Entertainment Special Effects Ordinance


Published: 2001-03-16

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Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 560 ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE Gazette Number Version Date

Long title L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


An Ordinance to make provision for the regulation of the supply, use, conveyance and storage of special effects
materials for and incidental to the production of special effects in entertainment programmes; and other related
matters.


[16 March 2001] L.N. 35 of 2001


(Originally 41 of 2000)

Part: I PRELIMINARY L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 1 Short title L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Entertainment Special Effects Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent)


Section: 2 Interpretation L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-

"Appeal Board" (上訴委員會) means an appeal board appointed under section 37;
"Authority" (監督) means the Entertainment Special Effects Licensing Authority established by section 3;
"Chairman" (主席) means the Chairman of appeal boards appointed under section 35 and includes any person

appointed as acting Chairman under section 36;
"convey" (運送) includes stow;
"conveyance permit" (運送許可證) means a permit issued under section 22;
"court" (法院) includes a magistrate;
"discharge" or "discharging" (燃放) means the ignition, initiation or firing of a material by flame, heat, light, friction,

impact, electric current or any other means with a view to producing a visual or audible effect or a combination
of both by a chemical reaction;

"discharge permit" (燃放許可證) means a permit issued under section 11;
"entertainment programme" (娛樂節目) includes-

(a) any film, commercial and television broadcast programme; and
(b) any literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works performed before a live audience or otherwise, and

similar production,
but does not include fireworks displays;

"entertainment special effects" (娛樂特別效果) means any visual or audible effect or a combination of both created
by means of any special effects materials for the production of an entertainment programme;

"functions" (職能) includes duties and powers;
"licensed special effects operator" (持牌特別效果技術員) means a person who is the holder of a special effects

operator licence;
"licensed supplier" (持牌供應商) means a person who is the holder of a pyrotechnic special effects materials

supplier licence;
"material" (物料) includes-



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 2

(a) a substance whether in the form of a liquid, vapour or solid;
(b) a mixture of substances; and
(c) an article or device containing one or more such substances;

"net explosive quantity" (爆炸品淨量), in relation to pyrotechnic special effects materials-
(a) means the net weight of the chemical material in a pyrotechnic special effects material designed to

produce heat, gas, sound, light, or a combination of these effects resulting from a self-sustaining and
self-contained exothermic chemical reaction by combustion, deflagration or detonation;

(b) does not include the packaging, wiring or casing in which such chemical material is contained;
"non-pyrotechnic special effects material" (非煙火特別效果物料) means any material specified as non-pyrotechnic

special effect material in any prescribed Special Effects Materials List used or intended to be used to produce
entertainment special effects;

"panel" (委員團) means the Appeal Board panel constituted under section 34;
"prescribed" (訂明) means prescribed by regulations made under section 26;
"pyrotechnic special effects material" (煙火特別效果物料) means any material specified as pyrotechnic special

effects material in any prescribed Special Effects Materials List used or intended to be used to produce
entertainment special effects;

"pyrotechnic special effects materials supplier licence" (煙火特別效果物料供應商牌照) means a licence issued
under section 19;

"register" (登記冊) means the register of pyrotechnic special effects materials kept in accordance with section 17;
"registered pyrotechnic special effects material" (已登記煙火特別效果物料) means any pyrotechnic special effects

material registered under section 16 or 17;
"Secretary" (局長) means the Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development; (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002;

L.N. 130 of 2007)
"special effects material" (特別效果物料) means any of the material specified in any prescribed Special Effects

Materials List used or intended to be used to produce entertainment special effects;
"Special Effects Materials List" (特別效果物料列表) means a prescribed Special Effects Materials List;
"special effects operator" (特別效果技術員) means a person who uses special effects materials for producing

entertainment special effects;
"special effects operator licence" (特別效果技術員牌照) means a licence issued under section 6;
"store licence" (貯存所牌照) means a licence issued under section 24;
"this Ordinance" (本條例) includes regulations made under section 26;
"use" (使用), in relation to special effects materials, includes assembling, handling, mixing, compounding, installing

and discharging;
"vessel" (船隻) means a vessel within the meaning of section 2 of the Shipping and Port Control Ordinance (Cap

313).

Part: II ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS LICENSING

AUTHORITY
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001





Section: 3 Establishment of the Authority L.N. 171 of 2009 17/07/2009


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 171 of 2009), see paragraph (2) of that Resolution.


For the purposes of this Ordinance, there is established an Entertainment Special Effects Licensing Authority
who shall be the Head of Create Hong Kong.

(Amended L.N. 171 of 2009)




Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 3

Section: 4 Functions of the Authority L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The functions of the Authority shall be-
(a) to regulate the supply, use, conveyance and storage of special effects materials; and
(b) to exercise such powers and perform such duties as are conferred or imposed on him by this

Ordinance.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1)(a), the Authority may-

(a) issue licences in respect of special effects operators, suppliers of pyrotechnic special effects materials
and the storage of pyrotechnic special effects materials;

(b) issue permits in respect of the discharge of special effects materials and the conveyance of pyrotechnic
special effects materials;

(c) maintain a register of pyrotechnic special effects materials;
(d) provide for and approve codes of practice for and in relation to the use, conveyance and storage of

special effects materials.

Part: III LICENSING OF SPECIAL EFFECTS OPERATORS L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 5 Special effects operators to be licensed L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Except under and in accordance with this Ordinance, no person shall-
(a) use; or
(b) cause or permit to be used,

any special effects material without a special effects operator licence.
(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 12 months.


Section: 6 Application for special effects operator licence L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) A special effects operator licence shall not be issued to a body of persons, whether corporate or
unincorporate.

(2) An individual shall not be eligible to be issued with or to hold or continue to hold a special effects operator
licence unless-

(a) he has attained the age of 18 years;
(b) he has satisfied the Authority that he is a fit and proper person to be a licensed special effects operator;
(c) he possesses any prescribed qualifications and experience;
(d) he has passed any examinations or assessment prescribed by the Authority; and
(e) he has complied with every other requirement prescribed in this regard by the Authority.

(3) In considering whether an individual is a fit and proper person for the purposes of this section, the
Authority shall have regard to the character and conduct of the individual.

(4) An application by a person for a special effects operator licence shall be made to the Authority in such form
and manner as the Authority may determine.

(5) Subject to subsection (2), the Authority may, upon payment of a prescribed fee, issue a special effects
operator licence subject to such terms and conditions as he thinks fit.

Section: 7 Classification of special effects operators L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


The Authority may-
(a) issue different types of licence in respect of different classes and streams of special effects operators;

and
(b) specify in such licences different scope of operation,

in accordance with the qualifications and experience of the special effects operators.




Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 4

Section: 8 Exemptions from section 5 L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


Section 5 shall not apply where-
(a) the use of special effects materials is carried out-

(i) by an applicant for a special effects operator licence; and
(ii) in the presence of a public officer or person authorized by the Authority; and
(iii) for the purpose of assessing the competence of the applicant;

(b) the use of special effects materials is carried out-
(i) by the participants of a training course organized or approved by the Authority; and
(ii) in the presence of a public officer or person authorized by the Authority; and
(iii) for the purpose of conducting the training course;

(c) the use of special effects materials is-
(i) limited to the act of discharge; and
(ii) carried out by a person under the supervision of the licensed special effects operator named in the

discharge permit referred to in subparagraph (iii); and
(iii) authorized by a discharge permit; or

(d) the circumstances referred to in section 13(1)(c) apply.

Section: 9 Transitional arrangements for existing special effects

operators
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



(1) A person who has been provisionally recognized by the Commissioner for Television and Entertainment
Licensing by notice in writing as a special effects operator immediately prior to the commencement of this Ordinance
shall be deemed, under this section, to have been granted a special effects operator licence issued under section 6,
subject to such conditions and restrictions as may be imposed by the Commissioner for Television and Entertainment
Licensing by notice in writing to that person, and the licence shall, subject to section 47(3), continue in force until-

(a) the issue of a licence under section 6(5);
(b) the refusal of his application for a licence under section 6; or
(c) the expiry of a period of 90 days immediately following the commencement of section 5,

whichever is the earliest.
(2) Where a person who has been provisionally recognized by the Commissioner for Television and

Entertainment Licensing as referred to in subsection (1) makes an application under section 6, the Authority may
waive the requirements under section 6(2)(c), (d) or (e).

Part: IV DISCHARGE OF SPECIAL EFFECTS MATERIALS L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 10 Restriction on discharge of special effects materials L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Notwithstanding section 5 and subject to section 13, no person shall-
(a) discharge; or
(b) cause or permit to be discharged,

any special effects materials except under and in accordance with a discharge permit.
(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 12 months.


Section: 11 Application for discharge permit L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) An application for a discharge permit may be made by-
(a) the person who organizes the entertainment programme which involves the use of special effects

materials; or
(b) the licensed special effects operator who is responsible for using the special effects materials for such

entertainment programme.



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 5

(2) An individual is eligible to apply under subsection (1) only if he has attained the age of 18 years.
(3) An application by a person for a discharge permit shall be made to the Authority in such form and manner

as the Authority may determine.
(4) If the Authority is satisfied that an application made under subsection (1) complies with the prescribed

requirements, he may, upon payment of a prescribed fee, issue a discharge permit subject to such terms and conditions
as he thinks fit.

(5) A term or condition specified in a discharge permit may contain qualifications, restrictions or requirements
concerning the location, time or period of the application of the term or condition.

Section: 12 Classification of discharge permits L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


The Authority may issue different types of discharge permit in respect of different types of entertainment
programmes.

Section: 13 Exemptions from section 10 L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Section 10 shall not apply where-
(a) the discharge of special effects materials is carried out-

(i) by a licensed special effects operator; and
(ii) in the presence of a public officer or person authorized by the Authority; and
(iii) for the purpose of demonstrating or assessing the effects of any such materials, or, where the

special effects materials in question are pyrotechnic special effects materials, for the purpose of
applying for any such materials to be registered and included in the register;

(b) the special effects materials in question are of deteriorated or damaged pyrotechnic special effects
materials and the discharge is carried out-
(i) by a licensed special effects operator; and
(ii) purely for the destruction of such materials; and
(iii) in compliance with the prescribed requirements;

(c) the special effects materials in question are non-pyrotechnic special effects materials and-
(i) the quantity of each of the special effects material in question does not exceed the prescribed

quantity; and
(ii) the discharge complies with other prescribed conditions; or

(d) the circumstances referred to in section 8(a) or (b) apply.
(2) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to exempt a licensed special effects operator from the requirement

to comply with the terms and conditions of his licence.

Part: V REGISTRATION, ETC. OF PYROTECHNIC SPECIAL

EFFECTS MATERIALS
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001





Section: 14 Pyrotechnic special effects materials to be registered L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


Registration


(1) Subject to section 15 and unless otherwise approved by the Authority in writing, no person shall supply,
convey, store, or use any pyrotechnic special effects material in Hong Kong unless that material has been registered
and included in the register under section 16(2) or 17(2).

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 12 months.

(3) It shall be a defence to a charge under subsection (2) for the person charged to prove that he did not know
and could not with reasonable diligence have known that the material in question had not been registered or had not
been included in the register.




Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 6

Section: 15 Pyrotechnic special effects materials in transit, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Section 14 shall not apply to the conveyance of pyrotechnic special effects materials that are-
(a) in transit;
(b) air transhipment cargoes within the meaning of section 2 of the Import and Export Ordinance (Cap 60).

(2) For the purposes of subsection (1)(a), a pyrotechnic special effects material is in transit if-
(a) it is brought into Hong Kong solely for the purpose of taking it out of Hong Kong; and
(b) it remains at all times in or on the vessel, aircraft or vehicle in or on which it is brought into Hong

Kong.

Section: 16 Application for registration L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) An application for the registration of a pyrotechnic special effects material shall be made to the Authority-
(a) in such form and manner; and
(b) be accompanied by such documents and particulars,

as the Authority may require.
(2) Where the application under subsection (1) is approved, the Authority shall include the pyrotechnic special

effects material to which the application relates in a register.

Section: 17 Register L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The Authority shall cause a register to be kept in such form and containing such information respecting
registered pyrotechnic special effects materials as he thinks fit.

(2) Apart from pyrotechnic special effects materials which have been registered and included in the register
under section 16(2), the Authority may of his own accord register and enter such pyrotechnic special effects materials
in the register as he thinks fit.

(3) The Authority shall make the register available for public inspection subject to such conditions as he thinks
fit.

Section: 18 Restriction on supply, etc. of pyrotechnic special effects

materials
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



Supply


(1) Subject to section 14 and subsections (2) and (3), no person shall-
(a) supply; or
(b) offer; or
(c) expose for supply,

any pyrotechnic special effects materials except under and in accordance with a pyrotechnic special effects materials
supplier licence unless otherwise approved by the Authority.

(2) Unless otherwise approved by the Authority, a licensed supplier shall not supply or offer or expose for
supply any pyrotechnic special effects materials to any person except-

(a) another licensed supplier; or
(b) a licensed special effects operator.

(3) Notwithstanding subsections (1) and (2), a licensed supplier shall not supply or offer or expose for supply
any pyrotechnic special effects materials to the persons referred to in subsection (2)(a) and (b) unless the terms and
conditions of their supplier licences or special effects operator licences, as the case may be, permit them to supply or
use those pyrotechnic special effects materials.

(4) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 12 months.

(5) Any person who contravenes subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 month; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 3 months.



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 7

(6) Any person who contravenes subsection (3) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 4; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 month.


Section: 19 Application for pyrotechnic special effects materials

supplier licence
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



(1) A person shall not be eligible to be issued a pyrotechnic special effects materials supplier licence under this
section unless-

(a) he either-
(i) is a licensed special effects operator whose licence is of a type acceptable to the Authority; or
(ii) has appointed a licensed special effects operator whose licence is of a type acceptable to the

Authority to be responsible for the supply, conveyance, storage, use and destruction of
pyrotechnic special effects materials incidental to his business as a supplier; and

(b) in the case of a person other than a person who is a body corporate, the person, or, in the case of a
partnership any partner thereof, has satisfied the Authority that he is a fit and proper person to carry on
business as a licensed supplier; and

(c) in the case of a person who is a body corporate, any director or secretary thereof has satisfied the
Authority that he is a fit and proper person to be associated with the business of a licensed supplier;
and

(d) he has complied with such other requirements as may be prescribed by the Authority.
(2) In considering whether a person is a fit and proper person for the purposes of this section, the Authority

shall have regard to the character and conduct of the person.
(3) An application for a licence under this section shall be made to the Authority in such form and manner as

the Authority may determine.
(4) Subject to subsection (1), the Authority may, upon payment of a prescribed fee, issue a pyrotechnic special

effects materials supplier licence subject to such terms and conditions as he thinks fit.

Section: 20 Pyrotechnic special effects materials to be labelled, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


Labelling


(1) Subject to this Ordinance, no person shall supply, convey or store any pyrotechnic special effects materials
in Hong Kong unless such materials have been labelled in the prescribed manner.

(2) Subject to this Ordinance, no person shall supply, convey or store any pyrotechnic special effects materials
in Hong Kong unless such materials have been packed in the prescribed manner.

(3) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) or (2) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 3 months; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(4) It shall be a defence to a charge under this section for the person charged to prove that he did not know and
could not with reasonable diligence have known that the materials in question had not been labelled or packed in the
prescribed manner, as the case may be.

Section: 21 Permits required for conveyance of pyrotechnic special

effects materials
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



Conveyance Permit


(1) Subject to this Ordinance and unless otherwise exempted by regulations, no person shall convey or cause to
be conveyed by land or water within Hong Kong any pyrotechnic special effects materials without a conveyance
permit.

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 12 months.





Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 8

Section: 22 Application for conveyance permit L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) An application for a conveyance permit shall be made to the Authority in such form and manner as the
Authority may determine.

(2) Where an application made under subsection (1) is approved, the Authority may, upon payment of a
prescribed fee, issue a conveyance permit subject to such terms and conditions as he thinks fit.

(3) A term or condition specified in a conveyance permit may contain qualifications, restrictions or
requirements concerning the route, location, time or period of the application of the term or condition.

Section: 23 Licences required for storage of pyrotechnic special effects

materials
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



Store Licence


(1) Subject to this Ordinance and unless otherwise approved by the Authority, no person shall store any
pyrotechnic special effects materials at any place other than the location in respect of which a store licence has been
issued.

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 12 months.


Section: 24 Application for store licence L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) A person shall not be eligible to be issued a store licence under this section unless-
(a) he either-

(i) is a licensed special effects operator whose licence is of a type acceptable to the Authority; or
(ii) has appointed a licensed special effects operator whose licence is of a type acceptable to the

Authority to be responsible for the storage of pyrotechnic special effects materials; and
(b) in the case of a person other than a person who is a body corporate, the person, or, in the case of a

partnership any partner thereof, has satisfied the Authority that he is a fit and proper person to be
associated with the business of storage of pyrotechnic special effects materials; and

(c) in the case of a person who is a body corporate, any director or secretary thereof has satisfied the
Authority that he is a fit and proper person to be associated with the business of storage of pyrotechnic
special effects materials; and

(d) he has complied with such other requirements as may be prescribed by the Authority.
(2) In considering whether a person is a fit and proper person for the purposes of this section, the Authority

shall have regard to the character and conduct of the person.
(3) An application for a licence under this section shall be made to the Authority in such form and manner as

the Authority may determine.
(4) Subject to subsection (1), the Authority may, upon payment of a prescribed fee, issue a store licence subject

to such terms and conditions as he thinks fit.

Section: 25 Classification of store licences L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


The Authority may issue different types of store licence in respect of different types of store.

Part: VI REGULATIONS AND CODES OF PRACTICE L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 26 Power to make regulations L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) With the approval of the Secretary, the Authority may by regulation provide for-
(a) requirements in respect of an application for-

(i) a special effects operator licence;



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 9

(ii) a pyrotechnic special effects materials supplier licence;
(iii) a store licence;
(iv) a discharge permit;
(v) a conveyance permit;

(b) the classification of special effects operator licences, store licences and discharge permits;
(c) the procedures and any matter ancillary or related to the registration of pyrotechnic special effects

materials, the variation and cancellation thereof;
(d) exemptions from the operation of this Ordinance or any part thereof;
(e) a list of special effects materials, to be called the Special Effects Materials List specifying the

pyrotechnic special effects materials and non-pyrotechnic special effects materials;
(f) the control of and the safety precautions which shall be taken in relation to the supply, conveyance,

storage, use and destruction of special effects materials;
(g) the manner in which any pyrotechnic special effects materials shall be packed;
(h) the label to be attached to any drum, tin, case or other package containing pyrotechnic special effects

materials and the notices to be affixed to any premises or containers containing pyrotechnic special
effects materials and other methods of marking such materials, premises or containers;

(i) information to be furnished to the Authority in respect of special effects materials carried or to be
loaded on any vessel, vehicle, train or aircraft, and the nature of such information;

(j) the records and other documents to be kept and maintained, returns to be made and information and
particulars to be given by a person applying for or holding a licence or permit;

(k) procedures and particulars to be furnished for the reporting and subsequent actions to be taken in
respect of any incident or accident or emergency involving special effects materials for the production
of entertainment special effects;

(l) the terms and conditions that may be attached to any licence or permit issued under this Ordinance;
(m) the period for which any licence and permit shall be valid;
(n) the fees payable in respect of any examination or assessment that may be required for the issue or

alteration of a special effects operator licence;
(o) the fees payable in respect of the issue, renewal, certification, replacement or alteration of any licence

and permit and the exemption thereof; and
(p) the better carrying out of the provisions of this Ordinance.

(2) Unless otherwise expressly provided in this Ordinance, any regulation made under this section may provide
that a contravention of any provisions therein shall be an offence and may prescribe penalties for such offence not
exceeding a fine at level 6 and imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 27 Approval of codes of practice by the Authority L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) For the purpose of providing practical guidance in respect of any requirements under this Ordinance, the
Authority may-

(a) approve and issue such codes of practice (whether prepared by him or not) as in his opinion are
suitable for that purpose; and

(b) approve such codes of practice issued or proposed to be issued otherwise than by him as in his opinion
are suitable for that purpose.

(2) A code of practice-
(a) may consist of a code, standard, rule, specification or any other documentary form of practical

guidance prepared by the Authority or other body or authority; and
(b) may apply, incorporate or refer to any document that has been formulated or published by a body or

authority either as in force at the time when the document is approved by the Authority or as amended,
formulated or published from time to time.

(3) Where a code of practice is approved under subsection (1), the Authority shall, by notice in the Gazette-
(a) identify the code concerned and specify the date on which its approval is to take effect; and
(b) specify for which requirements under this Ordinance the code is so approved.

(4) The Authority may-
(a) from time to time revise the whole or any part of any code of practice prepared by him under this

section; and
(b) approve any revision or proposed revision of the whole or any part of any code of practice for the time



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 10

being approved under this section,
and the provisions of subsection (3) shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to any approval or
revision under this subsection as they apply in relation to the approval of a code of practice under subsection (1).

(5) The Authority may at any time withdraw his approval from any code of practice approved under this
section.

(6) Where under subsection (5) the Authority withdraws his approval from a code of practice approved under
this section, he shall, by notice in the Gazette, identify the code concerned and specify the date on which its approval
is to cease to have effect.

(7) References in this Ordinance to an approved code of practice are references to that code as it has effect for
the time being by virtue of any revision of the whole or any part of it approved under this section.

(8) The power of the Authority under subsection (1)(b) to approve a code of practice issued or proposed to be
issued otherwise than by him shall include power to approve a part of such a code and, accordingly, in this Ordinance,
"code of practice" may be read as including a part of such a code.

Section: 28 Effect of codes of practice L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Failure on the part of any person to observe any provision of a code of practice shall not of itself render that
person liable to criminal proceedings of any kind.

(2) However, if, in any legal proceedings, whether civil or criminal and including proceedings for an offence
under this Ordinance, the court is satisfied that a provision of a code of practice is relevant to determining a matter that
is in issue in the proceedings-

(a) the code of practice is admissible in evidence in the proceedings; and
(b) proof that the person contravened or did not contravene a relevant provision of the code may be relied

on by any party to the proceedings as tending to establish or negate that matter.
(3) In any legal proceedings, a code of practice which appears to a court to be the subject of a notice under

section 27(3) shall, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be taken to be the subject of such notice.
(4) In any legal proceedings, a document that purports to be a copy of a code of practice identified in the

Gazette under section 27(3) is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to be presumed to be a true copy of the
code.

(5) A code of practice is not subsidiary legislation for the purposes of Part V of the Interpretation and General
Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1).

Part: VII ENFORCEMENT L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 29 Power of entry, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Any police officer not below the rank of sergeant, any officer of the Fire Services Department not below the
rank of station officer, any officer of the Marine Department not below the rank of Marine Inspector II, any officer of
the Authority not below the rank of Explosives Officer II and any gas safety inspector appointed under section 11 of
the Gas Safety Ordinance (Cap 51) may-

(a) enter, inspect and examine any place, building or vessel (other than a ship of war) in which special
effects materials are stored, conveyed, used or supplied and every part thereof, at any time, and may
make inquiries as to the observance of this Ordinance and all matters and things relating to the safety
of the public or of the persons employed in or about such place, building or vessel;

(b) require the occupier of any place or building, or the master of any vessel (other than a ship of war)
which such officer is entitled under this section to enter, or a person employed by such occupier or
master, to give him samples of any materials therein;

(c) enter and search any place or building in which such officer may have reasonable grounds for
suspecting that there may be anything which, under paragraph (e), is liable to seizure;

(d) stop, board and search any vessel, vehicle, train or aircraft (other than a ship of war, military aircraft or
military vehicle) in which such officer may have reasonable grounds for suspecting that there may be
anything which, under paragraph (e), is liable to seizure; and

(e) seize, remove and detain-
(i) anything with respect to which such officer may have reasonable grounds for suspecting that any



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 11

offence against this Ordinance has been committed; or
(ii) any other thing, which may appear to such officer likely to be, or to contain, evidence of any

such offence.
(2) Any officer referred to in subsection (1) may-

(a) break open any outer or inner door of any place or building which he is empowered to enter and
search;

(b) forcibly enter any vessel, vehicle, train or aircraft which he is empowered to stop, board and search
and every part thereof;

(c) remove by force any material obstruction to, or any person obstructing any arrest, detention, entry,
search, inspection, seizure or removal which he is empowered to make;

(d) detain any person found in any place or building which he is empowered to enter and search until such
place or building has been searched; and

(e) detain any vessel, vehicle, train or aircraft which he is empowered to stop, board and search and any
person on board such vessel, vehicle, train or aircraft and prevent any person from approaching or
boarding such vessel, vehicle, train or aircraft until such vessel, vehicle, train or aircraft has been
searched.

(3) Without prejudice to any power of entry or search conferred by any other enactment, no officer referred to
in subsection (1) shall enter or search any part of any premises used solely for dwelling purposes except-

(a) by virtue of a warrant issued by a magistrate, where such magistrate is satisfied by information on oath
that there is reasonable ground for suspecting that an offence against this Ordinance has been, is being
or is about to be committed in such part of the premises or there is in such part of the premises
anything likely to be or to contain evidence of such offence; or

(b) without warrant, where such officer is of the opinion having regard to the circumstances that the
purpose of the entry or the search would be defeated by application for such warrant.

(4) Any officer referred to in subsection (1) may prevent or stop any use of special effects materials,
notwithstanding that a discharge permit has been granted in respect of the occasion, when the circumstances under
which such use is determined by him to be likely to endanger life or cause serious injury to property.

Section: 30 Inspection of special effects materials, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The Authority and any public officer referred to in section 29(1) may require any person holding a licence
or permit issued under this Ordinance to produce-

(a) any special effects materials to which the licence or permit, as the case may be, are related;
(b) any equipment relating to the production of entertainment special effects;
(c) any document or record kept in respect of the licence or permit.

(2) Any person who fails to comply with any of the requirements under subsection (1) commits an offence and
is liable to a fine at level 2.

Section: 31 Removal of special effects materials in contravention of

regulations
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



Where any special effects materials are used, conveyed, stored or are otherwise dealt with contrary to any
regulations made under section 26, any officer referred to in section 29(1) may cause such special effects materials to
be removed, at the expense of the owner thereof, to a place that is in conformity with the regulations, and all expenses
incurred in such removal, including the cost of any transportation and storage, shall be recoverable as a civil debt due
to the Government.

Section: 32 Disposal of pyrotechnic special effects materials L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Where any pyrotechnic special effects materials have been seized, whether pursuant to section 29 or
otherwise, any officer of the Authority not below the rank of Explosives Officer II or any police officer not below the
rank of inspector or any officer of the Explosives Ordnance Disposal Bureau of the police force may dispose of such
materials or may cause such materials to be disposed of if such officer is of the opinion that the materials are very
likely to give rise to an imminent explosion of a nature likely to endanger life or cause serious injury to property.

(2) Where any pyrotechnic special effects materials seized pursuant to section 29 have been disposed of



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 12

pursuant to subsection (1), the owner or any person in charge of the materials is not entitled to claim the return of the
materials, or the cost of replacement or damages or any consequential loss.

Part: VIII APPEALS L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 33 Appeal against decision of the Authority L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Where a person is aggrieved by-
(a) a term or condition imposed or a requirement made or a direction given by the Authority under this

Ordinance; or
(b) a refusal by the Authority to give a consent, approval or permission under this Ordinance; or
(c) a revocation or suspension by the Authority of a consent, approval or permission given under this

Ordinance,
the person may appeal against the decision to an Appeal Board by serving on the Secretary a notice of appeal in
writing-

(i) not later than 28 days after the notice of that decision was served on the person; and
(ii) specifying the substance of his grievance and reasons for the appeal.

(2) Within 14 days after the receipt of a notice of appeal, the Secretary shall forward it to the Chairman unless,
before the expiration of that period, the appellant has withdrawn the notice.

(3) A decision that is appealed against under subsection (1) shall not be suspended in its operation unless the
Authority decides otherwise.

Section: 34 Appeal Board panel L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The Secretary shall appoint, to be members of an Appeal Board panel, such persons as are specified in
Schedule 1.

(2) A public officer is not eligible for appointment to the panel.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), a member of the panel shall hold office for 3 years but shall be eligible for

reappointment.
(4) A member of the panel may resign at any time by notice in writing delivered to the Secretary and the

Secretary may, at any time and for any reason, revoke the appointment of any person as a member of the panel.
(5) An appointment under subsection (1) shall be notified in the Gazette.


Section: 35 Chairman of appeal boards L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The Secretary shall appoint as Chairman of appeal boards a person who is qualified for appointment as a
District Judge under section 5 of the District Court Ordinance (Cap 336).

(2) Subject to subsection (4), the Chairman shall be appointed for a term of 3 years but may be reappointed.
(3) An appointment under subsection (1) shall be notified in the Gazette.
(4) The Chairman and any person appointed under section 36 may resign at any time by notice in writing

delivered to the Secretary.

Section: 36 Acting Chairman L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


If the Chairman is, because of illness or any other reason, unable to perform his duties for any period or for any
particular appeal, the Secretary may appoint another person who is qualified under section 35 to act as Chairman
during that period.

Section: 37 Appeal Board L.N. 106 of 2002 01/07/2002


(1) Within 21 days after receipt of a notice of appeal forwarded by the Secretary, the Chairman shall appoint an
Appeal Board to hear the appeal to which the notice relates.

(2) The Appeal Board shall consist of such persons as are specified in Schedule 2.



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 13

(3) The Chairman and members of the Appeal Board shall be remunerated out of money provided by the
Legislative Council for the purpose at such rate as the Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury may
determine from time to time or in any particular case. (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002)

Section: 38 Amendments of Schedules 1 and 2 L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


The Secretary may, by order published in the Gazette, amend Schedules 1 and 2.

Section: 39 Determination of appeal L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The Appeal Board shall conduct a hearing into the grounds for the Authority's decision to which the appeal
before it relates.

(2) The Chairman and 3 other members shall constitute a quorum at meetings of the Appeal Board.
(3) Only members who have attended all meetings of the Appeal Board held for the purpose of the appeal may

take part in the determination of the Appeal Board.
(4) Where the Chairman or a member of the Appeal Board is in any way directly or indirectly interested in an

appeal-
(a) in the case of the Chairman, he shall disclose the nature of his interest to the Secretary and the

Secretary shall appoint an acting Chairman to hear the appeal;
(b) in the case of a member-

(i) he shall disclose the nature of his interest at a meeting of the Appeal Board;
(ii) the disclosure shall be recorded in the minutes of the Appeal Board; and
(iii) he shall not, without the permission of the Chairman, take any part in any deliberation or

determination of the Appeal Board in respect of that appeal.
(5) Where the Chairman does not permit a member of the Appeal Board who has made a disclosure under

subsection (4) to take part in the deliberation or determination of the Appeal Board in respect of the appeal, the
member shall not be counted for the purpose of forming a quorum at any meeting of the Appeal Board.

(6) If the number of members who may take part in the deliberation and determination of the Appeal Board
falls below the number required for a quorum by subsection (2), the Chairman shall dissolve the Appeal Board and
appoint another Appeal Board.

(7) For the purpose of subsection (1), the Appeal Board hearing an appeal shall have all the powers of the
Authority in respect of the decision of the Authority against which the appeal is made, and shall determine the appeal
by an order in writing-

(a) confirming or revoking;
(b) varying in such manner as it thinks fit; or
(c) substituting its own decision for,

such decision.
(8) The Authority shall do all such things as are necessary to give effect to an order under subsection (7).
(9) The Appeal Board may, in an order under subsection (7), give such directions as it thinks fit with respect to

the costs of the hearing of the appeal to which the order relates and the costs of the Authority or of the appellant.
(10) Any costs awarded or imposed by virtue of any directions referred to in subsection (9) are recoverable as a

civil debt.

Section: 40 Conduct of hearing L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Subject to this Part, the procedure of any hearing shall be determined by the Appeal Board.
(2) In conducting a hearing, the Appeal Board may receive such evidence as it thinks fit and neither the

provisions of the Evidence Ordinance (Cap 8) nor any other rule of law relating to the admissibility of evidence shall
apply in relation to the hearing.

(3) A counsel, solicitor or legal officer may be present at a hearing to advise the Chairman on any matter.

Section: 41 Summons, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The Appeal Board may, for the purposes of a hearing, by notice in writing under the signature of the



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 14

Chairman and served on a person, require-
(a) the attendance of the person before the Appeal Board; and
(b) the production to the Appeal Board of relevant documents specified in the notice which are in the

possession or under the control of the person.
(2) Any person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with a summons or requirement issued or

made under subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable to a fine at level 2.

Section: 42 Representation L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The appellant at a hearing may be represented at the hearing by-
(a) a counsel or solicitor; or
(b) an agent.

(2) The Authority may be represented at a hearing by a counsel, solicitor, agent or legal officer.
(3) A counsel, solicitor, agent or legal officer appearing before the Appeal Board at a hearing shall have the

same liabilities, protection and immunity as a counsel has in appearing for a party in proceedings before the District
Court.

Section: 43 Evidence L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) A person appearing before the Appeal Board to give evidence at a hearing shall, where required by the
Appeal Board, take an oath.

(2) The Chairman may-
(a) administer an oath to a person appearing before the Appeal Board to give evidence at a hearing; and
(b) require a person to answer any question relevant to the appeal before it.

(3) A person appearing before the Appeal Board to give evidence at a hearing shall have the same liabilities,
protection and immunity as a witness has in proceedings before the District Court.

Section: 44 Effect of determination L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


Where the Appeal Board determines an appeal under section 39, the determination shall take effect on the date
specified by the Appeal Board in its order under that section.

Section: 45 Majority decision L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) The determination under section 39 by the Appeal Board of an appeal shall be that of the majority of the
members of the Appeal Board who may take part in the determination of the appeal, including the Chairman.

(2) Question of law shall be determined by the Chairman.
(3) In the case of an equality of votes, the Chairman shall have a casting as well as a deliberative vote.


Section: 46 Notification to appellant L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


The Secretary shall, as soon as practicable after an order has been made under section 39 in respect of an appeal,
serve a copy of that order on the appellant.

Part: IX MISCELLANEOUS L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 47 General provisions as to licences and permits L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) A licence or permit issued under this Ordinance shall be for such period and may be subject to such terms
and conditions as the Authority thinks fit.

(2) A licence or permit issued under this Ordinance shall be in such form as the Authority may determine.
(3) Where a licence or permit issued under this Ordinance is in force and the Authority considers it necessary,

the Authority may, by notice in writing with reasons therefor to the holder of the licence or permit, as the case may be-



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 15

(a) impose new or amended terms or conditions subject to the observance of which, as from a date
specified in the notice, the licence or permit shall continue in force;

(b) revoke the licence or permit as from a date specified in the notice if the holder fails to observe any
such terms or conditions;

(c) revoke the licence or permit as from a date specified in the notice; or
(d) suspend the licence or permit for a period of time specified in the notice.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3)(c) and (d), the Authority, in determining whether it is necessary to
revoke or suspend a licence or permit, as the case may be, shall have regard to the following-

(a) any contravention of any provision of this Ordinance or any code of practice issued or approved under
this Ordinance by the holder of such licence or permit; or

(b) the fact that the holder of the licence or permit no longer complies with any of the prescribed
requirements subject to which the licence or permit was issued.

(5) Subject to this Ordinance, the Authority may renew a licence or permit issued under this Ordinance upon-
(a) the expiry of the licence or permit;
(b) application; and
(c) payment of a prescribed fee,

with or without modifications to the terms and conditions, if any, previously imposed.
(6) Where the Authority is satisfied that a licence or permit issued under this Ordinance has been destroyed,

lost or stolen, he may upon-
(a) application in such form as he may determine; and
(b) payment of a prescribed fee,

issue a replacement licence or permit.
(7) Where the Authority is satisfied that alteration to any particulars on a licence or permit is necessary, he may

upon-
(a) application in such form as he may determine; and
(b) payment of a prescribed fee,

make such alteration.
(8) The Authority may, upon application and payment of a prescribed fee by the holder of a licence or permit

issued under this Ordinance, issue a certified copy of that licence or permit, as the case may be, to the holder.
(9) Where the Authority refuses an application for a licence or permit or renewal of the same, he shall notify

the applicant in writing of the reasons for refusal.
(10) For the purposes of subsections (3) and (4), a reference to a licence or permit shall include a reference to a

licence or permit deemed to have been granted under this Ordinance.

Section: 48 Breach of terms and conditions L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


Notwithstanding any other liability which may arise under the provisions of this Ordinance or otherwise, any
person who is in breach of any term or condition specified in any licence or permit issued under this Ordinance
commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on a first conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 month; and
(b) on a second or subsequent conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 3 months.


Section: 49 Onus of proving limits of what is practicable, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


In any proceedings for an offence against this Ordinance consisting of a failure to comply with a requirement
under this Ordinance to do something so far as is practicable or so far as is reasonably practicable, or to use the best
practicable means to do something, the onus is on the accused to prove that it was not practicable or not reasonably
practicable to do more than was in fact done to comply with the requirement, or that he has used the best practicable
means to comply with the requirement, or done the appropriate thing to comply with the requirement.

Section: 50 Liability of holder of licence or permit for offences

committed by his employees and agents
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



(1) Subject to this section, where it is proved to the satisfaction of a court that an offence against this Ordinance
has been committed by any employee or agent of any person holding any licence or permit issued under this



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 16

Ordinance, such person shall, unless-
(a) the offence was committed without his knowledge or consent; and
(b) he had exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence,

also be held to be liable for such offence and to the penalty provided therefor.
(2) No such person shall be sentenced to imprisonment (except in default of payment of a fine) for any offence

under this section.
(3) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to exempt the employee or agent from the penalties provided for the

offence committed by such employee or agent.
(4) In any proceedings against the person in relation to which subsection (1) is alleged to apply, it shall, in

relation to the offence against this Ordinance concerned committed by the employee or agent concerned of the person,
be presumed, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, that-

(a) the offence was committed with the knowledge and consent of the person; and
(b) the person did not exercise all due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence.


Section: 51 Liability for offences by body corporate, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Where an offence under this Ordinance has been committed by a body corporate, any person who at the
time of commission of the offence was a director or an officer concerned in the management of the body corporate
shall also be guilty of such offence unless he proves that the offence was committed without his consent or
connivance, and that he exercised all such diligence to prevent the commission of the offence as he ought to have
exercised having regard to the nature of his functions in that capacity and to all the circumstances.

(2) Where an offence committed by a partner in a partnership is proved to have been committed with the
consent or connivance of, or to be attributable to any neglect on the part of, any other partner of the partnership, that
other partner shall be guilty of the offence and liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Section: 52 Forfeiture L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) A court may order to be forfeited to the Government any materials and any containers thereof with respect
to which an offence against this Ordinance has been committed, irrespective of whether any person has been charged
with such offence.

(2) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to derogate from the powers of any officer of the Authority or any
police officer under section 32.

Section: 53 Obstruction of officers, etc. L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


Any person who, without reasonable excuse-
(a) obstructs or delays a public officer in the exercise of any of the powers conferred upon him under this

Ordinance; or
(b) wilfully or recklessly gives false information or withholds information, as to the source from which

any of the pyrotechnic special effects materials were obtained or as to the conveyance, storage,
packaging, labelling or use of any pyrotechnic special effects materials,

commits an offence and is liable to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 54 Interpretation of explosive quantity in pyrotechnic special

effects material
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



For the purpose of this Ordinance, any reference to the quantity of any pyrotechnic special effects material shall
be construed as a reference to the net explosive quantity.

Section: 55 Limitation of time for proceedings in respect of offences L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


Proceedings for the prosecution of an offence against this Ordinance shall be instituted within-
(a) 6 months from the discovery of such offence by the Authority; or
(b) 6 years after the commission of such offence,



Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 17

whichever is the earlier.

Section: 56 No liability in the case of bona fide exercise of functions

under this Ordinance
L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001



No liability shall be incurred by any person in respect of anything done by him bona fide in the exercise or
purported exercise of any functions conferred or imposed by or under this Ordinance.

Section: 57 Delegation of powers L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


The Authority may authorize in writing any public officer to exercise any power vested in him or to perform any
duty imposed upon him by virtue of any of the provisions of this Ordinance.

Section: 58 Saving for other enactments L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


The provisions of this Ordinance are in addition to and do not derogate from the provisions of the Gas Safety
Ordinance (Cap 51) and the Dangerous Goods Ordinance (Cap 295).

Section: 59 Transitional L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


(1) Subject to subsection (2), a person who has been granted a discharge permit, removal permit or storage
licence under the Dangerous Goods Ordinance (Cap 295), which is in force immediately before the commencement of
this Ordinance shall be deemed to have been granted a discharge permit under section 11, a conveyance permit under
section 22 or a store licence under section 24 as appropriate and the licence or permit shall, subject to section 47(3),
continue in force until the expiration date specified therein.

(2) Subsection (1) shall apply only where the person would, but for this section, be liable to be prosecuted for a
contravention of section 10, 21 or 23.

Section: 60 (Omitted as spent) L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 61 (Omitted as spent) L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 62 (Omitted as spent) L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 63 (Omitted as spent) L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 64 (Omitted as spent) L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 65 (Omitted as spent) L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Section: 66 (Omitted as spent) L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001




Schedule: 1 MEMBERS OF APPEAL BOARD PANEL L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


[sections 34 & 38]




Cap 560 - ENTERTAINMENT SPECIAL EFFECTS ORDINANCE 18

The Appeal Board panel shall consist of-
(a) not more than 9 persons nominated by The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, of whom-

(i) not more than 3 shall be qualified as corporate members under the Civil Discipline;
(ii) not more than 3 shall be qualified as corporate members under the Geotechnical Discipline; and
(iii) not more than 3 shall be qualified as corporate members under the Gas Discipline; and

(b) not more than 6 licensed special effects operators or persons who are experienced in the use of special
effects materials; and

(c) not more than 3 persons who are executive producers in film, television or stage production; and
(d) not more than 3 persons nominated by the Hong Kong Film Directors' Guild.


Schedule: 2 COMPOSITION OF APPEAL BOARD L.N. 35 of 2001 16/03/2001


[sections 37 & 38]


An Appeal Board shall consist of-
(a) the Chairman; and
(b) 4 persons who are members of the panel, of whom-

(i) one shall be a licensed special effects operator or a person experienced in the use of special
effects materials; and

(ii) 2 shall be from amongst the nominees of The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers; and
(iii) one shall be an executive producer in film, television or stage production, or from amongst the

nominees of the Hong Kong Film Directors' Guild.

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