosed by the record or document.

(2) A person who commits an offence under subsection (1) is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 142

Part: IX Discipline, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part IX has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

IX
1

Interpretation L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 193 Interpretation of Part IX L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


Remarks:
* Provision marked with asterisk (*) has not yet come into operation. Please see paragraph (l) of the Securities and
Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (Commencement) Notice 2015 (L.N. 95 of 2015).

(1) In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
Companies Register (公司登記冊) has the meaning given by section 2(1) of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622);

(Added 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
disciplinary power (紀律懲處權) means—

*(a) in section 197A, a power that may be exercised by the Commission under section 197A(1); and
(b) in Divisions 4 and 5, a power that may be exercised by the Monetary Authority under section 203A(1);

(Added 6 of 2014 s. 27)
misconduct (失當行為) means-

(a) a contravention of any of the relevant provisions;
(b) a contravention of any of the terms and conditions of any licence or registration under this Ordinance;
(c) a contravention of any other condition imposed under or pursuant to any provision of this Ordinance, or of

any condition attached or amended under section 71C(2)(b) or (9) or 71E(3) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap
155); or

(d) an act or omission relating to the carrying on of any regulated activity for which a person is licensed or
registered which, in the opinion of the Commission, is or is likely to be prejudicial to the interest of the
investing public or to the public interest,

and guilty of misconduct (犯失當行為) shall be construed accordingly. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(Amended 30 of 2004 s. 3; 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(2) In this Part, where an intermediary is, or was at any time, guilty of misconduct within the meaning of paragraph
(a), (b), (c) or (d) of the definition of misconduct in subsection (1) as a result of the commission of any conduct
occurring with the consent or connivance of, or attributable to any neglect on the part of-
(a) in the case of a licensed corporation, another person as-

(i) a responsible officer of the licensed corporation; or
(ii) a person involved in the management of the business of the licensed corporation; or

(b) in the case of a registered institution, another person as-
(i) an executive officer of the registered institution; or
(ii) a person involved in the management of the business constituting any regulated activity for which the

registered institution is or was (as the case may be) registered,
the conduct shall also be regarded as misconduct on the part of that other person, and guilty of misconduct shall

also be construed accordingly.
(3) For the purposes of paragraph (d) of the definition of misconduct in subsection (1), the Commission shall not

form any opinion that any act or omission is or is likely to be prejudicial to the interest of the investing public or
to the public interest, unless it has had regard to such of the provisions set out in any code of conduct published
under section 169 or any code or guideline published under section 399 as are in force at the time of occurrence
of, and applicable in relation to, the act or omission.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 143

Part:
Division:

IX
2

Disciplinary Action by Commission* L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Replaced 6 of 2014 s. 28)

Section: 194 Disciplinary action in respect of licensed persons, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to section 198, where-
(a) a regulated person is, or was at any time, guilty of misconduct; or
(b) the Commission is of the opinion that a regulated person is not a fit and proper person to be or to remain the

same type of regulated person,
the Commission may exercise such of the following powers as it considers appropriate in the circumstances of

the case-
(i) where the regulated person is a licensed person-

(A) revoke his licence, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities
for which he is licensed; or

(B) suspend his licence, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated
activities for which he is licensed for such period or until the occurrence of such event as the
Commission may specify;

(ii) where the regulated person is a responsible officer of a licensed corporation-
(A) revoke the approval granted under section 126(1) in respect of him as such a responsible officer; or
(B) suspend such approval for such period or until the occurrence of such event as the Commission may

specify;
(iii) publicly or privately reprimand the regulated person;
(iv) prohibit the regulated person from doing all or any of the following in relation to such regulated activity or

regulated activities, and for such period or until the occurrence of such event, as the Commission may
specify-
(A) applying to be licensed or registered;
(B) applying to be approved under section 126(1) as a responsible officer of a licensed corporation;
(C) applying to be given consent to act or continue to act as an executive officer of a registered institution

under section 71C of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155);
(D) seeking through a registered institution to have his name entered in the register maintained by the

Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as that of a person engaged
by the registered institution in respect of a regulated activity.

(2) Subject to sections 198 and 199, where-
(a) a regulated person is, or was at any time, guilty of misconduct; or
(b) the Commission is of the opinion that a regulated person is not a fit and proper person to be or to remain the

same type of regulated person,
the Commission may, separately or in addition to any power exercisable under subsection (1), order the

regulated person to pay a pecuniary penalty not exceeding the amount which is the greater of-
(i) $10000000; or
(ii) 3 times the amount of the profit gained or loss avoided by the regulated person as a result of his

misconduct, or of his other conduct which leads the Commission to form the opinion (as the case may be).
(3) The Commission, in determining whether a regulated person is a fit and proper person within the meaning of

subsection (1)(b) or (2)(b), may, among other matters (including those specified in section 129), take into
account such present or past conduct of the regulated person as it considers appropriate in the circumstances of
the case.

(4) A regulated person ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty under subsection (2) shall pay the penalty to the
Commission within 30 days, or such further period as the Commission may specify by notice under section
198(3), after the order has taken effect as a specified decision under section 232.

(5) The Court of First Instance may, on an application of the Commission made in the manner prescribed by rules
made under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection, register an order made under subsection (2) in the
Court of First Instance and the order shall, on registration, be regarded for all purposes as an order of the Court



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 144

of First Instance made within the civil jurisdiction of the Court of First Instance for the payment of money.
(6) Any pecuniary penalty paid to or recovered by the Commission pursuant to an order made under subsection (2)

shall be paid by the Commission into the general revenue.
(6A) Where the Commission exercises its power under subsection (1) or (2) against a regulated person, the

Commission may disclose to the public details of the decision including the reasons for it and any material facts
relating to the case. (Added 9 of 2012 s. 41)

(7) In this section-
regulated person (受規管人士) means a person who is or at the relevant time was any of the following types of

person-
(a) a licensed person;
(b) a responsible officer of a licensed corporation; or
(c) a person involved in the management of the business of a licensed corporation;

relevant time (有關時間), in relation to a person, means-
(a) where subsection (1)(a) or (2)(a) applies, the time when the person is, or was, guilty of misconduct; or
(b) where subsection (1)(b) or (2)(b) applies, the time of occurrence of any matter which, whether with any

other matter or not, leads the Commission to form the opinion that the person is not a fit and proper person
within the meaning of such subsection.


Section: 195 Other circumstances for disciplinary actions in respect of

licensed persons, etc.
L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



(1) Subject to section 198, the Commission may revoke a licensed person's licence, whether in relation to all or any,
or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for which he is licensed, or suspend a licensed person's
licence, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for which he is
licensed for such period or until the occurrence of such event as the Commission may specify, if-
(a) where the licensed person is an individual-

(i) the licensed person enters into a voluntary arrangement with creditors, or has a bankruptcy order made
against him, under the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6);

(ii) the licensed person fails to satisfy a levy of execution;
(iii) the licensed person has been found by a court to be mentally incapacitated, or is detained in a mental

hospital, under the Mental Health Ordinance (Cap 136), which in the opinion of the Commission
impugns the fitness and properness of the licensed person to remain licensed; or

(iv) the licensed person is convicted of an offence (other than an offence under any of the relevant
provisions) in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which in the opinion of the Commission impugns the fitness
and properness of the licensed person to remain licensed;

(b) where the licensed person is a corporation-
(i) a receiver or manager of the property or business of the licensed person is appointed;
(ii) the licensed person fails to satisfy a levy of execution;
(iii) the licensed person enters into a compromise or scheme of arrangement with its creditors;
(iv) the licensed person goes into liquidation or is ordered to be wound up;
(v) the licensed person is convicted of an offence (other than an offence under any of the relevant

provisions) in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which in the opinion of the Commission impugns the fitness
and properness of the licensed person to remain licensed;

(vi) any of the directors of the licensed person has been found by a court to be mentally incapacitated, or is
detained in a mental hospital, under the Mental Health Ordinance (Cap 136), which in the opinion of
the Commission impugns the fitness and properness of the licensed person to remain licensed; or

(vii) any of the directors of the licensed person is convicted of an offence (other than an offence under any
of the relevant provisions) in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which in the opinion of the Commission
impugns the fitness and properness of the licensed person to remain licensed;

(c) the licensed person does not carry on the regulated activity or regulated activities, or the part of regulated
activity or regulated activities, to which the revocation or suspension (as the case may be) relates; or

(d) the licensed person requests the Commission to so revoke or suspend the licence.
(2) Subject to section 198, but without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the Commission may revoke a

licensed person's licence in relation to Type 7 regulated activity or any part thereof if-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 145

(a) the Commission has required under section 118(1)(c) that the licensed person should apply for an
authorization under section 95(2) for that regulated activity; and

(b) (i) the licensed person has failed to make an application for the authorization under section 95(2) in
accordance with the requirement, or has otherwise informed the Commission that he proposes not to
make an application for the authorization under section 95(2); or

(ii) the licensed person has made an application for the authorization under section 95(2), but the
application is not granted.

(3) A licence shall be deemed to be revoked if-
(a) where the licensed person is an individual, the licensed person dies; or
(b) where the licensed person is a corporation, the licensed person is wound up, struck off the Companies

Register or is otherwise dissolved. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(4) Subject to subsection (5), a licence shall be deemed to be suspended if-

(a) the licensed person fails to make full payment of any annual fee payable by him under section 138, or any
additional sum payable by him under that section as a result of any default in making full payment of any
annual fee payable by him under that section, within 3 months after the due date for payment of the annual
fee under that section; or

(b) the licensed person fails to submit an annual return required to be submitted by him under section 138
within 3 months after the due date for submission of the annual return under that section,

and, subject to subsection (6), the suspension shall remain in force until such time as the Commission considers
it appropriate that the licence should no longer be suspended and informs the licensed person to that effect by
notice in writing.

(5) A licence shall not be regarded as suspended under subsection (4) unless and until-
(a) in the case of a suspension under subsection (4)(a) by reference to any failure to make full payment of any

annual fee or additional sum, the Commission has, by notice in writing given not less than 10 business days
before the suspension is to take effect, informed the licensed person of the requirement to make full
payment of the annual fee or additional sum (as the case may be), and of the consequence of the failure to
comply with the requirement under this section; or

(b) in the case of a suspension under subsection (4)(b) by reference to any failure to submit an annual return,
the Commission has, by notice in writing given not less than 10 business days before the suspension is to
take effect, informed the licensed person of the requirement to submit the annual return, and of the
consequence of the failure to comply with the requirement under this section.

(6) Where a licence is suspended under subsection (4) and the event described in subsection (4)(a) or (b) (as the case
may be) has not been remedied within 30 days after the day on which the suspension becomes effective under
subsection (4), or such further period as the Commission may specify by notice in writing to the licensed person,
the licence shall be deemed to be revoked.

(7) Subject to section 198, where a person who is a responsible officer of a licensed corporation is convicted of an
offence (other than an offence under any of the relevant provisions) in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which in the
opinion of the Commission impugns the fitness and properness of the person to remain such a responsible
officer, the Commission may-
(a) revoke the approval granted under section 126(1) in respect of the person as such a responsible officer; or
(b) suspend such approval for such period or until the occurrence of such event as the Commission may

specify.

Section: 196 Disciplinary action in respect of registered institutions, etc. E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to section 198, where-
(a) a regulated person is, or was at any time, guilty of misconduct; or
(b) the Commission is of the opinion that a regulated person is not a fit and proper person to be or to remain the

same type of regulated person,
the Commission may exercise such of the following powers as it considers appropriate in the circumstances of

the case-
(i) where the regulated person is a registered institution-

(A) revoke its registration, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated
activities for which it is registered; or

(B) suspend its registration, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 146

activities for which it is registered for such period or until the occurrence of such event as the
Commission may specify;

(ii) publicly or privately reprimand the regulated person;
(iii) prohibit the regulated person from doing all or any of the following in relation to such regulated activity or

regulated activities, and for such period or until the occurrence of such event, as the Commission may
specify-
(A) applying to be licensed or registered;
(B) applying to be approved under section 126(1) as a responsible officer of a licensed corporation;
(C) applying to be given consent to act or continue to act as an executive officer of a registered institution

under section 71C of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155);
(D) seeking through a registered institution to have his name entered in the register maintained by the

Monetary Authority under section 20 of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as that of a person engaged
by the registered institution in respect of a regulated activity.

(2) Subject to sections 198 and 199, where-
(a) a regulated person is, or was at any time, guilty of misconduct; or
(b) the Commission is of the opinion that a regulated person is not a fit and proper person to be or to remain the

same type of regulated person,
the Commission may, separately or in addition to any power exercisable under subsection (1), order the

regulated person to pay a pecuniary penalty not exceeding the amount which is the greater of-
(i) $10000000; or
(ii) 3 times the amount of the profit gained or loss avoided by the regulated person as a result of his

misconduct, or of his other conduct which leads the Commission to form the opinion (as the case may be).
(3) The Commission, in determining whether a regulated person is a fit and proper person within the meaning of

subsection (1)(b) or (2)(b), may, among other matters (including those specified in section 129), take into
account such present or past conduct of the regulated person as it considers appropriate in the circumstances of
the case.

(4) A regulated person ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty under subsection (2) shall pay the penalty to the
Commission within 30 days, or such further period as the Commission may specify by notice under section
198(3), after the order has taken effect as a specified decision under section 232.

(5) The Court of First Instance may, on an application of the Commission made in the manner prescribed by rules
made under section 397 for the purposes of this subsection, register an order made under subsection (2) in the
Court of First Instance and the order shall, on registration, be regarded for all purposes as an order of the Court
of First Instance made within the civil jurisdiction of the Court of First Instance for the payment of money.

(6) Any pecuniary penalty paid to or recovered by the Commission pursuant to an order made under subsection (2)
shall be paid by the Commission into the general revenue.

(6A) Where the Commission exercises its power under subsection (1) or (2) against a regulated person, the
Commission may disclose to the public details of the decision including the reasons for it and any material facts
relating to the case. (Added 9 of 2012 s. 42)

(7) Without prejudice to the exercise by the Monetary Authority of any powers under the Banking Ordinance (Cap
155), the Commission may make such recommendations to the Monetary Authority in respect of the exercise by
the Monetary Authority of any of his powers under sections 58A(1) and 71C(4) of that Ordinance as the
Commission considers appropriate.

(8) In this section-
regulated person (受規管人士) means a person who is or at the relevant time was any of the following types of

person-
(a) a registered institution;
(b) an executive officer of a registered institution;
(c) a person involved in the management of the business constituting any regulated activity for which a

registered institution is or was (as the case may be) registered; or
(d) an individual whose name is or was (as the case may be) entered in the register maintained by the Monetary

Authority under section 20 of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) as that of a person engaged by a registered
institution in respect of a regulated activity;

relevant time (有關時間), in relation to a person, means-
(a) where subsection (1)(a) or (2)(a) applies, the time when the person is, or was, guilty of misconduct; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 147

(b) where subsection (1)(b) or (2)(b) applies, the time of occurrence of any matter which, whether with any
other matter or not, leads the Commission to form the opinion that the person is not a fit and proper person
within the meaning of such subsection.


Section: 197 Other circumstances for disciplinary action in respect of

registered institutions, etc.
L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



(1) Subject to section 198, the Commission may revoke a registered institution's registration, whether in relation to
all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for which it is registered, or suspend a registered
institution's registration, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for
which it is registered for such period or until the occurrence of such event as the Commission may specify-
(a) if-

(i) a receiver or manager of the property or business of the registered institution is appointed;
(ii) the registered institution fails to satisfy a levy of execution;
(iii) the registered institution enters into a compromise or scheme of arrangement with its creditors;
(iv) the registered institution goes into liquidation or is ordered to be wound up;
(v) the registered institution is convicted of an offence (other than an offence under any of the relevant

provisions) in Hong Kong or elsewhere, which in the opinion of the Commission impugns the fitness
and properness of the registered institution to remain registered;

(b) if the registered institution does not carry on the regulated activity or regulated activities, or the part of
regulated activity or regulated activities, to which the revocation or suspension (as the case may be) relates;
or

(c) if the registered institution requests the Commission to so revoke or suspend the registration.
(2) Subject to section 198, but without limiting the generality of subsection (1), the Commission may revoke a

registered institution's registration in relation to Type 7 regulated activity or any part thereof if-
(a) the Commission has required under section 119(8)(b) that the registered institution should apply for an

authorization under section 95(2) for that regulated activity; and
(b) (i) the registered institution has failed to make an application for the authorization under section 95(2) in

accordance with the requirement, or has otherwise informed the Commission that it proposes not to
make an application for the authorization under section 95(2); or

(ii) the registered institution has made an application for the authorization under section 95(2), but the
application is not granted.

(3) The registration of a registered institution shall be deemed to be revoked if-
(a) the registered institution ceases to be an authorized financial institution; or
(b) the registered institution is wound up, struck off the Companies Register or is otherwise dissolved.

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(4) Subject to subsection (5), the registration of a registered institution shall be deemed to be suspended if the

registered institution fails to make full payment of any annual fee payable by it under section 138, or any
additional sum payable by it under that section as a result of any default in making full payment of any annual
fee payable by it under that section, within 3 months after the due date for payment of the annual fee under that
section, and, subject to subsection (6), the suspension shall remain in force until such time as the Commission
considers it appropriate that the registration should no longer be suspended and informs the registered institution
to that effect by notice in writing.

(5) Any registration shall not be regarded as suspended under subsection (4) by reference to any failure to make full
payment of any annual fee or additional sum, unless and until the Commission has, by notice in writing given
not less than 10 business days before the suspension is to take effect, informed the registered institution of the
requirement to make full payment of the annual fee or additional sum (as the case may be), and of the
consequence of the failure to comply with the requirement under this section.

(6) Where any registration is suspended under subsection (4) and the failure to make full payment of the annual fee
or additional sum described in that subsection has not been remedied within 30 days after the day on which the
suspension becomes effective under that subsection, or such further period as the Commission may specify by
notice in writing to the registered institution, the registration shall be deemed to be revoked.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 148

Part:
Division:

IX
3

Miscellaneous Provisions Relating to Division 2* L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 30)

Section: 198 Procedural requirements in respect of exercise of powers

under Division 2*
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) The Commission shall not exercise any power under section 194(1) or (2), 195(1)(a), (b) or (c), (2) or (7), 196(1)
or (2) or 197(1)(a) or (b) or (2) without first giving the person in respect of whom the power is to be exercised a
reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(2) The Commission shall not exercise any power under section 196(1) or (2) or 197(1) or (2) unless it has first
consulted the Monetary Authority.

(3) Where the Commission decides to exercise any power under section 194(1) or (2), 195(1), (2) or (7), 196(1) or
(2) or 197(1) or (2), the Commission shall inform the person in respect of whom the power is exercised of its
decision to do so by notice in writing, and the notice shall include-
(a) a statement of the reasons for which the decision is made;
(b) the time at which the decision is to take effect;
(c) in so far as applicable, the duration and terms of any revocation, suspension or prohibition to be imposed

under the decision;
(d) in so far as applicable, the terms in which the person is to be reprimanded under the decision; and
(e) in so far as applicable, the amount of any pecuniary penalty to be imposed under the decision and the period

(being specified as a period after the decision has taken effect as a specified decision under section 232)
within which it is required to be paid.

____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 31)

Section: 199 Guidelines for performance of functions under section

194(2) or 196(2)
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) The Commission shall not perform any of its functions under section 194(2) or 196(2) unless-
(a) it has published, in the Gazette and in any other manner it considers appropriate, guidelines to indicate the

manner in which it proposes to perform such functions; and
(b) in performing such functions, it has had regard to the guidelines so published.

(2) Without prejudice to the inclusion of any other factors that the Commission may consider relevant, guidelines
published under subsection (1) shall include the following as factors that the Commission shall take into account
in performing any of its functions under section 194(2) or 196(2)-
(a) whether the conduct of the regulated person in question was intentional, reckless or negligent;
(b) whether the conduct damaged the integrity of the securities and futures market;
(c) whether the conduct caused loss to, or imposed costs on, any other person; and
(d) whether the conduct resulted in a benefit to the regulated person or any other person.

(3) Guidelines published under subsection (1) are not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 200 Effect of suspension under Division 2 or 3* L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) If a licence of a person is suspended under section 194 or 195 in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any,
of the regulated activities for which the person is licensed, then, without prejudice to any provision of this
Ordinance which has application in relation to the suspension, the person shall, during the period of the
suspension-
(a) continue to be regarded for the purposes of the provisions of this Ordinance, but not section 114, to be

licensed for the regulated activity or regulated activities, or the part of regulated activity or regulated
activities, to which the suspension relates; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 149

(b) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a), continue to be required to comply with such provisions of
this Ordinance relating to a licensed person as would apply to the person were the licence not so suspended.

(2) If an approval of a person as a responsible officer of a licensed corporation is suspended under section 194 or
195, then, without prejudice to any provision of this Ordinance which has application in relation to the
suspension, the person shall, during the period of the suspension-
(a) continue to be regarded for the purposes of the provisions of this Ordinance, but not sections 118 and 125,

to be such a responsible officer; and
(b) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a), continue to be required to comply with such provisions of

this Ordinance relating to a responsible officer as would apply to the person were the approval not so
suspended.

(3) If any registration of a person is suspended under section 196 or 197 in relation to all or any, or any part of all or
any, of the regulated activities for which the person is registered, then, without prejudice to any provision of this
Ordinance which has application in relation to the suspension, the person shall, during the period of the
suspension-
(a) continue to be regarded for the purposes of the provisions of this Ordinance, but not section 114, to be

registered for the regulated activity or regulated activities, or the part of regulated activity or regulated
activities, to which the suspension relates; and

(b) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a), continue to be required to comply with such provisions of
this Ordinance relating to a registered institution as would apply to the person were the registration not so
suspended.

(4) A licence of a person may be revoked under section 194 or 195 notwithstanding that, at the time of revocation,
the licence is suspended, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for
which the person is licensed, under any provision of this Ordinance.

(5) An approval of a person as a responsible officer of a licensed corporation may be revoked under section 194 or
195 notwithstanding that, at the time of revocation, the approval is suspended under any provision of this
Ordinance.

(6) Any registration of a person may be revoked under section 196 or 197 notwithstanding that, at the time of
revocation, the registration is suspended, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the
regulated activities for which the person is registered, under any provision of this Ordinance.

____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 33)

Section: 201 General provisions relating to exercise of powers under

Division 2 or 3*
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



Remarks:
#The amendment to section 201(5) by the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (6 of 2014) has come
into operation on 10 July 2015, except in so far as it relates to the new section 101Y of the Ordinance. Please see
paragraph (o) of the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (Commencement) Notice 2015 (L.N. 95 of
2015).

(1) In reaching a decision under section 194(1) or (2), 195(1), (2) or (7), 196(1) or (2) or 197(1) or (2), the

Commission may have regard to any information or material in its possession which is relevant to the decision,
regardless of how the information or material has come into its possession.

(2) The revocation or suspension of any licence or registration under Division 2 or 3 does not operate so as to-
(Amended 6 of 2014 s. 34)
(a) avoid or affect an agreement, transaction or arrangement entered into by the licensed person or registered

institution (as the case may be) whether the agreement, transaction or arrangement was entered into before
or after the revocation or suspension;

(b) affect a right, obligation or liability arising under the agreement, transaction or arrangement.
(3) Where at any time the Commission is contemplating exercising any power in respect of a person under section

194(1) or (2), 195(1)(a), (b) or (c), (2) or (7), 196(1) or (2) or 197(1)(a) or (b) or (2), it may, where it considers it
appropriate to do so in the interest of the investing public or in the public interest, by agreement with the person-
(a) exercise any power the Commission may exercise in respect of the person under this Part (whether or not



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 150

the same as the power the exercise of which has been contemplated); and
(b) take such additional action as it considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case.

(4) Where the Commission exercises any power or takes any additional action in respect of a person under
subsection (3)-
(a) it shall comply with section 198(2) and (3), as if section 198(2) and (3), in addition to applying to the

exercise of power under the sections specified therein, also applies with necessary modifications to the
taking of any additional action under subsection (3); and

(b) subject to the agreement of the person, it is not obliged to comply with section 198(1).
#(5) Nothing in this Part affects the power of the Court of First Instance to make any order or exercise any other

power under or pursuant to section 101F, 101Y, 211, 212, 213 or 214. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 34)
____________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 34)

Section: 202 Requirement to transfer records upon revocation or

suspension of licence or registration
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) Where any licence or registration is revoked or suspended under Division 2 or 3, the Commission may by notice
in writing require the person to whom the licence or registration (as the case may be) was granted to transfer to,
or to the order of, his client such records relating to client assets or to the affairs of the client held at any time for
the client, in such manner, as the Commission may reasonably specify in the notice. (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 35)

(2) A person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a requirement imposed on him under subsection
(1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years.

(3) In this section, client (客戶), in relation to a person referred to in subsection (1), means any person who, at any
time when the first-mentioned person was an intermediary, was a client of the first-mentioned person under the
definition of client in section 1 of Part 1 of Schedule 1.


Section: 203 Permission to carry on business operations upon

revocation or suspension of licence or registration
19 of 2015 13/11/2015



(1) If the licence or registration of an intermediary is revoked, the Commission may by notice in writing permit the
intermediary to carry on business operations connected with a revoked activity that are essential for closing
down the business of the revoked activity. (Replaced 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(1A) An individual named by the Commission in the notice given under subsection (1) may carry on the business
operations referred to in that subsection for and on behalf of the intermediary. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(1B) For the purpose of subsection (1A), the Commission may name in the notice only an individual who is or,
immediately before the revocation, was—
(a) for the revocation of the licence of a licensed corporation—

(i) a responsible officer of the licensed corporation; or
(ii) a licensed representative accredited to the licensed corporation;

(b) for the revocation of the registration of a registered institution—
(i) an executive officer of the registered institution to whom the Monetary Authority has or had given

consent under section 71C(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155); or
(ii) a registered individual engaged by the registered institution. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(1C) If the licence or registration of an intermediary is suspended, the Commission may by notice in writing permit
the intermediary to carry on business operations connected with a suspended activity that are essential for
protecting the interests of the clients of the intermediary. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(1D) An individual named by the Commission in the notice given under subsection (1C) may carry on the business
operations referred to in that subsection for and on behalf of the intermediary. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(1E) For the purpose of subsection (1D), the Commission may name in the notice only an individual who is—
(a) for the suspension of the licence of a licensed corporation—

(i) a responsible officer of the licensed corporation; or
(ii) a licensed representative accredited to the licensed corporation;

(b) for the suspension of the registration of a registered institution—



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 151

(i) an executive officer of the registered institution to whom the Monetary Authority has given consent
under section 71C(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155); or

(ii) a registered individual engaged by the registered institution. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)
(1F) The Commission may, on granting a permission under subsection (1) or (1C), impose any condition that the

Commission thinks fit by specifying the condition in the notice given under that subsection. (Added 19 of 2015
s. 25)

(2) Notwithstanding section 200(1), where the Commission has granted a permission to an intermediary under
subsection (1) or (1C), the intermediary and the individuals named in the notice given under that subsection are
not, because of their carrying on business operations in accordance with the permission, regarded as having
contravened section 114.

(2A) When carrying on business operations in accordance with a permission granted under subsection (1)—
(a) despite the revocation of the licence or registration of the intermediary—

(i) it is deemed that the licence or registration of the intermediary in relation to the revoked activity is not
revoked;

(ii) an individual referred to in subsection (1B)(a)(i) is deemed to be a responsible officer of the
intermediary approved in relation to the revoked activity;

(iii) an individual referred to in subsection (1B)(a)(ii) is deemed to be a licensed representative accredited
to, and licensed to carry on the revoked activity for, the intermediary;

(iv) an individual referred to in subsection (1B)(b)(i) is deemed to be an executive officer of the
intermediary to whom the Monetary Authority has given consent under section 71C(1) of the Banking
Ordinance (Cap 155) in relation to the revoked activity; and

(v) an individual referred to in subsection (1B)(b)(ii) is deemed to be a registered individual engaged by
the intermediary in relation to the revoked activity; and

(b) any of the relevant provisions that apply to or in relation to an intermediary, responsible officer, licensed
representative, executive officer or registered individual (as the case may be) apply accordingly to or in
relation to the intermediary and individuals. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(2B) When carrying on business operations in accordance with a permission granted under subsection (1C)—
(a) despite the suspension of the licence or registration of the intermediary—

(i) it is deemed that the licence or registration of the intermediary in relation to the suspended activity is
not suspended;

(ii) an individual referred to in subsection (1E)(a)(i) continues to act in the capacity of or is deemed to be
(as the case requires) a responsible officer of the intermediary approved in relation to the suspended
activity;

(iii) an individual referred to in subsection (1E)(a)(ii) continues to act in the capacity of or is deemed to be
(as the case requires) a licensed representative accredited to, and licensed to carry on the suspended
activity for, the intermediary;

(iv) an individual referred to in subsection (1E)(b)(i) continues to act in the capacity of or is deemed to be
(as the case requires) an executive officer of the intermediary to whom the Monetary Authority has
given consent under section 71C(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155) in relation to the suspended
activity; and

(v) an individual referred to in subsection (1E)(b)(ii) continues to act in the capacity of or is deemed to be
(as the case requires) a registered individual engaged by the intermediary in relation to the suspended
activity; and

(b) any of the relevant provisions that apply to or in relation to an intermediary, responsible officer, licensed
representative, executive officer or registered individual (as the case may be) apply accordingly to or in
relation to the intermediary and individuals. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(3) Any permission granted under subsection (1) or (1C), and the imposition of conditions pursuant to subsection
(1F), take effect at the time of the service of the notice given in respect thereof or at the time specified in the
notice, whichever is the later.

(4) In this section—
intermediary (中介人) includes—

(a) a corporation the licence of which has been revoked or suspended; and
(b) an authorized financial institution the registration of which has been revoked or suspended;

registered individual (登記個人), in relation to a registered institution, means an individual whose name is entered in



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 152

the register maintained by the Monetary Authority under section 20(1)(ea) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155)
as that of a person engaged by the registered institution;

revoke (撤銷), in relation to the licence or registration of an intermediary, means revoke under Division 2 or 3,
whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for which the intermediary is
licensed or registered;

revoked activity (撤銷活動), in relation to the revocation of a licence or registration, means any of the regulated
activities, or any part of any of the regulated activities, in relation to which the licence or registration has been
revoked;

suspend (暫時吊銷、暫時撤銷), in relation to the licence or registration of an intermediary, means suspend under
Division 2 or 3, whether in relation to all or any, or any part of all or any, of the regulated activities for which
the intermediary is licensed or registered;

suspended activity (暫時吊銷活動、暫時撤銷活動), in relation to the suspension of a licence or registration,
means any of the regulated activities, or any part of any of the regulated activities, in relation to which the
licence or registration has been suspended. (Added 19 of 2015 s. 25)

(Amended 19 of 2015 s. 25)

Part:
Division:

IX
4

Disciplinary Action by Monetary Authority L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



Remarks:
The newly added Division 4 of Part IX by the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (6 of 2014) has
come into operation on 10 July 2015, in so far as it relates to the contravention of the reporting obligation and the
record keeping obligation. Please see paragraph (q)(i) of the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014
(Commencement) Notice 2015 (L.N. 95 of 2015).


(Division 4 added 6 of 2014 s. 37)

Section: 203A Disciplinary action by Monetary Authority L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) If an authorized financial institution or an approved money broker contravenes an obligation, the Monetary
Authority may exercise, in respect of a person who is subject to disciplinary action, one or more of the following
powers as the Monetary Authority considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case—
(a) publicly or privately reprimand the person;
(b) prohibit the person, for a period, or until the occurrence of an event, specified by the Monetary Authority—

(i) from continuing to carry on the business of OTC derivative transactions, if at the time the power is
exercised the person is carrying on that business; or

(ii) from carrying on the business of OTC derivative transactions, if at that time the person is not carrying
on that business;

(c) order the person to pay a pecuniary penalty not exceeding the amount that is the greater of the following—
(i) $10000000;
(ii) 3 times the amount of the profit gained, or loss avoided, by the person as a result of the contravention.

(2) The exercise of the disciplinary power—
(a) under subsection (1)(a) and (b) is subject to section 203B; and
(b) under subsection (1)(c) is subject to sections 203B and 203C.

(3) If the Monetary Authority exercises a disciplinary power, the Monetary Authority may disclose to the public
details of the decision including the reasons for it and any material facts relating to the case.

(4) The Monetary Authority may, in reaching a decision to exercise a disciplinary power, have regard to any
information or material in the Monetary Authority’s possession that is relevant to the decision, regardless of
how it came into the Monetary Authority’s possession.

(5) For the purposes of subsection (1), the persons who are subject to disciplinary action are—
(a) a person that is, or was, an authorized financial institution at the time of a contravention;
(b) in relation to a contravention by a person referred to in paragraph (a), a person who is, or was, involved in

the management of the business of OTC derivative transactions of the authorized financial institution at the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 153

time of the contravention;
(c) a person that is, or was, an approved money broker at the time of a contravention; and
(d) in relation to a contravention by a person referred to in paragraph (c), a person who is, or was, involved in

the management of the business of OTC derivative transactions of the approved money broker at the time of
the contravention.

(6) In this section—
contravention (違責) means a contravention of an obligation;
obligation (責任) means the reporting obligation, clearing obligation, trading obligation or record keeping obligation.

Part:
Division:

IX
5

Miscellaneous Provisions Relating to Division 4 L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



Remarks:
The newly added Division 5 of Part IX by the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (6 of 2014) has
come into operation on 10 July 2015, except in so far as it relates to the new section 101Y referred to in the new
section 203D(3) of the Ordinance. Please see paragraph (q)(ii) of the Securities and Futures (Amendment) Ordinance
2014 (Commencement) Notice 2015 (L.N. 95 of 2015).


(Division 5 added 6 of 2014 s. 37)

Section: 203B Procedural requirements for exercise of disciplinary

powers
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) The Monetary Authority must not exercise a disciplinary power without first giving the person who is proposed
to be disciplined a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(2) If the Monetary Authority decides to exercise a disciplinary power, the Monetary Authority must inform the
person who is to be disciplined of the decision by a written notice.

(3) The notice must state—
(a) the reasons for the decision;
(b) when the decision is to take effect;
(c) in relation to a decision to reprimand, the terms in which the person is to be reprimanded;
(d) in relation to a decision to prohibit a person from continuing to carry on, or carrying on, the business of

OTC derivative transactions, the duration and other terms of the prohibition; and
(e) in relation to a decision to impose a pecuniary penalty—

(i) the amount of the penalty; and
(ii) the period after the decision has taken effect as a specified decision under section 232 within which it

is required to be paid.

Section: 203C Guidelines for performance of functions under section

203A(1)(c)
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) The Monetary Authority must publish guidelines indicating the manner in which the Monetary Authority
proposes to exercise the disciplinary power to order a pecuniary penalty.

(2) The guidelines must be published—
(a) in the Gazette; and
(b) in any other manner that the Monetary Authority considers appropriate.

(3) Without limiting subsection (1), guidelines published under subsection (2)—
(a) may include any factor that the Monetary Authority considers relevant to the exercise of the disciplinary

power to order a pecuniary penalty; and
(b) must include the following as factors that the Monetary Authority must take into account when exercising

that power—
(i) whether the conduct of the person in respect of whom the power is being exercised was intentional,

reckless or negligent;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 154

(ii) whether the conduct of that person damaged the integrity of the securities and futures market or was
potentially damaging or detrimental to the integrity of the securities and futures market or the financial
stability of Hong Kong;

(iii) whether the conduct of that person caused loss to, or imposed costs on, any other person;
(iv) whether the conduct of that person resulted in a benefit to that person or any other person.

(4) The Monetary Authority—
(a) may exercise the disciplinary power to order a pecuniary penalty only after guidelines have been published;

and
(b) must have regard to the published guidelines when exercising a disciplinary power to order a pecuniary

penalty.
(5) The Monetary Authority may amend any guideline published under this section in a manner consistent with the

power to publish guidelines and the other provisions of this section apply to any such amendment as they apply
to the guideline.

(6) A failure on the part of a person to comply with a guideline does not by itself render that person liable to any
judicial or other proceedings, but in any proceedings under this Ordinance before a court—
(a) the guideline is admissible in evidence; and
(b) if any guideline appears to the court to be relevant to a question arising in any proceedings, it must be taken

into account in determining that question.
(7) Guidelines published under this section are not subsidiary legislation.
(8) A reference to a guideline is a reference to that guideline as amended from time to time under this section.

Section: 203D General provisions relating to exercise of powers under

Division 4
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) If the Monetary Authority is contemplating the exercise of a disciplinary power, the Monetary Authority may, if
the Monetary Authority considers it appropriate to do so in the interests of the investing public or in the public
interest, with the agreement of the person proposed to be disciplined—
(a) exercise a disciplinary power (not necessarily the disciplinary power that was contemplated); and
(b) take any other action the Monetary Authority considers appropriate in the circumstances of the case

(additional action).
(2) If the Monetary Authority exercises a disciplinary power or takes any additional action under subsection (1), the

Monetary Authority—
(a) must comply with section 203B(2) and (3) as if section 203B(2) and (3) applied, with necessary

modifications, to the taking of additional action; and
(b) subject to the agreement of the person proposed to be disciplined, is not obliged to comply with section

203B(1).
(3) Nothing in this Division or Division 4 affects the power of the Court of First Instance to make an order or

exercise any other power under or pursuant to section 101G, 101Y or 203F.

Section: 203E Recovery and payment of pecuniary penalty L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) If a person is ordered to pay a pecuniary penalty in the exercise of a disciplinary power, the person must pay it to
the Monetary Authority within—
(a) 30 days after the order has taken effect as a specified decision under section 232; or
(b) a longer period specified in the notice referred to in section 203B(2), after the order has taken effect as a

specified decision under section 232.
(2) The Court of First Instance may, on an application made by the Monetary Authority, register the order in the

Court of First Instance.
(3) An application under subsection (2) must be made by producing to the Registrar of the High Court a notice in

writing requesting that the order be registered, together with the order and a copy of the order.
(4) On registration, the order is to be regarded for all purposes as an order of the Court of First Instance made within

its civil jurisdiction for the payment of money.
(5) The Monetary Authority must pay a pecuniary penalty paid to or recovered by the Monetary Authority under an

order made under this section into the general revenue.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 155


Section: 203F Application to Court of First Instance relating to non-

compliance with prohibition under section 203A
L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015



(1) If a person fails to comply with a prohibition in force in respect of the person as a result of the exercise of a
power under section 203A(1)(b), the Monetary Authority may, by originating summons, make an application to
the Court of First Instance in respect of the failure.

(2) The Court of First Instance may inquire into the case and if satisfied that—
(a) there is no reasonable excuse for the person not to comply with the prohibition, order the person to comply

with the prohibition within the period specified by the Court; and
(b) the failure was without reasonable excuse, punish the person, and any other person knowingly involved in

the failure, in the same manner as if the person and, if applicable, the other person, had been guilty of
contempt of court.

(3) If there is a reasonable likelihood that a person will fail to comply with a prohibition in force in respect of the
person as a result of the exercise of a power under section 203A(1)(b), the Monetary Authority may, by
originating summons, apply to the Court of First Instance for an order that—
(a) the person take such action or refrain from taking such action as the Court directs; and
(b) any other person whom the Court is satisfied is able to procure the person to comply with the prohibition,

take such action or refrain from taking such action as the Court directs.
(4) An originating summons under this section must be in Form No. 10 in Appendix A to the Rules of the High

Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A).

Part: X Powers of Intervention and Proceedings E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part X has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

X
1

Powers of intervention L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 204 Restriction of business E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to section 207, the Commission may by notice in writing-
(a) prohibit a licensed corporation from-

(i) entering into transactions of a specified description or other than of a specified description, or entering
into transactions in specified circumstances or other than in specified circumstances, or entering into
transactions to a specified extent or other than to a specified extent;

(ii) soliciting business from persons of a specified description or from persons other than of a specified
description;

(iii) carrying on business in a specified manner or other than in a specified manner;
(b) require a licensed corporation to carry on business in, and only in, a specified manner.

(2) A prohibition or requirement imposed on a licensed corporation under this section may relate to either or both of
the following-
(a) transactions entered into in connection with the business which constitutes a regulated activity for which the

licensed corporation is licensed;
(b) transactions entered into in connection with any other business which is carried on by the licensed

corporation in connection with the business which constitutes a regulated activity for which it is licensed.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 156

Section: 205 Restriction on dealing with property E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to section 207, the Commission may by notice in writing-
(a) prohibit a licensed corporation-

(i) from-
(A) disposing of any relevant property;
(B) dealing with any relevant property in a specified manner or other than in a specified manner;

(ii) from assisting, counselling or procuring another person to-
(A) dispose of any relevant property;
(B) deal with any relevant property in a specified manner or other than in a specified manner;

(b) require a licensed corporation to deal with any relevant property in, and only in, a specified manner.
(2) In this section, relevant property (有關財產), in relation to a licensed corporation, means-

(a) any property held by the licensed corporation, acting within the capacity for which the licensed corporation
is licensed, on behalf of any of the clients of the licensed corporation, or held by any other person on behalf
or to the order of the licensed corporation acting within such capacity;

(b) any other property which the Commission reasonably believes to be owned or controlled by the licensed
corporation.


Section: 206 Maintenance of property E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to section 207, the Commission may by notice in writing require a licensed corporation to maintain
property in Hong Kong and in any specified place outside Hong Kong such that-
(a) the property maintained is of the value and of the description that appear to the Commission to be desirable

with a view to ensuring that the licensed corporation will be able to meet its liabilities in relation to the
business which constitutes a regulated activity for which it is licensed; and

(b) the property is maintained in a manner that will enable the licensed corporation at any time freely to transfer
or otherwise dispose of the property.

(2) The Commission may in any requirement imposed under this section direct that, for the purposes of the
requirement, property of a specified description shall or shall not be taken into account.


Section: 207 Imposition of prohibition or requirement under section

204, 205 or 206
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



The Commission may impose a prohibition or requirement under section 204, 205 or 206 in respect of or with
reference to any licensed corporation if it appears to the Commission that-
(a) any property of the licensed corporation or its clients, or any property connected with the business which

constitutes a regulated activity for which it is licensed, might be dissipated, transferred or otherwise dealt
with in a manner prejudicial to the interest of any of its clients or creditors;

(b) the licensed corporation is not a fit and proper person to remain licensed or is not a fit and proper person to
carry on any regulated activity for which it is licensed (having regard, among other matters, to the matters
specified in section 129);

(c) the licensed corporation has failed to comply with the requirement specified in section 180(2) or, in
purported compliance with such requirement, has furnished the Commission with information which was at
the time when it was furnished false or misleading in a material particular;

(d) the licence of the licensed corporation may be revoked or suspended on any of the grounds specified in
section 194(1) or 195(1) or (2); or

(e) the imposition of the prohibition or requirement is desirable in the interest of the investing public or in the
public interest.


Section: 208 Withdrawal, substitution or variation of prohibitions or

requirements under section 204, 205 or 206
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Where a prohibition or requirement imposed under section 204, 205 or 206 is in force, the Commission may,
where it considers appropriate to do so (whether of its own volition or upon the request of the person on whom



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 157

the prohibition or requirement is imposed or any other person affected by the prohibition or requirement), by
notice in writing given to the person on whom the prohibition or requirement is imposed-
(a) withdraw the prohibition or requirement; or
(b) substitute another prohibition or requirement for, or vary, the prohibition or requirement.

(2) A prohibition or requirement imposed under section 204, 205 or 206, or a prohibition or requirement substituting
for another prohibition or requirement under subsection (1)(b), or a prohibition or requirement as varied under
subsection (1)(b), shall, unless it provides otherwise, remain in force in accordance with the terms thereof until it
is-
(a) withdrawn; or
(b) substituted by another prohibition or requirement, or varied,

by the Commission under this section.
(3) The provisions of this section apply, with necessary modifications, to a prohibition or requirement substituting

for another prohibition or requirement under subsection (1)(b), or a prohibition or requirement as varied under
subsection (1)(b), as they apply to a prohibition or requirement imposed under section 204, 205 or 206, and the
provisions of this Division shall be construed accordingly.


Section: 209 General provisions relating to sections 204, 205, 206 and

208
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Where the Commission imposes under section 204, 205 or 206, or withdraws, substitutes or varies under section
208, a prohibition or requirement, the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be) of
the prohibition or requirement takes effect at the time of the service of the notice given in respect thereof or at
the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.

(2) Where the Commission imposes under section 204, 205 or 206, or withdraws, substitutes or varies under section
208, a prohibition or requirement, the notice given in respect thereof shall be accompanied by a statement
specifying the reasons for the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be) of the
prohibition or requirement.

(3) Where any request is made by any person to the Commission pursuant to section 208(1) for the withdrawal,
substitution or variation of a prohibition or requirement, the Commission shall serve on the person-
(a) where it withdraws, substitutes or varies the prohibition or requirement in accordance with the request, a

copy of the notice given in respect thereof and of the statement accompanying it in accordance with
subsection (2); or

(b) where it refuses to withdraw, substitute or vary the prohibition or requirement notwithstanding the request,
a notice of its refusal, together with a statement specifying the reasons for the refusal.

(4) Where-
(a) the Commission imposes under section 204, 205 or 206, or withdraws, substitutes or varies under section

208, a prohibition or requirement; and
(b) the reasons for the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be) as specified in the

statement accompanying the notice given in respect thereof in accordance with subsection (2) relate
specifically to matters which-
(i) refer to any person who is identified in the statement but who is not the person on whom the

prohibition or requirement was imposed; and
(ii) are, in the opinion of the Commission, prejudicial to the person in any respect,

the Commission shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or
variation (as the case may be), take all reasonable steps to serve on the person a copy of the notice given in
respect of the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be) and of the statement
accompanying it in accordance with subsection (2).

(5) Nothing in subsections (3) and (4) requires a copy of any notice given in respect of the imposition, withdrawal,
substitution or variation of a prohibition or requirement, or of a statement accompanying it in accordance with
subsection (2), to be served on any person if the notice or statement or a copy of the notice or statement (as the
case may be) has been served on the person under any other provision of this Part.

(6) The Commission shall publish in the Gazette, and may publish by such additional means as it may consider
appropriate, a notice regarding the imposition under section 204, 205 or 206, or the withdrawal, substitution or
variation under section 208, of a prohibition or requirement.

(7) A notice published under subsection (6) may, if the Commission considers appropriate, include a statement



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 158

specifying the reasons for the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be) to which the
notice relates.

(8) The Commission shall-
(a) before imposing under section 204, 205 or 206, or withdrawing, substituting or varying under section 208, a

prohibition or requirement in respect of or with reference to a corporation that is an exchange participant or
a clearing participant, use its best endeavours to inform the recognized exchange company or the
recognized clearing house (as the case may be) of the proposed imposition, withdrawal, substitution or
variation (as the case may be) by notice in writing; and

(b) where before the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation of a prohibition or requirement it has not
informed the recognized exchange company or the recognized clearing house (as the case may be) of the
proposed imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be) by notice in writing,
forthwith after the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be) inform the
recognized exchange company or the recognized clearing house (as the case may be) thereof by notice in
writing.

(9) Sections 204, 205, 206 and 208, and the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation of a prohibition or
requirement under section 204, 205, 206 or 208, do not operate so as to render an agreement unenforceable by a
party to the agreement if he proves that in entering into the agreement he acted in good faith and was unaware of
any notice given, served or published, whether under section 204, 205, 206 or 208 or under this section, in
respect of or regarding the imposition, withdrawal, substitution or variation (as the case may be).

(10) Where by reason of the application of section 204, 205, 206 or 208 or of the giving, service or publication of any
notice, whether under section 204, 205, 206 or 208 or under this section, a person rescinds an agreement, he
shall restore to any other party to the agreement any money or other benefit received or obtained by him under
the agreement from that party.

(11) A notice published under subsection (6) is not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 210 Cases of revocation or suspension of licensed corporations'

licences
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Ordinance, but without limiting the generality of section 200(1)
(whether having application with or without reference to section 146(11) or 147(9)), the revocation or
suspension of the licence of a licensed corporation under any provision of this Ordinance does not affect-
(a) the validity of-

(i) a prohibition or requirement imposed under section 204, 205 or 206 in respect of or with reference to
the corporation;

(ii) a prohibition or requirement substituting for another prohibition or requirement under section
208(1)(b); or

(iii) a prohibition or requirement as varied under section 208(1)(b),
where the imposition, substitution or variation (as the case may be) takes effect at any time before the

revocation or suspension (as the case may be) takes effect;
(b) without limiting the generality of paragraph (a), any power exercisable by the Commission under section

208 in respect of any prohibition or requirement provided for in that paragraph, at the time when, or at any
time after, the revocation or suspension (as the case may be) takes effect,

and references in this Division to a licensed corporation shall be construed accordingly.
(2) Notwithstanding section 200(1) (whether having application with or without reference to section 146(11) or

147(9)), where-
(a) the licence of a corporation is revoked or suspended under any provision of this Ordinance; and
(b) the Commission has imposed under section 204, 205 or 206 a prohibition or requirement in respect of or

with reference to, or substituted or varied under section 208 a prohibition or requirement imposed in respect
of or with reference to, the corporation, whether before or after the revocation or suspension,

the corporation shall not, by reason of its compliance with the prohibition or requirement in force in respect of it
under the circumstances described in paragraph (b), be regarded as having contravened section 114.

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, where the Commission has decided to revoke or suspend the licence of a licensed
corporation under any provision of this Ordinance, the Commission may, at any time before the revocation or
suspension (as the case may be) takes effect-
(a) impose under section 204, 205 or 206 a prohibition or requirement in respect of or with reference to; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 159

(b) withdraw, substitute or vary under section 208 a prohibition or requirement imposed in respect of or with
reference to,

the licensed corporation.
(4) For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in this section affects the power of the Commission to-

(a) impose under section 204, 205 or 206 a prohibition or requirement in respect of or with reference to; or
(b) withdraw, substitute or vary under section 208 a prohibition or requirement imposed in respect of or with

reference to,
a licensed corporation the licence of which has been suspended under any provision of this Ordinance.

Section: 211 Application to Court of First Instance relating to non-

compliance with prohibitions or requirements under
section 204, 205, 206 or 208

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) If a person fails to comply with a prohibition or requirement in force in respect of him as a result of the exercise
of any of the powers under sections 204, 205, 206 and 208, the Commission may, by originating summons or
originating motion, make an application to the Court of First Instance in respect of the failure, and the Court may
inquire into the case and-
(a) if the Court is satisfied that there is no reasonable excuse for the person not to comply with the prohibition

or requirement (as the case may be), order the person to comply with the prohibition or requirement (as the
case may be) within the period specified by the Court; and

(b) if the Court is satisfied that the failure was without reasonable excuse, punish the person, and any other
person knowingly involved in the failure, in the same manner as if he and, where applicable, that other
person had been guilty of contempt of court.

(2) If there is a reasonable likelihood that a person will fail to comply with a prohibition or requirement in force in
respect of him as a result of the exercise of any of the powers under sections 204, 205, 206 and 208, the
Commission may, by originating summons or originating motion, apply to the Court of First Instance for an
order that the person, and any other person who the Court is satisfied is able to procure the person to comply
with the prohibition or requirement (as the case may be), to take such action or refrain from taking such action as
the Court directs.

(3) An originating summons under this section shall be in Form No. 10 in Appendix A to the Rules of the High
Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A).

(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012)

Part:
Division:

X
2

Other powers and proceedings L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 212 Winding-up orders and bankruptcy orders L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014


(1) If-
(a) a corporation, other than an authorized financial institution, is of a class of corporations which the Court of

First Instance has jurisdiction to wind up under the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions)
Ordinance (Cap 32); and (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(b) it appears to the Commission that it is desirable in the public interest that the corporation should be wound
up,

the Commission may present a petition for the corporation to be wound up under that Ordinance on the ground
that it is just and equitable that the corporation should be so wound up, and that Ordinance shall apply to such
petition as it applies in relation to a petition presented under that Ordinance.

(2) If-
(a) grounds exist for the presentation of a petition for a bankruptcy order against a licensed representative by

his creditor in accordance with the Bankruptcy Ordinance (Cap 6); and
(b) it appears to the Commission that it is desirable in the public interest to present a petition for a bankruptcy

order against the licensed representative in accordance with that Ordinance,
the Commission may present a petition for a bankruptcy order against the licensed representative in accordance

with that Ordinance, and that Ordinance shall apply to such petition as it applies in relation to a petition



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 160

presented by a creditor.
(3) The Commission shall-

(a) before presenting a petition under subsection (1) against a corporation that is an exchange participant or a
clearing participant, use its best endeavours to inform the recognized exchange company or the recognized
clearing house (as the case may be) of the proposed presentation of the petition by notice in writing; and

(b) where before the presentation of the petition it has not informed the recognized exchange company or the
recognized clearing house (as the case may be) of the proposed presentation of the petition by notice in
writing, forthwith after the presentation of the petition inform the recognized exchange company or the
recognized clearing house (as the case may be) thereof by notice in writing.


Section: 213 Injunctions and other orders E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Where-
(a) a person has-

(i) contravened-
(A) any of the relevant provisions;
(B) any notice or requirement given or made under or pursuant to any of the relevant provisions;
(C) any of the terms and conditions of any licence or registration under this Ordinance; or
(D) any other condition imposed under or pursuant to any provision of this Ordinance;

(ii) aided, abetted, or otherwise assisted, counselled or procured a person to commit any such
contravention;

(iii) induced, whether by threats, promises or otherwise, a person to commit any such contravention;
(iv) directly or indirectly been in any way knowingly involved in, or a party to, any such contravention; or
(v) attempted, or conspired with others, to commit any such contravention; or

(b) it appears, whether or not during the course or as a result of the exercise of any power under Part VIII, to
the Commission that any of the matters referred to in paragraph (a)(i) to (v) has occurred, is occurring or
may occur,

the Court of First Instance, on the application of the Commission, may, subject to subsection (4), make one or
more of the orders specified in subsection (2).

(2) The orders specified for the purposes of subsection (1) are-
(a) an order restraining or prohibiting the occurrence or the continued occurrence of any of the matters referred

to in subsection (1)(a)(i) to (v);
(b) where a person has been, or it appears that a person has been, is or may become, involved in any of the

matters referred to in subsection (1)(a)(i) to (v), whether knowingly or otherwise, an order requiring the
person to take such steps as the Court of First Instance may direct, including steps to restore the parties to
any transaction to the position in which they were before the transaction was entered into;

(c) an order restraining or prohibiting a person from acquiring, disposing of, or otherwise dealing in, any
property specified in the order;

(d) an order appointing a person to administer the property of another person;
(e) an order declaring a contract relating to any securities, structured product, futures contract, leveraged

foreign exchange contract, or an interest in any securities, structured product, futures contract, leveraged
foreign exchange contract or collective investment scheme to be void or voidable to the extent specified in
the order; (Amended 8 of 2011 s. 10)

(f) for the purpose of securing compliance with any other order made under this section, an order directing a
person to do or refrain from doing any act specified in the order;

(g) any ancillary order which the Court of First Instance considers necessary in consequence of the making of
any of the orders referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f).

(3) The Commission shall-
(a) before making an application pursuant to subsection (1) for an order affecting any person that is an

exchange participant or a clearing participant, use its best endeavours to inform the recognized exchange
company or the recognized clearing house (as the case may be) of the proposed application by notice in
writing; and

(b) where before the making of the application it has not informed the recognized exchange company or the
recognized clearing house (as the case may be) of the proposed application by notice in writing, forthwith
after the making of the application inform the recognized exchange company or the recognized clearing



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 161

house (as the case may be) thereof by notice in writing.
(4) The Court of First Instance shall, before making an order under subsection (1), satisfy itself, so far as it can

reasonably do so, that it is desirable that the order be made, and that the order will not unfairly prejudice any
person.

(5) The Court of First Instance may, before making an order under subsection (1), direct that a notice of the
application made in respect thereof be given to the persons it considers appropriate, or be published in the
manner it considers appropriate, or both.

(6) Where the Court of First Instance considers it desirable to do so, it may grant such interim order as it considers
appropriate pending the determination of an application made pursuant to subsection (1).

(7) An order may be made under subsection (1) whether or not it appears to the Court of First Instance that-
(a) the person against whom the order is made intends to engage again, or to continue to engage, in any of the

matters referred to in subsection (1)(a)(i) to (v);
(b) the person against whom the order is made has previously engaged in any of such matters;
(c) there is an imminent danger of damage to any person in the event of the order not being made.

(8) Where the Court of First Instance has power to make an order against a person under subsection (1), it may, in
addition to or in substitution for such order, make an order requiring the person to pay damages to any other
person.

(9) The Court of First Instance may reverse, vary or discharge an order made or granted by it under subsection (1) or
(6) or suspend the operation of the order.

(10) A notice published under subsection (5) is not subsidiary legislation.

Section: 214 Remedies in cases of unfair prejudice, etc. to interests of

members of listed corporations, etc.
L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014



(1) Where, in relation to a corporation which is or was listed, it appears to the Commission that at any relevant time
the business or affairs of the corporation have been conducted in a manner-
(a) oppressive to its members or any part of its members;
(b) involving defalcation, fraud, misfeasance or other misconduct towards it or its members or any part of its

members;
(c) resulting in its members or any part of its members not having been given all the information with respect

to its business or affairs that they might reasonably expect; or
(d) unfairly prejudicial to its members or any part of its members,

the Commission may, subject to subsection (3), by petition apply to the Court of First Instance for an order
under this section.

(2) If, on an application under this section, the Court of First Instance is of the opinion that the business or affairs of
a corporation have been conducted in a manner described in subsection (1)(a), (b), (c) or (d), whether through
conduct consisting of an isolated act or a series of acts or any failure to act, the Court may-
(a) make an order restraining the carrying out, or requiring the carrying out, of any act or acts;
(b) order that the corporation shall bring in its name such proceedings as the Court considers appropriate

against such persons, and on such terms, as may be specified in the order;
(c) unless the corporation is an authorized financial institution, appoint a receiver or manager of the whole or

any part of the property or business of the corporation and may specify the powers and duties of the receiver
or manager and fix his remuneration;

(d) order that a person wholly or partly responsible for the business or affairs of the corporation having been so
conducted shall not, without the leave of the Court-
(i) be, or continue to be, a director, liquidator, or receiver or manager of the property or business, of the

corporation or any other corporation; or
(ii) in any way, whether directly or indirectly, be concerned, or take part, in the management of the

corporation or any other corporation,
for such period (not exceeding 15 years) as may be specified in the order;

(e) make any other order it considers appropriate, whether for regulating the conduct of the business or affairs
of the corporation in future, or for the purchase of the shares of any members of the corporation by other
members of the corporation or by the corporation (and, in the case of a purchase by the corporation, for the
reduction accordingly of the corporation's capital), or otherwise.

(3) The Commission shall not make an application under this section unless it has first consulted-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 162

(a) (Repealed 9 of 2012 s. 18)
(b) where the corporation in question is an authorized financial institution or a corporation which, to the

knowledge of the Commission, is a controller of an authorized financial institution, or has as its controller
an authorized financial institution, or has a controller that is also a controller of an authorized financial
institution, the Monetary Authority.

(4) Where the Court of First Instance makes an order under subsection (2)(d), the order shall be filed by the Court
with the Registrar of Companies, as soon as reasonably practicable after it is made.

(5) Where an order under this section makes an alteration in or addition to the constitution of a company,
notwithstanding any other provisions of the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) or the Companies (Winding Up
and Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance (Cap 32) but subject to the provisions of the order, the company shall
not have the power, without the leave of the Court of First Instance, to make any further alteration in or addition
to the constitution inconsistent with the order. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)

(6) Where any alteration in or addition to the constitution of a company is made by an order under this section, the
alteration or addition (as the case may be) has the same effect as if duly made by a resolution of the company,
and the Companies Ordinance (Cap 622) and the Companies (Winding Up and Miscellaneous Provisions)
Ordinance (Cap 32) apply to the constitution as altered or added to accordingly. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 &
920)

(7) An office copy of an order of the Court of First Instance altering or adding to, or of the leave of the Court to alter
or add to, the constitution of a company shall, within 14 days after the order is made or the leave is given, be
delivered by the company to the Registrar of Companies for registration.

(8) A company which contravenes subsection (7) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3
and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a further fine of $300 for every day during which the offence
continues.

(9) In this section-
controller (控制人) means a person who is an indirect controller or a majority shareholder controller as defined in

section 2(1) of the Banking Ordinance (Cap 155);
relevant time (有關時間)-

(a) in relation to a corporation which is listed, means any time since the formation of the corporation; or
(b) in relation to a corporation which was listed, means any time since the formation of the corporation but

before the corporation ceased to remain listed.

Part: XI SECURITIES AND FUTURES APPEALS TRIBUNAL L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003




Part:
Division:

XI
1

Interpretation L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 215 Interpretation of Part XI L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
"application for review" (覆核申請) means an application made under section 217(1);
"judge" (法官) means-

(a) a judge or a deputy judge of the Court of First Instance;
(b) a former Justice of Appeal of the Court of Appeal;
(c) a former judge or a former deputy judge of the Court of First Instance;

"parties" (各方), in relation to a review, means-
(a) the relevant authority making the specified decision in question; and
(b) the person making the application for review in question;

"relevant authority" (有關當局)-
(a) in relation to a specified decision within the meaning of paragraph (a) of the definition of "specified

decision" in this section, means the Commission;
(b) in relation to a specified decision within the meaning of paragraph (b) of the definition of "specified



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 163

decision" in this section, means the Monetary Authority; or
(c) in relation to a specified decision within the meaning of paragraph (c) of the definition of "specified

decision" in this section, means the Commission or the recognized investor compensation company by
which the decision is made (as the case may be);

"review" (覆核) means a review of a specified decision by the Tribunal under section 218(1);
"specified decision" (指明決定) means-

(a) a decision of the Commission which-
(i) is made under or pursuant to any of the provisions set out in column 2 of Division 1 of Part 2 of

Schedule 8; and
(ii) is within the description set out, opposite such provisions, in column 3 of Division 1 of Part 2 of

Schedule 8;
(b) a decision of the Monetary Authority which-

(i) is made under or pursuant to any of the provisions set out in column 2 of Division 2 of Part 2 of
Schedule 8; and

(ii) is within the description set out, opposite such provisions, in column 3 of Division 2 of Part 2 of
Schedule 8; or

(c) a decision of the Commission or a recognized investor compensation company which-
(i) is made under or pursuant to any of the provisions set out in column 2 of Division 3 of Part 2 of

Schedule 8; and
(ii) is within the description set out, opposite such provisions, in column 3 of Division 3 of Part 2 of

Schedule 8;
"Tribunal" (審裁處) means the Securities and Futures Appeals Tribunal established by section 216.

Part:
Division:

XI
2

Securities and Futures Appeals Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 216 Securities and Futures Appeals Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) There is established a Tribunal to be known as the Securities and Futures Appeals Tribunal which shall
have jurisdiction to review specified decisions, and to hear and determine any question or issue arising out of or in
connection with any review, in accordance with this Part and Schedule 8.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this Part or in Schedule 8, the Tribunal-
(a) shall consist of a chairman and 2 other members; and
(b) shall be presided over by the chairman who shall sit with the 2 other members.

(3) The chairman of the Tribunal shall be a judge and the 2 other members of the Tribunal shall not be public
officers.

(4) Part 1 of Schedule 8 shall have effect in relation to the appointment of members of the Tribunal, and to the
proceedings and sittings of, and procedural and other matters concerning, the Tribunal.

(5) Where the Chief Executive considers appropriate, additional Tribunals may be established for the purposes
of any reviews, whereupon the provisions of this or any other Ordinance shall apply, subject to necessary
modifications, to each of such additional Tribunals (including appointment of the chairman and other members of, and
all matters concerning, each of such additional Tribunals) as they apply to the Tribunal.

(6) With the exception of the chairman of the Tribunal who is a judge within the meaning of paragraph (a) of
the definition of "judge" in section 215, a member of the Tribunal may be paid, as a fee for his services, such amount
as the Financial Secretary considers appropriate, and that amount shall be a charge on the general revenue.

(7) Where a person who is a judge within the meaning of paragraph (a) of the definition of "judge" in section
215 is appointed as the chairman of the Tribunal, neither the appointment nor the service or removal of the person as
the chairman affects-

(a) the tenure of office of, and the exercise of powers by, the person as a judge within the meaning of that
paragraph;

(b) the person's rank, title, status, precedence, salary or other rights or privileges as a holder of that office;
(c) the terms and conditions to which the person is subject as a holder of that office.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 164

Section: 217 Applications for review of specified decisions L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a person aggrieved by a specified decision of the relevant authority made
in respect of him may, by notice in writing given to the Tribunal, apply to the Tribunal for a review of the decision.

(2) A notice given to the Tribunal under subsection (1) shall set out the grounds for the application to which the
notice relates.

(3) An application for review of a specified decision of the relevant authority shall be made within 21 days
after-

(a) subject to paragraph (b)-
(i) where there is any requirement in this or any other Ordinance for notice in writing in respect of

the decision to be served, the notice has been served in accordance with such requirement; or
(ii) where there is no such requirement, a notice in writing in respect of the decision has been served

on the person in respect of whom it is made;
(b) where the decision is a specified decision which is described in column 2 of Division 1 of Part 3 of

Schedule 8 and to which the provision set out, opposite such description of the specified decision, in
column 3 of that Division applies, a notice in respect of the decision has been given to the person in
respect of whom it is made.

(4) Notwithstanding subsection (3), the Tribunal, upon application in writing by any person, may, subject to
subsection (5), by order extend the time within which an application for review of a specified decision of the relevant
authority shall be made under subsection (3), whereupon the time within which such an application shall be made
under subsection (3) shall be extended accordingly.

(5) The Tribunal shall not grant an extension under subsection (4) unless-
(a) the person who has applied for the grant of the extension pursuant to that subsection and the relevant

authority have been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard; and
(b) it is satisfied that there is a good cause for granting the extension.

(6) Where the Tribunal receives a notice under subsection (1), it shall as soon as reasonably practicable
thereafter serve a copy of the notice on the relevant authority.

Section: 218 Proceedings before Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) After an application for review has been made, the Tribunal shall review the specified decision to which the
application relates.

(2) Following the review of a specified decision under subsection (1), the Tribunal may-
(a) confirm, vary or set aside the decision, and, where the decision is set aside, substitute for the decision

any other decision which the Tribunal considers appropriate;
(b) remit the matter in question to the relevant authority with the directions it considers appropriate, which

may include a direction to the relevant authority to make a decision afresh in respect of any matter
specified by the Tribunal.

(3) Where the Tribunal varies, or substitutes any decision for, a specified decision under subsection (2)(a), the
decision as varied or the decision substituting for the specified decision (as the case may be) may be any decision
(whether more or less onerous) that the relevant authority had power to make in respect of the person making the
application for review in question, whether or not under the same provision as that under which the specified decision
has been made.

(4) Without limiting the generality of subsections (2)(a) and (3) but subject to subsection (6)-
(a) where the specified decision in question is a specified decision described in column 2 of Division 2 of

Part 3 of Schedule 8, the decision that the Tribunal may substitute under subsection (2)(a) for the
specified decision may also include (whether or not in addition to the decision that the Tribunal may,
apart from this subsection, substitute under subsection (2)(a) for the specified decision) any decision
that the Monetary Authority had power to make in respect of the person making the application for
review in question under or pursuant to any of the provisions set out, opposite such description of the
specified decision, in column 3 of that Division; and

(b) where the specified decision in question is a specified decision described in column 2 of Division 3 of
Part 3 of Schedule 8, the decision that the Tribunal may substitute under subsection (2)(a) for the
specified decision may also include (whether or not in addition to the decision that the Tribunal may,
apart from this subsection, substitute under subsection (2)(a) for the specified decision) any decision



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 165

that the Commission had power to make in respect of the person making the application for review in
question under or pursuant to any of the provisions set out, opposite such description of the specified
decision, in column 3 of that Division.

(5) Notwithstanding anything in this section, the Tribunal shall not determine a review without first giving the
parties to the review a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(6) Without limiting the generality of subsection (5), the Tribunal shall not exercise any power pursuant to
subsection (4)(a) or (b) without first giving a reasonable opportunity of being heard to—

(a) in the case of subsection (4)(a), the Monetary Authority; or
(b) in the case of subsection (4)(b), the Commission.

(7) Subject to section 221(3), the standard of proof required to determine any question or issue before the
Tribunal shall be the standard of proof applicable to civil proceedings in a court of law.

Section: 219 Powers of Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Subject to the provisions of Part 1 of Schedule 8 and any rules made by the Chief Justice under section 233,
the Tribunal, for the purposes of a review, may, on its own motion or on the application of any of the parties to the
review-

(a) receive and consider any material by way of oral evidence, written statements or documents, even if
the material would not be admissible in evidence in civil or criminal proceedings in a court of law;

(b) by notice in writing signed by the chairman of the Tribunal require a person to attend before it at any
sitting and to give evidence and produce any article, record or document in his possession relating to
the subject matter of the review;

(c) administer oaths;
(d) examine or cause to be examined on oath or otherwise a person attending before it and require the

person to answer truthfully any question which the Tribunal considers appropriate for the purposes of
the review;

(e) order a witness to provide evidence in a truthful manner for the purposes of the review by affidavit;
(f) order a person not to publish or otherwise disclose any material the Tribunal receives;
(g) prohibit the publication or disclosure of any material the Tribunal receives at any sitting, or any part of

a sitting, which is held in private;
(h) determine the manner in which any material referred to in paragraph (a) is received;
(i) stay any of the proceedings in the review on such grounds and on such terms and conditions as it

considers appropriate having regard to the interests of justice;
(j) determine the procedure to be followed in the review;
(k) exercise such other powers or make such other orders as may be necessary for or ancillary to the

conduct of the review or the carrying out of its functions.
(2) A person commits an offence if he, without reasonable excuse-

(a) fails to comply with an order, notice, prohibition or requirement of the Tribunal made or given under
or pursuant to subsection (1);

(b) disrupts or otherwise misbehaves during any sitting of the Tribunal;
(c) having been required by the Tribunal under subsection (1) to attend before the Tribunal, leaves the

place where his attendance is so required without the permission of the Tribunal;
(d) hinders or deters any person from attending before the Tribunal, giving evidence or producing any

article, record or document, for the purposes of a review;
(e) threatens, insults or causes any loss to be suffered by any person who has attended before the Tribunal,

on account of such attendance; or
(f) threatens, insults or causes any loss to be suffered by any member of the Tribunal at any time on

account of the performance of his functions in that capacity.
(3) A person who commits an offence under subsection (2) is liable-

(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(4) A person is not excused from complying with an order, notice, prohibition or requirement of the Tribunal
made or given under or pursuant to subsection (1) only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the
person.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 166

Section: 220 Use of incriminating evidence required by Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Ordinance, where the Tribunal-
(a) requires a person to give evidence under section 219(1)(b);
(b) requires a person to answer any question under section 219(1)(d );
(c) orders a person to provide evidence under section 219(1)(e); or
(d) otherwise orders or requires a person to provide any information under section 219(1)(k),

and the evidence, answer or information (as the case may be) might tend to incriminate the person, then the
requirement or order as well as the evidence, the question and answer, or the information (as the case may be) shall
not be admissible in evidence against the person in criminal proceedings in a court of law other than those in which
the person is charged with an offence under section 219(2)(a), 253(2)(a) or 254(6)(a) or (b), or under Part V of the
Crimes Ordinance (Cap 200), or for perjury, in respect of the evidence, answer or information (as the case may be).

Section: 221 Contempt dealt with by Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The Tribunal shall have the same powers as the Court of First Instance to punish for contempt.
(2) Without limiting the generality of the powers of the Tribunal under subsection (1), the Tribunal shall have

the same powers as the Court of First Instance to punish for contempt, as if it were contempt of court, a person who,
without reasonable excuse, commits any conduct falling within the description of section 219(2)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or
(f).

(3) The Tribunal shall, in the exercise of its powers to punish for contempt under this section, adopt the same
standard of proof as the Court of First Instance in the exercise of the same powers to punish for contempt.

(4) Notwithstanding anything in this section and any other provisions of this Ordinance-
(a) no power may be exercised under or pursuant to this section to determine whether to punish any person

for contempt in respect of any conduct if-
(i) criminal proceedings have previously been instituted against the person under section 219(2) in

respect of the same conduct; and
(ii) (A) those criminal proceedings remain pending; or

(B) by reason of the previous institution of those criminal proceedings, no criminal proceedings
may again be lawfully instituted against that person under such section in respect of the
same conduct;

(b) no criminal proceedings may be instituted against any person under section 219(2) in respect of any
conduct if-
(i) any power has previously been exercised under or pursuant to this section to determine whether

to punish the person for contempt in respect of the same conduct; and
(ii) (A) proceedings arising from the exercise of such power remain pending; or

(B) by reason of the previous exercise of such power, no power may again be lawfully
exercised under or pursuant to this section to determine whether to punish the person for
contempt in respect of the same conduct.


Section: 222 Privileged information L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


Nothing in this Part and Schedule 8 requires an authorized financial institution, acting as the banker or financial
adviser of a person who makes an application for review, to disclose information as to the affairs of any of its
customers other than that person.

Section: 223 Costs L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The Tribunal may, in relation to a review, by order award to-
(a) any person whose attendance, whether as a witness or otherwise, has been necessary or required for the

purposes of the review;
(b) any party to the review,

such sum as it considers appropriate in respect of the costs reasonably incurred by the person or the party (as the case
may be) in relation to the review and the application for review in question.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 167

(2) Any costs awarded under subsection (1) shall be paid by and recoverable as a civil debt from-
(a) where the costs are awarded to any person under subsection (1)(a), such of the parties to the review in

question as the Tribunal considers appropriate; or
(b) where the costs are awarded to any party to the review under subsection (1)(b), the other party to the

review.
(3) Subject to any rules made by the Chief Justice under section 233, Order 62 of the Rules of the High Court

(Cap 4 sub. leg. A) applies to the award of costs, and to the taxation of any costs awarded, by the Tribunal under
subsection (1).

Section: 224 Notification of Tribunal determinations L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The Tribunal shall, as soon as reasonably practicable after the conclusion of a review, deliver-
(a) its determination in respect of the review, and the reasons for making the determination; and
(b) any order made under section 223 in relation to the review, and the reasons for making the order.

(2) Where any sitting of the Tribunal relating to a review, or any part thereof, is held in private, the Tribunal
may by order prohibit the publication or disclosure of any determination or order, or any reasons for any determination
or order, referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (b), or any part thereof.

(3) A person commits an offence if he, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with an order of the Tribunal
made pursuant to subsection (2) and is liable-

(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 225 Form and proof of orders of Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) An order made by the Tribunal shall be recorded in writing and signed by the chairman of the Tribunal.
(2) A document purporting to be an order of the Tribunal and to be signed by the chairman of the Tribunal

shall, in the absence of proof to the contrary, be regarded as an order of the Tribunal duly made, without proof of its
making, or proof of signature, or proof that the person signing the order was in fact the chairman.

Section: 226 Orders of Tribunal may be registered in Court of First

Instance
L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003



The Court of First Instance may, on notice in writing given by the Tribunal in the manner prescribed by rules
made by the Chief Justice under section 233, register an order of the Tribunal in the Court of First Instance and the
order shall, on registration, become for all purposes an order of the Court of First Instance made within the jurisdiction
of the Court of First Instance.

Section: 227 Applications for stay of execution of specified decisions L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), the making of an application for review does not by itself operate as a
stay of execution of the specified decision to which the application relates.

(2) A person who has made an application for review or an application pursuant to section 217(4) may, at any
time before the review or the application (as the case may be) is determined by the Tribunal, apply to the Tribunal for
a stay of execution of the specified decision to which the application relates.

(3) On an application made under subsection (2), the Tribunal shall as soon as reasonably practicable conduct a
hearing to determine the application, and may, where it considers appropriate, by order grant a stay of execution of the
specified decision to which the application relates, subject to such conditions as to costs, payment of money into the
Tribunal or otherwise as the Tribunal considers appropriate.

Section: 228 Applications for stay of execution of decisions of Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


A party to a review may, at any time after the determination of the review, apply to the Tribunal for a stay of
execution of a decision of the Tribunal relating to the review, whereupon the Tribunal may, where it considers
appropriate, by order grant the stay, subject to such conditions as to costs, payment of money into the Tribunal or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 168

otherwise as the Tribunal considers appropriate.

Part:
Division:

XI
3

Appeals L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 229 Appeal to Court of Appeal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) A party to a review who is dissatisfied with a decision of the Tribunal relating to the review may appeal to
the Court of Appeal against the decision on a point of law.

(2) In an appeal under subsection (1), the Court of Appeal may-
(a) allow the appeal;
(b) dismiss the appeal;
(c) vary or set aside the decision in question, and, where the decision is set aside, substitute for the

decision any other decision it considers appropriate;
(d) remit the matter in question to the Tribunal with the directions it considers appropriate, which may

include a direction to the Tribunal to conduct the review in question afresh for the purpose of
determining any question specified by the Court of Appeal.

(3) Where the Court of Appeal varies, or substitutes any other decision for, a decision under subsection (2)(c),
the decision as varied or the other decision substituting for the decision (as the case may be) may be any decision
(whether more or less onerous) that the Tribunal had power to make in respect of the review in question, whether or
not under the same provision as that under which the decision has been made.

(4) In an appeal under subsection (1), the Court of Appeal may make such order as to costs as it considers
appropriate.

Section: 230 No stay of execution on appeal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


Without prejudice to section 228, the lodging of an appeal under section 229 does not by itself operate as a stay
of execution of a decision of the Tribunal unless the Court of Appeal otherwise orders, and any stay of execution may
be subject to such conditions as to costs, payment of money into the Tribunal or otherwise as the Court of Appeal
considers appropriate.

Section: 231 No other right of appeal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


Subject to section 229 and section 50 of the High Court Ordinance (Cap 4), any decision of the Tribunal shall be
final and shall not be subject to appeal.

Part:
Division:

XI
4

Miscellaneous L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 232 Time when specified decisions to take effect L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Notwithstanding subsections (2) and (3) and any other provisions of this or any other Ordinance, no
specified decision, other than a specified decision which is described in column 2 of Division 4 of Part 3 of Schedule 8
and to which the provision set out, opposite such description of the specified decision, in column 3 of that Division
applies, takes effect at any time before-

(a) where there is any requirement in this or any other Ordinance for notice in writing in respect of the
decision to be served, the notice has been served in accordance with such requirement; or

(b) where there is no such requirement, a notice in writing in respect of the decision has been served on
the person in respect of whom it is made.

(2) A specified decision, other than a specified decision which is described in column 2 of Division 5 of Part 3
of Schedule 8 and to which the provision set out, opposite such description of the specified decision, in column 3 of
that Division applies, takes effect-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 169

(a) where, prior to the expiration of the period of 21 days specified in section 217(3), the person in respect
of whom the decision is made notifies the relevant authority that he will not make an application for
review of the decision, at the time when he so notifies the relevant authority;

(b) subject to paragraph (a), where the person does not make an application for review of the decision
within the period of 21 days specified in section 217(3), at the time when the period so specified
expires; or

(c) where the person makes an application for review of the decision within the period of 21 days
specified in section 217(3)-
(i) where the decision is confirmed by the Tribunal, at the time when the decision is so confirmed;
(ii) where the decision is varied, or substituted by another decision, by the Tribunal, at the time when

the decision is so varied or substituted, subject however to the terms of the variation or
substitution; or

(iii) where the application is withdrawn, at the time when it is so withdrawn.
(3) Notwithstanding subsection (2) and any other provisions of this or any other Ordinance, but subject to

subsection (1), the relevant authority may, where it considers appropriate in the interest of the investing public or in
the public interest to do so, specify in the notice served in respect of a specified decision any time, other than that at
which the decision is apart from this subsection to take effect, as the time at which the decision is to take effect, in
which case the decision takes effect at the time so specified.

(4) Nothing in this section affects the power of the Tribunal to grant a stay of execution of a specified decision
under section 227.

Section: 233 Rules by Chief Justice L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


The Chief Justice may make rules-
(a) providing for the award of costs under section 223 and the taxation of those costs;
(b) prescribing the manner in which the Tribunal is to give notice to the Court of First Instance in respect

of orders of the Tribunal pursuant to section 226;
(c) regulating the procedure for the hearing of appeals under section 229;
(d) requiring the payment of the fees specified in the rules for any matter relating to applications for

review;
(e) providing for matters of procedure or other matters relating to applications for review or reviews,

which are not provided for in this Part or in Part 1 of Schedule 8;
(f) providing for the issue or service of any document (however described) for the purposes of this Part or

Part 1 of Schedule 8;
(g) prescribing any matter which this Part provides is, or may be, prescribed by rules made by the Chief

Justice.

Section: 234 Amendment of Parts 2 and 3 of Schedule 8 L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


The Chief Executive in Council may, by order published in the Gazette, amend Parts 2 and 3 of Schedule 8.

Part: XII INVESTOR COMPENSATION L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003




Section: 235 Interpretation of Part XII L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
"compensation" (賠償) means compensation payable out of the compensation fund under rules made under section

244;
"default" (違責) means a default prescribed by rules made under section 244;
"Futures Exchange Compensation Fund" (期交所賠償基金) means the compensation fund established under Part

VIII of the repealed Commodities Trading Ordinance;
"Unified Exchange Compensation Fund" (聯交所賠償基金) means the compensation fund established under Part X



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 170

of the repealed Securities Ordinance.

Section: 236 Establishment of compensation fund L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The Commission shall establish and maintain a compensation fund, to be known as the Investor
Compensation Fund in English and“投資者賠償基金”in Chinese, for the purpose of providing, in accordance
with rules made under section 244, a measure of compensation to clients of a specified person who sustain a loss by
reason of a default committed by the specified person or any of his associated persons in connection with specified
securities or futures contracts.

(2) In this section-
"associated person" (相聯者), in relation to a specified person, means-

(a) a person employed or otherwise engaged by the specified person;
(b) a person ("first-mentioned person") who may under section 164 receive or hold client assets of the

specified person, or an employee of the first-mentioned person; or
(c) such other persons as may be prescribed by rules made under section 244;

"specified person" (指明人士) means-
(a) an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 1 or Type 2 regulated activity;
(b) an intermediary licensed for Type 8 regulated activity; or
(c) such other person as may be prescribed by rules made under section 244;

"specified securities or futures contracts" (指明證券或期貨合約) means any securities or futures contracts listed or
traded or to be listed or traded on-

(a) a recognized stock market or recognized futures market; or
(b) such other markets as may be prescribed by rules made under section 244.


Section: 237 Money constituting the compensation fund L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The compensation fund shall consist of-
(a) all amounts paid to the Commission or a recognized investor compensation company in accordance

with rules made under this Part;
(b) all amounts paid by the Commission into the compensation fund under subsection (2)(b);
(c) all amounts paid into the compensation fund under sections 74(2) or (9)(b), 75(2) or (9)(b) and 76(11)

of Schedule 10;
(d) all assets (whether in cash or otherwise) recovered by the Commission or a recognized investor

compensation company in exercise of a right of action conferred by section 243 or 87;
(e) all amounts borrowed under subsection (2)(a);
(f) any return or profit received on an investment made under section 241;
(g) all other amounts lawfully paid into the compensation fund.

(2) With the consent in writing of the Financial Secretary, the Commission may-
(a) for the purpose of the compensation fund, borrow from any authorized financial institution on such

terms and at such rates of interest as it considers acceptable and charge any investments acquired under
section 241 by way of security for any such loan;

(b) pay into the compensation fund from its reserves such amount of money as it considers appropriate.

Section: 238 Management of compensation fund L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Subject to this Part, the Commission shall be responsible for the management and administration of the
compensation fund, including the determination of a claim for compensation.

(2) The Commission may realize any of the non-cash assets of the compensation fund at such times as it
considers appropriate and the proceeds of realization shall become part of the compensation fund.

Section: 239 Money to be kept in account L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


The Commission shall open at one or more authorized financial institutions one or more accounts and shall,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 171

pending their application in accordance with this Part, pay into or transfer to such account or accounts all amounts
forming part of the compensation fund.

Section: 240 Accounts of compensation fund 15 of 2006 23/06/2006


(1) The Commission shall keep proper accounts of the compensation fund.
(2) The Commission may, if it considers it necessary to do so-

(a) maintain separate accounts in respect of the amounts that are respectively paid into the compensation
fund under sections 74, 75 and 76 of Schedule 10;

(b) maintain separate accounts in respect of the compensation fund-
(i) for different-

(A) recognized exchange companies;
(B) markets operated by recognized exchange companies;
(C) persons providing automated trading services; or
(D) classes of investors; or

(ii) for the better and more effectual management or administration of the fund;
(c) maintain sub-accounts in respect of the separate accounts referred to in paragraph (a) or (b) in such

manner as it considers appropriate.
(3) The Commission shall in respect of the financial year beginning before and ending after the day on which

this section commences, and in respect of each subsequent financial year, prepare-
(a) a financial statement made up to (and including) the last day of that year, in respect of the accounts of

the compensation fund; and
(b) in the case where separate accounts are maintained under subsection (2)(a) or (b) or sub-accounts are

maintained under subsection (2)(c)-
(i) a consolidated financial statement made up to (and including) the last day of that year, in respect

of the separate accounts or sub-accounts (as the case may be); and
(ii) a separate financial statement made up to (and including) the last day of that year, in respect of

each separate account or sub-account (as the case may be).
(4) A financial statement prepared under subsection (3) shall be signed by the chairman and the chief executive

officer of the Commission. (Amended 15 of 2006 s. 4)
(5) The Commission shall appoint an auditor to audit the compensation fund.
(6) The auditor so appointed shall annually audit the accounts of the compensation fund and shall audit, and

prepare an auditor's report in respect of, each financial statement prepared under subsection (3) and shall submit the
report to the Commission.

(7) An auditor's report prepared under subsection (6) shall contain a statement made by the auditor as to
whether in his opinion the financial statement gives a true and fair view of the matters to which the statement relates.

(8) The auditor appointed under this section may call for and inspect such books and records of the
Commission or any recognized investor compensation company as he may require in order to perform his functions
under this section.

(9) Not later than 4 months after the end of each financial year the Commission shall cause-
(a) a copy of-

(i) each audited financial statement in respect of that financial year; and
(ii) the auditor's report on each such financial statement,
to be sent to the Financial Secretary; and

(b) a copy of each such audited financial statement to be published in the Gazette.
(10) The Financial Secretary shall cause to be laid on the table of the Legislative Council any financial statement

and report sent to him under subsection (9)(a).
(11) In this section, "financial statement" (財務報表) means a statement which contains all of the following

documents-
(a) a revenue and expenditure account;
(b) a balance sheet; and
(c) a cash flow statement.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 172

Section: 241 Investment of moneys L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The Commission may invest any money which forms part of the compensation fund and is not immediately
required for any other purposes provided for by this Part-

(a) on fixed deposit with an authorized financial institution; or
(b) in securities in which trustees are authorized by law to invest trust funds.

(2) Any return or profit on an investment of moneys by the Commission under subsection (1) shall be added to
the compensation fund.

(3) A fixed deposit receipt and other document evidencing the investment of moneys under subsection (1) may
be kept in the office of the Commission or deposited for safe keeping with an authorized financial institution.

Section: 242 Payments out of the compensation fund L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) Subject to this Part, there shall from time to time be paid out of the compensation fund as required and in
such order as the Commission may determine one or more of the following amounts-

(a) all legal and other expenses incurred-
(i) in investigating or defending claims for compensation made under rules made under this Part;
(ii) in relation to the compensation fund;
(iii) in the exercise by the Commission of the rights, powers, and authorities vested in it by this Part

or rules made under this Part in relation to the compensation fund;
(iv) in the performance by a recognized investor compensation company of a function transferred to

it under section 80 or provided for under rules made under this Part;
(b) the expenses incurred in the management or administration of the compensation fund;
(c) the expenses incurred in obtaining insurance, surety, guarantee or other security, or in making any

financial arrangement, in respect of claims for compensation made under rules made under this Part;
(d) interest on any sum borrowed under section 237(2)(a);
(e) the amounts of claims for compensation, costs of and incidental to the making and proving of such

claims and interest on compensation, as allowed under rules made under this Part;
(f) all other money payable out of the compensation fund in accordance with rules made under this Part.

(2) Where the Commission considers that the amount at credit in either the Unified Exchange Compensation
Fund or the Futures Exchange Compensation Fund is insufficient to enable-

(a) the payment of the amounts which the Commission considers to be necessary to meet any claims or
likely claims against the Unified Exchange Compensation Fund or the Futures Exchange
Compensation Fund (as the case may be); and

(b) the repayment of the amounts deposited in cash with the Commission under section 104 of the
repealed Securities Ordinance or section 82 of the repealed Commodities Trading Ordinance (as the
case may be),

then the Commission shall, subject to subsection (3), pay into the Unified Exchange Compensation Fund or the
Futures Exchange Compensation Fund (as the case may be) out of the compensation fund such amount as it considers
appropriate.

(3) The aggregate amounts paid under subsection (2) to the Unified Exchange Compensation Fund or the
Futures Exchange Compensation Fund shall not exceed the respective aggregate amounts paid into the compensation
fund under section 74(2) or 75(2) of Schedule 10 (as the case may be).

Section: 243 Subrogation of the Commission to rights, etc. of claimant

on payment from compensation fund
L.N. 110 of 2006 25/09/2006



(1) Where the Commission makes any payment out of the compensation fund in respect of any claim for
compensation made under rules made under this Part-

(a) subject to subsection (1A), the Commission shall be subrogated, to the extent which that payment
bears to the loss sustained (without taking into account any compensation paid or payable out of the
compensation fund for the loss) by the claimant by reason of the default on which the claim was based,
to all the rights and remedies of the claimant in relation to the loss; and (Amended 7 of 2004 s. 55)

(b) the respective rights of the claimant and the Commission in bankruptcy or winding up or by legal
proceedings or otherwise to receive in respect of the loss-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 173

(i) any sum out of the assets of the person concerned who is in default; or
(ii) any property held on trust by that person for the claimant,
shall rank equally.

(1A) The Commission is not subrogated to any rights and remedies of the claimant in respect of compensation
from the Deposit Protection Scheme Fund established by section 14 of the Deposit Protection Scheme Ordinance (Cap
581). (Added 7 of 2004 s. 55)

(2) All assets (whether in cash or otherwise) recovered by the Commission under subsection (1) shall become
part of the compensation fund.

Section: 244 Rules by Chief Executive in Council and Commission L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003


(1) The Chief Executive in Council may make rules for the following matters-
(a) the means of funding the compensation fund;
(b) the maximum amount of compensation that may be paid to a person making a claim for compensation;
(c) the maintenance of sub-accounts under section 240(2)(c), payments to be made from such sub-

accounts and the apportionment between different sub-accounts of expenses incurred in relation to the
compensation fund and of interest earned on the fund;

(d) providing for the better carrying out of the objects and purposes of this Part.
(2) Without prejudice to section 398(7) and (8), the Commission may, subject to subsection (3), make rules

which are not inconsistent with rules made by the Chief Executive in Council under subsection (1), for the following
matters-

(a) the circumstances in which a person is entitled to claim compensation, including any matter referred to
in section 235 or 236(2) which may be prescribed by rules made under this section;

(b) the manner in which the claim for compensation is to be made;
(c) the payment of costs of and incidental to the making and proving of a claim for compensation;
(d) the payment of interest on the amount of compensation;
(e) the information or documents to be supplied to the Commission for the purpose of enabling the

Commission to determine the application;
(f) the persons or classes of persons who are not entitled to make a claim for compensation;
(g) the circumstances and manner in which the Commission may call for claims for compensation;
(h) the determination and payment of and the procedures for dealing with a claim for compensation;
(i) enabling the Commission-

(i) to submit a claim for compensation as a proof of debt in any winding-up or bankruptcy
proceedings;

(ii) to pay compensation in the form of securities and to purchase securities for that purpose; and
(iii) to require the assignment of a claimant's rights of action as a pre-condition for the payment of

compensation;
(j) the functions of a recognized investor compensation company in relation to the management or

administration of the compensation fund;
(k) the formulation of proper accounting and auditing systems with respect to the management or

administration of the compensation fund for which a recognized investor compensation company may
be responsible upon a transfer of a function to it under section 80;

(l) arrangements that are to be made when a recognized investor compensation company is wound up;
(m) the obtaining of such insurance, surety, guarantee or other security or the making of such financial

arrangement as may be necessary or appropriate for the better carrying out of the objects and purposes
of this Part;

(n) providing for the better carrying out of the objects and purposes of this Part.
(3) The Commission shall consult the Financial Secretary before making rules under subsection (2) for the

matters specified in paragraphs (a) and (f) of that subsection.
(4) In making any rules under subsection (1)(a), the Chief Executive in Council shall ensure that the funds of

the compensation fund shall, so far as reasonably practicable, be borne by participants or any particular class of
participants in the securities and futures market.




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 174

Part: XIII Market Misconduct Tribunal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012




(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part XIII has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

XIII
1

Interpretation L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 245 Interpretation of Part XIII L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


Expanded Cross Reference:

246, 247, 248, 249



(1) In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
associate (有聯繫者), in relation to a person, means-

(a) the person's spouse or reputed spouse, any person cohabiting with the person as a spouse, the person's
brother, sister, parent, step-parent, child (natural or adopted) or step-child;

(b) any corporation of which the person is a director;
(c) any employee or partner of the person;
(d) where the person is a corporation, each of its directors and its related corporations and each director or

employee of any of its related corporations;
(e) without limiting the circumstances in which paragraphs (a) to (d) apply, in circumstances concerning the

securities of or other interest in a corporation, or rights arising out of the holding of such securities or such
interest, any other person with whom the person has an agreement or arrangement-
(i) with respect to the acquisition, holding or disposal of such securities or such interest; or
(ii) under which they undertake to act together in exercising their voting power at general meetings of the

corporation;
controller (控制人), in relation to a corporation, means any person-

(a) in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of the corporation or of another
corporation of which it is a subsidiary are accustomed or obliged to act; or

(b) who, either alone or with any of his associates, is entitled to exercise or control the exercise of more than
33% of the voting power at general meetings of the corporation or of another corporation of which it is a
subsidiary;

insider dealing (內幕交易) means insider dealing within the meaning of section 270;
judge (法官) means-

(a) a judge or a deputy judge of the Court of First Instance;
(b) a former Justice of Appeal of the Court of Appeal;
(c) a former judge or a former deputy judge of the Court of First Instance;

market misconduct (市場失當行為) means-
(a) insider dealing;
(b) false trading within the meaning of section 274;
(c) price rigging within the meaning of section 275;
(d) disclosure of information about prohibited transactions within the meaning of section 276;
(e) disclosure of false or misleading information inducing transactions within the meaning of section 277; or
(f) stock market manipulation within the meaning of section 278,

and includes attempting to engage in, or assisting, counselling or procuring another person to engage in, any of
the conduct referred to in paragraphs (a) to (f);

Presenting Officer (提控官 ), in relation to any proceedings instituted under section 252 or any disclosure
proceedings, means the person appointed under section 251(4) to conduct the proceedings; (Amended 9 of 2012



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 175

s. 5)
relevant overseas market (有關境外市場)-

(a) in relation to securities, means a stock market outside Hong Kong; or
(b) in relation to futures contracts, means a futures market outside Hong Kong;

relevant recognized market (有關認可市場)-
(a) in relation to securities, means a recognized stock market; or
(b) in relation to futures contracts, means a recognized futures market;

Tribunal (審裁處) means the Market Misconduct Tribunal established by section 251.
(2) In this subsection and sections 246 to 249 and Division 4, unless the context otherwise requires-
derivatives (衍生工具), in relation to listed securities, means-

(a) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of, the listed securities;
(b) contracts, the purpose or pretended purpose of which is to secure or increase a profit or avoid or reduce a

loss, wholly or partly by reference to the price or value, or a change in the price or value, of-
(i) the listed securities; or
(ii) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a);

(c) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of-
(i) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a); or
(ii) any contracts referred to in paragraph (b);

(d) instruments or other documents creating, acknowledging or evidencing any rights, options or interests or
any contracts referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), including certificates of interest or participation in,
temporary or interim certificates for, receipts (including depositary receipts) in respect of, or warrants to
subscribe for or purchase-
(i) the listed securities; or
(ii) the rights, options or interests or the contracts,

whether or not the derivatives are listed and regardless of who issued or made them;
inside information (內幕消息), in relation to a corporation, means specific information that-

(a) is about-
(i) the corporation;
(ii) a shareholder or officer of the corporation; or
(iii) the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives; and

(b) is not generally known to the persons who are accustomed or would be likely to deal in the listed securities
of the corporation but would if generally known to them be likely to materially affect the price of the listed
securities; (Added 9 of 2012 s. 5)

listed (上市) means listed on a recognized stock market, and for the purposes of this definition, securities shall
continue to be regarded as listed during a period of suspension of dealings in those securities on the recognized
stock market;

listed corporation (上市法團) means a corporation which has issued securities that are, at the time of any insider
dealing in relation to the corporation, listed;

listed securities (上市證券) means-
(a) securities which, at the time of any insider dealing in relation to a corporation, have been issued by the

corporation and are listed;
(b) securities which, at the time of any insider dealing in relation to a corporation, have been issued by the

corporation and are not listed, but which, at that time, it is reasonably foreseeable will be and which, in fact,
are subsequently listed;

(c) securities which, at the time of any insider dealing in relation to a corporation, have not been issued by the
corporation and are not listed, but which, at that time, it is reasonably foreseeable will be and which, in fact,
are subsequently so issued and listed;

securities (證券) means-
(a) shares, stocks, debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes of, or issued by, or which it is reasonably

foreseeable will be issued by, a body, whether incorporated or unincorporated, or a government or
municipal government authority;

(b) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of, such shares, stocks,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 176

debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes;
(c) certificates of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificates for, receipts for, or warrants to

subscribe for or purchase, such shares, stocks, debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes;
(d) interests, rights or property, whether in the form of an instrument or otherwise, commonly known as

securities;
(e) interests, rights or property, whether in the form of an instrument or otherwise, prescribed by notice under

section 392 as being regarded as securities in accordance with the terms of the notice.
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 5)

(3) For the purposes of the definition of controller in subsection (1), where a person is entitled to exercise or control
the exercise of more than 33% of the voting power at general meetings of a corporation and the corporation is
entitled to exercise or control the exercise of any of the voting power at general meetings of another corporation
(the effective voting power), then the effective voting power at general meetings of the other corporation shall be
regarded as exercisable by the person.

(4) For the purposes of this Part, a person shall not be regarded as a person in accordance with whose directions or
instructions the directors of a corporation are accustomed or obliged to act by reason only that the directors of
the corporation act on advice given by him in a professional capacity.


Section: 246 Interest in securities (insider dealing) E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Expanded Cross Reference:

246, 247, 248, 249



For the purposes of sections 245(2) and 247 to 249 and Division 4, a reference to an interest in securities shall be
construed as including an interest of any kind whatsoever in the securities, and for that purpose any restraint or
restriction to which the exercise of a right attached to the interest may be subject shall be disregarded.

Section: 247 Connected with a corporation (insider dealing) L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014


(1) For the purposes of Division 4, a person shall be regarded as connected with a corporation if, being an
individual-
(a) he is a director or employee of the corporation or a related corporation of the corporation;
(b) he is a substantial shareholder of the corporation or a related corporation of the corporation;
(c) he occupies a position which may reasonably be expected to give him access to inside information in

relation to the corporation by reason of- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) a professional or business relationship existing between-

(A) himself, or his employer, or a corporation of which he is a director, or a firm of which he is a
partner; and

(B) the corporation, a related corporation of the corporation, or an officer or substantial shareholder
of either corporation; or

(ii) his being a director, employee or partner of a substantial shareholder of the corporation or a related
corporation of the corporation;

(d) he has access to inside information in relation to the corporation and- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) he has such access by reason of his being in such a position that he would be regarded as connected

with another corporation by virtue of paragraph (a), (b) or (c); and
(ii) the inside information relates to a transaction (actual or contemplated) involving both those

corporations or involving one of them and the listed securities of the other or their derivatives, or to the
fact that the transaction is no longer contemplated; or (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(e) he was, at any time within the 6 months preceding any insider dealing in relation to the corporation, a
person who would be regarded as connected with the corporation by virtue of paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d).

(2) For the purposes of Division 4, a corporation shall be regarded as a person connected with another corporation
so long as any of its directors or employees is a person who would be regarded as connected with that other
corporation by virtue of subsection (1).

(3) In subsection (1), notwithstanding any other provisions of this Ordinance, substantial shareholder (大股東), in



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 177

relation to a corporation, means a person who has an interest in 5% or more of the total number of shares
comprised in the relevant share capital of the corporation. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


Section: 248 Connected with a corporation-possession of inside

information obtained in privileged capacity (insider
dealing)*

L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



(1) For the purposes of Division 4, where a public officer or a specified person in that capacity receives inside
information in relation to a corporation, he shall be regarded as a person connected with the corporation.
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(2) In subsection (1), a reference to a specified person means a person who is-
(a) a member of the Executive Council;
(b) a member of the Legislative Council;
(c) a member of a board, commission, committee or other body appointed by or on behalf of the Chief

Executive or the Chief Executive in Council under an Ordinance;
(d) an officer or employee of a recognized exchange company, a recognized clearing house or a recognized

exchange controller;
(e) an exchange participant;
(f) an officer or employee of an exchange participant;
(g) an officer or employee of a body corporate incorporated by an Ordinance; or
(h) an officer or employee of a body corporate specified by the Financial Secretary under subsection (3),

whether, in the case of paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (f), (g) or (h), the person is such a member, officer or
employee (as the case may be) on a temporary or permanent basis, and whether he is paid or unpaid.

(3) The Financial Secretary may, by notice published in the Gazette, specify any body corporate for the purposes of
subsection (2)(h).

___________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

Section: 249 Dealing in listed securities or their derivatives (insider

dealing)
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



For the purposes of section 245(2) and Division 4, a person shall be regarded as dealing in listed securities or their
derivatives if, whether as principal or agent, he sells, purchases, exchanges or subscribes for, or agrees to sell,
purchase, exchange or subscribe for, any listed securities or their derivatives or acquires or disposes of, or agrees to
acquire or dispose of, the right to sell, purchase, exchange or subscribe for, any listed securities or their derivatives.

Section: 250 Interest in securities and beneficial ownership, etc. (market

misconduct other than insider dealing)
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) For the purposes of Division 5, a person shall be regarded as having an interest in securities if he has authority,
whether formal or informal and whether express or implied, to dispose of or to exercise control over the disposal
of the securities or, in the case of options in respect of the securities, to exercise the options.

(2) It is immaterial that the authority of a person referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) is, or is capable of being made, subject to restraint or restriction; or
(b) is exercisable jointly with another person.

(3) A person shall be regarded as having the authority referred to in subsection (1) where a corporation has the
authority referred to in that subsection and-
(a) the corporation is, or its directors are, accustomed or under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act

in accordance with the directions or instructions of the person in relation to the securities in question; or
(b) the person, or an associate of the person, is a controller of the corporation.

(4) Where a person-
(a) has entered into a contract to purchase securities;
(b) has a right to have securities transferred to him or to his order whether the right is exercisable presently or

in the future and whether on the fulfilment of a condition or not; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 178

(c) has the right to acquire securities, or an interest in securities, under an option, whether the right is
exercisable presently or in the future and whether on the fulfilment of a condition or not,

the person shall, to the extent to which he could do so on completing the contract, enforcing the right or
exercising the option, be regarded as having the authority referred to in subsection (1).

(5) Where securities are subject to a trust, and a person who is not a trustee in those securities has an interest in
those securities by virtue of subsection (4)(b), the interest of a trustee in those securities shall be disregarded for
the purpose of determining whether the person has an interest in securities for the purposes of Division 5.

(6) The Commission may make rules to prescribe that an interest, being an interest of a person or of the persons
included in a class of persons, shall be disregarded for the purpose of determining whether the person or the
persons has or have an interest in securities for the purposes of Division 5.

(7) For the purposes of Division 5, a sale or purchase of securities does not involve a change in their beneficial
ownership if a person who had an interest in the securities before the sale or purchase, or an associate of the
person, has an interest in the securities after the sale or purchase.


Part:
Division:

XIII
2

Market Misconduct Tribunal L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 251 Market Misconduct Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) There is established a Tribunal to be known as the Market Misconduct Tribunal which shall have jurisdiction to
hear and determine in accordance with this Part and Schedule 9 any question or issue arising out of or in
connection with the proceedings instituted under section 252.
Note-
The Tribunal also has jurisdiction under Part XIVA—see section 307H. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 6)

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this Part or in Schedule 9, the Tribunal-
(a) shall consist of a chairman and 2 other members; and
(b) shall be presided over by the chairman who shall sit with the 2 other members.

(3) The chairman of the Tribunal shall be a judge and the 2 other members of the Tribunal shall not be public
officers.

(4) The Commission shall, in respect of any proceedings instituted under section 252 or any disclosure proceedings,
appoint a person as the Presenting Officer to conduct the proceedings, and may appoint one or more persons to
assist the Presenting Officer. (Amended 9 of 2012 ss. 6 & 19)

(5) A Presenting Officer shall be a counsel or solicitor. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 19)
(6) Schedule 9 shall have effect in relation to the appointment of members of the Tribunal, the appointment and the

role of Presenting Officers and of persons appointed to assist Presenting Officers, and to the proceedings and
sittings of, and procedural and other matters concerning, the Tribunal.

(7) Where the Chief Executive considers appropriate, additional Tribunals may be established for the purposes of
any proceedings instituted under section 252 or any disclosure proceedings, whereupon the provisions of this or
any other Ordinance shall apply, subject to necessary modifications, to each of such additional Tribunals
(including appointment of the chairman and other members of, and all matters concerning, each of such
additional Tribunals) as they apply to the Tribunal. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 6)

(8) There may be paid to a member of the Tribunal (other than the chairman if he or she is a judge within the
meaning of paragraph (a) of the definition of judge in section 245(1)) an amount, as a fee for the member’s
services, that the Financial Secretary considers appropriate, and that amount is a charge on the general revenue.
(Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 19)

(8A) There may be paid by the Commission to a Presenting Officer and to a person appointed to assist a Presenting
Officer an amount, as a fee for his or her services, that the Commission considers appropriate. (Added 9 of 2012
s. 19)

(9) Where a person who is a judge within the meaning of paragraph (a) of the definition of judge in section 245(1) is
appointed as the chairman of the Tribunal, neither the appointment nor the service or removal of the person as
the chairman affects-
(a) the tenure of office of, and the exercise of powers by, the person as a judge within the meaning of that

paragraph;
(b) the person's rank, title, status, precedence, salary or other rights or privileges as a holder of that office;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 179

(c) the terms and conditions to which the person is subject as a holder of that office.

Section: 252 Market misconduct proceedings E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to section 252A, if it appears to the Commission that market misconduct has or may have taken place,
the Commission may institute proceedings in the Tribunal concerning the matter. (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 20)

(2) The Commission institutes proceedings under this section by giving the Tribunal a notice in writing containing a
statement specifying the matters prescribed in Schedule 9. (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 20)

(3) Without limiting the generality of section 251(1), the object of the proceedings instituted under this section is for
the Tribunal to determine- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 20)
(a) whether any market misconduct has taken place;
(b) the identity of any person who has engaged in the market misconduct; and
(c) the amount of any profit gained or loss avoided as a result of the market misconduct.

(4) Subject to subsections (5) and (6), the Tribunal may identify a person as having engaged in market misconduct
pursuant to subsection (3)(b) if-
(a) he has perpetrated any conduct which constitutes the market misconduct;
(b) notwithstanding that he has not perpetrated any conduct which constitutes the market misconduct-

(i) the Tribunal identifies another person which is a corporation as having engaged in market misconduct
pursuant to subsection (3)(b); and

(ii) the market misconduct occurred with his consent or connivance as an officer of the corporation; or
(c) notwithstanding that he has not perpetrated any conduct which constitutes the market misconduct-

(i) the Tribunal identifies any other person as having engaged in market misconduct pursuant to
subsection (3)(b); and

(ii) he assisted or connived with that other person in the perpetration of any conduct which constitutes the
market misconduct, with the knowledge that such conduct constitutes or might constitute market
misconduct.

(5) The Tribunal shall not identify a person as having engaged in market misconduct pursuant to subsection (3)(b) if
it is provided under any provision of this Part that the person shall not by reason of that market misconduct be
regarded as having engaged in market misconduct.

(6) The Tribunal shall not identify a person as having engaged in market misconduct pursuant to subsection (3)(b)
without first giving the person a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(7) Subject to section 261(3), the standard of proof required to determine any question or issue before the Tribunal
shall be the standard of proof applicable to civil proceedings in a court of law.

(8-10) (Repealed 9 of 2012 s. 20)

Section: 252A Consent of Secretary for Justice for market misconduct

proceedings
9 of 2012 04/05/2012



(1) The Commission must not institute proceedings under section 252 unless it has obtained the consent of the
Secretary for Justice.

(2) The Secretary for Justice may withhold the giving of consent under subsection (1) to proceedings under section
252 in respect of any conduct only if and so long as—
(a) proceedings for an offence under Part XIV are contemplated in respect of the same conduct; or
(b) proceedings for an indictable offence (other than an offence under Part XIV) are contemplated, or have

been instituted, in respect of the same conduct and the institution of proceedings under section 252 would
be likely to cause serious prejudice to the investigation or prosecution of that offence.

(3) To avoid doubt, the consent of the Secretary for Justice under subsection (1) does not preclude proceedings for
any offence (other than an offence under Part XIV) in respect of the same conduct.

(4) Nothing in this section derogates from the powers of the Secretary for Justice in respect of the prosecution of
criminal offences.

(Added 9 of 2012 s. 21)




Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 180

Section: 253 Powers of Tribunal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to the provisions of Schedule 9 and any rules made by the Chief Justice under section 269, the Tribunal,
for the purposes of any proceedings instituted under section 252, may, on its own motion or on the application of
any party before it-
(a) receive and consider any material by way of oral evidence, written statements or documents, even if the

material would not be admissible in evidence in civil or criminal proceedings in a court of law;
(b) by notice in writing signed by the chairman of the Tribunal require a person to attend before it at any sitting

and to give evidence and produce any article, record or document in his possession relating to the subject
matter of the proceedings;

(c) administer oaths;
(d) examine or cause to be examined on oath or otherwise a person attending before it and require the person to

answer truthfully any question which the Tribunal considers appropriate for the purposes of the
proceedings;

(e) order a witness to provide evidence in a truthful manner for the purposes of the proceedings by affidavit;
(f) order a person not to publish or otherwise disclose any material the Tribunal receives;
(g) prohibit the publication or disclosure of any material the Tribunal receives at any sitting, or any part of a

sitting, which is held in private;
(h) determine the manner in which any material referred to in paragraph (a) is received;
(i) stay any of the proceedings on such grounds and on such terms and conditions as it considers appropriate

having regard to the interests of justice;
(j) determine the procedure to be followed in the proceedings;
(k) exercise such other powers or make such other orders as may be necessary for or ancillary to the conduct of

the proceedings or the carrying out of its functions.
(2) A person commits an offence if he, without reasonable excuse-

(a) fails to comply with an order, notice, prohibition or requirement of the Tribunal made or given under or
pursuant to subsection (1);

(b) disrupts or otherwise misbehaves during any sitting of the Tribunal;
(c) having been required by the Tribunal under subsection (1) to attend before the Tribunal, leaves the place

where his attendance is so required without the permission of the Tribunal;
(d) hinders or deters any person from attending before the Tribunal, giving evidence or producing any article,

record or document, for the purposes of any proceedings instituted under section 252;
(e) threatens, insults or causes any loss to be suffered by any person who has attended before the Tribunal, on

account of such attendance; or
(f) threatens, insults or causes any loss to be suffered by any member of the Tribunal, any Presenting Officer or

any person assisting a Presenting Officer at any time on account of the performance of his functions in that
capacity.

(3) A person who commits an offence under subsection (2) is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(4) A person is not excused from complying with an order, notice, prohibition or requirement of the Tribunal made
or given under or pursuant to subsection (1) only on the ground that to do so might tend to incriminate the
person.


Section: 254 Further powers of Tribunal concerning evidence E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) For the purposes of any proceedings instituted under section 252, the Tribunal may, on its own motion or on the
application of the Presenting Officer appointed for the proceedings, authorize the Commission in writing to
exercise any of the powers specified in subsection (2) and to provide the Tribunal with any of the records,
documents and information obtained as a result of the exercise of the powers.

(2) The powers specified for the purposes of subsection (1) are the powers-
(a) to inspect any record or document of any person where the Tribunal has reasonable grounds to believe or

suspect that the record or document may contain information relevant to the proceedings;
(b) to make copies or otherwise record details of any record or document referred to in paragraph (a) and,

subject to subsection (3), to take possession of the record or document for the period (not exceeding 2 days)



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 181

necessary to do so;
(c) to require any person to give, within a specified time, any explanation or particulars in respect of any record

or document referred to in paragraph (a) (including, in so far as applicable, a description of the
circumstances under which it was prepared or created, details of all instructions given or received in
connection with it, and an explanation of the reasons for the making of entries contained in it or the
omission of entries from it);

(d) to require any person to give, within a specified time, information as to whether or not there is on any
premises any record or document which may contain information relevant to the proceedings, and
particulars as to the premises or the record or document;

(e) to require that any information, explanation or particulars given pursuant to this section be verified by
statutory declaration and to take the declaration;

(f) to take a statement from a person whom the Tribunal has reasonable grounds to believe or suspect is able to
provide information which is relevant for the purposes of the proceedings.

(3) The Commission shall, subject to any reasonable conditions it imposes as to security or otherwise, permit a
person who would be entitled to inspect any record or document had the Commission not taken possession of it
under subsection (2)(b), to inspect it and to make copies or otherwise record details of it at all reasonable times.

(4) A person shall produce a record or document in his possession to the Commission if the Commission seeks to
inspect it, or exercise any other powers in respect of it, under this section.

(5) A person who is required under this section to give or provide any information, explanation or particulars shall
comply with the requirement so far as it lies within his power to do so and shall, if requested, verify the
information, explanation or particulars (as the case may be) by statutory declaration.

(6) A person commits an offence if-
(a) he, without reasonable excuse, contravenes subsection (4) or (5);
(b) he-

(i) in purported compliance with subsection (4) or (5), makes any statement which is false or misleading
in a material particular; and

(ii) knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the statement is false or misleading in a material particular;
(c) he obstructs the Commission in the exercise of any of its powers under this section; or
(d) he, with intent to conceal, from the Tribunal, facts or matters capable of being disclosed by any record or

document which is relevant to any proceedings instituted under section 252, destroys, falsifies, conceals or
otherwise disposes of, or causes or permits the destruction, falsification, concealment or disposal of, such
record or document.

(7) A person who commits an offence under subsection (6) is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(8) A person is not excused from complying with subsection (4) or (5) only on the ground that to do so might tend to
incriminate him.


Section: 255 Use of evidence received for purposes of market

misconduct proceedings
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Ordinance, evidence given by any person at or for the purposes of
any proceedings instituted under section 252 (including any material, record or document received by the
Tribunal from the person or produced to the Tribunal by the person under section 253, and any record or
document or information given, provided, produced or disclosed to the Tribunal by the person under section
254) shall be admissible in evidence for all the purposes of this Part (including any proceedings (civil or
criminal) instituted under or pursuant to this Part) but, subject to subsection (2), shall not be admissible in
evidence against that person for any other purposes in any proceedings (civil or criminal) in a court of law
brought by or against him.

(2) The evidence given by any person at or for the purposes of any proceedings instituted under section 252 as
referred to in subsection (1) shall be admissible in evidence against that person-
(a) in civil proceedings instituted under or pursuant to Part XI;
(b) in proceedings instituted under section 305;
(c) in civil proceedings in a court of law arising out of the giving of evidence at or for the purposes of the

proceedings instituted under section 252;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 182

(d) in criminal proceedings where the person is charged with an offence under section 219(2)(a), or under Part
V of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap 200), or for perjury, in respect of answers given by that person to
questions put to him at or for the purposes of the proceedings instituted under section 252.


Section: 256 Privileged information E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Nothing in this Part and Schedule 9 requires an authorized financial institution, acting as the banker or financial
adviser of a person whose conduct is the subject, whether wholly or in part, of any proceedings instituted under
section 252, to disclose information as to the affairs of any of its customers other than that person.

Section: 257 Orders, etc. of Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (3), the Tribunal may at the conclusion of any proceedings instituted under section 252
make one or more of the following orders in respect of a person identified as having engaged in market
misconduct pursuant to section 252(3)(b)-
(a) an order that the person shall not, without the leave of the Court of First Instance, be or continue to be a

director, liquidator, or receiver or manager of the property or business, of a listed corporation or any other
specified corporation or in any way, whether directly or indirectly, be concerned or take part in the
management of a listed corporation or any other specified corporation for the period (not exceeding 5 years)
specified in the order;

(b) an order that the person shall not, without the leave of the Court of First Instance, in Hong Kong, directly or
indirectly, in any way acquire, dispose of or otherwise deal in any securities, futures contract or leveraged
foreign exchange contract, or an interest in any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange
contract or collective investment scheme for the period (not exceeding 5 years) specified in the order;

(c) an order that the person shall not again perpetrate any conduct which constitutes such market misconduct as
is specified in the order (whether the same as the market misconduct in question or not);

(d) an order that the person pay to the Government an amount not exceeding the amount of any profit gained or
loss avoided by the person as a result of the market misconduct in question;

(e) without prejudice to any power of the Tribunal under section 260, an order that the person pay to the
Government the sum the Tribunal considers appropriate for the costs and expenses reasonably incurred by
the Government in relation or incidental to the proceedings; (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 22)

(f) without prejudice to any power of the Tribunal under section 260, an order that the person pay to the
Commission the sum the Tribunal considers appropriate for the costs and expenses reasonably incurred by
the Commission, whether in relation or incidental to-
(i) the proceedings;
(ii) any investigation of the person’ s conduct or affairs carried out before the proceedings were

instituted; or
(iii) any investigation of the person’s conduct or affairs carried out for the purposes of the proceedings;

(Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 22)
(fa) where the proceedings were instituted as a result of an investigation under the Financial Reporting Council

Ordinance (Cap 588), an order that the person pay to the Financial Reporting Council established by section
6(1) of that Ordinance the sum the Tribunal considers appropriate for the costs and expenses in relation or
incidental to the investigation reasonably incurred by the Council; (Added 18 of 2006 s. 85)

(g) an order that any body which may take disciplinary action against the person as one of its members be
recommended to take disciplinary action against him.

(2) When making any order in respect of a person under subsection (1), the Tribunal may take into account any
conduct by the person which-
(a) previously resulted in the person being convicted of an offence in Hong Kong;
(b) previously resulted in the person being identified by the Tribunal-

(i) under section 252(3)(b) as having engaged in any market misconduct; or
(ii) under section 307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure requirement; or (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 7)

(c) at any time before the commencement of this Part resulted in the person being identified as an insider dealer
in a determination under section 16(3), or in a written report prepared and issued under section 22(1), of the
repealed Securities (Insider Dealing) Ordinance.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 183

(3) The Tribunal shall not make an order in respect of a person under subsection (1) without first giving the person a
reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(4) Where the Tribunal makes an order under subsection (1)(a), the Tribunal may specify a corporation by name or
by reference to a relationship with any other corporation.

(5) The Tribunal may, in relation to any person, specify any market misconduct in an order under subsection (1)(c),
whether or not there is, at the time when the order is made, likelihood that the person would perpetrate any
conduct which constitutes the market misconduct.

(6) Where the Tribunal makes an order under subsection (1)(e) or (f) requiring the payment of costs as costs
reasonably incurred in relation or incidental to any proceedings instituted under section 252, subject to any rules
made by the Chief Justice under section 269, Order 62 of the Rules of the High Court (Cap 4 sub. leg. A) applies
to the taxation of the costs.

(7) The Tribunal shall by notice in writing notify a person of an order made in respect of him under subsection (1).
(8) An order made in respect of a person under subsection (1) takes effect at the time when it is notified to the

person or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.
(9) Where the Tribunal makes an order under subsection (1)(b), the Commission may notify any licensed person or

registered institution of the order in such manner as it considers appropriate.
(10) A person commits an offence if he fails to comply with an order made under subsection (1)(a), (b) or (c) and is

liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012)

Section: 258 Further orders in respect of officers of corporation L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (3), where a corporation has been identified as having engaged in market misconduct
pursuant to section 252(3)(b) and the market misconduct is directly or indirectly attributable to a breach by any
person as an officer of the corporation of the duty imposed on him by section 279, the Tribunal may make one or
more of the orders referred to in section 257(1)(a) to (g) in respect of the person even if the person has not been
identified as having engaged in market misconduct pursuant to section 252(3)(b).

(2) When making any order in respect of a person under subsection (1), the Tribunal may take into account any
conduct by the person which-
(a) previously resulted in the person being convicted of an offence in Hong Kong;
(b) previously resulted in the person being identified by the Tribunal-

(i) under section 252(3)(b) as having engaged in any market misconduct; or
(ii) under section 307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure requirement; or (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 8)

(c) at any time before the commencement of this Part resulted in the person being identified as an insider dealer
in a determination under section 16(3), or in a written report prepared and issued under section 22(1), of the
repealed Securities (Insider Dealing) Ordinance.

(3) The Tribunal shall not make an order in respect of a person under subsection (1) without first giving the person a
reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(4) Where the Tribunal makes under subsection (1) an order referred to in section 257(1)(a), the Tribunal may
specify a corporation by name or by reference to a relationship with any other corporation.

(5) Where the Tribunal, in relation to any person, makes under subsection (1) an order referred to in section
257(1)(c), the Tribunal may specify any market misconduct in the order, whether or not there is, at the time
when the order is made, likelihood that the person would perpetrate any conduct which constitutes the market
misconduct.

(6) Where the Tribunal makes under subsection (1) an order referred to in section 257(1)(e) or (f) requiring the
payment of costs as costs reasonably incurred in relation or incidental to any proceedings instituted under section
252, subject to any rules made by the Chief Justice under section 269, Order 62 of the Rules of the High Court
(Cap 4 sub. leg. A) applies to the taxation of the costs.

(7) The Tribunal shall by notice in writing notify a person of an order made in respect of him under subsection (1).
(8) An order made in respect of a person under subsection (1) takes effect at the time when it is notified to the

person or at the time specified in the notice, whichever is the later.
(9) Where the Tribunal makes under subsection (1) an order referred to in section 257(1)(b), the Commission may

notify any licensed person or registered institution of the order in such manner as it considers appropriate.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 184

(10) Where an order referred to in section 257(1)(a), (b) or (c) is made in respect of a person under subsection (1), the
person commits an offence if he fails to comply with the order and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012)

Section: 259 Interest on moneys payable under order referred to in

section 257(1)(d)
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



Where the Tribunal makes an order referred to in section 257(1)(d), whether under section 257(1) or 258(1), requiring
the payment of money by a person, the Tribunal may also order that the payment shall carry compound interest
calculated-

(a) from the date of occurrence of the market misconduct in question; and
(b) at the rate from time to time applicable to judgment debts under section 49 of the High Court Ordinance

(Cap 4) and with such rests and in such manner as the Tribunal considers appropriate.

Section: 260 Costs E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to subsection (4), at the conclusion of any proceedings instituted under section 252 or as soon as
reasonably practicable after the conclusion of the proceedings, the Tribunal may by order award to-
(a) any person whose attendance, whether as a witness or otherwise, has been necessary or required for the

purposes of the proceedings;
(b) any person whose conduct is the subject, whether wholly or in part, of the proceedings,

such sum as it considers appropriate in respect of the costs reasonably incurred by the person in relation to the
proceedings.

(2) Any costs awarded under this section are a charge on the general revenue.
(3) Subject to any rules made by the Chief Justice under section 269, Order 62 of the Rules of the High Court (Cap

4 sub. leg. A) applies to the award of costs, and to the taxation of any costs awarded, by the Tribunal under this
section.

(4) Subsection (1)(a) and (b) does not apply to-
(a) a person who has by virtue of section 252(4)(a), (b) or (c) been identified as having engaged in market

misconduct pursuant to section 252(3)(b);
(b) a person whose conduct the Tribunal considers has caused, whether wholly or in part, the Tribunal to

investigate or consider his conduct during the course of the proceedings in question;
(c) a person whom the Tribunal considers has by his conduct caused, whether wholly or in part, the institution

of the proceedings.
(Amended E.R. 2 of 2012)


Section: 261 Contempt dealt with by Tribunal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Tribunal shall have the same powers as the Court of First Instance to punish for contempt.
(2) Without limiting the generality of the powers of the Tribunal under subsection (1), the Tribunal shall have the

same powers as the Court of First Instance to punish for contempt, as if it were contempt of court, a person who-
(a) without reasonable excuse, commits any conduct falling within the description of section 253(2)(a), (b), (c),

(d), (e) or (f); or (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 23)
(b) commits any conduct falling within the description of section 254(6)(a), (b), (c) or (d). (Amended 9 of

2012 s. 23)
(c) (Repealed 9 of 2012 s. 23)

(3) The Tribunal shall, in the exercise of its powers to punish for contempt under this section, adopt the same
standard of proof as the Court of First Instance in the exercise of the same powers to punish for contempt.

(4) Notwithstanding anything in this section and any other provisions of this Ordinance-
(a) no power may be exercised under or pursuant to this section to determine whether to punish any person for

contempt in respect of any conduct if-
(i) criminal proceedings have previously been instituted against the person under section 253(2) or 254(6)

in respect of the same conduct; and (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 23)



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 185

(ii) (A) those criminal proceedings remain pending; or
(B) by reason of the previous institution of those criminal proceedings, no criminal proceedings may

again be lawfully instituted against that person under such section in respect of the same conduct;
(b) no criminal proceedings may be instituted against any person under section 253(2) or 254(6) in respect of

any conduct if- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 23)
(i) any power has previously been exercised under or pursuant to this section to determine whether to

punish the person for contempt in respect of the same conduct; and
(ii) (A) proceedings arising from the exercise of such power remain pending; or

(B) by reason of the previous exercise of such power, no power may again be lawfully exercised
under or pursuant to this section to determine whether to punish the person for contempt in
respect of the same conduct.


Section: 262 Report of Tribunal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Tribunal shall, after the conduct of any proceedings instituted under section 252, prepare a written report in
respect of the proceedings, which shall contain-
(a) any of its determinations made pursuant to section 252(3) and any order made under section 257 or 258, and

the reasons for making such determinations and order; and
(b) any order made under section 259 or 260, and the reasons for making such order.

(2) The Tribunal shall issue the report prepared under subsection (1)-
(a) by giving a copy of the report to the Commission; and (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 24)
(b) except where the Tribunal sat in private for the whole or any part of its proceedings, by- (Amended 9 of

2012 s. 24)
(i) publishing the report so that copies of the report are available to the public;
(ii) giving a copy of the report, so far as reasonably practicable, to any person whose conduct was directly

in question in the proceedings; and (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 24)
(iii-iv) (Repealed 9 of 2012 s. 24)
(v) where the Tribunal considers appropriate, giving a copy of the report to any body which may take

disciplinary action against the person identified as having engaged in market misconduct pursuant to
section 252(3)(b), as one of its members.

(3) Where the Tribunal sat in private for the whole or any part of its proceedings, the Commission may, if the
Commission is of the opinion that it is in the public interest to do so, cause the whole or any part of the report to
be made available to the public or to a particular person or body in the manner it directs. (Amended 9 of 2012 s.
24)

(4) A person is not liable to civil or criminal proceedings for publishing a true and accurate account or a fair and
accurate summary of a report of the Tribunal issued or made available under subsection (2)(b) or (3).


Section: 263 Form and proof of orders of Tribunal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) An order made by the Tribunal shall be recorded in writing and signed by the chairman of the Tribunal.
(2) A document purporting to be an order of the Tribunal and to be signed by the chairman of the Tribunal shall, in

the absence of proof to the contrary, be regarded as an order of the Tribunal duly made, without proof of its
making, or proof of signature, or proof that the person signing the order was in fact the chairman.


Section: 264 Orders of Tribunal may be registered in Court of First

Instance
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) The Court of First Instance may, on notice in writing given by the Tribunal in the manner prescribed by rules
made by the Chief Justice under section 269, register an order of the Tribunal in the Court of First Instance and
the order shall, on registration, become for all purposes an order of the Court of First Instance made within the
jurisdiction of the Court of First Instance.

(2) Where an order is made under section 257(1)(a), or an order referred to in section 257(1)(a) is made under
section 258(1), the order shall be filed by the Tribunal with the Registrar of Companies, as soon as reasonably
practicable after it is made.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 186

Section: 265 Applications for stay of execution of orders of Tribunal
under section 257, 258, 259 or 260

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



Any person in respect of whom an order has been made under section 257, 258, 259 or 260 may apply to the Tribunal
for a stay of execution of the order, whereupon the Tribunal may, where it considers appropriate, by order grant the
stay, subject to such conditions as to costs, payment of money into the Tribunal or otherwise as the Tribunal considers
appropriate.

Part:
Division:

XIII
3

Appeals, etc. L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 266 Appeal to Court of Appeal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Where the Tribunal has made any finding or determination for the purposes of any proceedings instituted under
section 252, and the Commission, or a person identified as having engaged in market misconduct pursuant to
section 252(3)(b), is dissatisfied with the finding or determination, the Commission or the person (as the case
may be) may, after the Tribunal has made orders (if any) under section 257, 258, 259 or 260 for the purposes of
the proceedings, appeal to the Court of Appeal against the finding or determination- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 25)
(a) on a point of law; or
(b) with the leave of the Court of Appeal, on a question of fact.

(2) A person in respect of whom an order has been made under section 257, 258, 259, 260 or 265 may appeal to the
Court of Appeal against the order.


Section: 267 Powers of Court of Appeal on appeal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) In an appeal under section 266(1), the Court of Appeal may-
(a) allow the appeal;
(b) dismiss the appeal;
(c) vary or set aside the finding or determination, and, where the finding or determination is set aside, substitute

for the finding or determination any other finding or determination it considers appropriate;
(d) remit the matter in question to the Tribunal with the directions it considers appropriate, which may include

a direction to the Tribunal to conduct the proceedings in question afresh for the purpose of determining any
question specified by the Court of Appeal.

(2) In an appeal under section 266(2), the Court of Appeal may-
(a) confirm, vary or set aside the order appealed against; and
(b) where the order is set aside, substitute for the order any other order it considers appropriate.

(3) Where the Court of Appeal varies, or substitutes any other finding, determination or order for, a finding,
determination or order under subsection (1)(c) or (2)(a) or (b), the finding, determination or order as varied or
the other finding, determination or order substituting for the finding, determination or order (as the case may be)
may be-
(a) in the case of subsection (1)(c), any finding or determination (whether more or less onerous) that the

Tribunal had power to make for the purposes of the proceedings in question; or
(b) in the case of subsection (2)(a) or (b), any order (whether more or less onerous) that the Tribunal had power

to make in respect of the appellant,
whether or not under the same provision as that under which the finding, determination or order has been made.
(4) Where on appeal the Court of Appeal remits any matter to the Tribunal under section 267(1)(d), unless the Court

of Appeal otherwise directs, members of the Tribunal disposing of the matter may be the same as, or different
from, those of the Tribunal from which the appeal lies.

(5) In an appeal under section 266, the Court of Appeal may make such order as to costs as it considers appropriate.

Section: 268 No stay of execution on appeal E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Without prejudice to section 265, neither the lodging of an appeal nor the filing of an application for leave to appeal



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 187

under section 266 by itself operates as a stay of execution of a finding or determination or an order (as the case may
be) of the Tribunal unless the Court of Appeal otherwise orders, and any stay of execution may be subject to such
conditions as to costs, payment of money into the Tribunal or otherwise as the Court of Appeal considers appropriate.

Section: 269 Rules by Chief Justice E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


The Chief Justice may make rules-
(a) providing for the taxation of costs required to be paid under an order referred to in section 257(1)(e) or (f),

whether made under section 257(1) or 258(1), and for the award of costs under section 260 and the taxation
of those costs;

(b) prescribing the manner in which the Tribunal is to give notice to the Court of First Instance in respect of
orders of the Tribunal pursuant to section 264;

(c) regulating the procedure for-
(i) applying for leave to appeal, and the hearing of applications for leave to appeal, under section 266;
(ii) the hearing of appeals under that section;

(d) requiring the payment of the fees specified in the rules for any matter relating to the proceedings instituted
under section 252;

(e) providing for matters of procedure or other matters relating to the proceedings instituted under section 252,
which are not provided for in this Part or in Schedule 9;

(f) providing for the issue or service of any document (however described) for the purposes of this Part or
Schedule 9;

(g) prescribing any matter which this Part provides is, or may be, prescribed by rules made by the Chief Justice.

Part:
Division:

XIII
4

Insider dealing L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 270 Insider dealing L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Insider dealing in relation to a listed corporation takes place-
(a) when a person connected with the corporation and having information which he knows is inside

information in relation to the corporation- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) deals in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives; or
(ii) counsels or procures another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives, knowing or having

reasonable cause to believe that the other person will deal in them;
(b) when a person who is contemplating or has contemplated making, whether with or without another person,

a take-over offer for the corporation and who knows that the information that the offer is contemplated or is
no longer contemplated is inside information in relation to the corporation- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) deals in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives, otherwise than for the purpose of the take-over; or
(ii) counsels or procures another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives, otherwise than for

the purpose of the take-over;
(c) when a person connected with the corporation and knowing that any information is inside information in

relation to the corporation, discloses the information, directly or indirectly, to another person, knowing or
having reasonable cause to believe that the other person will make use of the information for the purpose of
dealing, or of counselling or procuring another person to deal, in the listed securities of the corporation or
their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related corporation of the corporation or their derivatives;

(d) when a person who is contemplating or has contemplated making, whether with or without another person,
a take-over offer for the corporation and who knows that the information that the offer is contemplated or is
no longer contemplated is inside information in relation to the corporation, discloses the information,
directly or indirectly, to another person, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the other person
will make use of the information for the purpose of dealing, or of counselling or procuring another person to
deal, in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related
corporation of the corporation or their derivatives;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 188

(e) when a person who has information which he knows is inside information in relation to the corporation and
which he received, directly or indirectly, from a person whom he knows is connected with the corporation
and whom he knows or has reasonable cause to believe held the information as a result of being connected
with the corporation- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) deals in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives; or
(ii) counsels or procures another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives; or

(f) when a person having received, directly or indirectly, from a person whom he knows or has reasonable
cause to believe is contemplating or is no longer contemplating making a take-over offer for the
corporation, information to that effect which he knows is inside information in relation to the corporation-
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) deals in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives; or
(ii) counsels or procures another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives.

(2) Insider dealing in relation to a listed corporation also takes place when a person who knowingly has inside
information in relation to the corporation in any of the circumstances described in subsection (1)- (Amended 9
of 2012 s. 14)
(a) counsels or procures another person to deal in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or

in the listed securities of a related corporation of the corporation or their derivatives, knowing or having
reasonable cause to believe that the other person will deal in such listed securities or derivatives outside
Hong Kong on a stock market other than a recognized stock market; or

(b) discloses the inside information to another person knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the
other person or some other person will make use of the inside information for the purpose of dealing, or of
counselling or procuring any other person to deal, in the listed securities of the corporation or their
derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related corporation of the corporation or their derivatives, outside
Hong Kong on a stock market other than a recognized stock market.

(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

Section: 271 Insider dealing-certain persons not to be regarded as

having engaged in market misconduct
L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



(1) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking
place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives
if he establishes that he dealt in or counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or
derivatives in question (as the case may be)-
(a) for the sole purpose of acquiring shares required for his being qualified as a director or intending director of

a corporation;
(b) in the performance in good faith of an underwriting agreement for the listed securities or derivatives in

question; or
(c) in the performance in good faith of his functions as a liquidator, receiver or trustee in bankruptcy.

(2) A corporation shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing
taking place through its dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives if it establishes that-
(a) although one or more of its directors or employees had the inside information in relation to the corporation

the listed securities of which were, or the derivatives of the listed securities of which were, the listed
securities or derivatives in question, each person who took the decision for it to deal in or counsel or
procure the other person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be) did not have the
inside information up to (and including) the time when it dealt in or counselled or procured the other person
to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be);

(b) arrangements then existed to secure that-
(i) the inside information was, up to (and including) the time when it dealt in or counselled or procured

the other person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be), not communicated
to any person who took the decision; and

(ii) none of its directors or employees who had the inside information gave advice concerning the decision
to any person who took the decision at any time before it dealt in or counselled or procured the other



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 189

person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be); and
(c) the inside information was in fact not so communicated to any person who took the decision and none of its

directors or employees who had the inside information in fact so gave the advice to any person who took the
decision. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(3) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking
place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives
or his disclosure of information if he establishes that the purpose for which he dealt in or counselled or procured
the other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in question or disclosed the information in question
(as the case may be) was not, or, where there was more than one purpose, the purposes for which he dealt in or
counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in question or disclosed the
information in question (as the case may be) did not include, the purpose of securing or increasing a profit or
avoiding or reducing a loss, whether for himself or another, by using inside information. (Amended 9 of 2012 s.
14)

(4) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking
place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives
if he establishes that-
(a) he dealt in or counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in

question (as the case may be) as agent;
(b) he did not select or advise on the selection of such listed securities or derivatives; and
(c) he-

(i) did not know that the person for whom he acted as agent was a person connected with the corporation
the listed securities of which were, or the derivatives of the listed securities of which were, such listed
securities or derivatives; or

(ii) did not know that the person for whom he acted as agent had the inside information in question.
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(5) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking
place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives
if he establishes that-
(a) at the time when he dealt in or counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or

derivatives in question, the dealing in question was not required to be recorded on a recognized stock
market or to be notified to a recognized exchange company under its rules; and

(b) (i) where the insider dealing took place through his dealing in listed securities or derivatives-
(A) he and the other party to the dealing in question entered into the dealing directly with each other;

and
(B) at the time when he entered into the dealing, the other party to the dealing knew, or ought

reasonably to have known, of the inside information in question; or
(ii) where the insider dealing took place through his counselling or procuring another person to deal in

listed securities or derivatives-
(A) he counselled or procured the other party to the dealing in question to enter into the dealing

directly with him; and
(B) at the time when he counselled or procured the other party to enter into the dealing, the other

party knew, or ought reasonably to have known, of the inside information in question.
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(6) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking
place through his dealing in listed securities or derivatives if he establishes that-
(a) he entered into the dealing in question, otherwise than as a person who has counselled or procured the other

party to the dealing to deal in listed securities or their derivatives; and
(b) at the time when he entered into the dealing, the other party to the dealing knew, or ought reasonably to

have known, that he was a person connected with the corporation the listed securities of which were, or the
derivatives of the listed securities of which were, the listed securities or derivatives in question.

(7) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking
place through his counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives if he
establishes that-
(a) the other person did not counsel or procure the other party to the dealing in question to deal in listed

securities or their derivatives; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 190

(b) at the time when he counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in
question, the other party to the dealing in question knew, or ought reasonably to have known, that the other
person was a person connected with the corporation the listed securities of which were, or the derivatives of
the listed securities of which were, such listed securities or derivatives.

(8) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking
place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives
if he establishes that-
(a) he acted-

(i) in connection with any dealing in listed securities or their derivatives (whether by himself or another
person) which was under consideration or was the subject of negotiation, or in the course of a series of
such dealings; and

(ii) with a view to facilitating the accomplishment of the dealing or the series of dealings; and
(b) the inside information in question was market information arising directly out of his involvement in the

dealing or the series of dealings. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(9) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking

place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives
if he establishes that the dealing in question is a market contract.

(10) For the purposes of subsection (8), market information (市場消息) means information consisting of one or
more of the following facts-
(a) that there has been or is to be any dealing in listed securities or derivatives of listed securities of a particular

kind, or that any such dealing is under consideration or is the subject of negotiation;
(b) that there has not been or is not to be any dealing in listed securities or derivatives of listed securities of a

particular kind;
(c) the quantity of listed securities or derivatives of listed securities in which there is or is to be any dealing, or

in which any dealing is under consideration or is the subject of negotiation;
(d) the price (or range of prices) at which listed securities or derivatives of listed securities have been or are to

be dealt in, or the price (or range of prices) at which listed securities or derivatives of listed securities in
which any dealing is under consideration or is the subject of negotiation may be dealt in;

(e) the identity of the persons involved or likely to be involved in any capacity in any dealing in listed
securities or derivatives of listed securities.


Section: 272 Insider dealing-certain trustees and personal

representatives not to be regarded as having engaged in
market misconduct

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



A person who is a trustee or personal representative shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by
reason of an insider dealing taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in
listed securities or derivatives if he establishes that-

(a) he acted on advice obtained in good faith from another person;
(b) that other person appeared to him to be an appropriate person from whom to seek the advice; and
(c) it did not appear to him that, had that other person dealt in the listed securities or derivatives in question, an

insider dealing would take place.

Section: 273 Insider dealing-certain persons exercising right to

subscribe for or acquire securities or derivatives not to be
regarded as having engaged in market misconduct

L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of an insider dealing taking place
through his dealing in listed securities or derivatives if he establishes that-
(a) he dealt in the listed securities or derivatives in question by way of his exercise of a right to subscribe for or

otherwise acquire such listed securities or derivatives; and
(b) the right was granted to him or was derived from securities or their derivatives that were held by him before

he became aware of any inside information in relation to the corporation the listed securities of which were,
or the derivatives of the listed securities of which were, such listed securities or derivatives. (Amended 9 of



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 191

2012 s. 14)

Part:
Division:

XIII
5

Other market misconduct L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 274 False trading E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) False trading takes place when, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, a person does anything or causes anything to be
done, with the intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it has, or is likely to have, the effect of creating a
false or misleading appearance-
(a) of active trading in securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of

authorized automated trading services; or
(b) with respect to the market for, or the price for dealings in, securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant

recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services.
(2) False trading takes place when, in Hong Kong, a person does anything or causes anything to be done, with the

intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it has, or is likely to have, the effect of creating a false or
misleading appearance-
(a) of active trading in securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant overseas market; or
(b) with respect to the market for, or the price for dealings in, securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant

overseas market.
(3) False trading takes place when, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, a person takes part in, is concerned in, or carries

out, directly or indirectly, one or more transactions (whether or not any of them is a dealing in securities or
futures contracts), with the intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it or they has or have, or is or are
likely to have, the effect of creating an artificial price, or maintaining at a level that is artificial (whether or not it
was previously artificial) a price, for dealings in securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant recognized
market or by means of authorized automated trading services.

(4) False trading takes place when, in Hong Kong, a person takes part in, is concerned in, or carries out, directly or
indirectly, one or more transactions (whether or not any of them is a dealing in securities or futures contracts),
with the intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it or they has or have, or is or are likely to have, the
effect of creating an artificial price, or maintaining at a level that is artificial (whether or not it was previously
artificial) a price, for dealings in securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant overseas market.

(5) Without limiting the general nature of the conduct which constitutes false trading under subsection (1) or (2),
where a person-
(a) enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, any transaction of sale or purchase, or any transaction which

purports to be a transaction of sale or purchase, of securities that does not involve a change in the beneficial
ownership of them;

(b) offers to sell securities at a price that is substantially the same as the price at which he has made or proposes
to make, or knows that an associate of his has made or proposes to make, an offer to purchase the same or
substantially the same number of them; or

(c) offers to purchase securities at a price that is substantially the same as the price at which he has made or
proposes to make, or knows that an associate of his has made or proposes to make, an offer to sell the same
or substantially the same number of them,

then, unless the transaction in question is an off-market transaction, the person shall, for the purposes of
subsections (1) and (2), be regarded as doing something or causing something to be done, with the intention that,
or being reckless as to whether, it has, or is likely to have, the effect of creating a false or misleading
appearance-
(i) where the securities are traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated

trading services, of active trading in securities so traded or with respect to the market for, or the price for
dealings in, securities so traded; or

(ii) where the securities are traded on a relevant overseas market, of active trading in securities so traded or
with respect to the market for, or the price for dealings in, securities so traded.

(6) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of false trading taking place
through the commission of an act referred to in subsection (5)(a), (b) or (c) if he establishes that the purpose for
which he committed the act was not, or, where there was more than one purpose, the purposes for which he



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 192

committed the act did not include, the purpose of creating a false or misleading appearance of active trading in
securities, or with respect to the market for, or the price for dealings in, securities, referred to in subsection (1) or
(2) (as the case may be).

(7) In subsection (5), off-market transaction (場外交易) means a transaction which-
(a) in the case of securities traded on a relevant recognized market, is not required to be recorded on the

relevant recognized market, or to be notified, under the rules of the person by whom the relevant recognized
market is operated, to such person;

(b) in the case of securities traded by means of authorized automated trading services, is not required to be
recorded by means of authorized automated trading services, or to be notified, under the rules of the person
by whom the authorized automated trading services are operated, to such person; or

(c) in the case of securities traded on a relevant overseas market, is not required to be recorded on the relevant
overseas market, or to be notified, under the rules of the person by whom the relevant overseas market is
operated, to such person.

(8) In this section-
(a) a reference to a transaction of sale or purchase, in relation to securities, includes an offer to sell or purchase

securities and an invitation (however expressed) that expressly or impliedly invites a person to offer to sell
or purchase securities; and

(b) a reference to entering into or carrying out a transaction of sale or purchase shall, in the case of an offer or
an invitation referred to in paragraph (a), be construed as a reference to making the offer or the invitation
(as the case may be).


Section: 275 Price rigging E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Price rigging takes place when, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, a person-
(a) enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, any transaction of sale or purchase of securities that does not

involve a change in the beneficial ownership of those securities, which has the effect of maintaining,
increasing, reducing, stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities traded on a relevant
recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services; or

(b) enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, any fictitious or artificial transaction or device, with the
intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it has the effect of maintaining, increasing, reducing,
stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities, or the price for dealings in futures contracts,
that are traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services.

(2) Price rigging takes place when, in Hong Kong, a person-
(a) enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, any transaction of sale or purchase of securities that does not

involve a change in the beneficial ownership of those securities, which has the effect of maintaining,
increasing, reducing, stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities traded on a relevant
overseas market; or

(b) enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, any fictitious or artificial transaction or device, with the
intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it has the effect of maintaining, increasing, reducing,
stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities, or the price for dealings in futures contracts,
that are traded on a relevant overseas market.

(3) For the purposes of subsections (1)(b) and (2)(b), the fact that a transaction is, or at any time was, intended to
have effect according to its terms is not conclusive in determining whether the transaction is, or was, not
fictitious or artificial.

(4) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of price rigging taking place
through any transaction of sale or purchase of securities referred to in subsection (1)(a) or (2)(a) if he establishes
that the purpose for which the securities were sold or purchased was not, or, where there was more than one
purpose, the purposes for which the securities were sold or purchased did not include, the purpose of creating a
false or misleading appearance with respect to the price of securities.

(5) In this section-
(a) a reference to a transaction of sale or purchase, in relation to securities, includes an offer to sell or purchase

securities and an invitation (however expressed) that expressly or impliedly invites a person to offer to sell
or purchase securities; and

(b) a reference to entering into or carrying out a transaction of sale or purchase shall, in the case of an offer or
an invitation referred to in paragraph (a), be construed as a reference to making the offer or the invitation



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 193

(as the case may be).

Section: 276 Disclosure of information about prohibited transactions E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Disclosure of information about prohibited transactions takes place when a person discloses, circulates or
disseminates, or authorizes or is concerned in the disclosure, circulation or dissemination of, information to the
effect that the price of securities of a corporation, or the price for dealings in futures contracts, that are traded on
a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services will be maintained,
increased, reduced or stabilized, or is likely to be maintained, increased, reduced or stabilized, because of a
prohibited transaction relating to securities of either the corporation or a related corporation of the corporation or
to the futures contracts (as the case may be), if he, or an associate of his-
(a) has entered into or carried out, directly or indirectly, the prohibited transaction; or
(b) has received, or expects to receive, directly or indirectly, a benefit as a result of the disclosure, circulation

or dissemination of the information.
(2) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of disclosure of information

about prohibited transactions on the basis that he, or an associate of his, received, or expected to receive, directly
or indirectly, a benefit referred to in subsection (1)(b), if he establishes that-
(a) the benefit which he or the associate of his (as the case may be) received, or expected to receive, was not

from a person who has entered into or carried out, directly or indirectly, the prohibited transaction in
question, or an associate of such person; or

(b) the benefit which he or the associate of his (as the case may be) received, or expected to receive, was from a
person who has entered into or carried out, directly or indirectly, the prohibited transaction in question, or
an associate of such person, but up to (and including) the time of the disclosure, circulation or
dissemination of the information he has acted in good faith.

(3) In this section-
(a) a reference to a prohibited transaction means any conduct or transaction which constitutes market

misconduct or a contravention of any of the provisions of Divisions 2 to 4 of Part XIV; and
(b) a reference to any person having entered into or carried out the prohibited transaction shall be construed

accordingly.

Section: 277 Disclosure of false or misleading information inducing

transactions
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Disclosure of false or misleading information inducing transactions takes place when, in Hong Kong or
elsewhere, a person discloses, circulates or disseminates, or authorizes or is concerned in the disclosure,
circulation or dissemination of, information that is likely-
(a) to induce another person to subscribe for securities, or deal in futures contracts, in Hong Kong;
(b) to induce the sale or purchase in Hong Kong of securities by another person; or
(c) to maintain, increase, reduce or stabilize the price of securities, or the price for dealings in futures contracts,

in Hong Kong,
if-

(i) the information is false or misleading as to a material fact, or is false or misleading through the omission of
a material fact; and

(ii) the person knows that, or is reckless or negligent as to whether, the information is false or misleading as to
a material fact, or is false or misleading through the omission of a material fact.

(2) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of disclosure of false or
misleading information inducing transactions if the disclosure has taken place by reason only of the issue or
reproduction of the information and he establishes that-
(a) the issue or reproduction of the information took place in the ordinary course of a business (whether or not

carried on by him), the principal purpose of which was issuing or reproducing materials provided by others;
(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-

(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the issue or reproduction-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 194

(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,
did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information; and

(d) at the time of the issue or reproduction, he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a
material fact or was false or misleading through the omission of a material fact.

(3) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of disclosure of false or
misleading information inducing transactions if the disclosure has taken place by reason only of the re-
transmission of the information and he establishes that-
(a) the re-transmission of the information took place in the ordinary course of a business (whether or not

carried on by him), the normal conduct of which involved the re-transmission of information to other
persons within an information system or from one information system to another information system
(wherever situated), whether directly or by facilitating the establishment of links between such other
persons and third parties;

(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the re-transmission-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information;
(d) the re-transmission of the information was accompanied by a message to the effect, or was effected

following acknowledgment by the persons to whom it was re-transmitted of their understanding, that-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, the person who carried on the business or any officer,

employee or agent of that person,
did not devise the contents of the information, and neither took responsibility for it nor endorsed its

accuracy; and
(e) at the time of the re-transmission-

(i) he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or
misleading through the omission of a material fact; or

(ii) he knew that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or misleading
through the omission of a material fact, but-
(A) where the business was carried on by him, in the circumstances of the case he could not

reasonably be expected to prevent the re-transmission; or
(B) where the business was not carried on by him, in the circumstances of the case he has taken all

reasonable steps to bring the fact that the information was so false or misleading to the attention
of a person in a position to take steps to cause the re-transmission to be prevented (even if the re-
transmission in fact took place).

(4) A person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by reason of disclosure of false or
misleading information inducing transactions if the disclosure has taken place by reason only of the live
broadcast of the information and he establishes that-
(a) the broadcast of the information took place in the ordinary course of the business of a broadcaster (whether

or not he was such broadcaster);
(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-

(i) where he was the broadcaster, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the broadcast-
(i) where he was the broadcaster, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information;
(d) in relation to the broadcast-

(i) where he was the broadcaster, he; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he believed and had reasonable grounds to believe that the

broadcaster,
acted in accordance with the terms and conditions of the licence (if any) by which he or the broadcaster (as

the case may be) became entitled to broadcast as a broadcaster and with any code of practice or guidelines



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 195

(however described) issued under or pursuant to the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or the
Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562) and applicable to him or the broadcaster (as the case may be) as a
broadcaster; and

(e) at the time of the broadcast-
(i) he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or

misleading through the omission of a material fact; or
(ii) he knew that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or misleading

through the omission of a material fact, but-
(A) where he was the broadcaster, in the circumstances of the case he could not reasonably be

expected to prevent the broadcast; or
(B) where he was not the broadcaster, in the circumstances of the case he has taken all reasonable

steps to bring the fact that the information was so false or misleading to the attention of a person
in a position to take steps to cause the broadcast to be prevented (even if the broadcast in fact
took place).

(5) In this section, issue (發出), in relation to any material (including any information), includes publishing,
circulating, distributing or otherwise disseminating the material or the contents thereof, whether
(a) by any visit in person;
(b) in a newspaper, magazine, journal or other publication;
(c) by the display of posters or notices;
(d) by means of circulars, brochures, pamphlets or handbills;
(e) by an exhibition of photographs or cinematograph films;
(f) by way of sound or television broadcasting;
(g) by any information system or other electronic device; or
(h) by any other means, whether mechanically, electronically, magnetically, optically, manually or by any other

medium, or by way of production or transmission of light, image or sound or any other medium,
and also includes causing or authorizing the material to be issued.

Section: 278 Stock market manipulation E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Stock market manipulation takes place when, in Hong Kong or elsewhere-
(a) a person enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation

that by themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction increase, or are likely to increase, the price
of any securities traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading
services, with the intention of inducing another person to purchase or subscribe for, or to refrain from
selling, securities of the corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation;

(b) a person enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation
that by themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction reduce, or are likely to reduce, the price of
any securities traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services,
with the intention of inducing another person to sell, or to refrain from purchasing, securities of the
corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation; or

(c) a person enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation
that by themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction maintain or stabilize, or are likely to
maintain or stabilize, the price of any securities traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of
authorized automated trading services, with the intention of inducing another person to sell, purchase or
subscribe for, or to refrain from selling, purchasing or subscribing for, securities of the corporation or of a
related corporation of the corporation.

(2) Stock market manipulation takes place when, in Hong Kong-
(a) a person enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation

that by themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction increase, or are likely to increase, the price
of any securities traded on a relevant overseas market, with the intention of inducing another person to
purchase or subscribe for, or to refrain from selling, securities of the corporation or of a related corporation
of the corporation;

(b) a person enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation
that by themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction reduce, or are likely to reduce, the price of
any securities traded on a relevant overseas market, with the intention of inducing another person to sell, or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 196

to refrain from purchasing, securities of the corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation; or
(c) a person enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation

that by themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction maintain or stabilize, or are likely to
maintain or stabilize, the price of any securities traded on a relevant overseas market, with the intention of
inducing another person to sell, purchase or subscribe for, or to refrain from selling, purchasing or
subscribing for, securities of the corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation.

(3) In this section-
(a) a reference to a transaction includes an offer and an invitation (however expressed); and
(b) a reference to entering into or carrying out a transaction shall, in the case of an offer or an invitation

referred to in paragraph (a), be construed as a reference to making the offer or the invitation (as the case
may be).


Part:
Division:

XIII
6

Miscellaneous L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 279 Duty of officers of corporations E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Every officer of a corporation shall take all reasonable measures from time to time to ensure that proper safeguards
exist to prevent the corporation from acting in a way which would result in the corporation perpetrating any conduct
which constitutes market misconduct.

Section: 280 Transactions relating to market misconduct not void or

voidable
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



A transaction is not void or voidable by reason only that any market misconduct has taken place in relation to or as a
result of it.

Section: 281 Civil liability for market misconduct E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who has committed a relevant act in relation to market misconduct shall,
whether or not he also incurs any other liability (whether under this Part or otherwise), be liable to pay
compensation by way of damages to any other person for any pecuniary loss sustained by the other person as a
result of the market misconduct, whether or not the loss arises from the other person having entered into a
transaction or dealing at a price affected by the market misconduct.

(2) No person shall be liable to pay compensation under subsection (1) unless it is fair, just and reasonable in the
circumstances of the case that he should be so liable.

(3) For the purposes of this section, a person shall, subject to subsection (4), be regarded as having committed a
relevant act in relation to market misconduct if-
(a) he has perpetrated any conduct which constitutes market misconduct;
(b) (i) another person which is a corporation has committed a relevant act in relation to market misconduct

under paragraph (a); and
(ii) the market misconduct occurred with his consent or connivance as an officer of the corporation; or

(c) (i) any other person has committed a relevant act in relation to market misconduct under paragraph (a);
and

(ii) he assisted or connived with that other person in the perpetration of any conduct which constitutes the
market misconduct, with the knowledge that such conduct constitutes or might constitute market
misconduct.

(4) For the purposes of this section, where it is provided under any provision of this Part that a person shall not by
reason of any market misconduct be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct, the person shall not, in
relation to that market misconduct, be regarded as having committed a relevant act in relation to market
misconduct.

(5) A person may bring an action under subsection (1) even though the person against whom the action is brought-
(a) is not a person whose conduct has been the subject, whether wholly or in part, of any proceedings instituted



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 197

under section 252 in respect of the market misconduct from which the pecuniary loss of the person bringing
the action is alleged to result; or

(b) has not been identified by the Tribunal pursuant to section 252(3)(b) as having engaged in the market
misconduct.

(6) For the avoidance of doubt, where a court has jurisdiction to determine an action brought under subsection (1), it
may, where it is, apart from this section, within its jurisdiction to entertain an application for an injunction, grant
an injunction in addition to, or in substitution for, damages, on such terms and conditions as it considers
appropriate.

(7) Without prejudice to section 62 of the Evidence Ordinance (Cap 8), in an action brought under subsection (1)-
(a) the fact that there is a determination by the Tribunal pursuant to section 252(3)(a) that market misconduct

has taken place;
(b) the fact that there is a determination by the Tribunal pursuant to section 252(3)(b) identifying a person

(whether or not a party to the action) as having engaged in market misconduct,
shall, in so far the determination is still subsisting, be admissible in evidence for the purpose of proving, where

to do so is relevant to any issue in the action-
(i) in the case of a determination referred to in paragraph (a), that the market misconduct has taken place; or
(ii) in the case of a determination referred to in paragraph (b), that the person has engaged in market

misconduct.
(8) In an action brought under subsection (1), where the fact that there is a determination referred to in subsection

(7)(a) or (b) is admissible in evidence under subsection (7)-
(a) then-

(i) in the case of a determination referred to in subsection (7)(a), the market misconduct that is the subject
of the determination shall, unless the contrary is proved, be taken to have taken place; or

(ii) in the case of a determination referred to in subsection (7)(b), the person that is the subject of the
determination shall, unless the contrary is proved, be taken to have engaged in market misconduct; and

(b) without prejudice to the reception of any other admissible evidence as evidence of the determination or for
the purpose of identifying the facts on which the determination was based, the contents of a report of the
Tribunal containing the determination and published under section 262(2)(b)(i), or the contents of a copy of
a report of the Tribunal containing the determination and made available under subsection (9), shall also be
admissible in evidence for such purpose.

(9) Where in an action brought under subsection (1)-
(a) the fact that there is a determination referred to in subsection (7)(a) or (b) is admissible in evidence under

subsection (7); and
(b) a report of the Tribunal containing the determination has not been published under section 262(2)(b)(i),

the court having jurisdiction to determine the action may, where it considers appropriate, require that a copy of
the report be made available to the court to enable it to be used for the purposes of subsection (8)(b), whereupon-
(i) the Tribunal shall cause a copy of the report to be made available to the court to enable it to be used for the

purposes of subsection (8)(b); and
(ii) the contents of the report shall be admissible for the purpose specified in subsection (8)(b).

(10) In this section, a reference to a transaction includes an offer and an invitation (however expressed).
(11) Nothing in this section affects, limits or diminishes any rights conferred on a person, or any liabilities a person

may incur, under the common law or any other enactment.

Section: 282 Conduct not to constitute market misconduct E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, a person shall not be regarded as having engaged in market misconduct by
reason of any market misconduct under this Part if he establishes that the conduct in question is, according to the
rules made under subsection (2), not to be regarded as constituting market misconduct.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Commission, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, may, where
it considers it is in the public interest to do so, make rules to prescribe the circumstances in which any conduct
that would otherwise constitute market misconduct under this Part shall not be regarded as constituting market
misconduct.

(3) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, where-
(a) it is alleged that a person has engaged in market misconduct under section 274, 275 or 278 by reason of any

conduct; and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 198

(b) it is so alleged on the basis that the conduct was carried out not in respect of securities or futures contracts
traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services, but in respect
of securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant overseas market,

the person shall not be regarded as having engaged in the market misconduct unless it is proved that in any place
in which such relevant overseas market is situated the conduct would have been unlawful had it been carried out
there.


Section: 283 No further proceedings after Part XIV criminal

proceedings
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



Notwithstanding anything in this Part, no proceedings may be instituted against any person under section 252 in
respect of any conduct if-
(a) criminal proceedings have previously been instituted against the person under Part XIV in respect of the

same conduct; and
(b) (i) those criminal proceedings remain pending; or

(ii) by reason of the previous institution of those criminal proceedings, no criminal proceedings may again
be lawfully instituted against that person under Part XIV in respect of the same conduct.


Section: 284 Market misconduct regarded as contravention of

provisions of this Part
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



Where a person is by reference to any conduct identified in a determination made pursuant to section 252(3)(b) as
having engaged in market misconduct, the person shall be regarded as having, by reason of the conduct, contravened
the provisions of this Part, and any reference in this Ordinance to contravention of a provision of this Ordinance
(however expressed) shall have application accordingly.

Part: XIV Offences Relating to Dealings in Securities and Futures

Contracts, etc.
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part XIV has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

XIV
1

Interpretation L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 285 Interpretation of Part XIV L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


Expanded Cross Reference:

286, 287, 288, 289



(1) In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
associate (有聯繫者), in relation to a person, means-

(a) the person's spouse or reputed spouse, any person cohabiting with the person as a spouse, the person's
brother, sister, parent, step-parent, child (natural or adopted) or step-child;

(b) any corporation of which the person is a director;
(c) any employee or partner of the person;
(d) where the person is a corporation, each of its directors and its related corporations and each director or

employee of any of its related corporations;
(e) without limiting the circumstances in which paragraphs (a) to (d) apply, in circumstances concerning the

securities of or other interest in a corporation, or rights arising out of the holding of such securities or such
interest, any other person with whom the person has an agreement or arrangement-



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 199

(i) with respect to the acquisition, holding or disposal of such securities or such interest; or
(ii) under which they undertake to act together in exercising their voting power at general meetings of the

corporation;
controller (控制人), in relation to a corporation, means any person-

(a) in accordance with whose directions or instructions the directors of the corporation or of another
corporation of which it is a subsidiary are accustomed or obliged to act; or

(b) who, either alone or with any of his associates, is entitled to exercise or control the exercise of more than
33% of the voting power at general meetings of the corporation or of another corporation of which it is a
subsidiary;

relevant overseas market (有關境外市場)-
(a) in relation to securities, means a stock market outside Hong Kong; or
(b) in relation to futures contracts, means a futures market outside Hong Kong;

relevant recognized market (有關認可市場)-
(a) in relation to securities, means a recognized stock market; or
(b) in relation to futures contracts, means a recognized futures market.

(2) In this subsection and sections 286 to 289 and Division 2, unless the context otherwise requires-

derivatives (衍生工具), in relation to listed securities, means-
(a) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of, the listed securities;
(b) contracts, the purpose or pretended purpose of which is to secure or increase a profit or avoid or reduce a

loss, wholly or partly by reference to the price or value, or a change in the price or value, of-
(i) the listed securities; or
(ii) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a);

(c) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of-
(i) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a); or
(ii) any contracts referred to in paragraph (b);

(d) instruments or other documents creating, acknowledging or evidencing any rights, options or interests or
any contracts referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), including certificates of interest or participation in,
temporary or interim certificates for, receipts (including depositary receipts) in respect of, or warrants to
subscribe for or purchase-
(i) the listed securities; or
(ii) the rights, options or interests or the contracts,

whether or not the derivatives are listed and regardless of who issued or made them;
inside information (內幕消息), in relation to a corporation, means specific information that-

(a) is about-
(i) the corporation;
(ii) a shareholder or officer of the corporation; or
(iii) the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives; and

(b) is not generally known to the persons who are accustomed or would be likely to deal in the listed securities
of the corporation but would if generally known to them be likely to materially affect the price of the listed
securities; (Added 9 of 2012 s. 9)

listed (上市) means listed on a recognized stock market, and for the purposes of this definition, securities shall
continue to be regarded as listed during a period of suspension of dealings in those securities on the recognized
stock market;

listed corporation (上市法團) means a corporation which has issued securities that are, at the time of the relevant
contravention in relation to the corporation, listed;

listed securities (上市證券) means-
(a) securities which, at the time of the relevant contravention in relation to a corporation, have been issued by

the corporation and are listed;
(b) securities which, at the time of the relevant contravention in relation to a corporation, have been issued by

the corporation and are not listed, but which, at that time, it is reasonably foreseeable will be and which, in
fact, are subsequently listed;

(c) securities which, at the time of the relevant contravention in relation to a corporation, have not been issued



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 200

by the corporation and are not listed, but which, at that time, it is reasonably foreseeable will be and which,
in fact, are subsequently so issued and listed;

relevant contravention (違例事件) means a contravention of any of the provisions of Division 2;
securities (證券) means-

(a) shares, stocks, debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes of, or issued by, or which it is reasonably
foreseeable will be issued by, a body, whether incorporated or unincorporated, or a government or
municipal government authority;

(b) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of, such shares, stocks,
debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes;

(c) certificates of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificates for, receipts for, or warrants to
subscribe for or purchase, such shares, stocks, debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes;

(d) interests, rights or property, whether in the form of an instrument or otherwise, commonly known as
securities;

(e) interests, rights or property, whether in the form of an instrument or otherwise, prescribed by notice under
section 392 as being regarded as securities in accordance with the terms of the notice.

(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 9)
(3) For the purposes of the definition of controller in subsection (1), where a person is entitled to exercise or control

the exercise of more than 33% of the voting power at general meetings of a corporation and the corporation is
entitled to exercise or control the exercise of any of the voting power at general meetings of another corporation
(the effective voting power), then the effective voting power at general meetings of the other corporation shall be
regarded as exercisable by the person.

(4) For the purposes of this Part, a person shall not be regarded as a person in accordance with whose directions or
instructions the directors of a corporation are accustomed or obliged to act by reason only that the directors of
the corporation act on advice given by him in a professional capacity.


Section: 286 Interest in securities (insider dealing offence) E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


Expanded Cross Reference:

287, 288, 289



For the purposes of sections 285(2) and 287 to 289 and Division 2, a reference to an interest in securities shall be
construed as including an interest of any kind whatsoever in the securities, and for that purpose any restraint or
restriction to which the exercise of a right attached to the interest may be subject shall be disregarded.

Section: 287 Connected with a corporation (insider dealing offence) L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014


(1) For the purposes of Division 2, a person shall be regarded as connected with a corporation if, being an
individual-
(a) he is a director or employee of the corporation or a related corporation of the corporation;
(b) he is a substantial shareholder of the corporation or a related corporation of the corporation;
(c) he occupies a position which may reasonably be expected to give him access to inside information in

relation to the corporation by reason of- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) a professional or business relationship existing between-

(A) himself, or his employer, or a corporation of which he is a director, or a firm of which he is a
partner; and

(B) the corporation, a related corporation of the corporation, or an officer or substantial shareholder
of either corporation; or

(ii) his being a director, employee or partner of a substantial shareholder of the corporation or a related
corporation of the corporation;

(d) he has access to inside information in relation to the corporation and- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(i) he has such access by reason of his being in such a position that he would be regarded as connected

with another corporation by virtue of paragraph (a), (b) or (c); and
(ii) the inside information relates to a transaction (actual or contemplated) involving both those



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 201

corporations or involving one of them and the listed securities of the other or their derivatives, or to the
fact that the transaction is no longer contemplated; or (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(e) he was, at any time within the 6 months preceding the relevant contravention in relation to the corporation,
a person who would be regarded as connected with the corporation by virtue of paragraph (a), (b), (c) or (d).

(2) For the purposes of Division 2, a corporation shall be regarded as a person connected with another corporation
so long as any of its directors or employees is a person who would be regarded as connected with that other
corporation by virtue of subsection (1).

(3) In subsection (1), notwithstanding any other provisions of this Ordinance, substantial shareholder (大股東), in
relation to a corporation, means a person who has an interest in 5% or more of the total number of shares
comprised in the relevant share capital of the corporation. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)


Section: 288 Connected with a corporation-possession of inside

information obtained in privileged capacity (insider
dealing offence)*

L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



(1) For the purposes of Division 2, where a public officer or a specified person in that capacity receives inside
information in relation to a corporation, he shall be regarded as a person connected with the corporation.
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(2) In subsection (1), a reference to a specified person means a person who is-
(a) a member of the Executive Council;
(b) a member of the Legislative Council;
(c) a member of a board, commission, committee or other body appointed by or on behalf of the Chief

Executive or the Chief Executive in Council under an Ordinance;
(d) an officer or employee of a recognized exchange company, a recognized clearing house or a recognized

exchange controller;
(e) an exchange participant;
(f) an officer or employee of an exchange participant;
(g) an officer or employee of a body corporate incorporated by an Ordinance; or
(h) an officer or employee of a body corporate specified by the Financial Secretary under subsection (3),

whether, in the case of paragraph (a), (b), (c), (d), (f), (g) or (h), the person is such a member, officer or
employee (as the case may be) on a temporary or permanent basis, and whether he is paid or unpaid.

(3) The Financial Secretary may, by notice published in the Gazette, specify any body corporate for the purposes of
subsection (2)(h).

_________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

Section: 289 Dealing in listed securities or their derivatives (insider

dealing offence)
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



For the purposes of section 285(2) and Division 2, a person shall be regarded as dealing in listed securities or their
derivatives if, whether as principal or agent, he sells, purchases, exchanges or subscribes for, or agrees to sell,
purchase, exchange or subscribe for, any listed securities or their derivatives or acquires or disposes of, or agrees to
acquire or dispose of, the right to sell, purchase, exchange or subscribe for, any listed securities or their derivatives.

Section: 290 Interest in securities and beneficial ownership, etc. (market

misconduct offences other than insider dealing offence)
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) For the purposes of Division 3, a person shall be regarded as having an interest in securities if he has authority,
whether formal or informal and whether express or implied, to dispose of or to exercise control over the disposal
of the securities or, in the case of options in respect of the securities, to exercise the options.

(2) It is immaterial that the authority of a person referred to in subsection (1)-
(a) is, or is capable of being made, subject to restraint or restriction; or
(b) is exercisable jointly with another person.

(3) A person shall be regarded as having the authority referred to in subsection (1) where a corporation has the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 202

authority referred to in that subsection and-
(a) the corporation is, or its directors are, accustomed or under an obligation, whether formal or informal, to act

in accordance with the directions or instructions of the person in relation to the securities in question; or
(b) the person, or an associate of the person, is a controller of the corporation.

(4) Where a person-
(a) has entered into a contract to purchase securities;
(b) has a right to have securities transferred to him or to his order whether the right is exercisable presently or

in the future and whether on the fulfilment of a condition or not; or
(c) has the right to acquire securities, or an interest in securities, under an option, whether the right is

exercisable presently or in the future and whether on the fulfilment of a condition or not,
the person shall, to the extent to which he could do so on completing the contract, enforcing the right or

exercising the option, be regarded as having the authority referred to in subsection (1).
(5) Where securities are subject to a trust, and a person who is not a trustee in those securities has an interest in

those securities by virtue of subsection (4)(b), the interest of a trustee in those securities shall be disregarded for
the purpose of determining whether the person has an interest in securities for the purposes of Division 3.

(6) The Commission may make rules to prescribe that an interest, being an interest of a person or of the persons
included in a class of persons, shall be disregarded for the purpose of determining whether the person or the
persons has or have an interest in securities for the purposes of Division 3.

(7) For the purposes of Division 3, a sale or purchase of securities does not involve a change in their beneficial
ownership if a person who had an interest in the securities before the sale or purchase, or an associate of the
person, has an interest in the securities after the sale or purchase.


Part:
Division:

XIV
2

Insider dealing offence L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 291 Offence of insider dealing L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) A person connected with a listed corporation and having information which he knows is inside information in
relation to the corporation shall not- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(a) deal in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives; or
(b) counsel or procure another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives, knowing or having

reasonable cause to believe that the other person will deal in them.
(2) A person who is contemplating or has contemplated making, whether with or without another person, a take-

over offer for a listed corporation and who knows that the information that the offer is contemplated or is no
longer contemplated is inside information in relation to the corporation shall not- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(a) deal in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives, otherwise than for the purpose of the take-over; or
(b) counsel or procure another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives, otherwise than for the

purpose of the take-over.
(3) A person connected with a listed corporation and knowing that any information is inside information in relation

to the corporation shall not disclose the information, directly or indirectly, to another person, knowing or having
reasonable cause to believe that the other person will make use of the information for the purpose of dealing, or
of counselling or procuring another person to deal, in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives,
or in the listed securities of a related corporation of the corporation or their derivatives. (Amended 9 of 2012 s.
14)

(4) A person who is contemplating or has contemplated making, whether with or without another person, a take-
over offer for a listed corporation and who knows that the information that the offer is contemplated or is no
longer contemplated is inside information in relation to the corporation shall not disclose the information,
directly or indirectly, to another person, knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the other person will
make use of the information for the purpose of dealing, or of counselling or procuring another person to deal, in
the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related corporation of
the corporation or their derivatives. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(5) A person who has information which he knows is inside information in relation to a listed corporation and which



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 203

he received, directly or indirectly, from a person whom he knows is connected with the corporation and whom
he knows or has reasonable cause to believe held the information as a result of being connected with the
corporation shall not- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(a) deal in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives; or
(b) counsel or procure another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives.

(6) A person who has received, directly or indirectly, from a person whom he knows or has reasonable cause to
believe is contemplating or is no longer contemplating making a take-over offer for a listed corporation,
information to that effect which he knows is inside information in relation to the corporation shall not-
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(a) deal in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related

corporation of the corporation or their derivatives; or
(b) counsel or procure another person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives.

(7) A person who knowingly has inside information in relation to a listed corporation in any of the circumstances
described in subsection (1), (2), (3), (4), (5) or (6) shall not- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(a) counsel or procure another person to deal in the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives, or in

the listed securities of a related corporation of the corporation or their derivatives, knowing or having
reasonable cause to believe that the other person will deal in such listed securities or derivatives outside
Hong Kong on a stock market other than a recognized stock market; or

(b) disclose the inside information to another person knowing or having reasonable cause to believe that the
other person or some other person will make use of the inside information for the purpose of dealing, or of
counselling or procuring any other person to deal, in the listed securities of the corporation or their
derivatives, or in the listed securities of a related corporation of the corporation or their derivatives, outside
Hong Kong on a stock market other than a recognized stock market. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(8) Subject to sections 292, 293 and 294, a person who contravenes subsection (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6) or (7)
commits an offence.


Section: 292 Insider dealing offence-general defences L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that he dealt in or counselled or procured the
other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in question (as the case may be)-
(a) for the sole purpose of acquiring shares required for his being qualified as a director or intending director of

a corporation;
(b) in the performance in good faith of an underwriting agreement for the listed securities or derivatives in

question; or
(c) in the performance in good faith of his functions as a liquidator, receiver or trustee in bankruptcy.

(2) Where a corporation is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through its dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the corporation to prove that-
(a) although one or more of its directors or employees had the inside information in relation to the corporation

the listed securities of which were, or the derivatives of the listed securities of which were, the listed
securities or derivatives in question, each person who took the decision for it to deal in or counsel or
procure the other person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be) did not have the
inside information up to (and including) the time when it dealt in or counselled or procured the other person
to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be);

(b) arrangements then existed to secure that-
(i) the inside information was, up to (and including) the time when it dealt in or counselled or procured

the other person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be), not communicated
to any person who took the decision; and

(ii) none of its directors or employees who had the inside information gave advice concerning the decision
to any person who took the decision at any time before it dealt in or counselled or procured the other
person to deal in such listed securities or derivatives (as the case may be); and

(c) the inside information was in fact not so communicated to any person who took the decision and none of its



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 204

directors or employees who had the inside information in fact so gave the advice to any person who took the
decision. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(3) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives or his disclosure of information, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that the purpose
for which he dealt in or counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in
question or disclosed the information in question (as the case may be) was not, or, where there was more than
one purpose, the purposes for which he dealt in or counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed
securities or derivatives in question or disclosed the information in question (as the case may be) did not include,
the purpose of securing or increasing a profit or avoiding or reducing a loss, whether for himself or another, by
using inside information. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(4) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that-
(a) he dealt in or counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in

question (as the case may be) as agent;
(b) he did not select or advise on the selection of such listed securities or derivatives; and
(c) he-

(i) did not know that the person for whom he acted as agent was a person connected with the corporation
the listed securities of which were, or the derivatives of the listed securities of which were, such listed
securities or derivatives; or

(ii) did not know that the person for whom he acted as agent had the inside information in question.
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(5) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that-
(a) at the time when he dealt in or counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or

derivatives in question, the dealing in question was not required to be recorded on a recognized stock
market or to be notified to a recognized exchange company under its rules; and

(b) (i) where the contravention took place through his dealing in listed securities or derivatives-
(A) he and the other party to the dealing in question entered into the dealing directly with each other;

and
(B) at the time when he entered into the dealing, the other party to the dealing knew, or ought

reasonably to have known, of the inside information in question; or
(ii) where the contravention took place through his counselling or procuring another person to deal in

listed securities or derivatives-
(A) he counselled or procured the other party to the dealing in question to enter into the dealing

directly with him; and
(B) at the time when he counselled or procured the other party to enter into the dealing, the other

party knew, or ought reasonably to have known, of the inside information in question.
(Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)

(6) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through his dealing in listed securities or derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to
prove that-
(a) he entered into the dealing in question, otherwise than as a person who has counselled or procured the other

party to the dealing to deal in listed securities or their derivatives; and
(b) at the time when he entered into the dealing, the other party to the dealing knew, or ought reasonably to

have known, that he was a person connected with the corporation the listed securities of which were, or the
derivatives of the listed securities of which were, the listed securities or derivatives in question.

(7) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through his counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or derivatives, it is a
defence to the charge for the person to prove that-
(a) the other person did not counsel or procure the other party to the dealing in question to deal in listed

securities or their derivatives; and
(b) at the time when he counselled or procured the other person to deal in the listed securities or derivatives in



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 205

question, the other party to the dealing in question knew, or ought reasonably to have known, that the other
person was a person connected with the corporation the listed securities of which were, or the derivatives of
the listed securities of which were, such listed securities or derivatives.

(8) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291
taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that-
(a) he acted-

(i) in connection with any dealing in listed securities or their derivatives (whether by himself or another
person) which was under consideration or was the subject of negotiation, or in the course of a series of
such dealings; and

(ii) with a view to facilitating the accomplishment of the dealing or the series of dealings; and
(b) the inside information in question was market information arising directly out of his involvement in the

dealing or the series of dealings. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 14)
(9) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291

taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal in listed securities or
derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that the dealing in question is a market contract.

(10) For the purposes of subsection (8), market information (市場消息) means information consisting of one or
more of the following facts-
(a) that there has been or is to be any dealing in listed securities or derivatives of listed securities of a particular

kind, or that any such dealing is under consideration or is the subject of negotiation;
(b) that there has not been or is not to be any dealing in listed securities or derivatives of listed securities of a

particular kind;
(c) the quantity of listed securities or derivatives of listed securities in which there is or is to be any dealing, or

in which any dealing is under consideration or is the subject of negotiation;
(d) the price (or range of prices) at which listed securities or derivatives of listed securities have been or are to

be dealt in, or the price (or range of prices) at which listed securities or derivatives of listed securities in
which any dealing is under consideration or is the subject of negotiation may be dealt in;

(e) the identity of the persons involved or likely to be involved in any capacity in any dealing in listed
securities or derivatives of listed securities.


Section: 293 Insider dealing offence-defences for certain trustees and

personal representatives
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



Where a person who is a trustee or personal representative is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect
of a contravention of section 291 taking place through his dealing in or counselling or procuring another person to deal
in listed securities or derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that-

(a) he acted on advice obtained in good faith from another person;
(b) that other person appeared to him to be an appropriate person from whom to seek the advice; and
(c) it did not appear to him that, had that other person dealt in the listed securities or derivatives in question, a

contravention of section 291 would take place.

Section: 294 Insider dealing offence-defences for certain persons

exercising right to subscribe for or acquire securities or
derivatives

L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



Where a person is charged with an offence under section 291(8) in respect of a contravention of section 291 taking
place through his dealing in listed securities or derivatives, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that-

(a) he dealt in the listed securities or derivatives in question by way of his exercise of a right to subscribe for or
otherwise acquire such listed securities or derivatives; and

(b) the right was granted to him or was derived from securities or their derivatives that were held by him before
he became aware of any inside information in relation to the corporation the listed securities of which were,
or the derivatives of the listed securities of which were, such listed securities or derivatives. (Amended 9 of
2012 s. 14)





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 206

Part:
Division:

XIV
3

Other market misconduct offences L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 295 Offence of false trading E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person shall not, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, do anything or cause anything to be done, with the intention
that, or being reckless as to whether, it has, or is likely to have, the effect of creating a false or misleading
appearance-
(a) of active trading in securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of

authorized automated trading services; or
(b) with respect to the market for, or the price for dealings in, securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant

recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services.
(2) A person shall not, in Hong Kong, do anything or cause anything to be done, with the intention that, or being

reckless as to whether, it has, or is likely to have, the effect of creating a false or misleading appearance-
(a) of active trading in securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant overseas market; or
(b) with respect to the market for, or the price for dealings in, securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant

overseas market.
(3) A person shall not, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, take part in, be concerned in, or carry out, directly or indirectly,

one or more transactions (whether or not any of them is a dealing in securities or futures contracts), with the
intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it or they has or have, or is or are likely to have, the effect of
creating an artificial price, or maintaining at a level that is artificial (whether or not it was previously artificial) a
price, for dealings in securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of
authorized automated trading services.

(4) A person shall not, in Hong Kong, take part in, be concerned in, or carry out, directly or indirectly, one or more
transactions (whether or not any of them is a dealing in securities or futures contracts), with the intention that, or
being reckless as to whether, it or they has or have, or is or are likely to have, the effect of creating an artificial
price, or maintaining at a level that is artificial (whether or not it was previously artificial) a price, for dealings in
securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant overseas market.

(5) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) or (2), where a person-
(a) enters into or carries out, directly or indirectly, any transaction of sale or purchase, or any transaction which

purports to be a transaction of sale or purchase, of securities that does not involve a change in the beneficial
ownership of them;

(b) offers to sell securities at a price that is substantially the same as the price at which he has made or proposes
to make, or knows that an associate of his has made or proposes to make, an offer to purchase the same or
substantially the same number of them; or

(c) offers to purchase securities at a price that is substantially the same as the price at which he has made or
proposes to make, or knows that an associate of his has made or proposes to make, an offer to sell the same
or substantially the same number of them,

then, unless the transaction in question is an off-market transaction, the person shall, for the purposes of
subsections (1) and (2), be regarded as doing something or causing something to be done, with the intention that,
or being reckless as to whether, it has, or is likely to have, the effect of creating a false or misleading
appearance-
(i) where the securities are traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated

trading services, of active trading in securities so traded or with respect to the market for, or the price for
dealings in, securities so traded; or

(ii) where the securities are traded on a relevant overseas market, of active trading in securities so traded or
with respect to the market for, or the price for dealings in, securities so traded.

(6) Subject to subsection (7), a person who contravenes subsection (1), (2), (3) or (4) commits an offence.
(7) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (6) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1) or

(2) taking place through the commission of an act referred to in subsection (5)(a), (b) or (c), it is a defence to the
charge for the person to prove that the purpose for which he committed the act was not, or, where there was
more than one purpose, the purposes for which he committed the act did not include, the purpose of creating a
false or misleading appearance of active trading in securities, or with respect to the market for, or the price for
dealings in, securities, referred to in subsection (1) or (2) (as the case may be).



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 207

(8) In subsection (5), off-market transaction (場外交易) means a transaction which-
(a) in the case of securities traded on a relevant recognized market, is not required to be recorded on the

relevant recognized market, or to be notified, under the rules of the person by whom the relevant recognized
market is operated, to such person;

(b) in the case of securities traded by means of authorized automated trading services, is not required to be
recorded by means of authorized automated trading services, or to be notified, under the rules of the person
by whom the authorized automated trading services are operated, to such person; or

(c) in the case of securities traded on a relevant overseas market, is not required to be recorded on the relevant
overseas market, or to be notified, under the rules of the person by whom the relevant overseas market is
operated, to such person.

(9) In this section-
(a) a reference to a transaction of sale or purchase, in relation to securities, includes an offer to sell or purchase

securities and an invitation (however expressed) that expressly or impliedly invites a person to offer to sell
or purchase securities; and

(b) a reference to entering into or carrying out a transaction of sale or purchase shall, in the case of an offer or
an invitation referred to in paragraph (a), be construed as a reference to making the offer or the invitation
(as the case may be).


Section: 296 Offence of price rigging E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person shall not, in Hong Kong or elsewhere-
(a) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, any transaction of sale or purchase of securities that does not

involve a change in the beneficial ownership of those securities, which has the effect of maintaining,
increasing, reducing, stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities traded on a relevant
recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services; or

(b) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, any fictitious or artificial transaction or device, with the
intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it has the effect of maintaining, increasing, reducing,
stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities, or the price for dealings in futures contracts,
that are traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services.

(2) A person shall not, in Hong Kong-
(a) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, any transaction of sale or purchase of securities that does not

involve a change in the beneficial ownership of those securities, which has the effect of maintaining,
increasing, reducing, stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities traded on a relevant
overseas market; or

(b) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, any fictitious or artificial transaction or device, with the
intention that, or being reckless as to whether, it has the effect of maintaining, increasing, reducing,
stabilizing, or causing fluctuations in, the price of securities, or the price for dealings in futures contracts,
that are traded on a relevant overseas market.

(3) For the purposes of subsections (1)(b) and (2)(b), the fact that a transaction is, or at any time was, intended to
have effect according to its terms is not conclusive in determining whether the transaction is, or was, not
fictitious or artificial.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), a person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) commits an offence.
(5) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (4) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)(a)

or (2)(a) taking place through any transaction of sale or purchase of securities, it is a defence to the charge for
the person to prove that the purpose for which the securities were sold or purchased was not, or, where there was
more than one purpose, the purposes for which the securities were sold or purchased did not include, the purpose
of creating a false or misleading appearance with respect to the price of securities.

(6) In this section-
(a) a reference to a transaction of sale or purchase, in relation to securities, includes an offer to sell or purchase

securities and an invitation (however expressed) that expressly or impliedly invites a person to offer to sell
or purchase securities; and

(b) a reference to entering into or carrying out a transaction of sale or purchase shall, in the case of an offer or
an invitation referred to in paragraph (a), be construed as a reference to making the offer or the invitation
(as the case may be).





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 208

Section: 297 Offence of disclosure of information about prohibited
transactions

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A person shall not disclose, circulate or disseminate, or authorize or be concerned in the disclosure, circulation
or dissemination of, information to the effect that the price of securities of a corporation, or the price for dealings
in futures contracts, that are traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading
services will be maintained, increased, reduced or stabilized, or is likely to be maintained, increased, reduced or
stabilized, because of a prohibited transaction relating to securities of either the corporation or a related
corporation of the corporation or to the futures contracts (as the case may be), if he, or an associate of his-
(a) has entered into or carried out, directly or indirectly, the prohibited transaction; or
(b) has received, or expects to receive, directly or indirectly, a benefit as a result of the disclosure, circulation

or dissemination of the information.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), a person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.
(3) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (2) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)

on the basis that he, or an associate of his, received, or expected to receive, directly or indirectly, a benefit
referred to in subsection (1)(b), it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that-
(a) the benefit which he or the associate of his (as the case may be) received, or expected to receive, was not

from a person who has entered into or carried out, directly or indirectly, the prohibited transaction in
question, or an associate of such person; or

(b) the benefit which he or the associate of his (as the case may be) received, or expected to receive, was from a
person who has entered into or carried out, directly or indirectly, the prohibited transaction in question, or
an associate of such person, but up to (and including) the time of the disclosure, circulation or
dissemination of the information he has acted in good faith.

(4) In this section-
(a) a reference to a prohibited transaction means any conduct or transaction which constitutes market

misconduct or a contravention of any of the provisions of Divisions 2 to 4; and
(b) a reference to any person having entered into or carried out the prohibited transaction shall be construed

accordingly.

Section: 298 Offence of disclosure of false or misleading information

inducing transactions
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A person shall not, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, disclose, circulate or disseminate, or authorize or be concerned
in the disclosure, circulation or dissemination of, information that is likely-
(a) to induce another person to subscribe for securities, or deal in futures contracts, in Hong Kong;
(b) to induce the sale or purchase in Hong Kong of securities by another person; or
(c) to maintain, increase, reduce or stabilize the price of securities, or the price for dealings in futures contracts,

in Hong Kong,
if-

(i) the information is false or misleading as to a material fact, or is false or misleading through the omission of
a material fact; and

(ii) the person knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the information is false or misleading as to a material
fact, or is false or misleading through the omission of a material fact.

(2) Subject to subsections (3) to (5), a person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.
(3) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (2) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)

taking place by reason only of the issue or reproduction of information, it is a defence to the charge for the
person to prove that-
(a) the issue or reproduction of the information took place in the ordinary course of a business (whether or not

carried on by him), the principal purpose of which was issuing or reproducing materials provided by others;
(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-

(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the issue or reproduction-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 209

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information; and
(d) at the time of the issue or reproduction, he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a

material fact or was false or misleading through the omission of a material fact.
(4) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (2) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)

taking place by reason only of the re-transmission of information, it is a defence to the charge for the person to
prove that-
(a) the re-transmission of the information took place in the ordinary course of a business (whether or not

carried on by him), the normal conduct of which involved the re-transmission of information to other
persons within an information system or from one information system to another information system
(wherever situated), whether directly or by facilitating the establishment of links between such other
persons and third parties;

(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the re-transmission-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information;
(d) the re-transmission of the information was accompanied by a message to the effect, or was effected

following acknowledgment by the persons to whom it was re-transmitted of their understanding, that-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, the person who carried on the business or any officer,

employee or agent of that person,
did not devise the contents of the information, and neither took responsibility for it nor endorsed its

accuracy; and
(e) at the time of the re-transmission-

(i) he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or
misleading through the omission of a material fact; or

(ii) he knew that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or misleading
through the omission of a material fact, but-
(A) where the business was carried on by him, in the circumstances of the case he could not

reasonably be expected to prevent the re-transmission; or
(B) where the business was not carried on by him, in the circumstances of the case he has taken all

reasonable steps to bring the fact that the information was so false or misleading to the attention
of a person in a position to take steps to cause the re-transmission to be prevented (even if the re-
transmission in fact took place).

(5) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (2) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)
taking place by reason only of the live broadcast of information, it is a defence to the charge for the person to
prove that-
(a) the broadcast of the information took place in the ordinary course of the business of a broadcaster (whether

or not he was such broadcaster);
(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-

(i) where he was the broadcaster, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the broadcast-
(i) where he was the broadcaster, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information;
(d) in relation to the broadcast-

(i) where he was the broadcaster, he; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he believed and had reasonable grounds to believe that the

broadcaster,
acted in accordance with the terms and conditions of the licence (if any) by which he or the broadcaster (as

the case may be) became entitled to broadcast as a broadcaster and with any code of practice or guidelines
(however described) issued under or pursuant to the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 210

Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562) and applicable to him or the broadcaster (as the case may be) as a
broadcaster; and

(e) at the time of the broadcast-
(i) he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or

misleading through the omission of a material fact; or
(ii) he knew that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or misleading

through the omission of a material fact, but-
(A) where he was the broadcaster, in the circumstances of the case he could not reasonably be

expected to prevent the broadcast; or
(B) where he was not the broadcaster, in the circumstances of the case he has taken all reasonable

steps to bring the fact that the information was so false or misleading to the attention of a person
in a position to take steps to cause the broadcast to be prevented (even if the broadcast in fact
took place).

(6) In this section, issue (發出), in relation to any material (including any information), includes publishing,
circulating, distributing or otherwise disseminating the material or the contents thereof, whether-
(a) by any visit in person;
(b) in a newspaper, magazine, journal or other publication;
(c) by the display of posters or notices;
(d) by means of circulars, brochures, pamphlets or handbills;
(e) by an exhibition of photographs or cinematograph films;
(f) by way of sound or television broadcasting;
(g) by any information system or other electronic device; or
(h) by any other means, whether mechanically, electronically, magnetically, optically, manually or by any other

medium, or by way of production or transmission of light, image or sound or any other medium,
and also includes causing or authorizing the material to be issued.

Section: 299 Offence of stock market manipulation E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A person shall not, in Hong Kong or elsewhere-
(a) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation that by

themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction increase, or are likely to increase, the price of any
securities traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services,
with the intention of inducing another person to purchase or subscribe for, or to refrain from selling,
securities of the corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation;

(b) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation that by
themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction reduce, or are likely to reduce, the price of any
securities traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services,
with the intention of inducing another person to sell, or to refrain from purchasing, securities of the
corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation; or

(c) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation that by
themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction maintain or stabilize, or are likely to maintain or
stabilize, the price of any securities traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized
automated trading services, with the intention of inducing another person to sell, purchase or subscribe for,
or to refrain from selling, purchasing or subscribing for, securities of the corporation or of a related
corporation of the corporation.

(2) A person shall not, in Hong Kong-
(a) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation that by

themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction increase, or are likely to increase, the price of any
securities traded on a relevant overseas market, with the intention of inducing another person to purchase or
subscribe for, or to refrain from selling, securities of the corporation or of a related corporation of the
corporation;

(b) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation that by
themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction reduce, or are likely to reduce, the price of any
securities traded on a relevant overseas market, with the intention of inducing another person to sell, or to
refrain from purchasing, securities of the corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation; or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 211

(c) enter into or carry out, directly or indirectly, 2 or more transactions in securities of a corporation that by
themselves or in conjunction with any other transaction maintain or stabilize, or are likely to maintain or
stabilize, the price of any securities traded on a relevant overseas market, with the intention of inducing
another person to sell, purchase or subscribe for, or to refrain from selling, purchasing or subscribing for,
securities of the corporation or of a related corporation of the corporation.

(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) commits an offence.
(4) In this section-

(a) a reference to a transaction includes an offer and an invitation (however expressed); and
(b) a reference to entering into or carrying out a transaction shall, in the case of an offer or an invitation

referred to in paragraph (a), be construed as a reference to making the offer or the invitation (as the case
may be).


Part:
Division:

XIV
4

Other offences L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 300 Offence involving fraudulent or deceptive devices, etc. in
transactions in securities, futures contracts or leveraged
foreign exchange trading

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A person shall not, directly or indirectly, in a transaction involving securities, futures contracts or leveraged
foreign exchange trading-
(a) employ any device, scheme or artifice with intent to defraud or deceive; or
(b) engage in any act, practice or course of business which is fraudulent or deceptive, or would operate as a

fraud or deception.
(2) A person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.
(3) In this section, a reference to a transaction includes an offer and an invitation (however expressed).

Section: 301 Offence of disclosure of false or misleading information

inducing others to enter into leveraged foreign exchange
contracts

E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A person shall not, in Hong Kong or elsewhere, disclose, circulate or disseminate, or authorize or be concerned
in the disclosure, circulation or dissemination of, information that is likely to induce another person to enter into
a leveraged foreign exchange contract in Hong Kong, if-
(a) the information is false or misleading as to a material fact, or is false or misleading through the omission of

a material fact; and
(b) the person knows that, or is reckless as to whether, the information is false or misleading as to a material

fact, or is false or misleading through the omission of a material fact.
(2) Subject to subsections (3) to (5), a person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence.
(3) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (2) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)

taking place by reason only of the issue or reproduction of information, it is a defence to the charge for the
person to prove that-
(a) the issue or reproduction of the information took place in the ordinary course of a business (whether or not

carried on by him), the principal purpose of which was issuing or reproducing materials provided by others;
(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-

(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the issue or reproduction-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information; and
(d) at the time of the issue or reproduction, he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a

material fact or was false or misleading through the omission of a material fact.
(4) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (2) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 212

taking place by reason only of the re-transmission of information, it is a defence to the charge for the person to
prove that-
(a) the re-transmission of the information took place in the ordinary course of a business (whether or not

carried on by him), the normal conduct of which involved the re-transmission of information to other
persons within an information system or from one information system to another information system
(wherever situated), whether directly or by facilitating the establishment of links between such other
persons and third parties;

(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the re-transmission-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information;
(d) the re-transmission of the information was accompanied by a message to the effect, or was effected

following acknowledgment by the persons to whom it was re-transmitted of their understanding, that-
(i) where the business was carried on by him, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where the business was not carried on by him, the person who carried on the business or any officer,

employee or agent of that person,
did not devise the contents of the information, and neither took responsibility for it nor endorsed its

accuracy; and
(e) at the time of the re-transmission-

(i) he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or
misleading through the omission of a material fact; or

(ii) he knew that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or misleading
through the omission of a material fact, but-
(A) where the business was carried on by him, in the circumstances of the case he could not

reasonably be expected to prevent the re-transmission; or
(B) where the business was not carried on by him, in the circumstances of the case he has taken all

reasonable steps to bring the fact that the information was so false or misleading to the attention
of a person in a position to take steps to cause the re-transmission to be prevented (even if the re-
transmission in fact took place).

(5) Where a person is charged with an offence under subsection (2) in respect of a contravention of subsection (1)
taking place by reason only of the live broadcast of information, it is a defence to the charge for the person to
prove that-
(a) the broadcast of the information took place in the ordinary course of the business of a broadcaster (whether

or not he was such broadcaster);
(b) the contents of the information were not, wholly or partly, devised-

(i) where he was the broadcaster, by himself or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, by himself;

(c) for the purposes of the broadcast-
(i) where he was the broadcaster, he or any officer, employee or agent of his; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he,

did not select, add to, modify or otherwise exercise control over the contents of the information;
(d) in relation to the broadcast-

(i) where he was the broadcaster, he; or
(ii) where he was not the broadcaster, he believed and had reasonable grounds to believe that the

broadcaster,
acted in accordance with the terms and conditions of the licence (if any) by which he or the broadcaster (as

the case may be) became entitled to broadcast as a broadcaster and with any code of practice or guidelines
(however described) issued under or pursuant to the Telecommunications Ordinance (Cap 106) or the
Broadcasting Ordinance (Cap 562) and applicable to him or the broadcaster (as the case may be) as a
broadcaster; and

(e) at the time of the broadcast-
(i) he did not know that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 213

misleading through the omission of a material fact; or
(ii) he knew that the information was false or misleading as to a material fact or was false or misleading

through the omission of a material fact, but-
(A) where he was the broadcaster, in the circumstances of the case he could not reasonably be

expected to prevent the broadcast; or
(B) where he was not the broadcaster, in the circumstances of the case he has taken all reasonable

steps to bring the fact that the information was so false or misleading to the attention of a person
in a position to take steps to cause the broadcast to be prevented (even if the broadcast in fact
took place).

(6) In this section, issue (發出), in relation to any material (including any information), includes publishing,
circulating, distributing or otherwise disseminating the material or the contents thereof, whether-
(a) by any visit in person;
(b) in a newspaper, magazine, journal or other publication;
(c) by the display of posters or notices;
(d) by means of circulars, brochures, pamphlets or handbills;
(e) by an exhibition of photographs or cinematograph films;
(f) by way of sound or television broadcasting;
(g) by any information system or other electronic device; or
(h) by any other means, whether mechanically, electronically, magnetically, optically, manually or by any other

medium, or by way of production or transmission of light, image or sound or any other medium,
and also includes causing or authorizing the material to be issued.

Section: 302 Offence of falsely representing dealings in futures

contracts on behalf of others, etc.
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) A person shall not represent to another person that he has on behalf of the other person dealt in, or facilitated or
arranged for any dealing in, a futures contract traded on a recognized futures market or by means of authorized
automated trading services, if-
(a) in fact he has not so dealt in, or facilitated or arranged for the dealing in, the futures contract; and
(b) he knows that, or is reckless as to whether, in fact he has not so dealt in, or facilitated or arranged for the

dealing in, the futures contract.
(2) A person shall not represent to another person that he has dealt in, or facilitated or arranged for any dealing in, a

contract or other instrument substantially resembling a futures contract on behalf of the other person in
accordance with the rules of a futures market outside Hong Kong, if-
(a) in fact he has not so dealt in, or facilitated or arranged for the dealing in, the contract or other instrument;

and
(b) he knows that, or is reckless as to whether, in fact he has not so dealt in, or facilitated or arranged for the

dealing in, the contract or other instrument.
(3) A person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) commits an offence.

Part:
Division:

XIV
5

Miscellaneous L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 303 Penalties L.N. 95 of 2015 10/07/2015


(1) A person who commits an offence under this Part is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $10000000 and to imprisonment for 10 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 3 years.

(2) Where a person is convicted of an offence under this Part, the court before which the person is so convicted may,
in addition to any penalty specified in subsection (1), make one or more of the following orders in respect of the
person-
(a) an order that the person shall not, without the leave of the court, be or continue to be a director, liquidator,

or receiver or manager of the property or business, of a listed corporation or any other specified corporation



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 214

or in any way, whether directly or indirectly, be concerned or take part in the management of a listed
corporation or any other specified corporation for the period (not exceeding 5 years) specified in the order;

(b) an order that the person shall not, without the leave of the court, in Hong Kong, directly or indirectly, in any
way acquire, dispose of or otherwise deal in any securities, futures contract or leveraged foreign exchange
contract, or an interest in any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract or collective
investment scheme for the period (not exceeding 5 years) specified in the order;

(c) an order that any body which may take disciplinary action against the person as one of its members be
recommended to take disciplinary action against the person; (Amended 6 of 2014 s. 67)

(d) an order that the person pay to the Government an amount not exceeding the amount of any profit gained or
loss avoided by the person as a result of the commission of the offence in question. (Added 6 of 2014 s. 67)

(3) When making any order in respect of a person under subsection (2), the court may take into account any conduct
by the person which-
(a) previously resulted in the person being convicted of an offence in Hong Kong;
(b) previously resulted in the person being identified by the Tribunal-

(i) under section 252(3)(b) as having engaged in any market misconduct; or
(ii) under section 307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure requirement; or (Replaced 9 of 2012 s. 10)

(c) at any time before the commencement of Part XIII resulted in the person being identified as an insider
dealer in a determination under section 16(3), or in a written report prepared and issued under section 22(1),
of the repealed Securities (Insider Dealing) Ordinance.

(4) Where the court makes an order under subsection (2)(a), the court may specify a corporation by name or by
reference to a relationship with any other corporation.

(5) Where the court makes an order under subsection (2)(a), the order shall be filed by the court with the Registrar
of Companies, as soon as reasonably practicable after it is made.

(6) Where the court makes an order under subsection (2)(b), the Commission may notify any licensed person or
registered institution of the order in such manner as it considers appropriate.

(7) A person commits an offence if he fails to comply with an order made under subsection (2)(a) or (b) and is
liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(8) An order under subsection (2)(d) may be enforced in the same manner as a judgment of the High Court in its
civil jurisdiction. (Added 6 of 2014 s. 67)


Section: 304 Transactions relating to contravention of Divisions 2 to 4

not void or voidable
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



A transaction is not void or voidable by reason only that a contravention of any of the provisions of Divisions 2 to 4
has taken place in relation to or as a result of it.

Section: 305 Civil liability for contravention of this Part E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), a person who contravenes any of the provisions of Divisions 2 to 4 shall,
whether or not he also incurs any other liability (whether under section 303 or otherwise), be liable to pay
compensation by way of damages to any other person for any pecuniary loss sustained by the other person as a
result of the contravention, whether or not the loss arises from the other person having entered into a transaction
or dealing at a price affected by the contravention.

(2) No person shall be liable to pay compensation under subsection (1) unless it is fair, just and reasonable in the
circumstances of the case that he should be so liable.

(3) A defence under this Part to a charge for an offence in respect of a contravention of any of the provisions of
Divisions 2 to 4 shall also be a defence in an action brought under subsection (1) in respect of the same
contravention.

(4) A person may bring an action under subsection (1) in respect of a contravention of any of the provisions of
Divisions 2 to 4 even though the person against whom the action is brought has not been charged with or
convicted of an offence by reason of the contravention.

(5) For the avoidance of doubt, where a court has jurisdiction to determine an action brought under subsection (1), it
may, where it is, apart from this section, within its jurisdiction to entertain an application for an injunction, grant



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 215

an injunction in addition to, or in substitution for, damages, on such terms and conditions as it considers
appropriate.

(6) Without prejudice to section 62 of the Evidence Ordinance (Cap 8), in an action brought under subsection (1)-
(a) the fact that there is a determination by the Market Misconduct Tribunal pursuant to section 252(3)(a) that

market misconduct has taken place;
(b) the fact that there is a determination by the Market Misconduct Tribunal pursuant to section 252(3)(b)

identifying a person (whether or not a party to the action) as having engaged in market misconduct,
shall, in so far the determination is still subsisting, be admissible in evidence for the purpose of proving, where

to do so is relevant to any issue in the action-
(i) in the case of a determination referred to in paragraph (a), that the market misconduct has taken place; or
(ii) in the case of a determination referred to in paragraph (b), that the person has engaged in market

misconduct.
(7) In an action brought under subsection (1), where the fact that there is a determination referred to in subsection

(6)(a) or (b) is admissible in evidence under subsection (6)-
(a) then-

(i) in the case of a determination referred to in subsection (6)(a), the market misconduct that is the subject
of the determination shall, unless the contrary is proved, be taken to have taken place; or

(ii) in the case of a determination referred to in subsection (6)(b), the person that is the subject of the
determination shall, unless the contrary is proved, be taken to have engaged in market misconduct; and

(b) without prejudice to the reception of any other admissible evidence as evidence of the determination or for
the purpose of identifying the facts on which the determination was based, the contents of a report of the
Market Misconduct Tribunal containing the determination and published under section 262(2)(b)(i), or the
contents of a copy of a report of the Market Misconduct Tribunal containing the determination and made
available under subsection (8), shall also be admissible in evidence for such purpose.

(8) Where in an action brought under subsection (1)-
(a) the fact that there is a determination referred to in subsection (6)(a) or (b) is admissible in evidence under

subsection (6); and
(b) a report of the Market Misconduct Tribunal containing the determination has not been published under

section 262(2)(b)(i),
the court having jurisdiction to determine the action may, where it considers appropriate, require that a copy of

the report be made available to the court to enable it to be used for the purposes of subsection (7)(b), whereupon-
(i) the Market Misconduct Tribunal shall cause a copy of the report to be made available to the court to enable

it to be used for the purposes of subsection (7)(b); and
(ii) the contents of the report shall be admissible for the purpose specified in subsection (7)(b).

(9) In this section, a reference to a transaction includes an offer and an invitation (however expressed).
(10) Nothing in this section affects, limits or diminishes any rights conferred on a person, or any liabilities a person

may incur, under the common law or any other enactment.

Section: 306 Conduct not to constitute offences E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, where a person is charged with an offence under this Part (other than
section 300 or 302) by reason of any conduct, it is a defence to the charge for the person to prove that the
conduct is, according to the rules made under subsection (2), not to be regarded as constituting an offence.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the Commission, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, may, where
it considers it is in the public interest to do so, make rules to prescribe the circumstances in which any conduct
that would otherwise constitute an offence under this Part (other than section 300 or 302) shall not be regarded
as constituting such an offence.

(3) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, where-
(a) a person is charged with an offence under section 295, 296 or 299 by reason of any conduct; and
(b) the person is charged on the basis that the conduct was carried out not in respect of securities or futures

contracts traded on a relevant recognized market or by means of authorized automated trading services, but
in respect of securities or futures contracts traded on a relevant overseas market,

the person shall not be convicted of the offence unless the prosecution proves that in any place in which such
relevant overseas market is situated the conduct would have constituted a criminal offence had it been carried
out there.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 216


Section: 307 No further proceedings after Part XIII market misconduct

proceedings
E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012



(1) Notwithstanding anything in this Part, no criminal proceedings may be instituted against any person under this
Part in respect of any conduct if- (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 26)
(a) proceedings have previously been instituted against the person under section 252 in respect of the same

conduct; and
(b) (i) those proceedings remain pending; or

(ii) by reason of the previous institution of those proceedings, no proceedings may again be lawfully
instituted against that person under section 252 in respect of the same conduct.

(2) Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to any proceedings instituted under section 252 without the consent of
the Secretary for Justice under section 252A(1). (Added 9 of 2012 s. 26)


Part: XIVA Disclosure of Inside Information E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013


(Part XIVA added 9 of 2012 s. 3)
(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2013)

____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part XIVA has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

XIVA
1

Interpretation E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013





Section: 307A Interpretation of Part XIVA L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) In this Part—
breach of a disclosure requirement (違反披露規定)—see subsection (2) and section 307G(2);
derivatives (衍生工具), in relation to listed securities, means any of the following (whether or not they are listed and

regardless of who issued or made them)—
(a) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of, the listed securities;
(b) contracts, the purpose or pretended purpose of which is to secure or increase a profit or avoid or reduce a

loss, wholly or partly by reference to the price or value, or a change in the price or value, of—
(i) the listed securities; or
(ii) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a);

(c) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of—
(i) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a); or
(ii) any contracts referred to in paragraph (b);

(d) instruments or other documents creating, acknowledging or evidencing any rights, options or interests or
any contracts referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), including certificates of interest or participation in,
temporary or interim certificates for, receipts (including depositary receipts) in respect of, or warrants to
subscribe for or purchase—
(i) the listed securities; or
(ii) the rights, options or interests or the contracts;

inside information (內幕消息), in relation to a listed corporation, means specific information that—
(a) is about—

(i) the corporation;
(ii) a shareholder or officer of the corporation; or
(iii) the listed securities of the corporation or their derivatives; and

(b) is not generally known to the persons who are accustomed or would be likely to deal in the listed securities
of the corporation but would if generally known to them be likely to materially affect the price of the listed



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 217

securities;
listed (上市) means listed on a recognized stock market—see also subsection (3);
listed corporation (上市法團) means a corporation which has issued securities that are, at the time of the breach of a

disclosure requirement in relation to the corporation, listed;
listed securities (上市證券) means—

(a) securities which, at the time of a breach of a disclosure requirement in relation to a corporation, have been
issued by the corporation and are listed;

(b) securities which, at the time of a breach of a disclosure requirement in relation to a corporation, have been
issued by the corporation and are not listed, but which, at that time, it is reasonably foreseeable will be and
which, in fact, are subsequently listed; or

(c) securities which, at the time of a breach of a disclosure requirement in relation to a corporation, have not
been issued by the corporation and are not listed, but which, at that time, it is reasonably foreseeable will be
and which, in fact, are subsequently so issued and listed;

securities (證券) means—
(a) shares, stocks, debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes of, or issued by, or which it is reasonably

foreseeable will be issued by, a body, whether incorporated or unincorporated, or a government or
municipal government authority;

(b) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of, such shares, stocks,
debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes;

(c) certificates of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificates for, receipts for, or warrants to
subscribe for or purchase, such shares, stocks, debentures, loan stocks, funds, bonds or notes;

(d) interests, rights or property, whether in the form of an instrument or otherwise, commonly known as
securities; or

(e) interests, rights or property, whether in the form of an instrument or otherwise, prescribed by notice under
section 392 as being regarded as securities in accordance with the terms of the notice;

Tribunal (審裁處) means the Market Misconduct Tribunal established by section 251.
(2) For the purposes of this Part—

(a) a breach of a disclosure requirement takes place if any of the requirements in section 307B or 307C is
contravened in relation to a listed corporation; and

(b) in those circumstances, the listed corporation is in breach of the disclosure requirement.
Note—
Section 307G(2) provides that, in certain circumstances, an officer of a listed corporation may also be in breach of a
disclosure requirement.

(3) For the purposes of this Part, securities listed on a recognized stock market are to continue to be regarded as
listed during any period of suspension of dealings in those securities on that market.


Part:
Division:

XIVA
2

Disclosure of Inside Information E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013





Section: 307B Requirement for listed corporations to disclose inside
information

L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



(1) A listed corporation must, as soon as reasonably practicable after any inside information has come to its
knowledge, disclose the information to the public.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1), inside information has come to the knowledge of a listed corporation if—
(a) information has, or ought reasonably to have, come to the knowledge of an officer of the corporation in the

course of performing functions as an officer of the corporation; and
(b) a reasonable person, acting as an officer of the corporation, would consider that the information is inside

information in relation to the corporation.
(3) Without limiting subsection (1), a listed corporation fails to disclose the inside information required under that

subsection if—
(a) the information disclosed is false or misleading as to a material fact, or is false or misleading through the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 218

omission of a material fact; and
(b) an officer of the corporation knows or ought reasonably to have known that, or is reckless or negligent as to

whether, the information disclosed is false or misleading as to a material fact, or is false or misleading
through the omission of a material fact.

(4) This section is subject to sections 307C, 307D, 307E and 307F.

Section: 307C Manner of disclosure L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) A disclosure under section 307B must be made in a manner that can provide for equal, timely and effective
access by the public to the inside information disclosed.

(2) Without limiting the manner of disclosure permitted under subsection (1), a listed corporation complies with that
subsection if it has disseminated the inside information required to be disclosed under section 307B through an
electronic publication system operated by a recognized exchange company for disseminating information to the
public.


Section: 307D Exceptions to disclosure requirement L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) A listed corporation is not required to disclose any inside information under section 307B if and so long as the
disclosure is prohibited under, or would constitute a contravention of a restriction imposed by, an enactment or
an order of a court.

(2) A listed corporation is not required to disclose any inside information under section 307B if and so long as—
(a) the corporation takes reasonable precautions for preserving the confidentiality of the information;
(b) the confidentiality of the information is preserved; and
(c) one or more of the following applies—

(i) the information concerns an incomplete proposal or negotiation;
(ii) the information is a trade secret;
(iii) the information concerns the provision of liquidity support from the Exchange Fund established by the

Exchange Fund Ordinance (Cap 66) or from an institution which performs the functions of a central
bank (including such an institution of a place outside Hong Kong) to the corporation or, if the
corporation is a member of a group of companies, to any other member of the group;

(iv) the disclosure is waived by the Commission under section 307E(1), and any condition imposed under
section 307E(2) in relation to the waiver is complied with.

(3) For the purposes of subsection (2)—
(a) a listed corporation has not failed to take reasonable precautions for preserving the confidentiality of any

inside information only because the corporation has, in the ordinary course of business, disclosed the
information to any person who—
(i) requires the information to perform the person’s functions in relation to the corporation; and
(ii) by virtue of any enactment, rule of law, contract, or the articles of association of the corporation, is

under a duty to the corporation not to disclose the information to any other person; and
(b) in those circumstances, the confidentiality of the information is to be regarded as having been preserved.

(4) Despite subsection (2)(b), a listed corporation is not in breach of a disclosure requirement in respect of inside
information the confidentiality of which is not preserved if—
(a) the corporation has taken reasonable measures to monitor the confidentiality of the information; and
(b) the corporation discloses the information in accordance with section 307C as soon as reasonably practicable

after the corporation becomes aware that the confidentiality of the information has not been preserved.

Section: 307E Waiver L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) The Commission may, on an application by a listed corporation, grant a waiver in relation to the disclosure of
any inside information required to be disclosed under section 307B if the Commission is satisfied that the
disclosure—
(a) is prohibited under, or would constitute a contravention of a restriction imposed by, the legislation of a

place outside Hong Kong;
(b) is prohibited under, or would constitute a contravention of a restriction imposed by, an order of a court



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 219

exercising jurisdiction under the law of a place outside Hong Kong;
(c) would constitute a contravention of a restriction imposed by a law enforcement agency of a place outside

Hong Kong; or
(d) would constitute a contravention of a restriction imposed by a government authority of a place outside

Hong Kong in the exercise of a power conferred by the legislation of that place.
(2) The Commission may grant a waiver under subsection (1) subject to any condition that it considers appropriate

to impose.

Section: 307F Commission may make rules to prescribe circumstances in

which disclosure requirement does not apply
L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



(1) The Commission may, if it considers it is in the public interest to do so, make rules to prescribe the
circumstances in which a listed corporation is not required to disclose any inside information under section
307B.

(2) The Commission must consult the Financial Secretary before making rules under subsection (1).

Section: 307G Duty of officers of listed corporations L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Every officer of a listed corporation must take all reasonable measures from time to time to ensure that proper
safeguards exist to prevent a breach of a disclosure requirement in relation to the corporation.

(2) If a listed corporation is in breach of a disclosure requirement, an officer of the corporation—
(a) whose intentional, reckless or negligent conduct has resulted in the breach; or
(b) who has not taken all reasonable measures from time to time to ensure that proper safeguards exist to

prevent the breach,
is also in breach of the disclosure requirement.


Part:
Division:

XIVA
3

Disclosure Proceedings in Market Misconduct Tribunal E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013





Section: 307H Jurisdiction of Tribunal under this Part L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


The Tribunal has jurisdiction to hear and determine in accordance with this Part, Part XIII and Schedule 9 any
question or issue arising out of or in connection with any proceedings instituted under section 307I.

Section: 307I Institution of disclosure proceedings L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) If it appears to the Commission that a breach of a disclosure requirement has or may have taken place, the
Commission may institute proceedings (disclosure proceedings) in the Tribunal concerning the matter.

(2) The Commission institutes disclosure proceedings by giving the Tribunal a notice in writing containing a
statement specifying the matters prescribed in Schedule 9.


Section: 307J Object and conduct of disclosure proceedings L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Without limiting section 307H, the object of disclosure proceedings is for the Tribunal to determine—
(a) whether a breach of a disclosure requirement has taken place; and
(b) the identity of any person who is in breach of the disclosure requirement.

(2) Subject to section 261(3), the standard of proof required to determine any question or issue before the Tribunal
in disclosure proceedings is the standard of proof applicable to civil proceedings in a court of law.

(3) Sections 253 and 254 apply to disclosure proceedings as if a reference in those sections to proceedings instituted
under section 252 were a reference to disclosure proceedings.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 220

Section: 307K Right to be heard L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


Before the Tribunal—
(a) identifies a person under section 307J(1)(b); or
(b) makes an order under section 307N(1) in respect of a person,

the Tribunal must give the person a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

Section: 307L Use of evidence received for purposes of disclosure

proceedings
L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013



(1) Despite any other provision of this Ordinance, evidence given by any person at or for the purposes of any
disclosure proceedings (including any material, record or document received by the Tribunal from the person or
produced to the Tribunal by the person under section 253, and any record or document or information given,
provided, produced or disclosed to the Tribunal by the person under section 254)—
(a) is admissible in evidence for all the purposes of this Part, including in the disclosure proceedings, any

proceedings (civil or criminal) arising out of the disclosure proceedings and any action brought under
section 307Z(1); but

(b) subject to subsection (2), is not admissible in evidence against the person for any other purposes in any
other proceedings (civil or criminal) in a court of law brought by or against the person.

(2) Evidence referred to in subsection (1) is admissible in evidence against the person—
(a) in civil proceedings instituted under or pursuant to Part XI;
(b) in civil proceedings in a court of law arising out of the giving of evidence at or for the purposes of the

disclosure proceedings; or
(c) in criminal proceedings where the person is charged with an offence under section 219(2)(a), or under Part

V of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap 200), or for perjury, in respect of answers given by the person to questions
put to the person at or for the purposes of the disclosure proceedings.


Section: 307M Privileged information L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


Nothing in this Part, Part XIII or Schedule 9 requires an authorized financial institution, acting as the banker or
financial adviser of a person whose conduct is the subject, whether wholly or in part, of any disclosure proceedings, to
disclose information as to the affairs of any of its customers other than that person.

Section: 307N Orders of Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Subject to section 307K, at the conclusion of any disclosure proceedings the Tribunal may make one or more of
the following orders in respect of a person identified under section 307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure
requirement—
(a) an order that, for the period (not exceeding 5 years) specified in the order, the person must not, without the

leave of the Court of First Instance—
(i) be or continue to be a director, liquidator, or receiver or manager of the property or business, of a listed

corporation or any other specified corporation; or
(ii) in any way, whether directly or indirectly, be concerned or take part in the management of a listed

corporation or any other specified corporation;
(b) an order that, for the period (not exceeding 5 years) specified in the order, the person must not, without the

leave of the Court of First Instance, in Hong Kong, directly or indirectly, in any way acquire, dispose of or
otherwise deal in any securities, futures contract or leveraged foreign exchange contract, or an interest in
any securities, futures contract, leveraged foreign exchange contract or collective investment scheme;

(c) an order that the person must not again perpetrate any conduct that constitutes a breach of a disclosure
requirement;

(d) if the person is a listed corporation or is in breach of the disclosure requirement as a director or chief
executive of a listed corporation, an order that the person pay to the Government a regulatory fine not
exceeding $8000000;

(e) without prejudice to any power of the Tribunal under section 307P, an order that the person pay to the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 221

Government the sum the Tribunal considers appropriate for the costs and expenses reasonably incurred by
the Government in relation or incidental to the proceedings;

(f) without prejudice to any power of the Tribunal under section 307P, an order that the person pay to the
Commission the sum the Tribunal considers appropriate for the costs and expenses reasonably incurred by
the Commission, whether in relation or incidental to—
(i) the proceedings;
(ii) any investigation of the person’ s conduct or affairs carried out before the proceedings were

instituted; or
(iii) any investigation of the person’s conduct or affairs carried out for the purposes of the proceedings;

(g) an order that any body which may take disciplinary action against the person as one of its members be
recommended to take disciplinary action against the person;

(h) if the person is a listed corporation, any order that the Tribunal considers necessary to ensure that a breach
of a disclosure requirement does not again take place in respect of the corporation including, but not limited
to, an order that the corporation appoint an independent professional adviser approved by the Commission
to review the corporation’s procedure for compliance with this Part or to advise the corporation on matters
relating to compliance with this Part;

(i) if the person is an officer of a listed corporation, any order that the Tribunal considers necessary to ensure
that the officer does not again perpetrate any conduct that constitutes a breach of a disclosure requirement
including, but not limited to, an order that the officer undergo a training program approved by the
Commission on compliance with this Part, directors’ duties and corporate governance.

(2) When making an order in respect of a person under subsection (1), the Tribunal may take into account any
conduct by the person which—
(a) previously resulted in the person being convicted of an offence in Hong Kong;
(b) previously resulted in the person being identified by the Tribunal—

(i) under section 252(3)(b) as having engaged in any market misconduct; or
(ii) under section 307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure requirement; or

(c) at any time before the commencement* of Part XIII resulted in the person being identified as an insider
dealer in a determination under section 16(3), or in a written report prepared and issued under section 22(1),
of the repealed Securities (Insider Dealing) Ordinance.

(3) The Tribunal must not impose a regulatory fine on a person under subsection (1)(d) unless, in all the
circumstances of the case, the fine is proportionate and reasonable in relation to the breach of the disclosure
requirement. For that purpose, the Tribunal may take into account, in addition to any conduct referred to in
subsection (2), any of the following matters—
(a) the seriousness of the conduct that resulted in the person being in breach of the disclosure requirement;
(b) whether or not that conduct was intentional, reckless or negligent;
(c) whether that conduct may have damaged the integrity of the securities and futures market;
(d) whether that conduct may have damaged the interest of the investing public;
(e) whether that conduct resulted in any benefit to the person or any other person, including any profit gained

or loss avoided;
(f) the person’s financial resources.

(4) An order made under subsection (1)(a) may specify a corporation by name or by reference to a relationship with
any other corporation.

(5) Subject to any rules made by the Chief Justice under section 307X, Order 62 of the Rules of the High Court (Cap
4 sub. leg. A) applies to the taxation of any sum ordered under subsection (1)(e) or (f) for costs reasonably
incurred in relation or incidental to the proceedings.

(6) In this section—
chief executive (最高行政人員) has the meaning given by section 308(1).
_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Commencement date: 1 April 2003.

Section: 307O Notice and effect of orders of Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) The Tribunal must by notice in writing notify a person of an order made in respect of the person under section



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 222

307N(1).
(2) The order takes effect at the time when it is notified to the person or at the time specified in the notice,

whichever is the later.
(3) If the Tribunal makes an order under section 307N(1)(b), the Commission may notify any licensed person or

registered institution of the order in any manner the Commission considers appropriate.
(4) A person who fails to comply with an order made under section 307N(1)(a), (b) or (c) commits an offence and is

liable—
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $1000000 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) on summary conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.


Section: 307P Costs L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (4), at the conclusion of any disclosure proceedings, or as soon as reasonably practicable
after the conclusion of the proceedings, the Tribunal may by order award to any of the following persons a sum
it considers appropriate in respect of the costs reasonably incurred by the person in relation to the proceedings—
(a) a person whose attendance, whether as a witness or otherwise, has been necessary or required for the

purposes of the proceedings;
(b) a person whose conduct is the subject, whether wholly or in part, of the proceedings.

(2) Any costs awarded under this section are a charge on the general revenue.
(3) Subject to any rules made by the Chief Justice under section 307X, Order 62 of the Rules of the High Court (Cap

4 sub. leg. A) applies to the award of costs, and to the taxation of any costs awarded, by the Tribunal under this
section.

(4) Subsection (1)(a) and (b) does not apply to—
(a) a person who has been identified under section 307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure requirement;
(b) a person whose conduct the Tribunal considers has caused, whether wholly or in part, the Tribunal to

investigate or consider the person’s conduct during the course of the disclosure proceedings; or
(c) a person whom the Tribunal considers has by the person’s conduct caused, whether wholly or in part, the

institution of the disclosure proceedings.

Section: 307Q Report of Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) After the conduct of any disclosure proceedings, the Tribunal must prepare a written report of the proceedings,
which must contain—
(a) any determinations under section 307J(1) and orders under section 307N, and the reasons for making the

determinations and orders; and
(b) any order under section 307P and the reasons for making the order.

(2) The Tribunal must issue the report prepared under subsection (1)—
(a) by giving a copy of the report to the Commission; and
(b) except where the Tribunal sat in private for the whole or any part of its proceedings, by—

(i) publishing the report so that copies of the report are available to the public;
(ii) giving a copy of the report, so far as reasonably practicable, to any person whose conduct was directly

in question in the proceedings;
(iii) where the Tribunal considers appropriate, giving a copy of the report to any body which may take

disciplinary action against a person who is a member of the body and who is identified under section
307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure requirement.

(3) Where the Tribunal sat in private for the whole or any part of its proceedings, the Commission may, if the
Commission is of the opinion that it is in the public interest to do so, cause the whole or any part of the report to
be made available to the public or to a particular person or body in the manner the Commission directs.

(4) A person is not liable to civil or criminal proceedings for publishing a true and accurate account or a fair and
accurate summary of a report of the Tribunal issued or made available under subsection (2)(b) or (3).


Section: 307R Form and proof of orders of Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


Section 263 applies to an order of the Tribunal in disclosure proceedings.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 223


Section: 307S Registration and filing of orders of Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Section 264(1) applies to an order of the Tribunal in disclosure proceedings.
(2) The Tribunal must file an order made under section 307N(1)(a) with the Registrar of Companies as soon as

reasonably practicable after it is made.

Section: 307T Stay of execution of orders of Tribunal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


On application by a person in respect of whom an order has been made under section 307N or 307P, the Tribunal may
by order grant a stay of execution of the order, subject to any conditions as to costs, payment of money into the
Tribunal or otherwise, as the Tribunal considers appropriate.

Section: 307U Appeal to Court of Appeal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) If the Tribunal has made any finding or determination for the purposes of any disclosure proceedings and the
Commission, or a person identified under section 307J(1)(b) as being in breach of a disclosure requirement, is
dissatisfied with the finding or determination, the Commission or the person may, after the Tribunal has made
orders (if any) under section 307N or 307P for the purposes of the proceedings, appeal to the Court of Appeal
against the finding or determination—
(a) on a point of law; or
(b) with the leave of the Court of Appeal, on a question of fact.

(2) A person in respect of whom an order has been made under section 307N or 307P may appeal to the Court of
Appeal against the order.


Section: 307V Powers of Court of Appeal on appeal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) In an appeal under section 307U(1), the Court of Appeal may—
(a) allow the appeal;
(b) dismiss the appeal;
(c) vary or set aside the finding or determination and, if the finding or determination is set aside, substitute for

the finding or determination any other finding or determination it considers appropriate; or
(d) remit the matter in question to the Tribunal with the directions it considers appropriate, which may include

a direction to the Tribunal to conduct the proceedings afresh for the purpose of determining any question
specified by the Court of Appeal.

(2) In an appeal under section 307U(2), the Court of Appeal may—
(a) confirm, vary or set aside the order appealed against; and
(b) if the order is set aside, substitute for the order any other order it considers appropriate.

(3) If the Court of Appeal varies, or substitutes any other finding, determination or order for a finding, determination
or order under subsection (1)(c) or (2)(a) or (b), the finding, determination or order as varied or the other finding,
determination or order substituting for the finding, determination or order may be—
(a) in the case of subsection (1)(c), any finding or determination (whether more or less onerous) that the

Tribunal had power to make for the purposes of the proceedings in question; or
(b) in the case of subsection (2)(a) or (b), any order (whether more or less onerous) that the Tribunal had power

to make in respect of the appellant,
whether or not under the same provision as that under which the finding, determination or order has been made.

(4) If the Court of Appeal remits a matter to the Tribunal under subsection (1)(d), the Tribunal may be constituted
by the same members as, or different members from, those that originally dealt with the matter, unless the Court
of Appeal otherwise directs.

(5) In an appeal under section 307U, the Court of Appeal may make any order as to costs that it considers
appropriate.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 224

Section: 307W No stay of execution on appeal L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Without prejudice to section 307T, neither the lodging of an appeal nor the filing of an application for leave to
appeal under section 307U by itself operates as a stay of execution of a finding, determination or order of the
Tribunal unless the Court of Appeal otherwise orders.

(2) A stay of execution ordered under subsection (1) may be subject to any conditions as to costs, payment of money
into the Tribunal or otherwise, as the Court of Appeal considers appropriate.


Section: 307X Rules by Chief Justice L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


The Chief Justice may make rules—
(a) providing for the taxation of costs required to be paid under an order referred to in section 307N(1)(e) or (f)

and for the award of costs under section 307P and the taxation of those costs;
(b) regulating the procedure for—

(i) applying for leave to appeal, and the hearing of applications for leave to appeal, under section 307U;
and

(ii) the hearing of appeals under that section;
(c) requiring the payment of the fees specified in the rules for any matter relating to disclosure proceedings;
(d) providing for matters of procedure or other matters relating to disclosure proceedings which are not

provided for in this Part, Part XIII or Schedule 9;
(e) providing for the issue or service of any document (however described) for the purposes of this Part or

Schedule 9; and
(f) prescribing any matter which this Part provides is, or may be, prescribed by rules made by the Chief Justice.


Part:
Division:

XIVA
4

Civil Liability for Breach of a Disclosure Requirement E.R. 1 of 2013 25/04/2013





Section: 307Y Interpretation and application L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) In this Division—
transaction (交易) includes an offer and an invitation (however expressed).
(2) Nothing in this Division affects, limits or diminishes any rights conferred on a person, or any liabilities a person

may incur, under the common law or any other enactment.

Section: 307Z Civil liability for breach of a disclosure requirement L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who is in breach of a disclosure requirement is liable to pay compensation by
way of damages to any other person for any pecuniary loss sustained by the other person as a result of the
breach.

(2) A person is not liable to pay compensation under subsection (1) unless it is fair, just and reasonable in the
circumstances of the case that the person should be so liable.

(3) Subsection (1) applies—
(a) whether or not the loss arises from the other person having entered into a transaction or dealing at a price

affected by the breach of the disclosure requirement; and
(b) whether or not the person who is in breach of the disclosure requirement incurs any other liability (under

this Part or otherwise).
(4) To avoid doubt, a court that has jurisdiction to determine an action brought under subsection (1) may grant an

injunction in addition to, or in substitution for, damages, on any terms and conditions that it considers
appropriate, if apart from this section the court has jurisdiction to grant an injunction.





Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 225

Section: 307ZA Evidentiary provisions L.N. 95 of 2012 01/01/2013


(1) In an action brought under section 307Z(1)—
(a) the fact that there is a determination by the Tribunal under section 307J(1)(a) that a breach of a disclosure

requirement has taken place is admissible in evidence for the purpose of proving that a breach of a
disclosure requirement has taken place; and

(b) the fact that there is a determination by the Tribunal under section 307J(1)(b) identifying a person as being
in breach of a disclosure requirement is admissible in evidence for the purpose of proving that the person is
in breach of a disclosure requirement.

(2) In an action brought under section 307Z(1), if the fact that there is a determination referred to in subsection (1) is
admissible in evidence under that subsection—
(a) then—

(i) in the case of a determination referred to in subsection (1)(a), the breach that is the subject of the
determination is to be taken, unless the contrary is proved, to have taken place; and

(ii) in the case of a determination referred to in subsection (1)(b), the person who is the subject of the
determination is to be taken, unless the contrary is proved, to be in breach of the disclosure
requirement; and

(b) the contents of either of the following are admissible in evidence for the purpose of identifying the facts on
which the determination was based—
(i) a report of the Tribunal containing the determination and published under section 307Q(2)(b)(i); or
(ii) a copy of a report of the Tribunal containing the determination and made available under subsection

(4).
(3) Subsection (2)(b) is without prejudice to the reception of any other admissible evidence as evidence of the

determination or for the purpose of identifying the facts on which the determination was based.
(4) If, in an action brought under section 307Z(1)—

(a) the fact that there is a determination referred to in subsection (1) is admissible in evidence under that
subsection; and

(b) a report of the Tribunal containing the determination has not been published under section 307Q(2)(b)(i),
the court may require that a copy of the report be made available to the court to enable it to be used for the
purposes of subsection (2)(b) and the Tribunal must cause a copy of the report to be made available to the court
accordingly.

(5) Nothing in this section limits section 62 of the Evidence Ordinance (Cap 8).


Part: XV Disclosure of Interests E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(*Format changes—E.R. 2 of 2012)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part XV has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Part:
Division:

XV
1

Preliminary L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 308 Interpretation of Part XV L.N. 162 of 2013;
L.N. 163 of 2013

03/03/2014



(1) In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
associated corporation (相聯法團), in relation to a listed corporation, means a corporation-

(a) which is a subsidiary or holding company of the listed corporation or a subsidiary of the listed corporation's
holding company; or

(b) (not being a subsidiary of the listed corporation) in which the listed corporation has an interest in the shares
of a class comprised in its share capital exceeding in number one-fifth of the number of the issued shares of



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 226

that class; (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
cash settled equity derivatives (現金結算股本衍生工具) means equity derivatives other than physically settled

equity derivatives;
chief executive (最高行政人員) means the person employed or otherwise engaged by a corporation who, either

alone or together with one or more persons, is or will be responsible under the immediate authority of the board
of directors for the conduct of the business of the corporation;

contract multiplier (合約乘數), in relation to a stock futures contract, means the number specified by the recognized
exchange company operating the futures market on which the stock futures contract is traded to be the contract
multiplier for that stock futures contract under the rules of the recognized exchange company;

custodian (保管人) means a corporation the principal business of which is to act as a custodian of securities or other
property for another person, whether on trust or by contract;

deliver (交付), in relation to any shares or debentures, means deliver the shares or debentures either physically or by
electronic means and, in the case of unissued shares, means deliver the shares after they are issued; and take
delivery (提取) shall be construed accordingly;

duty of disclosure (披露責任)-
(a) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 2 to 6, means the duty of disclosure arising under

section 310 which has to be performed in accordance with section 324; or
(b) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 7 to 10, means the duty of disclosure arising

under section 341 which has to be performed in accordance with section 347;
equity derivatives (股本衍生工具) means any-

(a) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of, underlying shares;
(b) contracts, the purpose or pretended purpose of which is to secure or increase a profit or avoid or reduce a

loss, wholly or partly by reference to the price or value, or a change in the price or value, of-
(i) underlying shares; or
(ii) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a);

(c) rights, options or interests (whether described as units or otherwise) in, or in respect of-
(i) any rights, options or interests referred to in paragraph (a); or
(ii) any contracts referred to in paragraph (b); or

(d) instruments or other documents creating, acknowledging or evidencing any rights, options or interests or
any contracts referred to in paragraph (a), (b) or (c), including stock futures contracts, certificates of interest
or participation in, temporary or interim certificates for, receipts (including depositary receipts) in respect
of, or warrants to subscribe for or purchase-
(i) underlying shares; or
(ii) the rights, options or interests or the contracts,

whether or not-
(i) the rights, options or interests, the contracts or the instruments or documents are traded on a recognized

stock market or a recognized futures market;
(ii) the rights, options or interests, the contracts or the instruments or documents are, where the underlying

shares are shares in a listed corporation, issued or made available by the listed corporation; or
(iii) the obligations under the rights, options or interests, the contracts or the instruments or documents are

settled by payment of cash or by delivery of the underlying shares or otherwise;
Exchange Company (交易所公司) means the Exchange Company within the meaning of the repealed Securities

(Disclosure of Interests) Ordinance;
founder (成立人), in relation to a discretionary trust, means a person who-

(a) has directly or indirectly provided, or undertaken to provide, property for the purpose of the trust; or
(b) has entered into a reciprocal arrangement or understanding (whether having legal effect or not) with another

person leading, directly or indirectly, to the creation of the trust, or has procured another person, directly or
indirectly, to create the trust,

and whose consent is required as a condition (whether having legal effect or not) to the exercise by any trustee of
his discretion in connection with the trust property, or in accordance with whose wishes (whether having legal
effect or not) any trustee is accustomed, or would be expected, to act;

Hong Kong register (香港登記冊), in relation to a listed corporation, means the register of members, or a branch



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 227

register, of the listed corporation that is kept in Hong Kong;
inspector (審查員) means an inspector appointed under section 356 or 357;
issued voting shares (已發行的有投票權股份), in relation to a listed corporation, means the listed corporation’s

issued shares of a class which carry rights to vote in all circumstances at general meetings of the corporation;
(Added 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

listed (上市) means listed on a recognized stock market;
listed corporation (上市法團) means any corporation which has any of its securities listed;
notifiable interest (須具報權益) has the meaning assigned to it by section 311(3);
notifiable percentage level (須具報百分率水平) has the meaning assigned to it by section 315(1);
off-exchange transaction (場外交易) means any transaction, arrangement or occurrence of an event (other than an

on-exchange transaction) under which a person becomes, or ceases to be, interested in shares;
on-exchange transaction (場內交易) means any transaction conducted on a recognized stock market or a recognized

futures market under which a person becomes, or ceases to be, interested in shares;
physically settled equity derivatives (實物結算股本衍生工具) means equity derivatives that are, or are to be,

settled by delivery of the underlying shares, including equity derivatives in respect of which the holder, writer or
issuer of the equity derivatives may choose to settle by payment of cash or by delivery of the underlying shares;

qualified lender (合資格借出人) means a person who is-
(a) an authorized financial institution;
(b) an insurer authorized under the Insurance Companies Ordinance (Cap 41);
(c) an exchange participant of a recognized exchange company;
(d) an intermediary licensed or registered for Type 1 or Type 8 regulated activity; or
(e) a corporation authorized under the law of any place outside Hong Kong recognized for the purposes of

section 313(13), 317(6), 323(6) or (7) or 341(5) by the Commission to carry on business-
(i) as a bank;
(ii) as an insurance company; or
(iii) in an activity that is in the opinion of the Commission equivalent to any of the regulated activities

carried on by an intermediary referred to in paragraph (d);
register of directors' and chief executives' interests and short positions (董事及最高行政人員權益及淡倉登記

冊) means the register kept under section 352;
register of interests in shares and short positions (股份權益及淡倉登記冊) means the register kept under section

336 including, except where the context otherwise requires, that part of the register kept under section 337;
regulations (規例) means regulations made under section 376;
relevant event (有關事件)-

(a) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 2 to 6, means-
(i) in a case under section 310(1)(a) or (b) or (4)(a) or (b), the event or change referred to in such section;
(ii) in a case under section 310(2)(a), the event in consequence of which the corporation becomes a listed

corporation;
(iii) in a case under section 310(2)(b), the event in consequence of which the listed corporation's shares of a

particular class become voting shares; (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(iv) in a case under section 310(2)(c) or (5), the commencement of this Part; or
(v) in a case under section 310(3) or (6), the taking effect of the regulation providing for the reduction

referred to in such section; or
(b) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 7 to 10, means-

(i) in a case under section 341(1)(a), (b), (c), (d), (e) or (f), the event referred to in such section;
(ii) in a case under section 341(2)(a), the event in consequence of which the corporation becomes a listed

corporation;
(iii) in a case under section 341(2)(b), the commencement of this Part;
(iv) in a case under section 341(2)(c), the event in consequence of which the person becomes a director or

chief executive of a listed corporation; or
(v) in a case under section 341(2)(d), the event in consequence of which the corporation becomes an

associated corporation of a listed corporation;



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 228

relevant exchange company (有關交易所公司), in relation to a listed corporation, means the recognized exchange
company operating the stock market on which the shares in the listed corporation are listed;

relevant time (有關時間) means the time of the occurrence of the relevant event;
rights issue (供股) means an offer or issue by a listed corporation of shares in the listed corporation (whether issued

or unissued) to all persons holding issued shares in the listed corporation at a certain date (other than a person
whose address is in a place where such offer or issue is not permitted under the law of that place) in proportion
to the number of those issued shares held by them at that date, but does not include an offer or issue of shares in
the listed corporation in lieu of all or part of a cash dividend;

short position (淡倉) means the position which a person has-
(a) where the person is the holder, writer or issuer of any equity derivatives, by virtue of which the person-

(i) has a right to require another person to take delivery of the underlying shares of the equity derivatives;
(ii) is under an obligation to deliver the underlying shares of the equity derivatives to another person, if

called upon to do so;
(iii) has a right to receive from another person an amount if the price of the underlying shares of the equity

derivatives declines; or
(iv) has a right to avoid or reduce a loss if the price of the underlying shares of the equity derivatives

declines,
before or on a certain date or within a certain period, whether in any case the right or obligation is

conditional or absolute; or
(b) where the person is the borrower of shares under a securities borrowing and lending agreement, by virtue of

which the person is under an obligation to deliver shares to another person who has lent shares, if called
upon to do so, before or on a certain date or within a certain period, whether or not the obligation to deliver
shares is to be settled by payment of cash or by delivery of shares or otherwise;

specified percentage level (指明百分率水平) has the meaning assigned to it by section 315(2);
stock futures contract (股票期貨合約) means a contract which is of a class approved by the Commission as stock

futures contracts for trading on a recognized futures market;
target corporation (目標法團), in relation to an agreement to which section 317 applies, means the particular listed

corporation which is the target corporation for that agreement;
underlying shares (相關股份), in relation to any equity derivatives and subject to subsection (5), means-

(a) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 2 to 6-
(i) the voting shares in the listed corporation concerned which may be required to be delivered to, or by,

the holder, writer or issuer of the equity derivatives on the exercise of rights or fulfilment of
obligations under the equity derivatives, whether in any case the rights or obligations are conditional or
absolute; or

(ii) the voting shares in the listed corporation concerned by reference to the price or value of which,
wholly or partly, the price or value of the equity derivatives is derived or determined; or

(b) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 7 to 10-
(i) the shares in the listed corporation concerned, or any associated corporation of the listed corporation,

which may be required to be delivered to, or by, the holder, writer or issuer of the equity derivatives on
the exercise of rights or fulfilment of obligations under the equity derivatives, whether in any case the
rights or obligations are conditional or absolute; or

(ii) the shares in the listed corporation concerned, or any associated corporation of the listed corporation,
by reference to the price or value of which, wholly or partly, the price or value of the equity derivatives
is derived or determined,

whether in any case those shares are issued or unissued; (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N.
162 of 2013)

voting shares (有投票權股份), in relation to a listed corporation-
(a) means the listed corporation’s issued voting shares; and
(b) includes the listed corporation’s unissued shares of a class which, if issued, would carry rights to vote in

all circumstances at general meetings of the corporation. (Added 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of
2013)

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 229

(2) The temporary suspension of voting rights in respect of shares comprised in a class of the issued shares in a
listed corporation does not affect the application of this Part in relation to interests in those or any other shares
comprised in that class. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

(3) In section 317, and also in references elsewhere in this Part to an agreement to which that section applies,
agreement (協議) includes any agreement or arrangement, and a reference in that section to provisions of an
agreement-
(a) accordingly includes a reference to undertakings, expectations or understandings operative under any

arrangement; and
(b) (without prejudice to paragraph (a)) also includes a reference to any provisions, whether express or implied

and whether absolute or not.
(4) For the purposes of any provision of this Part which provides that an officer of a corporation who is in default is

liable to a fine or penalty, the expression every officer of it who is in default (其每名違責的高級人員)
means every officer of the corporation who knowingly and wilfully authorizes or permits the default, refusal or
contravention referred to in that provision.

(5) In the case of equity derivatives-
(a) where-

(i) no less than 5 listed corporations' shares will be required to be delivered on the exercise of rights or
fulfilment of obligations under the equity derivatives; and

(ii) at the time of the issue of the equity derivatives, no more than-
(A) subject to sub-subparagraph (B), 30%; or
(B) where any other percentage is prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this subsection, such

other percentage,
of the value of all the shares which, but for this subsection, would have been the underlying shares of

the equity derivatives is represented by the shares in any one of those listed corporations; or
(b) where-

(i) the prices or values of no less than 5 listed corporations' shares play a part in the derivation or
determination of the price or value of the equity derivatives; and

(ii) at the time of the issue of the equity derivatives, no more than-
(A) subject to sub-subparagraph (B), 30%; or
(B) where any other percentage is prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this subsection, such

other percentage,
of the price or value of the equity derivatives is derived from or determined by the prices or values of

the shares in any one of those listed corporations,
those equity derivatives are taken to have no underlying shares.
(6) In subsection (5), a reference to shares shall be construed as-

(a) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 2 to 6, a reference to voting shares in the listed
corporation concerned; or (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

(b) for the purposes of, and otherwise in relation to, Divisions 7 to 10, a reference to shares in the listed
corporation concerned.

(7) In subsections (5) and (6), a reference to a listed corporation includes a reference to a corporation that is listed
on a specified stock exchange.


Section: 309 Exemptions E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) The Commission may, after consultation with the Financial Secretary, publish guidelines for the exemption of
any person from all or any of the provisions of this Part.

(2) The Commission may, upon the application of a corporation, having regard to the guidelines published under
subsection (1) and imposing such conditions as it considers appropriate, exempt the applicant corporation, and
any other person in relation to that corporation, from all or any of the provisions of this Part.

(3) The Commission may, upon the application of the holder, writer or issuer, or the prospective holder, writer or
issuer, of any equity derivatives, having regard to the guidelines published under subsection (1) and imposing
such conditions as it considers appropriate, exempt the applicant, and any other person who is taken to have an
interest or short position in the underlying shares of the equity derivatives by virtue of the holding, writing or
issuing of the equity derivatives, from all or any of the provisions of this Part.



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 230

(4) The Commission may from time to time-
(a) suspend or withdraw an exemption granted under subsection (2) or (3) on the ground that the conditions

subject to which the exemption was granted have not been complied with or on such other ground as the
Commission considers appropriate; or

(b) amend any condition imposed under subsection (2) or (3).
(5) The Commission shall publish, by the use of the Internet, such particulars of the exemptions granted, suspended

or withdrawn under this section as it considers appropriate. (Amended 9 of 2012 s. 43)
(6) Guidelines published under subsection (1) are not subsidiary legislation.

Part:
Division:

XV
2

Disclosure of interests and short positions L.N. 12 of 2003 01/04/2003





Section: 310 Duty of disclosure: cases in which it may arise L.N. 162 of 2013;
L.N. 163 of 2013

03/03/2014



(1) Where-
(a) a person acquires an interest in, or ceases to be interested in, voting shares in a listed corporation (whether

or not having or retaining an interest in other voting shares in the listed corporation); or
(b) any change occurs affecting facts relevant to the application of section 313 to a person's existing interest (or

part thereof) in shares of any description in a listed corporation,
then in the circumstances specified in section 313(1), he comes under the duty of disclosure.
(2) Where a person is-

(a) interested in voting shares in a corporation at the time when the corporation becomes a listed corporation;
(b) interested in a listed corporation’s shares of a particular class at the time when the listed corporation’s

shares of that class become voting shares; or
(c) interested in voting shares in a listed corporation at the commencement of this Part, if such interest has not

previously been disclosed to the listed corporation and the Exchange Company under the Securities
(Disclosure of Interests) Ordinance (Cap 396) before its repeal under section 406,

then in the circumstances specified in section 313(2), he comes under the duty of disclosure.
(3) Where a person is interested in voting shares in a listed corporation at the time when there is a reduction in the

notifiable percentage level made by regulations, then in the circumstances specified in section 313(3), he comes
under the duty of disclosure.

(4) Where-
(a) a person comes to have, or ceases to have, a short position in voting shares in a listed corporation (whether

or not having or retaining a short position in other voting shares in the listed corporation); or
(b) any change occurs affecting facts relevant to the application of section 313 to a person's existing short

position (or part thereof) in shares of any description in a listed corporation,
then in the circumstances specified in section 313(4), he comes under the duty of disclosure.
(5) Where a person has a short position in voting shares in a listed corporation at the commencement of this Part,

then in the circumstances specified in section 313(5), he comes under the duty of disclosure.
(6) Where a person has a short position in voting shares in a listed corporation at the time when there is a reduction

in the specified percentage level made by regulations, then in the circumstances specified in section 313(6), he
comes under the duty of disclosure.

(7) The existence of the duty of disclosure in a particular case depends (in part) on the circumstances obtaining
before and after whatever is in that case the relevant time.

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

Section: 311 Interests to be disclosed L.N. 162 of 2013;

L.N. 163 of 2013
03/03/2014



(1) Subject to subsection (2), the interests to be taken into account for the purposes of the duty of disclosure arising
under section 310 are those in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned.

(2) In subsection (1), a reference to interests in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned includes a reference



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 231

to interests in such voting shares, which are the underlying shares of equity derivatives, that a person has, or
ceases to have, by virtue of- (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(a) the holding, writing or issuing by him of the equity derivatives;
(b) the exercise by, or against, him of rights under the equity derivatives; or
(c) the assignment by him, or the lapsing without exercise, of rights under the equity derivatives.

(3) A person has a notifiable interest at any time when the aggregate number of voting shares in the listed
corporation concerned in which the person is interested, when expressed as a percentage of the number of issued
voting shares in the listed corporation at that time, is equal to or more than the notifiable percentage level for the
time being.

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

Section: 312 Short positions to be disclosed L.N. 162 of 2013;

L.N. 163 of 2013
03/03/2014



The short positions to be taken into account for the purposes of the duty of disclosure arising under section 310 are
those in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned.

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

Section: 313 Circumstances in which duty of disclosure arises 19 of 2015 13/11/2015


(1) The circumstances referred to in section 310(1) are those where-
(a) the person has a notifiable interest immediately after the relevant time, but did not have a notifiable interest

immediately before the relevant time;
(b) the person had a notifiable interest immediately before the relevant time, but does not have a notifiable

interest immediately after the relevant time;
(c) the person had a notifiable interest immediately before the relevant time, and has a notifiable interest

immediately after the relevant time, but the percentage levels of his interest immediately before and
immediately after the relevant time are not the same; or

(d) the person had a notifiable interest immediately before the relevant time, and has a notifiable interest
immediately after the relevant time, but the nature of his interest (or part thereof) immediately before and
immediately after the relevant time is not the same.

(2) The circumstances referred to in section 310(2) are those where the person has a notifiable interest immediately
after the relevant time.

(3) The circumstances referred to in section 310(3) are those where the person has a notifiable interest immediately
after the relevant time, but did not have a notifiable interest immediately before the relevant time.

(4) The circumstances referred to in section 310(4) are those where the person had a notifiable interest immediately
before the relevant time, and has a notifiable interest immediately after the relevant time, and-
(a) the person-

(i) did not have a short position in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned immediately before
the relevant time; or

(ii) had a short position in such voting shares immediately before the relevant time of a percentage level
less than the specified percentage level,

but has a short position in such voting shares immediately after the relevant time of a percentage level equal
to or more than the specified percentage level;

(b) the person had a short position in such voting shares immediately before the relevant time of a percentage
level equal to or more than the specified percentage level, but does not have a short position in such voting
shares immediately after the relevant time of a percentage level equal to or more than the specified
percentage level; or

(c) the person had a short position in such voting shares immediately before the relevant time of a percentage
level equal to or more than the specified percentage level, and has a short position in such voting shares
immediately after the relevant time of a percentage level equal to or more than the specified percentage
level, but the percentage levels of his short position immediately before and immediately after the relevant
time are not the same. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

(5) The circumstances referred to in section 310(5) are those where the person has a notifiable interest immediately
after the relevant time, and has a short position in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned immediately



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 232

after the relevant time of a percentage level equal to or more than the specified percentage level. (Amended 28
of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

(6) The circumstances referred to in section 310(6) are those where-
(a) the person had a notifiable interest immediately before the relevant time, and has a notifiable interest

immediately after the relevant time; and
(b) the person had a short position in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned immediately before the

relevant time of a percentage level less than the specified percentage level, but has a short position in such
voting shares immediately after the relevant time of a percentage level equal to or more than the specified
percentage level. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

(7) A person who would otherwise come under a duty of disclosure in the circumstances specified in subsection
(1)(c) is not under such a duty where-
(a) the percentage level of his interest in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned, calculated in

accordance with section 314(1), immediately after the relevant time is the same as or less than the
percentage level of his interest in such voting shares at the time of the relevant event giving rise to the last
notification given by him where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in subsection
(1)(c); and

(b) the difference between-
(i) the percentage figure of his interest in such voting shares, calculated in accordance with subsection

(14)(a), at all times since the relevant event giving rise to the last notification given by him where the
duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in subsection (1)(c); and

(ii) the percentage figure of his interest in such voting shares disclosed in the last notification given by him
where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in subsection (1)(c),

is less than 0.5%. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(8) A person who would otherwise come under a duty of disclosure in the circumstances specified in subsection

(1)(d) is not under such a duty where the percentage level of his interest (excluding that part of his interest the
nature of which has changed immediately after the relevant time) in voting shares in the listed corporation
concerned, calculated in accordance with section 314(1) (by construing the reference in that section to the
aggregate number of all the voting shares in which a person is interested as a reference to the aggregate number
of the voting shares the nature of the person's interest in which has not changed), immediately after the relevant
time- (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(a) is the same as the percentage level of his interest in such voting shares at the time of the relevant event

giving rise to the last notification given by him where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances
specified in subsection (1)(a), (c) or (d) (whichever is the latest); or

(b) is the same as or less than the percentage level of his interest in such voting shares at the time of the
relevant event giving rise to the last notification given by him where the duty of disclosure arose in the
circumstances specified in subsection (1)(c), and the difference between- (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 &
920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(i) the percentage figure of his interest in such voting shares, calculated in accordance with subsection

(14)(a) (by construing the reference in that subsection to section 314(1) in the manner aforementioned
in this subsection), at all times since the relevant event giving rise to the last notification given by him
where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in subsection (1)(c); and

(ii) the percentage figure of his interest in such voting shares disclosed in the last notification given by him
where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in subsection (1)(c),

is less than 0.5%. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(9) A person who would otherwise come under a duty of disclosure in the circumstances specified in subsection

(4)(c) is not under such a duty where-
(a) the percentage level of his short position in voting shares in the listed corporation concerned, calculated in

accordance with section 314(4), immediately after the relevant time is the same as or less than the
percentage level of his short position in such voting shares at the time of the relevant event giving rise to the
last notification given by him where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in
subsection (4)(c); and

(b) the difference between-
(i) the percentage figure of his short position in such voting shares calculated in accordance with

subsection (14)(b) at all times since the relevant event giving rise to the last notification given by him
where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in subsection (4)(c); and



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 233

(ii) the percentage figure of his short position in such voting shares disclosed in the last notification given
by him where the duty of disclosure arose in the circumstances specified in subsection (4)(c),

is less than 0.5%. (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(10) Subject to subsection (11), a qualified corporation which would otherwise come under a duty of disclosure in the

circumstances specified in subsection (1) or (4) is not under such a duty if its holding company (or where its
holding company is a qualified corporation of another holding company, that other holding company)-
(a) is, at the relevant time, taken under section 316(2)-

(i) to be interested in any voting shares in which the qualified corporation is interested; and
(ii) to have a short position in any voting shares in which the qualified corporation has a short position;

and (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 2)
(b) accordingly complies with the duty of disclosure.

(11) If a corporation ceases to be a qualified corporation of its holding company and in such circumstances the
holding company is regarded as having ceased to be interested, or have a short position, in voting shares under
section 316(6), the corporation is taken to have acquired that interest or come to have that short position (as the
case may be). (Amended 19 of 2015 s. 2)

(12) In subsections (10), (11) and (13), qualified corporation (合資格法團), in relation to a holding company,
means a wholly owned subsidiary of the holding company (whether or not the holding company is itself a
wholly owned subsidiary of another holding company).

(13) In subsection (1)(d), a reference to the nature of a person's interest as being not the same includes a reference to
a change in the nature of-
(a) the person's title to voting shares in the listed corporation concerned;
(b) any of the person's interest whether legal or equitable in such voting shares;
(c) any of the person's interest in such voting shares, which are the underlying shares of equity derivatives, on

the exercise by, or against, him of rights under the equity derivatives; or
(d) any of the person's interest in such voting shares in such other circumstances as are prescribed by rules

made under section 377 for the purposes of this section, (Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162
of 2013)

but does not include a reference to a change in the nature of the person's interest in such voting shares-
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(i) on delivery of the voting shares to him, if his equitable interest in those voting shares is notifiable, or has

previously been notified to the listed corporation concerned and the relevant exchange company, under any
provision of this Division or Division 3 or 4;

(ii) due to a change in the terms on which rights under any equity derivatives may be exercised resulting from a
change in the number of the underlying shares in issue;

(iii) on-
(A) the exercise of rights to subscribe for voting shares granted to him as part of a rights issue; or
(B) delivery of voting shares to him pursuant to a rights issue;

(iv) where another person, being a qualified lender, comes to have an interest in those voting shares by way of
security; or

(v) where the person is a holding company, due to the acquisition of an interest in those voting shares by a
qualified corporation of the person from another qualified corporation of the person. (Amended 19 of 2015
s. 2)

(14) For the purposes of-
(a) subsections (7)(b) and (8)(b) and section 326(1)(b), percentage figure (百分率數字) means the percentage

figure referred to in section 314(1) before rounding down, if applicable, to the next whole number; and
(b) subsection (9)(b) and section 326(1)(c), percentage figure (百分率數字) means the percentage figure

referred to in section 314(4) before rounding down, if applicable, to the next whole number.

Section: 314 Percentage level in relation to notifiable interests and short

positions
L.N. 162 of 2013;
L.N. 163 of 2013

03/03/2014



(1) Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (5), percentage level (百分率水平), in section 313(1)(c), (7) and (8), means
the percentage figure found by expressing the aggregate number of all the voting shares in the listed corporation
concerned in which the person is interested immediately before or immediately after (as the case may be) the



Cap 571 - Securities and Futures Ordinance 234

relevant time as a percentage of the number of issued voting shares in that listed corporation and rounding that
figure down, if it is not a whole number, to the next whole number.

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1) and section 311(3), where the listed corporation concerned grants to the
person rights to subscribe for, or offers to the person, as part of a rights issue, voting shares, the number of
issued voting shares in the listed corporation at all times from the grant or offer (as the case may be) up to the
completion or termination of the rights issue (whichever is the earlier) is taken to be the aggregate of-
(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)
(a) the number of issued voting shares in the listed corporation immediately before the grant or offer (as the

case may be); and
(b) the number of new voting shares to be issued upon the completion of the rights issue.

(3) In determining the aggregate number of voting shares in the listed corporation in which a person is interested for
the purposes of subsection (1) and section 311(3), there shall be disregarded any short position which that person
has in such voting shares which, if included in the calculation of the aggregate number of such voting shares in
which the person is interested, would reduce the aggregate number of such voting shares.

(4) Subject to subsection (5), percentage level (百分率水平), in sections 313(4), (5), (6) and (9), 325(3) and
326(1)(j), means the percentage figure found by expressing the aggregate number of all the voting shares in the
listed corporation concerned in which the person has a short position immediately before or immediately after
(as the case may be) the relevant time as a percentage of the number of issued voting shares in that listed
corporation and rounding that figure down, if it is not a whole number, to the next whole number.

(5) Where the listed corporation's share capital is divided into different classes of shares-
(a) a reference in this section and section 311(3) to the aggregate number of voting shares in the listed

corporation in which the person is interested or has a short position shall be construed as a reference to the
aggregate number of the voting shares in each of the classes taken separately; and

(b) a reference in this section to a percentage of the number of the listed corporation’s issued voting shares is
to be construed as a reference to a percentage of the number of the issued voting shares in each of the
classes taken separately.

(6) In subsection (2), completion (完成), in relation to a rights issue, means the issue of voting shares in the listed
corporation pursuant to the rights issue.

(Amended 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920 and L.N. 162 of 2013)

Section: 315 Notifiable percentage level and specified percentage level E.R. 2 of 2012 02/08/2012


(1) A reference to notifiable percentage level in this Part shall be construed as a reference to-
(a) subject to paragraph (b), 5%; or
(b) where any other percentage is prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this subsection, such other

percentage,
and different percentages may be prescribed in relation to corporations of different classes or descriptions.
(2) A reference to specified percentage level in this Part shall be construed as a reference to-

(a) subject to paragraph (b), 1%; or
(b) where any other percentage is prescribed by regulations for the purposes of this subsection, such other

percentage.

Section: 316 Notification of family and corporate interests and short

positions
19 of 2015 13/11/2015



(1) For the purposes of this Division and Divisions 3 and 4, a person is taken-
(a) to be interested in any voting shares in which his spouse, or any minor child (natural or adopted) of his, is

interested; and
(b) to have a short position in any voting shares in which his spouse, or any minor child (natural or adopted) of

his, has a short position.
(2) For the purposes of this Di