Merchant Shipping (Local Vessels) Ordinance


Published: 2007-01-02

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Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 1

Chapter: 548 MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS)
ORDINANCE

Gazette Number Version Date


Long title L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


An Ordinance to provide for the regulation and control of local vessels in Hong Kong or in the waters of Hong Kong
and for other matters affecting local vessels, including their navigation and safety at sea (whether within or
beyond the waters of Hong Kong).


[2 January 2007] L.N. 282 of 2006


(Originally 43 of 1999)

Part: I PRELIMINARY L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007




Section: 1 Short title and commencement 03/01/2007


(1) This Ordinance may be cited as the Merchant Shipping (Local Vessels) Ordinance.
(2) (Omitted as spent)


Section: 2 Interpretation 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



In this Ordinance, unless the context otherwise requires-
"accepted convention certificate" (獲認可的公約證明書 ) means a certificate in the form prescribed by the

International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 as amended from time to time; (Added 24 of 2005
s. 2)

"agent" (代理人) means any person acting in Hong Kong as agent for the owner of a vessel for the purposes of this
Ordinance;

"aid to navigation" (助航設備) means a lighthouse, beacon or buoy, and any cables, wires and other forms of
communication apparatus connected or used with a lighthouse, beacon or buoy;

"approved insurer" (認可保險人) means a protection and indemnity association approved under any regulation made
in relation to insurance under section 89; (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)

"authorized insurer" (獲授權保險人) means-
(a) an insurer authorized under the Insurance Companies Ordinance (Cap 41) to carry on insurance

business of the nature specified in class 12 in Part 3 of the First Schedule to that Ordinance;
(b) an association of underwriters approved by the Insurance Authority under section 6 of that Ordinance

to carry on insurance business of the nature specified in class 12 in Part 3 of the First Schedule to that
Ordinance;

(c) the society of underwriters known in the United Kingdom as Lloyd's; or
(d) an approved insurer; (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)

"authorized officer" (獲授權人員) means-
(a) the Director and any public officer of the Marine Department of or above the rank of Marine Inspector

Class II;
(b) any police officer of or above the rank of Sergeant; and
(c) any public officer authorized in writing in this behalf by the Director;

"authorized surveyor" (特許驗船師) means a person appointed under section 7(1) to be a surveyor for the purposes
of this Ordinance;

"beacon" (航標) means any light, mark or sign established as an aid to navigation, other than a lighthouse or buoy;
"buoy" (浮標) means any floating light, mark or sign established as an aid to navigation, other than a lighthouse or

beacon;



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 2

"cargo" (貨物 ) means any goods, container, pallet, material and solid ballast, vessels' stores, provisions and
equipment, mail and passengers' baggage, carried, or intended to be carried, in or on a vessel; (Amended 70 of
1999 s. 17)

"cargo handling" (貨物處理) means-
(a) the loading of cargo on, or the unloading of cargo from, a local vessel;
(b) the transfer of cargo within a local vessel;
(c) the transfer of cargo by a local vessel to or from another vessel; or
(d) the hoisting, lowering, moving and handling of cargo or any other thing in any manner, on or from a

local vessel;
"certificate of ownership" (擁有權證明書), in relation to a local vessel, means its certificate of ownership issued

under regulations made under section 89;
"certificated" (領有證明書) means certificated under regulations made under section 89;
"class" (類別), in relation to a vessel, includes type;
"code of practice" (工作守則) includes-

(a) a standard;
(b) a specification; and
(c) any other documentary form of practical guidance;

"collision regulations" (《碰撞規例》) means the Merchant Shipping (Safety) (Signals of Distress and Prevention of
Collisions) Regulations (Cap 369 sub. leg. N);

"Committee" (諮委會) means the Local Vessels Advisory Committee established under section 4(1);
"coxswain" (船長), in relation to a local vessel, means the person having for the time being the charge or command of

the vessel; but where there is no such person or the vessel is in the charge or command of a person under the age
of 16, it means the person whose name appears in the vessel's certificate of ownership;

“crane” (起重機) means any appliance equipped with mechanical means of hoisting and lowering a load and for
transporting the load while suspended; and also all chains, ropes, swivels, or other tackle (down to and including
the hook), used in the operation of the appliance; but does not include-

(a) a hoist block running on a fixed rail or wire;
(b) a stacker or conveyer whereby a load is moved by means of a belt or platform; or
(c) an earth or mineral moving or excavating appliance not fitted with a grab; (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)

"crew" (船員) means the coxswain and any other person employed or engaged in any capacity on board a local vessel
on the business of the vessel;

"dangerous goods" (危險貨物) means dangerous goods within the meaning of section 1 of the Merchant Shipping
(Safety) (Dangerous Goods and Marine Pollutants) Regulation (Cap 413 sub. leg. H);

"dead vessel" (廢置船隻) means any local vessel, other than a laid-up vessel which has a written permission under
section 66 which is in force, which-

(a) is, for any reason, unable to proceed under its own power;
(b) is, for any reason, unable to manoeuvre with its own steering gear;
(c) is, for any reason, unable to work its own anchors; or
(d) has any part of the hull structure removed, or under repair, which may affect the water-tight integrity

of the vessel;
"detention order" (扣留令) means a notice under section 52(4);
"Director" (處長) means the Director of Marine;
"domestic premises" (住宅處所) means any premises used wholly or mainly for residential purposes and constituting

a separate household unit;
"dwelling vessel" (住家船隻) means a local vessel which-

(a) is used, constructed or adapted principally for dwelling purposes; and
(b) tends to remain stationary in any area of the waters of Hong Kong;

"dynamically supported craft" (動力承托的航行器) means a passenger carrying vessel that is operable-
(a) on or above water and the weight of which, or a significant part thereof, is balanced in one mode of

operation by other than hydrostatic forces; or
(b) at speeds such that the function V(gL)-1/2 is equal to, or greater than, 0.9:



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 3

Where, in consistent units-
"V" means maximum speed;
"g" means the acceleration force due to gravity;
"L" means the waterline length;

"engine operator" (輪機操作員), in relation to a local vessel, means the person who is in charge of the vessel's
machinery;

"Government surveyor" (政府驗船師) means a person appointed under section 5 of the Merchant Shipping (Safety)
Ordinance (Cap 369) to be a Government surveyor;

"identity card" (身分證) means an identity card within the meaning of the Registration of Persons Ordinance (Cap
177);

"improvement notice" (敦促改善通知書) means a notice under section 73(1);
"Insurance Authority" (保險業監督) has the meaning assigned to it by section 2(1) of the Insurance Companies

Ordinance (Cap 41); (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)
"junk" (中式帆船) includes any vessel-

(a) of Chinese or other Asiatic build, construction or rig;
(b) of Chinese or other Asiatic build and construction but of European rig; or
(c) of European build and construction, but of Chinese or other Asiatic rig,

whether such vessel is of a sea-going type or not and whether mechanically propelled or not;
"length overall" (總長度), in relation to a local vessel, means the distance between the foreside of the foremost fixed

permanent structure and the aftside of the aftermost fixed permanent structure of the vessel; (Added 24 of 2005
s. 2)

"licensed" (已領牌、領牌) means licensed under regulations made under section 89;
"lifting appliance" (起重裝置) means a crane, winch, hoist, derrick boom, sheer legs, excavator, pile driver, pile

extractor, fork lift truck or other self-propelled machine, and any other description of lifting appliance, derrick
and mast bands, goose-necks, eyebolts, and all other permanent attachments to a derrick, mast or deck, used on a
vessel for the purposes of hoisting or lowering in connection with works; (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 17)

"lifting gear" (起重工具) includes a chain, rope sling, canvas sling, net, tray, board, box, bull rope, snotter, can hook
or other means of supporting cargo and attachments thereto including a ring, link, hooks, plate, clamp, shackle,
swivel, eyebolt, bridle, beam, spreader, rope and wire, used on a vessel in connection with works; (Amended 70
of 1999 s. 17; 24 of 2005 s. 2)

"lighthouse" (燈塔) includes a lightship and any floating or other light exhibited for the guidance of vessels, other
than a beacon or buoy;

"local certificate of competency" (本地合格證明書) means a certificate of competency issued under Part V;
"local vessel" (本地船隻) means-

(a) any vessel used solely within the waters of Hong Kong, whether registered under the Merchant
Shipping (Registration) Ordinance (Cap 415) or in a place outside Hong Kong;

(b) any vessel regularly employed in trading to or from Hong Kong unless registered in a place outside
Hong Kong;

(c) any vessel possessed or used for pleasure purposes in the waters of Hong Kong;
(d) any vessel employed in sea fishing plying regularly in the waters of Hong Kong, or using the waters of

Hong Kong as a base; or
(e) any vessel-

(i) registered in the Mainland of China or Macau;
(ii) employed in trading to or from Hong Kong; and
(iii) issued with any certificate by a government authority of the Mainland of China or Macau

permitting its trading to Hong Kong other than any accepted convention certificate; (Replaced
24 of 2005 s. 2)

"marine construction" (海上建造工程) means any construction or reclamation works, including dredging, drilling,
pipe laying, buoy laying, cable laying and caisson construction, in which local vessels are used; (Added 24 of
2005 s. 2)

"material" (物料) includes construction material, waste material and debris; (Added 70 of 1999 s. 17)



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 4

"mooring" (繫泊設備) includes a mooring dolphin or post, buoy, pontoon, floating pier or other floating structure
used for the mooring of vessels or to assist in the embarkation or disembarkation to or from vessels;

"non-domestic premises" (非住宅處所) means any premises other than domestic premises;
"operating licence" (運作牌照), in relation to a local vessel, means its licence issued under regulations made under

section 89;
"owner" (船東), in relation to a local vessel, means-

(a) the person or persons named in the vessel's certificate of ownership as the owner of the vessel;
(b) in the absence of such a certificate, the person or persons owning the vessel;

"passenger" (乘客) means any person carried in a vessel other than-
(a) a member of the crew;
(b) a child under 1 year of age;

"person in charge of works" (工程負責人) means-
(a) the owner or coxswain of, or other person having control over, a local vessel on, to or by means of

which any works are to be, or are being, carried out;
(b) a principal contractor or sub-contractor, if any, who contracts to carry out, or who carries out, any

works; or
(c) any other person having for the time being the command or charge of any works being carried out on,

to or by means of a local vessel; (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)
"place on land" (陸上地方) means-

(a) any premises, building or vehicle on land;
(b) any building, structure or object erected or placed on the bed or shore of the sea; or
(c) anything afloat (other than a vessel) if it is anchored or attached to the bed or shore of the sea;

"pleasure vessel" (遊樂船隻) means any launch, yacht, inflatable vessel, junk, lorcha or other vessel that-
(a) has an engine installed in it, or is designed to have an engine installed in it or carried on it, whereby the

vessel may be propelled by mechanical means;
(b) is possessed or used exclusively for pleasure purposes; and
(c) is not let for hire or reward other than under the terms of a charter agreement in writing or hire-

purchase agreement in writing,
but does not include any launch, yacht, inflatable vessel, junk, lorcha or other vessel that has never been
launched in the waters of Hong Kong;

"pleasure vessel operator" (遊樂船隻操作人), in relation to a pleasure vessel, means a person who is in charge of
the vessel;

"port" (港口) means any area of the waters of Hong Kong which is declared to be a port under section 56 of the
Shipping and Port Control Ordinance (Cap 313);

"port facility" (港口設施) means any aid to navigation, mooring or signal station;
"principal contractor" (總承判商) means a person who enters into a contract directly with the owner or coxswain of,

or other person having control over, a local vessel to carry out any works; (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)
"protection and indemnity association" (保障及彌償組織) means an association established by shipowners to

provide mutual indemnity for its members against losses and liabilities incident to marine adventure; (Added 24
of 2005 s. 2)

"repairs" (修理), in relation to-
(a) any local vessel, means (except in section 74) any repairs, alterations or maintenance works on or to

the vessel carried out by any person other than a member of the crew or the coxswain of the vessel or
that involve or are likely to involve the safety of any person other than a member of the crew or the
coxswain of the vessel; and

(b) any local vessel carrying dangerous goods, means (except in section 74) any repairs, alterations or
maintenance works on or to the vessel capable of providing an ignition source, including those that
involve welding, burning or the use of blow lamps, braziers or other devices using combustible
materials; (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)

"signal station" (信號站) means a signal station as specified in regulations made under the Shipping and Port Control
Ordinance (Cap 313);



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 5

"specified" (指明), in relation to a form, means specified under section 71;
"sub-contractor" (次承判商) means-

(a) any person who enters into a contract, express or implied, with a principal contractor to perform all or
any part of the works which the principal contractor has contracted to perform; or

(b) any other person who enters into a contract, express or implied, to perform all or any part of the works
which a sub-contractor within the meaning of paragraph (a) has contracted to perform; (Added 24 of
2005 s. 2)

"tidal water" (感潮水域) means any part of the sea or of a river within the ebb and flow of the tide at ordinary spring
tides;

"use of signals of distress regulations" (《使用遇險訊號規例》) means the Merchant Shipping (Safety) (Use of
Signals of Distress) Regulations (Cap 369 sub. leg. O);

"vessel" (船隻) includes-
(a) any ship, junk, boat, dynamically supported craft, seaplane, or any other description of vessel used in

navigation; and
(b) any other description of vessel in Hong Kong or in the waters of Hong Kong not used in navigation or

not constructed or adapted for use in navigation; (Amended 24 of 2005 s. 2)
"works" (工程) means-

(a) repairs to a local vessel;
(b) the breaking up of a local vessel;
(c) cargo handling; or
(d) marine construction. (Added 24 of 2005 s. 2)


Section: 3 Application 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) Subject to subsections (2), (3) and (4), this Ordinance shall, except where otherwise specially provided,
apply to all local vessels whether in or beyond the waters of Hong Kong.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), this Ordinance shall, except where otherwise specially provided, apply to a local
vessel referred to in paragraph (e) of the definition of "local vessel" in section 2 only while it is within the waters of
Hong Kong.

(3) Parts IV, V and VA shall not apply to a local vessel- (Amended 24 of 2005 s. 3)
(a) referred to in paragraph (e) of the definition of "local vessel" in section 2; or
(b) for the time being used for any purpose by the Government.

(4) This Ordinance shall not apply to any local vessel certified, under the provisions of the Merchant Shipping
(Safety) Ordinance (Cap 369), as a passenger ship.

(5) Except where otherwise specially provided, nothing in this Ordinance shall derogate from the provisions of
any other law. (Amended 24 of 2005 s. 3)

Part: II LOCAL VESSELS ADVISORY COMMITTEE,

SUBCOMMITTEES AND AUTHORIZED SURVEYORS
L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007





Section: 4 Local Vessels Advisory Committee L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) There is hereby established a committee to be known as the Local Vessels Advisory Committee.
(2) The Committee shall consist of-

(a) the Deputy Director of Marine who shall be the Chairman;
(b) two senior officers of the Marine Department appointed by the Director;
(c) a police officer nominated by the Commissioner of Police; and
(d) the following persons appointed by the Director-

(i) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in the ship building and repairing
industry;

(ii) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in naval architecture;



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 6

(iii) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in ship survey work;
(iv) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in the marine insurance industry;
(v) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in the field of seafarers' training;
(vi) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in the field of seafarers' associations;
(vii) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in cargo vessels' operations;
(viii) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in launch and excursion vessels'

operations;
(ix) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in ferry vessels' operations;
(x) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in river trade cargo operations;
(xi) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in pleasure boating operations; and
(xii) a person who, in the opinion of the Director, has expertise in the fishing industry.

(3) The members of the Committee appointed under subsection (2)(d) shall be appointed for a period of 3 years
or for such lesser period as the Director may in any particular case determine and shall be eligible for reappointment.

(4) Any member of the Committee appointed under subsection (2)(d) may, at any time by notice in writing to
the Director, resign from the Committee.

(5) Not less than half the members of the Committee shall form a quorum at any meeting of the Committee.
(6) The Chairman of the Committee shall preside at all meetings of the Committee but, if the Chairman is

absent from any meeting or any part thereof, he may nominate a member to preside in his absence as Chairman at the
meeting or part thereof.

(7) The Chairman of the Committee or any member presiding in his absence shall have a vote on all matters
coming before the Committee; and in the case of an equality of votes he shall also have a casting vote.

(8) The Director shall appoint an officer of the Marine Department to be the secretary of the Committee.
(9) The secretary of the Committee shall furnish to the Director a record in writing of every meeting of the

Committee.
(10) Part VII of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1) shall apply to the Committee and

appointments to the Committee except in so far as that Part is inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance.
(11) Subject to the provisions of this Ordinance, the Director may make rules regulating the procedures at

meetings of the Committee.
(12) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that rules made under subsection (11) are not subsidiary

legislation.

Section: 5 Functions of Committee L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Without prejudice to any other provisions of this Ordinance, the Director may seek the advice of the
Committee on any matter which is connected with or incidental to-

(a) the performance of his functions, or the exercise of his powers, under this Ordinance; or
(b) the general regulation or control of local vessels in Hong Kong.

(2) The Committee shall advise the Director on any matter in respect of which its advice is sought under
subsection (1).

Section: 6 Subcommittees L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The Committee may establish subcommittees and appoint the members thereof, which may include persons
who are not members of the Committee, and the Committee shall appoint a chairman for each subcommittee.

(2) Any matter may be referred by the Chairman of the Committee to a subcommittee.
(3) The Chairman of the Committee shall have the right to attend at any meeting of any subcommittee, whether

or not he was appointed as a member of that subcommittee.
(4) The Chairman of the Committee or the chairman of a subcommittee may convene a meeting of the

subcommittee.
(5) Not less than 1/4 of the members of a subcommittee shall form a quorum at any meeting of the

subcommittee but, in any case, a quorum of the subcommittee shall not be less than 2 members.
(6) Notwithstanding subsection (1), a subcommittee may co-opt additional persons as members of the

subcommittee, and shall at all times furnish the Chairman of the Committee with particulars of all persons co-opted.
(7) Upon the conclusion of its deliberations a subcommittee shall prepare a report covering all aspects of its

work for the consideration of the Committee, which report shall be forwarded to the Chairman and the secretary of the



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 7

Committee for inclusion on the agenda of the next meeting of the Committee.
(8) Part VII of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1) shall apply to a subcommittee and

appointments to the subcommittee-
(a) as if the subcommittee were a committee;
(b) except in so far as that Part is inconsistent with the provisions of this Ordinance.


Section: 7 Authorization of surveyors 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) The Director may authorize in writing a person, or a person belonging to a class of persons, who is not a
public officer to be a surveyor for the purposes of this Ordinance subject to such conditions, if any, as the Director
thinks fit and specified in the authorization.

(1A) In considering the conditions (if any) to be imposed under subsection (1), the Director shall have regard to
all relevant considerations, including but not limited to the experience and the competency of the person in carrying
out the work of a surveyor for the purposes of this Ordinance. (Added 24 of 2005 s. 4)

(2) Where the Director refuses to authorize a person as a surveyor for the purposes of this Ordinance, or
authorizes a person as a surveyor for the purposes of this Ordinance subject to conditions, he shall serve a notice in
writing on the person setting out the reasons for the refusal or conditions, as the case may be.

(3) Where the Director is satisfied that an authorized surveyor has contravened any of the conditions of his
authorization, he may serve a notice in writing on the surveyor revoking the authorization and setting out the reasons
for the revocation.

(4) The Director may carry out an audit check of any survey carried out or any plan approved by an authorized
surveyor for the purposes of this Ordinance. (Replaced 24 of 2005 s. 4)

(5) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that the Director may authorize a person as a surveyor for
the purposes of this Ordinance subject to the condition that he is such a surveyor only in relation to a local vessel of
which he is the owner.

(6) (Repealed 24 of 2005 s. 4)

Section: 7A Recognition of government authority 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) The Director may recognize in writing any government authority for the purposes of carrying out any
survey and approving any plan of any local vessel for the purposes of this Ordinance subject to such conditions, if any,
as the Director thinks fit.

(2) In considering the conditions (if any) to be imposed under subsection (1), the Director shall have regard to
all relevant considerations, including but not limited to the experience and the competency of the government
authority in carrying out the surveys and approving the plans of the local vessel.

(3) Where the Director is satisfied that a recognized government authority has contravened any of the
conditions imposed under subsection (1), he may serve a notice in writing on the authority withdrawing the
recognition and setting out the reasons for such withdrawal.

(4) The Director may carry out an audit check of any survey carried out or any plan approved by a recognized
government authority for the purposes of this Ordinance.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 5)

Part: III CODES OF PRACTICE L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007




Section: 8 Approval of codes of practice by Director L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Subject to subsection (8), for the purpose of providing practical guidance in respect of any requirements
under this Ordinance, the Director may-

(a) approve and issue such codes of practice (whether prepared by him or not) as in his opinion are
suitable for that purpose; and

(b) approve such codes of practice issued or proposed to be issued otherwise than by him as in his opinion



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 8

are suitable for that purpose.
(2) Where a code of practice is approved under subsection (1), the Director shall, by notice in the Gazette-

(a) identify the code concerned and specify the date on which its approval is to take effect; and
(b) specify for which of the requirements under this Ordinance the code is so approved.

(3) The Director may-
(a) from time to time revise the whole or any part of any code of practice prepared by him under this

section; and
(b) approve any revision or proposed revision of the whole or any part of any code of practice for the time

being approved under this section,
and the provisions of subsection (2) shall, with the necessary modifications, apply in relation to the approval of any
revision under this subsection as they apply in relation to the approval of a code of practice under subsection (1).

(4) The Director may at any time withdraw his approval from any code of practice approved under this section.
(5) Where under subsection (4) the Director withdraws his approval from a code of practice approved under

this section, he shall, by notice in the Gazette, identify the code concerned and specify the date on which his approval
of it is to cease to have effect.

(6) References in this Ordinance to an approved code of practice are references to that code as it has effect for
the time being by virtue of any revision of the whole or any part of it approved under this section.

(7) The power of the Director under subsection (1)(b) to approve a code of practice issued or proposed to be
issued otherwise than by him shall include power to approve a part of such a code and, accordingly, in this Ordinance
"code of practice" (工作守則) may be read as including a part of such a code.

(8) The Director shall, before approving a code of practice under subsection (1) or any revision or proposed
revision of the code under subsection (3), consult with-

(a) the Committee; and
(b) such other interested persons as he thinks fit.

(9) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that different codes of practice may be approved under
subsection (1) for different classes of local vessels, and may be so approved for the same or different requirements
referred to in that subsection.

Section: 9 Use of approved codes of practice in proceedings under

this Ordinance
L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007



(1) A failure on the part of any person to observe any provision of a code of practice approved under section 8
shall not of itself render the person liable to any civil or criminal proceedings but where in any proceedings under this
Ordinance a person is alleged to have contravened a requirement under this Ordinance, being a requirement for which
there was an approved code of practice at the time of the alleged contravention, subsection (2) shall have effect with
respect to such code in relation to those proceedings.

(2) Any provision of a code of practice which appears to a specified body to be relevant to a requirement under
this Ordinance alleged to have been contravened shall be admissible in evidence in the proceedings under this
Ordinance concerned and if it is proved that there was at any material time a failure to observe any provision of the
code which appears to that body to be relevant to any matter which it is necessary to prove in order to establish a
contravention of such requirement, that matter shall be taken as proved in the absence of evidence that such
requirement was in respect of that matter complied with otherwise than by way of observance of that provision.

(3) In any proceedings under this Ordinance, a code of practice which appears to a specified body to be the
subject of a notice under section 8 shall be taken to be the subject of such notice in the absence of evidence to the
contrary.

(4) In this section-
"proceedings under this Ordinance" (根據本條例進行的法律程序) includes any criminal proceedings where a

person is alleged to have committed an offence by reason of a contravention of a requirement under this
Ordinance;

"specified body" (指明當局) means-
(a) a magistrate;
(b) a court; or
(c) the Administrative Appeals Board.





Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 9

Part: IV CERTIFICATION AND LICENSING OF LOCAL
VESSELS

24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007





Section: 10 Application 24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



This Part shall not apply to any local vessel-
(a) which is a pleasure vessel-

(i) from a place outside Hong Kong; and
(ii) which does not remain in the waters of Hong Kong for more than 182 days out of 365

consecutive days;
(b) which is a vessel-

(i) used exclusively for pleasure purposes;
(ii) not fitted with an engine; and
(iii) in the opinion of the Director, incapable of being fitted with an engine,
including but not limited to a canoe, beach pleasure hire boat, windsurfer and dinghy; (Replaced 24 of
2005 s. 6)

(c) which is a licensed dwelling vessel;
(d) which has never been launched.


Section: 11 Local vessel must be certificated L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Every local vessel shall be certificated.
(2) Where subsection (1) is contravened, the owner of the local vessel, his agent and the coxswain of the vessel

commit an offence and each of them is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

Section: 12 Ownership of local vessel L.N. 163 of 2013 03/03/2014


(1) The owner of a local vessel shall be-
(a) an individual who holds a valid identity card and who is ordinarily resident in Hong Kong; or
(b) a company or registered non-Hong Kong company as defined by section 2(1) of the Companies

Ordinance (Cap 622). (Amended 30 of 2004 s. 3; 28 of 2012 ss. 912 & 920)
(2) The Director shall refuse to certificate a local vessel or to transfer its certificate of ownership to a new

owner where the owner or transferee, as the case may be, is not a person referred to in subsection (1).

Section: 13 Certificated local vessel must be licensed 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) Every certificated local vessel shall be licensed except that this subsection shall not apply during any period
when the vessel is the subject of a written permission under section 66 which is in force. (Amended 24 of 2005 s. 7)

(2) Where subsection (1) is contravened, the owner of the local vessel, his agent and the coxswain commit an
offence and each of them is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

Section: 14 Offences in relation to carrying of passengers L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) No unlicensed local vessel shall carry any passenger.
(2) No licensed vessel shall carry any passenger unless the conditions of its operating licence permit the

carriage of passengers.
(3) No licensed vessel shall carry more passengers and crew than may lawfully be carried under the conditions

of its operating licence.
(4) If without reasonable excuse subsection (1) or (2) is contravened, the owner of the vessel, his agent and the

coxswain commit an offence and each of them is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 2
years, and to an additional fine at level 2 in respect of each passenger carried on the vessel in contravention of that



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 10

subsection.
(5) If without reasonable excuse subsection (3) is contravened, the owner of the vessel, his agent and the

coxswain commit an offence and each of them is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 1
year, and to an additional fine at level 1 in respect of each person carried in excess of the number that may lawfully be
carried.

Section: 15 Additional licence fees L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Without prejudice to the liability for an offence under section 13(2), the Director may, in the case of-
(a) a local vessel which is not licensed, require the owner of the vessel to pay, in addition to the prescribed

licence fee for the issue of an operating licence, the prescribed licence fees which would have become
payable if the vessel has been licensed from the date the vessel has been without a licence in
contravention of section 13(1);

(b) a local vessel the operating licence of which is not renewed from the date of expiry of the previous
licence, require the owner of the vessel to pay, in addition to the prescribed licence fee for the renewal
of the licence, the prescribed licence fees which would have become payable if the operating licence
had been renewed from the date of expiry of the previous operating licence.

(2) The owner of a local vessel may be required to pay the additional licence fees payable under subsection (1)
in respect of a period prior to the issue or renewal of an operating licence whether or not he was the owner of the
vessel during that entire period.

(3) The additional licence fees under subsection (1) shall not be payable in respect of any period during which
the operating licence of the vessel was terminated by notice to the Director.

Section: 15A Additional fees 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) The Director may—
(a) in the case of a local vessel which was not licensed in accordance with any of the repealed regulations,

require the owner of the vessel to pay a fee specified in subsection (2)(a); or
(b) in the case of a local vessel which was not renewed from the expiry date of the licence in accordance

with any of the repealed regulations, require the owner of the vessel to pay a fee specified in
subsection (2)(b).

(2) The owner of a local vessel is required to pay—
(a) in the case described in subsection (1)(a), a fee which is equivalent to the prescribed licence fee for the

issue of an operation licence for a period—
(i) commencing on the date the vessel had been without a licence in contravention of the repealed

section; and
(ii) ending on the relevant day; and

(b) in the case described in subsection (1)(b), a fee which is equivalent to the prescribed licence fee for the
renewal of an operating licence for a period—
(i) commencing on the expiry date of the licence; and
(ii) ending on the relevant day.

(3) Subsection (1) is without prejudice to the liability for an offence under section 13(2) and the liability to pay
the additional licence fees under section 15.

(4) The owner of a local vessel may be required to pay a fee payable under subsection (1) in respect of a period
whether or not he was the owner of the vessel during that entire period.

(5) A fee under subsection (1) shall not be payable in respect of—
(a) any continuous period exceeding 6 months during which the vessel had not been in use if the owner of

the vessel produces evidence to that effect to the satisfaction of the Director; or
(b) any period during which the licence of the vessel was terminated by notice to the Director.

(6) In this section—
“relevant day” (有關日期) means the day of the commencement* of this section;
“repealed regulations” (已廢除規例) means the Merchant Shipping (Launches and Ferry Vessels) Regulations



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 11

(Cap 313 sub. leg. E), the Merchant Shipping (Miscellaneous Craft) Regulations (Cap 313 sub. leg. F) and the
Merchant Shipping (Pleasure Vessels) Regulations (Cap 313 sub. leg. G) repealed by this Ordinance;

“repealed section” (已廢除條文) means section 26 of the Shipping and Port Control Ordinance (Cap 313)
repealed by this Ordinance.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 8)
______________________________________________________________________________
* Commencement date: 2 January 2007.

Part: V LOCAL CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY AND

INQUIRIES
L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007





Section: 16 Local certificate of competency for persons employed as
coxswains, etc.

L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007



(1) The Director shall cause examinations to be conducted for the grant of local certificates of competency
required to be held by persons employed as coxswains, engine operators or pleasure vessel operators on vessels, and
shall appoint examiners for that purpose.

(2) The Director may make rules providing for-
(a) the issue by the Director of local certificates of competency and the method of granting such

certificates;
(b) the classes and grades of local certificates of competency and the endorsements appropriate to each

class and grade;
(c) the combining of 2 or more classes or grades of local certificate of competency in one document if

appropriate;
(d) the addition or removal of endorsements on local certificates of competency;
(e) the recognition of one type of local certificate of competency as equivalent to another type of local

certificate of competency for all or specified purposes;
(f) the procedure for applying for a local certificate of competency and for the conduct of examinations

under subsection (1);
(g) the subjects to be taken at such examinations or the manner in which those subjects are to be specified;
(h) the standards of competency to be attained by candidates in order to pass such examinations and other

conditions to be satisfied by candidates, and applicants for a local certificate of competency;
(i) the requirements to be satisfied for a person to be exempted under subsection (5) from any part of such

an examination;
(j) the requirements to be satisfied for the grant of a local certificate of competency under subsection (4);
(k) the recognition of certificates of competency issued by the Director under any enactment or by the

appropriate authority of another jurisdiction as equivalent, for all purposes or for purposes specified by
the Director, to local certificates of competency required to be held by any person under this
Ordinance;

(l) the issue of a copy of any local certificate of competency which has been lost, destroyed, damaged or
defaced;

(m) the surrender of local certificates of competency upon their expiry or replacement;
(n) fees and forms, in relation to examinations conducted under subsection (1), the issue of local

certificates of competency and recognition of certificates of competency as equivalent to local
certificates of competency;

(o) generally, provisions in respect of local certificates of competency.
(3) The Director may publish any rules made under subsection (2) in such manner as he thinks fit, and shall, on

payment of such charge as the Director may determine, provide a copy of the rules to any person.
(4) The Director may grant a local certificate of competency as a coxswain, engine operator or pleasure vessel

operator to a person without requiring him to undergo the appropriate examination specified in the rules made under
subsection (2), if the person produces to the Director suitable documentary evidence, or satisfies the Director in a
manner specified in the rules, of his competence for the grant of such a certificate.

(5) Without prejudice to subsection (4), the Director may exempt a person from undergoing any part of the
appropriate examination for the grant of a local certificate of competency specified in the rules made under subsection



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 12

(2), if the person satisfies the Director in a manner specified in the rules that he is qualified for such exemption.
(6) Rules made under subsection (2) may direct that no local certificate of competency shall be granted to any

person unless-
(a) he has reached such minimum age as may be specified therein; and
(b) he has obtained such experience or performed such service on such class of vessel as may be specified

therein.
(7) Rules made under subsection (2) may direct that a local certificate of competency shall expire upon the

holder's attaining such age as may be specified therein but that it may thereafter be extended for such periods and in
such manner as may be so specified.

(8) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that rules made under this section are not subsidiary
legislation.

Section: 17 Inquiry into fitness or conduct of holder of local certificate

of competency
L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007



Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) Where it appears to the Director that the holder of a local certificate of competency-

(a) is unfit to discharge his duties, whether by reason of incompetence or misconduct or for any other
reason; or

(b) has been seriously negligent in the discharge of his duties,
the Director may cause an inquiry to be held and may, if he thinks fit, suspend, pending the outcome of the inquiry,
the certificate and require the holder to deliver it to him.

(2) Where an inquiry is to be held under this section-
(a) the inquiry shall be-

(i) held by one or more persons appointed by the Chief Justice; and
(ii) conducted in accordance with rules made under section 20 (which rules shall require the persons

holding the inquiry to hold it with the assistance of one or more assessors); and
(b) the persons holding the inquiry shall for the purpose of the inquiry have the powers given by section

18(1).
(3) The persons holding an inquiry under this section and the assessors assisting them shall be remunerated at a

rate which shall take account of the amount of work and time occupied by them upon the business of the inquiry and
such remuneration shall be determined by the Secretary for Transport and Housing either generally from time to time
or specifically in any particular case: (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)

Provided that nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize the payment of remuneration to any
person employed full time in any office of emolument under the Government.

(4) The persons holding an inquiry under this section into the fitness or conduct of the holder of a local
certificate of competency-

(a) may, if satisfied of any of the matters specified in subsection (1)(a) or (b), cancel or suspend the
certificate or censure him;

(b) may make such order with regard to the costs of the inquiry or any part thereof (including witnesses'
costs) as they think just, and such order shall be enforced by them in the same way as an order for
costs under the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap 227); and

(c) shall make a report on the case to the Director,
and, if the certificate is cancelled or suspended, the holder, unless he has delivered it to the Director pursuant to
subsection (1), shall deliver it forthwith to the persons holding the inquiry or to the Director.

(5) Any costs which a person is ordered to pay under subsection (4)(b) may be recovered from him by the
Director.

Section: 18 Powers of persons holding inquiry, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The persons holding an inquiry under section 17 may-
(a) make such examination and investigation as they consider necessary for the purpose of the inquiry;



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 13

(b) require any person who they have reasonable cause to believe is able to give any information relevant
to any examination or investigation under paragraph (a)-
(i) to attend at a place and time specified by the persons holding the inquiry;
(ii) to answer (in the absence of persons other than any persons whom the persons holding the

inquiry may allow to be present and a person nominated to be present by the person on whom the
requirement is imposed) such questions as the persons holding the inquiry think fit to ask;

(iii) to sign a declaration of the truth of his answers;
(c) require the production of, and inspect and take copies of or of any entry in-

(i) any books or documents which by virtue of any provisions of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance
(Cap 281), the Shipping and Port Control Ordinance (Cap 313), the Merchant Shipping (Safety)
Ordinance (Cap 369), the Merchant Shipping (Seafarers) Ordinance (Cap 478) or this Ordinance
are required to be kept;

(ii) any other books or documents which they consider it necessary for them to see for the purposes
of any examination or investigation under paragraph (a);

(d) require any person to afford them such facilities and assistance with respect to any matters or things
within that person's control, or in relation to which that person has responsibilities as the persons
holding the inquiry consider are necessary to enable them to exercise any of the powers conferred on
them by this section.

(2) A person shall be obliged to answer questions put to him under this section by the persons holding the
inquiry, but if the answers might tend to incriminate him, and he so claims before answering the question, neither the
question nor the answer shall be admissible in evidence against him in criminal proceedings other than proceedings for
an offence under section 36 of the Crimes Ordinance (Cap 200), or for perjury, in respect of the answer, and the
persons holding the inquiry shall, before asking any question under this section, inform the person concerned of the
limitation imposed by this subsection in respect of the admissibility in evidence of the question and any answer given.

(3) Any person who refuses to attend as a witness before any person having the powers specified in subsection
(1), after having been required in the exercise of any such power to do so, or refuses or neglects to make any answer,
or to give any return, or to produce any document in his possession or under his control, or to make or subscribe any
declarations required by any such person in the exercise of any such power, commits an offence and is liable on
conviction to a fine at level 2.

Section: 19 Re-hearing of and appeal from inquiries, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where an inquiry has been held under section 17, the Director may, on application by any person or
otherwise, order the whole or part of the case to be re-heard, and shall do so-

(a) if new and important evidence which could not be produced at the inquiry has been discovered; or
(b) if there appears to him to be other grounds for suspecting that a miscarriage of justice may have

occurred.
(2) Where a re-hearing is to be held under this section-

(a) the re-hearing shall be held by one or more persons appointed by the Chief Justice, who may provide
for the re-hearing to be held by the persons who held the inquiry to which the order under subsection
(1) relates;

(b) the re-hearing shall be conducted in accordance with rules made under section 20; and
(c) section 17(2)(b), (3), (4) and (5) shall, with any necessary modifications, apply to and in relation to the

re-hearing as it applies to and in relation to an inquiry.
(3) Where the persons holding an inquiry have decided to cancel or suspend the local certificate of competency

of any person or have found any person at fault, then, if no application for an order under subsection (1) has been
made or such an application has been refused, that person or any other person who-

(a) has an interest in the inquiry;
(b) has appeared at the hearing;
(c) is affected by the decision or finding; and
(d) is dissatisfied in point of law with the decision or finding,

may appeal to the Court of First Instance.
(4) Where the persons holding a re-hearing under this section have-

(a) confirmed (whether with or without variation) a decision at an inquiry to cancel or suspend the local
certificate of competency of any person or a finding at an inquiry that any person was at fault; or



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 14

(b) decided to cancel or suspend the local certificate of competency of any person or have found any
person at fault,

then, in either case, that person or any other person who-
(i) has an interest in the re-hearing;
(ii) has appeared at the re-hearing;
(iii) is affected by the decision or finding; and
(iv) is dissatisfied in point of law with the decision or finding,

may appeal to the Court of First Instance.
(5) If on an appeal under subsection (3) or (4) the Court of First Instance is of the opinion that the decision or

finding of the persons holding the inquiry or re-hearing was erroneous in point of law, the Court may-
(a) allow the appeal and give such directions in the matter as it thinks proper; or
(b) remit the matter to those persons for determination in accordance with the Court's decision on the point

of law.

Section: 20 Rules as to inquiries, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The Chief Justice may make rules for the conduct of inquiries under section 17 and for the conduct of any
re-hearing under section 19.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), rules made under this section may provide for the
appointment and summoning of assessors, the manner in which any facts may be proved, the persons allowed to
appear, and the notices to be given to persons affected.

Section: 21 Power to restore certificate, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Where a local certificate of competency has been cancelled or suspended under this Part, the Director, if required
to do so by the Court of First Instance or the persons holding the inquiry concerned, shall re-issue the certificate or, as
the case may be, reduce the period of suspension and return the certificate, or shall grant a new certificate of the same
or a lower grade in place of the cancelled or suspended certificate.

Section: 22 Offences relating to local certificates of competency L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Any person who-
(a) makes, assists in making or procures to be made any false representation for the purpose of procuring,

either for himself or for any other person, a local certificate of competency;
(b) fraudulently uses a local certificate of competency or copy of a local certificate of competency which

has been forged, altered, cancelled or suspended or to which he is not entitled; or
(c) fraudulently lends his local certificate of competency or allows it to be used by any other person,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3 and to imprisonment for 6 months.
(2) Where a person is convicted of an offence under subsection (1), the Director may cancel, or suspend for any

period, the local certificate of competency in respect of which the offence is committed.

Section: 23 Surrender of local certificates of competency L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


If-
(a) a person fails to deliver a local certificate of competency as required under section 17(1) or (4); or
(b) on the cancellation or suspension of a local certificate of competency under section 22, the holder of

the certificate, or any person in possession of it, without reasonable excuse fails to deliver it to the
Director on being required by him to do so,

he commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 2.

Part: VA COMPULSORY THIRD PARTY RISKS INSURANCE 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(Part VA added 24 of 2005 s. 9)



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 15


Section: 23A Interpretation of Part VA 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



In this Part—
“class” (類別), in relation to a local vessel, has the meaning assigned to it by section 2(1) of the Merchant Shipping

(Local Vessels) (Certification and Licensing) Regulation (Cap 548 sub. leg. D);
“type” (類型), in relation to a local vessel, has the meaning assigned to it by section 2(1) of the Merchant Shipping

(Local Vessels) (Certification and Licensing) Regulation (Cap 548 sub. leg. D).
(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)


Section: 23B Application of Part VA 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/07/2007



(1) Subject to subsection (2), this Part shall apply to the following local vessels—
(a) local vessels which were subject to Part XIVA of the Merchant Shipping Ordinance (Cap 281)

immediately before the commencement* of this paragraph;
(b) local vessels which are certificated under the Merchant Shipping (Local Vessels) (Certification and

Licensing) Regulation (Cap 548 sub. leg. D) for the following classes and types—
(i) Class I: ferry vessel, launch and multi-purposes vessel;
(ii) Class II: transportation boat and tug; and
(iii) Class IV: all types; and

+(c) all other local vessels which are required to be certificated under this Ordinance.
(2) This Part shall not apply to—

(a) any laid-up vessel which is the subject of a written permission under section 66; and
(b) non-mechanically propelled vessels which do not exceed 4 metres in length overall.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)
______________________________________________________________________________
* Commencement date: 2 January 2007.
+ This paragraph shall come into operation on 2 July 2007.

Section: 23C Obligation on users of vessels to be insured against third

party risks
24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) No owner, charterer or coxswain of a local vessel to which this Part applies may use, or cause or permit any
other person to use, the vessel in the waters of Hong Kong unless there is in force in relation to the use of the vessel by
such owner, charterer or coxswain or that other person, as the case may be, such policy of insurance as complies with
section 23D.

(2) If an owner, charterer or coxswain contravenes subsection (1), he commits an offence and is liable—
(a) where the offence relates to the use of a local vessel permitted to carry more than 12 passengers, to a

fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 2 years; or
(b) where the offence relates to the use of a local vessel permitted to carry no more than 12 passengers, to

a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 1 year.
(3) It shall be a defence to a charge under subsection (2) for the person charged to prove that he took all

reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to prevent the contravention to which the charge relates.
(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)


Section: 23D Requirements in respect of policies of insurance 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) For the purposes of section 23C(1), a policy of insurance shall be a policy which—
(a) is issued by an authorized insurer;
(b) is expressed to be—



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 16

(i) governed by the laws of Hong Kong; and
(ii) issued for the purposes of section 23C(1); and

(c) insures such person, persons or classes of persons as may be specified in the policy in respect of any
liability which may be incurred by him or them in respect of the death of or bodily injury to any person
caused by or arising out of the use of local vessels in the waters of Hong Kong.

(2) The liability covered by a policy of insurance required by subsection (1) shall include the liability for—
(a) interest, costs and expenses indemnified under the policy; and
(b) other costs and expenses incurred by the insured and recoverable from the insurer under the policy.

(3) A policy of insurance required by subsection (1) shall not be required to cover—
(a) liability in respect of the death of or bodily injury to any person in the employment of a person insured

by the policy which arises out of and in the course of the first mentioned person’s employment;
(b) any contractual liability; or
(c) any liability in respect of any one accident or series of accidents arising out of the same event

exceeding such amount as shall be specified by the Director under any regulation made under section
89.

(4) Notwithstanding anything in any law, an authorized insurer issuing a policy of insurance for the purposes of
section 23C(1) shall be liable to indemnify the persons or classes of persons specified in the policy in respect of any
liability which the policy purports to cover in the case of those persons or classes of persons.

(5) A policy of insurance which is issued for the purposes of section 23C(1) shall be governed by the laws of
Hong Kong.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)

Section: 23E Certain conditions of policies to be of no effect 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) If a condition in a policy of insurance issued for the purposes of section 23C(1) provides that—
(a) no liability shall arise under the policy; or
(b) any liability so arising shall cease,

in the event of some specified thing being done or omitted to be done after the happening of the event giving rise to a
claim under the policy, the condition shall be of no effect in connection with the liability mentioned in section
23D(1)(c).

(2) Nothing in this section shall be taken to render void any provisions in a policy of insurance requiring the
person insured to repay to the authorized insurer any sums which—

(a) the authorized insurer may have become liable to pay under the policy; and
(b) have been applied to the satisfaction of the claims of third parties.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)

Section: 23F Duty of insurers to satisfy judgment against persons

insured in respect of third party risks
24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) If—
(a) a policy of insurance has come into operation;
(b) the terms of the policy cover a liability which the policy is required under section 23D(1)(c) to cover

(being a liability covered by the terms of the policy); and
(c) judgment in respect of the liability is entered against any person insured by the policy,

the authorized insurer shall pay to the persons entitled to the benefit of the judgment any sum payable under the
judgment in respect of the liability.

(2) A sum payable under subsection (1) shall include—
(a) any amount payable in respect of costs; and
(b) any amount payable under any law relating to interest on judgments in respect of interest on the sum.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), an authorized insurer shall make payment under subsection (1) notwithstanding
that—

(a) he may be entitled to avoid or cancel the policy of insurance concerned; or
(b) he may have avoided or cancelled the policy.



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 17

(4) The amount required to be paid by an authorized insurer under subsection (1) shall not exceed the amount
specified by the Director in respect of the policy of insurance under any regulation made under section 89.

(5) An authorized insurer shall be entitled to recover the excess from a person insured by a policy of insurance
if the amount of the liability of the authorized insurer under this section exceeds the amount of the liability of the
authorized insurer under the policy of insurance.

(6) The Court of First Instance has power to hear and determine a claim against an authorized insurer in respect
of his liability under subsection (1) notwithstanding that the authorized insurer is not within the jurisdiction of the
Court.

(7) In subsection (1), “liability covered by the terms of the policy” (保險單條款所承保的法律責任)
means a liability which—

(a) is covered by the policy of insurance; or
(b) would be so covered but for the fact that the authorized insurer is entitled to avoid or cancel, or has

avoided or cancelled, the policy.
(8) In subsection (5)—

“amount of the liability of the authorized insurer under the policy of insurance” (獲授權保險人根據某保險單
須負的法律責任的款額) means the amount for which the authorized insurer would, apart from this section,
be liable under the policy of insurance in respect of the liability of the person described in that subsection;

“amount of the liability of the authorized insurer under this section” (獲授權保險人根據本條須負的法律責任
的款額) means the amount for which the authorized insurer becomes liable under this section to pay in respect
of the liability of the person described in that subsection.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)

Section: 23G Supplementary provisions relating to duty of insurers

under section 23F
24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) No sum shall be payable by an authorized insurer under section 23F(1) in respect of any judgment—
(a) unless before or within 7 days after the commencement of the proceedings in which the judgment was

given, the authorized insurer had notice of the bringing of the proceedings; or
(b) so long as execution on the judgment is stayed pending an appeal.

(2) No sum shall be payable by an authorized insurer under section 23F(1) in connection with any liability, if—
(a) before the happening of the event which was the cause of the death or bodily injury giving rise to the

liability, the policy of insurance was cancelled by mutual consent or by virtue of any provision
contained in the policy; and

(b) either—
(i) before the happening of the event, the policy was surrendered to the authorized insurer or the

policy holder made a statutory declaration stating that the policy had been lost or destroyed; or
(ii) after the happening of the event, but before the expiration of a period of 14 days from the taking

effect of the cancellation of the policy, the policy was surrendered to the authorized insurer or the
policy holder made such a statutory declaration.

(3) Subject to subsection (4), no sum shall be payable by an authorized insurer under section 23F if in an action
commenced before, or within 3 months after, the commencement of the proceedings in which the judgment was given,
he has obtained a declaration that—

(a) apart from any provision contained in the policy, he is entitled to avoid it on the ground that it was
obtained by—
(i) the non-disclosure of a material fact; or
(ii) a representation of fact which was false in a material particular; or

(b) if he has avoided the policy of insurance on the ground described in paragraph (a)(i) or (ii), he was
entitled so to do apart from any provision contained in it.

(4) An authorized insurer who has obtained a declaration referred to in subsection (3) shall not thereby become
entitled to the benefit of that subsection as respects any judgment obtained in proceedings commenced before the
commencement of that action unless he complies with the requirement specified in subsection (5).

(5) The requirement referred to in subsection (4) is that before or within 7 days after the commencement of that
action, the authorized insurer—



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 18

(a) has given notice of the action to the person who is the plaintiff in the proceedings; and
(b) has specified in the notice the non-disclosure or false representation on which he proposes to rely.

(6) Any person to whom notice of an action is given under subsection (5) shall be entitled, if he thinks fit, to be
made a party to the action.

(7) In this section, “material” (具關鍵性) means of such a nature as to influence the judgment of a prudent
insurer in determining whether he will take the risk, and, if so, at what premium and on what conditions.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)

Section: 23H Bankruptcy, etc. of insured persons not to affect certain

claims by third parties
24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) Where—
(a) a policy of insurance has been issued for the purposes of section 23C(1) in favour of any person; and
(b) an event mentioned in section 2(1) or (2) of the Third Parties (Rights against Insurers) Ordinance (Cap

273) happened in relation to any person insured by the policy,
the happening of the event shall, notwithstanding anything in that Ordinance, not affect any such liability of that
person as is required to be covered by a policy under section 23D(1)(c).

(2) Nothing in this section shall affect any rights against the authorized insurer conferred by the Third Parties
(Rights against Insurers) Ordinance (Cap 273) on the person to whom the liability was incurred.

(3) Where—
(a) an insured person has rights against an authorized insurer under a policy of insurance issued for the

purposes of section 23C(1); and
(b) the rights are by virtue of section 2 of the Third Parties (Rights against Insurers) Ordinance (Cap 273)

transferred to and vested in a third party,
the Court of First Instance has power to hear and determine a claim by the third party against the authorized insurer
under the policy notwithstanding that the authorized insurer is not within the jurisdiction of the Court.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)

Section: 23I Avoidance of restrictions on scope of policies covering

third party risks
24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) Where a policy of insurance has been issued for the purposes of section 23C(1) in favour of any person, so
much of the policy as purports to restrict the insurance of the persons insured thereby by reference to any of the
matters specified in subsection (2) shall be of no effect as respect such liabilities as are required to be covered by a
policy under section 23D(1)(c).

(2) The matters referred to in subsection (1) are—
(a) the age or physical or mental condition of persons in charge of the local vessel;
(b) the condition of the vessel;
(c) the number of persons that the vessel carries;
(d) the times at which or the areas within which the vessel is used;
(e) the propulsion power or value of the vessel’s engine;
(f) the carrying on the vessel of any particular apparatus;
(g) the carrying on the vessel of any particular means of identification other than any means of

identification required to be carried by or under any regulations made under section 89.
(3) Nothing in this section shall require an authorized insurer to pay any sum in respect of the liability of any

person otherwise than in or towards the discharge of that liability.
(4) Any sum paid by an authorized insurer in or towards the discharge of any liability of any person which is

covered by the policy of insurance by virtue only of this section shall be recoverable by the insurer from that person.
(5) Where—

(a) a person uses, or causes or permits any person to use, a local vessel to which this Part applies in the
waters of Hong Kong;

(b) the person uses, or causes or permits any other person to use the local vessel in such circumstances that
under section 23C there is required to be in force in relation to the use of the vessel by that person or
that other person, as the case may be, such a policy of insurance as complies with section 23D; and



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 19

(c) any other person is carried aboard the local vessel while the user is so using it,
any antecedent agreement or understanding between them (whether intended to be legally binding or not) shall be of
no effect to the extent specified in subsection (6).

(6) Any antecedent agreement or understanding described in subsection (5) shall be of no effect to the extent
that it purports or might be held—

(a) to negative or restrict any such liability of the user in respect of persons carried in or upon the vessel as
is required by section 23D(1)(c) to be covered by a policy of insurance; or

(b) to impose any conditions with respect to the enforcement of any such liability of the user.
(7) The fact described in subsection (8) shall not be treated as negativing any liability of the user in respect of

persons carried in or upon the vessel as is required by section 23D(1)(c) to be covered by a policy of insurance.
(8) The fact referred to in subsection (7) is that a person carried aboard a local vessel as described in subsection

(5)(c) has willingly accepted as his the risk of negligence on the part of the user of the vessel.
(9) For the purposes of this section—

(a) references to a person being carried aboard a vessel include references to a person embarking or
disembarking from the vessel; and

(b) the reference to any antecedent agreement is to one made at any time before the liability arose.
(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)


Section: 23J Duty of person against whom claims are made to give

information as to insurance
24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) Any person against whom a claim is made in respect of any such liability as is required to be covered by a
policy of insurance under section 23D(1)(c) shall—

(a) on demand by or on behalf of the person making the claim, state—
(i) whether or not he was insured in respect of that liability by any policy of insurance having effect

for the purposes of this Part; or
(ii) whether or not he would have been so insured if the authorized insurer had not avoided or

cancelled the policy; and
(b) if he was or would have been so insured, give particulars with respect to that policy.

(2) If, without reasonable excuse, any person fails to comply with subsection (1), or wilfully makes any false
statement in reply to any such demand, he commits an offence and is liable to a fine at level 2 and to imprisonment for
3 months.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)

Section: 23K Requirements as to production of policy of insurance 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) This section applies to a local vessel to which this Part applies which is being used in the waters of Hong
Kong.

(2) Upon a requirement made by an authorized officer, the owner, charterer or coxswain of a vessel shall—
(a) produce for inspection a policy of insurance that complies with this Part; or
(b) within 5 days after the date on which the requirement was made, produce in person at a place specified

by the officer—
(i) the relevant policy of insurance; or
(ii) satisfactory evidence that such policy of insurance had been in effect on that date,
to an authorized officer for inspection.

(3) If the owner, charterer or coxswain contravenes subsection (2), he commits an offence and is liable to a fine
at level 2 and to imprisonment for 3 months.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 9)

Part: VI SAFETY OF NAVIGATION L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007






Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 20

Section: 24 Power to give directions L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


The Director may give to an owner or his agent or to a coxswain of, or other person who appears to the Director
to have control over, a local vessel such directions as he thinks fit in any particular case-

(a) for controlling the vessel when entering or leaving the waters of Hong Kong;
(b) for controlling the navigation and movement of the vessel in the waters of Hong Kong;
(c) as to the place and manner in which the vessel shall be berthed, moored, anchored or secured;
(d) for the removal of the vessel from any berth, mooring or anchorage to another berth, mooring or

anchorage;
(e) prohibiting the berthing, mooring or anchoring of the vessel in any particular place;
(f) for ensuring the safety of, or preventing the outbreak of fire on, the vessel in the waters of Hong Kong;
(g) for preventing pollution of the waters of Hong Kong.


Section: 25 Power to give directions by notice in the Gazette L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 24, the Director may, by notice in the Gazette, give to an
owner or his agent or to a coxswain of, or other person who appears to the Director to have control over, any vessel
belonging to a class, type or description of vessel specified in the notice such directions as he thinks fit in respect of
any matter in relation to which the Director may give directions under that section.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) which has not been repealed, or which has not expired, on or before the
effluxion of the period of 6 months immediately following the day on which it is published in the Gazette shall expire
on the day immediately following that period.

(3) It is hereby declared that a notice under subsection (1)-
(a) is subsidiary legislation;
(b) may be in the same terms as another notice under that subsection where that first-mentioned notice is

to come into operation upon or after the expiration of that second-mentioned notice.
(4) Without prejudice to the generality of section 84(5) or (6), subsections (1), (2), (3) and (4) of that section

shall not apply to a direction given in a notice under subsection (1).

Section: 26 Closure of waters L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where the Director reasonably believes that it is necessary in the interests of safety to close any area of the
waters of Hong Kong to all vessels, or to any vessel belonging to any class, type or description of vessel, he may, by
notice in the Gazette, close that area to such vessels or vessel, as the case may be.

(2) A notice under subsection (1) which has not been repealed, or which has not expired, on or before the
effluxion of the period of 6 months immediately following the day on which it is published in the Gazette shall expire
on the day immediately following that period.

(3) It is hereby declared that a notice under subsection (1)-
(a) is subsidiary legislation;
(b) may be in the same terms as another notice under that subsection where that first-mentioned notice is

to come into operation upon or after the expiration of that second-mentioned notice;
(c) shall not apply to any vessel which is being used for any fire services, ambulance, police, customs and

excise or Marine Department purpose if compliance with the notice is likely to hinder the use of that
vessel for that purpose.

(4) If without reasonable excuse a vessel the subject of a notice under subsection (1) enters an area of the
waters of Hong Kong the subject of that notice, the coxswain of the vessel commits an offence and is liable on
conviction to a fine at level 3 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 27 Application of collision regulations and use of signals of

distress regulations
L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007



(1) Subject to any special provision in or under this Ordinance, the collision regulations and the use of signals
of distress regulations shall apply to all local vessels wherever they may be, and shall, for the purpose of their
application by virtue of this section, be read and construed as if references to "ships" were references to "local vessels



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 21

within the meaning of the Merchant Shipping (Local Vessels) Ordinance (Cap 548)" and references to "registered in
Hong Kong" were deleted.

(2) If any of the collision regulations is contravened by a local vessel, the owner of the vessel, his agent, the
coxswain and any person for the time being responsible for the conduct of the vessel shall each be guilty of an offence
and liable on conviction to a fine at level 4.

(3) It shall be a defence to a charge under subsection (2) for the person charged to prove that he took all
reasonable precautions to prevent the contravention to which the charge relates.

(4) If the coxswain of a vessel uses or displays or causes or permits any person under his authority to use or
display-

(a) any signal prescribed by the collision regulations except in the circumstances and for the purposes
prescribed by the use of signals of distress regulations; or

(b) any private signal, whether registered or not, which is liable to be mistaken for any signal prescribed
by the collision regulations,

he commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4 and shall further be liable to pay compensation
for any labour undertaken, risk incurred or loss sustained in consequence of the signal having been supposed to be a
signal of distress; and that compensation may, without prejudice to any other remedy, be recovered in the same
manner as salvage.

Section: 28 Port clearance to be obtained before departure L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Subject to subsection (2), no local vessel shall depart the waters of Hong Kong unless there is in relation to
the vessel a valid port clearance in writing obtained in the prescribed manner.

(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply-
(a) to any vessel for the time being used for any purpose by the Government;
(b) to any vessel of a class that is exempted by the Director by notice in the Gazette from the operation of

this section; or
(c) to any vessel that is obliged to leave any port or the waters of Hong Kong due to weather conditions, or

other circumstances beyond the control of its coxswain, in the interests of safety of the vessel, its
cargo, crew or passengers.

(3) If subsection (1) is contravened, the coxswain commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at
level 3 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 29 Assistance to be rendered in event of collision L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where two vessels collide and either of those vessels is a local vessel it shall be the duty of the coxswain or
person in charge of the local vessel involved in the collision, if and so far as he can do so without danger to his own
vessel, crew and passengers, if any-

(a) to render to the other vessel, the coxswain, crew and passengers, if any, such assistance as may be
practicable and may be necessary to save them from any danger caused by the collision, and to stay by
the other vessel until he has ascertained that there is no need of further assistance; and

(b) to give to the coxswain or person in charge of the other vessel-
(i) the name of his vessel;
(ii) the name of the port to which it belongs; and
(iii) the names of the ports from which it comes and to which it is bound.

(2) If the coxswain or person in charge of any vessel involved in a collision fails without reasonable cause to
comply with subsection (1), he commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5.

Section: 30 Unseaworthy vessels L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Any owner, agent or coxswain who permits a local vessel to operate while it is in an unseaworthy or unsafe
condition, whether by reason of overloading or from any other cause whatsoever, commits an offence and is liable on
conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 2 years.




Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 22

Section: 31 Cutting of moorings L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Any person, other than the Director or a person authorized by him, who without lawful excuse cuts a mooring or
fastening of a local vessel commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 2.

Section: 32 Endangering the safety of others L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Any person (wherever he may be) who by any unlawful act, or in any manner whatsoever without reasonable
excuse, endangers or causes to be endangered the safety of any person conveyed in or being in or upon any local
vessel or in the sea commits an offence and is liable-

(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 4 years; and
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years.


Section: 33 Scuttling or beaching vessel L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Any person who, by any unlawful act or in any manner whatsoever without reasonable excuse-
(a) disables, abandons, scuttles or beaches any local vessel within the waters of Hong Kong; or
(b) fails to notify the Director thereof within 24 hours immediately following that disablement,

abandonment, scuttling or beaching,
commits an offence and is liable-

(i) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 4 years; and
(ii) on summary conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years.


Part: VII PORT FACILITIES L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007




Section: 34 Use of port facilities L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Subject to any other provisions of this Ordinance, no person shall use a port facility otherwise than for the
purpose for which it is provided.

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level
2.

Section: 35 Damage, etc., to aids to navigation L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Any person who wilfully or negligently-
(a) removes, alters, damages, destroys, or interferes with, any aid to navigation or mooring; or
(b) makes fast to any aid to navigation,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 2.
(2) If an offence under subsection (1) is committed by a person on or in respect of a local vessel, then, in

addition to that person, the owner of the vessel, his agent and the coxswain of the vessel commit an offence and each
of them is liable on conviction to a fine at level 2.

Section: 36 Liability for damage to port facilities, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where any damage is caused by a local vessel to any port facility, pier, breakwater or other property owned
by the Government, the owner of the vessel, his agent and the coxswain of the vessel shall, without prejudice to the
liability for an offence under this Ordinance, be jointly and severally liable for any loss arising out of the damage to
the extent that such loss is attributable to any fault on the part of the vessel or to any wilful or negligent act of any
person on the vessel.

(2) Such loss may be recovered by the Director as a civil debt.




Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 23

Part: VIII WORKS* 24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007


___________________________________________________________________
* (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 18)

Section: 37 Interpretation 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires-
"approved code" (《守則》) means a code of practice issued under section 45A; (Added 70 of 1999 s. 19)
"inspector" (督察) means a person appointed under section 39;
"machinery, equipment or appliance" (機械、裝備或裝置), in the case of-

(a) repairs to a local vessel, means any machinery, equipment or appliance provided or used for that
purpose;

(b) the breaking up of a local vessel, means any machinery, equipment or appliance provided or used for
that purpose;

(c) cargo handling, means any lifting appliance or lifting gear provided or used for that purpose;
(d) marine construction, means any machinery, equipment or appliance provided or used for that purpose.

(Added 70 of 1999 s. 19. Amended 24 of 2005 s. 10)
(Amended 24 of 2005 s. 10)


Section: 38 Application L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


This Part shall not apply to-
(a) a local vessel which is outside the waters of Hong Kong; or
(b) repairs to, or the breaking up of, a local vessel which is-

(i) in a dock other than a floating dock; or
(ii) on a slip or mechanical lift.


Section: 39 Appointment of inspectors L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


The Director shall appoint such persons as he thinks fit to be inspectors for the purposes of this Part.

Section: 40 Powers of Director and inspectors L.N. 282 of 2006;

L.N. 288 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) The Director and an inspector shall have power-
(a) at any reasonable time (or, in a situation which in the opinion of the Director or an inspector is or may

be dangerous, at any time) to board any local vessel within the waters of Hong Kong which he has
reason to believe it is necessary to board for the purposes of this Part, and for the purpose of boarding
any such vessel which is floating alongside any premises at a seawall or pier, to enter such premises;

(b) to take with him such persons as may be necessary to assist him in the exercise of his powers, or
performance of his duties, under this Part;

(c) to inspect and examine any local vessel on or to which any works are being carried out;
(d) to make such examination and inquiry as may be necessary to ascertain that safe working conditions

obtain and that the provisions of this Part are complied with;
(e) to investigate any accident involving any works or injury to any person arising out of or in the course

of carrying out any works;
(f) to require the production of any register, certificate or other document required to be kept in pursuance

of regulations made under section 89 and to inspect and copy any of them or any entry in them; and
(g) to require the posting of any notice in pursuance of regulations made under section 89 or any notice

related to works, machinery, equipment or appliances, or the safety of persons employed in carrying
out any works.



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 24

(2) The owner or coxswain of, or other person having control over, a local vessel shall furnish such safe means
required by the Director or an inspector as are necessary for the purposes of boarding, inspection, examination,
investigation, or otherwise for the exercise of his powers under this Part.

(3) Any person who-
(a) without reasonable excuse fails to comply with any requirement of the Director or an inspector in

pursuance of this section;
(b) without reasonable excuse fails to produce any register, certificate or other document which he is

required in pursuance of this Part to produce; or
(c) without reasonable excuse withholds any information as to who is the owner or coxswain of, or person

having control over, a local vessel, or the owner of any machinery, equipment or appliance provided or
used for the carrying out of any works,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 6 months. (Amended 70 of
1999 s. 20)

Section: 41 Restriction on carrying out repairs or breaking up of local

vessels
L.N. 282 of 2006;
L.N. 288 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) Subject to subsections (1A) and (2), no owner or coxswain of, or other person having control over, a local
vessel shall, except with the written permission of the Director, carry out, or cause to be carried out, any repairs to, or
break up, the vessel. (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 21)

(1A) Subsection (1) does not apply to any local vessels of 50 metres or less in length unless the Director gives
written notification to the person in charge of works that subsection (1) applies to that vessel. (Added 70 of 1999 s.
21)

(2) The Director may, by notice in the Gazette, specify any type of repairs to a local vessel in respect of which
permission under subsection (1) is not required.

(3) Any person who without reasonable excuse contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on
conviction to a fine at level 6 and to imprisonment for 2 years. (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 21)

Section: 42 Safe atmosphere L.N. 282 of 2006;

L.N. 288 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) Where a local vessel is being repaired or broken up, the person in charge of works shall not-
(a) provide or use, or cause to be provided or used, any machinery, equipment or appliance that is capable

of providing an ignition source; or
(b) carry out, or cause to be carried out, any works that involve welding or burning, the use of blow lamps,

braziers or other devices using combustible materials,
in an atmosphere containing flammable vapours, flammable gases or explosive dusts.

(2) A person in charge of works who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction
to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 1 year. (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 22)

Section: 43 Directions regarding repairs or breaking up of local vessels L.N. 282 of 2006;

L.N. 288 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) The Director may direct any person who, in the opinion of the Director, is the owner or coxswain of a local
vessel, or who claims or appears to the Director to exercise control over a local vessel, that is to be repaired or broken
up or is being repaired or broken up, or who is in charge of the repairs or the breaking up of a local vessel-

(a) to remove the vessel to a position or place within the waters of Hong Kong specified by the Director;
(b) to comply with such safety requirements as may be specified by the Director generally or in any

particular case;
(c) to comply with any other requirements which may be specified by the Director in respect of the

manner in which the vessel may be repaired or broken up;
(d) in the case of the breaking up of the vessel, to give security, in cash or otherwise, in such amount as

the Director may consider necessary to ensure the effective breaking up and complete removal of the
vessel.

(2) Any person who fails to comply with any direction given to him under subsection (1) commits an offence



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 25

and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 6 months, and to an additional fine of $2000 for
each day during which such failure to comply continues after notice requiring compliance with the direction has been
served by the Director on such person. (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 23)

Section: 44 Prohibition against use of dangerous equipment, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006;

L.N. 288 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) A person in charge of works shall not provide or use, or cause to be provided or used, any machinery,
equipment or appliance for the carrying out of the works if the machinery, equipment or appliance is in such a
condition or so constructed that it cannot be used without unnecessary risk of accident or bodily injury.

(2) If the Director or an inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that any machinery, equipment or
appliance provided or used for the carrying out of any works is in such a condition or so constructed that it cannot be
used without unnecessary risk of accident or bodily injury, the Director or inspector may give directions to the person
in charge of works-

(a) prohibiting the use of the machinery, equipment or appliance, or if it is capable of repair or alteration,
prohibiting its use until it is repaired or altered as specified in the direction; or

(b) requiring him to take such other steps as may be specified in the directions for remedying the
unnecessary risk of accident or bodily injury.

(3) A person in charge of works who-
(a) contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to

imprisonment for 1 year;
(b) fails to comply with any direction given to him under subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable

on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 6 months, and to an additional fine of $2000
for each day during which such failure to comply continues after notice requiring compliance with the
direction has been served by the Director or an inspector on such person. (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 24)


Section: 45 Prohibition against carrying out works in dangerous

conditions
L.N. 282 of 2006;
L.N. 288 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) A person in charge of works shall not carry out, or cause to be carried out, any works in a condition or
manner that does not provide adequately against unnecessary risk of accident or bodily injury.

(2) If the Director or an inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that any works are being carried out in a
condition or manner that does not provide adequately against unnecessary risk of accident or bodily injury, the
Director or inspector may give directions to the person in charge of the works requiring him to take such steps as may
be specified in the directions for remedying the unnecessary risk of accident or bodily injury.

(3) A person in charge of works who-
(a) contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to

imprisonment for 1 year;
(b) fails to comply with any direction given to him under subsection (2) commits an offence and is liable

on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 6 months, and to an additional fine of $2000
for each day during which such failure to comply continues after notice requiring compliance with the
direction has been served by the Director or an inspector on such person. (Amended 70 of 1999 s. 25)


Section: 45A Code of practice L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) For the purpose of providing practical guidance in respect of any one or more of the requirements of this
Part or of regulations made under this Ordinance, the Director may issue such codes of practice (whether prepared by
the Director or not) as the Director considers appropriate.

(2) The Director may amend or revoke a code of practice issued by him under subsection (1).
(3) Where the Director exercises a power under subsection (1) or (2), he shall as soon as may be reasonably

practicable publish notice thereof in the Gazette and the notice shall be in such form as the Director considers
appropriate.

(4) A failure by any person to observe a provision of an approved code shall not of itself cause him to incur any
criminal liability, but where-

(a) in any criminal proceedings the defendant is alleged to have committed an offence either-



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 26

(i) by reason of a contravention of or a failure to comply with, whether by act or omission, this
Ordinance or regulations under this Ordinance; or

(ii) by reason of a failure to discharge or perform a duty imposed by this Ordinance or such
regulations; and

(b) the matter to which the alleged contravention or failure relates is one to which, in the opinion of the
court, an approved code relates,

then subsection (5) shall apply as regards to the proceedings.
(5) In any criminal proceedings to which this subsection applies, the following, namely-

(a) compliance with a provision of an approved code found by the court to be relevant to a matter to which
a contravention or failure alleged in the proceedings relates;

(b) a contravention of or a failure to comply with, whether by act or omission, any such provision so
found,

may be relied on by any party to the proceedings as tending to establish or to negative any liability which is in
question in the proceedings.

(6) In any criminal proceedings, any document which purports to be a copy of a particular approved code shall,
in the absence of evidence to the contrary, be regarded by the court as being a true copy of that code.

(Added 70 of 1999 s. 26)

Part: IX Pollution E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(*Format changes—E.R. 1 of 2015)
____________________________________________________________________________
Note:
*The format of Part IX has been updated to the current legislative styles.

Section: 46 Interpretation E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


In this Part-
dark smoke (黑煙) means smoke which would appear to be as dark as, or darker than, shade 2 on a specified chart;

(Added 13 of 2014 s. 5)
mixture containing oil (含油混合物) means any mixture of oil with water or with any other substance, and any

waste consisting of or arising from oil;
occupier (佔用人), in relation to-

(a) a place on land, if it has no occupier, means the owner thereof; and
(b) a vehicle, means the person in charge of the vehicle and not the occupier of the land on which the vehicle

stands;
oil (油) means oil of any description, spirit produced from oil of any description and coal tar;
smoke (煙霧) includes soot, ash, grit and gritty particles emitted in smoke or steam; (Amended 13 of 2014 s. 5)
specified chart (指明圖表) means a shade chart of the type known on the commencement date* of the Shipping

Legislation (Control of Smoke Emission) (Amendment) Ordinance 2014 (13 of 2014) as a Ringelmann Chart
and includes a Micro-Ringelmann Chart. (Added 13 of 2014 s. 5)

___________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Commencement date: 18 July 2014.

Section: 47 Discharge of oil into the waters of Hong Kong E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) If any oil or mixture containing oil is discharged into the waters of Hong Kong, then the following commit an
offence-
(a) the person by whom the oil or mixture containing oil is so discharged or caused to be discharged; and
(b) whether or not the person referred to in paragraph (a) has been charged with an offence-

(i) if the discharge is from a local vessel, the owner and the coxswain of the vessel, unless the owner or
coxswain, as the case may be, proves that the discharge took place and was caused as mentioned in
subparagraph (ii);



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 27

(ii) if the discharge is from a local vessel but takes place in the course of a transfer of oil to or from
another vessel or a place on land and is caused by the act or omission of any person in charge of any
apparatus in that other vessel or that place, the owner and the coxswain of that other vessel or, as the
case may be, the occupier of that place;

(iii) if the discharge is from a place on land, the occupier of that place, unless he proves that the discharge
was caused by the act of a person who is in that place without the permission (express or implied) of
the occupier;

(iv) if the discharge takes place otherwise than as mentioned in subparagraph (i), (ii) or (iii) and is the
result of any operations for the exploration of the seabed and subsoil or the exploration of their natural
resources, the person carrying on the operations.

(2) Reference in subsection (1) to the discharge of oil or mixture containing oil, or to its being discharged, from a
local vessel or place on land includes a reference to the escape of the oil or mixture containing oil, or (as the case
may be) to its escaping, from that vessel or place on land.

(3) Any person who commits an offence under this section is liable on conviction to a fine of $200000.

Section: 48 Defences under section 47 E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) Where a person is charged with an offence under section 47 as the owner or coxswain of a local vessel it shall be
a defence to prove that the oil or mixture containing oil was discharged for the purpose of-
(a) securing the safety of the vessel;
(b) preventing damage to the vessel or its cargo; or
(c) saving life,
unless the court is satisfied that the discharge of the oil or mixture containing oil was not a reasonable step to
take in the circumstances.

(2) Where a person is charged as mentioned in subsection (1) it shall also be a defence to prove-
(a) that the oil or mixture containing oil escaped in consequence of damage to the local vessel and that as soon

as practicable after the damage occurred all reasonable steps were taken for preventing, or (if it could not be
prevented) for stopping or reducing, the escape of the oil or mixture containing oil; or

(b) that the oil or mixture containing oil escaped by reason of leakage, that neither the leakage nor any delay in
discovering it was due to want of reasonable care, and that as soon as practicable after the escape was
discovered all reasonable steps were taken for stopping or reducing it.


Section: 49 Duty to report discharge of oil into Hong Kong waters E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) If any oil or mixture containing oil-
(a) is discharged from a local vessel into the waters of Hong Kong;
(b) is found to be escaping or to have escaped from a local vessel into any such waters; or
(c) is found to be escaping or to have escaped into any such waters from a place on land,
the owner or coxswain of the vessel, or the occupier of the place on land, as the case may be, shall forthwith
report the occurrence to the Director.

(2) A report made under subsection (1) by the owner or coxswain of the local vessel shall state whether the
occurrence falls within paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection.

(3) Any person who fails to make a report as required by this section commits an offence and is liable on conviction
to a fine at level 2.


Section: 50 Discharges under the Water Pollution Control Ordinance E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


No offence under section 47 is committed by, and no obligation arises under section 49 on the part of, any person who
makes a discharge or deposit of oil or a mixture containing oil under and in accordance with a licence for the purposes
of the Water Pollution Control Ordinance (Cap 358).

Section: 51 Emission of dark smoke from local vessel* E.R. 1 of 2015 29/01/2015


(1) Subject to subsection (2), no local vessel in the waters of Hong Kong shall emit dark smoke for 3 minutes or



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 28

more continuously at any one time.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to the emission of dark smoke in circumstances affecting the safety of life or of

the vessel.
(3) If subsection (1) is contravened, the owner of the local vessel, his agent and the coxswain of the vessel each

commits an offence.
(4) Each person who commits an offence under subsection (3) is liable—

(a) if the person has never committed the offence in relation to the vessel, to a fine at level 3; or
(b) if the person has previously committed the offence in relation to the vessel, to a fine at level 4. (Added 13

of 2014 s. 6)
(Amended 13 of 2014 s. 6)

_________________________________________________________________________________________
Note:
* (Amended 13 of 2014 s. 6)

Section: 51A Inspection of local vessel emitting dark smoke 13 of 2014 18/07/2014


(1) If an authorized officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that section 51(1) has been contravened in relation
to a local vessel, the officer may direct the owner or coxswain of the vessel, or the owner’s agent, to deliver the
vessel, within the time and at the place specified in the direction, to the Director for ascertaining whether dark
smoke emits from the vessel.

(2) A person who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with a direction given to that person commits an
offence and is liable to a fine at level 2.

(Added 13 of 2014 s. 7)

Part: X SEIZURE, REMOVAL AND DETENTION OF LOCAL

VESSELS
L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007





Section: 52 Seizure, etc. of local vessel L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) In this section, "specified ground" (指明理由), in relation to a local vessel, means-
(a) the vessel is so situated or in such a condition that it-

(i) endangers the safety of persons, other vessels or property; or
(ii) poses a hazard to the environment;

(b) the vessel is not certificated or licensed or is not the subject of a written permission under section 66
which is in force or a permit referred to in section 89(2) which is in force; or

(c) the owner of the vessel does not comply, or no longer complies, with section 12(1).
(2) An authorized officer may seize and remove or cause to be removed from any place or premises or from

any part of the waters of Hong Kong any local vessel in respect of which he has reason to believe that a specified
ground is applicable to the vessel.

(3) Subject to section 54, a vessel removed under subsection (2) may be detained by the Director.
(4) The Director shall, as soon as practicable after detaining a vessel under subsection (3)-

(a) serve a notice in the specified form in the Chinese and English languages on the owner of the vessel or
his agent or the person who appears to the Director to exercise control over the vessel;

(b) where no such owner, agent or person can be found, or whose identity is not known, publish that notice
in-
(i) the Gazette; and
(ii) a Chinese language newspaper and an English language newspaper circulating generally in Hong

Kong.
(5) A detention order shall specify in relation to the local vessel the subject of the order-

(a) the names (if known to the Director) of the persons whom the Director believes to be the owner of the
vessel, his agent and the coxswain;

(b) the name (if known to the Director) of the person whom the Director believes to be the owner or
otherwise entitled to the possession of any cargo or other things on board;



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 29

(c) a description of the vessel and the place at which it was seized;
(d) a description of the cargo and other things on board;
(e) the reason for the detention;
(f) the position where the vessel will be secured, anchored or moored during its detention;
(g) the action required to secure the release of the vessel including the costs of any action taken or caused

to be taken by the Director under this section in respect of the vessel; and
(h) a reasonable period within which the release of the vessel may be effected.

(6) For the purpose of subsection (5)(g), the costs of any action taken or caused to be taken under this section
shall include all disbursements and other expenses incurred thereby by the Director.

Section: 53 Detained vessels may only be moved as permitted, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) A local vessel the subject of a detention order-
(a) shall be moved as directed in writing by the Director;
(b) shall not be otherwise moved except in accordance with the permission in writing of the Director.

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable-
(a) on conviction on indictment to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 4 years; and
(b) on summary conviction to a fine of $200000 and to imprisonment for 2 years.


Section: 54 Revocation of detention orders, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The Director may revoke a detention order at any time.
(2) The Director shall, upon the request in writing of the owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain,

revoke a detention order of which that vessel is the subject if the Director is satisfied that the action referred to in
section 52(5)(g) specified in the order has been carried out.

(3) Where the period referred to in section 52(5)(h) specified in a detention order expires without the Director
being satisfied that the action referred to in section 52(5)(g) specified in that order has been carried out, then section
56 shall, with all necessary modifications, apply to and in relation to the vessel as if it were an abandoned vessel.

Section: 55 Beaching, etc. of local vessel L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where a local vessel-
(a) is on fire;
(b) has suffered damage by fire, explosion or collision; or
(c) is disabled, stranded or out of control because of damage, bad weather or mechanical failure,

the Director may, if he has reasonable grounds to believe that any of the circumstances specified in subsection (2)
prevail, direct the owner of the vessel, his agent or the coxswain-

(i) to beach the vessel;
(ii) to take the vessel outside the limits of a port; or
(iii) to take such other action as the Director thinks fit.

(2) The circumstances for the purpose of subsection (1) are that the vessel-
(a) is, or is likely to become, a danger to life to other vessels, aircraft or navigation;
(b) is causing, or is likely to cause, pollution of the waters of Hong Kong;
(c) is causing, or is likely to cause, damage to port facilities or other property.

(3) If without reasonable excuse any direction given under subsection (1) is not complied with, the owner of the
vessel, his agent or the coxswain to whom the direction is given commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a
fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for 1 year.

Section: 56 Removal, etc. of stranded, abandoned or sunken vessels L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The Director may give to the owner, his agent or the coxswain of, or other person who claims or appears to
the Director to exercise control over, a local vessel which is stranded, abandoned or sunk in the waters of Hong Kong
such directions as he thinks fits in respect of the removal, movement, anchoring, mooring, securing, raising or
destruction of the vessel.



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 30

(2) If without reasonable excuse any direction given under subsection (1) is not complied with, the person to
whom the direction is given commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 4 and to imprisonment for
1 year.

(3) The Director may seize and detain a vessel referred to in subsection (1) together with any cargo and other
things on board if-

(a) a direction given under subsection (1) is not complied with;
(b) after reasonable inquiry he is unable to ascertain the ownership of the vessel or to trace the owner of

the vessel, his agent or the coxswain; or
(c) no person claims or appears to the Director to exercise control over the vessel.

(4) For the purposes of seizing a vessel, cargo or other things under subsection (3), the Director may take, or
cause to be taken, any action that is necessary including the employment of pilots and the use of tugs and equipment to
remove, move, anchor, moor, secure or raise the vessel, cargo and other things.

(5) The Director shall publish in the Gazette and in a Chinese language newspaper and an English language
newspaper circulating generally in Hong Kong a notice of a seizure effected under subsection (3) and the notice shall
specify-

(a) the names (if known to the Director) of the persons whom the Director believes to be the owner of the
vessel, his agent and the coxswain;

(b) the name (if known to the Director) of the person whom the Director believes to be the owner or
otherwise entitled to the possession of any cargo or other things on board;

(c) a description of the vessel and the place at which it was seized;
(d) a description of the cargo or other things on board; and
(e) a reasonable period within which and the place at which a claim shall be submitted to the Director for

the release of the vessel, cargo or other things on board.
(6) If a valid claim to a vessel, cargo or other things seized under subsection (3) is submitted at any time before

a notice is published under subsection (5) or within the period specified in a notice published under that subsection,
the Director shall, on payment to him of all expenses involved in the seizure and custody of the vessel, cargo or other
things, as the case may be, release the vessel, cargo or other things to the claimant.

(7) If the release of a vessel, cargo or other things is not obtained in pursuance of subsection (6), the Director
may sell, or otherwise dispose of in such manner as he thinks fit, the vessel, cargo or other things, as the case may be,
and in the case of sale the proceeds, after deducting all expenses payable under subsection (6) and any reasonable
expense incurred in the sale, shall be paid to the person making a valid claim thereto within 1 year after the date of
sale or forfeited to the Government if not claimed within that period.

(8) Without prejudice to any action which may be taken under subsections (6) and (7), the Director may
recover the cost of any action taken or caused to be taken under this section including all disbursements and other
expenses incurred thereby by the Director as a civil debt from the owner (if known to the Director).

Part: XI DUTIES TO REPORT COLLISIONS AND FIRES, ETC. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007




Section: 57 Duty to report collisions, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where, within the waters of Hong Kong or elsewhere-
(a) a local vessel is involved in a collision with another vessel, a port facility or other property;
(b) a local vessel sinks or becomes stranded or disabled;
(c) a person is killed or seriously injured on board a local vessel as a result of an accident;
(d) an explosion or fire occurs on board a local vessel;
(e) damage is caused by a local vessel to a port facility or other property; or
(f) a person, cargo or equipment is lost overboard from a local vessel,

the owner of the vessel, his agent or the coxswain shall report the occurrence forthwith to the Director orally, by
means of signals, or in writing and shall furnish to the Director in writing full particulars thereof within 24 hours after
the occurrence.

(2) The owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain who-
(a) without reasonable excuse fails to comply with subsection (1); or
(b) makes a report or furnishes any particulars under subsection (1) which he knows to be false in any

material particular,



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 31

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3.
(3) For the purpose of subsection (1)(c), a person shall be deemed to be seriously injured if he is admitted to a

hospital immediately after he sustains the injury for observation or treatment.

Section: 58 Duty to report fires on local vessel L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where-
(a) a fire occurs on board a local vessel within the waters of Hong Kong; or
(b) a local vessel which is on fire arrives within the waters of Hong Kong,

the owner of the vessel, his agent or the coxswain shall report such occurrence or arrival forthwith to the Director of
Fire Services.

(2) The Director of Fire Services and any member of the Fire Services Department of or above the rank of
Principal Fireman may, at any time of day or night, board any local vessel in the waters of Hong Kong for the purpose
of extinguishing a fire on board the vessel whether or not the fire has been reported to the Director of Fire Services,
and may take with him such persons as may be necessary to assist him for such purpose.

(3) The owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain who without reasonable excuse fails to comply with
subsection (1) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3.

Section: 59 Compliance by owner, agent or coxswain L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Where by or under this Ordinance-
(a) any obligation or duty is placed on the owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain of a local

vessel;
(b) any direction is given to the owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain of a local vessel; or
(c) the owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain of a local vessel is required to comply with any

requirement,
it shall, except where it is otherwise expressly provided, be sufficient if such obligation or duty, direction or
requirement is met or complied with either by the owner of the vessel, his agent or the coxswain of the vessel.

Part: XII POWERS OF AUTHORIZED OFFICERS AND

INVESTIGATING OFFICERS
L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007





Section: 60 Powers of authorized officers L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Without prejudice to any other provisions of this Ordinance, an authorized officer may, at any time of day
or night, stop and board any local vessel for the purpose of-

(a) inspecting or searching the vessel or any part thereof;
(b) investigating any occurrence specified in section 57(1), whether or not such occurrence has been

reported to the Director under that section;
(c) making such examination and investigation as may be necessary where any provisions of this

Ordinance has been contravened in respect of the vessel or by any person on board the vessel, or where
an authorized officer has reasonable grounds for suspecting that such contravention has taken place;

(d) directing the conduct of any other authorized officer who may be on board the vessel;
(e) observing, inspecting or searching any person-

(i) for the time being on board the vessel;
(ii) employed, engaged or dwelling on board the vessel; or
(iii) employed or engaged in loading or unloading the vessel; or

(f) taking any action which he considers necessary-
(i) to provide against fire or accident on board the vessel;
(ii) to preserve peace and good order on board the vessel; or
(iii) to prevent or detect any offence under this Ordinance or any other enactment in respect of the

vessel or by any person on board the vessel.
(2) Any police officer of or above the rank of Sergeant may-



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 32

(a) take into custody and remove from any local vessel in the waters of Hong Kong any person whom he
suspects on reasonable grounds of-
(i) having committed an offence under this Ordinance or any other enactment; or
(ii) having boarded, or remained on board, the vessel without the permission of the owner of the

vessel, his agent or the coxswain of the vessel; or
(b) direct a local vessel, in respect of which he suspects on reasonable grounds that an offence under this

Ordinance or any other enactment has been committed, to proceed together with any persons on board
to the nearest Marine Police Base or Marine Office.

(3) An authorized officer boarding a local vessel under subsection (1) may take with him such persons as may
be necessary to assist him for the purposes of this section.

(4) The coxswain of a local vessel, when required to stop the vessel by an authorized officer in the exercise of
his powers under subsection (1), shall stop the vessel and permit the authorized officer to board the vessel.

(5) Any coxswain who without reasonable excuse-
(a) fails to comply with a direction given under subsection (2)(b); or
(b) contravenes subsection (4),

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 2.

Section: 61 Powers of investigating officers L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Subject to subsection (3), for the purpose of any investigation by an inspector under section 40 or by an
authorized officer under section 60, an inspector or authorized officer may-

(a) require that a local vessel which he has boarded or any part of it, or anything therein, shall be left
undisturbed (whether generally or in particular respects) for so long as is necessary to carry out the
investigation;

(b) take such measurements and photographs and make such recordings as he considers necessary;
(c) inspect, seize and remove from the vessel any article or substance in respect of which he suspects on

reasonable grounds that an offence under this Ordinance has been committed;
(d) in the case of any article or substance removed under paragraph (c), detain it for so long as is

necessary-
(i) to examine it and to cause it to be subjected to any process or test;
(ii) to ensure that it is not tampered with before the examination of it is completed;
(iii) to ensure that it is available for use as evidence in any proceedings for an offence under this

Ordinance;
(e) require any person whom he has reasonable cause to believe to be able to give any information

relevant to the investigation to answer (in the absence of persons other than a person nominated by him
to be present and any persons whom the inspector or authorized officer may allow to be present) such
questions as the inspector or authorized officer thinks fit to ask and to sign a declaration of the truth of
his answers;

(f) require the production of, inspect, and take copies of any entry in, the log book of the vessel or any
document (including an identity card) which it is necessary for him to see for the purposes of the
investigation.

(2) No answer given by a person in pursuance of a requirement imposed under subsection (1)(e) shall be
admissible in evidence against that person or the spouse of that person in any proceedings.

(3) For the purpose of an investigation under section 40, the powers of an inspector shall be limited to matters
to which Part VIII relates or to offences under that Part.

(4) Any person who-
(a) contravenes any requirement imposed by an inspector or authorized officer under subsection (1); or
(b) prevents any other person from appearing before an inspector or authorized officer or from answering

any question to which an inspector or authorized officer may by virtue of subsection (1)(e) require an
answer,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 2 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 62 Powers of authorized officers to enter premises, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Subject to this section, an authorized officer may, on producing, if so required, some duly authenticated



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 33

document showing his authority, enter any premises, other than domestic premises, at any time between the hours of 7
a.m. and 7 p.m. for the purposes of-

(a) ascertaining whether there is, or has been, on the premises, any local vessel that appears to be or to
have been possessed or used in contravention of any of the provisions of this Ordinance; and

(b) taking any action authorized or required to be taken by or under this Ordinance in respect of any such
vessel found on the premises.

(2) A magistrate may, if satisfied by information on oath that-
(a) admission to any premises, other than domestic premises, has been refused or that refusal is

apprehended, or that such premises are unoccupied, or that the occupier is temporarily absent, or that
the case is one of urgency, or that an application for admission would defeat the object of the entry, or
that it is reasonable for the purposes of this Ordinance in the circumstances of the case that entry be
effected between the hours of 7 p.m. and 7 a.m.; and

(b) there is reasonable ground for entry into the premises for any of the purpose of subsection (1),
issue a warrant authorizing an authorized officer to effect entry, if need be by force :

Provided that such warrant shall not be issued unless the magistrate is satisfied that notice of the intention to
apply for a warrant has been given to the occupier of the premises, or that the premises are unoccupied, or that the
occupier is temporarily absent, or that the case is one of urgency, or that the giving of such notice would defeat the
object of the entry, or that it is reasonable for the purposes of this Ordinance in the circumstances of the case that entry
be effected between the hours of 7 p.m. and 7 a.m. as may be appropriate.

(3) A magistrate may, if satisfied by information on oath that there is reasonable ground for entry into domestic
premises for any of the purposes of subsection (1), issue a warrant authorizing an authorized officer to effect entry
between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., if need be by force:

Provided that such warrant shall not be issued unless the magistrate is satisfied that notice of the intention to
apply for a warrant has been given to the occupier of the premises, or that the premises are unoccupied, or that the
occupier is temporarily absent, or that the case is one of urgency, or that the giving of such notice would defeat the
object of the entry.

(4) Any authorized officer entering any premises by virtue of the provision of subsection (1) or of a warrant
issued under subsection (2) or (3) may take with him such persons as may be necessary, and on leaving any
unoccupied premises which he has so entered, shall leave such premises as effectually secured against trespassers as
he found the same to be at the time of entry.

(5) Every warrant issued under subsection (2) or (3) shall continue in force until the purpose for which the
entry is necessary has been satisfied.

Part: XIII GENERAL POWERS OF DIRECTOR L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007




Section: 63 Director may require certain information L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where-
(a) a local vessel is involved in any occurrence specified in section 57(1); or
(b) the coxswain, person in charge or person in control of a local vessel is suspected of having committed

an offence under this Ordinance involving the use of the vessel,
the Director may, within 3 months after the occurrence or alleged offence, serve on the owner of the vessel or his
agent a written notice requiring him to furnish to the Director, within 21 days after the date of the notice, a written
statement signed by the owner or his agent, specifying the name and address of the coxswain, person in charge or
person in control of the vessel at the time of the occurrence or alleged offence.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), the owner of a local vessel or his agent who fails to comply with a notice served
on him under subsection (1) within the time specified in that subsection commits an offence and is liable on conviction
to a fine at level 2 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

(3) In proceedings for an offence under subsection (2), it shall be a defence to show that the accused person did
not know, and could not with reasonable diligence have ascertained, the name or address of the coxswain, person in
charge or person in control of the vessel at the time of the occurrence or alleged offence referred to in subsection (1).

(4) The provisions of this section shall be in addition to and shall not derogate from section 57.




Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 34

Section: 63A Director may perform services and surveys, etc. 24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



The Director may, upon request and payment of a prescribed fee or without request, perform services and
surveys and grant facilities relating to local vessels.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 12)

Section: 63B Director may charge fee 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



The Director may charge a prescribed fee in respect of the services and surveys performed and facilities granted
upon request under section 63A.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 12)

Section: 64 Refusal of permission to enter, leave, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Notwithstanding any other provisions in this Ordinance, the Director may, if he is satisfied that there is
reason for doing so, give directions-

(a) refusing permission for a local vessel or class, type or description of local vessel to enter or leave the
waters of Hong Kong; or

(b) requiring the removal of a local vessel or class, type or description of local vessel from the waters of
Hong Kong.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1) and without prejudice to any of the Director's powers
under this Ordinance, the Director may give directions prohibiting the entry of a local vessel into, or requiring the
removal of a local vessel from, the waters of Hong Kong if in his opinion the condition of that vessel or the nature or
condition of anything it contains is such that its presence in the waters of Hong Kong may involve-

(a) grave and imminent danger to the safety of any person or property; or
(b) grave and imminent risk that the vessel may, by sinking, foundering or otherwise, prevent or seriously

prejudice the use of any part of the waters of Hong Kong by other vessels.
(3) Any directions under subsection (1) or (2) may be given as respects the vessel in question to the owner or

the coxswain of the vessel.
(4) At any time any directions under subsection (1) or (2) are given to any person, the Director shall inform that

person of the grounds for giving such directions.
(5) If any directions of the Director under subsection (2) were not reasonably necessary to prevent or reduce the

danger or risk provided therein, a person incurring expense or suffering damage as a result of any action taken in
compliance with the Director's directions shall be entitled to claim and recover compensation from the Government.

(6) Nothing in this section shall affect the exercise of any powers under section 6 of the Merchant Shipping
(Prevention and Control of Pollution) Ordinance (Cap 413).

(7) If a local vessel which is refused permission under subsection (1)(a) or which is prohibited under subsection
(2) to enter the waters of Hong Kong so enters without reasonable excuse, the owner of the vessel, his agent and the
coxswain of the vessel each commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $250000 and to imprisonment
for 2 years and to an additional fine of $25000 for each day during which the vessel remains in the waters of Hong
Kong without reasonable excuse after so entering.

(8) If a local vessel which is refused permission under subsection (1)(a) to leave the waters of Hong Kong so
leaves without reasonable excuse, the owner of the vessel, his agent and the coxswain of the vessel each commits an
offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $250000 and to imprisonment for 2 years.

(9) If without reasonable excuse a direction under subsection (1)(b) or (2) for the removal of a local vessel from
the waters of Hong Kong is not complied with, the owner of the vessel, his agent and the coxswain of the vessel each
commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine of $250000 and to imprisonment for 2 years and to an
additional fine of $25000 for each day during which the vessel remains in the waters of Hong Kong without
reasonable excuse.




Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 35

Section: 65 Dead vessel L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) No dead vessel shall, except with the permission of the Director, enter, or be brought into, the waters of
Hong Kong.

(2) If without reasonable excuse subsection (1) is contravened, the owner of the dead vessel, his agent and the
coxswain of the dead vessel commit an offence and each of them is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3 and to
imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 66 Laid-up vessel L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) In this section, "laid-up vessel" (閑置船隻) means any local vessel, other than a dead vessel, which
remains or is to remain within the waters of Hong Kong through lack of employment or pending the outcome of any
legal proceedings before any court.

(2) Subject to subsection (3), no laid-up vessel shall, except with the written permission of the Director, be
berthed, moored or anchored at any place in the waters of Hong Kong.

(3) Subsection (2) shall not apply to a laid-up vessel which is dry-docked or within the precincts of, or berthed
or moored alongside, a dockyard.

(4) The Director may attach conditions to a written permission under this section.
(5) Where the Director refuses to grant permission under this section in respect of a laid-up vessel, or attaches

conditions to such a permission, he shall serve a notice in writing on the person who sought such permission setting
out his reasons for the refusal or conditions, as the case may be.

(6) Where the Director is satisfied that any of the conditions attached to a written permission under this section
have been contravened, he may serve a notice in writing on the person who sought such permission revoking the
permission and setting out the reasons for the revocation.

(7) If without reasonable excuse subsection (2) is contravened, or any conditions attached under subsection (4)
are contravened, the owner of the local vessel, his agent and the coxswain of the vessel commit an offence and each of
them is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 67 Recovery of penalty by sale of vessel L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where the owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain of a local vessel who is convicted of an
offence under this Ordinance fails to pay any fine imposed in respect of the offence, the Director may sell the vessel in
respect of which the offence was committed and apply the proceeds in payment of the fine, and the balance (if any),
after deducting any reasonable expense incurred in the sale, shall be paid to the owner of the vessel if claimed within 6
months after the date of the sale or forfeited to the Government if not claimed within that period.

(2) Not less than 14 days before a vessel is sold under subsection (1), the Director shall give to the owner of the
vessel or his agent notice in writing of the intended sale, but notice under this subsection shall not be necessary where
there is no such owner or agent or the Director is unable to find the owner or agent.

(3) Any vessel sold under this section shall be transferred to the purchaser thereof, at the expense of the
purchaser, by a bill of sale from the Director which shall confer upon such purchaser an absolute title to such vessel.

Section: 68 Director may give effect to directions in certain cases L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where a person who is given a direction under this Ordinance fails to comply with it, the Director may,
whether or not the person is or will be prosecuted for an offence under this Ordinance, take or cause to be taken such
action as may be necessary to give effect to the direction.

(2) Where no person to whom a direction under this Ordinance may be given exists or can be found, the
Director may take or cause to be taken such action as he would have directed to be taken if such person existed or
could be found.

(3) In a case of emergency affecting the safety of life or property the Director may take or cause to be taken
such action as he would have directed to be taken under this Ordinance.

(4) For the purpose of taking any action under this section in respect of any local vessel or property, the
Director may board the vessel or enter the property without the permission of the owner of the vessel or his agent or of
the coxswain of the vessel, or the owner or occupier of the property, as the case may be, and take with him such



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 36

persons as may be necessary to assist him for that purpose.
(5) The Director may recover the cost of any action taken or caused to be taken under this section-

(a) as a civil debt from the person to whom the direction (if any) was given, or the owner of the vessel or
property in respect of which the action was taken; or

(b) where the cost incurred in respect of a vessel cannot for any reason be recovered under paragraph (a)
or where there is no owner of the vessel, by sale of the vessel and applying the proceeds in payment of
the cost and the balance (if any), after deducting any reasonable expense incurred in the sale, shall be
paid to the person who satisfies the Director that he is entitled to the balance.

(6) For the purpose of subsection (5), the cost of any action taken or caused to be taken under this section shall
include all disbursements and other expenses incurred thereby by the Director.

Section: 69 Director's general power of exemption L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The Director may, on application made to him in the specified form or on his own initiative, by notice in
writing exempt any person or any local vessel or any class, type or description of local vessel from any requirement
under this Ordinance, subject to such conditions as the Director may specify in the notice.

(2) Where a person without reasonable excuse fails to comply with any condition specified in a notice under
subsection (1), he commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3.

(3) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that a notice under subsection (1) is not subsidiary
legislation.

Section: 70 Director's permission to do restricted acts L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where it is provided under this Ordinance that no person shall do, or cause or permit to be done, any
specified act without the permission of the Director, the Director may-

(a) on application made to him in such manner as he may determine; and
(b) on payment to him of the prescribed fee (if any),

permit the specified act to be done subject to such conditions as he may specify generally or in any particular case.
(2) Except where this Ordinance provides for a written permission, a permission under this Ordinance may be

granted orally or by means of signals.
(3) A written permission granted under this Ordinance shall be-

(a) kept on the local vessel or at the place in which the act in respect of which the permission is required is
being done; and

(b) produced for inspection by the Director, an authorized officer, or by any other officer appointed for the
purposes of this Ordinance, on demand or within such time and at such place as the Director or such
officer may specify.

(4) If any person to whom a written permission is granted under this Ordinance without reasonable excuse fails
to comply with subsection (3)(a) or to produce it under subsection (3)(b), he commits an offence and is liable on
conviction to a fine at level 1.

(5) A permission granted under this Ordinance may be withdrawn or cancelled by the Director-
(a) if any condition of the permission is not complied with; or
(b) if the Director considers it necessary to do so for any other reason.

(6) Where a person without reasonable excuse fails to comply with any condition of a permission granted under
this Ordinance, he commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3.

Section: 71 Power of Director to specify forms L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Subject to subsection (2), the Director may specify the form of any document required under this Ordinance
to be in the specified form and the form of such other documents required for the purposes of this Ordinance as he
thinks fit.

(2) The Director's power under subsection (1) shall be subject to any express requirement under this Ordinance
for a form, whether specified or otherwise, to comply with that requirement, but that requirement shall not restrict the
exercise of that power in respect of that form to the extent that, in the opinion of the Director, his exercise of that
power in respect of that form does not contravene that requirement.

(3) The Director's power under subsection (1) may be exercised in such a way as to-



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 37

(a) include in the specified form of any document referred to in that subsection a statutory declaration-
(i) to be made by the person completing the form; and
(ii) as to whether the particulars contained in the form are true and correct to the best of that person's

knowledge and belief;
(b) specify 2 or more forms of any document referred to in that subsection, whether as alternatives, or to

provide for particular circumstances or particular cases, as the Director thinks fit.
(4) A form specified under this section shall be-

(a) completed in accordance with such directions and instructions as are specified in the form;
(b) accompanied by such documents as are specified in the form; and
(c) if the completed form is required to be provided to-

(i) the Director;
(ii) another person on behalf of the Director; or
(iii) any other person,
so provided in the manner, if any, specified in the form.


Section: 72 Delegation by Director L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) Subject to subsection (3), the Director may, either generally or in any particular case, delegate to any other

public officer the performance or exercise on his behalf of any of the functions or powers imposed or conferred upon
him under this Ordinance.

(2) Where any function or power imposed or conferred on the Director under this Ordinance is performed or
exercised by any other public officer, the Director shall, unless the contrary is proved, be deemed to have delegated to
the public officer under subsection (1) the performance or exercise of the function or power.

(3) No delegation under subsection (1) shall be made of any power-
(a) to amend a Schedule to the regulations made under this Ordinance;
(b) under this Ordinance to make regulations; (Amended 24 of 2005 s. 13)
(c) under section 69, except in respect of a provision specified in writing for the purposes of this section

by the Secretary for Transport and Housing; or (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; 24 of 2005 s. 13; L.N.
130 of 2007)

(d) to make or grant exemptions under any regulations made under section 89(1)(zh)(i) or (4)(c), except in
respect of a provision specified in writing for the purposes of this section by the Secretary for
Transport and Housing. (Added 24 of 2005 s. 13; L.N. 130 of 2007)


Section: 73 Improvement notices L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where the Director is of the opinion that a person-
(a) is contravening a requirement under this Ordinance; or
(b) has contravened such a requirement in circumstances that make it likely that the contravention will

continue or be repeated,
he may serve on him a notice stating that he is of that opinion, specifying the requirement as to which he is of that
opinion, giving particulars of the reasons why he is of that opinion, and directing that person to remedy the
contravention or, as the case may be, the matters occasioning it within such period (ending not earlier than the period
within which an appeal against that direction may be made under section 87) as is specified in that notice.

(2) An improvement notice may include instructions as to the measures to be taken to remedy any
contravention or matter to which such notice relates, and any such instructions may be framed-

(a) to any extent by reference to any code of practice approved under section 8; and
(b) so as to afford the person on whom the notice is served a choice between different ways of remedying

such contravention or matter.
(3) Subject to subsection (4), a direction specified in an improvement notice shall take effect immediately or on

such later date, if any, as is specified in such notice, notwithstanding that an appeal has been or may be made under
section 87 against such direction.



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 38

(4) Where-
(a) an appeal is made under section 87 against a direction specified in an improvement notice; and
(b) the Director is satisfied that the matter to which such direction relates is not an imminent danger to any

person or property,
the Director shall suspend that part of such notice which contains such direction upon such terms as he thinks fit and,
for that purpose, the Director shall have such powers as are necessary to give effect to that suspension.

Section: 74 Ancillary provisions in relation to improvement notices L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Without prejudice to the generality of section 73(2), an improvement notice-
(a) may include instructions as to repairs or alterations to be effected to a local vessel (whether

constructed before, on or after the commencement of this section) the subject of the contravention or
matter to which the notice relates if, but only if, the Director states in the notice that he is satisfied that
the repairs or alterations are necessary-
(i) for the proper maintenance and operation of the vessel to ensure that it is seaworthy for the

purposes for which the vessel is, or is to be, used; or
(ii) to remove or abate the effect of alterations which have been made to the vessel-

(A) since the vessel was last surveyed under this Ordinance; and
(B) without the Director's approval in writing;

(b) shall, where paragraph (a) is applicable, afford the person on whom the notice is served the choice of
decommissioning the vessel as an alternative to effecting the repairs or alterations.

(2) Where a person on whom an improvement notice is served to which subsection (1) applies fails to effect the
repairs or alterations to, or to decommission, the local vessel the subject of the contravention or matter to which the
notice relates, then the Director-

(a) may, with or without notice to the person-
(i) effect the repairs or alterations to the vessel; or
(ii) decommission the vessel until such time, if any, as the repairs or alterations are effected;

(b) shall, where paragraph (a)(ii) is applicable, prominently display on or near the vessel a notice, in the
Chinese and English languages-
(i) stating that the vessel has been decommissioned by the Director under this Ordinance; and
(ii) setting out the provisions of subsection (3).

(3) No person shall without the consent in writing of the Director-
(a) put a local vessel into service where he knows or ought reasonably to know that the vessel has been

decommissioned by the Director under this Ordinance; or
(b) remove or mark, or damage or destroy, a notice referred to in subsection (2)(b).

(4) Where under subsection (2)(a) the Director has effected any repairs or alterations to, or the
decommissioning of, a local vessel, the expenses thereof shall-

(a) be borne by the person on whom the improvement notice concerned was served;
(b) be recoverable from the person as a civil debt due to the Government.

(5) Any person who contravenes subsection (3)(a) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at
level 4 and to imprisonment for 6 months and, in the case of a continuing offence, to a daily penalty of $2000.

(6) Any person who contravenes subsection (3)(b) commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at
level 2.

Section: 75 Director to be allowed to board L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The coxswain of a local vessel shall allow and assist the Director to board the vessel as soon as he comes
alongside the vessel and shall give to the Director such information as he may be required to give under this
Ordinance.

(2) Any coxswain or crew member of a local vessel who-
(a) fails to allow, or fails to assist, the Director to board the vessel; or
(b) delays or impedes the Director from boarding the vessel,

commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3 and to imprisonment for 6 months.




Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 39

Part: XIV EVIDENCE AND GENERAL OFFENCES L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007




Section: 76 Proof of identity of coxswain, etc. in proceedings L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


If, in any proceedings for an offence under this Ordinance involving a local vessel, there is produced to the court
or a magistrate a statement furnished under section 63 which-

(a) purports to have been signed by the accused person; and
(b) states that the accused person was the coxswain, person in charge or person in control of the vessel at

the time of the offence,
the court or magistrate shall admit the statement as prima facie evidence that the accused person was the coxswain,
person in charge or person in control of the vessel at the time of the offence.

Section: 76A Proof of identity of agent in proceedings 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



If, in any proceedings for an offence under this Ordinance involving any person appointed as an agent for the
owner of a local vessel, there is produced to the court or a magistrate a notice of appointment signed by the owner and
the person so appointed, the court or magistrate shall admit the notice as prima facie evidence that the person was the
agent for the owner at the time of the offence.

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 14)

Section: 77 Use of official log book, etc. in evidence L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) In any legal proceedings for a contravention of this Ordinance, any entry in the official log book, if any, of
a local vessel, deck log book, engine room log book or other similar document, or a document purporting to be a copy
of any such entry and to be certified as a true copy by any person specified in subsection (2), shall, until the contrary is
proved-

(a) be admitted in evidence and be sufficient evidence of the matters stated therein; and
(b) in the case of such a copy, be presumed that it is so certified.

(2) For the purpose of subsection (1), the persons who may certify copies of entries in an official log book,
deck log book, engine room log book or other similar document are-

(a) the Director or any person authorized by him in writing in that behalf;
(b) a magistrate;
(c) a notary public, as defined in the Legal Practitioners Ordinance (Cap 159).


Section: 78 False information L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Without prejudice to any other provisions of this Ordinance, any person who, being required to give any
information to the Director or any other person under this Ordinance, fails without reasonable excuse to give such
information or gives any information, whether in writing, orally or otherwise, which he knows to be false or
misleading as to a material particular commits an offence and is liable on conviction to a fine at level 2 and to
imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 79 Penalty for fraudulent use L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Without prejudice to any other provisions of this Ordinance, any person who fraudulently alters or uses, or
permits to be fraudulently altered or used, a document issued under this Ordinance, or a duplicate of any such
document, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine at level 3 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 80 Obstruction L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Any person who obstructs the Director, or any other person, performing or exercising any function or power
under this Ordinance commits an offence and, subject to subsection (2), is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3 and



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 40

to imprisonment for 6 months.
(2) The owner of a local vessel, his agent or the coxswain of a local vessel who commits an offence under

subsection (1) is liable on conviction to a fine at level 5 and to imprisonment for 2 years.

Section: 81 Notice to appear before magistrate in respect of offences L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Notwithstanding section 8 of the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap 227), if an officer of the Marine Department
of the rank of Marine Inspector Class II or above reasonably suspects that an offence under this Ordinance has been
committed by the coxswain of a local vessel such officer may serve on the coxswain personally or by handing the
same personally to the senior officer on board the vessel or to the person appearing to be in charge or command of the
vessel at the time of such service a notice requiring the coxswain to appear before a magistrate to be dealt with
according to law.

(2) A notice under subsection (1)-
(a) shall be in the specified form;
(b) shall be signed by the officer by whom it is served; and
(c) shall state-

(i) the name of the coxswain upon whom it is served and the name of the vessel of which he is the
coxswain;

(ii) the offence which is alleged to have been committed with sufficient particulars thereof;
(iii) the time and place at which the offence is alleged to have been committed; and
(iv) the time and place at which the coxswain on whom the notice is served is required to appear.

(3) If the coxswain upon whom a notice under subsection (1) has been served fails to appear before a
magistrate at the time and place mentioned in the notice, and it is made to appear to the magistrate by oath that the
notice was served on the coxswain personally or was handed personally to the senior officer or the person in charge or
command of the vessel in accordance with subsection (1), the magistrate may issue a warrant for the apprehension of
the coxswain and to bring the coxswain before him or another magistrate to be dealt with according to law duly
endorsed as to the amount of bail, if any, upon which the coxswain may be released in the meantime.

(4) If the coxswain upon whom a notice under subsection (1) has been served appears before a magistrate in
accordance with the notice, or is brought before a magistrate by a warrant issued under subsection (3), the magistrate
may hear and determine the offence alleged in the notice as if a complaint had been made or an information had been
laid against the coxswain in respect of the offence and for such purposes, the provisions of the Magistrates Ordinance
(Cap 227) relating to the hearing of a complaint or information and the proceedings thereon shall apply with all
necessary modifications.

(5) If the coxswain upon whom a notice under subsection (1) has been served is brought before a magistrate by
a warrant issued under subsection (3), the magistrate may, in addition to any other penalty, order the coxswain to pay
costs, of not more than $400, solely in respect of the warrant.

(6) Any costs ordered to be paid under subsection (5) shall be recoverable under section 14 of the Costs in
Criminal Cases Ordinance (Cap 492) as a civil debt due to the Government.

(7) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap 227), a magistrate may permit
a representative to appear on behalf of a coxswain upon whom a notice under subsection (1) has been served where
such representative satisfies the magistrate that-

(a) the coxswain has left Hong Kong;
(b) he is authorized to enter a plea of guilty on behalf of the coxswain; and
(c) he is himself authorized and financially able to pay any fine imposed within 7 days or such longer time

as the magistrate may allow.

Section: 82 Time limit for prosecution of offences L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


Notwithstanding anything in the Magistrates Ordinance (Cap 227), proceedings in respect of an offence under
this Ordinance may be brought at any time within 2 years next after the commission of the offence or within 6 months
after the first discovery thereof by the prosecutor, whichever period expires first.

Part: XV MISCELLANEOUS L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007






Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 41

Section: 83 Power of Chief Executive to give directions L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) The Chief Executive may give to the Director and to any public officer such directions as he thinks fit,
either generally or in any particular case, with respect to the performance or the exercise of their functions or powers
under this Ordinance.

(2) A person to whom a direction is given by the Chief Executive under subsection (1) shall, in the
performance or the exercise of his functions or powers under this Ordinance, comply with that direction.

Section: 84 Giving of directions and offence of non-compliance L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) A direction given under this Ordinance may be given orally or in writing, or by means of signals.
(2) If requested by any person who is given a direction orally or by means of signals the person giving the

direction shall confirm the direction in writing.
(3) A direction given under this Ordinance shall be complied with-

(a) forthwith; or
(b) where a time limit for compliance is specified in the direction, within such time limit,

notwithstanding that the direction has not been confirmed under subsection (2).
(4) Where under this Ordinance a direction may be given to a coxswain of a local vessel it shall be sufficient if

the direction is given to a person on board the vessel who is on duty to accept any direction on behalf of the coxswain,
and if there is no such coxswain or such coxswain cannot be traced, the direction may be given to the owner of the
vessel or his agent or to any other person who appears to the person giving the direction to be in control of the vessel
at that time.

(5) The giving of a direction under this Ordinance shall not diminish or in any way affect the responsibility of
the coxswain in relation to his vessel, persons on board, its cargo or any other person or property.

(6) Without prejudice to any other express penalty for failure to comply with a direction, any person who
without reasonable excuse fails to comply with a direction given to him under this Ordinance commits an offence and
is liable on conviction to a fine at level 3 and to imprisonment for 6 months.

Section: 85 Service of documents L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


(1) Where for the purposes of this Ordinance any document is to be served on a person, that document may be
served by any officer of the Marine Department of the rank of Marine Inspector Class II or above-

(a) in any case by delivering the document personally to the person to be served, or by leaving it for him at
his last known place of business or residence;

(b) if the document is to be served on the coxswain of a local vessel, where there is one, by leaving it for
him on board the vessel with the person being or appearing to be in charge or command of the vessel
or a member of the crew of the vessel;

(c) if the document is to be served on a person belonging to a local vessel, by leaving it for him on board
the vessel with the coxswain of the vessel or with a person being or appearing to be in charge or
command of the vessel;

(d) if the document is to be served on the coxswain of a local vessel, where there is no coxswain and the
vessel is in Hong Kong-
(i) on the owner of the vessel or his agent residing in Hong Kong; or
(ii) where no such owner or his agent is known or can be found, by affixing the document to the mast

or other prominent part of the vessel;
(e) if the document is to be served on the owner of a local vessel or his agent-

(i) by leaving it for him at the address of the owner or his agent which is endorsed on the certificate
of ownership issued in respect of the vessel;

(ii) in respect of a vessel which is not certificated, by leaving the document for him at the office of
the owner or his agent (if known), as the case may be, or with some person being or appearing to
be in charge of the office;

(iii) by leaving the document for him on board the vessel with the coxswain of the vessel, or some
person being or appearing to be in charge or command of the vessel or a member of the crew of
the vessel.

(2) Any document referred to in subsection (1) which is to be served on the owner of a local vessel, his agent or



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 42

the coxswain of a local vessel may be addressed to the owner, agent or coxswain, as the case may be, without
specifying his name.

Section: 86 Indemnity against damage, etc. L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


No action in respect of any damage to property or injury to person shall lie against the Director or any other
officer performing or exercising any function or power under section 52, 55, 56 or 68 in good faith.

Section: 87 Appeals L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


An appeal may be made to the Administrative Appeals Board-
(a) against a decision of the Director-

(i) to refuse to authorize under section 7 a person as a surveyor for the purposes of this Ordinance;
(ii) to attach conditions to an authorization under section 7;
(iii) to revoke an authorization under section 7;
(iv) to serve a detention order (which appeal may relate only to the costs specified in the order by

virtue of section 52(5)(g));
(v) to give a direction under section 53(1)(a);
(vi) to refuse to comply with a request under section 54(2);
(vii) to refuse to grant permission under section 66;
(viii) to attach conditions to a permission under section 66;
(ix) to revoke a permission under section 66;
(x) to give a direction specified in an improvement notice;

(b) by-
(i) in the case of paragraph (a)(i), the person seeking to be authorized as a surveyor for the purposes

of this Ordinance;
(ii) in the case of paragraph (a)(ii) or (iii), the authorized surveyor concerned;
(iii) in the case of paragraph (a)(iv), (v) or (vi), the owner, his agent or a person who appears to

exercise control over the local vessel concerned;
(iv) in the case of paragraph (a)(vii), (viii) or (ix), the person who sought or was granted, as the case

may be, the permission concerned or (if different) the owner of the local vessel concerned, his
agent or the coxswain of the local vessel concerned;

(v) in the case of paragraph (a)(x), any person aggrieved by the direction specified in the
improvement notice.


Section: 88 Regulations relating to fees 24 of 2005; L.N.

282 of 2006
02/01/2007



(1) The Financial Secretary may by regulation prescribe or provide for-
(a) fees to be paid in respect of the grant of certificates, clearances, licences, permits and other documents,

or the performance of services or surveys or grant of facilities under or in connection with this
Ordinance; and (Amended 24 of 2005 s. 16)

(b) fees to be paid whenever by or under this Ordinance the official signature of the Director to any
certificate, authorization, consent, licence, permit or exemption, or to any alteration, transfer or
renewal thereof, addition thereto or endorsement thereon, is requested or required, or wherever a
search of any register kept under this Ordinance is granted.

(2) Any fees prescribed under this section may be fixed at levels which provide for the recovery of expenditure
incurred or likely to be incurred by the Government or other authority in relation generally to the administration,
regulation and control of the matters to which this Ordinance relates, and shall not be limited by reference to the
amount of administrative or other costs incurred or likely to be incurred in the provision of any particular service,
facility or matter.




Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 43

Section: 89 Regulations-general L.N. 130 of 2007 01/07/2007


Remarks:
For the saving and transitional provisions relating to the amendments made by the Resolution of the Legislative
Council (L.N. 130 of 2007), see paragraph (12) of that Resolution.


(1) The Secretary for Transport and Housing may make regulations in respect of local vessels for all or any of

the following matters- (Amended L.N. 106 of 2002; L.N. 130 of 2007)
(a) the regulation, control, use and speed of vessels;
(b) the certification of vessels;
(c) the licensing of vessels and the renewal of licences, and in the case of vessels that have, contrary to the

regulations made under this section, not been licensed for any period, for the payment of licence fees
or penalty in respect of the period during which the vessels were not licensed;

(d) the cancellation or suspension of certificates or licences;
(e) empowering an authorized officer to seize and remove or cause to be removed from any place or

premises or from any part of the waters of Hong Kong and to detain vessels, without notice to the
owners thereof, which he has reason to believe are not certificated or licensed in accordance with
regulations made under this section, together with any things on board and any trailer or other device
whereby such vessels are transported;

(f) the disposal by way of sale or otherwise of unclaimed vessels or things which have been seized,
removed and detained pursuant to regulations made under this section and the payment of the
proceeds, if any, of any such disposal into the general revenue;

(g) the design and construction of vessels, the equipment required to be carried on board vessels and
matters incidental thereto;

(h) the accommodation for passengers and crew, and means for their safety and escape;
(i) the measures to be taken for the control and prevention of fire and protection of life and property,

including specifying the general and specific requirements relating to the life-saving appliances and
fire-fighting apparatuses to be provided on vessels, and the training of the crew in the use of such
appliances or apparatuses; (Replaced 24 of 2005 s. 17)

(j) the survey, approval of plans or inspection of vessels and the issue (and cancellation) of certificates of
survey or inspection; (Amended 24 of 2005 s. 17)

(k) the classification of vessels;
(l) the prevention of collisions at sea, including giving effect to any international agreement applicable to

Hong Kong so far as the agreement relates to the prevention of collisions at sea;
(m) prescribing what signals may be used by vessels as signals of distress;
(n) prescribing the circumstances in which, and the purposes for which, any such signal is to be used and

the circumstances in which it is to be revoked;
(o) prescribing the circumstances and manner in which warnings of navigational dangers shall be reported;
(p) the employment on vessels of a coxswain and deck and engineering crew who possesses local

certificates of competency, or certificates of competency recognized as equivalent to local certificates
of competency by regulations made under this section;

(q) the number and grade of crew to be employed on vessels;
(r) the engagement and discharge of crew, their conditions of employment, and their hours of work and

rest periods;
(s) the duties of owners, their agents and crew;
(t) regulating the noise, vibration and smoke which may be caused by vessels;
(u) regulating the hiring of vessels and the carriage of passengers and the plying limits;
(v) empowering the Director to provide anchorages and mooring areas for vessels, and to control and

regulate their use;
(va) empowering the Director to prohibit vessels from anchoring or lying at any place; (Added 24 of 2005

s. 17)
(w) the use of piers and the embarkation and disembarkation of persons;
(x) the inquiry into charges of incompetency, misconduct or negligence of or by coxswains or deck or

engineering crew and prescribing the procedure at such inquiries;
(y) the registration of persons dwelling in any specified type or class of vessels;



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 44

(z) empowering the Director to amend any Schedule to the regulations;
(za) appeals to the Administrative Appeals Board-

(i) against any decision of the Director made under the regulations;
(ii) by any person aggrieved by any such decision;

(zb) the establishment of typhoon shelters and typhoon anchorages and the control of their use and the
vessels therein;

(zc) the prohibition or control of fishing within specified areas of the waters of Hong Kong (including
empowering the Director to so prohibit or control), the control of fishing by the use of bright lights,
and the control of the erection and working of fishing stakes;

(zd) prohibiting, restricting or regulating the embarkation or disembarkation of persons, the loading and
unloading of cargo and goods, and the conveyance and disposal of cargo and goods unlawfully
obtained;

(ze) empowering the Director to control and regulate water sports, races, regattas or other similar activities
in the waters of Hong Kong and providing for the safety of persons taking part in, or affected by, such
activities;

(zf) the packaging, marking, loading, placing, moving, inspection, stowing, securing, segregating, testing
and measuring of cargo on vessels in the interests of safety of vessels and persons on them (including
the health of such persons);

(zg) matters incidental to or relating to the insurance that is required to be taken out under the Ordinance,
including but not limited to the following-
(i) empowering the Director to-

(A) approve protection and indemnity associations as insurers for the purposes of this
Ordinance;

(B) revoke or suspend such approval;
(C) specify the amount of insurance to be covered by any policy of insurance;

(ii) the conditions and requirements as to the issue or sale of such policies of insurance; (Replaced
24 of 2005 s. 17)

(zh) the control of works, the control of salvaging of vessels, the control and use of lifting appliances and
lifting gear, the safety and protection against accidents of persons employed in such works or
operations, the provision of safe workplaces on local vessels, the operation, use and maintenance of
hatches and hatch coverings on vessels in connection with works, and regulations made for the purpose
of this paragraph may empower the Director to-
(i) make exemptions from the application of the regulations where he is satisfied that the regulations

have been substantially complied with or where compliance therewith is unnecessary having
regard to the circumstances;

(ii) approve any person to provide a safety training course and issue certificates to any person who
attends the course; (Replaced 70 of 1999 s. 27)

(zi) establishing piers and terminals and controlling their use;
(zj) the provision of port facilities and control over their use;
(zk) the procedure to be followed, and the provisions to be complied with, by vessels entering or leaving

the waters of Hong Kong;
(zl) the prevention of hazards to navigation and the removal and disposal of objects which are a hazard to

navigation;
(zm) the control of dead vessels, laid-up vessels, or vessels stranded, abandoned or sunk in the waters of

Hong Kong, and the supply of information in relation thereto;
(zn) (Repealed 70 of 1999 s. 27)
(zo) the prevention and control of pollution of the waters of Hong Kong;
(zp) the control of the loading, discharge, storage and movement of logs and other timber in the waters of

Hong Kong, and of the loading or discharge of logs and other timber at any public waterfront or public
seawall within the waters of Hong Kong;

(zq) the notification of accidents involving vessels and injuries to persons on vessels within the waters of
Hong Kong, and the investigation and inquiry into such accidents and injuries;

(zr) empowering the Director to give directions in any particular case in relation to such matters as may be
specified;

(zs) prescribing any other matter which is to be or may be prescribed under this Ordinance;



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 45

(zt) generally providing for the better carrying out of the provisions and purposes of this Ordinance.
(2) The Secretary for Transport and Housing may make regulations providing for the grant, renewal or

revocation by the Director of a permit in respect of a vessel referred to in paragraph (e) of the definition of “local
vessel” in section 2 for the regulation, control or use of the vessel. (Replaced 24 of 2005 s. 17. Amended L.N. 130 of
2007)

(3) Regulations made under this section for the regulation, control, use and licensing of dwelling vessels may-
(a) empower the Director to declare any area of the waters of Hong Kong to be an area closed to dwelling

vessels and within which no dwelling vessel may enter or remain;
(b) empower the Director to-

(i) order the removal, within such time as may be prescribed, of any dwelling vessel from any part
of the waters of Hong Kong being an area in respect of which a licence is required or being an
area declared to be closed to dwelling vessels;

(ii) seize, remove and detain any dwelling vessel in respect of which an order for removal has been
made and not complied with;

(iii) remove any person or property found on any dwelling vessel that has been seized and detained;
(iv) sell, by public auction or otherwise, any dwelling vessel which has been seized and detained;
(v) destroy or otherwise dispose of any vessel that has been seized and detained and which he is

unable to sell;
(vi) pay any proceeds of sale of a dwelling vessel to the owner thereof, if known, or if the owner is

not known or does not claim such proceeds, pay the same into general revenue;
(c) provide for the seizure and disposal of any property found on a dwelling vessel which has been seized

and detained and, in particular, may provide that any such property shall become the property of the
Government free from the rights of any person and may be disposed of as the Director thinks fit;

(d) provide for the service of an order to remove a dwelling vessel from any part of the waters of Hong
Kong by affixing such order to a prominent part of the vessel.

(4) Any regulations made under this section may empower the Director to-
(a) prescribe, by notice in the Gazette, specifications, standards or additional requirements for the

purposes of the regulations;
(b) issue instructions or directions providing practical guidance with respect to specifications, standards or

requirements prescribed by or under the regulations; or
(c) grant exemptions from the requirements of the regulations, either generally or in any particular case.

(5) Any instructions or directions referred to in subsection (4)(b) and any amendment thereof shall be published
in such manner as is specified in the regulations or, if not so specified, in such manner as the person issuing them
thinks fit, and such publication shall be notified in the Gazette together with advice as to where copies may be
obtained.

(6) Any regulations made under this Ordinance may-
(a) make different provisions for different circumstances and provide for a particular case or class of

cases;
(b) be made so as to apply only in such circumstances as are prescribed by the regulations;
(c) be made to apply to local vessels wherever they may be;
(d) provide that in such cases as are prescribed by the regulations a local vessel shall be liable to be

detained or delayed or refused a port clearance by such person as is prescribed by the regulations;
(e) authorize, or provide for the authorization of, persons to carry out inspections or other matters required

by the regulations;
(f) be made generally for the better and more effectual carrying out of the provisions of this Ordinance,

including incidental, consequential, evidential, transitional and supplemental provisions.
(7) Without prejudice to section 23 of the Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1), any

regulations made under this Ordinance may include regulations which provide for transitional or savings provisions in
respect of any of the enactments repealed or amended by this Ordinance.

(8) Any regulations made under this section may prescribe offences in respect of contraventions of the
regulations, and may provide for the imposition in respect of any such offence of a fine not exceeding level 6 and of
imprisonment for a period not exceeding 2 years.




Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 46

Section: 90 Saving, etc. of certain regulations L.N. 282 of 2006 02/01/2007


It is hereby declared that-
(a) the collision regulations; and
(b) the use of signals of distress regulations,

shall, except in so far as they are inconsistent with any of the provisions of this Ordinance or any regulations made
thereunder-

(i) each continue in operation for the purposes of this Ordinance until such time as they are replaced by
regulations made under section 89 which are expressed to be in substitution of those regulations; and

(ii) each be deemed for all purposes to have been made under section 89 and to be liable to amendment
thereby or thereunder.


Section: 90A Saving of notices made under the pre-amended regulation

41(2)(f) of the Shipping and Port Control Regulations
24 of 2005; L.N.
282 of 2006

02/01/2007



(1) A notice—
(a) made under the pre-amended regulation 41(2)(f) of the Shipping and Port Control Regulations (Cap

313 sub. leg. A); and
(b) in force immediately before the commencement* of section 48 of the Merchant Shipping (Local

Vessels and Miscellaneous Amendments) Ordinance 2005 (24 of 2005) in respect of a place,
shall be treated as a notice prohibiting any vessel from anchoring or lying at that place posted under any regulation
made in relation to the prohibition under section 89.

(2) In this section, a reference to the pre-amended regulation 41(2)(f) of the Shipping and Port Control
Regulations (Cap 313 sub. leg. A) shall be construed as a reference to that section in force immediately before the
commencement of section 48 of the Merchant Shipping (Local Vessels and Miscellaneous Amendments) Ordinance
2005 (24 of 2005).

(Added 24 of 2005 s. 18)
___________________________________________________________________
Note:
* Commencement date: 2 January 2007.

Section: 91 Repeals, consequential amendments and transitional

provisions
03/01/2007



(1)-(2) (Omitted as spent)
(3) Where, immediately before the relevant day, there was in existence-

(a) an application-
(i) for a licence within the meaning of section 24 of the former Part; and
(ii) which had not been determined;

(b) an application-
(i) for a local certificate of competency within the meaning of section 24 of the former Part; and
(ii) which had not been determined,

then-
(i) in the case of an application referred to in paragraph (a), the application shall be deemed to be an

application to be certificated and licensed;
(ii) in the case of an application referred to in paragraph (b), the application shall be deemed to be an

application for a local certificate of competency,
and the provisions of this Ordinance shall be construed accordingly.

(4) A former licence shall be deemed to be a certificate of ownership and an operating licence in respect of the
local vessel to which it relates until the expiration of the period of validity it had left to run immediately before the
relevant day, and the provisions of this Ordinance shall be construed accordingly.

(5) For the avoidance of doubt, it is hereby declared that subsection (4) shall not operate to prevent a former
licence from being amended, or cancelled, revoked or suspended, or being subject to any similar action, pursuant to
the provisions of this Ordinance.

(6) A former local certificate of competency shall be deemed to be a local certificate of competency of the



Cap 548 - MERCHANT SHIPPING (LOCAL VESSELS) ORDINANCE 47

same class and grade, and the provisions of this Ordinance shall be construed accordingly.
(7) Without prejudice to the generality of section 30(2) of the former Part as read with section 23 of the

Interpretation and General Clauses Ordinance (Cap 1), where a local certificate of competency within the meaning of
section 24 of the former Part is, immediately before the relevant day, under suspension under section 30 of the former
Part, then-

(a) the certificate shall be deemed to be a local certificate of competency suspended under Part V on and
from the relevant day until the date on which-
(i) the period of suspension left to serve expires; or
(ii) the suspension is lifted by an order under section 30(2) of the former Part,
whichever first occurs; and

(b) on that date, subsection (6) shall apply to the certificate accordingly.
(8) Where, on the commencement of section 12, the owner of a local vessel is an individual who does not hold

a valid identity card, then-
(a) subsection (1)(a) of that section, in so far as it relates to such a card, shall not apply to the owner in

relation to the vessel until the expiration of 12 months immediately following that commencement;
(b) without prejudice to any other provisions of this Ordinance under which the Director may refuse to

certificate the vessel, the Director shall refuse to certificate the vessel if, after the expiration of that
period, the owner of the vessel is an individual who does not hold such a card.

(9) In this section-
"former licence" (先前的牌照) means a licence within the meaning of section 24 of the former Part and in force

immediately before the relevant day;
"former local certificate of competency" (先前的本地合格證書) means a local certificate of competency within the

meaning of section 24 of the former Part and in force immediately before the relevant day;
"former Part" (先前的第IV部) means Part IV of the Shipping and Port Control Ordinance (Cap 313) repealed by this

Ordinance;
"relevant day" (有關日期) means the day of commencement of this section.

Schedule: SCHEDULE (Omitted as spent) 03/01/2007

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